Page 1

What  Does  it  Mean  to  be  Educated?     Dr.  Malcolm  Pritchard   The  ISF  Academy  –  Hong  Kong  


Tyson  &  Ting*ng  


Predic*ng  the  Future?  


"Everything  that  can  be  invented,  has   been  invented."  

-­‐  Charles  H.  Duell,  Commissioner,  US  Office  of   Patents,  1899.  


"All  saved  from  Titanic  aCer  collision."   -­‐  New  York  Evening  Sun,  April  15  1912  


"Brain  work  will  cause  women  to  go  bald,   while  increasing  their  masculinity."  

-­‐  Professor  Hans  Friedenthal,  University  of  Berlin,   1914.  


"Who  wants  to  hear  actors  talk?"   -­‐  H.M.  Warner,  Warner  Brothers,  1927  


"No  maKer  what  happens,  the  U.S.  Navy  is   not  going  to  be  caught  napping."   -­‐  U.S.  Secretary  of  Navy,  December  4,  1941  


“Computers  in  the  future  may  have  only   1,000  vacuum  tubes  and  perhaps  only   weigh  1.5  tons."   -­‐  Popular  Mechanics,  forecasRng  the  relentless   march  of  science,  1949  


"I  think  there's  a  world  market  for   about  five  computers."  

-­‐  Thomas  J.  Watson,  chairman  of  the  board   of  IBM.  


"There  is  no  reason  anyone  would   want  a  computer  in  their  home."   -­‐  Ken  Olson,  president  of  Digital   Equipment  Corp.  1977  


“The  Japanese  auto  industry  isn't  likely   to  carve  out  a  big  slice  of  the  US   market."   -­‐  Business  Week,  August  2,  1968  


"640K  ought  to  be  enough  (computer   memory)  for  anybody."   -­‐  Bill  Gates,  1981.  


The  Guardian:  'Web  2.0'  declared  millionth  word  in  English   language   Neologism  created  every  98  minutes,  says  language  monitor  

h5p://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/jun/10/english-­‐million-­‐word-­‐milestone  


Apple  iTunes  is  the  largest  music  retailer  in  USA  and  has  sold  more   than  10  billion  legal  songs  as  of  Feb  2010         Amazon  now  sells  105  e-­‐books  for  every  100  printed  books  it  sells         Nealix  is  a  movie  streaming  company  and  accounts  for  25%  of   North  American  Internet  traffic         Facebook  is  the  largest  photo  sharing  website  in  the  world:100   million  photos  uploaded  per  day  /  6  billion  photos  uploaded  each   month  


Facebook  ‘Friend’  Map  of  the  World  

h5p://www.artdiamondblog.com/archives/2011/01/    


Nearly  800  million  ac*ve  users     50%  of  our  ac*ve  users  log  on  to  Facebook  in  any  given   day     Average  user  has  130  friends     People  spend  over  700  billion  minutes  per  month  on   Facebook     Facebook  is  the  largest  photo  sharing  website  in  the   world:100  million  photos  uploaded  per  day  /  6  billion   photos  uploaded  each  month    


Amazon  now  has  1,000,000  digital   *tles  on  Kindle .    


Visualiza*on  of  Trending  Topic  Clouds  


Moore’s  Law  


Lockheed  Mar*n  Bets  Big  on  Quantum   Compu*ng     By  Keir  Thomas,  PCWorld        May  28,  2011  


Nature  Nanotechnology:  A  single-­‐atom  transistor  


Analog  Humanity  in  a  Digital  World   Researchers  recently  completed  an  inventory  of  the   world's  technological  capacity  (Feb,  2011).     In  2000,  three-­‐quarters  of  the  world's  informa*on   was  s*ll  in  analog  form.       By  2007,  all  but  6  percent  had  been  preserved   digitally     The  dpping  point  came  in  2002   h5p://www.technewsdaily.com/humanitys-­‐shie-­‐from-­‐analog-­‐to-­‐digital-­‐nearly-­‐complete-­‐2145/  


Informa*on  Processing  Power   We  achieve  one  Human  Brain  capability  (2  X  1016  cps)  for  $1,000  in  2023.     We  achieve  one  Human  Brain  capability  (2  X  1016  cps)  for  one  cent  in  2037.     We  achieve  one  Human  Race  capability  (2  X  1026  cps)  for  $1,000  in  2049.     We  achieve  one  Human  Race  capability  (2  X  1026  cps)  for  one  cent  in  2059.  


Informadon  Overload   1962:  first  internet  connec*on   1995:  16  million  users   1998:  26  million  urls   1999:  12  exabytes  =  all  human  informa*on   2008:  1.47  billion  users   2009:  226  million  websites   2009:  1  trillion  urls   2011:  Internet  size  =  800  exabytes   (800,000,000,000,000,000,000  bytes)   •  2011:  only  10%  of  internet  data  is  reliable  or  unique     •  •  •  •  •  •  •  • 


The  Approaching  Singularity  

“the  ever  acceleraRng  progress  of  technology… gives  the  appearance  of  approaching  some   essenRal  singularity  in  the  history  of  the  race   beyond  which  human  affairs,  as  we  know  them,   could  not  conRnue.”     John  Von  Neumann,  mathema*cian,  inventor     h5p://www.kurzweilai.net/the-­‐law-­‐of-­‐accelera*ng-­‐returns    


Utopia-­‐Bound:  The  Roadblocks   •  •  •  •  •  •  •  • 

Linear  thinking   Incrementalism   Failing  to  recognize  the  ‘*pping  point’   Uniformitarianism   Ignoring  paradigm  ‘shies’   Single-­‐loop  problem  solving   Groundless  op*mism  (Pollyanna  Syndrome)   “Wicked  Problems”  


Caveat:  Beware  of  SIMPLE  Solu*ons  


“In  the  varied  topography  of  professional   prac*ce,  there  is  a  high,  hard  ground   overlooking  a  swamp.  On  the  hard  ground,   manageable  problems  lend  themselves  to   solu*on  through  the  applica*on  of  research-­‐ based  theory  and  techniques.  In  the  swampy   lowlands,  messy,  confusing  problems  defy   technical  solu*ons…in  the  swamp  lie  the   problems  of  greatest  human  concern.”      

 

 

 Donald  Schöen:  Educa*ng  the  Reflec*ve  Prac**oner  


Terrorism   Transporta*on  routes   Affordable  healthcare   Sustainable  development   Alterna*ve  affordable   ‘commodity’  energy   Social  security  for  humankind   World  hunger   Global  warming   Environmental  planning   Military  spending     Business  design  challenges   Complex  soeware   development  


Source:  h5p://www.engineeringchallenges.org/cms/8996.aspx  


Chart D4.2. Number of teaching hours per year, by level of education (2008) Net contact time in hours per year in public institutions

1200

Hours per year

1100 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200

Countries are ranked in descending order of the number of teaching hours per year in lower secondary education. Source: OECD. Table D4.1. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2010).

Greece

Poland

Finland

Israel

Italy

Japan

Austria

Hungary

Korea

Estonia

Luxembourg

Czech Republic

France

Denmark

Norway

Belgium (Fr.)

Iceland

Slovenia

Belgium (Fl.)

Spain

England

Ireland

Netherlands

Portugal

Germany

Russian Federation

Australia

Scotland

New Zealand

Mexico

0

United States

100


700

600

Mean score

500

400

300

200

100

0

0

25000

50000

75000

100000

125000

Korea Finland Canada New Zealand Japan Australia Netherlands Belgium Norway Estonia Switzerland Iceland Poland United States Germany Sweden France Ireland Denmark Hungary United Kingdom OECD average Portugal Italy Slovenia Spain Czech Republic Slovak Republic Israel Luxembourg Austria Russian Federation Chile Mexico Brazil

PISA performance in reading (2009)

Educational Expenditure

150000


Chart D2.1. Average class size in primary education (2000, 2009)

2009

2000

Number of students per classroom 40

30

20

Luxembourg

Russian Federation

Greece

Iceland

Estonia

Slovak Republic

Slovenia

Poland

Italy

Austria

Denmark

Switzerland2

Finland

Mexico

Czech Republic

Belgium (Fr.)

Portugal

Hungary

Spain

Germany3

France

United States

Australia

Ireland2

United Kingdom

Brazil

Turkey

Argentina1

Indonesia

Israel

Japan

Korea

Chile

0

China

10

1. Year of reference 2008 instead of 2009. 2. Public institutions only. 3. Years of reference 2001 and 2009. Countries are ranked in descending order of average class size in primary education in 2009. Source: OECD. Argentina, China, Indonesia: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (World Education Indicators Programme). 2009 data: Table D2.1. 2000 data: Table D2.4 on line. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).


The  Learning  Process:   Knowledge  construc*on  and  the  Ques8on   “…all  knowledge  is  in  response  to  a  quesRon.   If  there  were  no  quesRon,  there  would  be  no   scienRfic  knowledge.  Nothing  proceeds  from   itself.  Nothing  is  given.  All  is  constructed.”     Gaston  Bachelard,  The  FormaRon  of  the  ScienRfic   Mind,  1938  


Construc*ng  Knowledge   •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  • 

Ques*ons   Inquiry   Filtering  skills   Discernment   Interpreta*on   Comparisons   Insight   Analysis   Conclusions  


From  Linearity  to  Non-­‐linearity  

Informa*on  is  increasingly  structured   in  hyperlinked  tree  structures  


Wisdom   Values  Virtues   Vision  

Informa*on   Processing  and  Storage:   Cogni*on,  Literacy,  Memory  

Data   Senses:  Seeing,  Hearing,  Touching,  Smelling,   Tas*ng,  Feeling   Adapted  from  Russell  Ackoff,  From  Data  to  Wisdom  (1989)  


Single  Loop  Learning  

Revise   Reflect   Reframe   Re-­‐theorize    

Ac*on-­‐ result  

Reframe-­‐ ac*on-­‐ result  

Triple  Loop  Learning  

Observe   Induce   Adjust   Control    

Double  Loop  Learning  

Intuit-­‐ac*on-­‐ result  

Imagine   Create   Transform   Transcend  


EXPERIENTIAL  LEARNING  &  RISK   PHYSICAL  –  SOCIAL  –  CULTURAL  –   INTELLECTUAL  


Loyalty   Respect  

E*que5e   Jus*ce  

Balanced   Caring   Communicators   Inquirers   Knowledgeable   Open-­‐minded   Principled   Reflec*ve   Risk-­‐takers   Thinkers  

 

Compassion   Love  

Harmony   Balance  


Schools  of  the  Past   Persevere,  sustain,  reflect,  revere,  maintain,   conser5e,  sustain,  endure,  admire,  venerate,   respect,  hold,  honour   Traditions,  cult9re,  histor:,  habits,  iner<ia,   conventions,  heritage,  inheritance,   conser5ation    


Schools  of  the  Present  

Manage,  operate,  reconcile,  compromise,   align  harmonize,  measure,  control,  implement,   resolve,  ra*onalize,  stage,  produce     Status  quo,  tension,  balance,  cau*on,  goals,   accountability,  performance  indicators,   strategy,  plan,  goals,  resource,  policy,  prac*ce,   responsibility,  current  


Schools of the Future Wish, desire, dream, launch, risk, invent, create, inspire, initiate, transform, transcend, envisage, anticipate, experiment, Future, hope, aspiration, vision, plan, progress, development, innovation, potential, talent, prospective, proposal, paradigm shift


Educadonal  Essendals  in  the  21st  Century   •  Virtues,  Values,  Vision:  seeing  truly,  applied  ethics,   crea*vity,  responsibility,     •  Cultural  skills:  respect,  values,  ethics,  behaviour,   standards,  tradi*ons,  self-­‐restraint,  memory   •  Experiendal  risk-­‐taking:  innova*on,  crea*vity,  inven*on,   trial  and  error,  mistakes,  recovery,  reflec*on,  support,   scaffolding,  resilience     •  Communicadon  skills:  social  interac*on  through  speaking,   deba*ng,  convincing,  listening,  nego*a*ng,  compromising,   sharing,  harmonizing   •  Knowledge  mastery:  literacy,  numeracy,  logic,  cri*cal   thinking   •  Physical  culture:  health,  fitness,  endurance,  exper*se,   courage,  mastery,  compe**on,  grace,  concession  


Learning  for  the  Truly  Educated   •  Wisdom:  Vision,  virtues,  values   •  Culture:  Mul*lingual  &  mul*cultural     •  Experience:  courage  and  resilience  from  The   Swamp   •  Knowledge:  constructed  from  our  Quesdons      


Where  is  the  Life  we  have  lost  in  living?     Where  is  the  wisdom  we  have  lost  in   knowledge?     Where  is  the  knowledge  we  have  lost  in   inforCation?    

T.S.  Eliot,  “The  Rock”  (1934)  


S1 - Poised between Utopia and Dystopia: Educating for a Better World  

This session will engage participants in an exploration of what might constitute a ‘better world’ in the context of an IB education, and wil...

Advertisement
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you