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‫َأ ُﺑﻮ ِ‬ ‫ﺻﲑ َو َأ ُﺑﻮ ِﻗﲑ‬


‫َأ ُﺑﻮ ِ‬ ‫ﺻﲑ َو َأ ُﺑﻮ ِﻗﲑ‬

‫ﺗﺄﻟﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﻴﻼﻧﻲ‬

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‫أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻري وَأَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ري‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﻴﻼﻧﻲ‬

‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺻﻔﺤﺎت‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق ﻣﺤﻔﻮﻇﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﴍ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺻﻔﺤﺎت‬ ‫)ﴍﻛﺔ ذات ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﺤﺪودة(‬ ‫إن ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺻﻔﺤﺎت ﻏري ﻣﺴﺌﻮل ﻋﻦ آراء املﺆﻟﻒ وأﻓﻜﺎره‬ ‫وإﻧﻤﺎ ّ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﱪ اﻟﻜﺘﺎب ﻋﻦ آراء ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪ‬ ‫ص‪.‬ب‪ ،٥٠ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻧﴫ ‪ ،١١٧٦٨‬اﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮة‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ ﻣﴫ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻛﺲ‪+٢٠٢ ٢٢٧٠٦٣٥١ :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻴﻔﻮن‪+٢٠٢ ٢٢٧٢٧٤٣١ :‬‬ ‫اﻟﱪﻳﺪ اﻹﻟﻜﱰوﻧﻲ‪safahat@safahat.org :‬‬ ‫املﻮﻗﻊ اﻹﻟﻜﱰوﻧﻲ‪http://www.safahat.org :‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺼﻮرة وﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ اﻟﻐﻼف ﻣﺤﻔﻮﻇﺔ ملﻮﻗﻊ ﺻﻔﺤﺎت‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق اﻷﺧﺮى ذات اﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﻬﺬا اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺧﺎﺿﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻠﻜﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Cover Artwork and Design Copyright © 2011 Safahat.‬‬ ‫‪All other rights related to this work are in the public domain.‬‬


‫َأ ُﺑﻮ ِ‬ ‫ﺻﲑ َو َأ ُﺑﻮ ِﻗﲑ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫)‪» (1‬أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫اﻹ ْﺳ َﻜﻨْﺪ َِرﻳﱠ ِﺔ ﺣَ ﱠﻼ ٌق ذَﻛ ﱞِﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣَ َﺴ ُﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﺨﻠُ ِﻖ‪َ ،‬‬ ‫ري«‪ .‬و َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﻃﻴﱢﺐُ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻠ ِﺐ‪ْ ،‬‬ ‫َﻛﺎن‬ ‫اﺳ ُﻤﻪُ‪» :‬أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎن ِﰲ ْ ِ‬ ‫ﻮت ﻳَ ْﻮﻣ ِِﻪ ﱠإﻻ ِﺑ ِﺸ ﱢﻖ اﻟﻨ ﱠ ْﻔ ِﺲ‪ .‬و َ‬ ‫َﻓﻘِ ريًا ِﺟﺪٍّا ﻻ ﻳ َِﺠ ُﺪ ُﻗ َ‬ ‫َﻛﺎن ﻳ َْﺸ ُﻜﻮ ا ْﻟ َﻜ َﺴﺎ َد َوﻳ َُﻔ ﱢﻜ ُﺮ ِﰲ ﺗَ ْﺮكِ‬ ‫إﱃ ﺑَ َﻠ ٍﺪ َ‬ ‫َاﻟﺴ َﻔ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫آﺧ َﺮ‪َ ،‬و َﻟ ِﻜﻨ ﱠ ُﻪ َ‬ ‫اﻹ ْﺳ َﻜﻨْﺪ َِرﻳﱠ ِﺔ و ﱠ‬ ‫ﻛﺎن ﻳ ََﱰ ﱠَﻗﺐُ ا ْﻟ ُﻔ َﺮ َ‬ ‫ص‪.‬‬ ‫ِْ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫)‪» (2‬أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ﺻﺒ ٌ‬ ‫ﱠﺎغ ﻣﺎﻫِ ٌﺮ ِﰲ ِﺻﻨﺎﻋَ ﺘ ِِﻪ‪ ،‬وَﻟ ِﻜﻨ ﱠ ُﻪ ﻣﺎ ِﻛ ٌﺮ َﺧ ِﺒ ٌ‬ ‫ﻴﺚ َﺳﻴﱢﺊ ُ ﱡ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻤْ ﻌَ ِﺔ ْ‬ ‫ﻮار ِه َ‬ ‫اﺳ ُﻤﻪُ‪» :‬أَﺑُﻮ‬ ‫ِﺑ ِﺠ ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﱢ‬ ‫ﺪاع وَا ْﻟﻤُﻤﺎ َ‬ ‫ﴍ ًﻫﺎ َ‬ ‫و َ‬ ‫ﻃ َﻠ ِﺔ؛ إذا ﺣَ ﱠﺪﺛ َ َﻚ‬ ‫َﻛﺎن َﻫﺬا ا ْﻟﺠﺎ ُر ِ‬ ‫ﻃﻤﱠ ﺎﻋً ﺎ‪ .‬و ََﻫ َﻮ ِﻣﺜﺎ ٌل ِﻟ ْﻠﻐِ ﺶ وَا ْﻟﺨِ ِ‬

‫و َ‬ ‫َﻛﺎن‬ ‫ري«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫َﻛ َﺬبَ ﻋَ ﻠﻴْ َﻚ‪َ ،‬وإِذا وَﻋَ َﺪ َك أ َ ْﺧ َﻠ َ‬ ‫ﻒ وَﻋْ َﺪهُ‪َ ،‬وإذا اﺋْﺘَﻤَ ﻨْﺘَ ُﻪ ﺧﺎﻧ َ َﻚ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻜ ِﺮ َﻫ ُﻪ اﻟﻨ ﱠ ُ‬ ‫ﺎس‪َ ،‬و َﻛ ﱡﻔﻮا ﻋَ ْﻦ‬ ‫ﺎس ﻳَﺤْ ﺬَ ُروﻧ َ ُﻪ َوﻳُﺤَ ﺬﱢ ُر َ‬ ‫ﻣُﻌﺎﻣَ َﻠﺘ ِِﻪ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﻜ َﺴﺪ ْ‬ ‫َت ِﺻﻨﺎﻋَ ﺘُﻪُ‪َ ،‬و َﻟ ْﻢ ﻳ ُْﻘ ِﺒ ْﻞ ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ ِﻪ أَﺣَ ﺪٌ‪ ،‬وَﺻﺎ َر اﻟﻨ ﱠ ُ‬ ‫ون‬ ‫َﻏ ْري َُﻫ ْﻢ ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻣُﻌﺎﻣَ َﻠﺘ ِِﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫)‪ْ (3‬‬ ‫إﻓ ُ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫ﻼس »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ﻗِ ٍ‬

‫َﺼﺒ َُﻐ ُﻪ َﻟ ُﻪ — أ َ ْن ﻳَ ْ‬ ‫و َ‬ ‫َﻛﺎن ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻋﺎ َدﺗ ِِﻪ إذا ﺟﺎءَ ُه أَﺣَ ٌﺪ ِﺑﺜَﻮ ٍْب — ِﻟﻴ ْ‬ ‫ﻄﻠُﺐَ ِﻣﻨ ْ ُﻪ ْاﻷَﺟْ َﺮ ﻣ َُﻘﺪﱠﻣً ﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻ ً‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻏﺎ‪َ .‬ﻓ ِﺈذا اﻧ ْ َﴫ َ‬ ‫ﺑَﻌْ َﺪ أ َ ْن ﻳﻮﻫِ ﻤَ ُﻪ أَﻧ ﱠ ُﻪ َﺳﻴ َْﺸ َ ِﱰي ِﺑ ِﻪ أ َ ْ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫َف ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺐُ اﻟﺜﱠﻮ ِْب ذَ َﻫﺐَ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬


‫أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻري وَأَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ري‬

‫ﻮق‪َ ،‬ﻓﺒﺎﻋَ ُﻪ و ْ‬ ‫َاﺷ َﱰَى — ِﺑﺜَﻤﻨ ِِﻪ َو ِﺑﻤﺎ أ َ َﺧﺬَ ُه ِﻣ َﻦ ْاﻷَﺟْ ِﺮ — ﻣﺎ ﺷﺎءَ ِﻣ ْﻦ أ َ ْ‬ ‫ِﺑﺎﻟﺜﱠﻮ ِْب إ ِ َﱃ ﱡ‬ ‫ﻃﻴ َِﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﺴ ِ‬ ‫ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺂﻛ ِِﻞ وَا ْﻟﺤَ ْﻠﻮاءِ‪.‬‬ ‫َﻓ ِﺈذا ﻋﺎ َد إ َﻟﻴْ ِﻪ ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺐُ اﻟﺜﱠﻮ ِْب ﻣﺎ َ‬ ‫ﻋﺬار ﻛﺎذِ ﺑَ ٍﺔ‪ :‬ﻳَﺪﱠﻋِ ﻲ — ِﰲ ا ْﻟﻴَ ْﻮ ِم‬ ‫ﻃ َﻠﻪُ‪َ ،‬وﺗَﻌَ ﱠﻠ َﻞ َﻟﻪ ِﺑﺄ َ ٍ‬ ‫ﻮﻻ ِﺑﺒَﻌْ ِﺾ ﱡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎن ﻣَ ْﺸ ُﻐ ً‬ ‫ْاﻷَو ِﱠل — أَﻧ ﱠ ُﻪ َ‬ ‫اﻟﻀﻴ ِ‬ ‫ُﻮف‪َ ،‬وﻳَ ْﺰﻋُ ُﻢ — ِﰲ ا ْﻟﻴَ ْﻮ ِم اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ — أ َ ﱠن َزوْﺟَ ُﻪ‬ ‫َت‪ ،‬وَﻫ َﻜﺬا؛ ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ ﻳَﻤَ ﱠﻞ ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺐُ اﻟﺜﱠﻮ ِْب‪َ ،‬ﻓﻴَ ْ‬ ‫َو َﻟﺪ ْ‬ ‫ﻄﻠُﺒَ ُﻪ ِﻣﻨ ْ ُﻪ ِﻟﻴ ْ‬ ‫ريهِ‪ .‬وَﺣِ ﻴﻨ َ ِﺌ ٍﺬ ﻳَﻘﻮ ُل‬ ‫َﺼﺒ َُﻐ ُﻪ ﻋِ ﻨ ْ َﺪ َﻏ ْ ِ‬ ‫َﻟﺴ ُﺖ أ َ َرىُ ﺑُﺪٍّا ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻣ َ‬ ‫ري«‪» :‬ا ْﻟﺤَ ﱡﻖ ﻳﺎ ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒﻲ أَﻧﱠﻨِﻲ َﺧ ِﺠ ٌﻞ ِﻣﻨ ْ َﻚ ِﺟﺪٍّا‪ ،‬و ْ‬ ‫ُﻜﺎﺷ َﻔ ِﺘ َﻚ‬ ‫َﻟ ُﻪ »أَﺑﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ِﺑﺎ ْﻟﺤَ ﻘِ َ‬ ‫ﺻﺒ ٍْﻎ‪َ ،‬وﺑَﺬَ ْﻟ ُﺖ ﺟُ ﻬْ ﺪِيَ ُﻛ ﱠﻠ ُﻪ ِﰲ إِﺗْﻘﺎﻧ ِِﻪ‪ .‬ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ ﺟﺎءَ ﻟ ﱞ‬ ‫ﺻﺒ َْﻐ ُﺖ ﺛ َ ْﻮﺑَ َﻚ أَﺣْ َﺴ َﻦ َ‬ ‫ﻴﻘ ِﺔ؛ َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َ‬ ‫ِﺺ‬ ‫َﺧ ِﺒ ٌ‬ ‫ﴪ َﻗ ُﻪ — ﻟ ُِﺴﻮءِ ا ْﻟﺤَ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻆ — ِﻣ ْﻦ ُد ﱠﻛﺎﻧِﻲ‪َ ،‬ﻓﺒَﺤَ ﺜ ْ ُﺖ ﻋَ ﻨْﻪُ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ أ َ ِﺟ ْﺪهُ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻴﺚ َﻓ َ َ‬ ‫ﴫ ُ‬ ‫ف ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺐُ اﻟﺜﱠﻮ ِْب إِذا ﺟﺎ َز ْت ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ ِﻪ ﺣِ ﻴ َﻠﺘُﻪُ‪ ،‬أ َ ْو ﻳَﺘَﺸﺎﺟَ ُﺮ ﻣَ ﻌَ ُﻪ إِذا ا ْرﺗﺎبَ )أَيْ ‪:‬‬ ‫َﻓﻴَﻨ ْ َ ِ‬ ‫َﺷ ﱠﻚ( ِﰲ َﻗ ْﻮﻟِ ِﻪ‪ ،‬ﺛ ﱠﻢ ﻻ ﻳَ ْ‬ ‫ني‪.‬‬ ‫ﻈ َﻔ ُﺮ ِﻣﻨ ْ ُﻪ ِﺑ َ ْ‬ ‫ﴚءٍ ﻋَ َﲆ ا ْﻟﺤﺎ َﻟ ْ ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫وَﻣﺎ زا َل َﻛﺬ ِﻟ َﻚ ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ ﻋَ ِﻠ َﻢ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ِ‬ ‫ﻼق ُد ﱠﻛﺎﻧ ِِﻪ‪ ،‬ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ ﻳَﺄْﻣَ َﻦ اﻟﻨ ﱠ ُ‬ ‫ﴍهُ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺎس َ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻘﺎﴈ‪َ ،‬ﻓﺄﻣَ َﺮ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْﻏ ِ‬ ‫)‪ (4‬ا ْﻟﻌَ ْﺰ ُم ﻋَ َﲆ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﺴ َﻔ ِﺮ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ري« ﻳﺮى ﻣُﻤﺎ َ‬ ‫و َ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺎ ِﺑﻬﺎ‪َ ،‬ﻓﻴَﻨ ْ َ‬ ‫ﻘﻮق إ ِ َﱃ أ َ ْ‬ ‫ﺼﺢُ َﻟ ُﻪ‬ ‫ﻃ َﻠ َﺔ ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺎن »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﺟﺎر ِه و ََﻫ َﺮﺑَ ُﻪ ِﻣ ْﻦ أداءَ ا ْﻟﺤُ ِ‬ ‫ﻘﺎﴈ ُد ﱠﻛ َ‬ ‫ِﺑ ِﺎﻻ ْﺳﺘِﻘﺎﻣَ ِﺔ‪َ ،‬ﻓﻼ ﻳ َْﺴﻤَ ُﻊ َﻟ ُﻪ َﻗﻮ ًْﻻ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻠﻤﱠ ﺎ أ َ ْﻏ َﻠ َﻖ ا ْﻟ ِ‬ ‫ري«‪ ،‬ﻗﺎ َل ﻟِﺼﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺎن »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ري«‪:‬‬ ‫ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﻜﺎن؟ أ َﻟﻴ َْﺲ َﺧ ْريًا َﻟﻨﺎ أ ْن ﻧُﺴﺎﻓِ َﺮ إ ِ َﱃ ﺑَ َﻠ ِﺪ َ‬ ‫آﺧ َﺮ‪َ ،‬ﻟﻌَ ﱠﻠﻨﺎ ﻧ َ ِﺠ ُﺪ ِر ْز ًﻗﺎ‬ ‫»ﻣﺎ َﻟﻨﺎ َوﻟِﻬَ ﺬا ا ْﻟﻤَ ِ‬ ‫أَﺣْ َﺴ َﻦ ِﻣﻤﱠ ﺎ وَﺟَ ﺪْﻧﺎ ُه ِﰲ َﻫﺬا ا ْﻟﺒَ َﻠﺪِ؟« َو َﻛ َ‬ ‫ري« — َﻛﻤﺎ ُﻗ ْﻠﻨﺎ — ﻳ َْﺸ ُﻜﻮ ا ْﻟ َﻜ َﺴﺎدَ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺎن »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫آﺧ َﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎ ْرﺗﺎحَ ِﻟ َﻜﻼ ِم ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ‪ ،‬و َ‬ ‫إﱃ ﺑَ َﻠ ٍﺪ َ‬ ‫اﻟﺴ َﻔ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫َواﻓ َﻘ ُﻪ ﻋَ َﲆ ﱠ‬ ‫َوﻳ َُﻔ ﱢﻜ ُﺮ ِﰲ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﺴ َﻔ ِﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ري«‪ :‬ﻋﺎﻫِ ْﺪﻧِﻲ إذَ ْن ﻋَ َﲆ أ َ ْن ﻧَﻌْ ﻤَ َﻞ ِﺑ ِﺠﺪﱟ‪َ ،‬وﻧ َ ْﻘ ِﺴ َﻢ ﺑَﻴْﻨَﻨﺎ ُﻛ ﱠﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻧ ُ ِﺼﻴﺐُ‬ ‫َﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟ ﱢﺮ ْز ِق ِﺑ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺴ ِﻮﻳﱠ ِﺔ‪«.‬‬ ‫َﻓ َ‬ ‫َاﺳﺘَﻌَ ﱠﺪ ﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ري« ﻋَ َﲆ ذَ ِﻟ َﻚ‪ ،‬وَﺑﺎ َع ُد ﱠﻛﺎﻧَﻪُ‪ ،‬و ْ‬ ‫وّل َﺳﻔِ ﻴﻨ َ ٍﺔ ﺗَ ُﻘﻮ ُم‬ ‫ِﻠﺴ َﻔ ِﺮ ﻣَ ﻌَ ُﻪ ِﺑﺄ َ ِ‬ ‫ﻌﺎﻫ َﺪ ُه »أﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫اﻹ ْﺳ َﻜﻨْﺪ َِرﻳﱠ ِﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ِﻣ َﻦ ْ ِ‬

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‫أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻري وَأَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ري‬

‫)‪ِ (5‬ﰲ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻔِ ﻴﻨ َ ِﺔ‬ ‫ري« وَﺻﺎﺣِ ﺒُ ُﻪ َﺳﻔِ ﻴﻨ َ ًﺔ َﻛ ِﺒريَ ًة ﻓِ ﻴﻬﺎ َﻛ ِﺜريٌ ِﻣ َﻦ ا ْﻟﻤُﺴﺎﻓِ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫َوﺑَﻌْ َﺪ أَﻳﱠﺎ ٍم َﻗﻼ ِﺋ َﻞ َرﻛِﺐَ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ري« َ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻔِ ﻴﻨ َ ُﺔ ِﰲ ﻋُ ْﺮ ِض ا ْﻟﺒَﺤْ ِﺮ ﻧ َ ِﺸ َ‬ ‫َو َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ ﺻﺎ َر ِت ﱠ‬ ‫إﱃ ا ْﻟﻌَ ﻤَ ِﻞ‪َ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎ َم — وَﻣَ ﻌَ ُﻪ أَدَواﺗُ ُﻪ‬ ‫ﻂ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻔِ ﻴﻨ َ ِﺔ ﻋَ ْﻦ ﻋَ ﻤَ ٍﻞ َﻟﻪُ‪َ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎدا ُه أَﺣَ ُﺪ ا ْﻟﻤُﺴﺎﻓِ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫— ِﻟﻴَﺒْﺤَ َﺚ ﺑ ْ َ‬ ‫ﺎب ﱠ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ ِﻟﻴَﺤْ ﻠ َِﻖ َﻟ ُﻪ َرأ ْ َﺳﻪُ‪.‬‬ ‫َني ُر ﱠﻛ ِ‬ ‫َو َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ اﻧْﺘَﻬَ ﻰ ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻋَ ﻤَ ﻠ ِِﻪ أَﻋْ ﻄﺎ ُه َﺷﻴْﺌًﺎ ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻤﺎل‪.‬‬ ‫ﻄﻌﺎ ِم وَا ْﻟ ِ‬ ‫إﱃ ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ — وَﻣَ ﻌَ ُﻪ َ‬ ‫ري« َ‬ ‫ﺛﺎن وَﺛﺎﻟ ٌ‬ ‫ﻃﻌﺎ ٌم‬ ‫ِﺚ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﻠﻤﱠ ﺎ اﻧ ْ َﻘ َﴣ اﻟﻨﱠﻬﺎ ُر ﻋﺎ َد »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫َودَﻋﺎ ُه ٍ‬ ‫َﻛ ِﺜريٌ — َﻓﺄ َ َﻛﻼ ﻣَ ﻌً ﺎ‪َ .‬و َﻛ َ‬ ‫َﴍ ٍه ﻻ ﻣَ ﺜِﻴ َﻞ‬ ‫ري« ﻳ ُْﻘ ِﺒ ُﻞ ﻋَ َﲆ ْاﻷ َ ْﻛ ِﻞ ِﺑ َﺸ ِﻬﻴﱠ ٍﺔ ﻋَ ِﺠﻴﺒَ ٍﺔ‪ ،‬و َ َ‬ ‫ﺎن »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫َﻟﻪُ‪ .‬و َِﰲ ا ْﻟﻴَ ْﻮ ِم اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ دَﻋﺎ ُه ُرﺑﱠﺎ ُن ﱠ‬ ‫َﴎ ِﻣ ْﻦ أ َ َد ِﺑ ِﻪ وَﻣَ ﻬﺎ َرﺗ ِِﻪ‪َ ،‬ﻓﺪَﻋﺎ ُه‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻔِ ﻴﻨ َ ِﺔ ِﻟﻴَﺤْ ﻠ َِﻖ َﻟﻪُ‪ .‬و ُ ﱠ‬ ‫وَﺻﺎﺣِ ﺒَ ُﻪ َ‬ ‫ري« ﻻ ﻳَﺘَﻮاﻧَﻰ ﻋَ ِﻦ ا ْﻟﻌَ ﻤَ ِﻞ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َ‬ ‫إﱃ ْاﻷ َ ْﻛ ِﻞ ﻋَ َﲆ ﻣﺎ ِﺋ َﺪﺗ ِِﻪ ُﻛ ﱠﻞ ﻳَ ْﻮ ٍم‪ .‬و َ‬ ‫ﻜﺎن‬ ‫َﻛﺎن »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﻳَﺤْ ﻠ ُِﻖ ُﻛ ﱠﻞ ﻳَ ْﻮ ٍم ِﻟﺒَﻌْ ِﺾ ا ْﻟﻤُﺴﺎﻓِ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‪َ ،‬وﻳَﺄ ْ ُﺧﺬُ ِﻣﻨْﻬُ ْﻢ أَﺟْ َﺮهُ‪ ،‬وَﻻ ﻳ َِﻀ ﱡﻦ ﻋَ َﲆ ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ ﻳَﻮْﻣً ﺎ — َ‬ ‫ﴚءٍ ﻳَ ْ‬ ‫ﴩ َ‬ ‫َﺻ َﻠ ِﺖ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻄﻠُﺒُﻪُ‪ ،‬ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ و َ‬ ‫إﱃ ﻣَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ٍﺔ َﻛ ِﺒريَةٍ‪َ ،‬ﻓﻨ َ َﺰ َل »أَﺑُﻮ‬ ‫ِﺑ َ ْ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻔِ ﻴﻨ َ ُﺔ — ﺑَﻌْ َﺪ ﻋِ ْ ِ‬ ‫ري« ﻣَ َﻊ ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ إ ِ َﻟﻴْﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫)‪ِ (6‬ﰲ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺔ‬ ‫َو َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ ﻃﺎﻓﺎ ِﺑﺄ َ ْﺳﻮاﻗِ ﻬﺎ وَﺟَ ﺪاﻫﺎ ُﻣ ْﺰدَﺣِ ﻤَ ًﺔ ِﺑﺎﻟﺘﱡﺠﱠ ِﺎر و ﱡ‬ ‫اﻹﻗﺎﻣَ ِﺔ ﻓِ ﻴﻬﺎ أَﻳﱠﺎﻣً ﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺎع‪َ ،‬ﻓﻌَ َﺰﻣَ ﺎ ﻋَ َﲆ ْ ِ‬ ‫َاﻟﺼﻨ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﺻﻐِ ريَ ًة ِﰲ أَﺣَ ِﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻔﻨﺎدِ ِق ِﻟﻴُﻘِﻴ َﻢ ﻓِ ﻴﻬﺎ ﻣَ َﻊ ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ‪ .‬و َ‬ ‫ري« ُﻏ ْﺮ َﻓ ًﺔ َ‬ ‫و ْ‬ ‫َﻛﺎن‬ ‫َاﺳﺘَﺄْﺟَ َﺮ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ري« ﻳُﺒَ ﱢﻜ ُﺮ ِﰲ ا ْﻟﻘِ ﻴﺎ ِم ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟﻨ ﱠ ْﻮ ِم َﻓ َريَى ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺒَ ُﻪ ﻻ ﻳَﺰا ُل ﻧﺎﺋِﻤً ﺎ‪َ ،‬ﻓ ِﺈذا أَﻳ َْﻘ َ‬ ‫ﻈ ُﻪ ﺗَ َ‬ ‫ﻈﺎﻫ َﺮ‬ ‫»أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ِﺑ ﱠ‬ ‫ري« وَﺣْ َﺪ ُه َ‬ ‫ﻬﺎر‪،‬‬ ‫إﱃ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺔ ﻳَﺘَ َﻠﻤﱠ ُﺲ ِر ْز َﻗ ُﻪ ﺧِ ﻼ َل اﻟﻨ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﻀﻌْ ِﻒ وَا ْﻟﻤَ َﺮ ِض‪َ ،‬ﻓﻴ َْﺨ ُﺮجُ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ ِﺑﺎﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ ﻳَﻌُ ﻮ ُد إ ِ َﱃ َ‬ ‫ﻳﺐ‪ .‬وَﻣﺎ زا َل َﻛﺬَ ِﻟ َﻚ أ َ ْﻛﺜ َ َﺮ ِﻣ ْﻦ َﺷﻬْ َﺮﻳ ِْﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻄﻌﺎ ِم‪َ ،‬ﻓﻴَﺄ ْ ُﻛﻠُ ُﻪ ِﺑ َ َ‬ ‫ﴩ ٍه َﻏ ِﺮ ٍ‬ ‫ري«‪ ،‬و ْ‬ ‫َاﻟﻀﻌْ ُ‬ ‫ض و ﱠ‬ ‫َاﺷﺘَ ﱠﺪ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟﻤَ َﺮ ُ‬ ‫ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ ﻣَ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫وج‪َ ،‬و َﻟ ِﺰ َم‬ ‫ض »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﻒ‪َ ،‬ﻓﻌَ ﺠَ َﺰ ﻋَ ِﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﺨ ُﺮ ِ‬ ‫ا ْﻟﻔِ َ‬ ‫ري« ِﰲ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْﺮ َﻓ ِﺔ ﻋَ ْﻦ َ‬ ‫ﻃﻌﺎ ٍم ﻳَﺄ ْ ُﻛﻠُ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ ﻳ َِﺠ ْﺪ‬ ‫ﺮاش‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻠﻤﱠ ﺎ ﺟﺎءَ ا ْﻟﻴَ ْﻮ ُم اﻟﺘﱠ ِﺎﱄ‪ ،‬ﺑَﺤَ َﺚ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ري« ﻣ ُْﺴﺘَ ْﻐ ِﺮ ًﻗﺎ ِﰲ اﻟﻨ ﱠ ْﻮ ِم‪َ .‬ﻓ َ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫ِﻴﺎب »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫َﺷﻴﺌًﺎ‪َ .‬و َرأَى ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺒَ ُﻪ »أَﺑﺎ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﻈ ﱠﻞ ﻳ َُﻔﺘﱢ ُﺶ ِﰲ ﺛ ِ‬ ‫ِﻴﺲ ﻧ ُ ُﻘﻮ ِدهِ‪َ ،‬ﻓﺄ َ َﺧﺬَ ُه ﻣَ ﻌَ ﻪُ‪ ،‬ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ َﺧ َﺮجَ وَأ َ ْﻏ َﻠ َﻖ ﺑﺎبَ �� ْﻟ ُﻐ ْﺮ َﻓ ِﺔ ﻋَ َﲆ ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ ﻋَ ﺜ َ َﺮ ﻋَ َﲆ ﻛ ِ‬ ‫ري« وَﻋَ َﺰ َم ﻋَ َﲆ ا ْﻟﻬَ َﺮ ِب ِﻣﻨْﻪُ‪.‬‬ ‫ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫‪7‬‬


‫أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻري وَأَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ري‬

‫)‪ (7‬ﻣَ ْ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫ﺼﺒ ََﻐ ُﺔ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﱠﺎغ‪َ .‬ﻓﻮ ََﻗ َ‬ ‫ﻮاق ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺔ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﺮأَى ُد ﱠﻛ َ‬ ‫ﺎن َ‬ ‫ﻴﺎب‬ ‫ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ ﻣَ َﴙ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻳَﺘَﺄَﻣﱠ ُﻞ ِﰲ اﻟﺜ ﱢ ِ‬ ‫ري« ِﰲ أ ْﺳ ِ‬ ‫ﺻﺒ ٍ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺼﺒ َ‬ ‫ا ْﻟﻤَ ْ‬ ‫ﺎن إ ِ ﱠﻻ اﻟ ﱠﻠﻮ َْن ْاﻷ َ ْز َر َق وَﺣْ َﺪهُ‪.‬‬ ‫ُﻮﻏ ِﺔ‪ ،‬و َُﻫ َﻮ ﻳَﺘَﻌَ ﺠﱠ ﺐُ أ َﺷ ﱠﺪ ا ْﻟﻌَ ﺠَ ِﺐ‪ِ ،‬ﻷَﻧ ﱠ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻢ ﻳَ َﺮ ِﰲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ﱠﻛ ِ‬ ‫َﻓﺘَﺄَﻣﱠ َﻞ ِﰲ ﻣَ ﻼ ِﺑ ِﺲ ا ْﻟﻤﺎ ﱠر ِة َﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ ﻳَ َﺮ إ ِ ﱠﻻ اﻟ ﱠﻠﻮ َْن ْاﻷ َ ْز َر َق‪ ،‬وَاﻟ ﱠﻠﻮ َْن ْاﻷَﺑْﻴ ََﺾ‪َ ،‬ﻓﺎ ْزدا َد ﻋَ ﺠَ ﺒُﻪُ‪ ،‬وَأ َ ْﺧ َﺮجَ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺒ ُ‬ ‫ِﻣﻨْﺪِﻳ َﻠ ُﻪ ْاﻷَﺑْﻴ ََﺾ‪َ ،‬و َ‬ ‫ﱠﺎغ أ َ ْن ﻳُ َﻠ ﱢﻮﻧ َ ُﻪ َﻟ ُﻪ ِﺑﺎﻟ ﱠﻠﻮ ِْن ْاﻷَﺣْ ﻤَ ِﺮ‪َ .‬ﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻃ َﻠﺐَ ِﻣ َﻦ ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠﺎغ‪» :‬ﻧَﺤْ ُﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺒ ِ‬ ‫ف ﱠإﻻ اﻟ ﱠﻠﻮ َْن ْاﻷ َ ْز َر َق‪َ «.‬ﻓﻌَ ُ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻧَﻌْ ِﺮ ُ‬ ‫ري«‪ ،‬وَﻋَ َﺮ َ‬ ‫ض ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ ِﻪ أ َ ْن ﻳ َْﻘﺒَ َﻠ ُﻪ أ َ ِﺟريًا‬ ‫ﻈﻤَ ْﺖ د َْﻫ َﺸ ُﺔ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺒ ُ‬ ‫ﻮان ا ْﻟﻤ ْ‬ ‫ﻋِ ﻨ ْ َﺪهُ‪ِ ،‬ﻟﻴُﻌَ ﱢﻠﻤَ ُﻪ َﻛﻴ َ‬ ‫ُﺨﺘَﻠ َِﻔ ِﺔ ْاﻷ ُ ْﺧ َﺮى‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺮ َﻓ َﺾ ﱠ‬ ‫ْﻒ ﻳ ْ‬ ‫ﱠﺎغ‪ ،‬وَﻗﺎ َل َﻟﻪُ‪» :‬ﻧَﺤْ ُﻦ‬ ‫َﺼﺒ ُُﻎ ِﺑ ْﺎﻷ َ ْﻟ ِ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻧ َ ْﻘﺒَ ُﻞ — ِﰲ َﻫ ِﺬ ِه ﱢ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋَ ِﺔ — َﻏ ِﺮﻳﺒًﺎ ﻋَ ﻨﱠﺎ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺛﺎن وَﺛﺎﻟ ٍِﺚ وَرا ِﺑ ٍﻊ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﻠﻘِ َﻲ ِﻣﻨْﻬُ ْﻢ ِﻣﺜ ْ َﻞ ﻣﺎ َﻟﻘِ ﻴَ ُﻪ ِﻣ َﻦ ﱠ‬ ‫َﻓﺬَ َﻫﺐَ إ ِ َﱃ َ‬ ‫ﱠﺎغ ْاﻷَو ِﱠل‪.‬‬ ‫ﱠﺎغ ٍ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺒ ِ‬ ‫ﺻﺒ ٍ‬ ‫ﺼﺒ ََﻐ ًﺔ‪ ،‬ﻟ َِﻔ ْﻘ ِﺮ ِه َو ِﻗ ﱠﻠ ِﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻣَ ﻌَ ُﻪ ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟﻨ ﱡ ُﻘﻮدِ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺬ َﻫﺐَ َ‬ ‫َو َﻟ ْﻢ ﻳَ ُﻜ ْﻦ ِﰲ ُﻗ ْﺪ َرﺗ ِِﻪ أ َ ْن ﻳُﻨ ْ ِﺸﺊَ ﻣَ ْ‬ ‫إﱃ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﻠِﻚِ ‪،‬‬ ‫َوﺑ ََﺴ َ‬ ‫ﴪ ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻓِ ْﻜ َﺮﺗ ِِﻪ‪ ،‬وَأَﻣَ َﺮ ِﺑ ِﺒﻨﺎءِ ﻣَ ْ‬ ‫ﻮار ِع‬ ‫ﻂ َﻟ ُﻪ َﺷﺄْﻧَﻪُ‪َ ،‬ﻓ ُ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺼﺒ ََﻐ ٍﺔ َﻛ ِﺒريَ ٍة َﻟ ُﻪ ِﰲ أَﺣْ َﺴ ِﻦ َﺷ ِ‬ ‫َﺼﺒ َُﻐﻬﺎ َﻟﻪُ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َ‬ ‫ﻴﺎب ِﻟﻴ ْ‬ ‫ﺼﺒ ََﻐﻬَ ﺎ أَﺣْ َﺴ َﻦ‬ ‫ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺔ و َْﻓ َﻖ ﻣﺎ ﻳ َْﺸﺘَ ِﻬﻲ‪ .‬وَأَﺣْ َ َ‬ ‫ﴬ َﻟ ُﻪ َﻛ ِﺜريًا ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟﺜ ﱢ ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُﺨﺘَﻠ َِﻔ ٍﺔ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻔ ِﺮحَ ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ ِﺑﺬَ ِﻟ َﻚ‪ ،‬و َ‬ ‫ﻮان ﻣ ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻓﺄ َ ُه أَﺣْ َﺴ َﻦ ُﻣ َﻜ َﺎﻓﺄَةٍ‪ .‬وَأ َ ْﻗﺒَ َﻞ اﻷُﻣَ ﺮاءُ وَأَﻋْ ﻴَﺎ ُن‬ ‫ﺻﺒ ٍْﻎ ِﺑﺄ ْﻟ ٍ‬ ‫ﺼﺒ ََﻐﺘ ِِﻪ‪َ ،‬ﻓﺮاﺟَ ْﺖ ِﺻﻨﺎﻋَ ﺘُﻪُ‪َ ،‬و َﻛﺜ ُ َﺮ ﻣﺎﻟُﻪُ‪ ،‬وَأ َ َ‬ ‫ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺔ ﻋَ َﲆ ﻣَ ْ‬ ‫ِﺒﺎر ْاﻷ َ ْﻏﻨِﻴﺎءِ‪َ .‬و َﻟ ْﻢ ﻳ َُﻔ ﱢﻜ ْﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﺒَﺢ ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻛ ِ‬ ‫ري« ا ﱠﻟﺬِي أ َ ْ‬ ‫َﻟﺤْ َ‬ ‫ﻃﻌَ ﻤَ ُﻪ وَآواهُ‪َ ،‬وﺑَﺬَ َل َﻟ ُﻪ ُﻛ ﱠﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳ َْﺴﺘَ ِﻄﻴ ُﻊ ِﻣ َﻦ‬ ‫ﻈ ًﺔ واﺣِ َﺪ ًة ِﰲ ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ا ْﻟﻤُﺴﺎﻋَ َﺪ ِة ِﰲ أَﻳﱠﺎ ِم ِﻣﺤْ ﻨَﺘ ِِﻪ و ََﻓ ْﻘ ِﺮهِ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺪ َ‬ ‫)‪ (8‬ﻣُﻘﺎﺑَ َﻠ ُﺔ ﱠ‬ ‫ني‬ ‫ِﻳﻘ ْ ِ‬ ‫ري« َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َﻟ ِﺰ َم ﻓِ َ‬ ‫ﺮاﺷ ُﻪ ﺛَﻼﺛ َ َﺔ أَﻳﱠﺎ ٍم‪ ،‬و َُﻫ َﻮ ﻻ ﻳ َْﺴﺘَ ِﻄﻴ ُﻊ ا ْﻟﺤَ ﺮا َك ِﻣ ْﻦ ِﺷ ﱠﺪ ِة ا ْﻟﻤَ َﺮ ِض‪،‬‬ ‫أَﻣﱠ ﺎ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﺘﺎح‬ ‫ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ َﻓ ِﻄ َﻦ إ ِ َﻟﻴْ ِﻪ ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺐُ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﻨْﺪ ُِق‪َ ،‬ﻓﺬَ َﻫﺐَ إ ِ َﱃ ُﻏ ْﺮ َﻓﺘ ِِﻪ َﻓ َﺮآﻫﺎ ﻣ ُْﻐ َﻠ َﻘ ًﺔ‪َ .‬ﻓﺒَﺤَ َﺚ ﻋَ ِﻦ ِﻣ ْﻔ ٍ‬ ‫ﻄ َ‬ ‫ري« و َُﻫﻮ ﻣَ ﻨْﻬُ ﻮ ُك ا ْﻟ ُﻘﻮَى ِﻣ ْﻦ ِﺷ ﱠﺪ ِة ا ْﻟﻤَ َﺮ ِض‪ ،‬ﻋَ َ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﻳ َْﻔﺘَﺤُ ﻬﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ‪َ ،‬و َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ َرأَى »أَﺑﺎ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ِﻴﺲ ﻧ ُ ُﻘﻮ ِد ِه ِﻟﻴُﻌْ ِﻄ َﻲ‬ ‫ري« ﻋَ ْﻦ ﻛ ِ‬ ‫َو َر ﱠق َﻟ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﻠﺒُﻪُ‪َ ،‬و َو ﱠﻛ َﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ ﺧﺎدِ ﻣً ﺎ ﻳ َْﺨ ُﺪ ُﻣﻪُ‪َ .‬وﺑَﺤَ َﺚ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﻤﺎل َﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ ﻳ َِﺠ ْﺪهُ‪َ .‬ﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺐُ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﻨْﺪ ُِق‪» :‬ﻻ ﻳَﺤْ ُﺰﻧ ْ َﻚ ذَ ِﻟ َﻚ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺐَ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﻨْﺪ ُِق َﺷﻴْﺌًﺎ ِﻣ َﻦ ا ْﻟ ِ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ أَﺧِ ﻲ‪َ ،‬ﻓ ِﺈﻧﱢﻲ َﻟ ْﺴ ُﺖ ِﰲ ﺣﺎﺟَ ٍﺔ َ‬ ‫ﻤﺎل‪ «.‬وَﻣﺎ زا َل ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺐُ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﻨْﺪ ُِق ﻳ ِ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫إﱃ ا ْﻟ ِ‬ ‫ُﻮاﳼ »أَﺑﺎ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫‪8‬‬


‫أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻري وَأَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ري‬

‫َوﻳُﻌْ ﻨَﻰ ِﺑﺄَﻣْ ِﺮ ِه — ﻋِ ﱠﺪ َة أ َ ْﺷﻬُ ٍﺮ — ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ ُﺷﻔِ َﻲ ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻣَ َﺮ ِﺿ ِﻪ‪ ،‬وَﻋﺎ َد إ َﻟﻴْ ِﻪ ﻧَﺸﺎ ُ‬ ‫ﻃ ُﻪ و َُﻗ ﱠﻮﺗُﻪُ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﺨ َﺮجَ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﻮاق ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺔ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﺮأَى ِزﺣﺎﻣً ﺎ َﺷﺪِﻳﺪًا أَﻣﺎ َم ﻣَ ْ‬ ‫ﺼﺒ ََﻐ ٍﺔ َﻛ ِﺒريَةٍ‪.‬‬ ‫ِﻣ َﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﻨْﺪ ُِق‪ ،‬وَﻣَ َﴙ ِﰲ إﺣْ ﺪَى أ ْﺳ ِ‬ ‫ﺻﺪ َ‬ ‫َوﻧ َ َ‬ ‫ﻴﺎب‪َ .‬و َرأَى َ‬ ‫ﻈ َﺮ ِﰲ ا ْﻟﻤَ ْ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫ِﻳﻘ ُﻪ »أَﺑﺎ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ﺼﺒ ََﻐ ِﺔ َﻓ َﺮأَى َﻛ ِﺜريًا ِﻣ َﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺨ َﺪ ِم ﻋَ َﻠﻴ ِْﻬ ْﻢ أ َ ْﻓ َﺨ ُﺮ اﻟﺜ ﱢ ِ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻟ ًِﺴﺎ ِﰲ َ‬ ‫ري« أ َ َﺷ ﱠﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِح ِﺑﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎن — و َُﻫ َﻮ ﻳَﺄ ْ ُﻣ ُﺮ َوﻳَﻨْﻬَ ﻰ — َﻓ َﻔ ِﺮحَ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﺻﺪ ِْر ا ْﻟﻤَ ِ‬ ‫ﺻﺪ ُ‬ ‫ِﻴﻖ‪ .‬وَﻗﺎ َل ِﰲ ﻧ َ ْﻔ ِﺴ ِﻪ‪َ » :‬ﻟﻌَ ﱠﻠ ُﻪ ُﺷﻐِ َﻞ ﻋَ ﻨﱢﻲ ُ‬ ‫ﻧﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬ ‫ﻃﻮ َل َﻫ ِﺬ ِه ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ﱠﺪ ِة‬ ‫ﺠﺎح وَاﻟﺘﱠ ْﻮﻓ ِ‬ ‫ِﻳﻘ ُﻪ ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟﻨ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﺼﺒ ََﻐ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻜ ِﺒريَةِ! وَﻻ َﺷ ﱠﻚ أَﻧ ﱠ ُﻪ َﺳﻴ َْﻔ َﺮحُ أ َ َﺷ ﱠﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِح ﺣِ َ‬ ‫ِﺑﺘَﻨ ْ ِﻈﻴ ِﻢ َﻫ ِﺬ ِه ا ْﻟﻤَ ْ‬ ‫ني ﻳَﺮاﻧِﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑَﻌْ َﺪ أ َ ْن‬ ‫ﻴﺖ ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻣَ َﺮ ِﴈ!« ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ د َ‬ ‫ُﺷﻔِ ُ‬ ‫ِﻴﻖ‪،‬‬ ‫َﺧ َﻞ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﺠﺎح وَاﻟﺘﱠ ْﻮﻓ ِ‬ ‫ري« ِﻟﻴُﻬَ ﻨﱢﺊَ ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺒَ ُﻪ ِﺑﻤﺎ ﻧﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟﻨ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫َو َﻟﻜ ِْﻦ ﺧﺎبَ َ‬ ‫ري« ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ ﺻﺎحَ ِﺑ ِﻪ ِ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺿﺒًﺎ‪» :‬أ َ َﻻ ﺗَﺰا ُل — أَﻳﱡﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻇﻨﱡﻪُ؛ َﻓﻤﺎ ﻛﺎ َد ﻳَﺮا ُه »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ﺺ ا ْﻟ َﺨ ِﺒ ُ‬ ‫ﻴﺚ — ﺗَﺘَ َﺴ ﱠﻠ ُﻞ َ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱢﻠ ﱡ‬ ‫إﱃ ﻣَ ْ‬ ‫ﴎ ْﻗﺘَ ُﻪ ِﻣﻨﱢﻲ‬ ‫ﴪ َق اﻟﺜﱢﻴﺎبَ ِﻣﻨْﻬﺎ؟ أ َ َﻟ ْﻢ ﻳَ ْﻜﻔِ َﻚ ﻣﺎ َ َ‬ ‫ﺼﺒ ََﻐﺘِﻲ ِﻟﺘَ ْ ِ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎ ِﺑ َﻘ ِﺔ؟ َو ِ‬ ‫ِﰲ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﱠﺮ ِ‬ ‫ات ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﴪ َﻗ ِﺔ ﺑَﻌْ َﺪ َﻫﺬا ا ْﻟﻴَ ْﻮ ِم‪ «.‬ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ‬ ‫ﷲ ﻻ ﺑُ ﱠﺪ ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻋِ ﻘﺎ ِﺑ َﻚ ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ ﻻ ﺗَﻌُ ﻮ َد إ ِ َﱃ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﴬ ِﺑ ِﻪ‪ ،‬ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ أ َ ْﻟ َﻘﻮْا ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﰲ اﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻳﻖ‪.‬‬ ‫أَﻣَ َﺮ ﻏِ ْﻠﻤﺎﻧ َ ُﻪ ِﺑ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻄ ِﺮ ِ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫)‪ (9‬ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ﺎ ُم »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ري« ﻋﺎ َد إ ِ َﱃ ُﻏ ْﺮ َﻓﺘ ِِﻪ ﻣَ ﺤْ ُﺰوﻧًﺎ ُﻣﺘَﺄ َ ﱢﻟﻤً ﺎ ِﻣﻤﱠ ﺎ ﺣَ ﺪ َ‬ ‫َو َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ أ َ َ‬ ‫َث َﻟﻪُ‪ .‬ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ َﺧ َﺮجَ ِﰲ ا ْﻟﻴَ ْﻮ ِم‬ ‫ﻓﺎق »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﺎس‪ :‬أَﻳ َْﻦ ﻳ َْﺴﺘَﺤِ ﻤﱡ َ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﱠ ِﺎﱄ ﻳَﺒْﺤَ ُﺚ ﻋَ ْﻦ ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ﺎ ٍم ﻳ َْﺴﺘَﺤِ ﱡﻢ ﻓِ ﻴ ِﻪ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ ﻳَﺠَ ﺪْ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺴﺄ َ َل اﻟﻨ ﱠ َ‬ ‫ﻮن؟ َﻓﻘﺎﻟُﻮا َﻟﻪُ‪:‬‬ ‫»إﻧﱠﻨﺎ ﻧَﺬْ َﻫﺐُ إ ِ َﱃ ا ْﻟﺒَﺤْ ِﺮ ِﻟﻨ َ ْﺴﺘَﺤِ ﱠﻢ ﻓِ ﻴ ِﻪ‪َ «.‬ﻓﻘﺎ َل ِﰲ ﻧ َ ْﻔ ِﺴ ِﻪ‪ :‬ﱠ‬ ‫»إن ﺟَ ﻤﺎ َل َﻫ ِﺬ ِه ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻜ ِﺒريَ ِة ﻻ‬ ‫ﴈ‬ ‫ري« إ ِ َﱃ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﻠِﻚِ ‪ ،‬و َ َ‬ ‫َﴍحَ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻓِ ْﻜ َﺮﺗَﻪُ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﺮ ِ َ‬ ‫ﻳَ ِﺘ ﱡﻢ ﱠإﻻ إِذا أُﻧ ْ ِﺸﺊَ ﻓِ ﻴﻬﺎ ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ﺎمٌ‪ «.‬ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ َذ َﻫﺐَ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﻜﺎن ِﰲ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺔ — و َْﻓ َﻖ ﻣﺎ ﻳ َْﺸﺘَ ِﻬﻲ »أَﺑُﻮ‬ ‫ﻋَ ﻨْﻬﺎ‪ ،‬وَأﻣَ َﺮ ِﺑ ِﺒﻨﺎءِ ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ﺎ ٍم َﻓ ْﺨ ٍﻢ — ِﰲ أﺣْ َﺴ ِﻦ ﻣَ ٍ‬ ‫ري« إ ِ َﱃ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﻠِﻚِ ‪َ ،‬ودَﻋﺎ ُه إ ِ َﱃ ِزﻳﺎ َر ِة‬ ‫ري«‪َ .‬و َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ َﻓ َﺮ ُﻏﻮا ِﻣ ْﻦ ِﺑﻨﺎﺋ ِِﻪ َوإﻋْ ﺪادِ هِ‪ ،‬ذَ َﻫﺐَ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ِﻈﺎﻣ ِﻪ َوﻧ َ َ‬ ‫ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ِﺎﻣ ِﻪ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻠﻤﱠ ﺎ د َ‬ ‫ﴎ ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻧ ِ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫َﺧ َﻞ ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ ا ْﻟﺤَ ﻤﱠ ﺎ َم ُ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻈﺎﻓﺘ ِِﻪ‪ ،‬وَأُﻋْ ِﺠﺐَ ِﺑﺬَﻛﺎءِ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫َﻛﺎﻓﺄ َ‬ ‫راﺿﻴًﺎ‪ .‬و َ‬ ‫ﴪو ًرا ِ‬ ‫وَأ َ َد ِﺑ َﻪ إِﻋْ ﺠﺎﺑًﺎ َﻛ ِﺒريًا‪ .‬ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ َﺧ َﺮجَ ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ — ﺑَﻌْ َﺪ أ َ ِن ْ‬ ‫اﺳﺘَﺤَ ﱠﻢ ﻓِ ﻴ ِﻪ — ﻣَ ْ ُ‬ ‫ري« أَﺣْ َﺴ َﻦ ﻣ َ‬ ‫ُﻜﺎﻓﺄَةٍ‪ .‬و َِﰲ ْاﻷَﻳﱠﺎ ِم اﻟﺘﱠﺎ ِﻟﻴَ ِﺔ زا َر ْاﻷُﻣَ ﺮاءُ وَا ْﻟ ُﻮ َزراءُ وَأَﻋْ ﻴﺎ ُن ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺔ ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ﺎ َم‬ ‫»أَﺑﺎ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫اﻹﻋْ ﺠﺎبَ ُﻛ ﱠﻠﻪُ‪ .‬و َ‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻛﺮا ِم‪َ ،‬ﻓﺄَﺣَ ﺒﱡﻮ ُه ﺟَ ِﻤﻴﻌً ﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫»أ َ ِﺑﻲ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ري«‪ ،‬وَأُﻋْ ِﺠﺒُﻮا ِﺑ ِﻪ ْ ِ‬ ‫َﻛﺎن ﻳُ ْﻜ ِﺮﻣُﻬُ ْﻢ ﻏﺎﻳ ََﺔ ْ ِ‬ ‫َوﺗَﺘﺎﺑَ َﻊ اﻟﻨ ﱠ ُ‬ ‫ﺎس ﻋَ َﲆ ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ِﺎﻣ ِﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪9‬‬


‫أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻري وَأَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ري‬

‫ري« ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺐَ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﻨْﺪ ُِق ا ﱠﻟﺬِي َ‬ ‫آﺳﺎ ُه ِﰲ ﻣَ َﺮ ِﺿ ِﻪ‪َ ،‬ﻓﺪَﻋﺎ ُه إ ِ َﱃ ِزﻳﺎ َرﺗ ِِﻪ‬ ‫َو َﻟ ْﻢ ﻳَﻨ ْ َﺲ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫وَأ َ ْﻛ َﺮﻣَ ﻪُ‪ ،‬وَأ َ ْر َﺳ َﻞ إ ِ َﻟﻴْ ِﻪ َﻛ ِﺜريًا ِﻣ َﻦ ا ْﻟﻬَ ﺪاﻳﺎ ا ْﻟﻔﺎﺧِ َﺮ ِة وَاﻟﻨﱠﻔﺎﺋ ِِﺲ ا ْﻟﻐﺎ ِﻟﻴَ ِﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ري« ﻳَ ُﺰو ُر ا ْﻟﺤَ ﻤﱠ ﺎ َم‬ ‫)‪» (10‬أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ري« ِﺑﺤَ ﻤﱠ ﺎ ِم ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ ا ﱠﻟﺬِي ذا َع ِﺻﻴﺘُﻪُ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﺬ َﻫﺐَ إ ِ َﻟﻴْ ِﻪ‪َ .‬و َﻟ ْﻢ ﻳَ َﻜ ْﺪ ﻳَ َﺮى ﺻﺎﺣِ ﺒَ ُﻪ‬ ‫و ََﺳ ِﻤ َﻊ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫َﴐﺑَ ُﻪ َو َ‬ ‫ري« ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ أ َ ْﻗﺒَ َﻞ ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ ِﻪ وَﻋﺎﻧ َ َﻘﻪُ‪ُ ،‬ﻣﺘَ ِ‬ ‫ﻃ ْﺮ َدهُ‪ .‬وَﻗﺎ َل َﻟﻪُ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺳﻴًﺎ إِﺳﺎءَﺗَ ُﻪ إ ِ َﻟﻴْ ِﻪ و َ ْ‬ ‫»أَﺑﺎ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﺻﺪ َ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺪ ُ‬ ‫»أ َ َﻫ ِﺬ ِه ﻳﺎ أَﺧِ ﻲ ﻫِ َﻲ ﺣُ ُﻘ ُ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤْ ﺒَ ِﺔ؟ أَﻫ َﻜﺬا ﻳَﻨ ْ َﴗ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻮق ﱡ‬ ‫ِﻳﻖ َ‬ ‫ِﻳﻘﻪُ؟ َﻟ َﻘ ْﺪ ﺑَﺤَ ﺜ ْ ُﺖ ﻋَ ﻨ ْ َﻚ ِﰲ‬ ‫ري« ِﻣ ْﻦ َﻛﻼ ِم ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ‪ ،‬وَﻗﺎ َل َﻟﻪُ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻜﺎن َﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ أَﻋْ ﺜ ُ ْﺮ ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ َﻚ‪َ ،‬ﻓﺄَﻳ َْﻦ ُﻛﻨ ْ َﺖ؟« َﻓﺘَﻌَ ﺠﱠ ﺐَ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ُﻛ ﱢﻞ ﻣَ ٍ‬ ‫اﻹﻫﺎﻧ َ َﺔ وَاﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺼﺒ ََﻐ ِﺘ َﻚ ﻟ ِِﺰﻳﺎ َرﺗِ َﻚ‪ ،‬و َ‬ ‫ﻄ ْﺮدَ؟« َﻓﺘَ َ‬ ‫»أ َ َﻟ ْﻢ أَذْ َﻫﺐْ إ ِ َﱃ ﻣَ ْ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫ﻈﺎﻫ َﺮ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫َﻛﺎن ﻧ َ ِﺼﻴ ِﺒﻲ ْ ِ‬ ‫ِﺑ ْﺎﻷ َ َﺳ ِﻒ‪ ،‬وَﻗﺎ َل َﻟﻪُ‪» :‬ﻻ ﺣَ ْﻮ َل وَﻻ ُﻗ ﱠﻮ َة إ ِ ﱠﻻ ِﺑﺎهلل ِ! َﻟ َﻘ ْﺪ ﺣَ ِﺴﺒْﺘُ َﻚ ﻳﺎ أَﺧِ ﻲ — ﻟ ُِﺴﻮءِ ا ْﻟﺤَ ﱢ‬ ‫���‬ ‫ﻴﺎب‪ .‬و ََﻗ ْﺪ ُﻛﻨ ْ ُﺖ ﻣَ ْﺸ ُﻐ ً‬ ‫— اﻟ ﱢﻠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻮﻻ َﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ أَﺗَﺜَﺒ ْﱠﺖ ِﻣ ْﻦ ُر ْؤﻳَﺘِ َﻚ! َو َﻟﻌَ ﱠﻞ‬ ‫ﺺ ا ﱠﻟﺬِي ﺗَﻌَ ﱠﻮ َد َ ِ‬ ‫ﴎ َﻗ َﺔ اﻟﺜ ﱢ ِ‬ ‫ا ْﻟﻤَ َﺮ َ‬ ‫ﻼﻣ ِﺢ وَﺟْ ِﻬ َﻚ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ أَﻋْ ِﺮ ْﻓ َﻚ! َو َﻟ َﻘ ْﺪ َﻛ َ‬ ‫ري ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻣَ ِ‬ ‫َاﺟ ِﺐ ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ َﻚ أ َ ْن ﺗُﻨَﺒﱢﻬَ ﻨِﻲ‬ ‫ض َﻗ ْﺪ َﻏ ﱠ َ‬ ‫ﺎن ِﻣ َﻦ ا ْﻟﻮ ِ‬ ‫إ ِ َﱃ َﺧ َ‬ ‫ﻄﺌِﻲ — ﺣِ ﻴﻨ َ ِﺌ ٍﺬ — َوﺗَﺬْ ُﻛ َﺮ ِﱄ َ ْ‬ ‫َاﻹ ْﻛﺮا ِم«‪.‬‬ ‫اﺳﻤَ َﻚ ِﻷُﻗﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ َﻚ ِﺑﻤﺎ أَﻧ ْ َﺖ أ َ ْﻫﻠُ ُﻪ ِﻣ َﻦ ﱠ ْ‬ ‫اﻟﱰﺣِ ِ‬ ‫ﻴﺐ و ْ ِ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫)‪ (11‬ﻧ َ ِﺼﻴﺤَ ُﺔ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ري« َﻛﻼ َم ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ‪ ،‬ﺣَ ِﺴﺒَ ُﻪ ﺻﺎدِ ًﻗﺎ ِﰲ دَﻋْ ﻮا ُه َﻓﻌَ ﺬَ َرهُ‪ ،‬وَأ َ ْﻛ َﺮﻣَ ُﻪ ُﻛ ﱠﻞ‬ ‫َو َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ َﺳ ِﻤ َﻊ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ري« ﻋَ ْﻦ َﺳﺒ َِﺐ إِﻧْﺸﺎﺋ ِِﻪ َﻫﺬا ا ْﻟﺤَ ﻤﱠ ﺎمَ‪َ ،‬ﻗ ﱠ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫ﺺ ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ ِﻪ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫اﻹ ْﻛﺮا ِم‪َ .‬و َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ َﺳﺄ َ َﻟ ُﻪ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ِْ‬ ‫ري«‪َ » :‬و َﻟ ِﻜﻨ ﱠ َﻚ ﻧ َ ِﺴ َ‬ ‫ﻗِ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻴﺖ َﺷﻴْﺌًﺎ واﺣِ ﺪًا ﻻ ﻳَ ْﻜ ُﻤ ُﻞ ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ﺎ ُﻣ َﻚ إ ِ ﱠﻻ ِﺑ ِﻪ!«‬ ‫ﺼﺘَ ُﻪ ُﻛ ﱠﻠﻬﺎ‪َ .‬ﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ري«‪» :‬وَﻣﺎ ُﻫﻮَ؟« َﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟﻪُ‪» :‬أَﻧ ْ َﺖ ﺣَ ﱠﻼ ٌق ذَﻛ ﱞِﻲ ﻣﺎﻫِ ٌﺮ ِﰲ ِﺻﻨﺎﻋَ ِﺘ َﻚ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻮ‬ ‫َﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﺣَ َﻠ ْﻘ َﺖ ِﻟ ْﻠﻤَ ﻠِﻚِ — ﺣِ َ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫ني ﻳَ ُﺰو ُر ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ﺎﻣَ َﻚ — َﻟﺰا َد ِﺑﺬَ ِﻟ َﻚ ُ ُ‬ ‫ﴎو ُر ُه ِﻣﻨ ْ َﻚ‪َ «.‬ﻓﺤَ ِﺴﺒَ ُﻪ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﻣ ْ‬ ‫ُﺨﻠ ً‬ ‫ِﺼﺎ ِﰲ ﻧ َ ِﺼﻴﺤَ ﺘ ِِﻪ‪ ،‬و ََﺷ َﻜ َﺮﻫﺎ َﻟﻪُ‪َ ،‬ووَﻋَ َﺪ ُه ِﺑﺘَﺤْ ﻘِ ﻴﻘِﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

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‫أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻري وَأَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ري‬

‫ري«‬ ‫)‪ِ (12‬وﺷﺎﻳ َُﺔ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ُﴪﻋً ﺎ إ ِ َﱃ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﻠِﻚِ ‪ ،‬وَﻗﺎ َل َﻟﻪُ‪َ » :‬ﻟﻴ َْﺲ ِﰲ‬ ‫ري« ِﻣ ْﻦ ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ﺎ ِم ﺻﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ‪ ،‬ذَ َﻫﺐَ ﻣ ْ ِ‬ ‫َو َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ َﺧ َﺮجَ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ُﻗ ْﺪ َرﺗِﻲ ﻳﺎ ﻣَ ﻮْﻻيَ أ َ ْن أ َ ْﻛﺘُ َﻢ ﻋَ ﻨ ْ َﻚ ﺣَ ﻘِ َ‬ ‫ﻴﻘ َﺔ َﻫﺬا اﻟ ﱠﺮﺟُ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺨ ِﺒ ِ‬ ‫ﻴﺚ ا ْﻟﻤﺎﻛ ِِﺮ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ ﺟﺎءَ َﻫﺬا ا ْﻟﺒَ َﻠ َﺪ‬ ‫ري«‪» :‬إﻧﱢﻲ أَﻋْ ِﺮ ُ‬ ‫ﻟ َِﻘﺘْ ِﻠ َﻚ‪َ «.‬ﻓﺪُﻫِ َﺶ ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ‪َ ،‬و َﻟ ْﻢ ﻳ َ‬ ‫ف َﻫﺬا اﻟ ﱠﺮﺟُ َﻞ‪ .‬و ََﻗ ْﺪ‬ ‫ُﺼﺪ ْﱢﻗﻪُ‪َ .‬ﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ﱪﻧِﻲ أ َ ﱠن ﻣَ ِﻠ َﻚ ا ْﻟﺠَ ﺰاﺋ ِِﺮ — ا ﱠﻟﺬِي اﻧْﺘَ َﴫ َ‬ ‫ْت ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ ِﻪ ِﰲ ا ْﻟﻌﺎ ِم ا ْﻟ ِ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﴈ و ََﻗﻬَ ْﺮﺗَ ُﻪ — أَو َْﻓ َﺪ ُه‬ ‫أ َ ْﺧ َ َ‬ ‫إﱃ ﻣَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺘ َﻚ ِﻟﻴَﺤْ ﺘﺎ َل ﻟ َِﻘﺘْ ِﻠ َﻚ‪َ ،‬ووَﻋَ َﺪ ُه ِﺑﻤ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُﻜﺎﻓﺄ َ ٍة ﻋَ ِﻈﻴﻤَ ٍﺔ إِذا ﻧَﺠَ ﺢَ ِﰲ ﻣَ ﻜِﻴ َﺪﺗ ِِﻪ‪َ .‬ﻓﺎﺣْ ﺬَ ْر ُه — ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﴍ ِه ِﰲ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﱠﺮ ِة ْاﻷ ُ َ‬ ‫وﱃ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻣَ ﻮْﻻيَ — وَاﺣْ ﻤَ ِﺪ ﷲ َ ﻋَ َﲆ ﻧَﺠَ ﺎ ِﺗ َﻚ ِﻣ ْﻦ َ ﱢ‬ ‫َﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ‪» :‬وَﻣﺎ ﻫِ َﻲ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﻜِﻴ َﺪ ُة ا ﱠﻟﺘِﻲ َدﺑﱠ َﺮﻫﺎ ﻟ َِﻘﺘْ ِﲇ؟« َﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟﻪُ‪َ :‬ﺳﻴَﺪْﻋُ ﻮ َك إ ِ َﱃ ِزﻳﺎ َر ِة‬ ‫ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ِﺎﻣ ِﻪ ﻣَ ﱠﺮ ًة أ ُ ْﺧ َﺮى‪ ،‬ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ ﻳ َُﻘﻮ ُل َﻟ َﻚ‪ :‬إﻧ ﱠ ُﻪ ﺣَ ﱠﻼ ٌق ﻣﺎﻫِ ٌﺮ‪َ ،‬وإ ِ ﱠن ِاﻻ ْﺳﺘِﺤْ ﻤﺎ َم ﻻ ﻳَﺘِ ﱡﻢ إ ِ ﱠﻻ ِﺑﺎ ْﻟﺤِ َ‬ ‫ﻼﻗ ِﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫و ََﻗ ْﺪ أَﻋَ ﱠﺪ ﻟ َِﻘﺘْ ِﻠ َﻚ ﻣ َ‬ ‫ُﻮﳻ ِ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺿﻴ ًَﺔ ﻣَ ْﺴﻤُﻮﻣَ ًﺔ«‪.‬‬ ‫)‪َ (13‬ﻏ َ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫ﻀﺐُ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﻠِﻚِ ﻋَ َﲆ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ري« إ ِ َﱃ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﻠِﻚِ َودَﻋﺎ ُه إ ِ َﱃ ِزﻳﺎ َر ِة ﺣَ ﻤﱠ ِﺎﻣ ِﻪ‪َ ،‬و َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ ﻋَ َﺮ َ‬ ‫ض ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ ِﻪ‬ ‫و َِﰲ ا ْﻟﻴَ ْﻮ ِم اﻟﺘﱠ ِﺎﱄ ذَ َﻫﺐَ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ُﻮﳻ ا ْﻟﺤِ َ‬ ‫أ َ ْن ﻳَﺤْ ﻠ َِﻖ َﻟﻪُ‪َ ،‬و َرأَى ِﰲ ﻳَ ِﺪ ِه ﻣ َ‬ ‫ري« ﺻﺎدِ ًﻗﺎ ِﰲ ِوﺷﺎﻳَﺘ ِِﻪ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻐ ِﻀﺐَ‬ ‫ﻼﻗ ِﺔ ﺣَ ِﺴﺐَ »أَﺑﺎ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ري« َﻏ َﻀﺒًﺎ َﺷﺪِﻳﺪًا‪ ،‬وَأَﻣَ َﺮ َﻛ ِﺒريَ ا ْﻟ َﺨ َﺪ ِم أ َ ْن ﻳ ََﻀﻌَ ُﻪ ِﰲ ﻏِ ﺮا َرةٍ‪) ،‬أَيْ ‪َ :‬زﻛِﻴﺒَ ٍﺔ(‪ ،‬ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ‬ ‫ﻋَ َﲆ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﻳُ ْﻠﻘِ ﻴَ ُﻪ ِﰲ ا ْﻟﺒَﺤْ ِﺮ‪َ ،‬وو ََﻗ َ‬ ‫ﻒ ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ ِﰲ اﻟﻨﱠﺎﻓِ ﺬَ ِة ﻟ َِرياهُ‪.‬‬ ‫)‪ (14‬ﺧﺎﺗَ ُﻢ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﻠِﻚِ‬ ‫ري« ِﻷ َ َد ِﺑ ِﻪ وَﻣَ ُﺮوءَﺗ ِِﻪ‪َ .‬ﻓ َ‬ ‫و َ‬ ‫ﻄ َﻠﺐَ ِﻣﻨ ْ ُﻪ أ َ ْن ﻳ َْﺨﺘَ ِﺒﺊَ ِﰲ ﺑَﻴْﺘ ِِﻪ‪ ،‬ﺛ ُ ﱠﻢ‬ ‫َﻛﺎن َﻛ ِﺒريُ ا ْﻟ َﺨ َﺪ ِم ﻳُﺤِ ﺐﱡ »أَﺑﺎ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﻳُﺴﺎﻓِ َﺮ إ ِ َﱃ ﺑَ َﻠ ِﺪ ِه ِﰲ أَو ِﱠل َﺳﻔِ ﻴﻨ َ ٍﺔ ﻗﺎدِ ﻣَ ٍﺔ ﺣَ ﺘﱠﻰ ﻻ ﻳَﺮا ُه ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ‪َ .‬وذَ َﻫﺐَ َﻛ ِﺒريُ ا ْﻟ َﺨ َﺪ ِم َﻓﻤَ َﻸ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ي‪ :‬اﻟ ﱠﺰﻛِﻴﺒ ََﺔ( ﺣِ ﺠﺎ َر ًة َو َرﻣْ ًﻼ‪َ ،‬وو ََﻗ َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﴫ‬ ‫ﻒ ﻋَ َﲆ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻃ ِﺊ ا ْﻟﺒَﺤْ ِﺮ ﺗَﺤْ َﺖ ﻧﺎﻓِ ﺬَ ِة ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْ ِ‬ ‫ا ْﻟﻐِ ﺮا َر َة )أ ِ‬ ‫ِﻲ‪ .‬وَأَﺷﺎ َر ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ إ ِ َﻟﻴْ ِﻪ أ َ ْن ﻳُ ْﻠﻘِ َﻲ ا ْﻟﻐِ ﺮا َر َة َﻓﺄ َ ْﻟﻘﺎﻫﺎ‪ ،‬و ََﺳ َﻘ َ‬ ‫ﻂ ﺧﺎﺗَ ُﻢ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻠﻚِ ِﻣ ْﻦ إ ِ ْ‬ ‫ﺻﺒ َِﻊ‬ ‫ا ْﻟﻤَ َﻠﻜ ﱢ‬ ‫ري ا ْﻟ َﺨ َﺪ ِم‪َ .‬ﻓﻌﺎ َد ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ و َُﻫ َﻮ ﻣَ ْﻐﻤُﻮ ٌم أ َ َﺷ ﱠﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻐﻢﱢ‪ .‬وَﺟَ َﻠ َﺲ »أَﺑُﻮ‬ ‫ا ْﻟﻤَ ﻠِﻚِ ‪ ،‬و َُﻫ َﻮ ﻳ ُِﺸريُ ِﺑ ِﻪ إ ِ َﱃ َﻛ ِﺒ ِ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻤَ َﻜ َﺔ ْاﻷ ُ َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎﺻﻄﺎ َد َﺳﻤَ ًﻜﺎ َﻛ ِﺜريًا‪َ .‬و َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ َﺷ ﱠﻖ ﱠ‬ ‫َﺼﻄﺎ ُد ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻤَ َﻚ‪َ ،‬ﻓ ْ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻃ ِﺊ ا ْﻟﺒَﺤْ ِﺮ ﻳ ْ‬ ‫ري« ﻋَ َﲆ‬ ‫وﱃ‬ ‫ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫‪11‬‬


‫أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻري وَأَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ري‬

‫وَﺟَ َﺪ ﻓِ ﻴﻬﺎ ﺧﺎﺗَ َﻢ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻠﻚِ َﻓ َﻠ ِﺒ َﺴﻪُ‪َ ،‬و َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ ﻋﺎ َد َﻛ ِﺒريُ ا ْﻟ َﺨ َﺪ ِم إ ِ َﱃ ﺑَﻴْﺘ ِِﻪ أ َ ْر َﺳ َﻞ إ ِ َﻟﻴْ ِﻪ ﺧﺎدِ ﻣً ﺎ َﻓﺄَﺷﺎ َر‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻤَ َﻚ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﺴ َﻘ َ‬ ‫ري« أ َ ْن ﻳَﺤْ ِﻤ َﻞ ﱠ‬ ‫ري« أ َ َﺷ ﱠﺪ‬ ‫ﻂ َرأ ْ ُﺳ ُﻪ ﻋَ ْﻦ ﺟَ َﺴ ِﺪهِ‪َ .‬ﻓﺪُﻫِ َﺶ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫إ ِ َﻟﻴْ ِﻪ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫د َْﻫ َﺸ ٍﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫)‪ (15‬ﻋﺎﻗِ ﺒ َُﺔ ا ْﻟﺨِ ﻴﺎﻧ َ ِﺔ‬ ‫َو َﻟﻤﱠ ﺎ ﺟﺎءَ ُه َﻛ ِﺒريُ ا ْﻟ َﺨ َﺪ ِم‪َ ،‬و َرأَى ا ْﻟﺨﺎﺗَ َﻢ ِﰲ إ ِ ْ‬ ‫ﺻﺒَﻌِ ِﻪ ﻗﺎ َل َﻟﻪُ‪» :‬اﺣْ ﺬَ ْر أ َ ْن ﺗُ ِﺸريَ ِﺑﺨﺎﺗَ ِﻤ َﻚ َوإ ِ ﱠﻻ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺴﺎن َﻗﺘَ َﻠ ُﻪ ِﻣ ْﻦ‬ ‫أ ْﻫ َﻠ ْﻜﺘَﻨِﻲ‪َ ،‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠن ﻣَ ِﻠ َﻜﻨﺎ ﻻ ﻳَﺤْ ُﻜ ُﻢ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ِﻋﻴ َﱠﺔ إ ِ ﱠﻻ ِﺑ ِﻪ‪ ،‬و َُﻫ َﻮ إذا أﺷﺎ َر ِﺑ ِﻪ إ ِ َﱃ أيﱢ إِﻧ ْ ٍ‬ ‫اﺳﺘِﻄﺎﻋَ ِﺘ َﻚ أ َ ْن ﺗَ ِﺼريَ ﻣَ ِﻠ َﻚ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﺪِﻳﻨ َ ِﺔ َ‬ ‫و َْﻗﺘ ِِﻪ‪ .‬و َِﰲ ْ‬ ‫ري« إ ِ َﱃ ا ْﻟﻤَ ﻠِﻚِ وَأَﻋﺎ َد‬ ‫اﻵن‪َ «.‬ﻓﺬَ َﻫﺐَ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫إ ِ َﻟﻴْ ِﻪ ا ْﻟﺨﺎﺗَﻢَ‪َ .‬ﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ‪ُ :‬‬ ‫»ﻗ ْﻞ ِﱄ ِﺑﻤﺎذا أُﻛﺎﻓِ ﺌُ َﻚ ﻋَ َﲆ ﻣَ ﻌْ ُﺮو ِﻓ َﻚ؟ َﻓﻘﺎ َل َﻟﻪُ‪ :‬أ َ ِرﻳ ُﺪ أ َ ْن‬ ‫أَﻋْ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫ري« ِﻣﻤﱠ ﺎ‬ ‫ف ﻳﺎ ﻣَ ﻮْﻻيَ َﺳﺒَﺐَ َﻏ َﻀ ِﺒ َﻚ ﻋَ َﲇﱠ‪َ «.‬ﻓﺄ َ ْﺧ َ َ‬ ‫ري«‪َ .‬ﻓﻌَ ِﺠﺐَ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﱪ ُه ِﺑﻤﺎ ﻗﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ري«‪ ،‬وَأَﻣَ َﺮ ِﺑﻮ ْ‬ ‫ﺺ ﻋَ َﻠﻴْ ِﻪ ﻗِ ﱠ‬ ‫َﺳ ِﻤﻊَ‪ ،‬و ََﻗ ﱠ‬ ‫َﺿﻌِ ِﻪ ِﰲ ﻏِ ﺮا َرةٍ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺼﺘَ ُﻪ ﻣَ ﻌَ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻐ ِﻀﺐَ ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ ﻋَ َﲆ »أ َ ِﺑﻲ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫ري« َﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ ﻳ َْﻘﺒ َِﻞ ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ َﺷﻔﺎﻋَ ﺘَﻪُ‪ .‬و َ‬ ‫ري«‬ ‫َﻣﺎت »أَﺑُﻮ ﻗِ ٍ‬ ‫َوإ ِ ْﻟﻘﺎﺋ ِِﻪ ِﰲ ا ْﻟﺒَﺤْ ِﺮ‪ .‬و ََﺷ َﻔ َﻊ ﻓِ ﻴ ِﻪ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻓﺄ َ ُه ا ْﻟﻤَ ِﻠ ُﻚ أَﺣْ َﺴ َﻦ ﻣ َ‬ ‫ري« َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َ‬ ‫ُﻜﺎﻓﺄَةٍ‪ .‬وَﻋﺎ َد إ ِ َﱃ‬ ‫ا ْﻟ ِﻤﻴﺘَ َﺔ ا ﱠﻟﺘِﻲ َدﺑﱠ َﺮﻫﺎ ﻟِﺼﺎﺣِ ِﺒ ِﻪ‪ ،‬أَﻣﱠ ﺎ »أَﺑُﻮ ِﺻ ٍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎل‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎل‪ ،‬وَأ َ ْﻫﻨَﺄِ ٍ‬ ‫اﻹ ْﺳ َﻜﻨْﺪ َِرﻳﱠ ِﺔ وَﺻﺎ َر ِﻣ ُﻦ أ َ ْﻏﻨِﻴﺎﺋِﻬﺎ‪ .‬و ََﻗ َﴣ ﺣَ ﻴﺎﺗَ ُﻪ ُﻛ ﱠﻠﻬﺎ ﻋَ َﲆ أَﺣْ َﺴ ِﻦ ٍ‬ ‫ِْ‬

‫‪12‬‬


أبو.صير.وأبو.قير