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Sofia So Good! Peering community to celebrate 10 years

of the European Peering Forum in Bulgaria Peering Forums have become increasingly popular in the industry calendar and it’s now a decade since the first ever EPF. Turn to pages 10 and 11 to learn more about the history as well as other events around the world.

Industry News


Among our industry news stories are the revised Digital Economy Bill, research on 4G and the Internet of Things plus the development of a new kind of data centre.

LINX Conferences


In the Spotlight


Simon Woodhead is the latest addition to the LINX Board following the vote at the LINX AGM. We caught up with Simon to ask him about his career and why he wanted to stand for election.

On page 14 we preview the LINX94 member community conference which is being held at the ICC in Birmingham. This event is being sponsored by Kentik, Alternative Networks, Juniper Networks, Xantaro and Pure Data Centres.

Contents Face Off

Inside Stories

LINX News p06 The LINX AGM in May featured the annual elections to the LINX Board. Thomas Mangin (pictured right) was re-elected along with Simon Woodhead.

LINX Technology p07 Mike Hellers, LINX’s Network Engineering Manager, gives us an update on recent activities of the LINX Technology team including testing of the Juniper Edge routers

Public Affairs p08-09 Malcolm Hutty looks at the implications of the CJEU’s ruling that private copying levies cannot be replaced with funding through general taxation

Industry Events p15 It has been a busy time for LINX at home and overseas with events in London and Manchester in the UK as well as Chicago in the USA.

Welcome to HotLINX46. Here’s a brief summary of the articles featured inside this issue. In Industry News we have details of a new Digital Economy Bill which was announced as of the Queen’s speech in June. There are details of a new report and research on the ‘Internet of Things’. The Internet Society updates us on their technical training programme which it hopes will pave the way for new IXPs and peering forums in Asia. In our LINX Associates section (page 18) we have news that Kentik are to be the latest LINX associate member. On page 13 NSFOCUS, platinum sponsors of February’s LINX member community meeting, look at the real costs of DDoS attacks. Another recent sponsor is Telehouse Europe. On page 17 we have an interview with their technical director Andrew Tewing about the launch of Telehouse North Two.

Internet Industry Tweets Below are just a few of the LINX and member community related updates seen on Twitter recently.

Digital Centre 2020 @TheDC2020 Membership matters for #IXPs by @LINX_Network Exa Networks @exanetworks Our new blog takes a look at how our co-founder Thomas Mangin was reelected to the @LINX_Network board: LINX-board/ Republic @RepublicLDN We’re lucky to neighbour the #digital hub of the London Internet Exchange #workplace #connectivity #internet #tech DELTALIS SA @DeltalisCH Awesome view was offered at the Linx NoVA Pre ITW event! #itw2016

Finally we take our usual look at the latest LINX member and technical statistics on our back page. It’s been a fantastic quarter for new members with 22 new connections from 13 different territories.

LINX on Twitter

Keep up to date with LINX on Twitter following @LINX_Network HotLINX Publisher: Kurtis Lindqvist Editor: Jeremy Orbell Telephone: Editorial & Content: Printing: Publishing:

+44 1733 207705 Sudbury Print London Internet Exchange Limited. Trinity Court, Trinity Street, Peterborough, United Kingdom PE1 1DA

No part of this publication may be reproduced without the permission of the publishers.


HotLINX © London Internet Exchange 2016

Do you follow?

You can also get LINX news on LinkedIn and Facebook via the quick links below:

Planning for a Successful Future

Editorial HotLINX interactive!

By Jeremy Orbell, HotLINX Editor In January we announced plans for us to introduce a new interactive online version of HotLINX. We initially planned to launch this service for this edition but we were ahead of the game and were able to publish HotLINX45 in the new format in May.

By John Souter, LINX Chief Executive Officer

First of all I would like to welcome Simon Woodhead as the latest addition to the LINX Board following the elections at our AGM in May. Simon filled one of two available places and was joined by Thomas Mangin who was re-elected for a third term. Neil McRae, who had completed his maximum term of office at LINX93, was required to stand down. It will certainly be strange not to see Neil at Board meetings but we can surely expect him to continue to put forward his strong and forthright views at our member community meetings in future. It was a welcome surprise this year to see so many from the peering community prepared to put themselves forward to stand for election. We’ve never had eight candidates before which meant that the hustings for the two available places was always going to be keenly fought.

HotLINX covers the AGM and election in more detail on page 6 but before I move on I would personally like to thank everyone who stood and also to all who voted. LINX runs for the benefit of its members and it’s very important that members take part in the constitutional process. That way we know for sure that we are operating with a true consensus from the membership.

New features include links to additional content giving you access to additional online content as well as photo galleries and video. Readers also have the ability to share specific pages and individual stories across their own social media feeds.

Another welcome addition to the LINX team is that of Kurtis Lindqvist. He’s certainly had to hit the ground running having to combine his day-to-day work as Chief Marketing Officer along with budget and strategy planning. It didn’t seem to be worrying him too much judging by this photo of him visiting the offices of LINX America in Ashburn last month! Photo © Ben Hedges 2016

As we reach the half way point of the year it’s time to reflect on some recent changes we’ve had here at LINX.

We will be looking to introduce more features in due course. Physical copies are still useful and remain popular at events and we still receive request for stock from members and from our data centre partners for their reception areas. You can view LINX’s interactive publications, including the LINX 2015 annual report here: HotLINX Interactive

Welcome HotLINX Issue 46





Industry News Liquid Telecom and RBH to acquire Neotel for $429m Liquid Telecom and Royal Bafokeng Holdings have struck a deal to acquire Neotel from India’s Tata Communications for $429 million (£320 million). This will create the largest pan-African broadband network, spanning 40,000km of fibre networks in 12 countries. Liquid Telecom is a London-based group owned by African telecoms company Econet Wireless and will partner with RBH on the transaction to take a 30 per cent stake in Neotel. The transaction is subject to approval by South African regulatory authorities but is expected to be completed later in the financial year.

Liquid Telecom CEO Nic Rudnick with Troy Reynolds (Tata), and Strive Masiyiwa (Econet).

Nic Rudnick, CEO of Liquid Telecom, commented: “Leveraging the strengths of RBH, Neotel and Liquid Telecom will offer an unprecedented fibre network with a unique set of services and international connectivity for telecom operators and enterprises across subSaharan Africa. We will be increasing investments into Neotel to cater for rapidly accelerating mobile and enterprise traffic”. Vinod Kumar, MD and CEO of Tata Communications added.“We believe that Liquid Telecom will deliver on the vision of a well-connected Africa, which will augur well for the South African telecom industry and Neotel’s customers”. Further details are available on the Liquid Telecom website:

Industry News

In Brief

Queen’s Speech announces new Digital Economy Bill

A new Digital Economy Bill was announced in the Queen’s Speech in May, with new measures on broadband speed and availability, consumer protections, age verification, and intellectual property. The Bill would introduce a new Broadband Universal Service Obligation with a minimum speed of 10Mbps, which Ofcom would have the power to review over time. The Bill would also introduce a new Electronic Communications Code, which would regulate the amount of rent land owners can charge to telecoms companies based on the underlying value of the land.


HotLINX Issue 46


Wireless ‘to replace FTTH’ says Google boss

Speaking at the annual shareholders’ meeting of Google’s holding company Alphabet, Chairman Eric Schmidt stated that Fibre to the home is outdated and will be replaced by wireless connections. Schmidt says that improvements to wireless technology mean point-to-point connections can reliably deliver 1Gbps and that wireless is already cheaper than “digging up your garden”. Subsidiary, Google Fiber, is building fibre networks in five US cities as well as fibre networks in east Africa.

Industry News

Have a story you’d like to tell the LINX members? Send your ideas to the HotLINX team

Research 4G revenues forecast to surpass 3G for the first time

Strategy Analytics have forecast that revenues for 4G will overtake 3G for the first time later this year. There were 1.1 billion 4G connections at the start of 2016 but by year end this will have increased to 1.9 billion. Longer term the expected number of 4G LTE networks connections will reach 5.6 billion by 2022, equating to around 62 percent of all user-linked wireless subscriptions. It is expected that 5G services will make market in-roads by 2020, especially in Asia and the USA. In the two years that follow it is predicted that user-linked 5G connections will grow from two million to 116 million, with early volume driven by modems and routers. publishes 2016 ‘Internet of Things’ outlook report

In June the 2016 IoT outlook report was released. The report analyses and presents the results of a detailed questionnaire answered by 900 telecoms industry professionals involved with IoT. There are six sections to the research covering: • • • •

Securing the IoT Industrial IoT Consumer IoT Navigating the IoT Landscape • Cloud Platforms for IoT • Optimising IoT Connectivity

You can download a free copy of the IoT outlook report here:

What they’re saying

Ben Dowd, O2 Business Director Ben Dowd of O2 has said the London Mayor’s words were “very welcome” but stressed the need to turn those words into reality.

In a letter to mark the opening of London Tech Week, London Mayor Sadiq Khan has pledged to tackle London “notspots”, areas with no mobile signal. Source:

“London is recognised as a world-leading tech hub - a status we are all proud of. We have to ensure digital fuels future entrepreneurship, innovation and growth - that means making sure our digital infrastructure is world class. We need greater collaboration between tech businesses, local authorities and landlords to collectively champion the improvement of Britain’s digital infrastructure - so both people and businesses can make the most of technology.”

London Mayor calls for improvements of London’s digital economy

Sadiq Khan, London Mayor “I will work closely with the tech community to remove the barriers to its further growth, and help make London a more prosperous city for all. London’s tech sector has got unique opportunities and also unique challenges, and I will act as its champion to ensure we keep our position as the best city for digital entrepreneurship in Europe. It is also vital we improve our digital connectivity so I will make it a priority to work with partners to tackle London’s ‘notspots’ and treat digital infrastructure with the same status as other key public utilities.”

In Brief

Data Centre News

Microsoft pioneering underwater data centres We’re all familiar with the cloud as a method to store our data but Microsoft is looking to the oceans as another possible solution. In a project named Project Natick, experiments have begun with a prototype underwater data centre located a kilometre off America’s west coast. The long term target is to have the ability to deploy data centres at scale within 90 days anywhere in the world. With 50% of the global population living close to large bodies of water, offshore data centres could be a costeffective way of speeding up access. There are other benefits too, including wave movements being harnessed to generate electricity for the data centre and the cold depths offering natural cooling. It is estimated that the amount of electronic data being generated doubles around every 18 months. This rate is only likely to increase as the Internet of Things brings more and more devices online. This data has to be stored

somewhere so innovative methods such as submerged data centres could be the next step. The world’s data infrastructure is already heavily linked with the sea with over 99% of international data traffic passed via ocean cables. It is expected that an underwater data centre would be deployed for five years before being brought back on land, refitted and redeployed. Microsoft believes the overall lifespan of the units could be well in excess of 20 years. A more detailed explanation to this project can be found on the Microsoft website:

Microsoft have released a video which explains the rationale and background to Project Natick and underwater data centres

brightsolid and DataVita partnership aims to create Scotland’s largest cloud infrastructure

brightsolid and DataVita have announced an agreement to create a digital infrastructure, that will improve communications and cloud accessibility for Scottish businesses. The collaboration aims to close a digital divide between the two largest economic areas within the country. The west and central belt between Glasgow and Edinburgh, home of DataVita, and the Aberdeen and Dundee area where brightsolid are located. This new infrastructure will provide businesses, whatever their size, with a range of secure data, cloud and communication services with value and environmental benefits in mind. The partnership will enable faster access to data plus greater diversity in communications at a lower overall cost. Both organisations are also planning to offer their customers the flexibility to mix traditional IT infrastructure with on-demand cloud native services. Until now brightsolid’s clouds have never been placed outside its own data centres.

HotLINX Issue 46


Industry News


LINX News A record eight candidates stood for election to the LINX Board at LINX93. Following voting Thomas Mangin of Exa Networks and Simon Woodhead of Simwood (far left and far right of this picture) were both elected for three year terms

LINX Partner News IX Reach and Allegro rebrand as Console Network Solutions

IX Reach and Allegro will now be known as “Console Network Solutions”, part of the Console group.

Board Elections & LINX93 AGM Review

In May the 93rd member conference featured the LINX AGM and the annual election of LINX directors to the LINX Board. As in previous years, two directors were required to step down by rotation and those retiring this occasion were Thomas Mangin (Exa Networks) and Neil McRae (BT). Whilst Thomas was eligible to stand again, Neil had come to the end of his third three year cycle and was therefore not able to put himself forward. This meant that at least one new face on the Board was assured.

Following the nomination process eight candidates had decided to stand. In addition to Thomas these were Simon Lockhart (Bogons / Cablecom Networking), Lee Hetherington (Amazon), Andrew Maybin (Tibus), Richard Cooper (BBC), Justin Keery (Venus Business Communications), Chris Wilkie (Electronic Communities) and Simon Woodhead (Simwood). Many members had decided to vote in advance electronically but some waited until the hustings before making their final decision. The candidates faced questions on a range of subjects including what LINX’s ethos of acting “for the good of the Internet” meant to them and did they

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believe the IXP industry is consolidating (fewer, larger IXPs) or expanding (more “regional” IXPs). The single transferable vote system (STV), meant that to reach the final outcome five separate rounds were needed with second and third preferences in the end proving crucial. Once concluded Thomas Mangin and Simon Woodhead were duly elected for three year terms of office. This will be Thomas’ final term before being required to stand down. Our newest Board member, Simon Woodhead, has been interviewed in our ‘In the Spotlight’ feature on page 17.

AGM Resolution Passed

Two ordinary resolutions were put to the vote during the AGM session, each requiring a simple majority. These were the approval of the 2015 annual accounts and the appointment of haysmacintyre as auditors. Both resolutions were passed overwhelmingly, without opposition, with just a small number of abstentions. Members can review documentation, video and presentation files from the AGM by visiting the LINX93 event page:


Over the last year, the IIX Inc. group has been through a number of transitions, including welcoming well-known UK brands, Allegro and IX Reach, to its family and launching its new enterprise software and interconnection platform and brand, Console. This has involved integration of network infrastructure, systems, teams and now brands. As part of the initial steps towards consolidating the the three companies, IIX collapsed the Allegro Networks brand into IX Reach in September of last year, providing a single, global network solutions provider and point of contact for all carrier wholesale infrastructure requirements. Now IX Reach, the remote peering specialists, and number one partner to leading Internet Exchange Points such as LINX, will now be known as Console Network Solutions. At the same time, they’ll be transitioning IIX, to become Console. Console Network Solutions will continue to offer the same wholesale carrier services IX Reach previously offered, from 160+ PoPs worldwide, as well as remote peering via the LINX ConneXions program. For more information visit

Are you considering connecting at 100G? Help us to plan capacity by letting us know

If you are considering connecting at 100G it would help us if you could share your plans in advance to enable us to deliver your port requirements as swiftly as possible. To let us know, or to obtain further information on 100G, please email the Member Relations team:

Engineering Update

Recruitment News James O’Neill

Juniper testing and upgrade activity dominating workload

Telephone and Windows Systems Administrator James O’Neill is the latest addition to the LINX Technology team. He has worked in computing for more than 10 years assisting with computer repairs, web hosting, website coding and server management. He worked for Voipfone from 2014 to 2016 as a customer services representative with additional work in second line support and tackling VoIP fraud.

By Mike Hellers, LINX Network Engineering Manager

After the successful completion of the second PoC (Proof of Concept) lab testing of the Juniper MPC7 cards, we are currently in the final steps of preparing the installation of the first MPC7 based Juniper Edge router in our network. These routers will allow us to connect up to 20 x 100G member ports on a single router, gaining significant benefits in regards to scaling and traffic aggregation. Over the coming months, we will be deploying three MPC7 based Edge routers; two in Telehouse, and one in Harbour Exchange. Once these have been installed, and our AIS (acceptance into service) process has been completed, we will start to migrate some of the existing 100G member ports to these routers. Freeing up capacity on existing routers, and also allow us to decommission some the MX480 routers which had been installed as a temporary measure in Telehouse West. After having completed the migration of all Juniper LAN members from our old suites in Harbour Exchange 6/7 and 8/9 to our new combined suite, we have now started also to migrate all of the Extreme LAN members to that same suite. We expect to have this work completed in July. This will also include the migration of RS4 (route server) to the new suite and at the same time upgrade the server hardware. On other Extreme related projects, we have also completed the software update

on all Extreme based peering LANs over the past months. The new version has fixed some minor software defects which were causing some issues especially in regards to ConneXions members’ setups. Last but certainly not least, we have also started the work to upgrade the Juniper LAN Core network. You can find detailed explanations in the engineering updates provided during LINX92 and LINX93 on the LINX website. These changes will significantly increase the available capacity on the Juniper LAN.

MAC ACL tool

The LINX software team recently launched a tool that controls the configuration of MAC ACLs and associated ratelimits on the Extreme Networks devices. The web side of the tool is a built on the Symfony2 PHP framework with Angular.js and interfaces with a distributed configuration daemon written in python that handles the interaction with the Extreme switches used on some of the LINX LANs. We’re excited about the improved responsiveness to member mac change requests that this should bring, and are looking forward to being able to offer selfhelp capability to members as a next step in the development of this tool.

James told HotLINX, “My role at LINX involves looking after the internal phone system overseeing the day-to-day management of the windows servers used inside the company. The work is varied and interesting and I particularly like the challenges involved”.

Bekki Dube

Management and Executive Assistant Following roles in investment banking, local government, and the NHS, Bekki Dube has joined LINX as Management and Executive Assistant. This is to provide executive support to LINX CEO, John Souter, and to the organisation’s Board and Senior Management Team. When asked about her new position Bekki said, “I have never been afraid to take on new challenges, and it doesn’t get more challenging for me than joining a company full of techies! I’m looking forward to getting to know the members and to an enjoyable career with LINX”.

HotLINX Issue 46




Public Affairs CJEU: private copying levies cannot be replaced with funding through general taxation

Private copying levies cannot be replaced by “fair compensation” to rightsholders through general taxation. This is the ruling of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in a case referred by the Spanish Supreme Court to determine the compatibility of Spanish law with the EU rules on private copying. Article 5(2)(b) of Directive 2001/29 [the InfoSoc Directive] must be interpreted as precluding a scheme for fair compensation for private copying which, like the one at issue in the main proceedings, is financed from the General State Budget in such a way that it is not possible to ensure that the cost of that compensation is borne by the users of private copies.

“Fair compensation” for private copying

The InfoSoc Directive allows EU Member States to establish a “private copying” exemption to the exclusive rights of copyright holders, allowing natural persons (i.e. not corporate entities) to make copies for private and non-commercial use.

system annulled in the Spanish courts. The Spanish Tribunal Supremo then referred the case to the CJEU, asking for a ruling on whether the InfoSec Directive allows compensation schemes to be “financed from the General State Budget, it thus not being possible to ensure that the cost of that compensation is borne by the users of private copies”.

Rightsholder reasoning

Why have the Spanish collecting societies sought to challenge the decision to compensate rightsholders out of general taxation, rather than by levy? The argument put forward by the collecting societies amounts to this: Private copying exemptions apply to “natural persons”, as opposed to corporate entities. It is “the natural persons at the origin of the harm to their exclusive right of reproduction” who should have to compensate rightsholders. Compensation out of general taxation means that the cost is shared both by individuals who don’t make private copies, and by corporations, which don’t enjoy a private copying exemption.

However, the Directive requires that rightsholders receive “fair compensation”, an obligation which many EU Member States discharge by placing a levy on blank media. These levies are usually administered and collected by national collecting societies.

Though they don’t feature in the collecting societies’ arguments, there are at least two additional reasons that they might prefer a blank media levy to subsidy from general taxation.

Since 2012, Spain has compensated rightsholders from general taxation rather than a levy. But in 2013, a group of collecting societies sought to have this

Firstly, when compensation has to be paid out of the State budget, there

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LINX Public Affairs

Malcolm Hutty

LINX Head of Public Affairs

may be political pressure to reduce the amount of money allocated to rightsholders, especially at a time when many EU Member States are grappling with severe budgetary constraints. Secondly, compensation from general taxation means a diminished role for collecting societies. In Spain prior to 2012, levy debtors had to declare their sales each quarter, and collecting societies were involved in making market surveys to identify non-payers, and auditing manufacturers to make sure they were declaring correctly. Such functions, albeit costly, generate revenue, and give the appearance of value created by the collecting society, while a straightforward government subsidy is more obviously the product of political largesse.

The ruling

In its ruling, the CJEU ultimately sided with the collecting societies in concluding that, since the Spanish system does nothing to ensure that the costs are borne by the individual users of private copies, it is incompatible with the InfoSoc Directive. Nevertheless, the ruling is not a complete victory for the collecting societies, since it would in principle be possible to compensate rightsholders out of state funds while crafting a tax regime which means that the cost of this compensation is borne by the users of private copies.

ISOC Update:

ISOC Round Up

Peering Development News Technical Training Programme Paves the Way for New IXPs and Peering Forums in Asia

Islamabad, Pakistan: ISOC and NSRC partnered up to provide BGP-4-IXP training in Islamabad in April for 28 experts. Watch this space as we think that an IXP will be launched in the city in time for the January 2017 SANOG meeting. As soon as Islamabad “tips” we think Lahore and Karachi will not be far behind. Karachi would make a nice hop to the new IXP in Tehran which has been running a terabit of traffic since launch. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea: ISOC conducted BGP-4-IXP training in Papua New Guinea, from 13-20 May. Topics included a one-day “Best Practices” seminar for senior level corporate and government officials plus five days of network training for 20 technical experts. Jethro Tambeana from the IXP in Vanuatu (VIX) participated among the attendees. Amazing work going on in that small island nation of less than 150,000 people. It is important to note that when the cyclone hit the country in March 2015 that the IXP remained up and running.

The European Commission, together with Microsoft, Facebook, Twitter and Youtube, have announced a new Code of Conduct on Illegal Online Hate Speech. In the code of conduct, the companies agree to put in place “clear and effective processes to review notifications regarding illegal hate speech on their services so they can remove or disable access to such content”, and to “strengthen their ongoing partnerships with civil society organisations who will help flag content that promotes incitement to violence and hateful conduct.”

ISOC and AfriNIC are partnering with RIPE NCC to deploy RIPE Atlas anchors in African IXPs. RIPE Atlas anchors are both enhanced RIPE Atlas probes with more measurement capacity, as well as regional measurement targets within the greater RIPE Atlas network. Anchors provide valuable information about local and regional connectivity, both for those hosting a RIPE Atlas anchor, and for the entire Internet community.

The ISOC, AfriNIC and RIPE NCC teams are keen to see at least 10 anchors deployed in 2016. See Mirjam Keuhne’s blog to find out more about the programme:

Kolkata, India: There is also an excellent effort ongoing for an IXP in Kolkata, India, that diverges from the NIXI approach to IXPs. Rumor has it that there will be a peering forum in Kolkata in November so stay tuned!

Social media giants sign Commission code of conduct on illegal hate speech

African IX Deployment for RIPE Atlas Anchors

LINX Public Affairs

In Brief with Sam Frances

LINX Public Affairs Executive European Commission publishes new e-Commerce package

IANA transition proposal meets NTIA criteria

The package consists of three legislative proposals: a proposal on unjustified geoblocking (which excludes audio-visual works licensed by territory); a proposal on cross-border parcel delivery services; and a proposal on consumers’ rights.

The report recommends that IANA transition should take place on the scheduled date of 30 September 2016.

The European Commission has published a new e-Commerce packaging, described as “a three-pronged plan” aimed at “tackling geoblocking, making cross-border parcel delivery more affordable and efficient and promoting customer trust through better protection”.

The IANA transition proposal developed by ICANN and the global Internet community meets the criteria for transition, concludes a report released on 9 June by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) – the part of the U.S. Department of Commerce that acts as a steward for the IANA functions.

HotLINX Issue 46


Internet Governance


Celebrating 10 years of the European Peering Forum Since the Global Peering Forum was first held in 2005 there has been a growing number of regional peering forums staged around the world. It’s now 10 years since the very first European Peering Forum was held in Frankfurt and the organisers are gearing up for another this September. This article looks ahead to EPF11 in Bulgaria as well as other new and established international events dedicated to the peering community. EPF11 Overview

LINX, AMS-IX, DE-CIX and Netnod will again come together to host the annual European Peering Forum this Autumn. The latest edition - EPF11 - is to be staged in Sofia, Bulgaria from the 19th until the 21st of September. The event is expected to welcome in excess of 250 peering managers and co-ordinators from networks connected to the host Internet exchanges. Besides an interesting topical agenda, the three-day event accommodates room for attendees to meet on a one-to-one basis to discuss bilateral peering business opportunities. As in previous years, a meeting tool is being provided to plan these meetings and all those registered will receive an invite for this in the run up to the event.


The agenda for EPF11 is still to be confirmed but there is still time to contribute. The EPF programme committee is looking for presentations and lightning talks related to peering and technical

topics of interconnection. These should include interconnection automation, regional peering, Internet governance, economic and product Trends, peering strategies plus 100GE and beyond. If you’re interested in making a talk you will need to submit your presentation abstract to the programme committee by the 18th July deadline. The email address you need is:

Venues & Social Events

The main venue is the Hotel Marinela, Sofia. Located in the green zone of Bulgaria’s capital, the hotel has a view of both the night lights of Sofia and the Vitosha mountain.The 30,000 square meters hotel has 13 meeting rooms plus the largest ballroom and conference hall in the city. EPF organisers have secured a block of rooms which can be booked for a special Hotel Marinela, the group rate from 80 main EPF11 venue EUR/ night incl. breakfast On Sunday evening the host IXPs would like to welcome you for drinks in the hotel from 18.00 hours before the main event gets underway on Monday. Follow up socials will be held on each evening at different venues around the city and are an excellent opportunity to network with fellow delegates. To find out more about EPF11, and how you can register, please visit:

Clobal Peering Forum 11.0

Hollywood, USA • 11-14 April 2016 In April, Hollywood, California, hosted the most well attended GPF to date with an incredible 240 delegates registered. The event welcomed decision makers from global ISPs, CDNs, cloud and interconnection service providers for three days of presentations, meetings and networking. The opportunity to hold 1-2-1 meetings with fellow peers is an integral part of GPF and it was later announced that 1001 private meetings had been arranged via the specialist meeting tool. The venue and date for next year’s event are still to be confirmed but the east coast of the USA in late April is the most likely scheduling at this time. For all the latest Global Peering Forum news please visit

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Inside Story: Peering Forums

LINX were a cosponsor of GPF11.0 and ran a moviethemed clapperboard competition as part of its involvement in the event. Christian Von Der Ropp won a GoPro Action Camera with this image taken on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

UK&Ireland Peering Forum 2.0

EPF - A Brief History From Malta in the Mediterranean to Iceland on the edge of the Arctic Circle, the European Peering Forum has certainly covered some ground over the years...around 20,000km in fact! Initially organised by LINX, AMS-IX and DE-CIX, it was announced at EPF3 in Dublin that Swedish exchange Netnod would be joining as one of four lead hosts from 2009. This year EPF will be held in its tenth different country since it began with only Spain holding the event twice after Barcelona in 2007 and Madrid last year. So far only DE-CIX has hosted the event on home soil with EPF1 in 2006. That first forum in Frankfurt saw 150 delegates register but this year it is expected that well over 250 visitors will be in attendence. EPF is growing and going from strength-to-strength - we hope to see you in Sofia!

Dublin, Ireland • 20 June 2016 Monday, 20th June saw the great and the good of the UK and Ireland peering scene gather in Dublin for the second UK & Ireland Peering Forum. The event was jointly hosted by LINX, LONAP, IXLeeds and INEX. First held alongside UKNOF32 in Sheffield last September, this year’s forum was linked to the INEX member meeting. The venue was the Irish Aviation Authorities Conference Centre with over 35 different organisations represented. The main focus of this forum was to provide the UK & Ireland peering community with an event which enables them to meet face-to-face and to successfully establish new peers, as well as extending existing peering arrangements. Like EPF a specialist meeting tool was available which allowed attendees to book bi-lateral meetings with one another.

The EPF Journey through Europe 8

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The main meeting room had a talk on ‘Bringing Content Closer’ by Ronan Mullally of Akamai while Barry Rhodes of INEX spoke on evaluating the case for regional exchanges. There was also a breakout session where delegates could receive advice on peering tools from Andy Davidson (IXLeeds) and Barry O’Donovan (B4RN). In addition the lead sponsor, Arista Networks, ran a series of technical workshops and there was also a session dedicated to BGP by Barry O’Donovan with Will Hargrave and Rob Lister of LONAP. Event website:

BKNIX Peering Forum

The 9-10 May marked the first ever Peering Forum in Bangkok. This was an excellent event that brought regional IXPs, AP-IX, APNIC, CDNs and more together to look at regional peering and exchange ideas about best practices. An excellent presentation was given by PhOpen-IX’s Bani Lara, indicating that PLDT is now peering. Note also that Cambodian Network Exchange (IXP) is also keen to peer. Next year’s event will take place on 15-16 May 2017. Further details are available here:

Caribbean Interconnection & Peering Forum (CarPIF)

The second CarPIF event took place in Willemsted, Curacao from 8-9 June. The two day programme featured talks on increasing local connectivity through FttH and LTE roll out and the role of the IXP in a small market environment.

African Peering & Interconnection Forum (AfPIF)

LINX is a gold sponsor at the seventh AfPIF which will be held in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania from 30 August – 1 September. The event will focus on content and data-centre development and will include match-maker sessions for IXPs, ISPs, CDNs, and more. Learn more about African Peering by viewing ISOC’s “It Starts with a Handshake” video here: HotLINX Issue 46


Inside Story: Peering Forums


NSFOCUS takes years of time, effort and money. Today’s DDoS attacks can damage your brand and ruin your reputation in a shockingly short amount of time.

NSFOCUS were platinum sponsors at LINX92 in February. In this special article on DDoS, NSFOCUS looks at the real costs attacks can have on a network.

Modern DDoS Attacks: Real Cost And Real Loss While network security experts disagree on when the first Distributed-Denialof-Service (DDoS) attack occurred it is generally conceded that the most visible series of attacks occurred in February of 2000 when Internet giants Yahoo, Amazon, eBay and others were attacked intermittently over a period of several days. Experts estimated the total cumulative costs of these attacks at $1.2 Billion U.S. Dollars and it was later discovered that the attacks were conducted by a 15-year old teenager who crafted the attacks using publicly available hacker tools. More than fourteen years later, DDoS attacks are more frequent, complex and destructive than ever. The threat actor landscape has expanded from a single individual with a hobby and an agenda, to include cyber-terrorists, professional hackers, hostile nation states, rival companies and even unwitting, employees, customers and private citizens. Investments are being made to protect against this threat because there are real costs associated with modern DDoS attacks.

Direct Costs

Loss of revenue: Online retailers, streaming media services, online gaming, business to business hubs, online marketplaces, Internet based advertisers and internet commerce businesses are among those that experience direct

revenue loss with any disruption of service. Loss of productivity: Many companies and organizations use their network, online resources and publicly available services to support their primary business. Any disruption to the availability of these important resources results in a loss of productivity. Customer credits/Service level agreement enforcement: Some businesses offer service level agreements to their customers that guarantee a certain level of service availability. DDoS attacks can prevent these business from meeting these commitments and often result in financial penalties.

Indirect Costs

Theft of vital data: A worrisome trend in recent DDoS attacks is for threat actors to use the DDoS attack as a smokescreen or distraction to hide other malicious activity. In this style of attack, the threat actor directs a DDoS attack to a certain portion of the network while launching specially crafted attacks at other targets. The goal is to compromise these other targets and either steal critical data during the DDoS attack or install a backdoor that will grant future access to the network and its resources. Damage to brand: Earning the trust and faith of customers and constituents often HotLINX Issue 46


Customer loss: The effects of a DDoS attack, including disruption of service and theft of customer information, can cause a loss of confidence in your customer base. These customers can decide to move their business to a competitor or use social media to vent their anger and frustration. DDoS attacks are at an inflection point where the cost and complexity of launching an attack has been reduced to such a degree that the frequency of these attacks is expected to accelerate. As a result, it is imperative that organizations of any size consider deploying a DDoS mitigation solution.

Further Information NSFOCUS was founded in 2000 to provide enterprise-level network security solutions and services primarily in the Asia/Pacific market. The new NSFOCUS International Business Division (IBD) brings advanced security solutions to the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. Our research and development teams focus on vulnerability analysis, threat understanding and security intelligence, while providing core technical support for NSFOCUS products, solutions and services. This long-term commitment has helped our customers maintain high levels of business operations and ensured that their online business systems always remain available. If you would like to know more about NSFOCUS products and services, please visit our website:

Member Conference Sponsor: NSFOCUS


LINX Conferences LINX94 Preview

LINX will be staging its August member conference at the ICC in Birmingham. It is the third time the city has held the summer meeting following previous events in 2011 and 2012. The ICC is a world-class venue and one of Europe’s most high profile conference centres, welcoming over 350 events and more than 300,000 delegates each year. The overall agenda for the event is still being finalised, but there is sure to be plenty to engage delegates. Kentik are confirmed as platinum sponsor while gold sponsors Alternative and Juniper will be staging another tutorial session. Registration for the LINX94 is now open and will close on Wednesday 10th August at 12:00pm BST. To sign up and view the agenda please visit:


LINX has secured limited number of rooms at the Hyatt Regency Birmingham at a special group rate of £110. To book call +44 (0)121 643 1234 quoting the code: LINX. The rate includes breakfast and is available on Sunday 14th and Monday 15th August only.

LINX95 EGM - 21/22 NOVEMBER 2016

The LINX95 EGM will take place at the Congress Centre in London in the third week of November. It is a constitutional meeting which will include a vote on the 2017 budget. Further details available here:

LINX93 Round Up The LINX Board elections and AGM were key agenda items at LINX93 and both have been covered in depth on page 6 of this issue of HotLINX. There was far more to this event’s programme, however, with an array of technical and regulatory presentations made to those present. In addition to LINX’s operational updates, platinum sponsors Alternative and Juniper Networks held another tutorial session, this time based on SDN for the WideArea Network. Warwicknet’s Ben King provided an overview of the Passive IWG group while Ian Dickinson gave an update on BSkyB’s position on IPv6. There was a new market evaluation strategy guide talk by


HotLINX Issue 46


Ignas Bagdonas (Equinix) presented on the topic of BGP 8-byte Extended Communities at LINX93 in May

Walt Wollny of Hurricane Electric and LINX Board member Patrick Gilmore made a guest IXP presentation on behalf of Boston-IX. This interesting talk also covered the wider peering scene in the USA. Video and presentation PDFs from the full meeting can be viewed by the membership on the LINX website: (log-in required)

LINX Conferences

Meet with LINX Here’s a list of industry events where you can meet with LINX representatives over the next few months. LINX NoVA 2 15 August 2016 North Virginia, USA LINX94 15-16 August 2016 ICC, Birmingham, UK AfPIF 2016 30 August - 1 September 2016 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania IXScotland 5 8 September 2016 Glasgow, UK UKNOF35 8-9 September 2016 Glasgow, UK EPF11 19-21 September 2016 Sofia, Bulgaria Capacity Eurasia 20-21 September 2016 Sofia, Bulgaria Capacity-Eurasia Capacity North America 20-21 September 2016

Toronto, Canada Capacity-North-America NANOG 68 17-19 October 2016 Dallas, Texas, USA home RIPE73 24-28 October 2016 Madrid, Spain LINX95 21-22 November 2016 Congress Centre, London, UK

Industry Events Next Generation Optical Networking (NGON) 2016 LINX Technology team join expert panels to discuss developments in data centre interconnection

LINX CTO, Richard Petrie and Network Architect, Bartek Raszczyk, both attended the Next Generation Optical Networking conference in Nice, France, at the end of June. This year’s conference, which attracted over 750 attendees, sought to address the latest optical innovations as well as the drive towards Terabit transmission.

Richard Petrie, LINX CTO

Bartek Raszczyk, Network Architect

Richard and Bartek were among 100+ expert speakers who took to the stage to discuss critical topics such as Inter and Intra optical DCI (Data Centre Interconnect) plus much more besides. Richard’s session looked at the differing types of data centres and their interconnection needs while Bartek offered an insight into DCI transport technologies.

Speaking after the event Richard commented, “This was a very interesting conference and there was some very healthy debate between the panellists. We certainly took away some positives which will help us to develop our own network infrastructure”. For more information on this event please visit:

Ben Hedges LINX America

Events Round Up International Telecoms Week 2016

LINX again headed to Chicago for ITW in May. The event has become increasingly important in recent years and its pre-event LINX NoVA social at the high-rise Signature Room at the 95th is one of the most popular networking events. The event was held jointly with LINX partners CoreSite, DuPont Fabros Technology and EvoSwitch and a record 130 people were in attendance.

At the main ITW event LINX again had a chill out area outside the main exhibition hall where delegates could relax and meet with LINX staff in an informal setting.

London Technology Week 2016

To celebrate the 4th anniversary of IXManchester a joint training and member engagement event was held on 9th June. Over 25 people from 15 different member networks were present for a day of specialist BGP training and karting.

Established in 2014, London Technology Week is a festival of live events taking place throughout the UK’s capital. The event seeks to celebrate London as a global powerhouse across the entire technology ecosystem. Last year 43,000 people attended from over 80 countries and there were 228 separate events across 141 venues.

The objectives of the morning BGP training explained the basic steps to setup a peering session and how to peer with the LINX route server. In the afternoon attendees were split into teams of two for a fun karting GP.

LTW2016 saw the introduction of five new content streams - business, innovation, talent & inclusion, growth and after hours - as well as an international programme and workspace tour.

IXManchester 4th birthday Event

You can learn more about this event on the LINX website:

Steve Groombridge of Systems & Network Training presented an introduction to BGP session ahead a karting event to celebrate IXManchester’s 4th birthday.

For more information please visit:

HotLINX Issue 46


LINX Industry Events


LINX News Extra Nicola M axwell, L Julie Hu ynsey tton Lisa Holly , Chelsea Willis, Buckingham, Ka wood, Jo Fereday, trina Smith, and Inga N Turner a eana Singh ll took o “Pretty M n the Cancer R uddy 5K” in aid o esearch UK in Ju f ne

LINX ladies put best (muddy) foot forward for Cancer Research UK On the 4th June a team of LINX staff members and friends donned their running shoes for Cancer Research UK’s “Pretty Muddy” Race for Life. The Race for Life is a series of womenonly events held around the UK raising money for research into all 200 types of cancer. The LINX team had entered the “Pretty Muddy 5K” at Burghley Park in Stamford. However, the muddy obstacle

course proved no match for the determination of all those taking part. LINX Sales Administrator, Chelsea Willis, said: “Many of us have family and friends who have been touched by Cancer, and we wanted to raise as much money as possible to help prevent, diagnose and treat this illness. It was a fantastic experience and we were thrilled about the amount of money we were able to raise.”

The team had originally set themselves a target of raising £450 but this was smashed by some distance. An incredible total of £1235 was pledged to the cause so well done everyone! You can still make a donation via the JustGiving website:

Telehouse North Two Tours

An Interview with Telehouse Technical Director, Andy Dewing on the Launch of Telehouse North Two With the launch of Telehouse North Two scheduled for this summer, the industry has drawn its interest to the most anticipated data centre opening in 2016. The aptly named North Two is soon to become a refreshing new addition to Telehouse’s iconic Dockland’s data centre campus, symbolising over 25 years of heritage, unrivalled connectivity and ground-breaking innovation. This addition of HotLINX has responded to this interest and arranged an exclusive Q and A article with Telehouse Technical Director, Andy Dewing. Can you share with us the journey Telehouse has embarked upon since the announcement that North Two was going to be built? What key considerations were at the focus of this build? The fundamental requirement was to build on the success of the existing Docklands campus, which is currently utilised by approximately 70% of LINX’s members, and the huge connectivity services that it provides. The need to provide a high specification, high efficiency and flexible design solution was a no-brainer. The key driver efficiencywise is to minimise energy usage for the cooling solution and the selection of indirect air cooling most obviously reflects our intent to be best in class in that context. All of the services have been designed with efficient operation in mind, hence the excellent BREEAM rating that’s been achieved. As a world leading site in connectivity, how will North Two leverage the Dockland’s campus when competing with alternative sites? All of the services and service providers we offer in the campus will now be available to customers in the new facility. LINX remains a stalwart partner across all of our facilities and over 800 service providers can’t all be wrong. By

utilising North Two, as one of the best connected connectivity ecosystems globally, customers can also benefit from Telehouse Carrier-Interconnect, our carrier community which brings together more than 750 connectivity partners worldwide. For data centre customers, a truly redundant site is imperative. How is North Two truly redundant? In every way that a datacentre should be. Electrically every system has redundant components and every distribution path is segregated and electrically separate. Mechanically the main IAC (Indirect Air Cooling) plant is N+2 per floor. North Two boasts a world first cooling system, how is this design a world first, and what does this mean for customers? North Two has a world first application in the form of the adiabatic indirect air cooling system being installed over a multi-storey design. The cooling system addresses the restrictions driven by load fluctuations and it delivers an

HotLINX Issue 46


You can take a virtual tour of the Telehouse North Two facility via the following video link:

To arrange a personal on-site North Two tour with Andy Dewing, please email industry leading PUE of 1.16 in an N+2 configuration into hot aisle containment. We’re doing 6 floors here with the IACs located on a gantry that runs the height of the building. The key to the efficiency benefit, is the use of higher air temperatures in the white space following the Ashrae TC9.9 guidelines. Our solution has been assessed using CFD’s (Computational Fluid Dynamics) countless times and the results have proved the concept. With multi cloud/hybrid cloud environments representing 82% of Enterprise growth (, how is North Two prepared for such demand? A key concept of the North Two design is that of flexibility and that applies to all areas of our service. We have guaranteed power capacity via our 132kV substation, giving North Two the ability to provide enhanced power and cooling for standard and high density applications and with expandable interconnect facility throughout the building. Also, thanks to Telehouse Cloud Interconnect from North Two, you can instantly connect to all the major cloud service providers. This wide selection of communications and cloud service providers enables growth opportunities for all who join. For further information on the Telehouse North Two data centre please visit:

Member Conference Sponsor: Telehouse


LINX Associates

New LINX Associate to sponsor LINX94

What are LINX Associate Members? Like LINX, associate members are usually ‘not-for-profit’ organisations. They are members in all respects but they have no voting rights and LINX does not charge them for membership.


Kentik, a scalable and open platform for collection, visualisation, and analytics of network traffic and performance, has become the latest organisation to join LINX as an associate member. To mark becoming part of the LINX community Kentik will be platinum sponsors of the upcoming LINX94 member conference in Birmingham this August. Kentik CEO, Avi Freedman, will make a presentation at the event billed as, ‘Building DataDriven Network Operations’. The talk abstract states: “The Internet keeps scaling up, and so does the management data needed to understand modern networks. To remain competitive, building data-driven network operations is key. In this talk, we’ll explore the big data that modern networks are generating in terms of scale, speed and variety and why that matters. We’ll look at the ways that network operators are tackling big data analytics, the available technologies and their trade-offs. Finally, we’ll examine realworld use cases of how access to network data analytics at scale in the arenas of anomaly detection and troubleshooting, DDoS detection and mitigation and peering analytics.” To sign up for LINX94 and witness Avi’s presentation please visit: More information about Kentik can be found here:

Internet Systems Consortium BIND Update

ISC has been publishing BIND with very generous permissive license terms for nearly two decades. It has become one of the most widely-used nameservers. ISC is the organisational steward for BIND; in order to preserve the software for the long term, we have decided to move to the Mozilla Public License (MPL 2.0). The MPL 2.0 license requires that anyone redistributing the code who has changed it must publish those changes under the same license. It doesn’t impact anyone who is using the software without redistributing it, nor anyone redistributing it without changes - so most users will not see any change. This change will take effect with the BIND 9.11.0 version and apply to all subsequent versions.

Netnod appoints Lars Michael Jogbäck as CEO

Netnod has appointed Lars Michael (LM) Jogbäck as Chief Executive Officer, effective 11 July 2016. LM Jogbäck has significant experience in the Swedish Internet industry, as well as broad international experience. Jogbäck comes to Netnod from Google, where he has been responsible for their corporate network in EMEA, India and China. Prior to that, he has fifteen years’ experience with Internet Service Providers in Sweden such as Tele2 and Telekom Finland / Sonera, throughout which he has held both technical and managerial positions. “I am extremely honoured to step into the role of CEO at Netnod,” said Jogbäck. To view the announcement in full please visit:äck-CEO


“My First RIPE Meeting”

The RIPE NCC has launched a new way to participate in RIPE Working Group discussions: the RIPE Forum. This is a web-based interface for reading and sending comments to the mailing lists.

I recently attended my first RIPE event in Copenhagen, where I found a group of avid technologists – most of whom immediately donned the ‘Super Geek’ promotional t-shirts. The agenda included a range of topics from ‘IoT isn’t going to make your company rich’, through Comcast’s 40 million device IPv6 service, to policy proposals regarding the dwindling IPv4 pool. One insightful presentation bemoaned Africa’s Internet capacity. The presenter recalled a race to deliver 4GB of data. The contenders, an allegedly fast ISP vs. a carrier pigeon - the ISP managed 4% before the pigeon landed. What stuck me, was the passion of the delegates; not only knowledgeable, but ardent defenders and true guardians of a free and open Internet.

Introducing the RIPE Forum

The RIPE Forum has been developed in-house, based on feedback received from the RIPE community who wanted the option to interact and share information in a more modern way. The service is completely optional and community members can continue using the existing mailing lists if they wish and won’t notice any difference. The RIPE Forum is available here:

The RIPE NCC Survey 2016

The RIPE NCC Survey 2016, conducted by the Oxford Internet Institute on behalf of the RIPE NCC, is now live. Please let us know your views:


HotLINX Issue 46


LINX Associates

By Kevin Williams, Team Cymru

Presentations, videos and transcripts from RIPE72 are available to view here:

In the Spotlight

is getting bigger and bigger the financial side of things is becoming more important. 10 years ago it was very much about running the network and the business took care of itself but now I think it’s more the other way round. LINX has an expert team of staff running the network and doesn’t need interference from the Board on those kind of things. It simply needs oversight and support. It possibly does need input on the more commercial and financial aspects that it perhaps didn’t before, and certainly that has kept me busy in my first month!

with Simon Woodhead, LINX Board and CEO, Simwood Group PLC

HotLINX Editor, Jeremy Orbell, speaks with the newest addition to the LINX Board, Simon Woodhead, following his election at the LINX93 AGM in May. Please tell us about your industry background and career to date. I started Simwood 20 years ago whilst still working in finance. It was the world’s first global gateway between mobile phone SMS and the Internet, known as ‘eSMS’. We used to give people email addresses and we’d deliver email to their phone but would do it using SMS, and they would reply using SMS. At the time I was a fund-manager looking after private and pension money, as well as being seconded to trouble-shooting roles within the bank, often with a technology twist. By 1999 I’d left finance to focus on my business and three other start-ups during the dotcom boom. Fast-forward to 2005 and I’d exited all of them apart from Simwood. It became a “voice” business on balance from 2005 but we’d been working with SIP since 2000. Simwood joined LINX in 2011.What was the key driver for you wanting to come to LINX at that particular time? We’d spent the six years previous to 2011 replacing our supply chain, so everything that

What are your views on the work of theLINX Public Affairs team? How do you see Investigatory Powers Bill panning out for LINX members? As I said in my election platform I think Malcolm and the whole team, do an awesome job. It’s a very important aspect of LINX’s work and I know as a member, Malcolm’s sessions are a highlight of the quarterly member conferences. With regards to the IP Bill specifically, I’m not surprised it’s back again and I’m somewhat saddened that it has such momentum that the best we can hope for is just to knock some of the sharp edges off. That said I’m very confident that Malcolm will knock them off where there is opportunity to do so.

the business consumed on the voice and IP side we had greater control over. This was to guarantee we were a) authentic, which is a key value of mine and the business’, and b) giving the best user experience possible to ensure we were not dependent on third parties. We’d built out a modest IP network by that stage and had public and private peering in a number of places, so it made sense to introduce LINX to the mix. So you stood for election back in May and were successful. So what was it that made you want to be part of the LINX board? A great Board has a diversity of backgrounds and experience and so I think my finance and commercial background adds a new dimension. My strengths lie in the fusion of business and technology. I can sit in a room and have conversations about mergers and acquisitions but equally I can talk about network design, both to a relatively deep level, which in my experience is a fairly unique combination of skills. I’m also acutely financial and as LINX

What do you see the main challenges and opportunities ahead for LINX? Financially it’s going to be interesting for the next year or so. There are a couple of competing pressures. We need to be pricing more competitively, but at the same time we need to invest in things like the LON2 upgrade and those two conflict. I think LON2 in itself is hugely exciting and if we do it right it’s a real opportunity for LINX to differentiate itself, possibly commercially, possibly technically. Brexit presents near-term challenges and longer-term opportunites too.

DNS Belgium

Any final thoughts? I thank everybody else that stood for the Board and especially those who voted for me! [LINX Chairman] Murray Steele said to me moments after being elected that I was on the governance and audit subcommittees so I’m going to be involved in how we form the election process in future. My hope is that come the next election, people will know that they’re standing for an important role and do so with their eyes open. We need a rounded Board that is prepared to let staff to get on with it but has a breadth of experience to challenge and support them. I think this is what we’ve actually got now, but I want to help ensure it continues moving in that direction, for the benefit of LINX and ultimately members.

More e-commerce security in the .be zone

An efficient collaboration between the FPS Economy (Federal Government Department for the Economy) and DNS Belgium took more than 200 .be websites selling fake goods offline during a recent inspection. As part of Operation In Our Sites (IOS), the FPS Economy actively screens websites that sell fake goods. Operation IOS is a collaboration with Customs and Europol and focuses specifically on this online trade. Last year almost 1000 websites were taken offline. The aim of these actions is to safeguard consumers from e-commerce fraud. For the .be websites in question the FPS Economy contacts DNS Belgium who then checks the details of the domain name holders. If they are not corrected on time by the holder, DNS Belgium has the right to deactivate the domain name. 207 .be websites were recently taken offline in this way to eliminate the risk that online consumers ordered fake goods and came into contact with these fraudulent practices. Thanks to the FPS Economy’s large-scale checks and DNS Belgium’s rapid reaction, .be is a safe zone for online consumers. HotLINX Issue 46


In the Spotlight: Simon Woodhead


Stats Update

729 Member ASNs 68 Countries

Over 5.500 Tbs


Peak Traffic inc. PI Terabits of connected


New LINX capacity applications in 2016 70 Member-facing 100GigE ports

Connected 10GigE Ports member ports 1669 868 Member-facing


Our LINX stats page includes information regarding our local exchanges, plus other notable figures. The above graphic shows the headline numbers for the exchange as a whole but we felt that readers would be interested to see more detail such as available routes and also breakdowns of figures from the UK regional exchanges in England, Scotland and Wales plus LINX NoVA in the USA.

Routes Peered at LINX in London


New LINX Members Here is a list of new LINX members who have connected since the beginning of April 2016. In all, there have been 22 new connections from 13 different territories including nine from the United Kingdom and two from the USA. The European countries with new connections are Bulgaria, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Ukraine and Poland. Africa is represented by Ghana while Asia has new member networks in Malaysia and Thailand. Dataline


ETG Integrated Services (Dolphin) AS37613

GBI HQ Cooperatief

WideOpenWest Finance Vodafone D2


Real Hosts







Cadence Networks

% of global routes available via LINX


LINX NoVA ports*

*including orders awaiting provisioning

Low speed port upgrades since January 2016


28 13

New Member Applications by UK LAN since January 2016 Juniper LAN


Connected ASNs

IXManchester 75

Extreme LAN IXScotland





Telecoms Cloud Networks


Issue 46


Stats Update

The Voice Factory Ecritel

IXCardiff 30





VirtuaOperator Sp. OpenMarket



SIP Communications IP ServerOne NetDNA Tango

Please note: LAN applications may contain ports on multiple LANs (Juniper, Extreme, IXManchester, IXScotland, IXCardiff and LINX NoVA.) These figures show applications only, not physically connected ports.

20 HotLINX



TOT Public Company

IXManchester peak traffic



I-NET Bulgaria

Global routing table routes






You can view a complete list of members on the LINX website:


Issue 46 of the London Internet Exchange member magazine, HotLINX. This edition features the latest LINX and peering industry news plus even...


Issue 46 of the London Internet Exchange member magazine, HotLINX. This edition features the latest LINX and peering industry news plus even...