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Iss ue

Au tu m n


World First for LON2 Network

LINX is to build its new LON2 architecture based on EVPN routing technology, the first IXP in the world to do so

LINX will also adopt a disaggregated format to the secondary London interconnect platform. Turn to pages 10 and 11 to find out more.

Industry News

In the Spotlight


Among the industry news stories covered on page four is the announcement that Equinix has completed the second phase of its $42m data centre expansion programme in London.

European Peering Forum


Mark Pestridge of Digital Realty is the latest subject of HotLINX’s ‘In the Spotlight’ feature. See page 19 to learn more about the plans for the former Telecity LINX PoPs at Sovereign House and Bonnington House in Docklands.


2016 is the tenth anniversary since the very first EPF. This year’s event was the biggest ever with over 300 delegates attending - see page 6 for HotLINX’s review plus news of where the forum could be heading next

Contents Face Off

Inside Stories

LINX News p06 In July LINX announced it was to cut prices for the second time in 7 months on its LON2 network, a decision backed by LINX Board member Mike Blanche

LINX Technology p07 LINX Network Engineering Manager, Mike Hellers, covers the deployment of high density edge routers on the LON1 network plus news on 100G transport

Public Affairs p08-09 Malcolm Hutty looks at the CJEU’s ruling in the McFadden case, confirming that ‘mere conduit’ protections do apply to free, password-less, public wifi

LINX NoVA News p16 It’s certainly a busy time for LINX America CEO, Ben Hedges. He updates us on LINX activities in North America on page 16.

Welcome to HotLINX47. Here’s a brief summary of the articles featured inside this issue. In Industry News we have details on Apollo Global’s deal to buy Rackspace plus an overview of a Home Affairs Committee report which criticises social media companies and their stance on radicalisation. The Internet Society’s IXP development programme continues to impress with consultations ongoing in South America, Asia and Europe. Elsewhere, Netnod, RIPE NCC, Internet Systems Consortium, DNS Belgium, RouteViews and Kentik all have interesting stories to tell in our LINX Associates section. LINX93 sponsors Alternative and Arista have also contributed, with Alternative explaining how operators can keep and maintain profitability as network bandwidth demands soar. Arista looks at the challenges of growing scale and gaining back visibility. Finally we take our usual look at the latest LINX member and technical statistics on our back page. It’s been a fantastic quarter for new members with 24 new connections from 11 different territories.

Internet Industry Tweets Below are just a few of the LINX and member community related updates seen on Twitter recently.

Edge-Core Networks @LINX_Network uses @IPInfusion’s OcNOS in its LON2 platform with @EdgeCoreNetwork’s switches Mehmet Akcin @mhmtkcn On behalf of #as10310 thank you @Peering_Forum for a great event! #EPF11 @DECIX @netnod @AMS_IX and @LINX_Network see you in #epf12 SINET KH @sinetKH Got something from the @RoyalMail today all the way from @LINX_ Network. #Cambodia #Internet

Anne Johnson @annejohn Infrastructure Scotland - more companies could help themselves by using ix-scotland https://www.linx. net/communications/press-releases/ linx-call-for-ixscotland-support … at Pulsant South Gyle

LINX on Twitter

Keep up to date with LINX on Twitter by following @LINX_Network HotLINX Publisher: Kurtis Lindqvist Editor: Jeremy Orbell Telephone: Editorial & Content: Printing: Publishing:

+44 1733 207705 Sudbury Print London Internet Exchange Limited. Trinity Court, Trinity Street, Peterborough, United Kingdom PE1 1DA

No part of this publication may be reproduced without the permission of the publishers.


HotLINX © London Internet Exchange 2016

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You can also get LINX news on LinkedIn and Facebook via the quick links below:

For LINX the only constant is change By John Souter, LINX Chief Executive Officer It has certainly been an interesting few months for LINX. Our dramatic mid-year price cuts announced in July received widespread press coverage as did our decision to radically change the infrastructure for our LON2 network in London. These are massive developments for us and I firmly believe they will have a very positive, long-term impact for the membership. The news that EdgeCore would be providing the hardware for LON2 was announced at LINX94 in August. It was the sixth time in a row that we have taken our summer member community conference out on the road and the ICC in Birmingham was a great venue. There has been talk of the possibility of a local IXP in the city of late so it was important to be there and continue those discussions. Among our guests at LINX94 was Mark Pestridge of Digital Realty. There was particular interest in plans for the LINX PoPs in the former Telecity sites, now operated by Digital Realty, at Sovereign House and Bonnington House. If you were unable to attend LINX94, see our ‘In the Spotlight’ interview on page 19 where Mark goes into detail of what the future holds for those sites. Also in Birmingham was Franck Simon from France-IX. Franck has attended our member meetings before and his updates on what’s happening at their exchange are always very well received. We work in a collaborative industry so it was an easy decision for me to accept a return

invitation from France-IX to speak at their AGM in Paris at the end of September. It was a very interesting event and the varied content gave me plenty of food for thought for when we plan our LINX community conferences in future. Speaking of which, LINX95 is already just around the corner. It will be another EGM which will feature a consultation on potential changes to the M&A. Further details will be announced to the membership in due course. Something else looming on the horizon is the refit of the LINX Peterborough office. It has become increasingly clear that the demands being made on facilities as staff numbers increase required a re-think of how the space can best be used. We now have over 60 people working for us which means that our recent staff meeting was almost certainly the last in which we will be able to accommodate everybody in a single LINX location. Another sign of how the exchange is growing is the recruitment of Chief Financial Officer, Malcolm Holt. Malcolm has a wealth of experience and his appointment is particularly timely as we are in the midst of 2017/18 budget planning. We will make a more formal introduction to Malcolm in a future edition of HotLINX. Finally, I can report that we are closing in on 100 new membership applications in 2016 with a real chance of breaking the annual record we set last year. There are certainly some exciting times ahead!

Editorial More changes ahead for HotLINX?

By Jeremy Orbell, HotLINX Editor The way we communicate with our members has certainly evolved over the years. Since the very first printed issue of HotLINX in 2000 the page size has reduced and the page count more than doubled. There has been four different design formats, souvenir editions, even free gifts. It’s never been about change for change’s sake but an attempt to keep things fresh and interesting. In the summer we launched a new, online, edition of HotLINX including interactive content such as video and image galleries. The purpose was to give readers the opportunity to look into stories in more depth and make the publication more engaging. Over time we will increase activity with polls and surveys so we can better track that we are offering the services our members want. As we approach our 50th edition we are again asking questions as to what a LINX membership magazine should look like. Is four issues per year the right frequency? Are we covering the right topics? Should HotLINX even be in a physical format anymore and what about the name of the magazine itself? It’s important you have your say so if you have any ideas then please do let us know.

Welcome HotLINX Issue 47




Industry News Equinix complete $42M data centre expansion in London It was announced in August that Equinix had completed the second phase expansion of its LD6 International Business Exchange in Slough, Berkshire. This new phase further supports businesses expanding in the UK, offering customers the IT infrastructure required to help gain that competitive advantage.

Russell Poole, Equinix’s UK MD, said:“As one of the most pivotal connection points in the world, London continues to play a significant role in facilitating the flow of data that supports the digital economy. With the completion of the second phase of LD6, Equinix will bring to market more opportunity for interconnection to connect companies to their customers, employees and partners and to ultimately accelerate their business performance.” LD6’s second phase will add 1,385 cabinets, bringing the total operational capacity of the data centre to 2,770 in all. The expansion also re-enforces Equinix’s continued commitment to the UK, where demand for data centre and colocation services in the cloud, enterprise and financial services sectors continues to grow. Further information on this development can be found on the Equinix website:

Equinix recently published a virtual tour video of their LD6 data centre facility online.

Single free-to-use London IoT network goes live ahead of UK city roll out A London-wide network designed to connect Internet of Things (IoT) devices was turned on in September. Things Connected, led by ‘incubator’ Digital Catapult, comprises of 50 free-to-use long-range wide-area network (LoRaWAN) base stations located across the UK capital. These LoRaWAN base stations are capable of connecting IoT devices over an area of around 10-15 kilometres. Digital Catapult believes that the facility will help kickstart IoT-based businesses in London as well as further afield. Embedded devices will connect data from sensors that monitor pedestrian footfall, traffic congestion and air quality etc. It is also understood that the IoT network could help optimise delivery drones by disseminating micro wind-speed and turbulence data from the sensors around London. Read the full article as published on the Computing website here:


HotLINX Issue 47


Industry News


Have a story you’d like to tell the LINX members? Send your ideas to the HotLINX team

In Brief Apollo Global buys Rackspace Hosting in $4.3 billion deal

LINX member Rackspace have announced that it has entered into a $4.3 billion cash deal with affiliates of Apollo Global Management to become a private company. Shares of the cloud-computing company have risen by 24% this year, rising by more than 4 percent following the announcement itself. In a press release, Taylor Rhodes, Rackspace’s president and CEO, said: “We are presented with a significant opportunity today as mainstream companies move their computing out of corporate data centers and into multi-cloud models,”

Radicalisation: Home Affairs Committee report targets social media companies

Social media companies have come under criticism in a report on radicalisation published by the House of Commons Home Affairs Committee. The report accuses social media companies of “consciously failing to combat the use of their sites to promote terrorism and killings”. “The Internet has a huge impact in contributing to individuals turning to extremism, hatred and murder. Social media companies are consciously failing to combat the use of their sites to promote terrorism and killings. Networks like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube are the vehicle of choice in spreading propaganda and they have become the recruiting platforms for terrorism.” The report cites the Internet Watch Foundation as an example of the sort of initiative the Committee would like to see in the area of counterextremism.

What they’re saying The LINX effect: how important are Internet Exchanges to global connectivity?

Mike Hollands, Director of Marketing & Business Development, Connectivity Segment, at Interxion “Like the many others worldwide, LINX is a vital part of the Internet’s backbone. It brings order to the Web’s potential chaos by providing an open forum for public peering and a fast, efficient path to global connectivity. Once an organisation is connected to LINX, its IP traffic can find the path of least resistance to its destination, delivering lower latency and improved performance. Without Internet Exchanges, IP traffic would often be forced to travel via slower, more expensive and congested routes to its ultimate destination via upstream transit networks. That’s why LINX is a strong advocate of regional peering, recently introducing local exchanges across the UK, as well as LINX NoVA in the United States, to reduce latency and keep traffic local.”

EPF11 Review

Sofia, Bulgaria • 19-21 September For the first time ever over 300 people attended the European Peering Forum. It was the 11th such gathering, with Bulgaria becoming the tenth different country to stage the event.

Telehouse completes first phase of its London Docklands North Two data centre with LINX on-board

Hiroyuki Soshi, Managing Director of Telehouse Europe newsroom/2016-press-releases “The partnership between Telehouse and LINX has driven innovation and progress in the UK and worldwide, leading to unrivalled connectivity. The launch of North Two will further drive the industry to reach new heights and allow businesses to grow exponentially.”

Serge Rad ov host procee cic of the RIPE NCC w dings durin g the mor as again on hand to ning presen tations

The main meeting ro om at the Hot el packed fo Marinela was r the plen ar y session on day 2

LINX was the designated lead host, supported by AMS-IX, DE-CIX and Netnod. The programme featured a diverse range of presentations, covering topics such as European network costs and how they relate to peering (Jon Hjembo, TeleGeography), what’s new and what’s next in Ethernet technology (Greg Hankins, Nokia) and submarine cable systems in Africa (Mark Tinka, SEACOM). Also on the agenda were talks on DDoS mitigation plus a panel session on the challenges of remote peering. As usual there was also ample opportunity for networking and peering discussions, whether as part of the afternoon bi-lateral peering meetings or at the evening social events. If you were in Sofia for EPF we would love to get your feedback. The survey link can be found here:

EPF12: “Where next?”

On day three of EPF11 it was revealed that the options being considered for 2017 were Lisbon (Portugal), Barcelona (Spain), Athens (Greece) and Zagreb (Croatia). Announcements will be made in due course on the European Peering Forum website:

a fantastic view at Culture bar offered peering The first night social their discussions on ed tinu con tes ega of Sofia as del

HotLINX Issue 47


Industry News


LINX News Caption

Regional Peering LINX call for stronger government support for IXScotland

LINX reduce the cost of peering in London for the second time in 2016

In the summer LINX announced that it is to significantly reduce its port fees on its two London networks for the second time in just seven months. This continued LINX’s policy of driving down costs for members which has seen prices reduced year-on-year for a decade

LINX’s two diverse London networks are known simply as LON1 and LON2. As of Monday 1st August, a connection to LINX’s LON2 network was cut by 40% to less than half of LON1 pricing. LON1 prices dropped by 10%. The two London LANs provide LINX members with an extra level of fault tolerance, protecting against failures both in the LINX and other peers’ infrastructures.

LINX CEO, John Souter, said: “The reduction in pricing follows an extensive review of our LON2 infrastructure which began in November last year. This was in preparation for a major network upgrade and we are now far enough into that process to be sure we have a path to a future technical solution at a significantly lower cost.” Souter continued, “Our entire focus has always been on improving the network and providing the best value possible for our members”. LINX’s current pricing structure can be viewed on the LINX website:

LINX’s regional exchange, IXManchester, also lowered its pricing. IXManchester is the UK’s largest Internet Exchange outside of London and its port fees were cut to match those of the new LON2 pricing.

LINX Board member Mike Blanche joined John Souter in explaining the background and rationale behind the decision to cut port fees in an online video. This can be viewed on LINX’s YouTube channel: watch?v=fepY8gqoxaQ

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LINX is calling for stronger backing for its regional exchange, IXScotland, following a report released by Audit Scotland and the Scottish Government in August.The report highlights Audit Scotland’s vision for a world-class digital Scotland by 2020 with a ‘6 pillar’ infrastructure plan and an Internet exchange was listed as one of these key factors. However, no reference was made to the fact that LINX had already established just such an exchange. Hosted at Pulsant’s South Gyle data centre in Edinburgh, IXScotland was launched by LINX in 2013. The aim was to help “keep local traffic local” and reduce the need to exchange traffic in London. This would result in lower latency and faster connectivity for Scottish networks and Internet users. James King of Scottish Futures Trust says: “Our focus, working together with industry and the Scottish Government, is to ensure the right mechanisms, partnerships and commercial approaches are developed to deliver a programme to improve digital infrastructure investment and its delivery across Scotland’s diverse landscape. Anything that can be done to move the agenda along is a positive step for us.” CEO John Souter added: “IXScotland has so much potential – with a more concentrated effort from all parties it could become an effective interconnection hub for the country which the whole tech community can benefit from.”

LINX Membership Survey

As part of its long term commitment to improving member services, LINX recently launched its annual membership survey. It is important to understand how members feel LINX is performing in all aspects of its work, and where you think there is room for improvement. The survey will close at the end of October, so please get your views in soon. All responses will be used in a completely anonymised and aggregated fashion unless specified otherwise. The results will be presented at the LINX95 member meeting in November. Members can complete the survey via the following link: (member log-in required)

Engineering Update Edge routers with Juniper MPC7 line cards deployed on LON1 network By Mike Hellers, LINX Network Engineering Manager

High Density Edge Routers on LON1

By the time of the release of this edition of HotLINX, we will have our first edge router using Juniper’s MPC7 line cards in service. These latest generation cards in combination with the SCBE2 switch fabrics allow us to double the capacity per slot to 480Gbps. The first edge routers using these cards will be used to provide 100G member ports in our busiest sites, starting at Telehouse West with Harbour Exchange following shortly after. The MPC7 cards will be deployed not only for 100G member ports, but also to allow us to significantly increase the upstream bandwidth to the core network. This will use the cards in 40G port mode, and connecting these edge routers with up to 2x12x40Gbps (960Gbps) to the core routers. The second use case allows us to increase the capacity at smaller sites by using them also to connect 10G member ports in addition to 100G ports. The variation of the card we are using is capable of configuring the ports as 40G, 100G or 4x10G modes. Deploying 4x10G LR transceivers will mean we can double the number of 10G ports per slot compared with the MPC4E cards currently used for 10G ports.

Update on 100G Transport

As presented during the Operations Update at the August LINX meeting, we have experienced some stability issues with equipment used for 100G transport across our dark fibre links between the core sites on LON1. The good news is that by working together with the equipment vendors involved, we have identified the root causes of the instabilities. Timing issues on the signals originated by the transponders lead to a loss of lock on the signal at the Juniper side. The problem only occurs in the scenario when we are using 100G SR10 CFP transceivers at the transport side and 100G SR10 CFP2 transceivers at the router end. In collaboration with the vendor and as an interim solution, we have used LR4 based transceivers for the majority of the links where we experienced the issues. We are continuing to work with the vendor and assist them in testing further revisions of the transponders, especially in regards to compatibility with SR10 CFP2 transceivers. Juniper’s MPC7 line cards will provide 100G member ports in Telehouse West before being rolled out at Harbour Exchange.

Recruitment News Halil Kama

Business Development Executive Halil Kama has joined LINX as a Business Development Executive. He comes from a very commercial environment so has had to make a big adjustment personally to adapt to the mutual approach to business. Halil said, “I hope to bring my commercial stance coupled with the relaxed sales approach to new prospects at LINX. From my market analysis over the past three months I believe there are several markets that we can look at from a prospecting point of view. I’m enjoying learning about the industry and my experience at LINX so far has been great!”

Sharon Thomas

Member Relations Representative Sharon Thomas has joined LINX as a Member Relations Representative. Previously she had been a specialist PC technician in electrical retail following a spell in hospitality. She has also been an account manager in IT distribution (hardware and software) as well as a music licensing advisor for a royalty collection society. Sharon told HotLINX: “Back in the 90s I completed a City and Guilds in PC building and maintenance and then followed that with one in data communications and networking. It’s a different kind of role at LINX but I feel my technical background will be useful for me. I’m really looking forward to meeting and speaking with the members in the coming months.”

HotLINX Issue 47




Public Affairs

Malcolm Hutty

LINX Head of Public Affairs

The Court confirms that, where the … three [mere conduit] conditions are satisfied, a service provider such as Mr McFadden, who providers access to a communication network, may not be held liable. Consequently, the copyright holder is not entitled to claim compensation on the ground that the network was used by third parties to infringe its rights. CJEU press release

McFadden Ruling Vindicates Mere Conduit The Court of Justice of the European Union has returned its ruling in the McFadden case, confirming that mere conduit protections do apply to the owners of shops, cafés or other businesses offering free, password-less wi-fi to the public. Making a Wi-Fi network available to the general public free of charge in order to draw the attention of potential customers to the goods and services of a shop constitutes an ‘information society service’ under the [E-Commerce] directive. CJEU press release

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As a result, providers such as Tobias McFadden cannot be held liable for copyright infringement by their users. McFadden is the shop owner at the heart of this case, who in 2010 was sued by Sony for providing a free and open wi-fi connection used by an unknown customer to download copyright infringing files. Tobias McFadden, the shop owner at the heart of the copyright ruling

LINX Public Affairs

The CJEU’s ruling is a vindication of the mere conduit protections enshrined in the E-Commerce Directive. However, this decision is not an unequivocal victory for network operators. The Court also ruled that rightsholders can apply to national courts for an injunction to force an open w-fi provider to password protect their network. The directive does not preclude the copyright holder from seeking before a national authority or court to have such a service provider ordered to end, or prevent, any infringement of copyright committed by its customers. An injunction ordering the internet connection to be secured by means of a password is capable of ensuring a balance between, on the one hand, the intellectual property rights of rightholders and, on the other hand, the freedom to conduct a business of access providers and the freedom of information of the network users. CJEU press release Although the Court held that such an injunction could represent a fair balance of rights, “the directive expressly rules out the adoption of a measure to monitor information transmitted via a given network”.

ISOC Update:

ISOC Round Up

The Internet Society’s IXP development programme continues to reach out to new global markets Kolkata, India

RIPE Anchors: African IX Deployment

ISOC and AfriNIC are partnering with RIPE NCC to deploy RIPE anchors in African IXPs. Anchors should be delivered to Kenya and Tanzania by mid-October 2016.

Efforts continue to develop an IXP in Kolkata with members of their team participating in the BKNIX Peering Meeting in May and AfPIF in August/September. This IXP will follow the bottom-up non-profit community IXP model vs the NIXI model. A peering forum is being organised by the Kolkata team for January 2017.

Bolivia & Paraguay

ISOC’s Latin America & Caribbean (LAC) team are continuing to work closely with the Internet community in Bolivia and Paraguay to develop IXPs in La Paz and Asuncion.

Videos, Blogs and Slides now available from AfPIF 2016 Internet exchange point operators, peering coordinators, and operators from across the African continent and the globe converged in Dar es Salaam for the 7th AfPIF event. This event continues to highlight the importance of growing Africa’s interconnection and peering environment and opportunities as infrastructure continues to develop. You can learn more about AfPIF 2016 via the links below: Video feeds: Presentation slides: Blogs and Photos: Great “thanks” to the LINX and Euro-IX communities for their ongoing support.

OSCE issues communiqué on free expression and counter-terrorism

The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the world’s largest securityfocused intergovernmental organisation, has published a communiqué “on free expression and the fight against terrorism”, which urges participating states to avoid putting in place anti-terrorism measures which “unduly restrict … human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to free expression and media freedom”. “Freedom of expression is a prerequisite to prevent and counter violent extremism and radicalization that leads to terrorism. It can play a critical role in promoting equality and combating intolerance. The media, the Internet and other digital technologies have an essential role in keeping society informed. Even in difficult times, governments must create environments conducive to the free flow of information and should take particular care not to adopt restrictive measures.”

See this Blog written by Mirjam Keuhne of ISOC about the programme:

Macedonian Workshop

ISOC is working with RIPE NCC and colleagues to organise a workshop in Macedonia to help bring the community of interest together to discuss the development of an IXP. A workshop is tentatively scheduled for 10-11 November in Skopje.

LINX Public Affairs IPB: Report on operational case for bulk powers published

In Brief

The Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation, David Anderson Q.C., has published his report on bulk powers in the Investigatory Powers Bill. Anderson concludes that there is a “proven case” for three of the bulk powers: interception, acquisition and personal data sets. For bulk equipment interference, Anderson argues that there is “a distinct (though not yet proven)” operational case. He declines to comment on the proportionality of bulk powers. The report makes a single recommendation: “…that a Technical Advisory Panel of independent academics and industry experts be appointed by the Investigatory Powers Commission to advise on the impact of changing technology, and on how MI5, MI6 and GCHQ could reduce the privacy footprint of their activities.” At the time of writing, the Investigatory Powers Bill just completed the Committee Stage in the House of Lords, with the Report Stage (the last substantive stage) scheduled for 11th October. The Bill had already completed its passage in the House of Commons. HotLINX Issue 47


Internet Governance


World First for LON2 Network

LINX is to build its new LON2 architecture based on EVPN routing technology, the first IXP in the world to do so At the LINX94 member conference in Birmingham in August, LINX formally revealed the detail behond its plans to redevelop its secondary London interconnect platform (LON2). This article looks at the background and technical detail as well as introducing vendors Edgecore Networks and IP Infusion to the LINX members.

The Background

An extensive review of LINX’s LON2 infrastructure began in November 2015 in preparationfor a major network upgrade. After months of research and testing with new suppliers, an improved technical solution was found at a significantly lower cost. This decision enabled LINX to confidently reduce its prices by 40% on LON2 in July. While LINX members had been regularly informed on the intention to upgrade its secondary London network, it was not in a position to announce which hardware and software vendors had been selected to provide the solution until August. LINX has historically led the way by choosing a dual LAN architecture with its two London networks spanning 65km, with 11 different locations, operated by four different data centre partners. LINX wanted a new architecture that offered choice, resilience and robustness for its growing membership, now totalling in excess of 700 networks.

Edgecore Networks

Following the infrastructure review and detailed testing, LINX decided to adopt hardware from Edgecore Networks, owned by Accton Technology Group, as well as software from IP Infusion.

The Technology

The new solution employs EVPN (Ethernet VPN) over MPLS, leaf-spine topology, full automation and is 100G ready. LINX is the first IXP in the world to adopt all of these new technology concepts and features on a single network. By introducing a disaggregated platform as well, LINX members will also benefit from increased flexibility plus continued value from their investment. The disaggregated platform with EVPN solution allows LINX to play the long game with the aim of delivering innovative technology to members. It also means they can commit to targetting ever-greater levels of service quality and cost effectiveness. “Edgecore Networks is proud to be an active partner with LINX as they migrate to this new open networking solution. With Edgecore’s open networking switches and IP Infusion’s robust, high function NOS, LINX will be able to deliver more services, at lower costs, in faster timeframes.” George Tchaparian, CEO, Edgecore Networks

Edgecore Networks delivers wired and wireless networking products and solutions through channel partners and system integrators worldwide for data center, service provider, enterprise, and SMB customers. It provides a full line of 1GbE, 10GbE, 25GbE, 40GbE, 50GbE, and 100GbE open and OCP switches that offer choice of NOS and SDN software for data centre, telecommunications, and enterprise network use cases. Headquartered in the Hsinchu Science Park in northern Taiwan, Edgecore Networks was established in 2004 and formally spunoff in 2010 into an independent subsidiary responsible for global branded business from the Accton Technology Group ( with a global presence in the US, UK, Poland, Russia, Turkey, Brazil, Singapore, Indonesia, and India.

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Inside Story: LON2 Network

IP Infusion were selected because they are an established software house and a protocol stack vendor with a strategic focus on the service provider market. They have a proven reputation in the open networking industry of providing carrier-grade quality network operating systems and having expertise in MPLS, VPLS, and EVPN.

“We are very happy with this decision as it allows LINX to continue to deliver innovative technology to its members. This decision also allows us to continue our commitment to seek ever-greater levels of service quality and cost effectiveness. By deploying this latest technology, and as the first in the world, it allows us to raise the standards even higher than before. Both Edgecore Networks and IP Infusion will support the full lifecycle product testing and IXP feature needs. They are also keen to participate in the LINX and IXP communities, which is important to us and our members.” Richard Petrie, LINX Chief Technical Officer

“Growing network traffic levels are placing great demands on customers such as LINX to deliver new, innovative services at faster rates. With OcNOS, LINX can easily design their disaggregated network to meet their specific needs and deploy new services quickly. We look forward to partnering with LINX to meet the growth requirements of their new platform and to help keep operating costs low.” Kiyo Oishi, CEO and president of IP Infusion

The Next Steps

The roll-out of the new LON2 is expected to take until the end of Q2 2017 to complete. At the next LINX member conference in November LINX CTO, Richard Petrie, will give a detailed progress report on developments to date. Joining him on stage will be key staff from both Edgecore Networks and IP Infusion who will be available to take questions from the members. If you are interesed in attending this meeting please visit the LINX95 event page to find out more:

IP Infusion

IP Infusion was founded in 1999 by Kunihiro Ishiguro and Yoshinari Yoshikawa as commercial-grade, hardware-independent network software for IPv4 and IPv6. The vision for IP Infusion comes from Mr. Ishiguro’s background as the co-founder and developer of open source Zebra and his experience running the first IPv6 network in Tokyo in 1995. IP Infusion was acquired by ACCESS in 2006, and since then has grown to have support and development operations on three continents, serving more than 250 customers across the fast-growing mobile backhaul, Carrier Ethernet, and Cloud markets with its robust, scalable, platform-independent ZebOS Network Platform software. HotLINX Issue 47


Inside Story: LON2 Network



HotLINX Issue 47


Meeting Sponsor: Alternative

Alternative Networks As network bandwidth demands soar, how can operators keep up and still maintain profitability?

By Yaseen Patel and Peter Landon, Alternative Networks Bandwidth is growing at over 40% per year as video and cloud data proliferate. And the demands on infrastructure are only going to get worse as IoT and IPv6 take hold, with an estimated 500 Zettabytes to be generated by people, machines and things by 2019. There are a number of technologies that are preparing operators for this huge bandwidth explosion, one is coherent technology, and another is multi-layer optimization. One of the biggest technological advancements in the last decade is the introduction of coherent technology in optical networks. Widely used in wireless radio applications, coherent technology started being used in optical networks in 2010. When optical transport systems were introduced, rates of 622 Mb/s and then 2.5 Gb/s were common, which were followed by 10 Gb/s in the mid 1990s. However, the simple, cost effective modulation techniques that were used up to this point are very susceptible to fiber impairments at speeds above 10 Gb/s. Something new was needed. Enter coherent optical technology, which utilizes Digital Signal Processing to tame the dispersion that occurs at higher modulation rates, and enables

higher data rates over longer distances. It also increases the spectral density of the system through higher order modulation, multiplying the effective throughput of the transceiver. Of course, nothing in life is free, and this increase in bandwidth results in a corresponding reduction in reach. In a metro application however, this reach penalty is more than offset by the benefits of increased throughput. Like programmable coherent transceivers, Multi-layer optimization, which can be accomplished by using an SDN controller like Juniper’s Northstar, can enable operators to save CAPEX as well as improve the efficiency of their network. Studies by large tier one operators have shown that operators can realize savings of 25% to 30% through the implementation of multi-layer optimization specifically combining packet layer protection and transport layer restoration. These savings are realized by reducing the required resources to implement resilient networks, and instead introducing a method of coupling the control of the packet layer and the transport layer. The TEAS working group within the IETF has released the YANG data model for TE topologies, which allows an IP/MPLS Controller to share its domain specific attributes with the Optical controller, and vice-versa. By enabling the optical layer to be aware of the traffic patterns through the TEAS topology model, informed re-route decisions can be made, resulting in a reduction in resources required to sustain a resilient network. HotLINX Issue 47


It’s a tall order for operators to keep up with the bandwidth demands of today’s networks. But coherent technology and multi-layer optimization is giving them a fighting chance to do just that, while simultaneously maintaining profitability through software enabled efficiencies.

About Alternative Since 1994, Alternative has developed into a wide ranging technology and telecommunications services provider, leading the UK market in what is undoubtedly the world’s fastest growing industry. Our objective is to make a real difference to businesses through a forward thinking and intelligent proposition. Our product set is diverse, our solutions are relevant and effective, and our people thrive on a culture of service excellence. Everything we do is aligned to our customers’ desired business objectives and so each solution is designed with the client and underpinned by our unique visibility and control systems. This customer service philosophy is central to everything we do, and we remain wholly accountable from the beginning to the end and beyond, for all our projects. As our success is driven by our knowledge and understanding of our clients and their needs, we take serious interest in our clients’ feedback and contributions, and encourage them to contact our senior management directly; a highly successful way of enabling us to respond quickly and effectively.

Member Conference Sponsor: Alternative


LINX Conferences LINX95 EGM Preview

The LINX member conference will return to London this autumn following the summer meeting in Birmingham. Please make sure you pencil in the 21st and 22nd of November into your diary for what will be another important constitutional meeting. Among the resolutions to be voted on by members will be the 2017 budget. The changes to the LON2 network are sure to be covered in-depth with vendors Edgecore and IP Fusion both set to take part in a Q&A about the upcoming plans as part of Richard Petrie’s CTO update. In addition the programme is expected to feature a consultation on fibre tax, talks on DDoS as well as presentations on BGP and IPv6. The sponsors for LINX95 are confirmed as Alternative, Juniper, Interxion and Adva Optical Networking. Equinix will be supporting our networking social event.


Registration for LINX95 will open in early October and will close on Wednesday 16th November at 12:00pm GMT. Follow the link below for more information.

LINX95 EGM - 21/22 NOVEMBER 2016 The LINX95 EGM will take place at the Congress Centre in London. Further details available on the LINX website:

Raj Mack provided a local persective at LINX94 with his talk on Digital Birmingham

reflected on Equinix and TelecityGroup, post the recent takeover. An interesting panel session on fibre rollout hosted by Ben King (WarwickNet) which covered the key issues facing providers investing in fibre in the ground.

In the main programme Richard Cooper (BBC) gave a fascinating talk on Internet traffic levels during Euro2016 and the Rio Olympics while Michael Winterson

Video and presentation PDFs from the full meeting can be viewed by the membership on the LINX website: (log-in required)

HotLINX Issue 47


Capacity North America 5-6 October 2016

Toronto, Canada Capacity-North-America NANOG 68 17-19 October 2016 Dallas, Texas, USA home RIPE73 24-28 October 2016 Madrid, Spain Capacity Europe 7-9 November 2015 Paris, France Capacity-Europe.html AfricaCom 15-17 November 2016 Cape Town, South Africa

PTC’17 15-18 January 2017 Honlulu, Hawaii, USA

LINX94 was sponsored by new LINX associate member Kentik along with Alternative Networks and Xantaro. Social sponsor Pure Data Centres also kindly offered a tour of their local facility for attendees.


Here’s a list of industry events where you can meet with LINX representatives over the next few months.

LINX95 21-22 November 2016 Congress Centre, London, UK

LINX94 Round Up The August member conference was held in Birmingham for the third time in five years. The International Conference Centre was the venue and an impressive 131 delegates registered making LINX94 one of the most well attended LINX events outside London.

Meet with LINX

LINX Conferences

UKNOF36 19 January 2017 London, UK NANOG 69 6-8 February 2017 Washington DC, USA home LINX NoVA 2 9 February 2017 North Virginia, USA LINX96 15-16 February 2016 Congress Centre, London, UK

Industry Events Events Round Up

AfricaCom 2016

AfPIF 2016

Economic development and social empowerment through digital connectivity

Over the past 19 years Africom has grown to become one of the biggest and best technology conferences on the African continent. The event has been described as “a week-long festival of thought-provoking content, immersive satellite events, and unique networking experiences”. Among the topics being covered are IoT & Smart Cities Africa and Telco Big Data. LINX has been a regular attendee in recent years and will be back in Cape Town again this November.

AfricaCom in numbers 10,000+ Attendees from across the entire digital ecosystem 350+ Inspirational and visionary speakers from the African tech community 375+ Global exhibitors If you are attending and would like to arrange a meeting with LINX staff in Cape Town please email Member Relations at

30th August-1st September 2016 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania LINX staff headed to Dar es Salaam, recently for the 7th African Peering and Interconnection Forum (AFPIF). LINX Channel Partner Manager, Emma Saunders, said: “The African networks were very keen to engage and discuss the possibilities and benefits of peering. Lots of delegates visited the LINX stand and the introduction of Liquid Telecom as a reseller partner this summer enabled even more conversations with prospects. It was also great to catch up with our top African reseller, Work Online, in person.”

AfricaCom has produced a video previewing the 2016 event which explains what’s in store for delegates this November.

UKNOF35 and IXScotland Meeting

In September over 200 members of the UK networking community headed north of the border to Glasgow for UKNOF35. As with the previous event in Manchester, LINX again tied in a regional member event, this time for IXScotland. At UKNOF LINX’s Colin Silcock presented a talk focussed on software development at LINX. Over the past two years the exchange has built a software department from scratch and now has carefully versioncontrolled code, automated tests and builds. A lot has been learned and Colin wanted to share the experiences, pain points, and plans for the future, including LINX’s approach to automating network configuration. The following morning William Waites, of the University of Edinburgh, ran an introduction to BGP session. There was lots of positive feedback and delegates said they found the tutorial extremely valuable. For more information on UKNOF activities please visit:

LINX CMO, Kurtis Lindqvist with Channel Partner Manager, Emma Saunders

Capacity Eurasia

20 & 21 September 2016 Athens, Greece Emma was on the move again in late September when attending Capacity Eurasia in Athens. Joining her in representing LINX was new Business Development Executive, Halil Kama. Now in its sixth year, Capacity Eurasia is the only wholesale telecoms event that connects Asia, Europe and the Middle East. The event brought together over 300 senior-level attendees representing some 130+ organisations from nearly 50 countries.

HotLINX Issue 47


LINX Industry Events


LINX NoVA News Momentum is Growing LINX NoVA on target to reach 2016 Objectives New participants

Momentum is beginning to build at LINX NoVA. With the last quarter of the year to go, we have already added more new participants (10) to the IXP than in 2015, with six of those orders from existing LINX members and four new member applications. The order pipeline is also building and it is expected that we will have in excess of 30 ASNs connected at NoVA before too long. We also expect to announce new ConneXions reseller partners very soon adding great potential for extending the reach and participants of the exchange.

Events and marketing

As HotLINX went to press we were in the middle of a run of six events in five weeks. The marketing team have been busy preparing collateral for sales and marketing support notably for the Capacity North America event in Toronto. Here we will be talking to several East Coast networks looking to improve their peering in the Ashburn area. Between 17th and 19th October I will be in Dallas for NANOG68 and the following month I will speaking at Interxion’s ‘Peering into the Future’ briefing for adtech and fin-tech executives on 7th November in New York.

Ben Hedges

CEO LINX America

LINX NoVA meeting

On the 9th February 2017 we will be staging another NoVA member meeting, the day after the NANOG69 in Washington DC, at at the same venue. This will be a great opportunity to bring together the local networking community and we would urge NANOG attendees to stick around to find out more about LINX and LINX NoVA. We hope to see you there!


Finally, we have been busy recruiting for Head of Sales and Business Administrator roles based out of our Ashburn office. Applications for both positions close on 7th October so at time of publication there are still a few days left to apply. For further details please visit:

New Flareon Ultra SFN8000 Series 10/40GbE Highlights Accelerate, Monitor, Secure the Server Powered by a configurable suite of software options, the next generation of Solarflare 10/40GbE high performance adapters can transform the role servers play in your networking environment. We’ve made it possible by creating a solution that can deliver a multitude of network applications and be optimized according to specific business and application needs. Network services including application acceleration, server clock synchronization, line-rate packet capture, hardware time-stamping, high-performance packet filtering and network performance monitoring are all possible, as well as DDoS mitigation delivered with an open API that enables integration with third-party security and analytic applications. Leveraging these, Solarflare has created a powerful packet-capture and persistence solution that is capable of line rate, time-stamped capture to disk and real-time simultaneous persisted storage and query of captured data. The bottom line: a new level of functionality, a new layer of security, and increased network visibility. Spread more broadly and economically across your enterprise data centre. Contact us at to start your proof of concept. And fire up a smarter network.

• Optional kernel bypass TCP/ IP acceleration for superior throughput and lower CPU utilization • Class leading clock synchronization accuracy and packet time stamping • Optional packet capture and monitoring leveraging kernel-bypass

Arista Networks Scale and Visibility:

The challenges of growing scale and gaining back visibility

By Alexis Dacquay, EMEA Systems Engineer, Arista Networks Growing bandwidth, scale, and port density in an economical manner seems an impossible challenge. Traditionally increased bandwidth and throughput came at a portional cost to a vendor’s hardware innovation. The adoption of merchant silicon has successfully challenged that perception within the confines of the data center. Outside of the data center, while merchant silicon is offering an ever increasing richer features set in a faster denser form factor, the improvements have lagged behind the requirements of a true routing platform, in terms of logic and table size which has been restricted due to the limited space on the silicon die. To achieve scale Operators have been historically tied to the bandwagon of hardware-defined platforms, where innovation is only achieved at a vendor’s cost point. This approach is now being disrupted by the latest evolution of merchant silicon, which now blurs the line between switching and routing logic and software innovation which can extend the default hardware capabilities of the merchant silicon. This leads to a full Internet table being held in merchant silicon hardware at a quarter of the cost point of a traditional hardware vendor’s routing platform.

preventing merchant silicon switches delivering routing functionality at commoditised prices. With latest merchant silicon this is no longer the case; welcome to 100G routers at $3000 per 100G port. They might not fit every need as the switch vendor might not support your favourite FastReroute or MPLS L3VPN feature yet, but it does disrupt the traditional market of big expensive routers that are big and very expensive. With increasing scale and performance in the network, the visibility into the network has deteriorated because monitoring technologies and tools haven’t improved or kept apace with the change. In an environment where growth in bandwidth and density is continuous and the effects of network blips however small are having an ever greater impact, the appetite for better visibility model has been greater. Streaming of network states comes to the rescue, illustrated by OpenConfig (small but standard scope) or other wider scope implementation (all network states -

vendor-defined but open/standard access). Streaming in monitoring is a paradigm change from polling, for efficiency and scale. Imagine one thing you could never do before: receiving all the prefix changes in all the routing tables, ARP resolution, MAC addresses, CPU/temp/fans, optical measurements, logs, counters, etc… all being streamed as changes occur: • Without missing a single change • Without having to ever interrogate the devices The whole network states can be viewed, coalesced, retrieved from an hour ago, yesterday, or last season. A device worth of streaming represents in the order of 100MB/day, making it a goldmine of information for troubleshooting, analysis, finding anomalies or trends. OpenConfig is the logical choice for standard-defined data streaming, but much more is also available that can be retrieved equally easily from network vendors’ state streaming. Poor or expensive scale, and lack of visibility are not fateful, software innovation brings cost-effective scaling to merchant silicon and modern telemetry for complete visibility into the networks.

S States S Streaming

Previous generations of merchant silicon, table scale has been the defining line HotLINX Issue 47


Member Conference Sponsor: Arista Networks


LINX Associates

Netnod Launches DNS Anycast Service Focused on Swedish Enterprise Market Netnod has launched a DNS anycast service for the Swedish enterprise market. This service, part of the well-established DNSNODE product, builds on Netnod’s success in providing DNS anycast services to Top-Level Domains (TLDs) and in developing critical Internet infrastructure throughout Sweden and globally. “We are excited to bring our infrastructure-grade DNS service to the enterprise market,” said Lars Michael Jogbäck, Netnod CEO. “As the operator of, one of the 13 DNS root servers, and pioneers of DNS anycast services for TLDs, we have been working at the core of the Internet for 20 years. Extending our DNS services to the Swedish enterprise market through partnerships with Swedish registrars is part of our long-term strategy. I welcome Excedo as our first official partner. These partnerships will improve DNS resilience and performance throughout the region which is vital to the success of Swedish registrars and their customers.”

DNSNODE Enterprise offers registrars a white label, authoritative DNS service with a 100% uptime guarantee. By using Netnod’s industry-leading server footprint, registrars can provide their customers with the most effective authoritative DNS service in the region. Read the full article here:

Internet Systems Consortium

ISC’s new open-source DHCP server released

Kea 1.1, ISC’s new open-source DHCP server, was released on September 30th. With this version, Kea provides an efficient, centralised solution for provisioning data centre equipment. Kea allows you to maintain your list of Host Reservations in a separate database, so your data centre dhcp can become a ‘stateless’ service. Check www.isc. org for the Kea download. LINX members may also be interested in the new open-source DHCP load balancer, also released in September, by Facebook: posts/1734309626831603/dhcplb-an-open-source-load-balancer/.

What are LINX Associate Members? Like LINX, associate members are usually ‘not-for-profit’ organisations. They are members in all respects but they have no voting rights and LINX does not charge them for membership.


Register Now for RIPE 73

RIPE 73 will be in Madrid from 24-28 October 2016. In addition to five packed days of plenary and working group sessions, there’s also plenty of time to meet and network with your colleagues from across the RIPE community.

You can find out more information and how to register here:

RIPE NCC General Meeting

Alongside RIPE 73 will be the RIPE NCC General Meeting (GM) on 26 October. With remote voting and participation options available, all RIPE NCC members are encouraged to register and exercise their voting rights. More information is available here: gm/meetings/october-2016

DNS Belgium


This summer, DNS Belgium was officially granted ISO 27001 certification. Certification Europe awarded the certificate to DNS Belgium on Wednesday, 6 July. This took place after a rigorous audit of the ISMS (Information Security Management System), which is designed to cope with data security risks within their organisation. It involves a process-based approach to the planning, implementation, evaluation and continuous improvement of our information security management.

DDoS attacks have become an increasing problem that is visible up to the C-suite and even to the board level. Kentik CEO Avi Freedman recently shared about the DDoS threat, the attributes that are required or desirable in a network visibility solution in order to effectively protect one’s digital business from DDoS and other forms of attacks and service interruptions.

DNS Belgium obtains ISO 27001 certification

According to Philip Du Bois, General Manager of DNS Belgium, the implementation of the ISO 27001 standard means that DNS Belgium has become an even more qualitative organisation because of this approach. He believes the method that is associated with ISO certification raises awareness about several other aspects, meaning its impact is felt beyond the domain of security.


HotLINX Issue 47


LINX Associates

Big data for DDoS Defence

You can watch a video of Avi’s comments or read the blog post of excerpts of what he had to say on the Kentik website: big-data-for-ddosdefense/

Kentik CEO, Avi Freedman

In the Spotlight

with Mark Pestridge, Managing Director Digital London at Digital Realty

HotLINX Editor, Jeremy Orbell, speaks with Digital Realty’s Mark Pestridge to ask about the background behind the data centre group’s recent takeover of the facilities hosting the LINX PoPs at Sovereign House and Bonnington House. Mark, first of all please tell us about your industry background and career to date? I spent 10 or 11 years at Verizon in the early 2000s running a multinational accounts programme. The company was EuNet, then WorldCom, then MCI, then Verizon, so the same company effectively. In 2011, I decided to look at something different, so went to work for Michael Winterson at Equinix. There I was running a team that looked after customers based outside countries in which we had data centres; places like Russia, Israel and the Middle East. After a couple of years I was approached by James Tyler at Telecity and I went on to run their strategic accounts programme. In this role I looked after leading cloud providers. Last year was a strange year for us as initially we were going to merge with Interxion, then Equinix came in and made a bid for Telecity which was accepted. The twist was that for that bid to be accepted they had to divest a number of data centres. Having already worked for Equinix, I was approached to

go and work for their divested organisation which sounded like a great opportunity. My role for the last 10 or 11 months has been to run the operation of the five data centres divested in the UK covering operations, compliance, finance, customer service and sales and marketing. While the deal between Equinix and Telecity was penned on January 15th this year the actual separation wasn’t finalised until the beginning of April. From that point on there was a Chinese wall between us and the new combined Telecity / Equinix. From LINX’s perspective there’s been particular interest in the PoPs at Sovereign House and Bonnington House.What’s actually planned for those locations? That’s right. Sovereign House is the ‘jewel in the crown’ if you like, which is why it was attractive to Digital Realty and a number of other bidders that we presented to over the course of the first quarter of this year. Sovereign House remains the major


New Collector in Chicago, USA RouteViews has now established a routing data collector at the EQUINIX exchange in Chicago, Illinois. They are now accepting peers so if you would like to participate in the project by contributing your routes, please contact them at: RouteViews operate data collectors throughout the world and has been a prevailing member of the Internet community for over 15 years. Collectors serve as real-time operational tools, as well as data sources for the RouteViews central data archive. RouteViews data provides a significant source of information to the network community for the study of global routing dynamics. RouteViews would like to specifically thank CTS Telecom and EQUINIX for their support in establishing a collector in Chicago. Additional resources related to this collector can be found here: telnet:// HotLINX Issue 47

facility of the portfolio here in London, so we are committed to the future of that site. It is to all intents and purposes ‘full’, though there are a few pockets of space around the building. We have a large section of connectivity providers and also content and cloud providers that rely on each other within that data centre so we are committed to invest in it, upgrade it, and to keeping it running in a way that our customers would expect. We have the same team there that we’ve had all the way through the process so when the divestment was announced, all the people that worked onsite moved across to the new Digital Realty organisation. A lot of people had been there for a long time - they know the site inside out. We are looking at ways we could possibly expand that site but it’s challenging due to where it’s located. The second location, Bonnington House, we have some very big plans for. We have actually started the enabling work on that project and we are looking to go live in 2018 with an extra 4 megawatts of power in that facility. It will give our customers the ability to take another five floors. It’s our number one project in London over the next couple of years. What about Digital Realty’s other new London sites? West Drayton has been an interesting one as that’s the one data centre in our portfolio that was a legacy Equinix facility. It serves a very different market to the Docklands ones and our Oliver’s Yard facility in the City as well. The Docklands generally looks after the connectivity and cloud and content space and Oliver’s Yard looks after the finance sector. The one in West Drayton is more suited to enterprise type customers, or systems integration type companies, so would need bigger chunks of space. For a western London data centre it’s pretty well connected - I think there’s about 23 or 24 carriers present. The new Digital Realty combined organisation see a lot of opportunity for us to push that data centre forward over the next year. We think there’s a lot of potential there. Any final thoughts? The key message is that we are extremely committed to the locations that currently have LINX PoPs - Sovereign House and Bonnington House. We will be combining the legacy Telecity interconnection and colocation propositions with the scale proposition of Digital Realty. We will also be looking at how that can benefit LINX members and our customers as we connect across the larger sites we have.


In the Spotlight: Mark Pestridge


Stats Update

755 Member ASNs 69 Countries

Over 5.750 Tbs


Peak Traffic inc. PI Terabits of connected


New LINX capacity applications in 2016

71 Member-facing 100GigE ports

Connected 10GigE Ports member ports 1720 893 Member-facing


Our LINX stats page includes information regarding our local exchanges, plus other notable figures. The above graphic shows the headline numbers for the exchange as a whole but we felt that readers would be interested to see more detail such as available routes and also breakdowns of figures from the UK regional exchanges in England, Scotland and Wales plus LINX NoVA in the USA.

Routes Peered at LINX in London Global routing table routes

% of global routes available via LINX

484598 604456


Here is a list of new LINX members who have connected since the beginning of July 2016. In all, there have been 24 new connections from 11 different territories. In addition to the 11 new UK connections, a further four European networks have been added which are based in Austria, France, Germany and Russia. Further afield four members have connected from the USA plus one each in Bermuda, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Indonesia and Singapore. 4D Data Centres Airangel ANEXIA




Beeks Financial Cloud


Blizzard Entertainment






Crosspoint Colocation Flexgrid


IG Index


Instart Logic Linode





AS36131 AS56258

PT. Dwi Tunggal Putra

IXManchester peak traffic LINX NoVA ports*

*including orders awaiting provisioning

Low speed port upgrades since January 2016


29 19

New Member Applications by UK LAN since January 2016 LON1 LAN




Connected ASNs

Please note: LAN applications may contain ports on multiple LANs (Juniper, Extreme, IXManchester, IXScotland, IXCardiff and LINX NoVA.) These figures show applications only, not physically connected ports.

Issue 47


Stats Update

Public Internet Selectel SINET



PGAS Telecoms

IXManchester 79 IXScotland 20 IXCardiff 30

20 HotLINX

New LINX Members





SkyVision Global Networks Smart Hosted Solutions Sub 6




TU Darmstadt AS8365 Wharf T&T


You can view a complete list of members on the LINX website:


The lead story in this issue is that LINX is to build its new LON2 architecture based on EVPN routing technology, the first IXP in the world...