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track 1 rhetoric 1 : n. the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing; language with a persuasive or impressive effect, but often lacking sincerity or meaningful content. 2: n. the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, esp. the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques; language designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect on its audience, but is often regarded as lacking in sincerity or meaningful content. 3: n. The power of persuasion or attraction; that which allures or charms. 4 : n. high-flown style; excessive use of verbal ornamentation

“The art of a lot of political rhetoric is to say things that are vague enough that there is plausible deniability in terms of some position that will tick off a constituency but that can be interpreted by those who are receptive in a way that is favorable to their interests.� - Steven Pinker

casualty 1: n. a person killed or injured in a war or accident; (figurative) a person or thing badly affected by an event or situation. 2: n. serious or fatal accident 3: n. one injured, lost, or destroyed 4: n. any person, group, thing, etc., that is harmed or destroyed as a result of some act or event

..Americans have known the casualties of war. ..from the military standpoint, coalition casualties were low. ..no precise figures for the number of casualties. ..inflicted very serious casualties. ..it’s not a matter of time, its a matter of casualties. ..for some soldiers, discipline becomes a casualty.


insurgent 1: n. a rebel or revolutionary 2: n. rising in active revolt 3: n. a person who rises in forcible opposition to lawful authority, esp. a person who engages in armed resistance to a government or to the execution of its laws; rebel 4: adj. a person who takes part in an armed rebellion against the constituted authority (especially in the hope of improving conditions)

..captured on an insurgent camera. ..this is the masked face of an insurgent backlash. ..taking on insurgents in Iraq. ..that at least some of the weaponry used by Iraqi insurgents had been supplied by Iran. ..nearly a dozen taliban insurgents have been killed in northwest Pakistan. ..was confronted by American insurgents. ..US Marines have killed four hundred insurgents in Southern Afghanistan.

freedom 1 : n. the power or right to act, speak, or think freely; the state of having free will. 2: n. the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint. 3: n. the condition of being free or unrestricted. 4: n. exemption from external control, interference, regulation, etc.. 5: n. exemption from the arbitrary exercise of authority in the performance of a specific action.

..a world where freedom itself is under attack. ..they hate our freedoms. ..and what is at stake is not just Americas freedom. ..pluralism, tolerance and freedom. ..freedom and fear are at war.


“The rhetoric of democracy is part of the process of convincing people that even though unpleasant things must be done sometimes, in its name, like bombing other countries, democracy is really what it’s about.” Steven Pinker

democracy 1: n. a form of government in which the people have a voice in the exercise of power, typically through elected representatives; control of a group by the majority of its members. 2: n. a state of society characterized by formal equality of rights and privileges. 3: n. the common people, considered as the primary source of political power.

..spreading democracy ..goal of democracy ..support those who do seek democracy ..for those of us who grew up in Western democracy, to understand why a man who studied in a democracy, the president, married to a woman who was born in a democracy, his wife.. ..the democracy is a tool ..a way to kill democracy ..that cuts deep to the foundation of democracy ..democracy has disappeared in several other great nations ..we stand again at the steps of this symbol of our democracy ..to advocate democracy and reform in the muslim world... absolutely ..who still questions the power of our democracy.


track 2 “Freedom and authority can not possibly exist together. Freedom and intelligence is good, yea. And intelligence has its own innate, natural, easy discipline. Discipline in the sense of, not of supression, control, limitation, all that, but, discipline which is the act of learning all time.� Jiddu Krishnamurti


“What would make man, a human being change.. leap fundamentally, radically. Where’s he’s had crisis after crisis, he’s had great many shocks, he’s been through every kind of misfortune, every kind of war.. personal sorry and so on... little affection.. little joy.. but all this doesn’t seem to change. What will make human being leave the way he’s going and move in a totally different direction. ...It appears to change, it appears to yield, it appears sometimes to say yes, but the center remains the same.” Jiddu Krishnamurti


change 1: v. the act or an instance of making or becoming different. an alteration or modification. 2: to make the form, nature, content, future course, etc., of (something) different from what it is or from what it would be if left alone. 3: the passing from one place, state, form, or phase to another 4: n. To give a completely different form or appearance to.

At this defining moment, change has come to America. Change is whats happening in America.

hope 1: n. a feeling of expectation and desire; a cause or source of hope; grounds for hoping. 2: n & v. expectation and desire combined. 3: n. the feeling that what is wanted can be had or that events will turn out for the best. 4: v. to look forward to with desire and reasonable confidence.

Do we participate in a politics of cynicism or do we participate in a politics of hope?


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Hope to me means... ..like something special. ..uh.. like the idea that whatever situation you’re in, you can overcome. ..the oportunity for new beginnings. ..president Obama. ..what keeps you going. ..always having a goal. ..people living together in peace and harmony. ..everyone just getting along. ..good things for the future. ..that its inspirational and it helps keep you motivated to get through your day. ..a chance for something better. ..the future. ..a positive change. ..uh I don’t know. ..uh a wish that something you.. i lost it already. Do you mind if I start over? ..a hope that there’s something.. I I don’t know. ..a light at the end of the tunnel, like something to live for. ..that you believe that there’s something more out there. ..that you have the ability to achieve your goals.


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“We interrupt this program to bring you a special news bulletin. The Japanese have attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, by air president Roosevelt has just announced.� Without a declaration of War and without warning or justification of any kind... American moraters plastered peaceful looking forests.. the hiding places of Nazi tank formations and vicious dumps of high explosive. England, general Dwight D. Eisenhower and his deputy commanders chart the liberations of a lost continent; plan when and where the mighty armies of the United Nations will strike. Today northern France is that battleground. And to the building of their defense system the so called west wall, the Nazi’s poured the slave labor of conquered nations; pictures made by the Germans themselves to impress their satellites with the strength and invincibility of their fortifications. There can be no peace in the world until the military power of Japan is destroyed. To do that, we are now engaged in the process of deploying millions of our armed forces against Japan in a mass movement of troops and supplies and weapons, over fourteen thousand (14000) miles. A military and naval feat unequaled in all history. In december we learned all over again the bitter lesson of war. War is conducted in mist and turmoil and uncertainty. Victory comes on no silver platters. We should prove ourselves once more able to defend our island home, to ride out the storms of war and to outlive the menace of tyranny, if necessary, for years, if necessary... alone.


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The enemy shore off Korea, those mountains are alive with guns, ammunition, and supplies on their way to the communist front. Our ship is here to see they don’t arrive. With an uneasy truce in Korea, the vanguard of five thousand troops arrives in seoul. America at war. The Vietnam conflict was Americas largest, costliest, and most mysterious war. It seems now more certain than ever, that the bloody experience of Vietnam is to end in a stalemate. Allied forces of eight thousand men today, tightened it’s hold on the Pa-tang peninsula on the south Vietnam’s central coast, trapping an undetermined number of north Vietnamese and Vietcong troops in tunnel and bunker systems. Yesterday the allies killed twenty-three of the enemy and captured thirty-six. And like many other experiments out here, revolutionary development is now on it’s way out. In it’s place are expected American troops. But nothing pacifies quite like old fashioned military might. Tonight for the first time in twenty-seven years, has again ordered a draft lottery. Expecting the others to follow, not looking back to find out, disappears behind the cover of the wall, and not before long was shot and wounded. Two other marines, one of who is killed.. For days now, they’ve been fighting their way bloody inch by inch down Lanoy street. Military police got back into the compound of the two and a half million dollar embassy complex at dawn. Before that a platoon of Vietcong were in control. The bodies of two American military policeman who died as they tried to assault the compound lay near their jeep across the boulevard. A special report! Crisis in the Persian Gulf. And it’s clear the Kuwaitis fought hard to resist Iraqi troops Through the window of a british workers flat, the battle of Kuwait unfolds. In Brussels, NATO powers signal their support for US military action in the Gulf. If war breaks out, a major concern for American military leaders will be the reliability of their equipment in the harsh conditions of the desert. On the morning of August 2nd, thousands of people in Kuwait city woke up to war.

Our two countries, vowed to live side by side, in peace and prosperity. With the power, the will, the fortune, and the opportunity that God has given us to help along the movement of christian progress towards permanent peace. We shall work for a just and honorable peace, a durable peace. We can and we will achieve such a peace. Lets not forget, that we are fighting for peace and for the welfare of mankind. We’re not fighting for conquest. We want peace and prosperity for the world as a whole. To find a way by which the minds of men, the hopes of men, the souls of men everywhere can move forward toward peace and happiness and well being. ...that our government is united in its determination to take all necessary measures in support of freedom and in defense of peace in southeast Asia. That firmness in the right is indispensable today for peace. That firmness will always be measured. It’s mission is peace. Let us be united for peace. let us also be united against defeat. Because let us understand, North Vietnam can not defeat or humiliate the United States.. only Americans can do that. To the peoples and governments of all friendly nations, and I hope that could encompass the whole world, I pledge an uninterrupted and sincere search for peace. Im grateful that I can look back on my first term and see four years of peace. And thats what we want for the next four years is peace. But I’d like to remind you that the peace we enjoy is based on American military strength and American moral strength. Peace is made by the fact of strength; economic, military and strategic. Peace is lost when such strength disappears or just as bad is seen by an adversary as disappearing. No one, friend or foe, should doubt our desire for peace. The new government that is committed to represent and respect its people, that is committed to peace. The best hope for peace in our world is the expansion for freedom in all the world. ...and they’re will be no lasting peace unless we expand spheres of opportunity for the people of Afghanistan and Pakistan. This is truly and international challenge of the highest order.


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Mankind has suffered thousands of wars. Wars that seems to have no end. We have left to the politicians all over the world, to bring about peace. And what they are doing, if you have followed them, will never bring about peace. They’re all preparing for war. And when you prepare you are going to have some kind of blow up. Wether the middle east, here in the west or far west ordination. And we human beings never have been able to live in peace with each other. We talk about it a great deal. The religions have preached, talked about peace. Peace on earth and good will and so on. But apparently that has never been possible.. to have peace on earth and the earth on which we live, which is our earth and not the british earth and the French earth and so on. It’s our earth. And apparently we have never been able to solve the problem of killing each other. Jiddu Krishnamurti


References "rhetoric n."  The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Twelfth edition . Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press, 2008. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Ohio University.  18 March 2009  <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY. html?subview=Main&entry=t23.e48265> "rhetoric n."  The New Oxford American Dictionary, second edition. Ed. Erin McKean. Oxford University Press, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Ohio University.  18 March 2009  <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t183.e65675> "casualty n."  The New Oxford American Dictionary, second edition. Ed. Erin McKean. Oxford University Press, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Ohio University.  18 March 2009  <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t183.e12043> "insurgent n."  The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Twelfth edition . Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press, 2008. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Ohio University.  19 March 2009  <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY. html?subview=Main&entry=t23.e28811> "insurgent adj. & n."  The Oxford American Dictionary of Current English. Oxford University Press, 1999. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Ohio University.  19 March 2009  <http:// www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t21.e16074> "freedom n."  The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Twelfth edition . Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press, 2008. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Ohio University.  19 March 2009  <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY. html?subview=Main&entry=t23.e21831> "democracy n."  The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Twelfth edition . Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press, 2008. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Ohio University.  19 March 2009  <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY. html?subview=Main&entry=t23.e14710> The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition Copyright © 2006 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2009. Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law, © 1996 Merriam-Webster, Inc. http://millercenter.org/scripps/archive/speeches/ www.youbube.com http://www.archive.org/details/presidential_recordings



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