Historical Society of Haddonfield “Dedicated to the study and preservation of Haddonfield History”
MAY 2013 Volume 57, No. 2
INSIDE: President’s Message from Lee Albright
Kim Custer - Alfred E. Driscoll Award Winner
Book Club News
Moving Houses Around & About
From the Museum Cellars
News from our Neighbors
Upcoming HSH Events General Membership Meeting and 18th Century Food Demonstration Wed., May 22nd Greenfield Hall 7:30 pm The Historical Society will be closed during the month of August
343 KINGS HIGHWAY EAST HADDONFIELD, NJ 08033 856-429-7375
The Bulletin General Membership Meeting: May 22nd
18TH CENTURY FOOD - WHAT JOHN AND ELIZABETH HADDON ESTAUGH ATE With Dianne Snodgrass
ur General Membership Meeting topic, “18th Century Food - What John and Elizabeth Haddon Estaugh Ate” will be a lively presentation accompanied by food tastings on Wednesday, May 22, 2013 at 7:30 pm in Greenfield Hall, home of the Historical Society of Haddonfield. Chosen to be sample receipts are examples from Gulielma Springett Penn’s manuscript cookbook circa latter quarter of the 17th century as well as mid 18th century examples from the manuscript cookbook of Polly Burling, Burlington, NJ. These examples or those quite similar would feed the Estaughs in their early married life and Elizabeth toward the end of hers. Greenfield Hall can accommodate 50 people inside. Thus we will be seating on a first come first serve basis. Members are free; non members are $5. 1702 proved to be a busy year for one Edward Blackfan who was contracted to transcribe Gulielma Penn’s receipt book for her son, William Penn, Jr. Evidently he wished to bring his mother’s recipes with him when he came to Pennsylvania in 1703. Comfort food? The transcription is entitled: “My Mother’s Recaipts for Cookerys Presarving and Chyrurgery.” The Penns and the Estaughs were members of the Religious Society of Friends. They were of similar background
By Dianne Snodgrass and class. It is entirely within reason that their paths crossed. Since there is no surviving Book of Cookery from the Estaughs I have taken the liberty of using Gulielma’s for our program. Polly Burling’s “Book of Receipts” is a small piece and contains only eight pages. It is, however, an important document recording what was eaten in West Jersey mid 18th century. As the Penns and Estaughs, Polly’s family was also Quaker. Vocabulary used in these early receipts can be quite different from what we are used to hearing. Standardized spelling did not exist. Chaldarns were needed for Hagasyes; beefe sewett, oring peels, ½ a dusen pippins, mase, cinomon and 3 spunfuls of Rose water appear in the ingredients for Shreed Pyes. Amounts of ingredients were large - the pye receipt made 15 pyes. There is so much about these receipts that is very different and yet, there is a great deal that is the same. I don’t believe we dye our cider anymore but we drink it. Guli dyed hers. “Too Culler Cydor: Take elder berys and strain them, and put the juce a mong the Cydor, it maketh it Loock Like Clarett and will Corectt the windiness”. Cont’d on page 5
t seems like it was just yesterday that we held our Annual Meeting, better known as the Candlelight Dinner, at Tavistock Country Club and the chilly winds of March were whistling past our ears. Despite the cold grey weather, we had a wonderful turnout to hear our speaker, Prof. Jeffery Dorwart. Professor Dorwart gave a tantalizing preview of the Historical Society’s September publication of the definitive biography of Elizabeth Haddon Estaugh. He really left us wanting more! I know many of us are counting the days until the publication of this book to find out how it ends. At the Candlelight Dinner we also elected a new slate of Trustees for 2016: Kim Custer, Pamela Chase, Dave Stavetski (all of whom are returning Board members, thank goodness!) and our newest Trustee Kate Hilgen. It is a great pleasure to welcome Kate to the Board. You may recognize the name. She is the daughter-in-law of Barb Hilgen, a long time
dynamo in the Society. We expect great things from Kate! Looking ahead, we have a very interesting Tricentennial event planned for our General Meeting on May 22. Dianne Snodgrass, past president and Collections Chair, will be conducting a tasting menu of 18th century era food, made from original recipes or ‘receipts’ as they were called back then. Every time I read my emails, Dianne is adding yet another volunteer ‘cook’ to the list. The food should be wonderful AND educational. Read more about it in the article on page 1. That’s it for this year. Thank you for all your support. Have a wonderful summer and see you in September!
Lee Albright, President
KIM CUSTER - ALFRED E. DRISCOLL AWARD WINNER By Kathy Tassini
t the 2013 Haddonfield Civic Association Dinner, Historical Society Trustee, star volunteer and town treasure, Kim Custer was awarded the Alfred E. Driscoll Award for Community Service. Kim has spent a lifetime volunteering her time to the community of Haddonfield from Brownie and Girl Scout leader to Environmental Commission Member and Environmental Science Club Advisor at HMHS.
Kim Custer - HSH Trustee, star volunteer and town treasure.
Kim began volunteering at the Historical Society Library almost six years ago. She brought her expertise in mapping and environmental science and became fascinated by Haddonfield naturalist Samuel Nicholson Rhoads, whose extensive collections of documents, photographs and books were donated over a thirty year period by his descendants. In working with the Rhoads Collection, always curious Kim went to the Academy of Natural Science in Philadelphia where she found their extensive collections of specimens collected by Rhoads. Through the
Rhoads Team she involved environmental science students and faculty from HMHS, the HSH library and the ANSP library and ornithology departments in a major two year study of Rhoads and his work. It resulted in a two day exhibit at the Academy last June called “A Legacy in the Making”. She also, by the way, became a volunteer at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University. While still involved with the HSH library and the Rhoads Collection, Kim has now become Chairman of the HSH Exhibits Committee, working with her committee to organize the Elizabeth Haddon Estaugh exhibit for the third grade students who will be coming to Greenfield Hall for their annual Haddonfield History Tour. Everyone at the Historical Society, and especially the library staff and volunteers congratulate Kim on her very well deserved Alfred E. Driscoll Award from the Haddonfield Civic Association.
ibrary staff and volunteers have expanded on the impressive range of projects and activities that already keep them busy throughout the year. Recognizing that one of Haddonfield’s most important commodities is the people who live here and that their stories and memories represent a priceless record of Haddonfield’s past, the Research Library and Archives has embarked on a Haddonfield Oral History Project. We partnered with Shaun Illingworth, Director of the Rutgers University Oral History Archives to conduct our first “life course history interviews.” Several
By Ken Cleary and Kathy Tassini interviews have already been undertaken and once they are transcribed and granted final approval, they will be made available to researchers and the public. It’s anticipated this will be an ongoing project and inquiries about participation are welcome. Special thanks go to Nan Mattis, Rich Cunliffe and Kathy Tassini for their work on this project. Finally, we wish to advise our summer library hours. For June and July we will be open Monday and Tuesday mornings, from 9:30 to 11:30. The library will be closed for the month of August.
HSH BOOK CLUB NEWS
he HSH Book Club selection for June is In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror, and an American Family in Hitler’s Berlin by Erik Larson. The time, date and place of the meeting will be announced by e-blast, so watch your emails from Nina at HSH. Mrs. Queen Takes the Train, by William Kuhn, was discussed on April 3rd at the British Chip
SH is excited about the two new additions to our Textile Collection which represent the mid 1960s from Haddonfield Memorial High School’s history. The majorette uniform - a very short, black, long sleeved dress decorated with red and white narrow braid was donated by Steven DiPilla, President of HMHS Marching Band Boosters, via Jeanette Finkbiner Leeds, circa 1965. Most recently donated is a cheerleader’s white wool sweater, a red and a black band at the scoop neck and sporting a red “H” varsity letter. It was donated by Pam Leaman Chase, Class of 1965. A most gracious thank you goes to our donors.
By Connie McCaffrey
Shop. Although that book was a step back from “history” into fiction, the consensus was – good book, nice change of pace. In June, back to history! Then for your summer reading, The Years of Lyndon Johnson: The Passage of Power by Robert A. Caro. This book will be discussed in September.
By Dianne Snodgrass twirled batons in complicated routines. Cheerleaders vigorously chanted engaging the crowd. It was Saturday afternoon; the stands were packed at football games.
Haddonfield Memorial High School cheerleading sweater (left) and majorette uniform (right) circa 1965.
Social history tells interesting stories. Our Marching Band front was very different then. The Color Guard carried the American flag and the New Jersey State flag guarded by non-working guns and swords. Majorettes www.haddonfieldhistory.org
Moving Houses Around and About - XIX
THE LITTLE SHELTER THAT MOVED By Helen Mountney
addonfield is very fortunate to have had an active passenger and freight railroad system running right through the middle of the town since 1853 when the Camden and Atlantic Rail Road began service between the Camden ferry landing at Coopers Point and Berlin, and shortly thereafter, Atlantic City. The ferry took passengers between Camden and near the foot of Market Street in Philadelphia. In 1969, the system changed dramatically when the present Hi-Speed Line (PATCO - Port Authority Transit Corporation) commuter system replaced the old system and all the former track, buildings, and equipment were replaced, had been moved, or had been disposed of in one way or another.
Haddonfield Station on the east side of the tracks (for northbound passengers)
Unfortunately, the main Haddonfield station, then owned by the PennsylvaniaReading Seashore Lines (PRSL) ended up being demolished—after several parties who had been interested in saving it gave up, mainly because of the expense involved. A number of local homes, including my own, have patios made from bricks used in the station platform.
The heated enclosed part of the shelter on the southbound side of the tracks (across from the station) was moved to become a temporary shelter at Utica Avenue in Haddon Township until the PRSL’s passenger service was discontinued in 1969. A Shelter on the west side, across from station (for southbound passengers) part of an open waiting area pavilion adjacent to the closed-in heated shelter, as well as many platform bricks, were moved to the back yard E-mail: email@example.com
of the house at 125 West Park Avenue where they are still in place--making this a nice, comfortable private picnic grove! This is easily seen from the parking lot of the Haddonfield United Methodist Church on Warwick Road. This shelter, along with some of its history, was brought to the attention of our Society’s library very recently by a Haddonfield resident who remembered seeing it there as a child—his parents had friends whom they visited frequently in that neighborhood. The West Haddonfield station (an unheated enclosed shelter) was moved, from its location on the east side of the tracks at Mt. Vernon Avenue, to the storage yards of the former Haddonfield Lumber Company on Brace Road in Cherry Hill where it was later reduced to ashes after a disastrous fire. Vernon Tower, which stood guard across Mt. Vernon Avenue from the West Haddonfield station, was demolished about 1967. The small freight house, along the southbound track at Lincoln Avenue, was also demolished. Finally, after many months of moving and demolishing various old structures, and laying track on some newly elevated areas, (except in Haddonfield which required that the track be laid below grade), building many stations and miscellaneous utility buildings, constructing many parking lots and installing all the technical equipment along the 22.5 miles of right-of-way, PATCO began full service on February 15, 1969, from Lindenwold, New Jersey, to 16th and Locust Streets in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. My husband and two young sons were on that train which left Lindenwold at 5:36 A.M., that Saturday morning. In our Society’s booklet, Haddonfield: Its Life With Railroads 18541976, by Marion Pennypacker Tatem, Mrs. Tatem quoted J. William Vigrass, Assistant General Manager/Administration of PATCO (now retired), as saying, “PATCO eased into operation by dawn’s early light”. Cont’d on page 5
MOVING HOUSES from page 4
The PATCO system has been a great commuting system for this part of South Jersey and is the envy of many cities throughout the United States. Time wise, Philadelphia has virtually been moved much closer to our area.
To obtain a more in-depth story of the interesting history of railroading in and about Haddonfield, it is suggested you check Mrs. Tatem’s booklet, mentioned above, and Mr. Vigrass’s book, The Lindenwold Hi-Speed Line, as well as The Philadelphia, Marlton and Medford Railroad Co. 18811931 booklet. Both of these were published by the West Jersey Chapter, National Railway Historical Society.
Railroad shelter and bricks from platform after move to rear of 125 West Park Avenue
West Haddonfield shelter and Vernon Tower on east side of tracks at Mt. Vernon Avenue
18TH CENTURY FOOD from page 1
What people ate tells us about the times in which they lived, their class, their economic status, Trade Routes particularly for spices, availability of firewood. What they cooked in tells us about the local blacksmith, or if there wasn’t one, how they ordered supplies from “home”. So much information is now available for food historians. Good scholarship has prevailed. The challenge for my program has been where to stop. Later, you may be inspired to delve deeper into the world of food histories.
Lest you think I am presenting this program all by myself, I have the wonderful help of 14 others who get enthusiastic about food history, too. Liz Albert, Kathy Tassini, Pam Chase, Myra Kain, Jean Lawes, Connie McCaffrey, Terry Sweeney, Carol Malcarney, Barbara Hilgen, Margie Kanupke, Kathryn Raiczyk, Helen Boyle, Nina Wallace and Lee Albright worked with these old recipes to present an educational and tasty experience. Assisting, as well, are Jeannette Woehr, Jeanine Woehr and Darlene Kelly.
Gulielma had a receipt for Naple Bisketts. Guli’s receipt is at least 100 years older than that of the same from Polly’s book. One difference is the spices. Guli’s calls for a grain of muske; Polly’s used cinnamon, mace and nutmeg. Today we still eat Naples Biscuits; we call them Lady Fingers.
By the way, you will not be eating any tomatoes. Andrew Smith, author of The Tomato in America, found that the first documented planting of the fruit in New Jersey was in 1829. And, yes, the tomato was grown as an ornamental plant know as Love Apple before being used at all in cookery.
We shall sample puddings, a few vegetables, some fruits, some meats and biscuits. You will be surprised and amazed with differences and similarities. This will, indeed, be great fun!
17th century cast iron skillet
t’s membership renewal time. Every HSH member recently received a letter and membership renewal form. It is only with the financial and volunteer support of our community that we can continue preserving and sharing Haddonfield’s 300 years of history. Our expenses are continuous. We maintain two historic buildings, Samuel Mickle House, originally owned by Elizabeth Haddon Estaugh, and Greenfield Hall, built in 1841 by John Gill IV. The needs of our ever-growing Research Library, as a place of safekeeping for Haddonfield’s history, are ongoing, because “today’s events are tomorrow’s history.”
By Barbara Hilgen In addition, we serve the community by providing programs and articles of historic interest, access to archives for research, school tours, projects for Boy and Girl Scouts, and volunteer opportunities for National Honor Society aspirants. This fall the long-awaited biography of Elizabeth Haddon Estaugh will be available for sale; our gift to the community in celebration of our 100th birthday, in 2014. We receive no local, county, or state funding. Your tax-deductible membership dollars insure that we can continue the valuable work begun 100 years ago.
WELCOME NEW MEMBERS Maureen Eyles • Andrea McDonald • Wayne & Deborah Partenheimer Greg & Maureen Sapnar
THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF HADDONFIELD 2013/14 MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION YES! I (we) would like to JOIN The Historical Society! YES! I (we) would like to RENEW my (our) membership! The type of membership desired is: Senior Citizen
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The Historical Society of Haddonfield 343 Kings Highway East Haddonfield, NJ 08033
From The Museum Cellars
t seems as though everyone appreciates receiving an insight. That is what we seek to provide here in the Museum Cellars. Multiple insights are available down here. A few months ago we received a phone call from the Agricultural Department of the State of New Jersey asking if we would be interested in obtaining a cast-iron plate from a drill. A drill looks a lot like a plow, but has a container mounted on it which is used to plant seeds or bulbs on a farm. (And you thought a drill was for holes in wood. Another insight for you?) They no longer wanted this heavy, triangular plate in their museum which had been cast with the following words:
THE HAINES UNIVERSAL DISTRIBUTOR MFG BY W D HAINES HADDONFIELD, NJ PAT’D 4-24-17 12-25-17
By Don Wallace For us it will serve as an interesting plaque to be mounted on a wall somewhere down here. For now it leans against our heater’s water pipes emerging from the expansion tank. It will stay there or be relocated when a need arises. Now I look forward to researching “W.D. Haines” to see if the entire drill was manufactured here and learning all we can about its maker in Haddonfield. When the research is finished we will provide to you the additional insights that it brings. By the way, we already have two planting drills down here. One is of wood and came from the window decoration of a shop on the King’s Highway. The other is a metal “Planet, Jr.” drill which hangs above the G.W. Day s h o e m a k e r ’ s collection, just across the aisle from our complete “Planet, Jr.” garden plow with all its attachments and even the directions that were donated by the late Dr. Robert G. Reiter (better known as Bob Reiter on This “Planet, Jr.” planting drill is on display in our cellar collection. Truman Avenue). If this heavy, cast iron part that we just received is any indication of the full weight of that whole drill from our agricultural past, it was one heavy machine. All of these devices expose the manufacturing developments, and the ingenuity demonstrated by our forebears as the Industrial Revolution progressed.
What would you think our reaction might have been? Sight unseen, whatever it was, the fact that this part of a drill, or the drill itself, was made in Haddonfield…”We’ll be happy to take it!” Several months later it was hand-delivered in good condition to our office in Greenfield Hall. Now it technically is on “permanent loa n” to satisfy that museum’s de-accessioning requirements… but they don’t want it back!
Now that I no longer must apply for Haddonfield’s “Affordable Housing”, I can continue my contribution to The Historical Society’s quarterly Bulletin and its tool collections. I wonder how much an “affordable” house actually costs? Does anyone know? What with more taxes coming anyway, I’ll keep my eye on this potential in order to stay in town. Have you any insights on this? That was one historic referendum on January 22, 2013… a date that will live in infamy! www.haddonfieldhistory.org
The Historical Society of Haddonfield
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NEWS FROM OUR NEIGHBORS Saturday, May 18 - Indian King Tavern Three Cheers for 300 Beer Tasting Fundraiser Noon and 3 pm sessions, $50 Sunday, May 19 - The Haddon Fortnightly My Doll & Me Tea 3 pm - 5 pm, Free “Like” us on
Saturday, June 1 - Indian King Tavern Revolutionary War Encampment 10 am - 4 pm, Free Friday, June 7 - Haddonfield Plays & Players The 39 Steps 8 pm, $15
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Published on May 1, 2013