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Introduction • A dialect is a variety of a language used recognizably in a specific region or (a social dialect) by a specific social class (Spolsky, 2006). • Everyone speaks a dialect.

• This study is focusing on Bahasa Malaysia and its dialects and its impact on our language attitudes. • People have attitudes, feelings or beliefs about language in general, their language, and the language of other people.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY • Questionnaire is a research instrument that contains a sequence of questions for the purpose of gathering information from the respondents. • Easy to set up • Cheap • Can cover a lot of respondents in a short time • Requires less effort than any surveys.

• Malaysian • Able to speak and understand Bahasa Malaysia. • Home states • Local dialects • Opinions

Sample questionnaire


1. How old are you?

2. Race/ethnicity

3. Origin states

4. Do you have a dialect?

5. Are there things about the way you speak that you think are better or worse than other dialect? • Most of the respondent claimed that they do not think that way. • They regard that each dialect had their own special and unique characteristics that differentiate them from each other.

6. Have you ever changed your dialect to adapt to your surrounding?

7. If you are not from your origin state, has someone back home noticed your changes to your dialect since you moved to the other state?

8. Are there any issues that may occur when you speak your dialect with the non speaker (they speak other dialects)? • Majority said that issues do occur. • The speaker or listener find it hard to comprehend other dialects. • This is caused by the different phonological and semantics aspects of these dialects.

9. Do you think people judge others by the way they talk?

10. Do you find it easy to understand people from other parts of our country (with other dialects)?

11. Do you find some dialect better, nicer sounding, easier to listen to than others? • Half of the respondents claimed that they do not find other dialect are better, nicer sounding or easier to listen to. • Dialects that are preferred by our respondents are Kedahan, Penang, Sabahan, Perakian, and Sarawakian dialects.

12. Do you think dialects affect teaching and learning of a language? • Minority of our respondents think that dialects do not affect the teaching and learning of a language. • Their justifications are their teachers/lecturers use standard language during the teaching and learning process rather than using a dialect. • They had grown accustomed with the dialect so they do not have any problems understanding what is being taught in certain dialects.

13. Do you think dialects affect the speakers' daily conversation between inter-speakers in a community?

Discussion • Dialect needs to be accepted in community to ensure high communication effectiveness. • There are some obstacles that deals with dialect in interaction between inter speakers. • Dialect and its uniqueness. • As individuals belong to several different groups simultaneously, their speech patterns or dialect might reflect the simultaneous intersection of their social categories and experiences.

• Dialects serve as markers of the differences between geographical areas or regions. • Different dialects in different communities effect on language and it also shows that when they have different dialects, they can hardly understand each other.

What impact does Dialect Has on Language