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sauf described as outband and inband. [cf Eng rebate, rabbet] ryddil, ryddill see riddle. ryll treesee ravel. rvn see rin. rype see ripe. rys see rice.

)mposetl of the long stones rather than deep stones which ... ter developetl into random work incorporating larger boulders. RUBBLE


i l l



blie a big stone [prob. one used in rubble masonry]. ruch, rough, roch, trouch adj rough, unpolished, unwrought. rough size the dimension measured between unfinished surface, eLy the width between the brickwork of a window opening before it is plastered. ruch (stane) dyke a tlrystone wall. ruch stane a natural boulder. truch layer a workman who carries out ruch work. ruch mason, truch dyker a mason who builds only with unhewn stone. rudesee ruid. rue see rew. t r u g saw n a two-handed saw. truid, rude, rood n: see also Measures on p.105 1a land area of '10 square falls or a quarter of a Scots acre. 2 a square measure which ecluals 36 square ells (also known as the little or short ruid) and as such was used in the measure of masonry and slatework. 3 a piece of ground apportioned from land belonging to a burgh to anyone wishing to build a house ancl cultivate a garden around it. trud(e) loft the loft or gallery over the rood screen. ruif, roof, riff, reef NE, trufe, troff n 1 a roof. 2 the ceiling of a room. roof binding a roof truss. roof timbers rafters or woodwork. ruif-tree, rooftree the main beam or ridge of a roof. uive, roove, reeve N, t r i v n an iron rivet or washer used for riveting the end of a seam nail or bolt. v to rivet, clinch (a nail or bolt). rumbled see rummle. rumford, rumfoord U tto improve the draught of a (chimney) by narrowing the vent. rumfo(o)rdina sheet of metal used as a lining or casing for the back of a fireplace. [fr. Count von Rumford (1753-1814) who suggested this method of improving smoky chimneys] rummle v: rumbled (of nzmonq~j collapsed, fallen in SHETLAVD.

rummlin applied to a system of drainage by ditches filled with loose stones, instead of pipes or tiles, eg rummlin cundie, rummlin drain, rummlin syver. [prob. onomatopoeic] run see rin, rone. runch n a wrench, screw key: a tool for tightening nuts or screw bolts. frungle pin n a spar of wootl. runnick, rinnick n a small water channel or drain, zrsu in a byre JHETLATI). ORKNEY. [ON renna a nin, course] r u t see rute. trute, r u t 17 the bottom or base of a wall, building etc. ruynesee rewine. rybat, rabbet, rebat, rebbit n a hewn stone at the side of a door or wintlow opening forming a reveal, rybats can be

saal see salle. tsab v = sad. tsad 11 (offloors, soil etc) to sink or settle, subside saddid.'saddit lofa ~, , ..floor etc) trodden hard. saddle see saidle. sae, say, s(e)y n 1 a small tub or bucket. 2 a wooden tub, carried by nvo people on a pole or rope, used for transporting water SHETLAND, ORKNFI, C A I ~ I N E S S . sae bink a round recess in the wall just between the outby and the but-end. A flagstone was built in horizontally which, with its projecting edge rounded, formed a convenient for the sae (wooden water tub) ORKNEY. safe see sauf. tsaidle, saddle n the part of a stall on which an animals stands. sail 1 1 to be awash, covered with liquid: Theflair'ssailin. saillie, sailyesee sai13ie. tsail3ie. sally, saillie, sailye 12 1 a projection; applied to a room which projects beyoncl the face of a house or wall; such a projection on a fortified wall was described as as corbal sailye. 2 stones projecting from a wall face, water spout, corbelling in general, tsaip-wark, soap-work, soaperie n a soap-factory sair n a flaw in metal, a crack. sair see ser. salar see solar. tsalle, saal n 1 a long open work-room in a factory, uszc used for the finishing process, or for the dispatch of goods esp in a paperworks. 2 f a hall. 3 'ya great hall of a palace. sally see sail3ie. salor see sellar'. salt see saut. San see saun. sap spail, sap wud n the sap wood of a tree. sarge see serch. sark L> cover the rafters of (a roof) with wooden boards, line (a roof) with wood for the slates to be nailed on. sarking the rough boarding, plain-edged or rebated, nailed on of the rafters and to which slates are nailed, sarkle a lining of wood round the lower part of a room, usz~ referred to as the skirting, sash, window see chess. sasine n (lazo) the act or procedure of giving possession of feudal property, orig by symbolic delivery of earth and stones, now by registry at the General Register of sasines in Edinburgh; see also register. sattle, settle n 1 the middle passageway through a byre between the rows of stalls. 2 a ledge or raised platform (usu in a byre). one Of the large stones which sattle stane, form the kerb of a stall. 2 a stone seat on each side of the hearth. sauf, safe n t a ventilated safe or store for provision, usu located outside. saving a recess. saving - stone a stone built over a lintel to distribute the load of the wall above onto the jambs. brad a window shutter, safe lintel, safer S I ~ I ~ A Na Dwooden lintel generally placed -





behind the outer stone lintel of a door or window. saun, saund, San n sand. saut n: saut(ie)-bucket, saut(ie) backet 1 a salt-box, now uszc one with a flat back and a curved front made to hang on the wall. 2 t a house of this shape, with a bow front. tsalt cott a salthouse. tsaut-girnal a store-house for salt. saving see sauf. saw 12: tsawar a sawyer. sawins sawdust. sawdraft one of a number of shallow cuts, by a saw, across the grain of a timber so that it can be slightly curved. sawstick, sawstock a log of rough-hewn timber. tsaxeane adj made of stone. 'say see sae, sey. scabbled, scappled adj (of stone) roughly faced with a pick, chisel or hammer. scabbler a mason's chisel (llh-2 ins (37-51 mm) wide used with a mell. scaddin n turf used for thatching. scailie, scailyie, scail3e see skaillie. tscalan n a rough hut or shelter. [ScGael sgalan] scale, iskaill, tskelly n t l a scale, a ladder. 2 a flight of steps. scale stair a straight (as opposed to a spiral) staircase. scale and platt stair a staircase consisting of a straight flight of steps with a landing at the top. scant n a short slate nailed immediately under the ridge. scants the highest row of slates on a roof; the last row of slates to be fixed. scantlings npl small beams or pieces of wood sometimes restricted to those less than 5 ins (125 mm) square, sometimes particularly applied to: 1 the upper ties in roof trusses; 2 the rafters, particularly those forming a lean-to roof; the meaning is sometimes extended to the junction between a wall and the roof scappled see scabbled. scarcement see scarsement. scarsement, scarcement n 1 a row of stones which separate slates of two adjoining roofs. 2 the projection or ledge shelf (formed by contraction in width of a wall either at foundation level or at the skew level of a gable) to carry the ends of joists or sarking boards. 3 the footing or stepped projection at the base of a wall. 4 road edging. tscathles, skaithles adj: keep a person o r place scathles to keep a person or place safe from falling masonry or the like during construction work. scattald, scattold see skattald. schaffathing see schalfalting. tschalfalting, schaffathing n a scaffolding. tschef, schefe n a quantity of iron or steel. tscheif n a sieve. scheif see scheve. schele see shiel. scheme n: housing scheme a local-authority housing estate. tscheret, scherret, shirrel n a piece of turf, for example one of a row used in laying a ridge of a thatched roof: faill and scherrettis. ischeve, scheif, schyf(f), shaven a sheave, a pulley(-wheel). tschide n, p1schidis a billet of wood; a chip, splinter of wood. school see schule. schore see shore. fschorn, shorn adj (eg ofa tracery window) carved. schorne werk n metal or timber worked by a turner or carved. schort see short. What see shot.


tschout 11to conduct (rainwater) clear of a building to let it run away. tschriffon npl stone tiles. schule, scuil, school n. 1 a school. 2 a classroom; a lecture room (in St Andrews University). tschool chamber the accommodation reserved for the parish schoolmaster, his house or living room. schule see shuil. schutestock see shootstick. schyf, schyff see scheve. scillop see skillop. sclaitepynnis see slate. sclammer n a paste of red or white lead with linseed oil, used to pack washers in taps. sclate see slate. tscley n clay scob, scowb n a twig or cane of willow or hazel, esp one bent over to fasten down thatch, make baskets etc. tscowb and scraw a form of construction of a partition wall using wattles with straw or thin pieces of turf, sometimes used to give the idea of snugness. tscolla n a hut, a shed SHETLAND. [ON skdli] sconce, skonce n a screen or shelter (of stone, wood etc) against the weather, fire or for concealment etc. scone n 1 a small piece of brick or stone used to fill an interstice in a wall; the implication is that the brick or stone must first be cut to fit. 2 a thin firebrick used in a boiler. scontion see scuncheon. scoor see scour. scoot see scout. score U to mark or scratch a line on a surface with a sharppointed implement. score hole n a narrow space between the walls of two adjoining houses which do not have a common gable. scotch see scutch. Scotch see Scots. Scots, Scotch a 4 Scots acre was considered the area that could be ploughed by an ox team in a working day; see also Measures on p.105. Scottish baronial see barony. scotch bond n (in brickwork) four stretcher courses to one header course. scotch bracketting (of a cornice) n the timber framework on which the plasterwork of an elaborate cornice is supported. tScots ell the Scottish yard of 37 ins (0.94 m) See also Measures on p.104. scotch harl = flushpointing. ?Scotch house a characteristic style of 17th-century house which succeeded the early fortified tower as a laird's dwelling. Scots milesee Measures on p.104. S c o t c h pantile a single-lap handmade tile, with an S-shaped section, complete with a projecting nib on the underside; this helps to locate the tiles in horizontal rows when the tiles are 'hung' on the tile battens which are nailed across the rafters parallel to the ridge. scoug see scug. scouk n a peephole (opening through a channel, arch or wall, eg in a church, to enable the worshippers inside the chapel or aisle to see the host). tscouling adj (of a skyliHt) projecting (by analogy wi animal horns which turn down). scour, scoor n a channel, gutter etc. scourcock a drain cock, ie a tap or valve, the opening of whi, facilitates the draining of a system of water pipes. scout, scoot n a water pipe for collecting water from a roof scow, skow n 1a board made from the outer section of a tree.

Profile for Historic Environment Scotland


A record of the vocabulary of Scottish building terms both in and out of use.


A record of the vocabulary of Scottish building terms both in and out of use.

Profile for hspubs