Page 11

i. Connected them into a truly global network IV. Demographic and environmental changes A. Migrations a. Extreme hardships persisted – people dreamed of better life by escaping cruelties of home b. 1800-1920 50 million Europeans migrated to North/South America c. Push factors i. Famine – Ireland ii. Anti-Semitism – Russia iii. Religious toleration iv. Poverty v. Joblessness d. Industrialization i. Substantial numbers – especially young adults migrated from country to the city a. Upset makeup of traditional family ii. Movement of middle class away from city to the suburbs e. Patterns of immigration i. European settler colonies came into conflict with native populations a. Also exposed indigenous populations to disease i. Not as severe a reaction as Americas ii. Hawaiians and Maoris ii. Need for laborers in Americas brought massive immigration from Europe iii. Religious persecution a. Russian pogroms on Jews B. End of the Atlantic Slave Trade a. Demise from economic and practical considerations i. Too expensive to obtain slaves b. Growing revulsion among Western countries i. Moral, ethical and religious reasons 1. Greater number of citizens/politicians unwilling to continue ii. Turning point when Great Britain – 1807/1808 – wanted to make slavery illegal in all parts 1. During peace settlement following Napoleonic Wars i. Great Britain convinces other countries to follow 2. Eventually spread to Americas i. Lastly Cuba and Brazil ii. America half slave and half free 1. Make slave trade illegal first 2. Civil War needed to make slavery illegal iii. Even though illegal – still 2 million traded in 1800s 1. Islamic states of West Africa still kept slaves – Zanzibar i. Close to 5 million iv. Attempts by West to end slavery 1. Abolitionist movement 2. Recolonization in Africa i. Sierra Leone – British colony ii. Liberia – American Colonization Society 3. Eventually British ships blockaded West African shoreline i. Hunted down slave ships ii. Bombarded coastal fortresses iii. France and US join haphazardly V. Effects of the slave trade on Africa 1. Some believe it led Africans to rely more on slave trade than before 2. Loss of population growth 3. Internal trade relies more on importation of foreign goods i. guns, textiles, alcohol ii. Doesn’t give Africans a chance to produce goods by themselves 4. Some argue it didn’t have that much of an effect i. Small proportion actually taken 5. Coastal kingdoms become ruled by warlords/merchants i. Demanded kings given slaves to satisfy debts 6. Introduction of guns increased likelihood of intertribal war i. Made these wars more lethal 7. Economic slump after end of slave trade – many regions became quite wealthy

/unit4local  

http://www.houstonchristian.org/data/files/gallery/ClassFileGallery/unit4local.doc

/unit4local  

http://www.houstonchristian.org/data/files/gallery/ClassFileGallery/unit4local.doc

Advertisement