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CIS

President’s Council on Informatization Strategies

교육(Education)3.0과 스마트(Smart)러닝 장 상현 (Jang Sang-Hyun) 한국교육학술정보원 책임연구원 대통령소속국가정보화전략위원회 전문위원 Global Education Leaders’ Program 회원 1


This is not a perfect storm

CLIMATE CHANGE IS COMING TO EDUCATION

Š 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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Global Pressures Are Changing the World of Learning and the Place of Learning in Our World

Š 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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Accelerating Technological Change Demands Different Skills

Š 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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This much we know

LEARNING IS CHANGING

Š 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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Pervasive technology

Power of informal learning

Learning is changing

Living in a social network

A world of free content A lifelong learning journey Š 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

New world of research Cisco Confidential

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You can’t get there from here

WHY INCREMENTAL REFORM WILL NOT WORK

© 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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Bigger ≠ Better 

Increased ‘schoolification’ cannot succeed Ten million new teachers will be needed to get an additional 260 million students into education systems in China, India, Indonesia, and Nigeria

We’re fighting the wrong battle More years in school does not improve economic performance – improved learning does

Internal, incremental reform is challenged by education systems’ complexity and interdependence

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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Putting Education Systems at the Heart of the Learning Society Achieved in Holistic Transformation

Education 3.0 Education 2.0 21st Century Learning

Education 1.0

Traditional Education Systems

Curriculum

Leadership Š 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

High-quality Infrastructure & Technology

Leadership, People & Culture

Teachers Accountability

21st Century Curriculum, Pedagogy & Assessment

Supported by Adapted System Reform 9


Compare technology with education Web1.0 Web1.0

2.0

3.0 Education 3.0

Education 2.0 21st Century Learning

Education 1.0

the 20th Century Education • Access • Quality challenges • Variable practices and standards • Limited processes and set standards © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

System Reform Phase

Emerging paradigm of 21st Century learning

• Professionalize processes

• System reform of Education 2.0 -> new pedagogy

• Set standards

• Web 2.0 -> new skill Cisco Confidential

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Approach – Finding the Path to 21st Century Learning

Holistic Transformation

21st Century Skills

Adapted System Reform

Technology

21st Century Pedagogy

Š 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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Approach – Finding the Path to 21st Century Learning  Holistic Transformation  Acquire a range of skills needed to succeed in a modern, globalized world  Receive tailored instruction that enables them to reach their full potential

 Connect to their communities in person and digitally, and interact with people from different cultures  Continue learning throughout their lives © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Approach – Finding the Path to 21st Century Learning  21st century skills  Problem solving and decision making  Creative and critical thinking  Collaboration, communication, and negotiation  Intellectual curiosity and the ability to find, select,

structure, and evaluate information

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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LTWF : Learning & Technology World Forum Communication Collaboration(teamwork)

Thinking

Creativity and innovation Critical thinking, problem solving, decision making Learning to learn, Metacognition

Tools for Working

Living In the World Citizenship Life and career Personal & social responsibility

Š 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Working

Cisco Confidential

Information literacy ICT literacy

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Approach – Finding the Path to 21st Century Learning  21st century pedagogy  The learner at the center : to multiple learning styles and adapts education to reflect the learning needs of each individual The teacher draws from a repertoire of strategies and skills

 Interdisciplinary and project-based work  Authenticity

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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Approach – Finding the Path to 21st Century Learning  Technology

• down costs, improve performance management, increase security • extended access to learning opportunities around the world © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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Approach – Finding the Path to 21st Century Learning  Technology

• On the other hand, failed to live up to the potential claimed for it a decade age • Despite these challenges, designed around the principles of creativity and collaboration are likely to prove central to both 21st century pedagogies and 21st century skills • Need to overcome the three significant barriers - access(broadband) - traditional methods of training and development for teachers and administrators - design © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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Approach – Finding the Path to 21st Century Learning  21st Century System Leadership The Education 2.0 pillars of system reform will need to be adapted significantly for Education 3.0 Teachers

Teacher training and professional development

Core subjects And New 21st century skills

Measure the impact of new skills and pedagogy in the classroom

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Curriculum and assessment

Accountability for outcomes 18


Global Education Leaders’ Program (GELP)

 Purpose support and enable key system leaders to accelerate the shift towards Education3.0  Sponsor : Cisco from Sept, 2009  Jurisdiction - cohort 1 : New York

England

Victoria

Ontario

- cohort 2 : Finland New Zealand Australia © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Chaoyang

South Korea 19


Global Education Leaders’ Program (GELP Korea)  Launch : Apr, 2010  Member : MEST, KEDI, KICE, KERIS, EBS  Induction Program : Sept, 2010  Beijing Event : Nov, 2010 Seoul Event : May, 2011

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Global Education Leaders’ Program (GELP Korea) •dissatisfaction with the present • openness to disruption • political and cultural context • horizons of time and space • transformational leadership

Education 3.0

INNOVATION AND TRANSFORMAT ION ZONE

Education 2.0 © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

create models, examplars and prototypes 21


Have you ever heard “Smart Learning” ?

WHAT IS THE SMART LEARNING?

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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APPROACH – TECHNOLOGY ASPECT For when you hear “Smart Learning” ?

WHAT IS THE DEFERENCE BETWEEN UBIQUITOUS AND SMART LEARNING?

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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APPROACH – TECHNOLOGY ASPECT u-Learning ① 지식기반의 평생학습시대에 국민의 학습권리를 최대한 보장하고, 학습

복지를 구현하기 위해 유비쿼터스 컴퓨팅 기술을 중심으로한 정보통신기술을 바탕으로 하여 학습자가 개인적 장애, 시간, 장소, 환경에 구애받지 않고 학습할 수 있도록 학습과 환경, 개인의 삶을

통합한 학습체제(교육과학기술부, 2009)

② 유비쿼터스 학습환경을 기반으로 시간, 장소, 환경등에 구애받지 않고

일상생활 속에서 언제, 어디서나, 원하는 학습을 할 수 있게 되는 교육 형태(한국교육학술정보원, 2005)

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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APPROACH – TECHNOLOGY ASPECT 스마트러닝 유러닝 이러닝

ICT활용교육 학습관리 (LMS)

이동학습 (m-Learning)

지능형맞춤학습 (Intelligent, adapted)

모바일 콘텐츠 증강현실콘텐츠

지능형진단평가 앱서비스 SNS 활용

특징적 학습형태

컴퓨터보조수업 (CAI) 인터넷활용교육 (WBI)

주요 서비스

에듀넷(문자통신) EBS위성방송 사이버학습교재

주요 기기

데스크탑PC

인터넷PC

모바일노트북 PDA, PMP

스마트폰

시기

1996년 이후

2003년 이후

2005년 이후

2010년 이후

사이버가정학습 EBS수능인터넷방송

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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APPROACH – SMART LEARNING 21세기 지식정보화 사회의 새로운 교육학(pedagogy), 교육과정(Curriculum), 평가(Assesment), 교사(Teachers) 등 교육 전반에 대한 변화를 이끌기 위한

지능형 맞춤 교수-학습 체제, 스마트러닝은 ① 학교 교실 안과 밖에서 이뤄지는

교수-학습을 지원하고, ② 학습자가 스스로 학습을 설계할 수 있도록 지원하는 형태 등

으로 다양하게 이루어질 수 있음

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Cisco Confidential

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Reference  Equipping Every Learner for the 21st Century(2010, Cisco)  The Learning Society(2010, Cisco)  Michael Stevenson “Presentation” in 2010 GELP Beijing  http://gelp.socialtext.net/gelp/

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

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제20회수요포럼_스마트러닝