Y U N H UA N G
Portfolio Samples University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
LOOP IT IN
An Opportunity To Re-Use Waste || Organic + Spatial Instructor: Conor O'Shea Type: Group
WET MATRIX Park as Buffer
Instructor: Jessica Henson Type: Individual
COUPLING TERRITORY Logistic Landscape Instructor: Conor O'Shea Type: Group
GARDEN OF JOY
Roof Garden in Tongji University
Company: ERA Landscape Design, Shanghai Type: Collaborative Professional Design Project
A GLIMPSE INTO HISTORY
Roof Garden of Shanghai Museum of History Instructor: Conor O'Shea Type: Collaborative Professional Design Project
CENTRAL VALLEY REACH
To Survive and Utilize the Wildness Instructor: Conor O'Shea Type: Group
CNC Milled Model and Animation Workshop Instructor: Conor O'Shea Type: Group
Study of Logistic Landscape Instructor: Conor O'Shea Type: Research Assistant Work
Paintings + Sketches + Woodcraft
LOOP IT IN An Opportunity To Re-Use Waste || Organic + Spatial
Pre-settlement Wetland Habitat
Bubbly Creek became an industrial waste dumping ground for chemicals and blood and entrails from the local meatpacking industry
Instructor: Conor O'Shea Location: Chicago, IL Type: Group Teammates: David Huang, Erika Johannesen, Patricia McKissack, Carol Brobeck, Himangshu Kedia Programs: ArcGIS, AutoCAD, Rhino, Lumion, Photoshop, Illustrator
The project is accomplished by an interdisciplinary team. We proposed an urban redevelopment plan that uses existing regional and local organic wastes to reinvigorate the CMD (Central Manufactural District). Our strategy begins with the construction of an anaerobic digester on site: the digester will process food and contaminated sludge wastes, turning them into energy and heat. Next, roads and walkways will be reconfigured, creating efficient and accessible waste loops to improve waste transportation. Following this, we recommend revitalizing buildings through renovation, adaptive reuse and infill construction. To enhance walkability, we propose new walking trails along abandoned railways, inviting into the site to explore this historic place. New businesses have the opportunity to synthesize with these processes, leading to the creation of new jobs and neighborhood amenities.
H H C H H
Veg eta tio
n& B con acteria tam ina break nts dow n
S H O
H H C H H
of t o and xic wa ben ste efic kills ial b ve act getat eria ion
RIGHT: “Bubbly Creek”, a leg of the Chicago River that terminates at the CMD, has earned its nickname due to the concentration of contaminants resulting from a long history of pollution. Contaminated soils from the riverbed of Bubbly Creek will provide new opportunities for soil remediation research and how such plants and biosolids can be included within anaerobic digestion.
Aging sewers still overflow River Cleanup efforts for recreation bacteria-laden sewage and have improved wildlife habitat stormwater runoff into Bubbly along the banks and bottom of the Creek creek. However, decomposition from old waste and sewer overflow still causes methane and hydrogen sulfide gas to bubble up
Post Bubbly Creek dredging and Anaerobic Digester
Capacity: 80,000 tons of Waste per year
Air Dry Station / Storage
STAGE 4 S H
New vegetation grown along creek banks remediates soil, aids in breaking down contaminants, and will be harvested as biofuel
H H C H H
Anim a de l and hyd compo sewa g rog en se cau e was sulf t ide sing m e beg gas eth ins to a es to b ne an ubb d le u p
Cardboard Oil Sludge Paper Sewer Sludge (dried) Grass / Reeds
4.4 10.2 4.5 3.8 4.6
kW / kg kW / kg kW / kg kW / kg kW / kg
(Source: PYROMEX AG: Waste to Energy. http://www.sludgefacts.org/Ref87_2.pdf)
STAGE 3 3 2,151 ft of Sludge
STAGE 2 3 4,473 ft of Sludge
H H C H H
retu Some rne d, b vegeta ut t t oxic ion an was d fis te s h ha till b ve ubb le
Cogeneration power station
Calorific Values of Waste Types: Coffee Bean Shells 6.8 kW / kg Food Waste / Compost 4.8 kW / kg Corn 5.1 kW / kg Olive Oil Press residues 8.4 kW / kg
Energy generation of up to 24,000,000 kwh per year
Sewer overflow and sludge gets treated and used for energy production in Anaerobic Digester
STAGE 1 3 2,944 ft of Sludge Food Waste
Toxic waste is dredged, removing hazardous materials from creek bottom
Left: Source of Organic Waste Chicago Metropolitan landfills are estimated at having 11 years of capacity left, due to inefficient and outdated waste management techniques. With the number two source of municipal solid waste being food, the need for innovative strategies in handling these outputs within the realm of food manufacturing, distribution, and consumption is more apparent than ever.
WEIGHT OF WASTE DIVERTED TO LANDFILLS 80,000 TONS = 8 EIFFEL TOWERS
LOOP IT IN | TRANSFER ORGANIC WASTE TO POWER Transfer Organic Waste to Power Through the incorporation of an anaerobic digester into the fabric of the CMD, we are able to turn food waste into renewable energy to be used on site, creating cost savings for heating and waste removal; reorganize the distribution of space and site circulation; and attract a variety of business and industry to the CMD through this new found environmental and economic amenity. We see that the City of Chicago and residents are already tackling these issues through the use of anaerobic digesters and we feel that the CMD is a logical location for the next.
Jobs = 2,600 SINGLE FAMILY HOMES
Well-Being Tourism Consumption
Tunnel and Reservoir Project (TARP)
Take excess stormwater and sewer overflow
500 ft ER
35th/Halsted TIF District, expires 2021
Plazas and Trails
Rail to Trail
Roadway and Parking
W 35TH ST
W 38th STREET
W PERSHING ROAD
S MORGAN STREET
S RACINE STREET
S IRON STREET
S ASHLAND AVE
W 37TH STREET
LOOP IT IN | CONCEPT + PLAN
Extend TIF, expires 2033
PMD-8 Zoning Changes Three areas to denote focus on research, light manufacturing, and general manufacturing
Spatial Usage by Type Manufacturing Food Facilities
Begin dredging Bubbly Creek, Prepare to dry sludge, Begin Digestor Construction, Begin Marketing for Digestor = JOBS
Structures Number by Type
Offices Opportunities (Vacancies)
PMD Marketing Plan Focus on 8B & 8C Zones
Food manufacture occupys most land on the site, which will be the main source of biosolid to anearobic digester. Digester--Stage 2 Open Digestor and begin digesting creek wastes, Biofuel Plantings begin to remediate soil and fuel Digester = JOBS
Conceptual Site Program T
Adaptive Re-Use--Wrigley Gum Factory
Begin rehabilitation of factory, including commercial uses and significant landscape improvements= JOBS
Canal Origins Park
Cultural Center Construction Begin rehabilitation of abandoned rail lines as multi-modal trails = JOBS
Residential Rate Field
Rail to Trail Construction Begin rehabilitation of abandoned rail lines as multi-modal trails = JOBS
Educational Facilities Recreation Facilities
Research & Training
Expansion of R&D, Artisan Manufacturing, Job Training on Site Resulting from marketing of CMD, focused in 8B & 8C = JOBS
Digester - Stage 3 Digester fueled with food waste & Biofuel Plants; Biofuel plants also remediate the creek
Cultural Center Light/Artisan Manufacturing
Adaptive Re-Use/New Construction Resulting from marketing of CMD, focused in 8B & 8C = JOBS
Mixed-Use Commercial & Research
Recreation Facilities Educational Facilities
Community Green Space
The existing urban fabric of the Central Manufacturing District and its relationship to the processes that occur there have become strained over the years and the remnants of the past have cemented the site as a hub of contamination and waste. Improving circulation centered around the anaerobic digester will reorganize the spatial layout and urban form of the site to create new spaces of community engagement, architectural amenities, and connections to the surrounding context that better stitch together a fabric for processing energy. These interventions act as catalysts for building renovation and infill development, creating jobs and reinvigorating the economy within the CMD.
Left: Plan of Node A
The old buildings will be revitalized and adapted to commercial use. Old railway are designed as trails which connected plazas, bridges, amphitheaters in the recreation system. Pedestrian bridge, terrain and vegetation are designed to reduce impact of trucks on visitors.
Training + Parking Deck
Day Care N
Wheel Store Public Storage
LOOP IT IN | NODE DESIGN A
Rail to Trail
Roof Garden Responding to the waste flow, the lift pedestrian bridge separates pedestrian and the trucks handling material flows.
Pedestrian Bridge The pedestrian bridge leads to the roof garden on the rehabilitated historic Old Wrigley Gum Factory, which supports a new mixeduse commercial and research corridor, provides a constant source of food waste
Amphitheater The landform to support the pedestrian bridge also serve as base of amphitheater, where a semi-enclosed space is created by dense vegetation blocking view of trucks.
The revitalized buildings and rail to trail attract residents in neighborhood to get involved into the CMD innovation industry area.
Left: Plan of Node B After managing the contaminated sludge of the bubbly creek, recreation and education amenities begin to emerge along creek. The cultural center will served as exhibition center of waste reuse and also a visitor center. The anaerobic digester will be a symbol remind visitors the benefit of reusing waste. Visitors could wander on the boardwalk and enjoy the view of the clean â€œbubbly creekâ€?. New vegetation grown along creek banks remediates soil and will be harvested as biofuel.
LOOP IT IN | NODE DESIGN B
Riverfront | Farmersâ€™ Market
Riverfront | Cultural Center
Park as Buffer Instructor: Jessica Henson Location: Cairo, IL Type: Individual Programs: ArcGIS, AutoCAD, Rhino, Illustrator, Photoshop, InDesign
The project is aimed at reclaiming floodplains as buffer between settlements and the Mississippi River to purify runoff and resist flood. The project focuses on a segment of Mississippi River floodplain from St. Louis to Cairo. The main issue is the loss of floodplain, since most floodplains were transformed into agricultural land or settlements. Problems arose, including water quality reduction, loss of wildlife habitat and increased flood risk downstream. Therefore, a system is in urgent need to rebalance the relationship between humans and the ecosystem of the Mississippi River. â€œWet Matrixâ€?, which consists of 3 levels of buffers - community level, cultivation land level and regional refuge system level, is designed to solve the problems.
Right: The project focuses
on a segment of Mississippi River floodplain from St. Louis to Cairo. On the refuge system level, wet matrix reconnect the separate existing wildlife refuges on the floodplain. it also help enhance the problem of levee failure, contaminated runoff, riverbank erosion regionally.
WET MATRIX | REGIONAL FRAMEWORK
Wet Matrix Low Density Developed Areas Medium Density Developed Areas High Density Developed Areas Open Waterbody Swamp Marsh National Wildlife Refuges Occationally Flood Zone Frequently Flood Zone Crop Hay
Concept â€œWet Matrixâ€?, is designed as a framework, which consists 3 levels buffers - community level, cultivation land level and regional refuge system level. To find the potential locations of the inventories of the system, multiple factors are considered, including stream network with wetlands and lakes, land cover, farmland classification, flood frequency, levees and levee failures, Federal Wildlife refuges. The typical wet matrix buffer combines filter strips and infiltration basins. They weaves together to form a strong and effective structure for treating runoff and resist erosion.
During Flood 15
Right: To reconnect the separate wetland on floodplain and reclaim its function, old levee is replaced by a series of mounds, connected with flood barriers to protect the city. The original wetlands are shaped into terraced wetland and infiltration basins to purify runoff from Cairo. Grass and forest filters are formed to purify agricultural return flow and provide food for wildlife.
WET MATRIX | PLAN
i Oh o Ri r
pp ssi ssi Mi
Flood Barrier Mounds Transfromed Levee Retention Basin Plazas Rip Raps Infiltration Basin Settling Basin Terrace Wetlands
Grass Filters Forest Filters
Water Level 300 ft
Normally, the Wet Matrix works to trap sediments and protect the city. While adjacent to agricultural area, the buffer could remove chemical fertilizer runoffs from the farm land. In flood season, the buffer could reduce erosion and protect valuable top soil. The circulations and open spaces are designed to serve the visitors in different seasons, considering the impact of flood. Visitors and residents can use the buffers for recreations, such as fishing, biking, and bird watching.
Mound Boardwalk Terraced Wetland
Infiltration basin Old levee
Flood Barrier Island
WET MATRIX | FLOW ANALYSIS Minor Flood
Water Level 315ft
Infiltration basin Old levee
Water Level 330 ft
Flood Barrier Community Island
Mound Infiltration basin
Flood Barrier Community
Logistics landscapes Instructor: Conor O’Shea Location: Chicago Metropolitan, IL Type: Group Collaborator: Yiliang Zhang, Junyi Gu Program: ArcGIS, Illustrator, SketchUp, Photoshop, Indesign
The project proposed an urbanization strategy for Chicago suburban derived from logistic networks and regional ecologies to integrate the region with balance of resource and ecological stewardship. As world markets have become increasingly globalized, freight mobility is playing an increasingly significant part in our daily lives. The contemporary urbanization process represents an aggregation of trends aimed at build the “hypertrophic city,” which causes the uneven distribution of resources spatially and brings troubles to both urban and suburban areas. Coupling territory is a new urbanization path to supersede the distinguished boundary of urban and non-urban areas and integrate the whole region into a holistic framework of territorial development, balanced resource management and ecological stewardship. Logistic systems, resource equilibrium, and environmental sustainability act as a driver of urban form. Off-grid communities and grid logistics are oriented to form a highly efficient way of living. The strategies consider production, processing, distribution, consumption, waste recovery and access, while at the same time weaving a regional urbanism pattern referring to city living “as a new paradigm of life” in the specific logistic landscape.
Right: The intermodal freight
system using standardized containers not only hasten the growth of super ports along East and West Coast, but also led to development of logistics facilities including inland ports based on highway systems and freight railroad network. Sources: CMAP data; Census; Clustermapping; MidAmericanFreight; U.S. Department of Commerce; U.S. Department of Transportation
COUPLING TERRITORY | CONTINENTAL MAP OF MOBILITY
Shipping Lanes Interstates Active Freight Railroads
Rail Intermodal-net Ton (in millions) <1.8 1.8 - 6.2 6.2 - 16.6 >=16.2
Total Number of Internodal Containers Transported between Chicago Region and Major Trading Partners (CBSA) Domestic International 1000-10,000 10,000 - 25.000 25,001 - 100,000 100,001 - 500,000 >= 500,001
Timeline of Mobility Based on intermodal freight and logistics facilities, global systems of transportation fuels the operation of distributed-model industrial economy. Efficient global freight system connects suppliers, factories and markets with low costs, which enable companies to expand supply chain spatially. In this new spatial order, standardized containers are fundamental. To analyze the relationship of global shipment and contemporary industry, a specific container was traced which launched from London loading whiskey to Shanghai, and then unload the goods and reload Samsung LCD TV and sailed for Los Angles. Samsung located its flat panel display TV manufacturing factories in varies countries in far east. The cheap and fast global shipment help Samsung to take advantage of low-cost labor and take large market share in North America. Source: U.S Department Of Transportation; BBC; Itersnews; Statista; Samsung; Trademap World Trade Organization; US Bureau Of Labor Statistics. Day 10 Day 1
COUPLING TERRITORY | CONTINENTAL MAP OF MOBILITY
5 Day 50
LCD TV MARKET SHARE OF SAMSUNG
FLAT PANEL DISPLAY TV FACTORIES LCD TV PANEL PRODUCTION OF SAMSUNG
35.1% MARKET OF TELEVISION IN USA
24.6% IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
ROUTE OF THE CONTAINER
25.1% IN SOUTH KOREA
43.8% IN JAPAN
6.5% IN JAPAN
Prototypes The small footprint, high-efficient logistic systems form the basis of the development framework. The vertical, linear intermodal centers are the hearts of settlements, which combine the function of freight transportation and distribution, while closely connected with local commercial areas and frames a vibrant public realm. The fabrics of settlements are variegated that mix residential, agricultural and commercial land-use.Change of mobility patterns will precipitate a catastrophe, forcing the territory to find a new equilibrium in the newly configured prototypes. The close integration of different elements and communities is the feature of new urbanism. These integrated and resilient communities are self-sufficient, producing organic food in mix-product farms, making their own energy, and handling their waste in a closed loop. This on-site mode creates job opportunities for local employment and reinforce the sense of community. Meanwhile, interior green spaces such as community gardens and green house that provides spaces for human activities and green patches for wildlife, are associated with peripheral mega-farms and prairies restoration site that encourage wildlifeâ€™s movement.
Vertical Farming Led Farming Nut Trees Greenhouse Rooftop
Wind Power Plants
COUPLING TERRITORY | PROTOTYPES
Eco-Center Compost Site
15min Intermodal centers commute time
15min Urban areas commute time
Railroads Population density
New centers (phase 1)
New center (phase 2)
New Framework To locate potential logistic city, different urban fabrics are evaluated, including logistic system, commute, industrial, water, green spaces. The small footprint, high-efficient logistic systems form the basis of the development framework. The commute time mapping of existing cities is also considered. The site for each unit was selected to take advantage from Chicago city, with its surrounding cities and intermodal center as well as form a buffer to support the metropolis. A unit is composed of 70,000 inhabitants with dimensions of 2-mile radius cycle within 10-minute driving commute time. Together, these units make a 2 million inhabitant solve the increase of the population of Will County to 2 million people.
COUPLING TERRITORY | FRAMEWORK
GARDEN OF JOY Roof Garden in Tongji University Company: ERA Landscape Design, Shanghai Collaborator: Zhen Reng Instructor: Nannan Dong Type: Professional Practice Roles: Physical model making, construction drawings, presentation boards
The project is a roof garden in the campus for gathering and relaxation use, while also a showcase of stormwater management system utilizing solar power and rainwater. It located in Tongji University, Shanghai, China. We were commissioned by the university to create a relaxing, social space for students and residents in a high intensity community. A series of installations are set up on the roof garden serving as both bench and fence to create semi-private space. The garden also enable the university to carry on providing information and advice on green infrastructure technologies in Shanghai to solve the stormwater problem and urban heat island effect.
GARDEN OF JOY | PLAN + CONSTRUCTION
Under Construction The roof garden is underconstruction during summer in 2016.
After The image was taken 3 weeks after the construction finished.
GARDEN OF JOY | STORMWATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Stormwater Management System The system storage stormwater and utilize it to irritate vegetation on the rooftop. The energy for pumping water from the storage tank is transformed from solar power through photovoltaic panels.
Water Storage Tank
l Pa th
GARDEN OF JOY | MODEL DETAILS
A GLIMPSE INTO HISTORY Roof Garden of Shanghai Museum of History Company: ERA Landscape Design, Shanghai Type: Collaborative Professional design project Collaborator: Shiqi Huang Instructor: Nannan Dong Roles: Involved in paving design, planting design, rendering Program: AutoCAD, Illustrator, Sketch up, Photoshop, InDesign
The roof garden provides those who visit and work at the History Museum of Shanghai an opportunity to enjoy the outdoor and remarkable views. The roof garden located on the History Museum of Shanghai, Shanghai, China. The building is a historic site, which was originally part of a racecourse during last century. The roof garden was aimed to recall the history of the neighborhood as a concession in the early 20 century. The bell tower, as a symbol of concession history, is the focus point of the garden. The garden features outdoor cafĂŠ, lawns, vine arbors. The vine arbors provide a subtle space transition from indoor to outdoor. In the center, lawn gathering area is separated by terrains from the cafĂŠ. The planting design used native shrubs, such as Hydrangea, Gardenia, surrounding by herbal flowers. The theme color is pink and blue, providing a peaceful atmosphere.
SUNSHINE | PAVEMENT DETAILS
SUNSHINE| PLAN + PLANTING DESIGN
Festuca elata Keng ex E. Alexeev
Gardenia jasminoides Ellis
Sabina chinensis (L.) Ant. cv. Kaizuca
Buxus sinica (Rehd. et Wils.) Cheng var. parvifolia M. Cheng
Buxus sinica (Rehd. et Wils.) Cheng var. parvifolia M. Cheng
Rosa chinensis Jacq.
Loropetalum chinense var.rubrum
Osmanthus fragrans (Thunb.) Lour. Cheng var. parvifolia M. Cheng
Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) Ser
Salvia japonica Thunb.
Gardenia jasminoides Ellis
Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lem
SUNSHINE | PAVEMENT DETAILS Left and Bottom: Pavement Details The details of pavement design chose materials match the historic building. The pattern of pavement continued the architectural languages of elevations. The tone of pavement were also aimed to create a nostalgic atmosphere.
屋顶花园 - 铺装大样
Left: Planting Design The northern area of the garden utilized portable modular planters to plant herbal vegetation, which could be used to modified space as the need of activities. The planting design used native shrubs, such as Hydrangea, Gardenia, surrounding by herbal flowers. The theme color is pink and blue, providing a peaceful atmosphere.
Central Valley Reach To Survive and Utilize the Wildness
Queen Anne's War
Location: Vigo County, IN Instructor: Steven Sears Type: individual and group work Program: ArcMap, Illustrator, Photoshop, InDesign
This project is a deep research of Vigo County, IN, which exemplifies how typical river cities such as Terre Haute, formed and developed along the Wabash River. The time span begins from the prehistoric period to present. Through researches on Vigo Countyâ€™s historic, geological and cartographic information, I interpreted how people had changed its landscape as time went by. Landscape language was used to represent the landscape as a result of natural and human powers.
1717, French Fort Quiatenon was established, near the present city of Lafayette, to protect the western frontier
A major transportation complex of the midwest, the territory of Indiana was first explored by the French. Mostly fur traders, they established the first permanent settlement at Vincennes
CENTRAL VALLEY REACH| TIMELINE
French and Indian War
Revolutionary War 1795, Americans and Indians signed Treaty of Greenville. The French lose Canada to the British
1772, General Gage ordered the French in t h e Wa b a s h Va l l e y t o leave their settlements, & demanded the title deeds to their lands
1778, Vincennes became an American post, an American flag was floated for the first time in Indiana
1795, the British withdraw all their garrisons from all the posts in western area
Ordinances dated in 1785 and 1788, providing for the survey and disposal of the public lands of the territorys of the west and open to the settlement of the first wave of pioneer homemakers Clean Water Act
CENTRAL VALLEY REACH | MAPPING BOTTOM: Mapping of Vigo County, IN The mapping overlapped several significant element of the development of Vigo County, including topography, settlements, transportation networks, and coal and petro resources. The settlements’ spatial shift from Fort Harrison to the present city was hightlight, revealing their relationships with other elements.
RIGHT: To Survive and Utilize the Wildness Transportation developlement in Indiana during the first half of the 19th century focused on the development of canals and roads to direct trade from the settled areas of the state to the Ohio River, Wabash River, and their main tributaries. Major communities that had developed in the state by 1850 included Madison, New Albany, Lafayette, Richmond, Jeffersonville, Terre Haute, Vincennes, and Evansville, all of which were located on waterways.
Fort Harrison(1811-1818) Constructed in 1811 to protect Vincennes. The fort was originally a two-story blockhouse at three corners and the barracks forming part of the walls.
IO NAT THE 40 | US
Terre Haute The city seat of Vigo County, earned the nickname “The Crossroads of America” due to its extensive rail and road network. The name “Terre Haute” is a French phrase meaning “highland.” The name was coined by French explorers of the mid 18th century, who found a plateau-like area that adjoined the Wabash River
Wabash and Erie Canal Constructed and used for transportation between 1837-1874, ，the Wabash & Erie Canal is the longest canal ever built in North America，traveling 497 miles from Toledo, Ohio on Lake Erie to Evansville, Indiana on the Ohio River. When fully completed, the canal was truly an engineering marvel with 18 major aqueducts. People built towns in the place where there had once been swamp, forests and tall grass prairie.
Coal Mining Coal mining has long been a part of Vigo county. The earliest records date back to 1840 when 9,682 tons of coal were pulled from the Earth. Vigo county is hgome to both surface strip mines, and an abundance of underground mines scattered throughout the county.
Canal Old Structure
1980 Terra Haute
1907 Terra Haute
Old Road Map
1853 Terra Haute
The surface of Vigo County is mostly level with gently rolling, divided into prairies and timberland. The prehistoric Native American arrived here and lived as hunter-gatherers and farmers, built mounds as burial sites, temples or defenses. Some of these mounds still can distinguish as gentle swells on the prairie in the county. The place of Terre Haute was once a Wea Indian Village where the Indians lived in wigwams and hunted for a living. The flocks of buffaloes ran on these prairies. The elks, antelope and prairie wolves haunted frequently. Beyond the edge of the prairies, the deep and dark woodland once lived beasts like bears and panthers. The French fur traders came here to pursue furs. They exchanged some bright trinket and firewater for furs, belt with the Indians, learning their ways of hunting and canoes. The French settlers lived mixed with the Indian around the humble forts in the wildness, planting orchard where expected to be a permanent settlement. When the British came here, they named it as the Old Indian Orchard. This orchard later became Woodlawn Cemetery, which is still one of the main cemetery today in Terre Haute. For the Americans, the beginning of possessing this land after the Revolutionary War was full of difficulty because it stood near the old “Indian Line” as a frontier garrison. The earliest pioneers started to plow on the beautiful prairies or bottomland along the Wabash River to grow corn and wheat. However, they had to face the dreadful weather and harassment from the Indians. To fight against Tecumseh’s army, Gen. Harrison build a fort with the heavy timbers on the highland beneath the Wea village. Although being attacked by the Indian fiercely, they took control this area in the end. Afterwards, more immigrants rushed here for land. When the PLSS had be completed in Vigo Co., lands was sold officially. Soon after that, the county founded formally, and settlers’ life began to be better organized and controlled. With the construction of main streets, public building like courthouse, and residential buildings, the city of Terre Haute was born bearing the dream of all settlers. Early Terre Haute was a center of farming, milling and pork processing along the Wabash River. As the town growing, the industries started developing. Pork packing was one of the first profitable industries of Vigo County. However, due to the high fee for transportation on the road, this business gradually abandoned. The vast accessible coal deposit was excavated which strongly supported the manufactory industry and brought amounts of wealth by exporting to other cities like New Orleans. The chief supply of coal in the county is from the mines in Coal Bluff and Fontanet. Besides, brewing industry was also vital in Vigo Co largely taking advantage of large output of corn in this area. The international icon, contour Coca-Cola bottle, was the design and product of Root Glass Works in Terre Haute. The business and industrial expansion of the city developed largely thanks to transportation. The National Highway (now U.S. 40) was constructed from east to the west, connecting Terre Haute with the eastern cities like Washington D. C. which gave birth to towns include west Terre Haute. As the towns along the Wabash River and Ohio River developing, a convenient navigation route were ugly required. Settlers in Vigo County wanted navigable water to exchange pork, wheat for sugar, salt with New Orleans. The construction of Wabash and Erie Canal solve the problem. It connected Lake Erie to the Gulf, boomed the cities along the canal. Although agriculture remained predominant, coal mines and manufacturing industry also developed to support the railroads. Therefore, three principal mines in Vigo Co. are on the line of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad.
CENTRAL VALLEY REACH| INDEX
The Upland The French explorers first named this unique piece of land above the Wabash River “Terre Haute”—means upland. Thereafter, it became one of the French strongholds of the fur trade in the heartland. After nearly a century’s conflict involving the French, British and American, the American had the last laugh and took the territory. Gen. Harrison and his men came and erected Fort Harrison on the upland with heavy timber to protect this area. Since then, the fort became the symbol of ownership and safety in the heart of pioneers. During that challenging time, early settlers were always on guard against nearby Indians and would fly to the fort to report the Indians’ actions. One night, Capt. Taylor’s 15 men guarding the fort were attacked by an Indian force of hundreds of men of Tecumseh. The soldiers defended the continued attacked and finally gained victory in the sunrise. Later, the problem with Indians was solved by purchasing land from Indians permanently. Safer living condition and fertile soil attracted more and more pioneers here to make a better living. They plowing the prairies, cutting down timbers and building small log cabins. After the land survey was finished, Harrison purchase was opened and ended the wild rush for land. Vigo Co. was founded and settlers began to live in good order. Streets and buildings were constructed on the upland. From then, the Fort Harrison continued standing as a military post for years and then abandoned and collapsed. The remain was covered by vegetation gradually became undistinguished. Today, the base of the fort and surrounding farm were replaced by a golf course where settlers could enjoy leisure. But, there are school and street named after it to memorize pioneers’ history.
The Bottom On the opposite of Terre Haute across the Wabash River located the “bottom” land where West Terre Haute was begun. It was laid out by Samuel McQuilkin and named Macksville. He opened the first general store on the National Road to serve the workers. Later, vegetable farmers were attracted to this town on account of the fertile soil. At that time, pioneers had to cross the flood plain to reach West Terre Haute through roughly built corduroy. The 1st wooden bridge across Wabash River was constructed bringing great convenience to settlers on both sides of the river. Under the administration of John Jackson, a drainage system was established to reduce stagnant backwaters improved the condition of the bottom. The town expanded quickly and industry accelerated this process. Pork packing industry began from several pork house. Thousands of hogs grunted through the mud and nosed for food, creating a pungent aroma that hung over like a miasma. Farm families tolerated noise and the mess to make a living. Coal bluffs were near the north and west boundary of the town, which made coal mining the major industry in the town. High clay deposits here provide abundant resources to clay companies to raised their plants here producing bricks, sewer pipe, and drain tile. In 1913, a devastating flood affected Midwest, and this area was damaged considerately because of the low elevation. For the first time in the history of this town, the water covered even its main street. After the 1920’s, Industry stunt and the West Terre Haute gradually became a mainly residential community. The settlers are major factory workers and miners because of affordable rent.
CENTRAL VALLEY REACH| NARRATIVES
Wrinkling CNC Milled Model and Animation Workshop Instructor: Conor O'Shea, Type: individual Program: Rhino, After Effect, Illustrator, Photoshop, InDesign
In the workshop, a topography model was created and interpreted through animation to discuss and represent topographic surfaceâ€™s performative characteristics in the landscape. In landscape, surface performs as the base supporting human activities, animal behaviors, and transportation. Its performative characteristic as a result of landform, material, and vegetation. This In this workshop, Rhino was utilized to develop digital topographic surfaces, one of which was milled by CNC machine into foam model. An animation was produced to discuss and represent the surfaceâ€™s performative characteristics, ranging from topography, shadow, runoff, and mobility. The animation was projected onto the model surface with a projector and tripod in an exhibition. The video below shows how the animated topographic model performed during the exhibition.
WRINKLING | CNC MODEL + ANIMATION
CNC Milled Foam Model
INLAND PORTS Study of Logistics Landscapes Instructor: Conor O'Shea Type: Research Assistant Work Teammates: Fei Tao Role: Gathering GIS data, locating inland ports in ArcGIS, representing in Illustrator.
This is a study of logistics landscape focusing on inland ports in the context of logistic networks and logistical environment. Logistical development effects on urbanization in North America considerately, with the trend of transforming farmlands into logistical areas and reinvesting in historic city centers. Inland ports, warehousing districts are vital to global supply chains by facilitating the freight networks. They have a significant effect on the environment. Presently, they usually result in socially homogeneous, aesthetically dull, and ecological inert in urban condition. The Landscape Strategies Laboratory, affiliated with the Department of Landscape Architecture at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, designs inclusive, aesthetically ambitious, ecologically robust, but also economically viable, visions of logistical environments. There, instructed by Professor Oâ€™Shea, Fei and I did researches for inland ports in the U.S. by classifying and ranking the freight TEUs and facility areas. We located 147 intermodal facilities owned by railway companies including BNSF, UP, CN, CSX, NS, CP with ArcGIS. Among them, we study the top 20 inland ports in the context of freight network and urban fabric.
Inland Ports Ranking by TEUs Throughput
CENTRAL VALLEY REACH| INDEX 1. BNSF Los Angeles Intermodal Facility
Los Angeles, CA 316.22 Acres 2.6 M TEUs
BNSF Los Angeles Intermodal Facility
BNSF Commerce Intermodal Facility
Inland Port Surrounding Port Surrounding Warehouse Railroads Interstate Highway US Route
3 Miles © 2017 Conor O’Shea, Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Drawn By: Fei Tao, MLA ‘17; Yun Huang, MLA ‘17 Source: Varies, available upon request
OTHER WORKS Paintings+ Sketches + Wood Craft Works Paintings and sketches have been my favorites in spare time from my childhood. They sharpen my eye for the beauty in life. They help me memorize happy moments, splendid landscapes, people I love. As a designer, they are my languages to learn, discuss, and develop ideas. I am also interested in woodcraft. Iâ€™m currently working on a piece furniture with walnut wood. Woodcraft helps me know about material and structure.
Perspective of Moshan Park (Undergraduate Project) 47
OTHER WORKS | PAINTINGS
Lakeside Cottage 48
Sacred Heart Cathedral, Guangzhou, China
Summer Palace, Beijing, China
Baotong Temple, Pen and Ink 49
OTHER WORKS | WOODCRAFT WORKS Working on Tenon and Mortise
Grinding a seat
Model of Traditional Chinese Building 50
Published on Mar 11, 2018