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vuFm'Dy cspfol cspfOD;ndK


rmwdum tcef; (1) tcef; (2) tcef; (3) tcef; (4) tcef; (5) tcef; (6) tcef; (7) tcef; (8) tcef; (9) tcef; (10)

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cspfOD;ndK

vuFm'Dy cspfol

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5


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9


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol vuFm'Dyodef;cdkuRef;onf bkd;awmf£&PÖykoQrif; vufxufwGifvnf;aumif;? uREkfyfrjrifzl;aom crnf;awmfb&mrykoQrif;vufxufwiG v f nf;aumif; e,ferdwu f s,fjyefYvo S nfr[kw/f crnf;awmfb&mrykoQonf rdsK;EG,fpkaygi;frsm;pGm uGJjym;aeonfh j'm0d'd,efwdkY\ acgif;aqmifbk&ifrsm;tm; wdkufcdkufodrf;oGif;&if; ppf y J G w G i f u sqH k ; cJ h & onf / crnf ; awmf \ yd k i f e uf o nf v nf ; us,f j yef Y vS o nf r [k w f c J h / ,ck t cg bdk;awmfonfvnf;aumif;? crnf;awmfonfvnf;aumif; r,fawm*E´Donf vnf;aumif; þvumF'Dyajray:0,f touf x if & S m ;r&S d M uawmh / vuF m 'D y wd k i f ; &if ; om; rif ; aqG r if ; rsd K ;quf w G i f uREk f y f ' o*D & d o nf o m eef;arGqufcHusef&pfcJhonf/ odkYaomf uREkfyfvufxufwGif vuFm'Dyonf e,fedrdwftmPmpuf us,fjyefYvmcJhonf/ MuD;pGmaom td;k p&nf;MuD;rsm;udk jyKvkyjf cif;ü vufryI nmajymifajrmufonfh *krmÇ rsdK;EG,pf rk sm;onf vnf;aumif;? tvrÜm,fynmü uRrf;usifMuonfh em*grsdK;EG,fpkrsm;onfvnf;aumif;? odef;iSufpGef&JwdkYudk arG;jrLvsuf ppfwdkufMuonfh *&k#rsKd ;EG,pf rk sm;onfvnf;aumi;f? aq;0g;rEÅet f wwfü vdrm® Muonfh *E©ArÁ sKd ;EG,pf rk sm;onfvnf;aumif;? ,cktcg uREkfyf\aus;uRefrsm; jzpfcJhMuavjyD/ rdsK;EG,fpktoD;oD;\ bk&ifrsm;onfvnf; uREkfyf\ opömawmfcHe,fom;rsm; jzpfvmMuavjyD/ vuFm'Dy&Sdopfyifwkdif;\ opf&Gufwdkif;ESifh? tdE´Kjrpf&Sd oJyGifhwdkif;wGif 'o*D&d[laombJGYonf cwfESdyfpJGxifcJhavjyD/ ppfyJGaygif;rsm;pGmudk jzwfoef;cJhonfh uREkfyf\udk,fcE©monfvnf; vuFm'Dywpf0ef;rS ppf&IH;olwdkY\aoG;rsm; pD;0if&m ork'´&m jzpfcJhavjyD/ ,cktcg uREyfk \ f rdz&k m;acgifMuD;raE´m'&DrmS om;awmfwpfyg;vnf; zGm;jrifcjhJ yD jzpfonf/ rd;k onf;xefpmG &Gmí ivsifyJhwifawmfvJ aecsdefwGifzGm;jrifaom xdkom;awmftm; arCem'[k uREfkfyftrnfay;vdkufonf/ arCem'udk uREfkyftm;ay;tyfjyD;aemuf rdzk&m;raE´m'&Donf uREkfyf\bdk;awmf? crnf;awmf? r,fawmfrsm;aemufodkY vdkufyg oGm;cJhavonf/ rdcif[lonf om;\vuf&kH;twGuf t[efYtwm;jzpfaponf[k ,HkMunfaomuRefyftzdkYrlum; rd z k & m;MuD ; ted p ö a &muf o nf h t wG u f yl y if q if ; &J j cif ; r&S d v S / om;awmf arCem'tm; twm;tqD ; r&S d uREkfyf\vuf&kH;&nfESifh bkef;wefcdk;awmfwdkYudk qifhyGm;EkdifjyD[laomtodjzifh rdzk&m;MuD;uHawmfukefjcif;udk em;vnf,lvdkufayonf/ uREfkfyf\ p&kduf"avhjcif;wlonfh ESri,f*rÇD\Muif&mawmfem*grsdK;EG,fpkbk&if &dE´rvnf; ppfyJGwpfyJGwGif usqH k ; oG m ;cJ h j yD ; jzpf o nf / xd k Y aMumif h uREf k y f o nf uREk f y f \ trd r J h o m; arCem'ES i f h ESr*rÇD\tzrJhom;wlawmf'koESifhc&wdkYtm; jyif;jypGmwG,fwmcspfcif vmrdayonf/ i,f&G,folrsm;jzpfonfh 'koESifhc&wdkudkrl uREkfyfydkíMuifemrdonf/ om;awmfarCem'tm; nOD;,HrSeHeufrdk;aomuftxd "m;a&;usifhapjyD; wlawmfrsm;udkrl nOD;,HrSoef;acgif,Htxdom "m;a&;usihfapjcif;jzifhuREfkyf\MuifemrIudk oufaojyvdkufayonf/ ESri,f*rÇrSD u l m; vuFm'Dy\ ajrmufbufa'oarSm&f aHk wmtkyx f rJ S orif&ikd ;f rsm;udk trJvu kd jf cif;? tcsdKYukd t&Sizf rf;jyD; avh u sif h a y;jcif ; ? tcsd K Yud k 0 ef w if & xm;rsm; qJ G a pjcif ; wd k Y jzif h t vk y f r sm;aeonf / ES r i,f * rÇ D \ orifvkyfief;wGifuREkfyftESpfjcdKufqkH;um; MuD;rm;vSaomorifMuD;ESpfaumif\ wdkufyJGyifjzpfayonf/ *rÇDonf orifzdkMuD;rsm;udk vufoyfarG;jyD;wdkufcdkufwwfatmif avhusifhoifMum;ay;xm;onf/ ,if;wdkY\vSyaom OD;csdKMuD;rsm;udk tzsm;cRefaeatmif jyKjyifay;xm;onf/ pdwftqwfqHk;ESifh toefrmqHk; orifzdkESpfaumifudk ,SOfjydKifícwfaponf/ orifMuD;rsm;onf j'm0d'd,efppfrSL;MuD;rsm;ESifhrjcm; taotaMuwdkufcdkufMuonf/ *rÇ D M uD ; rS L ;usif ; yonf h ]]orif c wf y J G } }ud k uREf k y f E S i f h w uG a om ppf o nf a wmf o d k Y ES p f j cd K k u f v S o nf / od k Y aomf o rif c wf y J G u sif ; ywd k i f ; rnf o nf h t cgrS r wuf a &muf o l wpf O D ; &S d o nf / xd k o l u m; nDawmfbdbdoeyifjzpfayonf/ nDawmfbdbdoeonf eu©wÅaA'udk ydkívdkufpm;vm;jyD; ol\trlt&mrsm;rSm uHawmfukefbdk;awmfESihf wpfaeYwpfjcm;wlvmonf/ t&G,fESifhrvdkufatmif wnfjidrf at;aq;vSay&m ol\tom;ta&mifonfyif j'm0d'd,efESifhrwlawmhbJ El;nHh azsmhawmhvmonf[k uREfkyfxifayonf/ odkYaomf nDawmfbdbdoeonf vufatmufcHa'orsm;\ tkyfcsKyfa&;? tcGefyPÖmvufcHa&;ESifh j'm0d'd,ef tcsif; jzpfyGm;aomw&m;wabmifrsm;ü pD&ifqHk;jzwfa&;wdkYwGifum; tm;xm;avmufygayonf/

10


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ,ck v nf ; uRef y f o nf nD a wmf \ tpD t rH t & uREk f y f \ atmif y J G t xd r f ; trS w f awmif q ,f v H k ; ud k vumF'DycHwyfrsm; wnfaqmufae&onf/ nDawmfonf yxryAÁwrS e0ryAÁwtxdaom awmifudk;vHk;\ ajc&if ; awmif M um;rsm;ud k ausmuf w H k ; rsm;jzif h t aoyd w f q d k Y vd k u f o nf / uREf k y f & m0Prif ; om;b0u ajrGa[mufMuD;rsm;udkokwfoifcJhonfh awmifuvyfxdyfzsm;rsm;ay:wGif pufarmif;cvkyfrsm;wyfqifonfh cHwyfrsm;wnfaqmufaponf/ e0ryAÁwESihf 'oryAÁwtMum; awmifMum;wpfckwnf;om; wHcg;ayguftjzpf csefvSyfxm;cJhonf/ ,if;vQdKY0Suf wHcg;rSonf OrifvdkPfvrf;aMumif;jzifh tdE´Kjrpfurf;txdazmufvkyfrnf[k nDawmfu pDpOfaeonf/ tdEK´ jrpfurf;udk þae&mrSjzwfu;l ygu wpfzufurf;&Sd uREfyk w f Ykd \vufatmufcH *E¨rsdK;EG,pf k bk&if&Sd&m b&mrmAE´jrdKYawmfodkY a&mufEdkifayonf/ nDawmf\ tpDtrHaMumifh uREfkyf\ vuFm'DyrSm wefckd;MoZmMuD;rm; cefYnm;vmonfhtavsmuf 0gvkcsdpwefa'orS uREky\ f trdsK;tEG,v f &l ikd ;f rsm;vnf; ck0d ifvmMuonf/ vGecf o hJ nfEh pS af ygif;wpf&mcefYuwnf;u a&Munf&m jrufE&k m vSnv hf nfc&hJ aom þt&dik ;f wdYk onf ,cktcg vumF'yD \ tmPmpufatmuf0,f uRerf sm;tjzpf aexdkifaeMujyDjzpfonf/ nDawmfbdbdoeonf vuf&kH;&nft&mü nHhzsif;aomfvnf; ,if;odkYaom t&mrsm;ürl uRrf;usifrI&SdaMumif; uREkfyfESifh ESr*rÇDwdkY rjiif;y,fEdkif/ 0efcHMu&ayonf/ odkYaomf awmifq,fvHk;teufe0rawmifESifh 'orawmifMum;udkwHcg;azmufvkyf? Orifwl;jcif;? usefawmifMum;rsm;wGif ausmufwHk;jzifh taoydwfqdkYjcif; . . . wnf;[laom vkyfief;udkrl uREfkyf em;rvnfrday/ xdkYaMumifhqD;ESif;rsm;xlxyfpGm usaeaom eHeufcif;wpfckü uREkfyfonf *rÇDudkac:jyD; Orifwl;aeonfh ae&m&Sd nDawmfxHodkY xGufvmcJhayonf/ tok&mrif;\ vufaqmifppf&xm;udk uREkfyfr,lcJhay/ 0ZD&m\ tquftEG,f jzpfaom r[l&mtrnf&Sd jrif;MuD;wpfpD;udkom pD;vmcJhonf/ nDawmfbdbdoeonf ausmufwHk;MuD;wpfwHk;ay:üxkdifí pDrHcefYcJGaeonf/ ol\ cdkjyma&mif0wf&kHxufwGif qD;ESif;prsm;jzifh jzLazG;íaeonf/ ]]tudkawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf . . MuGyg}} ]]0D&d, w,faumif;ygvm;nDawmf? qD;ESif;xlajymaewJhtcsdefrSm &yfem;xm;zdkYaumif;w,f}} ]]tcsdefr&Sdbl; tudkawmf? 'DOrif jrefjrefjyD;rS pdwfat;Ekdifr,f? 'Dvkyfief;[m nDawmf&JY acgif;xJrSm av;vHpGm ydusaeygw,f/}} vuFmqefaom bdbdoe\ toHk;pum;rsm;udk uREkfyfjyHK;rdonf/ ]]at; . . ppfwu kd zf YkduvJjG yD;bmrS pdwrf 0ifpm;wmrSeaf yr,fh nDawmf'aD vmufoMJ uD;rJMuD;vkyaf ewm awGY&awmh tusdK;taMumif;odcsifvmw,f}} ]][k w f w ,f b d b d o e .. eif h v k y f i ef ; [m eef ; awmf w nf a qmuf w meJ Y rwl a wmh b l ; ? &efolumuG,fzdkYjyifqifaewmeJY wlaejyD/ igawmifrS 'DreuforifawG avhusifhay;p&m&Sdwm xm;cJhjyD; tudkawmfeJYvdkufvmcJh&w,f}} ]]eifajymwmrSefw,f *rÇD? 'g&efolumuG,fzdkYyJ}} ]]xm;ygav/ 'gayr,fh eifvkyfaeyHku &efol[m 'DaeYeufjzef a&mufvmawmhr,fhtwdkif;yJ? 'o*D&d&JY vuFm'Dyudk b,folu usL;ausmfJ&JrSmvnf; bdbdaoe&,f}} ]]ayghayghqq raeprf;eJY *rÇD? &efol[m 'DaeYeufjzefvmrSm r[kwfaomfvnf; wdkYawmifydkif;udk qif;vmp&m&Sdw,f }} ]][kwf&JYvm;? b,frsdK;EG,fpkawGrsm;vJuG,fh}} ]]tdE´Kjrpf0Srf;ajrmufydkif;u tm&d,efrsdK;EG,fpk}} ]]b,fvdk . . . }} ]]tdE´Kjrpf0Srf; ajrmufydkif; yefZAÁ? &mZmykw&Å a'orSm ajcukyfjyKaewJh tm&d,ef rsdK;EG,fpkawG}} ]]tm&d,efrsdK;EG,fpk ... [kwfvm;}} ]]tudkawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf . . . tok&mrif;&JY ppf&xm;[m rMumrDrSmyJ yPÖmqufooltwGuf jyefvnftokHk;cs&vdrfhr,f xifw,f? tm&d,efwdkY&JYrdwfaqG rmCrsdK;EG,fpk[m tok&mrif;udkwdkufcdkufzdkY csDwufoGm;MujyD/ rMumrDrSm rmCrsdK;EG,fpkawGeJY tok&mbk&ifwdkY ppfrufjzpfyGm;vdrfhr,f? 'DtcgrSm . . . }} 11


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol qD;ESif;awmxJrS jrif;wpfpD;ajy;vmjyD; wyfrSL;wpfa,mufonf jrif;xufrSckefqif; vdkufonf/ uREkfyfvufxJodkY pmcRefwpfckqufovmonf/ ]]rmCrd s K;EG , f p k bk & if u ppf r uf j yKvmwJ h t wG u f tok & mrif ; u ppf u l a wmif ; wJ h p mcRef y g 'o*D&dbk&ifrif;jrwf}} *rÇDonf tHhMocsD;usL;[efjzifh bdbdoeudk Munhfaeonf/ bdbdoeurl uREfkyftm; wnfjidrfonfh rsufvHk;rsm;jzifh pdkufMunfhaeavonf/ ]]tok&mbk&ifudk ppfulay;yg? tok&mxHu rmCbk&ifudk wdkufcdkufjcif;[m vuFm'Dy&JY &efpG,fudk MudKwifz,f&Sm;jcif;vdkYvnf; t"dyÜm,f&ygw,f bk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]]wyfrSL; . . . rif;tckjyefoGm;? rsdK;EG,fpk wyfrudktqifoifhjyif? ighppf&xm;udk wyfqif? om;awmf arCem'udkvJ csyf0wfwefqmrsm; 0wfqifyavhap? qD;ESif;awG t&nfaysmfoGm;csdefrSm ppfxGufr,f}} ]]ESrawmfvnf; vdkufyg&ap tudkawmf}} qD;ESif;jzLjzLrsm;atmufrS *rÇD\rsufESmonf ppfpdwfppfaoG;rsm;jzifh &kwfw&ufeDjref;vmavonf/ ]]at; . . . vdkufcJh? igvmcJhr,f? *rÇDoGm;ESifh? igbdbdoe xHutm&d,efawGtaMumif; odcsifao;w,f}} *rÇ D o nf uREk f y f \ trd e f Y ud k &vQif & jcif ; jrif ; ay: od k Y wuf í wyf r S L ;ES i f h w uG eef ; awmf o d k Y 'kef;qkdif;oGm;avonf/ bdbdoeonf ausmufwHk;ay:wGif rwfwwf &yfvdkuf&if; ajrmufbuft&yfqDodkY ai;Munfhaeonf/ qD;ESifhwdkYtv,fwGif olYtoGifonf aq;0g;rEÅeftwwfü uRrf;usifonfh *E©AÁrsdK;EG,fpk tbdk;MuD;ESifh wlaeayonf/ ]]em;qif y gtud k a wmf r if ; jrwf tif r wef a 0;vH v S w J h ajrmuf b uf t &yf r S m MuD ; rm;wJ h jrufcif;jyifMuD;awG&Sdw,f/ tm&d,efrsdK;EG,fawG&JY rlva'o[m tJ'Dt&yfyJjzpfw,f/ olwdkY&JYtom;ta&mif[m j'm0d'd,efawGvdk tndKa&mifr[kwfbl;? 0ga&Ta&mifjzpfw,f/ olwdkY[m ayghyg;zswfvwfjyD;? jrif;pD;twwf? av;twwfrSm uRrf;usifMuw,f}} ]]vuFm'Dy bk&ifxufydkjyD; av;twwfrSm uRrf;usifowJhvm;}} uREkfyf\ avSmifajymifcsufudk bdbdoeu wpfcsufrQomrsufvHk;0ifhMunfhjyD; ajrmufbuft&yfodkY ai;arQmf v d k u f j yef o nf / ol \ 0wf & k H p onf avwG i f v G i f h y sH a eay&m qD E S i f ; tjzLud k aemuf c H j yKvsuf ausmufwHk;ay:wGifrwfwyf&yfaeaom bdbdoe\&kyfyHkonf wpfcgrQþtMudrfavmuf cHhnm;jcif;r&SdcJh[k uREkfyfxifaerdonf/ ]]awmawmiftxyfxyfukd ESpaf ygif;rsm;pGm vSnv hf nfjzwfoef;cJw h hJ tm&d,efawG[m use;f rmoefprG ;f Muw,f? tMurf;ywrf;cHEkdifMuw,f/ ppfrufudkaumif;pGmjyKwwfMuayr,fh olwdkY&JYtESpfom&uawmh ppfyJGr[kwfbl;? jyD;qH;k oGm;wJph pfajrjyifrmS xGe, f ufpu kd yf sd K;Edik af &;yJjzpfw,f/ olwYkd[m awmawGjrpfawG txyfxyfukd jzwfoef;cJMh ujyD/ tcktdE´Kjrpf0Srf;ajrmufbufudk a&mufvmMujyD}} ]]'Dtom;0gawGudk igoGm;jyD;armif;xkwfrSmaygh bdbdoe]] ]]bk&ifrif;jrwfoGm;p&mrvdkbl;? olwdkYudk,fwdkif bk&ifrif;jrwf&Sd&m vuFm'Dy&Sd&m tdE´Kawmifydkif;udk qif;vmMuygvdrfhr,f]] ]]olwdkY[m awmifydkif;udkvm&if ppfudkyg,lvmcJhMurSmvm; bdbdoe}} ]]rSefygw,f? olwdkY[m tdE´Kjrpf0Srf;awmifydkif;&JY ajrMoZmvGifjyifMuD;udk tifrwefrufarmaeMuw,f/ olwdkYppfrufjyKMuvdrfhr,f}} ]]tifrwefMuD;us,fjyD; *kPfajrmufwJhppfyJGMuD;wpfck jzpfrSmayghbdbdoe? odkYaomf tom;0gawGtzdkY tdE´Kjrpf0Srf;awmifydkif;rSm olwdkYudk,fwdkif ajrMoZmawGjzpfukefMu&r,f}} ]]tok tok&mbk&if ppfulawmif;wJh udpö[m 'Dta&;&JYa&SYajy; jzpfygvdrfhr,f? tok&mudk wdkufwJh rmCbk&if[m tm&d,efwdkY&JY rdwfaqGjzpfygw,f}} ]]nDawmfbdbdoe . . . rif;eJYpum;ajym&wm ightzdkY pdwf0ifpm;p&mtaumif;qHk;yJ? ao;odrfwJh j'm0d', d efrsdK;EG,pf ik ,fawG tcsif;csif;ppfrufjyK&wmudk jiD;aiGYaecsderf mS rif;[m ightwGuf tzd;k wefwhJ vkyif ef;wpfcu k kd nTefjyay;wmyJ}} 12


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]'gayr,fh tm&d,efawGudk . . . }} ]]awmfavmufygjyDuG,f? uJ . . rif;vkyfp&m&Sdwmqufvkyf igtok&mbk&ifxHoGm;vdkufOD;r,f}} ]]tudkawmf bk&ifrif;jrwf . . . atmifjrifygap}} bd b d o e\ qk a wmif ; oH E S i f h &k y f y H k w d k Y onf qD ; ES i f ; rsm; tMum;epf j rKyf a ysmuf u G , f o G m ;onf / jrif;ajcmufaumifu ppf&xm;onf tqifoifhjzpfaeavmufayjyD/ rmCbk&if\ppfwyfMuD;um; tiftm;MuD;rm;vSayonf? ykpGefaoG;a&mif udk,fxnf ESifh '&,farG;a&mif rsufESmjyif&SdMuD;rm;aom pnfMuD;udk ppfOD;wGif &dkufESwfwD;cwfvsuf rmCwyfrMuD;onf vSdrfhíqif;vm avonf/ olwdkY\wdkufyJG0if pnfoHonf rdk;jcdrf;oHwrQ jrnf[D;vSonf/ ]]tmvrÁ& wyfOD;wHcGefvmjyD a[h ....}} [k olwYkd[pfaMuG;Muonf/ odYk aomf ppfjrif;ajcmufaumifu ppf&xm;udo k m;awmf arCem'tm; armif;ESiaf pí uREyfk u f rl av;ES i f h j rm;ud k pJ G v suf &ef o l Y ppf O D ; uif ; xJ o d k Y w&Murf ; xd k ; azmuf 0 if E k d i f c J h o nf / rd k ; Mud K ;vsyf p D ; ES i f h ivsif a wmf v nf ; oH w d k Y u d k tjcH t &H j yKvsuf arG ; zG m ;vmonf j zpf a omaMumif h rmCem'[k t rnf w G i f a om uREk f y f o m;awmf t zd k Y &ef o l w d k Y \ wd k u f y G J 0 if p nf o H o nf tjyif ; ajywl & d , m*D w oH o zG , f jzpf o G m ;onf / xdkYaMumifh&xm;armif;wm0efudk om;awmftm; uREfkyfay;tyfcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ oHcRefoGm;wyf bD;rsm;atmuf0,f r&IrvSaoqHk;cJhMuonfh &efolrsm;\ aoG;prsm;onf &ufaygif;rsm;pGmyif oHcRefoGm;rsm;ü pGef;xif;pGJjrJaecJhayonf/ &ef o l \ tmvrÁ & ppf O D ; wH c G e f u d k uREf k y f x d k ; azmuf j yD ; aemuf y d k i f ; wG i f u m; j'm0d ' d , ef w yf w d k Y onf rmCwyfwdkYudkwqifhjyD;wqifh atmifyGJcHEdkifcJhonf/ aemufqHk;wGif rmCbk&ifonf ol\rsdK;EG,fpk ppfonftenf;i,frQavmufudkom toufESifhwuG jyefvnfpk&kH;EdkifjyD; tdE´Kjrpfajrmufbufa'oqDodkY qkwfcGmoGm;cJhavonf/ ckESpf&ufrQMumaom xdkppfyJGudk uREkfyf tao;pdwrf rSwrf ad wmh/ odYk aomf tok&mrsdK;EG,pf rk S vuFmpmqdrk sm;url rd;k rmCESihf ewftok&mppfy[ GJ al om trnfjzifh MuD;us,fcef;em;pGm uAsmvuFmrsm; zJGYcJhMuavonf/ xdkuAsmvuFmwdkY\ pmydk'fwdkif;wGifyg0ifaom trnfum; 'o*D&d[laom trnfemryif jzpfonf/ om;awmf arCem'rif;om;um; tok&mrsdK;EG,f rdef;rydsKrsm;tMum;wGif MuD;pGmaomol&Jaumif;pnf;pdrfudk cHpm;ae&ayonf/ j'm0d', d efwyfrsm;udk ppfaq;jyD; vuFm'Dyeef;awmfoYkd jyefvnfxu G cf mG &ef ppf&xm;ay:ckew f ufvu kd o f nfEiS hf tok&mbk&ifonf ppf&xm;teD;odkY csOf;uyfvmjyD; 'l;axmufí OD;nGwfvdkufonf/ ]]aemuf x yf p pf & xm;wpf p D ; vuf a qmif a y;OD ; rvd k Y vm;a[h ? 'gqd k & if rif ; wd k Y tok & mawG q D aemufxyf&efolawGxyfvm? aemufxyfwpfcgigwdkYu ppfulaemufxyfjyefay; . . . }} tok&mbk&ifu jyHK;&if; acgif;udkcg&rf;vdkufavonf/ ]]aemufxyfppf&xm;wpfpD; vufaqmifay;p&mrvdkawmhygbl; 'o*D&dbk&ifrif;jrwf? tok&mwdkY&JY&ef[m jyD;pD;oGm;ygjyD/ t&Sifbk&ifrif;jrwfvnf; tok&mrmCppfaMumifh yifyef;vSygjyD/ t&Sif&JY yifyef;EGrf;e,frIeJY oH k ; pJ G v d k u f & wJ h cG e f t m;awG u d k jyef v nf j znf h p G u f a y;r,f h aemuf x yf v uf a qmif y PÖ m wpf r sd K ; tuRefqufovdkufygw,f}} ]]aemufxyf vufaqmifyPÖm . . }} ]]rSefygw,f t&Sifbk&ifrif;jrwf? [kdrSmyg}} tok&mbk&if nTefjyaomae&modkY uREkfyfMunhfvdkufonf/ j'm0d'd,efppfwyfMuD;\ aemufqHk;bufwGifum; tok&mbk&if\ vufaqmifrsm;onf ppfwyfwpfwyfcefY &Sdaeonf/ ]]aus;uRefawG&,f .. ppfjrif;awG&,f . . a&TaiG&wemawG&,f . . tok&m rdef;racsmawG&,f? a[h . . . 'DvufaqmifawG[m ay;&kd;xHk;pHyJr[kwfvm; tok&mbk&if&JY? 'gudk tqef;vkyfjyD;jyae&ovm;}} ]]aoaocsmcsm &Ipm;yg bk&ifrif;jrwf}} MuD;rm;aom &xm;MuD;q,fpD;udk awGY&onf/ ppf&xm;rsm; r[kwf? trdk;ygonfh jrif;ESpfaumifu c&D;oGm;xm;rsm;jzpfonf/ ]]tJ'D &xm;q,fpD;xJrSm MuD;rm;wJhtdk;MuD;ESpfvHk;pD &Sdygw,f/ 'Dtdk;MuD;awGxJrSm xl;jcm;rGefjrwfwJh wpfpHkwpfckS&Sdygw,f}} ]]a[ . . bmvJuG,fh}} 13


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]ppfyJGrsm;aMumifhjzpfjzpf? tjcm;b,fvdktaMumif;aMumifhjzpfjzpf EGrf;e,fukefcrf;oGm;wJh t&Sifbk&ifrif;jrwf&JY cGeftm;rsm;udk jyefvnfjzpfay:apwJh Moo"&nfrsm; jzpfygw,f}} ]]aMomf . . w,f[kwfygvm;? tJ'DMoo"&nfudk b,fvdkac: ovJ}} ]]ol&mvdkYac:ygw,f}} ]]ol&m . . wJh? tvGefem;axmifvdkYaumif;wJh trnfopfygvm;}} ]]rSefyg/ aomufoHk;&ef tnTef;pnf;rsOf;rsmudk t&Sifh&JY bPÖmpdk;rif;MuD;xH tuREfkyfay;tyfxm;ygw,f}} ]]at; at;? udkif;a[h? vuFm'Dyudk jyefMupdkY? *rÇD&JY orifcwfyJGudk igMunfhcsifvSjyD/ udkif; . . vmMu j'm0d'd,efwdkY oGm;MupdkY}} ]]'o*D&dbk&ifrif;jrwf oufawmf&Snfygap}} [laom toHrsm;onf vGifh0Jí yJhwifjyD;usefae&pfavonf/ orifzdkMuD;ESpfaumifonf olwdkY\ vnfukyfom;MuD;rsm;udk atmufodkY ESdrfhqJGxm;Muonf/ OD;csdK\ tpG e f t zsm;rsm;ud k wpf a umif h w pf a umif csd e f & G , f x m;Muonf / OD ; csd K zsm;rsm;onf cRef j rí rnf;eufawmufajymifaeonf/ cGmrsm;udk &SyfaeaomaMumifh jrufyifrsm;onf olwdkY\ ajcav;acsmif;atmufrS zGmxGufaeMuonf/ w&SL;&SL; ESmrIwfoHrsm;udk twdkif;om; Mum;ae&onf/ uREfkyfonf a&TcGufudk EIwfcrf;wGifawhí ]]ol&m}} udk armhcsvdkufonf/ csdKjrjcif;? ylpyfjcif;? cg;oufjcif;[laom t&omoHk;rsdK;onf vQmudkjzwfoef;oGm;jyD; vQmt&if;wGifaysmufuG,foGm;onf/ xdkYaemuf wpfqufwnf;rSmyif &Sdef;jraom txdtawGYwpfrsdK;udk vnfacsmif;wpfavQmufrS 0rf;Adkuftxd cHpm;vkduf&onf/ aoG;aMumrsm;onf wzsif;zsif;jrnfvmonf[k xif & avmuf a tmif vI y f & S m ;vmMuonf / xd k Y aemuf uRek f y f \ rsuf v H k ; td r f r S jrif u G i f ; onf yd k í Munf v if j ywf o m;vmonf [ k cH p m;rd o nf / em;\tm&k H E S i f h cH w G i f ; EI w f c rf ; wd k Y onf v nf ; tvG e f Ed;k Mum;wufMuGvmavonf/ xdYk aemuf uRefyk o f nf orifcwfyGJ Munf&h aI eaom rdr\ d MuD;us,fcrf;em;onfh vuFm'Dy bk&ifrif;jrwftjzpfudk jyif;xefpGmESpfjcdKufauseyfvmrdonf/ aysmf&TifjrL;wl;rI tvsOfonf uREfkfyf\ pdwfESvHk;ü jzefYMuuf pdk;rdk;oGm;avonf/ ]]a[h . . . *rÇD&JY orif;awG[m 'DvdkyJ apmifaeMu&if;eJY tcdsefukefawmhrvm;}} *rÇDonf usmyGwfudk ajr§mufudkifjyD; orifzdkMuD;ESpfaumifudk cyfqwfqwf&kdufcsvdkufonf/ eef;awmfO,smOf\ taemufbuf? orifcwfyGJusif;y&m ae&mav;wp0kdufü cGmoH? OD;csdKcsif;xdoH? ESmrIwfoH? [pfatmftm;ay;oHrsm; qlnHoGm;avonf/ orifeufMuD;ESifh orifndKMuD;ESpfaumifonf tv,fA[kdwGifqHkMujyD; rdrdae&mrdrd jyefa&mufoGm;Muonf/ olwdkY\[efyefrSm wu,fhj'm0d'd,ef ppfoklMuD;rsm;vdk cHhnm;vSyayonf/ xl;jcm;pGm wufMuGaeaom pdwfESvHk;rsm;jzifh uREfkfyfonf ol&mudk aemufxyfaomufoHk;vdkufjyefonf/ ]]a[; . . . a[;}} orifzEkd pS af umifonf uGuv f yftv,fwiG f 'kw, d tMudrf qHMk ujyefonf/ aMu;eD'ikd ;f vTm;ay: odYkd oHyq k ed jf zifh ck w f c svd k u f o nf h toH r d s K;xG u f a y:vmonf / rd r d a e&m toD ; oD ; od k Y jyef a &muf o G m ;Mujyef o nf / *rÇ D \ avh u sif h o if M um;ay;rI o nf tH h r cef ; aywnf ; / txl ; ojzif h o rif n d K MuD ; \[ef y ef r S m uREk f y f \ rsuf ü ydkrdk0ifhMuGm;aeavonf/ ]]a[haumifMuD; jyefx jyefxprf;}} orifndKMuD; jyefxvmonf/ olnTwfusoGm;&m ae&mwGif aoG;uGufMuD;wpfck jzpfusefae&pfcJhonf/ orifndKMuD;onf qwfqwfcgvsuf,drf;,dkifaeonf/ ol\OD;csdKwpfzufonf t&if;rSaeí oGifoGifusdK;vsuf jyKwfxGufoGm;cJhjyD/ csdKapmif;wGif aoG;rsm; wyGufyGuf xGufvmonf/ uRk e f y f o nf ol & mud k xyf í aomuf o H k ; vd k u f o nf / a&T c G u f o nf uREk f y f \ EI w f c rf ; rsm;ES i f h tMudrfaygif;rnfrQxdawGYcJhonfudk rrSwfrdawmhacs/ orifndKMuD;\ csdKapmif;rS aoG;rsm;udk awGYjrif&ojzifh ydkíwufMuGvmonf/ aoG;rsm;eD&JaeonfhMum;rS wpfzufwnf;aomOD;csdKudkom ydkifqdkifawmhonfh orifndKMuD;onf &JY0HhpGmyif &efoludk &ifqdkifvdkufjyefonf/ O,smOfuGyfvyfwpfckvHk; uREkfyf\ tm;ay?oHwpfoHwnf;om tqufrjywfxGufay:aeawmhonf/ 14


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol 'Pf & mMuD ; pG m &xm;onf h OD ; csd K wpf z uf w nf ; &S d orif n d K MuD ; ud k orif e uf M uD ; onf jyif;xefpGmxdk;cwfcsvdkufonf/ orifndKMuD;\ MuD;rm;aom cE©mudk,fMuD;onf ajrjyifwGif t&Sdefjyif;pGm ypfusoGm;onf/ ol\ vnfyif;rSm orifeufMuD;\ OD;csdK xdyfcRefaMumifh xkwfcsif;cwfaygufoGm;ayjyD/ uREyfk o f nf vufxrJ S a&Tcu G u f kd vTiyhf pfvu kd jf yD; a&Taowaumif;udk onftwdik ;f armhcsvu kd jf yD; uGi;f v,fwiG f &yfaeonfh &ufpufaom orifeufMuD;qDodkY ckefaygufvsuf ajy;0ifcJhonf/ ]]a[haumifMuD;? orifndKMuD;twGuf vufpm;acszdkY igvmjyDa[h}} *rÇD\ atmf[pfoHudk em;xJwGif oJhoJhMum;ae&onf/uRkefyf\vufwGif "m;ajrmifwdk wpfacsmif;omygonf/ orifeufMuD;onf uRefkyfudk tHhMo[wefjzifh&yfMunfhaeayonf/ uRekfyf\ vufudk ajr§mufvdkufonf/ tvdk . . . xl;qef;pGwum;/ uREkfyf\ ajcaxmufrsm;onf ,drf;,dkifaeMuonf/ a&SYrS orifeufMuD;onf wpfaumifwnf;r[kwfawmh/ orifeufMuD;\ cE¨mudk,ftwGif;rS tjcm;orifeufrsm; yGm;íxGufay:vmonf/ OD;csdKrsm;onfvnf; xif;&SL;yif\ opfudkif;rsm;ozG,f rsm;jym;&IyfaxG;vmonf/ em;xJwGif toHrsdK;pHkudk qlnHpGmMum;ae&onf/ ]]igvmjyDa[h}} [laom uREkfyf\ toHonfyif uRefyf\em;twGif;ü wpfrsdK;jzpfaeonf/ AvHk;AaxG;ESifh av;vHaeonf/ uREfkyf\ udk,fonfvnf; ,drf;,dkifvsuf&Sdonf/ odkYygvsuf uREkfyfonf orifeufMuD;&Sd&modk &l;rdkufpGm wdk;0ifoGm;cJhonf/ vufacsmif;rsm;onf av;vHqdkif;wGaejyD; "m;ajr§mifudk qkyfudkifEkdifpGrf;r&Sd? orifcwfyJGuGufvyf\ ab;ywfvnfrS opfyifrsm;? yef;&kHrsm;? y&dowfrsm; tm;vH; wpfckESifhwpfck a&maxG;vsuf vsifjrefpGm vnfywfaeMuonf/ ]]igvmjyDa[h? o . . rif . . euf}} uRekyf o f nf orifeufMuD;&S&d modYk ra&mufrrD mS yif ajrjyifoYkd ypfvu J soGm;onf/ orifeufMuD;onf cRefjraom OD;csdKzsm;rsm;udk uREfyk t f m; csde&f , G v f suf ajy;0ifvmaeayjyD/ odYk aomf vSw H w H pfpif;jzwfomG ;oHukd oJo h rhJ QMum;vdu k &f jyD; orifeufMuD;\ vufjyifwiG f vSw H 0H ifpo JG nf/ orifMuD;onf uREfyk Ef iS hf tvGeef ;D uyfaomae&mwGif yHv k u J soGm;onf/ *rÇDajy;vmonfudk 0kd;w0g;rQawGYvdkuf&onf/ ]]ol&mrl;,pfaewJh tudkawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf&JYtouftEÅ&m,fudk umuG,fzdkYtwGuf ig[m tifrwef&J&ifhwJh orifeufMuD;udk owfvdkuf&jyD}} bdbdoe\ toHudkvnf; uRefkyfMum;ae&onf/ ]] tok & mbk & if [ m ppf & xm;ud k OD ; pG m vuf a qmif a y;w,f / 'g[m 'o*D & d b k & if t wG u f ppfrSefwJhvufaqmifyJ/ 'Dppf&xm;udk toHk;jyKjyD; tok&mbk&ifxH ppfulay;jyD;aemuf 'kwd,vufaqmifwpfck ay;vd k u f j yef w ,f ? tJ ' guawmh ol & mjzpf w ,f / rl ; ,pf & D a 0wJ h ol & mud k aomuf o H k ; wJ h t wG u f aemif a wmf b k & if r if ; jrwf [ m tck t ouf t EÅ & m,f u oD o D a v; vG w f a jrmuf & w,f / 'D o l & mud k qufvufaomufoHk;cJhr,fqdk&if 'o*D&dbk&if[m . . . }} bdbdoe a&SYqufí bmawGajymaeonfudk uREkfyfrodawmh/ t&mtm;vHk; csmcsmvnfoGm;jyD; uREkfyf\ owdaysmufuG,foGm;cJhavonf/

15


cspfOD;ndK

vuFm'Dy cspfol

tydkif; (3) aomuc&D;\ yxrajcvSrf; jrifoljrifol Asma0 . . .aMutHhrqHk; . . wifumwifum oGifrsufcHk; . . . cs,frSifa&mif ydwkef;i,fESifh . . oef;cgarSmif . . . rsufvHk;awmfa&mif aomuf&SL;Mu,fnDaemif jrrsufawmifaumhaumh&Tef; (yyi,fav0if;0if; . . ywfysdK; )

]]awmifq,fv;kH udk tpd;k &wJt h wGuf 'o*D&b d YGJ ukd &&Sjd yD; vumF'yD &JY OD;aoQmifrud¥k u f kd aqmif;Ekid cf w hJ &hJ m0P? tif ; . . iguawmh rif ; ud k &m0Pvd k Y yJ ac:csif w ,f ? 'o*D & d b G J Y ud k &&S d j yD ; aemuf r S rif ; [m bkef;vuf&kH;MuD;xGm;vmcJhw,f/ j'm0d'd,eftaygif;&JY t&SifocifjzpfcJhw,f/ odkYayr,fhrif;[m tckol&mudk ESpfjcdKufcHkrifpGm rSD0JcJhwJh umvaygif;rsm;pGmMumcJhjyD? wwfEkdifr,fqdk&if 'o*D&dqdkwJh trnfemrudk rif;xHucGmcsjyD; &m0PqdkwJh t&iftrnfemrudkyJ jyefvnfay;tyf csifw,f}} &J & if h þ pum;wd k Y ud k tb,f o l o nf uREk f y f t m; ajymqd k 0 H h o enf ; / &D a 0aom rsuf v H k ; xJ w G i f taMumjydKif;jydKif;xaeonfh ajc0wfrygaom ajctpHkudk uREkfyfjrifae&onf/ zdwfzdwfawmufaeaom eef;&ifjyifrSm ausmufjym;\ EGm;EkdYa&miftuGufay:wGif ajctpHkrS &GYH&nfajrprsm; ayusHaeavonf/ uREfkyfonf idkufaeaom OD;acgif;udk tm;,lí ajctpHktxufodkY jznf;jznf;csif;wufMunfh vdkufonf/ &Sm;a&mif0wf&kHp? tndKa&mifykwD;? jyma&mifrkwfqdwf? &SKYHwGaeaom vufarmif;? ycHk;? vnfyif;? &IyfaxG;aeaom qGwfqGwfjzLaeonfh qHyifprsm; ... ]]tvdk . . a*:"Hq&mawmf &aohygwum;}} awmif q ,f v H k ; atmif y J G j yD ; onf r S p í q&ma*:"H & aoh M uD ; uREk f y f a rh a vsmh a ecJ h o nf r S m vaygif;rsm;pGmMumcJhayjyD/ ol&maiGYwdkYjzifhrIefrIdif;aeaom uREkfyf\pu©Kya'om0,f q&m&aohMuD;\ &kyfyHkonf rjywfrom;jzpfaeonf/ ]]igajymaewm Mum;&JYvm; &m0P? ol&mtcdk;taiGYawG ,Sufoef;aewJh rif;&JY rsufvHk;xJrSm ighudkjrif&JYvm;? [if . . vlrdkuf/ raumif;rI&JYpu©KxJrSm igh&JYjrifhjrwfwJh yHkoP²mefudk rif;awGY&JYvm;}} 16


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]q&m&aoh/ bmvdkcsifovJ}} &aohMuD;onf vufxJrS awmifa0S;udk eef;Mur;fjyifxufodkY aqmifhcsvdkufjyD; uREKfyf\rsufESmwnfhwnfhodkY vufndSK;aigufaiguf xdk;vdkufavonf/ ao;i,faom ol\rsufvHk;rsm;rSm 0if;0if;awmufaeonf/ ]]a[h . . vlrkduf? ighudkay;Ekdifp&mrif;rSm bmrSr&Sdbl;? od&JYvm;/ rif;vdkol&morm; qDuvnf; igbmypönf;rS vufcHr,lcsifbl;}} ]][m; ....[m; ....[m; ....[m; .... 'gjzifh q&m&aoh bmaMumifh'DudkvmovJ}} csnf h e J Y ao;auG ; aeaom cE¨ m ud k , f E S i f h rsuf v H k ; wd k Y u a'gorD ; rsm;ud k y pf v T w f aeonf h t wG u f uREkfyf&,fcsvdkufonf/ xkdYaemuf ol&mwpfcGufudkiSYJí vnfacsmif; twGif;odkYavmif;xnfhvdkufonf/ q&ma*:"H & aoh M uD ; onf rsuf p d t pH k u d k rS d w f í a'gorsm;ud k ajzazsmuf E k d i f & ef M ud K ;pm;aeayonf / jyD ; rS ol\yuwdtoHjzifh qufvufajymvmjyefonf/ ]]vuF m 'D y eef ; awmf & J Y av;jyif a v;&yf a wmtk y f a wG r S m oD w if ; oH k ; aewJ h a ,m*D & aoh a wG t wG u f igrif ; qD v mcJ h j cif ; jzpf w ,f &m0P/ rif ; tJ ' D awmtk y f a wG x J u xaemif ; yif ? qD ; yif ? pyspf y if e J Y tjcm;tyifaygif;rsm;pGmudk ckwfvSJypfw,fqdk}} ]][kwfw,f q&m&aoh? odef;cdkjynfh&Sif bk&ifrif;jrwftrdefYeJY tJ'Dtcsnf;ESD;aygufaewJh opfyifawGudk ckwfvSJapvdkufw,f}} ]]bmjzpfvkdY 'Dvdkvkyf&wmvJ &m0P}} ]]ol&mtwGuf}} ]]bm}} ]]ol&mazmfpyfwJhae&mrSm tJ'DopfyifawGu opfoD;opfacgufawG[m tifrwefrS toHk;0ifw,fav...[m; ....[m;...[m;}} ]]'D o pf y if a wmtk y f a wG u d k ausmif ; ocF r f ; vk y f a e&wJ h w&m;pr® a ,m*D a wG t wG u f b,f a vmuf 'ku©a&mufMur,fqdkwm rif;xnfhrwGufbl;vm; &m0P}} a&Taowaumif;xJrS pyspfol&mtysif;pm;udk a&TcGufxJodkYiJSY&if; q&m&aoh\tar;udk vSypGmajzqdkEkdif&ef uREfkyfpOf;pm;aerdonf/ q&m&aohonf uREkfyf\ol&mwpfcGufudk tukefarmhjyD;onftxd apmifhae&&Smayonf/ tif; . . . tajz&jyD/ ]]trSefawmh tJ'Da,m*D&aohawGtaeeJY opfyifatmufrSm tvum;aexdkifMur,fhtpm;? olwdkYudk,fwdkif ol&mazmfpyfrSD0Jjcif;tm;jzifh 'DopfyifawGudk toHk;jyKoifhw,f/ tckawmh olwdkY'ku©udk olwdkY&SmMuwmyJ}} a*:"H & aoh M uD ; \awmif a 0S ; ud k i f x m;aomvuf o nf a'gojzif h w qwf q wf w k e f a e&S m ayonf / csufusvSaomtajzpum;\ ,kwdÅckdifvHkrIaMumihf rvl;omrvGefYom jzpfoGm;[efwlonf/ xdktckduf cef;raqmifxJodkY nDawmfbdbdoe 0ifvmavonf/ nDawmfonf &aohMuD;udk jrifaomtcg eef ; &if j yif a y: od k Y tysmu,m0yf c sít&d k t aojyKvd k u f o nf / &aoh M uD ; u ol \ OD ; acgif ; xuf o d k Y vufwifíqkrsm;ay;aeonf/olwdkYudkMunfh&if; uRefkyf&,fcsifjyefvmonf/ bdbdoeonf bk&ifrif;jrwf\nD vuFm'Dy\ tdrfa&SYpH rif;om;wpfyg;ESifhyifrwlawmh/ i,f&G,fEkysdKaom &aohwpfyg;ESifhyif wlaeao;onf/ tdkrif;&GwfwGaeaom &aohMuD;ESifh i,f&G,fEkysdKaom &aohav;wdkYonf 'o*D&da&SYürcHr&ufEkdif jzpfaeMu&Smjcif;/ ]] [m; . . . [m; . . . [m; . . . ?ol&m&JY wefcdk;owdu Å dkvnf; em;rvnfMu? em;vnfcHpm;aeoludkvnf; r&IqdwfEkdifMu? [m; . . . [m; . . . [m; . . . }} uREkfyf&,frdonfrSm rsuf&nfrsm;yifvnfvmonf/ tvGef&TifjrL;p&maumif;aom jrifuGif;jzpf&yfwpfckyif/ ]]olawmfpifrsm;&JY t&dyftm0go? tusifhoDveJY jidrf;csrf;rIudk zsufqD;wJh &m0P? rif;[m vuFm'Dy&JY bkef;tMuD;qHk; yk*d¾Kvfjzpfovdk tjypftMuD;qHk;&mZ0wfom;vnf;jzpfw,f}} a*:"H&aohMuD;\toHonf ydrk pkd ;l &Svmonf/ bdbo d euvn;f q&m&aohMuD;udw k pfvn S ?hf uREfyk u f w kd vSnhf Munfhae&if; wpHkwckajym&eftm;,lae[efwlonf/

17


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]aemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf? *&kVrsdK;EG,fpkwyfr[m? *krÇmersdK;EG,fpkwyfr[m? em*grsdK;EG,fpkwyfr[m? wyfr[moHk;cku wyfrif;rsm;tem;,loGm;MujyDrdkY wyfrif;topfrsm; a&G;cs,fcefYxm;&ef&Sdygw,f/jyD;awmh udk,f&Hawmfppfonfrsm;twGuf av;jrm;pGrf;&nfjydKifyJGusif;yp&mvn;f &Sdygw,f/ jyD;awmh ta&SYawmifbufa'o j'm0d'd,efaus;uRefrsm;twGuf pdkufysdK;oD;ESHrsm; cGJa0owfrSwfay;p&mrsm;vnf; . . . }} ]]'gawGtm;vHk; rif;vkyfvdkuf nDawmf bdbdoe}} bdbdoeonf yg;pyf[vsuf tHhtm;oifhoGm;avonf/ rSefayonf/'o*D&d bk&ifrif;jrwf tjzpfudk cH , l o nf h a eY r S p í ES p f a ygif ; rsm;pG m tk y f c sKyf p D r H c J h & aom xd k v k y f i ef ; rsm;ud k uREf k f y f j iD ; aiG Y v mjyD j zpf o nf / ,cktcgvuFm'Dyonf MuD;us,fcHhnm; aom EkdifiHawmfMuD;jzpfaejyD/ [pfaMuG;wdkufcdkufcJh&aom uRekfyfonf xdt k &mrsm;udk jiD;aiGYvjS yD/ csdKjrdepf ;l &Saom ol&mESihf pdwv f yI &f mS ;zG,o f rifcwfy?JG jcaoFw h u kd yf rGJ sm;Mum;wGio f m uREkyf \ f EGrf;e,frIudk ESpfjrKyfxm;csifonf/ ]]bmMunfhaewmvJ? igajymwmMum;&JYvm;}} bdbdoeonf wkefvIyfoGm;avonf/ odkYaomf toufjyif;jyif;wpfcsuf&IvdkufjyD; qufajymjyefavonf/ ]]aemif a wmf b k & if r if ; jrwf [ m tck r sd K ;EG , f p k a cgif ; aqmif bk & if h u sif h 0 wf u ae aoG z ,f a ew,f / rif;usifhw&m;awGudk rsufESmvTJaew,f/ apmapmuvkyfief;awGudk nDawmfwm0ef,lEkdifygw,f/ 'gayr,fh . . . }} ]]a[h . . vuFm'Dybk&ifudk rif;'Dvdkajymovm;}} ]]vuFm'Dybk&if&JY ol&mzHk;vTrf;aewJh tjzpfudk nDawmfajymaewmyg/ ppfrufeJY &ufpufMurf;MuKwfrIrSm arGYavsmfwJhtjzpf? j'm0d'd,ef rdef;rysdKrsm;eJY ,pfrl;aysmfyg;wJhtjzpf? 'gawGwkef;u nDawmfbmrSrajymcJhygbl;/ tcko&l m&JY aus;uRefjzpfae&wJt h jzpfukd nDawmfajymaeygw,f/ vuFm'Dywdik ;f &if;om;wdYk [m olwYkd cspfjrwfE;dk wJb h &k if arSmufrSm;aoGz,frIawGudk tukeftpifodMu&if olwdkYtm;vHk; MuD;pGmwkefvIyfacsmufjcm;Muvdrfhr,f/ 0rf;enf;wo ,lMuHK;r& jzpfMuvdrfhr,f/ ppfonfawmfawGuvnf; awGa0azmufjyefukefMuvdrfhr,f/ eef;awmf&JYjyom'facgifzsm;rSm qD;ESif;rvHk&if eef;&ifjyifrSm qD;ESif;awGpdk&TJaeygvdrfhr,f/ nDawmfudkowfcsifowfvdkufygbk&ifrif;jrwf/ odkYaomf rdrdudk,feJY rdrdtrsdK;tEG,f? rdrd&JYwdkif;jynf EkdifiHawmfudkawmh rowfygeJY}} bd d b d o etoH o nf cef ; raqmif t wG i f ; ü[d e f ; í xG u f a y:aeavonf / El ; nH h a zsmh a wmh a om ol\cE¨mudk,fESifhrvdkuf/ olYtoHu wif;rmjywfom;aeonf/ uREkfyfonf tmacgifrsm;ajcmufvmojzifh a&Taowaumif;udk vSrf;,lvdkuf&jyefonf/ ]]ol&m&JYaus;uRefwJh . . . [kwfvm;}} ]][kwfygw,f? aemifawmf bk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]][kwfw,f &m0P}} ol&mrsm;onf a&Twaumif;xJrS a&Tcu G x f o J Ykd vSypGmpD;oGeaf eMuonf/ oif;ysYaH om&eHYonf uRefyk \ f *E¨&u Hk kd vIyfcwfusDp,fí aeayonf/ ]]tif; . . .ol&m&JY aus;uRefwJh/eef;pnf;pdrf? tmPmpuf? ydkifeuf? bkef;vuf&kef;owd?Å wefcdk;&Sdefapmf? . . jyD ; awmh & J & if h w J h ES r awmf * rÇ D ? ynm&S d w J h n D a wmf b d b d o e? wuf M uG x uf j ruf w J h j'm0d ' d , ef & J r uf r sm;? a&TaiGausmufoHywÅjrm;awG . . .jyD;awmh vuf&kH;&nfeYJjynfhpHkwJh omawmf arCem'? 'gawGtm;vHk;jynfhpHkaewJh 'o*D & d [ m tm;vH k ; &J Y t&S i f o cif j zpf c J h w ,f / tm;vH k ; [m igh & J Y atmuf r S m ed r f h 0 if a eMuw,f / tck i gu ol & m&J Y aus;uRef q d k a wmh igh x uf j rif h r m;aewmaygh / vuF m 'D y bk & if & J Y ES v H k ; [m tJ h ' D t &S i f o cif x H r S m arS ; puf e m;aecG i f h & w,f / ig[mol & J Y a us;uRef j zpf o if h w ,f / tjcm;bmrS igh E S v H k ; om;xJ r S m r&S d E k d i f b l ; / ol&momvQif&Sdw,f/ 'g[mobm0usw,f/ b0wpfavsmufvHk; t&SifocifvkyfcJh&wJhumvawGtwGuf igarmyef;vSjyD/ igtckaus;uRefjzpfyg&aptHk; . . .tif; . . ol&m&JYaus;uRef . . . }} a*:"H&aohMuD;onf bdbdoe\0wf&kHpudk wif;usyfpGmudkifpJGvsuf uRekfyftm; ajymovdkvdkESifh av;av;eufeufqdkavonf/ ]]&m0PrSm ra[oDrdzk&m;acgiftopfr&Sdbkl;vm; bdbdoe}} ]]r&Sdygbl; q&m&aohMuD;}} 18


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]ol[m w&m;"r®wpfckckrSm 0ifpm;&if0ifpm;? odk]]Yr[kwf&ifvnf; cspfjcif;rwÅmwpfckckrSm 0ifpm;&if0ifpm;? ESpfckteufwpfckckudk &&Sd&ifaumif;rGefoGm;vdrfhr,f}} xl;qef;aom pum;onf uREkfyf\em;xJodkY t[kefjyif;pGm wGef;xdk;0ifa&mufoGm;avonf/ ]]cspfjcif;arwÅmqdkwm bmvJ[if/ . . . q&m&aohMuD;? bdbdoe? tJ'DvSywJh a0g[m&av;[m bmudkqdkvdkovJ? rif;odvm;}} ]]Eke,fysdKrspfwJh rdef;rydsKwpfOD;udk pGJvrf;wG,fwmwmaygh aemifawmf}} ]]r[kwfygbl;? ighajc&if;rSm; Eke,fysdKrspfwJh rdef;rysdKaygif; rsm;pGm tcsdefeJytrQ tqifoifh&SdaewmyJ}} ]]vSywJh£xd,udk ESpfoufwmaygh}} ]]'gvnf;r[kwfao;ygbl;? vSywJh£xd,awG trsm;MuD;udkigxdawGYoHk;oyfcJhwmyJ/ ESpfoufcJhwmyJ/ 'gayr,fhcspfjcif;arwÅmudkigrawGYrdygbl;}} bdbdoeonf oufjyif;csvsuf acgif;iHkYoGm;avonf/ uRekfyf\ar;cGef;udkrajzEkdifonfrSm þtMudrfonf yxrtMud r f j zpf a vonf / eef ; aqmif t wG i f ü wd w f q d w f j cif ; onf jzef Y M uuf t k y f r d k ; aeonf / cPMumrS q&m&aohMuD;\toHay:vmonf/ ]]uJ . . . &m0P? cspfjcif;arwÅmudk wdkYrsm;em;rvnfygbl;/'Dawmh usefcJhwJhwpfckudkyJ a&G;cs,fMuygpdkY? rif;&JY armyef;EGrf;e,frIudk w&m;"r®xHrSm prf;oyfwJhtaeeJY arS;pufMunfhygvm;uG,f}} q&m&aohMuD;\toHonf apmapmuvdk ylavmifí raeawmh/ ESvHk;xdcdkufaomtoHjzifh wkef,ifí aeayonf/ ]]a&mh . . a&mh . . &m0P/ igh&JY ykwD;udk ,lvdkufprf;yg/ ykwD;wpfaphpDudk tjyefjyeftvSefvSef a&wGufoHk;oyfMunfhprf;yg/ jidrf;csrf;rU&JY vrf;pudk rifawGYEkdifygvdrfhr,f/ a&mh,lyg . . . ,lvdkufyg om;&,f}} q&m&aohMuD;udk uREkfyfrjiif;y,f&ufay/ xdkYjyifuREkfyfudk,fwdkifvnf; ykwD;aphrsm;udk tjyefjyeftvSefvSefa&wGuf oHk;oyfMunfhjcif;[lonfhtvkyfudk prf;oyfcsifpdwfrms;ay:vmonf/ xdkYaMumifh ykwD;udkvSrf;,lvdkufonf/ ]]'Dvdk vkyfMunfhr,f/ nDawmf bdbdoeeJY *rÇDu eef;awmudk cPwm0ef,ljyD; tkyfcsKyfaecJhMu/ ig "r®du awmifaovmudkoGm;r,f/ ykwD;tvkyfudk igwpfa,mufwnf; at;at;aq;aq; prf;oyfMunfhcsifw,f}} ]]aumif;vSygw,f &m0P&,f? aumif;vSygw,f}} ]]ol&mudk ,lroGm;&bl;aemf? aemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]]at;yguGm}} a&wH c G e f r S a&usoH u d k rnf o nf h w l & d , m*D w e&D c suf r Q rrD E d k i f a y/ xd k Y x uf ausmuf w H k ; rsm;ud k &pfacGpD;qif;aeonfh a&pD;oHuav;rsm;onf ydkíokckrqefae avonf/ iSufawmfESifh MudK;Mumrsm;onf wpfyifrSwpfyifudk ckeful;&if;aw;qdk jydKifaeMuonf/ OAdsKif;rsm;onf olwdkY\aw;csif;wGifepfarsmjyD; ig;zrf;&ef arhavsmhaeavonf/ a&Tig;rsm;onfvnf; OAsdKif;rsm;\ ajcaxmufrsm;tMum;odkY tEÅ&,fudk arhavsmhí ul;cwfoGm;Muavonf/ 0gMuifaom opf&GufaMuGrsm;onf a&pD;vrf;aMumif;ay: odkY olYxufig tvkt,uf ae&mvk&if;olwdkYESihf ta&miftaoG;wlonfh [oFmtkyfrsm;qDodkY ajy;vTm;oGm;Muonf/ [oF m tk y f r sm; ysH w uf o G m ;aomtcg prf ; acsmif ; tpyf r S ,k e f j zLjzLav;rsm;onf xd w f v ef Y í awmpyfxJodkYajy;0ifoGm;onf/ ,kefwdkY\rsufvHk;rsm;rSm ywÅjrm;&nfrsm; zdwfusawmhrnfxif&onf/ ,kefuav;rsm; ajy;0ifomG ;aom awmpyfwiG f pHy,f&idk ;f rsm;onf vGyv f yf&w J if;pGm yGiahf eMuonf/ prf;acsmif;wpfavQmufajrjyifonf t0ga&mif? teDa&mif? c&rf;a&mifrsm;jzifh ajymufrTrf;vsuf&Sdonf/ ika&T0g? pdefyef;eD? pdefyef;jymESifh ysOf;rifrsm; tpDt&DaygufaeaomaMumihfjzpfonf/ ikESifh pdefyef;? ysOfryef;wdkYonf prf;a&pD;oHudk teD;uyfem;qif&efajrjyifodkY ckeq f if;aeMuonf/ aeonf tyl&edS u f rkd ay;?tvif;a&mifuo kd m jzpfapavonf/ oif;ysYaH EG;axG;aom avjynfxw J iG f Oa'gif;iSufrsm;onf tujydKifvsuf&SdMuonf/ "rd®mawmifaovmum; vSycsrf;ajrhvGef;vSonf/ vuFm'Dyeef;awmf&Sd yef;ykESifhAdokumynm&SifwdkY tpGrf;ukefjyifqifxm;onfh rmvm*E© O,smOfawmf\ tvSwGifESpfaygif;MumjrifhpGm tcsdefukefcJh&aom uRefkyfonf "rd®uawmifaovm\ vSyrIudk wtHhwMotir;fr& cHpm;oHk;aqmifvsufaerdayonf/ 19


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol *E¨tm&kHwumwdkYxufvnf;aumi;f? pu¨Ktm&kHwumwdkYxufvnf;aumif; omvGefajyjypfavonfh þawmawmif\tvStyonf uREkfyf\ESvHk;udk El;nhHpGm; axG;ydkufacsmharmhEdkifayonf/ yDbdaom reo t[kefwGif uGeYf jrL;vl;vGeYf vsuf uRekyf o f nf q&ma*:"H&aohMuD;ay;vdu k o f nfh ykw;D udv k ufwiG cf sdwq f x JG m; onf/ ykw;D apHrms;udk wpfvHk;jyD;wpfvHk; tjyefjyeftvSefvSef a&wGufoHk;oyfjcif; tvkyfü0ifpm;aecJhonfrSm oHk;&ufrQ&SdcJhjyD/ q&m&aohMuD;ajymonf jidrf;csrf;rIudk &r&uRekfyfrodaomfvnf; vuFm'DyodkYb,fawmhrS rjyefawmh[k wpfcgwpfcg pOf;pm;rdonf/ ol&mudk owd&rdaomtcgü a&Teef;awmfcef;aqmifudevmrdonf/ odkYaom "rd®uawmifaovm\ ndK§ Y,lcsufu jyif;xefvSayonf/ prf;a&pD;oHESifh iSufawmfMudK;MumwdkY\ aw;csif;rsm;u ]]rjyefygeJY . . . &m0P&,f? rjyefygeJY . . &m0P&,f}} [kuREkfyftm;ajymaeovdk xifrdonf/ pdrf;ndKaom awmifrMuD; wpfckvHk; yef;&eHYwdkYjzifhrTrf;xHk;aeonf/ "r®duawmifonf ol\ajc&if;wGif þvSyaom ae&maygif;rsm;pGmudkzefwD;xm;onf/ ,aeYeHeufydkif;twGuf uRekfyfonf csdKjrarT;ysHYaom opfoD;rsm;udk oHk;aqmifjyD;cJhayjyD/ykwD;aphrsm;udkvnf; a&wG u f o H k ; oyf j yD ; cJ h j yD / prf ; a&aomuf o H k ; &ef E S i f h ud k , f v uf a q;aMum &ef u Rek f y f prf ; acsmif ; qD o d k Y xGufvmcJhjci;fjzpfonf/ acsmif;pyfwGifxdkifvsuf "r®dmawmifaovmtvStyrsm;udk cHpm;aerdjcif;jzpfonf/ prf;acsmif;av;\ txufbufrS ik0gyef;aMuGrsm; wpfpkwpfcJwnf;arsmíqif;vmonfudk vSrf;jrifae&onf/ ydkíeD;uyfvm aomtcg ik0gyef;rsm;rjzpfEkdif/ ydawmufyef;yGifhrsm;jzpf&rnf[k uREkfyfwGufqvdkufonf/ taMumif;rl prf;a&pD;oHEsifh iSufawmfMudK;MumwdkY\ aw;csif;rsm;u ]]rjyefygeJY . . . &m0P&,f? rjyefygeJY . . &m0P&,f}} [kuREkfyftm;ajymaeovdk xifrdonf/ pdrf;ndKaom awmifrMuD;wpfckvHk; yef;&eHYwdkYjzifhrTrf;xHk;aeonf/ "r®duawmifonf ol\ajc&if;wGif þvSyaom ae&maygif;rsm;pGmudkzefwD;xm;onf/ ,aeYeHeufydkif;twAGuf uRekfyfonf csdKjrarT;ysHYaom opfoD;rsm;udk oHk;aqmifjyD;cJhayjyD/ ykwD;aphrsm;udkvnf; a&wGuo f ;kH oyfjyD;cJjh yD/ prf;a&aomufo;kH &efEiS hf ud, k v f ufaq;aMum&efuReyfk f prf;acsmif;qDoYkd xGuv f mcJjh ci;fjzpfonf/ acsmif;pyfwGifxdkifvsuf "r®dmawmifaovmtvStyrsm;udk cHpm;aerdjcif;jzpfonf/ prf;acsmif;av;\ txufbufrS ik0gyef;aMuGrsm; wpfpkwpfcJwnf; arsmíqif;vmonfudk vSrf;jrifae&onf/ ydkíeD;uyfvmaomtcg ik0gyef;rsm;rjzpfEkdif/ ydawmufyef;yGifhrsm;jzpf&rnf[k uREkfyfwGufqvdkufonf/ taMumif;rlod *F aD oG;ygaeaom aMumifjh zpfonf;/ ydawmufyiG w hf pfaxG;MuD; prf;a&üarsmygvmonfum; tHrh cef;aom tvS w pf y g;yif w nf ; / od k Y aomf y d a wmuf y G i f h r sm;vnf ; r[k w f w ef & m/ yef ; yG i f h r sm;jzpf v Qif ausmufwHk;wpfckckESifhwdkufrdwdkif; zGm&m& vGifhpifoGm;&rnf/ tpkta0;rS tpdwftydkif;odkYjyefYMuJoGm;&rnf/ ,ckrl pwifawGYjrif&onfrS teD;a&mufvmonftxd wpfvHk;wpfpnf;wnf;jzpfonf/ 0ga&Taom xdkt&monf uREkyf af &SY&adS usmufw;kH wpfcu k kd wdu k rf jd yD;uyfjidvsufaeawmhonf/ a&SYoYkd qufvufarsmygroGm;awmh? a&pD;tm;aMumihf vGefYvl;vIyfcgaeonf/ uRkEfkyfa&SYodkY vma&mufcdkem;onfhtwGuf uREkfyfuESpfjcdKufpGmjzifh q,f,lay;&efvufudk jyifvdkufonf/ ]][if .. }} uREkfyf\ESvHk;aoG;rsm; &yfwefYoGm;onf[k xifrdonf/ prf;a&pD;oH? iSufwdkY\ aw;qdkoHwdkYtm;vHk; w'*FrQaysmufuG,f wdwfqdwfoGm;Muonf/ uREkfyfukd,fwdkif\ onf;yGwfESvHk;onfyif &ifrSckefxGufoGm;jyD[k xifrdonf/ ]]a&T&kyfyHkvTm wpfck}} touft&G,f ESpt f ydik ;f tjcm; owfrw S jf ci;fimS rjyKxdu k ?f rjyKtyf? rjyKEkid o f nfh rde;f rydsKwpfO;D \ a&T&yk yf v kH mT / a&pdkaeaom a&T&kyfyHkvTmxJrS rdef;rysdKav;\ auomwdkYonf ouf&Sdxif&Sm; rdef;rysdKwpfOD;\ a&pdkaeonfhtwdkif;/ 0if;zefYaom tom;ta&onfvnf; ouf&Sxif&Sm;rdef;rysdKwpfOD;\ a&csdK;oefYpifjyD;p a&pdkaeonfhtwdkif; . . / ol\auom? tom;ta&? ycHk;? vufarmif;? vufzrdk;? vufacsmif;av;rsm;? jyD;awmh jyHK;&,faeonfhrsufESm? rsufvHk;?EIwfcrf;vTm? jynfhjzdK;onfhvnfwdkif . . . / rdef;r\ vSyajyjypfrI tpdwftydkif; *kPft*Fgrsm;ü uREkfyfonf b,faomtcgrS pdwfjzmoHk;oyfjcif;rjyKcJh/ xdkYaMumifh ,if;wdkY*kPfyk'fudk zGifhqdkxkwfazmf&ef t"dyÜ,fteufESifh a0g[m&toHk;tEIef;rsm;vnf; uREkfyfrSmr&SdcJh/ odkYaomf a&T&kyfykHvTm . . . / 20


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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]'gjzifh tJ'Da'o[m tm&d,efawG&JYa'o? rdxdvmav;wifyJGudk vma&mufr,fholawG[mvn;f tm&d,efrsdK;eG,fpk bk&ifawGjzpfr,f? tdk . . aemifawmf bk&ifrif;jrwf[m &efolawG&Sd&mudk oGm;rvdkYvm;}} ]]a[ . . rdxdvm[m tm&d,efa'owJhvm;? jyD;awmh tom;0gbk&ifawG wpfpkwpf&Hk;wnf; qHkMur,fwJhvm;? aumif;wmayghnDawmf odyfaumif;wmaygh? &efolawGudk wkdufckdufjyD; cspfoludk aqmifMuOf;vm&rSmaygh}} ]]roGm;ygeJYaemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf. . . roGm;ygeJY? 'Dc&D;[m aemifawmfhtwGuf tEÅ&m,fxlajymvSygw,f? wyfrSL;rsm; r[l&mudkaZmif;xJjyefoGif;vdkufMuyg}} bdbdoeonfwkefvIyfpGmjzifh wyfrSL;rsm;udk trdefYay;aeonf/ ]]cspfjcif;arwÅm&Sd&mudk igroGm;vdkYjzpfrvm; bdbdoe? at; . . r[l&mudk jyefodrf;csifodrf;vdkufawmh? 'gayr,fh jrif;ajcmufaumifu ppf&xm;udk xkwfcJhprf;? &efoltom;0gbk&ifawG&Sd&mudk oGm;wJhc&D;[mppf&xm;eJY ydkjyD;oifhavsmfr,f/ oGm;av oGm; . . xkwfcJhprf;}} ]]aemifawmfbk&if . . rif; . . .jrwf}} ]]rif; . . z,fvdkufprf; nDawmfbdbdoe? 'o*D&d&JYa&SYarSmufuae vrf;z,fvdkufprf;? a[h . . rif; . . bmvkyfaewmvJ wyfrSL; .. . ppf&xm;xkwfcJhzdkY igtrdefYay;aew,f}} ]]wyfrSL; . . ppf&xm;rxkwfcJheJY}} uREfkyfudk wvSnfh bdbdoeudk wvSnfhMunfhaom jzLa&mfaeonfh wyfrSL;\rsufESmudk uREkfyf vufjyefjzwfí &kdufypfvdkufonf/ ]]oGm;prf; . . . vuFm'Dybk&ifckdif;wmudk vkyfprf;}} wyfrSL;onf yg;pyfrSxGufusvmaom aoG;rsm;udk yifrokwfEkdifbJ uREkfyfa&SYrS xGufcGmoGm;onf/ ajy;oGm;aom wyfrSL;\ ajcovHk;udk "m;ajr§mifjzifh vSrf;aygufvdkufonf/ "m;ajr§mifonf bdbdoe\rsufESma&SYrS jzwfoGm;jyD; wyfrSL;\ ajcovHk;udk 0ifpdkufavonf/ ]]rif; . . tJ'D"m;udk qJGrxkwfeJY? ppf&xm;udk tckcsufcsif;igha&SY,lvmjyD;rS "m;udkjyefEkwf}} wyfrSL;ajy;oGM;aom vrf;wpfavQmufü aoG;pufrsm; usef&pfcJhonf/ bdbdoeonf rlvae&mrS aemufjyefqkwfoGm;jyD; wkefvIyfaomEIwfcrf;rsm;jzifh uREkfyfudk pdkufMunfhaeavonf/ ]]bd b d o e . . . rif ; &J Y pd k ; &d r f r I u d k o m ig*&k p d k u f a e&if vuF m 'D y [m 'D a eY . . . 'Dvdke,ferdwfrsdK;jzpfrvmygbl;uG,f/ 'o*D&&JY qE´a&SYrSm uefYvefYjzwfvmwJh t&mrSeforQ[m usdK;yJhysufpD;&rSm csnf;yJ/ at; igh&JY ppf&xm;a&SYrSm rif;&JY cE¨mudk,fudkvJScsjyD; vrf;ydwfwm;qD;zdkYvJrMudK;pm;eJYaemf? rif;udkjzwfMudwf armif;ESifjyD;rS igrdxdvmjynfudk oGm;r,f/ em;vnfvm;}} bdbdoeonf acgif;udk atmufpdkufxm;avonf/ ppf&xm;vnf; uREkfyfa&SYodkYa&mufvmayjyD/ &xm;oGm;,laom wyfrSL;\ ajcovHk;onf aoG;jcif;jcif;eDaeonf/ "m;ajr§mifu pdkufvsufom;&Sdonf/ ]]"m;ajr§mifEkwfawmh? aq;0g;ukorIudk cH,ljyD; tem;,lvdkuf? rif;vnf;oGm;awmh}} csyf 0 wf w ef q mrsm;ud k 0wf q if a y;aeonf h tjcm;wyf r S L ;wpf a ,muf u d k y g trd e f Y a y;vd k u f o nf / wyfrSL;rsm;onf udk,fudkusHKí xGufcGmoGm;Muonf/ nDawmf bdbdoeESifh uREkfyf ESpfa,mufwnf;usef&pfcJhonf/ ]]'DrSmbdbdoe? cspfjcif;arwÅm&JY wkdufwGef;rIqdkwmudk rif;xnfhrwGufrdbl;vm;}} ]]nDawmfygvdkufcJhyg&ap? aemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]]b,folrSrvdkufeJY? ig[m av;wifyJGeJY Muif&ma&G;yJGudkoGm;jcif;jzpfw,f/ 'o*D&d[m vuFm'Dye,fedrdwf&JY jyifyrSm txl;ojzifhtom;0gawG&JY a'orSm ppfonfAkdvfygwpfOD;rSrygbJ oGm;EkdifrSom j'm0d'd,efbk&ifrnfw,f? 'geJY*rÇDwpfa,mufaum}} rd x d v mjynf o d k Y oG m ;a&;ES i f h y wf o wf í nD a wmf E S i f h q uf v uf rajymcsif a wmh a omaMumif h *rÇDtaMumif;ar;vdkufonf/ ]]ta&SYbuf a[rEÅawmtkyfudk orifzr;fzdkYxGufoGm;ygw,f aemifawmf/ tJ'Dt&yfrSm a&Ta&miftqif;&SdwJh orifawGusufpm;aew,fvdkY od&ygw,f}} ]]a[h odyfaumif;wmayghuG? *rÇDudk igutrdefYay;vdkufw,fvdkYajymvdkuf? tpfudkawmf bk&ifrif;jrwfeJYtwl ygvmr,fh oDwma'0DtwGuf a&Ta&miforifav;wpfaumif vufoyfarG;xm;ygvdkY . . udkif;a[h . .}} 23


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24


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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol av;awmf 0 ef o nf ol u Rr;f u sif y d k i f E k d i f o nf h trI u d p ö u d k *k P f , l a omtoH j zif h & S i f ; jyaeonf / ol\rsufvHk;rsm;wGif uREkfyfudk txifao;aom t&dyfoP²mefrsm;udk awGYae&onf/ ]]qufajymygOD;}} ]]rlvtav;csdefxuf tqaygif;rsm;pGmydkjyD; av;apwJh taMumif;wpfck&Sdao;w,f? tJ'guawmh ewfa'0wmrsm;&JY wefcdk;awmfyJ?ewfa'0wmrsm;[m bk&ifhorD;awmf oDwma'0Dudk apmifha&Smufaomtm;jzihf cuf x ef M urf ; wrf ; jyD ; tqif ; t*F g rwif h w ,f o l vl & k d i f ; rsm; rMuG c sD E k d i f a tmif 'D a v;awmf u d k apmifha&SmufumuG,fay;xm;Muw,fav}} tjcm;umv? tjcm;a'oüomqk d y gu xd k p um;ud k ajym&J Y onf h Zeod ' d ´ t m; uREk f y f o nf udkifaygufzsufqD;ypfvdrfhrnfjzpfonf/ Zeod'd´onf xdkpum;rsm;udk ajymjyD; uREkfyftm; t&kyfqdk;pGm jyHK;jy&if; olYae&modkYxGufcGmoGm;avonf/ uREk f y f o nf a&T j cnf a zmuf Zmy0gtwG i f ; qD o d k Y vS r f ; Munf h v k d u f j yef o nf / oD w ma'0D o nf pmr&DiSufarT;,yfawmifjzifh olYrsufESmudk umvdkufavonf/ &Ha&GawmfESpfOD;uvnf; oDwma'0D\ a&SYrS uG,f&yfMuonf/ uREkfyf&ifxJwGif emusifonfhcHpm;rIwpfck&dyfceJjzpfoGm;onf/ ]]usKyf[m rif;twGuf'Davmufawmif toGifoP²mefqdk;0g;aeovm;}} pdwfrSa&&GwfrdjyD; av;wifcHk&Sd&modkYvmcJhonf/ av;awmf0ef Zeod'd¨\aMunmoHxGufay:vmonf/ ]]vuFm'Dyjynfh&Sif 'o*D&dbk&ifu av;wifyJGudk0ifa&muf,SOfjydKifygvdrfhr,f}} toufjyif;jyif;&SL&Idufí cGeftm;rsm;udk vuf&kH;twGif;odkUpkpnf;ydkYaqmifvdkufonf/ xdktcdkufwGif ES p f & uf E S i f h w pf n wd k i f w d k i f &xm;ud k rem;wrf ; armif ; ES i f v mcJ h & onf h tjzpf u d k owd & vd k u f j yD ; ]]igarmyef;EGrf;e,faew,f}} [kpdwfxJrS a&&Gwfrdonf/ rdxdvmodkY a&mufvQifa&mufcsif;em;aeyef;ajzrIudk rjyKbJ wJ e ef ; od k Y wd k u f & k d u f v mcJ h o nf h tjzpf u d k vnf ; owd & vd k u f o nf / uREk f y f \ pd w f x J w G i f wpf p H k w pf c k u d k pd;k aESmifyh yl efro d mG ;onf/ odYk aomfvnf; xyfrí H toufukd &SL&Iu d v f u kd o f nf/ uREkyf \ f vufzsHEiS hf vufz0g;onfvnf; teDa&mifoef;vmonf/ av;\ A[dkcsufa&Tvufudkifay: odkY vufudkwifvdkufonf/ aemuf q H k ; ES i f h wwd , tMud r f touf & S L vd k u f j yD ; av;ud k qJ G r vd k u f o nf / &S d o rQcG e f t m;ud k vufaumuf0wfodkYpD;qif;apvkdufonf/ av;onf MuGrvmacs/ tHukMdudwfvsuf ycHk;om;rStiftm;rsm;udk n§pfxkwfvdkufjyD; r,lvdkufonf/ tiftm;rsm;avsmh&Jrnfpdk;ojzifh uRekfyf\toufudk r&SLbJatmifhxm;onf/ xdktcsdefumvonf uREkfyf\ wpfoufwm0,f tMum&SnfqHk; toufr&SLbJaerdaom umvjzpfonf/ odkYaomf av;onfMuGrvmacs/ 0J,m0ef;usifrS toHrsm;xGufay:vmonf/ ]]oif;wdkY j'm0d'd,efawG . . awmifydkif;om;awG }} [laom toHtcsdKYudk Mum;&onf/ xdktcdkufwGif uREkfyf\ udk,fxJüj'm0d'd,efaoG;wdkY qlyGufvmonf/ apmapmu touf r &S L bJ a erd a om trS m ;ud k v n;f q if j cif r d o nf / xd k Y a Mumif h a&T v uf u d k i f a y:rS vuf a csmif ; rsm;ud k tomt,majzavsmhvkdufjyD; tofuudk rSefuefpGm &SLvdkuf&onf/ &,foGrf;aoG;aom toHrsm;ESifh avSmifajymifaom toHrsm;udk Mum;vm&jyefonf/ þtcdkufwGif uREkfyfonf av;awmfwifjcif;tvkyfudk acwÅ&yfqkdif;jyD; wJee;ftwGif;&Sdy&dwfowftm;vHk;udk t&ifwdkufcdkufowfjzwfypf&efpdwful;rdonf/ odkYaomf a'goudkjyefvnfjrdKodyfvsuf toufudk jyef&SL? cGeftm;rsm;udk jyefvnfpkpnf;í a&Tvufudkif;udk wif ; wif ; qk y f u d k i f v d k u f j yef o nf / urÇ m ajrMuD ; wck v H k ; onf þav;tay:üusa&muf a ejyD [ k x if r d o nf / uREk f y f v uf a rmif ; rS aoG ; aMumrsm;onf awmif w ef ; rsm;ES i f h w l a ejyD ; acR;oD ; acR;ayguf r sm;onf aoG;aMumrsm;tMum;jzwfof;pD;qif;aeMu&m awmifwef;rsm;tMum;rS jrpfacsmif;rsm;vdkjzpfaeonf/ ]]j'm0d'd,eftwGuf. . . jyD;awmh . . cspfjcif;arwÅmtwGuf}}

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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol xdkSESpfckudk pdwfxJrS MuHK;0g;jyD;tm;ukefpdkufírvkduf&m . . av;onfuREkfyfvufxJü MuGvsuf ygvmavjyD/ toHrsm;tm;vHk;wdwfoGm;onf/ yxrt*Fg&yfum; jynfhpHkavjyD/ av;udk vuf0b J ufvufjzifu h ikd v f suf ajrjyifay: odYk cufcpJ mG axmufxm;vdu k o f nf/ av;ndK§ Yukd wif&rnf/ av;ndK§ udk uREyfk q f u JG ikd v f u dk o f nf/ a&Tee;fwYkdjzifh oGe;f cwf xm;aomav;ndK§ Yonf at;pufrmausmaom txdtawGYukd aqmifayonf/ 0Jbufvufjzifh av;udkaxmifxm;jyD; ,mvufjzifh av;ndK§ Ywif&efuREkfyfqufvufMudK;pm;onf/ tay:bufrSav;udkif;rsm;odkYa&mufatmifav;ndKYudkqJGwif&pfywf&ayrnf/ atmuf b uf a v;ud k i f ; rsm;wG i f & pf y wf x m;jyD ; jzpf a om av;nd K Yonf ajrMuD ; xJ w G i f 0ifa&muftjzpfwG,faeonf[kxif&onf/ nd§KYudkqJGiifonfh uREkfyf\,mvufonf wqwfqwfcgaeonf/ vuf&kH;vufarmif;MuGufom;rsm;;onf ta&jym;udkazmufxGufawmhrnf[k xif&onf/ av;ndKYudk wifjcif;um; av;udik u f kd auG;nGwapjcif;yifjzpf&um; . . þtqifo h nf yxrtqifx h uf omvGecf ufcv J aS yonf/ aoG;rsm;onf vufaumuf0wf?vufqpfESifh vufacsmif;xdrfzsm;rsm;rSaeí yef;xGufawmhrnfhtvm; eD&JvmMuavonf/ ndKYudkaz;,ltm;jyKxm;onfh vufzaemifhonfvnf;aygujyJpkwfjywfum ta&cGHrsm;uGmusukefMuavjyD/ av;ud k M uG c sD v mpOf u wd w f q d w f o G m ;aom toH r sm;onf jyef v nf x G u f a y:vmMjyef o nf / us,favmifpGm&,farmvdkufonfhtoHrsm;udk yifwpfcsufwpfcsufMum;ae&onf/ acR;oD;acR;aygufrsm;onf ezl;jyifqDrS rsufvHk;xJodkYyfi pD;0ifukefMujyD/ uREkfyfyxrqkH; owdxm;rdonfrSm uREkfyf\touf&SLoHonf csuf u srS e f u ef r I a vsmh y g;vmjcif ; jzpf o nf / &S L xk w f o H r sm;onf ES m 0rS x G u f a y:vmjyD ; &S L &I d u f o H r ms;u yg;pyfrSxGufay:vmMuonf/ 'kwd, owdxm;rdonfrSm uREkfyfOD;acgif;xJwGifrl;a0vmjcif;yifjzpfonf/ av;ud k M uG v matmif csD r cJ h p Of u armyef ; EG r ;f e ,f r I u d k v n;f jyef o wd & rd a ejyef o nf / em;xJ w G i f v n;f &,farmavSmifajymifoHrsm;ESifhtwl w[l;[l;avoHrsm;? tqufrjywfaom pl;&SonfhtoHrsm;Mum;ae&onf/ av;ndKYonf av;udkif;tv,fcefYtxda&mufvmonf/ tay:bufxdyfzsm;odkYa&muf&ef usefwpf0uf\ cufcJjcif;onf ,ckxda&muf&Sdvmaom wpf0ufxuf tqaygif;rsm;pGmjyif;xefvdrfhrnf[k MudKwifrSef;qaerdonf/ ]]cspfjcif;arwÅmtwGuf . . .}} [lípdwfxJrS MuHK;0g;rdjcif;ESifh wpfqufwnf;rSmyif a&Tjcnfazmufy0gcef;qD;\ wpfzufrS oDwma'0Dtm; uREk f y f a 0h 0 d k u f í Munf h v d k u f r d o nf / av;ud k i f ; wpf 0 uf x d a &muf a ejyD j zpf a om nd K Yud k M unf h a eonf h oDwma'0D\vSyaomrsufESmonf aoG;qkwfvsuf qGwfqGwfjzLaeonfwum;/ jyif;pGmaomxdwfvefYrI\ t&d y f v u© P monf ol \ rsuf v H k ; wG i f t xif ; om;ay:vG i f a eonf / &H a &G a wmf E S p f O D ; \vuf r sm;ud k wifusyfpGmqkyfudkifxm;onfh ol\ trlt&mwGif aMumufvefYjcif;\ o&kyfwdkY txift&Sm;jrifae&onf/ jyif;xefpGm edrfhcsnfjrifhcsnfjzpfaeaom uREfkyf\ &ifxJ&Sdarmyef;rItay:wGif ESvHk;emusifrIrsm; xyf q if h j zpf a y:vmonf / vuf z aemif h q D r S woG i f o G i f p D ; ,d k v suf & S d a om aoG ; \teD a &mif o nf wpfpxufwpfpjyefYus,fvmonf/ xdkteDa&mifxJwGif aMumuf&GYHxdwfvefYaeaom oDwma'0D\ azsmhawmhonfh rsufESmjyifay:vmonf/ ]]oDwma'0D[m . . ighudk . .}} jrifuGif;wGif tarSmifwdkufjzpfxGef;oGm;onf/ ndKYonf uREkfyfvufwGif;rS vGwfusoGm;onf/ atmf[pf&,farmoHrsm; wJeef;twGif; odrfhodrfhnHoGm;onf/ uREkfyf\em;xJwGifum; ]]ol . . ighudk aMumuf&GHYaew,f}} ]]olatmifjrifrSmudk xdwfvefYaew,f}} [laom toHrsm;om yJhwifíaeawmhonf/ uREkfyf ESvHk;onf;yGwfonf cHwGif;rS? em;wGif;rS? rsufpdwGif;rS? wpfppD wpfzJhpD vGifhpOfusoGm;awmhrnf[k cHpm;&onf/ xdkYaemuf uRekfyfonf . . . av;awmfudk pufqkyfpGmjzifh cHkay: odkYjyefxm;vdkufonf/ ]]b,fhES,fhvJ 'o*D&dbk&if . . . ewfa'0wmwdkYapmifha&Smufxm;wJhav;awmfudk toift*FgoHk;&yfeJYnDatmif rpGrf;aqmifEkdifbl;r[kwfvm;}}

29


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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol t"dywdonf rwfwyf&yfjyD; awmifa0S;udk Mur;fjyifay: odkY aqmifhcsvdkufonf/ ]]vuF m 'D y bk & if 'o*D & d [ m tm;vH k ; xuf p G r f ; &nf y d k r d k o mvG e f w ,f / od k Y aomf av;wif y G J & J Y t*FgoHk;&yfeJYrudkufnDbl;? ol[mav;udkMuGcsDEkdifw,f/ ol[mndKYudwif&efMudK;pm;w,f/ 'gayr,fh ratmifjrifbl;/ 'gaMumifh oDwma'0Dudk 'o*D&dvufodkY rtyfESifhEkdifbl;}} t"dywdonf ae&müjyefxdkifvdkufonf/ ]]oifvuFm'Dybk&if&JY qE´eJYawmif;qdkrIudk qefYusifwmvm; . . t"dywd}} uRefyfonf vsifjrefaom t[kefjzifh wJeef;A[kdrS pifjrifhteD;odkY csOf;uyfvdkufonf/ oefvsufudk pG J u d k i f v d k u f o nf / w&k e f ; &k e f ; xoH r sm;ES i f h vuf e uf j yif q if o H r sm; Mum;vd k u f & onf / y&dowfbufodkYuREkfyfjyefvSnfhvdkufonf/ ]]rdrdwkdif;jynf&JY &mZyvifvpfvyfroGm;csif&if tm;vHk;udk,fhae&mudk,f&yfaevkdufMuprf;}} oDwma'0D\ae&ma&SYwGif tm&d,efppfonfrsm;ydwfqdkY ae&m,lvdkufMuonf/ wJeef;twGif;&Sdbk&ifrsm;ESifh olwdkY\ ppfonfrsm;onfvnf;vIyfvIyf&G&GjzpfoGm;Muonf/ ]]oDwma'0Dudk uREkfyfvufodkYtyfyg t"dywd }} ]]oif xGufoGm;vdkufprf;? 'o*D&d . .}} uREkfyfonf oefvsufudk 0ifhvsuf pifjrifhxufodkYckefwufvdkufonf/ xdktcdkuf t"dywd\aemufuG,frS at;aq;aom toHwpfoHxGufay:vmavonf/ ]]vuF m 'D y bk & if [ m pnf ; urf ; csuf e J Y rud k u f n D b l ; qd k w J h bd k ; bd k ; t"d y wd M uD ; &J Y pum;ud k a wmh vufcH&ygvdrfhr,f}}toH&Sifonf t"dywd\a&SYrS umí&yfvdkufonf/ olonf uREkfyfudkjyHK;í Munfhaeavonf/ txl;jcm;qHk;um; . . . . . ol\ rsufvHk;rsm;yif/ ol\rsufvHk;rsm;&Sdrsufqefonf pdr;fndKYndKYjzpfaeonf/ bk&ifwpfyg;\ 0wfpm; wefqmESihfrwlaom ol\0wf&kHonfvnf; tpdrf;a&mifjzpfonf/ odkYaomf&Snfvsm;aom t&yftarmif;ESifh 0g0if;aom tom;ta&aMumihf ol v nf ; tm&d , ef r sd K ;EG , f p k y if j zpf r nf [ k uRef y f c ef Y r S e f ; onf / 0gaom tom;ta&wG i f t aMumrsm;onf tjcm;tm&d,efwdkYxuf ydkípdrf;aeMuonf/ rkwfqdwfESifh yg;jrdKif;rsm;udk&dwfodrf;xm;ojzifh rsufESmjyifvn;f tpdrf;a&mifjzpfaeonf/ olYwpfukd,fvHk; tpdrf;a&mifvTrf;aeonf/ ]]bd;k bd;k t"dywdMuD;u av;wify&GJ YJ OD;pD;csKyfjzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifo h [ l m av;wify&GJ YJ pnf;urf;twGi;f uom ajymqdkqHk;jzwf&ayraygh 'o*D&dbk&ifrif;jrwf}} pdrf;aomolu jzpfay:aeaom tajctaeESifh qefYusifbufuspGm at;at;aq;aq;pum;ajymaeonf/ uREkfyfonf xdkol\tpdrf;a&mifoP²mefü &kwfw&ufpdwf0ifpm;oGm;rdojzifh oefvsufudkif&if; &yfwefYaerdonf/ ]]tudkajymwm[kwfygw,f/ bdk;bdk; t"dywdMuD;&JY qHk;jzwfcsuf[m tydktvdkr&Sdygbl;}} aemufxyftoHwpfck aemufuG,fem;rSay:vmjyefonf/ pd r f ; aomol E S i h f &k y f c sif ; qif o nf h vl w pf a ,muf x G u f v mjyef o nf / ol v n;f x l ; jcm;rI wpf c k u d k aqmif a ejyef o nf / tom;0gaom tm&d , ef r sm;tMum;wG i f o l \ tom;onf yd k í 0gaeonf / taMumif;rlol\rsufqeftdrfu t0ga&mifjzpfaeaomaMumifhyif/ rsufcHk;ESifh rsufawmifarG;rsm;wGifvnf; t0ga&miftarG;rsm; a&maESmaeonf/ olY0wf&kH uvn;ft0ga&mifjzpfonf/vlESpfa,mufonft"dywd\ 0J,mwGif&yfvdkfufMuonf/ pdr;faomvlESihf 0gaomvl/ pdrf;aomvlu pum;jyefqufavonf/ ]]'o*D&b d &k if[m 'DrmS &SMd uwJh bk&ifrsm;tm;vH;k xufomvGeaf Mumif; b,forl S rjiif;Ekid yf gbl;? av;awmfuv kd J bk&ifrsm;tm;vHk;xufydkrdkpGrf;aqmifEkdifygw,f}} ]][k w f w ,f ? tud k a jymwm[k w f y gw,f / 'o*D & d b k & if & J Y tm;eJ Y Mud K ;pm;tm;xk w f r I [ m tifrwefcsD;usL;p&maumif;ygayw,f}} tMuD;jzpfaom pdrf;aomvludk ti,fjzpfaom 0gaomvlu axmufcHonf/ ]]'Dawmh . . . oifwdkYu bmvkyfcsifovJ}} 31


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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol vSnfhywf[pfaMuG;aeonf/ apmapmutm;&&TifjrL;aeonfh cHpm;rIwdkYonf uRkEkfyfxHrS arS;rSdef avsmhyg;oGm;Muonf/ uREk f y f \ cE© m onf av;wif c H k ? &mr? oD w ma'0D ? vu© P ES i f h wJ e ef ; twG i f ; &S d y &d o wf r sm;tv,f w G i f aoli,fomG ;onf[k cHpm;vdu k rf o d nf/ tHYk qidk ;f aeaom rd;k om;wdrv f yd n f Kd wdYk uREyfk &f ifxo J Ykd 0ifa&mufvrT ;f rd;k oGm;ovdk cHpm;vdkufrdonf/ &mronf rsufvHk;pdrf;rsm;udk oDwma'0DxHrS cGmíav;aydkYpl;pdkuf Munfhvdkufonf/ vufudk av;ay: odkYwifvdkufonf/ rdk;jcdrf;oH oJhoJhem;xJhü Mum;a,mifaeonf/ wpfpxufwpfp usk,favmifvmonf/ uRekfyf\ ESvHk;ckefoHjzpfonf/ om;arG;,yfawmifwpfckuJhodkY av;onf &mrvufxJodkY ajrmufygoGm;onf/ qHjrwfzsm;wGIfa&Tcsnfudk pnf ; aES m if o vd k &mronf av;ud k &pf y wf a eonf / av[musnf a wmuf t wG i f ; rS jrm;wpf a csmif ; ud k olíndSKYwGifwyfqif qJGiifvdkufonf/ þvIyf&Sm;rIonf bmrSrMumvdkuf/ odkYaomf uREkfyftm&kHwGifum; rD;awmufMuD;rsm; wpfckjyD;wpfckaygufuGJaeonfhtvm;? ork'´&mtwGif;rS vdIif;vHk;MuD;rsm; wpfvHk;jyD;wpfvHk; vdrfhqif;aeonfhtvm;/ uREkfyfrsufpdrsm;udk wif;MuyfpGm rSdwfvdkufonf/ tarSmifwdkuf . . ./ tarSmifwkdufwGif0,f "r®duawmifajc&if;rS prf;acsmif;? woGifoGifpD;aeonfh prf;a&tvsifwGif &k y f y H k a &T v T m wpf c k a rsmvmonf / &k y f y k H a &T v T m onf ausmuf w H k ; wpf c k w G i f twef M umjid w G , f a ejyD ; aemuf qufvufarsmygoGm;onf/wjznf;jznf; ta0;qDodkY arsmygoGm;onf/wjznf;jznf; ao;i,foGm;onf/ tpufuav;wpfpuftjzpf txdao;i,foGm;onf/ xdkYaemufaysmufuG,foGm;onf/ ]]roGm;&bl;? roGm;&bl;}} uREk f y f \ EI w f z sm;rS m usk , f a vmif a omtoH w pf o H x G u f o G m ;onf / rsuf v H K ;rsm;ud k tvefYwMum;zGifhvdkufrdonf/ wJeef;twGif; &kwf&kwfoJoJjzpfaeonf/ y&dowfrsm;a&Tjcnfarmuf y0gcef;qD;&Sd&m wa&GYa&GYpkjyKHwdk;a0SYoGm;aeMuonf/ olwdkYtv,fwGif &mrudk awGYae&onf/ vu©Ponf &mrteD;wGifuyfvsuf ygoG m ;onf / t"d y wd M uD ; onf pif j rif h x d k i f c H k x uf r S a&T j cnf a zmuf y 0gcef ; qD ; ae&mod k Y qif ; vmonf / OD;&pfacgif;aygif;rsm; tay:üysH0Jaeonf/ atmf[pfoHrsm;qlnHaeonf/ uREkfyf\ EIwfrS wpfpHkwpfckaomatmf[pfoH xGufay:aeaomfvnf; y&dowftm;vHk;\ toHrsm;atmufü epfjrKyfoGm;Muonf/ oD w ma'0D \ cef ; qD ; y0gonf yG i f h [ vsuf a ejyD / yk v J M ud K ;rsm;ab;ES p f z uf w G i f wJ G c d k a eonf / cef;qD;0&Sdy&dowfwdkYonf ab;odkY&SJvdkuf&m vrf;ajr§mifwpfckozG,fjzpfoGm;onf/ xdkae&mrSaeí &mronf txJ o d k Y w d k ; 0if o G m ;aeonf / ol Y v uf x J w G i f av;ud k u d k i f a qmif x m;onf / wJ e ef ; \ av;wif c k H a e&mwG i f uREkfyfwpfOD;wnf; &yfíusefcJhonf/ urÇmajrMuD;onf wJheef;twGif;buf&Sd y&dowfrsm; pk&Hk;aeonfh[kdrSmbufwGif apmif;edrfhoGm;onf[k uREk f y f x if a erd o nf / þrS m buf w G i f uREk f y f w pf O D ; wnf ; / wJ e ef ; A[k d {PD o m;arT ; cif ; xm;onf h puf0dkif;oPÖmefae&mrSm jcaoFhOD;acgif;&kyfyHkonf y&dowf\eif;jzwfoGm;rIaMumifh &kyfoPÖmefysufpD;aeonf/ av;wifcHkonf uREkfyf\a&SYarSmufü ajcmufoa,mif;aom yifpnfikwfwdkwpfckESifh wlaeonf/ AvmewÅd? okn? uif;rJhaysmufuG,fjcif;/ ]]a[; . . a[; . . a[; . . }} atmf[pfoHrsm;onf uREkfyf\ESvHk;udk &kdufykwfESdyfpufMuonf/vltkyfudk wGef;wkdufjzwfausmfvsuf pifjrifh\ tjrifhae&mqDodkY uREkdyfckefwufvdkufonf/ t"dywdMuD;\ ae&mxdkifcHk/ ]]tm;vHk;&yfvdkufMuprf;? w&m;rQwrIr&SdwJh 'Dav;wifyJGudk uREkfyfuefYuGufw,f}} &kwfw&uf toHrsm;tm;vHk;wdwfoGm;onf/ tm;vHk; uREkfyfudk armhMunfhaeMuonf/ ]]&mr[m bk&ifr[kwfbkl;? bk&ifhom;awmfomjzpfw,f/ jyD;awmhol[m &kyfyHka&TvTmt&vmcJholr[kwfbl;? olYrSm av;wifyJG 0ifa&muf,SOfjydKifzdkYtcGifhr&Sdbl;}} toHwpfckrSxGufrvmacs/ uREkfyfu t"dywdMuD;qDodkYvufndK§ ;xdk;vsuf . . 36


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]a[m'D a e&mrS m xd k d i f w J h t "d y wd M uD ; [m ol & J Y wynf h j zpf w J h t wG u f &mrud k &k y f y H k a &T v T m rygbJ 0ifa&mufav;wifcGifh jyKwmvm;}} yxrqHk;vIyf&Sm;olrSm av;awmf0efZeod'd©jzpfonf/ olonfc&rf;a&mif0wf&kHp twGif;rS vufudkxkwfjyD; a0SY,rf;vdkufonf/ ]]'o&Xbk&if&JY om;awmfMuD; &mrrif;om;[m t*FgoHk;&yfeJYjynfhpHknDnGwfatmif pGrf;aqmifEkdifcJhw,f/ jydKifyJG&JYpnf;rsOf;[m 'gygyJ/ 'Dpnf;rsOf;eJYudkufnDwJh &mrrif;om;[matmifEkdifoljzpfw,f}} Zeod ' d ¨ o nf pum;ajym&if ; rd k u f r J p G m pif j rif h a y: od k Y w uf v monf / vuf [ ef a jc[ef w jyjyES i f h &Sif;vif;aeonf/ teD;odkYa&mufaomtcgav;awmf0efonf cg;axmufí uREkfyfudk rJh&GJYMunfhaeonf/ ]]'DrSm j'm0d'd,efbk&if? tm&d,efvl,Ofaus;awG&JY jydKifyJGpnf;rsOf;udk oifwkdYvdk awmifydkif;om; vl&kdif;awG[m em;rvnfEkdifygbl;? 'g[m vuFm'Dyawma'o r[kwf . ... . tm; }} Zeod'd¨pum;rqHk;cif uREkfyfu ol\usufoa&r&SdaomrsufESmudk &kdufcs vdkufonf/ av;awmf0efonf pif j rif h a y:rS wvd r f h a cguf a uG ; usoG m ;onf / ae&mwG i f tpG J t jrJ & yf a eMuaom y&d o wf w d k Y onf csufcsif;qlnHvIyf&Sm;vmjyD; vufeufrsm;udk xkwfMuavonf/ "m;oH? vHSoHrsm; wcRifcRifjrnfvmonf/ ]]apmfum;vSwJh tom;eDbk&ifudk owfMua[h}} ]]j'm0d'd,ef t&kdif;tpdkif;udk ckwfMuygawmhvm;}} vSHwHrsm; uREkfyfab;wGif wpfacsmif;jyD;wpfacsmif; 0ifpdkufonf/ "m;ajr§mifwpfvuf onf uREkfyfoHudk,fusyf 0rf;ydkufjyifae&mudk xdrSefjyD; atmufodkYvGifhusoGm;onf/ vnfrsdKqDodkY0ifvmonfh ykqdefwpfvufudkrl vufudkif&kd;ae&mrS ckwfcsvdkuf&onf/ atmufrSaeí vufeufrsm;jzifhypfoGif;aeMuaomfvnf;pifjrifhay: odkY wpfpHkwpfa,muf rS wufrvmMuacs? ]]vmMua[h tom;0gawG? tay:wufcJhMuygawmhvm;}} tom;0g wpfOD;rSwufrvm/ odkYaomf tpdrf;a&mifoPÖmefwpfckuREkfyfESifh reD;ra0;wpfajy;wnf;ae&modkY ckefwufvmonf/ ]]vuFm'Dybk&if av;wifyJGjyD;qHk;ygjyD/ oifjyefyg}} &mronf av;ndKYay:üjrm;udkwifxm;jyD; atmufcsxm;onf/ ]]usKyfjyefr,f? oDwmudkxnfhvdkuf}} &mr\rsufvHk;pdrf;rsm;ESifh uREkfyf\eD&Jaom rsufvHk;ESpfpHkwdkYonf wpfckudkwpfck xGif;azmufoGm;rwwf qHkaeMuonf/ xdktcdkuf a&Tjcnfazmfuy0gcef;qD;qDrS pl;&SaomtoHwpfoHay:vmayonf/ ]]tdk . . rvdkufbl;? rvkdufbkl;? bDvl;vdkMurf;wrf;cufxefwJh vuFm'Dybk&ifeJY oDwm rvdkufEkdifbl;/ armifawmf&mr? ESrudk u,fyg}} oDwma'0Donf a&Tjcnfazmufy0gcef;qD;udk z,f&mS ;vsuftcef;xJrx S u G v f mjyD; ykvMJ udK;rsm;udk cg,rf;vsuf atmfvdkufonf/ ]]bD v l ; vd k M urf ; wrf ; cuf x ef w J h vuF m 'D y bk & if } } xd k p um;pk o nf u REk f y f \ ES v H k ; tm; tqdyfjrm;aygif;axmifaomif;ESifhypfvdkufonfhtvm; uREkfyftm;jyif;pGmemusifapawmhonfwum;/ ]]bDvl;vdkMurf;wrf;cufxefwJh vuFm'Dybk&if? bDvl;vdkMurf;wrf;cufxefwJh vuFm'Dybk&if}} oDwmonf xdkpum;rsm;ukd tqufrjywfatmf[pfaeonfhtvm; . ./ cspf o l \ rk e f ; wD ; pyf q k w f a Mumuf & H G Y jcif ; ? tcspf u d k q H k ; &I H ; jcif ; uREk f y f o nf aqmuf w nf & mr&atmif a csmuf c sm;vsuf pif j rif h ay:rS c k e f q if ; um vuf e uf u d k , f p D j zif h vltkyfMuD;twGif;odkYtwif;xdk;azmuf0ifa&mufcJhawmhonf/ aoG;&l;aoG;wef;jzifh a0SY,rf;aerdonf uREfkyf\ oHvsufonf rnfonfht&mudk xd&Sydkif;jzwfoGm;onf udkrodawmh/ uREkfyf\udk,fay:ü rnfodkYaomvufeufrsm; xd c k d u f M uonf u d k v nf ; rod a wmh / uRek f y f t od j yef 0 if v maomtcgwG i f u m; uREk f y f o nf wJ e ef ; rk c f 0 od k Y a&mufaeavonf/ urÇmavmutm; emMunf;vsufrkcf0wdkifudkoHvsufjzifhydki;f jzwfvdkuf&m wdkifonfusdK;jywfvsuf rk c f 0 \trd k ; onf jyd K usvmavonf / jyd K usvmaom trd k ; aiG j ym;rsm;ud k oef v suf j zif h z ,f & S m ;&if ; &xm;xufodkYckefwufvkdufonf/ wJee;ftwGif;rS &mr\ toHudkMum;vdkuf&onf/ 37


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]vuFm'Dybk&if? oifh&JY armufrmaxmifvTm;rItwGuf txdrf;trSwfvufaqmif}} yg;jyifteD;rS pl;&Saom toHwpfoHMum;vdkuf&onf/ uREkfyf\nmbufycHk;wGif rD;pESifhxdk;vdkufouJhodkY ylavmifoGm;onf/ jrm;wpfpif;onf a&Tjrm;umwpfzuf jrif;aZmif;usdK;csnfaESmifxm;onfhwdkifxdyf0wGif 0ifpdkufonf/ ppfjrif;ajcmufaumif\ausmjyifxufodkY usmyGwfjzifh&kdufcsvdkufonf/ ppf&xm;onf w[kefxdk; ajy;xGufoGm;onf/ wpf p H k w pf a ,muf a om&ef o l ( od k Y r [k w f ) &ef o l t rsm;tjym; aemuf r S v d k u f v mjcif ; cH & ovd k u REk f y f & xm;ud k tjyif;armif;ESifhcJhonf/ ajcmufcsm;pGmjzifh jrif;rsm;udk usmyGwfESifh w&Trf;&Trf;&kdufaerdonf/uREkfyf\aemufrS ... &mrrif;om;onfvnf; aumi;f? vu©Ponfaomfvnf;aumif;? tm&d,efbk&if rsm;aomfvnf;aumif; ?&ef o l Y wyf r sm;aomf v nf ; aumi;f vd k u f v mMuonf r [k w f / xd k t &mrsm;omqd k v Qif u REk f y f &xm;ud k jyefíODvSnfhvdkufrnf/ uREkfyf\aemuf xyfMuyf ruGm vdkufygaeonfum; &efolrsm;r[kwf? cspfoljzpfonf/ cspfoloDwma'0D/ olr\pl;&Saom atmf[pfoH . ./ ]]bD v l ; vd k M urf ; wrf ; cuf x ef w J h vuF m 'D y bk & if ? bD v l ; vd k M urf ; wrf ; cuf x ef w J h vuF m 'D y bk & if ? bDvl;vdkMurf;wrf;cufxefwJh vuFm'Dybk&if? bDvl;vdkMurf;wrf; cufxefwJh vuFm'Dybk&if}}

38


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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]ighudk rrSwfrdbl;vm; &m0P}} toHeufMuD;u jrnf[D;vmjyefonf/ uRkEkfyfonf tHhMo0r;fompGmjzifh OD;&D;awmf\ ycHk;ESpfbufudk vufjzifh qkyfudkifcg,rf;vdkufrdavonf/ ]]OD;&D;awmfu jcaoFhMuD;twdkif;ygyJvm;}} ]][m; . . .[m; . . .[m; . . .[m; . . .}} OD;&D;awmfonf vdkPfacgif;oHMuD;ESifh &,farm&if; uRkEkfyf\ vufarmif;ESpfzufudk qkyfudkifíqJGcgonf/ xl;qef;vSonf wum;/ OD;&D;awmf\,mvufjzifh udkifxm;onfh uRekfyf\b,fvufarmif;wGif usm;vQmuJhodkY Murf;wrf;pl;&Saom tawGYudk &&SdjyD; OD;&D;awmf\b,fvufjzifhudkifxm;aomuRekfyf\,mvufarmif; wGifrl om;arG;pjzifh yGwfoyfouJhodkY El;nHhaom tawGYudk &&Sdaeonf/ ]]'gu b,fvdk . . .OD;&D;awmf}} uRekfyfonf ol\vufrsm;udk qJGz,fí vufz0g;rsm;udk qJG,lvSefMunfhvdkufrdonf/ bdbdoeudk vSr;fMunfhvdkufaomtcg nDawmfonf tm;&auseyfpGm jyKH;aeavonf/ ]]'gu rif;jrifwJhtwdkif;yJav &m0P? igh&JYnmvufz0g;[m usm;vQmxufMurf;w,f/ b,fvufz0g;[m yef;yGifhxufEl;nHhw,f/ 'Dvufz0g;awG 'Dvdkjzpfatmif igzefwD;jyKvkyfxm;w,fav}} ]]em;rvnfygvm;OD;&D;awmf}} ]]&m0P ri;fn&hH efaum/ vuFm'Dyawmtkyx f u J ajymif? pdik ?f qwf pwJh taumifMuD;awGukd ighnmbufvufeYJ &kdufykwfowfjzwfw,f/ cGeftm;trsm;MuD;pdkufxkwfp&mrvdkbl;av/ at; . . . . . Oa'gif;iSuf? a&Tig;? pmr&D pwJh owÅ0gawGudkawmh b,fvufeJY zrf;qD;cJhw,f/ 'DrSmvnf; cGeftm;udk csKyfwnf;avQmhayghp&m rvdkawmhbl;aygh}} uRkeyf o f nf OD;&Dawmf\ qefYusifaom vufz0g;rsm;udk Munf&h if; tHMh orqH;k jzpfaerdonf/ vlwpfO;D wnf;u yef;yGifhESifh ql;udk ydkifqkdifxm;jcif;/ ]]ig[m vuF m 'D y awmawmif a wG x J r S m tES p f E S p f q ,f v H k ; vH k ; aexd k i f & if ; 'D t wwf y nmawG u d k yGm;rsm;aecJw h maygh &m0P? Oyrm qD;ESi;f awmxJrmS rD;&JYtultnDukd r,lbJ ylaEG;atmifaeEkid w f hJ twwf? rD;vQHxrJ mS a&&YJ tultnDudk r,lbJ at;csrf;atmifaeEkdifwJh twwf? opfudkif;rsm;xufrSm ajrGvdk&pfywfavQmufoGm;Ekdifovdk ql;yifrsm;tay:rSm qifvdkeif;jzwfavQmufoGm;EkdifwJhtwwf? jyD;awmh MudK;Mum iSufutp jcaoFhtqHk; taumiftrsdK;rsdK;&JY jrifhjrwfcsdKjrwJhtoH? qufxefjrnf[def;wJh toHawGudk wpfckwnf;aom EIwfyg;pyfu atmfjrnfwJhtwwf? 'gawGudk igu y#dyu©aoe*FAsL[m trnfay;xm;w,fav}} ]]y#dyu© aoe*FAsL[m}} ]]at; [kwfw,f? qefYusifrIawGudk uRrf;usifEkdifeif;wJh ynm}} ]]rk q d k ; wum &J Y t"d y wd y gyJ v m; OD ; &D ; awmf & ,f ? usKyf a useyf t m;ygbd a wmh ? 'geJ Y O D ; &D ; awmf u vuFm'Dyee;fawmfudk bmaMumifh jyefrvmwmvJ? rif;pnf;pdrf&JY awmufajymifrIawGMum;rSm raecsifbl;vdkY OD;&D;awmftaMumif;udk r,fawmfqDu Mum;zl;ygw,f}} ]]&m0P? rif ; &J Y eef ; awmf r S m aezd k Y igvmwmr[k w f b l ; ? aevnf ; raecsif b l ; ? 'gayr,f h taMumif;udpöwpf&yfaMumifhigvmcJhwmyJ}} ]]b,fvdkrsm;ygvdrfhOD;&D;awmf}} uREkfyf\xdkifcHkab;&Sd a&Taowaumi;fudk nmvufjzifh&kdufcsvdkuf&m a&Tcsxm;onfh owÅKa&Twaumi;fonf vnfyif;usdK;jywfomG ;avonf/ xdYk aemuf teD;&Syd ef;td;k xJ&dS teufa&mif ESi;f qDz;l wpfcu k kd xkwv f u kd jf yD;b,fvufjzifh yGwfoyfí iHkaeonfh yGifhcsyfrsm;udk vufacsmif;rsm;jzifh qJGcsvkduf&m tjcm;aom yGifhtmjyD;ESif;qDrsm;twdkif; jzpfoGm;avonf/ xdkYaemuf tHhtm;oifhaeam uREfkyfudk pdrf;pdrf;MuD;MunfhjyD; jznfhnif;pGmajymavonf/ ]]rif;udk oifMum;ay;rvdkYyJ &m0P}} olYtoHrSm apmapmu jcaoFh[def;oHjzpfonf/ vdkPfoHjzpfonf/ ,ckrl eHeuf rdk;aomufí avjynfuJhodkY tqrwef El;nHhoGm;onfh OD;&D;awmfonf toHudkyif aoe*FAsL[mjzifh xdef;csKyfEkdifayonf/

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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]vuFm'Dy[m awmawmifjrpfacsmif; xlxyfwJh a'ojzpfw,f/ 'Da'o&JY bk&ifrif;jrwfjzpfwJh rif;[mvJ awmawmif a csmif ; ajrmif ; &J Y Oya'oeJ Y "r® w d k Y ud k uRr;f u sif w wf a jrmuf x m;oif h w ,f / tES p f E S p f q ,f igqnf;yl;wwfajrmufxm;cJhwJh aoe*FAsL[mudk tckrif;udk oifMum;ay;zdkYigvmcJhw,f}} uREkfyf bdbdoebufodkY vSrf;Munfhvdkufonf/ bdbdoe uREkfyfpdwfoabmrS pum;vHk;rsm;udk em;vnf[efjzifhMunfhaeonf/ olrsufvHk;rsm;rS pum;vHk;rsm;udkvnf; uRefyfem;vnfrdonf/ ,if;odkYbdbdoe tm;wkdifyifvdkufjyD;aemuf OD;&D;awmftm; tajzay;vkdufonf/ OD;&D;awmfxHrS usm;[def;oHuJhodkYaom a&&GwfoHxGufay:vmonf/ ]]'gayr,fh usKyfudk,fwkdif ravhvmrqnf;yl;Ekdif ao;ayrJh wlawmfarmifrsm;udk OD;&D;awmftm;tyfESHyg&ap/ olwkdYudk oifMum;ay;yg}} ]]b,fu wlawmfarmifawGvJ}} uREkfyf&,fvdkufonf/ ]]aMomf . . [kwfayom;yJ/ olwdkYudk OD;&D;awmf rjrifzl;bkl; ? *rÇD&JYom;ESpfa,mufav/ 'koeJY c&wJh? nDawmfbdbdoe olwdkYudk ac:vdkufyg}} ]]a[m[kd eef;aqmifwHcg;&YJ wpfzufrSmyJ &daeMuygw,f aemifawmf}} 'koESifh c&wdkYonf wpfzuf&SdwHcg;udk zGifhí 0ifvmMuonf/ toufq,fhig;ESpfESifh q,fhoHk;ESpfom&SdMuao;onfh wl a wmf a rmif r sm;onf uRef y f t m;rsm;pG m cspf c if Muavonf / vuF m 'D y wG i f El ; nH h a ysmh a ysmif ; pG m uREfyk q f ufqo H nfrmS vnf; 'koESihf c&wdYk EpS af ,muf ESpaf ,mufwnf;omjzpfonf/ uREkyf t f zdYk tjrJwrf;*&kpu kd t f m;ay; az;ulaeaom ESrawmf*rÇD\om;rsm;? þtzrJhwlawmfarmifrsm;tm;vnf; uREkfyfrsm;pGmcspfcifMuifemrdonf/ 'koESifh c&wdYk onf olwYkd \ol&aJ umif;jzpfaom uREkyf \ f a&SYwiG f wyfr;I MuD;rsm;\ trlt&mudk twkc;kd í OD;nGwv f u dk Mf uonf/ ]]trdefY&SdygbMuD;awmf}} 'kou ppfrdefYudk emcHonfh avoHtwdkif; twkcdk;íajymavonf/ ]]tJ'Dvdkrajym&bl;uG? trdefY&SdygvuFm'Dybk&ifrif;jrwfvdkYajym&w,f}} c&u oltudktm; vufjzifhwGef;vsuftjypfwifonf/ ]]at; . . igarhoGm;w,f? udkif; . . ajymMupdkY}} ]]trdefY&Sdyg? vuFm'Dybk&ifrif;jrwf}} toHjydKifwx l u G v f monf/ uREfyk u f tm;&yg;&&,farm&if; olwYkd tm;vufwpfzufpjD zifh ajrmufcsDvu kd o f nf/ olwdkYurl olwdkY\rdciftwdkif; rsufESmrsm;udkwif;rmxm; Muonf/ ]]w,f [ k w f w J h vuF m 'D y ol & J a umif ; awG y gvm;/ a[h w ,f j yD ; &J p G r ;f o wÅ d e J Y jynf h p H k y gvm;? 'gayr,fhydkjyD;jynfhpHkatmif rif;wdkYudk bMuD;awmfu wm0efay;&vdrfhr,f? a[m . . [kdu &yfaewJh jcaoFhMuD;eJYwlwJh vlMuD;[m rif;wdYk &YJ bd;k MuD;awmfrm&Zöw/hJ olYxrH mS rif;wdYk xl;qef;wJh aoe*FAsL[mudk oifMum;&vdrrhf ,f/ b,fEh , S v hf J wlawmfarmifrsm;}} 'koESifhc&wdkY wpfOD;udkwpfOD;MunfhvdkufMuonf/ tjyeftvSefajymMuonf/ ]]jcaoFhMuD;eJYwlwJh bdk;MuD;awmfqDrSmwJh}} olwdkYESpfa,mufonf uREkfyfxHrS ckefqif;um OD;&D;awmfqDodkY [pfatmf&if;ajy;oGm;Muavonf/ OD;&D;awmfonf olwdkYudk b,fbufvufwpfzufwnf;jzifh ayGY,lvdkufjyD; ycHk;wpfzufpDay:odkYwifvdkufonf/ OD;&D;awmf\ tarG;trQifrsm;xlxyfvSonfh rsufESmMuD;onf ta&mifrsm;awmufyvsuf&Sdavonf/ ]]bdk;MuD;awmf? qifMuD;awGpD;&rvm;}} uav;rsm;u qlnHpGm[pfatmfaeMuonf/ OD;&D;awmfonf bmrSjyefrajymbJ ol\ycHk;om;rsm;udk xl ; qef ; pG m vI y f c gvsuf vrf ; avsmuf & if ; yg;pyf r S qif a tmf o H r sm;xG u f v mavonf / eef;awmfjyom'fqDodkYavsmufoGm;jyD; jywif;tem;wGif&Sdaeonfh 'l;&if;oD;rsm;rSnfh0if;aeaom tudkif;MuD;wpfudkif;udk nmvufjzifhwajzmif;ajzmif;rnfatmifcsdK;,lvdkufonf/ xdkYaemufxl;qef;aom ol\vufMuD;jzifh 'l;&if;oD;wdkYudk qJGzJhum twGif;rS tqefrsm;udk ,ljyD; ycHk;ay:rS uav;rsm;tm; qifESmarmif;uJhodkY wGefYvdrfí ay;vdkufavonf/ 'koESifh c&wdkY\ atmf[pfaMuG;aMumfoHrsm;um; eef;aqmfxJü qlnHaeawmhonf/ 44


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]uJ. . . &m0P? rif;&JY cGeftm;awGudk aoaocsmcsmarG;jrLxm;ayawmh? y#yu©aoe*FAsL[mudk rif;oifMum;&r,f/ tckawmh ajr;rsm;udk OD;pGmoifMum;ay;&r,f/ 'gawGtwGuf rif;ighukd t*Fgjynf0h wJah wmtkyw f pfck acwÅay;xm;&r,f/ avhusifhoifMum;zdkY a'otjzpf}} ]]&Sdygw,f OD;&D;awmf? ta&SYbufu arSmf&kHa[0efudk ,lyg/ arSmf&kHa[0efudk OD;&D;awmfeJY wlawmfarmifrsm; umvtydkif;tjcm;r&Sd odrf;ydkufpdk;ydkifEkdifygw,f}} ]]arSmf&kHa[0eftwGuf bMuD;awmf bk&ifrif;jrwf bkef;wefckd; wdk;wufygap}} _____________ qlnHaeaom 'koESihfc& wdkYtm;xrf;ydk;vsuf OD;&D;awmfonf Oa'gif;wpfaumif\ nifomaomyHkrsdK;ESifh eef ; aqmif t wG i f ; rS xG u f c G m oG m ;avonf / OD ; &D ; awmf E S i f h wl a wmf a rmif r sm; eef ; aqmif c ef ; rtwG i f ; rS xGufoGm;MujyD;aemuf cyfvSrf;vSrf;u &yfaeaomnDawmfbdbdoeonf uREkfyf\a&SYarSmufodkY vm&yfavonf/ bdbdoe\ rsufESmjyif0,fyDwd\ t&dyfta,mifrsm;zHk;vTrf;aeonf/ ]]b,f h E S , f h v nf ; nD a wmf b d b d o e? OD ; &D ; awmf v J a useyf a tmif wl a wmf a rmif r sm;twG u f vnf ; tusdK;jzpfxGef;atmif pDpOfvdkufwmav? apmapmu rif;udkigvSrf;Munfhvdkufwkef;u OD;&D;awmf&JYqE´udk rqefYusifygeJYvdkY rif;pdwfu ajymaew,fr[kwfvm;}} ]]at; . . 'gjzif h v nf ; aemuf w pf c k q uf M uwmaygh ? bd b d o eonf uREk f y f u d k OD ; nG w f v d k u f j yD ; OD;&D;awmfwdkYxGufoGm;Muonfh eef;aqmifwHcg;rMuD;odkY avQmufoGm;í uwÅDygtpdrf;wif;wdrfpudk zGifhvdkufonf/ omawmf a rCem'onf awmuf y aom aoeywd 0 wf p H k u d k qif j ref ; vsuf 0 if v mavonf / i,f & G , f E k y sd K aomom;awmf o nf &if h u suf a om oH w ref w pf O D ; \toG i f u d k aqmif x m;onf / om;awmfarCem'ESiu fh REkyf rf mS vuFm'Dyeef;awmfwpfcw k nf;wGif aexkid af omfvnf; wpfO;D ESiw hf pfO;D awGYqckH v J o S nf/ om;awmfonf vuFm'Dy\ ppfaoemywdcsKyftjzpf ppfonfawmfrsm; avhusifhoifMum;&m a'orsm;wGifom taersm;ayonf/ arCem'onf uRefyf\a&SYarSmufodkY 'l;axmufvdkufavonf/ ]]taMumif;xl;vm; om;awmf arCem'}} arCem'onf 0wf & k H p uk d z,f & S m ;vsuf cg;wG i f c sd w f q G J x m;aom a&T a &mif p mvT m td w f w pf c k u d k uREkfyftm;vSr;fíay;vdkufavonf/ pmvTmudk uREfkyfjzefYízwfvdkufonf/ ]]vuFm'Dy odef;ckdjynfh&Sif bk&if'o*D&d\ bkef;vuf&kH;tmPmpufatmufwGif 0ifa&mufcdkvIH&eftvdk&Sdonfh udoudE´mjynfh&Sif ru’#rsdK;EG,fpktMuD;tuJ bmvDrif;\ cGifhyefo0PfvTm}} uREkfyfonf tem;wGif&yfaeonfh nDawmfbdbdoexHodkY pmvTmudkay;vdkufonf/ ]]zwfprf; nDawmfbdbdoe}} ]]ruú#rsdK;EG,fpkbk&if uREkfyfbmvDrif;onf tusifhazmufjyefonfh rdrdaemifawmf okc&dwfbk&iftm; xD;eef;rScsí udoudE´m\ &mZtmPmudk odrf;ydkufvdkufygonf/ aemifawmf okc&dwfbk&ifonf ,cktcg tdE´Kajrmufydkif;a'oodkYxGufcGmoGm;jyD; tom;0grsdK;EG,fpkrsm;ESifh yl;aygif;onf[k Mum;od&ygonf/ xdkYaMumihf j'm0d'd,efrsdK;EG,fpkESifh ruú#rsdK;EG,fpkwdkY\vHkjcHKrItwGuf þrsdK;EG,fpkESpfckudk aoG;pnf;&efvdktyfonf[k bmvDrif;u ,lqygonf/ odYk jzpfonfh tavsmuf vuFm'Dy bk&ifrif;jrwf\ bke;f vuf&ek ;f tmPmpufatmufwiG f cdv k cHI iG jhf yKyg&ef bmvDrif;u þo0PfvTmjzifh Mum;odtoem;awmfjrwf cHygonf}} ]]'Do0PfvTmu rif;eJY b,fvdkpyfqufaeovJ om;awmf}} ]]a[r0EÅmawmtkyf&JY vGifjyifpyfrSm ppfonfawmfrsm;udk ppfa&;avhusifh oifMum;ay;aecdkuf 'Do0PfvTmudk jrif;onfawmfwpfOD; ,laqmifvmygw,f/ o0PfvTmeJY twl udoudE´mbk&if bmvDrif;udk,fwkdifvnf; oHtrwfrsm;eJY twlvdkufygvmygw,f? crnf;awmf bk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]]olwdkYb,frSmvJ arCem'}} ]]crnf;awmf tvdk&Sd&if awGYqHkEkdif&eftwGuf eef;aqmif&JY jyify cef;rMuD;xJrSm apmifhqdkif;aeMuygw,f}} 45


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]tif; . . . awGYqHk&rSmayghav? 'gayr,fh cPaeOD;? a[hnDawmf bdbdoe? w&d*rÇDwpfa,mufaum}} ]]om;&JwGif;xJrSm oriftkyfrsm;udk avhusifhay;aeygw,f aemifawmf bk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]]aMomf . . . aMomf? &Sdygapawmhav? uJ . . rif;wkdYeJY aqG;aEG;Muwmaygh}} __________________ uREk f y f u xd k i f c H k x uf o d k Y x d k i f c d k i f ; vd k u f o jzif h om;awmf E S i f h nD a wmf w d k Y v nf ; cH k e d r f h r sm;toD ; oD ; 0if x d k i f v d k u f M uonf / ol w d k Y ES p f a ,muf p vH k ; \ [ef y ef r S m touf t &G , f r sm;ES i h f rrQatmif &ifhusufwnfjidrfaeMuavonf/ ]]nDawmfbdbdoeu pajymprf;? udoudE´mjynf? ru?rsdK;EG,fpk bmvDrif;?okc&dwfrif;wdkY&JY taMumif; rif;odorQajymprf;}} ] ]udoudEm´ jynfqw kd m vuFm'Dy&JY ta&SYawmift&yfrmS &Syd gw,f?EG,yf ifeYJ ausmufaqmif MuD;rsm; rsm;jym;vSjyD; opfoD;opfO tvGefaygMuG,f0w,f? omreftdE´Ljrpf0Srf;om; wpfOD;tzdkY udoudE´m&JY a&ajrrqdkxm;eJY wpfae&mrS wpfae&moGm;vm&efrvG,f ulonfhtxd EG,fyifMuD;rsm;&IyfaxG;euf&Idif;vSygw,f}} bdbdoerodaom t&yfa'o þajrjyif0,f&Sdao;oavm[k uREkfyftHhMordayonf/ olYavoHrSm u0dwpfql\a[majym&GwfqdkrIESihf wlaeonf/ ]]tif; . . .[kwfjyD? ru?rsdK;EG,fpktaMumif; . . }} ]]nDawmfudk,fwdkifawmh rjrifzl;yg aemifawmf bk&ifrif;jrwf? odkYaomfqnf;yl;avhvmcsuf rsm;t&awmh ol w d k Y r sd K ;EG , f p k r sm;[m tjcm;vl o m;rsm; ajrjyif w G i f uRrf ; usif o vd k ol w d k Y u opf y if E G , f y if r sm;wG i f uRrf;usifMuygw,f? olwdkY&JY udk,fcE¨mcGeftm;Av[m . . . }} ]]j'm0d'd,efeJYvnf; rwlbl;? tm&d,efeJYvnf; rwlbl; crnf;awmf}} om;awmf arCem'u dbdoepum;udk jzwfíjymvdkufonf/ ]]bmvDrif;eJY ol&JY oHwreftrwfrsm;udk pwifawGYjrifvdkuf&pOfu om;awmf[m olwdkYudk vlom;awGvdkY rxifbJ arsmuf0HawGvdkY xifcJhrdw,f crnf;awmfbk&ifrif;jrwf}} uREfkfyfonf xdkwkdif;jynfESifh xdkrsdK;EG,fpktm; pdwf0ifpm;vmjyD;aemuf om;awmfnDawmf wdkYESifh wdkifyifaqG;aEG;jcif;udk tqHk;owfvdkufonf/ ]]arCem' . . tjyifbuf cef;rxJu rif;&JY{nfhonf arsmuf0HawGudk ac:vdkufprf;? olwdkYudk Munfh&IjyD; wkduf&kdufpum;ajymr,f}} om;awmfonf uREkfyfudk OD;nGwfjyD; eef;awmfxJrS xGufcGmonf/ bdbdoe wpfpHkwpf&majym&ef vIyf&Sm;vdkufaomfvnf; uREkfyfu vufudk umíjyvdkufojzifh jyefí jidrfoGm;ayonf/ cPtMumwGif om;awmf arCem' wHcg;0üjyefay:vmonf/ ]]olwdkYudk txJac:vdkuf arCem'}} eD n d K a&mif 0 wf & k H p rsm;ud k vT r f ; jcH K xm;ol r sm; 0if v mMuonf / xl ; jcm;csuf r sm;ud k awG Y &onf / olwdkY\rsufESmonf tarG;trSif xlxyfvSonf/ cE¨mudk,frsm;onf oefrmxGm;MudKif; Muonf/ ajcz0g;? vufz0g;rsm;onf j'm0d'd,efwdkYxufMuD;rm;jyD; ajcaxmufrsm;onf &iftkyfESifh EIdif;pmygu tenf;i,fao;onf[k uREkyf x f ifro d nf/ txl;jcm;qH;k rSmolwYkd \ vufrsm; jzpfonf/ vufEpS zf ufwYdk onf cE¨mud, k t f csdK;ESihf Munfv h u kd yf gu od o d o mom MuD ; &S n f v sm;jyD ; vuf a csmif ; rsm;onf 'l a cgif ; xuf w G i f w G J & &G J u saeMuonf / eef ; aqmif auGYodkYauGYcsdK;üvQmufvmpOfolwdkY\cg;0wfaemufzuf cg;qD;rS teDa&mifMudK;prsm; wJGavmif;csxm;onfrSmvnf; tjrD;rsm;ESihf wlaeayawmhonf/ ru?rsdK;EG,fpk0ifwdkYonf uREkfyfa&SYarSmufwGif 'l;axmufvdkufMuonf/ uREkfyfrSmrl rjrifawGYzl;onfh rsdK;EG,fpkudk jrifawGY&onfhtwGufaysmf&Tifaerdonf/ om;awmfarCem'onf olwdkYtm; yxrqHk; awGYjrifcgpüvlom;r[kwfbJarsmuf0Hrsm;[k xifrdaMumif;ajymonfrSm vufcH&rnfh rSwfcsufjzpfayonf/ a&SYqHk;rS ru#onf ,mvufudk &ifbwfay: odkYwifíuREkfyfudk armhMunfhvdkufonf/ olYrsufvHk;rsm;onf ao;i,fpl;&SvSonf/ 46


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]uREkfyf[m udoudE¨mjynfh&Sif ruúrsdK;EG,fpkwdkY tMuD;tuJ bmvDrif;jzpfygw,f 'o*D&dbk&ifrif;jrwf}} bmvDrif;\rsufv;kH oli,ftrd o f nf usOf;ajrmif;vSaomfvnf;vsifjrefpmG vIy&f mS ;aeonf[k uREkyf x f ifonf/ olonf MuD;rm;aom vufzg;MuD;rsm;udk jzefY&if;qufajymavonf/ ]]uREkfyf&JY o0PfvTmudk ppfaoemywdcsKyfarCem'qDuwpfqifhbk&ifrif;jrwfzwf&IjyD; jzpfvdrfhr,fvdkY arQmfvifhygw,f}} ]]tif; . . .usKyfzwfjyD;ygjyD/ oifh&JYaemifawmfu okc&dwfrif;wJhvm;}} ]]rSefygw,f bk&ifrif;jrwf? tusifhazmufjyefwJh bk&ifwpfyg;yg? wdkif;jynf&JY at;csrf;jidrfoufrItwGuf uREk f y f u aemif a wmf u d k xD ; eef ; csvd k u f & ygw,f / tck o l [ m o0Pf v T m rS m ygwJ h t wd k i f ; tdE´Ljrpfajrmufydkif;a'oqDxGufoGm;ygjyD bk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]]tJ'Dokc&dwfrif;udk pdwfr0ifpm;bl;? oif'o*D&dqDu bmvdkcsifovJ}} bmvDrif;onf ODacgif;udk atmufodkYpdkufcsvsuf aysmhaysmif;aomtoHjzifh jyefajzonf/ ]]bmvDrif;ESihfwuGaom udoudE©mjynf ruú#rsdK;EG,fpkwdkYudk vufatmufcHr[mrdwf tjzpfvufcHzdkYeJY bk&ifrif;jrwf&JY vuFm'DytmPmpufe,fedrdwf twGif; bmvDrif;&JY xD;eef;tkyfcsKyfrIudk todtrSwfjyKzdkYjzpfygw,f}} ]]oifwdkY[m opfyifEG,fyifeJYausmufaqmifrsm;ukd tuRr;f0if&if;ESD;Muw,fqdk}} ]]opfyifE, G yf ifeYJ ausmufaqmifrsm;[m uREyfk w f YkdrsKd ;EG,pf &k YJ arG;&mygupm;azmfrsm; jzpfygw,f bk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]tif; . . . aoe*FAsL[m&JY ta&;MuD;wJh t*Fg&yfwpfckayyJ? uJ bmvDrif;&JY xD;eef;tkyfcsKyf rIeJYtwl udoudE´mxD;eeff;udk usKyf&JYvufatmufcHr[mrdwftjzpftodtrSwfjyKvdkufw,f? oifwdkYvnf; tem;,lMutHk;aygh}} bmvDrif;ESifh oHwrefrsm;onf uREkfyfudk aumi;fcDs;ay;vdkufMujyD; eef;awmfxJrS xGufcGmoGm;Muonf/ cg;aemufwGif csdwfqGJxm;onhfteDa&mifMudK;prsm;onf tjrD;rsm;ozG,f vIyf,rf;aeMuavonf/ ]]aemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf&JYqHk;jzwfcsuf[m jrefqefvGef;vSw,f}} olwdkYeef;awmfwGif;rS aysmufuG,foGm;MujyD;aemufwGif bdbdoeu r0Hhr&JavoHjzifh ajymavonf/ ]]bmjzpfvdkYvJ bdbdoe}} ]]bmvDrif;ajymwJhpum;awGudk tckaetcgrSm b,fvdkrS rqHk;jzwfEkdifao;ayr,fh ol&JY ao;i,fpl;&SwJh rsuf v H k ; td r f ; rsm;&J Y aemuf u G , f r S m oabmrsuEk d i f p &mt"d y Ü m ,f a wG nD a wmf a wG Y ae&ygw,f / ao;i,f j yD ; vI y f & S m ;upm;vG e f ; wJ h rsuf v H k ; ol i ,f t d r f & S d o l r sm;[m vd r f n mwwf M uw,f ? y&d , m,f 0uFEOÅ mPfrsm;wwfMuw,f aemfawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]]at; . . ao;i,fvIyf&Sm;wJh rsufvHk;oli,ftdrfawGudkawmh igowdjyKrdom;yJ bdbdoe? odkYaomfrsufvHk;oli,ftdrfxuf olwdkY&JY &Snfvsm;wJh vufacsmif;vufwHrsm;udk ydkjyD;pdwf0ifpm;aerdw,f/ jyD;awmh vrf;avQmufyHkuvnf; a&SYudkudk,fnTefaeovm;vdkY? igawmh 'DyHko@efawGudk Munhf&wm aysmf&Tifaerdw,f? om;awmfarCem' taeeJYauma[h}} ]]vufacsmif;vufwH rsufvHk;oli,ftdrfawG&JY t"dyÜm,fudk om;awmfrem;rvnfygbl;? crnf ; awmf b k & if r if ; jrwf ? pd w f v J r 0if p m;ygbk l ; / tck o m;awmf a v;jrm;ppf t wwf u d k oif M um; avhusifhay;p&m&Sdaeygw,f/ &Jruf&ifjyifudk jyefoGm;cGifhay;yg crnf;awmf}} ]][m; . . . [m; . . . [m; . . . [m; . . . om;awmf arCem'ajymwmtaumif;qHk;yJ? uJ . . uJ oGm;awmh?bddbdoevJoGm;awmh}} olwdkYxGufcGmoGm;Muonf/ ntarSmifonf vuFm'Dyeef;awmftwGif;0ifa&mufvmonf/ odkYaomf eef;awmfaus;uRefrsm;u 0uf0q H rD ;D wdik rf sm; xGe;f ndx S m;Muojzifh tvif;a&mifrsm; jzefYMuufvmjyefonf/ uREkyf o f nf a&nda§ &mif0wf&kHycHk;xufrS jzKwfcsvdkufjyD; puf&maqmifqDodkY jyefvmcHavonf/ aemuf w pf a eYwG i f ruú # bk & if b mvD E S i f h twl y gvmonf h ppf o nf r sm;\tpG r f ; jyyJ G u d k vuFm'Dy&JrufvGifjyifwGif usif;yonf/ nDawmfbdbdoeESifh om;awmf arCem'wdkY\tpDtpOfjzpfonf/ ruú#ppfonfrsm;onf "m;vHSrsm;wGif j'm0d'd,efrsm;avmuf uRrf;usifrIr&SdMuacs/ odkYaomf txl;tpDtpOftjzpf aemufq;kH jyoonfh tpGr;f jyuGuf rsm;um; tHrh cef;&Sv d o S nf/ ruú#ppfonfrsm;onf &ifjyif\A[dw k iG f puf0ikd ;f o@ef pk&kH;vdkufjyD;aemuf bmvDbk&ifu tcsufay;vdkufonfESifh puf0kdif; onf vsifjrefpGm usk,fjyefYoGm;onf/ 47


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol &ifjyif\e,fedrdwfae&modkYa&mufaomtcg ppfonfwdkYonf xl;qef;aomtoHrsm;udk atmf[pfvsuf ab;buf&Sd opfyifcGMum;rsm;xufodkY wufvdkufMuonf/ xif;&SL;yif? tifMuif;yif? unifyif? uRef;yif ponfhjrifhrm; vSonfh opfyifrsm;xufodkyvsifjrefpGmwufoGm;Muonf/ wpfyifrS wpfyifodkYopfudkif; zsm;rsm;rS wGJcdkvsuf? ,drf;vTJvsuf? ckefvGm;vsuf? ul;ajymif;ajy;vTm;Muonf/ xdktcgwGif olwdkY\vsifjrefrIrSm &ifjyifajrMuD;ay:xuf ESpfqru vsifjrefzsufvwfoGm; aMumif; awGY&avonf/ &Jruf&ifjyifuGif;MuD;ywfywfvnfwGif&Sdaom opfyifrsm;xufwGif olwdkYonf ywfcsmvSnfhaeMuonf/ xl;qef;aom [pfaMuG;oHrsm;qln Haeawmhonf/ uGif;v,fA[kdwGif&Sdonfh bmvDbk&ifonf wHydk;udk rIwfvdkufonf/ wHykd;oHtqHk;wGif opf&Gufavwdk;oHwpfoHoHudkaomfrS rMum;&awmh/ opfyifrsm;ay:wGif ppfonfrsm;udk vn;frawGY&awmh/bmvDu wHydk;udk 'kwd,tMudrfxyfírIwfonf/ xdktcgrS opfudkif;\ wpfzufwGif vlvHk;uG,fazsmufxm;onfh ppfonfrsm; jyefíay:vmjyD; us,favmifpGmatmf[pfvsuf olwdkYvufxJrS vHSwHrsm;udk uG i f ; tv,f o d k Y ypf v d k u f M uonf / vH S w H r sm;onf uG i f ; A[k d w G i f & yf a eonf h bmvD b k & if \ ajcud k A[kjd yKvsufpuf0idk ;f o@mef vSypGmpdu k 0f ifMuonf/ vHrS sm;onf MudK;wyfvrHS sm;jzpfaomaMumifh uGi;f v,fA[kad e&mESihf xdyfzsm;rsm;tMum;wGif &Snfvsm;aom MudK;wef;rsm; jzpfay:vmonf/ &Jruf&ifjyifay:wGif &Snfvsm;aomMudK;rsm; uGif;A[kdwpfae&mwnf;ü pk&Hk;vsufoG,fwef;aeonf rSmMuD;rm;vSaom yifhultdrfMuD;ESifh wlaeawmhonf/ bmvD b k & if u wwd , wH y d k ; oH u d k tcsuf a y;vd k u f o nf / pl ; &S a om[pf a MuG ; oH r sm;ES i f h t wl opfyifxdyfzsm;rSruú#ppfonf wdkYonf rdrdwdkYypfpdkufxm;onfh vSHMudK;rsm;ay:rS xdk;zufwG,fqif;vmMuonf/ olwYkd tm;vH;k ajrjyifoYkd a&mufaomtcgwGiu f m; rlvpuf0ikd ;f o@mefjzpfomG ;onf/ xdYk aemuf bmvDu OD;aqmifvsuf uREkfyf&Sd&mAdkvf&IcHpifjrifhatmufodkYvmMujyD; 'l;axmufOD;nGwfvdkufMuonf/ y&dwfowf\ MobmoHum; &Jruf&ifjyifwGif ysYHvGifhaeavonf/ uREkfyfum; xdkarsmuf0Hrsm;tm; tHhtm;oifh&if;ESifh oabmusaerdawmhonf/ awmawmifopfyif xlxyfonfhppfajrjyift&yfrsm;wGif ruú#rsm;udk wyfa&SYajy;tjzpf toHk;cs&vQif tvGefc&D;a&mufayvdrfhrnf/ uREk f y f o nf bmvD b k & if E S i f h tzJ G Y tm; qk v mbf r sm;ay;oem;vd k u f j yD ; aemuf ud o ud E ´ m jynf u d k vufatmufcHr[mrdwftjzpf todtrSwfjyKjcif;udk ydkrdkav;eufpdrfhaomiSm uREkfyf\a&Teef;MudK;rsm;jzifh oG,f,Suf oGef;cwfxm;onfh ycHk;umppf0wfwefqmudk vufaqmifay;vdkufonf/ ]]tJ ' D a &T y cH k ; umuk d ,ck v d k x m;&if a&T a &mif [ m tjyif b uf r S m &S d a er,f ? a[m'D v d k twGi;f bujyefvn S v hf u kd rf ,fq&kd ifawmh uwDyÅ gteDpu tjyifbufrmS &Sad evdrrhf ,f/ bmvDb&k if'gud, k x l m;ayawmh? tu,fí cspfMunfa&;eYJtjcm;aysmf&TifzG,f tcrf;tem;twGuf vma&mufapcsifw,fqkd&if a&Ta&mifudk tjyifbufrSmxm;jyD;ydkYvdkuf? ppfrufESifh yufoufw,f? ppfulvdkw,fqdk&if uwDyÅ gteDa&mifpudk tjyifbufrSm xm;jyD;ydkYvdkuf? Mum;&JYvm; ruú#bk&if}} bmvDbk&ifonf OD;nTwfvdkufjyD;rS uREkfyf&Sd&mt&yfokdY armhMunfhonf/ ]]a&T a &mif u d k tjyif b uf x m;jyD ; yd k Y zd k Y tcG i f h t a&;rsm;eJ Y om; MuH k y gapvd k Y ruú # rsd K ;EG , f p k u qkawmif;aeMurSmygbk&ifrif;jrwf}} uREk f y f u &,f a rmjyD ; vuf j yvd k u f o jzif h ruú # wd k Y onf wnf ; cd k & mod k Y jyef o G m ;Muavonf / tpG r f ; jyyJ G t crf ; tem;ud k od r f ; &ef t rd e f Y ay;vd k u f o nf / om;awmf a rCem'onf ol \ ppf w yf r sm;ud k pk&kH;íjyefvnfxGufcGm&efpDpOfaeonf/ &Jruf&ifjyif\ tem;,l cef;rodkYa&mufaomtcg bddbdoeonf uREkfyf\teD;odkYuyfvmonf/ ]]bmajymcsifvJbdbdoe}} ]]ruú#awGeJYywfoufjyD; tckawmh udpt ö m;vHk;pDpOfjyD;oGm;jyDyJaemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf? odkYaomf nDawmfwdkY qufvufavhvmp&mrsm; &Sdaeao;w,fvdkYxifygw,f}} ]]bmawGrsm;vJ}}

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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol &mr\ touf & S e f o ef r I u d k zsuf q D ; jcif ; ?? oD w ma'0D \ cspf j cif ; arwÅ m ud k & ,l j cif ; wd k Y onf uREKfy'f o*D&t d wGuf rnfonft h cgrS aemufusa[mif;EGr;f rnfv h yk if ef;r[kw?f uREKfy\ f ppf&xm; a&SYjrm;umwpfzufrS wkdifxdyfwGif &mrrif;om; ypfvTwfpdkuf0ifcJhaom jrm;\toGm;onf oHomjzpfygu ,cktcgoHacs;yifjzpfavmufjyD;/ uRkEfkyfonf xdkjrm;oGm;udk xkwf,ljci;frjyK/ rdxdvmav;wifyJGu tjyeftwdkif; onftwdkif;&Sdaponf/ xdkt&monf uREk f y f \ &if w G i f ; ü cspf j cif ; arwÅ m ES i f h u vJ h p m;acsrI w m0ef u d k t pOf r jywf eD ; uyf p G m EI d ; aqmf a e&rnf / ESvHk;onf;yGwftwGif;0,f tcspfESifh trkef;wdkYudk uREkfyf 'o*D&d&JY&ifhpGmyif odrf;qnf;xm;rnf/ nDawmfbdbdoeonf EkdifiHtkyfcsKyfa&; udprö sm;rSvJGí ,cifuvdk uREkfyfESifh &if;&if;ESD;ESD; rqufqHawmhacs/ ruú#bk&ifbmvDESihf ol\ppfonfrsm; tpGr;fjyyJG tcsdefrSpí olonf uREKfyfudk cyfwef;wef;qufqHaeonf/ uREkfyftm;qefYusifa0zefaom pum;rsm;vn;frajymawmh/ pifppfbdbdoeonf vuFm'Dyeef;awmfür&Sdonfu rsm;onf / ol o nf vuF m 'D y Ek d i f i H a wmf \ e,f e d r d w f a wmif w ef ; rsm;wG i f vS n f h v nf a eonf / uREk f y f E S i f h pdwfoabmxm;csif; rwdkufqkdifapumrl ynmOmPfMuD;rm;aom uREkfyf\nDawmftm; uREkfyfrsm;pGmcspfcifayonf/ bdbdoeteD;wGif r&SdonfhtwGuf uREkfyfolYudk Mudrfzefrsm;pGm atmufarhwordonf/ &moDOwkom,mvSyí yef;&eHYwdkY arT;ysHYaom ,aeYvdktcg rsdK;wGif uREkfyfonf bdbdoeudk tem;wGif &S d a eapcsif o nf / ol \ qn;f y l ; avh v mrI r sm;pG m wd k Y ud k em;axmif aevd k r d o nf / e0ryAÁ w ES i f h 'oryAÁ w awmif M um;cH w yf r S m vnf ; ,ck t cg jyD ; pD ; awmh r nf j zpf r nf / xd k c H w yf \ yH k p H u d k & G Y H a jrrsm;jzif h twkvkyfxm;onfh yHkpHonfuREkfyf\ a&SYarSmuf ausmufovif;pm;yJGa&SYvSypGm &Sdaeonf/ bdbdoe onf þausmufovif; pm;yJGay:yS yHkpHi,fukd jyíuREKfyftm;Mudrfzefrsm;pGm &Sif;vif; jyocJhzl;onf/ ,ck olta&SY ajrmufbufawmifwef;rsm;qDodkYa&mufaeonf/ nDawmfbdbdoeudk uREkfyf\xHyg;ü &Sdaeapcsifonf / xdktcdkuf wHcg;apmihfwyfrI;a&mufvmonf/ ]]bmvJa[h}} ]]vuFm'Dy tdrfa&SYpHa&mufaeaMumif;yg? bk&ifrif;jrwfudk awGYyg&apwJh}} ]]a[ . . .bdbdoevm;? jrefjrefvmvdkYajymvdkuf}} wyf r I ; onf OD ; nG w f j yD ; xG u f c G m oG m ;onf / tvd k & S d a ecd s ef w G i f a &muf & S d v monf h t wG u f uREkyf 0f rf;ajrmuf0rf;omjzpfro d nf/ wHcg;0wGif bdbo d eay:vmonf/ olYrsufEmS rSm xH;k pHtwdik ;f wnfjidraf eayonf/ odkYaomf ,cifuxufydkydefí azsmhawmhoGm;onf[k xifrdonf/ ]]vma[h bdbdoe? rif;udkigodyfawGYcsifaew,f? tcka&SYajrmufawmifwef;a'ou vmcJhwmr[kwfvm;/ tif; . . . orm;awmfrsm;&JY tjyKtpkudk cH,lvdkufOD;? nDawmfrif;yifyef;aeyHk&w,f}} bdbdoeonf ausmufovif;pm;yJG&Sd&modkY avQmufvmjyD;pm;yJGay:odkYvufwif vdkufonf/ ]]aemifawmfawGYcsifwmxufydkjyD; nDawmfu awGYcsifygw,f/ 'gaMumifhvnf; ta&SYajrmufawmifwef;a'oqDu c&D;jyif;ESifhcJhygw,f aemifawmf}} ]]taMumif;xl;ovm;bdbdoe}} ]]aemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwftwGufa&m? tm;vHk;aom j'm0d'd,efrsdK;EG,fpk twGufyg taMumif;xl;ygw,f? tom;0gtm&d,efwpfp[ k m vuFm'Dy&JY ta&SYajrmufawmifbuf a'o udoudEm´ jynf&&dS m udk csDwufomG ;Muygw,f}} ]]a[ [kwfvm;? 'gudk rif;b,fvdkvkyfodovJ}} ]]e,fpyfrsdK;EG,fpk uif;wyfzJGYrsm;xHu owif;udk *rÇebk&ifu wpfqifh taMumif;Mum;vdkY nDawmfudk,fwkdif tJ'Da'oudk oGm;a&mufpHkprf;jyD; jyefvmcJhjcif;jzpfygw,f/ aemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]]b,fa'ou tom;0grsdK;EG,fpkvJbdbdoe}} ]]rS e f y gw,f bk & if r if ; jrwf ? t,k ' ¨ , jynf h & S i f bk & if ' o&|&J Y om;awmf E S p f y g;? &mrrif ; om;eJ Y vu© P rif ; om;wd k Y j zpf y gw,f / ok l w d k Y e J Y t wl y gvmwJ h ruú # bk & if u awmh [k d w avmu vuf a tmuf c H r[mrdwftjzpfckd0ifwJh bmvDbk&if&JYudoudE´mbk&ifa[mif; okc&dwfjzpfygw,f}} uREkfyfvufz0g;rsm; csufcsif;eD&Jvmonf/ ]]&mreJY vu¨P . . . igh&JY&efolawG . . }} 52


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]nDawmfwkdYwdkifyifaqG;aEG;cJhwJh tjzpfoepfygyJ? eef;usbk&if okc&dwf[m olY&JYxD;eef;udk jyefvnf&,lzdkY &mrrif ; om;xH tul t nD a wmif ; jyD ; tck u d o ud E ´ m ud k csD w uf v mwmygyJ ? bmvD b k & if x H u teD p ud k tjyifbufvSnfhxm;wJh aemifawmf&JY a&TycHk;um ppf0wfwefqmvJ rMumcif a&mufvmawmhrSmygyJ}} ]]tJ ' D a &T y cH k ; um a&muf v mrS m ud k apmif h r aeeJ Y awmh ? ppf u l o G m ;zd k Y tck y J toif h j yif ayawmh ? ppfjrif;q,faumifwyf&xm;udk tckjyifcdkif;}} ]]vuFm'Dy&JY tdrfa&SYpHtjzpf 'o*D&dbk&ifudk avQmufxm;yg&ap? om;awmfarCem' eJY nDawmf udk,fwkdif OD;pD;jyD; udoudE´mudk csDwufygr,f? aemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwfu vuFm'DyrSmyJ pHaeyg}} ]]rif; . . . &l;aeovm; . . . . . bdbdoe? uJ . . igar;wm awGajzprf;? tck tm&d,efwyfudk acgif;aqmifoGm;wm &mreJY vu©Pr[kwfvm;}} ]][kwfygw,f bk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]]j'm0d'd,ef&JY &efol tom;0gawG . . . [kwfvm;}} ]][kwfygw,f bk&ifrif;jrwf}} ]]wdwdusus ajzprf;? tJ'Dwyf&JY acgif;aqmifeJY twl b,folygovJ}} ]]eef;usbk&if okc&dwf yg ygw,f}} ]]'gawGudk ar;aewmr[kwfbl; bdbdoe? &mreJY aemufawmfyg;u . . }} ]]vu©Prif;om;}} ]]oDwma'0Dudk igar;aewm? oDwma'0Dvdkufygvmovm;}} ]]oDwma'0D . . . vdkuf . . . yg . . . vm ... . yg .. . . w,f}} ]]awmfjyD. . . . udoudE´mudk csDwufr,f? ppfyJGrSm 'o*D&duvJGjyD; b,folrS acgif;raqmif&bl;? oGm; . . . ppfjrif;&xm; wyfqifzdkY oGm;ajymacs}} ]]acgif;raqmif&ayr,fh? tudkawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf&JY aemufawmfyg;rSm ESrawmf *rÇD&,f? om;ESpfa,muf &,fuawmh &SdrSmaygh}} b,ftcsdefua&mufvmonf rodonfh w&d*rÇDjzpfonf/ w&*rÇDonf jyHK;&,f vdkufjyD; bdbdoe&Sd&m ausmufovif;pm;yJG wpfzufqDodkY avQmufoGm;onf/ ]]'gayr,fh cPav;awmh apmifhapcsifygw,f tudkawmf/ arSmf&kHa[0efrSm&SdaeMuwJh om;awmfESpfOD;udk ESrawmfoGm;ac:yg&ap/ OD;&D;awmf rm&ZÆeJYom;ESpfa,muf[m eufjzefa&mufvmMur,fvdkY taxmufawmfrsm;u taMumif;Mum;ygw,f? tck udoudE´mudk csDwufr,fqdk&ifawmh eufjzefolwdkYta&mufudk rapmifhbJ tckyJ ESrawmfoGm;ac:yghr,f}} *rÇDonf wufMuGjrL;xl;íaeayonf/ &ufaygif;rsm;pGm cJGcGmae&onfh ol\ om;ESpfa,muf ESifh vnf;awGY&rnf/ xdkom;rsm;udk ac:íppfajrjyifodkY twlwuG csDwufvdkufyg&OD;rnf/ w&d*rÇDapmifharQmfaeonfh tcGifhta&;um; þtcGifhta&;yif jzpfonf/ ]]at; . . .jrefjrefoGm; ? j'm0d'd,efwyfr tqifoifhjzpfaecsdefrSm eifeJY eifhom; ESpfa,muf tqifoifhjzpfayap *rÇD}} csyf0wfwefqmrsm; 0wfqif&ef uREkfyfausmufovif;pm;yJGrS cGmvkdufonf/ *rÇDvnf; xGufcGm[efjyifvdkufonf/ xdktcdkuf . . . wH c g;0wG i f OD ; &D ; awmf rm&ZÆ a &muf v mavonf / *rÇ D o nf OD ; &D ; awmf u d k a wG Y vd k u f a omtcg tHhtm;oifhoGm;onf/ ]][if . . .OD;&D;awmf? eufjzefrS a&mufr,fqdk? om;awmfESpfa,mufaum? wlrawmfwdkYvJ tckyJ arSmf&kHa[0efudk vm . . . }}

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55


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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]'Dorifudk tudkawmfrSwfrd&JYvm;? rdxdvmav;wifyGJudk oGm;pOfuoDwma'0DzdkY orifvSvSav; wpfaumif vufoyfarG;xm;ygvdkYtudkawmftrdfefYay;cJhw,fav? tJ'Dtwdkif;arG;jrLxm;cJhwJhorif? av;wifyJGutjyef "rd®u awmifaovm ajc&if; prf;acsmif;ab;rSm tudkawmfvSHwHeJYypfowfr,fvkyfcJhwJhorifav}} *rD Ç o nf om;rsm;ud k qH k ; &I H ; &ojzif h &l ; oG y f o G m ;jyD [ k uREf k f y f x if o nf / euf & I d i f ; a0;oD v S a om arSmf&kHa[0efawmpGef;&Sd&efolrsm;tm; vufpm;acsowfjzwf&efta&;wGif þvSyaom a&Torifi,ftaMumif;udk bmaMumif h ajymaeoenf ; / ai;id k i f a eaom uREf k y f w k d Y a&S Y wG i f *rÇ D o nf wyf r S L ;MuD ; ozG , f acgufwkefYacgufjyefvrf;avQmufaeonf/ ]]'Dorifudk ESrawmfwdkY,loGm;Mur,f? oDwma'0DtwGuf ,laqmifoGm;&vdrfhr,f? 'gayr,fh orifi,f[m &mrrif;om;twGufawmh aorif;wrefjzpfap&r,f}} ]]'Dorifi,fav; wpfaumifeJY &mrrif;om;udk wdkufcdkufrvdkYvm; *rÇD?eifbmawGajym aewmvJ? tcsdefawG tcsnf;ESD;tukefrcHEkdifbl;}} ]]em;axmifygtudkawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf? ESrawmfwdkYoHk;OD;eJY 'Da&TorifarSmf&kHa[0efudk oGm;Mur,f? tdE´LjrpfusOf;ae&m? arSmf&kHa[0ef&JY tpGef;rSm &SdaeMur,f? &mrwdkY&Sd&mta&muf oGm;jyD; [kdus&if tkyfpkcJGvdkufr,f? tudkawmfbk&ifrif;jrwfu wae&m? ESrawmfeJY orifu wpfae&m? OD;&D;awmfu wpfae&m oHk;ae&mcJGjyD; oif;wkdYudk 0kdif;&Hxm;r,f/ jyD;awmh oDwma'0Djrifomatmif 'Da&Torifudk t&dyfta&mifjy&r,f/ 'DavmufvSywJh a&Torifudk tudkawmf&JY oDwma'0Djrif&&if rkcsvdkcsifwyfrufvdrfhr,f? ,Ofyg;pGmeJY teD;uyfoGm;wJh a&Torifudk oDwma'0D[m vuf&zrf;qD;vdrfhr,f? 'gayr,fh oDwma'0D&JY vufwGif;u 'Da&Torif[m vGwfoGm;&r,f/ 'DtcgrSm oDwma'0D[m &mrudk tultnD awmif;&vdrfhr,f? a&Torifudk zrf;zdkYylqm&if &mrrif;om;vJ vufeufpGJudkifjyD; a&Torifudk vd k u f & vd r f h r ,f / a&T o rif [ m &mrud k arS m f & H k a [0ef & J Y yd k r d k e uf & I d i f ; wJ h twG i f ; buf a &muf a tmif jzm;a,mif;aoG;aqmifoGm;vdrfhr,f? a&Torif&JYvIyf&Sm;rI awGtwGuf ESrawmf*rÇDudk,fwkdif orifeJY rvSrf;rurf;rSm cdkatmif;&if; ESrawmf&JY vQdKY0SufwJh rd*gaoe*FAsL[meJY tpOfwpdkuftrdefYay;aer,f}} ]]'Dawmh bmjzpfvJ *rDÇ? eifhtpDtpOfu &IyfaxG;vGef;vSw,f}} OD;&D;awmfrm&ZÆu pdwfr&SnfoHjzifh 0ifar;avonf/ ]]em;axmifygtH;k OD;&D;awmf? a&Torif&YJ jzm;a,mif;rIaMumifh arSm&f aHk [0efawmeufxu J kd &mra&muf&v dS mcsderf mS oD w ma'0D & J Y tem;rS m awmh vu© P rif ; om;eJ Y ppf o nf r sm; apmif h M uyf a evd r f h r ,f ? vu¨ P rif ; om; wpfOD;wnf;&Sdcsifvnf; &Sdr,f/ oif;wkdYudk oDwma'0Dtem;u z,f&Sm;oGm;atmifvkyf&vdrfhr,f}} ]]igem;vnfjyD *rÇD? 'DtcgrSm igu olwdkYudk 0ifa&mufwkdufckduf&rSm aygh}} ]]'Dvrkd [kwaf o;bl;tudak wmf? oDwma'0DteD;rSm b,forl S r&S&d atmif OD;&D;awmfrm&ZÆu wm0ef,&l vdrrhf ,f? 'Dtxdtudkawmf&JY tcef;u@u ryg0ifao;bl;}} ]]at;? igu b,fvdkwm0ef,l&rSmvJ ?jrefjrefajymprf;*rÇD}} ]]&mra&mufvmr,fh arSmf&kHa[0efawmeufuaejyD; OD;&D;awmfapmifhae&vdrfhr,f? jyD;awmh qif&kdif;MuD;awG? jcaoFhawG atmf[pfoH? opfyifMuD;awG usdK;usoHawGeJY tvm;wlvmatmif OD;&D;awmfu rdrd&JY y#dyu©aoe*FAsL[mudk toHk;jyK&vdrfhr,f/ 'DtcgrSm orifzrf;oGm;wJh &mrawmh awmeuftwGif; om;&JY jcaoFhrsm;eJY awGYjyD;'ku©a&muf aejyDtxifeJY oDwma'0Dudk apmihfMuyfolrsm;tm;vHk; awmeuftwGif; 0ifvmMuvdrfhr,f?oDwma'0DwpfOD;wnf; usefae&pfcJhr,f}} ]][kwfjyD *rÇDigem;vnfjyD? 'DtcgrSm igu oDwma'0Dudk aqmifusOf;jyD;eifwkdYaemuf vdkufcJh&r,faygh}} ]][ifhtif; . . oDwma'0Dudk aqmifMuOf;jyD; tudkawmfu vuFm'Dyudk jyefoGm;&r,f? ESrawmfu &mr? vu©PeJY olwdkY&JYppfom;awG tm;vHk;udk t&Sifvwfvwfzrf;jyD; vuFm'DyudkvdkufcJhr,f? vuFm'Dyudk tm;vHk;jyefqHk;awmhrS &mrrif;om;udk tudkawmf bk&ifrif;jrwfudk,fwkdif 'grS r[kwfESrawmfudk,fwkdif 'grSr[kwf OD;&D;awmfudk,fwkdif om;awmfrsm;&JY aoG;awG vdrf;usHcJhwJh eef;aqmiftwGif;rSm vSvSyy uvJhpm;acs&r,f? om;awmfrsm;&JY aoG;uGufrsm;udk &mr&JYaoG;eJYwkdufcRwfaq;aMumypfr,f? &mr&JYcE¨mudk,fudk ESrawmf&JY *E¨rmvmom;&JtwGif;rSm jcaoFhpmauR;ypfr,f}} 57


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol *rÇD\avoHaMumifh uREfkfyfrSm MuufoD;arG;nif;xoGm;jYyD; auseyf0rf;ajrmufrIrsm; cHpm;vm&onf/ ]]b,f E S , f h v J tud k a wmf ? b,f h E S , f h v J OD ; &D ; awmf ? 'D t pD t pOf r S m OD ; &D ; awmf & J Y aoe*F A sL[mud k toHk;csjcif;vnf;yg0ifw,f? ESrawmf&JY rd*gynm&yfvnf; yg0ifw,f? oDwma'0DtwGuf toHk;cszdkYarG;jrLay;cJhwJh a&Torifvnf;yg0ifw,f jyD;awmh . . . }} *rÇDvnf; &J&JeDaom rsufvHk;rsm;jzifh uREfkfyfudk vSrf;Munfhvdkufonf/ ]]jyD;awmh tudkawmfbk&ifrif;jrwftwGuf oDwma'0Dudk odrf;ydkufjcif;qdkwJh tudsK;aus;Zl; vnf;yg0ifw,f/ tm;vHk;&JY vufpm;acsvdkrIwkdYudkoifhwifhrQwatmifaygif;pyfxm;w Jh aoe*FAsL[mav}} OD;&D;awmfonf 0rf;acgif;oHMuD;jzifh 0rf;omtm;&atmf[pfvu kd jf yD; *rÇ\ D vufrsm;udk qkyu f ikd v f u dk af vonf/ ]]vuFm'Dy&JYppfyJGrsm;rSm urÁnf;xdk;r,fh aoe*FAsL[myJa[h? uJ . . wlawmfbk&if&m0P? wlrawmf . . *rÇDoGm;MupkdYa[h? wdkYrsm;vufpm;acszdkYoGm;MupdkY}} OD ; &D ; awmf r m&ZÆ \ tpG r ;f a Mumif h nOf h o ef ; acgif ü vuF m 'D y rS xG u f v mcJ h a om uREk f y f w k d Y onf arSmf&kHa[0efodkYeHeuftm&kHwufcsdefwGif a&mufcJhMuonf/ a&wHcGefrsm; vQdKajrmifacsmufurf;yg;rsm;ESifh opfyifMuD;rsm; xlxyfvSonfh arSmf&kHa[0efonf euf&Idif;aom £ajE´jzifh uREkfyfwdkY\ vufpm;acsrI ppfyJGudk apmihfpm;aeavonf/ n\tarSmifwdkY vGifhyg;p jyKcsdef? eHeufcif;\tvif;a&mifwkdY vGefYvl;csdefü uREfkfyfwkdYonf tdE´LjrpfusOf;ae&m arS m f & k H a [0ef a wmpG e f ; od k Y ajccsrd M uavonf / OD ; &D ; awmf r m&ZÆ o nf ol \ xl ; jcm;aomynm&yf r sm;ud k toHk;cs&if;&efoludkrsufjcnfrjywfaxmufvSrf;onf/ ]]awm&JY avjynfxJrSm igvloHk;OD;&JY teHYudk &w,f? vltrsm;MuD; r[kwfbl;&mr? vu©PeJY oDwma'0DyJ &Sdvdrfhr,fxifw,f? wjcm;ppfonfrsm; r&Sdbl;? aeOD; igtay:u MunhfvdkufOD;r,f}} OD;&D;awmfonf &SOfhwpfaumifuJhodkY uRef;yifMuD;wpfyifxdyfzsm;okdYwufoGm;onf/ cPtMumwGifjyefqif;vmonf/ olYvufxJwGifaoG;rsm; ayaeonf/ ]]opfyifcGMum;rSm pyg;MuD;ajrGwpfaumifawGYvdkY owfypfcJh&w,f? a[h . . wdkYrsm; olwdkY&JY rvSrf;rurf;udk a&mufaeMujyD? a[m[kdxif&SL;awm&JYwpfzufrSm a&wHcGef&Sdw,f? a&wHcGefteD;rSm ausmuf*la&SYrSm t&Sdefaop rD;zdkwpfck? ausmuf*lxJrSm oif;wdkY&Sd&r,f}} vuf p m;acsowf j zwf & r,h f &ef o l r sm; teD ; csOf ; uyf & jyD j zpf a omaMumih f uRef y f w k d Y ud k , f w G i f ; ü ppfaoG;rsm;qla0aeonf/ xdk&efolrsm;ESifh twl cspfoloDwma'0Dvnf; twl&Sdaeygvm; [laom todjzifhvnf; uREfkfyf\&iftHkonf vIyfckefvsuf &Sdaeawmhonf/ xif;&SL;awmtkyftpyfodkY uREkfyfwkdYa&mufvmMuavjyD/ a&wHcGefrS wa0ga0ga&usoHqlnHaeonf/ a&wHcGefteD;rS ausmuf*lMuD;wpfck udkvnf; rkd;aomuf tvif;wGif rIdif;ndKYpGm awGYae&jyD/ausmuf*l0odkYazsmhawmhaom aea&mifjcnfwef;wpfckusa&mufvmonf/ *l0ae&m tenf;i,fvif;xdefoGm;onf/ aea&mifjcnfwef;aMumifhr[kwf/ oDwma'0D ay:xGufvmaomaMumifh jzpfonf/ oDwma'0Donf eufarSmifaom oHyifwpfaxG;MuD;udk ajzcsxm;onf/ ezl;qHpwGif qHyifteufacGrsm;jzmusaeonf/ olonfa&wHcGef&Sd&modkYaMumh&Sif;vSypGm avQmufoGm;jyD; a&jyifwGifarsmaeonfh yef;yGifhrsm;udk q,f,laeonf/ yef;yGifhrsm;udk vufckyfwGif;okdYxnfhí arG;MuLaeavonf/ xdkYaemufa&xJodkYvufudk ESpfvdkufjyD; ajyjypfaom vnfwkdifudk armhum rsufESmqDodkYa&pufrsm;jzifh jznf;nif;pGm awmuf a eavonf / ezl ; yg;jyif x uf w G i f uEJ G Y uvs oD ; aeaom a&puf r sm;onf aea&mif w G i f a&TrIefav;rsm;jzpfaeonf/ uREkfyfonf vufpm;ajcowfjzwfyJGudk arhavsmh oGm;jyD; cspfol\tvSü epfjrKyfoGm;onf/ olYteD;wGif MuJjyefYvsuf&Sdaom yef;yGifhtaMuGrsm;rSm uREkfyf\ESvHk;onf;yGwfrS tptersm;jzpfonf[k awG;xifrdavonf/ tvSüepfajrmaeaom uREkyf \ f ab;rS vIy&f mS ;oHwpfcak y: xGuv f maomaMumifh owdrsm;jyefvnf0ifa&mufvmonf/ *rÇ D \ a&T o rif o nf j ruf c if ; ay:rS j zwf í oD w ma'0D & S d & ma&wH c G e f \ onf r S m buf a &td k i f p yf o d k Y vSypGmckefaygufajy;0ifoGm;avonf/ *rÇDonf orifi,f\ rsufvHk;&Sd&modkY pl;pkdufMunhf&if; EIwfrSwdk;wdwfpGm a&&Gwfaeonf/ trdefYay;oHvdkvdk xif&onf/ orifi,fonf a&tdkifpyfwGif &yfwefYjyD; a&iHkYaomufvdkufavonf/ 58


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol EI w f o D ; ud k a&xJ o d k Y xd k ; ES p f í jyef a zmf v d k u f j yD ; OD ; acgif ; ud k cg,rf ; vd k u f & m a&puf r sm;onf oD w ma'0D b uf o d k Y pOf u soG m ;avonf / oD w ma'0D o nf xd w f v ef Y oG m ;jyD ; vS r f ; Munf h v d k u f o nf / ol\EIwfcrf;vTmuav;rsm; yGifhtmoGm;Muonf/ orifi,fav;udk &Tef;jrpGmpdkufMunfhaeonf/ orifav;uvnf; OD ; acgif ; ud k aMumh a rmh p G m axmif v suf oD w ma'0D u d k pd k u f M unf h a eonf / *rÇ D \ EI w f z sm;rS wd k ; wd w f a om a&&GwfoHxGufay:vm jyefonf/ orifi,fonf oDwma'0Dudk vspfvsL&Ivsuf a&iHkYaomufjyefonf/ a&pdkoGm;aom EIwfoDrsm;udka&SYvufjzifh yGwfoyfvdkufonf/ oDwma'0D\rsufESmwGif tjyHK;&dyf wpfckay:vmjyD; vufudk a&xJodkYESpfí orifqDodkY a&rsm;jzifh ywfzsef;vdkufonf/ orifi,fonf rsufESmESifh vnfukyfay:üpkdoGm;aom a&rsm;udk rqdkpavmuf cgxkwfvkdufjyD; a&aomjrJ q uf a omuf a ejyef o nf / arS m f & k H a [0ef t wG i f ; &S d a &wH c G e f atmuf w G i f oD w ma'0D E S i f h orifi,fwkdY\vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;udk Munfhae&onfrSm xl;qef; tHhMozG,faom yef;csDyHkwpfcktvm;yif/ rdrdtm;vspfvsL&Iaeonfh a&Torifudk oDwmonf zrf;qD;&efa&tdkifpyfrS avQmufvmonf/ orifi,fvefYajy;rnfudk pdk;&drfwMuD;jzifh jznf;nif;pGmvm[efrSm wkvGwfuif;aom tvStywpfckjzpfawmhonf/ orifi,fonf a&aomufae&mrS acgif;armhvkdufjyD; em;&Gufrsm;udk pGifhum;vsuf euf a rS m if a om rsuf v H k ; rsm;jzif h oD w ma'0D u d k pd k u f M unf h v d k u f o nf / oD w ma'0D \ vI y f & S m ;[ef r S m vnf ; &yfwefYoGm;onf/ yuwdjidrfoufoGm;onfh xdkt&mESpfckudk Munfh&ifuREkfyfonf a&Torif\rsufvHk;ESifh oDwma'0D\rsufvHk;tpHkwkdYudk EIdif;,SOfMunfhvdkufrdayonf/ oDwma'0D\rsufvHk;rsm;u tEkdif&oGm;avonf/ *rÇDu wkd;wdwfnifompGm qufvufa&&Gwfonf/ orifi,fonf a&tdik t f pyfrS cGmjyD; jrufcif;ay:odYk avQmufvmjyD; a&SYajcESpzf ufukd 'l;axmuf0yfcsvdu k o f nf/ xdkYaemufOD;acgif;udk armhíavxJwGif teHYcHaeavonf/ oDwma'0Dvnf; a&tkdifpyfokdYpGefYcGmvmjyD; jrufcif;ay:odkYavQmufvmonf/ reD;ra0;wGif &yfvdkufjyD; oG,faysmif;aomvufudk a&SYodkYqefYwef;í orifi,ftm; vSrf;vifhaeonf/ &TifjyaomtjyHK;rsm; ol\rsufESmwGif tjynfht0yGifhzl;aeavonf/ vufudk vSrf;&if; oDwma'0Donf a&SYodkY wa&GYa&GYcsOf;uyfvmaomtcg orifi,fonf rwfwwf&yfvsuf jznf; nif;pGmaemufokdY qkwfvSrf;oGm;onf/ oDwma'0D&yfwefYvdkufaomtcg orifi,fvnf; &yfwefYvdkufonf/ oDwmonf vufESpfzufudk a0SY,rf;vsuf orifi,fudk zrf;,lvdkufonf/ odkYaomf orifi,fonf vSypGm ckefaygufa&Smifwdrf;vsuf rvSrf;rurf;wGif a&SmifxGufoGm;jyD; vnfudk armhí Munfhaejyefonf/ w&d*rÇD\toHrSm wdk;wdwfpGmxGufay:vsuf/oDwm a'0Donf ydkí owdMuD;aom[efjzifh orifi,f&Sd&modkY wdk;oGm;jyefonf/þ orifi,fonf aemufqkwfroGm;awmhbJ wa&GYa&GYcsOf;uyfvmonfh oDwma'0Dudkom &Tef;vJhpGm pkdufMunfhaeonf/ oDwmonf teD;qHk;ae&modkY csOf;uyfoGm;rdjyD/ ol\vufudk orifi,f\OD;acgif;xufokdYwifvdkufjyD/ orifi,fvnf; &kef;xGufíroGm;/ oDwma'0Du orifav;\OD;acgif;udk vufjzifh jznf;nif;pGm yGwfoyf&if; EIwfrS wzGzGa&&Gwfaeonf/ cspfol\rsufESmrSm arSmf&kHa[0ef eHeufcif;\ bk&ifr jzpfayawmhonf/ vuFm'Dybk&iftjzpf\ &mZrmefudk acwÅz,f&Sm;íqdk&ygrl þtckduf wGif uREKfyfonf orifi,fav;udk remvdkr&Iqdwfjzpfrdonf/ oDwma'0Donf orif\OD;acgif;udk ,k,pGm yGwfoyfay;&if; usefvufwpfzufjzifh orif\ausmjyifay:okdY okdif;zufvdkufonf/ xdktcg orifi,fonfckefaygufxGufajy; oGm;avonf/ wkefvIyfoGm;aom oDwma'0Dudk pGefYcGmvsuf orifonf a&wHcGefrS pD;qif;vmaom a&tvsOf\atmufbufwpfae&modkYajy;oGm;&if; em;&Gwfrsm;udk vI y f & rf ; aeavonf / oD w ma'0D v nf ; ausmuf * l t wG i f ; od k Y 0if o G m ;avonf / oD w ma'0D aysmufuG,foGm;aomtcga&wHcGefw0dkufa'o\jrifuGif;onf ajcmufuyf oGm;avonf/ ]]b,fvdkvJ *rÇDeifhorif}} ]]&SL; . . .pum;rajymeJYtudkawmf? ol &mrudk oGm;ac:vdrfhr,f? a[m . . .olwdkYjyefxGufvmMujyD}} oDwma'0Donf &mr\vufarmif;udk wJGcdkvsuf *lxJrS jyefxGufvmonf/ &mronf uREkfyfrarhEkdifaom 0wf&kHpdrf;udk qifjref;xm;onf wum; . . /

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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol eHeufcif; avnif;0,folwdkYqDrS toHoJhoJh Mum;&onf/ ]]b,frSmvJ ESrawmf oDwm}} ]][dkrSmav armifawmf ? olb,frS xGufrajy;bl;}} orifi,fav;onf a&wHcGefatmufbuf rlvae&mwGif &yfjrJjzpfonf/ *rÇDonf pl;&SaomrsufvHk;rsm;jzifh olYorif\ rsufvHk;rsm;udk pl;;pkdufMunfh&if; EIwfrS tqufrjywf a&&Gwfaeonf/ &mronf OD;acgif;udk jznf;nif;pGmcg&r;fvkdufonf/ olYqDrS toHvGifh0J vmonf/ ]]'DtcsdefawGrSm orifawG tkyfvdkufa&aomufqif;&r,f/ odkdYaomfvleJY'DavmufeD;wJh ae&mudk rvmoifhbl;? jyD ; awmh o rif i ,f [ m i,f & G , f v S y vG e f ; w,f ? awm&J Y obm0 taoG ; tarG ; rsd K ;vnf ; r[k w f b ;? tifrwefuRrf;usifolwpfOD;u vufoyfarG;jrLxm;wJh taoG;tarG;? jyD;awmh i,f&G,fvSyvGef;wJh 'Dae&mudk wpfaumifwnf;rvmoifhbl; . . . 'g[m }} ]]zrff;ay;yg armifawmf}} ] ]oDwm&,f? armifawmfajymwm em;axmifygtHk;? qdkcJhwJhjzpf&yfawGudk axmuf&Ijcif; tm;jzifh 'Dorifi,f&JY aemufrSm tEÅ&m,fawGuyfygaevdrfhr,fvdkY armifbk&m;xifw,f? 'Dorifa&muf&Sdvmjcif;[m awm&JY obm0eJY qefYusifaew,f}} orifi,fonf a&pyfwavsmufü aysmf&GifpGm ckefaygufjrL;wl;aeayonf/jrufcif;ay:ü 0yfvdkuf? EIwfoD;udk jrufcif;üyGwfoyfvdkuf jzifh tvGefcspfzG,faumif;aom vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;udk jyKaeonf/ ]]oDwm&JYqE´udk armifawmf rvdkufavsmbl;aygh? [if}} ]]em;axmifygOD; tcspf&,f}} oDwma'0Donf &mrtm; zufwG,fxm;aom vufrsm;udk z,f&Sm;&if; EIwfcrf;rsm; ay:odkYvufacsmif;rsm;jzifh tkyfrdk;vdkufavonf/ol\vHk;0ef;aom ycHk;av;rsm; wodrfhodrfhvIyfvmonf/ ]]oDwm .. . . 'Da&Torifav;udk rydkifqdkif&&if a[m'DarSmf&kHa[0efrSm wpfa,muf wnf; ae&pfcJhawmhr,f? eHeufwdkif;a&aomufqif;vmr,fh orifav;udk apmihfpm;&if; ola&mufvmwJhtcgrSm oleJYaqmhupm;&if;eJYyJ oDwm&JYaeYawGudk tcsdefukefapawmhr,f? armifawmfwdkYom c&D;qufxGufMuygawmh}} &Snfvsm;eufarSmifaom qHyifwkdYudk qkyfe,f&if; idkaMuG;aeonfh cspfoltm; jrifae&onfh twGuf uREkfyf&ifxJrSmvnf; vIdufvSJvmonf/ a&Torifudk uREfkyfzrf;qD;íom ay;vdkufcsifawmhonf/ ]]tudkawmf bmjzpfvdkYvIyf&Sm;vdkuf&wmvJ? jidrfjidrfaeyg}} *rÇDu uREkfyfem;odkYuyfí owday;avonf/ ]]armifawmfajymwmudk em;axmifvdkufygoDwm&,f? tck . . . }} ]]em;raxmifyg&apeJYawmh armifawmf? oDwmudk xm;cJhygawmh}} ydí k onf;xefpmG idak MuG;aeaom oDwma'0Dukd ai;pdu k Mf unfv h suf&mronf OD;acgif;udk cg,rf;vdu k jf yefonf/ xdkYaemufolonf *lwGif;odkYvSnfhíwpfpHkwpfck ajymvdkufonf/ *lwGif;rS vu©PxGufvmonf/ vu©P\vufxJrS av;ESifhjrm;udk &mronf vSrf;,lvdkufavonf/þav;um; uREkfyfb,fawmhrS arhr&Ekdifaom av;jzpfonf/ a&Ta&mifvufudkif a&Teef;rsm;jzifh oGef;cwfxm;onfh av;n§dKYt|pE´mav; . . ./ &mronf udk,fwGifjrm;udkwyfvsuf iifvdkufjyD; orifi,f&Sd&modkYcsdef&G,fvdkufonf/ *rÇu D , kd w f ikd f vIyv f yI &f mS ;&Sm;jzpfomG ;onf/ uREkyf u f tpDtpOfrsm; ysufjyD[k xifrw S v f u kd af wmhonf/ odYk aomf uREfkyf\tcspfonf uREkfyf\tpDtpOfü tqifajypGm yg0ifvmayonf/ oDwmonf av;ndKYiifaeonfh &mr\vufudk z,fvdkufonf/ ]]cspfp&m a&Torifudk owfjyD; oDwm&JY&ifudk aMuuGJatmifvkyfrvdkYvm;armifawmf? 'Dav;ndKYudk jyefvnfavsmhcs? 'Djrm;udk jyef;odrf;jyD; a&Torifudk t&Sifzrf;ay;yg? t,k'¨,eef;awmfu yef;O,smOfrSm a&TavSmiftdrfav;wpfck wnfaqmufjyD; oluav;udk oDwmarG;xm;csifw,f}}

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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol *rÇ D \ tpD t pOf t & ,ck t csd e f q d k v sif OD ; &D ; awmf r m&ZÆ v nf ; ajrmuf b uf a wmtk y f xJ w G i f toifhapmihfaejyDjzpfonf/ xdkt&yfa'orS xGufay:vmrnfh qif&dkif;tkyf MuD;atmfoH? jcaoFha[mufoH? opfyifjydKvJoHrsm;udk uREkfyfem;pGifhaerdonf/ *rDÇ\tpDtpOfonf acsmacsmarmarm jzpfygrnfavm[kvnf; uREkfyfpdwfrSm wxifhxifh jzpfaerdonf/ &mrrif;om;wdkYtm;,ckausmuf*lpcef;wGif wdkufcdkufjyD; oDwma'0Dudk ac:aqmifomG ;Ekid yf gvsuf tb,faMumifh vQdKY0u S &f yI af xG;aom tpDtpOfukd uREfyk v f ufcrH o d enf;[k awG;awmrdonf/ odYk aomf uREfyk \ f ESrawmf w&d*rÇo D nfoYl tudk 'o*D&u d o hJ Ykd jyif;xefaom ppfaoG;ppfrmefwYkd ukd aqmifvsuf vSyaom uvJ h p m;acsrI u d k jyKvk y f & ef q E´ j yif ; jyayrnf [ k uREk f y f p Of ; pm;vd k u f o nf / ol \ a&T o rif E S i f h ol\rd*gaoe*Fynmudkvnf; rjzpfjzpfatmif toHk;cscsifayvdrfhrnf/ uREkyf o f nf awmpyfcsHKykwaf emufu, G w f iG f usm;opfwaumif\jidro f ufjcif;rsdK;jzifh wku d yf \ JG jzpfay:vmrnfh tqifhrsm;udk apmifhpm;aerdonf/ oDwma'0Donf a&wHcGefteD;wGif&yfí &mrxGufcGmoGm;&m ajrmufbuft&yfqDodkY pdwftm;xufoefpGm ai;arQmfaeavonf/ vu©Purl ausmuf*l0wGif wHcg;rSL;udk,f&Hawmf ppfonfwpfOD;uJhodkY apmifhMuyfaeonf/ usa&mufvmawmhrnfh vSnfhpm;rIudk olwdkYrodMu/ þtcdkuftwefYumv0,f uREfkfyf\tawG;tvsOfxJwGifwdkufyGJaoe*FAsL[monf aysmufuG,faejyD/ oDwma'0Dtm; vuFm'DyodkYac:aqmifoGm;onfh vrf;c&D;ürnfodkYaom pum;rsm;udk ajym&rnfenf;[k pdwful;aerdonf/ aMumuf&GYHxdwfvefYrIjzifh uREfkyf\tcspfonf arhajrmoGm;avrnfvm;? wkefvIyfajcmufjcm;pGmjzifh oliakd MuG;avrnfvm;/ arhajrmoGm;onfjzpfap? idak MuG;aeonfjzpfap? oDwma'0Donf vuFm'Dybk&if\ppf&xm;ay:ü yg&Sdvm&ayawmhrnf/ &efol\aoG;jzifhom vdrf;usHcJh&aom uREkfyf\&xm;ay:wGiftvStyonf zl;yGifhacsawmhrnf/ uREkfyf\ vIyfckefaom&ifrStoHudk olwdkYMum;oGm;rnfpkd;ojzifh &ifudkvufESifh tkyfvdkufrdonf/ a&Torifudk ayGYydkufvsuf &mrrif;om; jyefvmrnfudk awG;&if; oDwma'0Donf aysmf&Tifae[efwlonf/ xdkYaMumihfol\vSy0if;0gaomrsufESmwGif tjyHK;&dyfwkdYoD;yGifhaejcif;jzpfonf/ vu©Pürl wif;rmaomrsufESmxm;ESifh ausmuf*l0ü rwkefrvIyfapmifhMuyfjrJjzpfonf/ oDwma'0Donf a&wHcGefatmufajc ausmufwHk;rsm;Mum;wGif yG i f h a eonf h opf c G y ef ; rsm;ud k cl ; qG w f a eayonf / tcsd K Yud k a&tvsOf x J o d k Y ajcG c sarsmygaponf / oDwm\vIyf&Sm;[eftvHk;pHkwGif tvSonf wnfrSDudef;atmif;aeonf/ ]]'DopfcGyef;av;vdk rif;udk,fwkdifvnf; usKyf&JY tcspfa&tvsOfrSm a0h0dkufarsmyg . . . . }} qGwfysHYaom uREfkyf\ tawG;prsm;tm;vHk; tqHk;rowfvdkuf&acs/ ajrmufbufqDrS qif&dkif;atmfoHwpfck xGufay:vmonf/ xdkYaemufqiftkyfMuD; wpfckrS qif&kdif;rsm; atmfoH wpfcJeufjrnf[nf;vmonf/ opfyifMuD;rsm; usdK;usoHESifh opfyifrsm;ay:odkYqif&kdif;tkyfrsm; jzwfausmf eif;ajy;oHrsm;vnf; ay:vmonf/ jcaoFha[mufoH? usm;[def;oHrsm;/ OD;&D;awmfrm&ZÆonf ol\y#yu©aoe*FAsL[mjzifh opfyifMuD;rsm;udk wajzmif; ajzmif;csdK;vsuf qif&dkif;? jcaoFhatmfoHrsm;udk zefwD;vdkufayjyD/ *rÇD\tpDtpOfonf wpf0ufodkY csOf;eif;0ifa&mufayjyD/ oDwma'0Donf opfcGyef;rsm;udk pGefYcGmvsuf xdwfvefYacsmufcsm;pGmjzifh ausmuf*l qDodkY ajy;oGm;avonf/ vu©Ponf ausmuf*al y:odYk ckew f ufvsuf ajrmufbuf awmtkyq f o D Ykd arQmfMunfv h u kd o f nf/ pd;k &dryf yl efjcif;toGiu f kd olwdkY\rsufESmay:ü uREkyfxif&Sm;pGmawGYjrifae&onf/ xd k Y aemuf o D w ma'0D o nf ol \ rwf a wmf a rmif vu© P tm; wpf p H k w pf c k a jymqd k v suf ajrmuft&yfqDodkYvufndK;nTefjyonf/ arSmf&kHa[0efwpfckvHk; tHk;tHk;uRufuRuf jrnfaeaom toHrsm;aMumifh olwdkY\pum;oHrsm;udk uREkfyfrMum;&acs/ uvJhpm;acsrI\ y&d,m,ftwGif;odkY oufqif;aMumuf&GYHaeonfh oDwma'0DudkMunfh&if; uREkfyfonf auseyf0rf;ajrmufaerdonf/ vu©Ponfausmuf*lxufrS oDwma'0Da&SYodkYckefqif;vdkufjyD; 'l;axmufvdkufonf/ oDwma'0Du ajrmufbuft&yfqDodkY vufndK;nTef&i;f wwGwfwGwfajymaeonf/ vu©POD;acgif;udk twGifom,rf;&i;fjyefajymaeonf/

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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol olYxHodkY qufvufwdk;0ifoGm;&efrpGrf;ombJ uREKfyfajcaxmufrsm;onf a&muf&Sdonhfae&mwGif pJGjrJpGm &yfoGm;Muavonf/ awmifq,fvHk;udk wpfckjyD;wpfck ckefvTm;vsufawmifuvyfrS ajrGa[mufMuD;rsm;&Sd&modkY w[k e f x d k ; ajy;0if c J h a om 'o*D & d \ ajcaxmuf r sm;onf tb,f a Mumif h &yf w ef Y aeaom tvS & S d & mod k Y qufvufra&GY&Sm;&ovJ/ uREkfyfonf rdrdudk,frdrd rESpfjrdKYEkdifjzpfaeonf/ tcspf\El;nHhodrfarYGrIqdkonfum; . . . . þt&myifvm;/ El;nHhodrfarYGrIqdkvQif tcspfrjzpfEkdif/ tcspfwGifvnf; &J&ifhjywfom;&rnf/ cufxefMurf;wrf;&rnf/ uREkfyfonf a&SYudkqufwdk;í cspfol\vufudk zrf;,lvdkufonf/ oDwma'0Donf acsufcsm;pGm wdrf;a&SmifjyD; ab;bufodkYwa&GYa&GYoGm;aejyefonf/ ]]rif;b,fvdkyJ a&GYvsm;a&GYvsm; 'Dausmuf*l&JY tjyifudk ra&mufEkdifbl; oDwma'0D/ rif;&JYa&GYvsm;rIrSeforQ[m usKyf&JYvuftpHktwGif;qDomjzpf&awmhr,f/ vIyf&Sm;xGufajy;zdkY cGeftm;udk toHk;rjyKygeJY? cGeftm;qdkwm tvStyeJY roufqkdifwJh t&mjzpfygw,f/ rif;taeeJY tvStyudkom qifjref;xm;ygoDwma'0D? cGeftm;udk raqmifygeJY? aqmif&ifvJ tcsnf;tESD;yJ jzpfygvdrfhr,f/ cGeftm;eJY bkef;vuf&kef;qdkwm usKyfydkifqkdifwJht&mjzpfw,f/ rif;ydkifqkdifwmu tvS? 'gaMumifhrif;[m usKyfudk vufcHoabmwlnDjcif;tm;jzifh cGeftm;udkyg ydkifqkdifEKdifygvdrfhr,f? cGet f m;&Sx d m;wJu h sKyfuawmh tvStyudyk ikd q f ikd zf Ykd rif;udk vuFm'Dyudk ac:oGm;&vdrrhf ,f? 'g[m cGet f m;eJY tvStywdYk &YJ xdkufwefaom qufpyfrIyJ? oDwma'0D . . .usKyfajymwm em;vnfw,fr[kwfvm;}} oDwma'0Donf uREfkyfukd ausmfvGefí ausmuf*ltjyifqDodkYMunfhvkdufjyefonf/ ausmuf*l\tjyifrSm arSmf&kHa[0ef\ ajrmuft&yfwGifrl 'o&Xbk&if\ om;awmfESpfa,mufwdkYonf OD;&D;awmfESifh ESrawmfwdkY\ y&d,m,fü pkef;pkef;epfjrKyfaeMuacsjyD/ ]]ausmuf*&l YJ tjyifbufvm; oDwma'0D? tJ'rD mS a&wHceG pf rf;acsmif;eJY ri;farQmcJw h hJ opfcyG ef;av;awGy&J rdS ,f? rif;arQmfvifhaeolrsm;uawmh xl;qef;wJh awmqif&dkif;MuD;wpfaumif&JY vufxJrSm rdaeavmufjyDav [m; . . . [m; . . .[m; . .. }} xl;qef;wJh awmqif&kdif;MuD;wpfaumif[laom uREkfyftoHk;tEIef;udk rdrdudk,frdrd oabmusvSojzifh uREkfyf&,farmrdawmhonf/uREkfyf\atmifyJGcH&,farmoHonf ausmuf*ltwGif; [def;oGm;avawmhonf/ oDwma'0DrSm ,ckxduREfkyftm; pum;wpfvHk;rS jyefrajymatmf[pfjcif;vnf;r&Sd/ arSmf&kHa[0ef\ ausmuf*ltwGif; þtjzpfoepfrsm;udk &ifqkdifvdkuf&onfhtwGuf ol\aMumufvefYjcif;onf ol\toHudk zHk;vTr;foGm;&Smayvdrfhrnf/ aMumuf&GYHwkefvIyfrIxJrS tvS/ ]]vmygoDwma'0D? usKyfeJYtwl vuFm'Dyudk oGm;MupdkY}} olYvufudk uREkfyfqJG,lvdkufonf/ xdktcgrSyif oDwma'0Donf &kef;uef;ayawmhonf/ 'o&D*dvufjzifh qkyfudkifrdorQ b,ft&mrS jyefí vGwfoGm;onfr&Sday/ ]]r&kef;eJY oDwma'0D/ tcsnf;ESD;yJ? tcsnf;ESD; . . . }} ]]oGm; . . .oGm; . .. bDvl;vdkcufxefwJh . . }} ]]bm . . }} olYEIwfrS yxrqHk;pum;wpfvHk; us,favmifpGmxGufay:vmonf/ xdkpum;onf uREkfyftwGuf 'kwd,tMudrfMum;&aom pum;vHk;jzpfonf/ ausmuf*lMuD;uREkfyftay:odkY jydKusvmovdk uREkfyfwkefvIyf&onf/ acsmufcsm;pGmjzihfuREkfyf vTwfvdkufrdonf/ uREkfyf\rsufvHk;rsm; rD;0if;0if;awmufaeonf[k xifonf/ þpum;rSefonf/ uREkfyf\rsufvHk;tpHkrS emMunf;rI a'gorD;vQH\ tylaMumifh vSyaomyef;yGifhonf &kwfcsnf;ndK;avsmfacGusoGm;avonf/arhajrmoGm;aom oDwma'0Dudk ayGYcsDvsuf uREkfyfausmuf*ltjyifbufodkY xGufcJhonf/ ppfjrif;q,faumifu &xm;&Sd&modkY vmcJhjyD; ckefwufvdkufonf/ arSmf&kHa[0efrS awmqif&kdif;atmfoHESifh opfyifjydKvJoHrsm; a0;í usef&pfcJhavonf/

64


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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]at; . . [kwjf yD? q,fa,muf? av;a,mufu oDwma'0Dtem;rSmae? owdjyef&vm&if olcikd ;f wmtvd&k w dS m tuk e f v k y f a y;?a[h . . ol u rcd k i f ; apeJ Y eif w d k Y bmom tm;vH k ; tqif o if h j yKpk ? oH k ; a,muf u puf&maqmif&JYwHcg;0rSmapmifh? usefwJhoHk;a,mufu taumif;qHk;0wfpm;wefqm0wfqifjyD; tem;rSmaeMu? eifwdkYaMumifh oDwma'0D txdwfwvefYjzpf&&if eifwkdYudk om;awmfarCem'qDjyefrydkYbl;? &Jruf&ifjyifu vSHwHavhusifhwJhpuf0kdif;awGrSm csdwfqJGypfr,f? em;vnfvm;}} ]]a[h taqmifawmf0ef vmprf;? a[m'DavomaqmifrSm a&Tjcnfazmufy0gawGeJY umvdkufprf;? ovGef&JYaemufbufrSm taumif;qHk;Oa'gif;awmifawGukd jzefYMuufxm;vdkuf? jyD;awmhavomaqmif&JY rsufESm0rSm ykvJMudK;awGoG,fwef; usaeayap? jyD;awmh *E¨rmvmO,smOfu opfcGyef;rSeforQ 'Dudk,lvmcJh? 'gawGtm;vHk; oDwma'0Dowdjyefr&rDrSmjyD;atmif vkyfxm;?Mum;&JYvm;}} oDwma'0DESifh uREkfyfESpfMudrfomqHk&ayonf/ rdxdvmav;wifyGJESifh arSmf&kHa[0ef ausmuf*lpcef;? þESpfMudrf\ae&mESpfckrS oDwma'0DESpfjcdKufaomjrifuGif;rsm;udk uREkfyfpHkvifatmifzefwD;&ayrnf/ ]]igtrdeYf ay;xm;wJv h al wGuvJjG yD; usefwo hJ al wGtm;vH;k 'Dae&muxGuo f mG ;Muprf;? roufqidk w f o hJ al wGxu J wpfpHkwpfa,mufaMumiffh oDwma'0D taESmuft,SufjzpfoGm;&if tJ'Dvludk ppfjrif;q,faumifu&xm;eJY oHcRefbD;awGeJY ...}} ]]aemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf}} bdbdoeonf puf&maqmif0odkYa&mufvmonf/ nDawmf\rsufESmrSm aoG;qkyfjzLa&mfaeonf/ olonfEIwfcr;frsm;udk tm;,lívIyf&if;ajcmufaoGYaom toHjzifhqufajymavonf/ ]]OD;&D;awmfeJY *rÇDwkdY a&mufvmMujyD]] ]]aMomf[kwfayom;yJ}} owdr&ao;onfhcspfolaMumifh uREkfyfonf vuFm'Dyeef;awmfüjyefqHkMu&rnfh OD;&D;awmfESifhESrawmfwdkYudk arhavsmhoGm;rdayonf/ *rÇDonfol\tusOf;om;rsm;udkzrf;qD;vsuf oDwma'0DESifhwuGaom uREkfyfudk awGYqHkaumif;csD;ay;&efa&muf&SdvmayjyD/ ]][kdtm&d,eftusOf;om;awGudk xm;cJhjyD; OD;&D;awmfeJY *rÇDudk vmcJhzdkYajymvdkuf bdbdoe}} ]]olwdkY'Dudk vmwmxufaemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwfu eef;awmfcef;rqDvma&muf&ifydkaumif;ygvdrfhr,f aemifawmf}} nDawmfbdbdoeonf xdrQavmufaompum;udkajymjyD;aemuftm;tifukefcrf;oGm; ouJhodkY eef;wkdifudk vufjzifhzrf;,lqkyfudkifvdkufonf/ bdbdoeu tpOftjrJEGrf;e,faeolyifwnf;/ ]]at; 'gyd k a umif ; wmayh g ? 'D r S m oD w ma'0D a rh a jrmaew,f a v? wd k u f y J G a Mumif h a rmyef ; vmjyD ; arSmf&kHa[0ef&JYtaiGYtoufawGygvmr,fh olwdkYudk'Dae&mac:cJhwm raumi;faybl;? igvmr,f}} uREk f y f o nf puf & maqmif x J r S xG u f í eef ; aqmif c ef ; rqD o d k Y vmcJ h o nf / ,ck x d puf & maqmif w H c g;wG i f r S D & yf a eonf h bd b d o ea&S Y rS jzwf c h J o nf / OD ; &D ; awmf r m&ZÆ \ MuD ; rm;aom &iftkyfMuD;udkw0kef;0kef;xkESufvsuf olYudkaumif;csD;ay;&ayrnf/ ESrawmf*rÇDtwGufrlum; ... ESrawmf*rÇDESifha&Toriffrlum;? wpfpif;wnf;aomjrm;wH\ azmufxGif;pJG0ifrIwGif wHpdkYuifxm;ouJhodkYyif/ 'koESifhc&wdkYaoG;ajruscJhaomae&mrSmyif orifi,fESifh *rÇDwkdY\aoG;rsm;vnf; ,dkpD;tdkifxGef;aeMujyD/ orifi,fESihf aoG;ESifh *rÇD\aoG;wkdYonf a&maxG;aejyD/ ]]w . . .&d . . .*rÇD eifb,fvdkjzpf&wmvJ}} uREk f y f o nf ol w d k Y v J u sae&mod k Y wpf [ k e f x d k ; ajy;oG m ;jyD ; *rÇ D u d k ayG Y v d k u f o nf / orif i ,f o nf toufukefaeacsjyD/ ]]*rÇD . .*rÇD ESrav;}} *rÇD\ rSdwfaeaomrsufvHk;tpHkwkdY jznf;nif;pGmyGifhvmonf/ ]]oDwma'0D a&mufaejyDr[kwfvm;tudkawmf}} ]] . . . . .}} ]]ESrawmfauseyfw,f? tudkawmftwGufolYudkac:vmEkdifcJhw,f? 'gayr,fh &efolawGygrvmbl;}} 66


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]oif;wdkY b,frSmvJ *rÇD}} ]]udoudE´mjynfbuf oGm;MujyD? &mreJYvu©P}} ]]eifwkdYb,fvdkjzpf&wmvJ *rÇD? eifb,fvdkjzpf&wmvJ ... eifb,fvdkjzpf&wmvJ ...}} ]]&mrudkajrmufbufawmtkyfqDac:vmcJhw,f? OD;&D;awmf&JYtpGrf;[m tHhrcrf;yJ?'gayr,fh oif;odoGm;w,f? av;eJYjrm;xkwfjyD; . . .}} *rÇD\jrm;'Pf&mrS aoG;rsm; aemufxyfrxGufvmawmhacs/ olrsufESmonf ausmufovi;fpm;yJGuJhodkY jzLazG;vmonf/ EIwfcrf;rsm;u yAÁwcHwyfyHpHi,f&THap;rsm;vdk rnf;jymvmMuonf/ ]]&efolrsm;udk ac:rvmEkdifvdkY ESrawmfudkcGifhvGwfyg/ 'gayr,fh ...}} xdck Pü r,HMk unfEidk pf &maumif;avmufatmif xl;jcm;aomtjzpftysufrsm;jzpfysufomG ;cJah yonf/ *rÇo D nf pl;0ifaeaomjrm;wHudk tvHk;pHkuRwfxGufoGm;atmifqJGEkwfvdkufonf/ 'Pf&mrS aemufqHk;aoG;rsm;tefusvmonf/ aoG;wdkYukefcef;aejyDjzpfaomol\cE¨monf vJusae&mrS ,drf;,dkfifíxvmonf/ ta&miftaoG;qkwfaejyDjzpfonfh rsufvHK;rsm;onf tHhMozG,f&mpl;&SawmufajymifvmjyD; uRekfyfudk azmufxGif;rwwf pl;pl;0g;0g;Munfhvdkufonf/ þrsufvHk;rsm;um; 'oryAÁwrS uREkfyfqif;oufvmpOf ?tok&mrif;\ppf&xm;udkarmif;ESifjyD; jyefqdkufa&mufpOf? tok&mrCppfyJGtjyD; uREkfyf vuFm'DyodkYjyefa&mufpOftcgrsm; ol\tudkuReftm;av;jrwfMunfndKpGm pl;pkdufMunfhcJhaom w&d*rÇD\rsufvHk;rsm;yifwnf;/ ]]vuF m 'D y bk & if r if ; jrwf j'm0d ' d , ef a oG ; xJ r S m ES r awmf & J Y 0d O mOf v S n f h y wf c d k a tmif ; aer,f ? &efoludkvufpm;acsyg? tm*d,efawGudkwdkufcdkufarmif;ESifyg? vuFm'Dyt . . . "GefY&Snfygap}} w&d*rÇDonfyAÁwyHkpHi,f ausmufovif;pm;yJGay:odkY vJusoGm;avonf/ aoG;jcif;jcif;eDaeaom ol\vufonf nDawmfbdbdoeaqmufvkyfonfh e0ryAÁwawmifESifh 'oryAÁwawmifMum; cHwyfyHkpHi,ftm; wif;usyfpGmqkyfudkifxm;ayonfwum; . . . ]]*rÇD ...}} ]]*rÇD ...}} uREk f y f E S i f h nD a wmf b d b d o e\atmf o H E S p f c k us,f a vmif p G m xG u f u svmonf / vuF m 'D y bk & if 'o*D & d E S r awmf ? orif & k d i f ; rsm;\ocif r rd * ga'0D b J G Y & w&d * rÇ D o nf aoG ; tvd r f ; vd r f ; uyf a omud k , f j zif h ol&Jaumif;yDopGm usqHk;oGm;cJhacsjyDwum;. ... aoG ; \teD a &mif w d k Y j ynf h v QH a eaomjrif u G i f ; ü uREk f y f o nf teD r S w yg; cyf o d r f ; aom t&mwd k Y u d k aysmuf q H k ; aeonf / em;\tm&k H w G i f v nf ; yuwd wd w f q d w f o G m ;onf / uREk f y f j yef v nf owd j yef v nf 0if a &muf v maomtcg yxrqH k ; Mum;vd k u f & onf r S m bd b d o e\id k a MuG ; aeaomtoH j zpf o nf / qufíjyifvdkuf&onfrSm *rÇD\OD;acgif;udk ayGYzufaeaombdbdoe jzpfonf/ ol&Jaumi;fwpfOD;\usqHk;jcif;ESifh tjcm;wpfOD;\idkaMuG;jcif;wGif uREkfyf\aoG;rsm; yGufyGufqlvmonf/ tb,faMumifh idkaMuG;&rnfenf;/ *rÇDtwGuf tb,faMumifhidkaMuG;&rnfenf; / tb,faMumifh ... eef;&ifjyifrS aoG;tdkifxufodkYwpfpHkwpfckwaygufaygufusaeonf/ uREkfyf\rsufvHk;tdrfrS rsuf&nfawG ... ]]tJ'Drsuf&nfawGudk wdwfvdkufprf;? 'g[mj'm0d'd,efol&Jaumif;wJhvm;? bdbdoe rif;wdwfvdkufprf;}} uREkfyfonf "m;ajrmifudk xkwf,lí eH&HqDokdY ypfpdkufvdkufonf/ wpfzufwGif csdwfqJGxm;onfh vHSwHrsm;? "m;rsm;udv k nf; wpfcjk yD;wpfck jzKwf,jl yD; jcaoFOh ;D acgif;yHak zmfxm;onfh a&Ta&mife&H o H Ykd tqufrjywfypfpu dk v f u kd o f nf/ jcaoFhOD;acgif;&kyfyHkudk rjrif&awmhacs/ nD a wmf b d b d o evnf ; id k a MuG ; jcif ; ud k &yf p J v d k u f o nf / &G H & S m puf q k y f z G , f , d k p D ; aeaom uREkfyf\rsuf&nfrsm;vnf; cef;ajcmuf&yfwefYoGm;onf/ uREkfyftoufjyif;jyif;&SLvdkufonf/ ]]aemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf? OD;&D;awmfrm&ZÆ ...}}

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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol \atmufwGif om;&JwGif;&Sdayonf/ oDwma'0Donf anmifapmif;\acgif;&if;qDrS &Snfvsm;aom y0gwpfckudk aumuf,ljyD; vufwGifwif;wif;qkyfvdkufonf/ þyk0gonf [dr0EÅmrS ydk;csnfrQifrsm;ESifh &ufvkyfjyD; tay:wGif a&Tprsm; MuJyufcwfESdyfxm;onfh y0gjzpfonf/ puf&maqmiftwGif;&Sd uREkfyftrdefYay;xm;onfh vHkri,fwkdYonf tvQdKvQdKaysmufuG,foGm;Muavonf/ ]]b,fhES,fhvJ oDwma'0D? j'm0d'd,efaw;*Dwudk rif;em;,OfoGm;jyDr[kwfvm;? vuFm'Dyeef;awmfxJu toHk;taqmifawGeJYvJ &if;ESD;oGm;jyDr[kwfvm;}} oDwmonf a&Ty0gudk wif;usyfpGmqkyfudkif&if; rsufESmudk ikHYxm;avonf/ ]]avomjywif;u ckefcszdkYjyifqifjyD; usKyfudk ESifxkwfzdkYtMuHudkawmh vufvTwfvdkufygawmhoDwma'0D? 'DvdkrSr[kwfbl;qdk&ifvJ avomjywif;&Sd&mudk rif;vmcJhav? usKyf'DrSm&Sdaew,f}} atmufbufrS jcaoFh[def;oHwpfcsufay:vmonf/ ]]tJ'g ... om;&JwGif;qDuyJ oDwma'0D? tJ'DrSm&SdaewJhjcaoFhawG[m tifrwefMuD;rm; &kdif;pkdif;Muw,f? olYudktpmauR;wJh vlawmfawmfrsm;rsm;udkvnf; ol[mowfjzwf ypfcJhaygif;rsm;vSjyD? olYrSmcspfcifwwfwJh ESvHk;om;qdkwmvJr&Sdbl;? &ufpuf Murf;MuKwf rIyJ&Sdw,f? 'gayr,fh tJ'D&ufpufMurf;MuKwfwJhw&dpmäefawG &JYt&SifocifjzpfwJh usKyfrSmawmh cspfcifwwfwJhESvHk;om;&Sdaew,f}} oDwma'0Donf rsufESmudkjyefrazmf? pum;jyefvSefrqdkbJ y0gudkomqkyfe,faeavonf/ vHk;0ef;aom ycHk;rsm;ESifh vSyonfhvufacsmif;rsm;udk Munfh&if; uREkfyf&ifwkdYvIyfcwfvmMuonf/ ]]'gud k r if ; rod b l ; vm;oD w ma'0D ? usKyf & J Y cspf c if w wf w J h ES v H k l ; om;ud k rif ; rod b l ; vm;? odzdkYrMudK;pm;awmhbl;vm;? &ufaygif;rsm;pGmvuFm'Dyeef;awmfxJrSm rif;'DvdkyJaeawmh rSmvm;? usKyf .......}} tjid K ;MuD ; pG m qk y f a jccH a e&aom ol Y v uf x J r S y0gponf uREk f y f u d k , f p m;jzpf a Mumif ; &k w f w &uf em;vnf v d k u f o nf / xd k t cgwG i f uREk f y f o nf aqmuf w nf a ejcif ; iS m rpG r f ; Ek d i f a wmh b J ol Y vuf x J r S y0gpud k q J G , l v d k u f r d a vonf / vuf w G i f ; ü&pf y wf x m;aomaMumif h y0gponf oD w ma'0D v uf t wG i f ; rS vGwu f srvmacs/ xdt k cg&Snv f sm; aom y0gp \tpGe;f wpfzufonf oDwma'0D\vufü? tjcm;tpGe;f wpfzufonf uREkfyf\vufüa&muf&Sdaeavonf/ a&Tprsm;MuJyufxm;onfh ydk;y0gonf rdk;wdrfpwpfckuJhodkY uREkfyfwdkY ES p f O D ; tMum;wG i f oG , f w ef ; aeonf f / rarQmf v if h b J þod k Y j zpf a y:oG m ;jcif ; ü uREk f y f a ysmf & T i f o G m ;rd o nf / y0g\þrSmbuftjrdwfpGef;onf uREkfyf\vufxJü [kdrSmbuftjrdwfpGef;onf oDwma'0D\vufxJü/ oDwma'0Donf rsuf&nfprsm; rajcmufao;aom rsufvHk;tpHkjzifh uREkfyfudk pdrf;pdrf;Munfhaeavonf/ uREkfyf\pum;rsm;ü odkYr[kwf uREkfyf\toHü ouf0ifnGwfEl; jcif;&Sdvm&ef uREkfyftm;xkwf&ayrnf/ ]]'gawG[m tcktckduftwefY usKyf&JYtpDtpOfawGyJ oDwma'0D? rif;taeeJY 'ghxufydkjyD; crf;em;vSywJh t&mawGudk vdktyfao;w,fqdk&ifvJ tckusKyfudk ajymjyygvm;}} ol\yxrOD;qHk;pum;vHk;rsm; xGufay:vmonf/ ]]vuFm'Dybk&if? uRefr&JYar;cGef;awGudk cGifhjyKrvm;}} oDwma'0D\EIwfrS ajyjypfaompum;toHk;udk yxrqHk;tMudrf uREkfyfMum;&jcif;aywnf;/ þrQaom tvStyonf þrQaomcsdKjronfhtoHESifhom vdkufzufavonf/ tb,fhaMumifh oDwma'0Donf ol\csdKjraom rlvtoHudk &ufaygif;rsm;pGm odrf;qnf;xm;&oenf;/ ]]ajymyg oDwma'0D? ajymyg? usKyftjrm;MuD;0rf;ajrmufrdygw,f? oDwma'0Dudk 'o*D&dcGifhrjyKwJh t&mqdkwm r&SdEkdifygbl;}} ]]uRef r ud k 'D e ef ; awmf x J a c:vmjyD ; 'D v d k x m;wm[m tm&d , ef a wG t ay:rS m j'm0d ' d , ef a wG u vTrf;rdk;csKyfudkifEkdifzdkYta&;twGufoHk;cswmvm; vuFm'Dybk&if}} ESvHk;onf;yGwf\0ef;usifü vSnfhvnfaeaomuREkfyf\tawG;wkdYonf rmausmaomar;cGef;rsm;aMumifh acsmufcsm;oGm;&ayonf/ xdktar;udkajz&efuREkfyfpum;vHk;&SmrawGYjzpfoGm;&onf/ ]]b,fvkd ar;vdkufovJoDwma'0D}}

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83


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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol olwYkd um; tdEK´ jrpf0rS ;f a'oodYk 0ifa&mufvmrnf&h eforl sm;udk ckcw H u dk cf u dk Mf urnfh vuFm'Dy&Jrufrsm;jzpfonf/ azG;azG;vIyfaeonfh j'm0d'd,efwkdYudk awmifukef;xufrSMunfh &if;uREkfyf\pdwfü qGwfysHYjcif;rsm;jzpfvmrdonf/ ol w d k Y pk & k H ; &mvG i f j yif \ ab;buf ü rd e f ; rES i f h uav;rsmonf [k d r S o nf r S oG m ;vmvI y f & S m ;aeMuonf / wd&pmäefrsm;\ta&wdkYESifh jyKvkyfxm;onfh wJrsm;a&SYwGifrD;zdkrsm;&Sdonf/ rD;cdk;rsm;onf vuFm'Dyaumif;uifodkY wvlvlvGifhaeMuonf/ wHpdkYxdk;íuifxm;aom orifudk,fvHk;udk t&G,fa&mufonfhuav;rsm;u vufudkifjzifh vSnfhywfrD;uifaeMuonf/ wpfae&mwGifrl eDarmif;aomtom;ta&mif&Sdonfh j'm0d'd,eftbdk;MuD;wpfOD;onf Asyfapmif;ukd wD;cwf&if;aw;wpfyk'fudkoDqdkaeonf/ orifaumifudk uifaeonfh rD;zdkrS rD;awmufonf tbdk;MuD;\ rsufESmodkYteDa&mifrsm; yufzsef;vsuf&Sdonf/ ]]yx0Dudktpdk;&wJh ewfa'0wmu ....... ajrMoZmaumif;wJh vGifjyifMuD;wpfckudk ....... j'm0d'd,efrsm;tm; ay;oem;cJhw,f .... twkr&SdwJh tJ'DvGifjyifudk ... tdE´Kjrpf0Srf;vdkYac:Muw,f}} tbdk;MuD;oDqdkaomaw;rSm uGsEkfyfi,fpOfuwnf;u Mum;zl;aeonfh ]]j'm0d'd,efwdkY\ tdE´Ka'o}} trnf&Sdaw;jzpfonf/ 'o*D&dbJGYcH&m0Ponf xdkaw;jzifhyif t&G,fa&muf vlvm;ajrmufí vuFm'Dybk&iftjzpf cH,lcJh&ayonf/ tbdk;MuD;\aw;onf uREkfyftwGuf jyefvnftopfjzpfaeavonf/ ]]awmqif&kdif;eJY jcaoFhrsm;uvnf; .... j'm0d'd,efwkdY&JYatmifyJGudk ... oufaocHMuw,f .... tdE´Kjrpf&JY oJyGifhrsm;[m ......... rnf;eufwJh&mZ0if&JY aw;vuFmrsm;jzpfMuw,f ........ tbdk;tdkrsm;&JY jzLazG;wJh rkwfqdwfawGudk vkvifysdKrsm;&JY oefrmwJh vuf&kH;awGeJY yGwfoyfMur,f xif;&SL;yifudk tpdk;&wJh ewfa'0wmu .. vuFm'Dyaw;oDcsif;udk zJGYEJGYw,f .............}} tbk d ; td k \ aw;ud k uav;ol i ,f r sm;u teD ; &S d o pf a cgif ; wk H ; MuD ; tm;vS H w H r sm;jzif h &d k u f E S u f í pnf;csufvdkufaeonf/ w'kef;'kef;jrnfoHonf ppfonfrsm; ajccsoHESifh wlaeayonf/ tcsdKYuav;rsm;onf opfom;"m;rsm;ESifh ppfwkdufwrf;upm;aeMuonf/ uav;wpfa,mufonf rsufESmudk ajr0grsm;vdrf;usHxm;jyD; olYtm; tjcm;uav;rsm;u 0dkif;0ef;wkdufcdkufaeMuonf/ ]]tom;0g tm&d,efqdkwm rif;vm;uG? aoayawmh}} ]]tm; ........... ighudk vHSwHMuD; xkwfcsif;aygufoGm;jyD}} ajr0gvdr;f usHxm;aom uav;onf jrufcif;ay:odYk vSrd chf svdu k o f nf/ ]]ig .... &I;H oGm;jyD}} [katmf[pfaeonf/ tjcm;uav;rsm;u olYudk 0dkif;&Hí ckefaygufvSnfhywfaeMuavonf/ tjcm;wpfae&mwGifrl rdef;rrsm;onf olwdkY\vifom;rsm;twGuf usm;opfa&ESifh 0uf0Ha&rsm;udk ycHk;umvufpnf;rsm;jzpfatmifcsKyfvkyfaeMuonf/ jyHK&Tifaom rsufESmrsm;jzifh &,farmajymqkdaeMuonf/ wpf a e&mrS r l tvG e f p d w f 0 if p m;zG , f aumif ; aomaMumif h uREk f y f t eD ; tem;&S d ausmuf * l ay:odkYwufíMunfhrdonf/ jzLazG;aeonfh rkwfqdwf&SnfMuD;rsm;&Sdonfh tbdk;tdkMuD;wpfOD; udk oefrmonfh vli,frsm;u 0ef;&HvsufxkdifaeMuonf/ tbdk;MuD;onf toGm;usdK;yJh aeonfh ol\ykqdefudk udkifvsuf vltkyftv,fwGifckefaygufvIyf&Sm;aeonf/ olYEIwfrSvnf; wpfpHkwpf&mudk a&&Gwfajymqkdaeavonf/ ]]tJ'g em*gvlrsKd ;EG,pf ak wG&YJ pm;usuv f &k wJph pfyaJG ygh? trSeaf wmhoif;wdYk u wdYk aewJh pm;usuu f kd vmvkwmyg? igh&JYykqdefwpfcsufa0SY,rf;vdkuf&if 0J,mu &efolwpfa,muf[m wkef;ceJyJ? aqGrsdK;pkacgif;aqmfjzpfwJh ightbdk;u ppf o l M uD ; aygh ? igqk d w mtJ ' D w k e f ; u aqG r sd K ;pk x J r S m toef r mqH k ; tEk y sd K qH k ; ppf o m;yJ / touf u vnf ; ESpfq,fyJ&Sdao;wmudk;}} 85


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cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol vufxufrmS jzpfap? oDwma'0Dqw kd hJ bk&ifo h rD;udk vuFm'DyokYd ac:aqmifvmonfjzpfap? ac:aqmifrvmonfjzpfap tm&d , ef a wG [ m j'm0d ' d , ef a wG u d k 0if a &muf w k d u f c k d u f r S m yJ 'g[mvH k ; 0rS e f u ef w J h tcsuf j zpf w ,f / ukefypönf;vJvS,fMuwJh c&D;oGm;rsdK;EG,fpkawG aygif;pHkxHu usKyf'Dtcsufudk avhvm&&SdcJhw,f/ 'gaMumifh wpfcsdefrSm tm&d , ef e J Y j'm0d ' d , ef w d k Y &J Y ppf y J G [ m jzpf c J h o rQaom rsd K ;EG , f p k p pf y J G w umxuf tMuD ; us,f q H k ; ppfyGJmuD;tjzpfay:aygufvmr,fqdkwm usKyfMudKwifcefYrSef;cJhw,f/ tJ'Dwpfcsdefcsdef[m tckusKyfwkdYvufxJrSmyJ ay:aygufawmhrmS jzpfw,f/ 'gaMumifh tckawGYqakH e&wJt h a&;[m rsdK;EG,pf t k a&;rSty bmrSrjzpfEidk b f ;l / oDwma'0Dukd taMumif;jyKjyD; tm&d,efrif;om;&mreJY vuFm'Dybk&ifwkdY wdkufckdufwJh ppfyJGr[kwfbl;}} bd b d o eonf &S n f v sm;aom&mZ0if v uF m ud k aeYaygif ; naygif ; rsm;pG m &G w f q d k a e&ouJ h o d k Y arm[k d u f o G m ;avonf / od k Y aomf o l \ toH r S m uREk f y f M um;zl ; cJ h o rQaom toH w d k Y wG i f av;euf r I E S i f h pdwftm;xufoefrIudk taqmifEkdifqHk;jzpfonf/ ]]baxG;awmfqdkvdkwmu 'Dtm&d,efawG[m usKyfwkdY&JY j'm0d'd,efe,fajrudk 0ifa&mufusK;ausmf wkdufckduf Muvdrfhr,f? 'DppfyJG[mrkcsraoGjzpf&r,fh ppfyJG? 'Dvkdvm;}} om;awmfarCem'"m;&kd;udk vufESifhwif;wif;qkyfudkifíar;onf/ ]][kwfw,f wlawmfarmif arCem'? &mrrif;om;[m ruú#rsdK;EG,fpk&JY tultnDeJY vuFm'Dyudk wdkufckdufrSmjzpfw,f? wpfcsdefuawmh ol[m ol&JY t,k'¨,xD;eef;udk jyefnfqufcHodrf;ydkufjyD;rS vuFm'Dyudk 0ifzdkYpDpOfcJhayr,fh ? ol&JYrlvtpDtpOfudk zsufjyD; t,k'¨,xD;eef;udk rodrf;ykdufao;bJruú#awGeJYtwlvuFm'Dyudk taqmwvsif 0ifwkdufzdkYpDpOfwmjzpfvdrfhr,f? olYrSm oDwma'0Dudk jyef&,lzdkYta&;MuD;aew,fav}} aoemywdtm;vHk;onf eufeJpGm pOf;pm;aeMu[efjzifh wdwfqdwfjidrfoufaeMuonf/ yxrOD;pGm pwifvIyf&Sm;vmolrSm aoemywd *krÇDuPÖjzpfonf/ ]]tdrfa&SYpH&JY t,ltqudk usKyfem;vnfoabmaygufygw,f? 'Dtwdkif;yJ jzpf&r,fvdkY usKyfvJ,lqygw,f/ tMuD;rm;qHk;rsdK;EG,fpkESpfck&JY tMuD;us,fqHk;wkdufyJGtwGuf usKyfwkdYjyifqifMu&vdrfhr,f}} ]]vGefcJhwJh ESpfaygif;ESpfq,ftwGif; usKyfwkdY[m tdE´Ka'ou rsdK;EG,fpkaygif;rsm;pGmudk wkdufckdufodrf;ydkufjyD; vuFm'DyvufeufEkdifiHawmfMuD;udk xlaxmifcJhMuw,f/ tdrfa&SYpHajymwJhtwkdif;qdk&if 'Dwpfcg&ifqkdif&r,fh ppfyJG[m usKyf w k d Y t wG u f tMuD ; rm;qH k ; ppf y J G j zpf r S m yJ ? 'D a wmh vuF m 'D y &J Y ppf t if t m;ud k taumif ; qH k ; jzpf a tmif jznfhwif;wkd;csJYoifhw,fvdkYusKyfxifw,f}} olk&m*krÇmefu av;eufpGm 0ifajymonf/ wcdsefvHk;jidrfoufaeaom *rÇD'Dyuvnf; wufMuGpGm aqG;aEG;onf/ *krÇ'Dyum; ppfa&;rSty bmudkrQ pdwfr0ifpm;oljzpfonf/ ]]em*rsdK;EG,fpkacgif;aqmif aoemywdtaeeJy usKyfajymyg&ap? 'Dtom;0gawGeJYolwdkYaemufvdkuf arsmuf0HawG&JY wyfudk usKyfwkdYazmufxGif;jyD; &mrrif;om;&JY t,k'¨,udk oGm;wkduf&ifaumif;r,f? &efoludk azmufxGufzdkYudkawmh em*rsdK;EG,fpkwyfOD;eJY usKyfwm0efxm;yg}} cef;raqmiftwGif;&Sdaoemywdtm;vHk;onf *krÇ'Dy\ wufMuGvGef;aom toHaMumifh olYudk 0dkif;Munfh vdkufMuavonf/ ]]usKyf a jymwmr[k w f b l ; vm;? vuF m 'D y e,f e d r d w f u d k t,k ' ¨ , txd td E ´ K jrpf a jrmuf y d k i f ; txd wkd;csJYypfvdkufr,fav}} cef;raqmifab;ywfywfvnf&Sd tcsdKYaomwyfrif;rsm;onf tcsif;csif; wD;wdk;wdkifyifaeMuonf/ tcsdKYu acgif ; ud k cg,rf ; aeMuonf / tcsd K Yurl ,ck y if p pf c sD & awmh r nf h t vm; "m;td r f x J r S "m;ud k xk w f v k d u f o G i f ; vd k u f v k y f a eMuonf / aqG ; aEG ; oH r sm;onf cef ; raqmif t wG i f ; us,f a vmif v monf / nDawmfbdbdoeESifh om;awmfarCem'wdkYonf teD;rS wyfrif;rsm;udk &Sif;vif;ajymqkdaeMu[efwlonf/ ]]tm;vHk;wdwfprf;}} w&m;"r®aqG;aEG;yJGodkYwufa&mufaeMuonfh a,m*Drsm;vdk tcsif;csif; pum;rsm; qlnHaeMuonfh olwdkYtm;vHk;udk uREkfyftvdkrusjzpfvmojzifh ae&mrSxí atmf[pfvkdufonf/ tm;vHk;jidrfoufoGm;MujyD; uREkfyfudk pl;pkdufMunfhvdkufMuonf/ 90


cspfOD;ndK vuFm'Dy cspfol ]]igajymwmem;axmif p rf ; ? bmrS r [k w f w J h tom;0gbk & if h o m;nD t ud k E S p f a ,muf e J Y aemufvdkufarsmuf0HvdkaumifawG&JY ta&;udk bmjzpfvdkY 'DavmufvIyfvIyf&Sm;&Sm;jzpfaeMuwmvJ/ *krÇDuPÖ? *krÇ'Dy? ol&m*krÇmefwdkY&JYtMuHay;csufawGudkvnf; igwpfckrS vufrcHbl; ? bdbdoeajymwmjzpfEkdifp&m&Sdw,f? 'gayr,fh pdk;&drfrIvGefuJaew,f? j'm0dd'd,efwdkY&JYaoe*FAsL[mrSm b,fawmhrS 'Dvdk&Snf&Snfa0;a0;rawG;&bl;? em;vnfvm;}} uREkfyfESifh teD;qHk;ae&mrS aoemywdrsm;? wyfrif;rsm;\rsufESmrsm;udk uREkfyfwpfa,mufpD Munfhvdkufonf/ rnfolrQuREkfyfudk jyefrMunfh&JMu/ om;awmfarCem'aomfrS acgif;udk atmufodkYiHkYxm;onf/ okdYaomfbdbdoeurl uREkfyf\rsufvHk;xJodkY&J0HhpGmjyefMunfhaeonf/ ]]apmapmu igtdE´KoJjyifrsdK;EG,fpkawG pk&kH;wJhae&mqd a&mufcJhw,f? olwdkYxJrSmusef;rmoefpGrf;wJh ppfonfaumif;rsm; jzpfEkdifwJh ta&twGuf[m tifrwefenf;w,f? jyD;awmholwdkY[m vuFm'Dy&JY oD;ESHpdkufysdK;olawG? wd&pämefarG;olawGomjzpfw,f/ 'gayr,fh olwdkY[m ighxHu vufeufudkawmif;qdkMuw,f? olwdkYrSm ppfpdwfppfaoG; awGjynfv h QHaew,f/ rif;wdYk aoemywdMuD;awGusawmh [m&yÜjrdKY&YJ 'Dcef;aqmifxrJ mS tcsif;csif;pum;ajymaeMuw,f/ ewf'0wm&JY ppfwyfeJY wkduf&awmhr,fhtvm; tMuDtus,faqG;aEG;aeMuw,f/ omrefj'm0d'd,efawG&JY aoG;[m pyspfol&mvdk eD&JoGufvufcsdefrSm rif;wdkYaoG;awGu &THY&nfawGvdkndKrnf;yspfcJaeovm; ... [if}} bdbdoeonf ae&mrSxí ol\eufajyma&mif 0wf&kHMuD;udk vufwGifodkif;,lvdkufonf/ ]]aemifawmfbk&ifrif;jrwf? omrefj'm0d'd,efawG&JY wufMuGrI[m &ifhusufwJh vuFm'Dy aoemywdrsm;&JY av;eufrIeJY bmrSrqdkifygbl;? 'Dudpö[m av;eufMuD;us,fwJh aoe*FAsL[meJY csrSwfpDpOf&r,fhudpöjzpfygw,f}} ]]oDwma'0Dudk jyefvnf&,lzdkYvmwJh &mrrif;om;eJY ta&;udkpö[m av;eufMuD;us,fwJh aoe*FAsL[meJY bmrSrqdkifbl; bdbdoe? tdrfa&SYpHjzpfwJhrif;udk,fwdkifaomfrS 'Dae&mrSm t,ltqvJGaejyD}} bd b d o e\wnf j id r f a om rsuf E S m onf &J c eJ jzpf o G m ;avonf / aoemywd r sm;tv,f w G i f vuFm'Dytdrfa&SYpHwpfOD;taeESifh þokdYajymqdkcHvdkuf&jcif;twGuf bdbdoeonf t&Suf&oGm;[efwlavonf/ ]]em;axmifMuprf;? tdE´KoJjyifrSm pk&kH;aeMuwJh j'm0d'd,efawGudk vufeufav;jrm;ay;r,fvdkY igajymcJhw,f? 'gayr,fholwdkY[m b,fawmhrS uRrf;usifwJh ppfonf&JrufawGjzpfvmrSm r[kwfbl;? vufysOfusaewJh tbdk;tdkawG pum;rajymEkdif em;rMum;EkdifjzpfaewJh tbGm;tdkawG? rdef;reJY uav;oli,fawG? olwdkYudk vufeufav;jrm; qif,ifay;vdkuf&if olwdkYtm;vHk;udk aowGif;xJ ckefcsckdif;wmeJYbmrS rxl;bl;? tcsnf;ESD;aomaoGrsm;eJY tdE´Kjrpfa&udk eD&JoGm;atmifigrvkyfbl;/ rif;wdkY&JY rsdK;EG,fpkH ppfonf&Jrufrsm;udk vnf; wm0efray;bl;}} bdbdoeu wpfpHkwpfckajym&ef [efjyifvdkufonfwGif om;awmfarCem'u vSrf;íwm;vdkufonfudk awGYvkduf&onf/ ]]'Dawmh&efolbufu &mrrif;om;eJYjzpfap? olYnDvu©PeJYjzpfap? [dk[mEkrmefqdkwJh ruú#ppfolMuD;eJYjzpfap? udoudE´mbk&ifokc&dwfjzpfap? olwdkYtmvHk;eJyjzpfap igpD;csif;wkdufr,f? pD;csif;wkdufyJGrSm olwdkYaoqHk;oGm;jyDqdk&if 'Djyoemtm;vHk;jyD;jyD/ b,ftm&d,efrsdK;EG,fpkvJ vuFm'Dyudk vmxd&JrSmr[kwfawmhbl;}} arCem'u 0wf&kHpudk qJGxm;onfhMum;rS bdbdoeonf &kef;xGufí uREkfyfa&SYodkY ckefxGufvmonf/ ]]r[k w f b l ; .. r[k w f b l ; ? oD w ma'0D & J Y jyoem[m t"d u r[k w f b l ; ? 'g[mvuF m 'D y bk & if e J Y tm&d , ef r if ; om;wd k Y &J Y tcspf j yoemr[k w f b l ; ? 'g[m j'm0d ' d , ef e J Y tm&d , ef r sd K ;EG , f p k w d k Y &J Y rsd K ;EG , f p k ppfa&;aemifawmfbk&ifrif; ....... }} oDwma'0D\ rkef;wD;pufqkyfrIudk cH,lae&onfh uREkfyf\ESvHk;? &mrrif;om;tay:emMunf;&GHYrkef;aeonfh uREkfyf\ trsufa'go? 'gawGudk em;vnfoabm ayguf&efrMudK;pm;avbJ rsdK;EG,fpkta&;udkom xyfwvJvJ ajymaeonfh bdbdoetm; uREkfyfenf;enf;av;rS rESpfjrdKYEkdifawmhay/ ]]rif;ae&mrSm jyefxkdifvdkufprf; . ... bdbdoe}} bdbdoeonf tHudkMudwfvsuf aemufodkYqkwfoGm;onf/ aoemywdrsm;um;acgif;udk razmfMuawmhacs/ om;awmf arCem'omvQifae&mrS r&Jw&J xavonf/ ]]crnf;awmfbk&ifrif;jrwfudk wpfckyJawmif;qkdyg&ap? tu,fvdkY tJ'DvdkpD;csif;wkdufckdufMujyDqdk&if ruú#ppfolMuD; [mEkrmefqdkwJholeJY wkdufckdufzdkY om;awmfudk cGifhjyKyg? om;awmfoif;udk wm0ef,lyg&ap}} 91


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