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Cross Programme Space Michael Lau Yr 3 IAD

Relaxation Herbal Remedies This project is about cross-programming space, combining two different communities into one space. Allowing two different functions of activity to happen in the same space at the same time or over a period of time. Our site is at 36 Queen Street and the building is situated near the river Thames. My first community is a Gardener, as the City of London has limited spaces of gardens, most are looked after by the council. As the further you get away from the City of London the more vegetation there is, and as the closer you get the limited vegetation you get, only way to get vegetation in buildings was to grow plants in a container. So it was ideal to work with growing plants within 36 queen street. My second community is a Therapist for stressed city workers, due to long working hours, not enough pay, bills and dept, family issues etc. The concept is to use herbs and greenery to relieve the stress of city workers and all. Using that idea I decided to have a space that involves herbal tea and infusions which have proved to help with stress relief, and a area where people can seek advice on relieving stress. On the other hand I chose to have a meditation space where people can come in and meditate for 10-15 minutes or to an hour, with greenery surrounding them. A change of space with the smell of plant and greenery inside helps with stress relief as well. With this scheme I Chose the importance is allowing as much natural sunlight into the space I can. At the moment this building provides little sunlight entering the space due to low ceiling heights and the underuse of the double heighted windows on the bottom two floors. There for I decided to cut away 50% of the first floor allowing the full use of the double heighted window allowing more sunlight to enter the space. This also gives the space more openness and you feel less confined in the space. I also wanted the view from the street to inside different, so you can’t see what activities are actually happening inside but you can see glimpses. By having a screen of walling plants scaling the inside of the windows it created the difference I wanted. Apart from this idea would contradict my earlier design in making the space more brighter with the double heighter window and decided not to have walling plants by the windows. Instead I will have plants growing along the ceiling using the grid I have set up. The design of the ceiling matches the design of the floor plan as I have worked on. I used a repetition module to build my main element which acted like a screen, a shelf storage and a place for people to relax in. I used the same repetition module to design the rest of the elements in the space, only a few elements in the space that doesn’t use this repetition module instead uses end grain wood to be built as it got a nice grain texture.

36 Queen Street Site Pictures

At the site visit in 36 Queen Street on the first glance it wasn’t much to look at as most of the interior has been taken apart leaving only the core structures and the supporting structures. But what was nice about the spaces for each floor was that it was an open space, plus it was quite big as well after the ground floor you got an extra span of space that went above the alley way. I had my sight set on using the top floor as it had a good view of The City of London. It wasn’t a grand view but you can see most of the interesting buildings of London from the roof. As well as using the ground floor and having it double height to maximumize the potential of the double heighted windows the architects decided to put in.

Phoenix Garden

Green Spaces Around Greater London

Green Spaces Within City Of London

Bethnal Green

Bunhills Field

Fortune Street Park

Finsbury Square

St George’s Garden Gray’s Inn

Barber’s Surgeon Hall Gardens

St John’s Garden Postman’s Park

St Alphage Garden

Finsbury Circus

St Alden Mary Garden

Christ Church Greyfiars Garden St Paul’s Churchyard Lincaln’s Inn Fields

Festival Garden

St Botolph Without Bishopsgate Gardens

Carter Lane Garden

New Square

Temple Garden

Key: Most Important

Least Important

Seething Lane Garden St Dunstan Garden Trinity Square Garden

Where communites have no access to public sites of nature value and gardens for health and wellfare to be focused.

Community 1/Programme 1 Gardener/Horticulture

I look at existing surveys and green mapping of greater London to see how the ammount of green spaces changes as you get closer to the City of London and the 3 main different type of gardens that existied within greater London. I noticed that the more you go into the center of greater London there are a reduce amount of green space and back gardens. The Phoenix Garden is a great space to sit, eat sandwiches and chat and we aim for it to look attractive all year round. It also provides home for a wide range of wildlife; birds, bees and the west end’s only frogs. The garden is maintained using sustainable techniques and an innovative approach to wildlife gardening. We use plants that grow reliably in dry conditions, that will be maximum benift to wildlife and we aim to create many different habitats to encourage as many species as we can. The Phoenix Garden is a community garden and registered charity, managed by volunteers, created to provide a green retreat from the stresses of London and a vital habitat for urban wildlife. The charity also provides a garden advice resource to local community groups and organises a wide range of community garden events through the year. The programme for community 1 is a herbal garden that will be used for herbal tea infusion and to cleanse the air in the space making it more fresh. Also to give people in the space a new atmosphere with the green plants.

London’s total garden area (37,000ha) distribution between garden plot types: Back Gardens Key: Greatest

Front Gardens

Least Others

Communities with rich gardens and open landscapes. Which allows a quality wildlife habitat.

Angel Therapy Rooms

Premier Health & Sports Therapy Hands


Premier Health & Sports Therapy


Community 2/ Programme 2 Stress Therapist

Once a Victorian townhouse, our spa in islington has been loveingly restored in recent years to become a beautiful, harmonious sanctuary for all who enter. Many period features remain to provide a delicate balance of classic charm versus 21st century comfort. Each treatment suite is completely unique and designed around principles of light, air and space. Reassuringly chic, all rooms boast arched ceilings, exposed brickwork and walnut flooring, whilst the highest of quality fabrics and heated massage beds complete each luxury space. Additional seasonal treatment menus and summer spa solace can also be enjoyed outside in a private Italian courtyard. Amidst birdsong, you are encouraged to linger with complimentary seasonal refreshments, take Al Fresco Holistic Predicure or in cooler seasons recline in our relaxation lounge. Space experts are on hand to tailor treatments and therapies to your needs on the day. For pure indulgence, our pampers provide you with the chance to enjoy full body revitalisation, whilst shorter treatments can also be customised for guests with time constraints. For special occasions, our delightful venue is also available for exclusive or private room hire to entertain bridal showers, birthday parties or smaller functions. The programme for community 2 is a herbal tea infusion cafe which serve out herbal tea to relieve stress symptoms, as well as a place for meditation and relaxation.

Ascent Psychological Therapy

The Ki Messenger

The Mind Place Therapy Megan Craig Psychological Therapy



Next Step Therapy

Now Therapy

London Holistic Massage Strand Hypnotherapy

Square Mile Therapy

The Centre for Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

The Therapy Lounge 121 Therapy

Wooden Material Designs Incorporating Plants into the Design

For my precedence i am looking at how to incorporate nature with architecture and design. From as small as container planting to as large as the high line in New York. My main focus for my concept though is this one structure made from timber which create the floor and the structure where my programmes will take place and the planting elements as well. I have looked at ways in which you can show a contrast between the space your in and the plants within the space. A couple of images on Junya Ishigami show these contrasts of elements in a space. The High Line in New York is designed around an abandon railway. Using parts of the existing rail way to incorporate nature within the design, also they built uppon the railway which created this walk way for cyclist and pedestrians. People could relax, eat lunch and enjoy the view from the High Line. With this reference i was looing at how the plant elements work together with the architecture itself. With Heatherwick Long Champ Shop his stair well and the walls are similar to what i want to do in creating this one flowing structure to incorporate this relaxing area with a treatment area for my programme. Aesop Shops I looked at for ceiling designs but how to make simple things like shelves whcih store things look more interesting by playing with geometry and topography of shapes. I also looked at green walling for a space in the building which creates a different atmosphere from being near it or by looking at it, and how lighting can reflect the colour of the plants to create a diffused lighting a short distance away from the green wall. It is a way to clean air as well by having air flow from the back, through the plants at the front keeping the air fresh at all times.

1st Floor

Design Strategy After doing a quick sun mapping on revit a CAD program I noticed that I don’t get enough light within my space and decided that I will cut away the majority of the first floor to allow the maximum use of the double heighted windows on the ground floor that runs upto the 1st floor allowing more sunlight into the space. The diagram on the right shows the remaining parts of the 1st floor marked in a red outline and the part cut away in grey.

Daylight Mapping Before and After

With the daylight mapping of just the single heighted window you still get natural daylight in but the inside space is still quite dark and the amount of light that enters only last between 7am to 2pm and then it gets really dark within the space. With the double heighted windows more light enters the space and the constant of daylight keeping the space bright last longer through out the day then a single heighter window will.

Hard Wood

Alder Also known as the Western Alder, this wood comes in a pale yellow to red-brown colour. It’s one of the softer hardwoods and has a straight grained, even texture. It’s great for making furniture and Fender and Jackson use



Beech Beech is another versatile wood used to make all sorts of different things like parquet flooring and railway

Annealed Glass Annealed glass is

the basic flat glass product that is

sleepers. It’s rarely used decoratively but used widely in

the first result of the float process. It is used in some

furniture framing and construction.

end products

alder to make their electric guitars


Frosted Glass Frosted glass

is produced by the sandblasting or acid

etching of clear sheet glass. It has the effect of rendering

often in double-glazed windows, for

the glass translucent by scattering of light during trans-

example. It is also the starting material that is turned

mission, thus blurring images while still transmitting light.

into more advanced products through further processing such as laminating, toughening, coating.

Ash Ash has a creamy light colour but the heart of the wood can go to a darker olive-brown colour. This versatile wood can be used in many ways; it has good elasticity so

Yellow Pine End Grain The use of Endgrain timber for tiles and cobbles is centuries old. They were primarily used as a surface for

is used to make walking sticks and was traditionally used

hexagon. It is also a durable and a attractive product,

to make cartwheels because of its pliability.

plus a faster season rate then long grain timber.

paving and roads with the first blocks being round or

Toughened Glass Toughened glass is treated to be far more resistant to breakage than simple annealed glass, and to break in a more predictable way when it does break, thus providing a major safety advantage in almost all of its applications.

Laminated Glass Laminated glass

offers many advantages.

security are the best-known of these




rather than

shattering on impact, laminated glass is held together by the interlayer, reducing the safety hazard associated with shattered glass fragments, as well as, to some degree, the security risks associated with easy penetration.


the interlayer also provides a way to apply

several other technologies and benefits, such as colouring, sound dampening, resistance to fire, ultraviolet filtering, and other technologies that can be embedded in or with the interlayer.

Cherry Cherry wood’s main use is for furniture and traditionally it was used for smoking pipes. The Royal Forestry Society supports a programme called the British Hardwood Improvement Programme (BHIP) which endeavours top drive out disease and improve the quality of UK hardwoods including cherry.


Material Consideration for the space I was considering to use wood for most of the design elements in my space and the flooring to create a warm environment in the space and have the glass inserts as the dividers for the wall element, but due to the cost I changed to acrylic which has the same quality and effect I wanted to create with glass. Using wood also give a nice texture for the flooring and the major elements within the space as well. The acrylic also allows reflection of plants and materials and the refraction of colours that come off the plants.

Elm Elm wood was traditionally valued for its interlocking grain which meant that it was more resistant to splitting when used in wheel making and ship building.

Mirrored Glass To produce mirrored glass, a metal coating is applied to one side of the glass. The coating is generally made of silver, aluminium, gold or chrome. For simple mirrored glass, a fully reflective metal coating is applied and then sealed with a protective layer. To produce “one-way” mirrors, a much thinner metal coating is used, with no additional sealing or otherwise opaque layer.

Concept Model

Incorporating Plants and Elements For my concept I decided to have a herbal garden which helps with stress relief as well as cleansing the air in the space at the same time. Also I wanted to harvest the herbs that are grown within the space to make herbal infusions and tea that will be served to customer for further stress relief, but also to have professional advice from therapists on how to keep stress levels down for the day. I decided to have the space split into a couple of areas to allow multiple programmes to happen at the same time. A area for herbal tea infusion cafe, a space for meditation and a space for general relaxation. Pictures to the right are my first attempt at creating a element that focuses on a one surface plane material that the element is made from, in a way like a wrapping structure.

Concept Model Repetition Module

The folded one piece structure element did not work well with the concept and decided to go for something simple and repetitive and came up with the idea of having repeated wooden and acrylic modules to create this element. The reason to have acrylic inbetween the wooden parts was to have a screen that is part see through, so people on the other side can see silhouette s of other people in the space but can’t make out the activity they are doing. The other reason to have acrylic dividers was to allow underfloor lighting under this element to create a infill lighting effect during later hours of the day when the space is being used.

Concept Model

Chairs and Table for Herbal Cafe Element 3 is a hexagonal design which is taken from the hexagonal end grain flooring put into the space. The idea of this element was to have a central part of the table which will grow plants and having these insets to support the table up giving enough space for the hexagonal chairs to fit inside to save space when not in use.

Concept Model Hybrid Chair

Element 2 was a hybrid furniture that incorporated some planting into it. I wanted the chair element to be different to my shelf element but then the design of this chair didn’t match the design language that I have set up. There for I decided to scrap this design away and keep it simple and keeping to the design language I set up already.


Design Developement Kanagawa Institute of Technology Workshop By Junya Ishigami I

looked at

Junya Ishigami

to get inspiration for incorporating planting within my design.

As Ishigami

has a unique way to represent the plants and space of his building in a simplistic way, that shows the contrast between the two.

Better Place Visitor Centre By Francisco Sarria I was looking at Francisco Sarria project Better Place Visitor Centre at the one piece installation which acted as a chair and desk for people to use. The repetitive shape of the installation though vary in sizes was attractive and the hollow space between them allowed artificial light to create a back lit surface at night. Which inspired me to do something similar with the repetitve shapes and the idea of having one thing do multiple tasks.

Jiyugaoka Flagship Store By Schemata Architect I was looking at Schemata Architects project Jiyugaoka Flagship Store since they done what i wanted to do. Bringing plants into a interior space without much natural lighting. By looking at this project I was able to see plants are able to grow inside with the use of many artificial lighting .

Ground Floor Design in Context Scale 1:2500

The Building is situated on Queen Street with two front entrances facing towards Queen Street and a rear back alley entrance on Skinners Lane. There are a few gardens near this site and a cycling store around the corner with a design institute opposite the building. The area is a buisness area mainly monday to friday being really busy and really quiet on the weekends.

Key: 1. Goldenseal 2. Green Tea 3. Hoya 4. Eucalyptus 5. Gardenia 6. Sweet Woodruff 7. Anise Hyssop 8. Shiso 9. Spicebush 10. Chamomile 11. Angelica




Shiso 1


6 6


5 7









6 6






8 9

My ground floor design follows the ceiling grid design with a wall element created near the first entrace at the top to split the space into 2 one area for circulation for buisness people going in and out of the building and a space for my design of a relaxation space for stress relief. The idea was to incoporate plants within the elements that I design in the space.




Scale 1:100





Ground Floor Design




Green Tea




7 11



4 3

3 5 5


Ceiling Design Scale 1:100

My design strategy for the ceiling design after removing the floor slab was to leave the existing beams in place and placing a aluminium suspended lighting design jst under the beams. Which gives the ceiling design a industrial look with the grid formation and the materials used for the design.


Herbal Cafe And Advice Center

Seating Area For Cafe Info Wall

Relaxation Space

Meditation Space

Ground Floor Zonal Diagram Scale 1:200

Ground Floor Plan Scale 1:200

Ceiling Design & Layout Overlay Scale 1:200

Section 2 Scale 1:50

Section 1 Scale 1:50

Office To Rent

Herbal Cafe Remedy Meditation Space Relaxation Space

Section 1 Zonal Diagram Scale 1:200

Site Model

Relationship of Ground Floor Design and Ceiling Design A model showing the interior space of my design to show the relationship of the ground and ceiling design, but also see how these elements come together within the space and how it affects what I am trying to do in the space.

Element 1 Detail Relaxation Shelf & Tea Storage



Canary Wood Acrylic Adhesive Glue

Front Scale 1:20


Element 2 Detail Information Wall

Ball Bearing

Clipping socket joint


Side Front Scale 1:20

Element 3 Detail Suspended Lighting

Scale 1:5

Scale 1:20

Element 4 Detail Meditation Space

Scale 1:20

Reinforce steel

Welded metal stud ontop of metal beam, filled in concrete floor decking Nail Timber finish nailed onto the timber joist

Screw Timber joists screwed to precast concrete Precast concrete bolted to steel beam supports

Steel Beam

Scale 1:5











+ x18




+ 2



+ Model Design Repetition Modules

Showing the way I constructed my design with 2 different material designs. By alternating laminating the wood and acrylic gives it a nice aesthetic look and have the acrylic slightly smaller in width makes a nice offest of shadow and light on the elements.



x6 Wood





x9 Acrylic

Element 1

A shelf for relaxation and storage For my further developement of the element I decided to have bays put into the shelf which allows people to sit inside and lean back to relax or to lay down. Also to have little in bays which allows tea storage and plant growing in the shelf, and to have this repeated element around the space which makes up half of the other furnitures in the space.

Element 2 Hybrid Chair

Element 2 is basically a downsize of element 1 with out the in bays and made into a chair with vegetation growing at one end of the chair.

Element 3

Chairs and Table for Herbal Cafe Element 3 is a hexagonal design which is taken from the hexagonal end grain flooring put into the space. The idea of this element was to have a central part of the table which will grow plants and having these insets to support the table up giving enough space for the hexagonal chairs to fit inside to save space when not in use.

Michael lau portfolio