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WORLDWIDE REFINERY PROCESSING REVIEW Monitoring Technology Development and Competition in One Single Source

First Quarter 2011 Iso-Octane Production

HYDROCARBON PUBLISHING COMPANY Translating Knowledge into Profitability

P.O. Box 661 Southeastern, PA 19399 (U.S.A.)

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Phone: (610) 408-0117/ Fax: (610) 408-0118

Review@Hydrocarbonpublishing.com


TABLE OF CONTENTS 1Q2011 Review Iso-Octane Production 18. Iso-octane Production ..................................................................................................................... 1 18.1 MARKET/TECHNOLOGY TRENDS & OPPORTUNITIES ............................................................................................. 1  18.1.1  Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 1  18.1.2  Market Conditions and Outlook................................................................................................................ 2  18.1.2.1  Gasoline Supply and Demand .................................................................................................... 2  18.1.2.2  MTBE and Ethanol Blending ..................................................................................................... 2  18.1.2.3  Isooctene/Isooctane as a Blending Component .......................................................................... 5  18.1.3  Technology Competition, Directions, and Future Prospects .................................................................... 6  18.1.3.1  Market Competition .................................................................................................................... 6  18.1.3.2  Revamping MTBE Units ............................................................................................................ 7  18.1.3.3  Gasoline Additive Production and Blending .............................................................................. 8  18.1.4  Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................ 9  18.2  STATE-OF-THE-ART TECHNOLOGY ....................................................................................................................... 9  18.2.1  Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 9  18.2.2  Commercially Available Isooctane/Isooctene Production Processes ..................................................... 11  18.2.2.1  Axens ........................................................................................................................................ 12  18.2.2.1.1  Dimersol-G .............................................................................................................. 12  18.2.2.1.2  Selectopol and Polynaphtha .................................................................................... 12  18.2.2.2  LyondellBasell/Kvaerner .......................................................................................................... 14  18.2.2.3  Neste Jacobs/KBR .................................................................................................................... 16  18.2.2.4  Refining Hydrocarbon Technologies ........................................................................................ 18  18.2.2.5  Snamprogetti/CDTECH ............................................................................................................ 19  18.2.2.6  UOP .......................................................................................................................................... 22  18.2.3  Summary of Commercial Isooctane Production Processes .................................................................... 25  18.3  PLANT OPERATIONS AND PRACTICES .................................................................................................................. 27  18.3.1  Impact of Feed Source on Dimerization Products .................................................................................. 27  18.3.2  Impact of Reaction Selectivity on Additive Quality................................................................................. 27  18.3.3  Conversion of MTBE Units to Isooctane Production ............................................................................. 28  18.4  REFINING R&D ALERT! ...................................................................................................................................... 29  18.4.1  Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 29  18.4.1.1  General Process, Catalysts, and Operating Conditions ............................................................. 30  18.4.1.1.1  Patents ..................................................................................................................... 30  18.4.1.1.2  Research .................................................................................................................. 31  18.4.1.2  Product Quality Improvement .................................................................................................. 32  18.4.1.2.1  Patents ..................................................................................................................... 32  18.4.1.2.2  Research .................................................................................................................. 33  18.4.1.3  Catalyst Modifiers .................................................................................................................... 33  18.5  REFERENCES ....................................................................................................................................................... 35 

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