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Chemical | Civil | Mechanical | Geoscience | Environmental | Agricultural | Marine | Food

Featuring

PLUS enViro rated equipment

See inside or visit our website for more details!

www.discoverarmfield.com CONTENTS

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PRODUCTS

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new products

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Fluid Mechanics Fluid Machines Hydraulics Hydrology Water Treatment Irrigation Water Management Thermodynamics Heat Transfer Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Internal Combustion Engines Unit Operations Biochemical Engineering Process Control Technology Food Technology

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Engineering Teaching & Research Equipment

An ISO 9001 Company


Our commitment to you

An ISO 9001 Company

Armfield welcome you to our ninth edition catalogue Armfield Limited have over 50 years experience in the design and supply of equipment for Engineering teaching. In that time they have been consistent innovators and have brought many new concepts and products to market. It is the declared intent of the Company to remain at the forefront of the industry through its on-going commitment to research and development. While others may copy, Armfield see their strength and through that strength their commitment to the Engineering Education world, in providing new and unique ways of introducing and educating the student population in this most important of professional arenas. The Company recognises that it is not enough to supply equipment but that it must also ensure a complete range of services both pre and post sale. With a market place that covers all points of the globe, communication is an essential part of that service, Armfield strive to make the passage of communication as easy as possible whether the task is seeking data prior to a purchase or support after a sale. This ninth edition of the Company’s short form brochure reflects this ethos and the options available to obtain data. We hope you will find it a useful and rewarding aid in your search for engineering excellence within your teaching and research laboratories. Chris Addis MD - Armfield

Additional peace of mind

All Armfield products carry our two year extended warranty, are CE certified and 0211/3k/SO2796 quality assured by our ISO 9001 accreditation. See inside back page for further details.

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enViro rated equipment

Armfield’s enViro™ logo appears throughout the catalogue, indicating ranges or equipment that provide insight and experience for the student, that can later be applied to benefit the environment. Other equipment by virtue of its function or capability can contribute to the reduction of environmental impact. PRODUCTS

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All products

certified

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2 years

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WARRANTY ON AL L ARMFIE

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Compatible PRODUCT

90

301

ArmSoft

SOFTWARE

304

ArmSoft

SOFTWARE

ArmSoft

SOFTWARE

ArmSoft™ supplied! Armfield’s own software is supplied

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ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

9

Edition 9 Features

22

new products

Edition 9 showcases 22 new additions to our equipment ranges, covering many engineering disciplines and applications.

Compatible PRODUCT

The AL Aseptic Line Component logo identifies equipment that can form part of an aseptic food processing line.

RANGE INFO

as standard with many items of our equipment, providing either computer control, data logging, manual data entry, educational software facilities or a combination of these features where appropriate. The ArmSoft™ logo appears throughout the catalogue, indicating the ranges that are supported by our software. See the ArmSoft™ section in this catalogue for further information (pages 2-3).

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ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

QR codes - how & why to scan

SCAN QR for Range info

You can key-in any product URL into your web browser or scan the QR code for direct access to the full range of our web based product data sheets and more. Scan with mobile smartphone or webcam with barcode scanning software installed. No scanning software on your mobile phone? You can download QR code scanning software for many mobile devices including Windows™, Android™ and ‡iPhone® at: www.quickmark.com.tw/en iPhone scanner also available at the Apple app store. Acknowledgements to QuickMark™ and SimpleAct Inc.™

www.discoverarmfield.com

CONTENTS


enviro PRODUCTS An ISO 9001 Company

9

Heat Transfer Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Internal Combustion Engines Unit Operations Biochemical Engineering Process Control Technology

CONTENTS

PUBLIC HEALTH

FOOD

MARINE

AGRICULTURAL

ENVIRONMENTAL

GEOSCIENCE

MECHANICAL

CHEMICAL

CIVIL

Food Technology Go online to discover more:

www.discoverarmfield.com

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Thermodynamics

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A p p l i c at i o ns

Irrigation Water Management

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Water Treatment

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Hydraulics & Hydrology

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Fluid Machines

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Fluid Mechanics

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ArmSoft™ – Acquisition & control software

ARMSOFT

Engineering Teaching & Research Equipment

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new products


armSoft - Educational Software

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE | Food | Public Health

ArmSoft

EducationaL Data logging

Powerful educational and data logging software with a wide range of features, available for many Armfield products.

01101001100101111101101 50/90

301

304/306

Data logging facilities - 50/90

Manual Data Entry Software - 301

Acquisition & Control - 304/306†

Powerful data logging software with automatic or manual sampling. The data is stored in spreadsheet format which also contains any calculated values. The software includes powerful graph plotting tools allowing the user numerous display options, including dual y axes, points or lines, etc.

Some products are not suitable for automatic data logging, and require the results to be recorded manually from primary instrumentation such as manometers or thermometers.

This package has all the data logging and general features of the 90 and 301 packages, but also includes computer control. A mimic diagram is used where set points and output values can be specified, PID loops can be tuned, and on-off switches can be controlled.

For these products the 301 software offers all the functions of the 304 apart from the data sampling.

• Integrated courseware • USB connectivity • Real-time update of graphs • Data export to MS™ Excel • Multiple runs displayed on graphs

• Computer control • Graphical representation of equipment • Extended in-context help during experiments • Common user interface • Manual data entry when needed

In many cases, the latest software and interface systems are also available as updates to existing equipment. (Note not all features are included in each software package. Some equipment will require an Armfield IFD USB interface). †Armsoft 64-bit optimised application.

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For more details please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/armsoft or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


Educational Software - armSoft 301

304

ArmSoft ArmSoft ArmSoft™ ™

SOFTWARE

SOFTWARE

SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

ARMSOFT

90

F/C/NA

Data logging facilities - 50/90 Manual Data Entry Software - 301 Acquisition & Control - 304/306†

RANGE INFO

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE | Food | Public Health

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Typical CEZ software screenshot

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Reactor response to a step change perturbation

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Typical software screenshot (CET Tubular Reactor experiment with heater)

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Example of standard application toolbar

Reactor response to a pulse change perturbation

CONTENTS

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Fluid Mechanics - F Series - Basic Principles new

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

Complete Fluid Mechanics Statics | Dynamics | Open/Closed channel flow | Rotodynamics | Hydraulics Statics

Dynamics

Hydraulics

Rotodynamics

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/f1

Basic Hydraulics Bench - F1-10

The F1-10 Basic Hydraulics Bench is designed as a portable and self-contained service module for the entire range of F1 accessories.

OPEN/CLOSED CHANNEL FLOW

Fluid Dynamics

BERNOULLI’S THEOREM DEMONSTRATION - F1-15 This accessory illustrates those circumstances to which Bernoulli’s Theorem may be applied. Also, separately, why in other circumstances the theorem gives an inadequate description of the fluid behaviour.

Impact of a Jet - F1-16 This equipment allows the force developed by a jet of water impinging upon a stationary object to be measured.

Orifice and Free Jet Flow F1-17

This equipment permits calibration of two orifices of differing diameter.

Orifice Discharge F1-17a The Orifice Discharge accessory enables full analysis of the flow through five different orifices over a range of flow rates.

Flow Meter Demonstration - F1-21

Energy Losses in Pipes F1-18 This equipment

Osborne Reynolds’ Demonstration - F1-20

Energy Losses in Bends and Fittings - F1-22

This accessory is designed to introduce students to three basic types of flow meter.

allows the pressure drop of water passing through a hydraulically smooth circular pipe to be measured in detail and the pipe friction equation to be verified.

This item is intended to reproduce the classic experiments conducted by Professor Osborne Reynolds concerning the nature of laminar and turbulent flow.

This accessory permits losses in different bends; a sudden contraction, sudden enlargement and a typical control valve; to be demonstrated.

 view all F1 accessories online: www.armfield.co.uk/f1

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For more details of this equipment please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/f1 or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


F Series - Basic Principles - Fluid Mechanics ™

PRODUCTS

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ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

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The Armfield Hydraulics Bench and accessories have long been the benchmark used in Fluid Mechanics teaching laboratories. The comprehensive range of equipment covers all aspects of the teaching of Hydraulics in a safe, visual and easy to understand way, backed up by first class teaching materials. This range of equipment has now been extended and reinforced with an integrated range of Hydrostatics teaching accessories together with some new Hydraulics products. Thus the complete curriculum can be covered with this attractive range of products.

ARMSOFT

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Laboratory-F1

RANGE INFO

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

Hydraulic Ram - F1-24

Cavitation Demonstration - F1-28

This equipment is designed to produce and measure the characteristics of free and forced vortices.

If flowing water is suddenly brought to rest in a long pipe, a phenomenon known as water hammer occurs, wherein a pressure wave travels along the pipe. This principle is used in the hydraulic ram to pump water.

The Armfield Cavitation Demonstration apparatus demonstrates to students visually, audibly and numerically the phenomenon of Cavitation and its association with the Vapour Pressure of a liquid.

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Hydraulic Flow Demonstrator - S16 O pen/Closed channel flow

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This free-standing accessory to the F1-10 clearly demonstrates the difference between the phenomena of pipe surge and water hammer and how each is created.

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The Armfield Fluid Friction Measurements unit provides facilities for the detailed study of fluid friction head losses, which occur when an incompressible fluid flows through pipes, fittings and flow metering devices. The unit is designed for use with the Armfield F1-10 Hydraulics Bench.

 view all F1 accessories online: www.armfield.co.uk/f1

Pipe surge and water hammer apparatus - C7MkII

Fluid Friction Measurements - C6MkII

This freestanding accessory to the F1-10 demonstrates the characteristics of flow through different arrangements of pipes and the effect of changes in pipe diameter on the flow through a particular network.

S16 - Page 20 Working Section

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Pipe networks accessory new C11MkII

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Free and Forced Vortex - F1-23

Length 1.100m Width 77mm

N ote: Accessories do not include the F1-10 Basic Hydraulics Bench.

CONTENTS

INDEX

Depth 150mm  16 Hydraulic Flow Demonstrator ▲  S (Covers both Fluid Dynamics and Open Channel Flow topics)

F1 continued >

www.discoverarmfield.com

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Fluid Mechanics - F Series - Basic Principles

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

new

Fluid Statics FLUID STATICS AND MANOMETRY - F1-29

Complete Fluid Mechanics Laboratory - F1

new

new

Pascalâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s apparatus F1-31

Fluid properties apparatus - F1-30

new

 view all F1 accessories online: www.armfield.co.uk/f1

The Pascalâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s apparatus provides a simple demonstration that the pressure This apparatus provides an introduction to the fundamental properties of liquids that affect their in an incompressible fluid varies with behaviour in practical applications. depth and does not depend on the Metacentric Height - F1-14 shape of the container.

Hydrostatic Pressure - F1-12 This apparatus provides an introduction to the behaviour of liquids under hydrostatic conditions (fluid at rest) and the application of these principles to pressure measurement using manometers.

Dead Weight Pressure Gauge Calibrator - F1-11 This calibrator functions on the same principle adopted in calibrating industrial pressure gauges.

The Hydrostatic Pressure accessory has been designed to determine the static thrust exerted by a fluid on a submerged surface and allow comparison of the measured magnitude and position of this force with simple theory.

This equipment allows a thorough investigation of the factors affecting the stability of a floating body.

Rotodynamic Machines (Fluid machinery)

new

Series/Parallel Pumps - F1-26 The introduction of a second pump to the Hydraulic Bench system allows the study of two pump performance, both in series and parallel operation.

Centrifugal Pump Characteristics - F1-27 This accessory offers similar features to those described for the F1-26, but with enhanced capabilities provided by an inverter driven variable speed pump rather than a fixed speed pump.

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Demonstration Pelton Turbine - F1-25

The Demonstration Pelton Turbine provides a simple low cost introduction to turbine performance.

Demonstration Francis turbine - F1-32

This demonstration turbine provides an introduction to the Francis inward flow reaction turbine.

For more details of this equipment please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/f1 or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


F Series - Basic Principles - Fluid Mechanics

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

Working Section Length 0.615m

PRODUCTS

301

ArmSoftâ&#x201E;˘ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

Multi-Purpose Teaching Flume - C4MkII

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c4mkii

Width 15mm

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Depth 150mm

ARMSOFT

Flow Channel - F1-19

F1-19

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 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/f1

RANGE INFO

Open Channel Flow (Free surface flow)

C4MKII - Page10

Flow over weirs - F1-13

Working Section FE

Length 2.5/5m Width 76mm Depth 250mm

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Hydraulic Flow Demonstrator - S16 O pen/Closed channel flow

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The S16 operates as an accessory to the F1-10 Hydraulics Bench, offering a highly visual demonstration of flow through both open channels and closed conduits. Includes a unique elevating bed section, and models of various hydraulic structures. Covers both Fluid Dynamics and Open Channel Flow topics.

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The Flow Channel introduces students to the characteristics of flow in an open channel at an elementary level. > Demonstrating basic phenomena associated with open channel flow > Visualisation of flow patterns over or around an immersed object

The Armfield Multi-Purpose Teaching Flume has been specifically designed to demonstrate the principles of fluid mechanics when applied to engineering structures in open channel flow.

S16 - Page 20 Working Section

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Length 1.100m Width 77mm

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/f1

N ote: Accessories do not include the F1-10 Basic Hydraulics Bench.

CONTENTS

PCT FT  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/s16 INDEX

The Flow Over Weirs accessory consists of five basic elements, used in conjunction with the flow channel, in the moulded bench top of the Hydraulics Bench. Two weir plates of different shapes are provided allowing familiarisation and comparison with theory. > Demonstrating the characteristics of flow over a rectangular notch > Demonstrating the characteristics of flow over a vee notch > Determining the coefficient of discharge

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Depth 150mm

H41 Laser PIV compatible See page 23

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Fluid Mechanics - F Series - Basic Principles

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

Precision Pressure Gauge Calibrator - F4 Meeting commercial standards, this laboratory dead weight calibrator is for gauges in the range 0.1-300bar. Accuracy is 0.03% of reading, traceable to International Pressure Standards. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/f4

Osborne Reynoldsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Apparatus - F5 This equipment allows a full study of the classic experiments conducted by Professor Osborne Reynolds into laminar and turbulent flow. As a result of careful attention to the entry conditions, the student is assured of repeatable results.

Particle Drag Coefficients - F12

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/f5

A wall-mounted apparatus in which particles of various size and density can be used to introduce the fundamental characteristics of the behaviour of particle/fluid systems. In particular, the relationship between the drag coefficients of falling particles and their Reynoldsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; number value. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/f12

Hydrogen Bubble Flow Visualisation System - F14MkII An elegant method of flow visualisation, where hydrogen bubbles are used to visualise fluid mechanics phenomena so difficult to describe theoretically. The system utilises a unique fluid drive unit to provide smooth flow in the working channel. An optional high resolution firewire webcam can be used to link to projectors or displays for large scale presentations.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/f14

Fluid Properties and Hydrostatics Bench - F9092 A practical instruction unit designed to demonstrate the properties of fluids and their behaviour under hydrostatic conditions. A variety of measuring devices allows 18 experiments to be carried out to develop an understanding of a wide range of fundamental principles.

Air Flow Studies - F6

This self-contained unit, providing a long, smooth-walled pipe connected to the suction inlet of a centrifugal fan, is used to demonstrate how to measure important characteristics of industrial air distribution systems.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/f9092

It can also show how certain basic principles of fluid mechanics may be applied to analyse flow in ducts and jets. Data logging accessory H14/2 available. See page 23.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/f6

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To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/fluid_mechanics or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


C Series - Advanced Fluid Mechanics - Fluid Mechanics

Computer Controlled Subsonic Wind Tunnel - C15

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301

ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

FM

F/C/NA

An extensive range of Models, Accessories & Instrumentation is available for the C15-10

ARMSOFT

RANGE INFO

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

S/H

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c15 C15 Model Drag Models - Optional

C15 Model

C15 Accessory

Lift and Drag Aerofoil - Optional

Wake Survey Rake - Optional

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The Armfield C15 is a new computer-controlled subsonic bench-top wind tunnel designed for undergraduate teaching. It has a 150mm (six inch) transparent working section and offers a wide range of models for aerodynamic and air flow studies.

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Subsonic Wind Tunnel - C2

Compressible Flow Unit - C1MkII

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This wind tunnel has been designed to provide the fundamental air flow facilities necessary to perform basic wind tunnel experiments. Its mobility makes it uniquely suitable for both laboratory or lecture room and the performance of the tunnel and its instrumentation make it suitable for simple project work. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c2 Data logging accessory H14/2 available. See page 23.

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 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c1mkii

Additional Test Sections

A versatile apparatus, based around a multi-stage air compressor, designed to teach the concepts of compressible flow. The basic unit contains all that is required to demonstrate the fundamental principles, but an accessory is also available, containing a number of interchangeable test sections to give a wider knowledge and understanding to the student.

A further accessory allows full compressor performance and characterisation tests to be carried out. This new MkII version offers greatly improved flexibility and ease of use. It also benefits from electronic instrumentation avoiding the need for mercury manometers.

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Fluid Friction Measurements - C6MkII

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The head loss caused by fluid friction in straight pipes and the effects of fluid velocity, pipe diameter and surface roughness can be fully investigated using this apparatus. The complete system allows the investigation of the phenomenon associated with incompressible fluid flow in pipes.

CONTENTS

INDEX

• ArmSoft Educational software for fluid friction measurements is available • Data logging accessory available  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c6mkii

Supplied as an accessory to the Armfield F1-10 Hydraulics Bench, the C6MKII can be used with any recently supplied F1-10. See page 5.

www.discoverarmfield.com

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C1-MkII-30

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C1-MkII-50 Data Logger and Educational Software

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Fluid Mechanics - C Series - Advanced Fluid Mechanics

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

Multi-Purpose Teaching Flume - C4MkII  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c4mkii

new

A low cost laboratory flume with an experimental range and accuracy comparable with larger scale research flumes. Students can clearly see the models under investigation through the transparent side walls. A wide selection of open channel experiments can be performed. A set of models and gauges are provided with the flume as part of the standard supply, comprising: • Venturi flume • Sharp and broad crested weirs • Crump weir • Adjustable undershot weir • 2 Vernier level gauges C4-65

C4 Model

Syphon spillway (option)

Crump weir (supplied)

C4MkII Working Section Length 2.5/5m Width 76mm Depth 250mm

Available in 2.5m and 5.0m working section lengths Optional educational software is available (C4-MkII-301) offering a complete teaching package of coursework

Pipe Surge & Water Hammer Apparatus - C7MkII

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c7mkii

Specifically designed to produce and measure the shock waves associated with the phenomenon of water hammer. Correlation between actual and theoretical shock waves can be examined as well as the determination of the sonic velocity within the pipe. The characteristics of a surge shaft can also be examined.

Comprehensive Flow Meter Demonstration - C9

Engineers and technicians need to be aware of the basic principles of flow measurement devices and their characteristics. This item enables the accuracy, linearity and repeatability of a wide variety of flow meters to be determined.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c9

Laminar Flow Table - C10

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c10

Allows comprehensive grid measurement and photography of two dimensional laminar flow patterns in incompressible fluids. The equipment extends the classical Hele-Shaw approach by including eight sinks and sources and a dye injection system enabling flow patterns to be seen more vividly.

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CONTENTS


C Series - Advanced Fluid Mechanics - Fluid Mechanics ™

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ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

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Pipe networks accessory - C11MkII

F/C/NA

This freestanding accessory to the F1-10 demonstrates the characteristics of flow through different arrangements of pipes and the effect of changes in pipe diameter on the flow through a particular network.

FM

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c11mkii

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Multi-Pump Test Rig - C3MkII

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The rig can accommodate both rotodynamic and positive displacement pumps, and is supplied with the most common example of each type as standard (i.e. a centrifugal pump and a gear pump). A range of other pump types are available as accessories, including axial, turbine, flexible impeller, diaphragm and plunger; plus a second centrifugal pump for series/parallel demonstrations. Up to four pumps can be accommodated within the rig simultaneously for use within a single laboratory period, and each can be run without disconnecting any pipework or connections. • ArmSoft Educational software is available • Data logging accessory available

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/fluid_mechanics or s can the QR code. CONTENTS

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 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/f1-14

RANGE INFO

Comprising a rectangular floating pontoon with a mast, provision is made to vary the centre of gravity, measure the angle of heel and vary the degree of the heel.

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Metacentric Height F1-14

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The apparatus is designed to enable an investigation of a simple model hull form allowing many of the principal phenomena connected with view full details online: ship resonant www.armfield.co.uk/na48 vibration to be clearly demonstrated. At a Developed for the laboratory study of ship more advanced level, the distribution of mass and second moment hydrostatics and stability. The complete apparatus of area may be calculated and natural frequencies estimated/ comprises four different types of vessel models with compared with measured values. ballast weights, clinometer and a water tank in which to float them. Righting moment is measured by a freestanding dynamometer.

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Ships Stability Apparatus - NA8

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 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/c3mkii

NA Series - Naval Architecture

ShipS Vibration Apparatus - NA4

ARMSOFT

RANGE INFO

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

PRODUCTS

SCAN QR for Range info

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Fluid Machines - Fm Series

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

Fluid Machines

The Armfield FM CAPTURE range is a unique range of small-scale teaching equipment, designed to give students an unparalleled insight into the principles of these machines. With the introduction of CAPTURE, machines that were once costly, cumbersome and difficult to use became affordable, space-saving and easy to use. Now CAPTURE MKII takes the concept forward into new realms of student understanding, adding superb visibility of the working of the machines and taking full advantage of the latest software and instrumentation techniques.

The FM CAPTURE range comprises: Fans & Compressors Page 13 Pumps Page 14 Turbines Page 15

All the CAPTURE units use standard PCs to display, record and manipulate the data. The world-beating Armfield educational software provides extensive facilities aimed specifically at engineering education and enhancing the learning experience. A common software format is used across all machines. Similarly the machines all use a common interface unit, thus providing a cost-effective solution for laboratories requiring several machines.

Interface unit - IFD7

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The interface between the Capture MKII units and the userâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s computer is provided by the Armfield IFD7 Interface Unit. This conditions the raw data from the sensors, digitises the data and transfers it to the computer using the USB interface. It also includes a sophisticated 3 phase inverter for providing accurate motor speed control, and a second motor drive output, all under software control.

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/fluid_machines or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


Fm Series - Fluid Machines

These types of fans are usually employed for ventilating duties requiring a somewhat higher delivery pressure than that available from axial fans.

SCAN QR for Range info

Axial Fan Demonstration Unit - FM41 The axial fan produces gas flow by virtue of the momentum changes imparted across the rotary blades, parallel to the axis of rotation. Such fans are more suitable for higher flows at lower delivery pressures than their centrifugal counterparts. Comparison of the performance characteristics of the FM41 Axial Fan with those of the FM40 Centrifugal Fan thus provides an instructional exercise of valuable practical application.

ARMSOFT

SOFTWARE

F/C/NA

ArmSoftâ&#x201E;˘

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm41 W

The centrifugal fan is a radial flow machine which produces the necessary pressure to move gas by the centrifugal force built up inside the fan casing. The design of the fan blade has a primary influence on performance.

PRODUCTS

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FM

Centrifugal Fan Demonstration Unit - FM40

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Fans & COMPRESSORS - FM 40 Series

RANGE INFO

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

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 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm40

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Centrifugal Compressor Demonstration Unit - FM42

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm42

CONTENTS

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INDEX

The kinetic energy imparted to the gas by the impeller rotation is converted into pressure energy which progressively increases from stage to stage.

FT

Multi-stage compressors are used industrially for high pressure deliveries of gas flows or suction duties.


Fluid Machines - Fm Series

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

RANGE INFO

Pumps - FM 50 Series Centrifugal Pump Demonstration Unit - FM50

PRODUCTS

306

ArmSoftâ&#x201E;˘ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

Series and Parallel Pumps Demonstration Unit - FM51

The centrifugal pump is the machine most commonly used to move liquids from one place to another. As such it is a particularly instructive unit with which to introduce students to the whole subject of rotodynamic fluid machines.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm50

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Discovering the relationship between head, flow, rotational speed and power provides a framework of general applicability. For example, matching the required duty point to the conditions of maximum energy efficiency may be explored as a creative student project.

Gear Pump Demonstration Unit - FM52  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm52

Centrifugal pumps are often used together to enhance either the flow rate or the delivery pressure beyond that available from the single pump. The unit is designed to demonstrate the operational advantages of parallel or series operation, depending on the required duty.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm51

The gear pump is the most widely used of the positive action rotary pumps. Two gear wheels operate inside a casing; one is driven whilst the other rotates in mesh with it. The liquid is carried around in the space between consecutive teeth and then ejected as the teeth mesh. The pump has no valves. It is a positive displacement pump and will deliver against high pressures. The output is a more even flow than that of a reciprocating pump. It is particularly suitable for high viscosity fluids.

Plunger Pump Demonstration Unit - FM53 The plunger or ram pump is a positive displacement pump and is used for pumping small quantities of liquid at high pressures. It is similar to a piston pump except that the sealing gland is at one end of the cylinder. The reciprocating motion of the plunger gives an uneven flow, although the inclusion of a damping vessel can reduce this effect. Priming is unnecessary. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm53

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Three of the machines may be separately mounted on the common Turbine Service Unit (FM6X) for self-contained operation, whilst the fourth - the low head propeller turbine unit FM63 - has a specially designed service system of its own to accommodate the necessary larger water flows.

Turbine SERvice Unit - FM6X

ARMSOFT F/C/NA

The Armfield FM6 range of hydropower units consists of four small-scale representations of industrial machines, designed to demonstrate the principles of design and operation of impulse and reaction turbines in both axial and radial flow situations.

Axial Flow Impulse Turbine - FM60

A miniature-scale axial flow, impulse turbine consisting of a brass runner which is acted on by four jets of water. The flow to the turbine can be adjusted by changing the pump speed or closing off any of the nozzles. The turbine is housed in clear acrylic to allow excellent visibility. The unit is designed to mount on the FM6X Turbine Service Unit.

FM

Turbines - FM 60 Series

Fm Series - Fluid Machines

S/H

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

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view online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm60

CE/UOP

Pelton Turbine - FM62

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A bench mounted unit consisting of a clear acrylic reservoir and a variable speed centrifugal pump which provides water to power the accessory on test. The service unit also incorporates a water flow meter and electrically controlled dynamometer which puts a load on to the turbine and measures the torque and speed.

CM

view online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm61

FM6X Turbine Service Unit shown with FM62 Pelton Turbine Demonstration Unit

RA

A miniature-scale radial flow reaction turbine, where water enters through a face seal and exits tangentially through two orifices. The reaction of these jets causes rotation of the runner. The turbine is housed in clear acrylic to allow excellent visibility. The unit is designed to mount on the FM6X Service Unit.

HT

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Radial Flow Reaction Turbine - FM61

view online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm62

view online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm63 CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

15

FT

A miniature-scale Pelton wheel turbine, complete with a spear valve to control the water flow. The turbine buckets are shaped to extract maximum momentum from the passing jet of water, while the spear valve is designed to allow adjustment of the cross sectional area of the jet.

INDEX

Propeller Turbine Demonstration Unit - FM63

A miniature-scale propeller turbine unit which is supplied as a floor-standing unit complete with a sump tank and recirculating pump. The turbine is housed in clear acrylic pipe work to allow excellent visibility. The turbine is loaded by an electronically controlled brake fitted with a load cell to measure the torque.

PCT

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fm6X


Hydraulics & Hydrology - S Series - Applied Hydraulics & Hydrology

CIVIL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

Hydraulics & Hydrology

 OMPUTER CONTROLLED RESEARCH FLUMES C S20/21/22/23 series flumes - 7.5m/10m/12.5m/15m working sections available. See page 18-19 for more details or download the data sheet from www.armfield.co.uk/flumes

C4MKII 2.5m or 5m working section - see page 10

S8MKII 1.55m working section - see page 20

Special Flumes, Channels, Tanks & Basins

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To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/hydraulics_hydrology or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


Welcome to Armfield’s complete range of Hydraulic & Hydrology equipment, experimental models and instrumentation. Armfield has been designing and supplying open channel facilities (flumes) to hydraulic laboratories throughout the world for over 50 years. Featuring

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S/H

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F/C/NA

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> Standard Flumes > Special Flumes, Tanks and Basins > Ancillary Equipment - Sediment Transport Facilities | Mono and Random Wave Makers | Instrumentation

S6MKII - 2.5m/5m/7.5m/10m/12.5m/15m working sections available - see page 18-19

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Standard Flumes

CM

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We have now introduced a new suite of computer controlled standard research flumes (S20/21/22/23). This new series of flumes are available as tilting or fixed bed and in several working lengths. See next page for details.

CE/UOP

F1-19 - 0.615m working section. see page 7 for other F1 accessories

Bespoke design and manufacture

Usually channels are of rectangular prismatic section. The dimensions of the working cross-section and length are the principal features which determine both the functional suitability and the cost of a channel.

Armfield can design bespoke systems for your applications. As with all of our equipment, we can install, commission and offer full training and on site maintenance.

CONTENTS

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/flumes

FT

• fixed bed or variable slope • self-contained or laboratory supplied water • open circuit or re-circulating sediment load • choice of working section materials (glass, metal, wood) • inclusion of a wave generator and beach • instrumentation systems for flow, velocity, level, etc. • sediment sampling

enviro PRODUCTS

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INDEX

Call our sales team to discuss your requirements. Tel: (+44) 1425 478 781

RANGE INFO

Depending on customer requirements, channels can be designed to incorporate the following alternative features:

PCT

Form follows function

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 S16 - 1.1m working section - see page 20

ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

www.discoverarmfield.com

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Hydraulics & Hydrology - S Series - Applied Hydraulics & Hydrology

CIVIL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

Standard Flumes new

Glass sided tilting/non-tilting flumes

New Computer Controlled research flumes available as standard - S20/21/22/23

S 20 flume during construction and testing.

S20 - Tilting flume Working Section

Available in standard working section lengths of 5m, 7.5m, 10m, 12.5m, and 15m. Longer lengths are available to special order in increments of 2.5m. Cross sections are 0.6m wide x 0.6m deep for the S20/S21 and 1.0m x 1.0m for the S22 and S23. Available with tilting or non-tilting bed.

Length 7.5m -15m Width 600mm Depth 600mm

Standard research tilting flume - S20 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/flumes A selection of S6MKII accessories

Lift & drag balance with models

Ogee weir & manometer board

Glass sided tilting flumes - S6MKII view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/flumes

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PRODUCTS

SOFTWARE

The laboratory flume, or flow channel, is one of the most important tools available to the hydraulics engineer whether engaged in teaching or research.

SCAN QR for Range info

Based around a working cross section of 300mm wide by 450mm deep, they are available in 2.5m modules commencing at a minimum working length of 5m.

FM

S6-20 Plate Weirs - V-notch weir shown

F/C/NA

The Armfield range of standard modular, tilting flumes has been developed during 50 years of continuous production. There are nearly 400 installations in service.

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Optional PC based educational software is available to provide automatic analysis of results for each of the demonstrations.

A selection of S6MKII accessories TH

Flumes Beach Manometers Gauges Random Wavemaker

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Weirs Dams Spillways Syphons Beds

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A software controlled Random Wavemaker option (S6-45) provides a wide range of capability for demonstration and research.

Models and Instrumentation S6-24 Dam Spillway with Weirs

S/H

Standard units are self contained with stainless steel bed and electronic flowmeter. Options include sediment recirculation and electrically driven jacks. A wide range of instruments and models exist to enhance the extensive demonstration capabilities in all aspects of open channel flow. S6-21 Broad Crested Weirs - Rectangular streamlined weir

ARMSOFT

Glass sided tilting flume - S6MkII

S6-20 Plate Weirs - Rectangular overshot weir plate shown

RANGE INFO

S Series - Applied Hydraulics & Hydrology - Hydraulics & Hydrology

CIVIL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

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Artificial Beach

CE/UOP

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Roughened Beds

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Controls for Random Wavemaker - S6-45

PCT

Instrument Carrier WSC Flume

FT

S6MKII - Tilting flume Working Section Width 300mm Depth 450mm

CONTENTS

Data logging and instrumentation system - S6 MKII 90

Parshall Flume INDEX

Length 5m -15m

Many more accessories and instruments available visit our website to find out more.

www.discoverarmfield.com

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Hydraulics & Hydrology - S Series - Applied Hydraulics & Hydrology

CIVIL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

S16 Working Section Length 1.100m Width 77mm Depth 150mm

The S16 can be configured as a closed conduit shown with the bed elevated to create a converging/diverging duct.

Hydraulic Flow Demonstrator - S16 Open/Closed channel flow A freestanding accessory to the F1-10 Hydraulic Bench that allows hydraulic phenomena, associated with the flow of water through both open channels and closed conduits, to be set up quickly, easily and visually demonstrated. Measurements taken in each configuration allow the associated flow conditions to be analysed. An elevating section of the bed inside the channel and models of various hydraulic structures allow the difficult concepts of critical flow/ velocity/depth and energy changes to be clearly demonstrated and analysed. Models supplied include the Undershot Weir, Overshot Weir, Narrow crested Weir, Broad crested Weir, Ogee Weir and Culvert. In all cases, the effects of changes in upstream and downstream water level can be investigated.

< S16 configured as an open channel showing the hydraulic jump downstream of an undershot weir where energy is dissipated in the change from shallow super-critical flow to deeper sub-critical flow.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/s16

H41 Laser PIV compatible See page 23

Sediment Transport Demonstration Channel - S8MkII

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/s8

The ability to vary both the slope and water flow rate enables the flume to generate a full array of alluvial bed forms. The development, stability and transition of the regimes may be followed visually and by measurements.

H41 Laser PIV compatible See page 23

S8MKII Working Section Length 1.550m Width 78mm Depth 110mm

Typical bedforms in sand produced with the Armfield S8 MKII

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To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/hydraulics_hydrology or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


enviro PRODUCTS

This floor-standing unit is the only Hydrology System that includes features making it suitable for studying fluvial geomorphology. It combines the capabilities of the Rainfall Hydrographs and Ground Water Flow Unit into a single comprehensive facility. The system is fully instrumented for investigation of rainfall/runoff hydrographs, ground water abstraction studies and unique to this apparatus, fluvial mechanics.

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ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

FM

F/C/NA

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ARMSOFT

Advanced Environmental Hydrology System - S12MkII

RANGE INFO

S Series - Applied Hydraulics & Hydrology - Hydraulics & Hydrology

CIVIL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

Data logging accessory available.

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S/H

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/s12

CE/UOP

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Mobile Bed and Flow Visualisation Tank - S2 A versatile apparatus for teaching, project and research work, available with 2.0m or 4.0m long working section.

PCT

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The tank may be used in two principal fields of study:• Hydraulic modelling of mobile bed situations such as water courses or civil engineering structures

FT

• Two-dimensional flow visualisation using, for example, the Ahlborn dust indicator technique

CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

INDEX

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/s2

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Hydraulics & Hydrology - S Series - Applied Hydraulics & Hydrology

Hydraulics & Hydrology

RANGE INFO

CIVIL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

enviro PRODUCTS

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ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

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Rainfall Hydrographs - S10

A compact unit allowing the study of a variety of rainfall run off situations. A range of accessories enables the effects on the flood hydrograph of surface reservoir retention, depression, storage effects and land drainage to be demonstrated. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/s10

GROUND Water Flow Unit - S11 A bench-standing sand tank capable of demonstrating hydrological principles of ground water flow and the applications of these to certain water resource engineering constructions. Demonstrations of flood risks associated with land drainage works, the use of wells for both water abstraction and de-watering and the drainage of lakes and polders are all readily performed. The unit allows simple three-dimensional flow situations to be set up quickly and measurements of piezometric levels taken at appropriate positions within the model. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/s11

Drainage and Seepage Tank - S1

This self-contained facility is designed to allow a comprehensive study of flow through permeable media. Using sand and the various two dimensional models supplied, it is possible to determine flow lines, seepage rates and the distribution of uplift pressures. A useful facility for student project work in engineering hydrology. > Flow line visualisation > Flow net construction > Determining seepage rates > Verification of Darcy’s Law > Comparison of experimental results with analytical solutions view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/s1

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To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/hydraulics_hydrology or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


H Series - Hydraulic Instruments - Hydraulics & Hydrology

CIVIL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

H12-8: 0 - 2000mBar (0 - 1500mmHg). H12-9: 0 - 140mBar (0 - 99.99mmHg).

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/h1

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Pitot tubes - H30

SCAN QR for Range info

F/C/NA

PRODUCTS

ARMSOFT

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enviro

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/h12

FM

A range of pitot tubes for the measurement of water velocity in open channels and closed ducts. Tubes are in stainless steel and mounted on a supporting body with scale. Designed to be used with the H12 range of manometers.

S/H

A range of general purpose manometers to measure differential water pressures up to approximately 12.6m H20. Scales are graduated in 1mm divisions. Also available are versatile, hand-held, battery-operated Portable Pressure Meters. These are capable of measuring water or air pressure ranges as below:

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A range of digital and vernier hook and point gauges for the measurement of steady state water surface position.

Hydraulic Instruments

manometers & Meters - H12

RANGE INFO

Vernier Hook and Point Gauges - H1

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/h30

FE

Computer Compatible manometer bank - H14/2

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/h14-2 HT

Propeller Velocity Meter - H33

TH

The Armfield H14/2 is designed to replace banks of manometers when used in conjunction with a number of Armfield products. Sixteen simultaneous pressure measurements can be displayed on a user supplied computer and the information data logged.

RA

Used to measure and record very low point velocities in water and other conductive fluids. Velocity range 25 to 1500mm/sec. Or 600 to 3000mm/sec using alternative sensing probes.

CM

< Shown with H33-10

CE/UOP

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/h33

A simple and robust instrument for the measurement and recording of water waves in hydraulic models and ship tanks, using the principle of measuring the electrical conductivity between two parallel wires.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/h41

S8MKII & S16 compatibleSee page 20

PCT

The H41 uses Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) to non-intrusively measure, fluid velocities at multiple points in a flow, at a rate of up to 16Hz. The compact and portable hardware (which uses a safe, non-pulsed, Class 3B laser) and the extremely easy to use software with real time display, make this an ideal tool for undergraduate teaching and demonstration.

FT

Wave Probe System - H40

INDEX

Laser PIV system - H41

BE

Armfield H33-10 Digital Indicator

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/h40

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/hydraulic_instruments or s can the QR code. CONTENTS

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WATER TREATMENT

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | Public Health

RANGE INFO

Water Treatment - W Series

Water treatment has not always been a public utility priority. In today’s environmentally aware world it is now an essential. This range of simple yet comprehensive products covers the major elements of water treatment processes. Several of the products can be used industrially both for testing and experimentation.

enviro PRODUCTS

SCAN QR for Range info

Desalination and filtration

Flocculation Test Unit - W1

Reverse Osmosis/Ultrafiltration Unit available, see FT18 page 47

Sedimentation Studies Apparatus - W2 Bench-mounted and back-lit for ease of observation, the unit provides a facility for studying the basic physical processes involved in sedimentation, including zone formation and hindered settling.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/w2

The equipment is designed to allow the well-known ‘jar tests’ to be conducted on samples of water requiring treatment. The correct dosage conditions to remove colour and turbidity may be established on a laboratory scale as a prelude to full-scale plant operation. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/w1

Deep Bed Filter Column - W5

Permeability/Fluidisation Studies Apparatus - W3 This apparatus is designed for students to measure and understand the characteristics of flow through a bed of particles. Such flows occur naturally and in process plant designs. It may also be used for a part of the testing of media for water and waste water treatment processes. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/w3

Filterability Index Unit - W4 The unit enables a water treatment test to be made on a suspension to be filtered through sand or similar granular media. Whilst developed as a teaching tool, it can also be used in routine control at waterworks, or at a sewage treatment works which employs tertiary filtration.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/w5

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This laboratory deep bed filter column has been designed to operate identically to full scale granular filters. Using the same bed depth and filter media, tests on this unit provide operational data which may be scaled up to full size. Pilot trials of possible filter designs for water and sewage works can be made reliably at low cost.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/w4

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/water_treatment or s can the QR code above. CONTENTS


W Series - Water Treatment

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | Public Health

F/C/NA FM

This unit has been designed to demonstrate the hydraulic characteristics and settling efficiencies of a model settling basin. Although scale-up to industrial size sedimentation tanks is difficult, relevant deductions can be made as to how non-uniform flows occur and how these interact with the settling characteristics of particular suspensions.

ARMSOFT

Model Sedimentation Tank - W7

S/H

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/w7

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Anaerobic Digester - w8

FE

Anaerobic treatment processes involve bacteria which function only in the absence of air. This digester is designed as a bench top training facility and as a means of providing operational process data for plant design purposes.

TH

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/w8

HT

Aerobic Digester - W11 The continuous activated sludge process has been successfully employed in public health engineering installations for nearly a century.

RA

The bench-top aerobic digester is a comprehensive study facility of this biological water treatment process using a safe, synthetically prepared waste water.

CE/UOP

CM

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/w11

Ion Exchange Unit - W9

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A low cost, bench-mounted unit designed to demonstrate the use of ion-exchange resins for either continuous water softening or demineralisation. The equipment is designed to emulate the industrial operation of such units, including monitoring â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;break-throughâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; and regeneration cycles.

PCT

Aeration Unit - W10

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/w9 CONTENTS

INDEX

FT

The purpose of this aeration unit is to permit the study of the oxygen transfer characteristics of diffused air systems and the physical and chemical parameters which influence their oxygenation capacity. These studies are a necessary prelude to the understanding of the biological treatment of waste waters.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/w10

www.discoverarmfield.com

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CIVIL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL

Irrigation Water Management

With continued population growth in those parts of the world where growing crops is most challenging, irrigation is the obvious way to maximise the potential.

RANGE INFO

Irrigation Water Management - FE Series

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enviro PRODUCTS

SCAN QR for Range info

This range of products offers both laboratory and field learning opportunities and introduces such diverse topics as evapotranspiration and gauging and control structures.

FEL - Laboratory Equipment

Soil/Water Model Tank - FEL2

Rainfall Simulator - FEL3

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fel2

A free-standing, self-contained apparatus for laboratory-scale demonstrations of surface irrigation and related systems such as surface and sub-surface effects of surface water application.

Demonstration Infiltration Apparatus - FEL5 A simple but effective

laboratory demonstration of the infiltration processes which are fundamental to any form of irrigation study.

May be used either in the laboratory or the field. It is for use in simulated soil erosion and stabilisation studies, enabling investigation into the relationship between rainfall intensity and soil erosion, the nature of soil erosion potential on different soil types and the methods by which erosion may be prevented. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fel3

Soil Moisture Suction Sand table - FEL4 Primarily for the derivation of soil moisture characteristic curves for a variety of soils. The equipment helps in understanding the principle of water retentivity in terms of soil suction and the relationship between water retentivity and soil moisture. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fel5

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view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fel4

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/irrigation_water_management or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


CIVIL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL

FE Series - Irrigation Water Management

Drain Permeameter - FEL10 Demonstration Lysimeter - FEL6 Provides a simple but effective item of equipment for the measurement of evapotranspiration by the water-balance method. Suitable for student project work as well as for demonstration purposes.

ARMSOFT

Suitable for use as a demonstration tool and for laboratory testing and research.

FE

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S/H

FM

F/C/NA

For the laboratory investigation of field drain filter materials, it allows students to determine relative efficiencies of filter materials and select optimum filter/soil combinations.

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fel6

Parshall Flumes FEX26-1/2/3

WSC Flumes FEX26-4/5/6

Thin Plate Weirs & Accessories FEX26-7

Channel Section FEX26-9

Broad Crested Weir FEX26-10

Sluice Gates FEX40-3/4

Automatic Water Control Gates FEX40-5/6/7

Gauging and Control Structures - FEX40

A range of tough, durable and portable flumes and weirs for the measurement of water flow rates in open channels.

In irrigation networks, the regulation of water discharge, its distribution and disposal are paramount. In order to familiarise technicians with the mode of operation of a variety of control structures, Armfield has designed this range of demonstration units.

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fex26

CONTENTS

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fex40

www.discoverarmfield.com

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FT

PCT

BE

CE/UOP

CM

Flumes and Gauging Weirs - FEX26

RA

HT

TH

FEX - Field Equipment

INDEX

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/fel10


h = h f + x (h g - h f )

Thermodynamics

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL

RANGE INFO

Thermodynamics - TH Series

| MARINE | Food

enviro PRODUCTS

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ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info The TH range is designed to introduce the fundamental principles of thermodynamics to the student. Exploring the basic concepts such as temperature and pressure measurement, then an introduction to the relationships between these fundamentals, the first and second law, the principles of reversibility, entropy, enthalpy etc.

The equipment allows the student to gain a true understanding of these difficult concepts which are so important in all aspects of engineering.

Temperature Measurement and Calibration - TH1 To explore the principles of temperature measurement and calibration using three different heat sources and five different temperature sensors. To demonstrate the thermometric properties of different temperature sensors and the use of fixed points for calibration. • Educational software is available • Data logging accessory available

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/th1

Now with Boyles Law

Pressure Measurement and Calibration - TH2

To explore the concepts of pressure, calibration, engineering units, errors and linearity using a Bourdon pressure gauge and pressure sensor connected to a simple dead weight pressure calibrator, but also capable of demonstrating Boyles Law. • Educational software is available • Data logging accessory available

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view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/th2

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/thermodynamics or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL

TH Series - Thermodynamics

| MARINE | Food

To demonstrate what recycle is and to allow mass and energy balances to be performed under steady state and unsteady state conditions. Includes use of the steady flow energy equation.

Saturation Pressure - TH3

FE

• Educational software is available • Data logging accessory available

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S/H

FM

F/C/NA

ARMSOFT

Recycle Loops - TH4

TH

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/th4

HT

Expansion Processes of a Perfect Gas - TH5

RA

Marcet boiler

CM

To investigate the behaviour of a fluid at its boiling point and how the temperature varies with pressure.

CE/UOP

The TH3 offers all the features of a Marcet boiler and adds the capability to determine the condition of the wet steam produced by the apparatus. Saturation curves can be obtained and compared with published steam tables. Thus enhancing the understanding of the underlying thermodynamic principle

BE

• Educational software is available • Data logging accessory available

PCT

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/th3

FT

To investigate the behaviour of a gas under pressure and vacuum and to determine the ratio of specific heats. Includes concepts such as polytropic processes, constant volume processes and the nonflow and unsteady flow energy equations.

INDEX

• Educational software is available • Data logging accessory available view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/th5

CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

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Heat Transfer Computer Controlled Heat Exchanger Service Module - HT30XC

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | MARINE | Food

RANGE INFO

Heat Transfer - HT Series

enviro PRODUCTS

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ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

Remote Learning Capability

The Armfield HT30XC Computer Controlled Heat Exchanger Module has played an important part in the development of computer controlled experiments over the internet described in a paper* published in the USA journal, Chemical Engineering Education and involving Cambridge (England) students use of equipment in Cambridge, Massachusetts. This bench-top computer controlled service unit allows the operation of the Armfield range of small scale heat exchanger systems. It provides controlled cold water flow, bi-directional hot water flow and the instrumentation required to do a series of in-depth investigations into heat exchanger performance. The individual heat exchangers can be quickly changed over, to allow comparisons between different types of heat exchanger to be made. The HT30XC requires a personal computer with USB for the operator interface. Educational software is provided for all Armfield heat exchangers. Included are drivers to allow other software applications to communicate with the HT30XC via the USB interface. Users can write their own software typically in LabView, MatLab, ‘C’, ‘C++’, Visual Basic, and Delphi, among others. Users can thus write software to remotely control the equipment, for example, over a Local Area Network (LAN) or even over the internet. The HT30XC is ideal for this as it has been designed to shut down safely in the event of a communications failure. Once the heat exchanger has been installed and configured, the student does not need to be present with the equipment. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ht30xc

(*Performing Process Control Experiments Across the Atlantic by Anders Selmer, Mike Goodson, Markus Kraft, Siddhartha Sen, V. Faye McNeil, Barry S Johnston and Clark K Colton.)

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HT31

HT36

HT32

HT37

HT33

Armfield heat exchangers available for the HT30XC:

HT34

Tubular Heat Exchanger - HT31 Plate Heat Exchanger - HT32 Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger - HT33 Jacketed Vessel with Coil and Stirrer - HT34 Extended Tubular Heat Exchanger - HT36 Extended Reconfigurable Plate Heat Exchanger - HT37

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/heat_transfer or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


HT Series - Heat Transfer

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | MARINE | Food

The HT10XC Heat Transfer Teaching Equipment and the HT30XC Heat Exchangers Service Module are computer controlled bench-top systems to teach the principles of their respective subjects. In addition to being able to be used in a conventional laboratory, users can also write software to enable them to be used over an intranet, local area network (LAN) or the internet. This means that both students and lecturers are no longer confined to the physical laboratory and that many students can share the learning experience at the same time.

S/H

Remote Learning Capability

W

The Armfield HT10XC is a computer controlled service unit, which can be used in conjunction with a range of small scale accessories for a wide range of demonstrations into the modes of heat transfer. The factors that affect heat transfer can be investigated and some of the practical problems associated with the transfer of heat can be clearly demonstrated.

FM

Computer Controlled Heat Transfer Teaching Equipment - HT10XC

F/C/NA

Two pieces of laboratory teaching equipment developed by Armfield in collaboration with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) could revolutionise the way undergraduate engineering students use teaching laboratories.

ARMSOFT

Armfield revolutionise laboratory teaching

FE

The heat transfer accessories may be individually connected to the HT10XC service unit, which provides the necessary electrical supplies and measurement facilities for investigation and comparison of the different heat transfer characteristics.

computer control and remote control applications Accessories: TH

HT11C: Computer Controlled Linear Heat Conduction (material samples still need changing manually) HT12C: Computer Controlled Radial Heat Conduction HT14C: Computer Controlled Combined Convection and Radiation HT15: Extended Surface Heat Transfer HT16C: Computer Controlled Radiation Errors in Temperature Measurement HT18C: Computer Controlled Thermo-Electric Heat Pump

HT12 Radial Heat Conduction

All the facilities can also be accessed locally using the front panel controls and display.

HT17 Unsteady State Heat Transfer

HT13 Laws of Radiant Heat Transfer and Radiant Heat Exchange

PCT

BE

CE/UOP

HT11 Linear Heat Conduction

the equipment can be operated remotely, for instance over an intranet or even over the internet.

CM

A specific feature of the HT10XC is that it incorporates the facilities and safety features to allow the accessories to be remotely controlled from an external computer, where this is appropriate. It will shut down safely in the event of a communications failure. With suitable (user provided) software,

RA

HT

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ht10xc

HT18C Thermo-Electric Heat Pump

manual control heat transfer accessories:

CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

INDEX

FT

HT11: Linear Heat Conduction HT12: Radial Heat Conduction HT13: Laws of Radiant Heat Transfer and Radiant Heat Exchange HT14: Combined Convection and Radiation HT15: Extended Surface Heat Transfer HT16: Radiation Errors in Temperature Measurement HT17: Unsteady State Heat Transfer

31


Refrigeration & Air conditioning - RA Series - HVAC RANGE INFO

new

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

enviro PRODUCTS

306

ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

Refrigeration &

The new Armfield RA Series is designed to clearly demonstrate the principles behind modern refrigeration and air conditioning systems. The series includes three separate units; the RA1 Vapour-Compression Refrigeration System, RA2 Air Conditioning System and RA3 Re-circulating Air Conditioning System. floor-standing RA3 Recirculating Air Conditioning Recirculating Air Conditioning Unit - RA3 The Unit for teaching all aspects of air conditioning systems. Features adjustable recirculation of air, additional sensors, and a recirculation facility via an enclosed climate control chamber, plus all the facilities of the RA2. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ra3

© Armfield Ltd. 2011

© Armfield Ltd. 2011

Typical RA2 mimic diagram

32

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/refrigeration_air-conditioning or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


RA Series - HVAC - Refrigeration & Air conditioning

FM

Vapour-Compression Refrigeration Unit - RA1

F/C/NA

ARMSOFT

Air conditioning

S/H

© Armfield Ltd. 2011

W

Typical software screenshot

FE

The Vapour-Compression Refrigeration System is the most common refrigeration system used today. RA1 is a computer controlled system which enables the student to gain a thorough understanding of the refrigeration process.

TH

© Armfield Ltd. 2011

CE/UOP

CM

RA

HT

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ra1

PCT

BE

© Armfield Ltd. 2011

FT

Air Conditioning Unit - RA2

INDEX

The RA2 is a fully instrumented, bench-mounted air conditioning duct for teaching all aspects of air conditioning systems, complete with initial heating stage, humidifier, chiller/dehumidifier and final heating stage. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ra2

CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

33


Internal Combustion Engines - CM Series

MECHANICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL | MARINE

Internal Combustion Engines

Armfield’s range of internal combustion engines encompasses automotive and aviation power units, each one mounted on a small test bed and providing a complete engine learning system. Each system comes with our own advanced ArmSoft™ software which can be used to run the engine from a personal computer. The software incorporates the full range of facilities as outlined in the ArmSoft™ software section, P2-3.

Axial Flow Gas TurbinE - CM14 The CM14 is a complete, aeronautical axial flow gas turbine engine with full instrumentation and sensors measuring the gas temperature and pressure at different stages within the engine, together with the thrust generated and the fuel consumption. It features simple electric starting with no requirement for compressed air. The turbine itself can be bench-mounted and incorporates a transparent safety guard for full visibility. The small size minimises the laboratory space required. The control box can be located in an adjacent room if required.

Stand mounted version of the CM14 Axial Flow Gas Turbine. Cover removed for clarity.

Typical CM14 mimic diagram

Bench-top version of the CM14 Axial Flow Gas Turbine.

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/cm14

34

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/internal_combustion_engines or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


CM Series - Internal Combustion Engines RANGE INFO

Compatible PRODUCT

Compatible PRODUCT

enviro PRODUCTS

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ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

Bio FUEL compatible

A modern 3-cylinder, one-litre, water cooled Volkswagen automotive engine incorporated into a fully instrumented test bed. Equipped with an eddy current dynamometer to produce engine performance curves and analysis.

Compatible PRODUCT

new

TH

FE

W

S/H

Options include gasoline and LPG operation, real time P-V diagrams and variation of engine ignition timing and fuel injection characteristics.

FM

Gasoline Engine - CM11MKII

ARMSOFT

F/C/NA

MECHANICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL | MARINE

HT

Eddy current dynamometer to vary engine load

RA

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/cm11

Compatible PRODUCT

INDEX

FT

PCT

BE

A modern 4-cylinder Volkswagen automotive engine incorporated into an instrumented test bed with an eddy current dynamometer to produce engine performance curves and analysis.

CM

Bio DIESEL compatible

CE/UOP

Automotive Diesel Engine - CM12

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/cm12

CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

35


Unit Operations - CE Series - Basic Process Principles CHEMICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL | Food | Public Health

RANGE INFO

Unit Operations

enviro PRODUCTS

306

ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

Armfield through their CE and UOP range of products offer the most comprehensive, diverse and technically current group of products of any manufacturer, bringing both basic principles and complete unit operations to the modern educational laboratory.

SCAN QR for Range info

Computer controlled Chemical Reactors Training Equipment - CEXC new Now computer controlled as standard Improved features 5 transparent reactor types USB connectivity

Typical CEZ software screenshot

CEXC service unit shown fitted with CEBMKIII Transparent Batch Reactor with Plug Flow and Laminar Flow Reactors on the left (please note the laptop not supplied).

This range of small-scale chemical reactors comprises five units which represent the types of reactor found in industry. Three of the reactors mount on a common bench top service unit (CEXC) whilst the other two are free-standing. PC based educational software is included along with the necessary interface device to provide computer control, automatic logging of data and analysis of results. Reactors comprise: Plug Flow, Laminar Flow, Stirred Tank, Tubular and Batch reactors. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/cexc

Stirred Tank Reactors In Series - CEPMkII

Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor - CEMMKII

Tubular Reactor - CETMKII

Catalytic ReacTORS - CEU

CEU utilises the sugar inversion reaction (Sucrose → Glucose + Fructose) to study the performance of packed bed chemical and biological catalytic reactors. A colorimetric assay is used to determine the degree of conversion using an optical sensor. Assays may be automated using optional flow injection analysis.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ceu

>Investigation of dynamic behaviour of stirred tank reactors in series > Influence of flow rate and step input change > Investigation of chemical reaction in a three tank system > Investigation of time constant using a dead-time coil view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/cep

36

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/ce_unit_operations or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


CE Series - Basic Process Principles - Unit Operations

Wetted Wall Gas Absorption Column - CES

F/C/NA FM S/H W

Mixing of liquidliquid or solid-liquid systems is subject to many variables and a complex operation to analyse. This liquid mixing apparatus CEN-MkII-11 CEN-MkII-13 CEN-MkII-12 has been developed to demonstrate the The characteristics of the flow of solid materials are relevant to factors affecting many process industries, particularly in handling pellets, crystals and mixing using aggregates. The new CEN-MkII system is available as three separate visualisation and items, namely: measurement CEN-MkII-11 Solids Handling incorporating Ball mill and V blender  view full details online: techniques as www.armfield.co.uk/cek CEN-MkII-12 Powder Handling incorporating angle of repose cylinder, appropriate. cylindrical hopper with orifices and pneumatic conveyor with cyclone CEN-MkII-13 Variable intensity Vibratory Shaker and Sieves Wetted wall columns have view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/cen proved valuable in determining mass transfer coefficients, essential in calculating the design of absorption towers. They serve as a basis from The upward flow of fluid which correlations have been through a bed of particles is developed for packed towers. encountered in nature and in In this case the absorption many industrial processes. studied is that of oxygen from The unit facilitates the study air into deoxygenated water, of flow through fixed and fluidised beds of solid particles. which is produced by sparging the water with nitrogen in a Simultaneous study of air and deoxygenating column. This is water systems demonstrates an example of absorption which the differences between is liquid-film controlled; the liquid ‘aggregative’ and ‘particulate’ film mass transfer coefficient can fluidised bed characteristics  view full details online: be determined at various mass www.armfield.co.uk/ces and the important flow rates of the water. phenomenon of ‘bubbling’ view full details online: can be observed. Close-up of www.armfield.co.uk/cel columns shows fluidisation of a bed by air.

ARMSOFT

Fluid Mixing Studies - CEK

FE

Solids Handling StudIES - CENMkII

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ceq

Designed to demonstrate how potentially corrosive situations may be recognised and avoided. The equipment allows for the simultaneous study of up to eight corrosion cells. Each cell allows for the immersion of three similar test specimens. CONTENTS

A process data logger is available for the Liquid Diffusion Coefficients Apparatus.

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/cer

www.discoverarmfield.com

37

HT RA CM CE/UOP BE PCT

Two separate items of laboratory equipment have been designed to allow measurement of molecular diffusitives and, in doing so, to familiarise students with the basic notions of mass transfer theory. The gaseous diffusivity apparatus involves diffusion with bulk flow, whilst the liquid diffusivity apparatus relates to equimolar counter-diffusion.

FT

Corrosion Studies Kit - CEQ

INDEX

Mass Transfer and Diffusion Coefficients - CER A & B

TH

Fixed and Fluidised Bed Apparatus - CEL


Unit Operations

Distillation

new

RANGE INFO

Unit Operations - UOP Series - Heat & Mass Transfer Unit Operations

CHEMICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL | Food | Public Health

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ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

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Evaporation

Modular Evaporator Series Maximum flexibility of choice UOP20X

Close-up of new column section.

© Armfield Ltd. 2011

PID controller screen from Armfield software.

NEW & IMPROVED UOP3 8 point sample & feed sieve plate column sections Sample & feed points at every tray

and specification results from the modular approach, which offers a wide number of configurations. The service unit is capable of housing one or two columns with rising or falling film evaporation and controlled recirculation in either position. High vacuum capability allows low temperature evaporation. Integral pressurised hot water heating or external steam supply options are available.

Full computer compatibility is provided and educational software is included detailing the equipment, evaporation theory, logging and analysis of results, questions and answers and a workbook facility. If it is required to operate the system from an external steam supply, Armfield can provide a laboratory steam generator (UOP10) with a heat output of 30KW. Also Available: UOP10 Optional Laboratory Steam Generator - order code UOP10

Column sections available as a retrofit to existing UOP3 units

Distillation columns - UOP3CC & UOP3BM

Two laboratory-scale distillation columns allowing safe operation of a real industrial process. A continuous distillation column, which also performs batch experiments, can be controlled manually or externally by a PC. Individual loops can be controlled using an industrial PLC or a PID controller. A batch-only version is suitable for teaching the fundamentals of distillation. Both versions incorporate flame-proof devices and intrinsically safe circuits, feature plate and packed columns together with the display of temperatures on each of the eight sieve plates in the column. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop3

38

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop20 Alternative product available FT22 - see page 47

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/uop_unit_operations or s can the QR code CONTENTS


UOP Series - Heat & Mass Transfer Unit Operations - Unit Operations Extraction

Absorption

S/H

FM

F/C/NA

ARMSOFT

Extraction

The UOP10 is an advanced boiler, providing a constant, steady supply of steam. The compact unit requires only connection to water and electrical supply for operation.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop6

AL

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop10

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

The UOP6 Basic Water Cooling Tower has been designed to give students an appreciation of the construction, design and operational characteristics of a modern evaporative cooling system. This bench-mounted unit offers a self-contained facility for demonstrating forced draught cooling. Columns with different packing characteristics are available. These can be quickly interchanged without the need for tools. CONTENTS

W FE TH HT RA CM

Basic Water Cooling Tower Laboratory Steam UOP6 Generator - UOP10

Drying

CE/UOP

This unit provides an introduction to the operation of an industrial type of liquid-liquid extraction system. A vertical column is used to contact two essentially immiscible liquids flowing countercurrently through Raschig ring packing. Either liquid can be selected to be the continuous phase. A distillation column is incorporated for solvent recovery or extracted product concentration. Leksol, a non-flammable organic solvent, can be used instead of Trichloroethylene.

A pilot-scale apparatus enabling familiarity with the characteristics of packed tower hydrodynamics and absorption processes.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop8 BE

Cooling

Liquid-Liquid Extraction Unit - UOP5

Gas Absorption Column - UOP7

Tray DrYer - UOP8 The most commonly used industrial method of drying solids in bulk consists of passing a hot air stream over fixed trays of wet material. This small pilot-scale tray dryer uses this method and is designed for laboratory training programmes. Operating conditions may be varied in a way that provides data demonstrating both theoretical and practical aspects of industrial drying practice.

www.discoverarmfield.com

39

PCT

The equipment serves to introduce the fundamentals of a solid-liquid extractor system, using a sophisticated continuous feed, counter current flow, rotary extractor of the type frequently seen in industrial applications. The effects of temperature, throughput rate and multiple stages can all be investigated. Optional software is available.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop5

FT

Solid-Liquid Extraction Unit - UOP4MkII

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop7

INDEX

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop4


Unit Operations ADsorption

RANGE INFO

Unit Operations - UOP Series - Heat & Mass Transfer Unit Operations

CHEMICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL | Food | Public Health

â&#x201E;˘

enviro PRODUCTS

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ArmSoftâ&#x201E;˘ SOFTWARE

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FIXED BED ADSORPTION UNIT - UOP15 UOP15 demonstrates the adsorption of a solute, carbon dioxide, from a binary gas mixture onto the surface of a solid adsorbent, activated carbon. The adsorption and desorption/regeneration processes take place in a fixed bed adsorption column.

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop15

CRYSTALISATION

Crystallisation Unit - UOP14 Crystallisation is a valuable process in Chemical Engineering where the separation of one or more of the components from a liquid mixture is required. The Armfield UOP14 demonstrates this process in the laboratory so that students may gain a thorough understanding of this industrial technique. The UOP14 system demonstrates an industrially important type of crystallisation, namely solution cooling crystallisation. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop14

Filtration

Filtration Unit - UOP12 The Armfield filtration unit demonstrates the principles of batch filtration using a fully functional plate and frame filter system. A continuous, tangential flow microfiltration unit using a hollow fibre filtration cartridge is available as an option. Both types of filter are widely used in the commercial world. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/uop12

40

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/uop_unit_operations or s can the QR code CONTENTS


PRODUCTS

306

ArmSoftâ&#x201E;˘ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

Biochemical Engineering

Biochemical Engineering is a growth area, attracting worldwide interest. Although many of the techniques and operations are common with Chemical Engineering, there are some important differences. Armfield have introduced two products, BE1 and BE2, which together with CEU, give students an introduction and understanding of important BioChemical Engineering principles.

ARMSOFT

â&#x201E;˘

enviro

F/C/NA

RANGE INFO

BE Series - Biochemical Engineering

CIVIL | CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | GEOSCIENCE | ENVIRONMENTAL | AGRICULTURAL | MARINE

Batch Enzyme Reactor - BE1 FM

A batch enzyme reaction system utilises the industrially important glucose isomerisation reaction (converting glucose to fructose) catalysed by glucose isomerase.

TH

FE

W

S/H

The purpose of the unit is to demonstrate batch enzyme kinetics and enzyme characteristics. The reaction takes place inside a stirred vessel where the stirrer itself is a porous basket inside which the enzyme is immobilised.

A polarimeter device, which is integral to the unit, monitors the glucose and fructose concentrations with time.

HT

5 BE1 - Typical software mimic diagram

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/be1 RA

Chromatography unit - BE2 Injection port

Injection port

CE/UOP

Buffer vessel

Column 2

Column 1

Fraction collector

CM

Bubble Trap

Peristaltic pump

Drain

BE2 has two chromatography columns of variable bed height which are fed by a peristaltic pump. An injection point allows samples to be introduced onto the column. The unit has an on-line UV sensor for measuring protein

concentration as it exits the column. BE2 is also equipped with a timer-controlled fraction collector. Size exclusion chromatography is the primary separation technique used for the demonstrations. Engineering principles, such as the effect of feed flow rate and bed height on process performance, are investigated.

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/biochemical_engineering - or s can the QR code. CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

41

FT

BE2 aims to demonstrate the principles and practices of chromatography - an important operation for both smallscale analysis and large-scale production of biologics.

PCT

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/be2

INDEX

Optical flow cell

BE

Detergent vessel


| Food

Process Control Technology

RANGE INFO

Process Control Technology - PCT 40 Series

CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | MARINE

â&#x201E;˘

enviro PRODUCTS

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ArmSoftâ&#x201E;˘ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS CONTROLLERS

A range of process teaching equipment is available to demonstrate relevant measurement and control experiments using real engineering equipment. The Armfield range is designed on a building-block approach, which ensures that experimental set-ups can be assembled economically to meet individual course requirements.

Each practical work study system consists of a bench-top process demonstration unit and a control console that contains the power supplies and interfacing for all measurement and actuation signals. Industrial controllers are available as accessories to further develop the practical instruction courses possible.

Multifunction Process Control Teaching System - PCT40 This provides a cost-effective way of teaching a wide range of process control techniques, including temperature measurement and flow control, in a simple basic unit. More sophisticated aspects of process control can be addressed by adding optional extras to the basic system. The PCT40 is computer controlled with optional manual control available using the PCT43 console.

PCT41

Electronic Console - PCT43 The PCT43 is an electronic console that can be used to control the PCT40 (and PCT41 Process Vessel Accessory/PCT42 pH Sensor Accessory) instead of a computer. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/pct43

Industrial PLC Controller - PCT19BR

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/pct40

Process Plant Trainer - PCT23MkII

This industrial PLC controller is based on the Allen Bradley SLC500 with multi-channel analog and digital Inputs/ Outputs and can be used to demonstrate single or multi-loop control. Serial communications is incorporated.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/pct19

Industrial PID Controller - PCT20H Based on the widely used Honeywell UDC3000 Series controller, this industrial PID controller has facilities for both voltage and current inputs and outputs, thermocouple input, alarm and relay outputs and serial communications.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/pct20h

42

This new trainer is a miniature version of an industrial plateheat exchanger with multiple control inputs and measurement outputs. An electrical console provides measurement and control of the process plant and allows connection to external controllers or a PC. A variety of control techniques can be demonstrated, ranging from manual operation and on-off control to the latest SCADA techniques employing PC based serial communications for distributed control.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/pct23mkii

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/process_control_technology or s can the QR code. CONTENTS


SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

Essentials of Process Control

The Essentials of Process Control (EPC) range of products takes students through the fundamentals and principles of process control, and progresses to give them a thorough grounding in the control of physical processes. Four independent process units demonstrate level, flow, temperature and pressure as the controlled variable. The concepts of closed loop control, including on/off control, proportional control, proportional/integral and proportional/ integral/derivative (PID) control can be explored and demonstrated. Some units also cover both time proportioning and analogue control of the same parameter. To demonstrate industrial control systems, two further controlling devices are available, a full function commercial PID controller with autotune, and a programmable logic controller (PLC).

FE

W

S/H

Level | Flow | Temperature | Pressure | PID | Programmable logic | Sensor Conditioning & Calibration

ARMSOFT

ArmSoftâ&#x201E;˘

F/C/NA

PRODUCTS

| Food

FM

RANGE INFO

CHEMICAL | MECHANICAL | MARINE

306

new

PCT 50 Series - Process Control Technology

â&#x201E;˘

enviro

RA

HT

TH

Temperature Control - PCT52

Pressure Control - PCT53

CE/UOP

CM

Level Control - PCT50

BE

Flow Control - PCT51

PCT

Industrial PID Controller - PCT54

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/pct50 CONTENTS

INDEX

Typical graphical display obtained using PCT52 Temperature control

FT

 Programmable Logic Controller (with PID algorithm) - PCT55

Sensor Conditioning and Calibration Trainer - PCT56

www.discoverarmfield.com

43


Food Technology - FT Series

CHEMICAL | Food

| AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

Food Technology

DAIRY PROCESSING

FOOD PROCESSING LINES

Food Technology deals with the preservation, processing and packaging of food stuffs. Armfield can provide a complete solution to your Food Technology requirements, offering not just the equipment but also advice, planning, installation, commissioning and training. We have equipped laboratories and research facilities around the globe and number some of the world’s leading food manufacturers among our customers.

UHT/HTST System - FT74X

Dairy Processing

High Performance HTST/UHT Units for Processing Liquids

Heat Treatment

The Plate Heat Exchanger FT7430MkIII (left) and Tubular Heat Exchanger FT74-20MkIII (right) are interchangeable on a common selfcontained mobile service unit. All combinations of temperature and time in the UHT region of sterilisation can be attained. The unit is ideal for both teaching and research.

HTST Pasteurisation FT43 FT75

HTST Pasteurisation & UHT FT74X FT84-1 FT94X FT94LT FT174X

A data logging accessory is available to display and store process data on a PC A product flowmeter option is also available.

Other heat treatment FT25

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft74X

AL

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

Laboratory Pasteuriser - FT43 A bench top unit duplicating the industrial HTST process on a practical scale for teaching. Holding times can be varied with throughput and temperature controlled from a separate comprehensive control console. Low viscosity food samples as small as 1 litre can be processed in batches, or continuously processed with a throughput of 20 litres/hr. view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft43

Microwave UHT Add-on - FT84-1 Laboratory Pasteuriser - FT75

The Armfield Microwave UHT /HTST unit has been developed for the rapid heating of various types of viscous, non-viscous and even non-homogeneous products. Product temperatures up to 160°C can be reached. The product is heated in a short product tube enabling extremely rapid heating rates to be achieved. The add-on unit is designed to be used in conjunction with the FT74X or FT94X FT94LT UHT systems.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft84

This is an example of the modern high temperature, short time (HTST) pasteurisers used in commercial food production. It utilises a three stage plate heat exchanger and provides an excellent classroom example of the ‘production line’ approach to food manufacturing, complete with the associated systems and control aspects.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft75

44

Modular Scraped Surface Heat Exchanger Systems - FT25 A modular range of scraped surface heat exchangers. Various configurations of heat exchangers, pin workers, heaters and chillers are available to fulfil a wide range of process requirements. See page 47 for more details.

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/food_technology or s can the QR code CONTENTS


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ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

Processing other Foods and Products

SCAN QR for Range info

HTST/UHT Mini Pilot System - FT94X

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft94x

FM

F/C/NA

The Armfield FT94X HTST/UHT Mini Pilot system extends the range of continuous operation scaled-down units offered by Armfield to 30-100 L/H. The unit combines full flexibility – plate and tubular heat exchanger options - with comprehensive instrumentation demanded of research and development equipment. Options up to 200L/H can be provided on special request.

AL

S/H

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

HTST/UHT Mini Pilot System - FT94LT FT94LT is a cost effective HTST/UHT processing system, capable of throughputs of 30-100 L/H and process temperatures up to 150°, with a range of options, to tailor the product to your requirements.

new

AL

TH

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft94lt

FE

Designed with flexibility in mind, the FT94LT Mini Pilot System is suitable for a wide range of applications, from fruit juices to ice cream, and pet food to pharmaceuticals.

W

EDIBLE OILS PROCESSING

ARMSOFT

RANGE INFO

FT Series - Food Technology

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

RA

HT

new

Treats products at flow rates of 20-60 lph. Modules available for: direct/indirect heating; aseptic processing; upstream/downstream homogenization; additional chilling. Options allow multiple modules to be included in the same system, giving high process adaptability.

CE/UOP

CM

Modular Miniature-scale HTST/UHT Process System - FT174X

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft174x

BE

Options up to 200L/h can be provided on special request.

AL

INDEX

FT

PCT

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

AL

ASEPTIC LINE

 view full details online: COMPONENT www.armfield.co.uk/ft25 CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

45


Food Technology - FT Series CHEMICAL | Food

| AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

Food Technology

DAIRY PROCESSING

FOOD PROCESSING LINES

Multi-purpose Processing Vessel - FT40

Dairy Processing Batch processing FT40 FT9 FT19

Aseptic filling FT83

Pressure Homogeniser - FT9

Evaporation FT22

Separation FT18

Spray drying FT30MkII FT80 or FT80 + FT80-60 Fluid bed cooler for full fat milk

Cheese making FT20/20A FT20MkII FT21/21A

Fermented milks (Yogurts) FT20 or FT40

Ice cream making FT25 FT40

Cream separation FT15

Butter making FT21/21A

The facilities to mix, emulsify, heat, pasteurise, incubate, cool, chill and cure are all built in to this purpose designed unit. Finished products in batch sizes of 10 - 20 litres, as well as materials for further processing, may be produced in this versatile unit. It has integral process controls and a chart recorder to continuously monitor vat contents temperature. A data logging accessory to store view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft40 process data to a PC is available

The laboratory homogeniser uses a unique double action valve that gives a dispersion index of less than five percent. Small test samples can be prepared under different operating pressures for demonstrating the homogenisation process.

Autoclave - FT19 A batch sterilising unit designed primarily for in-bottle production of sterilised milk.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft19

Spray Drier - FT30MKIII

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft9

Disc Bowl Centrifuge FT15 A self-contained centrifugal separator, demonstrating all aspects of cream/milk separation. Instrumentation is provided to measure varying bowl speeds and throughput rates.

A bench-top all-glass construction unit allowing continuous observation and measurement of this rapid drying process.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft30

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft15

Sterile Filling System - FT83

The Armfield FT83 is the most cost-effective solution for R&D departments to produce sterile packaged samples with an excellent shelf life. As well as a working chamber with a controlled, clean environment, the unit includes the facilities to allow all the product paths to be sterilised and for the filling to be controlled in a simple manner.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft83

AL

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

46

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/food_technology or s can the QR code CONTENTS


enviro

306

ArmSoft™

PRODUCTS

SOFTWARE

A floor-standing unit using the steam-heated climbing film principle to concentrate small quantities of liquid foods either continuously or in batches. The important process parameters can be varied and monitored.

A data logging accessory is available for the storage of process data on a PC.

A data logging accessory is available for the storage of process data on a PC.

Cheese Vat - FT20MkII  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft2121a

W HT RA CM

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft20mkii

All options provide variable control of the process throughput. With controllable process speed and up to two independent controls for rotational speed, a wide range of process variations can be explored. view full details online: Typical configurations: www.armfield.co.uk/ft25 Margarine Crystalliser Continuous Ice Cream Freezer UHT Processing Systems Combined Margarine Crystalliser & Ice Cream Freezer

Tall Form Spray Drier has been specifically designed to allow small quantities of product to be processed. The functional properties of the powders produced are comparable to largescale production drier capabilities. The FT80 can be quickly and easily configured as a Spray Chiller (FT81) capable of handling products such as bakery shortening mixes containing high melting point fats to be converted from liquid to powder.

BE

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

Tall Form Spray Dryer/Chiller The Armfield FT80/81

PCT

AL

CE/UOP

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft2020a

A modular range of scraped surface heat exchangers

CONTENTS

A stainless steel jacketed vat for the production of cheese by the traditional method. A separate electrical console provides control of paddle agitator speed, temperature and pH indication. A data logging accessory is available to display and store process data on a PC.

Modular Scraped Surface Heat Exchanger Systems - FT25 Various configurations of heat exchangers, pin workers, heaters and chillers are available to fulfil a wide range of process requirements.

Cheese Vat - FT20

FT

The FT20-MkII is an excellent example of a batch manufacturing process, illustrating modern industrial methods and control techniques whilst implementing a process that has been used for centuries. It can be used to explore different methods of cheese making, different recipes and their effect on sensory perceptions. It is supported by comprehensive student and teacher instruction sheets giving detailed explanations and operational instructions.

Alternative product available UOP20X - see page 38

FE

Designed to process batches of cream into butter by the traditional method.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft80

www.discoverarmfield.com

47

INDEX

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft18

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft22

TH

Butter Churn - FT21

S/H

A small-scale laboratory test unit allowing experimentation in the range of clarification and concentration processes. The effect of varying process parameters on membrane separation performance can be demonstrated. The unit has a clean-in-place facility.

F/C/NA

Reverse Osmosis/Ultrafiltration Unit - FT18 Rising Film Evaporator - FT22

ARMSOFT

SCAN QR for Range info

Processing other Foods and Products

EDIBLE OILS PROCESSING

FM

RANGE INFO

FT Series - Food Technology


Food Technology - FT Series CHEMICAL | Food

| AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

Food Technology

DAIRY PROCESSING

FOOD PROCESSING LINES

Hammer/Beater Mill - FT2

Edible Oils Processing

A hammer mill, that is safe to operate and can be easily dismantled for cleaning.

Pressure extraction

Designed for general laboratory grinding, the bench top unit is supplied with eight perforated plate screens.

FT2 FT28 FT14 FT110 FT111

view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft2

Oil Extraction Screw Press - FT28

Solvent extraction

A small capacity continuous press suitable for extracting edible oils from a variety of oil bearing seeds.

FT29 + UOP10* Lab steam generator (*optional)

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft28

Refining FT27 FT66

Plate and Frame Filter Press - FT14

Finishing

A small plate pack conveniently mounted on a stainless steel framework, allowing clear demonstration of mode of operation. A selection of grades of filter media is supplied. view full details online:

FT68

Hydrogenation FT67

www.armfield.co.uk/ft14

Batch processing FT40

Homogenisation FT9 FT90/91

Soft spread processing FT25

Bench-top Rapid Extractor - FT110 The Armfield FT110 uses high pressure and a combination of both static and dynamic extraction phases to achieve a rapid extraction of the active materials with minimum degradation to the product. In the dynamic phases, the solvent is passed through the material providing a forced percolation and agitation. Requires manual solvent priming.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft110

Laboratory-Scale Rapid Extractor - FT111 The Armfield FT111 uses high pressure and a combination of both static and dynamic extraction phases to achieve a rapid extraction of the active materials with minimum degradation to the product. In the dynamic phases, the solvent is passed through the material providing a forced percolation and agitation. Features automatic solvent priming.

Multi-purpose Processing Vessel FT40 The facilities to mix, emulsify, heat, pasteurise, incubate, cool, chill and cure are all built in to this purpose designed unit. Finished products in batch sizes of 10 - 20 litres, as well as materials for further processing, may be produced in this versatile unit. It has integral process controls and a chart recorder to continuously monitor vat contents temperature. A data logging accessory to store process data to a PC is available.

48

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft40

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft111

Pressure Homogeniser - FT9 The laboratory homogeniser uses a unique double action valve that gives a dispersion index of less than five percent. Small test samples can be prepared under different operating pressures for demonstrating the homogenisation process.

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/food_technology or s can the QR code CONTENTS


enviro PRODUCTS

306

ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

Processing other Foods and Products

Neutraliser/Washer/Bleacher - FT66 CentriPeel Centrifuge - FT27

Deodorising Unit - FT68 S/H

A vacuum steam distillation unit, suitable for demonstrating the removal of free fatty acids from edible oils.

W

A floor standing, self-contained batch process unit demonstrating a variety of solid/liquid extractions. It is particularly suitable for ‘leaching’ edible oil from oil-bearing seeds and desolventising both the extracted solids and the miscella.

FM

www.armfield.co.uk/ft27

Batch Solvent Extraction & Desolventising Unit - FT29  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft66

F/C/NA

All stainless steel basket type separator designed to save time. With an 11 litres per batch capacity and operating at up to 400G it reduces the time taken for gravity setting a liquid from several hours to a few minutes. view full details online:

A floor-standing batch processing vessel capable of carrying out the important pre- and post refining stages of crude edible oils.

FE

Hydrogenation Unit - FT67

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft29

The FT90 and FT91 are complete inline homogenisation sub-systems for use with Armfield miniature scale food processing equipment. The FT90 is based on an APV 1000 homogeniser and the FT91 is based on a Niro Twin Panda. Both homogenisers have been specifically optimised for this application.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft90  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft9 CONTENTS

CM

Modular Scraped Surface Heat Exchanger Systems - FT25

CE/UOP

Homogenisation Sub-Systems - FT90/91

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft68

A modular range of scraped surface heat exchangers.

BE

Various configurations of heat exchangers, pin workers, heaters and chillers are available to fulfill a wide range of process requirements.

AL

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

view full details online: Typical configurations: www.armfield.co.uk/ft25 Margarine Crystalliser Continuous Ice Cream Freezer UHT Processing Systems Combined Margarine Crystalliser & Ice Cream Freezer

www.discoverarmfield.com

PCT

All options provide variable control of the process throughput. With controllable process speed and up to two independent controls for rotational speed, a wide range of process variations can be explored.

FT

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft67

RA

HT

TH

This floor standing unit allows efficient gas - liquid mixing under controlled conditions for the study of ‘hardening’ of edible oils.

AL

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

49

INDEX

EDIBLE OILS PROCESSING

ARMSOFT

RANGE INFO

FT Series - Food Technology


Food Technology - FT Series CHEMICAL | Food

| AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

Food Technology

Spray DrYer - FT30MKIII

A bench-top all-glass construction unit allowing continuous observation and measurement of this rapid drying process.

Processing other foods/products Drying - (Dehydration) FT30MkIII FT31 FT32 FT33 FT80/81 (also has chilling capability)

DAIRY PROCESSING

FOOD PROCESSING LINES

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft30

Fluidised Bed Drier FT31 A range of materials from fine powders to food particulates can be used on this versatile laboratory scale unit.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft31

Freezing

drum DrYer - FT32

FT34MkII FT36

A steam-heated, nip fed twin cylinder roller dryer.

Chilling FT63 or FT64 FT80/81 (also has drying capability)

Extraction FT110 FT111

Vacuum Freeze DrYer - FT33 A bench-top unit allowing lyophilisation of heat sensitive materials. Fully self- contained including vacuum pump.

> simple drying of a material to give moisture content and the drying time (or residence time) required >determination of drying curves to assess the feasibility of fluidised bed drying of a material on an industrial scale. Drying curves are relevant to the mechanism of drying - they may be used as a basis for heat and mass balance, thermal efficiency of drying and drier design > calculation of heat transfer coefficients for different conditions - important in dryer design and comparison of fluidised beds with other drying methods

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft32

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft33

Tall Form Spray Dryer/Chiller FT80/81 The Armfield Tall Form Spray Dryer has been

specifically designed to allow small quantities of product to be processed. The functional properties of the powders produced are comparable to large scale production drier capabilities. The FT80 can be quickly and easily configured as a spray chiller (FT81) capable of handling products such as bakery shortening mixes containing high melting point fats to be converted from liquid to powder.

50

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft80

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/food_technology or s can the QR code CONTENTS


â&#x201E;˘

enviro PRODUCTS

306

ArmSoftâ&#x201E;˘ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

Processing other Foods and Products

Blast and Fluid Bed Freezer - FT36

FE

The Armfield FT110 uses high pressure and a combination of both static and dynamic extraction phases to achieve a rapid extraction of the active materials with minimum degradation to the product. In the dynamic phases, the solvent is passed through the material providing a forced percolation and agitation. Requires manual solvent priming.

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft110

PCT

Laboratory-Scale Rapid Extractor - FT111

INDEX

The Armfield FT111 uses high pressure and a combination of both static and dynamic extraction phases to achieve a rapid extraction of the active materials with minimum degradation to the product. In the dynamic phases, the solvent is passed through the material providing a forced percolation and agitation. Features automatic solvent priming.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft111

CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

TH HT

Bench-top Rapid Extractor - FT110

AL

CM

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft63

Features > Low refrigerant charge > Low running costs > Easily cleaned and maintained

RA

The FT63 is a recirculating process chiller, providing a continuous supply of chilled liquid to serve as the cooling fluid when used with an Armfield miniature scale processing unit. The FT63 is particularly suitable for use with an Armfield FT74 UHT system.

CE/UOP

Laboratory Process Chiller - FT63

A scaled-down insulated freezer cabinet combining two industrial processes for demonstration. Independent control of the temperature and air flow on both tray and fluid bed sections allows a variety of conditions to be demonstrated. A data logging accessory to store process data to a PC is available.

BE

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft34

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft36

FT

The FT34-MkII Contact Plate Freezer allows previously prepared and packed products to be quick frozen using an industrial freezing process. Ideal for project work, it illustrates the improvements in taste and texture which are obtained by a process achieving fast freezing times compared with the slower domestic freezer process times.

W

S/H

FM

F/C/NA

Contact Plate Freezer - FT34MkII

ARMSOFT

EDIBLE OILS PROCESSING

RANGE INFO

FT Series - Food Technology

51


Food Technology - FT Series CHEMICAL | Food

| AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

Food Technology

DAIRY PROCESSING

FOOD PROCESSING LINES

Carbonator/Filler - FT102X/104X The Armfield FT102X miniaturescale carbonator enables precise and flexible carbonation and filling in the laboratory, dramatically improving the speed with which new products can be developed.

Processing other foods/products - continued FT111

Mixing FT141 FT142 (UHT capability. Suitable for Aseptic Line)

The FT104X is a counter pressure filling station, which can be used as an add-on filling station for the FT102X.

Blending FT5

Carbonation/Filling/Capping FT102X FT104X - Extends filling & capping capacity of FT102X. Permits different container types to be filled.

Flavour/fragrance enhancing

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft102x

FT18 FT22

Preserve making - Jams/Marmalades • FT104X adds an extra filling position to the FT102X, enabling a faster throughput

FT40

• One standard filling head included. Additional filling heads are available for cans or wider opening bottles.

Reverse Osmosis/ Ultrafiltration Unit - FT18

• As the FT104X is independent from the FT102X filling system it is possible to use different filling parameters, different containers and/or different capping mechanisms if required • FT104X has its own control screen, making it easy to use, preventing any operator confusion regarding which head is being used. • FT104X uses standard FT102X accessories. • FT104X can also be used as a stand alone counter pressure filler for filling from pressurised vessels • Simple connection to FT102X and the FT102X can still be used stand alone

Ribbon and Cone Blender - FT5 A bench-top stainless steel ribbon blender with cone A small scale laboratory test unit allowing experimentation blender attachment. Variable speed drive. in the range of clarification and concentration processes. The effect of varying process parameters on membrane separation performance can be demonstrated. The unit has a clean-in-place facility.  view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft18

52

A data logging accessory to store process data to a PC is available.

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft5

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/food_technology or s can the QR code CONTENTS


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306

ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

SCAN QR for Range info

AL

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

Ideal for R&D, the systems are suitable for high shear mixing, dispersing, homogenising, emulsifying, evaporation and vacuum de-aerating. The FT141 is capable of processing at 95% vacuum and up to 100°C, with the FT142 extending performace into UHT processing at up to 140°C and 3 bar pressure.

HT

The facilities to mix, emulsify, heat, pasteurise, incubate, cool, chill and cure are all built in to this purpose designed unit. Finished products in batch sizes of 10 - 20 litres as well as materials for further processing may be produced in this versatile unit. It has integral process controls and a chart recorder to continuously monitor vat contents temperature.

RA

Multi-purpose Processing Vessel FT40

A floor-standing unit using the steam-heated, climbing film principle to concentrate small quantities of liquid foods either continuously or in batches. The important process parameters can be varied and monitored. A data logging accessory is available for the storage of process data on a PC.

CM

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft141

TH

FE

W

Rising Film Evaporator - FT22

F/C/NA

The FT141 & FT142 offer flexible solutions to batch processing in the food laboratory. Requiring only small quantities of product, the systems provide results representative of large-scale industrial processes.

FM

MULTIFUNCTION LABORATORY MIXERS FT141/142

ARMSOFT

Processing other Foods and Products

EDIBLE OILS PROCESSING

S/H

RANGE INFO

FT Series - Food Technology

BE

CE/UOP

A data logging accessory to store process data to a PC is available.

PCT

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft22

FT

Alternative product available UOP20X - see page 38

INDEX

 view full details online: www.armfield.co.uk/ft40

CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

53


Food Technology - FT Series CHEMICAL | Food

| AGRICULTURAL | Public Health

Food Technology

FOOD PROCESSING LINES

DAIRY PROCESSING

Aseptic processing lines HTST/UHT system options FT74X FT174X - Direct steam injection capability FT94X FT94LT FT25BBB FT142

Homogeniser options FT90 or FT91

Mixing tanks Various sizes available

Sterile filling station • 

FT83

Chiller options FT63 or FT64

Steam generator UOP10 - See page 39

There are several combinations of an aseptic line, but a typical one would include: • F T74X, FT174X, FT94X or FT94LT series of HTST/UHT systems for system sterilization and heat treatment of product • F T90 or FT91 Homogeniser • F T63 or FT64 Laboratory Chiller for enhanced product cooling

Sterile Filler FT83

• F T83 Sterile Filling System • UOP10 Steam Generator for steam injection and CIP

HTST/UHT system

54

Steam generator

In-line homogeniser

To view full range online please visit: www.armfield.co.uk/food_technology or s can the QR code CONTENTS


RANGE INFO

enviro PRODUCTS

306

ArmSoft™ SOFTWARE

A complete system allowing you to fill an aseptic product into aseptic packaging in an aseptic environment.

F/C/NA

for the R&D laboratory

FM

Integrated aseptic processing

ARMSOFT

SCAN QR for Range info

Processing other Foods and Products

EDIBLE OILS PROCESSING

Features

W

S/H

Replicates manufacturing process Processes very small quantities (10-100/hr) Continuous or batch operation Allows samples to be stored for long term analysis Capable of a wide range of processing conditions All parameters can be monitored and logged

FE

• • • • • •

Benefits

TH

Easy to install and use Fills sterile samples No post pack sterilisation needed Minimum product loss Full control over process

AL

INDEX

FT

ASEPTIC LINE COMPONENT

The AL Aseptic Line Component logo identifies equipment that can form part of an aseptic food processing line.

BE

In-Line Homogeniser FT91

PCT

HTST/UHT System FT74X

CE/UOP

CM

RA

HT

• • • • •

Laboratory chiller CONTENTS

Sterile filler

www.discoverarmfield.com

55


Index

CODE PRODUCT SOFTWARE - ArmSoft

ARMSOFT Armfield Educational Data Logging Software

F

C

NA

FM

56

URL PAGE

www.armfield.co.uk/armsoft

2-3

F1

Complete Fluid Mechanics Laboratory - Hydraulics Bench & Accessories www.armfield.co.uk/f1

4-7

F4

Precision Pressure Gauge Calibrator

www.armfield.co.uk/f4

8

F5 Osborne Reynoldsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Apparatus

www.armfield.co.uk/f5

8

F6

FLUID MECHANICS > BASIC PRINCIPLES > F SERIES

Air Flow Studies

www.armfield.co.uk/f6

8

F9092 Fluid Properties & Hydrostatics Bench

www.armfield.co.uk/f9092

8

F12

Particle Drag Coefficients

www.armfield.co.uk/f12

8

F14MKII Hydrogen Bubble Flow Visualisation System

www.armfield.co.uk/f14

8

FLUID MECHANICS > ADVANCED FLUID MECHANICS > C SERIES C1MKII

Compressible Flow Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/c1mkii

9

C2

Subsonic Wind Tunnel

www.armfield.co.uk/c2

9

C3MKII

Multi-Pump Test Rig

www.armfield.co.uk/c3mkii

11

C4MKII

Multi-Purpose Teaching Flume

www.armfield.co.uk/c4mkii

10

C6MKII Fluid Friction Measurements

www.armfield.co.uk/c6

9

C7MkII

Pipe Surge & Water Hammer Apparatus

www.armfield.co.uk/c7

10

C9 Flow Meter Demonstration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/c9

10

C10 Laminar Flow Table

www.armfield.co.uk/c10

10

C11MkII

Pipe Network Accessory

www.armfield.co.uk/c11

11

C15

Computer Controlled Wind Tunnel

www.armfield.co.uk/c15

9

FLUID MECHANICS > NAVAL ARCHITECTURE > NA SERIES F1-14

Metacentric Height Apparatus

www.armfield.co.uk/f1_14

11

NA4

Ships Vibration Apparatus

www.armfield.co.uk/na48

11

NA8

Ships Stability Apparatus

www.armfield.co.uk/na48

11

FLUID MACHINES > CAPTURE MKII FLUID MACHINES > FM SERIES IFD7

Interface Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/ifd7

12

FM40

Centrifugal Fan Demonstration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/fm40

13

FM41

Axial Fan Demonstration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/fm41

13

FM42

Centrifugal Compressor Demonstration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/fm42

13

FM50

Centrifugal Pump Demonstration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/fm50

14

FM51

Series/Parallel Pumps Demonstration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/fm51

14

FM52 Gear Pump Demonstration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/fm52

14

FM53

Plunger Pump Demonstration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/fm53

14

FM6X Turbine Service Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/fm6x

15

FM60

Axial Flow Impulse Turbine

www.armfield.co.uk/fm60

15

FM61

Radial Flow Reaction Turbine

www.armfield.co.uk/fm61

15

FM62

Pelton Turbine

www.armfield.co.uk/fm62

15

FM63

Propeller Turbine Demonstration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/fm63

15

FM64

Pump Test Accessory

www.armfield.co.uk/fm64

15

www.discoverarmfield.com

CONTENTS


CODE PRODUCT

URL PAGE

Index

16-17

S6MKII

Standard Flumes - Glass Sided Tilting Flume

www.armfield.co.uk/flumes

18-19

S1 Drainage and Seepage Tank

www.armfield.co.uk/s1

22

S2

Mobile Bed & Flow Visualisation Table

www.armfield.co.uk/s2

20

S8MKII

Sediment Transport Demonstration Channel

www.armfield.co.uk/s8

20

S16 Hydraulic Flow Demonstrator

www.armfield.co.uk/s16

20

S10

Rainfall Hydrographs

www.armfield.co.uk/s10

22

S11 Ground Water Flow Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/s11

22

S12MKII

Advanced Environmental Hydrology System

www.armfield.co.uk/s12

21

S20/1/2/3 Standard Research Flumes

www.armfield.co.uk/flumes

18

www.armfield.co.uk/h1

23

H12

Manometers & Meters

www.armfield.co.uk/h12

23

H12-8

Electronic Pressure Meters

www.armfield.co.uk/h12-8

23

H14/2

Computer Compatible Manometer Bank

www.armfield.co.uk/h14-2

23

H30

Pitot Tubes

www.armfield.co.uk/h30

23

H33

Propeller Velocity Flowmeter

www.armfield.co.uk/h33

23

H40

Wave Probe Systems

www.armfield.co.uk/h40

23 FE

23

www.armfield.co.uk/w2

24

W3

Permeability/Fluidisation Studies Apparatus

www.armfield.co.uk/w3

24

W4 Filterability Index Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/w4

24

W5 Deep Bed Filter Column

www.armfield.co.uk/w5

24

W7

Model Sedimentation Tank

www.armfield.co.uk/w7

25

W8

Anaerobic Digester

www.armfield.co.uk/w8

25

W9

Ion Exchange Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/w9

25

W10

Aeration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/w10

25

W11

Aerobic Digester

www.armfield.co.uk/w11

25

HT

24

Sedimentation Studies Apparatus

RA

www.armfield.co.uk/w1

W2

CM

W1 Flocculation Test Unit

TH

WATER TREATMENT > W SERIES

IRRIGATION WATER MANAGEMENT > LABORATORY EQUIPMENT > FE SERIES FEL2

Soil/Water Model Tank

www.armfield.co.uk/fel2

26

FEL3

Rainfall Simulator

www.armfield.co.uk/fel3

26

FEL4

Soil Moisture Suction Sand Table

www.armfield.co.uk/fel4

26

FEL5 Demonstration Infiltration Apparatus

www.armfield.co.uk/fel5

26

FEL6 Demonstration Lysimeter

www.armfield.co.uk/fel6

27

FEL10 Drain Permeameter

www.armfield.co.uk/fel10

27

CE/UOP

FE

www.armfield.co.uk/h41

W

H1 Vernier Hook & Point Gauges

S/H

HYDRAULICS & HYDROLOGY > APPLIED HYDRAULICS & HYDROLOGY > S SERIES

H41 Laser PIV System

W

F/C/NA

www.armfield.co.uk/flumes

FM

Standard and Special Laboratory Flumes, Channels, Tanks & Basins

BE

H

Flumes

PCT

S

ARMSOFT

HYDRAULICS & HYDROLOGY > APPLIED HYDRAULICS & HYDROLOGY > S SERIES

www.armfield.co.uk/fex26

27

FEX40 Gauging and Control Structures

www.armfield.co.uk/fex40

27

INDEX

FEX26 Flumes and Gauging Weirs

FT

IRRIGATION WATER MANAGEMENT > FIELD EQUIPMENT > FE SERIES

CONTENTS

www.discoverarmfield.com

57


Index

CODE PRODUCT THERMODYNAMICS > TH SERIES

TH

28

TH2

Pressure Measurement and Calibration

www.armfield.co.uk/th2

28

TH3

Saturation Pressure

www.armfield.co.uk/th3

29

TH4

Recycle Loops

www.armfield.co.uk/th4

29

TH5

Expansion Processes of a Perfect Gas

www.armfield.co.uk/th5

29

HT30XC

Computer Controlled Heat Exchanger Service Module and Accessories

www.armfield.co.uk/ht30xc

30

HT10XC

Computer Controlled Heat Transfer Teaching Equipment

www.armfield.co.uk/ht10xc

31

RA1 Vapour-Compression Refrigeration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/ra1

33

RA2

Air Conditioning Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/ra2

33

RA3

Recirculating Air Conditioning Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/ra3

32

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES > CM SERIES

CM

CM14

Axial Flow Gas Turbine

www.armfield.co.uk/cm14

34

CM11MKII Gasoline Engine

www.armfield.co.uk/cm11

35

CM12

www.armfield.co.uk/cm12

35

Automotive Diesel Engine

Reactors

UNIT OPERATIONS > BASIC PROCESS PRINCIPLES > CE SERIES

UOP

58

www.armfield.co.uk/th1

Refrigeration & Air Conditioning > RA SERIES - HVAC

RA

BE

TH1 Temperature Measurement and Calibration

HEAT TRANSFER> HT SERIES

HT

CE

URL PAGE

CEXC

Chemical Reactors Teaching Equipment

www.armfield.co.uk/cexc

36

CEPMKII CEU

Stirred Tank Reactors In Series

www.armfield.co.uk/cep

36

Catalytic Reactors

www.armfield.co.uk/ceu

36

CEK Fluid Mixing Studies

www.armfield.co.uk/cek

37

CEL Fixed and Fluidised Bed Apparatus

www.armfield.co.uk/cel

37

CENMKII

Solids Handling Studies

www.armfield.co.uk/cen

37

CEQ

Corrosion Studies Kit

www.armfield.co.uk/ceq

37

CER A/B

Mass Transfer and Diffusion Coefficients

www.armfield.co.uk/cer

37

CES

Wetted Wall Gas Absorption Column

www.armfield.co.uk/ces

37

UNIT OPERATIONS > HEAT & MASS TRANSFER OPERATIONS > UOP SERIES UOP3 Distillation Columns

www.armfield.co.uk/uop3

38

UOP4MKII Solid-Liquid Extraction Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/uop4

39

UOP5 Liquid-Liquid Extraction Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/uop5

39

UOP6

Basic Water Cooling Tower

www.armfield.co.uk/uop6

39

UOP7 Gas Absorption Column

www.armfield.co.uk/uop7

39

UOP8 Tray Dryer

www.armfield.co.uk/uop8

39

UOP10 Laboratory Steam Generator

www.armfield.co.uk/uop10

39

UOP12 Filtration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/uop12

40

UOP14

Crystallisation Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/uop14

40

UOP15 Fixed Bed Adsorption Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/uop15

40

UOP20X

www.armfield.co.uk/uop20

38

Modular Evaporator Series

BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING > BE SERIES BE1

Batch Enzyme Reactor

www.armfield.co.uk/be1

41

BE2

Chromatography Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/be2

41

www.discoverarmfield.com

CONTENTS


CODE PRODUCT

PCT50

Essentials of Process Control

www.armfield.co.uk/pct50

43

PCT40

Multifunction Process Control Teaching System

www.armfield.co.uk/pct40

42

www.armfield.co.uk/pct23mkii

42

PCT43

Electronic Console

www.armfield.co.uk/pct43

42

PCT19BR Industrial PLC Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/pct19

42

PCT20H

www.armfield.co.uk/pct20h

42

Industrial PID Controller

www.armfield.co.uk/ft14

48

www.armfield.co.uk/ft15

46

FT18

Reverse Osmosis/Ultrafiltration Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/ft18

47/52

FT19

Autoclave

www.armfield.co.uk/ft19

46

FT20/20A Cheese Vat & Cheese Making Accessories

www.armfield.co.uk/ft2020a

47

FT20MKII Cheese Vat

www.armfield.co.uk/ft20

47

FT21/21A Butter Churn & Butter Making Accessories

www.armfield.co.uk/ft2121a

47

FT22

Rising Film Evaporator

www.armfield.co.uk/ft22

47/53

FT25

Modular Scraped Surface Heat Exchanger Systems

www.armfield.co.uk/ft25

44/47/49

FT27

CentriPeel Centrifuge

www.armfield.co.uk/ft27

49

www.armfield.co.uk/ft28

48

FT29

www.armfield.co.uk/ft29

49

FT30MKIII Spray Dryer

Batch Solvent Extraction & Desolventising Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/ft30

46/50

FT31 Laboratory Fluidised Bed Dryer

www.armfield.co.uk/ft31

50

FT32 Drum Dryer

www.armfield.co.uk/ft32

50

FT33 Vacuum Freeze Drier

www.armfield.co.uk/ft33

50

FT34MKII Contact Plate Freezer

www.armfield.co.uk/ft34

51

FT36

Blast and Fluid Bed Freezer

www.armfield.co.uk/ft36

51

FT40

Multi-Purpose Processing Vessel

www.armfield.co.uk/ft40

46/48/53

FT43 Laboratory Pasteuriser

www.armfield.co.uk/ft43

44

FT63 Laboratory Process Chiller

www.armfield.co.uk/ft63

51

FT66

www.armfield.co.uk/ft66

49

FT67 Hydrogenation Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/ft67

49

FT68 Deodorising Unit

www.armfield.co.uk/ft68

49

FT74X HTST/UHT System

www.armfield.co.uk/ft74

44

FT75 Laboratory Pasteuriser

www.armfield.co.uk/ft75

44

FT80/81 Tall Form Spray Dryer/Chiller

www.armfield.co.uk/ft80

47/50

FT83

Sterile Filling System

www.armfield.co.uk/ft83

46

FT84-1

Microwave UHT Add-on

Neutraliser/Washer/Bleacher

www.armfield.co.uk/ft84

44

FT90/91 Homogenisation Sub-Systems

www.armfield.co.uk/ft90

49

FT94X HTST/UHT Mini Pilot System

www.armfield.co.uk/ft94x

45

FT94LT HTST/UHT Mini Pilot System

www.armfield.co.uk/ft94lt

45

FT102X

Carbonator/Filler

www.armfield.co.uk/ft102x

52

FT104X

Counter Pressure Filling Station â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Add-on Filler/Capper

www.armfield.co.uk/ft104x

FT110

Benchtop Rapid Extractor

www.armfield.co.uk/ft110

48/51

www.armfield.co.uk/ft111

48/51

FT111 Laboratory Scale Rapid Extractor FT141/142 Multifunction Laboratory Mixers

www.armfield.co.uk/ft141

FT174X

www.armfield.co.uk/ft174x

Modular Miniature-Scale HTST/UHT Process System

S/H

Plate and Frame Filter Press

FT15 Disc Bowl Centrifuge

W

FT14

FE

46/48-49

TH

www.armfield.co.uk/ft9

HT

Pressure Homogeniser

RA

FT9

CM

52

CE/UOP

48

www.armfield.co.uk/ft5

BE

www.armfield.co.uk/ft2

Ribbon and Cone Blender

PCT

FT2 Hammer/Beater Mill FT5

FM

FOOD TECHNOLOGY > FT SERIES

FT28 Oil Extraction Screw Press

CONTENTS

F/C/NA

PCT23MKII Process Plant Trainer

ARMSOFT

PROCESS CONTROL TECHNOLOGY >PCT SERIES

FT

FT

Index

52

INDEX

PCT

URL PAGE

53

www.discoverarmfield.com

45

59


FT Trials LABORATORY An ISO 9001 Company

Interested in the Armfield Food Technology range?

Visit the Armfield Trials Laboratory. Experience a variety of equipment from our Armfield industrial FT range, including, HTST & steam injection systems, Spray dryers/ chillers, Carbonator/filler/cappers, Rapid extractors and Scraped surface heat exchanger systems. Please contact us for further details at: sales@armfield.co.uk

Trials facility at Armfield HQ - UK

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60

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CONTENTS


Assured of the Highest Standards

An ISO 9001 Company

Armfield applies formal quality control procedures at every stage of order processing, contract management, design origination, production and final testing. Equipment which customers receive is therefore traceably documented for quality assurance and for after sales service.

Research and Development Innovation in products is at the heart of Armfieldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s success. Our commitment to continuous development enables us to meet the changing needs of education and ensure that students are taught using the latest technology. Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing CADâ&#x20AC;&#x2C6;techniques ensure high quality and consistency in the manufacturing process. Supervision by Armfieldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s own engineers at all stages assures the customer of the highest technical standards.

Armfield HQ - Hampshire, England, UK

Sales and Planning Experienced Armfield personnel work closely with the customer during the planning stage and can advise on the suitability of equipment relative to curriculum and syllabus and help plan laboratory layouts. Contact us direct on: sales@armfield.co.uk Commercial and Shipping Our substantial export experience ensures a smooth passage in transit for equipment, through care exercised in packaging and documentation. A computer based allocation system assists the efficient planning of manufacturing schedules to improve delivery times. Installation and Commissioning Armfield equipment is supplied with instructions for operation and routine maintenance. Generally no specialised installation is necessary but if required our site engineers are available for installation and commissioning. After Sales Support A network of representatives worldwide ensures a prompt and local response to customer enquiries. In addition our in-house support team provide a total aftercare solution, comprising technical advice, repairs and also training that can be carried out either at our premises or yours. Contact us direct on: support@armfield.co.uk

Innovators in Engineering Education Technology CONTENTS

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Chemical | Civil | Mechanical | Geoscience | Environmental | Agricultural | Marine | Food

Engineering Teaching & Research Equipment Head Office: Armfield Limited Bridge House, West Street, Ringwood, Hampshire. BH24 1DY England Telephone: +44 1425 478781 Fax: +44 1425 470916 E-mail: sales@armfield.co.uk

Contacts

armfield worldwide

U.S. Office: Armfield Inc. 436 West Commodore Blvd (#2) Jackson, NJ 08527 Telephone: (732) 928 3332 Fax: (732) 928 3542 E-mail: info@armfieldinc.com

Armfield products are distributed throughout the world. It is our policy in most countries to deal direct or through proven and accredited sales agents, who after suitable approval, may become exclusive representatives. In exchange for this exclusivity they are required to offer a comprehensive service including the highest degree of after sales support. To locate a contact in your area visit: www.discoverarmfield.com/contact

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An ISO 9001 Company

CONTENTS


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