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EXPRESSION OF INTEREST W Y N D H A M G A T E W A Y P R O J E C T A L E X W O O H Y U K C H O I


CONTENTS CASE FOR INNOVATION ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE PARAMETRIC MODELLING CASE FOR INNOVATION CONCLUSION

RESEARCH PROJECT SCOPE OF POSSIBILITIES RESEARCH PROJECT CONCLUSION

DESIGN PROPOSAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE AND OUTCOME

PARAMETRIC DESIGN CAN BE FOUND EVERYWHERE ESPECIALLY IN NATURE FORMS OF NATURE ARE DECIDED ACCORDING TO PERFORMANCE AND ADAPTABILITY THE GRAIN SIZE OF SAND ON THE BEACH ARE DERIVED FROM ADAPTABILITY FROM SEA WAVE PATTERN ON THE SAND IS DERIVED FROM GRAIN SIZE AND WIND SPEED AND DIRECTION - thought, on the way to home 17/04/12


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CASE INNOVATION ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE PARAMETRIC MODELLING CASE FOR INNOVATION CONCLUSION


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RCHITECTURE AS A DISCOU RSE Origamic Architecture

Origamic Architecture begun with Professor Masahiro Chatani’s experiments with greeting card became new-way of architecture in terms of getting inspiration and developing design. There are a number of type of Origamic Architecture. In one style, a folded paper is cut in a way of making form that will be revealed when paper is unfolded in a 90 degree. Moreover, shape and forms are expressed not by the pop-up paper but also shadows made by paper floating. As well as the paper is cut through thorough consideration of the form to express, also, Origamic Architecture is used in a way of making unexpected pattern by cutting a multiple-folded paper with scissor. Professor Chatani thought this three-dimensional pattern created could be a good way of teaching architectural design and appreciation of architecture and, also, inspiring interest in mathematics and arts.


ANOTHER POSSIBILITY OF DESIGN

In terms of creating new way of architectural thinking, it sounds similar with Parametric Architecture that I am getting to involve. As Jerome said in tutorial, as long as we can think parametric design in our brain, we do not need the parametric program such as grasshopper and rhino. Applying this into Origamic Architecture, as long as we can imagine and describe the repetition of different pattern paper cutting, we do not need the paper and scissor. As can be seen when Frank Gehry got inspiration of Guggenheim museum, he just crumpled a piece of paper and threw it on the desk to get new form which can hardly be designed by human brain.

Perhaps, I suggest that those ways of architecture is a kind of breaking through of human brain which already get used to the regular shape of design. Some said that people feel most comfortable in rectangle space rather than triangle or organic shape. However, if that is because our brain just get used to rectangular shape, we have to consider again about what the best design is. In a position of a student proposing parametric design, The Ideal alternative design in parametric architecture will be found, which is beyond the space a human brain can imagine.


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OMPUTING IN ARCHITECTU RE INFRARED: MADREN 5340

Madren 5340 is a temporary installation designed and fabricated by infrared in the context of the platform 1 exhibition, organized by ArqLab and the Art|House gallery bar. The theme of the exhibition was asking for proposals that would investigate the concept of private or personal space, like that of one’s own bedroom. Infrared focused on the idea of a filter the regulates what comes in and what stays out from such a personal space. The idea of the filter was represented in space by a patterned surface. That surface/filter is regulating the amount of light that passes through it. The surface was made in its entirety out of paper tubes, creating this way a perforated ‘facade’ that played with the light and the visibility (or their absence). The surface was generated algorithmically through an interpolation between several sine curves of different wave length and amplitude. The difference in the wave length resulted in a doubly curved surface that maximized, through its curvature and its footprint, the stability of the structure. The surface was then populated by the paper tubes that were positioned perpendicularly to its vertical direction. The solution was afterwards optimized for fabrication reasons. In effect, each paper-tube is becoming something between a votex and a pixel: it is positioned in space trying to represent a thin volume that reads as a surface - the properties of the votex - while at the same time displays a certain intensity of light - the properties of the pixel. The aggregation of the tubes is approximating the curvature of the initial surface.


INFRARED: MADREN 5340

This can be called as ‘Innovative architectural design’ which satisfying aesthetic manners and functional manners at the same time. Scientific figures imported onto computer and computer realized combining them with design. Dividing area into numerous points and giving each different properties according to light and shadow is not something can be done easily with human brain. But as long as we have some idea, as computer is just tool not creating intelligence, we can realize it with computer which has least error and mistake, not like human brain, as Kalay said on the book, ‘Architectures New Media.’


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ARAMETRIC MODELLING NATIONAL PERFORMING ARTS CENTRE BY ZAHA HADID

The voronoi pattern has been applied on the master plan of whole site. Regarding to its geometry, entrance decision and movement, Zaha Hadid allocated the space according to its spacial needs and relationship with adjacent space. Moreover, the cell shape of voronoi pattern has decided the facade, canopy and roof of buildings itself, ending up with fluid organic architectural forms.


nEW CZECH NATIONAL LIBRARY BY OCEAN NORTH and Scheffler + Partner

The New Czech National Library shows the great potential of parametric design, branches of design, which is able only through parametric design that such complexities can be formed. Moreover, the metaphor of a lime tree symbolise growth, evolution and cultural progression

VOUSSOIR CLOUD BY IwamotoScott Architecture

Voussoirs, the wedge shaped masonry blocks that make up an arch, are redefined in Voussoir Cloud using a system of three-dimensional modules formed by folding paper thin wood laminate along curved seams. It intentionally confuses the structural and material operation, the designing process is focused on calibrating the relationship of digital model to physical result.


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A S E F O R I N N O VA T I O N CONCLUSION The possibilities of Parametric modeling, as can be seen on precedents, are vast. It reaches, as Origamic architecture explores, another level of architecture and presents reliable and reasonable design by parameterized with specific data. Not as a mere tool, it is able to represent meaning and solution at the same time, moreover, giving another whole new perspective of design.

The difference between Parametric modeling and computer modeling is this: In a car, Saying that the driver seat is located at right side is mere computer modeling (which only can be applied in a few countries). On the other hand, Saying the driver seat is located at side closer to centre line of road is parametric modelling (which can be applied all around world. - thought on the way to home 30/03/12

For Wyndham Gateway Project, the design proposal will be something about the context of Wyndham city, in terms of growth and developments, represented by parametric design along with unique functionality, engaged in site context which is beside of highway.


RESEARCH PROJECT

SCOPE OF POSSIBILITIES INPUT / ASSOCIATION / OUTPUT MATRIX REVERSE-ENGINEERED CASE-STUDY


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U T P R O J EC T M A T R I X input

OUTput

DATA DRIVEN COMPONENTS

DATA DRIVEN EXTRUSION

DATA DRIVEN ROTATION

ARBITRARY POINTS BOOLEAN

PATTERNING

CURVE INT


NTERSECTIONS

EXPLICIT GRIDS

OVERLAPPING PATTERNS

SURFACE GRIDS USING

SURFACE NORMALS


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U T P R O J EC T M A T R I X SELECTED ASSOCIATION

ATTRACTOR POINTS

IMAGE SAMPLER

ROTATION

MULTIPLE FUNCTION

BOOLEAN PATTERN

Attractor points affects on whole pattern according to its location and intensity. Therefore, it can be manipulated in architectural ways such as location of columns of facade, location of windows and size of outside view to be revealed.

Image sampler is another powerful tool to manipulate surface according to contrast and brightness of the image. Through this, pattern can be expressed on surface in a way of concave and convex. For instance, when the picture of outside view entered, the pattern on facade can reveal outside according to its variation of colour.


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E - ENGINEEREING C A S E S T U DY BANQ RESTAURANT

In Banq restaurant built at base of old bank, which had been left for years, parametric modeling has been used as a solution to create a fancy restaurant out from abandoned place. A striated wood-slatted system pattern hides and reveals surrounding at the same time. It hides the system of ceiling from sight, but it does not interrupt any air circulation to duct which is essential for he restaurant. According to the depth of each timber piece, the angle where we can see the system on a ceiling increases or decreases. Therefore, they thickened the depth of timber on ceiling in order to hide the systems, but on the wall, they reduced the depth of timber piece where the views where they intend to show are.


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E - ENGINEEREING C A S E S T U DY BANQ RESTAURANT

IMAGE SAMPLER As discussed earlier, we chose ‘Image Sampler’ in order to manipulate surface along with some image. I found out that the image does not have to be the pattern. According to, in the case of BANQ, the architectural plan regarding to some facilities on the ceiling, It was able to manipulate the brightness/contrast value in photoshop. It was much more powerful tool than attractor point as we can play around with diverse data on the planar surface. However, in case of linear pattern or organic architectural form, ‘Attractor curve’ or ‘Attractor point’ might be more suitable.

INTERPOLATE CURVE AND OFFSET To duplicate the curved which has pattern toward Z-axis in order to make it surface, I used ‘Interpolate Curve’ to draw lines through elevated points and ‘Offset’ to make another line to be connected as surface. Then four ‘Edge surface’ were used and those are joined. In my opinion, as long as we cut the material through the line, it depends on the thickness of material, not on the how much it is offset. Therefore, the thickness of material has to be considered thoroughly when giving intervals of each panels.


DESIGN PROPOSAL WYNDHAM CITY SITE CONTEXT ASSEMBLY METHOD MATRIX OF ANGLE PHYSICAL EXPERIMENT FEEDBACK


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Y N D H A M C I T Y

Our focus is to display the recent influx of cultural growth within in the council of Wyndham. To display such grown, the imaginary of the tree is utilised to illustrate this. The thriving nature of the tree is therefore one of the main concepts within our design phase to highlight the cultural growth of Wyndham council. Hence, we are not only aiming to create a proposal that is interesting and eye catching, but also to provide an impression that lasts long after the first experience

SEED OF CHANGE


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T E C O N T E X T WYNDHAM GATEWAY PROJECT

We choose this design method in terms of site context of highway, which has to be played with angle. As driving through highway, drivers hardly care about the something beside of the road when the passengers do. Drivers just focusing on the road, catching a hurried glimpse of sculpture. As considering the drivers’ sight and passengers’ sight at the same time, we found some connection of design principle from the Banq restaurant. Drivers scarcely turn their head around to see the objects beside of the road, they just see the objects in the angle when driving and approaching. On the other hand, the passengers on the back sear see the object in a right angle from their seat. They lower the window of back seat and turn their head to look around. Therefore, in this two different driving experience in different angle, the striated slatted system can be suggested as a solution in terms of sight angle of observers. With variation of depths of panel, driver can see some patterns on the wall, at the same time, the passengers are still able to see the landscape beside highway with looking through the striped wall panels.


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E S I G N P ROPOSAL WYNDHAM GATEWAY PROJECT

Based on research and interest of Parametric design, our design proposal has been produced. As mentioned before, it is mainly focused on angles, especially, from sight of driver and passenger. As a driver approaching to the object, he or she will take a bit of glimpse of the object, keeping focusing on the road mainly. However, from the passengers sitting on the seat, they only can see the pattern from a right angle from pattern. We can develop this design further by playing with some different pattern which can be seen in different angles. As Jerome said in presentation, it can be played with two different advertisement for different ages, such as, advertisement for 3040s for driver and that for 0-10s for passenger. By the way, as we are to deliver and express ‘growing Wyndham City’ symbolically, tree has been expressed on physical model temporally, however, it will be developed further with more diverse angle and experience.


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S S E M B L Y M E T H O D GRASSHOPPER We developed our design from BANQ restaurant. The design challenge for this was creating a fancy restaurant out from abandoned place for years. Through this parametric design method, they could hide some old features and reveal outside view at the same time. The timber panels do not interrupt air circulation of the duct on the ceiling, but hide ceiling from visitor’s sight by giving depth on timber panels. At the same time, through narrow timber panel on the wall people still can enjoy outside view. ‘Playing with eye angle’. The definitions of grasshopper below can project some patterns on surface in angles which is parameterized. Therefore, when approaching to object, the pattern can be seen only to the drivers in some parameterized angle. According to vector angle and domain parameters we can give For passenger, when they see the patterned wall in a right angle, they still can see the landscape through the panels aligned in a right angle.


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A T R I X O F A N G L E SIGHT OF DRIVER

30 DEGREE

DOMAIN 1.0 - 3.0 PROJECTED IN 30 DEGREE

DOMAIN 1.0 - 5.0 PROJECTED IN 45 DEGREE

DOMAIN 0.0 - 6.5 PROJECTED IN 60 DEGREE

45 DEGREE

60 DEGREE


SIGHT OF PASSENGER

90 DEGREE

90 DEGREE

90 DEGREE

DOMAIN 1.0 - 3.0 PROJECTED IN 30 DEGREE

DOMAIN 1.0 - 5.0 PROJECTED IN 45 DEGREE

DOMAIN 0.0 - 6.5 PROJECTED IN 60 DEGREE


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H Y S I C A L EXPERIMENT 1.0 MM BOXBOARD

30 DEGREE

45 DEGREE

60 DEGREE


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EEDBACK FROM P R ES E N TAT I O N DAVE & JEROME

- CONSIDERING ANGLES AND SITE CONTEXT WAS A GOOD STARTING POINT - PATTERNS CAN BE MANIPULATED WITH MORE ANGLES AND PERSPECTIVE - FROM THIS POSSIBILITIES, DIVERSE APPLICATIONS ARE ABLE, SUCH AS ADVERTISEMENT, SIGNAL OR CEILING


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EXPRESSION OF INTEREST