THE EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ETIOLOGY OF SCHIZOPHRENIA
2.1 Introduction The underpinnings of this chapter are to explore clinical and epidemiological issues in relation to schizophrenia, across culture. I critically evaluate the literature on the incidence and prevalence of schizophrenia by ethnicity. Finally, I explore the previously known etiological theories on why immigrant groups have been experiencing the highest rates of schizophrenia in comparison to their host population.
2.2 The Epidemiology of Schizophrenia The investigation into schizophreniaâ€™s incidence and prevalence in Europe and North America are currently scientifically grounded findings that highlight vast ethnic differences in diagnosis of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is more common in AfricanCaribbean populations in the United Kingdom and African Americans in The United States, while depression is more pronounced amongst Caucasian groups (Neighbors et al., 2003; Bhugra and Bhui, 2001; Morgan et al., 2006). Although there has been some practical and yet scholarly research done on uncovering the aetiology of schizophrenia, cross-cultural differences in diagnosis are still vaguely understood. Since the early 1970s, 43
Thesis from Brunnel University, United Kingdom, London