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oifcef;pm (15) Gender Role ( usm;/ r tcef;u¾)

&nf&G,fcsuf • rdom;pk/ ywf0ef;usif/ EkdifiHawmfponfh tqifhwdkif;wGif trskKdf;om;ESifh trsKd;orD;rsm;tay: owf rSwfay;xm;aom uJGjym;onfhtcef;u¾rsm;udk jrifomvmap&ef/ Activity (v_yf&Sm;r_)

(1) oifwef;om;rsm;tm; tkyfpkoHk;pkcGJ+yD; rdom;pk/ ywf0ef;usif/ EkdifiHawmfwdk@wGif trsKd;om;ESifh trsKd; orD;rsm; vkyfaqmifavh&Sdaom tvkyfwm0efrsm;/ tcef;u¾rsm;udk wzJG@v#ifwrsKd; aqG;aEG;apyg onf? (2) trsKd;om;rsm;. tvkyfwm0efrsm;udk pm&Gufpta&mifwckY wckv#ifwrsKd;a&;cdkif;yg? trsdK;orD; rsm;. tvkyfwm0efrsm;udkvJ pm&Gufaemufwa&mifjzifh wckwrsKd;a&;cdkif;yg? (3) xdk@aemuf pm&Guf}uD;ay:wGif puf0dkif;yHkESpfxyf atmufygtwdkif; a&;qGJxm;yg? (4) xdkpuf0dkif;ay:wGif rdom;pk/ ywf0ef;usifESifh EkdifiHawmf[lI okH;ykdif;cGJxm;yg? (5) tzJG@vdkufwifjyvmaom aqG;aEG;csufpm&Gufrsm;udk tydkif;vdkufuyfay;yg? trsKd;om;wm0efrsm; onf twGif;puf0dkif;/ trsKd;orD;wm0efrsm;udk tjyifpuf0dkif;wGifuyfay;yg? rdom;pk

EdkifiHawmf

ywf0ef;usif

Discussion (tjyeftvSefaqG;aEG;jcif;)

xdkZ,m;uGufudk oifwef;om;rsm;tm; avhvmap+yD; - ,ckZ,m;uGufrSm bmxl;jcm;csuf&SdovJ? bmowdxm;rdwJh tcsuf&SdovJ? - vufawG@b0rSm bmawGxif[yfjyaeovJ? - b,ftvkyfrsKd;udk tvkyf[k owfrSwfxm;avh&SdovJ?


- b,ftvkyfrsKd;udk tvkyf[k rowfrSwfcH&bl;vJ[laom ar;cGef;rsm;jzifh aqG;aEG;cdkif;yg? oifwef;ydk@csolrS trsKd;orD;rsm;onf rdom;pktwGif;Y t0wfav#mf/ xrif;csuf / om;orD;udpPrsm;udk vkyf aqmifjcif;ponhf odyftodtrSwfðyrcH&aom tvkyfrsm;udk vkyfudkifae=u&ovdk ywf0ef;usifjyifyY =unfhjyefv#ifvnf; oef@&Sif;a&;/ aps;onfrponfhtvkyfrsm;udk vkyfudkifae=uonfhtjyif EdkifiHawmf tqifhYvnf; tvSr,frsm;/ wDADGa=umfjimr,frsm;/ ausmif;q&mrrsm; ponfhtvkyfrsm;Yom ae&m& vkyfudkifae=u&onf? Ttvkyfrsm;onf OD;aESmufjzifh odyfpOf;pm;p&mrvdkaom tvkyfrsm;jzpfonf? xdkodk@ trsKd;om;ESifh trsKd;orD;rsm;. ,lae&aom tcef;u¾rwlnDr_a=umifh trsKd;orD;rsm;onf rem;rae tvkyfvkyfae&aomfvnf; todtrSwfðyjcif; rcH&onfhtjyif 4if;wdk@.tvkyftay: av;pm;jcif;vnf; rcH=u&ay? Todk@jzpfaejcif;onf jrefrmEdkifiHYomru urBmtESH@tjym;wGifvnf; xdkuJhodk@jzpfaeaoma=umifh urBmhtrsKd; orD;rsm;. tajctaeonf tvGefqdk;&Gm;aea=umif;udk atmufyg A[kokwrsm;jzifh wifjyygrnf? Input (ta-umif;t&mESifhqufpyfonfh A[kokway;jcif;)

urBmhtrsKd;orD;rsm;tajctae • urBmay:wGif pmrwwfolaygif; 876 rDvD,H&Sdonfhteuf okH;ykHESpfykHonf trsKd;orD;rsm;jzpf=uonf? • trsKd;orD;rsm;onf urBm@vkyftm;. okH;ykHESpfykHudk xrf;aqmifaeaomfvnf; urBm@0ifaiG. q,fykHwykHudkom &&Sdaeonf? • ydkifqkdifr_wGif ykdifqkdifr_tm;vkH;. wpf&mcdkifE_H;udkom trsKd;orD;rsm;u ykdifqkdifonf? • urBmay:&Sd qif;&Jolaygif; 1 h3rDvD,HwGif 70 &mcdkifE_H;onf trsKd;orD;rsm;jzpfonf// • urBmay:&Sd ygvdDreftrwfae&mwGif trsKd;orD;rsm;rSm 10 h5&mcdkifE_H;om&Sdonf// • 1995 ckESpftxd tpdk;&0ef}uD;&mxl;udk &&SdaomtrsKd;orD;rsm;ta&wGufrSm 6 h5 &mckdifE_H;om&Sd onf// • wurBmvkH;wGif trsKd;orD; 60 rDvD,Honf ukd,f0efzsufcsjcif;/ t[m&rjynfh0jcif;/ usef;rma&; apmifha&Smufr_ r&&Sdjcif;a=umifh aoqkH;ae&onf? • urBmhukr`%D}uD;rsm;wGif OdD;aqmifr_wm0efxrf;aqmifaeaom trsKd;orD;rsm;rSm 1 &mcdkifE_H;om&Sd onf// • ESpfpOf trsKd;orD;aygif; ( 585000 ) onf ukd,f0efaqmifpOfESifh rdD;zGm;pOfwGif aoqkH;vsuf&Sdonf// • urBm@'kuQonf oef;aygif; 30wGif trsKd;orD;rsm;ta&twGufrSm 80 µjzpfonf? • urBmajr,mydkifqfkdifr_. 1µudkom trsKd;orD;rsm;u ykdifqdkifonf// usm;/ r wm0ef EkdifiHrsm;

ygvDreftwGif; trsKd;orD;trwf ta&twGuf &mcdkifE_H;

tqifhjrifhtrsKd;o rD; Oya'ðy vGwf awmf trwfrsm;ESifh pDrHcef@cGJr_ &mckdifE_H;

toufarG;0rf;ausmif; ESifh enf;ynmydkif;qkdif&m trsKkd;orD;u|rf;usifol vkyfom; &mcdkifE_H;

trsKd;orD;ESifh trsKd;om; 0ifaiG cef@rSef; ajctcsKd;


b±lEkdif;

16²0

26

43

0²50

b*Fvm;a'h&Sf

2²0

8

25

0²56

rav;&Sm;

16²3

20

45

0²40

zdvpfykdif

17²2

58

62

0²59

tif'dkeD;&Sm;

8²0

0²51

eDayg

0²50

AD,uferf

27²3

uarBm'D;,m;

10²9

vmtkd

22²9

ygupPwef

20²8

0²69 14

33

0²77 0²65

9

26

0²33

tdENd,

9²3

0²38

xdkif;

9²6

27

55

0²61

puFmyl

16²0

26

43

0²50

usm; / r tvkyfwm0efrsm;ESifh tvkyfcsdefcGJa0r_rsm; EkdifiHrsm; b*Fvm;a'h&Sf zdvpfykdif tif'kdeD;&Sm; eDayg tdENd,

jyifypD;yGm;a&; 35 29 35 25 35

tvkyfcsdefcGJa0r_ &mckdifE_ef; tdrfwGif; jyifypD;yGm;a&; 65 70 71 84 65 86 75 67 65 92

tdrfwGif; 30 16 14 33 8

ynma&;wGif usm;§r wef;wlndDr#r_ r&Sdjcif;


EkdifiHrsm;

b±lEkdif;

t&G,fa&muf+yD;olrsm; . ynmwwfajrmufr_ (15ESpfESifhtxuf) 2002 ckESpf

vli,frsm;.ynm wwfajrmufr_ (15- 24ESpftwGif;) 2002 ckESpf

rta& usm;ESifh E_dif; rta& usm;ESifh t ,SOfygu twGuf E_dif;,SOfyg wGufµ rµ (usm; µ u rµ 100 wGif r (usm; ta&t 100 wGif wGuf) rta& twGuf) 91²4 95 99²3 100

tajccHynma&; wwfajrmufol ta&twGuf 2000§0 1 ckESpf r ta& t wGuf µ

usm;ESifh E_dif;,SOfyg u rµ (usm; 100wGif rta&t wGuf)

tv,fwef;t qifh ynmwwf ajrmuf olta& twGuf 2000§0 1 ckESpf r usm;ESifh t E_dif;,SOfyg a& u rµ t (usm; wG 100wGif uf rta&t µ wGuf)

txufwef;t qifhynmwwf ajrmufol pkpk aygif; 2000§0 1 ckESpf r t a& t wGuf µ 17

usm;ESifh E_dif;,SOfyg u rµ (usm; 100wGif rta&t wGuf) 1²77

b*Fvm;a'h&Sf 31²4

62

41²1

71

88

1²02

46

1²1

4

0²50

rav;&Sm;

85²4

93

97²3

100

95

1²00

73

1²10

28

1²09

jrefrm

81²4

91

91²1

100

82

1²00

34

0²94

15

1²75

zdvpfykdif

92²7

100

95²7

101

94

1²02

62

1²20

35

1²29

tif'dkeD;&Sm;

83²4

90

97²6

99

92

0²99

46

0²95

14

0²86

eDayg

26²4

43

46²0

59

66

0²88

2

0²28

AdD,uferf

86²9

93

92

0²94

9

0²76

uarBm'D;,m; 59²3

73

75²9

90

83

0²93

15

0²60

2

0²40

vmtkd

55²5

72

72²7

85

79

0²92

28

0²81

3

0²57

ygupPwef

28²5

53

42²0

64 76

0²83

9

0²68

85

0²97

38

1²09

tdENd, xdkif;

90²5

95

97²8

100

puFmyl

88²6

92

99²6

100


(txufygtcsuftvufrsm;onf urBm@usef;rma&;tzGJ@ WHO, ESifh vl@tcGifha&;apmifh=uyfa&;tzGGJ@ Human Rights Watch / UNDP Human Resource Indicators . tpdD&ifcHpmrsm;rS aumufEkwfcsufrsm;jzpfonf? ) oifwef;ydk@csolrS txufwGifwifjycJhaom tcsuftvufrsm;onf trsKd;om;ESifh trsKd;orD;rsm;. tcef;u¾rsm; cGJjcm;r_rsm;a=umifh jzpfay:vmaom urBm@trsKd;orD;rsm;. tajctaejzpfa=umif;&Sif;jyyg? xdktcsuftvufrsm;udk=unfhI oifwef;om;rsm; bmawGowdxm;rda=umif;udk qufvufaqG;aEG;cdkif;yg? Deepening (oifwef;om;rsm;.vufawG@tjzpfESifhEd_if;,SOfqufpyfay;jcif;)

• oifwef;ydk@csolrS oifwef;om;rsm;udk tkyfpkESpfpkcJGI tacstwifajymqdkjcif; vkyfaqmif&ef !$ef=um; csufay;yg? • tzJG@wzJG@u xdktqdkudkaxmufcHI ajym&rnfjzpf+yD; useftzJG@u xdktqdkudk uef@uGufIajym&rnf? erlemay;xm;aomatmufygacgif;pOfrsm;rS wcsufudka&G;Iajymcdkif;Edkifonf? Oyrm¾ trsKd;orD;rsm;onf A[kokwenf;aoma=umifh EdkifiHacgif;aqmifrjzpfEdkif? ¾ trsKd;orD;rsm;onf tm;EJG@aoma=umifh ppfwyfwGif0ifa&mufjcif;rðyoifh? ¾ trsKd;orD;rsm;onf qHk;jzwfr_tm;enf;aoma=umifh tzJG@tpnf;. ta&;}uD;aomwm0ef rsm;udk rxrf;aqmifoifh ponfwdk@jzpfEdkifonf? • tzJG@udk tzJG@vkdufjyifqif&eftcsdefay;yg? vlwdkif;yg0ifEdkif&ef pDpOfaqmif&Gufyg? Ttacstwif ajym qdkjcif;rsm;vkyfaqmif&mwGif owdðyoifhaomtcsufrsm;udk Tpmtkyf. pmrsufESm (---) wGif avhvmEdkifonf? Synthesis (rnfuJhodk@vkyfaqmif/ umuG,fwm;qD;Edkifonfudk tajz&Smvkyfaqmifapjcif;)

• tacstwifajymqdk&mrS rdrdowdxm;/ oabmusrdaomtcsufrsm;udk tzJG@}uD;wGif jyefvnfwif jycdkif;yg? • bma=umifh xdktcsufudk oabmusrda=umif;ar;jref;I xdktcsufudk vdifuJGjym;r_ESifhywfoufI vlxkt=um;vH_@aqmf&mwGif b,fvdktoHk;csEdkifrvJ qdkonfudkar;jref;I rSwfwrf;wifyg? rSwfcsuf • tacstwifajymqdkonfh acgif;pOfrsm;onf usm;rtvkyfcJGjcm;owfrSwfr_ESifh oufqkdifonfh rnf onfh acgif;pOfurqdk oHk;Ekdifonf? • tzJG@cJG&mwGif wzJG@pDwGif trsKd;om;trsKd;orD; ESpfzufpvHk;yg0ifr_&Sdap&ef owdðyyg? • tzJG@ESpfzJG@cJGI ajymcdkif;jcif;omru tzJG@av;zJG@cJGI tqdkzufwGifESpfzJG@/ tacszufwGifESpfzJG@yg0ifaomenf;udkvnf; oHk;Edkifonf?

women-module3-gerole  

Discussion (tjyeftvSefaqG;aEG;jcif;) xdkZ,m;uGufudk oifwef;om;rsm;tm; avhvmap+yD; - - ,ckZ,m;uGufrSm bmxl;jcm;csuf&SdovJ? bmowdxm;rdwJh...

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