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Iss ue

Su m m er

HotLINX 50th Edition

includes 4 bonus pages featuring technical and regulatory articles, industry news and events, plus every HotLINX front cover since 2000

London Connecting According to a Recent Study by the Wireless Broadband Alliance London is the Most Connected City in the World

Visit pages 12 & 13 to find out more findings from the research plus a report on LINX’s involvement in London Tech Week

Industry Events p18

The 12th European Peering Forum is to be staged in Portugese capital, Lisbon, in September. Turn to page 18 for our preview and details on how you can help set the agenda.

Data Centre News


In the Spotlight p21

HotLINX Editor, Jeremy Orbell, speaks with Lee Hetherington, Edge Network Strategist at Facebook, and newest addition to LINX Board following his election at the LINX AGM in May.

On page 6 we look at Digital Realty’s merger with DuPont Fabros Technology in $7.6 billion deal. Also covered is a Data Centre Energy Efficiency Project of the Year Award for Telehouse and expansion and upgrade plans for Pulsant.

Contents Face Off

Inside Stories

LINX News p06, p14 The 2017 AGM and Board elections took place in May with proceedings overseen by Chairman Murray Steel. Read our review on page 6

LINX America p07 LINX America CEO, Ben Hedges, updates us on progress at NoVA plus his congressional fly-in meeting as part of an i2Coalition delelgation

LINX Technology p08-09 Mike Hellers gives us the latest LINX engineering news including the recent network upgrades, work on LON2 plus information on a new route server project

Public Affairs p10-11 A Home Affairs Select Committee report states that fines are being considered for social media companies over extremist content. Malcolm Hutty tells us more

Welcome to HotLINX50. Here’s a brief summary of some of the articles featured inside this issue. In Industry News we have an update of Ofcom’s new Code of Practice for ISPs, info on the abolition of EU mobile roaming charges plus the facts and figures behind EE’s temporary network at the Glastonbury festival. In our events section there’s a preview of the 12th European Peering Forum in Portugal plus two new LINX member engagement events in July and October. We also have details on our next quarterly conference which will be held in Manchester in August. Two of the sponsors of the LINX96 member conference in February were Corero and Daisy Group. They have both provided HotLINX with technical articles on automation and DDoS respectively. We also have some interesting content from our associate members RIPE NCC, Netnod, Kentik and DNS Belgium. Finally we take our usual look at the latest LINX member and technical statistics on our back page. It was a good first quarter for new members with 20 new connections from 8 different territories.

Industry Tweets

Below are just a few of the LINX and member community related updates seen on Twitter recently. Chris @EcomFTTP Proudly wearing my @LINX_Network shirt today whilst trenching continues in rural #Buckinghamshire. #fttp #ftth #broadband @AvantTecnoUK

EPS Global @EPSGlobal Great talk by Vipul Bhatt at #LINX97 last week, delighted to have been involved with another great @LINX_Network event Mike Hughes @mike_hooz I’m at #GMDigital today with two hats: the dayjob @llnw and the other as a member of the @LINX_Network IX Manchester steering committee. Tom Hill @tomm3h And @Hyperoptic continue to peer locally, at #IXManchester. This is awesome, so thank you for continuing this.

LINX on Twitter

Keep up to date with LINX on Twitter by following @LINX_Network HotLINX Publisher: Kurt Erik Lindqvist Editor: Jeremy Orbell Telephone: Editorial & Content: Printing: Publishing:

+44 1733 207705 Sudbury Print London Internet Exchange Limited. Trinity Court, Trinity Street, Peterborough, United Kingdom PE1 1DA

No part of this publication may be reproduced without the permission of the publishers.


HotLINX © London Internet Exchange 2017

Do you follow?

You can also get LINX news on LinkedIn and Facebook via the quick links below:

Record growth and the changing faces of LINX By John Souter, LINX Chief Executive Officer

First of all I would like to give a very warm welcome to Lee Hetherington of Facebook who has become the latest addition to the LINX Board following his election in May. He has been a strong supporter of LINX for many years and has been an active participant on the LINX Programme Committee. Lee is joined on the Board by Seb Lahtinen who was re-elected for a further three year term. It was at the May member conference and AGM that we bade farewell to Patrick Gilmore who had stood on the Board for 10 years. It was interesting to hear his thoughts on a decade on the Board which were expressed with Patrick’s usual wit and charm. Board meetings won’t be quite the same without him.

Front page news... 2001 style!

It has been brought to my attention that I made the cover of the third issue of HotLINX which was published in Spring of 2001. I’d just been appointed as LINX Chief Executive and the exchange was about to embark on a brave new world of 10 Gigabit Ethernet. The main headline for that edition was Membership at New Record Levels, which at the time stood at 120. That figure looks like a relatively modest total when compared to the current number of 757 members. LINX is always looking ahead as any serious company should do and every year we are breaking through barriers that we thought impossible just a few years ago. This applies to member numbers, traffic figures or connected capacity. As HotLINX went to press we are in touching distance of 800 connected ASNs, a hundred member-facing 100GigE ports and 20 Tb of connected capacity. We know there will always be new challenges to face but that’s what makes this industry so fascinating. History tells us that we’re definitely up for the test!

Editorial HotLINX@50

By Jeremy Orbell, HotLINX Editor Here we are at issue 50 of HotLINX. Flicking through early copies it’s clear that the Internet world that HotLINX first reported on in 2000 is very different to the one we know today. As the telecoms landscape has evolved so have the subjects we’ve covered. For this edition we look at a range of industry topics such as IoT and cloud services as well as other technical topics including route servers, automation and DDoS. I first worked on HotLINX in 2004 when it was just an eight page newsletter. The magazine has undergone a number of redesigns since that first edition and you can see just how many yourself by turning to page 23 where you can view all 49 previous covers. The name HotLINX itself harks back to an era when the Internet as we know it was still in its infancy. How long is it since you described a hyperlink and a hotlink? Come to think of it, when was the last time you referred to a link as a hyperlink! Membership communication is very important to us which is just one of many reasons why we continue to reach out to the peering industry through our pages in print and online. I hope you enjoy this special issue of HotLINX as much as we enjoyed putting it together for you.

Welcome HotLINX Issue 50




Industry News What could Ofcom’s new UK Code of Practice mean for ISPs? Ofcom has stated plans that it is to make changes to its voluntary code of practice for ISPs. The voluntary code for broadband ISP speeds contains guidelines for a range of broadband services, and requires them to notify customers of the access line speeds they’re likely to have as part of the service they receive. If speeds fall significantly below the original figure supplied, ISPs are required to resolve the issues or offer the facility to exit the contract without incurring charges. However, Ofcom is expected to launch a consultation on the code of practice in the next month, which most ISPs have already signed up to. According to ISPreview, customers are expected to receive more information about broadband speeds when first signing up to a contract. The requirement for ISPs to provide an estimate of the maximum speed at off-peak times (80th percentile speed), alongside the “normally available speed” at busy times (80th-20th percentile speeds) is also expected to be introduced. Ofcom are yet to define what constitutes peak and off-peak times and companies will also have to provide an estimate of the minimum speed during those periods as well as the advertised speed. ISPreview also says that both download and upload speeds will need to be included in the estimates. At present it remains unclear whether the code of practice will be made mandatory.

The facts and figures behind EE’s Glastonbury temporary network

Ever wondered what goes into building a network for a one-off event? recently got an insight from EE into what goes on with the Glastonbury music festival and the numbers involved. For every year since 2013 the volume of mobile data traffic over its network at the festival has more than tripled: 0.55 terabytes in 2013; 2.5 in 2014; 8 in 2015 and 25 in 2016. Before this year’s event EE forecast around 40 terabytes for 2017, which may have been surpassed as EE has added a permanent base station site to join its five temporary positions. Unsurprisingly the upload and consumption of video is the main reason for network demand. EE has around a third of UK mobile subscribers and Glastonbury has approximately 150,000 visitors if you combine ticket sales and staff. This means if we take EE’s subscribers as a third of the total each user consumes around 800 MB over the course of the weekend. If you extrapolate it to a whole month you get 8 GB, which would be well above the usual data consumption. Further facts and figures on this story can be found on the website:


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Industry News


Have a story you’d like to tell the LINX members? Send your ideas to the HotLINX team

In Brief EU roaming charges are no more but questions remain

British travellers are now benefiting from the abolition of roaming charges for using their mobile phones across Europe. The European Union began putting pressure on intra-European roaming charges 10 years ago, with a number of progressively stringent price caps. As of 15 June 2017, the European Commission’s clampdown took full effect. In communications the slogan “Roam Like at Home” has been used along with the promise of “no bill shock anymore”. There’s no set up required; wherever a user is in the EU, they will be treated as though you are in their country. The mobile phone operator simply charges at domestic rates, or takes roaming consumption from the allowances in domestic mobile tariffs. Questions have been raised however as to what will happen after Brexit. As citizens of a non-EU country, the UK will have no automatic right to roam free telephonically. ABTA, the travel association, has demanded “we retain this highly valuable and pragmatic EU-level agreement once we leave the EU”. It is possible that the UK will negotiate equivalent measures, or conversely that mobile phone operators may reintroduce onerous charges. The eventual settlement is likely to be somewhere inbetween. More information on this topic can be viewed on the Independent newspaper’s website:

What they’re saying At London Tech Week in June data centre group Equinix hosted a one-day event entitled ‘Innovation Through Interconnection’ (ITI). Attendees spoke about their digital transformation journey and how interconnection has accelerated their business performance. Russell Poole, Managing Director of Equinix UK, has summarised the discussions in a blog on the Equinix website. Read the full blog post here:

London Tech Week: Clouds, IOT and the digital edge

Russell Poole, MD, Equinix UK “I was party to some very interesting discussions and got to hear thoughts about the move to the digital edge and what businesses must do to ensure they remain competitive in this increasingly digital world. The constant flux mentality is pushing digital strategies and one of the clear takeaways from the day is it is now all about connected things (and the cloud). This is where interconnection comes in. Converging trends in cloud, digital collaboration, mobility and the IoT mean that today the digital edge can be anywhere at any time. Bringing data, content and collaboration apps out to the digital edge decreases latency, improving the user experience and increasing productivity. Businesses must re-architect their IT for the digital edge because that’s where their customers, partners, employees and data are.”


In Brief

Data Centre News

Telehouse Wins DCS Data Centre Energy Efficiency Project of the Year Award

Digital Realty To Merge With DuPont Fabros Technology in $7.6 billion deal Digital Realty and DuPont Fabros Technology have announced that they have entered into a definitive agreement under which DuPont Fabros will merge with Digital Realty in an all-stock transaction. The merger comes as the demand for data centres continues to grow and as more companies move their operations onto cloud computing platforms, where information can be accessed over the Internet. The deal is said to be worth $7.6 billion. California based Digital Realty has acquired a number of data centres recently as it seeks to be one of the technology industry’s biggest landlords. In 2015 US data centre operator Telx were the a subject of a takeover and the following year eight European data centres were acquired from Equinix. Digital Realty now maintains 145 properties across 33 metropolitan areas. DuPont Fabros, the Washington D.C.based company, owns and operates a portfolio of data centres and rents

them to some of the world’s biggest technology companies. The company currently owns 12 massive data centres with a total of about 3.3 million square feet of floor space. It has been actively expanding in locations such as Ashburn, Chicago and Silicon Valley with the Ashburn facility home to one of LINX NoVA’s three US PoPs. “This strategic and complementary transaction significantly enhances Digital Realty’s ability to support the growth of hyper-scale users in the top U.S. data center metro areas, while providing meaningful customer and geographic diversification for DuPont Fabros ,” said A. William Stein, Digital Realty’s CEO. As part of the agreement DuPont Fabros would become an existing subsidiary of Digital Realty and the combined company would be the second largest data-centre real estate investment trust in the United States. The full press release announcing the merger can be viewed here:

Telehouse has been named winner in the Data Centre Energy Efficiency Project of the Year category for the 2017 Data Centre Solutions Awards. Telehouse was presented the award for its Telehouse North Two data centre on its London Docklands data centre campus which opened last year. North Two is the first multifloor data centre in the world to feature a vertical Indirect Adiabatic and Evaporative (IAC) cooling system, delivering power usage effectiveness (PUE) of 1.16 across 6 floors of plant space.

Pulsant to upgrade its South Yorkshire data centre

Pulsant, LINX member and host data centre of IXScotland in Edinburgh, is investing £1 million to expand and upgrade its data centre in South Yorkshire. The facility will undergo a full mechanical and electrical infrastructure refresh to help achieve concurrent maintainability – a key requirement for Tier III data centres. A extra space is to be added to host an additional 90 racks, ahead of the introduction of a third data hall. Work began at the end of June and is due to be completed in October.

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Industry News


LINX News Partner & Reseller News NaMeX members Convergenze and SED Multitel connect to LINX via IXP Reseller programme

Five candidates stood for election to the LINX Board at LINX97 in May. Following voting Seb Lahtinen of Netconnex and Lee Hetherington of Facebook (second right and far right respectively) were both elected for three year terms

Board Elections & LINX97 AGM Review At the 97th LINX member conference and AGM the annual election of LINX directors to the LINX Board took place. As in previous years, two directors were required to step down by rotation and those retiring this occasion were Sebastien Lahtinen and Patrick Gilmore. Whilst both were eligible to stand again, Patrick would only be able to serve for a single year due to recent governance changes to term limits. It was for this reason that Patrick decided not to stand again meaning it was guaranteed that there would be at least one new face on the Board. Following the nomination process five candidates indicated a desire to stand. In addition to Seb these were Matt Wilson (Telecoms Cloud Networks), Simon Lockhart (Bogons / Cablecom Networking), Chris Wilkie (Electronic Communities) and Lee Hetherington (Facebook). Many members choose to vote in advance electronically. In a new development, audio election statements on the LINX website were added in order to help those people make their decision. During the hustings session at LINX97 itself candidates faced

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questions on a range of subjects including what the LINX ethos of “working for the good of the Internet” meant to them and what they felt the major strategic challenges LINX would face in its public affairs mission over the next five years. As per previous years the election was conducted according to single transferable vote rules with the final outcome decided after two voting rounds with second and third preferences proving decisive. Once concluded Lee Hetherington and Seb Lahtinen were duly elected for three year terms of office. Lee has been interviewed in our ‘In the Spotlight’ feature on page 21.

AGM Resolutions Passed

Two ordinary resolutions were put to the vote during the AGM session, each requiring a simple majority. These were the approval of the 2016 annual accounts and the appointment of haysmacintyre as auditors. Both resolutions were passed overwhelmingly. Members can review documentation, video and presentation files from the AGM by visiting the LINX97 event page:


LINX is pleased to report that Convergenze and SED Multitel are the first NaMeX Roma Internet Exchange members to announce their AS numbers on the LINX peering platform as part of the LINX IXP Reseller programme. Convergenze, an ISP located in Capaccio, Italy, were the first NaMeX member to peer with the LINX community. They were closely followed by SED Multitel, an Italian BGP network and gaming company. Both networks will now have more routing options and be able to reduce traffic passing through transit, reducing costs and giving better service to their customers. NaMeX members have been able to peer at LINX in London since 15th June. LINX members will have the reciprocal capability to connect to the Italian platform and peer with their members shortly. NaMeX hosted their annual meeting in Rome on 3rd July with the Italian peering market high on the agenda. LINX Channel Partner Manager, Emma Saunders, attended the event and met with our new partners.

Rosario Pingaro of Convergenze and Augusto Paolo Mari of SED Multitel are pictured with Emma, left and right, respectively.

LINX America

Ben Hedges

CEO LINX America

GPF Update

American Networking Impressive Growth at LINX NoVA in Q2 2017

There have been lots of new members and port orders for LINX NoVA since the last issue of HotLINX in May. Among the new access networks to connect are Allied Telecom and Pilot Fiber with new content providers represented by Facebook and Yahoo! Added to these NoVA has existing orders in provisioning from both Google and Amazon. Traffic across the exchange has risen sharply too with a record of 15.79Gb/s set in April. Figures today are in excess of four times higher than they were at the end of last year and regularly peak above 11.5Gb/s. In addition, of the six LINX LANs the Northern Virginia exchange has the most number of prefixes available other than the main London Network, LON1.

North American Events Round Up

LINX Members represented at Congressional Fly-In

In May, LINX America CEO, Ben Hedges, attended a two day congressional fly-in as part of an i2Coalition delelgation. The i2Coalition are a diverse group of Internet infrastructure companies who support and represent those who build the nuts and bolts of the Internet. A number of successful meetings were conducted between i2Coalition members and legislators from the House and Senate, representatives the FBI, the Homeland Affairs Committee, the Government Affairs Committee, the Department of Commerce, and more. As the delegate with business and staff in Ashburn, Ben was asked to lead the delegation when meeting with Congresswoman Barbara Comstock (R-VA). Ms Comstock represents Virginia’s 10th District which includes Ashburn, an area known as ‘data center alley’ and where LINX NoVA is present. They discussed issues around the interconnection eco-system and how to create more jobs in the area.

Since last publication the LINX America team have been getting out in the community with a strong and successful presence in New For further information on the i2Coaltion York for the twelfth Global Peering and these meetings please visit: Forum (GPF12.0), International Telecoms Week in Chicago (ITW 2017) and the seventieth North American Network Operators’ Group event in Seattle (NANOG70). We have a review of our attendance at Ben Hedges, pictured centre, in discussion with Republican ITW 2017 on page Congresswoman Barbara Comstock (second right) in May 19 of this issue.

Global Peering Forum Membership

In June it was announced by the GPF Board that its by-laws had been updated. This was to reflect the intent that GPF membership would be offered to attendees of two qualifying GPF events over the preceding three years OR in this, the initial year, attendees of GPF 12.0. The event locations in question are: • GPF 12.0 - New York City • GPF 11.0 - Los Angeles, • GPF 10.0 - Freeport, Bahamas This language adjustment to the bylaws document was necessary given the time that elapsed between the original drafting of the by-laws and the establishment of the organisation. There is no membership fee required for GPF membership. All eligible individuals were contacted via email by 15th June with acceptance required by the end of the month. At close, the founding GPF Membership stands at 257 members for the year 2017-2018. GPF Membership for Fiscal 2018 provides the ability to both vote and run for a board seat in the initial GPF election to be held in May 2018. If you have any questions let the GPF Board know by emailing

Further info on GPF activities can be found here:

HotLINX Issue 50


LINX America


LINX Technology Route Server Guide Internet exchange points provide every connected party with a direct Layer2 connection to all other participants at the exchange. Across this Layer2 network, members will establish BGP peering between each other, allowing them to exchange IP prefixes and subsequently allow traffic to be routed between them across the peering LAN. This is achieved by setting up bilateral peering sessions, meaning that once members agree to peer, they can configure their routers by establishing a BGP session between them. At large IXPs such as LINX setting up these individual BGP sessions, and the required operational overhead can be challenging and time-consuming. The large number of BGP sessions can also lead to performance issues, especially in the case of members with lower bandwidth requirements, and as such often less powerful routers.

One way to overcome this issue is the use of multilateral peering. To enable this, LINX provides route servers on each peering LAN. Members who want to use the route server, only have to establish a single BGP session, thus providing them with direct access to the prefixes of any other member using this route server. Particularly for new members, the ease with which they can access many peers allows them to quickly see a return on their investment in joining the Internet Exchange. It also reduces the network management overhead again bringing value to the member. Members also use route servers for redundancy purposes.

Route Server Availability

There are a few instances which might prevent some members from using a route server. They may have an open

LINX Route Server Project

Phase 1: Prefix Validation

All route server prefixes are to be validated against the publicly available IRR databases. LINX will use, a conglomerate of Internet registry data bases mirroring all the largest and most important IRR and private databases. If a prefix is found to be invalid then it will be tagged with a communicated BGP community. LINX will also work with members to identify any possible issues, and provide guidance on how to address them. It also means that from the moment LINX start tagging, any member who is receiving invalid prefixes can easily stop this from happening by applying a simple prefix filter to his own router rejecting any prefixes tagged with that BGP community.


HotLINX Issue 50


LINX will continue to monitor the number of invalid prefixes and would expect to see them drop over time. It is hoped that after six weeks or so that the levels would have dropped significantly. Once this has happened, LINX will announce phase two of the project.

Phase 2

In phase two LINX will no longer propagate any prefixes that are deemed to be invalid. If members want they can still receive these prefixes, however the LINX default will be not to propagate. Any member wishing to receive such prefixes will need to contact LINX directly, via the support services mailbox. The aim of this project is to capture and eliminate issues caused by prefix leaks and invalid prefixes being propagated by the route servers.

LINX Technology

peering policy but they like the ability to shut down a peering session if they develop an issue with the peer. Although it is easily possible to achieve this also on route servers, the complexity is higher compared to a simple shutdown of a direct peering session. When peering, members should follow best practice rules but this can be a complicated, time consuming process and sometimes errors creep in. Incorrect routing information can cause connectivity problems, the most common of which is the advertising of invalid prefixes or leaking a full or partial routing table. With direct, bilateral sessions, it is easy to build prefix filters to prevent issues from propagating into the network. However, because of the volume of peers available at the route server this becomes much harder for the individual member to manage. The LINX Technology team have now embarked on a two phase project to address this issue.

Peering DB

Validating against the IRR database means that it becomes very important that all members have correct and current information in Peering DB (www. LINX uses the ‘IRR Record’ field as basis to generate the list of prefixes and ASNs for the member. LINX has always stressed the importance to members of registering their information on Peering DB but as this project becomes live it is now critical. As a future improvement, LINX are also evaluating the use of additional checks, i.e the use of RPKI to further improve the platforms. If you are using LINX route servers then please look out for further announcements regarding the tagging of communities and how you can get involved to improve the service.

Are you considering connecting at 100G? Help us to plan capacity by letting us know

If you are considering connecting at 100G it would help us if you could share your plans in advance to enable us to deliver your port requirements as swiftly as possible. To let us know, or to obtain further information on 100G, please email the Member Relations team:

Engineering Update

Recruitment Sion Hopes

Technology team’s workload hots up during summer months By Mike Hellers, LINX Network Engineering Manager

While the summer months are often a more quiet time of the year in many organisations, this is rarely the case for the LINX Technology team. While overall traffic levels tend to be slightly lower these months, Internet traffic tends to increase quickly during late summer and into autumn. This is a driving factor for a number of network upgrades to be completed. We do not expect this to be any different this year.

Migration to Edgecore for LON2

The second project is the move from the Extreme Networks based LAN to an EVPN LAN using Edgecore switches and IP Infusion’s OcNOS operation system. At the time of writing, we are completing the second proof of concept lab testing together with both Edgecore and IP Infusion. We will provide another update during the LINX98 meeting in Manchester on progress, and assuming all of the testing completes successfully, our target is to enter into the deployment phase during August/September and start member migrations during September/October. Similar to the Juniper migration several years ago, we will provide regular updates during this significant project over the coming months.

In addition to the normal capacity upgrades, which also include significant capacity upgrade for IXManchester, we are also working on two other major projects. The first one is the first phase of our Network Configuration Automation project. In this first step, all configurations for our Juniper based networks will move to a fully automated configuration setup. All member port configurations will be directly driven by the information in our CRM system. The infrastructure parts of the configs are based on a combination of generated configs but also on per device type templates. Over time, more and more of this will also be fully generated based on the information stored in our DCIM database and other systems. All of this is driven by a set of highly The LINX Technology team has always had to plan ahead for integrated tools, including traffic growth. This cartoon by Graham Morris from one of the Git repositories, Ansible and very first editions of HotLINX takes a humorous look at the Napalm. process of recruitment of network engineers.

NOC Engineer The LINX Technology team has been enhanced by the recent appointment of Sion Hopes as NOC Engineer. Sion began his telecoms career in 2007 at TalkTalk in Preston as second line broadband support. After two years he moved to a Managed Service Provider called Circle IT based in Cardiff where he was brought in to improve customer services. In time he was tasked with expanding the department and becoming Service Desk Team Leader. As part of this role he had responsibilities for the Field Engineering team. He later moved into a new department dealing with first and second line proactive services, overseeing backup and antivirus solutions, as well as scripting auto-fixes. In 2014, Sion joined the Allegro NOC as a Service Desk Analyst at a time when Allegro were supporting LINX NOC activities for what is now the LINX Technology department. It was from this position that he moved to LINX in April this year. Sion told HotLINX: “I am exicited to have joined LINX having worked closely with them for nearly three years as part of the external NOC. LINX is at the heart of the Internet Exchange industry and I am proud to join this prestigious organisation. I got to know the NOC team well at the beginning of the year when I assisted with the teams training and I am very happy to be joining them.”

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LINX Technology


Public Affairs

Malcolm Hutty

LINX Head of Public Affairs

The report proposes that social media companies be held accountable for the material that is posted on their platform and an investigation into whether they can be held legally responsible. The report also recommended a system of escalating fines for social media companies that do not remove problematic content quickly enough.

Select Committee Report:

Home Affairs Select Committee considers fines for social media companies failing to remove extremist content on their platform

The Home Affairs Select Committee published a report on 25th April 2017 calling for penalties such as fines against social media companies that fail to remove content deemed as extremist and portraying child abuse from their platforms. While Internet companies could argue that they should not be fined for content published by third parties that they do not condone and is uploaded in breach of their terms of services, the Committee argues that there is a precedent for holding companies liable for what others do: under the Police Act 1996, football clubs are also required to pay for policing costs. Similarly, the Committee also argued that if social media companies are capable of using technology to immediately remove material that breaches copyright, they should be capable of using similar technology to stop extremists re-posting or sharing illegal material under a different name. The Home Affairs Select Committee claims that extremist material is becoming more common on the

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Internet, and that action is needed to deal with it. The Committee cited the 1,209 people convicted under the Communications Act in 2014 compared to the 143 people convicted under the Act in 2004 as evidence of this. The report identifies “jihadist groups” and National Action as two groups that have been allowed to remain on the internet. Yvette Cooper, the Chair of the Committee, lamented: “In this inquiry, it has been far too easy to find examples of illegal content from proscribed organisations – like National Action or jihadist groups – left online.” The report praised companies such as Google and Facebook for implementing measures to tackle this such as publishing clear community guidelines and promoting online safety, but said they are not doing enough to combat the presence of such material on the internet. The report labels the approach hitherto taken by such organisations as “laissez-faire”.

LINX Public Affairs

Although social media companies have always relied on copyright holders, as well as others, to report illicit content, the committee says that the cost of policing for extremism should be born by Internet companies instead of the police: “In the UK, the Metropolitan Police’s Counter Terrorism Internet Referral Unit (CTIRU) monitors social media companies for terrorist material. This means that multi-billion pound companies like Google, Facebook and Twitter are expecting the taxpayer to bear the costs of keeping their platforms and brand reputations clean of extremism”. The Committee had to stop abruptly following the dissolution of Parliament. Yet, it is highly likely that the Committee will resume again given Prime Minister Theresa May’s belief in extensive regulation over the internet. This was again seen most recently with the Prime Minister expressing her wish – in her first foreign trip following the 2017 General Election – in Paris, France alongside President Macron that action should be taken to ensure that the internet is not a “safe space” for terrorists. Unfortunately it looks very likely that this is the direction of travel.

Public Affairs Blog

For the latest industry news and comment on regulatory issues please visit the Public Affairs blog on the LINX website.

Public Affairs Update Babatunde Onabajo joins LINX as Public Affairs Executive Babatunde Onabajo has joined LINX as a Public Affairs Executive working under Malcolm Hutty. Previously, he did a postgraduate degree relating to Brazil and other emerging markets at King’s College London, a short course in International Law at the University of Geneva and an undergraduate degree in BSc Economics at Cardiff University. He has previously worked for the British Bankers’ Association, the TaxPayers’ Alliance, the Institute of Economic Affairs as well as for Mark Field MP (Cities of London and Westminster). He was named the UK’s Graduate of the Year in 2016 by the job search engine Adzuna.

Babatunde said, “I am delighted to be joining LINX at a time when freedoms on the Internet have come under increased scrutiny. I hope to put the Public Affairs department on the national stage in representing the interests of internet service providers”. One of Babtunde’s roles at LINX will be to provide articles, research and analysis relating to regulatory issues on the LINX Public Affairs blog and social media platforms. To keep abreast of the latest stories published please visit:

Angela Merkel calls for global digital rules

Speaking in Mexico alongside the country’s president Enrique Peña Nieto, German Chancellor Angela Merkel expressed a need for “global digital rules” much like the rules that govern trade under the World Trade Organization (WTO) and financial markets for the G20. With the upcoming G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany in July, the country seeks to assert its position in encouraging other countries to develop a concrete digital plan. It also hopes to use the summit to call for an agreement on technical standards as well as fast internet access for all. In many respects, Merkel’s statements parallel those found in the 2017 Conservative Manifesto: “we will open discussions with the leading tech companies and other like-minded democracies about the global rules of the digital economy, to develop an international legal framework.”

Achievements In addition to his UK Graduate of the Year Award Babtunde has been bestowed with a number of other prestigious honours. • Shortlisted for the 2017 Albert Einstein Fellowship Award for a proposal on research on the use of drone technology in warfare • Honoured with the KCL Experience Global Award at Kings College, which is given to students at the university who can show engagement with other cultures • Received the KCL Experience London Award for relaying his experience working at the British Bankers’ Association • Third at the Pricewaterhouse Coopers’ crowdsourcing challenge where he spoke before a panel of partners at the firm • Selected to be a member of the Clifford Chance Intelligent Aid programme and then chosen to be a member of the Young Leaders UK network.

LINX Public Affairs

In Brief

EU ministers approve hate speech rules

EU ministers recently approved hate speech rules requiring social media companies such as Facebook, Google and Twitter to remove material deemed as “hate speech” or face fines. The approval among EU ministers comes after Germany tentatively considered requiring online companies remove content deemed as hate speech or be fined €50m, although this was later branded illegal by a German parliamentary body. It also comes after the ex-GCHQ deputy director of intelligence and cyber operations Brian Lord recommended fines for social media companies that do not take down content perceived as extremist quickly enough. In order to become law at the EU level, the rules must be agreed between the Council of Ministers, the European Commission and the European Parliament.

EU to impose national quotas on streaming services

The European Parliament seeks to impose national quotas on streaming services to ensure that catalogues for streaming services such as Netflix hold content that are at least 30% European works. The changes are part of an amendment to the Audiovisual media services directive. Colin Bortner, director of public policy for Netflix, argues that the quotas will result in lower quality work. One unnamed diplomat who opposed the measure said that there is a risk the directive will drift away from its original purpose and will move to policing “any moving picture on any screen”. HotLINX Issue 50


LINX Public Affairs


London Connecting

According to a Recent Study by the Wireless Broadband Alliance London is the Most Connected City in the World A new study of the world’s eight richest countries by GDP conducted by the Wireless Broadband Alliance (WBA) has revealed that London is the most connected city in the world. However, over 1.75bn citizens remain unconnected worldwide with a third of those residing in major urban areas. The report highlights that while the drive for universal connectivity has never been stronger, there is still a major digital divide.

Research Background & Methodology

The study, entitled ‘The Urban Unconnected’, was undertaken on behalf of Wireless Broadband Alliance by IHS Markit to mark World Wi-Fi Day. The aim of the research was to identify the levels of connectivity in urban and rural areas across eight major countries around the globe. These were the United Kingdom, Germany and Russia in Europe, the USA and Brazil from the Americas plus India, China and Japan from Asia and the Far East. Also explored were the challenges faced and the initiatives being implemented in five major cities: Delhi, London, Moscow, New York and Sao Paulo. For the purpose of this report an unconnected individual is defined as an individual who does not have access to or cannot afford broadband connectivity. The research was complemented by interviews with city authorities and experts on the issue of digital divide and connectivity. Sources included material from city and national statistical offices, national telecoms regulators, city departments websites, Internet usage or adoption surveys and other proprietary data.

Wireless Broadband Alliance

Founded in 2003, the Wireless Broadband Alliance (WBA) aims to accelerate the worldwide development of seamless and secure wireless services building on its background of Next Generation Hotspot (NGH) and carrier Wi-Fi systems. The WBA continues to encourage and support the adoption of Next Generation Wireless services over the public Wi-Fi ecosystem, including IoT and Converged Services plus Smart Cities and 5G, etc. Members of the WBA include leading fixed operators such as BT and Comcast and Charter Communications; top 10 mobile operator groups (by revenue) and leading tech companies such as Cisco, Microsoft, Huawei Technologies, Google and Intel.

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Inside Story: London Connecting

London: only 1 in 14 unconnected

The UK capital, London, was found to be the most connected city of those surveyed, with just 625,336 of its citizens unconnected. This equates to just 7% of the city’s population. Amongst the barriers to Internet adoption for Londoners were IT skills and a lack of understanding of the benefits that being connected offer. Spending power was another key challenge against Internet take up.

Key Findings for other cities

Nearly a fifth (19% ) of all residents of New York are unconnected meaning that 1.6 million people in the city do not have Internet access. This is compounded by both the quality of connection and affordability. Perhaps unsurprisingly, Delhi in India and Sao Paulo in Brazil both have the largest number of unconnected citizens of the cities researched. Around a third of each city’s residents were without Internet connectivity with 29% (5.331 million) of the population of Delhi unconnected and 36% in Sao Paolo, (4.349 million). In the Russian capital Moscow 17%, or 2.154 million people, were found to be unconnected. Infrastructure was a specific challenge as well as the lack of development of an integrated approach to promoting Internet adoption. Ensuring a high standard and quality of Internet services was also found to be an issue.

As expected Internet adoption has been quicker in cities than compared to rural areas, but cities still face difficulties in expanding Internet usage. All locations were affected by limited spending power, technology availability, knowledge of the benefits of being connected and also IT literacy and confidence levels. Even among countries with higher average salaries, economic and social issues still shape a digital divide. Also highlighted in the report were the many benefits and opportunities unconnected individuals were missing out on. Online services can be used for generating savings and accessing education services for a range of purposes. Digital inclusion aids economic growth for cities, nations, as well as businesses helping to attract investment and stimulate innovation. Shrikant Shenwai, CEO of the WBA, said: “Connectivity is now an essential commodity, much in the same category as power and water yet many people in some of the world’s major cities are still without an internet connection. The issue of the urban unconnected is of critical importance the economies and societies around the world. We call on Governments around the world to re-double their focus on connecting the urban unconnected. It’s vital that internet access becomes recognized as a human right, and that all stakeholders involved in the provision of broadband work together to make this happen”. The full WBA white paper is available to download here:

LINX at London Tech Week 2017 12-16 June 2017 For this year’s London Tech Week (LTW) LINX took an active role in providing high quality content and events for the festival’s digitally focussed programme. Staff were also present at other LTW meetings and seminars organised and attended by its partners such as Equinix’s Innovation through Interconnection summit, Connected Britain and TechXLR8.

UK&Ireland Peering Forum 2.5

Kings Cross, London • 12 June 2017 On the first day of London Tech Week around 40 members of the peering community came together for a networking social at The Fellow public house near Kings Cross. Run under the banner of the UK & Ireland Peering Forum 2.5, the event was co-organised by Internet exchanges INEX, IXLeeds, LINX and LONAP. The hosts have previously held full conferences in Sheffield and Dublin. The main focus of the forum is to provide the UK & Ireland peering community with an event which enables them to meet face-to-face with fellow peers, discuss technical issues and help establish new peering arrangements.

What is an ASN and Why should I be Peering? Monument Place, London • 14 June 2017 Also during London Tech Week LINX held a technical workshop at its London HQ near The Monument.

World Wi-Fi Day

World Wi-Fi Day was launched by the WBA in 2016 to help accelerate the deployment of affordable connectivity globally. The initiative encourages cities and government bodies, as well as operators, service providers, technology vendors and internet giants, to come together to deliver connectivity to everyone, everywhere. World Wi-Fi Day 2017 took place on Tuesday 20th June. For more information on this event, please visit

LINX Network Engineering Manager, Mike Hellers, presented an overview and information session on autonomous system numbers as well as an introduction to peering. The target audience for this event was mainly network managers and sought to explain how peering can be used for a more resilient and cost effective form of data transfer.

London Tech Week

Established in 2014, London Tech Week is a festival of over 300 live events across the city, showcasing and celebrating the best of tech whilst providing networking, social, learning and business opportunities. Over 40,000 attendees were registered from over 70 countries. It is a mega-tech festival; connecting science and creative minds, corporates and grass roots, startups and scale ups. London Tech Week fuels innovation and strengthens London’s status as a global powerhouse of tech. London Tech Week will be returning on 11-15th June 2018. For more information go to:

LINX were organisers and co-organisers at two events during London Tech Week 2017.

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Inside Story: London Tech Week


ISOC Update:

Peering Development News

Ivory Coast Democratic Republic of Congo

DRC Congo - Peering Roadshow

ISOC staff and local experts met up the week of 4 July for interconnection and peering training in Kinsasha. Amongst the topics discussed were advanced Peering Economics, Peering DB, Netflow and the Atlas Anchor project. Atlas Anchors has proved to be very successful in the AfriNIC region with probes deployed in 10 African countries in 2017 so far. The African peering roadshows have proved very popular and follow a recent event held in Ghana and local exchange, GIXA, the Ghana Internet Exchange Association.

Papua New Guinea

African Peering and Interconnection Forum (AfPIF)

Abidjan, Cote D’Ivoire 22-24 August 2017 Get ready for AfPIF 2017! This annual event brings local, regional, and international peering and interconnection experts, operators, and the African Internet community together for the premier peering and interconnection event in Africa

ISOC and APNIC are partnering with the local community in Papua New Guinea, and in particular the National Information & Communication Technology Authority (NICTA) to continue training for stakeholders peering at the newly launched IXP in Port Moresby. Some content delivery networks soon will be locating their caches at the PNGIXP. Further details are available here:

Save the Date!


John Souter, Chief Executive Officer of the London Internet Exchange, is pictured with the TMT Magazine award at LINX’s London headquarters

For further info on AfPIF, and the event programme, please visit:

LINX News Extra

LINX wins TMT Magazine Telecoms Award

In June LINX were presented with the ‘Recognised Leader in Internet Exchange Points - UK’ award by TMT Magazine. TMT’s Telecoms Awards aim to acknowledge and reward those who have gone beyond their duty of care to connect the world and support businesses throughout the corporate landscape. Award winners are chosen through a combination of votes gathered from the magazine’s network of industry partners and its own rigorous in-house research. TMT Magazine say: “Every one of our winners can truly rest assured that their recognition was deserved, as we carefully scrutinise everything from a nominee’s region to their performance over the past 12 months, their commitment to innovation, their methods and even their competition to ensure that only the most deserving names walk away with one of our prestigious trophies.” For more information about the awards process please visit:

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LINX News Extra

Corero Providers can lead the charge

The DDoS Challenge and Opportunity Disruptions to Internet-facing services due to Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks can cripple operations, impact customers and result in major financial impact, including loss of revenue. Service providers, hosting providers and the digital enterprise are all impacted by DDoS attacks. Today’s DDoS attacks are increasingly automated, meaning that attackers can wreak irrevocable damage by switching vectors faster than any human can respond. Minutes or even tens of minutes of downtime or latency significantly impacts brand reputation and, ultimately, revenue generation. When you combine the size, frequency and duration of attacks, and the low volume sub saturating nature of the threats; victims are faced with a significant security and availability challenge.

Facing the facts

Corero continues to observe a steady flow of DDoS attack attempts against customers.

Attacks Per Day

ISPs have long carried the burden of defending their own network against DDoS attacks, but as the threat landscape has changed, so must their response. Providers will likely find themselves at an important crossroads, as pressure builds on them from both customers and governments to address the growing DDoS problem. By accepting a greater responsibility for defending their customers and networks against DDoS attacks, ISPs could modernize their security service offerings and increase customer satisfaction. In contrast, ignoring this call to action could open the possibility of future regulatory controls related to DDoS protection.

About Corero Corero Network Security is the leader in real-time, highperformance DDoS defence solutions. Service providers, hosting providers and online enterprises rely on Corero’s award winning technology to eliminate the DDoS threat to their environment through automatic attack detection and mitigation, coupled with complete network visibility, analytics and reporting. This industry leading technology provides cost effective, scalable protection capabilities against DDoS attacks in the most complex environments while enabling a more cost effective economic model than previously available.

In the last quarter alone (Q1 2017), Corero customers experienced an average of 4 attacks per day, an increase of 9% compared to Q4 2016.

Attacks Less than 1Gbps

To compound the frequency of attacks, 80% of DDoS attacks that Corero protected its global customer base were less than 1Gbps in volume in Q1 2017.

Attacks Lasting 10 Minutes or Less

The average duration of DDoS attacks is also cause for concern. 71% of attacks in Q1 2017 lasted 10 minutes or less.

For more information, visit

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Member Conference Sponsor: Corero


LINX Events LINX98 Preview LINX will again be staging its August member conference at the Manchester Central Convention Complex. It is the second time the city has held the summer meeting, following a previous visit in 2014. The venue will be well known to many having been used regularly by UKNOF attendees as well the IXManchester 8 meeting in April. The agenda for LINX98 has plenty to engage delegates. In addition to LINX’s usual mix of organisational and regulatory content there will be a presentation on SDN by Simon Woodhead and a session on General Data Protection Regulation by Andrew Cormack. We also have a special guest speaker in Philip Smith (pictured right) who will give two talks, one on IXPs in Asia and in developing countries and another on the early days of LINX. Philip effectively started LINX by connecting the founder members back in 1994! Registration for LINX98 closes on Wednesday 16th August at 12:00pm GMT. To sign up please visit the event page here:

LINX99 EGM & LINX100 Venues

The final member conference of the year will also be our final meeting at the Congress Centre in London. LINX99 will be held on 20th and 21st November but from February we’ll hosting our quarterly meetings at a new venue in the Victoria area of the city. Further details will be published across our social media platforms shortly.

Platinum sponsor Finisar gave a talk on optics in open network infrastructure. Other sponsors present were Ciena, ProLabs and MRV Communications.


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Here’s a list of industry events where you can meet with LINX representatives over the next few months. 5th Annual Karting Event 19 July 2017

Milton Keynes, UK LINX98 21-22 August 2017 Manchester, UK AfPIF 2017 22-24 August 2017 Abidjan, Ivory Coast Capacity North America 6-7 September 2017

Denver, Colarado, USA Capacity-North-America.html UKNOF38 12 September 2017 Sheffield, UK EPF11 18-20 September 2017 Lisbon, Portugal

LINX97 Round Up Feedback tells us that delegates like to hear about the experiences of exchanges in other regions and at LINX97 in May we had two European IXPs in attendance. Speaking on behalf of NIX.CZ from the Czech Republic was Zbyněk Pospíchal who gave an interesting talk on the new generation of DDoS mitigation. We also welcomed Béla Bödecs & Attila Miszori of BIX, the Budapest Internet Exchange who covered their history from inception in 1995 to the present day.

Meet with LINX

Capacity Eurasia 20-21 September 2017

Athens, Greece Capacity-Eurasia.html At LINX97 Akamai’s Ronan Mullally spoke on how to prepare for a DDoS attack

On day 2 there was also a new member talk by Thomas Bibb of Exascale which included a network overview and an explanation on why they wanted to join LINX. Members are always encouraged to speak at our events so if you have a talk in mind then do let us know. The presentation and video archive can be viewed by members on the LINX website: (log-in required)

LINX Conferences

NANOG71 2-4 October 2017 San Jose, California, USA NANOG71/home RIPE75 22-26 October 2017 Dubai, UAE You can also find a list of upcoming events on the home page of the LINX website:

Member Engagement Fifth Annual Karting Event • Wednesday 19th July 2017

LINX are to stage its fifth annual karting member engagement event at Daytona Milton Keynes on Wednesday 19th July. These gatherings are always a fun occasion where the LINX community comes together to network while raising valuable funds for charity. To date LINX members and partners have helped raise well over £6000 for good causes. This year’s karting is sponsored by data centre partner Interxion. All who take part will be helping to support LINX’s designated charity for 2017, the British Heart Foundation.


Members can confirm their intention to take part and to register here: There are eight team spaces available to be filled with four people per team. The cost for a team registration is set at £100. Alternatively, people can register for £30 per person with teams made up of other individual registrants. When signing up for this please provide names of all participant names if available. Registration fees and donations should be made via our JustGiving fundraising page:

IXManchester DNS Training & Karting

Tuesday 17th October 2017 IXManchester is to hold its second joint training and karting event at Daytona Manchester on 19 October. This follows a successful event last year at the same venue when over 25 people from 15 different member networks attended a day that included specialist BGP training, karting and networking. This year’s workshop focuses on some of the finer detail of what DNS is and how it works. The aim is for all attendees, whatever their knowledge level, having something valuable and positive to take away from the day. You can find out more and register for this event on the LINX website:

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LINX Events


Industry Events About EPF

EPF12 Preview Lisbon, Portugal 18-20 September LINX, AMS-IX, DE-CIX and Netnod will again join forces to host the annual European Peering Forum this Autumn. EPF12 is to be staged in the Portugese capital, Lisbon, from the 18th until the 20th of September with over 250 people already registered. It is hoped that last year’s record of 300 attendees can be surpassed by the time the event gets underway. As before, a topical and engaging agenda is being planned, with the three-day programme also facilitating space for attendees to meet on a one-to-one basis. A meeting tool is again being provided to help arrange these meetings and all those that register will receive an invite for this in the weeks before the event. This will allow them to discuss technical issues and bilateral peering business opportunities.

Help Set the Agenda!

As HotLINX went to press the agenda for EPF12 was still being finalised but there is still time to contribute. The EPF programme committee is looking for presentations and lightning talks related on peering, interconnection and technical topics. Of particular interest is automation, regional peering, Internet governance, economic and product, trends, peering strategies and 100GE development. If you would like to make


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a presentation you will need to submit your talk abstract to the programme committee by Monday 17th July. Please send your ideas and proposals to:

First Class Conference Venue

EPF12 is being held at the Hotel Corinthia, the largest 5-star conference hotel in Lisbon. It has 16 meeting rooms, 518 rooms and suites, restaurants, bars, a 24 hour business centre and SPA facilities spread over 3,500 square meters. The conference site is just 3km from Lisbon’s cultural centre and 7km from the city’s airport. Organisers have secured a block of rooms which attendees can book for a special group rate from 150 EUR per night including breakfast. For further details go to

Social & Networking Events

On Sunday evening the host IXPs would like to welcome attendees for drinks in the hotel from 18.00 hours before the main event gets underway on Monday. Follow up socials will be held on each evening at different venues around the city and are an excellent opportunity to network with fellow delegates. To find out more about EPF12, and how you can register, please visit: .

Industry Events

At a meeting in London in 2005 a number of Internet Exchanges from around the world came together to discuss the future co-ordination of peering forums. This gathering ultimately led to the birth of both the Global Peering Forum (GPF) and European Peering Forum (EPF) which both continue to thrive to this day. Speaking at that initial meeting Jay Adelson of Equinix said, “The primary goal for peering forums is to attract members and potential members of exchange points to an event where there are both educational sessions and opportunities to interact with other members”. This quote still sums up the main focus and ideology of peering forums which is to provide the peering community with a valuable event that enables networks to successfully establish and extend peering arrangements. It also aims to provide a platform for leading industry players to share information and experiences that benefit the whole peering community. LINX, AMS-IX and DE-CIX organised the first three forums before Swedish exchange Netnod joined as a lead host in 2009. EPF has been held in ten different countries to date - Germany, Spain (twice), Republic of Ireland, Denmark, France, Hungary, Malta, Iceland, Croatia and Bulgaria. Next stop Portugal!


Events Round Up

10-18 July 2017 Gurgaon, India

LINX to attend SANOG event for the first time SANOG is the South Asian Network Operators Group which is a non-profit forum for data network operators in South Asia. First held in 2003 the structure for SANOG events is a opening two day technical conference followed by two days of tutorials and finally five days hands-on workshops. Representing LINX wil be Business Development Executive Mark Stokes. Mark told HotLINX, “We’ve been in contact with telecoms companies from India looking to connect to London for some time. There are some licensing issues those networks to overcome which can make this challenging so we wanted to attend SANOG to get a better understanding of the Internet landscape in the region”. Learn more about SANOG here:


International Telecoms Week 2017

LINX again headed to Chicago for ITW in May. The event has become increasingly important in recent years and the pre-event LINX NoVA social is one of the most popular networking events on the programme. This year’s event was held at the city’s Hard Rock Hotel and was supported by LINX NoVA’s data centre partners CoreSite, DuPont Fabros Technology and EvoSwitch.

Attending SANOG30 on behalf of LINX is Business Development Executive Mark Stokes.

12 September 2017 Holiday Inn Royal Victoria, Sheffield

The UK Network Operators’ Forum is returning to Sheffield for UKNOF38 on Tuesday 12th September. UKNOF acts as an open forum for operational, technical and engineering information exchange related to networking technologies and practices. Its events offer an open environment for anyone within or interested in the Internet Industry and are an excellent opportunity to learn, knowledge share and network with fellow industry professionals. Free Early Bird registration is open up to, and including, Monday 21 August. To sign up for the event please visit

UKNOF Negotiated Hotel Rates

Organisers have negotiated special hotels rates for UKNOF38 delegates. These include the main conference venue, Holiday Inn Royal Victoria plus the Holiday Inn Express Sheffield City Centre on Blonk Street. Nightly rates range between £69 and £79. All bookings must be made by Friday 11 August 2017. Further on these rates can be viewed here:

LINX have taken the same conference area for ITW for each of the last three years. As before LINX had a chill out area outside the main exhibition hall where delegates could relax and meet with LINX staff in an informal setting. There was also a photo competition with prizes that ran throughout the week. ITW will remain in Chicago for 2018, but will move to Atlanta, Georgia, in 2019. For details please visit:

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Industry Events


LINX Associates

What are LINX Associate Members? Like LINX, associate members are usually ‘not-for-profit’ organisations. They are members in all respects but they have no voting rights and LINX does not charge them for membership.

My Resources in the RIPE Database



My Resources is a new service offered by the RIPE NCC that allows resource holders and members who sponsor resources to get a comprehensive overview of all address space they manage in the RIPE Database. Instead of having to search for each address block or AS Number, My Resources offers an overview of all IPv4, IPv6 and ASN resources that an LIR holds or sponsors at a glance. It displays allocation usage, as well as an overview of all more specific ranges that have been created under each allocation. An inline editor allows for intuitive updates. The initial release is intended as a starting point. The RIPE NCC will work with users to expand this functionality to help LIRs manage their address space, and also route objects, RPKI ROAs and Reverse DNS. Ultimately, it will replace a variety of different tools in the LIR Portal, such as the IP Analyser. You can find further details here: manage-ips-and-asns/db/announcements/launching-my-resources-in-the-ripe-database


Kentik Introduces ‘Ultimate Exit’ Traffic Analysis

What is the cost of your traffic? Network traffic intelligence company Kentik just released “Ultimate Exit” to help you analyse the service margins. Using BGP data to enhance every flow record, Ultimate Exit enables you to see where traffic is entering your network and where and to whom that traffic exits, to quantify not only traffic volume but also how far the traffic traveled across your core. The combination of those two metrics provides a better understanding of the relative cost for that traffic subset, and helps you optimize traffic delivery. Ultimate Exit is part of Kentik’s bigger story for end-to-end network traffic visibility. For more information, visit

LINX associate member OCCAID to cease operations

Long time LINX associate member OCCAID has been at the centre of North American interest in IPv6 for some years. Through advanced networking initiatives and combined expertise it has built a reputation for driving the next generation Internet protocol forward, not just in the States, but around the world. As IPv6 has become more established OCCAID now feels it has fulfilled its objectives and has decided to cease operations, and consequently end its LINX associate membership.

At the LINX97 member meeting in May LINX CEO John Souter thanked the organisation for its contribution and relayed the following message from OCCAID to the membership:“We would like to thank the LINX for providing us with associate membership for all these years. Without your support, we wouldn’t have been able to achieve everything we have. With IPv6 in its current state, there really isn’t much need for OCCAID to exist anymore, so it is time for us to wrap things up.”

Netnod CEO LM Jogbäck

DNS Belgium


Domain names secured with DNSSEC are better protected against being redirected to false IP addresses but is not the ultimate security solution. For instance, it offers no protection against URL spoofing, i.e. impersonating a URL to mislead surfers and making them believe they are visiting the real site. Certificates can be forged but still the lock in your browser turns green. With DANE (a standard based on DNSSEC for the security of web and mail connections) the authenticity of the server certificate is verified. In this kind of domain name a record is put in DNS and protected by DNSSEC so that it cannot be manipulated by third parties. More info on DNSSEC and DANE can be viewed here: en/news/dnssec-and-dane-make-internet-more-secure

At the Netnod spring meeting in May the Nordic exchange’s CEO Lars Michael Jogbäck announced that ADVA Optical Networking and Arista as partners on its new Optical IX platform. The new Optical IX service will offer customers the choice of interconnecting across all layers of Netnod’s IX infrastructure with the platform built on dynamically operating reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers (ROADMs) for fully automated control. The directionless optical transport system will offer a high degree of flexibility, enabling Netnod’s customers to interconnect across optical, physical or data link layers with connections up to 100Gbit/s. Customers will have a range of connectivity options and the freedom to select single ports or fully redundant options. Using state-of-the-art DCI equipment and a switching layer supported by Arista, the Optical IX platform will launch in Netnod Copenhagen in Q3 2017, followed by Netnod Stockholm in Q4.



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LINX Associates

ADVA and Arista selected as Tech Partners for New Optical IX

In the Spotlight

How should LINX be positioning itself with regard to overseas IXPs and LINX NoVA in particular? LINX should continue with the NoVA vision of attracting more members, and to expand the exchange footprint, to help make LINX NoVA a self-sustaining alternative to the existing single provider in that geography. However, I do believe some success criteria needs to be put together before looking at expansion further afield. It’s nice to see that LINX has been more cautious than other exchanges where its not gone and attacked every large geography without being sure that it will be able to support itself.

with Lee Hetherington LINX Board and Edge Network Strategist at Facebook

HotLINX Editor, Jeremy Orbell, speaks with Lee Hetherington, Edge Network Strategist at Facebook, and newest addition to LINX Board following his election at the LINX AGM in May. First of all please tell us about your background in the telecoms industry and career to date. I started out at ICO Solutions where I spent six years building their Email marketing and hosting infrastructure. My next appointment was at REDtechnology where I spent more than two years in a technical team lead role for network and hosting services. In 2009 I joined LINX member MessageLabs, now part of Symantec, where I progressed to the position of Senior Principal Network Architect. In this role I developed the company’s global footprint both inside and outside the data centre. From here I moved to Amazon Web Services where I led IP network strategy for Europe before moving to Facebook last year. I now work in the team responsible for Edge and Caching strategy globally and lead edge network strategy for Europe, encompassing interconnection and caching. In addition I’ve been on the endorsement panel and programme committee for LINX as well as the steering committee for the LINX’s US Internet exchange, LINX NoVA. I’m also Chair of the Global Peering Forum Programme Committee in 2017. You stood for election to the LINX Board at the LINX AGM in May and were successful. What was it that made you want to be part of the LINX board? First of all I wanted to understand more about how LINX operates, and was keen to be in a position to help effect change. I’m particularly keen to look at its pricing to make the exchange of traffic at LINX more competitive. I also felt that while the Board has been very well represented by small members, that was not so much the case

In your election statement you refer to regulation and BREXIT as being major strategic issues for LINX over the next few years. Have recent terrorist events and government uncertainty made that even more challenging? I think so, yes, especially the way the election has just gone in the UK. The Conservatives have been very open about adding more regulation to the Internet space and as BREXIT affects the UK, this will become a very important time for public affairs. I certainly think Malcolm Hutty and his team will have their work cut out keeping the policy makers educated and ensuring that we don’t turn into a heavily policed Internet society. We have to ensure the UK and LINX are still strongly positioned to drive public policy as it relates to both the country and the exchanges run by LINX. Governments will always try to control the Internet to some extent so LINX must remain a leader in the education of governments and regulatory bodies on how the Internet works, how interconnection fits into the overall picture, and demonstrate the current interconnection methodology scales.

for larger members. I have found success in my career by not shying away from making tough decisions and challenging the status quo. While I started out working for small and medium networks, I later moved onto hyper-scale networking, being involved in strategic initiatives and co-operative relationships for two of the world’s largest content networks. It’s this knowledge of international networking I felt could be of benefit to the Board. Do you believe the IXP industry is consolidating or expanding with more “regional” IXPs? How does that affect LINX, and how should LINX respond? Large exchanges such as LINX LON1 are attracting global networks to connect, even when they don’t have infrastructure near any of the exchange’s points of presence. The growth of reseller programs and remote peering products are testament to this. Regional exchanges and competition of exchanges in one-horse metros are very important to both the growth and stability of the Internet. Keeping traffic local not only reduces costs but also increases the quality and stability of the network. IXManchester has been a great example of how an exchange - when operated correctly and built in the right geography can be hugely successful. Similarly, the ethos behind building LINX NoVA was to offer competition in an existing single-provider metro and that remains relevant today. Overall I believe LINX should continue to build on its current success in operating world leading IXPs and by being the first at scale to operate on white-box hardware, LINX has an opportunity to do something different. HotLINX Issue 50

You’ve been a member of the LINX Programme Committee for a number of years but are now stepping down following your appointment to the LINX Board. What would you say to encourage members to be part of the LPC in future? The LPC constantly needs help to keep the content relevant for the member meetings. There are four a year and it can be difficult to find good, new content for those. For those that have criticisms of the content, step up and get involved!


In the Spotlight: Lee Hetherington


Daisy Group The Journey to Automation By Yaseen Patel, Carrier Account Manager, Daisy Group Automation is core to everything we do on the Data Analytics team here at Daisy, but as with all other buzz words, ACTUALLY doing automation is a lot different to just saying you do automation. If you are just starting out on your automation journey it’s easy to get lost in all of the terminology, tools and trying to keep up with the unicorns, but my advice is keep it simple. On the Data Analytics team we try to automate everything, but in order to do that we introduce small pieces of automation in an iterative fashion, starting with the biggest pain point; the thing that wakes you up at 3am or the smallest increment that we can get in place as quickly as possible to solve annoying niggling issues. Once you have enough small increments of automation you will find that other pieces of automation start to fall into place a lot more quickly. Don’t try to automate everything immediately and don’t feel that your 5 line bash script is worthless because everyone else is doing Devops, Chatops and AI.

22 HotLINX

Issue 50


The eco system around your automation is key and visibility is a must, so it’s really important that you log as much as possible and use a good log aggregator to be able to search all of your log data in one place such as Splunk or Elastic and alert on things that are relevant to you, there’s nothing worse than having a script run at 4am which makes a critical change and you’re not aware of it. Secondly introduce monitoring, whether it’s of your infrastructure, your applications or your services. Use off the shelf metrics such as load and latency and bake in your own metrics that make sense to your business and bring it all together into simple and meaningful dashboards using tools such as Grafana. If you’re a development house leverage good continuous integration tools such as Jenkins to automate your build process and when you are ready, go one step further and implement automated deployments. Leverage configuration management tools such as Puppet, Chef and Ansible and sprinkle in some Terraform along with Git to keep server builds consistent, defined in code and reproducible if the worst happens. Finally and most importantly introduce a good communication tool to your team, at Daisy we use Slack and have dedicated Slack channels for automation: so we know when something has happened or changed, and for emergencies: so we know when something has broken.

Member Conference Sponsor: Daisy Group

About Daisy Group Daisy Group is a business communications and IT services provider. We help UK businesses build the digital foundations they need to thrive in the digital economy. By joining the dots between old and new technology – and across the converging worlds of IT, telecoms and cloud – we help to make underlying infrastructure simple, secure, reliable and invisible. Through our divisions, we serve both direct and indirect channels – whether it is an SMB, mid-market company, large enterprise, resellers or partners. We aim to listen, understand, deliver and support. In doing so, we work to ensure that our customers get the very best out of their technology and communications infrastructure, helping them to achieve their goals. We are big enough to cope, yet small enough to care. And with the expertise and agility to build and support bespoke solutions optimised for businesses of every size.

HotLINX Cover Stories Providing Telecoms News for LINX Members since 2000

HotLINX Issue 50


HotLINX Cover Stories


Stats Update


Member ASNs 75 Countries

Over 6.500 Tbs


Peak Traffic inc. PI Terabits of connected


New LINX capacity applications in 2017 98 Member-facing 100GigE ports

Connected 10GigE Ports member ports 1784 914 Member-facing


Our LINX stats page includes information regarding our local exchanges, plus other notable figures. The above graphic shows the headline numbers for the exchange as a whole but we felt that readers would be interested to see more detail such as available routes and also breakdowns of figures from the UK regional exchanges in England, Scotland and Wales plus LINX NoVA in the USA.

New LINX Members Here is a list of new LINX members who have connected during the second quarter of 2017. In all, there have been 20 new connections from 8 different territories. In addition to the six new UK connections, a further seven have been added in Europe who are based in Germany (2), Gibraltar, Italy, Norway (2) and Switzerland. Further afield members have connected from Hong Kong plus five from the USA. Anexio Data Centers Blix Solutions



Cassava Enterprises Cyberlink


DID Logic



DRD Communications

Routes Peered at LINX (maximal)





Global routing table routes

% of global routes available via LINX


81.6% 35.8Gbs

LINX NoVA Connected ASNs


LINX NoVA peak traffic


UK Total Connected ASNs

Please note: LAN applications may contain ports on multiple LANs (LON1, LON2, IXManchester, IXScotland, IXCardiff and LINX NoVA.) These figures show applications only, not physically connected ports.

Issue 50


Stats Update




Psychz Networks Sipcentric



Solway Communications Tampnet







Netwise Hosting




IPCortex Network Services


IXManchester 88 IXScotland 25 IXCardiff 30

24 HotLINX


New Member Applications by UK LAN since January 2017 48


HM Revenue & Customs


IXManchester peak traffic



AS27630 AS21859

You can view a complete list of members on the LINX website:

HotLINX50 - London Internet Exchange magazine (July 2017)  

In an expanded 24 page edition HotLINX includes all the usual LINX community news, telecoms developments, industry events and technical feat...

HotLINX50 - London Internet Exchange magazine (July 2017)  

In an expanded 24 page edition HotLINX includes all the usual LINX community news, telecoms developments, industry events and technical feat...