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History of Human Rights (HR) and freedom is connected to famous individuals in the fields of Philosophy, History and Politics But in the last century the basic HR of ordinary citizens has changed drastically The important people were:


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1371 - 1425 famous Philosopher, Thinker and religious Reformer


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1390 - 1460 He stated that there should be equality amongst people


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1592 - 1670 He was against people going to war to solve their problems Advocated peace among the nations


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1741 – 1790 He published the „Toleranční patent“ ◦ it means that people should tolerate other religions besides catholicism


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1850 - 1937 Philosopher and Sociologist He had very important theories about democracy Czechoslovakia became one of the most democratic countries in the world during his time in power He tried to maintain the nationality of Czechs, Slovakians, Moravians…


Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk tried to guarantee various HR which are typical for democratic states which Czechoslovakia was at that time


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The written and unwritten international Agreement of basic state law was cancelled by the heads of state of Germany, England, France and Italy in the Munich Agreement in September 1938 This completely changed how Czechoslovakia functioned as a state It lead to many changes in the democratic law which was guaranteed in 1920, which in turn affected the public life and social etiquette of ordinary citizens From the time the Munich Agreement was signed in 1939 till the end of the Second World War, this was a time of restriction and upheaval for citizens


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After the Second World War the Communists took control of power in Czechoslovakia and this lasted until 1989 1968 the Soviet troops occupied CS Charta 77 was another important event which was signed in 1977 ◦ Informed people about the loss of citizens rights, for example their right to freedom, religious freedom, their right to practise the arts and the importance of bringing back these liberties to the country


Prague, 1968


Vรกclav Havel


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17th November 1989 Democracy arrived in the country ◦ Since then HR and Freedom has improved in various ways:  Entrepreneurs are now a vital part of Czech economy  Foreign investment has been a welcome addition to the country  People can travel freely around the world without any restrictions  The quality and variety of consumer goods has drastically improved  The rights of homosexuals - their relationships can be acknowledged by law, by getting registered


Velvet Revolution 1989


Prague Pride


TRUČKA, David. Lidská práva v české právní realitě. Brno, 2010. Diplomová práce. Univerzita Tomáše Bati ve Zlíně, Fakulta humanitních studií, Institut mezioborových studií Brno.


Jan Hus ◦ http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Hus Petr Chelčický ◦ http://www.pozitivni-noviny.cz/cz/clanek-2007120043 Jan Ámos Komenský ◦ http://www.ceskatelevize.cz/specialy/nejvetsicech/dokumenty_osobnosti_komensky

Josef II. ◦ http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josef_II Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk ◦ http://www.travel.spectator.sme.sk/articles/1818/meet_the_slovaks Prague, 1968 ◦ http://www.regiony24.cz/12-73497-prezident-schvalil-odskodneni-obetem-okupace-z-roku1968 Václav Havel ◦ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Václav_Havel Velvet revolution 1989 ◦ http://travel.nytimes.com/2009/11/08/travel/08headsup.html Prague Pride ◦ http://zpravy.e15.cz/domaci/udalosti/festival-prague-pride-pokracuje-na-streleckem-ostrove690475


Cz the history of human rights cz