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Presidential Election

Word of the Week elect — to choose or elect by vote, as for an office

WHAT ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ DOES THE PRESIDENT

Newspaper Knowledge Which jobs, found in the Help Wanted ads, are most like the job of president? Check those ads and list all of the similar jobs that you find. Then write a Help Wanted ad for president. Be sure to list the qualities of the person you seek and the responsibilities of the job.

Did You Know? Who Can Be President? Our country’s Founding Fathers wrote a document, called the Constitution, to outline the way the nation would work. The Constitution requires that a candidate for the presidency be a “natural-born” citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States (that is, someone who lives there) for at least 14 years.

Write On! Write a letter to the newly elected president expressing your hopes and fears for the future of the country. Write one paragraph on domestic affairs (those taking place at home in the United States) and one on foreign affairs (those taking place in another country). Use the newspaper as a resource. Focus on how presidential actions affect the lives of young people. Consider mailing your letter to the White House through the Website

NIE Coordinator: Dana Wolfe / Graphic Designer: Scarlett E. Smith


The American government, as designed by our Founding Fathers at the Constitutional Convention, has three parts, or branches – the executive, the legislative and the judicial. The Founding Fathers set it up this way so that each branch of the government could do its job and also check to see that the other branches worked the way they should. It was neither too weak nor too strong. Thus, in the Constitution, they created an executive with definite and limited powers. This is known as a system of checks and balances.

POWERS AND LIMITATIONS Thanks to these “checks and balances,” the actions of the president are always controlled. The president has powers in five areas of government, all of which are checked by the legislative and/or judicial branches. So, may the president do anything he wants? No. The president may not break laws while he is in office. The House of Representatives can bring impeachment charges against the president for “treason, bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors.” If it does, the president is then tried by the Senate with the Chief Justice of the United States overseeing the trial. A two-thirds majority of each house of Congress is needed to convict the president and remove him from office. Presidents Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton were impeached. That means there were charges brough against them, but neither man was found guilty and convicted. President Richard M. Nixon resigned while facing certain ■ Chief Legislator/Lawmaker impeachment. He can veto (that is, reject or throw out) THE PRESIDENT’S JOBS any bill passed by Congress, or he can Being president is actually five jobs in use his influence (power) on Congress to one. Here are job descriptions for each of get a bill passed. But Congress can the duties of the president. override (throw out) the president’s veto by a two-thirds majority. ■ Chief Executive ■ Chief Diplomat He enforces the Constitution and the laws passed by Congress. He can issue He determines U.S. foreign policy (that is, executive orders but they may be how our country deals with other declared unconstitutional in the courts. countries), he negotiates treaties, and he He chooses all government officials, picks ambassadors (the government including Cabinet officers, Supreme officials we send to other countries). As Court Justices, and others, but the with his other choices, however, possible Senate must approve the people he ambassadors must be approved by picks. Congress.

■ Commander-in-Chief The president is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces – the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines. He chooses the top military commanders and gives them military advice. He also may order them into action, either within the United States or in a foreign countries. But the president may not send U.S. troops to international conflicts for more than 90 days without Congress making a formal declaration of war. ■ Chief of State He represents our country by attending events and entertains other world leaders when they visit the United States.

Voting today Voting is free and it’s easy. To vote, you must be a citizen of the United States, live in the city and state where you plan to vote, and be at least 18 years old. Until 1971, you had to be at least 21 years old to vote but the Constitution was changed to lower the minimum age to 18. This change, which was accomplished by the 26th Amendment to the Constitution, happened after many young Americans fought a bloody war in Vietnam. People felt that anyone who was old enough to fight for the country should have the right to vote for its leaders.

Class Of The Month

But even if you’re not yet 18, you’ll want to pay attention to the election. Learn what you can about the candidates and the issues.You’ll be able to have informed talks with your parents and friends of voting age, maybe even influence their choices. And you’ll be better able to understand how the choices they make affect you. Then, when you have reached age 18, you’ll be able to cast your vote wisely.

THE CHALLENGE Assume that you are a reporter tomorrow.Your assignment is to write an account of tomorrow’s election to be recorded in history. Describe the day’s elections in less than 300 words.You may choose to write your account as “hard news” (inverted pyramid fashion) or you may opt to write your account as a brief editorial comment on the significance of the election day results. Be sure to consider the election results in view of the future needs of our society and our citizens.

Mrs. Ellis 2nd/3rd Grade Students - K Kids (Springcreek Elementary) Piqua Class of the Month of November for composing leftovers from school lunches!

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Answers — Ronald Wants To Know: government, elect, chief of state, candidate, vote


Newspapers In Education Visit NIE online at, or

NIE Coordinator: Dana Wolfe / Graphic Designer: Scarlett E. Smith

Word of the Week (In Our Time) The American Century – 1900-1999 decade — a period of ten years

Newspaper Knowledge During election years, the local election process can be read about and studied in detail. • When are elections held? • How are the candidates chosen? • A student can report on the work of each office for which there is a candidate. In what ways can each office affect your life? • Who can vote in an election? Should everyone eligible to vote do so? • How do voters decide for whom to vote?

Words To Know support rights vote express opinion banned coverage

Rights and Freedoms

In the United States, citizens have many rights and freedoms. Some of the most important are spelled out in the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which set up the national government. Those 10 amendments contain such important freedoms that they are known as the nation’s Bill of Rights. The freedoms found in the First Amendment are among the most familiar in America – freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom to assemble and freedom to petition, or ask, the government to correct problems. 1. As a class, discuss the First Amendment freedoms and what they protect. 2. Search the print, electronic or Web edition of the newspaper, its archives or the Internet for an example of each freedom. For each, write a sentence describing how the situation would be different if the freedom did not exist. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 3. Freedom of speech is one of the most important freedoms. It covers what people say and write, what they express in art and what they show on TV, in movies or on the Internet. Find an example of freedom of speech in the print, electronic or Web edition of the newspaper. Write a paragraph describing what is being protected and why this free expression or exchange of ideas is important to the nation. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

Local Miami and Shelby County schools are competing until November 16th in a contest called the Fall-tab-a-Pull-ooza for America Recycles Day on November 15th. If you have pull tabs that you would like to take to the schools, the names and addresses are below. The money from the pull tabs will be given to the Ronald McDonald House in Dayton. Hook Elementary, 729 Trade Square West, Troy St. Patricks, 420 E. Water St., Troy Bradford Elementary, 740 Railroad Ave., Bradford Van Cleve Elementary, 617 E. Main St., Troy Newton Local, 201 Long St., Pleasant Hill Kyle Elementary, 501 S. Plum St., Troy Bethel Local Schools, 7490 S. St. Rt. 201, Tipp City Holy Angels School, 120 E. Water St., Sidney Troy High School ASTRA Club, 151 W. Staunton Rd., Troy Bennett Intermediate, 625 N. County Rd. 25-A, Piqua Nicholas School, 1306 Garbry Road, Piqua Concord Elementary School, 3145 W. St. Rt. 718, Troy Russia School, 100 School Street, Russia Washington School, 800 N. Sunset Dr., Piqua

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