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Architecture on HOSUNG KIM Time Continuum



THE Movable Surface of Perception : m . s . p From T1, only E can be seen. From T2, F is recognized along with E. However; do not realize that this two are connected. From T3, B is recognized along with E and F. Still; do not realize that these elements are connected. From T4, a is discovered along with E,F, and B. Still, there are no connections. At T5, by discovering C and d, along with A,B and C. Realizes that has close connection. However, it looks though, D,E,F which are independent from A,B,C seems to be not related at all. From T6, it is assumed that A,B,C has close connection to D. However, there is lack of confidence. At T7, finally the connection between A,B,C, and d is discovered. Based on the experience, assumption that the E and F are also related is made. Deep thoughts are made to lower T even more. For the future time that the building will exist, nobody knows at what rate T will go down, not even the architect. Modernism Architects has built functionally optimized buildings with the immovable(assumptive) T. They designed architectures that do not correspond to movements of T. When the architects predicts the movement of T and gets involved, it is exceeding their own authority, I believe. However, architects must recognize and accept such variability of T and provide spaces- not only physical but also programmatic- to accommodate such variability.

The M.S.P and The History


‘The history on the M.S.P’,2009.10 oil pastel, charcoal & pen on paper. ‘ based La Liberte Guidant le Peuple’ Eugene Delacroix

‘History under the M.S.P’,2009.10 oil pastel, acryl painting & pen on paper based La Liberte Guidant le Peuple’ Eugene Delacroix

The progress of historical events that we perceive as being processed by the minority historical figures are actually events that surfaced up by the capacity of the general population underneath the M.S.P(movable surface of perception)surface. If we were to look at the French Revolution from the historical point of view, what matter was not distinctive achievements by heroic figures on the M.S.P but ordinary people’s desire for freedom under the M.S.P.

U.penn Master of Architecture Hosung Kim.

Architecture existing on Time continuum : A.e.t

The Kaleidoscopical Rhizome : k . rh

Kaleidoscopical Rhizome ’,2010.11 Balsa wood, nylon string, 9pin, O ring

‘With the addition of time axis when perceiving an object.’ 2009,9 Charcoal & pen on paper

As the M. S. P shows, every elements in our world is deeply related enough to nullify any kind of predictions. Kaleidoscopical Rhizome that is intricately related in deep, changes its shape that is unpredictable once a particular displacement takes its place. This effect is also known as the butterfly effect is caused by this mechanism.

Buildings exist in the continuum of time which is four dimensional beings. An architect must design within the four-dimensional space. If it is designed only with the context of a present time, architectures that are continuum through history will contradict and be inconsistent. What should the architect do in this situation?

Spatial Perception oN TIME continuum : s . p . t . c From the eyes that we have, we gather 2 dimensional images and instantly make 3-dimensional images in our head. In addition, these threedimensional images pile up in our heads and create four-dimensional images. Through this process, we become closer to true nature. ‘With the addition of time axis when perceiving an object.’ 2009,9 charcoal & pen on paper

When there is variety in points that we can locate in the space, what we feel in the space become more prosperous. More abundant space means that it is closer to its original nature. ‘Flying stair case’ 2006.4 pen & water with mixed media on paper


RESUME Education/Scholarship

2004-2010 National Merit Scholarship ( all-expenses-paid. 2001 Admission to Hongik University Computer Science department. 2004 Admission to Hongik University Architecture department. 2008 Completed level 8/10 class in Columbia University English Program. 2008 Completed advanced level in Kaplan English Institute, New York. 2010 Graduate Hongik University, Seoul, S-Korea – Bachelor of Architecture. 2011 Admission to University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,USA - Master of Architecture. 2012 Graduate University of Pennsylvania - Master of Architecture.


The First Prize of 2005 Hongik University Architecture Alumni Competition.

Ho sung,KIm CONTACT 1558 Greene Ave Brooklyn NY11237 New York. Cellphone : +1.215.490.3566 Email

Working Experience

2011.01~2011.08 Designer at Team153 Architects, Korea. 2012.06~2012.08 Designer at SAMOO,Korea. 2012.12~Present Designer at Studio A+I New York, United States.


Very productive at Autodesk Revit Architecture, Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, Autodesk Maya, Autodesk AutoCAD, Pepakura. Productive at Google Sketchup, Bentley Generative Components, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator.

Extra Curricular Activities

2002 First architecture trip to Europe for 2 months 2005 Architecture trip to Japan for 1 months 2006 Second architecture trip to Europe for 2 months 2006 The Head of Basketball club (REDO) in Hongik University. 2005 Completed the Head of Snowboard club (Team401) in Hongik University.





talking cloud




permeable membrane

p34 p42 k.rh



the bubble system the collider secluded chuech


broadcasting station


fold house

p72 p74

parametric design working experiences

communication between geomatry and activities 2013.queens New York, U.S.A. Gradual Shifting from Urban to the Nature. 2011.New Orleans, U.S.A. Creating New type of Plaza with Ambiguity. 2012.Sao paulo, brasil. Self-generative system allowing users to manipulate space. 2007.seoul, korea. Inducing Collision between Various Event Factors 2006.seoul, korea. The First Prize of 2005 Hongik University Architecture Alumni Competition 2005.seoul, korea. Inducing Collision between various Event Factors Hongik University Graduation Work 2010.seoul, korea.

Formative study 2005.seoul, korea. Optimization Process using Grasshopper,Ecotech,Radiance 2012.Inceon, Korea.

Team 135 Designer 2011.01-2011.08 seoul, korea.

s.p.t.c 5

talking cloud

communication between geomatry and activities queens New york, U.S.A.




amorphous cluster The main theme of this structure is a destruction of the obvious border between a visible substance (geometry) and invisible non-substance (events in pavilion) and the visualization of the interchangeable and interactive relations of these two. The cluster cannot take a form by itself, it exists as a balance between two invisible forces (gravity and elasticity). The activities under the cluster break the balanced state, the cluster existing on the border of gravity and elasticity visualizes changes of these forces immediately due to its ambitiousness.


2013 Competition work Talking Cloud

physical model

Physical model in motion


form making & motion simulation with scripting process Grasshopper realizes Interchangeable relation between substance(geometry) and non-substace(algorithm) by automatically generating geometries based on algorithm. The cluster has significant potentiality in that it can vary in various aspects such as number of components, overall shape as it exists as outcome of the logic. Kangaroo, the physics simulator emulates the movement of physical model on page 09.




yoga time

Joint system







Movement simulation 7/23


2013 Competition work Talking Cloud


concetp & details


BAMBOO $500/570ft.

CLIP $1.07/EA

NUT $0.52/EA

CABLE $125/250ft.

BOLT $0.26/EA

CABLE $125/250ft.





CLIP $1.07/EA

LINK $3.23/EA











THE CLUSTER IS A LIGHTWEIGHT STRUCTURE HOVERING THE The cluster is a lightweight structure hovering aboveABOVE the ground attached GROUND ATTACHED TO AN OUTER TIMBER FRAME WITH AN ELASto an outer timber frame with an elastic rubber band. TIC RUBBER BAND. THANKS TO ITS PROPERTIES, BAMBOOThanks SEEMS to its properA PERFECT FOR THE STRUCTURE. WILL TEM- Bamboo will ties, bambooASseems asMATERIAL a perfect material forBAMBOO the structure. PORARILY LOOSE PORTION OF ITS TENSILE STRENGTH BECAUSE temporarily loose of its TO tensile strength of the drilled hole. OF THEportion DRILLED HOLE. PREVENT THIS, THEbecause BAMBOO ROD IS ENGIRDLED WITH AN ADJUSTABLE METAL STRAPS FROM To prevent this, the bamboo rod is engirdled with an BOTH adjustable metal SIDES OF THE DRILL. STEEL CABLE ATTACHED TO A BOLT SET IN straps from both sides ofISthe drill. Steel cable a bolt set in the THE PUNCTURE ATTACHED TO A STEEL LINK attached ON THE OTHERto SIDE AND THUS GRANTING A CONNECTION WITH ADJACENT puncture is attached to a steel link on the other side ELEMENT. and thus granting a BUDGET connection with adjacent element. BAMBOO - $500 / FRAME - $600 / METAL PARTS - $3,300 / FOUNDATIONS - $600

Our proposal erasing the boundaries architecture THROUGHis THE INTERACTION WITH THEbetween CLUSTER, Athe VISITOR CAN CHANGEactivities. THE STRUCTURE’S CONFIGURATION AND THE SPACE and visitors’ Through the interaction with theDEFINED cluster, a IT. Achange VISITOR MAY DECIDE WHETHERconfiguration HE WILL USE IT ASand A SEATING OR visitor BY can the structure’s the space SIMPLY EXPLORE IT AS AN OBJECT OF ART – A SCULPTURE. ALL THE ELEdefined by it.OFADISCOVERY, visitor may decide whether he will use as a seatMENTS INTERACTION AND ADMIRATION ARE itPRESENT. ing or FOLLY simply explore it as an object of art – a sculpture. All the BALANCES SOMEWHERE IN BETWEEN ARCHITECTURE AND ART. elements of discovery, interaction and admiration are present. The cluster balances somewhere in between Architecture and events.



12 4/23

2013 Competition work Talking Cloud

16 ft. 0

1 ft. 2 ft.

4 ft.

8 ft.

0 ft.

6.5 ft.

12 ft.


elevation SOUTH elevation EAST


1 ft. 2 ft.

4 ft.

8 ft.

16 ft.


elevation SOUTH


10/23 6.5 ft.

0 ft.

elevation EAST


1 ft. 2 ft.

4 ft.

8 ft.

16 ft.

13 11/23



2013 Competition work Talking Cloud

cw iot hnv ersation teammate about

Hosung: I added one more option in 3d folder.

program in architecture

Martin: Ok.

So what’s the difference?

Hosung: Pulled down one point.

Looks like a sort of a stage. You remember the people doing yoga there? Our thing also can work like a stage for a yoga instructor.

Martin: Hm.. so you closed just one side? Hosung: Not completely. Martin: What do you mean?

Well i’m not sure if i would close it. We don’t really have a reason for that. I don’t think it should be a stage Now, it just perfectly fits the definition of a folly. It is just some kind of an architectural object. And we made it interactive.

Hosung: What i mean by interactive is that our cluster reflects the events

that takes place under the cluster. The events can be just a kid pulling it down as well as a yoga class. It doesn’t mean that it is not interactive anymore if we closed one side. We need to take the word “interactive” more broadly. I think that a yoga class image represents the word “interactive” very well. You know... Broadly.

Martin: You can say that some events can take place below the structure.

But you shouldn’t make the interactive aspect to be as simple It is the same example like making it a playground. It still should be kind of an art piece. By pulling down just one side, you are automatically saying that the thing is oriented to one side and that it has a back On the other side. Which side is the front? Which side is the back? How do you want to orient it in the park? Now, it is still an object placed in the park which can be accessed and explored From anywhere. I wouldn’t do that.

Hosung: You know what is the difference between a yoga class and the kids pulling the cluster down in terms of interaction? I think it is the time scale. The kids interaction is like a few second thing. The yoga interaction is like an hour thing. Basically, kid and yoga interactions are the same. That’s what i am saying.

Martin:Yes, but why do you want to pull down one side just because of that? A yoga lector can work out under the hovering structure too.

Hosung: We cannot predict what events will take place there.

We should just organize it so the people can decide it’s orientation. Like which side is closed, how much it is closed... Unpredictable.... That’s our main theme i think. A chat with a cloud as a title. How about that? Cluster has a conversation with the people. An architecture having a conversation with some events.

Martin:Yeah, great. I just thought that you want to have the default state closed on one side. I wouldnt agree there.

Hosung: No,no! Thats not what i meant.

Haha. It might be fun to mention this conversation in our submission. :)




2013 Competition work Talking Cloud




Gradual Shifting from urban to the nature. New Orleans, U.S.A.




site condition KATRINA FLOOD AREAS


The economic and political dynamics had driven the poor population in New Orleans to un-reside-able locations. Such impellent development made New Orleans to pay very expensive cost -disruption of ecosystem, massive fatalities by Katrina. It has become apparent that the flooding problem in New Orleans has been exasperated by sea level rise, climate change, and human interventions. The extensive damage caused by hurricane katrina and katrina has highlighted the desperate need for radical intervention. In recent years, this intervention has taken the form of levees, dikes, channels, and dams. Natural flood barriers in the form of wetlands have not only been successful solutions for flooding, but are also biologically diverse and productive ecosystems. Human attempts to restrict natural flood cycles have destroyed natural flood barriers, hindered their development, as well as destroyed the relationship between the city and water.

Master plan Development, as well as destroyed the relationship between the city and water. Despite the limitations of levees, the U.S Army corp. has responded to hurricane Katrina by simply building larger levees. The consequences of these interventions threaten the long term sustainability of the fragile wetlands and increase the risk of flooding. My goal is to radically shift from a water management approach that is fundamentally restrictive to one that encourages the prosperity of ecological systems. Increased storm surges have made wetlands alone insufficient, so it is essential to reinvent the levee to form a hybrid system that works in conjunction with natural flood barriers to encourage an urban development that incorporates a life with water and nature. By merging infrastructure with wetlands, the relationship between city and the water and nature becomes intertwined.


Transformation of urban area.

2011 fall U.Penn design studio work EMBRACE


I propose to surround the lower ninth ward with a hybrid wall that will act as a levee as well as a dam. Waterfront and bicycle tracks would run along the wall to activate it. The dams will constantly release small amounts of water inside its boundaries to form an artificial delta within the lower ninth ward. This delta would grow over time, transforming itself into a living wetland within the hybrid walls. As this happens, the urban fabric transforms itself to make way for this new ecosystem to develop a city in which infrastructure and the nature are indistinguishable.

HYBRID DAM sections

Water conduit Section

Dam gate control center section

Dam & Pedestrian path section

During floods, the dams would release larger amounts of water into the wetlands to relieve increased water pressure from storm surges. The wetlands would act as a sponge, soaking up flood waters until storm surges dissipate. The disaster protocol deals not only with the short term effects of flooding, but attempts to enrich day to day life by reintroducing the concept of living with nature.


community center Amenities binding community together such as day care centers, retail malls, bicycle repair centers supporting riders along the levee track will be placed underneath the levee. These programs would not only serve the community, but also enhance the local economy by attracting visitors from the outside.

Community center.

Typical Levee part section

Circulation aroud community center and water space.


2011 fall U.Penn design studio work EMBRACE

REndering images

Dam Circulation perspective.

Dam Circulation perspective.

Dam Circulation perspective.


2011 fall U.PENN DESIGN STUDIO graduation work

permeable membrane Creating new type of plaza with ambiguity. Sao paulo. brasil.





architectural elements Ground Level Zoning. Park with Green / Mist

Tube Vertical Circulation

Piled up tubes.

Outer Fuzz

Connecting Fuzz

Inner Fuzz

Tube hierarchy

Tube Program Zoning

I proposed an unprecedented type of plaza with a blurry boundary that divide inside and outside ambiguously. This ambiguous wall working like a permeable membrane will define the plaza and make the plaza melt into urban context. people get into the plaza without the awareness of distinctive boundary, but they would find themselves in totally different atmosphere. This ambiguity will be applied to the building inside of the plaza containing various kind of programs. Buildings inside of the plaza exist not like neat a sculpture radiating beauty in a clean museum exhibition space, but in the form of occupiable lamps which can naturally attract people’s circulation to inside of the buildings. This projects consists of 3 parts porous and fuzzy membrane define inside and outside of the plaza, inner plaza located inside on ground level, and occupiable lamps occupied by various programs. Fuzzy membrane consists of inner fuzz ,outer fuzz and link-fuzz connecting inner and outer fuzz. Water floor and green space form the plaza on the ground floor. occupiable lamps consist of auditorium zone, museum zone ,retail zone and connecting lamps providing linkage between them.


2012 spring U.Penn design studio work Permeable Membrane

T h e o ry - a r t e p o v e r a The starting point of this project was inspiration from igloo series done by Mario Marez, one of the Arte Povera artist. This dome shape work composed of irregular shaped stones piled up each others with certain logic and it’s random patterns visualizes the ambiguity of permeable membrane. This porous boundary divides the inside and outside, and connects in and out through the medium of light and the passage of time. The inside and outside of igloo are same and different space at the same time.

g e o m e t ry generation. In order to make geometry with ambiguous feature, I used Rhino and Grasshopper. I made boundary first with solid objects in Rhino and wrote codes in Grasshopper using Kangaroo(physics simulator) and made particles move and bounce in boundary and traced the of the particles. I generated membranes by connecting bouncing points extracted from the trajectories in certain range.



2012 spring U.Penn design studio work Permeable Membrane

p r o g r a m s t r a t e gy

Each occupiable lamps are stratified into 3 hierarchies according to each connection states- program tubes containing various activities, circulation tubes providing circulation in buildings and buffer tubes connecting them. Proper programs and activities will be places according to the each hierarchies as diagram shows below. Every tubes has ‘wall-less’ spaces feature so that the interactions of people inside of tubes can be encouraged. With 3D modeling, I suggested certain ways to use sloped space inside of tubes.

Restaurant in program tube 1

Restaurant in program tube 2

Circulation connection between tubes

Restroom in circulation tubes.

a t m o s p h e r e s t r a t e gy The fuzzy membrane consists of relatively thin elements(I-beams 100X50). this ephemeral architectural element not only defines the boundary of plaza, but also brings outside atmosphere such as the flow of air and the passage of time into plaza. In order to make the inside atmosphere distinctive, mist generating devices are installed between I-beams like diagram, and thereby it is possible to provide special experience to plaza’s visitors


s i t e a n a ly s i s & d r a w i n g s

São Paulo, the biggest of city in Brazil, is one of the most populated city in the world. Areas under the average in terms of residential condition with high population density are scattered in this city. Surrounding area of Copan, historical building designed by Oscar Niemeyer in 1946 and also listed in the Guinness Record as ‘most voluminous building in the world.’, is a typical example of bad living condition with high density in the city. I choose this site since there are potential. Green dots represent beautiful parks such as Republica park. Park neighboring this area and blue dash lines represent R.barao de Iteapetininga pedestrian path famous among tourists. This project will play a pivotal role in this area as a node point of cultural axis- R.barao de Iteapetininga street.

Ground Floor Plan


2nd Floor Plan


3rd Floor Plan

2012 spring U.Penn design studio work Permeable Membrane

plaza rendering images


program tube rendering images



2007 spring hongik UNIv. DESIGN STUDIO

thebubble system Self generative system allowing users to manipulate space

Seoul, korea.






theoretical basis time-continuum In the fixed time coordinates, what we see and what we perceive as the truth, is only a partial face of the true nature sliced with time. Architecture is a bowl holding the true essence. The true nature also holds the characteristic that changes made according to time are continuous. In order for architecture to hold the truth, architecture must evolve as the true nature evolve.


2007 spring Hongik univ. design studio work The bubble system.

site condition This project was done my senior year, first semester. The site was a block located in front of HongIk University. Even though this block is not quite big, there are academies for Art, cafés, small galleries, bars, and etc. To me, this site looked like mixture that derived from capitalism; how much is the rent? I do not have any hostile feelings for this perplexed block. Perhaps it is a natural look of capitalism. However, there seem no connections among various programs. I wished that these elements of mixture would move organically. The purpose of this work was focused on the new possibilities that might occur when these various programs collide with one another. I needed a physical space that could have organic connections. I found out that inner block, in other words, buildings backspace was just abandoned. In a quite spacious room, only the devices for air conditioning and ventilation were positioned. I decided to use this space to connect various programs.

‘Inside of site block’ 2010.11 charcoal on paper.

c o n c e p t u a l m o d e l s t u dy -

Site condition

the collection of linear elements

The most important point of this project was that once this system starts to operate, users can plan, build, destruct and rebuild by them selves without architects. In order to achieve this goal, I started to study the method and language of generating space. I found that The collection of linear elements suits the what this project’s goal and made physical model to demonstrate spacial feature of this project. ‘True nature 3d’ 2010.10 Straw,color spray


T h e e x p a n s i b l e & c o n s t r i c t- a b l e B u b b l e s y s t e m

I wanted to induce collision, but I also think that is impossible for an architect to predict the aftermath of induced collision. Furthermore, these predictions may come as a block to user’s freedom. Based on these thoughts, I conducted studies in regards to characteristics that the connection devices must have. This connection system had to be installed to assist users to deal with after the induced collision. And once it is operated, the system must have a characteristic that minimizes the help of the architect and the user must be able to transform on their own. To do this, the system had to be stabilized and found out that the shape of drop was most suitable for this. However, since the drops we often come across are very irregular, it was impossible to make the structures of backspace as the drop shape. It would be impossible for the user to transform the structure at all. Therefore, assembly became useful for this structure. I placed same size structures in three dimensional honeycombs to create droplets by using uniformed unit. This became a very constructive system and the users can transform this system in the back space by purchasing a few unit components.


2007 spring Hongik univ. design studio work The bubble system.

Bubble system methodology geometry

Picture 2

Picture 1

Picture 3

Place the bubble shaped systems basic units randomly in order for it to generate. (Pic 1) Create circles shared by spheres (pic 2) Make lines from sharing circles (pica) However, units formed this way are unfixed and cannot be modified without architectural planning. In order to fix this problem, an attempt was made to create fixed units. Most effective placement of circles motived with honeycomb system on a two-dimensional floor plan(pica). Placed three-dimensional spheres in 3dimentional honeycomb(pic 5). Then created basic units with the same process as before(pic 6&7). This unit can be used by users with no complicated architectural plan and by just using basic parts to manipulate space. Picture 4

Picture 5

Picture 6

Picture 7

unit parts

Basic unit Frame

Circulation Stair

circulation floor

Floor type 1

Floor type 2

Basic unit assembly example

The word users in this project mostly refers retail shop owners. In case of users want to replan and rebuild their space, all they have to do is ordering unit parts shown left side and put them together. They won’t need and architectural services


u n i t a s s e m ly t y p e

Assembly type 1

Assembly type 2

Assembly type 3

The mixtures of these parts are divided into 3 types. Type one is to connect different levels and type two is to connect levels and type three is located at the intersection of the circulation. The application of this system allows several programs within one block to functions organically and for it to run smoothly, it leans on the center of block for support and the tallest building(red one) functions as the main core

Cultural programs Retail programs Vertical circulation

Basic parts+type 1


Basic parts+type 1+type 2

Basic parts+type 1+type 2 +Type 3

2007 spring Hongik univ. design studio work The bubble system.

Rendering images

Rendering of interior view

Rendering of interior view

Rendering of exterior view

Rendering of Activities


2006 spring hongik UNIv. DESIGN STUDIO

the collider

Inducing collision between various event factors hongik university. Seoul. korea.




inducing collision

Floor plans

Interior view.

First semester, my junior year, I was given a project to remodel “wow-building� which was the architecture building at my university. Originally, this building was packed with studios for the students to use. Each grader was assigned studios on designated floors. Because each graders used different floors, it was weird for me to go to 7th floor which the seniors used (I was a junior using 8th floor). Due to this structure, there were no interactions between each grade. At the time, I rented a house in front of the school with close friends to work and sleep. I think it was easier for me to work on the projects in my own place rather than a building that was awkward for many students. I also learned much more from my colleagues who rented the place with me.


2006 spring Hongik university design studio work The Collider

visual interactions between levels

Furthermore, because there was no void space in the building, it only allowed the users to have horizontal visuals. This kind of horizontal visual attention once again is locked in a building which only is horizontal hallways. Because the center core was designed to control the movements in the building, wherever the users may be in the building, they had to go through the center core if they wanted to move up or down. I believe that as an architecture student, one must have plethora sense of 3 dimensional space and imagination. This kind of spatial sense is more stimulated when they come across objects frequently. However, I felt that the building that limited physical movements was not appropriate for architecture majors who need to frequently have three dimensional imaginations. An Example of Applying material to design studios.

studios, vertical cores.


Dispersed design studios plan

Main vertical core and Sub-cores.

To solve these problems, I assigned studios to students irrelevant to their years. I also made a space for students to come across each other freely despite their years. Also, by maximizing void space, I made sure the visual attention of students could be three dimensional. Not only did students’ visual attentions be freed, but their movements were also more flexible because I put subcores aside from center core. I remodeled the Wow-Building by maximizing the efficiency and maximizing the use of the area. This liberated limited visual attention and physical movements that was under the framework of modernism and raised new possibilities from the collisions of different grades


bim modeling -auto desk revit Basic wall brick 190

Basic wall CW102-85-100 Floor standard-wood finish M structure column 400X600

Curtain wall



2006 spring Hongik university design studio work The Collider

drawings from revit


5F plan

6F plan













8F plan









10F plan


4500 rooftop


























4f 0



2005 spring hongik UNIv. DESIGN STUDIO

secluded church the first prize of 2005 hongik university architecture alumni conpetition Seoul, korea.




the secluded church Users who seek church want to be cleansed their heart which was broken and hardened living in the world for a week. To satisfy its users, how and what should church be like?


2005 spring Hongik university design studio work SECLUDED CHURCH


Main chapel view

Main chapel view

An architectural hardware is an object formed by software within user minds. The purpose of the users’ visits and their actions are the main element in composing the chapel. The separation with the outside world must be taken under consideration. The chapels main hall and its attached function’s physical separation and the chapels approach circulation has been separated by placing the main gate and water space. Since the priority of architectural forming process in ordinary condition is the efficiency, clear division among walls, ceiling and floor is inevitable. In the end, the most composing angle in space is the right angle. However, the priority of chapel building is something above and beyond it’s efficiency. I excluded artificial division such as ceiling, walls and floor in forming process as well as the right angle which derived from efficiency.



Location - on the mountain.


Location Diagram

Main gate separating mundanity and the church.

2005 spring Hongik university design studio work SECLUDED CHURCH

T h e o ry The lines composing the chapel transforms dynamically according to the users movements. In order to allow the user to experience abundant space, I propose a form which allows the space to be felt with maximum a three-dimensional effect. As it is on top of the small mountain, the motive was inspired by stretching toward the sky.

Water means special in Christianity since they believe that the baptism from water cleanse the Original sin. By placing the water around the main Chapel and also between the main gate and the chapel, I tried to express they symbolic meaning of the baptism and water. ‘Linear movement’, 2005,4. Pastel on paper

Exterior view.



1st Floor plan

2nd Floor plan



2005 spring Hongik university design studio work SECLUDED CHURCH

p h y s i c a l m o d e l (1:200)


2010 spring&fall hongik UNIv. DESIGN STUDIO

broadcasti station Inducing collision between various event factors hongik university graduation work hongik university. Seoul. korea.






t h e o ry Humanity has perceived observed form and split the concept into a paradigm from back in those day to an understandable level. As a result, observed different forms are included in different categories and put no interest in their organic relations. However, coming in to the modern world, we now take interest in relations between several observed forms and following it, the objects ontology has also taken a dynamic turn. Substance with mass exist as a connecting knot for fields forming surrounding space. Mass substance convert into an energy form as the knot loosens. A process in constructed on the generating forms based on the existence mechanism. Also, an attempt was made on understanding and applying the programs functional principles within the building based on the mechanism. These new types of ontology are not only existent in the physical world. They can be applied on people activity in society. The result of two different elements composition is not the result of simple addition but is the result of the addition on the amplification and offset existing in the composition of waves. Also, entities existing in different systems have links and exchange interactions.


2009 Hongik university design studio graduations work Broadcasting system

a p p ly i n g t h e o ry The multi-dimensional link mentioned above tells us that two different societies with different dimensions and one location operates organically. The state borders straight lines in the United States and the complicated lines between countries in Europe show us the difference in their dimensions, history and physical lines operating organically with each other. The selected site is in the heart of Seoul where modern Seoul’s history is reflected untouched.

A broadcasting system should play the role of observing society, manufacturing information itself, and distributing it to society. The distributed information expands to more influential information and feeds back as society I saw a large amount of broadcastsystems manufactured materials as public. However, the preexisting broadcasting system operated under isolation from public. I propose a space where the public and broadcasting systems influence each other intimately and where the results from the collaboration can spread out.


t h e o ry - f o r m g e n e r a t i v e l a n g u a g e

Matrix Distortion Logic

The element located within the matrix distorts the surrounding areas.

The curved matrix forms a substance as a mass working as a function. The structure is aligned according to the curved matrix and is used as a tool for visualizing the substance with the surrounding nonexistent substances.


In Newton’s perspective, all three axis, x,y,z, composing space is inflexible and there are no interactions between them. They were considered as the absolute being. However, the relative theory describes space axis as rubber bands which are flexible and is capable of influencing each other endlessly. I made study models in order to visualize the mechanism of emergence of substance that has mass from the non-substance matrix. In this study model, rubber strings mean grid that visualize the space. In this rubber string matrix, the substances that have mass are emerged as rubber strings are distorted. This model also shows how the surrounding space is influenced by this process. The movement of substance is not separated from the rubber strings but changing the punctual coordinate point makes another distortion in the matrix.

2009 Hongik university design studio graduatation work Broadcasting system

s i t e a n a ly s i s a n d f o r m g e n e r a t i o n

After selecting a site adjacent to the Yeoueuido park located in the center of Yeoueuido, I divided the main functions of the dispersed Yeoueuido in the surrounding area in to five factors. The five factors were established according to their importance and simulated to find out what kind of distortion would appear within the matrix.


Program collision

Vertical core

I induced amplified effects from the collaboration of two different waves from two different systems, the broadcasting system (-studio. Etc) and convenient facilities for visitors. Spatial areas capable of holding new activities aroused by the amplified effect are essential. The structure formed from the relations between the substantiated function rooms and surrounding areas are planned to be installed as the background for activities which will be temporary installation.

Rendering of interior view


Inside of broad casting unit

The vertical circulation and the entrance used inside and outside’s working as the core are generated into a combination of triangle modules. The triangular glass is used with both transparent and non-transparent glass. Transparent glass is used in areas where pedestrians are accessible. The roof is designed in double layers to install maintenance facilities including ventilation systems on each floor.

2009 Hongik university design studio graduations work Broadcasting system


Park Visitors can access to the amenities inside of broadcasting station without crossing car circulation. They can access directly to the building through circulation under the car road. Section drawings

Detail drawings Elevation drawings

Site plan


physical model

Physical model(1:200) 1800x900, 2010.12, M.D.F board,LASER cut chip board,Trepal paper.


2009 Hongik university design studio graduatation work Broadcasting system

Interior and Program Units images

Interior and Vertical Cores images

Interior and Program Units images

Interior and Vertical Cores images

Exterior and Vertical Cores images


2005 spring hongik UNIv. DESIGN STUDIO

fold house

hongik university. Seoul. korea.





Rendering of exterior

A house is meant to be private and public at the same time. It also holds the most ‘un-artificial’ program, family. I excluded the cutting and pasting of two-dimensional plates, the form was developed using just the folding method.


Folding combination

2005 Hongik university design studio work Folding house

Rendering of exterior




rendering of interior (2nd floor)

View from Kitchen

Rendering of interior (living room)

View of Between two Fold

2005 Hongik university design studio work Folding house

hand works

Model,form board scale 1:100

Drawing.2005.4, tracing paper.


2012 spring u.penn paramatric design class

optimization process flow

parametric design Optimization process using grasshopper,eco-tech,radiance 2012 U.penn parametric design class

design method

The design approach mainly consists of two part. First phase is finding an optimized form in terms of energy consumption by using Energy Plus. As Grasshopper rotates roof surface, Energy Plus calculates Energy Plus the amount of energy consumption for each forms, and Generic Algorithm finds the best shape. Second phase is optimization of shading with Radiance. Like first phase, as grasshopper changes shading devices arrangement, Radiance calculates illuminance for each arrangement and Generic Algorithm decides the most optimized arrangement.


a n a ly s i s a n d f e e d b a c k

Ecotech simulation and Grasshopper feed back process

2012 U.PENN parametric design class work


2011 .01-2011.08 team 153

House for retired couple. Location: Yang Pyoung Kyung Ki Do Korea. Contribution: schematic design, CAD drawing, 3D Modeling.

Seocho residential building

working experience 2011 team 153 entry designer


Location: Seochogu Seocho dong 1622-9 Seoul Korea Contribution: schematic design, CAD drawing, physical model study

residential building on parking tower. Location: Goanggyo Kyung Ki Do Korea. Contribution: schematic design, CAD drawing, 3D Modeling.