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7/24/2015

An overview of “Broghil Valley CCA Project Jurisdiction ”

By

Umar Rafee Chairman BYLSO


Where is Broghil? KYRGYZSTAN

UZBEKISTAN TAJIKISTAN

CHINA

AFGHANISTAN

INDIA

PAKISTAN

INDIAN HELD KASHMIR


Broghil • Established on: August 25, 2010 • Total Area: 1347 Sq.Km

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BROGHIL, YARKHUN LOCAL SUPPORT ORGANIZATION (BYLSO)             

The BYLSO Established Dec.2014 with Support of AKRSP’ Chitral Jurisdiction Darband, Yarkhun to Lashkargaz,Broghil 93 KM in Length Compromises Above 70 V/WOs,CBOs in its General Body Members, Total H.H= 934, Population=6445 Head Office Yarkhun Lasht 33 Villages, the most backward and isolated communities' umbrella Organization Diversified Culture and Langue's including Khowar, Wakhi, Kirgiz and Saragoli Three International Passes connect with Wakhan over Kandkhun, Darwaza and Broghil Passe 6 Boys Govt Primary Schools, one middle School, 2 govt Dispensaries, No Govt High School, No BHU, No Single Govt Girls School, 3 CS Posts, 1 Police and 1 Border Police Post No Utility Store, No Communication, No 24 hrs Electricity, No Sanitation and Pipe Lines for Clean Drinking Water Highest Poverty, Unemployment and Lowest Literacy ratio in District Chitral Only 59 Males, 8 Females, T=67, Serve in Govt Lowest Paid Jobs, 24 M,13 F,T=37 Education Details=MA 8M, 2 F,T=10,BA ,BCS 26M,10F.T=36,FA/Sc 62M, 35F, T=97, Metric 246M,91F,T=337 and Literacy Rate is 11.4%


Access to Broghil • 250 Km from Chitral City to Broghil. 232 KM unmetalled rough Jeep Track Built in 2013 by Pak Army • About 09 hours from Ishkarwaz Village on horse/yak back (45 KM pony track) to Karumbar Lake • About 16 hours from Chitral Town to Ishkarwaz Village By jeep track • Broghil can be Accessed (May to September) from Darkhot Yasin (8hrs), Ishkoman (2 days), Chupurson Hunza (4 days) G.B, Little Pamir (2 days) by foot or Yak and Sarhadi Wakhan (3 hrs) throughout the Year 5


Life Style in Broghil  Mostly Eat their own grown Barley, Milk Products, Potatoes and Meat  Live in stone houses with one big pole on roof to be visible in snowfall  75% H.H Has No electricity  Opium addicts (more than 200 including 50 females people)

 Wear traditional warm and Simplest costumes  Use woolen fabric weaved in Broghil

 Most of their time spent on herding sheep and goats collecting grass and fire wood for Long Winter  Subsistence agriculture, livestocks and other pastoral activities are the main sources of livelihood

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UNIQUE ENVIRONMENTAL FEATURES OF BROGHIL  Presence of 35 high alpine lakes in 20 KM radius  Home of Indigenous people  Unique cultural and biological diversity  Presence of highest biologically active natural lake (kurambar lake)  Home to largest glacier of Hindu Kush range (Chiantar Glacier 35 KM)  Home to largest surviving population of Himalayan Brown Bear in KP  Largest land cover of peatlands  Healthy population of Juniper and birch  Longest pony trail (45 KM)  Provides breeding grounds for water birds including Ruddy Schedule Duck  International and National Highest Passes  Presence of Largest Fresh Water Resources in KPK  Presence of Largest Glaciers in KPK  Presence of Pakistan Best Trekking Route (John Mock)

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FLORA AND FAUNA OF BROGHIL

 Floral Diversity:  Birch  Juniper  22 different species of Medicinal Plants  Peatlands  Alpine grass lands  Different species of Salix  Poplar 7/24/2015

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FLORA AND FAUNA OF BROGHIL

 Fauna of Broghil:  Snow Leopard  Himalayan Brown Bear  Tibetan Wolf  Afghan Urial  Himalyan Ibex  Chakoor  Ram Chakoor  Rock Pigeon  Migratory Water Fowls 7/24/2015

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Environmental Impact and Challenges                  

Climate change and Global Warming Shrinking forests, Fodders and Grasses Retreating glaciers Declining peat lands cover Area Overgrazing Illegal poaching and lack of staffs in the BNP Land degradation Lakes/spring drying up Drought, Epidemics and increase in natural Disasters (Flood, Land sliding, Food insecurity, Avalanches, Soil Erosion, Low Yields of Crops, GLOF etc Lack of knowledge in Natural Resource Management Lack of Required mitigation and adaption practices and awareness Lack of Resource management planes and Research centre's In 2010 Broghil has been Declared NP and Since then a Single Regular staff does not exist from Govt WL Dept Implementation and knowledge of National Environmental Laws and implementations Increase in Land, Soil and Water pollution due to increase of unmanaged domestic tourists and Broghil Festival Dependency on Peat lands for fuel woods Increase in animals' related diseases Introduction of various pests

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Socio-Economic Issues and Challenges        

    

  

Opium addiction Unemployment Lack of awareness Lack of Health, Communication and education facilities Early marriage Lack of high yielding professions/skills Lack of linkages Food insecurity High poverty Ratio Highest Ratio of poverty Lack of Govt attentions, interest and Development Projects Lack of income generating opportunities Lack of leadership opportunities for youths and women folk Long Chilly winter and limited working activities Backwardness, Isolation and Remoteness Peats and Animal dangs are used

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Way out                      

Allocation of resources should be made both by government and NGOs for Infrastructural development of the valley and Natural Resource Management Identify and introduce alternate and diversified eco-friendly livelihood means Improve education and health facilities and CBS s need to get ownership by Govt Education Department Harness the hydro power potential in valley Promotion of indigenous culture through Broghil festival Introduce community based early warning system for DRR Wildlife watch and ward system through induction of watchers and other field staff by wildlife deptt Build skills of women Promotion of local handicrafts and products Formulation of tourists friendly policies Capacity building of Local Support Organization Develop linkages of LSO with donor org and potential markets for local handicrafts Scholarship for talented students Introduction of improved breeds of vegetables, livestock and crops Holistic Improvement in the Quality of life Encourage and engage youths and women in all walk of life, leaderships and business opportunities Arrange regular visits heads of Govts and NGOs to the valley Participation of locals Youths and women in local government coming set ups Provision of Regular staffs for the management of BNP with the participation of local communities Sensitize the local communities in DRR, DRM and CCA activities Linkage the valley with Tajikistan via Wakhan Corridors Rehabilitation centre for addicts

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EVER GREEN CLEAN AND PEACEFUL BROGHIL-

YARKHUN BYLSO FINALLY REQUESTS YOU ALL FOR ----• •

• • •

WE ALL NEED TO PROTECT AND SUSTAIN OUR EXISTING ENVIRONMENT . WE ALL NEED TO JOIN HANDS TO WORK FOR UNDER PRIVELEGED AND MARGINALIZED COMMUNITIES IN PERIORITY BASED FOR FUTURE WE NEED TO SUSTAIN OUR INDEGENOUSE CULTURE OF PEACE WE REQUEST TO COME FORWARD WITH BYLSO FOR HOLSITIC DEVELOPMENT OF BROGHIL-YARKHUN WE REQUEST TO KEEP YOUR PARTBERSHIP WITH US FOR FUTURE IN MORE EFFECTIVE, RESULT ORIENTED AND VISIBLE IMPACTS WE REQUEST TO REDUCE OUR PAINS, SUFFERINGS UNEMPLOYMENTS, ISSUES AND CREATE A BETTER PAKISTAN TO LIVE WITH..

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Land Use S.No

Land Cover

Types Area (ha)

%age

1

Snow and Glacier

74698

59.78

2

Outcrops and boulders

28125

22.51

3

Grasslands

15313

12.25

4

Sparse Trees & grasses

2952

2.36

5

Peat lands

2336

1.87

6

Lakes

1072

0.85

7

Agriculture

468

0.37

8

Total:

124,964

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National Park… By definition a National Park is an area which, • • • •

has a scenic view; outstanding flora and fauna in the natural state; is property of the government or over which government has proprietary rights The government has notified it in the official gazette, to be a national park and may demarcate it in such a manner as may be prescribed. It shall be accessible to public for recreation, education and research subject to such restrictions as Govt. may impose from time to time.


• Where provision for access roads to and construction of rest houses, hostels and other building along with amenities for public may be so made and the forest therein shall be so managed as not to impair the objective of establishment of the National Park.


Prohibited acts in a National Park • Firing any gun or doing any other act which may disturb any animal or bird or doing any act which interferes with the breeding places; • Felling, tapping, burning or in any way damaging, destroying, taking, collecting or removing any plant or tree there from; • Clearing or breaking up any land for cultivation, mining or for any other purpose; • Polluting water flowing through the National Park.

in

and


Present objectives of Park Management • Protection of Park resources against unwise uses • Provision of facilities for Ecotourism • Public Awareness and extension • Providing Opportunities for Research • Reclamation of endangered species


LOCATION OF BROGHIL VALLEY AT CHITRAL

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Life Style in Broghil  Eat their own grown Barley, Milk Products, Pototoes and Meat  Live in stone houses with one big pole on roof to be visible in snowfall  No tap water (water is collected from the river, streams, springs)  75% H.H Has No electricity  No sanitation  Opium addicts (more than 200 including 50 females people) 7/24/2015

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Life Style in Broghil  Wear traditional warm and Simplest costumes  Use woolen fabric weaved in Broghil  Most of their time spent on herding sheep and goats collecting grass and fire wood for Long Winter  Subsistence agriculture, livestocks and other pastoral activities are the main sources of livelihood

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SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF BROGHIL Population statistics:

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Life Style in Broghil  Mostly Eat their own grown Barley, Milk Products, Potatoes and Meat  Live in stone houses with one big pole on roof to be visible in snowfall  75% H.H Has No electricity  Opium addicts (more than 200 including 50 females people)

 Wear traditional warm and Simplest costumes  Use woolen fabric weaved in Broghil  Most of their time spent on herding sheep and goats collecting grass and fire wood for Long Winter  Subsistence agriculture, livestocks and other pastoral activities are the main sources of livelihood 7/24/2015

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Some unique Features of the Park • First ever notified community based National Park in Pakistan • Representation of Alpine and sub alpine eco-zones of Hindukush • Representation of Pure Alpine wetlands and Juniperus-Bitula mixed forest.


Ecotourism potential • Important site for eco-tourism, – 45 km pony trail from Kishmanja to Kurambar lake. – Important passes to Darkhot, Wakhan corridor and Kurambar valley – Pakistan-Tajekistan Route – Pakistan-Kashqar Route


Research potential • Important site for scientific research given because of low level of human disturbance and wilderness • More than 200 vascular plants including approximately 40% plants having ethno-botanical value; • Healthy population of Ibex • Home to about 200+ bird species

• Hold perhaps the highest density of Ram Chakur across in Hindukush region


Biological Significance • Important migration route of Waterfowl/Water birds • Important Passage corridor of Snow leopard

• Only habitat of Marco polo sheep in KP • Only habitat of Afghan urial in KP • Largest population of Brown bear in KP


• Home of endangered Himalayan Griffon vulture • Important migratory route of Saker falcon


• Could be a breeding and wintering ground for waterfowl

• Two important species of Juniper(Juniperus Macropoda and juniperus exelsa)


• More than 30 biologically active lakes

• Largest alpine peat land • Largest glacier of Hindukush region(Chiantar glacier)


Medicinal Plants of BNP • Local name: Zolk (Berberis caliobotyris) • Uses: Found up to 12000 ft, leaves are used as salad, fruit is considered a remedy for high blood pressure, in past shoots were burnt in a manner to extract the oil, which was a remedy for rheumatism and muscular pain


• Local name: Maheen Mindrich (Thymus linearis) • Uses: Aromatic herb, used to cure flue and influenza • Local name: Shalkha (Rumex nepalensis) • Uses: A good source of iron, found in fertile soil in and along fields


• Local name: Satpilak (Plantago lanciolata) • Uses: Found in open moist sunny places, seeds are used to cure constipation • Local name: Banafsha (Primula atrodentata) • Uses: Found in moist places especially where there is abundance of water, has beautiful pink colored flowers, powder made from flowers is used to sharpen eye sight


• Local name: Shapad (Rheum emodi) • Uses: Grow in sandy gravel type of soil, often found at slopes, leaves are utilized as vegetable, sauce is also prepared, root is also used in ethno medicine as anodyne and analgesics • Local name: Gul Marva (Roemeria hybrida) • Uses: Grows at about 14000ft-16000ft, beautiful yellow flowers, tea is prepared from leaves and is good for removing fatigue


• Local name: Pit pitak (Silene conoidea) • Uses: Seeds are roasted and eaten, considered best as tonic

• Local name: Sheerwish (Anthemus utla) • Uses: White beautiful head, utilized medicinally as well as anthelmentic and in stomach problems


Socio-ecological significance of Forests in the Park • Control of erosion and surface Run off • Watershed value for river kabul • Source for Local Water Supply as well as low land areas of Charsada, Nowshehra and Mardan • Presence of wide variety of Medicinal, Food Plant and wildlife species


Threats to the Park resources.. • • • • •

Poaching Over grazing Peat extraction Tourism Unsustainable use forest resources • Killing and poisoning of carnivores species


PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS      

   

    

AKRSP since 1990s in Establishment of hydropower's, Broghil Jeep Track ,V/WOs and introduced ECD with CAI in 2013 FOCUS’ Pakistan since 1995 in DRR,DRM and Initiated CCA Project since 2014 and Established two clusters, 5 VERTs and two stock piles, huge relief in 2005,2010 and 2011 AKES’P Established CBSs in 2002 Hashoo Foundation since 2005 in Promotion of Education in the Valley since 2005 till now and Pioneer in Funding BF in 2005-2008 AKHS’P Established a dispensary in 2004 Pak Army since 2010 constructed, improved Broghil Jeep Track and organized BF in 2014 in Regional Level and Recruited more than 15 youths in CS since 2010 TC,KPK BF since 2010 CAI Established High CBS, One Primary School, supporting all CBSs in teachers‘ salaries, providing teacher trainings, aids and stationeries and one Degree College in Y.Lasht in 2014 Wild Life Department Established BNP in 2010, established camping grounds, 3 gridding mills and developed BNP Management Plane WWF has initiated five Years project by PWP till 2012, introduced fuel efficient stoves, pony track, solar- wind turbines, provided temporary job to 14 youths for 4 years in watch-guard of BNP, conducted several surveys developed research papers on NRs, trainings, exposure visits etc IREAD provided scholarship for 65 students from valley in Buni from 2010 to 2012 WDS working on trees for life, established 7 trail based nurseries and advocacy with donor agencies Hashwani Groups Karachi provided 320 small solar panels in 2012 AKSWB’P established rehabilitation camps for Opium Addicts Forest Deptt Chitral initiated plantations in 2014

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Lakes in Broghil Valley

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LAKES IN BROGHIL

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Lakes in Broghil Valley

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Thanks for your

Interest & patience UMAR RAFEE

For more information visit

iadcinc.org 7/24/2015

44

Profile for I.A.D.C. Inc

Broghill Valley Chitral Pakistan presentation  

Presentation by the organization International Aid for Developing Countries Inc. on its initiative on Broghill Valley, Chitral, Pakistan.

Broghill Valley Chitral Pakistan presentation  

Presentation by the organization International Aid for Developing Countries Inc. on its initiative on Broghill Valley, Chitral, Pakistan.

Profile for iadcinc
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