Ways to Sea #3 Offshore Special

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DEC 2019 ISSUE #3

Ways To Sea

ARE WAYS TO SEE

Offshore Special

Vattenfall boosts Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports Dutch offshore wind 10.6 GW by 2030 Windcat Workboats powered by hydrogen

Port of IJmuiden: more than only wind energy


Preview Port of Amsterdam benefits from wind and offshore energy investments

Trending Energy supply 100% sustainable in 2050

Dutch Offshore Wind Market Update Overview of key developments until 2019

Windcat Workboats Innovating company introduces hydrogen-powered workboat

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Ways to Sea #3 – Offshore Wind Energy

Ways to Sea has a circulation of 3,500

Chief editor

Ad acquisition

Special 2019

copies and is distributed free of charge to

Roel Mostert

Amports

The Offshore Wind Energy Special 2019

a target audience of Amports participants,

gives an overview on current and future

municipal authorities in the Amsterdam

Art direction & design

developments in the offshore wind energy

Metropolitan Area, politicians, professional,

Saiid & Smale, Amsterdam

sector of the Amsterdam IJmuiden Off-

entrepreneurs and other interest groups.

E-mail: amports@amports.nl

KenzFigee sees opportunities in the offshore market

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Port of Amsterdam reserves 35 Hectares for ‘green’ offshore industry

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Overview of companies active in the Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports

Print Photography

shore Ports. The special issue is a sup-

Tel.: + 31 20-627 3706

Tata Steel takes new step in energy transition development

Port of IJmuiden: more than only wind related business

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TMA Logistics boosts business by winning Siemens Gamesa tender

COLOPHON

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On call for Vattenfall Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports ready to facilitate the Swedes

plement to the regular Ways to Sea that

General information

AYOP, KenzFigee, Windcat

offers news and background information

Amports

Workboats, Benjamin Kotek, Tata Steel

about port related business in Amsterdam,

Ruyterkade 7

en Machiel Kraaij

Zaanstad, Beverwijk and Velsen-IJmuiden

1013 AA Amsterdam NL

to everyone involved and interested in this

Twitter: @Amports

Contributed to this number

particular area.

www.amports.nl

Aurora Peters, Cees Visser, Rob Schoemaker, Roel Mostert

Aeroprint, Oudekerk a/d Amstel

No part of this publication may be reproduced and / or published by means of printing or any other means without prior permission from the publisher. Although the greatest possible care has been taken in the compilation and production of this publication, the absence of (printing) errors, inaccuracies, imperfections and / or omissions cannot be guaranteed and the author (s), the editors and the publisher is not liable for this, nor for the consequences thereof.

Content

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The diesel electric Ndurance is a multipurpose vessel that was tested to perform also in the offshore wind market. It can be outfitted for cable laying or a wide range of other tasks, including diving support, subsea rock installation, offshore construction support, salvage assignments and even dredging operations. It recently visited Port of IJmuiden and will return more often.

PREVIEW

Innovator and accelerator With Vattenfall winning the Holland Coast South I to IV tenders, the development of the port of Amsterdam as an important offshore wind energy port is gaining momentum. In that respect, 2022 will be a crucial year for the North Sea Canal Area when the Swedish energy supplier starts building the first two wind farms in the North Sea, from out IJmondhaven. At the same time, the largest sea lock in the world is put into operation within walking distance.

Wind and offshore energy will achieve a permanent position within the attractive palette of Europe’s fourth port

The impact of major developments in the future that are not yet noticeable, but which we all know, will soon be of great significance, requires a joint preparation that results in the entire port benefiting from major projects. It is not uncommon for a fragmented approach to lead to a reduced effect on employment growth, inflow of young talent, attracting new business or positioning your right power. As a whole port, dare to name the opportunities (and threats) and preferably get the market in a structured way with a distinctive proposition. Because of investments by Vattenfall and other parties the Wind and Offshore Energy gets a permanent position within the attractive palette of Europe’s fourth port. A positive development. The economic benefits that Amsterdam Airport Schiphol offers the Amsterdam Metropolitan Region already for years will also apply to the North Sea Canal in due time. This area is already a dynamic job engine that offers direct and indirect employment to nearly 70,000 people. But more importantly, Amsterdam, Zaanstad, Beverwijk and Velsen-IJmuiden will increasingly distinguish themselves as innovators and accelerators. It is for good reason that Ways to Sea #3 focusses on offshore wind energy, while this sector will certainly manifest itself in the coming years. And because we also want to share the latest developments with international business, this special is conducted in English. Enjoy reading! Annemarie Manger Chairman Amports

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Trending

Ambition positions North Sea in drivers’ seat for offshore wind

Energy supply The Netherlands 100% sustainable in 2050

The Dutch government wants 14% of all energy used in the Netherlands to come from sustainable sources from next year; in 2030 that is at least 27% and in 2050 the energy supply must be almost entirely sustainable. Offshore wind energy is an important form of sustainable energy to achieve these goals and places the North Sea in the drivers’ seat, because it is a favorable place for wind turbines. It is relatively shallow, the wind climate is favorable and there are well-equipped ports and (industrial) energy consumers nearby. Because the costs of offshore wind energy have fallen drastically in recent years, it is by far the cheapest large-scale sustainable energy source at the moment.

11 GW in 2030 It was agreed in the coalition agreement and the Climate Agreement (2019) to continue the successful policy of offshore wind energy. In 2030, approximately 11 GW of wind farms will therefore be at sea. These supply 8.5% of all energy in the Netherlands and 40% of our current electricity consumption.

What comes where After extensive consultation with a large number of stakeholders, the cabinet is unfolding the plans in the “Roadmap for offshore wind energy 2030”. This includes where and when the new wind farms will be installed. The road map thus provides clarity to all stakeholders and ensures security for developers of wind farms. The image below gives an overview of the locations of the wind energy areas.

Sustainable Growth In 2019, wind turbines with a total capacity of approximately 1 gigawatt (GW) were in the sea. In 2023 there will be a minimum of 4.5 GW of power for offshore wind turbines. This agreement is set out in the Energy Agreement for sustainable growth. Offshore wind turbines then deliver 3.3% of all energy in the Netherlands. They thereby contribute to the objective that 16% of all energy in the Netherlands is sustainable by 2023.

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Between 2020 and 2023 there will be 2 wind farms of at least 0.7 GW each in the Borssele area. Then 3 wind farms 18.5 km off the coast of South Holland and North Holland. From 2024 up to and including 2030, wind farms located at sea far west and north of our country will follow in (parts of) the Hollandse Kust (west) wind energy areas, north of the Wadden Islands and IJmuiden Ver. Source: Dutch central government

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‘New offshore windfarm will boost the region’

On call for Vattenfall Now that Vattenfall has announced plans to build the world’s largest non-subsidised offshore wind farm off the coast at IJmuiden, Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports are celebrating too. For the members of the offshore industry cluster association in the North Sea Canal area, this is the ideal opportunity to show what they are capable of. It may even be the finest hour for the region’s offshore sector. As a spin-off from Vattenfall’s ambition to achieve fossil-free living within a single generation, just over twenty kilometres off the coast at IJmuiden, a complex of four offshore wind farms known as the Hollandse Kust Zuid array is set to rise out of the sea. In the same way that Vattenfall (the company that took over Nuon) won the tender last March for the Hollandse Kust Zuid I and II plots, the largest energy provider in Northwestern Europe repeated the feat last summer, for the remaining plots III and IV.

No grant funding Ron Davio, chairman of Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports, was openly enthusiastic. “We were founded more than thirty years ago, and in recent years have become increasingly focused on wind energy, a sector that is developing fast. Vattenfall plans to install a staggering 1,500 megawatts offshore.” To put

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that figure into perspective, he reached for a brochure in which he could point out the other nearby production fields the Prinses Amalia wind farm (60 turbines), NoordzeeWind (an offshore wind farm off Egmond aan Zee with 38 turbines, and Luchterduinen (43 turbines). “All together they generate ‘just’ 350 megawatts of power,’ explained Davio, tapping his finger on the map marking the location. The remarkable feature of these four new wind farms is not only their size but also the fact that they are being established without grant funding. ‘There are just a handful of market parties capable of tackling a project like Hollandse Kust Zuid, without a government grant. In that situation, a completely different set of tender criteria apply. Issues like experience, reputation and financial liquidity all play a role. Vattenfall is a major European player, that is easily capable of satisfying all those criteria.”

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A boost for the region

Alderman of Velsen Jeroen Verwoort (l.) and AYOP-chairman Ron Davio

In other words, it is all good news. But how can the IJmuiden region profit? After all, the 10 megawatt turbines for the new farm will be supplied by the German-Spanish conglomerate Siemens Gamesa Renewables, and the installation work is to be carried out by Subsea 7, based in Zoetermeer. The foundation piles will be supplied by Sif Netherlands. “Vattenfall is responsible for selecting the suppliers, but to carry out the project, each of these companies will require local support. And that is where many of our members can play a role,” suggested Davio.

Team of 50 people Vattenfall has already announced that the maintenance base, which is due to be operational by 2022, will be established in the IJmondhaven. The declaration of intent has already been signed with Zeehaven IJmuiden, the owners of the land. Besides the fact that the control and planning work for all future maintenance activities will take place from this base, the site of the storage offers facilities for components and tools. In addition, the crew transfer vessels operated by Windcat Workboats will head out to the offshore wind turbines, from the same location. Davio explained, “In the future, a team of fifty people will be based here, continuously, to carry out the maintenance work. Effectively it means travelling to and from your workplace across rough seas, but the vessels operated by our member Windcat Workboats are perfectly equipped to make the sea crossing as comfortable as possible for the maintenance engineers, on their journey to and from work. After all, one thing you want to avoid is people having to work at those sorts of heights, while suffering the effects of sea sickness.”

Maintenance staff As well as the engineers, other maintenance staff will also be deployed at sea. Davio “Take for example the maintenance and inspection of the wind turbine infrastructure both above and below water level – by that I mean all the parts except the turbines themselves – and the supply work. Across the region we have a number of companies specialising in exactly those tasks, such as C-Ventus, DHSS, Mistras, Lubbers Logistics group, Peterson and KVSA.”

New suppliers Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports is an association of businesses and government authorities in the North Sea Canal area, serving specialised the offshore production of gas and wind energy. One of the tasks of the association is to promote the region both nationally and internationally as the ideal establishment region for wind energy. The main focus is on offshore wind maintenance (including cable logistics), drilling projects for gas exploration, modification and maintenance work on workboats and platforms, and the dismantling of offshore structures and logistics. At the same time, Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports supports its members in identifying innovative business cases and new opportunities right across the offshore sector. During members meetings and on other occasions, Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports encourages cooperation and knowledge

The arrival of Vattenfall may even result in new suppliers setting up shop here. “We saw the same thing happen with the arrival of the Prinses Amalia, NoordzeeWind and Luchterduinen wind farms”, says Davio. “They led to the establishment of companies like MHI Vestas, Eneco and NoordzeeWind in our catchment area. Since then, other parties such as Windcat Workboats, DHSS and C-Ventus have also come into the area. I predict a similar development with the arrival of Vattenfall.”

exchange between the members.

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Demand for staff The arrival of the four new wind farms also means real growth in employment opportunities at least for the next 20 years. At a members information meeting of Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports and the Netherlands Wind Energy Association (NWEA) in September 2019, Vattenfall presented itself as a potential future partner for the Dutch wind sector, the region and regional business. At the same meeting, the Mayor of the Municipality of Velsen, Frank Dales emphasised the added value for employment across the region, but also pointed out the lack of awareness of opportunities for engineers training, at senior secondary and higher vocational level. As Davio explained, “The Municipality of Velsen and Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports are leaving no stone unturned in changing that situation. Our members SAB Detachering, Redwave, Atlas Professionals, Nova College and Techport can all play an important role in the process. It may even be possible to set up a training centre for the latest generation of wind turbines from Siemens Gamesa Renewables at the Vattenfall maintenance base. After all, in the future they will be responsible for maintenance work on the turbines, and will have to train the relevant personnel.”

Supply and demand

The arrival of four new wind farms will stimulate substantial growth in employment in the next 20 years

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”And this is just the beginning,’ said Davio. He was of course referring to the Hollandse Kust Noord wind farm, the first two plots of which are due to be tendered later this year. “And from there the roll-out will continue. By 2030, we will have 11 gigawatts of offshore power generation in the Netherlands, rising to 18 gigawatts by 2050. A large proportion of that capacity will be located on our doorstep.” He went on to predict a golden opportunity for Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports. We have already agreed to hold a supply chain meeting with Vattenfall, once their preparations are more advanced. “A sort of supply and demand consultation session. Vattenfall will tell us what they need and our members will tell them what they can offer. And there is every reason for confidence. We cannot supply everything from A to Z but between our members, we can provide the majority of the service.”

The need for space The size, scale and volume of the new turbine will create demand for more space on land, too. Davio and Jeroen Verwoort (of the VVD party) and alderman in Velsen responsible for port issues are therefore keen to see the developments in the near future of the new Energiehaven (today still the Averijhaven). Verwoort predicts a real boost for the economy in the North Sea Canal area. “The energy transition we are currently witnessing is necessary and is something we all want. But it will require space, above all at sites with access to the water,” he explained. Pointing to the map he went on, “Right there we have the perfect water frontage with more than 500 metres of quayside that is currently completely unused. Let us turn it into a port that will generate economic value.


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WAY S T O S E A

Dutch Offshore Wind Market Update 2019

We have only just begun In October, the first Dutch Offshore Wind Market Update 2019 was published, as a joint project by Navigant, a Guidehouse company, the Netherlands Wind Energy Association, TKI Wind op Zee and GROW. The report contains an overview of the key developments that took place in 2018 and the first six months of 2019.

CO2 emission reduction target will not be met By 2030, the Netherlands must be emitting at least 49% less CO2 than in 1990. This is the most important target from the Climate Accord that was presented at the end of June 2019. However, the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency has calculated that the maximum reduction will be between 43 and 48%. One of the causes is that economic growth has outpaced the predictions, and that oil and gas prices are expected to be lower than predicted, so that consumption and as a result emissions are bound to rise. These facts further underline the urgent need for a rapid energy transition.

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huge stockpiles of wind turbine foundations waiting to be shipped to England, for English offshore farms.”

Essential role for innovation TKI Wind op Zee and the GROW consortium have received government funding for Research and Development work. This is one grant that can help Dutch industry improve its competitive position. Innovation remains the key to cutting costs. One of the greatest challenges for the future, according to Hilbert Klok, is matching supply and demand. The magic word will be flexibility. For offshore wind, innovations that can contribute to improving flexibility – for example installations that only consume electricity when the wind is blowing – will be real game changers.

Opportunities for the Netherlands

Developments are taking place at lightning pace. Positive news for the environment and the national treasury

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One major development according to Peter Kolmeijer (Utilities Director) and Barry Vree (Managing Consultant) at Navigant, is that we have now reached the point where wind farm projects can be tendered, without government subsidies. Vattenfall, the company that won the tender for two major projects in the Hollandse Kust Zuid array (due to be completed in 2022 and 2023) will be building the first offshore wind farm without subsidies. The grid connection for these farms will be supplied by TenneT, a service that will be provided without charge to the wind farm developers.

From 1 to 3.5 GW It has been agreed in the national climate accord that by 2030, 70% of all generated electricity must come from renewable sources. To achieve that target, the total offshore wind capacity in the North Sea area will have to be increased. To be able to generate 49 TWh, the Netherlands has planned 10.6 GW offshore wind capacity by 2030. Current capacity in the Netherlands is around 1 GW. To achieve the target, a further 3.5 GW will have to be built by 2023, followed by a further 6.1 GW. To achieve the goals set by all European countries, overall capacity will have to grow to around 70 GW.

Considerable government saving This is clear evidence that developments are taking place at a lightning pace. It is not only positive for the environment but also for the national treasury. In the national energy accord, 20 billion euros had been set aside for additional offshore wind capacity, of which 18 billion were earmarked for the wind farm developers. This new development means that not all that money will be spent. The Borssele wind farms are the last that will receive government funding. Precisely how much will depend on the electricity prices on the market. If prices rise, grant funding will be reduced, and vice versa. 18

700 additional megawatts The past few years have seen minimal growth. Is this then a realistic target? Kolmeijer and Vree believe it is. Existing wind firms were developed in line with the old policy. There was no structured roll-out programme along the lines of that now proposed by the Dutch government. According to current plans, on average, 700 megawatts will be added each year, and with even larger projects on the drawing board, that number is set to grow even further. IJmuiden Ver (up for tender between 2023-2025 and probably operational from 2027-2030) is designed to

deliver 4 gigawatts. That target at least will be achieved. Hilbert Klok, sector specialist for Offshore Wind Energy at the Netherlands Wind Energy Association also considers the target absolutely realistic. “The sector is in fact capable of doubling capacity. The only risk is that growth will stagnate as a result of constantly falling electricity prices given the ever growing availability of offshore wind energy. In that sense, the government has a key role to play in guaranteeing greater income security.”

Port of Amsterdam is ideally positioned to play an important role in offshore wind and energy

Barry Vree continued, “Offshore wind has truly become a global industry. The European Energy Agency has predicted up to 560 GW capacity worldwide, by 2040, an ambition that could create a market worth 1 billion dollars a year. At present, global capacity is just 20 GW. We have barely even scratched the surface and we in the Netherlands have the clear advantage that post-2023, we will be the frontrunners in Europe. With the exception of England and Germany, other countries are lagging behind us in terms of the ambition for 2030. Dutch businesses are already investigating opportunities abroad. The demand for renewable energy is set to grow. This is only the beginning.”

Economic spin-offs for the port Kolmeijer and Vree explained, “IJmuiden, Velsen and Amsterdam are ideally positioned to play a role. If they play their cards right, there should be plenty for them to do. Despite the fact that the majority of wind farm developers are foreign parties, there are plenty of opportunities for the Dutch labour market, for example because Dutch companies and Dutch employees are responsible for much of the construction and maintenance work. In addition, TenneT is responsible for the grid connections for the wind farms, and that too will create new job opportunities in the Netherlands. It is highly likely that the roll-out will generate a spin-off for the entire region. In Flushing, for example, I have seen

What is the current state of affairs? Now, in 2019, four offshore wind farms are already operational in the Dutch sector of the North Sea, together generating a total of 957 megawatts of power. The first farm that was completed in 2007 was Egmond aan Zee, with a capacity of 108 megawatts. The most recently completed, in 2017, was the Gemini farm, with a capacity of 600 megawatts one of the largest in the world. In 2020, with the completion of Borssele 1 and 2 (752 MW) and Borssele 3 and 4 (731.5 MW), the very last grant-funded wind farms in the Netherlands will be in place. According to all expectations, future projects will be tendered with no government funding.

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Windcat Workboats

Pioneering, innovating and growing These are exciting times for Windcat Workboats. The IJmuiden-based maritime organisation is serving the flourishing offshore wind sector with a constantly growing fleet. They have also joined the energy giant Vattenfall to develop a product unique for the shipping sector: a hydrogenpowered workboat. ‘It is not all about quantity but it’s all about quality’. 20

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a fabrication process that will take around ten months. We are currently in the detailed engineering phase.”

Innovation

W New highpoint in the development of Windcat Workboats: a hydrogenpowered transfer vessel

Willem van der Wel has been employed at Windcat Workboats, the company established in 2003, for a decade. For years he carried around a business card ‘with no job title’ because at the time his focus was on design, new building and business development. He has now become Managing Director at Windcat, with responsibility for operational affairs.

New wind farms The company based on the Trawlerkade in IJmuiden, as the saying goes, has hit the jackpot. Since Van der Wel took charge, the offshore wind sector has started to undergo its inevitable growth. The constant pressure on the still essential oil and gas sector has at it were put the wind in the sails of the wind sector. “There is no real upsurge, but steady growth,” he commented, tempering his enthusiasm. One key step in that ‘steady growth’ is the fact that two wind farms in the Dutch sector of the North Sea have been given the green light. In the same way that the Swedish energy company received the licence last year to build and operate plots I and II of the Hollandse Kust Zuid (HZK) array, the company recently won the tender for the remaining plots III and IV.

No government funding There was one crucial passage in the contracts for these tenders: Vattenfall is working without government grants. Van der Wel explained that to date, offshore wind development was partly driven by government subsi22

dies. Obviously the aim was to encourage the development, but because there is no strong history of grant awarding in the Netherlands, the regime was restricted to just a couple of wind farms. He went on to add that grant awarding is not the only area in which the government plays a role; for example, they are also responsible for releasing the areas, and issuing the licences. “Vattenfall is the first company to be launching an offshore wind project in the Netherlands, without government funding. Because they no longer have to wait for a government that is providing financial aid, while at the same time competing with other energy sources, the development is expected to generate new opportunities. The potential of offshore wind has suddenly become many times greater.”

Hydrogen In the upward spiral, Windcat has identified a new highpoint in the form of a hydrogen-powered crew transfer vessel (CTV): the Hydrocat. What is more, the hydrogen itself is green, produced using green power from the wind farm. The vessel, that can carry 26 passengers, will be deployed on the already mentioned HZK wind farm to be operated by Vattenfall off the coast at Katwijk and Zandvoort. “We have indeed already signed a contract with Vattenfall,” explained Van der Wel, clarifying the status of the project. “But construction work on the HZK farm will not start for a couple of years. In the meantime, we are starting work on the first Hydrocat next year,

When asked about the breakdown of roles between Windcat and Vattenfall, Van der Wel replied that Vattenfall is represented at the drawing board, on the user’s side. “The idea behind the hydrogen-powered boat is that we will use energy from the wind farm. We will have to jointly agree on various issues, including the design of the bunker station and the bunkering method. Vattenfall will not be looking at the actual nuts and bolts of the boat itself.” With the introduction of the Hydrocat, Windcat’s armada will consist of close to fifty vessels. Windcat 45 was recently handed over, and number 46 is currently under construction, and set to be launched in early spring. Despite having a sizeable CTV fleet, Windcat is not the world’s largest workboat operator. It was, until the number three took over the number two. “But it’s not all about quantity, it’s also about quality,” suggested Van der Wel, “and that is something we are trying to achieve through innovation.”

Lower fuel consumption That Van der Wel really means what he says is demonstrated by the hydrogen boat, and not only in terms of sustainability. The Managing Director showed us a brochure of the vessels that make up the Windcat fleet, and pointed out the hull shape of the Windcat type MK3.5. In design, it is similar to that of the new hydrogen boat. In developing this last series of vessels, the focus was shifted to weight saving, resulting in the ‘carbon cube’. The cocoon in which the passengers are seated is built from carbon, mounted on rubbers. The result is a lighter construction that offers greater comfort thanks to reduced noise and vibration levels. These lighter vessels also consume less fuel. “The CTVs shuttle crew members backwards and forwards, and often run for up to twelve hours, on some projects even 24 hours a day,” explained Van der Wel. “Spread over twenty years, the savings are huge.”

Hydroville “The development of a hydrogen propulsion system was not specifically requested by Vattenfall, but tied in perfectly with their vision on the future,” continued Van der Wel. “We were already working to develop the concept in collaboration with Compagnie Maritime Belge (CMB), a traditional Antwerp-based operator.” The Windcat Director explained that CMB is the driving force behind the Hydroville, the world’s first hydrogen-powered passenger vessel, and that the upscaling of that design led to Windcat. “We know all about CTVs; they know all about hydrogen boats. That knowledge has now been brought together.”

Pioneering With the introduction of the hydrogen boat, and the collaboration with Vattenfall, does Van der Wel see potential future stumbling blocks? “Innovation is always fraught with uncertainties. It is about pioneering, but for us it is not the first time. Windcat has always been a pioneering business. In truth, the entire offshore wind sector is a pioneering market.”

Currently the company owns 45 vessels. Number 46 is on the way


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WAY S T O S E A

Port of IJmuiden

Wind and more The IJmond region, and the Port of IJmuiden in particular, occupy a key role in the offshore wind and energy industry. Karin Maat, deputy director of Port of IJmuiden, explains the popularity of the port to companies operating in this sector.

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“We’re currently being approached by energy companies interested in locating here in connection to the construction of the Hollandse Kust (Noord) wind farm, around eighteen and a half kilometers from the coast at Bergen aan Zee. And then there’s the construction of the Hollandse Kust (Zuid) wind farm, which is still to begin.” Construction and maintenance of the latter project will largely be carried out from the Port of IJmuiden. Ten years ago, Maat could never have imagined the impor-

tance of wind energy to “IJmuiden”. The outer port, completed in 2004, was originally intended for coastal shipping and as a base for companies unable to expand within the existing port. “In practice, things turned out differently,” she laughs, sitting in her office in the port operator’s headquarters.

Ideal Location Its ideal location is responsible for three offshore wind farms – Prinses Amelia, Egmond

aan Zee, and Luchterduinen – in the past fifteen years having been constructed out of the Port of IJmuiden. This has in turn led to companies such as turbine constructor MHI Vestas Offshore Wind and energy producer Eneco Wind establishing permanent bases at the port. Vattenfall is also planning to construct an energy-friendly service center at the port to help manage the huge amount of work involved with the Hollandse Kust (Zuid) wind farm. “The precise location is not yet

Karin Maat, deputy director at Port of IJmuiden: ‘We want to be as flexible as possible’

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WAY S T O S E A

The port’s regular activities will also need to continue. Such as shipping from and to the Felison Cruise Terminal

known,” explains Maat. “Discussions are still ongoing. What we do know is that the complex will have an area that extends to some three or four thousand square meters.” The building will need to be operational by January 1, 2023 and be able to accommodate 40 workers. The same is also true for the three or four landing points for vessels operated by IJmuiden-based Windcat Workboats, which will be transporting workers to and from the wind farms. The company is currently developing a hydrogen-propelled vessel.

Remaining Flexible The port’s ambitions extend even further. After Hollandse Kust (Noord) will come Hollandse Kust (West) and IJmuiden Ver, and IJmuiden looks likely to be the most suitable base for the construction and maintenance of both wind farms. Nevertheless, Port of IJmuiden is wary of allowing the port to fill up with companies working in the wind-energy sector so quickly. Maat continues, “We want to be as flexible as possible, so we’re going to keep as large an area of the port as possible available for projects. This year, oil and gas companies used part of the port as a home base for their operations seeking smaller fields. The transition from oil and gas to other sources of energy – the energy transition – is something that will need to happen gradually. Plus, the port’s regular activities will also need to continue, such as cruise shipping from and to the Felison Cruise Terminal in the port.”

Fishing Industry

A view on the Haringhaven and Vissershaven at the Port of IJmuiden. At the far right the planned Averijhaven. At the far left the IJmondhaven from which point Vattenfall will operate

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Port of IJmuiden’s annual report for 2018 shows strong results for the fishing industry, cruise shipping, and oil and gas extraction. “But this has led to space becoming scarce. That’s why Port of IJmuiden believes that realizing the Energy port (the former Averijhaven) is unavoidable,” explains Maat. “In time, this will afford space for assembly and installation of offshore wind turbines and for dismantling decommissioned oil and gas platforms. This will give us space in the IJmondhaven to accommodate the growth of the other industries.”

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WAY S T O S E A

“Fryslân Wind Farm.” Michael van Toledo, who since 2015 has been a permanent feature at TMA Logistics, spoke the name of the new wind farm in his best Frisian accent. Within the foreseeable future, the first wind turbines will rise from the surface of the IJsselmeer, and for him it is a source of real pride that his company has a role to play. When asked about the current phase of the project, he described it as ‘executed’. “In other words, the final signatures are about to be placed. It looks very much as if the project itself will start in August 2020. A project of this kind always takes place in phases. The signatures should be nothing more than a formality.”

New cooperation

TMA Logistics wins Siemens Gamesa tender

Our combination is our strength Siemens Gamesa. For the foreseeable future they will be best friends of TMA Logistics. The German-Spanish manufacturers of wind turbines plan to outsource the transhipment of 86 wind turbines to the terminal managed by Michael van Toledo. ‘Once again, it’s all about flexibility’. 30

Siemens Gamesa will be undertaking the project in close collaboration with Van Oord Offshore BV. Van Oord is responsible for installing the foundations and laying the cables and monopiles. “It is highly probable that the monopiles will also be delivered via the TMA terminal,” reported Van Toledo. The foundation piles, to be produced in Rostock in Germany, each weigh 220,000 kg and are around 42 metres long. Those figures mean that at least 100,000 m2 of land and 400 metres of quayside at TMA Logistics will be occupied for the foreseeable future. Eventually, 86 wind turbines including all their components will pass through the TMA site, before taking up station in what will be the Fryslân Wind Farm, in the IJsselmeer, close to the Afsluitdijk.

Important For both the port of Amsterdam and TMA Logistics, this project is extremely important as a step towards acquiring a position in this growing market. Van Toledo: “The task of promoting the offshore wind sector in the North Sea Canal area is partly the responsibility of Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports. Orders like these do not simply fall into your lap. As a business and a region, you must put yourself forward as market specialists, and AYOP is a valuable contributing factor.”

Boost The role of TMA in the development of the Fryslân Wind Farm is an added boost for the business. “If you consider the relevance of all our projects for the site and for the deployment of our people and our equipment, then the wind farm is hugely important,” suggested Van Toledo. His comments referred to the fact that his terminal is focused on four different segments, in each of which it needs to score well. “Our four key sectors are breakbulk, containers, ro/ro and project cargoes. The first three segments are well represented, and we are able to stand up and be counted in project cargoes, too. Our strength lies in the combination of segments and our flexibility. For that reason, we clearly need this offshore project. If it proves successful, we will be able to demonstrate that Amsterdam is well served by a terminal like ours.”

The foundation piles weigh 220,000 kg each and are around 42 metres high

Michael van Toledo (TMA Logistics): ‘Winning this tender is an important step towards acquiring a position in this growing market’

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WAY S T O S E A

Excellent site In describing the strengths of his terminal, Van Toledo referred to the site as not only spacious, but also of excellent quality. “A high-quality surface, with deep water access and sufficient quayside space. And don’t forget the logistic support to back it all up. The process of organising all the equipment and the transport chain. There are not many locations in the North Sea Canal area that can offer all those things.” Another aspect that he considers essential is the fact that you can make long-term promises, to which you can fully commit throughout the duration of the project, even with a potential overrun.

Highpoint For Van Toledo, the imminent storage and transhipment of wind turbines for the Fryslân Wind Park is a clear highpoint. On the other hand, he views the successfully concluded Open IJ project, that lasted four and a half years, as his finest hour to date. At the same time, he considers the deal with the Rotterdam-based shortsea container operator Samskip in 2018 to have perhaps been even more remarkable. “That was a real victory,” remembered Van Toledo, with pleasure. “A Rotterdam-based operator that says: we plan to sail from Amsterdam, three times a week. It is something that has otherwise not been seen for more than twenty years. It’s all a question of flexibility. Again.”

The TMA Terminal: highquality surface, deep access and sufficient quayside space

Siemens Gamesa will undertake this offshore wind project in collaboration with Van Oord Offshore

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WAY S T O S E A

KenzFigee aims to grow in the niche

Getting the offshore market As a firm of all-round crane builders, KenzFigee based in Zaandam, operates in a wide range of applications: on land, in ports, on board ships and above all in the offshore sector. According to Managing Director Jan-Pieter Klaver, the real growth opportunities lie in the maintenance of offshore wind turbines. “With our new modular crane, we plan to focus more clearly on that specific market,” explained the civil engineer. Two years ago, he made the switch from Heerema to KenzFigee.

The KenzFigee quayside is located on Zijkanaal G, with a direct link to the North Sea Canal. “It is an ideal location,” suggested Klaver. “We are able to fabricate a wide range of cranes in our factory hall, as well as carrying out a variety of maintenance and renovation work. Water depth at the quayside is four metres.” Nonetheless, Klaver has left his options open as concerns the current establishment site. “If we intend to grow substantially, we may have to look for new locations.” KenzFigee is enclosed by the 34

Zaandam shipyard Vooruit on one side, and by the non-maritime companies Dimensa and Reconi on two others.

New markets At present, 50% of KenzFigee’s business involves the design and fabrication of new cranes. The company is also active in the field of maintenance, renovation and modification work. Traditionally, the offshore oil and gas production industries have been key to KenzFigee’s business, but these sectors

are currently facing tough times. Not only on the North Sea, but worldwide. “Luckily we have been successful in establishing a foothold in new, high-opportunity niche markets,” explained Klaver. “In particular the explosive growth of offshore wind farms on the North Sea. We have also achieved successes in other sectors, too. For example, in the near future, KenzFigee will be supplying two cranes for ammunition transport for the British Royal Navy.”

Short action radius Since Kenz was founded, KenzFigee has delivered a total of around 355 offshore cranes, worldwide. For its part, Figee had delivered more than four thousand cranes worldwide, prior to the takeover by Kenz, in 2005. We are regularly called upon for replacement and maintenance work on all of these cranes. Today, KenzFigee is responsible for supplying and maintaining cranes for the offshore industry, bulk transhipment and for offshore wind energy. For all of these markets,

50% of KenzFigee’s business involves the design and fabrication of new cranes

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WAY S T O S E A

KenzFigee KenzFigee can look back on a rich history of crane building for ports, ships and the offshore industry. The

Offshore For the offshore market, KenzFigee also supplies what are known as motion compensated gangways or Walk-to-Work (W2W) systems. The Danish operator A1 Offshore Solutions, for example, recently installed one of these gangways on the offshore supply vessel ‘Notus Express’. The gangway is 26 metres log and can still be used in significant wave heights of up to three metres. Uniquely, this gangway has been equipped with a super low docking pressure system, while offering a lifting capacity of 1 tonne. As Klaver explained, “We plan to further expand collaboration with A1 Offshore Solutions over the next few years. We are of course not the only supplier on the market; international competition is fierce. Nonetheless, we believe that we must offer the fullest possible services for our customers.”

story started in 1836, with the Haarlem-based crane manufacturers Figee. In 2005, the company was acquired by Zaandam-based Kenz, established in 1960 in Wormer, as a steel construction company. The head office has

KenzFigee MD Jan-Pieter Klaver

the company fabricates what are known as knuckle-boom canes which thanks to their folding arm have a short action radius. The company has recently developed two new cranes for a variety of applications; the bulk buster for bulk transhipment work in seaports and the up-tower crane, a new maintenance crane for wind turbines.

a staff of eighty and two employees operate the new office in Abu Dhabi, where they specialise in acquisition work. Zaandam is the home base to the two key operating companies Kenz Cranes (new building) and the service and maintenance division Kenz Crane Services. In the near future, the parent company and the two subsidiaries are set to continue under the name KenzFigee, a move that will further strengthen their international profile. The Zaandam office includes an engineering department and other support services. Although the labour market in the region is tight, the company remains successful in attracting sufficient engineering staff. The Abu Dhabi office is planned as a hub for the Middle East. The aim for the coming period is to expand in this region to a staff of around ten. KenzFigee will focus mainly on local specialists with thorough knowledge of the Gulf region.

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WAY S T O S E A

Tata Steel Studying CO2 Storage off the Coast of IJmuiden

Carbon Capture Storage The area offers ample opportunity for the construction of CO2 infrastructure with storage of carbon dioxide in depleted gas fields under the North Sea, something referred to as Carbon Capture Storage (CCS). The study also points to the possibility of CO2 reuse, known as Carbon Capture Utilization (CCU). Tata Steel also enjoys a favorable geographic position when it comes to green electricity production. “We’re right next to the sea, where the major wind farms are going to be constructed. The electricity cables coming from out at sea will land right here, so we’re extremely well positioned,” explains Bart van der Meulen, head of the CO2-neutral program at Tata Steel. “We’re looking at a bright future for the IJmond region, with wind farms just around the corner and depleted gas fields already here on our doorstep.”

Working Towards Climate Targets

Tata Steel’s ultimate objective is to operate fully CO2 neutral by 2050

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Tata Steel has taken an important new step in the energy transition. Working with partners Gasunie, EBN, and the Port of Amsterdam, the leading steel producer has recently completed a feasibility study into the capture, transportation, storage, and reuse of CO2 in the North Sea Canal area. Add in the key role that wind energy can play, and the findings of the study are encouraging.

Tata Steel’s ultimate objective is to operate fully CO2 neutral by 2050. Before the technology is available to make that possible, an interim solution will be needed to allow the company to achieve the government’s climate target of a 49% reduction in CO2 by 2030. CO2 storage plays an essential role in the search for a solution. “Tata Steel will also need to contribute its fair share to solving the CO2 problem,” explains van der Meulen.

Offshore Storage Tata Steel intends to work with Gasunie, EBN, and the Port of Amsterdam to conduct a range of further studies as part of ongoing development of the ATHOS (Amsterdam-IJmuiden CO2 Transport Hub & Offshore Storage) project. Van der Meulen considers the energy transition the greatest challenge of his career so far, but is encouraged by

the recent study results. He explains, “The feasibility study demonstrates in particular that, technically, a CO2 network and storage can be achieved. Captured CO2 can be stored far from the coast at a depth of between three and five kilometers.”

An Ideal Location for Tata Steel “There are no major technical impediments and no new technologies are needed,” explains Bart van der Meulen. He also highlights two major benefits for Tata Steel, “Tata Steel’s location offers considerable advantage over its competitors. No other steel company in the world is as close to depleted gas fields that can be used for CO2 storage as we are. Secondly, the infrastructure that we need is already here, and in great quantity, which will help to reduce costs tremendously. When do we envisage CCS being operational? The aim is 2027 to 2028, but before 2030 in any event.” The study also shows that companies in the North Sea Canal area have the potential to reduce their CO2 emissions by as much as 7.5 megatons per year by 2030. “If you consider that industry in the Netherlands as a whole will have to have reduce its CO2 emissions by a total of 14.3 megatons by then, ATHOS really will be a major factor in achieving that target.”

TATA Steel’s ultimate objective is to operate fully CO2 neutral by 2050

Storage in Depleted Gas Fields “Tata Steel intends to achieve storage and utilization by capturing the CO2 that is released from steel production. The carbon dioxide will then by moved along pipelines before being stored in depleted gas fields under the North Sea, far off the coast of IJmuiden. That’s where the ATHOS system comes in. We’ll also be able to link Hlsarna, a new method of steel production currently under development, to this system.”

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WAY S T O S E A

Region

Unique terminal in Europe: weatherproof stevedoring Simplifying logistics.

For regional and local enterprise, this could quite clearly yield a new future, with part of the Tata Steel site becoming something of an energy hub for the assembly and maintenance of wind farms, landing of wind energy, hydrogen production, storage and reuse of CO2, and steel production – all of which will ultimately be entirely CO2 neutral.

Looking to 2050 with Hydrogen

Waterland Terminal Elbaweg 10 1044 AD Amsterdam The Netherlands +31 (0)20 448 06 20 waterlandterminal@vcklogistics.com www.vcklogistics.com

With the CCU and CCS concepts, Tata Steel aims to contribute towards climate targets relatively quickly, but looking at the more long-term horizon, the aim is ultimately to be fully CO2 neutral by 2050 at the latest. To be able to realize such an ambitious plan, Tata Steel is currently pursuing a second rather different path. “We currently produce our steel with carbon as our source of energy, but our intention is to replace that with hydrogen as soon as we can,” explains van der Meulen. “It might sound straightforward, but it’s actually an enormous challenge. The biggest advantage of carbon is the vast quantity of energy contained in one kilo. It’s works well for us and has such good properties, it’s just the CO2 that gets released that’s the big drawback. So we’re currently looking at green transition options such as hydrogen.”

Geographic Advantage Despite a number of significant challenges, van der Meulen strikes a positive tone. “Tata Steel has a good geographic location for green electricity production as well. Moving electricity over large distances is a major problem. But here in IJmond we’re well placed, adjacent to the sea where we’ll soon be seeing a great deal of wind-energy production. And the electricity connection landing from the wind farms is literally on our doorstep. It couldn’t be better.”

Hydrogen is a very clean product, but its energy density is very poor

Hydrogen Plant Tata Steel is not going to wait for the wind turbines to be in place and has plans to work with Nouryon and the Port of Amsterdam to construct a 100-megawatt hydrogen plant on the site in 2023. Delivery of the IJmuiden Ver I&II wind farms (cap. 2000 MW) and IJmuiden Ver III&IV (cap. 2000 MW) wind farms is scheduled for 2027-2028 and 2029-2030 respectively.

TATA Steel plans to construct a 100-megawatt hydrogen plant with Nouryon and Port of Amsterdam

Wind Farms Needed Hydrogen is a very clean producer, but its energy density is very poor. Van der Meulen continues, “It means that we will need to generate gigantic quantities of hydrogen for a similar quantity of energy. If we want to generate the quantity of hydrogen that we need using environmentally friendly means, we’re going to need an awful lot of green electricity. That electricity, which will ultimately give us hydrogen after undergoing electrolysis, will need to be generated by the wind farms and solar farms that are still to be built. We’re talking about 2040 or even later before the infrastructure we need has been constructed. Tata Steel is not a minnow when it comes to electricity consumption, but to make hydrogen production a success, we’re going to need around ten times as much electricity as we do now.”

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WAY S T O S E A

An overview of the available

Port of Amsterdam reserves 35 Hectares for ‘Green’ Offshore Industry

Energy Port 3.0 “Making the Netherlands climate neutral by 2050 is as promising a prospect as it is a necessity,” the words of the King in his speech to mark the opening of parliament. For Allard Klinkers, commercial manager Offshore & Logistics at Port of Amsterdam that promising prospect extends to the energy transition. “We stand on the cusp of a major wind-energy boom in the Netherlands.”

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plot in the port of Amsterdam

Port of Amsterdam is fully committed to invest in sustainable sources of energy over the coming years, “We have historically been an energy port, and we intend to remain an energy port. We are firmly committed to solar, wind, biofuels, and hydrogen as well,” explains Klinkers. “We are currently working with Nouryon and Tata Steel on research into a hundred-megawatt water-electrolysis system for hydrogen production. You cannot produce green hydrogen without green energy, and the only large-scale green energy currently available is offshore wind. Wind is, therefore, extremely important to the energy supply of the future.”

35 Hectares reserved Since 2017 Port of Amsterdam has reserved 35 hectares for offshore green energy. Klinkers continues, “That’s a considerable plot, certainly when you consider how limited space in ports can be.” The 35 hectares

are ready to be allocated. “Ideally, multiple players engaged in offshore wind energy will establish their business in the Amsterdam port area, ,” explains Klinkers. “The wind turbines have grown rapidly in the last few years, which means that the components in turn are larger. We are convinced that we could interest parties who are currently operating in land-based locations but may have a need for water-based operations in the future. Parties must evolve with the market after all, and think about what they are working towards. The port of Amsterdam, is strategically located right next to the offshore wind farms of the future. Furthermore there is the advantage that there is so much going on in the region in the offshore industry.”

Wanted: multiple players in offshore wind energy

The World’s Biggest Front Door Using the umbrella name Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports (AYOP), Port of Amster-

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WAY S T O S E A

Allard Klinkers, Commercial manager Offshore & Logistics at Port of Amsterdam

THE SHIPPING INDUSTRY COUNTS ON US. 24/7 - DUTCH PILOTS -

dam is combining forces with other ports in IJmuiden, Velsen, and Zaanstad. Klinkers continues, “The region is seeing a huge increase in the opportunities for offshore wind. When the new IJmuiden sea lock is completed in early 2022, we will have the world’s biggest front door, which allow us to work without having to be concerned with tides or weather.” Earlier this year, Swedish power company Vattenfall decided to move its Operations and Maintenance hub for the Hollandse Kust Zuid wind farms to IJmuiden. “Work is also underway on developing a new installation port,” explains Klinkers. “The region is hopeful that those fifteen hectares will be available quickly. And then there is the production for the wind industry which we want to realize here in Amsterdam – that’s the aim.”

Hydrogen In spite of its benefits, wind alone is not quite enough. “Some of the turbines in the German area of the North Sea are stationary, as the electricity grid has not yet been configured to accommodate them,” explains Klinkers. “Hydrogen can be used as a means to store renewable energy and has many potential applications in transport, mobility and industrial processes. Our collaboration with Nouryon and Tata Steel is one the biggest green hydrogen projects to involve a port that the world has seen so far, and I think that it demonstrates how eager and serious we are to get moving on the energy transition as soon as possible. Over the next ten years we will see in what direction we are heading and where the real opportunities lie.”

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Green Energy Port Klinkers also explains how the Port of Amsterdam is looking to capitalize on the opportunities of supporting other businesses in transitioning to more sustainable alternatives. “How can we, and our clients in the port, work through the transition in the best way possible? By 2030, the port will be coal free. That does not mean that we intend to distance ourselves from clients who do work with coal, but rather than we will work together to examine alternative cargo flows that fit better with the type of terminal that we have and our sustainability ambitions. Port of Amsterdam is moving from being an energy port to a green energy port.”

In spite of its benefits, wind alone is not quite enough.

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Den Helder

WAY S T O S E A

26

From IJmuiden to Amsterdam and back 56

Offshore wind and energy employment in the port of Amsterdam

Wormerveer

Alkmaar 2

54

Beverwijk

50

Zaanstad

21

51

19

55

57 25

23

22

20

16 24

1 53

9

7 5

52

6 12 8

10

37 59 35 34

43

28

39 47

40

14

11

4 3

44

46

27 21

58

IJmuiden

41 38

13

15

18 45

32 42

17

33

31 36

49

30

48

Amsterdam

Zwanenburg

Diemen

29

Hoofddorp Alkmaar 2

Wind Cable Services

Amsterdam 3

Amports

4

Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports (AYOP)

5

Damen Shiprepair Amsterdam

6

Damen Shiprepair Oranjewerf

7

de Vries & van de Wiel

8

Deep - Hydrography & Geophysics

9

Dutch Marine Contractors

10

Golden Arrow

11

KH Engineering

12

Mistras Group

13

Oodit Platform

14

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Port of Amsterdam

15

Spliethoff Transport

16

TechRent

17

TMA Logistics

18

United Stevedores Amsterdam

Diemen 27 Riwal Industry Solutions

Beverwijk Brand Energy & Infrastructure Services 20 Isolatie Combinatie Beverwijk 21

Redwave

22 Reym 23 SAB Detachering 24 Selmers 25 van Gool hef- en hijstechniek

Hoofddorp

IJmuiden 28 Alphatron Marine 30 BK Ingenieurs 31

Breman Offshore

32 Cargostore Worldwide

26 Oceanwide Offshore Services

Peterson

42 Port Towage Amsterdam 43 Roodenberg Staalkabels 44 Seafox 45 Venus & de Waard 46 Windcat Workboats 47 Zbridge 48 Zeehaven IJmuiden NV 59 Winsys

Velsen-Noord 1 51

Eqin Bus Industrial Tools

52 Central Mudplant & Fluid

Services 54 Stork Industry Services 55 Tata Steel

Wormerveer 56 Industrieel Klimmen

33 C-Ventus

Zaandam

34 DHSS

57 KenzFigee

35 ELA Container Offshore 36 Iskes Towage & Salvage

Den Helder

40 MHI Vestas 41

29 Atlas professionals

19

39 Lubbers Logistics Group

37 KVSA

Velsen 49 Techport 50 Mammoet Nederland

Zwanenburg

T

The future development of four new wind farms (Hollandse Kust I to IV) will mean real growth in employment opportunities at least for the next 20 years. Currently the port of Amsterdam and surrounding area is already the home base of almost 60 offshore wind and

energy related companies. Most of them are based in IJmuiden, Beverwijk, Zaanstad and Amsterdam. At least another 25 Dutch businesses outside the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area operate via the 4th port of Europe.

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38 Loodswezen

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DEC 2019 ISSUE #3

Ways To Sea

ARE WAYS TO SEE

Offshore Special

Vattenfall boosts Amsterdam IJmuiden Offshore Ports Dutch offshore wind 10.6 GW by 2030 Windcat Workboats powered by hydrogen

Port of IJmuiden: more than only wind energy


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