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EMPLOYMENT

• If you want to check the market rate for your salary or calculate bruto/netto rates (before/after tax and social security deductions), try www.loonwijzer.nl. • It is standard practice to get extra wages as a ‘holiday allowance’ plus four weeks of paid leave. • If you work in the Netherlands, Dutch law is partly and often fully applicable to your employment, even if the law of another country is declared applicable in your contract. • The number of succeeding employment contracts for a fixed term is limited to three; the total duration of fixed term contracts is limited to two years. • If the duration of the contracts or the number of fixed contracts exceeds the legal limit, it will automatically become a contract for an unlimited term. • If the contract is for less than two years, the trial period cannot be longer than one month. The maximum duration of a trial period is two months. Trial periods in contracts for less than 6 months are invalid. • During the trial period, both employer and employee can terminate the contract with immediate effect. The notice period for the employee is usually one month. • Employment contracts for an unlimited term can only be terminated by the employer with consent of the employee, the labour office (UWV WERKbedrijf) or the Court. • If an employer gives notice of termination without obtaining prior approval, the employee could nullify the termination. This rule is not applicable in the case of summary dismissal (such as fraud or theft by the employee). • Courts are very reluctant about accepting summary dismissals; it is very important to contact an employment lawyer immediately if you are fired on the spot. • The legal minimum number of holidays per year is four times the weekly working time. This means 20 holidays in the case of a fulltime employee working a five-day week. • It is common practice in the Netherlands for a fulltime employee to be entitled to approximately 25 holiday days per year in addition to Dutch public holidays. • By law, there is an expiration date of six months for taking the legal minimum number of holidays; employees must take all their holidays within six months after the year in which the holidays were accrued. Should the employee not take the holidays on time, the holidays will lapse without any compensation or payment. • The expiration date of six months is not applicable to the holidays that the employee is entitled to on top of the legal minimum number of holidays; these extra holidays will not lapse until after a period of five years.

COLLECTIVE LABOUR AGREEMENT (CAO) • This is a written agreement covering working conditions and benefits drawn up by employers, employers’ organisations and employee organisations (such as unions). • A CAO are often more generous than statutory requirements. • It should state in your contract whether a CAO is applicable; you don’t have to be a member of a union to benefit. • If no CAO applies – all must be registered – you will need to negotiate your own terms and conditions. SOCIAL SECURITY • The Dutch social security system is one of the most comprehensive in Europe. There are three strands: 1. National Insurance administered by the social insurance bank (www.svb.nl), which includes old age pension (AOW) and child benefit (AKW). 2. Employee Insurance administered by UWV (www.uwv.nl), including unemployment benefits, long-term disability (WIA) and sickness (ZW). 3. Social Assistance administered by municipalities (www.rechtopbijstand.nl). • Specific conditions apply to each benefit. Check that your residence rights are not affected if you apply for benefits. • Official documents will need to be in good order. Consult the Ministry of Social Affairs and Welfare website (www.szw.nl) for more information. UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT (WW) • Your employment history will determine the amount and duration of payments. For the first two months you get 75 percent of your last earned salary, and thereafter 70 percent. • Must have worked 26 out of the previous 36 weeks before the first day of unemployment (or less for those not in regular employment). • You apply for benefit online at www.werk.nl or at a local office of UWV WERKbedrijf. VOLUNTARY WORK • A volunteer is a vrijwilliger and there are many opportunities depending on your skills. • Expat advice centre ACCESS is always on the lookout for volunteers in its offices in Den Haag, Amsterdam, Utrecht or Leiden (www.access-nl.org).

WWW.EXPATFAIR.NL | THE NETHERLANDS | SURVIVAL GUIDE FOR INTERNATIONALS 2020

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Expat Survival Guide 2020 - The Netherlands  

The Expat Survival Guide assists your first essential steps: finding a home and job, organising permits, setting up finances and healthcare,...

Expat Survival Guide 2020 - The Netherlands  

The Expat Survival Guide assists your first essential steps: finding a home and job, organising permits, setting up finances and healthcare,...

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