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2015 VNLA Officers & Directors OFFICERS President SONYA L. WESTERVELT Public Relations ‘10 Saunders Brothers Inc 2717 Tye Brook Highway Piney River, VA 22964 (434) 277-5455 sonya@saundersbrothers.com


TOM THOMPSON, Environmental Affairs ‘10 Research Committee Natural Art Landscaping Lancaster Farms 3540 S Belmont Rd 5800 Knotts Neck Rd Richmond VA 23234-2912 Suffolk VA 23435-1353 (804) 674-5703 757-484-4421 Naturalartlandscaping@yaChristopher@lancasterfarms.com hoo.com CHRISTOPHER BROWN ‘13

Vice President BILL GOULDIN Bill Gouldin ‘12 ‘12 Strange’s Florist/Garden Ctrs 12111 W. Broad St. Richmond, VA 23233 804-360-2800 wjg@stranges.com

CRAIG ATTKISSON ‘13 Grower Guide Green Side Up Landscaping PO Box 2026 Glen Allen, VA 23058-2026 804-514-4610

Secretary/ Treasurer VIRGINIA ROCKWELL Legislation ‘12 Gentle Gardener Green Design PO Box 418 Gordonsville, VA 22942-0418 540-832-7031 (cell) 434-531-0467

JOSH ELLINGER, Environmental Affairs‘15 Waynesboro Nurseries PO Box 897 Waynesboro VA 22980-0987 540-946-3800 Cell: 540______ Josh@wnurseries.com



Past President MATT SHRECKHISE Communications ‘08 Shreckhise Nurseries PO Box 428 Grottoes, VA 24441-0428 540-249-5761 Matthew@shreckhise.com

Executive Director

BRENT HUNSINGER, Legislation’15 Brent's Native Plantings 10715 Hamilton's Crossing Dr Fredericksburg, VA 22408 443-655-3410 brenthunsinger@gmail.com DOUG RODES, Membership ‘15 James River Nurseries 13244 Ashland Rd Ashland VA 23005-7504 (804) 798-2020 Cell: (804) 380-5259 drodes@jamesrivernurseries.com

JEFFREY B. MILLER Horticulture Management Associates LLC 383 Coal Hollow Road Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 Educational Advisors 1-800-476-0055 Fax: 540-382-2716 DR. ROGER HARRIS info@vnla.org VA Tech Horticulture Dept. Head Saunders Hall (0327) Blacksburg, VA 24061-0001 540-231-5451 rharris@vt.edu

VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter


AARON WILLIAMS ‘14 Education Committee Williams Landscape & Design PO Box 7001 Williamsburg VA 23188-7001 757-564-7011 aaron@wldgreen.com

MANTS’ Directors JOHN LANCASTER‘02 Bennett’s Creek Nursery 3613 Bridge Road Suffolk, VA 23435-1807 757-483-1425 john@bcnursery.com ROBIN RINACA – 15 Eastern Shore Nursery of VA PO Box 400 Melfa, VA 23410-0400 757-787-4732 rrinaca@esnursery.com

DANNY SHRECKHISE Shreckhise Nurseries ‘12 PO Box 428 Grottoes, VA 24441-0428 540-249-5761 Danny@shreckhise.com

Educational Advisors DR. JIM OWEN HARAREC 1444 Diamond Springs Rd Virginia Beach, VA 23455 (757) 363-3804 jim.owen@vt.edu

January/February/March April / May / June 2015 2015

REGIONAL ASSOCIATIONS Central Virginia Nursery & Landscape Assoc. Mary Petres (804) 249-4438 mary@manchestergarden.com Eastern Shore Nurserymen’s Association Stuart Burnley 757-442-3548 hermfarm@verizon.net Hampton Roads Nursery & Landscape Assoc Wes Bray (757) 422-2117 wemows@aol.com Northern Virginia Nursery & Landscape Assoc Chuck Wood (703) 641-4790 chuck@wheats.com Piedmont Landscape Assoc Jessica Primm 434-882-0520 info@piedmontlandscape.org Shenandoah Valley Nursery & Greenhouse Assoc. Matt Shreckhise 540-249-5761 matthew@shreckhise.com

Directors at Large MIKE HILDEBRAND ‘12 James River Nurseries 13244 Ashland Rd Ashland VA 23005-7504 804-798-2020

mchildebrand@ jamesrivernurseries.com CHERYL LAJOIE Certification ‘09 Lancaster Farms 5800 Knotts Neck Rd Suffolk VA 23435-1353 757-484-4421 Cheryl@lancasterfarms.com


Table of Contents Ad - Bennett's Creek Nursery ...................................... 63 Ad - Bremo Trees......................................................... 64 Ad - Carolina Bark Products ........................................ 50 Ad - Bennett's Creek Nursery ...................................... 63 Ad - Bremo Trees......................................................... 64 Ad - Carolina Bark Products ........................................ 48 Ad - Eastern Shore Nursery of Virginia....................... 43 Ad - Fair View Nursery ............................................... 48 Ad - Farm Credit .......................................................... 64 Ad - Goodson and Associates ...................................... 26 Ad - Gossett's Landscape Nursery ............................... 55 Ad - Guthrie Nursery ................................................... 38 Ad - Hanover Farms..................................................... 9 Ad - Hawksridge Farms ............................................... 39 Ad - Johnston County Nursery Marketing Assoc ........ 47 Ad - Lancaster Farms ................................................... 45 Ad - Mid-Atlantic Solutions ........................................ 28 Ad - NC Summer Green Road Show ........................... 58 Ad - OHP - Marengo.................................................... 2 Ad - Pender Nursery .................................................... 53 Ad - Plantworks Nursery.............................................. 41 Ad - Shreckhise Nurseries............................................ 19 Ad - SiteLight Id .......................................................... 21 Ad - Southern Nursery Association, VNLA Discounts ..................................................................................... 61 Ad - Spring Meadow Nursery ...................................... 51 Ad - Turtle Creek Nursery ........................................... 35 Ad - Waynesboro Nurseries ......................................... 11 Ad - Willow Springs Tree Farms ................................. 61 Events - Calendar of Green Industry Events ................ 62 Events - Understanding What Millennials Want ........ 56 Events – SNA & Southern Plant Conference............... 60 Legislation - Horticulture Priorities through APHIS Farm Bill Program............... 19 Member Profile - Shade Tree Farm & VNLA Field Day Host .............................. 14 NALP's New Strategic Plan and Branding .................. 20 New – VA Tech: New School of Plant and Environmental Sciences .......................... 59 News - Alliance to Combat Invasive Plants Grows in California ................................................... 22 News - America's Love of Landscaping ...................... 10 News - Edwin J. Jones Recognized for his Service to Agribusiness ...................... 11 News - Fairfax County Horticulture Senior Agent Bordas Recognized ....................................... 12 News - Horticultural Research Institute Funds Key Pollinator Research Projects ................. 40 News - Horticulture Flexes Grassroots Muscle on Workforce Solutions ............................... 40 News - Neonicotinoid Pollinator Website .................. 48 News - New VSLD Officers ........................................ 38 4 4

News - Plants Really do Talk! ..................................... 55 News - Project EverGreen's "Healthy Turf. Healthy Kids."™ ...................... 37 News - Resources for Emerald Ash Borer and Pollinator Safety........................................ 48 News - Statement in Response to Lowe's Position on Neonicotinoids ............................................ 42 News - The Professional Landcare Network (Planet) Becomes the National Association of Landscape Professionals ................................. 20 News - Uncovering the Benefits of Turfgrass as a Ground Cover .......................................... 53 News - VA Tech Horticulture Department ................. 59 News - Virginia Hort. Ranks in Ag Commodities ...... 38 News - VNLA Recognizes General Assembly with Trees ...................................................... 7 Obituary - David Lajoie ............................................... 10 Obituary – Robert Warhurst ........................................ 9 Obituary - Paul Craven ................................................ 10 Research - Bee-friendly plants and pest management strategies - Part 1 ................ 45 Research - New Search Engine for Published USDA Research ....................................... 55 Research - Why should you consider marketing your plants as bee-friendly? - Part 2 .........46 Tips - 2015 Garden Trends Report .............................. 42 Tips - Efficiency: A Tale of Two Companies............. 51 Tips -Fun Facts about Natural Grass Lawns................ 54 Tips - The 8 Essential Elements of Conservation Landscaping .................................................... 24 VNLA - Certification Quiz #72 ................................... 33 VNLA - Certification Quiz Article #72 ....................... 24 VNLA - Field Day 2015 .............................................. 16 VNLA - Field Day Speakers/Topics............................ 17 VNLA - Hallowed Ground Living Legacy Tree Planting Ceremony ............................... ..8 VNLA - Landscape Management Workshop ............. 16 VNLA - New Virginia Certified Horticulturist! .......... 36 VNLA - Photo Contest Rules & Winner ..................... 23 VNLA - Save The Date ............................................... 13 VNLA - Spring Board Meeting Synopsis .................... 57 VNLA - Summer Tour ................................................ 18 VNLA Board Meeting Summary................................. 56 Welcome to New VNLA Members! ............................ 34

April/May/June April / May / June 2015

VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

VNLA VNLA Mission, Mission, Vision and Objectives Vision and Objectives for for 2015 2014 VNLA Mission, Vision and Objectives for 2014 Mission Statement: To Enhance and promote Vir-

Mission Statement: To Enhance and promote Virginia’s ginia’s nursery nursery and and landscape landscape industry. industry. Mission Statement: To Enhance and promote VirVision: leader andand resource for the Vision:totobecome becomethethe leader resource forVirthe ginia’s nursery and landscape industry. ginia nursery and and landscape industry. Virginia nursery landscape industry. Vision: to become the leader and resource for the VirObjectives Objectives ginia nursery and landscape industry. Educated, Available Educated, Available Skilled Skilled Labor Labor Force Force -- Goal: Goal: Objectives VNLA VNLA will will continue continue to to promote promote programs programs that that will will Educated, Available Skilled Labor Force - labor Goal: education, train and anan available skilled education, train andprovide provide available skilled laforce. borVNLA force. will continue to promote programs that will education, train and provide an available skilled labor Effective Effective Communication and and Advocacy Advocacy GOAL: GOAL: force. Communication VNLA VNLA will will effectively effepctivelycommunication communicationamong among staff, staff, Effective Communication andcommunity. Advocacy GOAL: board, members, partners board, members, partners and and the the community. VNLA will effepctively communication among staff, Maximizing and Allocation -- GOAL: Maximizing and partners Allocation Resources GOAL: board, members, and Resources the community. VNLA VNLA will will secure secure increased increased funding funding from from diverse diverse Maximizing and Allocation Resources - GOAL: sources thethe necessary staff,staff, boardboard and comsourcesand andsecure secure necessary and VNLA will secure increased funding from diverse mittee members to runtoarun dynamic organization. committee members a dynamic organization. sources and secure the necessary staff, board and com-

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mittee members run a dynamic organization. Expand Membership and -- GOAL: Membership andtoOutreach Outreach GOAL: Expand and and communicate the value of membership. communicate the value of membership. Membership and Outreach - GOAL: Expand and

communicate the value of membership. Stewardship -- GOAL: VNLA will Stewardship GOAL: VNLA will promote promote adoption adoption of Management Practices. of Best Best Management Practices. Stewardship - GOAL: VNLA will promote adoption of Best Management Strategic Marketing GOAL: Strategic Marketing --Practices. GOAL: VNLA VNLA will will promote promote itself as and of the itself as the the leader leader and resource resource ofVNLA thegreen green industry. Strategic Marketing - GOAL: willindustry. promote itself asWhat the leader and resource of the green industry. What are are members members problems? problems?

How are going to them are members problems? HowWhat are we we going to help help them become become successful? How are more we going to help them become more successful? more successful?

Support VNLA Member Growers! Online at www.VNLA.org New Native Plant Section!

Support VNLA For a print copy

Support VNLA call 1-800-476-0055 Member Growers! Support VNLA email info@vnla.org Member Member Growers! Online at Growers! www.VNLA.org Online at www.VNLA.org Online at Plant www.VNLA.org New Native Section! New New Native Plant Section! Native Plant For a print copySection! calla For 1-800-476-0055 For print copycopy a print Fall Review Class and Test for email info@vnla.org call 1-800-476-0055 call 1-800-476-0055 info@vnla.org email email info@vnla.org Virginia Certified Horticulturist

Crozet, VA Monday’s, 5:30-8:30 p.m. We Want to Hear From You! October 20 – December 8 Send you comments and suggestions to Exam, Saturday,1-800-476-0055 December 13 info@vnla.org Location TBA VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

VNLA Newsletter

/ May / June 2015 JulyApril /August / September 2014 October/November/December July/August/September 20142014

5 55


President’s Message Well isn’t this exciting! I’m thrilled to continue serving Virginia’s nursery and landscape professionals this year. Thank you for your steadfast support of the VNLA2015 over the years. Vol. 85, No.2; April/May/June I agree that it’s a terrific organization doing great things for Editor: Jeff Miller the betterment of our industry as whole and look forward to continuing that tradition of excellence. As we pass the baton for another year, I must take the opportunity to thank the leaders before me, in particular, Matt Shreckhise, for his service as President in 2014. We have 383 Coal Hollow Road; Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 a great team assembled for 2015 as we look to grow and evolve Internet E-mail Address: info@vnla.org into the organization you need www.vnla.org (Association Info) us to be. By the time you are reading this, we

https://www.facebook.c om/VNLA1932 will have completed another suc-

cessful MANTS and will be staring earnestly at the calendar Twitter: @vnla1932 and the weather report for the hopeful beginning of spring. Every year I am taken by how weather dependent our busiwww.VirginiaGardening.com (Consumer Info) ness is. Here’s to a steady season!or 1-800-476-0055 Telephone: 540-382-0943

Fax: 540-382-2716 We will have also watched the General Assembly in action. With the tremendous support offorthe Virginia Agribusiness Disclaimer: Published your information, thisown newsletter not an endorsement Council and our board isvolunteers and members, we ineditorial comments. fluenced for the individual legislativeproducts processorby providing timely information and positions on numerous issues that could affect how we do business in the future. So far, so good. And new this year, we will be honoring our public officials with the donation of five trees to The Journey Through Hallowed President’s Message Ground Living Legacy Tree Planting Project. What a spring! In my last note, I reExecutive Director Jeffmarked Miller that, has been busy attending “every year, I am meetings and seminars across In addition to more taken the by state. how weather dependent traditional industry events, will have Northour we business is.”gathered I still in feel that ern Virginia for a Member Happy Hour in February after a way! I’m writing this in mid-May successful first time Happy Hour Richmond in aDecemand can sayinthat it has been terrific ber. Stay tuned as we look to host more of this type of eventI spring. I hear it from customers. across the state in the coming hear itmonths. from other vendors. It was slow out gate, by butShade ramped up Field Day is shaping up and willofbethe hosted Tree and held steady.Tour I’m hoping we all Farm in Manassas in August. Summer will focus on more weeksarea of mild landscape operations inhave the several Northern Virginia and weather and consistent Weinto shall see! promises to offer terrificsales. insight how member firms operate. All of these events are a wonderful way and to keep conIn the midst of all of the growing and selling planting nected with your colleagues and what’s up and coming in and designing, the VNLA board has been busy keeping the the industry. More details are on the way. organization at the forefront of what we do as volunteers. We co-hosted a Member Happy Hour in Northern Virginia We Wantthe toNVNLA. Hear from YOU! in March alongside We spent hours brainstorming and critiquing designs for our new trade Send your comments and suggestions to show booth.info@vnla.org We kept tabs on new legislation and furthered dialog 1-800-476-0055 on pollinators and the H2A Program and invasive plants. We submitted a Request for Proposal to stakeholders for a new chapter on Sustainable Landscapes in the VNLA’s Virginia Certified Horticulturist curriculum. We met and called and emailed to make the final arrangements for all things


Vol.and 85, Summer No.1; January/February/March Field Day Tour. (See page 13-19 2015 for more details and make plans Editor: to attend!) And these are just a few of Jeff Miller the items I was involved in personally; the board is working on much more than this. And our trusty leader, Jeff Miller, is calm as always at the helm making sure we accomplish what needs accomplished and encouraging us to look for new ways to accomplish more.

Of particular note since our last newsletter, the VNLA honored the 2015 Virginia General Assembly with the planting 383 Coal Hollow Road; Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 of five trees in conjunction with The Journey Through HalInternet E-mail Address: lowed Ground Living Legacy Treeinfo@vnla.org Planting Project. Thanks www.vnla.org goes out to Brent Hunsinger(Association and VirginiaInfo) Rockwell for their leadership in this initiative. Thank you also to all members who came out https://www.facebook.com/VNLA1932 to represent the VNLA and our industry at the tree dedication on April 20th at James Madison’s Montpelier. You can read more about this event on pages 7-8. Twitter: @vnla1932 In theory, this newsletter will be out just before www.VirginiaGardening.com (Consumer Info)the Hahn Telephone: 540-382-0943 or 1-800-476-0055 Horticulture Gala at Virginia Tech on Saturday, June 13th. 540-382-2716 If so, I’m sure thereFax: is still time to get your ticket! It’s an amazing Disclaimer: evening filled with food and drink and time Publishedgood for your information, to catch up with so many fantastic industry folks. And it all this newsletter is not an endorsement benefitsfor theindividual Garden! products What could be better! or editorial comments. As always, if there is anything the VNLA can be doing for you, please let us know. I love this industry for many reaWe to work our look, buildingand on sons,will butcontinue particularly for on theupdating camaraderie and sharing our new logo, and finding ways to better communicate what steadfastness. If you have suggestions or ideas, please share we areAs doing to support your business. are althem. volunteers for you this and organization we’re We looking to ways so please do not hesitate to be in do theopen best to wesuggestions, can do for you. touch if we can be of service. All the best always, Happy spring! All the best to allSonya Sonya Lepper Lepper Westervelt, Westervelt, VNLA VNLA President President 2015 2015 sonya@saundersbrothers.com sonya@saundersbrothers.com, 434-277-5455 434-277-5455

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At Shade August Tree Farms Friday, 21 Ruppert Landscapes VNLA Summer Tour Wheats & Landscape projects! Friday,Landscapes August 21, Ruppert Landscapes,

April/May/June April / May / June 2015

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News – VNLA Recognizes General Assembly with Trees Commonwealth Delegates & State Secretaries presented Living Legacy Trees in Recognition of Service

Brent Hunsinger (r) presents a certificate commemorating the planting of a tree as part of the Living Legacy Project to (above) Todd Haymore, Secretary of Agriculture and Forestry; (l)

Delegate Emmett Hanger (r)

Richmond, Va. (April 20, 2015) – The Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association (VNLA) recognized members of the 2015 Virginia General Assembly, their staff, Governor Terry McAuliffe and the Governor’s entire cabinet today with the donation and planting of five native trees to the Journey Through Hallowed Ground Living Legacy Tree Planting Project. VNLA members thought it fitting to honor Virginia’s legislators and staff for their careful decisionmaking on topics affecting Virginia residents and the state’s green industry with a donation that beautifies and pays homage to the ultimate sacrifice made by thousands who came before them. The Living Legacy Project commemorates the 150th anniversary of the American Civil War by planting one tree for each of the 620,000 soldiers who lost their lives. Upon completion, the trees will create the first 180-mile planned landscape in the world. “The VNLA is comprised of hundreds of growers, garden centers and landscape professionals, all who want to show support and appreciation for the steadfast work of the General Assembly and staff who keep our state progressing forward,” VNLA President, Sonya Lepper Westervelt, said. “We view the General Assembly as Virginia’s ‘root system’ supporting the Commonwealth and her residents. Similar to the Living Legacy trees planted today, the legislative seeds planted during the 2015 Regular Session will continue to grow in impact and allow future generations to thrive.” VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

Delegate Ed Scott (r) with Brad Copenhaver (l) Virginia Agribusiness Council

Virginia continues to take the lead in recognizing horticulture’s positive impact on its environmental health and economic landscape, and VNLA members carry an enthusiastic passion for keeping Virginia green and growing. From Tidewater to the Blue Ridge Mountains, every member takes their responsibility as the bedrock of Virginia’s economy seriously. Through the management of more than 11,000 acres of nursery production, as well as turfgrass, landscapes and gardens throughout the state, VNLA members and their associates have a statewide economic impact of more than $1.2 billion annually. These plants not only beautify, they clean air, provide stormwater runoff reduction, filter water, and reduce heating and cooling loads. The VNLA is the state trade association for garden centers, nursery growers, landscape designers, installation and maintenance contractors, greenhouses, and horticultural suppliers. Its mission is to unify, strengthen and promote the Green Industry, while certifying industry practices and principles that keep Virginia green and growing. Additionally, VNLA focuses on Research & Education, Industry Advocacy and Publications & Communications. Visit www.vnla.org for more information. About Journey through Hallowed Ground Living Legacy Tree Planting Project; http://www.hallowedground.org/Get-Involved/Plant-a-Tree/About-Living-Legacy

April/May/June 2015 April / May / June 2015


VNLA – Hallowed Ground Living Legacy Tree Planting Ceremony

This planting was made possible by the Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association, who recognize five outstanding Virginians by associating them with the trees we dedicate today. These trees are planted in honor of Governor Terry McAuliffe, The Honorable Todd Haymore, The Honorable Molly Ward, The Honorable Emmett W. Hanger, Jr. and The Honorable Edward T. Scott, for their outstanding service to the citizens of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Today we honor the following fallen: Pvt. Henry Hacket 23rd United States Colored Troops 2nd Lt. Edgar Macon Capt. J. Anderson's Co., Light Artillery

   

Participants in the tree planting ceremony (l-r) Todd Haymore, Secretary Agriculture & Forestry; Brent Hunsinger, VNLA Legislative Chair; Cate Magennis Wyatt, President & Founder of the Journey Through Hallowed Ground Partnership; Molly Ward, Secretary of Natural Resources; Delegate Emmett Hanger; Delegate Ed Scott; Kat Imhoff, President & CEO), Montpelier Foundation; and not in photo, Katie Frasier, President of the Virginia Agribusiness Council Five Cercis Canadensis ‘Rising Sun’ redbuds were planted. The Journey through Hallowed Ground Partnership is a nonprofit, four-state partnership dedicated to raising awareness of the unparalleled American heritage in the swath of land from Gettysburg, PA to Jefferson's Monticello. With more history than any other region in the nation, the Journey was recognized by Congress as a National Heritage Area in 2008 and the one road that connects this history, was designated as a National Scenic Byway by the U.S. Secretary of Transportation in 2009. Today, we are gathered to commemorate 5 Civil War soldiers who gave the last full measure, by dedicating one tree to each, as a living legacy for their lives. We are grateful to The Montpelier Foundation for allowing these trees to be planted here, on land deeply connected to two of the soldiers memorialized. Each tree will be geotagged with the name of the soldier, and to the extent the information is available, where he was born, where he died and his letters or diary entries. 8 8

In recognition that approximately 50% of the men died anonymously, please know that three of the trees we dedicate today are in their honor. Guests Brent Hunsinger, Legislative Chair, Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association Kat Imhoff, President and CEO, Montpelier Foundation Cate Magennis Wyatt, President & Founder, Journey Through Hallowed Ground Partnership Kate Frazier, President, Virginia Agribusiness Council The Honorable Molly Ward, Secretary of Natural Resources, Commonwealth of VA

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Honorees The Honorable Todd Haymore, Secretary of Agriculture & Forestry, Commonwealth of VA The Honorable Edward T. Scott, 30"' District Representative, VA House of Delegates The Honorable Emmett W. Hanger, Jr, 24th District, Virginia State Senate

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www.HallowedGroundTrees.org or call 540.882.4929, The Journey Through Hallowed Ground Partnership Waterford, VA 20197 540.882.4929

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VNLA Field Day VNLA Summer Tour August 19-21, 2015

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Obituary - Industry Leader Passes Robert Paul Warhurst

December 8, 1938 - April 29, 2015

the care of Hospice.

On Wednesday, April 29, 2015, Robert Paul "Bob" Warhurst, 76, passed away at his home in Fairfax, Virginia, after a long battle with cancer. On the last full day of his life, Bob was surrounded by family and friends before he passed peacefully early the next morning under

Bob Warhurst was recognized by the VNLA in January 2014 and the Virginia Professional of the Year Award for his lifetime contributions to the green industry. Bob Warhurst was the co-owner and co-founder of Merrifield Garden Center, a large garden center, nursery and landscaping company with three locations in Northern Virginia. Bob started the garden center in 1971 with his good friend and neighbor Buddy Williams. In the beginning, there wasHR.HanoverFarms.Ad.9-22.pdf a quaint red barn, a small store and 1 9/22/14 2:53less PM than an acre of plants. Over the next 44 years, Merrifield grew to

become one of the largest independent garden centers in the country. Bob was born on December 8, 1938 in Russellville, Alabama. He was the fourth of eight children born to Claude and Mary Warhurst. Growing up in the rebuilding years that immediately followed the Great Depression, life was hard on the family. To help make ends meet, Bob got his first job at the age of seven years old at the corner grocery store in Russellville. He was hired for 50 cents a week. When he was in the middle of the eighth grade, Bob quit school and moved to Northern Virginia to make his way in the world. He became an apprentice bricklayer for his older brother Lee, who owned his own contracting business. Two years later, he met Billie Jean Allgood and fell in love at first sight. They were married on January 16, 1957. He was 18 and she was 14. It was a happy marriage that lasted 58 years. While laying brick in the booming suburban developments around Northern Virginia, Bob noticed there was a need for trash pick-up service, so he started the Warhurst Trash Company in 1963. In running the trash business, Bob saw that many customers were throwing away items that still had value, so he began selling those items at The Tradin' Post, a second hand store he started in the Kamp Washington section of Fairfax. Later, Bob decided to start selling

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April/May/June 2015 April / May / June 2015


plants at The Tradin' Post. That was so successful he decided to open a nursery to sell plants full time, and the following year he opened Merrifield Garden Center. Although his life was defined by hard work, Bob led an adventurous life, riding horses, driving fast cars and flying airplanes. He earned his pilot's license in 1977. Bob was very active in the local business community and helped start two banks - The Horizon Bank of Virginia, which was founded in 1990 and then sold ten years later to Southern Financial Bank, and Virginia Heritage Bank, which was founded in 2005 and sold in June of 2014 to Eagle BankCorp. Throughout his life, Bob improved - and often changed - the lives of many people. Not only was he able to do this by having a successful business, but by the enormous generosity of his heart. In 1998, Bob bought a seven acre piece of property at historic Hope Parke in Fairfax, Virginia, where George Washington often visited many years ago. He built his dream house, which became the center of the family's activities. Bob was very active in the community and gave generously to many charitable and civic organizations. Bob's fascinating and inspirational life was chronicled in a recent book, The American Dream: The Rags to Roses Story of Bob Warhurst and the Founding of Merrifield Garden Center. Bob was preceded in death by his father Claude, mother Mary and brothers, Charles, Jim, Claude (Tracy) and Lee. Survivors include Bob's wife Billie Jean Warhurst; children Debbie Warhurst Capp (husband Rob; children Danny and Sarah), Robert Warhurst, Jr. (wife Lynn; children Lyndsey, Ashley and Bobby), Larry Warhurst (wife Leslie; children Chance, Jake, Whitney and Harley), Donny Warhurst (girlfriend Karen Velehoski) and Kevin Warhurst (wife Chris; children Madison and Grace); sisters Margene Scruggs and Jane von Pingel; brother Carl Warhurst and many extended family members. A viewing was be held on Sunday, May 3, at Fairfax Memorial Funeral Home, 9902 Braddock Road in Fairfax, Virginia from 2 to 4 p.m. and 6 to 8 p.m. The funeral service was be held on Monday, May 4, at Vienna Presbyterian Church, 124 Park Street NE in Vienna at 1:30 p.m., followed by an interment at National Memorial Park in Falls Church. In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions can be made to the American Cancer Society or Capital Caring Hospice Services. www.fmfh.com

Obituary – Paul Craven C. PAUL CRAVEN (Age 63) of Fairfax, VA. On Friday, April 24, 2015. Owner and Operator of Craven's Nursery in Fairfax, VA for 42 years. Beloved husband for 49 years of Nancy Carol Craven; loving father of Amanda (Matt) Williams and Christopher (Rachel) Craven; grandfather of Kelsey, Tyler, April, Jack, Sage and Rowan. A graveside service was held on Wednesday, April 29, 2015 at Chestnut Grove Cemetery in Herndon, VA. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to oncology division, Institute for Advanced Studies in Aging, www.iasia.org . Checks may be sent to IASIA, 6400 Arlington Blvd., Suite 940, Falls Church, VA 22042. Arrangements by ADAMS-GREEN FUNERAL Home See more at: http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/washingtonpost/obituary.aspx?pid=174720408#sthash.LKxTZttn.dpuf

Obituary – David Lajoie Suffolk - David Michael Lajoie, 60, passed away on Friday, April 3, 2015. He was preceded in death by his father, Robert Lajoie. David was the CFO for BurgerBusters, a member of AICPA and the Bayville Golf Course. He is survived by his wife of 38 years, Cheryl Lajoie; his mother, Ruth Lajoie; his children, Kate and Christopher Lajoie; a sister, Nancy Aceto and her husband Ted; two grandchildren, Aurora and Angel; and a host of nieces and nephews. A memorial service was held at 12 noon on Wednesday April 15, 2015 in St. Paul's Catholic Church, 522 High St., Portsmouth, VA 23704.

News - America's Love of Landscaping According to a recent survey conducted by the National Association of Landscape Professionals (NALP—formerly the Professional Landcare Network) and the Harris Poll in Herndon, Virginia, 91 percent of Americans want to live in an area where they can see or walk to nice landscaping; 84 percent say that the quality of a home’s landscaping would affect their decision about whether or not to buy a home. “The survey results show how deeply Americans value their yards and spending time outside near their homes,” said NALP CEO, Sabeena Hickman, CAE, CMP. According to the poll, 67 percent of Americans agree that a landscape professional would allow them to have a nicer yard. Other results indicate that while there is a substantial demand for professional landscaping, there are other issues (perhaps financial) that impede a homeowner’s decision to enlist professional services. Accordingly, 47 percent wish they could hire a landscape professional to help them. The study was conducted among a pool of 2,034 U.S. adults, over the age of 18. Eighty-three percent of Americans think having a yard is important, while 90% of those with a yard also believe it’s important that it be well-maintained. http://www.igin.com/

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VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

News - Director of Virginia Cooperative Extension Edwin J. Jones Recognized for his Service to Agribusiness BLACKSBURG, Va., April 17, 2015 – Edwin J. Jones, director of Virginia Cooperative Extension (http://www.ext.vt.edu/ ) and associate dean of the Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (http://cals.vt.edu ), recently was recognized by the Virginia Agribusiness Council for his outstanding service to the agribusiness industry. Jones received the 2015 Brad Copenhaver presents award to Land-Grant University Ed Jones (r) award last month at the 2015 Virginia Cooperative Extension Professional Development Conference in Blacksburg. The council presents awards annually to faculty, staff, and administrators of the commonwealth's land-grant universities, which include

both Virginia Tech and Virginia State University, for meritorious or exemplary services to the industry of agribusiness during their careers. "Dr. Jones has devoted most of his career to land-grant universities, and we are so fortunate to benefit from his effective leadership for Virginia Cooperative Extension and at Virginia Tech," said Alan Grant, dean of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. "He has fostered an excellent rapport among university, industry, and government stakeholders and has become a highly respected leader for Virginia Cooperative Extension." Virginia Agribusiness Council President Katie Frazier said in a news release, "Ed's leadership over the past four years has led to a thriving Extension program throughout Virginia. He has worked closely with the industry to anticipate its needs and to lead Extension to fill a variety of crucial roles. We look forward to continuing to work with Ed to build upon the good work Extension is doing to further the land-grant mission." Jones grew up in a farming community in Illinois and received his undergraduate degree from the University of Washington. He received masters and doctoral degrees in fisheries and wildlife sciences from Virginia Tech. He also served as an Extension wildlife specialist at Mississippi State University before spending more than two decades at

Ad – Waynesboro Nurseries

VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

April/May/June 2015 April / May / June 2015

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News - Fairfax County...Recognized Receives the Byron Receives theWates Byron Award Wates Award

North Carolina State University, most recently as state program leader for agriculture and natural resources and rural development. Jones returned to Virginia in 2011 to serve as the director of Virginia Cooperative Extension. "It's an honor to be recognized for work that I really enjoy," said Jones. "I've worked for many years in the land-grant system, and I feel fortunate to be able to be part of the success of the state's agriculture economy and also serve with producers, faculty members, and those who make policy to build a better Virginia." The nonprofit Virginia Agribusiness Council, located in Richmond, represents the interests of the agriculture and forestry industries in the commonwealth by serving as liaisons between governing bodies and industry. Its membership includes farmers, foresters, and other agricultural producers; industry suppliers; marketers and processors; and commodity and industry associations. Virginia Cooperative Extension (http://www.ext.vt.edu/) brings the resources of Virginia's land-grant universities, Virginia Tech and Virginia State University, to the people of the commonwealth. Through a system of on-campus specialists and locally based educators, it delivers education in the areas of agriculture and natural resources, family and consumer sciences, community viability, and 4-H youth development. With a network of faculty at two universities, 107 county and city offices, 11 agricultural research and Extension centers, and six 4-H educational centers, Virginia Cooperative Extension provides solutions to the problems facing Virginians today. Related Links; Virginia Tech helps grow agricultural industry, increase global trade (http://www.vtnews.vt.edu/articles/2015/03/031115-cals-agtrade.html) Agritourism can boost farmers' revenue, Virginia Tech study finds (http://www.vtnews.vt.edu/articles/2015/02/021115-cals-agritourism.html)

This story can be found on the Virginia Tech News website:http://www.vtnews.vt.edu/articles/2015/04/041715-ext-agribusiness.html, Lori Greiner, 540-231-5863, lgreiner@vt.edu

News - Fairfax County Horticulture Senior Agent Bordas Recognized Adria C. Bordas received her Bachelor of Science from Rutgers University. After her bachelors she worked as Microbiologist and Analytical Chemist at Eurofins International and then continued on with her education to receive a Master’s of Science in Plant Pathology from University of Cal12 12

ifornia at Davis. Her research project for her Masters’ degree was working on the fungus Botrytis cinerea on strawberries, developing disease models and fungicide efficacy programs. All of her fieldprograms. research All wasofon-farm based her field rethroughout California’s central grad school, searchcoast. wasAfter on-farm based Adria worked as a research technician the USDA-Agthroughout theatCalifornia’s cenriculutral Research Servicetral in Salinas, CA for overschool, three coast. After grad Adria worked a research techyears beforeas family brought nician at thetoUSDA-Agricultural her back the east coast. Research Service in Salinas, CA for over three years before famSince 2001, Adria has ily brought her back to the east worked as the Fairfax coast. County Extension HortiAgent.County Adria focusSince 2001 Adria has workedculture as the Fairfax Extenes focuses on several diverse prosion Horticulture Agent. Adria on several diverse gram areas program areas which which include include Chuck Wood, NVNLA President (l) presents award pest detection, diagnosis of plant to Andria Bordas and insect problems, water quality and nutrient management, and invasive pest management. She is responsible for working with the green industry professionals and homeowners of Fairfax County as well as teaching and supervising nearly 400 Master Gardener volunteers. To put that into perspective those Master Gardener Volunteers donated over 31,000 hours of service and had over 49,000 community contacts. This is the equivalent of 15 full time employees. Adria also serves on several committees and boards which include: NVNLA Education Committee, Green Industry Seminar and Field Day Planning committee, and the Northern Virginia Soil and Water Conservation Board. Adria continually supports education by teaching and presenting at the Green Industry Professional Winter Seminar, The Summer Field Day and the Mid-Atlantic Short Courses, as well as teaches hundreds of pesticide applicators each year. She also is an ISA certified arborist and works with MAC-ISA to proctor exams. Over this past year Adria was instrumental in identifying Boxwood Blight in Northern Virginia Area and joined extensions’ Boxwood Blight Statewide Taskforce. She has worked jointly on publishing online webinar modules as well as developing Best Management Practices of Boxwood Blight in seven online publications. She was instrumental in creating Boxwood Blight ID cards for use in the field which helps Nurserymen and Landscapers diagnose and treat the disease. Adria has served on the NVNLA Board for almost 15 years. Through her dedication to education and knowledge of plants and diseases she continues to contribute to educational events in Northern Virginia region and to our members. We thank her for hard work and dedication to our industry and are honored to present her this Award. Provided by Amy Ordonez, Fairfax County Extension

April/May/June April / May / June 2015

VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

383 Coal Hollow Rd. 383 Coal Hollow Rd. Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 CHANGE SERVICE REQUESTED Prsrt. Std U.S. Postage PAID Blacksburg, VA Permit No. 107

Your Roots Are In Virginia!





thursday - august 20th aNNuaL VNLa FieLd day

Friday - august 21st VNLa summer tour


Behind the scenes tours

Shade Tree Farm, Upperville, VA Over 100 acres of trees.

“We grow BIG Trees... What takes nature twenty years…Shade Tree Farm can do in a day.” Live big tree digging demonstrations!


Thomas Rainer Marcus vandeVliet Craig Regelbrugge Dr. Richard Olsen VNLA Newsletter

- Horticultural Futurist - Companies & Business Success - Bees, Neonicotinoids, Labor - U.S. National Arboretum Director


Ruppert Landscape Facility, Gainesville


Meadowlark Botanical Garden, Vienna


Two private landscapes by Wheat's Landscape, Vienna

More details at www.vnla.org

April / May / June 2015

info@vnla.org 800-476-0055 13

Member Profile – Shade Tree Farm & VNLA Field Day Host

Shade Tree Nursery is a grower of large caliper specimen trees and residential design build landscape contracting. The nursery is owned by Phillip Klene. The nursery is located in Sudley Springs, Virginia. Phillip graduated from Herndon High School in Herndon, Virginia. He then attended Northern Virginia Community College and graduated in 1978. He then attended the University of Maryland and graduated with a Horticulture degree in 1980. Trees are sold to both residential and wholesale accounts. The large caliper specimen tree portion of the business continues to grow. In 2014 the percentage of revenue was split between landscape design build and large tree sales with 10 percent of the large tree sales being "to the trade" sales. I started the business as a landscape design build firm in 1981. After a few years of being in business, finding a growing interest in plants and landscaping clientele, I convinced my sister, Cecilia to join me. We are both very interested in all facets of the plant world. My daughter, Erica, was also bitten by the plant bug. She grew up with the Cecilia Palmer business, helping to pot up perennials in the spring and selling at farmers markets on the weekends. For the past ten years she has been working in the office and now helps with the Shade Tree Farm tree sales, says Phillip.

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The plant growing aspect of our business started with trees on a small scale at the first business location we had. We branched into growing perennials when we found it hard to find large landscape size plants to use on our installations. The perennial growing continued for a few decades and expanded to include selling them at local farmer's markets. Once the use of herbaceous plantings in the landscape became more mainstream, the sources for perennials were greatly increased and we were able to focus our energies on other aspects of the business. The current tree production portion of the business was aggressively renewed in the late 1990's. The building market was booming and we were anxious to be able to find an easier way to have nice, specimen plant material available to plant for our customers. Large size perennials, shrubs and trees are essential for creating an immediate impact and a dramatic transformation.

April/May/June April / May / June 2015

As the trees grew larger and market conditions changed, we began to focus on the production of large caliper nursery trees. Over one million dollars of specialized equipment was purchased in order to grow and harvest VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

these large caliper trees. I felt it very important to have the right equipment for job efficiency and cost effectiveness. Additional Information: Market Niche: “High end garden and plant oriented landscape installations and large specimen tree grower and installer.” Business Philosophy: “Do the job right the first time. Aim to exceed the customer's expectations. Enjoy crafting landscapes with exciting hardscape elements and quality plant material. The use of larger size plant material allows the plantings to be in proportion with the space so the customer does not have to wait ten years for the plantings to be in scale with the space.”

How or Why Your Company Managed to Stay in Business So Long: “I feel it is all about customer needs and expectations. This starts with the planning and estimating process and continues through to the installation. We do our best to make sure the finished result not only looks good from the start, but, will not cause problems down the road. This perhaps is one reason why the majority of our business is from previous customers and referrals by them.”

Industry Organizations: VNLA member since 1999; NVNLA - member since 2007; ISA - (International Society of Arboriculture) member since 2009; ISA Certified Arborist since 2009; Virginia Certified Horticulturist since 2008; Northern Virginia Community College Advisory Board member. Hobbies: “Growing trees and learning more about their growth Avid collector and exhibitor of Classic Saabs.” Favorite Plant: “Favorite Trees are White Oak, American Holly and American Beech.” Dislikes: “Plop, plop, fizz, fizz style of landscaping - prefer massing colors and textures.” Phillip Kleene

Favorite Book: “Michael Dirr, Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.” Dream Vacation: “A cross country road trip in a Saab convertible to tour botanical gardens and seeking large champion trees.” Hardest Part of Workday: “It is a toss-up between jobsites not being ready as promised and equipment not cooperating.” Best Part of the Workday: “Seeing the finished landscape installation. I find it very satisfying and enjoyable to see the finished result. Using larger size plant material creates an immediate impact and the transformation is dramatic as soon as it is installed.” VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

“My approach to achieve this goal is to personally supervise most of the installations. In order to do this, I manage a large crew of an average size of 10 men. This gives us the ability to minimize the length of intrusion in our customer's daily lives and also achieve a quick change in their landscape.” Biggest Challenge: “Obstacle or Disaster in Business History: Importance of being diversified, flexible, resourceful and reacting to economic changes to reflect current trends.” “Our clients at one point were largely new home builders. Economic recessions periodically affect this market and we were hit hard twice during our years in business with this problem. The latest recession resulted in our share of this business market to drop out almost completely for a few years.” “A quick change was needed and we needed to focus on the residential market. In some ways we were fortunate to have a large inventory of trees originally intended for new home communities. Since these trees were only getting larger, we opted to switch gears and focus on a new market and approach. The large tree installation business was born and helped carry us through this period.” Future Plans: “Add more diversification to the tree selections being grown. We are searching for more native species and other interesting and unique plants not found that frequently in the nursery and landscape business.”

April/May/June 2015 April / May / June 2015

Edited by Sandy Miller

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VNLA 2015 Field Day

Digging Big Trees

Where the Trees Upperville, VA Live Shade Tree Farm

9am - 4pm 9am- 3pm

Registration Open Plant ID Quiz & Silent Auction! Earn CEU’s!

MORNING SCHEDULE 9:00 - 10:00am 10:00 - 10:30am 10:30 - 11:30am 10:30 - 11:30am 11:30 - 12:00pm 12:00 - 1:30pm

“Planting in a Post-Wild World: Designing Plant Communities for Resilient Landscapes” (Thomas Rainer) Network with Exhibitors BIG TREE Digging Demonstration “How to Beat the Low-Bid Competition” (Marcus VandeVliet) Network with Exhibitors Box Lunch under the Big Tent


AFTERNOON SCHEDULE 1:30 - 2:30pm 1:30 - 2:30pm 2:30 - 3:30pm


BIG TREE Digging Demonstration Bees and Pollinators, Immigration (Craig Regelbrugge, AmericanHort SR. Legislative Director) “Trees for the Future” (Dr. Richard Olsen, U.S. National Arboretum)


T H U R S D A Y 8 / 2 0

Landscape Management Workshop

Five Key Fundamentals to Operating a Successful Landscape Construction Company Marcus vandeVliet improved profitability of a residential design build firm from 6% to 19% while maintaining $7 million in revenues! 1. Business Planning: developing a team-based business plan that has the buy-in of your key employees is criticcal for your long-term success. This plan will allow you to develop a long-term strategy for developing the right people and systems to ensure success. 2. Cash Flow: cash flow is the accumulation of previously earned profits. Accounts receviable and payment schedules will also play a short-term role in improving your cash flow. The key is to produce profitable projects. This will be accomplished by eliminating waste and improving production systems. 3. Pricing Strategies: developing a price for each project based on your company’s cost is vital. Understanding your direct costs will provide the foundation for job costing. It is also important to understand how much overhead and profit will be generated from each project. The market price will not generate profitable projects. 4. Accountability: the key is to measure every employee’s performance. This includes overhead and production employees. Job costing plays a key role in developing measurable goals for both sales and production employees. Developing standard operating procedures will provide consistency. 5. Culture: this ultimately drives your long-term success. Having a great culture allows your company to reach its potential. Employees must be engaged, and the company must be continually improving. 5:30 - 7:00pm Networking Beer/Wine Reception under the Gazebo

Shade Tree Farm Landscaping Shade Tree Farm – Landscaping

Shade Tree a landscaping diTreeFarm Farmalso is has a division of West vision a garden center located in Sudley Winds and Nursery, a landscaping company in Springs, but this site notpart partofofthe the actual actual Sudley Springs, but isnot VNLA Field Day. Day. West Winds Nursery has been creating and installing distinctive landscapes since 1981. With a lifetime of landscape experience, owner Philip Klene, brings nature’s beauty to your home and garden. Every project is a personal work of art, utilizing nature’s palette of perennials, shrubs and trees, creating a unique outdoor experience – an experience tailored to your home. From design through installation, West Winds Nursery develops distinctive, award winning landscapes that have received recognition and accolades from both design professionals and clients.

Field Day Speaker Information Marcus vandeVliet  Bio: With thanyears 25 years of With more more than 25 of real real world experience as entreprean entreworld experience as an preneur, business executive, and neur, business executive, and conconsultant, Marcus a founder sultant. Marcus was awas founder of a of a design company in New design build build company in New JerJersey he re-directed sey that that he re-directed into a into nichea business specializing in in project niche business specializing projmanagement of high-end projects ect management of high-end projfor the marketplace. ects forresidential the residential marketplace. Marcus also developed and improved accounting and information transfer systems to help maximize profitability of a large landscaping company with 400 employees and $23 million in revenues. He was also President of a residential design-build firm, improving profitability from 6% to 19% while maintaining the company’s $7 million in revenues. He was recognized as an expert in bidding and estimating in the construction industry when working with Vander Kooi and Associates and delivered presentations and conducted workshops throughout the United States.

Topic: How to Beat the Low Bid Competition! Graphic to follow

Marcus vandeVliet has a realworld, action-oriented, proven approach to helping boost the prosperity and sustainability of small and mid-sized businesses like yours.

Thomas Rainer  Bio: Thomas Rainer is a registered landscape architect, teacher, and writer living in Arlington, Virginia. Thomas is a highly sought after public speaker whose passionate and provocative talks have inspired and entertained audiences all over the country. He is a passionate advocate for an ecologically expressive design aesthetic that does not imitate nature, but interprets it. He is best known for his influential blog, Grounded Design. In addition to writing, Thomas has designed landscapes for the U.S. Capitol grounds, The New York Botanical Garden, and over 100 gardens from Maine to Florida. Thomas is an Associate Principal for the firm Rhodeside & Harwell, teaches planting design for George Washington University, and will publish his first book with Timber Press this fall.

Topic: “Planting in a Post-Wild World: Designing Plant Communities for Resilient Landscapes” The nature of nature is changing. As we enter the Anthropo-

cene - an era in which human activity represents a principle driver of planetary changes - it is time to rethink the way we use plants. Learn how plants fit together in the wild and how to use those strategies to create more resilient, diverse, and beautiful plantings. Join landscape architect Thomas Rainer to learn how plants fit together in the wild and how to use this knowledge to create landscapes and gardens that are resilient, beautiful, and diverse.

Craig Regelbrugge  Bio: Craig Regelbrugge Regelbruggeserves serves Bio: Craig as AmericanHort’s seniorsenior vice presias AmericanHort’s vice dent, wherewhere he is he responsible for pres-ident, is responsiindustry advocacy and research ble for industry advocacy and reprograms. FormallyAmericanHort known as the search programs. American Horticulture launched in January, 2014,Industry as the Association, AmericanHort consolidation of the American launched in January, 2014, as the Nursery & Landscape Association consolidation of the American (ANLA) and OFA - The AssociaNursery & Landscape Association tion of Horticulture Professionals. mission ofProfesAmer(ANLA) and OFA - The AssociationThe of Horticulture icanHort is to unite,ofpromote, and advance our promote, industry sionals. The mission AmericanHort is to unite, through advocacy, collaboration, education, and advance our industry through connectivity, advocacy, collaboration, market development, and research. connectivity, education, market development, and research. Regelbrugge received his undergraduate degree in horticulRegelbrugge received his undergraduate degree in horture from Virginia Tech, and he worked in the retail nursery ticulture from VirginiaasTech, and he worked in extension the retail industry and served a county horticultural nursery indus-try and served as a county horticultural exagent in Virginia before joining ANLA in December, 1989. tension agent in Vir-ginia before joining ANLA in DecemRegelbrugge ber, 1989. serves in several national leadership positions representing the horticulture industry on matters relating to the labor force, plant health, and trade. He co-chairs the Regelbrugge serves in several national leadership positions Agriculture Coalition for Immigration Reform, a broadrepresenting theseeking horticulture industry on matters relating based coalition legislation to ensure a stable and to the labor force, plant health, and trade. He co-chairs legal agricultural workforce, and is chairman of the boardthe of Agriculture Coalition forForum Immigration Reform, a broadthe National Immigration Action Fund. based coalition seeking legislation to ensure a stable and In his free time, he enjoys travel and, of course, gardening. legal agricultural workforce, and is chairman of the board of the National Immigration Forum Action Fund.with Topic: “Tips and Updates on how to deal

Bees, Neonicotinoids, and Labor Issues”

He is a frequent presenter, auBees, pesticides (neonics), thor, and spokesperson on topbox stores, consumers, proics relating to the workforce duction nurseries and greenand immigration, production, houses, landscape maintetrade, and environmental isnance companies, garden censues impacting farmers and ters, environmental advocates small busi-nesses in and servare all dealing with this issue ing the horticulture industry. in many different ways. There

is a lot of confusion and misIn his free time, he travunderstanding of enjoys the facts, el and, of course, gardening. consequences of neonics bans and how to resolve these issues, so the bees and everyone involved are winners!

Richard T. Olsen, Ph.D., Director  Bio: Since 2006, Richard has worn US National Arboretum, multiple hats at the U.S. Washington, DCNational Arboretum, including his current Bio:asSince 2006,In Richard has role Director. this capaciworn multiple hats at the U.S. ty he guides the Arboretum in its National Arboretum, including mission to enhance the economic, his current role as Director. In environmental, and aesthetic value this capacity, he guides the Naof ornamental and landscape plants tional Arboretum mission through long-term,in its multi-discito enhance the economic, environmental, and aesthetic plinary research, conservation of value of ornamental and landscape plants through longgenetic resources, and interpretative gardens and displays. term, multi-disciplinary research, conservation of genetic Prior to assuming the directorship, Richard was a research resources, and interpretative gardens and displays. Prior geneticist in the Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit, to assuming the directorship, Richard was a research gewhere he led the urban tree breeding and co-led the boxneticist in the Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit, wood programs. He was also scientist for whereimprovement he led the urban tree breeding and lead co-led the boxplant germplasm program, and coordinated the collection, wood improvement programs. He was also lead scientist characterization, evaluation, unique for plant germplasm program,and anddistribution coordinatedofthe colplant genetic resources to evaluation, researchers,and botanical gardens, lection, characterization, distribution of and the nursery industry. Richardtohas a bachelor botanical degree in unique plant genetic resources researchers, landscape design NC industry. State University, master gardens, and the (BS, nursery Richard1998), has aabachedegree in horticulture (MS, University of Georgia, 2001) lor degree in landscape design (BS, NC State University, and a doctorate in horticultural science (Ph.D. NC State 1998), a master degree in horticulture (MS, University of University, 2006). Georgia, 2001) and a doctorate in horticultural science (Ph.D. NC State University, 2006).

Topic: “Woody landscape plant breeding for Topic: “Woody landscape plant for disdisease and insect resistance at breeding the US National ease and insect resistance at the US National ArArboretum” boretum” This presentation will highlight curThis presentation will highlight efrent effortscurrent in these forts in these research research areas, inareas, including recluding recent incent introductions troductions from the from the programs, breeding breeding programs, novel hynovel hybrids and brids and forms curforms currently unrently under evaluader and tion,evaluation, and research research discoverdiscoveries and imies and implications plications for the for the woody ornawoody ornamental mental plant indusnursplant nursery ery try. industry. Woody ornamental research Woody ornamental at the U.S. Nationresearch at the U.S. al Arboretum has National Arboretum continued unabated has continued unabatsince its its inception inin1927 germplasm ed since inception 1927and andencompasses encompasses germplasm collection ornamental plant plant breeding, breeding, collection and and characterization, characterization, ornamental taxonomy and and pathology. The living living collections collections total taxonomy pathology. The total more more than 25,000 25,000 accessions accessions and date our our plant plant introductions introductions than and to to date number over over 650. number 650.

d VNLA 2015 Summer Tour d FRIDAY 8/21

VNLA Summer Tour –Friday, August 21 6-7:30 am 7:45 am 4:00 pm

Breakfast and checkout of Hotel Buses depart for tours Arrive back at the Hotel

SPECIAL NOTE: The Summer Tour will start Friday morning with the bus leaving from the Wyndham Garden Manassas Inn Manassas

If you are staying at another location or driving in for the day, you will be required to ride the bus Friday as all tour stops have limited access. You may the park at the Wyndham Garden Manassas Inn duringduring the tour. tour.

Ruppert Landscape – Gainesville Facility

As a Gainesville, VA landscape maintenance company, Ruppert Landscape is responsible for managing some of the most well-known properties in Virginia. There are 125 employees at this facility with the landscape construction branch operating 8 crews with 3 trucks and the landscape maintenance branch operating with 12 crews and 12 trucks. The company specializes in high-quality large-scale and full-service commercial landscape construction services as well as comprehensive landscape management and irrigation management services with 18 branches in 5 Mid-Atlantic States.

Meadowlark Botanical Gardens - A Behind the Scenes Tour Meadowlark Botanical Garden Embrace the Beauty of Nature - Meadowlark Botanical Gardens in Vienna,Virginia, USAcreated has created distinct nativeplant plantcollections collectionsininsupport supportofofthe theInternational International has three three distinctive native Agenda for Botanic Gardens in Conservation. The largest of these is the Potomac Valley Collection (PVC). July & August- Hosta Garden, Herb Garden, Perennial Garden, Butterfly Garden, White Garden, Bold Garden, Salvia Collection, Hydrangeas, Container Plantings, Crepe Myrtles, Ferns & Fern Allies, Annual Plantings, Aquatic Plants, Grasses. Stroll through the Potomac Valley Collection to see the diversity of native plants and experience the seclusion of a mature hardwood forest. Beauty, conservation, education and discovery flourish throughout the year at this 95 acre complex of large ornamental display gardens and unique native plant collections. Walking trails, lakes, more than twenty varieties of cherry trees, irises, peonies, an extensive shade garden, native wildflowers, gazebos, birds, butterflies, seasonal blooms and foliage create a sanctuary of beauty and nature. See the developing $1M Korean Bell Garden development with stone terracing and stairs, Korean trees, a meandering path with various reflection stations, and the highlight, the Bell Pavilion and Bell. The expert craftsmanship of the pavilion, the simplicity of the landscape and the breathtaking view of the rest of the gardens are exquisite.

Private Garden Landscapes by Wheat’s Landscape Wheat Landscapes

Wheat’s was established by Mike Wheat in McLean, Virginia in 1978. The business has evolved from a family lawn care service to a full service design/build, and landscape maintenance company serving high-end residences. There work area covers Northern Virginia, Maryland and Washington DC area homes with comprehensive year-round Their lawn service and landscape care, they provide every landscape design-build job with professional project coordination and planning; their irrigation team of trained and certified professionals will create a custom layout based on the watering needs of your unique landscape. View two of their exquisitely design and maintained private estates.

Legislation - Horticulture Priorities continue to be supported through APHIS Farm Bill Program Columbus, Ohio – On March 18, USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) announced the spending plan for this year’s Plant Pest and Disease Management and Disaster Prevention Program – Farm Bill Section 10007. USDA Secretary Vilsack announced the program will provide nearly $58 million to support mitigation efforts for specialty crops, a 20 percent increase over last year, due to the expanded support for our industry’s crops in the new Farm Bill. APHIS support for some of the horticulture industry’s most significant pathogen concerns continues in this round of projects. Boxwood Blight work has been funded for a fourth year with $834,000 in support. Downy mildew research with a particular focus on impatiens downy mildew (IDM) received $417,000. The second year of rapid diagnostic tool development on rose rosette disease (RRD) was funded at $85,000. Solutions to Phytophthora ramorum and similar pathogens continue to be supported at the National Ornamentals Research Site at Dominican University (CA) and other locations.

A project AmericanHort was particularly enthusiastic about in this round brings together AmericanHort, American Beekeeper Federation, American Honey Producers Association, American Seed Trade Association, and Pollinator Partnership for the first time on a coordinated project fully funded at $272,000. The project will identify which plants already available in the trade are the most valuable forage sources for bees at different times of the year. The results will help to identify plants for which growers should be especially cautious with systemic and long-residual insecticides, and help inform the public about which landscape plants they can purchase from their local garden centers for helping pollinators in their area. Also announced Wednesday was the funding for the National Clean Plant Network (NCPN), which provides pathogen-tested clean plants to the commercial nursery trade for further propagation and production. In the last Farm Bill, NCPN was merged with the Plant Pest and Disease Management Program, but the review process for project proposals remains autonomous. NCPN focuses on highvalue genera with serious pest concerns, such as apples, grapevines, stone fruit, and berries. The three hubs for the fruit tree network, Clemson University, University of California – Davis, and University of Washington, received over $2.1 million in total to support the network’s goal of making disease-free, certified planting

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materials available to the industry and ensure the global competitiveness of U.S. specialty crop producers. In its inaugural year in the NCPN the garden rose program will be administered by the program stalwart, Foundation Plant Services at UC Davis, and a new network center at Texas A&M, which received over $115,000 to launch the new program. Also announced, AmericanHort and other members of USDA-APHIS’ Farm Bill Management Team were recognized with the Safeguarding Award, recognizing a commitment to innovation and excellence. “Our industry’s partnership with APHIS is a shining example and a model for solving tough problems,” said Craig Regelbrugge, AmericanHort’s senior vice president for industry advocacy and research. “Together, we’re tackling threats to our industry’s very future.”

News - The Professional Landcare Network (Planet) Becomes the National Association of Landscape Professionals

HERNDON, Va., Feb. 27, 2015—The Professional Landcare Network (PLANET) announced a reinvigorated vision and recommitted focus on national representation of the professional landscape industry. As of April 2015, the organization’s name will change to the National Association of Landscape Professionals. The association is the only national trade association built by the collaboration of landscape professionals who specialize in landscape, lawn and tree care, irrigation, landscape design and installation, and interior plantscaping. Its diverse membership also includes manufacturers and suppliers as well as consultants, faculty and students members. “The Professional Landcare Network was formed 10 years ago with the merger of the Associated Landscape Contractors of America and the Professional Lawn Care Association of America,” said PLANET CEO Sabeena Hickman, CAE, CMP. “We are the national association that represents companies across all sectors of the landscape industry, but our name didn’t reflect the unity and breadth of our membership and our industry.” VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

The National Association of Landscape Professionals will continue to provide business and safety education to its members, certification through the Landscape Industry Certified designation, as well as lobbying on behalf of the industry with lawmakers and promoting the industry to the public. But, it also will now focus on a reinvigorated commitment to advocacy, spotlighting the professionalism of its members, providing the public with the best, most trusted source of landscape and lawn care information, and promoting the value of using professional landscape industry services. “Our new name will more accurately reflect our industry and our members, bringing higher visibility to the professionalism and care that our members bring to creating and maintaining the nation’s landscapes,” said PLANET President, Jim McCutcheon, Landscape Industry Certified. The rebranding process produced more than just a new name and logo. It also included six months of member research to refine the strategic direction of the association, making sure the organization’s vision, mission and goals represented member needs and delivered solutions to support landscape companies and advance the industry. “Our association has always provided a wide variety of programs and services to landscape industry companies and their employees, but now, we are hyper-focused on delivering results in the top three areas that our members identified: unparalleled education, advocating for the industry, and promoting professionalism in the industry through safety education, career development and certification,” said Hickman

NALP’s New Strategic Plan and Branding As our new board of directors starts its term and we begin a new fiscal year, I wanted to give you an update about the exciting initiatives the association is pursuing your behalf. We have undergone an incredible transition in the last year with a new identity and a new strategic vision, and we did all that with one thing in mind - you. The new brand has been met with a lot of excitement and enthusiasm and gives us a strong platform to promote our industry and advocate for your company. Our new brand pillars - Education, Advocacy and Professionalism - will be the focus of everything we do. We are in a very strong financial position, and we are planning for aggressive growth in membership through new strategic programs and partnerships that will allow us to provide you with more value for your membership. Here’s what we’re working on for you:

Taking our Education to the Next Level - Re-envisioning our educational offerings as a single complete April/May/June 2015 21 April / May / June 2015 21 

knowledge platform to better serve you and your business; exploring new initiatives, such as a leadership and an online training portal, to meet your needs for on-the-go education.  Taking our Advocacy to the Next Level - Adding staff and creating an advisory council to steer our government relations program so we can more aggressively advocate on the issues with the biggest impact on your business. We are also developing plans to fund a nationwide campaign to promote our industry.  Taking Professionalism to the Next Level - Focused on increasing and promoting professionalism in our industry; working on the development of a company accreditation program that will enable businesses to highlight their professionalism as a company. We are incredibly lucky to have strong leadership in the association. As of May 1, Scott Jamieson, Landscape Industry Certified, has taken the helm as president of NALP. He brings decades of experience in the industry as well as experience as a past-chair of the Tree Care Industry Association board of directors and as a board member for the National Safety Council and other allied organizations. We also have a very strong slate of new board members who are very focused on strategic business initiatives, including three new members who are lawn care company owners. SiteLight .5 pg bw 3ads 10-04.qxd 10/20/2004 12:24 PM

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For more information about PLANET’s rebranding and to watch a video about NALP, visit the web page for more information. In celebration of the launch of the National Association of Landscape Professionals brand, NALP will offer first-time members, 20% off of new contractor membership in the association. Visit http://bit.ly/landscapeprofessionals for more information. About NALP (as of April 1, 2015) - The National Association of Landscape Professionals is the voice of 100,000 landscape and lawn care industry professionals who create and maintain healthy green spaces. The association advocates on issues impacting its members and offers mentoring and education programs that inspire its members to excellence. Many members become Landscape Industry Certified, achieving the highest standard of industry expertise, business professionalism and knowledge. Contact: Lisa Schaumann, lisaschaumann@landcarenetwork.org Sabeena Hickman, CAE, CMP, Chief Executive Officer, National Association of Landscape Professionals

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News - Alliance to Combat Invasive Plants Grows in California San Francisco, CA (May 4, 2015) – PlantRight, a statewide campaign that partners with California plant growers and retailers to voluntarily phase out invasive plants in the state’s $11 billion horticultural industry, announced that it has secured key corporate commitments in promoting safe, noninvasive plants to benefit the state’s environment and people. Topping the list of industry partners are more than 200 The Home Depot stores in California. Once PlantRight determines a plant is invasive, The Home Depot will begin the process of phasing that plant out of its product mix. “PlantRight’s collaboration with nursery retailers has been gaining slow yet steady momentum among garden centers large and small,” said Ashley Boren, Executive Director of Sustainable Conservation, which leads the PlantRight campaign. “Garnering the support of The Home Depot California represents a positive breakthrough for the industry in helping to curb the spread of invasive ornamental plants.” Invasive plants reproduce quickly, blanket natural areas, and outcompete native plants and animals. Once they take hold, they are expensive to remove and control. Collectively, invasive species are the second greatest threat to biodiversity after human development. Invasive plants also threaten people by clogging waterways, increasing flooding risk and escalating fire danger. “Partnering with PlantRight in California is the right thing to do for our communities,” says Brian Parker, Senior Merchant . Live Goods with The Home Depot. “We’re committed to providing the best plant options for California, including drought tolerant and non-invasive varieties. Our growers are solid partners in these efforts, as we all are committed to protecting California’s landscape, wildlife and communities.” Giant reed (Arundo donax) has invaded streams and riverbeds throughout southwest California and in the Central Valley, damaging ecosystems and increasing fire danger and flood risk. At least 10 protected animal species in California, including the endangered bird the Least Bell’s vireo, suffer habitat loss due to invading giant reed. In wetter regions of the state, periwinkle (Vinca major) is blanketing forest floors, crowding out native plants and wildlife in the undergrowth, while playing host to such bacterial threats as Pierce’s disease, which threatens crops like wine grapes. In California, the estimated cost to manage invasive plants tops $82 million each year. Nationally, the annual cost runs into the billions. That doesn’t include financial losses from reduced crop yields, land values and recreational activities.

Depot’s partnership with PlantRight will be transformative in making the industry a key problem-solver. This collaboration also shows that a healthy environment and a healthy bottom line can go hand in hand.” “PlantRight makes it easy for the industry to do the right thing, voluntarily,” said Ashley Gill, Green Acres Nursery owner and Board Member at the California Association of Nurseries and Garden Centers, the state’s venerable nursery trade group. “First and foremost, PlantRight really listened to the industry’s needs and concerns in developing an effective solution. They also knew blanket regulation, which can have unintended downsides for businesses and might still not end up fixing the problem, wasn’t the way. And, they used sound science to inform all decisions, which boosted the industry’s trust and desire to help.” To assist its retail partners and other nursery professionals in making sense of what is, and is not, invasive, PlantRight maintains a list of high-priority garden plants that are invasive in California, and dozens of attractive, non-invasive alternatives. “We believe in coaching the do’s,” says Boren. “Our alternatives list is a practical way to help retailers and landscape professionals make the right plant choices.” The plant list is a byproduct of PlantRight’s annual spring survey of California garden centers, which it conducts to stay apprised of trends with invasive garden plants throughout the state. Since conducting its first nursery survey in 2010, PlantRight has measured a 60% decrease in the number of retail nurseries selling invasive plants. PlantRight hopes to bring that number down much closer to zero in the near future. “This partnership between The Home Depot and PlantRight will benefit gardeners of all levels, considering how challenging it can be to differentiate between deceptively beautiful, drought tolerant plants that are invasive, such as Mexican feathergrass, and those that are not,” said Missy Gable, Director of the University of California Master Gardener Program, whose volunteer members have played an instrumental role in PlantRight’s annual spring nursery survey. ABOUT PLANTRIGHT - PlantRight is a Sustainable Conservation-led campaign that works with leaders in California’s nursery industry to promote non-invasive plants exclusively for the state. The cornerstone of PlantRight’s educational, sciencebased content is its plant list, published since 2006, as a compass for the industry to successfully and voluntarily navigate invasive plant issues and opportunities. In 2006, virtually all retail nurseries in California sold one or more invasive plants. Today, less than 40% of California retail nurseries sell an invasive plant on PlantRight’s list. Visit www.PlantRight.org

“Half of all known invasive plants in California were introduced through horticultural channels – though not intentionally,” said Boren. “Considering that approximately 70% of plant sales are made at big-box stores, The Home

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Winner of the April/May/June 2015 Photo Contest

VNLA - Photo Contest Rules The contest is open to any photographer (amateur and professional) except members of Board of Directors of VNLA and their families. Entries are limited to VNLA members and their staff. Each photographer may enter up to three (3) digital images per Newsletter deadline (see #6). Email images to info@vnla.org. Include your name, phone number and occupation. One winning entry per photographer per year. You may re-enter non-winning entries. Please e-mail images separately. Feel free to elaborate on any story surrounding the photograph. Photos should be 300 dpi high resolution.

Photo Winner: Erica Klene Shade Tree Farms, Upperville, VA

Dancing Bloodroot See more of Erica’s Photography at https://floraweather.wordpress.com/ Win $50, submit your photos! Good Luck and Happy Photographing!

If you don’t see your ad here, neither does anyone else! Call 800-476-0055 or email info@vnla.org for advertising information, today!

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All photographs submitted must have been taken within the past five years. All photographs must be related to the Green Industry. The subject can be located in a nursery, back yard, or in a landscape-just so it is obviously related to the green industry profession. Deadline for submission is 5:00 p.m. on the Newsletter Copy Deadline, which is the 15th of January, April, July, and October. All submissions become the property of the VNLA. Model Release forms are required with each photograph which contains a clearly identifiable person. Release forms are available from the VNLA office, on request, and are also available for download from the VNLA website at Model release in MS Word format or Adobe PDF format.

Judging is done by the VNLA Communication Committee. All decisions are final

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VNLA – Certification Quiz Article #72

reproduction. They can alter native populations through hybridization. For more information on invasive plants, see the recommendations in the references section of this chapter. A weed is any plant, native or alien, that is out of place, growing where it is not wanted in the landscape. HOW First, do no harm. Before adding a new plant to your landscape, check to ensure that it is:

Tips – The 8 Essential Elements of Conservation Landscaping [Editor’s Note: Elements 1 and 2 were covered in the January/February/March 2015 VNLA Newsletter. This issue covers Elements 3 and 4.] 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Design to Benefit the Environment Native Plants Invasive Plant Management Wildlife Habitat Healthy Air Quality Clean Water Healthy Soils Management

 

3. INVASIVE PLANT MANAGEMENT A conservation landscape institutes a management plan for the removal of existing invasive plants and the prevention of future nonnative plant invasions. Alien plants are those that occur artificially in locations beyond their known historical natural ranges, most often brought to new regions by humans through horticultural or accidental introductions. Invasive plants are those aliens that display rapid growth and spread, allowing them to establish over large areas. Outside of their natural native range, these plants encounter fewer of the conditions, competitors, or pests that keep them in check back “at home.” Their phenomenal growth allows them to overwhelm and displace existing vegetation and form dense one-species stands. Wind, water flow, birds and other wildlife, movement of soil, and other factors can spread invasive plants to natural areas, causing significant ecological harm. Invasive plants can alter fire frequencies, soil chemistry, and erosion rates. They can degrade or change wildlife habitat, food quality, and availability. They can displace native plants through competition for water, nutrients, light, or space for establishment, reducing natives’ establishment, growth, or VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

Native (see resources in Element 2, Native Plants) or If alien, then not invasive (see authoritative resources on invasive plants below) Remove existing invasive plants. Be suspicious of plants that are acting like thugs in the landscape. Plants that spread quickly, engulf other plants, dominate the landscape, or produce large seed heads or copious berries may be problematic. Identification is necessary. If the plant is alien, it needs to be eradicated. If native, the landscape manager needs to decide whether this aggressive native plant is desirable. Many old familiar landscape favorites may be invasive and should be evaluated. Unfortunately, many commonly used landscaping plants are invasive. A few examples are English ivy, common orange daylily, Japanese pachysandra, Bradford or Callery pear, burning bush, Japanese barberry, Miscanthus, and Liriope. A plant may be invasive even though it never spreads within your garden. Pollen and/or seeds can be carried from your site by wind, water, and wildlife and take hold in suitable natural habitats. Unwanted or alien plants that appear in a planting bed and choke or outcompete what was planted, or detract from desired aesthetics, will need to be removed. Invasive alien species, state-designated noxious weeds, and even aggressive native plants require control. Each situation requires identification and analysis of the vegetation. Fortunately, many resources are available to help. o Consult the printed publications and websites listed below for plant-specific information. Be aware that many documents are not all inclusive, and their authors may not have intended them to be. o

Free expert help in identifying plant material is available from your local university cooperative extension office.


English ivy, periwinkle, creeping lily turf (Liriope), and Japanese pachysandra are some commonly used groundcovers, particularly for shade. However, these species are aliens that are invasive in the landscape. They should be avoided, and native alternatives selected instead. A groundcover can be

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any plant that physically covers or hides the bare ground from view; it does not have to be evergreen, or a single species. From a conservation landscaping perspective, any herbaceous or low-growing woody native plant is a good groundcover. A number of native selections will perform well where a low-growing, creeping, spreading, or clump-forming plant is most desired. When disturbing an area, take steps to prevent invasion of opportunistic alien plants by planting desirable native vegetation. For example, in a new development, you can “armor the edge” by planting natives along the limit of disturbance. Or, if removing existing vegetation in a yard, think about what you want to occupy the space next. Management is an ongoing process. Over time, the following steps must recur on a regular basis: o

Identify invasive plant problems Prioritize plant problems Implement removal according to priorities Edit your landscape plantings, adding native plants where needed to fill gaps Scout for missed problem plants and new infestations Keep abreast of current information on invasive species and their control LEARN MORE ABOUT IT AGGRESSIVE NATIVE PLANTS

Japanese honeysuckle; a wetland overtaken by purple loosestrife. In contrast, although some native species can spread well beyond their intended boundaries, they are prone to more limitations across the landscape - soil conditions, light, etc. - than invasive aliens, and so most “aggressive” natives do not have sweepingly destructive capabilities. Though black-eyed Susans may seed themselves throughout a garden, they will eventually give way to other species and will not encroach upon the entire surrounding neighborhood. There are a few native “thugs” that can present quite a challenge in managing larger properties - poison ivy, greenbrier, and cattails, for instance - but they do provide wildlife benefits. Although these need some control to uphold a diverse landscape, they are a piece in the biodiversity puzzle and therefore they do not need to be eradicated. Some native species demonstrate aggressive behavior and rapid spread. While these should be planted cautiously in your garden, they do not usually pose a threat to natural areas, habitats, or native plant populations. Because they are native, they normally have some natural controls or limitations (site conditions, predators or pests, competition with other species, etc.). In some circumstances, such as planting for soil stabilization or groundcover, rapid spread can be a desirable attribute. A few native plants that should be planted carefully in the garden and watched for spread include black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia species), mint family plants such as bee balm (Monarda species) and false dragonhead (Physostegia virginiana), switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), river oats (Chasmanthium latifolium), asters (Aster or Symphiotrichum novae-angliae or novi-belgii), eastern columbine (Aquilegia canadensis), golden groundsel (Senecio or Packera aureus), and trumpet creeper (Campsis radicans). WEEDS

Purple loosestrife by Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org

Some desirable plants, such as butterfly milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa), have the word “weed” in their names. This simply refers to “wort,” an early English word for an herbaceous plant. The term “weed” is also used for a plant that is out of place. A weed could be a native or non-native aggressively growing plant. Sometimes a plant can be a weed in one situation and a desirable plant in another situation. Most states have a noxious weeds law that requires landowners to control certain plants. Generally, noxious weed laws govern weeds of agricultural and grazing lands.

Why are certain native plants “aggressive” and alien plants “invasive”? Those alien or non-native plants that are deemed “invasive” are species that come from elsewhere, escape cultivation, and colonize rapidly. These plants can take over an entire natural area in a relatively short period of time: a woodland floor covered by a sea of garlic mustard; a forest buried under kudzu, oriental bittersweet, or 26 26

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MANAGEMENT Numerous options exist for managing invasive plants. The categories of management are biological control, manual and mechanical control, and chemical control. Biological control most commonly employs grazing animals such as goats and sheep, as well as introduced host-specific insects, to control invasive plants. Manual and mechanical control includes hand-pulling, cutting, mowing, and burning. Chemical control uses herbicides to kill plants. Each technique has its benefits and drawbacks, and the technique you choose should depend on the types of plants you are controlling, the site you are working on, your budget, and how much time you have. Remember that the sooner you detect a small population of an invasive plant, the easier it will be to control it! The references below contain additional information on control techniques. Any management of invasive plants should take into consideration the other plants and animals that use the site and how the site will be restored after the invasive plants are removed. FREE EXPERT HELP Digital photos of plants may be e-mailed to the Home and Garden Information Center, www.extension.umd.edu/hgic.

The Maryland Native Plant Society (www.mdflora.org) holds plant identification clinics a half hour before monthly meetings. NATIVE GROUNDCOVERS Instead of the “usual” invasive species used as groundcovers (English ivy, pachysandra, etc.), choose natives that accomplish the same effect safely. There are many, many options, but a few good choices to start with include the following: Herbaceous, flowering Aquilegia canadensis, eastern or wild columbine Asarum canadense, wild ginger Chrysogonum virginianum, green-and-gold Chrysopsis mariana, Maryland golden aster Coreopsis verticillata, threadleaf coreopsis Geranium maculatum, wild geranium Heuchera americana,H. villosa, alumroot, hairy heuchera Mitchella repens, partridgeberry Phlox carolina, P. divaricata, P. maculata, P. paniculata, P. stolonifera, P. subulata, phloxes (thick-leaved, woodland or wild blue, meadow, summer, creeping, moss) Tiarella cordifolia, foamflower

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Dryopteris cristata, D. intermedia, D. marginalis, crested woodfern, evergreen woodfern, marginal shield fern Osmunda cinnamomea, cinnamon fern Grasses

Akebia quinata, five-leaved akebia Ampelopsis brevipedunculata, porcelainberry Celastrus orbiculatus, oriental bittersweet Cynanchum louiseae, Louis’ swallowwort Euonymus fortunei, creeping euonymus, winter creeper Hedera helix, English ivy Lonicera japonica, Japanese honeysuckle Polygonum perfoliatum, mile-a-minute Pueraria montana v. lobata, kudzu Vinca minor, periwinkle Wisteria sinensis, W. floribunda, Chinese and Japanese wisteria Herbaceous Plants

Carex glaucodea, C. pensylvanica, blue wood sedge, Pennsylvania sedge Danthonia spicata, poverty oatgrass Shrubs Gaultheria procumbens, wintergreen, checkerberry Vaccinium angustifolium, lowbush blueberry EXAMPLES OF COMMONLY USED INVASIVE LANDSCAPING PLANTS The following list includes just some of the numerous exotic species that are commonly used for landscaping. This practice should be discontinued because these species spread into the landscape and threaten our valuable natural areas. Some plants included here may not be commonly planted but are found frequently, even in suburban yards, so the professional should be able to recognize them. Avoid planting any of these species, and urge property owners to control or eradicate them where they exist. Information on their biology, control, and native alternatives can be found in the references listed with this chapter. Trees Acer ginnala, amur maple Acer platanoides, Norway maple Ailanthus altissima, tree of heaven Albizia julibrissin, silk tree, mimosa tree Broussonetia papyrifera, paper mulberry Morus alba, white mulberry Paulownia tomentosa, princess tree Pyrus calleryana, Bradford or Callery pear Quercus acutissima, sawtooth oak Shrubs Berberis thunbergii, Japanese barberry Buddleia davidii, other species, butterfly bush Elaeagnus umbellata, autumn olive Euonymus alatus, winged burning bush Ligustrum species, privets (several species) Lonicera tatarica, L. maackii, L. morrowii, bush honeysuckles Nandina domestica, heavenly bamboo Rhamnus cathartica, buckthorn Rhodotypos scandens, jetbead Rosa multiflora, multiflora rose Rubus phoenicolasius, wineberry Spiraea japonica, Japanese spiraea, Japanese meadowsweet Viburnum dilatatum , V. lantana ,V. opulus, V. plicatum, V. sieboldii, non-native viburnums 28 28

Arundo donax, giant reed, wild cane Bambusa, Phyllostachys, Pseudosassa spp., running bamboos Bromus sterilis and other species, poverty brome grass Coronilla varia, crown vetch Hemerocallis fulva, H. lilioasphodelus, common daylily, yellow daylily Hesperis matronalis, dame’s rocket Iris pseudacorus, yellow iris Lespedeza cuneata, Chinese lespedeza Leucanthemum vulgare, ox-eye daisy Liriope spicatum, Liriope, creeping lily turf Lythrum salicaria (all cultivars), purple loosestrife Miscanthus sinensis, Chinese silver grass, maiden hair Pachysandra terminalis, Japanese pachysandra Perilla frutescens, beefsteak plant Phragmites australis, common reed Polygonum cuspidatum , Japanese knotweed Ranunculus ficaria, lesser celandine Aquatic Plants Eichhornia crassipes, water hyacinth Hydrilla verticillata, hydrilla Myriophyllum aquaticum, parrot feather watermilfoil Myriophyllum spicatum, Eurasian watermilfoil Salvinia molesta, giant salvinia Trapa natans, water chestnut WEBSITES AND REFERENCES Center for Invasive Plant Management: www.weedcenter.org/management/control.html Maryland Invasive Species Council: www.mdinvasivesp.org Mid-Atlantic Invasive Plant Council: www.maipc.org National Invasive Species Council: www.invasivespecies.gov TNC’s Bad Plants In Your Backyard initiative: www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/habitats/forests/explore/backyard- invasives.xml

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Plant Conservation Alliance, Alien Plants Working Group, “Weeds Gone Wild,” factsheets on many invasive species: www.nps.gov/plants/alien Univ. of Georgia, Bugwood Network, Invasive and Exotic Species of North America: www.invasive.org U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, BayScapes Program: www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/bayscapes.htm; chesapeakebay.fws.gov Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and National Park Service guide to ID and control of 48 invasives; also includes native plant alternatives to some common invasive landscaping plants): www.nps.gov/plants/alien/pubs/midatlantic Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests, USDA Forest Service: www.invasive.org/eastern/srs Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual: www.invasive.org/eastern/eppc

Larger-scale habitat protection and restoration are most critical to conserving wildlife populations. While simply planting native plants is not the complete answer, practicing conservation landscaping does contribute to overall restoration of the local environment. Creating conservation landscapes in residential yards, neighborhoods, and parks, and on business, school, and municipal properties, will help to increase available habitat for wildlife. In order to have the greatest ecological value for wildlife, conservation landscapes need to mimic natural plant groupings and incorporate features that provide as many habitat elements as possible. Develop landscaping that complements and links to existing natural areas. Providing a diversity of food sources and places for shelter or nesting, as well as sources of water, will help support a variety of enjoyable, beneficial wildlife.

Maryland Department of Natural Resources: information, species list, etc. at www.dnr.state.md.us/invasives/ and a citizen’s guide to wetland invasives at www.dnr.state.md.us/forests/pdfs/ACB_ControlofInvasivePlants.pdf

HOW - To improve the planned landscape so that it supports a diversity of wildlife species, we must minimize lawn and improve vegetative structure (landscape with layers of plants), similar to what nature provides in wetlands, meadows, and forests. A conservation landscape can attract native wildlife based on wise choices and planning that will benefit the local environment as well as the homeowner. Conservation landscaping can be used to create corridors and transition zones for wildlife in a landscape otherwise fragmented by housing and shopping areas, roads, office buildings, and other development.

Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal, J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, 1997.

As conservation landscaping is planned, consider the following to benefit wildlife:

State noxious weed lists: These are the plants for which states require control measures. Most are focused on threats to agricultural lands, not natural areas, and therefore do not include all plants considered invasive in a state. For information on state noxious weed laws and invasive species plant lists, start with www.invasive.org/maps/states.cfm

Provide food sources year-round. The leaves, stems, twigs, bark, flowers (nectar), seeds, and fruits (e.g., nuts, berries) of native plants form the basis of many animals’ food needs. The food web is very complex. Some animals eat plants, others eat insects or other animals, and some eat both. Providing the plants helps attract and provide various components of the web, thus supporting a diversity of species. [See Element 2, Native Plants}. Include a water source. Water is important to all living creatures, including insects, and is needed year-round for survival. Include water in landscape plans to benefit wildlife whether a small bird bath, a small lined pond, a large pond with a wetland edge, or anything in between. Provide structure. Use layers of plant types, heights, and arrangements that mirror nature to provide needed shelter from the elements and nesting space important to many types of wildlife. [See Element 2, Native Plants]. Supply cover. Brush piles, rock outcrops or walls, and hedgerows are features to consider including if the site

Kaufman, Sylvan R. and Wallace Kaufman. Invasive Plants: Guide to Identification and the Impacts and Control of Common North American Species. Stackpole Books, 2013.

ELEMENT 4 - WILDLIFE HABITAT A conservation landscape provides habitat for wildlife. One of the most important and rewarding aspects of conservation landscaping is providing for native wildlife species such as birds, butterflies, bees, spiders, fish, frogs, salamanders, snakes, and other animals. An animal’s habitat is the particular type of area where it finds food, water, shelter, and breeding or nesting space. Biodiversity - a wide variety of native plant and animal life - is critical to maintaining a healthy ecosystem. For many reasons, the amount and quality of habitat for wildlife is declining across the landscape. First and foremost, plan your landscape to conserve and protect existing wildlife habitat. 30 30

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is appropriate, as these provide protection from predators and other threats. Consider using alternatives to pesticides. All life, including humans and pets, is susceptible to harm from pesticide use. Spraying to rid the yard of an insect pest can also kill butterflies and their larvae, birds eating affected insects can become ill, and the effects are magnified up the food chain. Instead, choose safer options (the least toxic but still effective method). [See Manage Garden Pests with Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Element 8, Management.] LEARN MORE ABOUT IT - HABITAT Habitat types include various kinds of wetlands, forests, meadows, and aquatic areas such as streams, rivers, ponds, and estuaries. Environmental degradation and direct destruction are just two factors leading to wildlife habitat decline. Increasing development accelerates habitat loss, replacing natural areas and creating an abundance of lawn and pavement that in turn shed more rainwater and further contribute to water pollution and habitat degradation. Development fragments habitats, making it more difficult for species to migrate seasonally or to move in response to climate change. NATIVE ANIMAL SPECIES The value of native wildlife cannot be overstated. The history of the Chesapeake Bay region is inextricably linked to the value of its natural resources. The abundance of wildlife supported by the habitats and landscapes within its vast watershed enriches our way of life and our economy in many ways - from the seafood industry, to tourism, to local recreation. The Bay region supports 3,600 species of plant and animal life, including more than 300 fish species and 2,700 plant types. Bird watching, wildlife viewing, and nature photography are currently the fastest-growing nature-related recreation activities. Regardless of whether nature is the primary focus of people’s activities, in periodic opinion surveys respondents place high importance and intrinsic value on the presence of a diversity of plants and animals. Pollinators such as bees, moths, butterflies, bats, and hummingbirds are critical to the continued survival of both native plant populations and our cultivated food crops. [See Cultivars in Element 2, Native Plants.] Protecting, conserving, and restoring our natural resources is critical in maintaining quality of life, now and for future generations.

through dispersal of pollen, fruits, or seeds. Consequently, plants and animals are interdependent, and certain plants and animals are often found together. Some animals are migratory and are only present during certain times of year. Many animals’ food needs change throughout the seasons or depending on their stage of growth. Climate changes threaten to uncouple many plantanimal relationships. For example, warmer winter temperatures may cause flowers to bloom before their migratory pollinators arrive in spring. Therefore, including a wide variety of food choices (native plants) in the landscape will provide for the changing needs of many animals. Within a balanced landscape, native wildlife should not pose a nuisance or hazard to humans, and humans should be able to live in harmony with the wildlife. Some native animals, however, can be overabundant and may need to be discouraged in the landscape (e.g., deer, groundhogs, rabbits). A number of factors can cause native animals to become nuisance wildlife, particularly as a result of development pressures that alter habitat, food sources, or the presence of predators that normally keep populations in check. Feeding wildlife or leaving out garbage cans can attract animals such as squirrels, raccoons, deer, or bears, which may cause a nuisance situation in proximity to homes or other areas humans use. In the Mid-Atlantic region, diseases transmitted by ticks to people and pets are a concern. In particular, deer ticks can transfer Lyme and other disease from mammals (mice, deer) to humans. To reduce the presence of ticks, use fencing to keep deer away from paths and buildings and reduce brushy areas near walkways and buildings. Strategic use of insect repellents, proper clothing, and routine body checks after being outdoors also help to reduce the risk of tick-borne disease. [For more information on ticks, see The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station Tick Management Handbook, Bulletin No. 1010, available online at www.ct.gov/caes/]. INVASIVE ANIMAL SPECIES

An invasive animal species is a species introduced outside of its native range that spreads rapidly (e.g. nutria, house sparrows, Asian tiger mosquitoes, emerald ash borers, Norway rats). Some invasive animals threaten native wildlife and plant populations and/or cause destruction of habitat areas, while others pose human health risks. [See Element 3, Invasive Plants, for links to invasive species lists]. As with Plants are one of the most important features of an animal’s plant species, identifying invasive animal species quickly habitat because they often provide most, if not all, of the can lead to much more successful control of the species. For animal’s habitat needs. Particular groupings of plant species well-established invasive animals, learn how to discourage (specific plant communities) comprise the basis of different their establishment and spread. For example, house sparhabitat types. In turn, animals help plants to reproduce rows will nest in bluebird boxes and kill nesting bluebirds. VNLA Newsletter April/May/June 2015 31 VNLA Newsletter April / May / June 2015 31

Houses can be designed to exclude house sparrows, or boxes can be monitored to evict nesting house sparrows. Always monitor new plantings for unknown insects and diseases, and avoid transporting firewood from distant places because it can harbor insects. Don't move firewood: www.dontmovefirewood.org/ Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health: www.invasive.org/ Maryland Department of Agriculture mosquito control: mda.maryland.gov/plants- pests/Pages/mosquito_control.aspx ECOSYSTEM An ecosystem is a natural, interactive unit consisting of all plants, animals, and microorganisms in an area functioning together with all non-living physical factors of the environment. Living organisms are continually engaged in a set of relationships with every other element constituting the environment in which they exist. The interdependence of the life in an ecosystem heightens the importance of protecting all natural components, so that the thread that connects the web of life is not unraveled. [See Element 2, Native Plants].

A diversity of insects act as pollinators in the Chesapeake Bay region. Honey bees are introduced pollinators, but native pollinators include solitary bees, wasps, flies, moths and butterflies. Different pollinators have different habitat requirements. The resources below provide information on pollinator habitat. North American Pollinator Protection Campaign http://www.nappc.org and http://www.nappc.org/pollinatorEn.html Xerces Society, conservation of butterflies and other invertebrates http://www.xerces.org MORE RESOURCES Maryland Wild Acres program Invite Wildlife to Your Backyard...Some Tips for Creating a Wild Backyard: www.dnr.state.md.us/wildlife/Habitat/WildAcres/ Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries: www.dgif.state.va.us/wildlifewatching/ District of Columbia Department of the Environment: ddoe.dc.gov/service/fisheries-and-wildlife Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources Wild Resources Conservation Program: www.dcnr.state.pa.us/conserve/index.htm West Viriginia Wild Yards Program: www.wvdnr.gov/wildlife/wildyards.shtm

WATER SOURCE Water sources can be as large as a pond or as small as a dish of water on a balcony. Keep water sources clean and free of mosquito larvae. National Wildlife Federation (NWF): www.nwf.org/Howto-Help/Garden-for-Wildlife/Gardening-Tips/Build-aBackyard-Pond.aspx?campaignid=WH09ASLP&s_src=CWH_GoogleMini_ponds U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Backyard Conservation program, backyard pond, wetland, and water feature information: www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/national/newsroom/features/?cid=nrcs143_023574 STRUCTURE Instead of isolated plantings, such as a tree in the middle of lawn, group trees, shrubs and perennials to create layers of vegetation. A forest has, for example, a canopy layer (tallest trees), understory layers (various heights of trees and shrubs beneath the canopy) and a ground layer or forest floor. These layers provide the structure and variety needed for shelter, breeding or nesting space for a diversity of wildlife.

Audubon At Home athome.audubon.org/ and Audubon Maryland-DC: md.audubon.org/ Mizejewski, David. Attracting Birds, Butterflies and Other Backyard Wildlife. Creative Homeowner, 2004. Kress, Stephen W. The Audubon Society Guide to Attracting Birds. 2nd Edition. Cornell University, 2006. Tallamy, Douglas W. Bringing Nature Home: How you Can Sustain Wildlife with Native Plants. Updated and expanded. Timber Press, 2007. www.timberpress.com/books/isbn.cfm/9780881928549 The Wild Ones Handbook (a "how to" to gardening for wildlife): www.epa.gov/greenacres/wildones/ Excerpt s from “Conservation Landscaping Guidelines – The Eight Essential Elements of Conservation Landscaping” by the Chesapeake Conservation Landscaping Council

Complete the Quiz on page 33 and get 1 CEU for your Virginia Certified Horticulturist Re-certification!


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VNLA – Certification Quiz #72

6. Which commonly used landscaping plants are not invasive?

If you are a Virginia Certified Horticultu33rist, answer the following questions from the previous article, mark your answers on the card insert to the left and mail or fax back to the VNLA office towards your recertification CEU’s for your Virginia Certified Horticulturist.

a. Liriope b. Pampas Grass c. Bradford or Callery Pear d. Japanese barberry 7. Management options for the control of invasive plants include: a. Biological control b. Manual and mechanical control c. Chemical control d. All of the above

Conservation Landscaping Guidelines Chapter 3 & 4 Quiz April/May/June 2015 Prepared by: Nanette R. Whitt

Conservation Landscaping Guidelines Chapter 3 & 4 Quiz Prepared by: Nanette R. Whitt 1. Plants that occur artificially in locations beyond their natural ranges are called: a. Invasive b. Weeds c. Alien d. None of the above 2. Movement of soil can spread invasive plants to natural areas. a. True b. False 3. A plant growing where it is not wanted in the landscape is called a: a. Alien b. Weed c. Native d. None of the above

a. Displace existing vegetation b. Form dense one-species stands c. Alter native populations through hybridization d. All of the above 5. A native plants cannot be invasive.

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a. Landscape b. Habitat c. Agricultural zone d. None of the above 9. For the greatest ecological value for wildlife, conservation landscapes need to mimic natural plant groupings a. True b. False 10. Conservation landscapes have ecological benefits for wildlife including: a. Food b. Cover c. Water d. All of the above 11. The Chesapeake Bay region supports how many species of plant and animal life: a. 18,000 b. 9,000 c. 3,600 d. None of the above 12. Plants often provide most if not all, of the animal’s habitat needs. a. True b. False 13. Which is considered an invasive animal species:

4. Invasive plants outside of their natural native range can:

a. True b. False

8. The particular type of area where an animal finds food, water, shelter and nesting space is called:

a. Field mice b. House sparrows c. Raccoons d. All of the above 14. In a well-balanced landscape, native wildlife will not become overabundant. a. True b. False

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News - Project EverGreen’s “Healthy Turf. Healthy Kids.”™ Renovates Cobb County, Georgia Park

play areas are vital to healthy, thriving communities. One of the ways we demonstrate our commitment is by mobilizing generous local landscaping contractor volunteers, like Rupert Landscape, to donate their time and talents to meet community needs.” Rupert Landscape has a long-standing history of contributing time, labor, equipment, and material resources to revitalize community environments. “Giving back is a part of our DNA, and each year we allocate a percentage of our revenues expressly to donate our services to restore and renew community green spaces,” says Thor Grenier, branch manager for Ruppert Landscape’s Mableton, Ga., facility. “We appreciate Project EverGreen and Ruppert Landscape’s efforts to complete this much needed restoration and beautification of Wallace Park and its deserving community,” says Eddie Canon, director, Cobb County PRCA.

Project EverGreen and Ruppert Landscape Deliver More Than $10,000 in Landscape Enhancements to Beautify Wallace Park Entrance Cleveland, Ohio (April 15, 2015) — Project EverGreen announces the completion of the first 2015 “Healthy Turf. Healthy Kids.”™ Renovation project with the enhancement of the entranceway to Wallace Park in Mableton, Cobb County, Ga. Working in partnership with the Cobb County Parks, Recreation and Cultural Affairs Department (PRCA), Project EverGreen and industry and community volunteers, led by Rupert Landscape, designed and delivered a much-needed face lift to restore and renew the landscape at the park’s entrance. The park is home to 11 Step Up to the Plate youth baseball teams with 130 players, as well as 9 Wallace Park Falcons teams of the Northwest Georgia Youth Football League. The renovation project was completed over several days during the week of April 6 and included more than 90 man-hours of labor to install new trees, shrubs and flowering plants, as well as 3,300 square feet of Bermudagrass sod, installed onsite by Cobb County PRCA. Rupert Landscape organized the donations of nursery stock, sod and organic materials with fellow Cobb County green industry supplier partners including John Deere Landscapes, Buck Jones Nurseries and North Georgia Turf & Sod. In-kind donations for the project totaled more than $10,500 in value. On Saturday, April 11, Wallace Park hosted the “Step Up to the Plate” Baseball Association players, coaches and parents, who joined community and PRCA officials and Project EverGreen volunteers to help put the finishing touches on the project and hold a brief recognition ceremony. “Our mission is to preserve and enhance green spaces where we live, work and play,” says Cindy Code, executive director of Project EverGreen. “Parks, sports fields and recreational

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Project EverGreen’s “Healthy Turf. Healthy Kids.” was created to restore and revitalize green spaces, including sports fields and parks, where children can play, exercise and socially connect with their peers. Not only do these spaces ensure children have a safe surface on which to play and exercise, but they also promote a healthier lifestyle, improve the environment and contribute to economic growth and community development. “Healthy Turf. Healthy Kids.” renovation projects, in collaboration with the Sports Turf Managers Association, are scheduled to be held in numerous cities across the United States in 2015 including Cleveland; Chicago; Minneapolis; Raleigh; Charlotte; Milwaukee; Dallas; San Antonio; Austin; Portland, Ore.; and Indianapolis. About Project EverGreen - Headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio, Project EverGreen is a national non-profit organization representing green industry service providers, associations, suppliers/distributors, media companies and other organizations. Project EverGreen is committed to informing the public about the positive effects of well-maintained green spaces in our communities where we live, work and play, including lawns and landscapes, sports turf, golf courses, trees and parks. To learn more about Project EverGreen and to join us in our efforts to restore and repair parks in cities nationwide, visit www.ProjectEverGreen.org 877-758-4835 About Sports Turf Managers Association - STMA is the not-for-profit, professional association for men and women who manage sports fields worldwide. Since 1981, the association and its 34 local chapters have been providing education, information and sharing practical knowledge in the art and science of sports field management. Its more than 2,600 members oversee sports fields and facilities at schools, colleges and universities, parks and recreational facilities, and professional sports stadiums. For more information visit www.stma.org Cindy Code, Project EverGreen, cindycode@projectevergreen.org

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News - New VSLD Officers

VSLD elected new officers and directors at their annual meeting on February 28. Officers President, Tom Thompson, Natural Art Landscaping Vice President, Yulita Ellis, Ellis Landscape & Garden Design  Secretary, Chris Coen, Nature’s Palette  Treasurer, Susan Kappel, Creatrix Landscape Design  Past President, Katie Sokol, Down River Landscape Design Directors

Professional photographer Ben Greenberg lead the group in an exploration of how to take award-winning digital photos of our projects. Ben is a lifelong resident of Virginia who moved to Charlottesville for the third time in 2002 after growing up in Richmond and spending most of his adult life there. He has photographed scenic vistas in Virginia, the Mid-Atlantic area, and many other locations in the United States for more than forty years, the last thirty-five as a freelance professional photographer. His carefully crafted landscape photographs have won local as well as national awards and competitions and have been exhibited in numerous individual and group shows.

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Theresa Bigioli, Biagioli’s Garden Path Design Denise Hargraves, Denise Hargraves Design Lindsey Gill Smythe, Virginia Berry Farm Jeff Klingel, Appleseed Nurseries & Landscape

Provided by the VSLD, www.vsld.org

News - Virginia Horticulture Ranks in Ag Commodities    

#5 in farm gate dollar value crop in Virginia #18 out of 50 state in horticulture production in US Orange County, VA is #49 out of 2,678 counties in the US which equals the top 2%. Orange County equals $54,381,000 of $251,871,000 in farm gate value reported in 2012, or 21.5% of Virginia Provided by Virginia Rockwell, VNLA Secretary/Treasurer

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News - Horticulture Flexes Grassroots Muscle on Workforce Solutions Columbus, Ohio – AmericanHort and its state association grassroots partners (including VNLA) have shown some impressive grassroots muscle on three federal legislative initiatives important to a legal and stable horticulture workforce. On March 17, AmericanHort and roughly two dozen state association partners joined a total of almost 140 organizations on a letter to House of Representatives leadership. The letter responded to the looming threat of the Legal Workforce Act (H.R.1147) being voted on in the House without provisions that would ensure legal workforce options for agricultural and seasonal employers. H.R.1147 would mandate that all U.S. employers use the federal EVerify program. “Mandatory E-Verify would have a devastating impact on our industry in the absence of a legislative solution for agriculture’s labor needs,” the letter stated. “Immigration enforcement without a program flexible enough to address the labor needs of fruit, vegetable, dairy, nursery, and other farms and ranches, will result in many U.S. farmers, their farm employees, and many in their rural communities losing their livelihoods as well as an overall decrease in U.S. agricultural production” it continued. Next, our members collectively generated hundreds of letters, phone calls, and tweets calling for resumption of H-2B program processing. The seasonal worker visa program was abruptly shut down by the Departments of Labor and Homeland Security at a key time for the landscape industry, the single largest user. Horticulture industry grassroots helped persuade an impressive bipartisan group of lawmakers to join on a letter to Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson, insisting that processing resume. It has, for now, though vigilance is the watchword in the coming weeks. Finally, AmericanHort members and grassroots partners advocated for House members to sign a letter to House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) and Judiciary chairman Bob Goodlatte (R-VA). The letter emphasizes, “It is imperative that any effort to implement mandatory E-verify be coupled with a solution to agriculture’s unique labor needs. Failure to couple these reforms together would create an unworkable situation for American agriculture.” The final letter was signed by 61 members, mostly Republicans. “This is an impressive push-back against those who insist that E-Verify must move first,” according to Craig Regelbrugge, senior vice president for industry advocacy and research with AmericanHort. “In agriculture speak, a promise that positive reforms will come later, after enforcement, is being asked to buy a pig in a poke. We and our grassroots partners helped move the needle on all these important efforts, and we’ll continue to work with Congress to get good reforms enacted. ” LauraK@AmericanHort.org, 614-884-1137 Direct

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News - Horticultural Research Institute Funds Key Pollinator Research Projects WASHINGTON and COLUMBUS, OH – March 12, 2015 – The Horticultural Research Institute is pleased to announce it will grant $125,000 in financial support for four key projects as part of the Horticultural Industry Bee & Pollinator Stewardship Initiative. In 2014, the Horticultural Research Institute established a “Horticultural Industry Bee & Pollinator Stewardship Initiative” with three primary goals.   

First, to convene a task force to develop a bee and pollinator stewardship program, including creation of best management practices for plant production. Second, to identify and fund research that will help answer key science questions and fill gaps needed to design and refine the stewardship program. Third, to seek to positively position the horticultural community and its customers by collaborating with other compatible groups interested in augmenting pollinator habitat and protection.

“The Pollinator Stewardship Initiative is of critical importance in developing a singular, comprehensive response to concerns about our industry’s impact on pollinator health,” said John Coulter, President, Horticultural Research Institute. “The Initiative’s focus on research is a key component in establishing clearer understanding of horticulture’s impact on pollinators.” Michael V. Geary, President & CEO, AmericanHort agrees. “The research selected for funding represents work that can best refine the horticultural community’s pollinator practices and advance the industry as beneficial partners in pollinator stewardship efforts.” Nearly a dozen proposals were submitted in response to the Horticultural Research Institute’s call for pollinator research projects. A panel of scientists and horticultural industry professionals, including AmericanHort and Society of American Florists (SAF) representatives, reviewed each proposal for scientific merit and industry relevance. The review process was bolstered by feedback from the EPA’s Pesticide Re-Evaluation Division, which evaluated the proposals, as well. Consensus was reached among the reviewers, and four proposals were identified for funding.

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Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station in Windsor, CT, aims to conduct pesticide residue analysis in pollen and nectar from treated plants. Using plants commonly used in the landscape, he expects to further develop an understanding of systemic insecticide uptake and potential interactions with nectar and pollen. In turn, this knowledge will further the establishment of best management guidelines for growing plants and protecting pollinators. Assessing Bee Attractiveness of Woody Landscape Plants and Mitigating Potential Bee Hazard from Neonicotinoid Insecticides. – Awarded $26,000

The Horticultural Research Institute will fund the following bee projects for a total of $125,000. Residues of and Rapid Assessment of Toxicity for Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Pollen and Nectar in Model Plant Systems. – Awarded $54,000 Significant data gaps related to the concentration of systemic insecticides in nectar or pollen of ornamental plants hampers efforts to assure the public and retail sellers of these plants that growers’ practices result in plants that are safe to bees and other pollinators. Dr. Richard Cowles of the

In this project, Dr. Daniel Potter of the University of Kentucky in Lexington, KY, aims to inform best management practices by which producers and landscape managers can protect plants from pests while mitigating the risk to bees. Additionally, his research has the potential to further support planting recommendations for landscapes that sustain bees throughout the growing season, identify plants that warrant particular caution when using systemic insecticides, and highlight plants whose floral characteristics reduce the potential for bees to be impacted by systemic insecticides.

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Understanding the Opportunities Present for Bees from Commercial Plant Material. – Awarded $25,000 This project, led by Dr. Victoria Wojcik from The Pollinator Partnership in San Francisco, CA, and Dr. Christina Grozinger with Pennsylvania State University in University Park, PA, addresses the interactions of bees with landscape plants in order to be better informed on which specific cultivars and varieties bees most frequent. This work will help guide some of the treatment protocols for specific plants and help the industry in marketing particular varieties that are most advantageous for pollinators. Best Management Practices for Growing Bee-Friendly Plants in the Greenhouse. – Awarded $20,000 Dr. David Smitley from Michigan State University in East Lansing, MI, will conduct research aimed at developing scientifically-based best management strategies for the production of high quality greenhouse-grown plants that are safe to pollinators after they are purchased and planted. The Horticultural Research Institute’s mission is to direct, fund, promote, and communicate horticulture research. Supporting research that challenges current methodology, pushes for better technology, and bridges the divide between businesses and the consumer is exactly how HRI helps build prosperous businesses, advance the green industry, and fulfill its core vision. The Horticultural Research Institute (HRI), founded in 1962, has provided more than $7 million in funds to research projects covering a broad range of production, environmental, and business issues important to the green industry. Nearly $11 million is committed to the endowment by individuals, corporations, and associations. For more information about HRI, its grant-funded research, or programming, visit www.hriresearch.org or contact Jennifer Gray at 614.884.1155. Contact: Jennifer Gray, Research Programs Administrator, jenniferg@americanhort.org or 614.884.1155, www.hriresearch.org


SAVE THE DATE!!! VNLA Management Workshop VNLA Field Day VNLA Summer Tour August 19-21, 2015

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News - Statement in Response to Lowe’s Position on Neonicotinoids April 9, 2015 (Washington, D.C.) – As professional horticulturists, we grow trees, plants and flowers, and healthy trees, plants and flowers are critically important to healthy bees and healthy bee habitats. Pollinator health is a highly complex issue, and we recognize that there many factors that can affect bee health. Although the improper use of pesticides can harm bees, a growing number of credible independent studies indicate that neonicotinoids, when used as directed, are not the cause of widespread bee health issues. Consumers want plants that are healthy, beautiful and pestfree, and neonicotinoids have proven to be among the most effective pest management tools available. Neonicotinoids also are among the safest products we have for both our employees and the environment. Lowe’s position is surprising, considering the most recent and positive reports on the state of honeybee health (NASS honey report) and recent peer reviewed research. This is an issue for which sound science must take priority. Plant growers are experts on how to produce healthy plants. We embrace the challenge of protecting bee and pollinator health and the opportunity to be part of the solution. We will continue to fund important research on the health of bees, and guide horticulture on safe and responsible pest management. Horticulture will look to the best science to guide our efforts. For additional information on what horticulture needs to know about pollinator health, view our video at http://bit.ly/ProtectingPollinatorsVideo. Jennifer Gray, Horticultural Research Institute, JenniferG@AmericanHort.org, 614-884-1155 Direct

Tips - 2015 Garden Trends Report The New Consumers Garden companies need to start talking to and identifying with America’s new consumers: The rapidly growing base of Millennials, Hispanics, and the new top spenders in the garden industry, Young Men. Hispanics are the largest minority in U.S. and the fastest growing segment. Hispanics traditionally grow veggies for family & friends. Millennials are BIGGER than Baby Boomers, comprising an estimated 25% of the U.S. population. Millennials in the U.K. spend $1500 annually on gardening, almost 4X the average in the U.S. Young men in the U.S. spend $100 more than average on garden plants and products. Pew Research forecasts that by 2050, the U.S. will be 47% white, 39% Hispanic, 13% black and 9% Asian.

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For more and more consumers, health is a top priority. People aren’t just gardening for beauty, they are gardening to nourish their communities, the environment and their own wellbeing. And they want brands to help them do it. Wellbeing from the Outside In

U.S. demand for outdoor products is expected to increase 4% in 2015 to almost $7 billion. Plants will play a key role whether it’s potting up containers and terrariums, cooking fresh food from their garden or redecorating the patio. By using ready-made containers, color-themed plants and products like RESCUE!’s decorative OrnamenTrap for yellowjackets and flies, a dull space can be quickly decorated before a party. Wanting to instantly “set the space” before a party is a key reason people

Products that are environmentally friendly and safe for pets and children reign supreme. Blueberry plants, like the BrazelBerries® Collection of edible berries, are good for health and wellness, rank high on consumers’ eco-scale. ESN-117 45 Years/4.5x7.25 DID YOU KNOW? In a global survey of 30,000 consumers, 72% of people said that businesses are failing to take care of the planet and society as a whole. - Accenture & Havas Media, June 2014


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Trees, flowers, plants, birds and bees all increase overall health and wellness for self, society and the planet. Plants are clean air filters, oxygen machines, and wellness prescriptions .Trees absorb 1/5 of carbon emissions, reduce electricity consumption and increase mental health. This year, trending color palettes – ranging from vintage and muted rustic to teal and pink – show off personality in flowers, plants and outdoor products. Color Pops In the garden, easy-to-grow flower bulbs can inspire people to mix and match colors that express their personality. Pops of exploding color like pink and teal give a fun, fresh and flirty feel. Popular shades of pink include such variety as bubblegum, pink dust, mauve, blush, and fuchsia. While teal and turquoise act as a cooler complement to pink. Inversely, rustic, natural color palettes create a vintage, homey feel. Light pastels and more worn down hues like faded denim evoke feelings of comfort and give a reimagined contemporary look. The party is moving outside! With the U.S. demand for outdoor plants expected to grow to $7 billion in 2015, “garden-tainment” is quickly becoming a way to personalize outdoor spaces. Garden-tainment

WH O C A R E S T H AT W E ’ V E KEPT OUR NAME GROWING FOR OVER 45 YEARS? Maybe you should care. Chances are, you can think of many businesses that have come and gone over the past four decades. We’ve been here through it all—putting down strong roots and branching out to provide our customers with quality plants year after year. And cultivating the expertise that can help Eastern your bottom line grow today and tomorrow. Shore Call Eastern Shore Nursery of Virginia Nursery Of and order plants from a company with a Virginia long history of excellence. Keller, Virginia • 1-800-323-3008 • www.esnursery.com

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buy plants. They're looking for easy, quick solutions they can personalize. According to the National Association of Home Builders, homes are predicted to shrink in size by 10% in 2015. With smaller homes, people are taking to the outdoors for dining, cooking, and entertaining. In fact, the 2014 Casual Living and Apartment Therapy Outdoor Decorating Survey notes that 62% of Millennials, 46% of Gen Xers and 24% of Baby Boomers are spending more time outdoors. According to the survey, 85% of Millennials rated outdoor rooms as “Very Important” or “Important” compared to 83% of Gen Xers and 74% of Baby Boomers. Whether in a small space garden or on an apartment balcony, compact plants will pack a lot of punch in 2015 with rich colors and textures as major focal points. Bite Sized Decadence No-fuss cacti and succulents are ideal for consumers who seek attractive, low-maintenance plants. Tiny and easy to grow succulents in bold containers bring nature inside the home. According to lifestyle expert, Carmen Johnston, “Succulents are the new gateway plant for consumers.” Convenience and simplicity resonate with consumers. Portable gardening allows the always-in-motion generation to take gardening wherever they go. Portable Gardening The rise of “NOwners”– those who prize freedom over homeownership— is fueling modular flexibility and encouraging unique design and personalization. Adaptable and flexible planters with wheels, handles or other movable parts or lightweight durable products like NativeCast’s green concrete planters fit their needs. Neighborhood residents are rebelling against and campaigning for the reversal of ordinances that prohibit them from expressing themselves and living the way they want. These rebels are transforming the neighborhood into “agrihoods” – complete with urban chickens, beekeepers and lawn-less landscapes. Rebel Hoods The Community Associations Institute estimates about 63.4 million U.S. residents lived in 323,600 Homeowner Association communities in 2012. Individuals have started rebelling and reversing ordinances set upon them by Homeowner Associations or local government. They are reclaiming their land and taking pride in being able to sustain their families. From growing and cultivating their own food and raising backyard goats to the comeback of the clothesline, people are paving their own way and sharing their goods.

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The neighborhood has become the new Agri-Hood. Purposefully unstyled outdoor spaces are the result of intentionally working within the natural landscape. This casual landscape style expresses an effortless personality with an “anything goes” attitude. Bed Head Create “bed head” meadows and natural habitats using native plants to increase diversity, balance and ecosystems. Native plants require less water and fertilizer because they are well adapted to the local climate. Responsible gardeners use responsible plants. Be water-wise with natives and other responsible drinkers. With almost half of the U.S. states passing laws to legalize marijuana, the amount of people that will begin growing their own will also increase. Garden Centers can capitalize on new laws by carrying products that help people cultivate these plants and can become leaders in the industry. Smoke Your Garden    

The legal marijuana market is growing at a rate poised to overtake even that of global smartphones! With an increasing number of states decriminalizing marijuana, more people will begin growing their own and need seeds, plants and products. New businesses opportunities range from tech companies that track seed-to-sale operations to real estate agents who find space for growers. Garden centers can capitalize on new laws by carrying grow lights and hydroponic supplies, plant nutrients and additives, potting soils and growing media, eco-renewable mulch, and eventually cannabis seeds and new cultivars.

Q: Garden Media has been predicting garden trends for 14 years. What trends have you spotted that have lasted? A: We first started talking about outdoor living in 2001. The backyard was the new living room – dining room – and kitchen. We saw homeowners moving away from gardening to decorating with containers. We saw the organic “green movement” or eco-chic picking up steam around 2004. The next year we saw an uptick in growing your own veggies. Q: How do you predict the garden trends? A: We look at what is happening in the garden now. Then we research consumer home and fashion trends on a global level and see how they fit in with gardening. We interview a lot of plant growers, garden magazine editors and landscape designers.

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Q: What was the biggest surprise this year? A: The face of the new consumer is changing and three distinctive new groups are emerging: Millennials, Hispanics and young men. Q: What is the number one reason people select the products they buy?

Research - Bee-friendly plants and pest management strategies – Part 1 What does “bee-friendly” mean and how can ornamental plant growers produce plants that are safe for pollinators?

A: Health and wellness. Small fruit trees and berry shrubs are on consumers shopping lists as they consider healthy choices and ways to get their children in the garden and eating more fruits and vegetables.

Posted on April 16, 2015 by Heidi Wollaeger, Michigan State University Extension, and Dave Smitley, MSU Extension, Department of Entomology

Q: Is the way we see plants going to change in the 21st century? A: Absolutely. Plants are no longer a luxury. They are necessity for our health and well- being. Plants make us smarter, more productive and less stressed and are showing up in offices, schools and hospitals across the country. Brands are being held to higher standards, as customers demand that products are not only reliable but have a positive impact on the planet. What better brands to do this but garden plants and products? Want to know more about the 2015 Garden Trends? Check out their GROW blog for weekly updates at www.grow.gardenmediagroup.com Contact www.gardenmediagroup.com suzi@gardenmediagroup.com 610-444-3040

During the last two years, several new research studies and a major review paper indiHoney bee on flower. Photo credit: Orangeaurochs, Flickr.com cate that bumble bees and other native bees can be affected by very low levels of neonicotinoid insecticide in pollen and nectar (less than 20 ppb). Honey bees appear to be more tolerant because of the large colony size and multiple food sources, but they can be affected too. Several environmental groups have been actively campaigning for

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more careful use of neonicotinoid insecticides or banning their use entirely. In June 2014, President Barack Obama issued a memorandum instituting a new Pollinator Task Force. Other national associations and organizations have also established new initiatives and programming on pollinator health. For example, the American Floral Endowment has established the new “Horticultural Industry Bee and Pollinator Stewardship Initiative” andAmericanHort recently released a call to action for the ornamental horticulture industry in the video, “Protecting Bees and Pollinators: What Horticulture Needs to Know.” The burgeoning number of new stories can leave anyone’s head spinning. What does “bee-friendly” really mean and how can an ornamental plant grower grow plants that are safe for pollinators? In order to answer that question, Michigan State University Extension needs to address the meaning of “bee-friendly.” Plants that are bee-friendly provide pollen and nectar to pollinators – in other words, they are a good food source. However, bee-friendly can also refer to pest management practices used to grow plants with no harmful insecticide residue on the flowers or in the pollen and nectar. See the complete report at http://msue.anr.msu.edu/news/bee_friendly_plants_and_pe st_management_strategies_part_1

Research - Why should you consider marketing your plants as bee-friendly? – Part 2 Despite the confusion around the term “bee-friendly,” retailers might be able to garner a premium price for plants labeled bee-friendly. Posted on April 16, 2015 by Heidi Wollaeger, Michigan State University Extension

In Part 1, Michigan State University Extension explained “bee-friendly” can refer to its attractiveness as a food source for bees and it could also refer to our pest management practices. This could create some confusion to consumers as to what bee-friendly means. Do we know if our consumers are also confused by this term and, even if they are, could there still be a reason to still use it for marketing purposes? Do consumers find “bee-friendly” confusing too? Since the phrase bee-friendly is ambiguous to those in the green industry, is it also ambiguous to our consumers? Yes, it is. According to recent nationwide survey by Michigan State University of over 3,000 participants, 67 percent of consumers described that bee-friendly meant that bees are not harmed and 46 percent described it as the use of products without bee toxicity. Approximately half of respondents identified bee-friendly as environmentally friendly or as better for the environment. In a free-form question, over one-third responded that bee-friendly meant practices that are not harmful to bees while 19 percent said it indicates the plant is attractive to bees. If the term bee-friendly is ambiguous, why should we market our plants as bee-friendly? According to the same survey by researchers at Michigan State University, there may be a couple of reasons to still use the terminology beefriendly. First, when compared with other terms tested such as “grown with beneficial insects,” “grown with traditional pest control” and “grown without neonicotinoids,” bee-friendly was the most well understood phrase. In contrast, more than two-thirds of participants responded they never heard of or did not understand the word “neonicotinoid” when shown a plant labeled with “grown without neonicotinoids.” Secondly, consumers of some demographic segments may be willing to pay a premium for plants marketed as beefriendly. Table 1 shows the price premiums that consumers were willing to pay for 4-inch indoor or outdoor plants or 12-inch hanging baskets. The price premiums were the greatest for the outdoor flowering plants grown in 12-inch hanging baskets, which was worth $1.48 more than plants marketed as grown without neonicotinoids or $0.96 more than plants marketed as grown traditionally.

Plants on the Michigan Garden Plant Tour. Photo credit: Heidi Wollaeger, MSU Extension 46 46

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Table 1. Price premiums for bee-friendly outdoor or indoor 4-inch flowering plants or 12-inch hanging baskets compared with other pest control practices. Bee-friendly practices can garner these premium prices compared with other marketing terminology.

Plant type


Grown with beneficial insects

Grown traditionally

Outdoor 4-inch flowering plant




Indoor 4-inch flowering plant




Outdoor 12-inch hanging basket




Conclusions – We concluded that marketing plants with the term “bee-friendly” would have the greatest impact on plant purchases because it had the highest scores. The terms “neonicotinoid-free” and “traditional insect control” were discounted by consumers, meaning that those words detracted or reduced the perceived value of the plants. The term “beefriendly” was up to five times more valuable to those respondents that had bought a plant in the last 12 months compared to those who had not. Therefore, if ornamental plants are labeled with production practice, consumers will most likely value the term “bee-friendly” more and may discount products labeled “neonicotinoid-free.” http://msue.anr.msu.edu/news/why_should_you_consider_marketing_your_plants_as_bee_friendly_part_2

For more information on the consumer survey performed by Michigan State University, check out “Talking about the bees.”

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News - Neonicotinoid Pollinator Website for the Green Industry

News - Resources for Emerald Ash Borer and Pollinator Safety

Cliff Sadof, Department of Entomology, Purdue University

Cliff Sadof, Department of Entomology, Purdue University

Doug Richmond and I have developed a mobile friendly website to help you answer questions you may have about how the use of neonicotinoid insecticides, like imidacloprid, dinotefuran, acetamiprid can affect pollinators. http://extension.entm.purdue.edu/neonicotinoids/ We provides specific fact sheets to help you safely protect plants from pest, while minimizing harm to pollinating insects. We also provide links to other resources to provide a science based background about the controversy.

We are happy to announce two new tools give the latest information about two hot topics: emerald ash borer and pollinator safety. Emerald Ash Borer Self Study Course Selfstudy courses for the Green Industry and Master Gardeners are now available at the following on our www.eabindiana.info website. http://extension.entm.purdue.edu/eab/index.php?page=industries/selfstudy Each course uses 100 slides to guide the student through the history, biology and management of emerald ash borer. We review the latest tools, for diagnosing EAB and assessing tree health. We also provide clear suggestions on how to come to an effective management decisions. These both draw heavily on insecticide recommendations that were revised in June 2014 (http://extension.entm.purdue.edu/EAB/PDF/NC‐IPM.pdf) to include how to effectively apply imidacloprid, dinotefuran, azadirachtin and emamectin benzoate. Students who can pass a 50 question quiz can print a certificate to demonstrate that they have received special training about EAB.

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P r o m o t i n g H e a l t h y H a b i t a t S. Q: Why are bees and pollinators necessary? A:

Bees, butterflies, and other pollinators are responsible for pollinating some of our most nutritious foods, such as fruits, nuts, and vegetables. They pollinate approximately 33 percent of United States crops, and account for about 80 percent of all pollination in nature. Given the critical importance of pollinators, recent challenges to bee and pollinator populations and overall health are a very serious concern, particularly for the horticulture industry. If bees disappeared, so would apples, almonds, blueberries, cherries, avocados, cucumbers, onions, grapefruit, oranges, and pumpkins.

Q: What can cause bee health issues? A:

Bees are an extremely complex species and the factors impacting bee health are equally complex. A great deal of research has been conducted around this issue, and there is a growing body of highly reputable evidence that points to multiple causes for bee health issues, including parasites such as Varroa mites, stresses from colony management, viruses, bacteria, poor nutrition, genetics, habitat loss, and the improper use of pesticides.

Q: What is Colony Collapse Disorder and how does it relate to bee health? A:

Colony Collapse Disorder refers specifically to a phenomenon in which worker bees fail to return to their hive after foraging. The broader discussion about overall bee health reflects the decreasing number of managed honeybee hives over the course of decades due to a variety of reasons like those mentioned above. Managed hive numbers in the U.S. hit their lowest level in 2008, and have rebounded somewhat since then.

Q: What are neonicotinoids? A:

Neonicotinoids, a class of insecticides, were developed in the 1990s, have been extensively tested, and are approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These products have also been approved by similar agencies in countries around the world. These products contain the nicotine molecule that has been altered to prevent it from impacting humans when applied to plants. Neonicotinoids are very targeted, and are typically applied a single time, often to the soil or seed, so they can be absorbed through the roots, which then allows the plant to protect itself from the inside out. This means better insect control, fewer applications and less worker exposure. One application can typically provide protection for up to 10-12 weeks.

Q: Do neonicotinoids harm bees? A:

Some have questioned whether the use of pesticides, including neonicotinoids, is causing bee health declines. Scientific evidence says otherwise. Although the improper use of many pesticides can harm bees, a growing number of highly credible independent studies indicate that pesticides, when used properly, are not the primary cause of widespread bee health issues. In fact, the United State Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) 2013 report on bee health listed pesticides near the bottom of a long list of factors impacting bee health. In addition, recent reports from the Australian Government’s Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority, which is the equivalent of the US EPA, support the conclusions of the USDA. This respected organization cited that, even though neonicotinoids are used in Australia, they have not experienced the same bee health issues seen in both the US and Europe. The bottom line? Current scientific evidence suggests that, when used as directed on the EPA-approved label, neonicotinoids are safer for humans, safer for the environment, and generally have low impact on non-target insects, including bees and other pollinators.

Q: What are the benefits of using neonicotinoids? A:

When applied in compliance with EPA-approved labels, neonics are a better alternative for consumers, professional applicators, and the environment than older, broad-spectrum pesticides. They require fewer applications than other products. They have been studied extensively and found to be useful yet low in toxicity, which is why they are commonly used in and around homes and with pets. When used properly, they protect habitats from destructive pests, leaving bees and other beneficial insects unharmed and free to feed and forage. Without these pest management tools, trees and even entire forests could be devastated by the emerald ash borer, Asian longhorned beetle, hemlock woolly adelgid, and other invasive pests. Neonicotinoids work very well in fending off the invasive and often chemically-resistant whitefly species as well as the Asian citrus psyllid, which spreads a bacterial disease that wipes out orange trees. When used properly as part of an integrated pest management (IPM) program, pesticides like neonics contribute to establishment and maintenance of healthy and diverse plants and landscapes.

Q: What is Integrated Pest Management (IPM)? A:

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IPM is a process for managing plant pests using knowledge and the best tools. For professional plant growers, IPM starts with prevention strategies like sanitation, much the way hospitals work to prevent infection, or the way a restaurant kitchen practices safe food handling. Next, a grower must know a lot about pests or diseases that may attack the plants. IPM relies on regular inspections and good recordkeeping. When pests are found, control strategies are used, such as employing beneficial insects that eat the bad ones. Finally, pesticides are used if necessary, in a targeted way rather than across an entire crop, and strictly following the label. Neonics can be used without harming beneficial insects, making them a useful IPM tool.

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Q: Can I practice IPM in my own garden or landscape? A:

Sure. The principles are the same, and it doesn’t need to be difficult. It starts with choosing the right plants. If your yard or patio is sunny all day, shade-loving plants will be stressed and prone to pests. Desert plants will struggle in an area where the soil stays wet. Next, learn about common pests. Seek expert identification and advice if you see signs of anything unusual. As for control strategies, some consumers prefer conventional options, while others may opt for organic or “natural” pest control tools. Whatever your preference, remember that even organic pesticides or “natural” approaches can be toxic to bees and pollinators! So always check the label for precautions, and it’s usually a good idea to avoid treating plants when pollinators like bees or butterflies are present. Your garden center or nursery professional can help guide your choices.

Q: How do I build a healthy habitat for bees and other pollinators? A:

The single best way to support bees, butterflies and other pollinators is to plant healthy, bee-friendly plants and flowers, which are important sources of food and forage. Choose plants that will provide a succession of flowers throughout the growing season. You can grow plants in your garden, in your backyard or in window boxes or porch planters if you live in a more urban setting. You can also help by leading a community garden or neighborhood planting project. After planting, keep plants and flowers healthy through proper watering and nutrition. Choose the gentlest options for managing pests, and watch labels carefully for guidance on protecting pollinators. Consult your garden center, nursery, or greenhouse for expert advice.

Q: What are the most beneficial plants and flowers for bees and other pollinators? A:

The most pollinator-friendly plants provide pollen and nectar throughout the growing season. Some pollinator favorites include lavender, thyme, sunflowers, marigolds, and goldenrod. Your local garden center, nursery, or greenhouse can help you find the best plants to grow, as well provide information on how to keep them flourishing year-round with proper watering, nutrition, and, if necessary, the careful use of pesticides.

Q: What would we lose if there were no bees? A:

Bees are critical in helping pollinate the food we eat. Without them, many nutritious foods we enjoy would be gone, including: apples, almonds, blueberries, cherries, avocados, cucumbers, onions, grapefruit, oranges, and pumpkins.

Q: How does the horticulture industry promote pollinator health? A:

As the original green industry, we are a source of accurate, science-based information regarding plant and pollinator health. This includes broad outreach and education to ensure that both the industry and consumers understand the need for creating feed and forage habitats for pollinators. We also provide information about Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs, which focus first on preventative cultural practices, the use of beneficial insects (such as ladybugs and ground beetles), thorough and frequent inspections for signs of plant pests and diseases, and, finally, judicious use of pesticides.

Q: Which organizations are behind the Bee and Pollinator Stewardship Initiative? A:

AmericanHort® and the Horticultural Research Institute, in partnership with industry groups like the Society of American Florists and the American Floral Endowment and other collaborators who are also passionate about developing sustainable solutions for pollinator health.

Q: Who are AmericanHort®, Horticultural Research Institute, Society of American Florists, and American Floral Endowment? A:

AmericanHort® is the industry association for professional growers of trees, plants, and flowers. They represent more than 16,000 breeders, greenhouse and nursery growers, retailers, distributors, interior and exterior landscapers, florists, students, educators, educators, researchers, manufacturers, and all of those who are part of the industry market chain nationwide. The Horticultural Research Institute (HRI), the research arm of AmericanHort®, funds, promotes, and shares horticultural research for nurseries, greenhouses, garden centers, and landscapers. The Society of American Florists is a national trade association representing the floriculture and greenhouse industry in the U.S. Membership includes some 10,000 small businesses, including growers, wholesalers, retailers, importers, and related organizations nationwide and abroad. The industry produces and sells cut flowers and foliage, foliage plants, potted flowering plants, and bedding plants. The American Floral Endowment (AFE) is an independent nonprofit organization that funds research and scholarships in floriculture and environmental horticulture for the benefit of growers, wholesalers, retailers, allied industry organizations, and the general public.

Q: Why is horticultural research important? A:

The research conducted by organizations like the Horticultural Research Institute makes it possible to determine best practices that improve our industry and enhance our communities. For example, we are bringing together industry-leading horticulture and pollinator groups to conduct important research studies to identify which plants are the best pollinator forage sources at different times of the year. Along with its research efforts, HRI and AFE provide the opportunity for individuals, businesses, associations, and foundations to make important tax-deductible contributions for the support of educational and scientific research.

B e e P a r t o f t h e S o l u t i o n. www.growwise.org ®


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game, with rewards, to beat the clock and develop techniques to shave seconds off the clock each day. In the words of my old mentor, “you gotta measure it to manage it.”

Tips - Efficiency: A Tale of Two Companies Two contractors approached me about improving their efficiency.. East Landscape, run by Franky Brown, seemed to make money on jobs but was inefficient between jobs. Joe Green, from West Landscape, was the opposite. His day was well organized but his jobs were not. Here is what I discovered as we worked together to make improvements that boosted their profits and transformed their cultures. EAST LANDSCAPE – FRANKY BROWN, PRESIDENT, had a mix of happy and unhappy clients due to being behind schedule, spending too much time doing the daily fire drill. Here are some of the highlights of what we found: Planning the night before. Franky’s crews didn’t check-in the day before and his managers didn’t figure out the schedule till the next morning. It was a fire drill as his crews stood around waiting. We changed this so plans were set the night before and posted so crews were empowered to come in and get right to work. (With mobile apps this whole challenge is going away.) Morning routine. We challenged the maintenance crews to get out in 7 minutes and install crews in 20. It became a

Evening routine. Equally important was ensuring that the crews returned to the yard and got off the clock in an orderly fashion. The evening was set up like a job, with a yard map, with each employee in the crew knowing what they had to do and in what time frame, and who clocked out by when. Organization of vehicles and shop. These routines were helped by establishing an organization for tools and equipment in the vehicles and shop. “A place for everything and everything in its place” was the new catch phrase. Frank tore everything off the walls and completely re-did his shop organization. It created a fresh start and got everyone’s attention. The Company Way. We took the employees through a process of understanding why efficiency was critical to their success, including mundane items like showing up with shoes tied in the morning, when they drank coffee, etc. This set of standards we called: The East Landscape Way. Reduce in-between trips. As part of the Company Way, 90%+ of in-between trips were eliminated, for unplanned shopping, gas, drinks. We asked the employees to sign their East Landscape Way agreement, so that it in effect became a Culture Contract to follow the news standards.

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Routing. Emergency requests were categorized into 3 levels: Urgent, Next Week, Next visit, so the office could communicate with the clients and manage expectations. Minimum sized jobs. Overly small jobs were part of the inefficiency; so clients were guided towards a minimum job size: full day for new clients, half day for current clients. Roles. We clarified each employee’s 3 R’s (Roles, Responsibilities and Results) so crews, mechanics and office understood their jobs clearly and how they fit into the larger picture. Caveat. “Charging for travel time”. Even if you charge for travel time, you still want to minimize it, and maximize the time spent on your clients’ properties – this is key for growing capacity, overhead recovery, and client satisfaction. The Result. Lost time was uncovered, overtime was reduced, overhead was reduced, client satisfaction increased, and production and profit were increased.

The Lesson. The more time your laborers spend on a client’s property (vs. elsewhere), the more value you create for your clients, yourself and your employees.

WEST LANDSCAPE, JOE GREEN, CEO, was organized but still not making the money he wanted; his spouse was not happy that he worked so hard for so little. I uncovered the following: Estimating. Joe did well on the smaller jobs but estimating was rushed on larger jobs. We initiated a Review Process where a second set of eyes reviewed the mid to large size jobs and a third set reviewed the occasional extra-large jobs. With this review came needed training and process improvement. Right tools, right job. We found that jobs were estimated assuming that the right tools and equipment were available, which was not always the case. This was rectified, and renting as an option was introduced. Job processes were also created and improved to ensure quality was maintained with quicker job times. Mix of business. Some accounts were greatly underbid. We separated them into 4 categories: Profitable. Break-even. Contributing to overhead. Big losers. We then graded the jobs for strategic fit (Upsales/Cross-sales, Proximity, Ease of doing business, etc.) We figured out job-by-job if we had to raise prices, raise productivity, both, or fire the client. Commissions. The sales commissions didn’t make sense. The salespeople were involved in the estimating, and had impact on the job completion, but the commissions didn’t 52 52

reflect this. We changed the commission plan so it aligned with the impact the salesperson had. This was a large culture change, but since everyone else in the company was getting on board, the salespeople did too. Crew incentives. The crews had an incentive in place but it didn’t work. Crews were mostly bonused for hitting budget, not beating it. We changed this so crews were aligned with company goals; it also aligned with the new sales commission put in place, which put everyone on the same page. Optimize crew size. Some jobs were done with 4 man crews, when 3 and even 2 man crews would suffice. The company began experimenting with small crews, and with dividing super crews into 2 man sub crews, in order to create more accountability. Self-esteem. With one of the salespeople self-esteem had to be addressed, so that margins were maintained and discounts were not inadvertently given away. Low self-esteem, coupled with vague systems, can leave room for client givebacks and giveaways that are unnecessary. Company culture. A new company culture was created, much like happened in Franky’s company. Joe’s employees needed to understand how they benefited from helping the company improve productivity and make more money. Some wanted no part of it and left, some employees were asked to leave - the remaining employees stepped up and started asking better questions. That’s when the efficiency really started to kick in. The Result. The company improved job efficiency in every division. The company became more competitive while making higher margins. The employee’s, owner and the owner’s family benefited.

The Lesson. Many factors go into creating a highprofit company. Be prepared to change your culture and open up a dialogue as you change your strategy and processes. Take Action Now. Which of these two companies are you? Once you pick, start working on the solutions, and reach out to me for help if you have questions. Jeffrey Scott, MBA, author, is the expert in growth and profit maximization in the landscape industry. He grew his landscape company into a successful $10 million enterprise, and he's now devoted to helping others achieve profound success. He facilitates the Leader’s Edge peer group for business owners; his members achieved a 27% profit increase in their first year. To learn more visit www.GetTheLeadersEdge.com . His consulting firm helps companies maximize profits, accelerate growth, and develop a successful “Destination Company” culture. His executive coaching services helps owners become better CEO’s, grow the value of their investment, and gain day-to-day freedom from their business.

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VNLA Pender ad half page_VNLA pender half page ad 1/15/14 11:21 AM Pag

News - Uncovering the Benefits of News – Virginia Agribusiness  Turfgrass as a Ground Cover Banquet & Town Hall Meeting 

Ad EAST DUNDEE, IL USA — (MARCH 2015) - When it comes to the benefits of turfgrass most people don’t give it much thought. If the average homeowner does give it any thought, it’s usually limited to their front lawn, their backyard, maybe the neighborhood park, or perhaps that sports field at the local high school. The truth is, most people focus NEW AD more on the cosmetic appearance of their lawns than ponder the question - why is turfgrass is such a great ground cover?

Ad – Pender Nursery – Pender Nursery

The environmental benefits of turfgrass seldom come up in the conversation and I suspect a good number of people would be hard pressed if they were asked the question, “What has your lawn done for you lately?”

Via Green Industry Council members install plants and flowers  Truth be known, turfgrass which includes lawns, playing

for the Virginia Agribusiness Council Banquet.   fields, golf courses, parks and many other outdoor areas (front) Lorene Blackwood,  (l‐r) Bill Bonwell, Gwynn Hubbard,    provides tremendous environmental benefits that are selPeggy Seay, Cary Gouldin 

dom considered.

In fact, turfgrass is among the foremost protectors of the environment, providing many functional, recreational aesthetic benefits. That was the conclusion of a scientific study “The Role of Turfgrasses in Environmental Protection and Their Benefits to Humans” published in the Journal of Environmental Quality by two prominent turf experts, Dr. James B. Beard and Dr. Robert L. Green. They emphasized that "the complexity and comprehensiveness of the environmental benefits of turfgrass that improve our quality of life are just now being quantitatively documented through research."  The environmental benefits of turfgrass scientifiJames River Nurseriesin installing plants James River Nurseries installing plans   cally documented the article include: and sod from Brookmeade Sod and sod from Brookmeade Sod Farm   Soil erosion control and dust Farm stabilization  Groundwater recharge and surface water quality  Organic chemical decomposition  Soil improvement and restoration  Heat dissipation-temperature moderation  Noise abatement and glare reduction  Decrease of noxious pests, reduced allergy-related pollens and human disease exposure  Security for vital installations and lower fire hazard The researchers also reported that scientific support for recreational and aesthetic benefits included improved mental health, social harmony and improved productivity.

Town Hall meeting at Grelen Nurseries, Orange, VA 

Addressing concerns about turf water use, the researchers reported that "there is no valid scientific basis for water conservation strategies or legislation requiring extensive use of trees and shrubs in lieu of turfgrasses. The main

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cause for excessive landscape water use in most situations is the human factor." Turfgrass controls soil erosion and stabilizes dust by trapping and holding particles in place. It also recharges groundwater and improves surface water quality by filtering runoff. In addition, it dissipates heat through its natural cooling process, reducing temperatures in turf area by as much as five to seven degrees as compared to hard-surface areas. Turfgrass controls air pollution by taking carbon dioxide and other pollutants from the atmosphere and returning oxygen. Just a small 25-foot by 25-foot plot of lawn traps enough carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to return oxygen to an entire family of four to breathe! So, in the event you’re ever asked the question, “What has your lawn done for you lately?” You might respond – more than you could ever imagine! For more benefits of turfgrass go to: https://www.landcarenetwork.org/legislative/ResearchSummary.pdf Jim Novak, Public Relations Manager, Turfgrass Producers International, East Dundee, IL 60118, 847-649-5555, jnovak@TurfGrassSod.org

Fun Facts about Natural Grass Lawns EAST DUNDEE, IL USA — (April 2015) -The Lawn Institute has estimated there is more than 31 million acres of managed grass in the U.S. — more than 50,000 square miles of it — and more than 60 percent of it is found in lawns. This estimate coincides with research conducted by Cristina Milesi with the ecological forecasting research group at NASA’s Ames Research Center in California. In viewing satellite imagery they estimated that lawns—including residential and commercial lawns, golf courses, etc. —could be considered the single largest irrigated crop in America in terms of surface area, covering about 128,000 square kilometers in all. That’s a lot of lawn and it begs the question, how do we benefit from all that green space? Truth be known, we all benefit considerably. Among the many benefits of a healthy lawn is its dense leaf area and a fibrous root structure. Its thick root structure provides a remarkable if not almost incomprehensible benefit. Dense, healthy grass is the best natural surface we have for trapping and storing rainwater and at the same time reducing soil erosion. A healthy 10,000-square-foot lawn can absorb more than 6,000 gallons of rainwater without noticeable runoff. The root system also acts as a natural filtering system for the water, absorbing excess fertilizers and other chemicals before they reach the ground water that is the source of our drinking water.

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One acre of grass can absorb and assimilate hundreds of pounds of sulfur dioxide created by automobile exhaust. In addition, grass and all other green plants absorb carbon dioxide and give off oxygen through the process of photosynthesis. This is one of the main processes that remove carbon dioxide, one of the main "greenhouse gases," from the air. More importantly, it is the only natural process that produces the oxygen we breathe in the air. Believe it or not, your home landscape is an important oxygen producer just by itself. A 50-foot by 50-foot area can produce enough oxygen to sustain a family of four. It is estimated that the trees and grass along the U.S. interstate highway system release enough oxygen to support 22 million people annually. After running a series of model simulations using different amounts of fertilizer, watering schedules, and leaving or removing the cut grass after mowing, Milesi reported that a well-watered and fertilized lawn is a carbon sink. If people recycle the grass clippings, leaving them to decompose on the lawn, the U.S. lawn area could store up to 16.7 teragrams of carbon each year. That’s equivalent to about 37 billion pounds—the weight of about 147,000 blue whales. Grass is also one of the major producers of new soil. Your lawn is continuously making topsoil by developing, dying off, decomposing and redeveloping. All of this adds to the organic matter in the soil. By leaving clippings on the lawn and allowing them to decay naturally, you return a significant amount of the nutrients that help it grow and avoid possible pollution of the ground water caused by excessive applications of chemical fertilizers. And finally, let's talk about increasing energy costs. The lawns around us are nature's air conditioner. A wellmaintained lawn and landscape keeps your home significantly cooler by reducing surface temperatures by 30 to 40 degrees compared to bare soil, and 50 to 70 degrees cooler than streets and sidewalks. Don't believe it? On the next hot, sunny day go stand barefoot in your lawn for a few minutes and then see how long you can stand in the street or sidewalk. Researchers have estimated an average home landscape provides the cooling-effect equivalent to 10 tons of air conditioning, compared to the 3- to 4-ton capacity of the average air-conditioning unit. Hasty decisions regarding the removal of turfgrass and lawns without fully understanding and appreciating the environmental benefits they offer may be a disservice, not only to all of us, but to future generations as well. Contact: Jim Novak, TLI Public Relations Manager, 847-6495555, jnovak@TurfGrassSod.org

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Research - New Search Engine for Published USDA Research By Kim Kaplan January 13, 2015 The National Agricultural Library (NAL) has unveiled PubAg, a user-friendly search engine that gives the public enhanced access to research published by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists. NAL is part of USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS). PubAg, which can be found at PubAg.nal.usda.gov, is a new portal for literature searches and full-text access of more than 40,000 scientific journal articles by USDA researchers, mostly from 1997 to 2014. New articles by USDA researchers will be added almost daily, and older articles may be added if possible. There is no access fee for PubAg. Phase I of PubAg provides access for searches of 340,000 peer-reviewed agriculturally related scientific literature, mostly from 2002 to 2012, each entry offering a citation, abstract and a link to the article if available from the publisher. This initial group of highly relevant, high-quality literature was taken from the 4 million bibliographic citations in NAL's database.

Phase II of PubAg, planned for later in 2015, will include the remainder of NAL's significant bibliographic records. PubAg has been specifically designed to be easy to use and to serve a number of diverse users including the public, farmers, scientists, academicians and students. There is no requirement for a username, password or any other form of registration to use PubAg. NAL has one of the world's largest and most comprehensive compilations of agricultural information available.

News – Plants Really do Talk! A Virginia Tech scientist has discovered a potential form of communication that allows plants to share an extraordinary amount of genetic information with one another. The finding by Jim Westwood, a professor of plant pathology, physiology, and weed science, throws open the door to a new arena of science that explores how plants communicate with each other on a molecular level. It also gives scientists new insight into ways to fight parasitic weeds that wreak havoc on food crops in some of the poorest parts of the world. Westwood examined the relationship between a parasitic plant, dodder, and two host plants. He found that during this parasitic relationship, thousands upon thousands of mRNA

Ad – Gossett’s Landscape Nursery




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molecules were being exchanged between the plants, creating this open dialogue between the species that allows them to freely communicate.

VNLA – Plant Something Marketing Program

“Now that we have found that they are sharing all this information, the next question is, ‘What exactly are they telling each other?’” said Westwood, whose findings were recently published in the journal Science. VA Tech Tech CALS CALS INNOVATIONS INNOVATIONS Vol.3, Vol.3, Issue Issue 3, 3, December December 2014, 2014, VA http://news.cals.vt.edu/innovations/2014/12/plants-may-use-lanhttp://news.cals.vt.edu/innovations/2014/12/plants-may-use-language-to-communicate-with-each-other/ guage-to-communicate-with-each-other/

Events – “Understanding What Millennials Want” LaGrange, GA, April 2015― Registration is now open for this year’s Direct Gardening Association (DGA) Summer Conference July 29-31, 2015 in Philadelphia, Pa. at the Sofitel Philadelphia Hotel. DGA is excited to announce Katie Dubow, PR Accounts Manager at Garden Media Group, will be the keynote speaker at the conference. Dubow, who has more than 10 years of experience in public relations, will be speaking about “Direct Mail vs. Digital Marketing: Understanding What Millennials Want.” During her interactive session, attendees will learn how to market, target and build relationships with this generation, to thrive in the present and grow in the future. “Reaching Millennials will inevitably be easier for some than for others. And a complete rebrand to attract this younger demographic may not make sense for all companies in the garden industry,” says Dubow. “However, no matter your product or brand, it is imperative that our industry take the time to understand this generation. If you take the time to understand them and find ways to be relevant and engaging – well, it’s the easiest way for a brand to succeed.” Attendees of the conference also will be able to tour Star Roses and Plants on Thursday, July 30. This West Grove, Pa. wholesale nursery is known for its revolutionary Knock Out roses, which are the most widely sold roses in North America. The company has been a pioneer in plant development and introduction for more than 100 years. Early bird registration runs until June 22 for members and nonmembers. To register, visit www.directgardeningassociation.com and click on the Events tab. Registration includes access to all seminars, and meetings, hospitality room refreshments, Wednesday Welcome Reception, one continental breakfast, Thursday Networking Reception, a tour, coffee and juice bar and brunch on Friday. Contact: Contact: Shanan Shanan Atkinson, Atkinson, Direct Direct Gardening Gardening Association, Association, (706) 298-0022 (706) 298-0022

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See marketing materials that are available for VNLA members to use in your promotion to “Plant Something”, at http://www.vnla.org/PlantSomething . The VNLA is part of a 21-state marketing program to help members sell more plants. info@vnla.org

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VNLA - Spring Board Meeting Synopsis Wednesday, February 25, 2015 – 10 a.m. - 4 pm

Department of Forestry, Charlottesville, VA

Regional Association Partnerships – Jeff Miller reviewed the history and current status with regional associations in working together on different events, meetings, sponsorships and certification training classes and exams. A motion was made for Jeff to develop a plan to propose to regional associations to partner with them more specifically than has been done in the past and have the executive director schedule meetings with their boards, seconded and passed. State Fair of Virginia - Jeff Miller reported on the background of the coordination of the green industry exhibits at the annual State Fair. The VGIC will not be coordinating exhibits at the 2015 State Fair since the organization is being dissolved as of June 30, 2015. A motion was made to not participate with the usual staffed exhibit with the Ag commodities in the Meadow Pavilion. Jeff was requested to contact the State Fair about alternative support options with the possibility of a permanent landscape display, seconded and passed. A motion was made that Jeff would contact the Virginia Agribusiness Council about providing annual turf, floral and plant material and installation. Membership – It was the consensus of the Board to develop a Board Introduction Package and the President would write a welcome letter. Jeff will send Board members calendar reminders on upcoming events. Certification – Cheryl Lajoie reviewed the Chesapeake Conservation Landscaping Council Partners meeting, provided a copy of the Maryland Chapter on Conservation Landscaping to review. She reported that VCH review classes were progressing despite the weather. She noted that she is seeing a lot more quick videos from organizations for promotions, meetings ,events, safety, etc. and suggested that the VNLA start developing short online videos to promote VNLA events, member benefits and as a resource for additional CEUs. It was the consensus of the Board for Aaron Williams to work with Jim Owen to develop a several webinars. Jim will send out info on topic priorities. Jeff will set up a Go-To-Meetings account for the webinars, and afterwards, they will be setup on the website.

Bylaws Review –Bill Gouldin reviewed sections of the current VNLA Bylaws that need to be revised/updated and requested the VNLA Board to submit any suggested revisions. A motion was made to retain an attorney that specializes in Bylaws by the June Board meeting, seconded and passed. Publications – Website App, HOUZZ, Grower Guide – Craig Attkisson reported that the cover of the next Guide to Virginia Growers would feature a mobile device on the cover to highlight the VNLA website mobile-responsive version for quick access to information from the Guide. He has setup a VNLA account on HOUZZ for VNLA members to link to as an affiliate. A motion was made to have Analytics available for the website, Issuu.com, Houzz, and media for the next board meeting, seconded and passed. Advertising/sponsorship combination packages was discussed with different options and benefits. Craig will review with Jeff and develop some recommendations. Environmental Affairs – Tom Thompson reported on two petitions from Arlington County to the VDACS Board to include ALL of the plants listed on the DCR list of invasive species as noxious weeds and, if VDACS chooses not to do so, to allow localities to decide which plants to include in their own separate list of noxious weeds and subsequently ban and begin steps to eradicate them. A motion was made that the two committee chairs, Brent Hunsinger and Tom Thompson will draft a statement on the petition and send to VDACS, seconded and passed. Action Items for Next Board Meeting 1. Orientation at June Board Meeting 2. Bylaws Review 3. Board Policy Review 4. VA Tech Educational Advisor 5. Number of VNLA Directors and distinction between “director” and “director-at-large” 6. Strategic Plan review on June Board Agenda – revisit mission statement 7. Advertiser/Sponsor packages and benefits What are our members’ problems? How is the VNLA going to make them more successful?

SAVE THE DATE!!! VNLA Management Workshop

Conservation Landscape Module – was reviewed by Virginia Rockwell. Cheryl Lajoie made a motion to remove page one from the report and edit the progress report Item A “outside VTCALS…curriculum,” seconded and passed.

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VNLA Field Day VNLA Summer Tour August 19-21, 2015

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Get YOUR SHOW on the ROAD 24 Education Sessions Continuing Education Credits

1,000+ Attendees

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Less Than 90 Minutes from Charlotte, Asheville & Greensboro

Hands-0n Training Workshop Networking & Social Events

Hickory Metro Convention Center Hickory, NC Education & Trade Show August 12-13, 2015

North Carolina Nursery & Landscape Association www.ncnla.com 919-816-9119

News – VA Tech Horticulture Department April 2015 - Greetings everyone! It has been an eventful month for us on campus as the plan for a new School of Plant and Environmental Sciences was recently announced by our dean, Dr. Alan Grant (see next section). The formation of such a school was put forward in the university strategic plan (2013-2018). As such, our department will technically be dissolved next summer and Horticulture will live as an essential component of the new school. This kind of streamlining of academic units has been going on across many universities. I am optimistic that horticulture can flourish in the new school. We are early on in the planning stage for the school and there is much to determine. May 2015 - It has been a beautiful month around Blacksburg. Cool spring weather has slowed down the usual rush of spring flowers so we have been treated to an extended display of stunning beauty. We are all starting to “feel” the end of the academic year as students are finishing final projects and taking end-of- semester exams. We will welcome 23 new Hort Hokie graduates into our alumni family at graduation. The development of the new School of Plant and Environmental Sciences is proceeding, with committees still being formed to study the best structure for the school and how to implement the reorganization. Please see http://news.cals.vt.edu/spes/ for more information. Comments can be made by clicking on the link within the “We Want Your Feedback” section on the left sidebar. With kind regards, Roger, Dr. Roger Harris, Department Head

New - Announcing the New School of Plant and Environmental Sciences The Department of Horticulture will be joining forces with Crop & Soil Environmental Sciences and Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science to form the School of Plant and Environmental Sciences. The vision is to create a School of Plant and Environmental Sciences within the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences that will increase the visibility, opportunities, and impact of our existing learning, discovery, and engagement programs.

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By capitalizing on the strengths of the Departments of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Horticulture, and Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Sciences, the school will be able to make investments to increase our capacity and tackle the many challenges in agriculture and food security, the green industry, plant biology, and the environment. Horticulture’s Outstanding Alumni Awards

Outstanding Recent Alumna, Sonya Westervelt, standing between Roger Harris and Alan Grant. Photo by Zeke Barlow.

Sonya Westervelt (‘05) and William Foster (’82) were recognized at the CALS Alumni Awards Ceremony this past week. Sonya Westervelt, of Arrington, Virginia was awarded Outstanding Recent Alumna. She is a regional sales associate for Saunders Brothers Inc. She serves as a member of the Horticulture Department’s Advisory Board. Sonya is a program Advocate for the Longwood Graduate Program in Public Horticulture at the University of Delaware, where she received her master’s degree. She is serving as president of the Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association. During her term as vice president she coordinated the association’s field day that was hosted by the Virginia Tech Horticulture Department specifically in an attempt to raise awareness of new initiatives in and to strengthen the industry's connection with the department and college. Sonya has been involved with the Hahn Horticulture Gala for several years as a volunteer, sponsor, and honorary host. She has led the Amherst-Nelson Chapter of the VT Alumni Association and was active in the First State Chapter of the VT Alumni Association

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PLANET Competition and Student Career Days

Individual   

1st place – Matthew Borden – Plant Problem Diagnosis 2nd place – Matthew Cox – Construction Cost Estimating 3rd place – Christa Bush – Turf and Weed ID

Virginia Tech, Horticulture and Agricultural Technology, students placed 14th overall at this year's PLANET Competition and Student Career Days. North Carolina State hosted the event with an attendance of over 67 schools. The group stopped and toured Hoffman Nurseries and Ruppert Landscape on their way to the event. We thank both companies for taking time out of their busy schedules to show our students life on the other side of graduation. As a team we placed 3rd in Landscape Maintenance Operations and 4th in Irrigation Troubleshooting. We had two team members, for whom this was their fourth PLANET SCDs competition, Matt Cox and Chris Gore. Matt placed 4th overall in the running for Superstar. We are very proud of the hard work all of our students put into the competition. All the students attended the career fair with many of our students interviewing for internships and employment on site. We would like to thank, Chapman Williams/William Brothers Tree and Lawn Service, Mark Maslow/Southern Landscape Group, Mike Hildebrand/James River Nurseries, Jay Long/Ruppert Nurseries, Brickman Group, Alan Jones/Bartlett Tree Expert Co., Juanita and Steve Griggs/Grigg Design, Peter Murray/Hidden Lane Landscape, Don and Mennen Middlebrooks/Tidewater Landworks, Hahn Horticulture Garden and the VNLA for their contributions. We had a few students who we took on scholarship this year, they would not have made it to the competition had it not been for the generous support of all of you in the industry. Barbara Leshyn, John James and Tom Martin were the advisors for the trip. Team  

3rd place – Landscape Maintenance Operations – Cole Lowery, Bobby Nance 4th place – Irrigation Troubleshooting – Joseph Ruddy, Matthew Cox

Congratulations to Maura Wood and Alex Niemiera for 25 years at VT!!! Time flies when you are having fun!

Events – SNA Southern Plant Conference

Atlanta, Ga., May 1, 2015 – The Southern Nursery Association (SNA) has announced final details of the 14th Southern Plant Conference, scheduled for Tuesday, July 21, 2015, during SNA 2015, at Atlanta’s Georgia International Convention Center (GICC). Each year, the speaker lineup somehow seems to top the last – and this year is no exception. Sixteen of the industry’s top plant experts are slated to share their knowledge and expertise during this eight--‐hour conference. Don Shadow, SNA Past President and internationally recognized plantsman, will moderate the fast--‐paced sessions featuring an impressive list of authors, botanical garden directors, garden communicators, landscape designers, professors, researchers, and world travelers – all with the goal of expanding knowledge and use of new and improved plants for the landscape. This unique conference provides an opportunity to discover new production techniques and a vast array of new plants, with focus on new and superior cultivars, the most resistant, prolific blooming, superior shape or habit, and the most interesting flower or foliage. Registration for the conference is $199 (by July 17) and $219 (after July 17) and includes continental breakfast,

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lunch and breaks, as well as a chance to “mix and mingle” with speakers after the conference. An SNA 2015 Name Badge is included with registration. Speaker bios, session titles and description, schedule and registration information can be found on the SNA website at www.sna.org.

Ad – Willow Springs Tree Farms

SNA 2015, scheduled for July 21 – 23, 2015, combines the SNA Regional Marketplace with The Southern Plant Conference, the SNA Research Conference, the SNA Annual Business Meeting, and SNA State Officer's Conference to deliver one unparalleled event – all under one roof. The event is expected to draw more than 2,000 breeders, growers, retailers, landscapers, researchers, manufacturers, distributors, and service providers from across the Southeast. The GICC, venue for SNA 2015, offers convenience for attendees. A world--‐class airport, connected to a world--‐ class convention center, surrounded by leading brand hotels, at the edge of a world--‐class city. And, the ATL SkyTrain, a free light rail train, links the GICC to Hartsfield--‐Jackson Atlanta International Airport and car rental center. For more information on the Southern Plant Conference, contact the Southern Nursery Association, Inc., Acworth, GA 30101, 678.809.9992, mail@sna.org, or visit the SNA website at www.sna.org.

Connecting the Industry Ad – Southern Nursery Association, Across the Southeast VNLA Discounts July 21-23 2015 Atlanta Georgia 2013


Georgia International Convention Center


SNA 2015 combines the SNA Regional Marketplace with the Southern Plant Conference, the SNA Research Conference, the SNA Annual Business Meeting, and SNA State Officer’s Conference to bring one unparalleled event – all under one roof!

VNLA Members SAVE $10 on SNA 2015 registration!

Offer good on trade show badge, The Southern Plant Conference or Educational Sessions registration. Use code STA140 at checkout. Discount applies to online registration or paper registration for member and staff. Offer valid through July 23, 2015. Parking is free for all attendees. Just mention SNA 2015 to the parking attendant. For more details visit the SNA website at www.sna.org.


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Calendar of Green Industry Events June 25, 2015, Charlottesville - Watch and Discuss a rebroadcast of the Center for Watershed Protection’s “How to Pick the Right Vegetation for BioRetention and Its Cousins”. Dave Hirschman from CWP will be at the event to facilitate the discussions among attendees. To register visit this link: http://events.r20.constantcontact.com/register/event?oeidk=a07eb06urnr22cb52f4&llr=soo9m4bab

July 11-14, 2015, AmericanHort “Cultivate ‘15”, Greater Columbus Convention Center, Columbus, OH www.americanhort.org 614-487-1117 July 21-23, 2015, Southern Nursery Association Trade Show, Southern Plant Conference, SNA Research Conference, the SNA Annual Business Meeting, and SNA State Officer’s Conference www.sna.org July 27-August1, 2015, Perennial Plant Symposium, Baltimore, MD http://www.perennialplant.org/ July 29-30, 2015 PANTS Trade Show, Philadelphia, PA http://www.pantshow.com/ August 12-14, 2015 Virginia Christmas Tree Growers Association Annual Conference and Farm Tour, Roanoke, VA www.VirginiaChristmasTrees.org 540-382-7310 secretary@VirginiaChristmasTreeGrowers.org August 19-21, 2015 VNLA WORKSHOP, FIELD DAY, SUMMER TOUR, Vienna and Upperville (Northern VA) www.vnla.org, 1-800-476-0055, FieldDay@vnla.org

August 12-15, 3 2015, SUMMER GREEN ROADSHOW, in Hickory, NC https://ncnla.memberclicks.net/summergreen-road-show August 18-20, 2015, IGC Show East, Baltimore Convention Center, www.IGCshow.com 203-682-1664 August 25-26, 2015, TURFGRASS FIELD DAY Blacksburg, VA vaturf@verizon.net August 27-29, 2015, FARWEST TRADE SHOW, Portland, OR http://www.oan.org/?64 September 11-13, 2015, VIRGINIA NATIVE PLANT SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, at Staunton’s Frontier Culture Museum, www.vnps.org September 18, 2015, 2015, 20th ANNUAL WAYNESBORO TREE HEALTH CARE WORKSHOP, Best Western Inn & Conference Center, Waynesboro, VA, 540-942-6735, www.treesvirginia.org October 22-23, 2015, GIE-EXPO, hosted by the National Association of Landscape Professionals, (formerly PLANET) at the Kentucky Expo Center 800-5588786, www.gie-expo.com January 7-9, 2016, MANTS Trade Show, Baltimore, MD http://mants.com/

August 19, 2015, VNLA LANDSCAPE CONTRACTOR WORKSHOP, by Marcus vandeVliet, Wyndham Garden Manassas, www.vnla.org, 1-800-476-0055, info@vnla.org August 20, 2015, VNLA FIELD DAY, “Digging Big Trees…Where the Trees Live!”, Hosted by Shade Tree Farm, Upperville, VA, www.vnla.org, 1-800-476-0055, info@vnla.org August 21, 2015, VNLA SUMMER TOUR: Behind the Scenes tours of Ruppert Landscape, Meadowlark Botanical Garden, and two private gardens, Gainesville/Vienna, VA www.vnla.org, 1-800-476-0055, info@vnla.org 62 62

For a Current Calendar of all Green Industry Events, go: http://www.vnla.org/Calendar

April/May/June April / May / June 2015

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Keep growing. One day you may outgrow your current operation. Farm Credit will be there to help you expand. Whether you need to purchase real estate, build new houses, buy more equipment or need a revolving line of credit for plant stock, we have the financing you need. Every business has growing pains. Give us a call and we’ll be sure your financing isn’t one of those.

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VNLA Newsletter Apr/May/Jun 2015  

Quarterly publication of the Virginia Nursery & Landscape Association

VNLA Newsletter Apr/May/Jun 2015  

Quarterly publication of the Virginia Nursery & Landscape Association

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