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Classical and Late Antique Studies New Titles and Key Backlist 2010/11

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Orders Order direct by using the order form in this catalogue, or order online at: www.ashgate.com Alternatively, telephone Bookpoint on: +44 (0)1235 827730, quoting the reference number H1DNA

Publishing Proposals If you have a book proposal, please contact one of our commissioning editors: Thomas Gray tgray@ashgatepublishing.com John Smedley jsmedley@ashgatepublishing.com Emily Yates eyates@ashgatepublishing.com

Review Copies For review copies of titles in this catalogue, please contact: Jackie Bressanelli Telephone: +44 (0)1252 736600 Fax: +44 (0)1252 736736 Email: jbressanelli@ashgatepublishing.com Please state the name of the publication in which the review will be published.

Cover Image: Bronze statue of the dancing faun, located at The House of the Faun, Pompeii, Italy. Courtesy of istockphoto.com

Contents Archaeology, Art and Architecture.....................3 History.....................................................................4 Language and Literature......................................8 Patristic Studies and Theology.........................10 Philosophy ...........................................................14 Order Form........................................... Back cover


Archaeology, Art and Architecture Image Making in Byzantium, Sasanian Persia and the Early Muslim World Images and Cultures Anthony Cutler, Pennsylvania State University, USA Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS905 Relations between Byzantium and its neighbours are the focus of this volume. The papers address questions of cultural exchange, with special attention to art historical relations as shown by technical, iconographic and diplomatic exchanges. While addressed to specialists, both their approach and the language make these papers accessible to students at all levels. Contents: Visual communities in Byzantium and medieval Islam; Silver across the Euphrates: forms of exchange between Sasanian Persia and the late Roman empire; Constantinople and Córdoba: cultural exchange and cultural differences in the 9th and 10th centuries; Ivory working in Umayyad Córdoba: techniques and implications; A Christian ewer with Islamic imagery and the question of Arab gastarbeiter in Byzantium; The image of the word in Byzantium and Islam: an essay in art historical geodesy; Gifts and gift exchange as aspects of the Byzantine, Arab, and related economies; Everywhere and nowhere: the invisible Muslim and Christian self-fashioning in the culture of Outremer; The emperor’s old clothes; actual and virtual vesting and the transmission of power in Byzantium and Islam; The parallel universes of Arab and Byzantine art (with special reference to the Fatimid era); Tiles and tribulations: a community of clay across Byzantium and its adversaries; Imagination and documentation: eagle silks in Byzantium, the Latin West, and ‘Abbasid Baghdad; Reuse or use? Theoretical and practical attitudes toward objects in the early Middle Ages; Addenda and corrigenda; Index. Includes 125 b&w illustrations February 2009 322 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-5949-5 £80.00

Living Ruins, Value Conflicts Argyro Loukaki, Open University, Greece Heritage, Culture and Identity ‘Loukaki’s book is excellent. The book is written in a highly intelligent way and Loukaki presents us with both exceptional theoretical and empirical insights.’ European Spatial Research and Policy Using monuments and ruins by way of illustration, this fascinating book examines the symbolic, ideological, geographical and aesthetic importance of Greek classical iconography for the Western world. It shows the ways in which archaeology and monumentality affect modern life, our notions of nationhood, of place, of self – and the limits and possibilities imposed by the need to ensure ruins are kept ‘alive’. February 2008 384 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-7228-9 £65.00

FORTHCOMING Reuse, Value, Erasure Critical Views on Spolia and Appropriation in Art and Architecture Richard Brilliant, Columbia University, USA and Dale Kinney, Bryn Mawr College, USA The attraction of the topic has to do with the contemporary fascination with reuse, recycling, recuperation, representation - all analogies examined from multiple perspectives in our book. Without wishing to be gatekeepers of the concept, we do feel that revisionism may already be in order, before the notion of spolia becomes too laden with fixed associations and assumptions that prevent it from doing maximal critical work. The first essay is by the scholar most responsible for the popularity of spolia studies in the later 20th century, Arnold Esch, whose seminal article “Spolien” was published just forty years ago, in 1969. Subsequent essays treat, broadly speaking, late Roman antiquity, the western middle ages, the Renaissance, the European Enlightenment, the 20th-century U.S., medieval and modern attitudes to spolia in contested zones of India, and contemporary visual culture. c. 45 b&w illustrations August 2011 c. 230 pages Hardback 978-1-4094-2422-2

c. £55.00

Style and Function in Roman Decoration Living with Objects and Interiors Ellen Swift, University of Kent, UK ‘Swift suggests interesting ways in which the “minor arts” could play active roles in the creation of status and gender in the later Roman empire, paving the way for future work in this area.’ Bryn Mawr Classical Review This important book puts forward a new interpretation of Roman decorative art, focusing on the function of decoration in the social context. It examines the three principal areas of social display and conspicuous consumption in the Roman world: social space, entertainment, and dress, and discusses the significance of the decoration of objects and interiors within these contexts, drawing on examples from the early Imperial period to Late Antiquity, including mosaics and other interior décor, silver plate, glass and pottery vessels, and jewellery and other dress accessories. Swift demonstrates the importance of decoration in creating and maintaining social networks and identities and fostering appropriate social behaviour, and its role in perpetuating social convention and social norms. Contents: Preface; Introduction; Interiors: non-figurative floor mosaics and other domestic decoration; Vessels: articles for dining and toiletry; Dress: Jewellery and accessories; Conclusion; Bibliography; Index. Includes 16 colour, 70 b&w illustrations and 2 tables April 2009 264 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6563-2 £55.00

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History Archaeology and History in Roman, Medieval and Post-Medieval Greece Studies on Method and Meaning in Honor of Timothy E. Gregory Edited by William R. Caraher, University of North Dakota, USA, Linda Jones Hall, St. Mary’s College of Maryland, USA and R. Scott Moore, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, USA Bringing together studies of archaeological method and analysis with detailed work of historical interpretation, this demonstrates how analysis informed by multiple disciplines sheds new light on such topics as the end of Antiquity, the so-called Byzantine Dark Ages, the contours of the emerging Byzantine civilization and the complex character of identity in post-medieval Greece. More broadly, this volume shows how the study of the material culture of post-classical Greece has made major contributions to both the larger archaeological and historical discourse. Contents: Introduction: A tribute to Timothy E. Gregory, William R. Caraher, Linda Jones Hall and R. Scott Moore. Methods and Analyses: Medieval archaeology in Greece: a historical overview, Effie F. Athanassopoulos; Presenting and negotiating the evidence: continuing debates of relationships between text and archaeology in Roman social history, Penelope M. Allison; Earthquakes and subsidence at Kenchreai: using recent earthquakes to reconsider the archaeological and literary evidence, Richard M. Rothaus, Eduard G. Reinhardt and Jay S. Noller; Pausanias, William Martin Leake and the ‘depopulation’ of Ancient Greece, Jon M. Frey; Integrating archaeological survey and remote sensing in a study of the Neolithic-Copper Age transition on the Great Hungarian Plain, Richard W. Yerkes; Interpreting the past through the present: the ethnographic, ethnoarchaeological, and experimental study of early agriculture, P. Nick Kardulias; Late antique archaeology and the internet, Samuel B. Fee; A decade later: the chronotype system revisited, R. Scott Moore. The Archaeology of Identity: Lesbos in late antiquity: live evidence and new models for religious change, Anthony Kaldellis; Baths of Constantinople: an urban symbol in a changing world, Fikret Yegül; The Panagia Myrtidiotissa: the changing image of a Kytherian icon, Stavros A. Paspalas; The archaeology of xenetia: Greek-American material culture, 1873–1924, Kostis Kourelis. The Changing Landscape: The end of Ancient Corinth? Views from the landscape, David K. Pettegrew; Constructing memories: hagiography, church architecture, and the religious landscape of Middle Byzantine Greece, William S. Caraher; Leo’s Peloponnesian fire-tower and the Byzantine watch-tower on Acrocorinth, Joseph L. Rife; Cemeteries in the countryside: an archaeological investigation of the modern mortuary landscape in the Eastern Korinthia and Northern Kythera, Lita Tzortzopoulou-Gregory; Index. Includes 69 b&w illustrations, maps and plans October 2008 372 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6442-0 £65.00

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Barbarians, Maps, and Historiography Studies on the Early Medieval West Walter Goffart, University of Toronto, Canada, and Yale University, USA Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS916 The main focus in this second collection by Walter Goffart is on two types of historiography, early medieval narratives, with special attention to Bede’s Historia ecclesiastica and printed maps designed to portray and teach history, with special attention to the ubiquitous ‘map of the barbarian invasions’. The wide-ranging concerns represented extend from the underside of the Life of St Severinus of Noricum, and further evidence for dating Beowulf, to the questions whether the barbarian invasions period was a ‘heroic age’ and how Charlemagne shaped his own succession. The volume closes with a section of further thoughts on the essays reprinted. Contents: Preface; Two notes on Germanic antiquity today; What’s wrong with the map of barbarian invasions?; The map of barbarian invasions: a preliminary report; The map of barbarian invasions: a longer look; Does the Vita S. Severini have an underside?; Conspicuously absent: martial heroism in the Histories of Gregory of Tours and its likes; Bede’s Uera lex historiae explained; The Historia ecclesiastica: Bede’s agenda and ours; Bede’s History in a harsher climate; Paul the Deacon’s Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium and the early design of Charlemagne’s succession; Charters earlier than 800 from French collections; Le problème des Translationes S. Liborii; The first venture into ‘medieval geography’: Lambarde’s map of the Saxon heptarchy (1568); Hetware and Hugas: datable anachronisms in Beowulf; The name ‘Meringovian’ and the dating of Beowulf; Christian pessimism on the walls of the Vatican Galleria delle carte geografiche; Addenda; Additional articles (annotated list); Index. Includes 5 b&w illustrations and 2 maps March 2009 344 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-5984-6 £70.00


History

NEW Digital Research in the Study of Classical Antiquity Edited by Gabriel Bodard, King’s College, London, UK and Simon Mahony, University College London, UK Digital Research in the Arts and Humanities ‘A productive interdisciplinary collaboration among computer scientists, engineers, classicists, and other humanities researchers within an open community of scholars sharing complementary skills and interests ... Perusing the contents of this stimulating volume, a representative sampling of innovative projects that employ advanced digital technologies, one feels much as Da Gama must have felt gazing out across the vast, variegated landscape of a world as yet unexplored.’ John Bodel, Brown University, USA This book explores the challenges and opportunities presented to Classical scholarship by digital practice and resources. Drawing on the expertise of a community of scholars who use innovative methods and technologies, it shows that traditionally rigorous scholarship is as central to digital research as it is to mainstream Classical Studies. This volume exemplifies the collaborative and interdisciplinary nature at the heart of Classical Studies. Contents: Introduction, Simon Mahony and Gabriel Bodard; Part I Archaeology and Geography: Silchester Roman town: developing virtual research practice 1997–2008, Michael G. Fulford, Emma J. O’Riordan, Amanda Clarke and Michael Rains; Diversity and reuse of digital resources for ancient Mediterranean material culture, Sebastian Heath; Space as an artefact: a perspective on ‘neogeography’ from the digital humanities, Stuart Dunn. Part II Text and Language: Contextual epigraphy and XML: digital publication and its application to the study of inscribed funerary monuments, Charlotte Tupman; A virtual research environment for the study of documents and manuscripts, Alan K. Bowman, Charles V. Crowther, Ruth Kirkham and John Pybus. One era’s nonsense, another’s norm: diachronic study of Greek and the computer, Notis Toufexis. Part III Infrastructure and Disciplinary Issues: Digital infrastructure and the Homer multitext project, Neel Smith; Ktêma es aiei: digital permanence from an ancient perspective, Hugh A. Cayless; Creating a generative learning object (GLO): working in an ‘ill-structured’ environment and getting students to think, Eleanor O’Kell, Dejan Ljubojevic and Cary MacMahon; The digital classicist: disciplinary focus and interdisciplinary vision, Melissa Terras; Bibliography; Index. May 2010 230 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-7773-4 £55.00

Hellenisms Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity Edited by Katerina Zacharia, Loyola Marymount University, USA ‘This volume offers a penetrating and multifaceted analysis of Hellenic identity from antiquity to the present day.’ Jonathan M. Hall, University of Chicago, USA This volume casts a fresh look at the multifaceted expressions of diachronic Hellenisms. A distinguished group of historians, classicists, anthropologists, ethnographers, cultural studies and comparative literature scholars contribute essays exploring the variegated mantles of Greek ethnicity, and the legacy of Greek culture for the ancient and modern Greeks in the homeland and the diaspora, as well as for the ancient Romans and the modern Europeans. Given the scarcity of books on diachronic Hellenism in the English-speaking world, the publication of this volume represents nothing less than a breakthrough. The book provides a valuable forum to reflect on Hellenism, and is certain to generate further academic interest in the topic. Contents: Preface; Introduction, Katerina Zacharia; Part I Hellenic Culture and Identity from Antiquity to Byzantium: Herodotus’ 4 markers of Greek identity, Katerina Zacharia; Greek identity in the archaic and classical periods, Simon Hornblower; Greek identity in the Hellenistic period, Stanley Burstein; Graecia capta: the confrontation between Greek and Roman identity, Ronald Mellor; Hellenic identity, Romanitas and Christianity in Byzantium, Claudia Rapp. Part II Cultural Legacies: Travelling Hellenisms: Mediterranean Antiquity, European Legacies and Modern Greece: Philhellenism, cosmopolitanism, nationalism, Glenn Most; Philhellenic promises and Hellenic visions: Korais and the discourses of the enlightenment, Olga Augustinos; Hellenism and the making of modern Greece: time language, space, Antonis Liakos; The quest for Hellenism: religion, nationalism and collective identities in Greece, 1453–1913, Dimitris Livanios. Part III Ethnic Identity: Places, Contexts, Movement. Facets of Hellenism: Hellas, Europe, Modern Greece, Diaspora: Dreams of treasure: temporality, historicization, and the unconscious, Charles Stewart; Cultural difference as national identity in modern Greece, Peter Mackridge; ‘Reel’ Hellenisms: perceptions of Greece in Greek cinema, Katerina Zacharia; Against cultural loss: immigration, life history, and the enduring ‘vernacular’, Yiorgos Anagnostou; Greek-American identity: what women’s handwork tells us, Artemis Leontis; Bibliography; Select glossary; Index. September 2008 492 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6525-0 £60.00

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History

is a new series devoted to the Mediterranean area during the Middle Ages, from the 3rd/4th centuries to the 16th. For more details visit

www.ashgate.com/medievalmed

FORTHCOMING Herbs and Healers, from the Ancient Mediterranean through the Medieval West Essays in Honor of John M. Riddle Edited by Anne Van Arsdall and Timothy C. Graham, both at the University of New Mexico, USA Medicine in the Medieval Mediterranean This volume brings together papers by some of the leading scholars in what can be considered a relatively new field - objective studies of Mediterranean-based medieval medicine and pharmacy throughout Western Europe. The scope of papers indicates the breadth of current research being undertaken in the field, including a cutting edge internet-based system for academic collaboration. Fittingly, the volume is in honor of Professor John M. Riddle, one of the most respected of medieval medical historians today. The volume will serve as a resource for many: established scholars in a variety of fields in the humanities and medical history, and students interested in exploring where a study of medieval medicine and pharmacy might lead them. The volume should be of interest to the international academic community of classicists, medievalists, and early-modernists (including students), because of the scarcity of publications that objectively evaluate the Mediterranean tradition present in early medicine and pharmacy (as opposed to those dealing with superstition, charms, and ingredients no longer considered viable). 25 b/w illustrations March 2011 Hardback

c. 300 pages 978-1-4094-0038-7

c. £60.00

See page 9 for another new title in the Medicine in the Medieval Mediterranean series: Galen, De diebus decretoriis, from Greek into Arabic

Hospitals and Healing from Antiquity to the Later Middle Ages Peregrine Horden, Royal Holloway, University of London, UK Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS881 Bringing together history and anthropology, from the time of Hippocrates to the eve of the Renaissance, this collection of influential articles covers what are still major topics of contemporary debate - the relation between family and institutions in poor relief and between magic, medicine and religion in healing. August 2008 352 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6181-8 £70.00

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Classical and Late Antique Studies 2010/11

NEW Mesopotamia, Iran and Arabia from the Seleucids to the Sasanians D. T. Potts, The University of Sydney, Australia Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS962 This volume focuses on the period between the conquest of the Achaemenid empire by Alexander the Great and the advent of Islam, dominated in the central regions of the Near East by the Seleucid, the Parthian and the finally the Sasanian dynasties. Brought together here are studies on the historical geography of Kerman and Khuzestan in the Seleucid period; the Greek and Parthian presence in Babylonia; popular religion and burial practice in Iran, Mesopotamia, and Arabia and the extent to which these do or do not reflect Zoroastrian orthodoxy; Roman, Parthian, Characene and Sasanian political influence in the Arabian peninsula; and Nestorian Christianity in eastern Arabia. These studies demonstrate how extraordinarily rich a field exists for the further investigation of Mesopotamia, Iran and Arabia in the later pre-Islamic era. Contents: Preface; An ass for Ares; Madaktu and Badace; Trans-Arabian routes of the pre-Islamic period; Seleucid Karmania; Elamite Ula , Akkadian Ulaya and Greek Choapses: a solution to the Eulaios problem; Occidental and Oriental elements in the religions of Babylonia and Iran during the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC; Disposal of the dead in Planquadrat U/V XVIII at Uruk: a Parthian enigma?; Five episodes in the history of Elymais, 145–124 BC: new data from the astronomical diaries; Foundation houses, fire altars and the frataraka: interpreting the iconography of some post-Achaemenid Persian coins; Arabia and the kingdom of Characene; The Roman relationship with the Persicus sinus from the rise of Spasinou Charax (127 BC) to the reign of Shapur II (309–379 AD); Augustus, Aelius Gallus and the Periplus: a re-interpretation of the coinage of San’â’ Class B; Gundeshapur and the Gondeisos; The deacon and the dove: on some early Christian (?) grave stelae from al-Maqsha and Shakura (Bahrain); Nabataean finds from Thaj and Qatif; The Sasanian relationship with South Arabia: literary, epigraphic and oral historical perspectives; A re-examination of the late period graves at Yorgan Tepe (Nuzi); Late Sasanian armament from southeastern Arabia; Nestorian crosses from Jabal Berri; A Sasanian lead horse from northeastern Arabia; Index. Includes 52 b&w illustrations and 16 maps October 2010 372 pages Hardback 978-1-4094-0535-1 £75.00

All online orders receive a 10% discount. www.ashgate.com


History

NEW Money, Power and Politics in Early Islamic Syria A Review of Current Debates Edited by John Haldon, Princeton University, USA The transformation of the eastern provinces of the Roman empire from the middle of the seventh century CE under the impact of Islam has attracted a good deal of scholarly attention in recent years, and as more archaeological material becomes available, has been subject to revision and rethinking in ways that radically affect what we know or understand about the area, about state-building and the economy and society of the early Islamic world, and about issues such as urbanisation, town-country relations, the ways in which a different religious culture impacted on the built environment, and about politics. This volume represents the fruits of a workshop held at Princeton University in May 2007 to discuss the ways in which recent work has affected our understanding of the nature of economic and exchange activity in particular, and the broader implications of these advances for the history of the region. Contents: Preface; Introduction; Greater Syria in the 7th century: context and background, John Haldon; Coinage and the economy of Syria-Palestine in the 7th and 8th centuries CE, Alan Walmsley; Christian communities in early Islamic Syria and Northern Jazira: the dynamics of adaptation, R. Stephen Humphreys; Administering the early Islamic empire: insights from the papyri, Arietta Papaconstantinou; Mu’awiya’s state, Clive Foss; First century Islamic currency: mastering the message from the money, Gene W. Heck; ‘Abd al-Malik’s monetary reform in copper and the failure of centralization, Lutz Ilisch; Early Islamic urbanism and building activity in Jerusalem and at Hammath Gader, Jodi Magness; Late antique legacies and Muslim economic expansion, Jairus Banaji; Syrian elites from Byzantium to Islam: survival or extinction?, Hugh Kennedy; Index. Includes 28 b&w illustrations August 2010 226 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6849-7 £55.00

FORTHCOMING Music in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity John Arthur Smith John Arthur Smith presents the first full-length study of music among the ancient Israelites, the ancient Jews and the early Christians in the Mediterranean lands during the period from 1000 BCE to 400 CE. He considers the physical, religious and social setting of the music, and how the music was performed. Contents: Foreword; Preface; Background; Music at the Tabernacle and the First Temple; Music at the Second Temple, 1; Music at the Second Temple, 2; Music in ancient Judaism elsewhere than at the Temple, 1: in religious devotion and worship; Music in ancient Judaism elsewhere than at the Temple, 2: outside religious devotion and worship; Music in early Christianity, 1: the 1st to the early 3rd centuries; Music in early Christianity, 2: the later 3rd and the 4th centuries; Relationships and influences; Appendix; Bibliography; Index. Includes c. 4 musical examples March 2011 c. 272 pages Hardback 978-1-4094-0907-6 c. £60.00 eBook 978-1-4094-2161-0 www.ashgate.com/ebooks

Pharmacy and Drug Lore in Antiquity Greece, Rome, Byzantium John Scarborough, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS904 John Scarborough brings together fourteen of his essays on ancient drugs and pharmacy, concerned with aspects of a pharmacology and medical botany that incorporate magic, astrology and alchemy, as well as the expected theoretical constructs of elements, qualities, and humors. Contents: Preface; The pharmacology of sacred plants, herbs and roots; On medications for burns in classical antiquity; Theoretical assumptions in Hippocratic pharmacology; Theophrastus on herbals and herbal remedies; Nicander’s toxicology, I: snakes; Nicanders toxicology, II: spiders, scorpions, insects and myriapods; The opium poppy in Hellenistic and Roman medicine; Roman pharmacy and the Eastern drug trade: some problems illustrated by the example of aloe; Pharmacy in Pliny’s Natural History: some observations on substances and sources; The pharmacy of methodist medicine: the evidence of Soranus’ Gynecology; Criton, physician to Trajan: historian and pharmacist; Pharmaceutical theory in Galen’s commentaries on the Hippocratic epidemics: some observations on Roman views of Greek drug lore; Early Byzantine pharmacology; Herbs of the field and herbs of the garden in Byzantine medicinal pharmacy; Addenda and corrigenda; Indexes. December 2009 384 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-5954-9 £75.00

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History

NEW Studies on the Formation of Christian Armenia Nina G. Garsoïan, Columbia University, USA Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS959 This is the third collection of articles by Nina Garsoïan on Early Armenian history and civilization. A number of articles included here continue earlier investigations of Iranian and Byzantine political and, especially, doctrinal and social influences on Medieval Armenia, precariously wedged between the two super-powers of the period, Byzantium and Sasanian Persia. A second theme is the development of the autocephalous Armenian Church as it freed itself from foreign pressures and achieved its own dogmatic position. Last, several studies consider some inadequacies in some recent historiography and suggest a more promising redirection in our approach to Armenian history and the formation of its national identity. Contents: Preface; Evolution et crise dans l’historiographie récent de l’Arménie médiévale; L’interrègne arménien: esquisse préliminaire; Frontier-frontiers? Transcaucasia and eastern Anatolia in the pre-Islamic period; L’ Histoire attribuée à Movses Xorenac’i: que reste-t-il à en dire?; La date de la fondation de Théodosioupolis-Karin; Janus: the formation of the Armenian Church from the 4th to the 7th century; Taron as an early-Christian Armenian center; Le témoignage d’Anastas vardapet sur les monastères arméniens de Jérusalem à la fin du 6e siècle; Introduction to the problem of early Armenian monasticism; Was a council held at Valaršapat in A.D. 491?; Le vin pur du calice dans l’Eglise arménienne; Armenian sources on Sasanian administration; Une coïncidence supplémentaire entre les sources arméniennes et perses: le cas du grand vizir Mihr Nerseh; Le ‘guerrier des seigneurs’; Indexes. August 2010 310 pages Hardback 978-1-4094-0366-1 £70.00

Ordering Options • Tel: +44 (0)1235 827730 • Fax: +44 (0)1235 400454 • Email: ashgate@bookpoint.co.uk • Post: Return the attached order form to our distributor. • Online: www.ashgate.com/classics All online orders receive a 10% discount.

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Classical and Late Antique Studies 2010/11

Language and Literature Ekphrasis, Imagination and Persuasion in Ancient Rhetorical Theory and Practice Ruth Webb, Birkbeck College, London, UK ‘There is much that makes this book an essential for every serious library. First, the judgment, knowledge, and long reflection, which make this so poised, clear, and authoritative a work. … Second, Webb, unlike so many who write on her slice of the action, is critically sophisticated, aware of counter-arguments, and engages with a broad linguistic and historical critical frame. … Third – and this is what motivated me to write this review – she raises in the starkest possible terms the tension between the authority of the handbooks and the direction taken by recent work, […], on visual culture.’ Bryn Mawr Classical Review This is a study of ekphrasis, the art of making listeners and readers ‘see’ in their imagination through words alone, as taught in ancient rhetorical schools and as used by Greek writers of the Imperial period (2nd-6th centuries CE). The author places the practice of ekphrasis within its cultural context, emphasising the importance of the visual imagination in ancient responses to rhetoric, poetry and historiography. By linking the theoretical writings on ekphrasis with ancient theories of imagination and emotion and language, she brings out the persuasive and emotive function of vivid language in the literature of the period. In order to explain the ancient understanding of ekphrasis and its place within the larger system of rhetorical training, the study includes a full analysis of the ancient technical sources (rhetorical handbooks, commentaries) which aims to make these accessible to non-specialists. Contents: Preface; Introduction; The contexts of ekphrasis; Learning ekphrasis: the progymnasmata; The subjects of ekphrasis; Enargeia; making absent things present; Phantasia; memory, imagination and the gallery of the mind; Ekphrasis and the art of persuasion; The poetics of ekphrasis: fiction, illusion and meta-ekphrasis; Conclusion; Appendices; Bibliography; Index. April 2009 252 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6125-2 £55.00 eBook 978-0-7546-9330-7 www.ashgate.com/ebooks


Language and Literature

FORTHCOMING Galen, De diebus decretoriis, from Greek into Arabic A Critical Edition, with Translation and Commentary, of Hunayn ibn Ishaq, Kitab ayyam al-buhran Glen M. Cooper, Brigham Young University, USA Medicine in the Medieval Mediterranean: 2 This book presents the first edition, translation, and study of Hunayn ibn Ishaq’s Arabic translation of the Galenic treatise De diebus decretoriis (kitab ayyam al-buhran “Concerning the Critical Days”). It makes available this key text on prognosis in medicine, and at the same time throws new light on the activities of perhaps the most important translator in 9th-century Baghdad. Contents: Foreword; Transliteration conventions; The scope of the present volume; Part 1 Historical Background: Introduction; The Critical days in Arabic; An historical reconstruction; The sciences in the Critical days; Sources of the edition. Part 2 Edition and Translation of the De diebus decretoriis; Signs and conventions employed in the Apparatus; The Critical Days: Arabic: Book I; Book II; Book III; English Translation: Book I; Book II; Book III. Part 3 Commentary: Book I; Book II; Book III. Part 4 Appendices; Bibliography; Indices. April 2011 Hardback

c. 500 pages 978-0-7546-5634-0

c. £75.00

See page 6 for another new title in the Medicine in the Medieval Mediterranean series: Herbs and Healers, from the Ancient Mediterranean through the Medieval West: Essays in Honor of John M. Riddle

Literacy and Identity in Pre-Islamic Arabia M. C. A. Macdonald, Wolfson College, Oxford, UK Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS906 ‘… Macdonald is an accomplished communicator. Plenty of common sense combined with a thorough knowledge of a vast corpus of data is what creates good scholarship. The volume is a shining example of this.’ Bulletin of the Society for Arabian Studies Michael Macdonald examines the extraordinary flowering of literacy in both the settled and nomadic populations of western Arabia in the 1500 years before the birth of Islam, when a larger proportion of the population could read and write than in any other part of the ancient Near East. The scores of thousands of inscriptions and graffiti they left paint a vivid picture of the way-of-life, social systems, and personal emotions of the authors and enable Macdonald to explore the often ways in which reading and writing were used in the literate and non-literate communities of ancient Arabia. Includes 21 b&w illustrations and 6 maps January 2009 432 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-5965-5 £75.00

Standard Languages and Language Standards – Greek, Past and Present Edited by Alexandra Georgakopoulou and Michael Silk, King’s College London, UK Publications of the Centre for Hellenic Studies, King’s College London: 12 This volume brings together scholars from different disciplines, with a variety of perspectives, linguistic and literary, historical and social, to address issues of control, prescription, planning and perceptions of value, processes of establishing a standard and practices and ideologies of standardization, over the long history of the Greek language, from the age of Homer to the present day. The volume will be important for students and scholars of the Greek language, past and present, and, beyond the Greek example, for sociolinguists, historians and social scientists with interests in the role of language in the construction of identities. Contents: Foreword; Introduction: Greek languagestandardizing, past, present and future, Alexandra Georgakopoulou; Part I Establishing a Standard: The invention of Greek: Macedonians, poets and others, Michael Silk; The Greek koine and the logic of a standard language, Stephen Colvin; Primary education teaching in a non-standard language as a tool of social and national integration: the case of vernacular Greek, 1923–30, George Kritikos; Greek with no models, history or standard: Muslim pontic Greek, Pietro Bortone. Part II Standardization Practices: The lexica of the 2nd sophistic: safeguarding Atticism, Claudia Strobel; Grammatical metaphor and the function of participles in high-register versions of the Life of Aesop, Chrystalla Thoma; Orthographic standardization of the modern Greek classics: gain and loss, David Ricks; Correcting the courtroom cat: editorial assaults on Cavafy’s poetry, Anthony Hirst; Modern Greek dictionaries and the ideology of standardization, Assimakis Tseronis and Anna Iordanidou; Greek in Cyprus: identity oscillations and language planning, Dimitra Karoulla-Vrikki; ‘Greeklish’: transliteration practice and discourse in the context of computer-mediated digraphia, Jannis Androutsopoulos. Part III Ideologies and Contestations: A tradition of anomaly: towards the regularization of the Greek language, Emmanuel Kriaras; Mother and daughters, roots and branches: modern Greek perceptions of the relationship between the ancient and modern languages, Peter Mackridge; Constructing a science of language: linguistics and politics in 20th-century Greece, Effi Gazi; ‘Language issues’ after the ‘language question’: on the modern standards of standard modern Greek, Spiros Moschonas; Competing ideologies and post-diglossia Greek: analysing the discourse of contemporary’ myth-breakers’, Dionysis Goutsos; Korais and the 2nd sophistic: the Hellenistic novel as paradigm for a modern literary language, Roderick Beaton; Indexes. Includes 19 b&w illustrations September 2009 396 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6437-6 £65.00

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Patristic Studies and Theology Christian Politics and Religious Culture in Late Antiquity Neil McLynn, University of Oxford, UK Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS928 These essays deal with two central preoccupations: the new styles of political behaviour developed by Christian rulers and Christian congregations during the century or so after Constantine’s conversion, and the experiments in religious self-presentation which are reflected in our sources from the same period. The first topic is covered in papers dealing with such activities as outbursts of popular rioting and exhibitions of imperial penance, and with legislation by emperors and lobbying by bishops; the second in papers on the inscriptions erected by pagan aristocrats, on the self-images presented by Christian autobiographers, and on the motives behind Christian anthologizing. The two themes converge in the central section, focused on Gregory Nazianzen, analysing his involvement in local and imperial politics, and the resourcefulness of his successive exercises in self-advertisement. Contents: Preface; Part A Religious/Christian Politics: The transformation of imperial churchgoing in the 4th century; Christian controversy and violence in the 4th century; ‘Genere hispanus’: Theodosius, Spain and Nicene orthodoxy; Augustine’s Roman Empire. Part B Gregory Nazianzen: Cultural Politics in Christian Cappadocia: A self-made holy man: the case of Gregory Nazianzen; The other Olympias: Gregory Nazianzen and the family of Vitalianus; Gregory Nazianzen’s Basil: the literary construction of a Christian friendship; Among the hellenists: Gregory and the sophists; Curiales into churchmen: the case of Gregory Nazianzen. Part C Religious Culture: What was the ‘Philocalia of Origen’?; The 4th-century Taurobolium; Disciplines of discipleship in late antique education: Augustine and Gregory Nazianzen; Paulinus the Impenitent: a study of the eucharisticos; Index. September 2009 334 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-5992-1 £70.00

NEW Church and Society in Late Antique Italy and Beyond Claire Sotinel, Université Paris Est-Créteil, France Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS948 The papers presented here explore the interactions between clerics and the society in which Christian churches put down roots in Late Antiquity. Some of these complex processes involved in the christianization of the Late Roman world, form the theme of the first three sections. The essays in these sections examine the Three Chapters controversy and the participation of lay and clerical protagonists in it, the social standing of Italian bishops (including their use of lay personnel and their economic impact) and a comparison of pagan and Christian places of worship. The essays included in the last section deal with communication in Late Antiquity. They present the first results of a long-term project on the changing role of information during the last centuries of the Roman world. Eight papers in the volume are published in English for the first time. Contents: Foreword; Part 1 Three Chapters: Pontifical authority and imperial power in the reign of Justinian: pope Virgilius; Arator, un poète au service de la politique du pape Vigile?; Vigilius in the Liber Pontificalis: a memory lost, or manipulated?; Le rôle des expertises dans les débats théologiques du VIe siècle; Council, emperor and bishops: authority and orthodoxy in the 3 Chapters controversy. Part 2 Bishops and Elites in Late Roman Italy: Le recrutement des évêques en Italie aux IVe and Ve siècles. essai d’ enquête prosopographique. The bishop’s men: episcopal power in the city; IThe bishops of Italy in late antique society: a new elite?; The Christian gift and its impact in late antiquity. Part 3 Sacred Places in the Late Roman Empire: Locus orationis ou domus Dei? Le témoignage de Zénon de Vérone sur l’évolution des églises (tractatus II, 6); The end of pagan holy places in the West: problems and method; Places of Christian worship and their sacralization in late antiquity; Chronologie, topographie, histoire: quelques hypothèses sur S. Felix in Pincis, église disparue. Part 4 Organization and Communication in Ancient Christianity: La circulation de l’information dans les églises; The Church in the Roman Empire: changes without reform and reforms without change; How were bishops informed? Information transmission across the Adriatic Sea in late antiquity; Index. October 2010 340 pages Hardback 978-1-4094-0022-6 £70.00

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Jerome of Stridon His Life, Writings and Legacy Edited by Andrew Cain, University of Colorado, USA and Josef Lössl, Cardiff University, UK Jerome of Stridon (c.346-420) is arguably the greatest polymath in Latin Christian antiquity. This is the most comprehensive and up to date volume on his life and work available in English today. Familiar debates are re-opened, hitherto uncharted terrain is explored, and problems old and new are posed and solved with the use of innovative methodologies. This is an indispensable resource not only for specialists on Jerome but also for students and scholars who cultivate interests broadly in the history, religion, society, and literature of the late antique Christian world. Contents: Introduction, Andrew Cain and Josef Lössl; Part I Hagiography, Letters, Heresy, and the Man: Inventing an ascetic hero: Jerome’s Life of Paul the First Hermit, Stefan Rebenich; Sur trois lettres méconnues de Jérôme concernant son séjour à Rome (382–385), Yves-Marie Duval; Tertullian in Jerome’s Consolation to Heliodorus (Ep.60), Neil Adkin; Rethinking Jerome’s portraits of holy women, Andrew Cain; Le Dialogus Attici et Critobuli de Jérôme et la prédication Pélagienne en Palentine entre 411 et 415, Benôit Jeanjean; Jerome on Jeremiah: exegesis and recovery, Philip Rousseau. Part II The Science of Scripture: Philology, Exegesis, and Translation: Jerome, Tobit, alms and the vita aeterna, Danuta Shanzer; La figure des deux larrons chez Jérôme, Régis Courtray; The rabbinic Vulgate?, John Cameron; How should we measure Jerome’s Hebrew competence?, Hillel I. Newman; Jerome keeping silent: Origen and his exegesis of Isaiah, Alfons Fürst; L’ In Zachariam de Jérôme et la tradition Alexandrine, Aline Canellis; The significance of Jerome’s Commentary on Galatians in his exegetical production, Giacomo Raspanti. Part III Reception: Fifth Through Sixteenth Centuries: The raven replies: Ambrose’s Letter to the Church at Vercelli (Ep.ex.coll.14) and the criticisms of Jerome, David G. Hunter; The use and misuse of Jerome in Gaul during late antiquity, Ralph Mathisen; Vir quadrilinguis? Syriac in Jerome and Jerome in Syriac, Daniel King; Jerome and the Jeromanesque, Mark Vessey; Martin Luther’s Jerome: new evidence for a changing attitude, Josef Lössl; Bibliography; Index

June 2009 298 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6407-9 £65.00 eBook 978-0-7546-9329-1 www.ashgate.com/ebooks

FORTHCOMING Law and Religion Between Petra and Edessa Studies in Aramaic Epigraphy on the Roman Frontier John Healey, University of Manchester, UK Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS966 This volume collects, under the interrelated themes of religion and law, twenty-three articles by John Healey, with sections on “Petra and Nabataean Aramaic”, “Edessa and Early Syriac” and “Aramaic and Society in the Roman Near East”. Individual papers discuss the continuation of “Ancient Near Eastern” culture, the Aramaic legal tradition as well as the development of both written and spoken forms of Syriac and Nabatean. Contents: Preface; Nabataean Inscriptions: Language and Script; Were the Nabataeans Arabs?; Nabataean to Arabic: Calligraphy and script development among the pre-Islamic Arabs; Sources for the Study of Nabataean Law; The Nabataeans and Mada’in Salih; A Nabataean sundial from Mada’in Salih; Jaussen-Savignac 17 – the earliest dated Arabic document (A.D. 267); Nabataeo-Arabic: Jaussen-Savignac nab. 17 and 18; A Nabataean papyrus fragment (Bodleian MS Heb. d. 89); ‘Sicherheit des Auges’: the contribution to Semitic epigraphy of the explorer Julius Euting (1839–1913); The Edessan milieu and the birth of Syriac; The early history of the Syriac script: a reassessment; A new Syriac mosaic inscription; Lexical loans in early Syriac: a comparison with Nabataean Aramaic; Variety in early Syriac: the context in contemporary Aramaic; Some lexical and legal notes on a Syriac loan transfer of 240 CE; ‘Romans always conquer’. Some evidence of ethnic identity on Rome’s eastern frontier; New evidence for the Aramaic legal tradition: from Elephantine to Edessa; The writing on the wall: law in Aramaic epigraphy; ‘May he be remembered for good’: an Aramaic formula; Dushara as Sun-God; The kindly and merciful God: on some Semitic divine epithets; From Sapanu/Sapunu to Kasion: the sacred history of a mountain; Index. May 2011 Hardback

c. 300 pages 978-1-4094-0367-8

c. £75.00

Variorum 2010 catalogue To request a copy: Email: info@ashgatepublishing.com Call: +44 (0)1252 736600 Or download a PDF version at www.ashgate.com/ cataloguedownload Early Modern History, Modern History and Medieval Studies catalogues are also available.

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Patristic Studies and Theology

Liturgy and Architecture From the Early Church to the Middle Ages Allan Doig, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, UK Liturgy, Worship and Society Series ‘… traces a rich variety of paths from the first known structures in Syria and Rome in the third century through to the glories of King’s College Chapel; there’s a lot to cram in, and he does it with aplomb.’ History Today ‘This work is a successful and much-needed source on the subject… this volume fills an important void in the literature and will be the critical source on the subject for some time. … Essential.’ Choice In this book Allan Doig explores the interrelationship of liturgy and architecture from the early Church to the close of the Middle Ages, taking into account social, economic, technical, theological and artistic factors. These are crucial to a proper understanding of ecclesiastical architecture of all periods, and together their study illuminates the study of liturgy. Buildings and their archaeology are standing indices of human activity, and the whole matrix of meaning they present is highly revealing of the larger meaning of ritual performance within, and movement through, their space. The excavation of the mid-third-century church at Dura Europos in the Syrian desert, the grandeur of Constantine’s Imperial basilicas, the influence of the great pilgrimage sites, and the marvels of soaring Gothic cathedrals, all come alive in a new way when the space is animated by the liturgy for which they were built. Reviewing the most recent research in the area, and moving the debate forward, this study will be enormously useful to the liturgist, clergy, theologians, art and architectural historians, and those interested in the conservation of ecclesiastical structures built for the liturgy. Contents: Preface; Introduction; The earliest Christian worship and its setting; Constantine, continuity and change in the 4th century; The emergence of the Byzantine rite and the church building as sacrament; Late antiquity in the West and the Gallican rite; Carolingian architecture and liturgical reform; Monasticism, pilgrimage and the Romanesque; Gothic architecture and the Latin rite: from origins to the close of the Middle Ages; Bibliography; Index. Includes 5 colour and 54 b&w illustrations June 2008 254 pages Paperback 978-0-7546-5274-8 £17.99 eBook 978-0-7546-9236-2 www.ashgate.com/ebooks

FORTHCOMING Romans, Barbarians, and the Transformation of the Roman World Cultural Interaction and the Creation of Identity in Late Antiquity Edited by Ralph Mathisen and Danuta Shanzer, both at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA One of the most significant transformations of the Roman world between the fourth and seventh centuries C.E. was the integration of barbarian peoples into the social, cultural, religious and political milieu of the Mediterranean world. The sixth biennial Shifting Frontiers in Late Antiquity Conference assembled at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in March of 2005 with this as its theme, and the present volume publishes a selection of the papers. The contributions remind us that the transformation of the Roman world took place in a Roman context and that Romanitas always was the touchstone against which social, intellectual, and political developments were measured. Sample contents: Introduction; Constructing Images of the Impact and Identity of Barbarians: Literary Constructions of Barbarian Identity: Catalogues of barbarians in late Antiquity, Ralph Mathisen; Augustine and the merciful barbarians, Gillian Clark; Were the Sasanians barbarians? Roman writers on the ‘empire of the Persians’, Scott John McDonough; Imperial Manipulation of Perceptions of Barbarians: Imperial religious unification policy and its divisive consequences: Diocletian, the Jews and the Samaritans, Yuval Shahar. Cultural Interaction on the Roman/Barbarian Frontiers: Becoming Roman: Movements of People across the Frontier and the Effects of Imperial Policies: The ius colonatus as a model for the settlement of barbarian prisoners-of-war in the late Roman empire?, Cam Grey; Becoming Roman: Social and Economic Interchange: Captivity and Romano-barbarian interchange, Noel Lenski; Barbarian raiders and barbarian peasants: models of ideological and economic integration, Hartmut Ziche; A New Era of Accommodation: Kush and Rome on the Egyptian southern frontier: where barbarians worshipped as Romans and Romans worshipped as barbarians, Salim Faraji; Petra and the Saracens: new evidence from a recently discovered epigram, Jason Moralee. Creating Identity in the Post-Roman World: Visigothic settlement, hospitalitas, and army payment reconsidered, Andreas Schwarcz; Vascones and Visigoths: creation and transformation of identity in northern Spain, Scott de Brestian; Identity and ethnicity in the era of migrations and barbarian kingdoms in the light of archaeology in Gaul, Patrick Périn and M. Kazanski; Text, artifact and genome: the disputed nature of the Anglo-Saxon migration into Britain, Michael Jones. Index. Includes 27 maps, figures and b&w illustrations. January 2011 c. 350 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6814-5 c. £60.00 eBook 978-1-4094-1243-4 www.ashgate.com/ebooks

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The Power of Religion in Late Antiquity Edited by Andrew Cain and Noel Lenski, both at the University of Colorado at Boulder, USA Late Antiquity witnessed a dramatic recalibration in the economy of power, and nowhere was this more pronounced than in the realm of religion. The transformations that occurred in this pivotal era moved the ancient world into the Middle Ages and forever changed the way that religion was practiced. The twenty eight studies in this volume explore this shift using evidence ranging from Latin poetic texts, to Syriac letter collections, to the iconography of Roman churches and Merowingian mortuary goods. Sample contents: Introduction: power and religion on the frontier of late Antiquity, Noel Lenski; Religion and the Power of the Word: Disarming Aeneas: Fulgentius on Arms and the Man, Emily Albu; ‘Apocalypse? No’ – the power of millennialism and its transformation in late Antique Christianity, Josef Lössl; Haec quibus uteris verba: the Bible and Boethius’ Christianity, Danuta Shanzer. Power over the Divine: Porphyry, Iamblichus and the Struggle for the Philosophical Tradition: The power of religious rituals: a philosophical quarrel on the eve of the great persecution, Elizabeth DePalma Digeser; Arbiter of the oracular: reading religion in Porphyry of Tyre, Aaron P. Johnson. Emperors and the Deployment of Religious Power: Church, state and children: Christian and imperial attitudes toward infant exposure in late Antiquity, Judith Evans Grubbs; ‘The trembling of Cain’: religious power and institutional culture in Justinianic oath-making, Charles Pazdernik. Ecclesiastical Hierarchies and the Limits of Religious Power: Currencies of power: the veniality of offices in the later Roman empire, Sabine R. Huebner; The truth shall make you free’: Augustine on the power of religion, Gillian Clark; ‘Our own most severe judges’: the power of penance in the Eusebius Gallicanus sermons, Lisa Bailey. Constantine and the Power of the Cross: Solar power in late Antiquity, H.A. Drake. Rome: The Center of Power: Augures et pontifices: public sacral law in late Antique Rome (4th–5th centuries AD), Rita Lizzi Testa; Imagining the Capitolium in late Antiquity, Lucy Grig; The making of a papal Rome: Gregory I and the letania septiformis, Jacob A. Latham. Gregory of Tours and ‘Arianism’, Edward James; The imagery of personal objects: hints of ‘do-it-yourself’ Christian culture in Merovingian Gaul?, Bailey K. Young. The Power of Religion in the Communities of the East: Antioch and the intersection between religious factionalism, place, and power in late Antiquity, Wendy Mayer; Christianity in war: Ammianus on power and religion in Constantius’ Persian war, John Weisweiler; Persecuting heresy in early Islamic Iraq: the Catholicos Ishoyahb III and the elites of Nisibis, Richard E. Payne; Bibliography; Index.

Transformations of Late Antiquity Essays for Peter Brown Edited by Philip Rousseau, Catholic University of America, USA and Manolis Papoutsakis, Princeton University, USA ‘This is a wide-ranging collection of stimulating essays that certainly succeeds both as an homage to its honouree and as a contribution to the ongoing discussion that he has revitalized and shaped in such significant and diverse fashion.’ Bryn Mawr Classical Review ‘Transformation’ is a notion apposite to essays in honour of Peter Brown. ‘The transformation of the classical heritage’ is a theme to which he has devoted, and continues to devote, much energy. All the essays here in some way explore this notion of transformation; the late antique ability to turn the past to new uses, and to set its wealth of principle and insight to work in new settings. Contents: Preface, Philip Rousseau and Manolis Papoutsakis; Peter Brown: select bilbliography; Between Marrou and Brown: transformations of late antique Christianity, Robert Markus; Old and new Rome: Roman studies in 6th-century Constantinople, Averil Cameron; Old and new Rome in late antique Near East, Glen Bowersock; Regulations for an association of artisans from the late Sasanian or early Arab period, Sebastian Brock; Crosses, icons and the image of Christ in Edessa: the place of early iconophobia in the Christian-Muslim controversies of early Islamic times, Sidney H. Griffith; Alle origini della tradizione pagana su Constantino e il senato romano, Rita Lizzi Testa; Four funerals and a wedding: this world and the next in 4th-century Rome, John Matthews; Les réticences de saint Augustin face aux légends hagiographiques d’après la lettre Divjak 29*, Claude Lepelley; Language, morality and cult: Augustine and Varro, Philip Rousseau; A world full of stories, Charlotte Roueché; Safe-conducts to heaven: holy men, mediation and the role of writing, Claudia Rapp; Book burning as purification, Judith Herrin; Gregorio Magno e i ‘Libri dei Re’, Lellia Cracco Ruggini and Giorgio Cracco; The late antique origins of the lunatic asylum?, Peregrine Horden; Family men: masculinity and philosophy in late antiquity, Susanna Elm; Radegundis peccatrix: authorizations of virginity in late antique Gaul, Julia M.H. Smith; Gemistus Plethon and Platonic political philosophy, Peter Garnsey; Index. Includes 1 b&w illustration February 2009 366 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6553-3 £65.00

Includes 15 b&w illustrations December 2009 486 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-6725-4 £65.00 eBook 978-0-7546-9633-9 www.ashgate.com/ebooks

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Philosophy Evagrius and Gregory Mind, Soul and Body in the 4th Century Kevin Corrigan, Emory University, USA Ashgate Studies in Philosophy & Theology in Late Antiquity Evagrius of Pontus and Gregory of Nyssa have either been overlooked by philosophers and theologians in modern times, or overshadowed by their prominent friend and brother (respectively), Basil the Great. Yet they are major figures in the development of Christian thoughts in late antiquity and their works express a unique combination of desert and urban spiritualities in the lived and somewhat turbulent experience of an entire age. They provide a significant link between the great ancient thinkers of the past – Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, Clement and others – and the birth and transmission of the early Medieval period – associated with Boethius, Cassian and Augustine. This book makes accessible, to a wide audience, the thought of Evagrius and Gregory on the soul, in the context of ancient philosophy/theology and the Cappadocians generally. Corrigan argues that in these two figures we witness the birth of new forms of thought and of empirical science in a new key. Evagrius and Gregory are no mere receivers of a monolithic pagan and Christian tradition, but innovative, critical interpreters on the range and limits of cognitive psychology, the soul-body relation, reflexive self-knowledge, personal and human identity and the soul’s practical relation to goodness in the context of human experience and divine self-disclosure. This book provides a critical evaluation of their thought on these major issues and argues that in Evagrius and Gregory we see the important integration of many different concerns that later Christian thought was not always able to balance including: mysticism, asceticism, cognitive science, philosophy, and theology. Contents: Preface; Evagrius and Gregory: ascetic master, pastoral father; Christian upheavals; Mind, soul, body; an overview of Evagrius’ and Gregory’s thought; The meaning and scope of impassibility or purity of heart in Evagrius and Gregory; Uncovering the origins and structure of the 7 deadly sins tradition: Evagrius and the 8 ‘reasonings’; Gregory and the fall of intellect; Body into mind: the scientific eye in Evagrius; Gregory’s anthropology: Trinity, humanity and body-soul formation; The human in the divine: the dialogical expansion of mind and heart in Evagrius; Pathways into infinity: Gregory of Nyssa and the mystical life; General conclusion; Bibliography; Index. October 2009 256 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-1685-6 £55.00 eBook 978-0-7546-9287-4 www.ashgate.com/ebooks

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FORTHCOMING From the Old Academy to Later Neo-Platonism Studies in the History of Platonic Thought Harold Tarrant, University of Newcastle, Australia Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS964 This volume collects a set of papers on ancient Platonism spanning nine centuries between Plato himself and his commentator Olympiodorus in the 6th century, many of them less easy to obtain. Much of the work is at the intersection of philosophy and literature and aims to challenge existing orthodoxies. The articles are grouped in three sections, dealing with Socrates, Plato and the Old Academy, then the Platonic revival and the 2nd century AD, and finally with later Neoplatonism. Contents: Socrates, Plato, and the Old Academy: Midwifery and the Clouds; The Hippias Major and Socratic views on pleasure; The composition of Plato’s Gorgias; Plato’s Euthydemus and the two faces of Socrates; Chronology and narrative apparatus in Plato’s dialogues; Orality and Plato’s narrative dialogues; Plato, prejudice, and the mature-age student in antiquity; Myth as a tool of persuasion in Plato; Review of L. Tarán, Speusippus of Athens. The Platonic Revival and the 2nd Century AD: Agreement and the selfevident in Philo of Larissa; The date of anon. In Theaetetum; Middle Platonism and the 7th Epistle; Zeno on geometry or on Knowledge?; the evidence of anon. In Theaetetum; Logos and the development of Middle Platonism; Platonic interpretation in Aulus Gellius; Numenius Fr. 13 and Plato’s Timaeus; Platonism before Plato; The proximity of philosophy and medicine in the age of Galen. Later Platonism: The Gorgias and the demiurge; More on Zeno’s Forty logoi; Olympiodorus and history; Olympiodorus’ syllogistic; Politike: Eudaimonia: Olympiodorus on Plato’s Republic; Index. January 2011 Hardback

c. 350 pages 978-1-4094-0828-4

c. £75.00


Philosophy

FORTHCOMING Stroumsa on Religions in the Ancient World Collected Works

Word and Meaning in Ancient Alexandria Theories of Language from Philo to Plotinus

Guy G. Stroumsa, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

David Robertson, Felician College, New Jersey, USA

Ashgate Contemporary Thinkers on Religion: Collected Works

‘The book is clearly written, well illustrated with relevant quotations (in Greek and translation), and also contains an adequate bibliography and indices. It offers an illuminating guide to the interplay between religious and philosophical ideas of mind and language in these thinkers.’ Phronesis

This volume draws together Guy Stroumsa’s important writings over the last thirty years on religious traditions in Late Antiquity. The papers deal with the transformation and reinterpretation of ancient traditions (usually Jewish, but in some cases Iranian and Greek) in early Christianity, in Gnosis and in Manichaeism, and in the conflicting relationship between competing religious trends in the Eastern Mediterranean under the Roman Empire. In much of his work Stroumsa has tackled the meeting points between religious traditions, seeking to unveil the mechanism of their ensuing transformations. The first centuries of the Christian era, in particular in the Eastern Mediterranean, represent a particularly rich and complex period for those who seek to understand how religious systems and representations evolve. Various religious communities (Christians, Gnostics, Manichaeans, Mandaeans, but also Rabbinic Jews and Sasanian Zoroastrians) were born in those centuries, evolving in a complex milieu of sects and factions. From a chronological point of view, the studies collected here deal with the period from the birth of Christianity to that of Islam. Throughout the Mediterranean and the Near East, this period, which saw the emergence and crystallization, in particular, of Judaism, Christianity and Islam in their medieval forms, is obviously crucial in the history of religions. December 2011 Hardback

c. 400 pages 978-0-7546-6587-8

During the late Hellenistic and early Imperial periods (B.C. 50 – A.D. 300), important developments may be traced in the philosophy of language and its relationship to mind. Focusing on two basic issues, why is language intelligible and how is communication possible, Robertson traces some related attempts to reconcile immaterial, intelligible reality and the intelligibility of language, explain the structure of language, and clarify the nature of meaning. These shared problems are handled with greater philosophical sophistication by Plotinus, although the comparison with Philo, Clement, and Origen illustrates significant similarities as well as differences between Neoplatonism and early Jewish and Christian philosophy. Contents: Preface; Introduction; Philo; Clement; Origen; Plotinus; Conclusion; Bibliography; Indexes. July 2008 132 pages Hardback 978-0-7546-0696-3 £50.00 eBook 978-0-7546-9301-7 www.ashgate.com/ebooks

c. £65.00

Philosophy 2010 catalogue To request a copy: Email: info@ashgatepublishing.com Call: +44 (0)1252 736600 Or download a PDF version at www.ashgate.com/ cataloguedownload

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