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Fish ID Project Hyojin Ahn 1st period blue and white


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fishes Species #: 1 Common Name:Pike Scientific Name: Centropomus undecimalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centropomidae

Geography / Habitat: Rage from the coastal mid-Atlantic regions of the United States through the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean to parts of Central and South America. They are particularly abundant around coastal Florida.

Food / Feed Strategy: Common snook are pelagic feeders. Daily feeding peaks occurs two hours before sunrise and 2 to 3 hours after sunset. Their feeding is affected by the tidal cycle, and feeding activity noticeably increases with an increase in water flow following a period of standing flood or ebb tides. Juveniles generally inhabit freshwater habitats, and their diet primarily consists of palaemonid shrimp, microcrustaceans, copepods and mosquitofish.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcaragiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Centropomus_undecimalis/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species #: 2 Common Name: Blue tang Scientific Name: Paracanthurus hepatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family:Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: They typically inhabit tropical coral reefs in water with a strong current. They may move seasonally, occurring at higher latitudes when water temperatures allow. Individuals found in other areas are presumed to have been released from aquaria. Food / Feed Strategy: Common surgeons are herbivorous. Unlike many marine fish, common surgeons rely only slightly on plankton. Instead, they graze on algae, using their small teeth to pull algae from rocks and coral. Fish of this species also feed on microalgae other marine plants, and zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Paracanthurus_hepatus/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 3 Common Name: Anchovies Scientific Name: Engraulis mordax Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Clupeiformes

Family: Engraulidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found off the west coast of North America, from Queen Charlotte Islands in British Columbia, Canada, to Cabo San Lucas in Baja California, Mexico, and in the Gulf of California. Food / Feed Strategy: They feed upon krill, copepods, and decapods larvae, and collect food via filter feeding and active predation. When filter feeding, water and zooplankton pass through its large gaping mouth as it swims. Water passing over the gills is strained through long, finely-separated gill rakers, which collect particulate organic matter, and zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangifrom Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Engraulis_mordax/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 4 Common Name: Common fangtooth Scientific Name: Anoplogaster cornuta Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Beryciformes

Family: Anoplogastridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found worldwide in tropical to temperate and subartctic seas. It is typically reported as a temperate to tropical species, though it has also been documented in the subarctic waters of the Pacific and Western Atlantic. They are found in regions such as Azores Exclusive Economic Zone, European waters, the Gulf of Mexico, Madagascar, Mozambique, New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone, the North West Atlantic, South Africa, and the Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone.

Food / Feed Strategy: Juveniles feed on crustaceans while adults feed primarily on fish and shrimp. They have been observed to feed on fish one-third their size, necessitating the mechanism of reversed direction ventilation when feeding.

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Body Form or Style: depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Anoplogaster_cornuta/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 5 Common Name: Flounder Scientific Name: Bothus lunatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Pleuronectiformes

Family: Bothidae

Geography / Habitat: They live in the West Atlantic Ocean in both tropical and subtropical regions. They are found off the coasts of Florida, Bermuda, and down the coast of South America to Brazil. They have also recorded in the Central Atlantic near the shelf of Ascension and the St. Helen Islands as well as in the Eastern Atlantic in the Gulf of Guinea.

Food / Feed Strategy: Adult flounders are restricted to feeding on other benthic organisms. They are active predators, mostly eating other fish and they can also feed on marine invertebrates, such as crustaceansand sometimes octopi.

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Body Form or Style: depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.edu/accounts/Bothus_lunatus/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 6 Common Name: Blackfinned clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion percula Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: They are only native to the Indo-Pacific Region. The species ranges from Northern Queensland to Melanesia, which comprises New Guinea, New Britain, New Ireland, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. Food / Feed Strategy: They mainly feed on zooplankton, such as copepods and larval tunicates. Frequently, they will carry large pieces of food to its host anemone, presumably to store it for later use. The anemone devours the accessible food item in most cases.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Amphiprion_percula/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 7 Common Name: Atlantic thresher Scientific Name: Alopias vulpinus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondricthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Alopiidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in tropical and temperate water in almost every major ocean. They are found along the coast of North America from Oregon to Mexico in the Pacific Ocean and from Maine to Florida in the Atlantic Ocean. They are also commonly found around Asia in the central and western Pacific Ocean. Food / Feed Strategy: They are carnivores and feed mainly on small fish that travel in schools. They use their enlarged caudal fin as a means to herd schools of fish into tightly packed balls to maximize strike success. They eat a variety of fish, including sardines and different species of anchovies, mackerel, hake, squid, and red crab from deep waters. In warmer waters, members of this species feed primarily on anchovies, but in cooler waters, they feed mostly on squid and sardines.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Alopias_vulpinus/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 8 Common Name: Sleepers Scientific Name: Eleotridae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Eleotridae

Geography / Habitat: They can be found worldwide between the 40th parallels(tropical and subtropical regions), reaching farther south in New Zealand. They occur on five continents and are common in the islands of the Indo-Pacific

Food / Feed Strategy: They are carnivores that feed on crustaceans and other benthic invertebrates, small fishes, and insects. Many species pass through a marine larval stage during which they feed on plankton.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangifrom Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Eleotridae/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 9 Common Name: Doctorfish Scientific Name: Anarrhichthys ocellatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Anarhichadidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the temperate North Pacific in coastal waters from the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan to the Aleutian islands and along the western coast of North America to Baja California.

Food / Feed Strategy: Wolf-eels use their robust jaws and teeth to eat hard-shelled invertebrates, such as crabs up to 114 mm in width, snails, sand dollars, sea urchins, mussels, clams, and abalone. They eat fish as well, although they seem best able to capture slow-moving prey.

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Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: anguilliform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Anarrhichthys_ocellatus/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 10 Common Name: Banana Scientific Name: Albula vulpes Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Albuliformes

Family: Albulidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in warm tropical waters from the southern coast of Florida, through the Bahamas and along the eastern coast of South America. They can also be found in the Pacific ocean from coastal California to Peru in South America. Although bonefish are typically found in warmer climates, there have been reports of sightings into northern portions of the Atlantic coast in the United States.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are predators and consume a variety of prey. They feed on many small mollusks and crustaceans in shallow water. The majority of their diet consists and snapping and penaeid shrimp.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 11 Common Name: Blue ring angelfish Scientific Name: Pomacanthus annularis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: They live in the Indo-Pacific region ranging from Sri Lanka to the Solomon Islands and from the Philippines to the northern tip of Australia. Normally this range is from 25 degrees north to 25 degrees south.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are eating benthic invertebrates such as zooplankton, sponges, tunicates and coral polyps. Also these fish eat ascidians, algae, weeds, and nektonic fishes.

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Body Form or Style: depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pomacanthus_annularis/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 12 Common Name: Asian seabass Scientific Name: Lates calcarifer Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Latidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to coastal areas in the Indian and Western Pacific oceans. This includes coastal Australia, Southeast and Eastern Asia, and India.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are opportunistic predators. They eat microcrustaceans such as copepods and amphipods as juvenile fish under 40mm. When barramundi are around 80mm, they begin to eat macrocrustaceans and pelagic bony fishes.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lates_calcarifer/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 13 Common Name: Banded lionfish Scientific Name: Pterois antennata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Scorpaenidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the Indo-West Pacific region. This species ranges from east Africa to the Marquesan and Mangareva islands and from northern Japan to Queensland, Australia, and can also be found in the waters surrounding the Kermadec and Austral islands.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are important predators in many coral reef environments, feeding mostly on crustaceans, as well as other invertebrates, and small fishes, including juveniles of their own species. They are known to feed on juveniles of many commercially fished species, like Lutjanus campechanus, Plectropomus leopardus, and Stenopus hispidus.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pterois_antennata/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 14 Common Name: Common eel Scientific Name: Anguilla anguilla Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Anguilliformes

Family: Anguillidae

Geography / Habitat: The area where they live includes the English Channel and coasts of the Mediterranean Sea and northern Atlantic Ocean from Iceland to Mauritania. Their range also encompasses the Baltic and North Seas, as well as all accessible continental or coastal hydrosystems.

Food / Feed Strategy: They have completely different diets during different life stages. No food contents have ever been discovered in the guts of leptocephali, therefore their diet is unknown. Glass eels consume insect’s larvae, dead fish, and small crustaceans. Adult eels have a fairly broad diet and eat freshwater, marine, or terrestrial fauna. Their primary food source is aquatic invertebrates, but they will eat essentially any food they can find.

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Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: anguilliform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Anguilla_anguilla/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 15 Common Name: Convict surgeonfish Scientific Name: Acanthurus triostegus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found throughout the Indo-Pacific region, as well as the eastern Pacific Ocean from the lower Gulf of California to Panama. They are also known as convict surgeonfish or Manini.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are herbivores, grazing on algae found on rocks and corals. Adaptations to their algivorous diet include mouths that are slightly downwardly directed and flexible, comb-like teeth.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Acanthurus_triostegus/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 16 Common Name: Somber surgeonfish Scientific Name: Zebrasoma flavescens Kingdom: Animali

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the waters west of Hawaii and east of Japan in the Pacific Ocean. They mainly live off the coast of Hawaii, but are also found in the more western ranges of their habitat, including the islands Ryukyu, Mariana, Marshall, Marcus, and Wake. They prefer subtropical waters.

Food / Feed Strategy: Because they are mainly herbivores, they spend a large amount of their time grazing either alone or in groups. A large portion of their diet consists of uncalcified and filamentous algae that grows on coral reefs..

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Body Form or Style: depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Zebrasoma_flavescens/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 17 Common Name: Oregon sturgeon Scientific Name: Acipenser transmontanus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Acipenseridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found on the Pacific slope of North America from the Aleutian Islands, AK to Baja, CA. Later, they migrate far inland in large rivers to spawn. They are anadromous fish but may spend much or all of their lives in fresh water if they cannot reach the sea. Food / Feed Strategy: White Sturgeon have been described as opportunistic feeders, feeding on the bottom with their long snouts and using their barbells to detect food. When small they feed on clams, mussels, crayfish, worms, and fish eggs. At a larger size, they prey on fish such as smelt, anchovies, lamprey, shad and salmon.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: caragiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Semicossyphus_pulcher


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 18 Common Name: California Sheephead Scientific Name: Semicossyphus Pulcher Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: labridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the Eastern Pacific Ocean along the California coast, from Monterey Bay to the Gulf of California. They are sometimes seen in Gulf of California, Mexico, but are most abundant south of Point Conception, California.

Food / Feed Strategy: They consume benthic invertebrates including the purple sea urchins, Pacific rock crabs, acorn barnacles, mussels, clams, and bryozoans. They also eat snails, squids, common sand dollars, eccentric sand dollars, and sea cucumbers.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Semicossyphus_pulcher/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 19 Common Name: Frill shark Scientific Name: Chlamydoselachus anguineus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Hexanchiformes

Family: Chlamydoselachidae

Geography / Habitat: They have been found almost worldwide, including the eastern Atlantic coast of northern Norway, the western Indian Ocean near South Africa, the western Pacific near New Zealand, and the eastern Pacific near the coast of Chile.

Food / Feed Strategy: Because of their sharp teeth, it is thought that their primary foods are small deep-water fishes, and squid. Because frilled sharks live on the ocean floor, they may also feed on carrion floating down from the surface.

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Body Form or Style: taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.umma.umich.edu/accounts/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 20 Common Name: Blue cod Scientific Name: Ophiodon elogatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Hexagrammidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to the west coast of North America. Highest densities are found off the coast of British Columbia, Canada. Lingcod are coastal fish that occupy submerged banks with dens communities of algae, and channels with strong currents flowing over and around rocky reefs. They avoid muddy and sandy bottoms, and stagnant areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are predators that eat anything that can fit in their mouths, especially fish and large invertevrates.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Ophiodon_elongatus/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 21 Common Name: Giant sunfish Scientific Name: Mola mola Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Molidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the temperate and tropical regions of the Mediterranean, Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. They are commonly observed off the coast of Southern California, Indonesia, the British Isles, the Northern and Southern Isles of New Zealand, the southern coasts of Africa, and in the Mediterranean and occasionally in the North Sea.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on jelly fish and gelatinous zooplankton, such as ctenophores, salps, and medusa.

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Body Form or Style: depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Mola_mola/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 22 Common Name: Black Moray Scientific Name: Gymnothorax funebris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Anguilliformes

Family: Muraenidae

Geography / Habitat: They can be found in the western Atlantic Oceans, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The species is most common in the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Seam the Bahamas, and the Florida Keys.

Food / Feed Strategy: It consumes most species of fish, so long as they are small enough to swallow whole or can be ripped into manageable pieces.

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Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: anguillform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: from the Animal Diversity Web page


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 23 Common Name: Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes Scientific Name: Acanthuridae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: They can be found in all tropical and subtropical seas but are absent from the Mediterranean.

Food / Feed Strategy: They have small mouths and incisor-like, lobate teeth used to probe the reef for small animals and plants. Most of them are herbivorous.

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Body Form or Style: depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web page


Title: Saltwater/ Marine fishes Species # 24 Common Name: Brown sucker Scientific Name: Remora remora Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Echeneidae

Geography / Habitat: They are common in warmer parts of all oceans.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Remora clings to a host, such as large sharks, sea turtles, bony fishes, rays, and marine mammals. The Remora has long been thought to detach itself from its host and dart around feeding on its scraps.

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Body Form or Style: sagittigorm Swim / Locomotion Style: subcaragiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Remora_remora/


Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fishes Species # 25 Common Name: Bandand Scientific Name: Chanos chanos Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gonorynchiformes

Family: Chanidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to regions in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on a variety of foods depending on the type of environment. As larvae they feed on zoo plankton.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater Fishes Species # 26 Common Name: American shad Scientific Name: Alosa sapidissima Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Clupeiformes

Family:Clupeidae

Geography / Habitat: They are restricted to temperate climates and spend the majority of their life in coastal areas of the Atlantic or Pacific Ocean.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are omnivores with a diet consisting of mostly zooplankton and insect larvae. Juveniles eat more once they have left spawning areas. As they get older, American shad broaden their diet to include small fish, crustaceans, plankton, worms, and occasionally fish eggs.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Alosa_sapidissima/


Title: Freshwater Fishes Species # 27 Common Name: Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus dolomieu Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: The native range of this encompasses the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence seaway drainages from southern Quebec and New Hampshire to North Dakota, and the Mississippi River drainage as far south as Alabama.

Food / Feed Strategy: Fry and juvenile diets consist primarily of zooplankton and insect larvae. Adults have a more diverse palate, subsisting on such varied foods as crayfish, amphibians, insects, and other fish. Adults also cannibalize young of other parents.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Micripterus_dolomieu/


Title : Freshwater Fishes Species # 28 Common Name: Australian bass Scientific Name: Macquaria australasica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percichthyidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in Australia. There are three different population areas that this species inhabits including west of the Great Dividing Range, the Hawkesbury River, and the lower Shoalhaven Riber

Food / Feed Strategy: The bulk of their diet consist of aquatic invertebrates such as caddisfly, stonefly and mayfly species, with a small quantity of terrestrial insects taken as well.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Macquaria_australasica/


Title : Freshwater fishes Species # 29 Common Name: African catfish Scientific Name: Clarias Gariepinus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Clariidae

Geography / Habitat: They have been widely introduced around the world. They are found as far south as South Africa and north into northern Africa. They have also been introduced in Europe, the Middle East, and in parts of Asia.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on insects, plankton, snails, crabs, shrimp, and other invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Clarias_gariepinus/


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 30 Common Name: Three-lined pencilfish Scientific Name: Nannostomus trifasciatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Lebiasinidae

Geography / Habitat: They are a freshwater fish native to Guyana, the Rio Negro, and the middle portion of the Amazon River.

Food / Feed Strategy: They spend much of their time near the water surface, where it feeds primarily on insets. It has also been reported to eat detritus and algae. In captivity, it will eat just about any type of standard fish food.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Nannostomus_trifasciatus/


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 31 Common Name: Golden shiner Scientific Name: Notemigonus crysoleucas Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: They are widely distributed throughout North America. Their native range includes the Atlantic drainage basin from Nova Scotia south to southern Texas, the Great Lakes basin, and the Mississippi River drainage basin from Alberta Canada.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are omnivorous and crepuscular planktivores. Their diet mainly consists of zooplankton, phytoplankton, and microcrustaceans. They pick off plankton one at a time and generally occupy slower moving waters.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Notemigonus_crysoleucas/


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 32 Common Name: Bluntnose minow Scientific Name: Pimephales notatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: They are widely distributed in small and medium sized streams in North America.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat algae, aquatic insect larvae, diatoms, and small crustaceans called entomostracans. Occasionally they will eat fish eggs or small fish.

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Body Form or Style: Sgittigorm Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pimephales_notatus/


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 33 Common Name: Pirate Perch Scientific Name: Aphredoderus sayanus Kingdom: Aniamlia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percopsiformes

Family: Aphredoderidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found only in North America and are believed to have occupied the Mississippi Valley before the ancestors of most modern-day fishes had migrated into the region.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat primarily immature aquatic insects, small crustaceans and sometimes small fish.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position:terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Aphredodrus_sayanus/


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 34 Common Name: Bleeding heart Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to the neotropical region as the Upper Amazon River basin.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat a variety of foods. It is likely that their wild diet is similar, being made up of small crustaceans, insects, zooplankton, and other organic matter.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Hyphessobrycon_erythrostigma/


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 35 Common Name: False neon tetra Scientific Name: Paracheirodon simulans Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to the neotropical reigion. They are found in northwest Brazil to Colombia in the River Negro, and in Venezuela in the upper Orinoco River basin.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are omnivorous. They tend to eat small live food such as crustaceans, fish larvae, and insects.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web page.


Title : Freshwater fishes Species # 36 Common Name: Piranha Scientific Name: Pygocentrus nattereri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in South America.

Food / Feed Strategy: They proceed to swim after and eat the fish. They eat a variety of food in their diet, including fins, scales, fish, insects, snails, and plants.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 37 Common Name: Log perch Scientific Name: Percina caprodes Kingdom: Animali

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in North America as far north as the St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basin areas to as far south as Gulf of Mexico drainages.

Food / Feed Strategy: They have a diet consisting of rotifers, copepods, and water fleas. As they grow, logperch incorporate a greater variety of small aquatic creatures. They feed on primarily aquatic insects and midge larvae.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 38 Common Name: Marble cichlid Scientific Name: Astronotus ocellatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopetrygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the Amazon River basin, from the Orinoco River to the Rio Paraguay, throughout Venezuela, Guyana, and Paraguay.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed mostly on insect larvae and smaller fish.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 39 Common Name: Electric eel Scientific Name: Electrophorus electricus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gymnotiformes

Family: Gymnotidae

Geography / Habitat: They mostly live in the northeastern portions of South America.

Food / Feed Strategy: They use their weak electric organ. Mostly, they eat some preys.

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Body Form or Style: taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: anguilliform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 40 Common Name: Rainbow darter Scientific Name: Etheostoma caeruleum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in North America, throughout the Great Lakes region and the Ohio River valley extending into northern Alabama and as far west as Missouri and Arkansas.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on a variety of aquatic insect larvae, small snails, and crayfish.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 41 Common Name: Greenside darter Scientific Name: Ethesostoma blennioides Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Geography / Habitat: It is restricted to a few major watersheds of North America.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on immature benthic insects in the 1-6mm range, although this diet varies with season and prey abailability.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 42 Common Name: Banded sculpin Scientific Name: Cottus carolinae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Cottidae

Geography / Habitat: The species occupies upland streams within the Mississippi River basin from the New River drainage in West Virginia, west to Ozark Mountain drainages in southern Missouri and Kansas, and from southern Indiana and Illinois, south to northern Arkansas, Alabama, and northeast Georgia.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are feeders and make effective use of their cryptic coloration when they stalk or ambush prey. They eat including caddisflies, mayflies, and midge larvae.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 43 Common Name: Arawana Scientific Name: Osteoglossum bicirrhosum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Osteoglossiformes

Family: Osteoglossidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to the Amazon drainage system, the western Orinoco and the Rupununi and Essequibo systems of the Guianas.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are not picky eaters. They eat insects and spidrs.

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Body Form or Style: anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: anguilliform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 44 Common Name: Green sunfish Scientific Name: Lepomis cyanellus Kingdom: Animali

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: They live in central North America, from the plains east of the Rocky Mountain range and west of the Appalachian mountain range.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat various types of zooplankton and, as they grow, they expand their diets to include insect larvae and small snails.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 45 Common Name: Cachama Scientific Name: Piaractus brachypomus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography / Habitat: They live in the Amazon and Orinoco river flood plains.

Food / Feed Strategy: The dietary composition of red-bellied pacu shifts depending on the season. During the wet season, they rely heavily on seed predation from the newly dropped fruit of riparian trees and plants.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 46 Common Name: Common sunfish Scientific Name: Lepomis gibbosus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found natively in the Atlantic Slope drainages from New Brunswick to the Edisto River in South Carolina and also in the Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and upper Mississippi basins.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on small prey including insects, insects larvae, mollusks, snails, crustaceans, leeches, and small fish.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater Fishes Species # 47 Common Name: Chinese mitten crab Scientific Name: Eriocheir sinensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Varunidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found on coasts from Japan to the mainland of China, Korean Peninsula, and along the Yellow sea.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat both plants and animals as its primary food source.

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Body Form or Style: not related to fishes Swim / Locomotion Style: walks Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 48 Common Name: Central stoneroller Scientific Name: Campostoma anomalum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found from New York west through the Great Lakes to Wisconsin and Minnesota and south through the Mississippi valley to Mexico.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are voracious feeders with a diet largely consisting of filamentous algae.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 49 Common Name: Cachama Scientific Name: Piaractus brachypomus Kingdom: Animali

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography / Habitat: They live in the Amazon and Orinoco river basins.

Food / Feed Strategy: the rely heavily on seed predation from the newly dropped fruit of riparian tress and plants.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Freshwater fishes Species # 50 Common Name: Common snook Scientific Name: centropomus undecimalis Kingdom: Animali

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centropomidae

Geography / Habitat: They are range from the coastal mid-Atlantic regions of the Unite States through the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean to parts of Central and South America.

Food / Feed Strategy: Their feeding behavior is affected by the tidal cycle, and feeding activity noticeably increases with an increase in water flow following a period of standing flood or ebb tides.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title : Saltwater Invertebrates Species # 51 Common Name: Sand stargazers Scientific Name: Dactyloscopidae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Dactyloscopidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in tropical and warm temperate waters of the western hemisphere.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are carnivorous, lying in wait under the sand to stack small fishes and invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Saltwater Invertebrates Species # 52 Common Name: Dungeness crab Scientific Name: Cancer magister Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cancridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the costal waters from Point Concepcion, California, to the Pribilof Islands, Alaska.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat a variety of marine invertebrates and fish.

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Body Form or Style: not related to fishes Swim / Locomotion Style: walks Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web page


Title: Seawater Invertebrates Species # 53 Common Name: Blue ring angelfish Scientific Name: Pomacanthus annularis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: They live in the Indo-Pacific region rangin from Sri Lanka to the Solomon Islands and from the Philippines to the northern tip of Australia.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are omnivorous, eating benthic invertebrates such as zooplankton, sponges, tunicates and coral polyps.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Salwater Invertebrates Species # 54 Common Name: Garibaldi Scientific Name: Hypsypops rubicundus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: They are fond in the coast of California.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on small sessile sponges, bryozoans, and plankton that are found in and around the kelp forests that serve as their homes.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Saltwater Invertebrates Species # 55 Common Name: Bullhead Scientific Name: Heterodontus portusjacksoni Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Heterodontifomes

Family: Heterodontidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found from southern coastal Australia to the central coast of Western Australia.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat urchins, starfish, polychaetes, large gastropods, prawns, crabs, barnacles, and small fishes.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subsarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title: Saltwater Invertebrates Species # 56 Common Name: Clinds Scientific Name: Clindae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Clinidae

Geography / Habitat: They live in both northern and southern hemispheres.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are primarily carnivorous bottom-feeders who consume small fishes and invertebrates from worms to crustaceans.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web


Title : Saltwater Invertebrates Species # 57 Common Name: Blue spotted lagoon ray Scientific Name: Taeniura lymma Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Rajiformes

Family: Dasyatidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the Indo-west Pacific Food / Feed Strategy: During high tide, it migrates in groups into shallow sandy areas of tidal flats to feed on sand worms, crabs, and small fishes. Bt at low tide, it recedes back into the ocean alone to hide in the coral.

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Body Form or Style: not related Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web


Title : Saltwater Invertebrates Species # 58 Common Name: Leopard shark Scientific Name: Stegostoma fasciatum Kingdom: Animali

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Stegostomatidae

Geography / Habitat: They live in the central, western and Indian Pacific oceans.

Food / Feed Strategy: Natural foods include gastropod and bivalve mollusks with smaller amounts of crabs, shrimp, and small fish.

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Body Form or Style: fuisfrom Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title : saltwater invertebrates Species # 59 Common Name: Combtooth blennies Scientific Name: Blenniidae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Blenniidae

Geography / Habitat: They can be found in the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic oceans, in tropical, subtropical, and temperate water throughout the world.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat some blennies nip pieces of skin, scales, or fins from larger fish.

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Body Form or Style: filifom Swim / Locomotion Style: anguliform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity web page


Title : Saltwater Invertebrates Species # 60 Common Name: California spiny lobster Scientific Name: Panuirus interruptus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Palinuridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found on the Pacific coast of North America from Monterey By, California to Baja California, mexico.

Food / Feed Strategy: They consume scavenge dead animals, algae, and detritus.

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Body Form or Style: not related Swim / Locomotion Style: walks and swims Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title : saltwater invertebrates Species # 61 Common Name: Lemon sailfin Scientific Name: zebra flavescens Kingdom: Animali

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: They are fond in the waters west of Hawaii and east of Japan in the Pacific Ocean.

Food / Feed Strategy: They spend a large amount of their time grazing either alone or in groups.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title : saltwater invertebrates Species # 62 Common Name: Copper rockfish Scientific Name: sebastes caurinus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Sebastidae

Geography / Habitat: They are common in the water of British Columbia and in Puget Sound. Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on crabs, mollusk and other fish.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title : saltwater invertebrates Species # 63 Common Name: California sheephead Scientific Name: Semicossyphus pulcher Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the Easter Pacific Ocean along the California coast, from Monterey Bay to the Gulf of California.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on snails, squids, common sand dollars, eccentric sand dollars, and sea cucumbers.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web page


Title : saltwater invertebrates Species # 64 Common Name: Giant sunfish Scientific Name: Mola mola Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Molidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the temperate and tropical regions of the Mediterranean, Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on jellyfish and gelatinous zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title : saltwater invertebrates Species # 65 Common Name: Blue cod Scientific Name: Ophiodon elongatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Hexagrammidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to the west coast of North America from the Shumagin island.

Food / Feed Strategy: They prey on various species of salmon and rockfish as well as Pacific herring andoctopus.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: caracngiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity web page


Title : Freshwater Invertebrates Species # 66 Common Name: Bleeding heart Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the Rio Negro of Brazil as well as other regional rivers.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat a variety of foods.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title : Freshwater Invertebrates Species # 67 Common Name: Bluegill Scientific Name: Leponis macrochirus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to lakes and streams in the St. Lawrence, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River systems.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat very small animals.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title : Freshwater Invertebrates Species # 68 Common Name: American burbot Scientific Name: Lota lota Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gadiformes

Family: Lotidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to the cold fresh waters of the Nearctic and Palearctic regions found between 40 and 70 degrees North latitudes.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are having a diet of mollusks and insect larvae.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web


Title : Freshwater Invertebrates Species # 69 Common Name: African catfish Scientific Name: Clarias gariepinus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Clariidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found as far south as South Africa and north into northern Africa. Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on insects, plankton, snails, crabs, shrimp, and animals, bird, reptiles, amphibians, small mammals and other fishes.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web


Title : Freshwater Invertebrates Species # 70 Common Name: Longtail Knifefish Scientific Name: Sternopygus marcrurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chortada

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gymnotiformes

Family: Sternopygidae

Geography / Habitat: They occurs in many freshwater bodies in South America. Food / Feed Strategy: They are predator of small invertebrates. Their diets are mainly composed of aquatic insect larvae.

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Body Form or Style: anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web.


Title : Freshwater Invertebrates Species # 71 Common Name: Gobies Scientific Name: Gobiidae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Gobiidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the subarctic streams of southern Siberia.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on a wide variety of small organisms like crabs, shrimps, smaller crustaceans, mollusks, annelids, polychaetes, and small fishes.

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Body Form or Style: anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: anguilliform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web


Title : Freshwater Invertebrates Species # 72 Common Name: Blue cod Scientific Name: Ophiodon elongatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Hexagrammidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to the west coast of North America from the Shumagin Island in the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California, Mexico.

Food / Feed Strategy: They prey on various species of salmon and rockfish as well as Pacific herring and octopus.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title : Freshwater inveterbrates Species # 73 Common Name: Longtial Knifefish Scientific Name: Strenopygus Macrurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gymnotiformes

Family: Sternopygidae

Geography / Habitat: They are in freshwater bodies in South America.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are predators of small invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


Title : Freshwater Invertebrates Species # 74 Common Name: Candiru Scientific Name: Vandellia cirrhosa Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Trichomycteridae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to the Amazon and Orinoco river basins in northern South America.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feeding on blood and gill tissue

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Body Form or Style: anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: anguilliform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: Animal diversity Web


Title : Freshwater Invertebrates Species # 75 Common Name: Bleeding heart Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography / Habitat: They are native to the neotropicatl region.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat a variety of foods.

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Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: Animal Diversity Web Page


The End


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