Page 1

Yoojin Hwang


CONTENTS

2


4 A Charnel House 16 Deutch-American Society: German Consulate 30 Journey to the Nostalgia 42 House 2011

50 Small Multiple 56 Contour of Mountain; Miao Minority 70 Flat lot 80 China Field Research_Film 84 Turf and Racquet Center 98 Research Center 114 A Cube 122 Collective Landscape 136 Multi Ramblas 158 Epilogue


2007_SPRING Handong University_Po-hang

CHARNEL HOUSE

A precondition of this project is that nobody knows death. However, an archtect who is living in the present design a charnel house for those who dead. Through this project, I have contemplated life, time, and reminiscence. And I designed a charnel house for people who wants to recollect their friends or families.

4

Because I haven’t go through death, also I couldn’t experience death, When I thought about charnel house, I realized that it is for people who is living the present, not for the those who had left the world. To be specific, a charnel house is not needed for dead people, but it is needed for people who want to recollect their friends who they cannot see anymmore. The reason is that ‘death’ is one of events which are happened during people live. Just like ‘time’ that nobody cannot take back, nobody cannot take back their friends who died.


REMINISCENCE


0 sec

5

10

15

20

TIME

90

you can recollect. But you cannot meet. 170

you can look back. But you cannot go back.

6

25

30

35


40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

SPACE AND TIME Space fllows with time. Once poeple walk away frome the spot, people cannot go back to the same spot. However you can recollect and reminiscence the space that people was. By recollecting people can fold the timeline and catch the space in their imagination, even though time and space actually are not folded. All people can reminiscence, but cannot meet. Therefore, I desinged a charnel house with concept of time. By control movement and show people the passage that they have been just passed, people cad realize that they were there a few minute before and they cannot return to there like the past.


0 sec

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

70

TIME

90

65

40

75

45

50

70

55

65

60

8


CONCEPT DIAGRAM


A

wn do

plan A

10


Section A


12


A Charne el House ou

14


2012_FALL Cincinnati_OHIO

DEUTCH-AMERICAN SOCIETY GERMEN CONSULATE FOR CINCINNATI If one were to look at the telephone book for Cincinnati, one would have to impressed with the number of German names in it. This is due to the large German immagration in the nineteenth century, much of which was funneled to Cincinnati because of the pre-existing German base and because the city was booming, the first inland to compete in scale with those of on the east coast. In 1850, Cincinnati was the 5th largest city in the country, after New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Baltimore. The growth of the railroads and the decline of the South after the civil war, made the city’s position less enviable, and the rapid growth moved elsewhere, although after the revolutions in many of the German states in 1848, there was another huge increase in German immagration to Cincinnati, resulting in a further increase in German newspapers, brewers, clubs, etc. German was a common language spoken on the streets of the city until World War I. Thus, it would seem that it is only natural that there be a German consulate located in the city.

16


site in Cincinnati


CIRCLE STREETS. Circle streets easily can be seen in Eroupe urban transfortation system. This allow people to go more than straight or right turns. And also Circle streests refresh people’s sense of direction. Crossroads allow people to keep their sense of direction so they can recognize their location or direction in the urban. However, once people go through a circle street, it is hard to keep their direction in the city.

18


CONCEPT DIAGRAM. Based on the Circle Street’s effect, I developed strategy. Once people want to approach to programs such as auditorium or museum, they have to go through forest first. People can not enter to programs from exterior streets, but they can enter to programs after they get refreshed at the forest. By refreshing, people forget where they were and renew their sense with the German social community atmosphere.

scenario_1

am

p

am

program 20

prog r

am ogr r p

ram rog

pro gr

program


program

program p

prog r

am ogr r p

ram rog

prog r

am ogr r p

am

program

p

am

am

pro gr

scenario_3

ram rog

pro gr

scenario_2

am

program


SITE PLAN

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N

0 10

50

100


24 4


Square_forest skeletal club_beer grocery store travel agency bookstore language school museum library parking lot enterance wine storage museum office ticket box parking lot storage

9 8 7

14

12 1

6

11 2 13

4 5 3

10

Ground plan

Basement plan

0 10

50

100

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14


section_A 0

26

10

30

50


Square_forest german embassy office embassador room food court bookstore language school library roof garden seminar room

7

7

A

9

1

6

1

9

8 8 3

8 5

2 4

5

4

A

Third floor plan

Second floor plan

0 10

50

100

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9


DEUTCH-AMERICAN SOCIETY GERMEN CONSULATE FOR CINCINNATI

28


2013_FALL Independent study

JOURNEY TO NOSTALGIA

I, who came to Columbus to study architecture from Seoul in South Korea, haven’t visited my hometown during those three years I’ve been studied. During three years, as all international students or students whose home or families are far from where they study do, my nostalgia to the hometown have been grown. Family, a home where I had grown up for my childhood, the bus stop I used to use, the orange line subway which I took almost everyday, the lake park where I walk with my mother and brother, the bakery where my father bought me latte which is my favorite, the mall where my friends and I had always been hang out, and so on. Those longing to the hometown are organic because it is not completed in one moment. It is in some way growing with the individual’s daily life or circumstances or it is sometimes recreated with new meaning when the indicidual’s situations are related to it. Thus, with time, the memories are re-percieved, re-organized and re-created in one’s perception, so eventually the memories become have a different pictures from the one that hometown actually is. There are elements which work as enzyme which makes one’s memories maximize and distort. Those enzymes can be one’s specific experience or event that happen in specific time and so on.This journey to nostalgia is mapping re-created individual’s memory by memory enzymes and see what possibilities these re-organized mapping have.

30


마두 도서관

정발산

호수공원 공원 정발 중학교 중학

킴스클럽 킴 스클럽 럽 백화점 백화점

문방구 문 문방 방구 방구

IL-SAN_SOUTH IL L-S SAN N_S SOU OUTH TH H KOREA KOR REA EA

포장마차 포 포장 장마차 장 마차 마차 마두 마두역 두역 역

육교 육교


JOURNEY_1

32

Since I born in 1985, I had been in Korea for 25 years. In those times, I had been in Seoul, Ilsan, Sangju, Pohang, Yang-gea, and Gang-nam: where I had grown up for mu childhood, where I had been for my teenage-hood, where I had hang out with my friends, where I had worked out with my family, where I had studied for undergraduate. Because I had been only those places, in my individual memory, Korea is cosisted with only those places. And Based on only individual’s perception, those locations are connected with each other. If I was in Korea, I would picture of Korea just as the Google map showing, however, the Korea in my memory has very limited and just completed with only several cities and spots. This map with conntected places will create boundary for my nostalgia to Korea.


1. International airport 2. Goyang-si ; where I had been for my chilhood. 3. Seoul 4. Yang-jea ; where my first company was 5. Gang-nam : where I used hang-out with friends. 6. Sang-ju : where my undergraduate’s last design studio site was. 7. Eul-sung : where my grandfather live. 8. Pohang: where my university is.

라페스타 포 포장마 차 정발마 발 을

놀이터 100 100 0번 버스 버스

2

마두역 마두 두역 두 역

정발산 정발 산

세종문화회관

정발 발 중학교 학교 교

고양시

3

서울

마두 두 도서 서관 관 경복궁 경복궁 경복 복

세원고등학교 세원

육교 육교 문방구 문방구 호수공원

광화문

광화문 교보문고 고

킴 킴스 킴스클 럽 백화점

정발산역

고속버 고속 고 속 스터미널 널

1

4

양재천

강남역 강남 남

5

서울영 서울 서 울 동교회 회

강남

양재역 양재역 재역 인천국제공항

중국집

삼 동 삼청동

스타벅스 스타

양재

학동역 학 동

ENO 건축

삼호건설 설

상주6 7

의성

의성 할아버지 집

8

포항북구 포항북 북구 고 고속버스터미널 속버스 속버 버 스터 버스 찜질 질방 영화관

포항

동대학교

한동 동대 공대

육거리 육 리

학생 식당 학

생활관


JOURNEY_2 map_1

34

The orange line subway was the line that I most took. I had took this line almost more than 3 times in a week when I was student and after I graduated university, I had to take this line everyday to go to the work. So , this subway was the place where I had spent lot of time. As you can see in a map 1, the subway road is not straight. However, once I take this subway, I cannot feel any truns. Because this subway go through dark underground and all the turns are subtle. So during I’m in the subway, I feel I’m going straight under the ground. Thus, as you can see in map_2, In my memory to the subway, it has straight way. So, once I take the orange line, I feel I’m moving in a straight line. And this straight line bring me to the location where I want to go. Even though Seoul has no straight grid system, because of the effect of the subway, or memory of it, the city is recreated with simple straight urban system system.


map_2


JOURNEY_3 The town where my home is was Ilsan and where my friends and I used to hang-out was Gang-nam. And those two cities are devided with Han-river. This Han-river has 31 bridges and those bridges has beautiful lights at night. Whenever I have a dinner at Gang-nam with friends and take a bus which runs alongside of Han-river, I always sit on the window side so I can see Han-river and the bridges. Thus, in my individual memory, Han-river isn’t just river with amount of water. It is the river which has colors of beautiful bridages reflections. So, as you can see in map_3(in page 7) Han river in my memory has reflection of bridges and is devided with colors from bridges.

36


map_3


JOURNEY_4

38

Since I have started study in Columbus, I thought about my identity as Korean. It was strange because identity as Korean become more important than when I was in Korea. Whenever I was in lecture or class, I kept come up with what perspective differency has between western and eastern or how it would be if I apply the theories that I learn in class to Korea culture or architecture. Thus I became to more obssesive to the Korean traditional architecture or culture than I was in Korea. And this obssession to it started to create its own images of the Korean culture whether it is actually right or wrong. individual In my memory, the dam(which is walls in Korean) with stones and sand and the trees or roofs which is shown over the dam are become the very important Korean traditional architecture elements. And these dam, roof and trees are combined with curvy lines that dams and roofs have. Thus those create collage _1.


collage_1


jOURNEY TO NOST TALGI IA

40


마두 도서관 도서관

정발산

라페스타 스타

호수공원 원 정발 중학교 중학교

육교 육교

포장마차 포 포장 장마차 장 마 마차 차 마두 마 마두역 두역

문방구 문 문방 방구 방구


2011_Summer Shelter Competition House 2011 is made of series of layers. The layers, composed of movable glass panels filter the environment surrounding the house into the interior. By operating glass panels, the resident can control the amount of the nature brought into the house. The spaces around outer layers are more open to the nature and those between inner layers have more privacy and protection from the exterior.

42

HOUSE 2011

Because every room is shifted side to side from the center, each room has more exposure to the exterior than conventional houses. Nature penetrates into the narrow space between the layers, and it becomes part of the house. People living in the house can feel the richness of the environment around them even in the center of the city. In addition to the movable glass layers, concrete walls and translucent panels are used for privacy and structural purpose.


HOUSE_2011

Concept Diagram

Conventional house layout

44

House made of layers of space


Space shifted from side to side

Nature penetrates into space between Layers


HOUSE_2011

Plan & Structure

1 2 3 4 5

Living Room Kitchen and Dining Bed Room Bath Room Sun Room 0

46

5

10

1 2 3 4 5 20


Roof

Transparent Glass Panel

Translucent Glass Wall

Concrete Wall

Frame

Floor


48


2012_SPRING STUDIO_KSA

SMALL MULTIPLE

Daily life of people is similar with playing game. In game, there are rules to finish or complete actions. Paralell to this, there are stuffs around us that are consisted with rules. And this rules start from the smalleast element. In this studio, I choose hauberk and analyze it from the smalleast element which is a ring. And rings are connected to other rings based on rules.

50


HAUBERK


ANALYZING HAUBERK

LEATHER ON BACK

METAL PLATE ON FRONT

EX EX

EX EX

EX EX

7(OR 8) into 1

remove ome ring link two rings 4 into 1

Expansion

EX

Contraction

CO

direction

Connection

CN

Standard connection

SC

3 into 1

4 into 1

52

CIR

EX

add one more ring

Smalleast element ; ring

Circular Form


VOID AREA FOR FUNCTION COVER WITH SINGLE MOLDED METAL PIECE

CONNECT WITH METAL PLATES

SENSORY ORGAN

SIGHT / HEARING

FULL PROTECTION

VULVERABLE ORGAN

FULL PROTECTION

CORE

MOBILITY

- LESS RANGE OF MOVEMENT

FULL PROTECTION MOBILITY

- WIDE RANGE OF MOVEMENT - EASE OF MOVEMENT CONNECT WITH METAL RINGS

PRACTICE

PRACTICE


554 4


FRONT

LEFT ARM

RIGHT ARM

BACK


2012_SPRING Miao, China

CONTOUR OF MOUNTAIN

In China, there are 55 minority which consist 8.5% population of Chinese. Among the minority Miao people is the one of the group who have preserved their tradition. They maily lives in Guizhou province in China. For a long time, they have been keeing their tradition in House, Cloth, food and so on. As the one of the harmony politic all minority in one chinese government, China recently invest on tourism in Guizhou. Because of traditional life of Miao people and well-preserved beautiful nature there, many tourist are attracted to experience their life. Therefore Studio choose Jidao town(one of miao people’s twon), and design tourism village where not only provide hotel rooms for tourist but also provide studio for Miao people who are master in paper, silver, house construction, or cloth craft. Thus, this tourism village become the place where Miao people, who develope their tradition, and tourist, who want to experience miao people’s tradition.

56


Miao minority


58


JIDAO VILLAGE Generally, Miao people build their town on the slope of mountain. The main reason of that is the condition of the topography with many mountains. Jidao village also located on the slope of mountain and there is the river that Miao people believe it as the water of holy spirit. The dynamic topography of the mountain in this area is one of the property of Jidao village.


tain beh Moun

mostly have a view to Upper JIDAO mostly have a view to the mountain cross the river or Lower JIDAO

60

Mountain cross the rive r

mostly have a view to Upper JIDAO


Because of the dynamic contour line of the mountain, when people walk though the same level of contour line, they can see the various beautiful view. So, I choose one contour line that provides most various views as a tourism village and I decided to keep the shape of the contour line as the shape of the village.


62


SITE PLAN 1’-0” = 0’-1/256” PLATFORM LOBBY / TOUR INFORMATION MAHGONG WORKSHOP / OFFICE / SHOP GROUP STUDIO RESTAURANT MASTER'S STUDIO PERFORMANCE PLACE COURTYARD HOTEL ROOM REGISTER HOTEL ROOM STORE GARDEN

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13


Smalleast elements_ Bath room, Bed room, and Rice wine room

TYPE_1

TYPE_2

bright / open

RICEWINE ROOM

BATH ROOM

sequence

BED ROOM

dark / close

14ft

10ft 64

14ft


UP

STUDIO PLAN 1’-0” = 0’-1/64”

PLATFORM LOBBY / TOUR INFORMATION MAHGONG WORKSHOP / OFFICE / SHOP GROUP STUDIO RESTAURANT MASTER'S STUDIO PERFORMANCE PLACE COURTYARD HOTEL ROOM REGISTER HOTEL ROOM STORE GARDEN

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

HOTEL PLAN 1’-0” = 0’-1/64”


A

B

C

B

A

C

A

B

C 66


section_A 50

150

300

section_B

section_C


68 6 8


2013_fall Flint, Michigan

FLAT LOT_SHARP

70

Our proposal, SHARP, derives its meaning from the musical symbol ‘#’, which represents raising a note by a half tone. Our intent was to incorporate this idea of ‘raising’ on a multitude of levels. At the level of the site, we are metaphorically uplifting the existing parking lot surface as a solution to circumvent the given restrictions. In physical terms, this means constructing an elevated open surface so that the pavilion does not interfere with site’s primary use as a parking lot. The act of uplifting creates a double-sided surface which has the advantages of providing shading underneath while at the same time acting as occupiable space. At the level of the city, our pavilion serves to uplift the significance of the city by acting as the new center that attracts visitors not only from the city but also from surrounding neighborhoods, cities and states. Building upon the pavilion’s temporary nature, we conceived of a scheme that would not only be easily assembled and disassembled, but also be economical in its use of materials. The structural frames, which consist of safety poles used in scaffolding, would be rented out from an equipment rental company for the duration of the installation. This way, the pavilion would generate less waste, and could potentially be serve as activators in areas within the city that have been abandoned or inactive.


Flint, Michigan


72


NET SPACE INSIDE NET

NET SPACE SHARP SPACE

NET ROOTS DRAGGED FROM GROUND

PATH INSIDE NET

LIFTING STRUCTURE

GROUND _FLAT PARKING LOT


74


Plan


78


2005_WINTER Pamir plateu_China

CHINA FIELD RESEARCH_FILM researching Ta-gik minority

80


I had participated in ‘2005, winter CFR(China Field Research)’ team that had a plan to research on the people who live on the Pamir Plateau. I was a menber who has charge on film report. Therefore , after I finished research with team during 2weeks, I produce the film report(12minutes) that introduce about Tagik. It was interesting to meet people who have lived in a culture that is different with mine. Tagik’ culture was very different with Korea’s. Firstly, their environment was very particular, because they were live in about 6,100m heights. Not everybody live in a home like a house I has lived in. That means all people have their uniqe and interesting life style and history. I think it is very attractive thing to experience other culture research their story.


000011010

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the Soviet Union

Mongolia Kyrgyzstan

the Pamir Plateau

Tagik live on the Pamir Plateau.

China Afghanistan

Paaki P akkiissttan an Nep Ne paal 000081781

000119319

000097597

0000112278

000123089 1

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000130663

000136936 0001 0136936 1

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Bhut Bh uttaan

Indi Indi In diiaa 000210210

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2012_FALL Columbus_OHIO

INTERNATIONAL TURF AND RACQUET CENTER

84

This project assumed that the reformed associatio decided to relocate their inernational competition Columbus, Ohio, lured by economic incentives offere ment, the relentlessly dry, hot summers which will e ing flexibility at the center, and the perceived v sports in a sports hungry city. The center as they will host tournaments for athletes from all over t three turf sports; tennis, croquet, and lawn bowling resident at the facility for several days to a week is a small hotel associated with the facility, as we services. The R.A.T.S. head office will also be m supervise operations. The head office and the hotel ities, like the banqueting room and the dining room In order to subsidize their operations in Col to lure the public into watching its events, the Cen construct an athletic club that can share some of t turf sports operations. The club will specialize in which will allow it to be a year round operation. T will also be available to the general public and it be able to offer an interesting spatial experience complete in the local market, research having show good restaurants in the downtown area in recent ye best.


on of Turf Sports has center from the UK to ed by the State Governensure maximum schedulvacuum of professional insist on spelling it he world proficient in g. Participants will be k and as a result there ll as the usual support moved here to directly will share some facilm/restaurant and bar. lumbus and in an effort nter has decide to also the facilities with the n indoor racquet sports The Center’s restaurant t is hoped that it will e to diners to help it wn that the history of ars has been spotty at


SITE CONCEPT DIAGRAM

High st.

500ft

86


For welcoming people from High st.(the street many people use), make a diagonal facade toward east.

1

Two systems in one site. One is Urban street system and another is natural street system.

2

Interconnection between tow systems.

3


SITE PLAN

88


0 10

50

100


PLAN

conference room cafe headquarter lobby restaurant store museum wine bar athletic club lobby hotel lobby hotel rooms maintanance swimming pool garden for pool paddle tennis court paddle tennis center single croquet lawn double croquet lawn lawn bowling court billiard room squash ball court roquet ball court real tennis court deck tennis court locker rooms weigh room roof garden head quater office garden forest tennis court

90

0 10

50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 100

10

23

23

26


2

1

29

13 18

24

12

11 19 10

30 25 9 8

7

20 20

16

20

4

29

20 3 27

22

1 15 17

5 5

28

5 5 14 21 21

2 21

6

2

21

2

1


SECTION_1 swimming pool cafe locker room weigh room roof garden conference room head quarter office garden

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

5

3

8

92

1

4


7

7 7 8

7

7 7

7 7 6

7 8

2

0

10

50

100


SECTION_2 paddle tennis court single croquet lawn double croquet lawn lawn bowling court tennis court forest

1 2 3 4 5 6

4 6 5


1 2 3

0

10

50

100


INTERNATIONAL TU URF F AND RA ACQUET CEN NTER

96


R


2011_WINTER Chicopee Falls,Massachusetts

MICHELIN NORTH AMERICA RESEARCH CENTER

98

As a premise for this project we will assume that Michelin North America has decided to change the location of its new tread processing plant from Queretaro, Mexico to Chicopee, on the site of the former Uniroyal plant. (This is fiction, though the City has said that Michelin is a prospective partner for the site.) In addition, they will move some of their research and development operation to the Chicopee Falls site, and construct a campus for the employees that will be shared with the community, developed with the city as a public/private partnership. The former Facemate site will become the location for the research and development offices and labs. Part of the facility will be devoted to an educational facility for training workers in new industrial technologies required for the renewed tire industry as well as other industries that might find their way to Chicopee. It is anticipated that there will be researchers who come for limited periods of time to work in this facility, and some housing will be provided for them. The retread plant and research facility will employ area residents as well as drawing new people to the town. For the most part, the City hopes this will spur the market for existing nearby housing to improve, as well as encouraging the development of new housing near the Facemate site. While respecting the wishes of the City for preserving the heritage of the site, Michelin wants the program for the research facility to be housed in new construction, allowing the potential reuse of the Facemate buildings for the civic program.


Chicopee fall city


ENVIRONMENT

46

47

45 32

33 35 383940 42 43 44 34

31 30

9

12 13

28

10 100 00

29

36 37 41 10 11 8 7 6 14 3 2

27 25 24 15 4 23 26 16 5 17 18 20 19 21 22

1


Church Street

1

Court Street

2

3 fire department / police department

4 resident

5 Chicopee Industrial Park

6

7

8

Grove Street

9

10

12 post office

11 commerce

13 resident

14 chicopee health department

15 chicopee industrial park

17 Vietrman veterans of America

16 commerce

Oak Street

18

driving school

19 commerce

21 Commerce

20 Restaurant

22

23

24

W Main Street

26 Chicopee Industrial Park

33

34 Post Office

27

Main Street

29 Resident

28

35

25

36

37 Commerce

32

31

30

38 Commerce

39 Commerce / bus stop

40 Commerce

Bridge

41 Commerce

42 Commerce

43

44

45

46

47


site analysis

TARGETS

102 02

concept diagram


Interweaving grid

I assumed that there is a grid which is created by the Chicopee river. One direction is parallel to river and another direction is perpendicular to it. And those two directions become a guidance for movement. The one with the parallel to river indecate movement inside one unit. And another one with the perpendicular to river indicate movement between units. With those two grids, two movements and space are interweaved to each other.


PEOPLE

TRUCK

CIRCULATION

ion

inat dest

_4

unit

_2

unit

ance

entr

_5

t uni

t_3

uni

t_1

uni

SUPPORTE’S OFFICE

FIVE UNITS

BASEMENT HIGH BAY LAB STORAGE RESEACHER’S OFFICE

GARDEN

UNITS PROGAM

104


section _1 secale : 1/64”=1’-0”

106


truck circulation lab garden storage loading area

1 2 3 4 5

1

3

4 UP

1

2 2

2

2

UP

5

4

3

5 1 4

3

UP

5

2 2 3

2

2

UP

4

5

1

UP

5

4

3

2

2

SECTI ON_1

ground level plan secale : 1/128”=1’-0”


section _2

section _3 secale : 1/64”=1’-0”

108


1 2 3 4 5 6 7

2

researcher’s office supporter’s office looby enterance class room parking lot rest room

DOWN

1 7 DOWN

1 2

SECTION O _3

DOWN

1

DOWN

1 3

2 1 DOWN

2 5 4

3

2 ION_ SECTT

6

second floor plan secale : 1/128”=1’-0”


section_A scale : 1/32”=1’-0”

110

section_B


12

8 UP

10

ground level plan

9 12 9

11

D B

C

A 1

1

1

7

DOWN

1

1

3

second floor plan secale : 1/64”=1’-0”

6 6

D

C B A

section_C

researcher’s office supporter’s office conference room class room parking lot rest room garden storage lab loading area exit truck circulation

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

section_D


112 12


2006_FALL A CUBE_Studio

A CUBE HOUSE

114

This project was given with a condition that student should remain volumn of cube(21cm x 21cm x 21cm). In this condition, student could build new shape with understanding of void and solid.


6

7


116


Contrast Co t ast Point o t

tnioP tsartnoC


Cube Being started this assingment, I consider two concepts. First one was a question that whether ‘Solid’ and ‘Void’ are in contrast. This question makes me to think that whether those two concepts (Solid and Void) have characteristic which is against with each other. Second concept was that the given volunm of cube (21cm x 21cm x 21cm) is not going to change. No matter how much I transform its shape, total volunm will remain the same. From these two conceps, I reached the conclusion which became a base of this assingment. By contrasting, ‘Solid’ and ‘Void’ could be showed their characteristic more strongly. Also, conservation of cube’s volunm allow a formation of a relationship between ‘Solid’ and ‘Void’ Because volunm of cube have to remain the same, when I shape ‘Solid’, ‘Void’ must be formd. In this assingment, this law was indispensability and always happen simultaneously. 118


120


2008_FALL SANG-JU_SOUTH KOREA

COLLECTIVE LANDSCAPE

"Chul-soo have just called that they will be arrive here before the dinner time tommorrow." A grandmother said to band who were sitting plastic chair and their Tuet-Bat where of lattus.

her huson a old watching was full

"Well, that's great. Hope it's safe on their way to here." Granmother started to look at the lattus carefully and said. "Those are looks very good. We can eat them with pork dish which my sun and granchild love" She were smiling.

122


SANG-JU_SOUTH KOREA

A grandfather and grandmother who were sitting on the chair looking at their garden.


Drifting Sang-ju The starting-point for this project was the question: Is a one’s sensivility could develop to a archtecture? This project is for studying of this question. Therefore, I start from a individual’s sensibility and arrive in a architecture through a logical process. From a very subjective my sensibility, I step a logical process which is agreeable to all and then this sensibility become a architecture that everyone sympathize. In this project, I start with a family garden in Sang-joo and finally suggest a collective field landscape community. Drifting the city of Sang-joo, I found the marginal places of the city. These places were just little peices between houses, parking lots, and streets. People who reside there plant lettuces, leeks, or tomatos on those little peices marginal land that no one doens’t know whose land they are belonged to. People in Sang-joo are doing something with those little peices of land by planting and growing a few vegetable. Thus, I thought that probably there vegetable gardens could be a view of124Sang-joo.


Reseching Korean 'Cha-ma bot'

Korea traditional rural area village Eun-gok Li is a village that still remain a structure of Korea traditional rural village. From this map of Eun-gok Li, we can realize that there is a peice of land in each houses. At that time, this land was called ‘Cha-ma bot’. And this Cha-ma bot used for growing vegetables such as lettuces, cabbages, and leeks. These vegetables were farmed as much as one family needed. From this map of Eun-gok Li, we can find the fact that Cha-ma bot is usually located in a house. It means that these Cha-ma bots are belonged to each family. It may reflect that people’s attachment to their own land.

126


Sang-ju drifiting site During I drift Sang-ju city, I found that there are a lots of land which are vague its uses. And peoplein Sang-ju uses these lands for their Tuet-bot (a kitchen garden). Therefore, there are so many Tuet-bot(kitchen garden) that nobody couldn’t sure who own these Tuet-bot(kitchen garden). Maybe one of these Tuet-bot(kitchen garden) is belonging to two neighbors or three.

Cha-ma bot

Kitchen garden

residency

residency commercial area Public service area


Reseching Korean 'Cha-ma bot' “Tuet-bot(kitchen garden)” was a land which is belong to each home. Therefore it was included in the area which is considered as a private area of each family. This consideration dosen’t changed. However, I suggest that to drag this Tuet-bot(kitchen garden) to areas which is shared with neighbors. By using a Tuet-bot(kitchen garden) as a public space of three or four households, neighbors can build up communites which is centered a Tuet-bot(kitchen garden). Therefore, I suggest three types of communities that share one Tuet-bot(kitchen garden).

128


type_1

two households that shares one Tuet-bot

type_2

three households that shares one Tuet-bot

type_3

four households that shares one Tuet-bot


The concept of ‘MAT’ indicates land which include residences, Teut bots, walls, public spaces, and other various areas, not just a floor or a bottom of building. I apply the pattern of feilds in Sang-ju city which have been arranged in modern to MAT. The size of this MAT is flexible. Therefore, by changing of number of households in MAT, size of MAT can be adjusted.

t

s pa

field

130


diameter_135m ameter_1 a ameter am ameter_ me m ete et er_ er r_1

nt

tter

n

der

mo

rran

ve a

ha hat

in ged

diameter_217m dia diameter d iameter ia ame am met ete ter er_ r_2 _2

diameter_342m d ia ame am met ete err_ r


In a MAT, each peice of land can have various level. Some of them can have a various heights of levels, and some of them can have various angles of slopes. By re-arrangement of level and slope, a MAT become interesting land.

various levels of height

various angles of slope

132


type_1

type_2

type_3

er ns

ty pe s

Pa tt

un ity

mm

co

T’

MA


134


a collective landscape


2008_9TH-23TH, JULY Barcelona, Spain

MULTI RAMBLAS

136

The Multi_Ramblas workshop is organized by Intelligent Coast (IC) in collaboration with the Handong Global University as part of the research and exhibition Tourism: Spaces of Fiction from the Center of the Museum of Design of Barcelona (CMDB). IC was commissioned to rethink the role and identity of the famous Las Ramblas, one of Barcelona’s most important tourist venues. This represents an opportunity to speculate on the future of this famous street and its position inside the city’s urban structure and overall tourism strategy, both as an attractor and as important historic and civic axis. The process of analysis, diagnosis and production of specific proposals are part of different workshops planned in collaboration with other academic institutions; Master Intelligent Coast, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya (May 2008), the Handong Global University (July 2008), the Yokohama Graduate School of Architecture (Sept. 2008) and researches from the Interactive Technologies Group at the Pompeu Fabra University (Fall 2008). The main objectives of the Multi_Ramblas project as outlined in the brief from the CMDB are: 1.Identification of the urban, spatial, cultural, economic and socioenvironmental context of Las Ramblas as an attractor in a contemporary urban-tourist destination. 2.Critical diagnosis of processes and trends through concrete proposals for the possible evolution of Las Ramblas. 3. Definition of possible qualitative scenarios in diverse scales and degrees of implementation. 4. Definition of actions and development strategies of implementation. 5. Development of a platform for discussion with local political and social agents. 6. How do new urban developments address the new strategic goals for the city’s new model of growth?


The Pavement of Ramblas. The Ramblas street was a waterway before. This pavement is symbolized the waterway.


How does Las Ramblas fit in the network of Barcelona’s public spaces designed to handle the large visiting crowds? How can its civic meaning be conciliated with its role as a touristic and commercial venue? What are the relations between the Multiple Ramblas and the new waterfront, the beaches, the port, services close to the littorval or the new programs that could be inserted, and which could be he limits of its definition as Barcelona’s Boardwalk, its vertical and horizontal reach? Mappings are carried out to analyze urban structures focusing on Ciutat vella. To perform analysis, the categories are divided into four parts; Leisure, Local/civic, Public space, and sleeping. The first one is on Leisure. It shows not only where main attracters are located, but also which spaces are crowd with tourists. Secondly, the part of Local/civic shows the how local and civic people use the space.Through this mapping it can be anticipated that conflicts between local and tourists might happen. Third category is Public space. It is analyzed to recognize where public spaces are in Ciutat vella. Futhermore, public spaces are the place where tourists and local meet. Finally, Sleeping including hotels and residencies is analyzed. This mapping also targets to see the relationship between local and tourists.

TARGETS

Through these mapping works, the existing geographies of Ciutat vella can be expressed graphically. It is more efficient than description of words or statistic tables. Now the existing geographies are able to be read more easily.

138

PROCESS


1st phase Existing Geography Accessibility siib Event nt Distribution Distrib bution ution no off Local Facili Facilities ies Sleeping g Public Spac Space ce

Conclusion Maps

2nd. phase

Development Strategy Uss Profile User Program Prog ogram Analysis_1 Analysis An s_1 1 Program ogram gra ram Analysis_2 Anaalysis_ s_2 _2 Spatial patial Ana Analysis An Analysi sis

Concept Diagram

3rd. phase Final Proposal


1st phase : Existing Geography

The Number of Visitors

Metro P

12~

M Pic use as u so

ax

Transpotation

6-8

Parking Ferry Bus stop

na rc elo Ba de m iu ar L’A qu

L’Aquarium de Barcelona 1,606,069 Museu Picasso 1,145,249 Zoo 1,102,939 MACBA 563,181 Imax 541,672 Museu d’historia de la Ciutat 385,753 Museu de Cera de Barcelona 203,705 Museu de Ciencies Naturals 173,505 Mirador de Colom 158,737 Museu de la Xocolate 111,027 Palau de la Virreina 110,906

M de irad Co or lo m

0-2

140

Pa la Vir u d re e in a

The Number of Visitors (Museum & Entertainment)

Number of Transprotation

9-11

Im

200m

Attractor

3-5

la

M C use Ba onte u d rc m ’ar elo p t na ora (M ni AC de BA )

M u de seu la d’h Ciu is ta toria t

Zo o

M la use Xo u co de lat e

M Cie use nc u d ie e sN at ur a

ls

Accessibility to Attractors by Transpotation

The radius of circle imply amount of each attractor’s visitors per year.


Events in 2007

Las Ram b

las

3 Kinds of Density Maps

CCCB

Gothic District

MACBA Palau de la Musica Catalana

Catedral

Passeig de Picasso

Pl. Reial

Density of Souvenir Shops 0 1 2 3 4~

Density of Restaurants

Density of Bars 0-1 2-3 4-5 6-7 8~

Museu d’ historia de Catalunya

0-1 2-3 4-5 6-7 8~

Festival Music Exhibition Film&Theatre

Distribution of Local Facilities - Culture Facilities

- Public Services

- Administrative Offices


Number of Hotel Rooms

Density of Population

Number of Resident

/ha: 800~

Number of Resident

/ha: 400~800

Number of Resident

/ha: 0~400

0~400 1 star

2 star

3 star

4 star

5 star

142

400~800 800~ (Number of Resident/ha)


Public Space

MACBA

Pl. Catalunya

Parc de la Ciutadella

Las Raval Around Columbus Tower

Pl. Reial Pasaje de Colon


Conclusion Maps

144


Public Space & Attractors

P

Tourist Area Attractors + Shopping Area

Attractors Shopping Area

200m

Attrator influence

Historical Monument

Entertainment

Public Space

Convention

Museum

Water area

Shopping

Public Space


2nd phase : Development Strategy

Deaths :15.419 Births : 13.986 Immigrants : 102.993

10~19

7 0 ~7 9

2 0 ~2 9

60~69

30 0~39

18 8 - 24

25 - 34

45 -54 4

65 -

65 -

18 8 -2 4

5 5 -6 64

45 -54

1 8 -24

5 5 -6 64

25 5 -3 4

2 5 -34 4

45 -5 54

3 5 -44

3 5 -44

woma

an4 om 6

M

% Ma

%

w

% wo

Tourists according to purpose of visit

80

100% % 63534

146

Spain Europe(EU) Europe Africa North America Central America South America Asia Oceania

20% % 0% %

2000

2002

2004

2006

25 - 29

55 - 59

30 - 34

50 - 54

35 - 39 45 - 49

40 - 44

% Ma

22%

28%

Leisure 40% %

Underr 18 8 18 - 24

29%

Business

60% %

65+ 60 0 - 64 4

0% Personal &Others MICE

80% %

Expatriate Globalization created a global market for skilled professionals and leveled the income of skilled professionals.

n36%

n25%

an

woman

M

Exchange program for European students in order to provide the opportunity to spend part of their studies abroad.

n38%

.1%

an53.

man4

M

an61

an53

% 39

9%

M

13519 1918 1014 5246 2021 10330

Erasmus program

15 - 17

40~49

7%

13856

3 5 -44

ERASMUS

Meetings Incentives Conferencing Exhibitions

1 5 -1 7

65 -

55 - 64

50~ ~5 9

MICE

% 75

AGE

Sightseeing Sports Shopping Entertainment...... 15 - 17

0~9 9

80~

Leisure

an62

Business

wom

Spanish & Immigrant

CREATIVE PEOPLE

an64

TOURIST

wom

LOCAL

Italy France Germany United Kingdom Belgium Portugal Poland Netherlands Austria Finland

4% 11% 2% 4%

Europe(EU) Europe Africa North America Central America South America Asia Oceania

Artisan Carpenter Quilter Blacksmith Artisan fishing Jewellery

Techician Mechanic Engineer Architect


with Strategies

Main Actor

Program Analysis Companies Government

Academic c

Tourist

Local Resident

Benefit -Getting g Data -Advertising influence -Profit

-to offer space for experiencing p g -Making g a profit regulation -monitoring g to preserve balance between company to p people p -to share profit -to supplyy the idea -to g give human brain resource -assist company p academicallyy -main actor of college experience

-profit by tax to company p y -making g brand image of city -to attract sustain tourists -networking g with local people and company To get g data for collaboration with companyy To get g practical data To g get position p for student

-main target of experiment -consumption p -data offer -dissemination -walkers

-Earlyy adaptor -Eye Shopping

-Local Labor -Fundamental Service

-To create working space -Income

Purpose

Main User

with Users

Role -Produce Products -Main actors of Experience

Creative People

Facilityy -Store for selling product -Research center -part of Experience Lap

-incubator -research center

-Store -Exhibition hall -Research center -Office -Incubator -Event Hall -Restourant -Hotel -Residence

-Store : beta Service -Exhibition -Event.

-Violate Privacyy -Weak Competitive

-Restaurant -Hotel -Residence -Commerce

Specific User Immigrants

Characteristics Multi nationalityy / relatively young

Spanish

Having g their culture consumed by many tourists

Leisure

Tourists visiting during Holidays

Mostly in late 20s

Business

Businessman visiting for short term

In late 30s / More male

MICE

Tourists visiting Fair / Forum

Increasing recently

Business

Expatriates

In 30s to 50s / More female

Luxuries Shopping g mall / Restaurants/ Good Residence/ Fitness Center

Exchange Program

Erasmus Exchange Students

Staying y g average 6.7 months

Space for Cultural Exchange

Arts

Artisans

Artisans

Workplace / Exhibition space

22@ Barcelona

Technicians working in 22@

Technicians

Incubator

Local

Tourists

Threat -Error of data researching g -Lack of practical aspect - hard to keep balance between companyy and local people

Programs in Need Communityy Hall / Cultural Center

Research Center for Feedback

-Community Hall -Cultural Center -Research Center -Shopping Mall -Restaurants -Residence -Fitness Center -Workplace -Exhibition space -Incubator


Programs

Shop

+

=

Fashion Electronic Art Sport

Matrix Local

Culture Center

Fashion Gallery Health care Community Culture Exchange Atelier

Research Center

Research Publishing

Office

Government Company Company

Sleeping

Food 148

Fashion Electronic Art Sport

Exhibition

Motor Fashion Gallery Health care

Culture Center

Community

Research Center

Research Sharing

Office

Government

Culture Exchange

Atelier

Incubator University Event

Shop

Visitor Local Hotel Less than 1yr. More than 1yr. Cafeteria Restaurant Bar

Company Incubator

University Company

Event

Visitor Local Hotel

Sleeping

Less than 1yr. More than 1yr.

Food

Cafeteria Restaurant Bar

Research

CUSTOMIZED SHOPPINGMALL

Programs g for All Users Tourist

s n ts nish miggra usines eisure ICE M B L Im Spa

Exhibition Mobile

Research

+ Center

Restaurant Bar

Sport

Shop

Food

Creative People

s

tes ian s mu atria isans hnic Eras Exp Art Tec

Local

Tourist

s n ts nish miggra usines eisure ICE L B M Im Spa

Creative People

tes ians s mu xpatria rtisans echnic E A T

Eras


Culture Office Incubator Center + + Company Community Company Government University

=

+

Culture Shop Center + Community Fashion

Event Local

Electronic

22@ COMMUNITY CENTER

Creative People

Local

Local

Tourist

ish pan

s n ts iggra usines eisure ICE M B L Imm

s nts nish miggra usines eisure ICE M L B Im Spa

Creative People

tes ians s mu atria isans hnic Eras Exp Art Tec

S

+

Motor Fashion

= Creative Center

Programs g for Local Tourist

Company University

Sleeping

Event

Exhibition Exhibition

Incubator

+

=

Visitor

+

Hotel

Convention Center

Tourists Creative People

tes ians s mu atria isans hnic Eras Exp Art Tec

Local

Tourist

ish pan

s n ts iggra usines eisure ICE B L M Imm

S

Creative People

tes ians s mu atria isans hnic Eras Exp Art Tec Fashion Electronic Art Sport

Shop

Motor

Exhibition

Fashion Gallery Health care Community Culture Exchange

Culture Center

Atelier Research Sharing

Research Center

Government

Office

Company University Company

Incubator

Visitor Local Hotel

Event Sleeping

Less than 1yr. More than 1yr.

Cafeteria Restaurant Bar

Food


Spatial Analysis

ACCESSIBILITY = (TOTAL DISTANCE) x (NUMBER OF CORNERS + 1)

32

1 11774

P

2707 14698

2 253

109

588 111

3 8339

6839

3756 3661

5 448

5424 1116 3603

150

P

13

P

137

736

408

984 816

350 0

P

24

308 308

168 0

23

522

1394

34

36

692

325

2080 88

14

P

33 522

523

P

310

1153

4 2688

120 120

22

12

1932 99

2259 813

120

P

832 97

1932

350

378

230

938

2130

21

11

18241

P

399 35

P

24

27

2568 1248 137

P

35


1

Public Space The Shortest Destance from Ramblas The way from (Bus stop or Metro or Parking lot)

12 15 16

2

20

13 11

45

4

3

44

46 47 17

18

24

10 14 9

19

21

48

51

5

22

26

28

39 38 34

23 25

35 6

27 29

36

37

41

49

50

33

42 40 43

8

15

143 17542

400 468

2421 1868

367

P

42 P

550

724

1176 1266 P

16

228

221

7

P

44 0

113

113 113 11

45 1336 P

104

490 294

246

1059

3060

27

296

208

6966 1786

P

294

842 516

18

8

211

699 60

28

245

34080

27171 12213

P

542

564

245 45 174

586 81

19

P

9

582

1296

29

P

672

31

241 256

0

136 136

31 3 0

31

P

10

228

209 514 318

20

368

261

462

1828 349 62

36

990 196

P

161

3102 309 180

47

981

4715

37 210

P

P

P

261 0

1880 281

48

1592

1040

744 294

5155

1624 76

P

201

3746

1596

P

722 444

17

P

9483

1143

266

26

P

642 109

43

536 49

974 0

98

P

676

36

754

538 426

6

41 174

46

25

P

546

7 32 31

38

P

P

0

564

49

38 61

292

39

2226

1395 157

P

292

1058

P

567 648

50

P

40

90

1118

680

924 9 0

1096 1113 454

P


Conclusion Maps : Concept Diagram

152


attractive new attractive Colombus statue that limit people’s action movement that leaded by new attractive


accessibility ranking 1~15

1st phase : Existing Geography

ER ENTE E CENTE C CCE

CONVENTION TIO OON ON

Food

Shop

Research Center

Restaurant Bar

Sport

Research

Office

Shop

Culture Center

CUSTOMIZED SHOPPINGMALL

Food

Shop

Restaurant Bar

Sport

Extended Ramblas

154

Government Fashion Company Electronic

Community

Incubator

Shop

Culture Center

Fashion Electronic

Community University Company

Food

Sleeping Event

Restaurant Bar

Hotel

CREATIVE CENTER

Incuba- Exhibition tor Company

COMMUNITY CENTER

Shop Fashion Electronic

Exhibition

Sleeping

Motor Fashion

Hotel

Event

Culture Center

Sleeping

Visitor

Community

Hotel

CONVENTION CENTER Local

Motor Fashion


accessibility ranking 1~15

accessibility ranking 1~15

E ZED ZED MIZ STOMIZ USTOM USTOMIZ US CU L LL MALL PP GM OPPING OPPINGM HO SHO SH

CONVENTIO ON ON

Food

Shop

Research Center

Restaurant Bar

Sport

Research

Office

Shop

Culture Center

CUSTOMIZED SHOPPINGMALL

D ED ZE ZED T MIZ STOMIZE STOMIZ S CUS L MALL MALL GM GMALL PPIINGM OPP HO SHOPPIN SH

ND EX TE

AM ED R

Food

Shop

Food

Shop

Research Center

Restaurant Bar

Sport

Restaurant Bar

Sport

Research

Shop

Office

Shop

Culture Center

Community

Shop

Culture Center

Incubator

Fashion Electronic

Community University Company

Food

Sleeping Event

Restaurant Bar

Hotel

CREATIVE CENTER

Motor Fashion

Fashion Electronic

Government Fashion Company Electronic

Community

Exhibition

Sleeping

Shop

Incubator

Motor Fashion

Culture Center

Hotel

Fashion Electronic

Community University Company

Food

Sleeping Event

Incuba- Exhibition tor Company

COMMUNITY CENTER

Event

Culture Center

Sleeping

Visitor

Community

Hotel

CONVENTION CENTER Local

CUSTOMIZED SHOPPINGMALL

Food

Shop

Restaurant Bar

Sport

Extended Ramblas

Extended Ramblas

Government Fashion Company Electronic

BLAS

Restaurant Bar

CREATIVE CENTER

Incuba- Exhibition tor Company

COMMUNITY CENTER

Local

Fashion Electronic

Exhibition

Sleeping

Motor Fashion

Hotel

Event

Culture Center

Sleeping

Visitor

Community

Hotel

CONVENTION CENTER Hotel

Shop

Motor Fashion


Multi-Ramblas, in Barc celona

156


References Web Sites - Catalonia Statistics official Site: http://www.idescat.net/ - Catalonia Cartographic institute: http://www.icc.cat/ - Barcelona City: http://www.bcn.cat - Spanish ministry of environment: http://www.mma.es/ - Metropolitan Transport of Barcelona: http://www.tmb.net/ - Barcelona Port Authority http://www.apb.es - Tourism of Barcelona, public and private consortium http://www.barcelonaturisme.com/ Books - Hi Cat written by IAAC (Institute of Advanced Architecture of Catalonia) - The Rise of the Network Society written by Manuel Castells - Space Fighter written by MVRDV - The Old Town of Barcelona a Past with a Future printed by Construir Barcelona, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya Articles - The Creative City written by Richard Florida - Globalising the Tourist Gaze written by John Urry - THE MAKING OF URBAN SPACES FOR THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY: GLOBAL PRACTICES written by Dr Tan Yigitcanlar - The making of knowledge cities: Melbourne’s knowledge-based urban development experience written by Tan Yigitcanlar, Kevin O’Connor, and Cara Westerman


Epilogue I want to know the story that has been accumulated on grandmother’s wrinkles on her face and a story of the space where my grandmother has been lived.

158


06/09/2009 pencil

A portrait of my grandmother

Hwang portfolio 2016  

Architectural portfolio by Yoojin Hwang in 2016

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