Historical Society of Haddonfield
MAY 2014 Volume 58, No. 2
“Dedicated to the study and preservation of Haddonfield History”
INSIDE: President’s Message from Carol Smith Collections Update HSH Research Library News Moving Houses Around & About
2 2-3 3
News from our Neighbors
Candlelight Dinner Photo Montage
Book Club News
AND THE WAY OUR TRADITIONS EVOLVED
With Jane Peters Estes
Samuel ‘s Book Diary
What’s Bugging You?
Take A Walk Through History
From the Museum Cellars
Upcoming HSH Events General Membership Meeting “Lest We Forget”: The History of Memorial Day and the Way our Traditions Evolved featuring speaker Jane Peters Estes Wed., May 28th Greenfield Hall 7:30 pm The Historical Society will be closed during the month of August
343 KINGS HIGHWAY EAST HADDONFIELD, NJ 08033 856-429-7375
General Membership Meeting: May 28th
LEST WE FORGET: THE HISTORY OF MEMORIAL DAY
addonfield is a town known for its traditions, and the Historical Society for being entrusted with the protection, commemoration and recording of each of these. One of the most solemn and meaningful is that of Memorial Day. Everyone knows what to expect on that day, whether it's the placing of flags on graves, the annual parade, or the speeches at the war memorial in front of Haddonfield Memorial High School. But what might seem to be immutable ways of marking the day have actually changed greatly ov er the y ears. On Wednesday, May 28 at the next General Meeting of the Society, we will explore the history of Memorial Day and the way our traditions have evolved. Our guide through these changes will be Jane Peters Estes, who will present her lecture "Lest We Forget." The program, presented in period dress, includes information about Victorian mourning traditions as well as the founding and development of our current Memorial Day. It is one of ten lectures Ms. Estes has written highlighting traditions during the 1860s on a variety of topics ranging from Christmas to wedding customs. While centered around the
By David M. Stewart Civil War, Ms. Estes' talks center on the roles of civilians and their experiences during this period rather than dealing specifically with generals or battles. In addition to presenting these talks to historical societies, museums, schools, etc., Ms. Estes has also long worked with Starr tours. To note the commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the conflict, she developed an itinerary for a Civil War themed tour. It proved so popular that it has continued to this day with a different destination chosen each year. This year's itinerary is titled "Gettysburg Rediscovered" and includes a number of new attractions in the area. In her words, "it is such a rewarding experience to see people enjoy what I consider to be a turning point in American history. Although informative, I try to make sure the trips are also fun!" Ms. Estes has received the Award of Merit from the Delaware Valley Civil War Round Table, has been associated for a number of years with the Hagley Museum and is a member of numerous historical associations. Her talk at Greenfield Hall promises to be a wonderful addition to that week's commemoration of Memorial Day in Haddonfield. www.haddonfieldhistory.org
pring brings the changing of the guard at Greenfield Hall and I’d like to extend to Lee Albright, our outgoing president, our heartfelt thanks for her leadership and commitment to the Historical Society, and its mission and goals over the last four years. They have been years of change and growth and we enter our second century of operations in a much stronger position. I’d also like to thank our outgoing trustee, Rob Kugler who has moved out of the region, for his years of service. Rob, with his quiet, thoughtful advice and unending support, will be greatly missed. We kicked off our 100th anniversary celebration at the annual Candlelight Dinner at Tavistock in March with a program filled with memories of all the Society has accomplished and all the people who made it possible over the years. Continuing with that recognition, I’d like to thank all of you for your help and support through your membership, your volunteer efforts, and your donations and to ask you to continue that support as we enter a new century of operations. Ours is an organization blessed with caring and passionate individuals who over the decades have made it their mission to preserve, collect and share Haddonfield’s history and we are all the richer for it. We have some big plans for the future in addition to our ongoing projects and we need help from all of you to achieve them. One of our goals is to sustain and develop interest in the wonderful new biography of Elizabeth Haddon Estaugh. Please mark your calendars for a discussion on Sunday, May 4 at Greenfield Hall at 2 pm. The book’s coeditors will be on hand to explain the process of its
Some of the pieces from our newly acquired John Gill V dinner service china, below and center.
ere is some very good news. John Gill V grew up in Greenfield Hall. On February 4, 1854 he married Elizabeth Inskeep Tomlinson. She was from the Marlton area. The Historical Society now has their dinner service china; the 99 pieces are displayed in the old kitchen in the center cupboard. It is Staffordshire E-mail: email@example.com
publication and there will be a general discussion. If you can’t make this event consider having your book club read it for fascinating insights into how friendships and neighbors then and now can make a difference. Our next big project is to build a new library on the site of our garage. Ken Cleary, our archivist and library director shared some site drawings from the past, showing that a barn once stood on this site. We hope to bring the barn back, filling it this time not with livestock but with the tangible records of the farms, industries and people who once lived and worked in Haddonfield. Come to our General Meeting on May 28th to see the proposed architectural rendering. Our little Mickle House is overflowing and we need appropriate space to care for our historic collections well into the future. Soon you’ll be taking a walk through history as you shop along King’s Highway. Artifacts from the Society’s collection will be paired with their modern day counterparts in merchants’ windows. Thanks to Liz Albert and her committee who have made this possible. Thanks also to those who made the Candlelight Dinner such a success and all of our other hardworking committees. We’d be lost without you! Finally, a plea to all to renew your membership in HSH. Membership is the backbone of every organization and we need each and every one of you. Thanks again for all of your support. We look forward to seeing you at Greenfield Hall in the next months.
Carol Smith, President
By Dianne Snodgrass transfer and dates to mid 19th century probably English. Basically white, it is decorated with delicate flowers of brown and rust shades. Mary Bartram Tomlinson Bauer has graciously gifted the Society with these pieces. Here is the lineage: Mary received the dinner service from A. Cont’d on page 3
espite severe winter storms that required suspension of some of our usual public hours and similarly prevented the librarian from travelling to Haddonfield on several days, productivity at the library and archives was nevertheless quite impressive. We received 21 reference visits from patrons interested in researching genealogy, offering donations, and interested in topics such as historic photographs, Evans Mill Pond, and the use of coal heat in Haddonfield homes. We also received and responded to 20 reference emails, including several from persons seeking images for use in publications, and also including inquiries on genealogy, art history, the Haddonfield Friends, and historic imagery of downtown Haddonfield. We further received and responded to 6 emails regarding potential donations to the library, to which we received gifts of several postcard and photography collections, including some never before seen images of the construction of the Masonic Temple and Haddonfield Coal and Ice. We also received several donations from Mary Bauer, including a large wedding certificate with significant genealogical value We also had a visit from a local graduate student working on a research assignment for the online archival studies program that he is enrolled in. This required us to select and provide a set of historic photographs that would offer him the opportunity to work with and identify a wide range of historic photographic processes. Fortunately, our photographic
By Kenneth Cleary collections cover a wide time span and we were able to provide him with more than enough examples to complete his work. While all these activities reflect our usual work here at the library and archives, we were also the headquarters of research and planning for this year’s annual Candlelight Dinner program. Led by Kim Custer, and assisted by Cliff Brunker, Ken Cleary, Kathy Tassini, Dianne Snodgrass, and Carol Smith, an amazing program was created that drew extensively from our archival collections to tell the story of our society’s one hundred year history. The Candlelight Dinner also marked the official announcement of the latest book project focusing on Haddonfield history, with The Rhoads of Haddonfield, Birds, Books and Big Adventures of Samuel. Conceived by Kim Custer, this collaborative project is working with Haddonfield students to write a new book on the story of Samuel Nicholson Rhoads and incorporate that history into the public school curriculum. We look forward to seeing the results of this valuable and exciting project.
A sincere thank you to our amazing staff and volunteers for your meticulous planning and research for our special 100th Anniversary Candlelight Dinner program. Left to right: Dianne Snodgrass, Kathy Tassini, Kim Custer, Ken Cleary, Carol Smith, and Cliff Brunker.
COLLECTIONS UPDATE from page 2
Langdon Gill who received it from her mother, Julia Bedford Gill. Julia, by the way, was a founder of our Historical Society in 1914. Julia was given the service by her mother-in-law, Elizabeth Inskeep Tomlinson Gill. One cannot get much more appropriate in meeting the requirements to accept donations at HSH of a Haddonfield provenance! Thank you, Mary. Via the Tassinis, Janet Ferry has given HSH an oil painting of her family’s house which was on Chestnut Street. The piece is about 21”x34” and is unframed. The artist was a Haddonfield man, and the work is signed J. Schneider ‘61. The
house was bought by the school board and torn down in order to build the auditorium and gym addition to our Middle School. This is an excellent teaching point for our school tours; the children assume this block of Chestnut Street always looked the way it does today. Thank you, Janet.
Painting donated by Janet Ferry of her family’s house on Chestnut Street, which was torn down to make way for Haddonfield Middle School’s auditorium and gym.
Moving Houses Around and About - XXIII
A TALE OF TWO CHURCHES By Helen Mountney THE FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH OF HADDONFIELD In 1852, a new stone church designed in the Byzantine style of architecture was built on the property the First Baptist Church of Haddonfield owned and used as the Baptist Cemetery on Kings Highway East. This new building was needed because their first simple “Quaker-style meeting house” was becoming overcrowded as the congregation grew.
Baptist Church built 1852 in Haddonfield Baptist Cemetary
In 1885, the congregation outgrew the 1852 building. Because they wanted to have a more centrally located church where the members could worship more conveniently, they purchased the property at 124 Kings Highway East, and built their new (and present) building. The large old sandstone stones from the former building were used for the back and sides of the new and present church building. In addition to the stones, they also moved the bell which Reverend John Sisty, the congregation’s first Pastor, had donated years before, removing it from the beautiful tall steeple of the 1852 church building. This building was opened for worship services in October of 1886.
Baptist Church built 1885 at 124 Kings Highway East showing stones re-used from 1852 church
Perhaps this answers many questions as to why the stones in
the front part of this building do not match the ones in the back part. Early generations were thrifty reusing materials and buildings whenever possible.
T H E E V A N G E L I C A L LUTHERAN CHURCH OF OUR SAVIOR After the 1926 Sesquicentennial Exposition in Philadelphia closed, the plan was to either demolish or to sell the buildings. A committee from what is now St. Mark’s Lutheran Church in Oaklyn wanted to buy the steel from a chapel at the Exposition known as the Chapel of All Faiths, a nonsectarian worship center –which was for the use of all denominations for prayer and meditation at the fairgrounds. After the parishioners from St. Mark’s found out that the price for the steel they had been quoted was well within their budget and that there was really enough steel for two churches, they contacted the Lutheran group from Haddonfield, which had recently started holding services and other activities in a storefront at 417 Haddon Avenue. The group from St. Mark’s hoped the Haddonfield group would want half of the steel and that they would divide the cost. The Haddonfield group agreed and paid for half of the steel. The Haddonfield Lutheran group applied to the Ministerium of Pennsylvania for a charter. The charter (with forty-six members listed on the application) was granted on October 27, 1926. The church soon purchased the vacant lot at the corner of Wayne Avenue and Wood Lane from L. H. Sinquet, the builder, who had recently purchased many building lots of the Wood farm property (now known as the Estates section) from Earl R. Lippincott, who had purchased the property from Samuel Wood and divided the property into building lots. The steel was delivered by use of a horsedrawn wagon which crossed the Delaware Cont’d on page 5
MOVING HOUSES from page 4
Original Lutheran Church built 1928 with steel from Philadelphia Sesquuicentennial, 1926
River using the then new Delaware River Bridge (now the Benjamin Franklin Bridge). Since many of the members of the newlyformed congregation, The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Our Savior, performed much of the labor used in the construction of the colonial brick building, it was completed for a total cost of $18,000.00. The cornerstone was laid on December 11, 1927. Over the years, the building has had several additions constructed as the congregation grew. It has been said that “The charm of the building is its simplicity”.
Lutheran Church after front entryway was changed.
News From Our Neighbors
EVENTS AROUND TOWN Indian King Tavern: On Saturday, May 17, The Friends of the Indian King Tavern will again be hosting Tankard at the Tavern, a spring beer tasting event. There will be three sessions (12:00 noon, 3:00 pm, 6:00 pm). Tuckahoe Brewing and Riverhorse Brewery will be pouring their brews for the event this year. The Pour House will also be offering “buck a shuck” oysters during sessions. The 12:00 session will be done as a beer pairing. There will be four small courses, each paired with a beer to perfectly compliment the dish. Please contact Terrie at the Law Office of Joseph Murphy, 30 Tanner St. Haddonfield, NJ 856-429-9154 for tickets.
Haddonfield Plays and Players: Haddonfield Plays and Players presents “Curtains” from May 1-17. From the awardwinning team of Kander and Ebb, get ready for some musical sleuthing fun in Curtains! When the talent-less star of a musical is murdered on opening night of a Broadway-bound show, Detective Lt. Frank Cioffi begins investigating and soon finds himself happily caught up in love, and in a musical headed for New York. Full of thrills and spills, laughter, mayhem, and mystery, this hilarious whodunit celebrates the golden age of musicals and the Hollywood's film noir detective movies of the 1950's. www.haddonfieldhistory.org
HSH 100TH ANNIVERSARY CANDLELIGHT DINNER From fabulous food, cake and centerpieces, to a fantastic 100th Anniversary multi-media program, a wonderful time was had by all! Above left, Mary Previte, Haddonfield Mayor Jeff Kasko, and Haddonfield Commissioner John Moscatelli Below, HSH Board member Kate Hilgen with outgoing HSH President Lee Albright
Above left, HSH archivist and library director Ken Cleary Above center, new HSH President Carol Smith with new HSH Board member Jeffrey Boogaard
Left, Caryl Wallace, Dianne Snodgrass, and Helen Mountney Below, left to right, Carol Malcarney, Dottie Herbert, Kathy Tassini, Connie Reeves, and Kim Custer
Below, new HSH President Carol Smith unveils the proposed architectural rendering of our new library.
HSH BOOK CLUB NEWS
oin us on Sunday, May 4 at 2pm in Greenfield Hall for the HSH Book Club discussion of Elizabeth Haddon Estaugh: 1680-1763. Doug Rauschenberger and Kathy Tassini, co-editors, will tell us about the challenges and delights of working on this major HSH publication. We encourage every book club in town to schedule this book on their agenda this year.
By Connie McCaffrey
about the founder of Haddonfield. Light refreshments will be served. Please rsvp to the office, (856) 429-7375. Next book on the HSH agenda is the highly acclaimed An Idea Whose Time Has Come, by Todd S. Purdum. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a transformational statute. This new book looks back at the “messy genius of American democracy.” Date and place for the discussion of this book will be announced to all HSH members by e-blast.
If you haven’t read the Elizabeth Haddon Estaugh biography, come and get inspired to know more
HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF HADDONFIELD Trustees
Immediate Past President
Term expires 2015
Jim Hansen Kenneth Kramer Sue Maslowski Pat Peacock
Term expires 2016
Pamela Chase Kim Custer Kate Hilgen Dave Stavetski
Term expires 2017
Liz Albert Charlene Kelly Creed Nancy Mattis Jeffrey Boogaard
Committee Chairs Buildings - Charles Chelotti Collections - General - Dianne Snodgrass Curator of Dolls - Shirley Raynor Community Outreach - Elizabeth Albert Curator of Tools - Don Wallace
Grounds - Robert Marshall Library - Kathy Tassini Long Range Planning - Charlene Kelly Creed Membership - Barbara Hilgen Publications - Doug Rauschenberger
Education - Pamela Chase
Publicity - Dave Stavetski
Exhibits - Kim Custer
Rentals - Lee Albright
Finance - Mike McMullen Fundraising - Carol Smith
Volunteer Management - Kathryn Raiczyk Web Coordinator - Kenneth Cleary www.haddonfieldhistory.org
e need YOU! 2014 is our 100th anniversary year. Become a permanent part of Haddonfield’s archives by joining or renewing your membership this year. In 1914, 137 Haddonfield citizens were listed as Charter Members of The Historical Society of Haddonfield. In 2014, your name will be listed as a Centennial Charter Member.
By Barbara Hilgen
WELCOME TO OUR NEW MEMBERS: Jeffrey Dorwart Robert Shinn Scott and Corey Crumley Sara Asbell Charlotte Chasteen
THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF HADDONFIELD 2014/15 MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION
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The Historical Society of Haddonfield 343 Kings Highway East Haddonfield, NJ 08033
Samuel Nicholson Rhoad’s Children’s Book Update
SAMUEL’S BOOK DIARY
By Kim Custer
Feb. 18, 2014 HANDS ON RESEARCH… Middle School Rhoads Team members work on transcribing field journals and letters.
Mar. 25, 2014 WE HAVE A TITLE…
Mar. 27, 2014
The Rhoads of Haddonfield, Birds, Books and Big Adventures of Samuel
HANDS ON NEST BUILDING… Central School Rhoads Team explore activities that will be included in each chapter.
Apr. 1, 2014 TAKING A TOUR… Kathy Tassini gave a tour of the SNR Collection to the Rhoads Team.
Apr. 8, 2014 ALL TOGETHER NOW… We met the Board of Education curriculum committee to introduce our book theme. Set a record for number of people who came to a meeting. Way to go team!
WHAT’S BUGGING YOU?
ou will be happy to know that at least I am being diligent on the insect remediation/control as it affects our collections here in Greenfield Hall. Spring is the time the adult moths mate and their larvae begin to look for food. Once again the bug count has begun on each sticky trap. By identifying by species, the proper pheromone lures can be placed around our museum to attract what is flying and crawling about. Not on my watch you little buggers!
Various textile-loving moths and camel crickets are some of the creepy-crawlies that threaten our collections unless properly treated.
Our count seems to be greater than that of 2013. I don’t know why. Nothing different has been happening in here. Perhaps some of you have noticed more of those pesky blond clothes moths in your homes. There is a darker version, too. Actually there are two darker versions which resemble one another quite closely and only one of them is a risk to textiles. The others: well, they are just pests. This is what the entomologist from Insects Limited in Indiana tells me.
By Dianne Snodgrass
Our count includes both the webbing and case making clothes moths, a few house flies, both black and camel crickets, an occasional centipede, those itty bitty ants and some tiny dark beetles. No silver fish have been in our count for a couple of years now. (I did, however, catch a mouse which ate that bait and died.) Again, to help you with your own textiles at home, never put anything away dirty no matter how small the spot. Those little larvae will find it and eat it. And then they will eat the fabric next to it. By the time you find this, you’ll have a nice hole to repair.
TAKE A WALK THROUGH HISTORY IN DOWNTOWN HADDONFIELD
ust a reminder that the Society's “A Walk Through History: Then and Now” exhibit will soon be mounted in stores along King's Highway and Haddon Avenue. Members of the Historical Society have culled through our collections and pulled artifacts that have not previously been viewed by the public. Working with ten Haddonfield merchants and the Haddon Fire Company #1, store window displays combining appropriate Historical Society antiques with store merchandise for sale will be unveiled as of May 1st and remain in place throughout the month. Come take a walk downtown and enjoy the exhibits at the following stores to have a better understanding of what businesses looked like during the 18th, 19th and early 20th century:
By Liz Albert A Taste of Olive The Polished Plate The Little Shop
Haddonfield Fine Jewelers Accent Studio Jay West Richard Bennett Clothing for Men Mir Ano’s Barbershop James A. Carmody & Sons Optical Shop Meserall Opticians
From The Museum Cellars
A GOOD INVESTMENT AND SEEING FIT
ast year our Board of Directors agreed with my request to join the Early American Industries Association. As a result, we are receiving their two newsletters, The Chronicle and Shavings for an annual membership fee of $39.00. We are building a library of these documents, and The Chronicle issues have already provided tool information that has been helpful to our collections in these Museum Cellars… proper tool identification! A dramatic pair of wrench-like pliers… erroneously thought (by me) to be aircraft
By Don Wallace Do you remember my “ENOUGH!” exclamation of several months ago? Well, I hope you also remember my caveat about reserving the right to upgrade our collections whenever I saw fit. I just saw fit! After getting a call back from Bob Shreves (following a two year waiting period) about his father’s tinsmithing tools… I got ‘em! Just a few great ones, but enough to require a reorganization of our tinsmith’s tools and tin artifacts in the cellarway. (I just learned that the Bauer boys called this lower back hallway “the tunnel.”) We were forced to use this area for collection space some years ago because there was no place else to expand. In another revelation about our practices in this museum, I offer the following for the benefit of my successors: As we have with other tradesmen’s collections, we have named this “The Pappy Shreve’s Tinsmith Collection”, even though some of the already existing artifacts were already in place. There is no evidence to show who else might have owned and used them. It simplifies, highlights a leader, and at least fosters recognition of some names in Haddonfield’s trades history.
machinist pliers because of their odd shape, turns out to be for a water pump application. So I moved them to the automotive collection. Here’s the verbiage on this tool: “Sovereign Brand – British Make”. Their symbol is a governeur with “10000 JSAK” under it. Could this still be an English aircraft tool or were all those aircraft motors air cooled? See The Chronicle, Vol. 66 No.2, June 2013.
We were recently advised that Billy Emmerling earned his Eagle Scout status by having helped us register our tool collections into the computer with pictures. (Presentation date to be announced…I will attend.) I am also pleased to pass along an important finding the Emmerlings disclosed to us. In putting the registration number on a tool, we find that SHARPIE™ now has gold and silver metallic markers that produce small and sharp lettering that should be of interest to all museums. (That white marker never did it right.)
Close ups (below) of the markings on the dramatic wrench-like pliers originally (and erroneously) thought to be aircraft machinist pliers. We now know they were used for a water pump application.
So from Francis Collins, blacksmith, 1682… to Pappy Shreves, tinsmith, 2012… and many more names in between… come in and see all the others in Haddonfield’s trades history complete with the tools they used.
When you come in to refer to these references you will have made our investment in them even more fiscally prudent.
The Historical Society of Haddonfield
Non-Profit Org. U.S. Postage PAID Bellmawr, NJ
343 Kings Highway East Haddonfield, NJ 08033
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GREENFIELD HALL HOURS Monday, Wednesday & Friday afternoons from 1 - 4 p.m. First Sunday of the month 1 - 3 p.m.
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Published on Apr 23, 2014