Cleft - Ultimate Treatment
C. DYNAMIC SPHINCTER PLASTY The dynamic sphincter plasty is mostly a 2nd choice for the repair in velopharyngeal incompetency cases (generally bilateral flaps)
ORTICOCHEA M. The dynamic muscle sphincter of the pharynx. In Bardach J, Morris HL: Multidisciplinary management of cleft lip and palate. Philadelphia, WB Saunders & Co 1990: 378. BÜTOW K‑W . Speech-language therapy and velopharyngeal incompetence. In: Treatment of Facial Cleft Deformities. Ishiyaku EuroAmerica, Inc. Publishers, St Louis, Tokyo 1995: pp. 58+59.
Book: Cleft Ultimate Treatment -- Oro-facial and Cranio-maxillo-facial Deformities (Second Edition) Authors: Dr. Kurt Butow and Dr. Roger Z...