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Newspapers In Education Visit NIE online at www.sidneydailynews.com, www.troydailynews.com or www.dailycall.com

Word of the Week infection — the act of infecting or the state of being infected

Newspaper Knowledge Look through the newspaper to find pictures of people doing various things. Mark it with a red B if people should wash their hands before this activity. Mark it with a blue A if they should wash their hands after this activity. How many photos did you mark with both an A and a B?

Did You Know? What can you learn from a vampire? The way a movie vampire covers his face with his cape is a good way to stop the spread of germs. It’s called the Vampire Cough. Next time you cough or sneeze, cough into the inside bend of your elbow. If you cough into your hands, the germs from your mouth get spread around. Think about it – what was the last thing you touched with the inside of your elbow?

Write On! Find an article or advertisement that describes a health problem. What is the cause of the problem? What is described as a solution or “cure” for the problem? Write a short paragraph on how you think you could solve the problem.

Germs!

Why Is Hand Washing So Important? A delicious mud pie, a good-luck rock or a friendly frog are just a few of the presents children love to bring home to Mom and Dad. But did you know that behind those adorable gifts – and countless others – millions of germs could be lurking? Kids may not always listen when you tell them to wash their hands before eating, but it’s a message worth repeating. Hand washing is by far the best way to prevent germs from spreading and to keep your kids from getting sick. The First Line of Defense Against Germs Germs – such as bacteria and viruses – can be transmitted several different ways, especially by touching dirty hands or changing dirty diapers. Other ways germs spread include: • through contaminated water and food • through droplets released during a cough or a sneeze • through contaminated surfaces • through a sick person’s body fluids If kids pick up germs from one of these sources, they can unknowingly become infected simply by touching their eyes, nose or mouth. And once they’re infected, it’s usually just a matter of time before the whole family comes down with the same illness. Good hand washing is your first line of defense against the spread of many illnesses – and not just the common cold. More serious illnesses such as meningitis, bronchiolitis, influenza, hepatitis A and most types of infectious diarrhea can be stopped with the simple act of washing your hands. How to Wash Your Hands Correctly Here are some simple steps for scrubbing those germs away. Demonstrate this routine to your child – or better yet, wash your hands together with your child several times a day so he or she learns how important this good habit is. 1. Wash your hands in warm water. Make sure the water isn’t too hot for little hands. 2. Use soap and lather up for about 10 to 15 seconds (antibacterial soap isn’t necessary – any soap will do.) Make sure you get in between the fingers and under the nails where uninvited germs like to hang out. And don’t forget the wrists! 3. Rinse and dry well with a clean towel. To minimize the germs passed around your family, make frequent hand washing a rule for everyone, especially: • before eating and cooking • after using the bathroom • after cleaning around the house

NIE Coordinator: Dana Wolfe / Graphic Designer: Scarlett E. Smith

One in three people do not wash their hands after using the restroom. • after touching animals, including family pets • before and after visiting or taking care of any sick friends or relatives • after blowing one’s nose, coughing or sneezing • after being outside (playing, gardening, walking the dog, etc.) Don’t underestimate the power of handwashing! The few seconds you spend at the sink with your child could save you trips to the doctor’s office.

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Newspapers In Education Visit NIE online at www.sidneydailynews.com, www.troydailynews.com or www.dailycall.com

NIE Coordinator: Dana Wolfe / Graphic Designer: Scarlett E. Smith

Word of the Week boycott — to join together in abstaining from, or preventing dealings with, as a means of protest or coercion: to boycott a store

Newspaper Knowledge Is freedom of the press important? After reading the newspaper for six weeks, write a report on whether you feel freedom of the press is a vital need in our society.

Words To Know vaccine integration jazz promote landslide development guilty restrains peaceful source culture performer popular

Albert Einstein

Everyone Is Important In the United States, communities do not become successful just because of government actions. In every community, actions of individual citizens play an important role. Some of those actions are connected to government, such as voting in national, state and local elections. Others are simply the work of people who choose to become involved, be active in their neighborhoods and make things better for their children, neighbors and others.

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4. Finish with a paragraph describing something that you and your friends could do to make things better in your neighborhood or commu1. In the print, electronic or Web edition of the newspaper, find a person nity. making the news by getting involved to solve a problem, help people in ________________________________________________________ need or improve a neighborhood. ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 2. Write a summary of what the person is addressing and why. ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 3. Write a short letter to the editor of the newspaper thanking this per________________________________________________________ son for his/her efforts. ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________

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