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October / September / December 2017

VNLA Newsletter

2017 VNLA Officers & Directors OFFICERS President VIRGINIA ROCKWELL ‘12 Gentle Gardener Green Design PO Box 191 Montpelier, VA 22957-0191 (cell) 434-531-0467 gentlegardener@gmail.com Vice President AARON WILLIAMS ‘14 Education Committee Williams Landscape & Design 1554 Penniman Rd Williamsburg VA 23185-5821 757-564-7011 aaron@wldgreen.com Secretary/ Treasurer BRENT HUNSINGER, Legislation’15 Brent's Native Plantings 10715 Hamilton's Crossing Dr Fredericksburg, VA 22408 443-655-3410 brenthunsinger@gmail.com Past President BILL GOULDIN ‘12 Strange’s Florist/Garden Ctrs 12111 W. Broad St. Richmond, VA 23233 804-360-2800 wjg@stranges.com



MATT DEIVERT ‘17 South Riding Nurseries 8010 Industrial Park Ct Bristow, VA 20136-3125 Ofc: 703-479-2701 Cell: 571-220-1483 mdeivert@southridingnurseries.com

JEFFREY HOWE, Certification ‘16 Windridge Landscaping Co 7158 Rockfish Valley Rd Afton, VA 22920-3182 434-361-1588 Cell: (434) 531-1919 jhowe@windridgelandscaping.com

SEANA ANKERS ‘17 Legislation Lee Highway Nursery 5055 Rock Springs Rd Warrenton VA 20187-8950 540-216-7062, Cell: 540-878-0554 Seanankers.lhn@gmail.com

MITZI MARKER ‘17 Public Relations ‘16 Sandy’s Plants VACANT 8011 Bell Creek Rd Mechanicsville VA 23111-3705 804-746-7092 mitzi@sandysplants.com PAUL MUNN ‘17 Waynesboro Nurseries PO Box 987 Waynesboro VA 22980-0987 540-946-3800, pmunn@waynesboronurseries.com

CECILIA PALMER ‘17 West Winds Nursery/Shade Tree Farm 5710 Featherbed Ln JEFFREY B. MILLER Sudley Springs VA 20109Horticulture Management 2004 Associates LLC 703-631-0983, 383 Coal Hollow Road Cell: 703-906-2769 Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 westwindsn@aol.com 1-540-382-0943 Fax: 540-382-2716 info@vnla.org

Executive Director

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SCOTT PRICE, Education ‘16 David Scott Price Design 2772 Earleysville Rd Earlysville, VA 22936-9665 434-466-5656 Cell: scott@dscottprice.com

DOUG RODES, Membership ‘15 James River Nurseries 13244 Ashland Rd Ashland VA 23005-7504 (804) 798-2020 Cell: (804) 380-5259 drodes@jamesrivernurseries.com CHRISTOPHER BROWN JR

Research Committee ‘13 Lancaster Farms 5800 Knotts Neck Rd Suffolk VA 23435-1353 757-484-4421


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Educational Advisors

VT/HRAREC Ex-Officio non-voting

DR. JIM OWEN HARAREC 1444 Diamond Springs Rd Virginia Beach, VA 23455 (757) 363-3804 jim.owen@vt.edu DR. LAURIE FOX HRAREC, 1444 Diamond Springs Rd; VA Beach, VA 23455-3363 757-363-3807 Cell: 757-284-6139 ljfox@vt.edu DR. RICHARD VEILLEUX VA Tech Horticulture Interim Dept. Head Saunders Hall (0327) Blacksburg, VA 24061-0001 540-231-5451 veilleux@vt.edu

MANTS’ Directors JOHN LANCASTER‘02 Bennett’s Creek Nursery 17497 Benns Church Blvd Smithfield, VA 23430 757-483-1425 john@bcnursery.com ROBIN RINACA - 15 Eastern Shore Nursery of VA PO Box 400 Melfa, VA 23410-0400 757-787-4732 rrinaca@esnursery.com DANNY SHRECKHISE Shreckhise Nurseries ‘12 PO Box 428 Grottoes, VA 24441-0428 540-249-5761 Danny@shreckhise.com


Table of Contents Ad - AgriSupply - ASC .............................................. 35 Ad - Bennett’s Creek Nursery .................................... 53 Ad - Bremo Trees ....................................................... 54 Ad - Cam Too Camellia Nursery ................................ 13 Ad - conserVAlandscapes.com.................................... 7 Ad - Eastern Shore Nursery of Virginia ..................... 41 Ad - Farm Credit ........................................................ 54 Ad - Gossett’s Landscape Nursery ............................. 42 Ad - Guthrie Nursery .................................................. 38 Ad - Hanover Farms ................................................... 17 Ad - Hawksridge Farms .............................................. 31 Ad - Johnston County Nursery Marketing .................. 37 Ad - Lancaster Farms ................................................. 33 Ad - MAS Labor Solutions.......................................... 2 Ad - Pender Nursery ................................................... 39 Ad - Shreckhise Nurseries .......................................... 11 Ad - SiteLight Id ......................................................... 29 Ad - SiteOne ............................................................... 21 Ad - SNA Conference 2018 ........................................ 42 Ad - Tankard Nurseries .............................................. 46 Ad - TD Watkins Horticultural Services ..................... 8 Ad - Turtle Creek Nursery .......................................... 43 Ad - Waynesboro Nurseries ........................................ 9 Ad - Willow Springs Tree Farms ............................... 19 Editorial - How was Your Year? ................................ 7 Events - Boxwood Management: Today & Tomorrow 47 Events - Calendar Upcoming Events .......................... 52 Events - CVNLA Winter Symposium ........................ 48 Events - NexGen Steps in at The Southern Plant Conference .................. 40 Events- Mid-Atlantic Horticulture Short Course ........ 49 Letters - Scholarship ................................................... 8 Letters Virginia Agribusiness Council Annual Meeting & Conference ..................... 8 News - A Tour of Highgrove ...................................... 13 News - AmericanHort Hires Tal Coley ...................... 12 News - AmericanHort Recognizes Industry Pioneer with Release of Ernest Wertheim Video ...... 10 News - Consumer Horticulture Promotion ................. 35 News - Garden Media Group’s 2018 Trends ............. 31 News - Good News for U.S. Honey Bees ................... 33 News - MAC-ISA Bonnie Appleton Scholarship ...... 12 News - Nursery industry professionals Farwest Show 14 News - Saunders Brothers receive Award ................. 41 News - Scott Douglas named Director of the VA Tech Hahn Horticulture Garden .. 10 News - VAC Clay Tournament .................................. 41 News - Winner of Field Day Plant ID Contest .......... 13 Obituary - In Memory of Charlie O’Dell .................. 9 Plant Profile: Native Shrubs Multi-Season Appeal .... 28 Research - SNA Research Conference Proceedings Available .................................. 37 4 VNLA Newsletter

Research - Journal of Environmental Horticulture Expands Scope and Accessibility ................ 36 Research - Whiteflies and Biotype ............................. 31 Tips - Boxwood Blight BMP’s New ........................... 24 Tips - Boxwood Blight BMP’s Released ................... 20 Tips - Boxwood Blight situation in Virginia .............. 20 Tips - Nursery Permit Fee Due ................................... 34 Tips - Only you can help prevent boxwood blight! .... 22 Tips - USDA Launches Census of Ag Questionnaire . 34 Tips - Weed Id by VA Tech Online ............................ 23 VNLA - Association News ......................................... 43 VNLA - Certification Report ..................................... 39 VNLA - Certification Exam Schedule/Application .... 51 VNLA - Certification Quiz # 82 ................................. 27 VNLA - Certification Review Class/Test Schedule ... 50 VNLA – Certification Test Schedule 2018 ................. 52 VNLA - Fall Board Meeting Highlights ..................... 44 VNLA - Field Day 2018 at Colesville Nursery .......... 5 VNLA - Future of Workforce Development ............. 38 VNLA - Member Profile - Lee Highway Nursery ...... 16 VNLA - New Virginia Certified Horticulturist!!! ...... 46 VNLA - President’s Message ..................................... 6 VNLA - 2020 Strategic Plan ....................................... 45 VNLA - Photo Contest ............................................... 15 VNLA - Welcome Exec Director, Shellie Archer ...... 7

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2 1 y l u J e t a D e h t Save •

8 1 0 2 y a D d l e i F A VNL Wednesday, July 11

Management Workshop

Thursday, July 12 Field Day

Friday, July 13 Summer Tour

Vol. 87, No.4; October/November/December 2017 Editor: Jeff Miller

I am grateful to the Board and past Presidents of the VNLA, committed member volunteers, allies and stakeholders who work with us, and others, who have worked hard in 2017 to pursue the Mission of VNLA: To enhance, promote and advocate for Virginia’s nursery and landscape professionals.

383 Coal Hollow Road; Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 Internet E-mail Address: info@vnla.org www.vnla.org (Association Info) https://www.facebook.com/VNLA1932 Twitter: @vnla1932 Telephone: 540-382-0943 Fax: 540-382-2716 Disclaimer: Published for your information, this newsletter is not an endorsement for individual products or editorial comments.

President’s Message Dear VNLA family and friends:

2018 and beyond.

As I write, Thanksgiving nears, and GRATITUDE is on my mind. You will read this as you celebrate a year of accomplishment in your businesses and other endeavors, and look forward to creating more in 2018. VNLA too has accomplished much this year and is on track to serve you with sharpened focus and capacity in

By the time you read this, I hope you will have read about, heard about, or met, our new Executive Director, Shellie Archer, and that you will have also reached out to thank Jeff Miller of Horticulture Management Associates, LLC, who has served as our Executive Director for lo these many years, and who continues to guide and consult with the future of VNLA in mind. When you read this you may want to know our new VNLA headquarters address and phone number. It is: 5101 Monument Ave Ste 203 Richmond, VA 23230-3621 804-256-2700

How will we realize this mission in the years 2018-2020 to better serve you, our members? Every single Board Member and a couple of future prospective Board members spent two days away from their businesses in October, focused on precisely this question. Board engagement at one of the peak times of our business calendar, focused on the future, cellphones OFF, is almost unheard of anywhere, in any association. But you, our members, are fortunate to have such leaders creating, guiding, and advocating on your behalf. As the chair of this Board, I am extremely grateful. So, what does this mean for your Association’s future? Here are five areas of focus for your Board and Executive Director for the next 3 years, building on this same work and energetic successful plan from 2015-2017: 1. Serve VNLA members’ workforce and Virginia’s nursery and landscape professionals with high value education. 2. Connect with and better serve VNLA members for greater engagement. 3. Raise members’ awareness of the Scholarships and Research provided by the VNLA Horticulture Research Foundation, a 501(c)3 nonprofit funded by your tax-deductible contributions. 4. Diversify VNLA sources of revenue and reserves for the future. 5. Improve organizational capacity and effective governance. In sum, VNLA aims to be your ‘go-to’ source for information and action for Virginia’s nursery and landscape professionals and by all who make their living in these fields. Your Board and Executive Director responsibly steward for the future your dues and contributions, for the benefit of Virginia’s nursery and landscape professionals. Together we accomplish what no one company, no one member, could do on your own. For that, and for being a small part of this larger common good, I am grateful. With Gratitude, Virginia R. Rockwell, CBLP, NMP, RI*CH, VCH, VSLD 2017 President, VNLA virginia@gentlegardener.com 434.531.0467 Ad - conserVAlandscapes.com

Shellie’s direct email is ShellieArcher@vnla.org VNLA Newsletter October/November/December 2017 6 October / September / December 2017

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Editorial - How was Your Year? What's going on in our industry? "How was YOUR spring season?" Having endured the most tumultuous season of my landscaping career, I have inquired with several of my colleagues about whether they faced the same challenges I did. Despite my 25 years of experience in the landscape design, installation and maintenance business, this past spring left me beaten, battered and bruised in more ways than one. I found I was not alone, as this tribulation continues to confound even the most seasoned veterans of the industry. According to my colleagues, the issues -- and there are certainly more than one -- are likely here to stay and may never self-correct. So, what were those challenges, and why are the experts so convinced the future may be bleak? The primary challenge I faced was simply the lack of plant material, an ongoing problem in my region that was especially tough in the early part of the season. I prefer to support local nurseries; a dying breed in the era of the big box retailer. I acknowledge that refusing to support big box retail limits my suppliers; I still choose to do so, however, because I prefer knowing where my plants are grown and I enjoy supporting local jobs. I met a landscape architect today at CBPL training who told me her firm was seeking plant material from North Carolina. She said the effect will carry into additional seasons because companies are settling for smaller alternatives, which will create shortages in those categories and reduce growing stock to "grow on". Another challenge the landscaping industry faced was a lack of contractor support. Contractors of every trade already have ample work and can scarcely handle any other responsibilities, which can sometimes last weeks or even months. The contractors for irrigation, arborists, lighting and grading that I typically use were booked very early in the season, and the idea of using unknown alternatives was daunting. Irrigation contractors were booking up to 18 weeks in advance and grading contractors would not even consider scheduling additional work. This trend was not restricted to one trade but was seen across the board and in other regions of the state. One client told me that he could not get a landscape designer/company to talk to him or return a call for months. I could not complete that large-scale job after the irrigation company held me up for 3 weeks and it ended up disappointing both the client and myself. I was left shaking my head about where our industry is headed and pondering how I would make a living without the support systems I am accustomed to having at my disposal. My company profits VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

have been diminished by time spent searching for plants and support services. I worked harder and made less. I have turned down numerous jobs this season. One prospective client told me he had been waiting for his yard to be mulched since April because his normal maintenance company could not get its labor crews back into the U.S. I guess that speaks for itself and may be one of the reasons that everyone is so busy and has an abundance of work. Is it a good thing for your business or is it hurting your business? Were you using illegal immigrants? Can you find American labor to replace them? What are the answers and how do we survive in the future? I have also witnessed some of the most outlandish quotes and estimates for work, and I consider it price gauging. The fallout from these practices may be devastating to the professionals in the industry. What has happened to our industry's integrity and professionalism? One commercial colleague who has been in business for over 50 years indicated to me that he would never partake in another spring season like his company experienced. I am not alone in my feelings about our industry changes. Lack of plants, support staff and the wettest May on record pushed us over this edge this spring. Even if I survive the fall season, I may have to polish my resume. Is anybody hiring? Is anybody listening to the needs for our survival? Can anyone in the growing sector meet the demand?

Welcome to our incoming Executive Director, Shellie Archer! Stop by the VNLA MANTS Booth #14 and introduce yourself! Shellie joins the VNLA with a strong background in senior-level program director and nonprofit expert, with local to national-level experience and 20+ years of awardwinning performance with advocacy initiatives, marketing and strategic growth. She has also been involved in community engagement and business development with corporate philanthropy, supplier diversity and strategic partnerships. An in depth profile will be in the next Newsletter.

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It was an overwhelming spring 2017 season from my region and after this week, I may have encountered my permanent wilting point. Lastly, on the eve of submitting this, I heard one local nursery's solution to getting plants my direction. Plants are being ordered online and delivered daily to a parking lot where contractors may pick up their orders. The plants sit on asphalt, receive no water, and may or may not meet the buyer's expectations for quality. Is this really the answer? Not for this designer or her clients. I hand-pick my plants and the proof is in the gratification received by me and the client. Audrey Hodges, Hampton Roads Region, VCH #1827, Editor/Son, James Ogletree, Journalism Major, University of Alabama, Roll Ride

Letters - Scholarship I am very grateful to have been chosen as the 2017-18 recipient of the A.S. Gresham Jr Memorial Scholarship and the Albert James (Bert) Shoosmith Scholarship. As I began my college career, I set a goal to be debt free when I graduated. Thank you for making this goal a reality this year. Your support of the industry and its future generation has served as more than financial assistance. It has encouraged the industry's continued growth through your educational resources and continued advocacy. As I enter my junior year of Landscape Contracting at Virginia Tech, I begin to take a closer look at my future in the industry. As a member of the Honors College and future graduate of the Virginia Tech Horticulture Department, I am confident that I will find many opportunities in my future career. I plan to study Landscape Architecture through Virginia Tech's Graduate School and I look forward to being able to serve Virginia with the knowledge and skills this will provide. Thank you for this contribution to my education and to the future of the Virginia Nursery and Landscape industry. I can only hope that one day I will be in the position to support the industry as you have.

Letters Virginia Agribusiness Council Annual Meeting & Conference On behalf of the Virginia Agribusiness Council, we want to thank you again for your support of our Annual Meeting & Conference. We were thrilled to welcome so many unique speakers who truly showcased the diversity and innovation present in Virginia's agribusiness community. In addition, we were very fortunate to have special guests such as Basil Gooden, Secretary of Agriculture and Forestry, join us again this year. Thanks in large part to the outstanding support of members like you, the Council was able to provide a forum to share information and celebrate the many successes of our industry. We were very excited to have Dennis Treacy, President of the Smithfield Foundation, deliver the keynote address at our Annual Meeting Dinner Wednesday evening. Dennis utilized his experience with Smithfield and the wide variety of organizations of which he is a part to challenge our members to envision what a future for agribusiness might look like. He also emphasized the need to be ready to adapt our production practices and marketing for the future. Our guests were extremely impressed with his vision and the leadership he has brought to Smithfield Foods and the Smithfield Foundation during his tenure there. Our conference concluded on Thursday afternoon with tours of James River Nurseries and Produce Source Partners, whose staff gave us great insight into their industries and a behind the scenes look at their daily operations. Thank you again for supporting our Membership Meeting. Your sponsorship enables our efforts to promote and defend the business interests of our members and it is greatly appreciated. Shepherd Cronemeyer, Director of Member Services & Events; Katie K. Frazier, President

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With Countless Thanks, William R. Shelburne

SAVE THE DATE!!! Thursday, July 12, 2018 VNLA Field Day

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Obituary - In Memory of Charlie O’Dell Charlie O'Dell, former faculty member in the Virginia Tech Department of Horticulture, passed away suddenly September 4, 2017. Charlie was 82 years old. He served primarily in an Extension role with emphasis on fruit crops, starting in 1968 and retiring in 2001. Many remember Charlie not only for his service to the department, but for his contagious enthusiasm and good humor. Charlie will be remembered fondly by those who interacted regularly with him both before and after his retirement. He carried his grounding in service through his educational ex-periences at Berea College throughout his career at Virginia Tech, espousing our motto in professional and personal interactions. He was born in Charleston, WV on February 17, 1935. Charlie earned his Bachelor of Science in Agriculture from Berea College on 1957. He went on to earn his Master's Degree in Horticulture from the University of Maryland in 1960. He was employed by the USDA before coming to Virginia Tech

in 1968. Charlie retired, Professor Emeritus of Horticulture, Extension and Research, from Virginia Tech in 2001. He is survived by his wife of 61 years, Wilmoth Curtis Rumbaugh O'Dell; his two daughters and son-in-law, Mary Jane and Amos Cordell, and Leah O'Dell Wilmoth; his five grandchildren, Jesicca Wilmoth Burgess (Mathew Burgess), Curtis Jack Lee, Meredith Jane Lee, Amanda Lee Wilmoth, and Abbagail Reide Wilmoth; and great-granddaughter, Lydia Grace Burgess. Charlie was dedicated to his family, his work and the farmers with whom he worked. A man of deep and quiet faith, he was dedicated to his church, singing in the choir, and serving on the Creation Care Team. He loved Crow's Nest Farm that he and Wilmoth founded in 1972. The name of the farm, (CROW), is a combination of their initials. He enjoyed fishing, riding motorcycles, gardening, and camping with his wife. A kind hearted, good natured man, he was admired by many for his ability to whistle with the birds. He was often heard, before he was seen. Always striving to make the world a better place, he willed his remains to medical science. In lieu of flowers, contributions may be made to Berea College, Department of College Relations, C.P.O. 2216, Berea Kentucky 40404. http://www.roanoke.com/obituaries/o-dell-charles-robert/article1f6391ed-20dd58b6-87ae-59b36fafc988.html

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News - AmericanHort Recognizes Industry Pioneer with Release of Ernest Wertheim Video

News - Scott Douglas named Director of the VA Tech Hahn Horticulture Garden

During Cultivate’17, AmericanHort had the pleasure to sit down with Ernest Wertheim, a passionate industry advocate and business owner for over 75 years. Hear from Wertheim on a few thoughts on his journey through the industry over the past 75 years in the interview linked below. To contribute to the Horticultural Research Institute (HRI) endowment Wertheim established honoring his long-time business partner, Jack Klemeyer, please visit www.HRIResearch.org/Donate or contact Jennifer Gray at 614-884-1155. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsQA3COmsTg Wertheim opened a landscape architect firm in 1940 and has been a mainstay in the industry ever since. That design firm, now known as Wertheim, van der Ploeg, & Klemeyer, has been engaged in the design of residential, commercial, institutional, and public architectural and landscape architectural work in the United States and abroad. WVK is internationally known for its work in garden center and retail nursery design and space planning, with clients in 40 states, Canada, England, Scotland, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, the Netherlands, and Italy. Wertheim’s experiences, insights, and ability to see opportunities in this industry continue to set the bar for all horticulture professionals. We were fortunate to welcome Wertheim to another Cultivate and hear about his life and some of his accomplishments firsthand. At 97 years old, Wertheim has done so much to further the success of the green industry, especially the retail sector. Wertheim was a speaker at innumerable conferences and workshops over many decades where he gave his expert advice to multiple generations of retail businesses. His keen sense of business coupled with his knowledge of national and international trends were well known and respected. Even today, Wertheim travels to industry events to learn, share, and educate others. Now, we celebrate him. Wertheim recently joined us at the Horticultural Research Institute Summer Reception, in part to honor his longtime business partner Jack Klemeyer. As Wertheim explained, his success and time in the limelight would not have been possible without Klemeyer’s diligent and talented contributions behind the scenes. Wertheim expressed the hope that his donation in Klemeyer’s honor may result in a lasting recognition of their nearly career-long partnership. Thanks to generous philanthropy and strategic investments, HRI’s endowment now totals more than $11 million and boasts over 170 named funds from individuals, businesses, and organizations. Lauren Snyder, AmericanHort Marketing Manager LaurenS@AmericanHort.org | (614) 884-1154 (direct)

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Scott Douglas enjoys a peaceful moment in his favorite spot in the Hahn Horticulture Garden. Scott Douglas has been named director of the Virginia Tech Hahn Horticulture Garden, the six-acre teaching and display garden in Blacksburg that is a campus crown jewel and a living laboratory for students. Douglas will oversee the garden’s operations and programing in addition to teaching landscape design and construction classes in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences’ Department of Horticulture. The Athens, Georgia, native is a licensed landscape architect and LEED-accredited professional. Prior to his appointment, Douglas taught landscape design at Iowa State University. He earned his bachelor of landscape architecture from the University of Georgia before pursuing his master’s degree in the same field at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. “This position is the perfect blend of garden management and teaching,” said Douglas. “It marries what I love to do.” Douglas plans to introduce new classes that will explore sustainable landscape design. Green roofs, bioswales, and bioretention are just a few of the low-impact design techniques he is eager to share with students and others interested in learning how to filter and clean stormwater using natural processes. He would also like to create a small test space for rain gardens and permeable pavers to demonstrate how they reduce runoff. Increasing awareness about these resources and technologies, he believes, is the key to more widespread adoption. While working on his thesis at the University of Illinois, Douglas studied interstate corridors, shoulders, and medians, which the state spends more than $14 million annually to mow and maintain. Inspired by solar projects, butterfly corridors, and other creative, productive, ecologically friendly solutions, he explored how to better utilize these spaces.

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“If you add in railroads and utility corridors, you could better utilize hundreds of thousands of acres,” he added. “This land just sits there unused. We could plant indigenous flowers and shrubs that support native bees and pollinators. And these are perfect places for solar power generation and for raising nursery crops.”

The new director is eager to invite more students and members of the local community to treasure the garden as a source of learning, renewal, and inspiration. He is also working to raise awareness about the garden as a venue for special events. Although the space is thriving as a popular wedding site, he hopes to host other types of events as well.

As a part of the Landscape Architecture Foundation’s Fellowship for Innovation and Leadership, Douglas is continuing to gather information about projects such as these in order to compile a resource guide and a website that will serve as a clearinghouse and forum for people around the country to exchange information and ideas. He believes that such projects could save states, including Virginia, millions of dollars each year, and that re-appropriating these spaces could also create new jobs.

Douglass also looks forward to building relationships with other Virginia Tech departments, including the School of Performing Arts and the School of Visual Arts.

Douglas said he is most looking forward to the opportunity to create a new master plan for the Hahn garden. “It has great bones,” he said, “but there is room for us to expand and to create new things." He also wants to increase the use of Hahn as a teaching facility where he can conduct design work with classes. “I want to create a lot of spaces, including a clipped boxwood hedge garden, and more shady places for people to go and relax,” he continued. “I want this to become a place where students come to study.”

“I’m thrilled to be here and to be back in the mountains,” said Douglas. “Finding the money to support implementing changes is a challenge. But, we are fortunate to have donors and alumni who are big supporters.” Scott and his wife moved to Christiansburg this past July. Before that, they had lived in Bloomington, IL for seven years. He spent the 2016-17 school year commuting to Ames, Iowa where he taught in the landscape architecture department at Iowa State University during the week. He was interested in coming to the Horticulture department because it combined his two favorite jobs: design/ project management and teaching. He also likes that this location is closer to his family (and the mountains). Of course, his favorite thing about the department is the Hahn Horticulture Garden. Scott was able to narrow down his favorite plants to two —the Ginkgo tree and purple coneflower. In his spare time, he enjoys working on cars, attending races, gardening, cycling, hiking and golf.

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One way to support the Hahn Horticulture Garden is through its Membership Program, which provides members with access to events, garden tours, speakers, and more. Anyone interested in volunteering to work in the garden can join a Monday night work group, which meets at 5:30 p.m. in front of the garden pavilion. —Written by Amy Painter, Virginia Tech News

News - MAC-ISA Bonnie Appleton Scholarship Update On July 21, 2012 the MAC-ISA chapter and our industry lost a very special member and huge contributor. Dr. Bonnie Appleton passed away but left so much for us all to remember her by. She did so much for MAC-ISA, she was a speaker at numerous annual meetings and trainings, Board member, educational advisor, host, field day chair, award winner, mentor and much more. Bonnie spoke at many of our annual meetings on various topics. She shared her knowledge enthusiastically and influenced people of all ages. In the early 1990’s she involved MAC-ISA in the annual field day held at Hampton Roads Agricultural Research and Extension Center(HRAREC), which then led to the field day/demonstration held at the Virginia Tech campus in Blacksburg. Bonnie was a MAC-ISA Board member from 1990 - 1994 and then educational advisor for many years after. She led one of the first chapter’s Certification committees helping to encourage and educate members. She was extremely instrumental in bringing TRACE to our chapter in 2010 hosting the first training and being in the group of first PNW-ISA certified tree risk assessors. Bonnie was the author of 5 major books, 30 industry journal articles and more than 800 articles. In 2013 MAC-ISA and Trees Virginia signed an agreement with the TREE Fund to start the Bonnie Appleton Memorial Fund which will offer college scholarships. Our first goal was to raise $100,000 so the fund could be endowed, and scholarships could be awarded. The first committee was made up of Barbara White, Kevin Sigmon, Ed Macie, Greg Dahle, Kristina Bezanson, Ineke Dickman, Janet Bournacin and Nancy Herwig. Well it took a few years but with the help from over 90 direct donors, lots of raffles, auctions, motorcycle rides, golf tournaments, and pleas. We did it!! We have over $100,000 and will be sending more money from the fundraising events at this year’s annual meeting. The scholarship will be managed by the TREE Fund with an advisor from our chapter on the committee. Kristina Beanson will be the first advisor. The TREE Fund will be putting VNLA Newsletter 12

out an announcement soon about the scholarship and the fund. We will continue to raise monies in an effort to increase the scholarship amount. Donations can be made on line at www.treefund.org . We are very proud of this accomplishment and know Bonnie would be too. Thank you!!

News - AmericanHort Hires Tal Coley Director of Government Affairs

Columbus, OH - AmericanHort announces the addition of Tal Coley as director of government affairs based in its Washington, D.C. office. “AmericanHort is delighted to welcome Tal to further advance our strategic advocacy and outreach efforts,” said Craig Regelbrugge, AmericanHort Senior Vice President, Advocacy and Research. “He is a knowledgeable and experienced communicator who will diligently promote industry objectives and articulate industry-related issues to lawmakers.” Tal has an extensive background including work on a wide variety of issue advocacy and external affairs projects. His first initiative with AmericanHort is Impact Washington (AmericanHort.org/Impact), a two-day summit this September with industry leaders from around the country designed to strategize on mission-critical issues - labor and immigration, horticultural research and innovation, and tax reform and highlight legislative reforms and concerns with congressional members and their staffs. Prior to AmericanHort, Coley led congressional outreach efforts at Concerned Veterans for America, spearheading a variety of endeavors to include annual fly-ins, policy initiatives, and external affairs. He is a veteran of the United

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States Air Force, where he served as a Russian Cryptologic Linguist at Ft. Meade, MD.

News - A Tour of Highgrove

“I am excited to represent and advance the interests of the industrious men and women of the horticulture industry,” said Coley. “As business owners who share a united passion for their product, I look forward to bringing their issues to the forefront in Washington.” Coley holds a Master’s Degree in International Administration from the University of Miami along with a Bachelor of Arts degree in History from the University of North Florida. He currently resides in Crofton, MD, with his wife, Victoria, and their two children. Lauren Snyder, AmericanHort Marketing Manager LaurenS@AmericanHort.org 614-884-115

SAVE THE DATE!!! Thursday, July 12, 2018 VNLA Field Day

(l-r) Aaron Williams, Marty Grunder, Jim McCutcheon (owner of Highgrove Partners), Andrew Duty, and CT Wood

This summer one of our member companies, Williams Landscape and Design, participated in the NALP event: Frank and Marty’s Adventure. Marty Grunder is the president of Grunder Landscape in Miamisburg, Ohio, as well as the president of Marty Grunder, Inc. Frank Mariani is the president of Mariana Landscape in Lake Bluff, Illinois, the

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largest privately held landscape company in the United States. The annual event focuses on teaching landscape professionals how to grow their business through sales, leadership and operations education as well as a facility tour. This year, the event was held in Atlanta, GA, and Highgrove Partners hosted the facility tour. Highgrove Partners is one of Atlanta’s largest landscape companies. Jim McCutcheon, the CEO of Highgrove Partners, and his team were fantastic hosts. The tour of the facility was divided into sections including landscape design and install, landscape maintenance department, turf care, sales, operations, mechanical area, and the executive team. This approach allows smaller groups of people to see the operation up close and to ask questions. Aaron Williams, president of Williams Landscape and Design, said, “attending educational opportunities like this over the years has really helped our business grow and helps us realize whether we are on the right track. It also offers an opportunity to learn how we can become a better company. I appreciated Frank and Marty’s willingness to share details about what works best for them in their companies.” Aaron and two managers from Williams Landscape & Design, Inc. attended the two-day event. Aaron Williams, Williams Landscape & Design, aaron@wldgreen.com

News - Nursery industry professionals converge at the Farwest Show Portland, OR - Nearly 6,000 green industry professionals came to the 2017 Farwest Show for the chance to “Be Far From Ordinary.” “It’s great when people in the industry can converge, share their knowledge, make new connections, and renew the relationships they’ve established previously,” Show Director Allan Niemi said. “The green industry is made of strong fabric and that’s due to the lasting connections people make, beginning with a face-to-face encounter and a handshake.” Show offerings included the ever-popular New Varieties Showcase and New Products Showcase, innovative Retailer Idea Center and Grower Solution Center, a stellar list of guest industry experts, three area nursery tours, exciting new additions during and after show hours, networking opportunities and so much more.

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What’s more, the week kicked off with a once-in-a-lifetime full solar eclipse that brought many show goers to Oregon before the show started. Some 18 percent of those who attended the show’s three-day run (August 23-25) were first-time attendees. The show hosted more than 400 exhibitors, including 57 first-time exhibitors. This year, the premier industry event brought together groups, businesses, plant professionals, and job seekers from 45 states in the US and 22 countries from around the world Highlights from the show include an inspiring keynote from Terri McEnaney of Bailey Nurseries, 40+ new plant introductions in the New Varieties Showcase, seminar presentations from industry leaders Dan Hinkley, Brie Arthur, Leslie Halleck, Gary Lewis, Suzanne Wainwright-Evans, Sean Hogan and many others, the traditional and very popular Farwest Pub Crawl, and stimulating gatherings for young nursery professionals (Emergent: A Group for Growing Professionals) and women in horticulture. The Oregon Association of Nurseries (OAN), based in Wilsonville, represents more than 800 wholesale growers, retailers, landscapers and suppliers. Oregon’s ornamental horticulture industry is one of the state’s largest agricultural commodities, with annual sales of $909 million. Oregon’s nursery industry is a traded sector; nearly 80 percent of the nursery plants grown in Oregon are shipped out of state. For information, visit www.oan.org or call 503-682-5089. The Farwest Show, the largest green industry show in the West, is produced by the OAN

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Winner of the Photo Contest

VNLA - Photo Contest Rules The contest is open to any photographer (amateur and professional) except members of Board of Directors of VNLA and their families. Entries are limited to VNLA members and their staff. Each photographer may enter up to three (3) digital images per Newsletter deadline (see #6). Email images to info@vnla.org . Include your name, phone number, company, and email.

Pepper Collections Photo Winner: Chelsea Mahaffey, Conservatory Horticulturist Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden

804-262-9887 ext.223

with a Samsung Galaxy S5

Our Kroger Community Kitchen Garden focuses on producing edibles of all shapes and colors. These were some of the varieties of peppers that we grew this year including heirlooms, hybrids, and many more.

Win $50, submit your photos! Good Luck and Happy Photographing!

VNLA - Mobile-Friendly App Guide to Virginia Growers! Look up plant sources, hotlinks to grower email, website and phone! www.vnla.org/Grower-Guide

Let Growers know that you found them in the VNLA Guide to Virginia Growers!!! VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

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One winning entry per photographer per year. You may re-enter non-winning entries. Please e-mail images separately. Feel free to elaborate on any story surrounding the photograph. Photos should be 300 dpi high resolution. All photographs must be related to the Green Industry. The subject can be located in a nursery, back yard, or in a landscape--just so it is obviously related to the green industry profession. Deadline for submission is 5:00 p.m. on the Newsletter Copy Deadline, which is the 15th of January, April, July, and October. All submissions become the property of the VNLA. Model Release forms are required with each photograph which contains a clearly identifiable person. Release forms are available from the VNLA office, on request, and are also available for download from the VNLA website at Model release in MS Word format or Adobe PDF format. Judging is done by the VNLA Communication Committee. All decisions are final

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VNLA Profile - Lee Highway Nursery

brings a wealth of knowledge with him and is actively involved in the daily operations of the business. As a family owned and operated local business, the goal has always been to provide the highest level of customer service possible, to every single customer. LHN strives to provide these customers with the products and services that will enhance their landscapes for years to come.

Our business is a landscape/hardscape installation, grounds maintenance, wholesale/retail garden center, with a full service floral department for events only. We also have a mechanic’s shop and state inspection center open to the public. The business is managed by Chad Lohr. His wife is Karen Lohr. They have 3 children; Holland 8, Hazel 5 and Hatcher 3. (back left to front right) Seana Ankers, Chad Smith, Mary Austin, Chad Lohr and Tim Hess

Our team of designers and horticulturalists at Lee Highway Nursery/LHN brings over 130 years of combined experience in the landscape industry. We only employ the best and brightest. From an Arborist to landscape architects, designers, Virginia Certified Horticulturalists and turf specialists, we have the ability to handle all of your landscape and horticultural questions and needs. Beckie Campbell - Owner / Proprietor

The nursery and garden center are located in Warrenton, VA. Their business is a family affair. Chad Lohr’s father, Donald Lohr, is their master mechanic! Seana Ankers’ son, Justin Ankers, and Chad Smith’s son, Caleb Smith, both work at the garden center even though they play against each other for high school football Caleb is a Freshman at Eastern View High School and Justin is a Freshman at Kettle Run High School. Chad Lohr’s nephew, Mikey Ryder is one of multiple sibling working on landscape crews. Long time business owners in Warrenton, Beckie and Cecil Campbell, have had a successful tractor shop in town for over 30 years. In 2007, they decided to spread their success to the nursery and garden center business. In 2010, Chad Lohr joined LHN as a part owner and general manager. He is graduate of Virginia Tech with over 20 years of experience in the landscape and turf management industries. Chad VNLA Newsletter 16

Long time business owners in Warrenton, Beckie and Cecil Campbell, have had a successful tractor shop, Cecil’s tractors in Warrenton for over 30 years. In 2007, they decided to spread their success to the nursery and garden center business. They’re success has grown over the years and now LHN is a thriving nursery and landscaping business serving areas from Warrenton down to Charlottesville and beyond. As a family owned and operated local business, the goal has always been to provide the highest level of customer service possible, to every single customer. LHN strives to provide these customers with the products and services that will enhance their landscapes for years to come. Chad Lohr - General Manager/ partner - - Landscape Design & Maintenance Sales In 2010, Chad Lohr joined LHN as a part owner and general manager. He is graduate of Virginia Tech with over 20 years of experience in the landscape and

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turf management industries. Chad brings a wealth of knowledge with him and is actively involved in the daily operations of the business. Chad regularly meets with design and maintenance clients to ensure award winning results. Working with Chad ensures you are getting a wealth of knowledge in the green industry. Seana Ankers - Operations Manager Operations Manager, Seana Ankers, comes to us with over 22 years experience in the landscape industry. This experience covers everything from retail and landscape installation management, finance, purchasing and landscape design. Seana has the knowledge and experience to procure the highest quality plants and landscape materials for our garden center and installations.

While most of her time is spent as primary purchasing agent, Seana helps oversee both the retail and installation departments and spends a good deal of time advocating for our industry on topics such as labor reform and environmental issues. She has also made a large focus on her career education and mentoring others in the industry. While Seana is mainly behind the scenes, you may run into her at the garden center, on a job site or one of our many events.

Seana is a Virginia Certified Horticulturist, Certified Pesticide Applicator, a member of the National Society of Leadership & Success, and a Virginia Notary Public. She is a seasoned speaker, volunteer, and advocate in the landscape industry, and currently serves as President of the Northern Virginia Nursery & Landscape Association (NVNLA) and as a Legislative Director for the Virginia Nursery & Landscape Association (VNLA). Seana is one of the few industry professionals who have been awarded the Byron Wates Award, presented by the NVNLA for dedicated and invaluable services in the industry.

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Tim Hess - Landscape Architectural Designer - Sales Tim is no stranger to the green industry. Born in Toledo, Ohio and raised in his family’s greenhouse and nursery business, Mel’s Greenhouse, started by his grandfather 55 years ago. Tim attended The Ohio State University and majored in Landscape Architecture and Design. Tim has worked for very reputable landscape companies in cities including: Columbus, Cleveland and Cincinnati, Ohio. Tim moved to Virginia in 2010 to be closer to his family. Tim worked for a very reputable landscape firm in Lynchburg, Virginia before joining LHN in 2014 to be closer to his home in Charlottesville. Tim is a Certified Landscape Designer with Virginia Society of Landscape Designers, a Virginia Certified Horticulturalist with the Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association and also sits as vice president of the VSLD board. Working with Tim guarantees you will have someone passionate about landscaping help you through your project. His breath of knowledge and experience ensure that your design from concept to completion, his ideas coupled with your thoughts and dreams guarantee a winning combination for you! Chad Smith - Northern Virginia Production Manager Sales

Chad Smith has been involved in the Horticulture industry for over 23 years. His experience began with five years in the retail side of the industry, which included management. Chad then moved into the landscape design, installation and landscape management side, where he has excelled for 18 years. His knowledge and field experience has given him a thorough understanding of all aspects of landscape installation and maintenance, with increased knowledge and focus on planting, hardscaping, outdoor lighting and drainage. He is a certified horticulturalist and pesticide applicator. Chad is currently the LHN Northern Virginia Production VNLA Newsletter 18

Manager, as well as a talented designer and purchasing agent. He is also a Virginia Certified Horticulturalist. Mary Austin - Garden Center Manager Garden Center Manager, Mary Austin, is here to help you with all your landscape, hardscape and garden needs. With 38 years in the landscape industry, she brings with her the knowledge to answer questions and make suggestions for a beautiful landscape. A lifetime learner, Mary attended NVCC for six years, focusing on Horticulture and Business and became a Virginia Certified Horticulturist in 1989. Mary has been in various management positions, over the years, which ensure that she knows the best way to handle any situation. However, Mary is not all business. She carries with her a lifetime of gardening experience, at her own home and was a Master Gardener, for 24 years. Mary has also volunteered on the Board of Directors of the Northern Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association for many years, mentoring new businesses along the way. She has also written columns for several publications and had the honor of working on gardening trials with the late Dr. Bonnie Appleton, with Virginia Tech. Whether you are a homeowner, civic organization or a landscape contractor, Mary is here to assist you in making the right decisions and to greet you with a warm country welcome.

Cathy Tasker - Human Resources / Office Specialist Cathy Tasker has worked in the banking and accounting fields for over 40 years. She came to work at LHN in April 2016 as the Office Specialist and currently processes payroll, accounts payable and accounts receivable. Cathy brings a wealth of office knowledge to LHN and she is very personable when handling clients calls to the office.

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Lisa Jordan - Office Lisa’s first job was at a Garden Center in MD, 1998, where she started as a cashier. She was moved to the different departments to learn/care for the different plant materials, ending in the Floral Department. She quickly learned and developed her eye and love for floral arranging and wedding event planning. Lisa was a Floral Manager for 4 years in MD, then moved to Hampton VA and was a Floral Manager for a large company for 7 years. Her family wanted a more “country” area to raise their children, so they moved to the Culpeper area in 2012. Lisa started working for LHN in 2012, where she managed the flora department and has enjoyed working in the different departments, throughout the company. Her current role is office assistant where she manages a variety of office tasks. Paula Coffman - Assistant Garden Center Manager Assistant Garden Center Manager, Paula Coffman, has over 30 years of experience in the landscape industry. She has grown up with a love of gardening and floral design. She and her mother started doing floral design, when she was a teenager, and she later did floral design at a shop owned by her sister. After that, she turned to landscape installation, where she focused on estates in the Middleburg area. In addition, she has worked on extensive municipal plantings and numerous installations on the grounds of the National Zoo. No matter what your need, Paula will help you to make the best selections.

The following is interesting information about Chad Lohr Our business niche is catering to every single client, no matter the budget and try to provide service to all. Their business philosophy is to ‘Give the client a great product that builds trust, so they know you will always stand behind your work - Always’. The best idea that they ever stole: “Exceed your customers expectation” Marcus vandeVliet Favorite Plant: Abelia kaleidoscope [Continued on Page 28 - Chad Lohr”]

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News - New Boxwood Blight Best Management Practices Released

temperature impacts on disease development and pathogen survival, impacts of mulch in landscapes on disease development, and the use of heat therapy in boxwood propaga-tion.

A lot can change in five years, especially in terms of research. Back in 2012, the US nursery production world was still reeling from the discovery of boxwood blight the year prior. The Horticultural Research Institute (HRI) quickly established a fund dedicated to boxwood blight research and a boxwood blight working group composed of industry leaders and National Plant Board (NPB) representatives. A best management practices document for nursery production was produced out of this collaboration.

Dr. Chuan Hong, plant pathologist at Virginia Tech and the lead researcher of key boxwood blight projects, commented, “Boxwood blight risk is mounting for horticultural production facilities, especially those near an infested landscape site, now in 24 states. This BMP update with the latest research from the Farm Bill projects was well timed and will serve individual growers and the horticulture industry as a whole very well.”

Subsequent research is still in progress, but enough new information exists to warrant a revision of the best management practices released back in 2012. AmericanHort and HRI, in conjunction with the NPB, are pleased to announce that the revised, updated Boxwood Blight Best Management Practices, version 2.0, is now available online at HRIResearch.org. Two closely related fungi, Calonectria pseudonaviculata and C. henricotiae, can cause boxwood blight. Currently only one, C. pseudonaviculata, has a known presence in the US. This is a good thing. Both, however, are present in the EU; so, the threat remains for C. henricotiae to come to the US. Despite being the same genus (Calonectria), these two species have some key differences, such as different responses to temperatures and fungicides. While researchers know of only three host plants for boxwood blight, boxwood (Buxus), Pachysandra, and sweet box (Sarcococca), the economic impact is potentially quite large, with over $20 million per year in US retail sales. Impacts to landscapes are immeasurable. Boxwood blight has been confirmed in 24 states, with Illinois and Missouri being among the latest detections. There are a few states yet with significant boxwood production where the disease hasn’t been confirmed, such as Texas and Louisiana. Since 2012, the industry has rallied behind a coalition of researchers dedicated to finding the best management strategies for this disease. Resources to support these research efforts have come from a few different sources, including directly from the industry through the Horticultural Research Institute’s (HRI) grants program, the IR-4 Ornamental Horticulture Program administered by USDA-NFA, and from Farm Bill, Section 10007 monies administered by USDAAPHIS. Section 10007 has allocated nearly $3 million alone, all towards boxwood blight! Early research focused on the basics of boxwood blight management, such as fungicide efficacy studies and cultivar resistance evaluations. Recent focus areas have included (but are not limited to) long distance spread of the disease, pathogen survival in soil, insect transmission, biological control agents, risk mapping and disease forecasting VNLA Newsletter 20

To access the latest version of the Boxwood BMPs, please visit the AmericanHort Knowledge Center. To contribute to the continued research of this disease, its impacts, and its solutions, please donate to the Horticultural Research Institute at www.HRIResearch.org/Donate . Contact: Jennifer Gray, Research Programs Administrator, jenniferg@americanhort.org or 614.884.1155

News - Update on the Boxwood Blight situation in Virginia Recommendations for Minimizing Disease Introduction and Spread According to records of the Virginia Boxwood Blight Task Force, to date boxwood blight has been diagnosed in over 70 locations and approximately 30 counties in Virginia. There are likely additional undocumented incidences of the disease, for example, if no sample was submitted for diagnosis through Virginia Cooperative Extension or the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Although boxwood blight has been diagnosed in many counties in Virginia, there is no indication that it is widespread throughout any Virginia county. This is not unexpected, based on the current understanding of the biology of the boxwood blight pathogen. Boxwood blight is typically initially introduced into a new location on infected boxwood or other susceptible plants (e.g. pachysandra and sweet box). Holiday greenery containing infected boxwood can also introduce the disease into a new location. However, boxwood blight is not spread long-distance via wind currents. Therefore, one need not panic even if the disease has been found in one's county. However, if the disease has been identified in one's neighborhood, then there is a heightened risk of local spread of the disease. After the initial introduction of boxwood blight-infected boxwood (or pachysandra or sweet box) into a location, neighborhood boxwood plantings are at risk for boxwood blight. There are a number of means by which the

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sticky spores of the fungal pathogen can move through a neighborhood. For example, they can be spread via contaminated pruning tools, spray hoses, equipment, vehicles, clothing, shoes, or infested leaves spread by leaf blowers. Wildlife (including birds), insects, domestic animals or humans that have been in contact with the spores may also move the infective spores through a neighborhood. Movement of the pathogen by many of these means has been documented in locations in Virginia. To safeguard Virginia boxwood plantings and production, we call for community awareness and efforts to avoid accidental introduction of boxwood blight into new locations and prevent local spread of boxwood blight: Specifically, we recommend and stress the following: • Purchase boxwood, pachysandra and sweet box only from a nursery that is listed as a member of the Boxwood Blight Cleanliness Program and/or from a retailer who sells only boxwood produced by nurseries in the Boxwood Blight Cleanliness Program. If boxwood blight is suspected, immediately contact your local Extension office, which can submit a sample for confirmatory diagnosis. Where boxwood blight is confirmed, it is strongly recommended to immediately remove and double bag all diseased plants and fallen leaves as well as contaminated soil underneath the planting. The bagged waste should be removed to a designated landfill to mitigate disease spread to other boxwood in the landscape and other properties nearby. • Employ only landscape professionals who are aware of how boxwood blight spreads, since boxwood blight can be introduced to properties through landscape maintenance activities. The fungal spores and fallen diseased leaves can be moved on tools, boots, tarps, hoses, clothing and vehicles. Landscape professionals should have a stringent sanitation plan in place to decontaminate tools, equipment, vehicles, clothing, shoes, etc. between landscape locations and other practices that minimize the chance to move the disease through landscaping activities. • Adhere to best management practices outlined for boxwood blight, which are detailed in PDFs available at the Virginia Boxwood Blight Task Force website. Additional Precautions for Landscape Professionals: • Landscape professionals are strongly advised to walk through a site before beginning work. This is to identify any potential boxwood blight problems and/or risks. We have heard anecdotal reports from landscape professionals of both serious equipment contamination issues and spread of the disease by unexpected encounters of the disease in a landscape. • Landscape contractors should at all times be equipped with a sanitation “kit” for disinfesting tools and equipment and take precautions to avoid moving spores on VNLA Newsletter 22

clothing, boots, hoses, vehicles, etc. Specific recommendations for effective sanitation methods are detailed on the Virginia Boxwood Blight Task Force website (under the “Sanitizers” tab). • Landscape companies should ensure their staff are familiar with the symptoms of boxwood blight so that they can recognize the disease in the landscape. Laminated wallet cards with images of symptoms of boxwood blight and information on the Virginia Boxwood Blight Task Force website are available through your local Virginia Cooperative Extension office. Resources: the Virginia Boxwood Blight Task Force website and Best Management Practices Refer to the Virginia Boxwood Blight Task Force website for further information on boxwood blight. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the appropriate Best Management Practice (BMP) for your situation. The BMPs are available on the website as PDFs. From: Virginia Boxwood Blight Task Force,


Tips - Only you can Help Prevent Boxwood Blight! It is that time of year where we begin hearing about and discovering boxwood blight expressing itself on plants in nurseries and landscapes. Already a few cases at retail nurseries this Fall associated with nursery stock shipped in from out of state. One newer twist for 2017 is Virginia Tech Cooperative Extension is reporting cases in the landscape where the disease was likely spread by pruning tools and other equipment. It is an unfortunate reality that boxwood blight can be spread by spores and microsclerotia and these propagules can be carried on and by almost anything between sites if they are not washed and sanitized. Hoses are a good example of a tool that might be overlooked as a potential carrier. I cannot over emphasize to folks the importance of sanitation when working with boxwood in landscapes. Folks need to wash and sanitize all tools and equipment, hoses, boots, anything that touches boxwood or touches the ground around boxwood during landscape maintenance between sites. Remember; once the disease is spread to a site we have found it is very hard to eradicate. Even traces of inoculum can result in severe disease expression during wet years due to repeating disease cycles. Boxwood are used in a variety of ways in the landscape. We see that compact shrubs of the ‘American’ and ‘English’ boxwood and some related hybrids are very prone to developing severe defoliation from boxwood blight due to their compact crowns. Plants in the shade are also more prone to

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developing severe defoliation. Much of this relates to microsite and leaf wetness period. We have yet to see what boxwood blight may have in store for larger specimens of ‘American boxwood’ at Virginia’s historical sites which can have stems with diameters 6 inches and greater. The most severe defoliation we have observed is in the lower crowns of boxwood. One theory is larger diameter specimens in which the lower crowns have been pruned by man or nature may allow these older specimens to maintain healthy upper crowns due to more airflow and drier microsite higher up off the ground. A lot remains to be seen. I am very hopeful that over time we will adapt to this disease; keeping older specimens around when deemed appropriate, redesigning gardens to reduce leaf wetness periods, applying well timed applications of protectant fungicides, and installing more resistant species and cultivars of boxwood overtime. While I have great hope based on all the research findings and field observations over the past several years, this is not a time to let our guard down. Please continue do your part to control the spread. Only you can help prevent the spread of boxwood blight.

Figure 1. Streaking on boxwood blight stems is a classic symptom of boxwood blight.

Figure 2. Compact boxwood shrub with sever blight and defoliation and the base of plant.

Virginia Tech Best Management Guides for Boxwood Blight: https://ext.vt.edu/agriculture/commercial-horticulture/boxwood-blight.html

Figure 3. This large boxwood tree was planted before the Revolutionary War and survived gun and cannon fire during a large battle during Civil War. Research and field observations provide hope these specimens will remain for many years. Do your part to slow the spread of boxwood blight. Norman Dart, VDACS State Plant Pathologist. 10/10/17

News - Winner of Field Day Plant ID Contest Field day was quite successful for 2017. Each year we have a Plant Id Contest. This year’s winner is Dolly Little of Four Seasons Nursery. She won $20 for her winning entry.

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SUGGESTED BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (BMP’S) FOR BOXWOOD BLIGHT Version 2.0 Revised September 2017 Updates to the recommendations will be made as more information regarding the disease and its management comes to light.

The following voluntary industry-recommended BMPs were designed to provide guidelines to help growers manage the risk of boxwood blight (Calonectria pseudonaviculata) introductions and respond if the disease is confirmed on nursery grounds. These suggestions are based largely on BMPs promoted by the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES), the Oregon Department of Agriculture, and the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and have received the support of the industry, coordinated by AmericanHort and the Horticultural Research Institute (HRI). These recommendations are strictly voluntary and are intended to provide guidance that is practical in terms of cost and benefit, relevant to multiple types of production, and takes into consideration the diversity of nursery sizes, their regional climatic conditions, and their production systems. All statements regarding plant material pertain only to Buxus, Pachysandra, and Sarcococca species and are not to be interpreted more broadly. Please be advised that holiday boxwood greenery and germplasm are also known as potential boxwood blight carriers. These best management practices are presented and suggested for voluntary adoption by nursery growers producing Buxus spp. and other boxwood blight host plants. They were developed by a working group convened by the Horticultural Research Institute, the research affiliate of AmericanHort, with review and input from the National Plant Board (NPB). The NPB developed a model compliance agreement for growers either choosing to operate under a formal compliance agreement, or required to after detection of boxwood blight at their place of production. Growers should be advised that if operating under a compliance agreement, key aspects of the best management practices, such as record-keeping, may become legally binding and subject to oversight by state plant regulatory personnel. UPDATED BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Individual nurseries are encouraged to review the recommended practices and apply some or all of them, depending on their specific circumstances. A) Training a. Educate personnel to recognize the disease symptoms and know what to do if symptoms are observed. i. Early detection is critical; train personnel to recognize and report disease symptoms. ii. Train personnel in BMPs, including sanitation. iii. If a diseased plant is suspected, contact your state agricultural department or your local/regional National Plant Diagnostic Network laboratory (www.npdn.org) to submit a sample for confirmation. B) Mitigate Accidental Introduction a. Propagate locally to avoid accidental introduction by incoming plant material whenever possible. i. Avoid acquiring cuttings from high traffic and public areas, such as parks, parking lots, hedgerows along walkways, and cull piles. ii. Inspect mother plants for signs and symptoms prior to taking cuttings. iii. Avoid treating mother plants with fungicides in order that symptoms of disease will be evident, unless stock and site are known to be disease free. iv. Place a physical barrier between containerized boxwood and the ground, such as a weed barrier cloth or gravel to facilitate leaf debris cleanup. Version 2.0, Revised September 2017

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b. When purchase is necessary. i. Purchase only from reputable suppliers, ideally nurseries that are licensed and/or certified according to applicable phytosanitary laws and regulations. ii. Trained nursery personnel should inspect plants and cuttings for signs and symptoms at the time of purchase. iii. Separate plants obtained from different vendors. iv. New buy-in’s meant for production should be separated by a physical barrier or break (minimum 3 meters) from host plant nursery production stock for a minimum of 30 days. v. Suspend the use of fungicides on new plants during the holding period. vi. Re-inspect material regularly, based on environmental conditions conducive for disease development (warm, wet/humid, 60-80°F). vii. Plants with suspicious symptoms of boxwood blight should be sent for diagnosis to your agricultural department or your local/regional National Plant Diagnostic Network laboratory (www.npdn.org). c. Returned plants. i. Avoid accepting returns on-site. ii. No dead material should be accepted nor disposed of on-site. iii. Do not compost returned material. C) Mitigate Local Spread as if There Were an Accidental Introduction. a. Follow standard in-field sanitation practices. i. Crews should begin work with the block or house with lowest likelihood of infection (lots from previous seasons) and finish with the blocks with highest risk (recent buy-ins). ii. Individual pruning crews should work on a single house or block at a time. iii. Equipment should be sanitized between blocks. iv. Pruning should be done when plants are dry or during low humidity periods, when possible. v. Do not over-prune plants. vi. Remove debris from production area and dispose of properly, by placing in cull or compost piles. vii. Keep boxwood at least 3 meters from Pachysandra and Sarcococca. viii. Insert a 3-meter barrier block (non-host plant such as Nandina or other non-host plant) between boxwood and Pachysandra or Sarcococca. b. Holding areas, delivery trucks, potting mixes, and containers. i. Locate the holding area on concrete, asphalt, or weed mat over gravel or plastic, if possible. ii. Surfaces should be cleared of plant debris and standing water. iii. Avoid bringing in plant diggers or large equipment that may have worked on sites where boxwood blight has been introduced. iv. Clean and sanitize equipment as much as possible before it enters nursery property. v. Do not allow customer vehicles into the production areas of a nursery. vi. Use new or sanitized pots and flats for boxwood production. vii. Use new potting mixes and compost, free of boxwood debris. Page 3

Version 2.0, Revised September 2017

Photos courtesy Margery Daughtrey, Cornell University. Top to bottom: Calonectria pseudonaviculata spores Boxwood blight in the landscape Blighted leaves and distinct black stem cankers caused by BB C. pseudonaviculata white sporulation

Photos courtesy Margery Daughtrey, Cornell University. Top to bottom: Characteristic circular, black lesions caused by the BB fungus Close-up of sporulation on the underside of a leaf shows the orangey sporulation of Volutella buxi and the white sporulation of C. pseudonaviculata, for comparison Boxwood dying from the bottom up, from BB. Note black cankers and defoliation

viii. To avoid cross-contamination, clean pots and new potting mix should be stored in an area away from any cull piles or production beds and protected from drainage/irrigation water. c. Water management – water is an important part of disease dispersal. i. Avoid overhead watering when possible. ii. Water plants in the morning hours unless weather conditions require additional watering. iii. Direct runoff water from holding areas and compost and cull piles away from production areas. iv. Prevent the accumulation of pooling water in growing blocks. v. Space plants to allow for air circulation. D) Scouting and Evaluating On-Site Boxwood, Pachysandra, and Sarcococca Material a. On-site host plant material from previous seasons should be inspected by trained nursery personnel for signs and symptoms of boxwood blight on a regular basis; frequency to be based on environmental conditions conducive for disease development (warm, wet/humid, 60-80°F). b. Restrict access to and do not sell boxwood with suspicious symptoms until they have been inspected and cleared. E) Pathogen Eradication and Containment – if a boxwood sample from the nursery has been confirmed as having boxwood blight by a laboratory a. All infected plants and plant debris should be burned, buried a minimum of 2 ft. below the surface, or disposed of in an approved landfill or incinerator. b. Cover or bag diseased plants before transport. c. Do not move during rain events. d. If plants are too big to bag, then burn or bury them on-site or transport in a covered trailer for disposal. Clean trailer with a disinfectant (such as a quaternary ammonia-based product) after use. e. Remove all fallen leaf and plant debris from areas where pathogen is detected. f. Do not compost infected plant material. g. Bury or disinfect pots but do not reuse in boxwood production. h. Clothing, equipment, and vehicles used during the disposal of diseased plants should be sanitized before reentering production areas; outer clothing of workers who conduct disposal should either be disposable or laundered before returning to the nursery. F) Record Keeping. Accurate and detailed records of the following activities should be maintained a minimum of 12 months for traceability, if possible. a. Plants moving off-site. i. Quantity ii. Destination b. Plants brought on-site. i. Quantity ii. Source c. Plant propagation techniques. d. Location of receiving and holding areas. e. Mortality due to any boxwood blight-suspicious cause(s). f. Diagnostic records. g. Fungicide treatments. h. Inspection records. i. Personnel training. j. Weather records, if available.

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VNLA - Certification Quiz # 82 If you are a Virginia Certified Horticulturist, answer the following questions from the previous articles, mark your answers on the card insert and mail, scan or fax back to the VNLA office towards your recertification CEU’s for your Virginia Certified Horticulturist.

7. All infected plants and plant debris should be burned or buried a minimum of 2 ft. below the surface. A. True B. False 8. Pruning should be done when humidity is high. A. True B. False 9. Locate the holding area on open ground, A. True B. False

Quiz - Boxwood Blight [NOTE: these questions cover the four preceding articles on Boxwood Blight.] 1. Purchase only from reputable suppliers ideally nurseries that are licensed and or certified. A. True B. False

10. Inspect mother plants for signs and symptoms prior to taking cuttings. A. True B. False 11. Host plants for boxwood blight are: Boxwood (Buxus) Pachysandra Sweet Box (Sarcococca) All of the above

A. B. C. D.

12. Boxwood blight is not spread long-distance via wind currents

2. Do compost infected material

A. True B. False

A. True B. False 3. Do not allow customer vehicles into the production areas of a nursery. A. True B. False 4. You can compost returned material

VNLA - Mobile-Friendly App Guide to Virginia Growers!

A. True B. False 5. Accurate and detailed records of the activities should be maintained a minimum of 12 months for traceability. A. True B. False 6. It is OK to sell boxwood with suspicious symptoms.

Look up plant sources, hotlinks to grower email, website and phone! www.vnla.org/Grower-Guide

A. True B. False

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[Continued from Page 19 - “Chad Lohr”] Favorite Flower color: Bubblegum Petunia; orange/Red Coneflower colors

Plant Profile: Native Shrubs with Multi-Season Appeal

Best Habit: hard work ethic Worst Habit: Perfectionist Dislikes: Workforce Problems in the Country Hobbies: If time allows, sped time with family as much as I can, ride ATVS, watch VT Football Dream Vacation: anywhere with no stress and with my family Hero: Dad, Donald Lohr Favorite Quote: “what you put into life is what you get out of it” Aspirations: Aspire to be the best husband, father and employer I can be Hardest part of your Workday: Getting everything done Best part of your workday: Selling that next job Helpful hint in handling Employees: Always be honest and respectful and try to kee a level head. Hottest upcoming Trend: Technology out in the field for our crews Best Advice Ever received: ”work hard because nothing is going to fall in your lap” Donald Lohr How and why your Company had Managed to Stay in Business: We provide diverse services on our work portfolio to handle our clients needs and I feel we do what we say we will and trying to provide people affordable services. Biggest Challenge: Labor Who is your most significant mentor: My pastor, because he is real and he walks along with you Future Plans: to keep growing our LHN team to keep serving clients well How has your business changed since you started: Expanded, chose not to be a part of the recession, became more focused and specialized in their service. How has Industry changed: Evolving with things we have no control over - technology, labor etc.

VNLA Newsletter 28

Fothergillia gardenia

Many of our “bread and butter” landscape plants offer aesthetic appeal and landscape functions in multiple seasons. Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia sp.) is a classic example (though might not be for long due to scale insect…but that’s a different story): magnificent summer blooms of any flavor, brilliant red-orange fall foliage, and handsome fluted (L. indica) or patchy (L. fauriei) bark for winter appeal. It’s not hard to think of more than a handful of plants that fall into this category. But, what about when a customer requests only native plants for his or her landscape? Many of our goto landscape plants (like crape myrtle) are exotic. The list of plants that shine in more than one season really starts to narrow when North American natives are the only option. What exactly is a native plant? As defined by the US National Arboretum, “A native plant is one that occurs naturally in a particular region, ecosystem, or habitat without direct or indirect human intervention. We consider the flora present at the time Europeans arrived in North America as the species native to the eastern United States”. If you are uncertain whether a plant species is native, wildflower.org (sponsored by the University of Texas at Austin) has a comprehensive database of North American native plants and a user-friendly search function. Working with customers is not always this simple though. Have you even been asked for plants native to Virginia? Based on the aforementioned definition, how would we know a plant’s true native status on the state level if European settlement occurred only a few hundred years ago (needless to say, prior to the formation of state boundaries)? Here’s another good question: Are cultivars of native plants (i.e., “nativars”) actually native? There seems to be no clear consensus on the answer to this question.

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Since the most colorful time of the year is upon us, I wanted to share a list of N. American native shrub species with multiple-season appeal, emphasizing those with exceptional fall color. Vaccinium spp. (blueberry) Although blueberry plants are most wellknown for their delicious, antioxidantrich fruit that ripen in mid- to late-summer, they have so much more to offer. Mountains in Northeastern N. America ignite with fluorescent red foliage every fall thanks to the host of native blueberry species. In spring, the foliage is preceded by an abundance of delicate, white (often with a blush of pink) urn-shaped flowers.

substrate pH must be maintained between 4.5 and 5.5. As pH increases above ≈5.5, iron solubility and thus plantavailability decreases resulting in chlorotic (yellow) leaves. In Virginia soils, iron is typically already in abundance; thus, acidifying the soil is all that is necessary prior to planting. When producing containerized blueberry in a pine bark based medium, little to no lime should be added and supplemental iron (via iron sulfate) may be necessary. Fothergilla gardenia (dwarf fothergilla)

Special considerations: Like with most ericaceous species (azalea, rhododendron, pieris, etc.), the key to having a healthy, green blueberry plant soil pH. Soil12/14/2007 or container 3:54 SiteLight .5 pg ad 11-07 New isaddress.qxd


Dwarf fothergilla is nothing short of spectacular in the fall. The photo says it all; the entire spectrum between gold and crimson can be found in a single plant. In terms of color, it competes with sugar maple. Before leaves emerge in the spring, dwarf fothergilla is blanketed with fragrant, white flower spikes. Absence of major pest and disease issues as well as its naturally slowgrowing habit lends ver-

Page 2

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satility in the landscape. Fothergilla ‘Mt. Airy’ is a popular cultivar that offers an abundance of flowers and reliably superb fall color.

threatening issues. Overall, due to its adaptability to both wet and dry soils, red chokeberry will do well in most Virginia landscapes.

Hydrangea quercifolia (oakleaf hydrangea)

Itea virginica (Virginia sweetspire)

Hydrangeas are one of the top-selling nursery crops in the US; however, oakleaf hydrangea is the only species that consistently provides stunning leaf color in the fall. In winter, barren stems reveal exfoliating cinnamon-brown to orange bark. Once the large leaves emerge in spring, oakleaf hydrangea provides a bold texture few other plants can match. Upright white flower panicles develop in June, turning pink as fall approaches. Finally, leaves turn reddish-orange to purple to finish off the season.

Aronia arbutifolia ‘Brilliantissima’ (red chokeberry)

Although not always as flashy in the fall as some of the previously discussed species, Virginia sweetspire has the full package in terms of multi-season interest. Subtly sweet-scented white racemes emerge in June and can make quite an impact when planted in mass. Fall color is invariably red, yet the shade of red, from merlot to scarlet, varies from year to year and between specimens. Virginia sweetspire plants retain their leaves longer than most deciduous shrubs in Virginia landscapes, extending their fall attractiveness. In addition to offering superior fall color, the cultivar ‘Henry’s Garnet’ is adorned with glossy purplish stems that can be striking in the winter. Michael Dirr, author of revered text, Manuel of Woody Landscape Plants, describes red chokeberry ‘Brilliantissima’ as “equal and perhaps superior to Euonymus alatus [(burning bush)]” in fall color. In addition to its eye-catching scarlet fall color, persistent, glossy, red fruit provide an exceptional winter show. Abundant white flowers emerge in May and can be eyecatching when planted in mass. This cultivar was selected for its superior flower, fruit and fall color show.

Special considerations: Leaf spot and flea beetle can be serious issues for the species and non-resistant cultivars. The compact cultivar ‘Sprich’ (Little HenryTM) is more susceptible to leaf spot and flea beetle, whereas ‘Henry’s Garnet’ is more resistant. In general, Virginia sweetspire, a wetland species, is well-adapted for most Virginia landscapes References: Dirr, Michael A. 2009. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture, Propagation and Uses, 6th Ed. Stipes. Champaign, IL; Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Special considerations: Red chokeberry suckers and becomes leggy if left unpruned. Like many species in the Rosaceae family, red chokeberry is susceptible to several pests and diseases; https://www.wildflower.org/plants-main however, none are particularly serious. Dirr lists leaf spot, twig Photos and Article By Jake Shreckhise, jshreck@vt.edu and fruit blight and round-headed apple borer as potential nonVNLA Newsletter October/November/December 2017 30 30 October / September / December 2017 VNLA Newsletter

News - Garden Media Group’s 2018 Trends Nature’s Rx for Mental Wellness Wellness isn't just about keeping the body healthy anymore; it's about keeping the mind and spirit healthy, too. Nature is the best medicine. On September 12th, Garden Media released their 2018 trends report to consumers. The report, Nature's Rx for Mental Wellness, introduces seven trends that inspire a cleaner, more relaxed state-of-mind. It shows that when we disconnect from media and reconnect with Mother Nature, we can make steps towards rebuilding our mental wellness. In this report you will find:  What is driving the increasing consumer desire for mental wellness  How the climate is changing the way we garden globally and locally, indoors and out  How to inspire Millennials to garden year-round  The hottest color of the season You may view without downloading today: http://grow.gardenmediagroup.com/2018-garden-trends

Research - Whiteflies and Biotype For most of the US, the end of summer signals back to school plans, but for us in floriculture, it means time to think about poinsettias. By now growers are likely deep in the throes of production, hoping to keep cuttings free of pests and diseases through to December. Poinsettias are plagued by a whole host of insect pests, from spider mites at the growing points all the way down to fungus gnats at their roots. For many growers, whitefly is enemy number one, with good reason. Three main whiteflies exist in both greenhouse and nursery production; sweet potato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci), greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporarorium), and banded winged whitefly (T. abutiloneus). The three types share characteristics, such as     

They feed on plant sap, or phloem. They lay eggs on the undersides of leaves. Their life cycle can be as quick as three weeks if conditions are favorable. They have no dormant stage and cannot tolerate freezing temperatures. They have a very wide host range.

Megan O’Connell, Garden.Media Group, 610-444-3040

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Though they share some commonalities, some key differences exist. Sweet potato whitefly is the one that raises most concerns because it has distinct, biologically different biotypes, biotype B (also called MEAM1) and biotype Q (also called MED). Biotype B can be controlled using regular methods and even some biologicals. Fortunately, B is the most common biotype in the US. Biotype Q, on the other hand, is resistant to many classes of insecticides, such as some insect growth regulators, pyrethroids, and some neonicotinoids. Dr. Lance Osborne, University of Florida, and Dr. Cindy McKenzie, USDA-ARS, are evaluating insecticide efficacy and the impact of product rotations on whitefly biotype populations. For example, some combinations of insecticides encourage a population shift from one mixed with both B and Q to one that is solely Q. This demonstrates Q’s tolerance of insecticides. Dr.’s Osborne and McKenzie have been evaluating whitefly population shifts when pesticides are used for control. Dr. Osborne noted, “All whiteflies are difficult to control, whether they are biotype B or Q. When you are dealing with poinsettia or hibiscus and have a mixed population of the two biotypes, our studies show that most pesticides push the populations to Q biotypes. That being said, the populations are still manageable with the tools we have.” Control of biotype Q isn’t necessarily more difficult than B but may require different products. Some of Dr.’s Osborne and McKenzie’s latest research indicates the following, newer insecticides are effective against biotype Q. Active Ingredient

Common Name

IRAC Class

Application Method








Soil drench




Soil drench




Foliar and/or Soil drench





spinetoram + sulfloxaflor


4C + 5


*This research was partially funded through FNRI. AmericanHort and HRI do not endorse any specific products. Please consult product labels before using. Resistance management is essential. “We’ve been lucky over the last few years to get some new compounds that are

VNLA Newsletter 32

effective for Q control, but we need to be diligent in our resistance management programs to preserve their utility,” commented Dr. Osborne. On the other hand, products such as bifenthrin, pyriproxyfen, acephate, pymetrozine and others have reportedly failed to control Q but still control B in many sites. Biological controls can be effective against whitefly if they are applied preventively. They can help you stay ahead of whiteflies but do not provide the needed quick knockdown of large populations. The clear benefit of knowing which biotype is present is being able to better select the proper control measures. Some growers have opted to bypass the step of biotyping and rely on using only those products that are effective against both biotype B and Q. While effective, they reported significantly greater costs in their chemical programs as a result. Making the effort to find out which biotype is present can save growers money and reduce the number of spray applications (through the use of biologicals). So, how do you know? Most importantly, B cannot be differentiated from Q without molecular tools; so, specialists, such as Dr. McKenzie, are crucial for identification help. Fortunately, biotyping is a free service provided through Floriculture and Nursery Research Initiative (FNRI) funding, administered by USDA-ARS. FACT or FICTION: how much do you know about the reasons to biotype (or not)? There are more (and cheaper!) tools available for managing biotype B. FACT: Older materials and those off patent are generally cheaper than new insecticides, and many are effective against B. Biological controls are encouraged in systems where virus transmission is not a concern or where biotype Q is not a concern. FACT: Biologicals have been shown to effectively control whiteflies when their populations are low. My crop consultant says biotyping isn’t necessary. FICTION: It is irresponsible not to biotype. The green industry must take the lead and work to prevent spread of Q to other commodities. Biotype Q is not currently regulated by state or federal agencies but could be if other industries (such as vegetable and/or cotton) feel that the green industry is not doing its best to manage the issue. FACT: Both vegetable and cotton industries are closely monitoring this issue. You and/or your crop will be quarantined if biotype Q is positively identified.

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FICTION: Infestations of biotype Q are treated in the same regard as other pests and will only be quarantined if their levels are unusually high.

But why should we care as an industry? Biotype B is widely distributed throughout the US, in greenhouse, outdoor vegetable, and cotton production. Until last year, Biotype Q was only known to exist in greenhouse production - not in outdoor agriculture. That changed in 2016 when several outdoor, landscape sites in Palm Beach County, Florida tested positive for a Q infestation. Other sites in Florida were identified as well. This is alarming, as biotype Q would be especially problematic in vegetable and cotton production in southern regions. Q’s insecticide resistance would severely burden those industries, potentially limiting our food and fiber supplies. Not surprisingly, the vegetable and cotton industries are carefully monitoring these new developments. State regulators are as well. USDA APHIS has responded with the reinstatement of the whitefly biotype Q task force (acronym WTFQ) with the goal of bringing together folks from industry, research, and regulatory units to address the concerns. AmericanHort and Horticultural Research Institute (HRI) participate on the task force, representing the green industry. Many folks in our industry are paying attention. “Biotyping whiteflies is a very important management tool in growers’ toolboxes. You don’t want to be lulled into believing you’re controlling one biotype of whitefly when it’s really the other. Not only are extra applications costly, you certainly don’t want to risk spreading whiteflies to other crops,” said Ben Bolusky, Chief Executive Officer, Florida Nursery Growers and Landscape Association. More than anything, the risk of biotype Q biotype spreading in outdoor agriculture and to other crops justifies the need for diagnosis to ensure proper treatment. It is more difficult to control than other whiteflies, especially biotype B. For more information, including details on sample collection, diagnosis and suggested management programs, please visit the Mid-Florida Research & Extension Center’s website on Bemisia. http://mrec.ifas.ufl.edu/lso/bemisia/bemisia.htm .

News - Good News for U.S. Honey Bees The USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released the latest results of its honey bee health survey, and the results are positive! Overall, honey bee numbers look to have increased 3% and colony loss declined about 27%, which are both compared to this time last year. Varroa mite is still listed as the primary threat to colonies, with over 40% of hives reporting infestations. Other factors contributing to colony loss include stress by pesticides (13%), mites and pests other than Varroa (12%), and diseases (4.3%). Bad weather, poor nutrition, insufficient forage, and other various reasons were also listed (6.6%). Loss from what has historically been referred to as colony collapse disorder (CCD) was included in the surveys as well and is also decreasing. CCD has been defined by little to no build-up of dead bees in the hive, rapid loss of adult honey bees despite the presence of the queen and food reserves, absence of robbing of the food reserves, and bee loss not attributed to Varroa or Nosema (fungal disease). Jill Calabro, PhD

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Article provided by the Horticultural Research Institute Jill Calabro, PhD; Research Director, Horticultural Research Institute

SAVE THE DATE!!! Thursday, July 12, 2018 VNLA Field Day VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

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Tips - USDA Launches Online Census of Agriculture Questionnaire

Tips - Nursery Permit Fee Due If you grow, buy or sell nursery stock, this is for you Notice: The Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS) recently mailed invoices for payment of the 2018 annual nursery permit fee. This is a reminder that permit fees are due to VDACS by December 31, 2017. If you did not receive the 2018 invoice, please contact VDACS’ Office of Plant Industry Services at (804) 7863515 or email Ms. Shawn Morton at shawn.morton@vdacs.virginia.gov . Fees are $25 for nursery dealers and $75, plus $1.50 for each acre over 50, for nursery stock growers. Checks must be made payable to “Treasurer of Virginia.” The permit fee was initially approved by the Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association in 1987, then the Virginia Nurserymen’s Association.

Farmers taking a break from the heat can maximize their downtime with a visit to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's online questionnaire site for the 2017 Census of Agriculture. The site and other census-related resources are available at agcensus.usda.gov (http://agcensus.usda.gov) The updated census questionnaire will go live in late fall and will be accessible on desktop computers and mobile devices. New features can help save time by calculating totals automatically and skipping questions that do not pertain to a respondent's farm. Printed surveys for the 2017 Census of Agriculture will be mailed to farmers at the end of this year. The census is conducted every five years and is a complete count of all U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. It highlights land use and ownership, operator characteristics, production practices, income and expenditures and other topics. Plows and Politics, https://plowsandpolicitcs.com

Tips - Weed Id by VA Tech Online The USDA has a tremendous database of plants - at https://plants.usda.gov/java/ that can help to confirm the identification of a plant. Virginia Tech University has an excellent website http://oak.ppws.vt.edu/~flessner/weedguide The Weed science Society of America at http://wssa.net/wssa/weed/weed-identification/ One of the most convenient tools is your cellphone. Shawn Wright, Horticulture Specialist, University of Kentucky

VNLA Newsletter 34

VDACS Nursery Inspection Fees - 6/27/87 - A VNA study committee recommended that the fees be set at a flat rate of $75.00 for everyone plus an additional fee of $1.50 per acre for any acreage over 50 acres. The VDAC has recommended a $50.00 flat fee plus $1.00 per acre with a maximum fee of $250.00 per nursery. They are planning to send a survey to all registered nurseries in the state on this subject in July. Danny Shreckhise motioned that the Board support the VDAC recommendation, if the VDAC did not accept the VNA proposal, and suggested that a Dealer fee be set at $25.00 per establishment. The Board approved.) Danny Shreckhise motioned that the Board support the VDAC recommendation and suggested that a Dealer fee be set at $25.00 per establishment. The Board approved. Provided by Jeff Miller

• July 12 e t a D e h t Save

018 2 y a D d l e i F VNLA Wednesday, July 11

Management Workshop

October/November/December 2017 October / September / December 2017

Thursday, July 12 Field Day

Friday, July 13 Summer Tour

34 VNLA Newsletter

News - Large U.S. Farm Study Finds No Cancer Link To Monsanto Weedkiller A large long-term study on the use of the weedkiller glyphosate by agricultural workers has found no firm link between exposure to the pesticide and cancer, scientists said this month.

News – Invasive Plants are Adaptive Invasive plants have surprising ability to pioneer new continents and climates, Virginia Tech researchers discover Velvetleaf plant

The findings are likely to affect legal proceedings in the United States against Monsanto, the maker of Roundup, in which more than 180 plaintiffs are claiming that exposure to the pesticide gave them cancer - allegations that Monsanto denies. The findings may also influence a crucial decision due by the end of the year on whether glyphosate should be relicensed for sale across the European Union. EU countries had been due to vote on the issue last week but again failed to agree to a proposal for a five-year extension. The EU decision has been delayed for more than a year after the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer reviewed glyphosate in 2015 and concluded it was "probably carcinogenic" to humans. Other bodies, such as the European Food Safety Authority, have concluded that glyphosate is safe to use. The new research is part of the Agricultural Health Study, which has been tracking the health of tens of thousands of agricultural workers, farmers and their families in Iowa and North Carolina. Since the early 1990s, it has gathered and analyzed detailed information on the health of participants and their families, and their use of pesticides, including glyphosate. David Spiegelhalter, a professor at Britain's Cambridge University who has no link to the research, said the findings were from a "large and careful study" and showed "no significant relationship between glyphosate use and any cancer." Click here for the complete article. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/study-finds-no-firmlink-between-chemical-in-popular-weedkiller-and-cancer/2017/11/10/1f8096c0-c578-11e7-aae0cb18a8c29c65_story.html?utm_term=.2d5f422adcd8&utm _source=Ag+Report+%2318+%2812%2F2%2F17%29&utm_campaign=Ag+Reports&utm_medium=email Or: http://wapo.st/2yiKKUg

VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

Velvetleaf represents one of the many invasive plant species that was tested by Dan Atwater and Jacob Barney. Virginia Tech scientists have discovered that invasive plant species are essentially able to change in order to thrive on new continents and in different types of climates, challenging the assumption that species occupy the same environment in native and invasive ranges. It’s no secret that globalization, aided by climate change, is helping invasive species gain a foothold across the planet, but it was something of a surprise to Virginia Tech researchers just how mutable these invaders are. The study, by Jacob Barney, an associate professor in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences’ Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, and Dan Atwater, a lecturer in the Department of Biological Sciences at North Carolina State University and Barney’s former post-doctoral advisee, was published Dec. 4 in Nature Ecology and Evolution, a new online journal.

Two Virginia Tech researchers Dan Atwater, left, and Jacob Barney examined 815 terrestrial plant species from every continent, along with millions of occurrence points, and compared models in the largest global invasive species study to date. “This is important for both changing how we think about species and where they grow,” said Barney, who is also a fellow in the Fralin Life Science Institute and an affiliate of the Global Change Center. “The findings also change our ability to predict where they will grow and how they may respond in a changing climate. This could be a game-

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changer for invasive species risk assessment and conservation.”

Dan Atwater Jacob Barney

Atwater used data compiled by undergraduate Carissa Ervine, also an author on the paper, to test a long-held assumption in ecology – that the climate limitations of plants do not change, which means we can predict where they will grow. Small studies supported this supposition. However, the Virginia Tech researchers blew this assumption away by testing more than 800 species using new models developed by Atwater and Barney. “Some people would say that invasive species have different distributions in a new climate. But we found they are occupying a wider range of new climates,” said Atwater. “Species are changing in their ecology when they move from one continent to another. We should expect species to change, possibly permanently, when they cross continents.” The results have major consequences for applying environmental niche models to assess the risk of invasive species and for predicting species’ responses to climate change. Species capable of changing their ecology and the climates they call home may pose a challenge to researchers using native range data to forecast the distribution of invasive species. The driver behind the study was a desire to forecast the future distribution of invasive species, which pose a serious threat to human, environmental, and economic health. The researchers began by posing the question: Do invasive species occupy the same climate in invasive range that they do in their native range? To find out, they compared native and invasive species. Barney and Atwater examined 815 terrestrial plant species from every continent, along with millions of occurrence points, or locations where the plants have been known to occur, and compared models in the largest global invasive species study to date. They found evidence of climatic niche shifts in all of the 815 plant species introduced across five continents. A climatic niche refers to the set of climates in which a species has a stable or growing population.

were the largest in long-lived and cultivated species. If species move to a warmer continent, for instance, they tend to shift toward occupying warmer climates. In short, cultivated plants with long lifespans are particularly adept at making themselves home in new climates. “There are not only implications for predicting where invasive species will occur, there are management repercussions as well,” said Barney. “As an example, for certain species we use biocontrol, introducing one organism to control another, an approach that may not be effective or safe if the targeted species undergoes ecological change. When we do climate modeling, we assume the climate niche may be the same when it may not be. So, there are a broad range of implications in a broad range of fields.”

Barney raised another concern. “By cultivating species — bending them for agricultural or ornamental purposes and selecting for traits, such as cold-hardiness, we push them into environments they would not have occupied,” he said. “Those selection pressures in breeding, plus the environments we put them in, may exaggerate this change. Short-lived species, for example, go into dryer climates. So the take home is that different species’ traits influence the direction of a niche shift.” Once Atwater and Barney understand these drivers more fully, they hope to be able to predict how the geographic range of an invasive species will increase in order to pinpoint areas likely to be invaded. “The other piece layered onto this is the assumption that the climate is stable, which is not the case,” said Atwater. “We have also relied on the assumption that a species is a species and its ecological tendencies remain constant. This too is not the case. Species vary in space and time. They behave differently on different continents and in different climates. Consequently, the concept of a species climatic niche is less stable and less clearly defined.” With food production, human health, ecosystem resilience, and biodiversity at stake as global invasions outpace our ability to respond, a greater understanding of climatic niche shifts is critical to future attempts to forecast species dynamics, according to the researchers. Written by Amy Painter, Virginia Tech News, vtnews@vt.edu reprinted with permission

Generally, their findings suggest that niche shifts reflect changes in climate availability at the continent scale and VNLA Newsletter 36

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“By creating one, cohesive voice, NICH will raise awareness of consumer horticulture and help those in all segments of horticulture be more successful in leveraging public funding to help stimulate the entire industry,” says Dr. Bauske.

News - Consumer Horticulture Promotion NICH Receives One of 12 New USDA Grants

Currently there are five legislatively mandated SCRI programs, including pollinator protection, focused on production of ornamental, nursery and food crops. However, there are no legislatively mandated programs that specifically support end-use consumer horticulture.

WASHINGTON, D.C. August 24, 2017 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced 12 new grants totaling $35 million for science-based solutions and new technology for the specialty crop industry. Funding is made through the Specialty Crop Research Initiative (SCRI), authorized by the 2014 Farm Bill.

NICH wants to change that. According to Dr. Langellotto, NICH plans to echo and capitalize on the success of the Specialty Crop Farm Bill Alliance. The alliance is a national coalition of more than 120 organizations representing growers of fresh fruits and vegetables, dried fruit, tree nuts, nursery plants and other products.

Of those 12 new grants, the National Initiative for Consumer Horticulture (NICH) received a planning grant for $47,470 to help develop strategies, tactics and priorities to stimulate consumer horticulture in the U.S. The industry-wide grassroots movement plans to grow the practice of gardening, both indoors and out, by 20% by 2025.

“The Farm Bill Alliance was organized in advance of the 2007 Farm Bill to ensure that Congress heard the message, loud and clear, that specialty crops were important and that federal funds were needed for research and extension in specialty crops,” says Dr. Langellotto. “NICH aims to do the same.”

The grant was co-authored by Dr. Ellen Bauske, senior public service associate, Department of Plant Pathology/Georgia Center for Urban Agriculture, and Dr. Gail Langellotto, associate professor and extension specialist in the Department of Horticulture at Oregon State University.

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NICH’s vision is to increase consumer horticulture by 20% in 2015 by cultivating a passion and deeper appreciation for plants in our daily lives and increase a universal demand for gardening from research and extension grants at universities to attendance at public gardens and foot traffic in garden centers. “This is a major step to move NICH closer to its goal of increasing all aspects of horticulture and get 90 percent of U.S. households gardening by 2025,” says Dr. Casey Sclar, Inaugural Chair of NICH and executive director of the American Public Gardens Association. SCRI grants address critical needs of the specialty crop industry, providing support that propels research and extension work addressing key challenges of national, regional and multi-state importance. Dr. Sclar said the challenge for the horticulture industry is to change perceptions about the value of consumer horticulture. “We are working now to educate consumers and decision makers on the social, economic and environmental benefits of consumer horticulture. “As a matter of fact, preliminary research estimates our sector contributes $196 billion to the U.S. economy and creates more than 2 million jobs annually,” Dr. Sclar explained. “We plan to further define this contribution in terms of wellness and environmental benefits.” This infographic shows how plants contribute to the economy. NICH is a consortium of industry leaders who are creating a unified voice to promote the benefits and value of horticulture. NICH brings together academia, government, industry and nonprofits to cultivate the growth and development of a healthy world through landscapes, gardens and plants - indoors and out. For more information and to join the cause, visit NICH at

www.consumerhort.org , Ellen M. Bauske, Ph.D,Program Coordinator, UGA Center for Urban Agriculture/Plant Pathology

• July 12 e t a D e h t Save

y 2018 a D d l e i F A VNL Wednesday, July 11

Management Workshop

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Thursday, July 12 Field Day

Friday, July 13 Summer Tour

Research - Journal of Environmental Horticulture Expands Scope and Accessibility WASHINGTON, DC and COLUMBUS, OH—June 2, 2017— Exploring new ways to disseminate horticultural research is a core mission for the Horticultural Research Institute (HRI). The Journal of Environmental Horticulture was born in 1983 to connect the horticultural industry to horticultural research and the researchers to the industry. HRI is pleased to announce changes to both the scope of and access to the Journal with the launch of a new online platform at www.hrijournal.org. HRI recognizes that highly relevant content, directly from the source, can help guide industry businesses to adapt with new processes and protocols. The Journal is peer reviewed, so you can count on the legitimacy of the content. Until 2013, the Journal was available only to paid subscribers as a quarterly print publication. In 2013, the Journal began publishing articles online. Bringing research to life in a digital environment improved industry access to relevant horticultural research and gave researchers greater opportunity for collaboration. In 2017, the Journal will take another step forward and increase access to and visibility of horticultural research. This bellwether publication will celebrate its 35th year of service by migrating from a subscription-based model to an open-access model and revamping the online user experience. Eliminating subscription fees means more industry professionals will have important research results at their fingertips. The new platform offers an easy-to-navigate design with fast and comprehensive search features on all content, dating back to 1983. Furthermore, the scope of the Journal will be broadened to include all aspects of the green industry, to better reflect the industry represented by HRI and AmericanHort, including but not limited to floriculture, herb and vegetable production in controlled environments, container and field nursery production, and all aspects of the managed landscape. More access to relevant content provides horticultural businesses a competitive advantage as they continue to innovate. Improvements to the Journal platform were made possible by HRI donors, including a special, dedicated contribution by Ball Horticultural Company. To access the new Journal platform, visit www.hrijournal.org For additional information, please contact Jennifer Gray, HRI Administrator, at 614884-1155 or jenniferg@americanhort.org .

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Research - 61st SNA Research Conference Proceedings Available The Southern Nursery Association (SNA) announced today that the proceedings of the 61st Annual SNA Research Conference Proceedings has been compiled and is now available online at www.sna.org . This 183-page proceedings, provided free to the industry, is downloadable, searchable, and printable. The 2016 proceedings include eleven sections of the latest horticultural research on Plant Breeding and Evaluation, Container Grown Plant Production, Economics and Marketing, Entomology, Field Production, Floriculture, Landscape, Pathology and Nematology, Propagation, Water Management, and Weed Control. Thirty-nine titles were presented by 78 authors from eight states. A complete list of titles can be found in the Covers and Introduction section, page viii. The annual publication SNA Research Conference Proceedings, from 1991 to 2016, is available on the SNA website at www.sna.org in Portable Document Format (PDF) for viewing, printing, or downloading (25 years and 3,079 titles comprised of 12,074 pages). When downloaded, the PDF file is searchable.

be traced to any one individual, but the roots were planted by several SNA board members that recognized the need to consolidate duplicate research programs throughout the region. From an informal effort of compiling papers gathered from several horticultural research centers and assembled and printed, this two-day conference is held annually and has become world-renowned for quality research. Participants are the top horticultural research and educational leaders from across the county. Hundreds of topics in thirteen categories are shared in presentations that run approximately seven minutes each. A printed agenda and the conference format permits selection of research topics of special interest for those interested in attending. All industry members are invited to attend. Founded in 1899, the Southern Nursery Association is a nonprofit trade association representing the horticultural industry in the southeastern U.S. SNA provides member services to wholesale growers, brokers, retailers, landscape contractors, landscape architects, grounds maintenance contractors, interiorscapers and allied suppliers. The SNA strives to unite and advance the horticulture industry through educational, research and marketing efforts. Provided by Karen Summers, Administrator, SNA http://www.sna.org/page-1052564

The SNA Research Conference, which began in 1956, provides a forum for horticultural researchers to communicate relevant and recent research findings to the industry. Its origin cannot Ad - Johnston County Nursery Marketing

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VNLA - Future of Workforce Development Our profession plans many educational events trade shows and focus groups for when we are not supposed to be busy (perceived as winter) but some of these must occur as time and availability of folks permits. I want to thank the board of VNLA for trusting me to represent our organization at one of these events - the NLAP Workforce Development Meeting. My intentions were to listen and learn a little bit from our peers who arrived from as far as California and Ontario Canada to Texas and Rhode Island. These energetic inciteful and knowledgeable people came from other industry associations with too many acronyms but if you please: Irrigation Association, Georgia Urban Agricultural Council, Outdoor Power Equipment, American Horticulture, Seed your future, Landscape Ontario, the Canadian Nursery and Landscape association. Also present were at least one person from, the British Columbia, California, Texas, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Virginia Nursery Landscape Associations. Past president of the National Landscape Professionals Associations and current successful professionals Jim McCutcheon, Glen Jacobsen, and Jerri Grossi all Landscape Industry Certified (LIC). as well as the many brains and drivers who are the heart of NALP and organized and led the process.

The Summit was designed to bring stakeholders to the table to share ideas, identify solutions, and explore collaboration on ways to attract people to industry and gain attention nationwide (continent wide really). NALP brought this group together to address the universal shortage of workers, managers and students wanting to learn and go into the field of nursery and landscape with a basis of study in or around horticulture. It is no secret that our profession has become less favorable to enter for high school and college students. We have a stigma which implies that there are not many jobs in horticulture where folks can make a comfortable living. So the bottom line is The Industry Growth Initiative is showing the public what we already know - that life and life's work- are best enjoyed outdoors. The following is a summary of the workforce summit and distributed to us by NALP: Organizational Action Summary by Each Participating Group Representatives of various organizations shared highlights of what they are doing to support the recruitment of current and future employees.

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VNLA Newsletter

Exploring Opportunities for Collaboration After an initial day of information sharing and exposure to the work being done across the country to combat the workforce shortage, program attendees turned their attention to strategies that could be considered for industry collaboration.

The Top 5 Areas for Action and Collaboration 1) Messaging about the profession. This is key and in many respects, the root of all to be done. We must change the narrative and tell the industry’s story so that the industry becomes the occupation of choice, not default, that attracts the brightest and the best. 2) Accurate wage/salary/benefits information is needed to accurately represent industry compensation. 3) Industry associations are doing EXCELLENT work in the area of workforce development. Between now and the next meeting, organizations should work to implement some of the take-aways from the 2017 WFD Summit. 4) There is strong interest and traction for industry professionals to own some kind of TV presence (e.g. through advertising, PSAs, HGTV, etc.) 5) There are incredible opportunities to be gained from connecting certification and apprenticeships with licensure to link our industry with other skilled trades. Other Top Concepts and Take-Aways

don’t be afraid to show how great you already are by adding a professional certification to your life. The phrase that sticks with me came from the leader of the TNLA (Texas Nursery and Landscape Association) who said certifications “…help businesses change their culture and elevate themselves in an elevated profession. If we are ready for change, we must not just accept our brand, but we need to live our brand.” Our certification program moves along with classes in areas across the state as listed below. - Jeff Howe, Windridge Landscaping, Certification Chair,


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VNLA - Certification Report We will be celebrating the 40th year of certification in 2018! We met at the VNLA strategic planning session in October with my focus continued on how to improve our program and awareness. We can ask all of you to represent and advertise our industry as a profession where success is achievable. If you are thinking of becoming a VCH, CBLP, LIC now is the time to take the plunge. Bring someone along with you and

VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter


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Events - NexGen Steps in at The Southern Plant Conference Dr. Richard Olsen and Dr. Thomas Molnar to take the lead as chair and co-chair, respectively on January 8-9, 2018 in Baltimore P

The conference will offer industry professionals a dynamic and interactive experience through The Southern Plant Conference, The SNA Research Conference, Keynote Sessions, and Participant-Driven Roundtable Discussions - with a total of 16 speakers. The SNA Conference, co-locating in 2018 with the Mid-Atlantic Nursery Trade Show (MANTS). Both events will take place at the Baltimore Convention Center with The SNA Conference preceding MANTS on Monday and Tuesday, January 8-9, 2018. MANTS will take place on Wednesday, January 10 - Friday, January 12. This year’s Southern Plant Conference is integrated with the SNA Research Conference as a part of The SNA Conference with a clear focus on connecting the industry to identify today’s business challenges and opportunities, and develop new insights and solutions. The conference will offer industry professionals a dynamic and interactive experience through the 15th Southern Plant Conference, The 62nd Annual SNA Research Conference, keynote sessions and participant-driven roundtable discussions. In addition, SNA will be conducting annual business as well with the 119th Annual SNA Business Meeting. The Southern Plant Conference will unveil some of the hottest new plants coming to market. Fast-paced sessions will boast the best and the hottest new plant varieties, and provide a unique opportunity to discover a vast array of new plants, with focus on new and superior cultivars, the most resistant, prolific blooming, superior shape or habit, and the most interesting flower or foliage. The SNA Research Conference will offer cutting-edge content of the latest horticultural research. Top researchers and educational leaders, from across the country, will participate throughout the event. This two-day conference, which began in 1956, is held annually and is the country’s longest running woody ornamental research conference, long recognized for quality research. Hundreds of topics in thirteen categories are shared in presentations that run approximately seven minutes each. SNA Awards will be presented at the conference, including the Slater Wight Memorial Award, the David E. Laird, Sr. Memorial Award, the SNA Pinnacle Award, the SNA Environmental Award, the Porter Henegar Memorial Award and the Don Shadow Award of Excellence.

Atlanta, Ga., August 14, 2017 - The Southern Nursery Association (SNA) has announced that Dr. Richard Olsen, U.S. National Arboretum Director, and Dr. Thomas Molnar, Rutgers University Associate Professor, will take the lead with The Southern Plant Conference for 2018 as chair and co-chair, respectively. Olsen and Molnar follow in the footsteps of Dr. Michael Dirr and Don Shadow, two world-renown plantsmen who have been the driving forces behind the conference and its programming for many years. VNLA Newsletter 42

Founded in 1899, the Southern Nursery Association is a nonprofit trade association representing the horticultural industry in the southeastern U.S. SNA provides member services to wholesale growers, brokers, retailers, landscape contractors, landscape architects, grounds maintenance contractors, interiorscapers and allied suppliers. The SNA strives to unite and advance the horticulture industry through educational, research and marketing efforts. For more information contact the Southern Nursery Association, Inc., 678.809.9992, mail@sna.org , or at www.sna.org

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News - VAC Clay Tournament

Saunders Brothers, Inc. has been working with boxwood for over 60 years. In addition to growing cultivars all over the east coast and abroad to find the best of the best, Saunders Brothers works hard to find solutions to the challenges facing boxwood from blight. Their work is inspired and crucial to the future of boxwood. Plantings installed by Saunders Brothers at historic Mount Vernon, Arlington Cemetery, the White House grounds, and Longwood Gardens, to name a few, are seen as among the most beautiful in the country. The GCA Commendation awarded at the annual CGA Zone VII meeting in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, recognized Saunders Brothers, Inc., for the many and varied contributions to horticulture.

On October 25, the Virginia Agribusiness Council held its Annual Sporting Clay Tournament at the Shenandale Gun Club for a wonderful afternoon of networking with elected officials, Council members, and friends! This priAd vate gun club is meJonathan Cottle, Kelly Webger mainand Alisha Nester, with River- ticulously bend Nursery, Riner, VA, rep- tained by its memESN-117 resented the VNLA sponsorship bers and boasts of the VAC Annual Sporting some of the best Clay Tournament. views in the state!

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10:21 AM

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News - Saunders Brothers receive GCA Commendation Award

Too Small Shown left to right, DMGC President Annie Vanderwarker, GCA Delegate Carla Passarello, Robert Saunders of Saunders Brothers, GCA Zone VII Representative for Garden History and Design Gail Babnew, and GCA Awards Chairman DeLane Porter

Dolley Madison Garden Club and Albemarle Garden Club Successfully Nominate Saunders Brothers, Inc., for Garden Club of America Zone VII Commendation Boxwood expert, Robert Saunders, proudly accepted a Garden Club of America Zone VII commendation on behalf of Saunders Brothers, Inc., his family’s 100-year-old business. Dolley Madison Garden Club, seconded by the Albemarle Garden Club, nominated Saunders Brothers, Inc., for the prestigious GCA Zone Horticulture Commendation. Based on the strength of their joint nomination, Saunders Brothers, Inc. was recognized by the GCA for their passion for boxwood horticulture, dedication to research, and leadership in cultivar trials and analysis. The commendation recognized Saunders Brothers, Inc. for establishing industry standards as well as for sharing their knowledge with institutions, industry professionals, garden clubs and the public.

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“Since 1989, The Southern Plant Conference has been THE FORUM, where new plants are showcased that address the evolving needs and opportunities for our green industry. This year, the SPC evolves, showcasing the next generation of horticulturists searching for and developing the next great plant.”

DR. RICHARD OLSEN Director, U.S. National Arboretum

Dr. Richard Olsen, Director of the U.S. National Arboretum, is taking the lead as chair of The Southern Plant Conference in 2018. Olsen and Dr. Thomas Molnar (co-chair), Rutgers University Associate Professor, represent the NextGen of industry leadership following in the footsteps of Don Shadow, Dr. Michael Dirr, Dr. J.C. Raulston, Dr. Allan Armitage, and many other plantsmen who have been the driving forces behind the conference since its inception in 1989. Don’t miss this evolutionary plant phenomena as the brightest minds in horticulture come together to share their knowledge and insight at The Southern Plant Conference. The SNA Conference will connect the industry to identify today’s challenges and opportunities, and develop new insights and solutions. This new conference, co-locating with MANTS at the Baltimore Convention Center, will offer industry professionals a dynamic experience through The 15th Southern Plant Conference, The 62nd Annual SNA Research Conference, keynote sessions and participant-driven roundtable discussions – January 8 & 9, before MANTS on January 10, 11 & 12. Learn more at www.sna.org.

Produced by the Southern Nursery Association. Sponsored by




October / September / December 2017

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VNLA - Association News VNLA Delegation Lobbies Congress

canHort Impact Washington: Advocacy & Leadership Summit on September 12-13. They brought personal business perspectives to Virginia’s Congressional representatives on how legislation has an economic impact on their business, especially in relation to current seasonal labor availability.We spoke with our Representatives and Senators on issues relating to taxes, research/innovation, and labor/workforce availability. The Noxious Weeds Advisory Committee submitted amended regulations to the VDACS Board at their May meeting. The Board approved the amended regulations for a fast track process that includes a public comment period ending on November 15th. They will go into effect November 30th. On November 7th the committee finalized the noxious weeds assessment protocol and viewed a draft of what the online submission process will look like. The first batch of proposed weeds will not be submitted until after July 2018 at the very earliest. No weeds have been proposed yet.

Julie Zeijlmaker, Jim Saunders, Craig Regelbrugge, Art Parkerson, Aaron Williams, Brent Hunsinger (Cecilia Palmer not pictured)

VNLA members from Battlefield Farms, Saunders Brothers, AmericanHort, Lancaster Farms, Williams Landscape & Design and Brent’s Native Plants participated in the Ameri-

The Pollinator Strategy Committee continues to hold meetings for developing the Strategy which concentrates on increasing pollinator habitat, furthering education/outreach efforts, and identifying gaps in research on Virginia’s polli‐ nators. We attended a meeting in September and will attend the next one on December 13th.

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The Eastern Virginia Groundwater Management Committee presented their findings in a formal report to the General Assembly in August 2017. DEQ issued a response in October. Expect to see legislation from these reports in the 2018 General Assembly session, although no specific legislation has been put forward as of today. VNLA members attended the VAC State Policy Development meeting and introduced Shellie -

Brent Hunsinger

VNLA - Fall Board Meeting Highlights

Membership - Doug Rodes - reviewed changes in the 2018 dues invoice based on response to the 2017 dues category and form changes. A signature line will be added for members to sign and confirm that they are in the correct dues category. A motion was made to modify the Associate dues category into two categories; a new category would be added for Associate members who are also Virginia Certified Horticulturist (VCH) with $65.00 dues; the dues rate for the current Associate dues category would be change from $65 to $95, seconded and passed. Member Social/Networking Events - the next on is scheduled for Thursday, February 15, 2018, 5pm (after Day 2 of the CVNLA Short Course) at The Answer Brewpub, 6008 W Broad St, Richmond, 23230 Research Report - Christopher Brown Jr. reported that the committee was finalizing an appeal letter to members for year-end contributions to the VNLA Horticulture Research Foundation. The board had previously approved a motion to match research donations up to $10,000. A motion was made to start a campaign to solicit donations to honor Jeff Miller’s service to Scholarship and Research and the VNLA would match the donations, as previously approved by the board, seconded and passed.

Strategic Plan 2020 - The plan was reviewed by Virginia Rockwell with clarification edits with responsibilities and deadlines assigned. References to “committee’ will be changed to “task force”. The “Considerations” comments will be removed from the Plan and compiled in a separate document. Virginia Rockwell will make the updates to the Plan. The focus areas and objectives will be published in the VNLA Newsletter. A motion was made to approve the five focus areas in the strategic plan. The Vice President will follow up with the committee chairs to orient incoming chairs before the Winter Board Meeting.

He noted that the VNLAHRF Inc Bylaws need to be updated to reflect changes in the research board, committee structure and the addition of the scholarship funds to the 501(c)3. Education - Aaron Williams reported that the 2018 VNLA Field Day would be at Colesville Nursery in Ashland, VA. Cecilia Palmer volunteered to chair the Field Day events for 2018 and Matt Deivert will assist. Certification - We will be celebrating the 40th year of certification in 2018!

The 2018 Budget was reviewed by Brent Hunsinger, Secretary/Treasurer and was approved.

We met at the VNLA strategic planning session in October with my focus continued on how to improve our program and awareness. We can ask all of you to represent and advertise our industry as a profession where success is achievable.

A motion was made to approve changing any “registered agent” requirements to Shellie Archer, by Jeff Miller during the transition period, seconded and passed.

Workforce Development - The VNLA will collaborate with the NALP on a national workforce development in 2018. see report on page 39 for more details.

A motion was made to approve the following signors for VNLA SunTrust checking and money market accounts: Shellie Archer, Aaron Williams, Brent Hunsinger, and Christopher Brown Jr.; seconded and passed. (by 4:30 p.m., go to SunTrust Branch in Willow Lawn to complete signature forms.)

Webinars - Aaron Williams announced that today’s webinar on Boxwood Blight and Rose Rosette Disease had over 100 registrations and 86 actually logged in to the webinar. There was a discussion on whether to utilize the Virginia Tech Cisco System for webinars or to continue the use of GoToWebinars. It was the consensus that the VNLA continue utilizing GoToWebinar. Jim Owen had also requested potential topics for webinars for 2018. It was the consensus to setup a poll on ConstantContact to solicit member suggestions.

A motion was made to change Shoosmith Scholarship Trustees from Jeff Miller and Tscharner Watkins Jr to the VNLA association with the Chesterfield Circuit Court, seconded and passed.

The VNLA will be a $500 sponsor of the Emergent Group Networking event at MANTS on 1/10/18 VNLA Newsletter October/November/December 2017 46 October / September / December 2017

44 VNLA Newsletter

VNLA 2020 Strategic Plan

This Strategic Plan should be viewed as a tool to help focus the efforts of VNLA volunteers and staff and move all toward a common goal. All activities and initiatives should fit within the framework established by this document and cascade in a seamless system as illustrated by the following: LONG-TERM VISION >>> STRATEGIC PLAN >>> ANNUAL GOALS >>> QUARTERLY FOCUS >>> WEEKLY TASKS Planning of this type is a dynamic process. This document is not meant to be comprehensive. Nor should it be considered complete. It should be treated as a living framework, continually revisited, revised, and updated.

Executive Summary MISSION Current mission statement: To enhance, promote and advocate Virginia’s nursery and landscape professionals. (l-r: Back) Jeff Howe, Virginia Rockwell, Seana Ankers, Bill Gouldin, Paul Munn, Mitzi Marker, Jim Owen, Doug Rodes, Jason Stern, Cecilia Palmer, Shellie Archer, Brent Hunsinger, Scott Price (front row) Laurie Fox, Jeff Miller, Aaron Williams, Chris Brown Jr, Darren Macfee

The VNLA held a strategic planning meeting on October 2425, at the Inn at Willow Grove, Orange, VA to develop plans to move the association forward to 2020. The Virginia Nursery & Landscape Association Board of Directors convened in October of 2017 to assess progress against the Strategic Plan covering years 2015 through 2017 and develop an updated Strategic Plan for the years 2018 through 2020. Participants included: Virginia Rockwell, President Aaron Williams, Vice President Brent Hunsinger, Secretary/Treasurer Bill Gouldin, Past President Seana Ankers Christopher Brown, Jr. Matt Deivert Jim Hassold Jeff Howe Mitzi Marker Paul Munn Cecilia Palmer Scott Price Doug Rodes Jason Stern Dr. Laurie Fox, Ex-Officio Dr. Jim Owen, Ex-Officio Jeff Miller, Outgoing VNLA Executive Director Shellie Archer, Incoming VNLA Executive Director

VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

Participants gave the current mission statement thoughtful deliberation. The mission was deemed to be suitable for guiding the organization through 2020. As such, the planning team elected to leave the statement unchanged. VISION 2025 Participants spent time envisioning the state of the VNLA in the year 2025. Understanding that no one can predict the future, the purpose was to set a long-term horizon toward which is beyond the window of the current Strategic Plan, but which the activities of the plan support. In 2025, the Virginia Nursery & Landscape Association is a thriving organization. Members feel that the value of their Association is clear, tangible, and unquestioned. If you are involved in Virginia’s green professions, you are a member of VNLA. The VNLA is forward-thinking, inventive, and ambitious. We celebrate and promote innovation by our members. We help our members stay at the forefront of technological change. We are champions of the green professions. We help our member businesses by leading the development of a strong workforce through our own communications and partnerships with others. We are full-throated advocates for the importance of certification. We are in perfect alignment with our members’ goals. We maintain a continuous dialogue with our members to intimately understand the issues which are important to them. Members are easily mobilized for important efforts. VNLA is financially strong, with a diverse mix of growing revenue streams.

October/November/December 2017 October / September / December 2017

45 47






High-Value Educational Programs VNLA will expand its educational scope, continuing to provide excellence in certification and other programs for current nursery and landscape professionals, but also leading workforce development efforts as well as providing business resources to owners. Member Engagement & Service VNLA will become recognized as the “go-to” source for information and action regarding the green professions in Virginia by all who make their living in these fields. VNLA Foundation The purpose of the VNLA Research Foundation will be well understood by members and it will be recognized as a worthy recipient of VNLA members’ personal philanthropy. Financial Self-Sufficiency VNLA will reduce its reliance on MANTS, to the point that VNLA can operate independent of it entirely; MANTS dividend will be treated as “margin of excellence” money, as opposed to critical operating funds. Organizational Capacity VNLA will be recognized as an efficient, well-run organization by members and public observers alike.

For additional details, contact any of the board members listed on page 3 of this Newsletter.

Congratulations to these New Virginia Certified Horticulturist!!! Jamie


Associate Albright




Associate Cole








Norfolk Academy




James River Grounds Mgt

Glen Allen



James River Grounds Mgt




Associate Jensen




James River Grounds Mgt

Newport News



James River Grounds Mgt


Midlothian Richmond

Ad - Tankard Nurseries

VNLA Newsletter 48

October/November/December 2017 October / September / December 2017

46 VNLA Newsletter

a v e e a t e t h



The American Boxwood Society presents

Boxwood ManageMent: today & toMorrow A one-day summit to discuss the most up-to-date information for the management & prevention of boxwood blight

February 20, 2018 Location:

The National Agriculture Library Main Reading Room USDA - ARS 10301 Baltimore Avenue Beltsville, MD 20705

More Details to Come! Please contact us by email at amboxwoodsociety@gmail.com or visit our website, www.boxwoodsociety.org, to register.

WINTER SYMPOSIUM AND 49TH CVNLA SHORT COURSE GARDENING WITH PURPOSE AND PASSION WEDNESDAY - FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14 - 16, 2018 8:30 AM - 4 PM AT LEWIS GINTER BOTANICAL GARDEN Presented by Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden, Central Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association, and Virginia Cooperative Extension

Remember how you felt the first time you encountered that beautiful plant that now is your always recommended favorite? What plants, when displayed together, make your heart beat faster and always stun you with their four seasons of unrivaled beauty? Where do you turn for that purposeful palette of form, texture, color, and function—plants that also provide a full range of ecological benefits in a restorative landscape? On Wednesday and Thursday of this annual symposium, explore with green industry colleagues ideas about how we bring plants together to create more purposeful designs that deliver ecologically sensitive and sublimely beautiful environments.


Continuing education hours are offered for each day, along with book sales and signings and opportunities to network with industry colleagues. Net proceeds from the three-day event help build CVNLA’s scholarship fund for students pursuing horticultural careers. FEBRUARY 14 GUEST PRESENTERS Roy Diblik, Horticulturist & Designer, Northwind Perennial Farm: The Know MaintenanceTM Perennial Garden Laura Ekasetya, Executive Director, Lurie Garden at Millenium Park Chicago: Plant Communities at Lurie Garden that Amplify Ecological Impact Keith Swann, Special Assistant to the Executive Vice-President, American Society of Landscape Architects: The Evolution of the ASLA Green Roof Brie Arthur, Horticulturist and Garden Writer: The Foodscape Revolution FEBRUARY 15 GUEST PRESENTERS Kelly D. Norris, Director of Horticulture, Greater des Moines Botanical Garden: Plants with Style and Planting for the Future Brie Arthur, Horticulturist and Garden Writer: Marketing to Generation Me Lisa Ziegler, Owner, the Gardener’s Workshop and Garden Writer: Fueling the Organic Garden David Hirschman, Principal, Hirschman Water + Environment, LLC: Shaggy & Baldy: a Tale of Stormwater BMP Maintenance Peggy Singlemann, Director of Park Operations and Horticulture, Maymont: Capturing the Rain, a Lesson Learned FEBRUARY 16 Pesticide Applicator Recertification in categories 3A, 3B, 8, 10, and 60.

Visit bit.ly/WinterSYM to purchase tickets




All course CEUs approved by VNLA

6 CEUs per day



Review for VCH exam

Belgard Bennett’s Creek Nursery

Lancaster Farms Urban Forest Innovative Solutions


MAHSC Sponsors:

VCH Exam @ MAHSC - Wed, Jan. 17 @ 5:30pm (check w/ VNLA for exam eligibility)


MORE CEUs: VSLD, VA DPOR, VA Nutrient Manager, LA CES, APLD, VA Certified Fertilizer Applicator, Crew Manager, NALP, ISA PESTICIDE RECERTIFICATION - VA APPROVED CATEGORIES: 2, 3A, 3B, 5A, 6, 8, 10, 60

2018 Virginia Certified Horticulturist Review Class/Test Schedule

Review or Test

Dates 2018



Fees Mmbr

Fees Non Mmbr

Check Pay to

Class/Test Registration Deadline

Virginia Beach


January 17 Wednesday

Mid-Atlantic Horticulture Short Course, Founders Inn, VA Beach

5:30-9 pm

$ 55

$ 250


January 3, 2018

Hampton Roads

Review Limit 20

February 13 March 15 Tuesday/Thursday

Hampton Roads AREC Virginia Beach, Room 200

5:30 - 8:30 pm

$ 125

$ 250


January 30, 2018

Hampton Roads


March 17 Saturday

Hampton Roads AREC Virginia Beach, Room 125

9 am - 1 pm $ 55

$ 250


March 2, 21018

Northern VA


January 2, 2018

Northern VA


Mar 5 Monday


Review Limit 30


4-7 pm

$ 125

$ 250

Lee Highway Nursery, Warrenton

4-7 pm

$ 75

$ 150 NVNLA

Jan. 22 - March 5 Mondays (Feb.20-Tues)

Henrico County Government Complex

6:30-9:30 pm

$ 75

$ 150


January 8, 2018

TESTS 2 dates

March 12 & March 19, Mondays

Henrico County Government Complex

6-10 pm

$ 55

$ 250


February 20, 2018


Review Limit 25

Jan.9,18,23,30; Feb. 6, 13, 20,27; Mar. 6

JW Townsend Charlottesville

5 - 7 pm

$ 125

$ 250


December 27, 2017



Charlottesville/ Waynesboro


Lynchburg SWVA


January 15-Feb 19, Lee Highway Snow Date Feb. 26 Nursery, Warrenton

Lynchburg SWVA


March 10 Saturday


Virginia Tech


Thursday April 19

4th Floor Saunders Hall

6-9 pm



May 16 Wednesday

Monroe Technology Center

10 am - 2 pm

February 19, 2018

No Review Classes for 2018 - Self-Study using the VNLA Online Review Program. Contact the VNLA Office for login registration. 1-540-382-0943, VCH@vnla.org

March 20 Tuesday

Location TBD Charlottesville

9 am - noon $ 55

$ 250


March 6, 2018

No Review Classes for 2018 - Self-Study using the VNLA Online Review Program. Contact the VNLA Office for login registration. 1-540-382-0943, VCH@vnla.org

9 am - noon $ 55

$ 250


February 23, 2018

$ 55

$ 250


April 5, 2018




May 2, 2018

Knowledge is Power!



Make Your Buisiness Stand Out! Sign Up Your Staff to Become Virginia Certified Horticulturist Today!

You MUST pre-register with the VNLA Office, 2 weeks prior to the test/review class.

For updated information, go to the VNLA website Certification page at www.vnla.org/ VCH Certification Study Manuals are available from the VNLA Office for approximately $135.00 including tax and shipping; Plant ID Study Photos online, FREE to members. Contact the VNLA Office for login information (vch@vnla.org) 52 TestClassSchedule2018_Final.11.30.xlsx

October / September / December 2017

12/1/2017 10:59Newsletter AM VNLA

Virginia Certified Horticulturist Exam Application Application Date: __________________

Select the location and 2018 date you will take the test: ___ Virginia Beach, MAHSC, Wednesday, January 17, 5:30-9 pm, (Deadline 1/3/18) (Mid-Atlantic Horticulture Short Course) ___ Warrenton, Lee Highway Nursery, March 5, 4-7:00 pm (Deadline 2/19/18) ___ Richmond-1, Henrico County Gov’t Complex, March 12, 6-10 pm (Deadline 2/19/18) ___ Lynchburg, Location: TBA, Saturday, March 10, 9 am - noon (Deadline 2/23/18) ___ Richmond-2, Henrico County Gov’t Complex, March 19, 6-10 pm (Deadline 2/19/18) ___ Virginia Beach, VA Tech HRAREC, Saturday, March 17, 9 am - 1 pm (Deadline 3/2/18) ___ Charlottesville/Waynesboro, CitySpace, Downtown Charlottesville, March 20, 9 am - Noon (Deadline 3/6/18) ___ Virginia Tech, Saunders Hall 4th FL, Blacksburg, VA April 19, 6:00-9:00 p.m. (Deadline 4/5/18) ___ Leesburg, Monroe Technical Center, Wednesday, May 16, 10 am - 2 pm (Deadline 5/2/18) Name: ________________________________, ________________________________, __________________________ (Last)



Home Address____________________________________________ County: __________________________________ City: _______________________________________ST ____ Zip+4_______________________________________ Home/Cell Phone __________________________________ Work Phone: _____________________________________ Birthday ______________ Email:


(Email is very important, most correspondence is now by email)

Current VNLA Employer: ___________________________________________________________________________ Address ___________________________________________________________________________________________ City _____________________________________________State _____ Zip+4 ___________________________ Your Name as to appear on Certification Badge (max.22 characters/spaces) ____________________________________ Your Company Name as to appear on Badge (max.22 characters/spaces) ______________________________________ =======================================================================================

Complete the information on the back of this page. Below for Office Use Only Graded by:____________________________________________ Test Score: _________ Certification # _____________ Test Date ___/___/___Location:____________________________ Test Proctor: ________________________________ Ofc. Rec’d ___/____/___

Entered NOAH ___/____/___

Results Letter ______/_____/______ Badge Sent ______/_____/______ Certificate Sent ______/____/____

11/30/2017 Test_Application18.docx VNLA Newsletter

October / September / December 2017


Upcoming Events January 8-9, 2018, THE SNA CONFERENCE, Baltimore Convention Center, www.sna.org January 10-12, 2018, MANTS Trade Show, Baltimore, MD http://www.mants.com/ January 9, 2018, VNLA WINTER BOARD MEETING, Baltimore Convention Center, info@vnla.org 540-382-0943 January 11, 2018, VIRGINIA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION (VNLA) ANNUAL BREAKFAST MEETING, Baltimore, MD, www.vnla.org RSVP to: g info@vnla.org 540-382-0943

January 15-19, 2018, GREEN & GROWN’18, Greensboro, NC http://greenandgrowin.com/ January 16-19, 2018, MID-ATLANTIC HORTICULTURE SHORT COURSE (MAHSC), Founder’s Inn & Spa, Virginia Beach, www.mahsc.org January 26-28, 2018, VIRGINIA FLOWER & GARDEN SHOW, Virginia Beach Convention Center, www.vafgs.org

February 27 - 28, 2018, COME TO THE BAY, Virginia Turfgrass Council, Virginia Beach, vaturf@verizon.net, http://cometothebay.org March 3-11, 2008, PHILADELPHIA FLOWER SHOW, Wonders of Water, www.theflowershow.com


PROFESSIONAL LEVEL 1 CLASSES, Norfolk, VA, VA www.cblpro.org

March 16, 2018, SHENANDOAH VALLEY PLANT SYMPOSIUM, Waynesboro, VA March 19-22, 2018, INTERNATIONAL IPM SYMPOSIUM, Baltimore Harborplace Hotel, https://ipmsymposium.org/2018/ July 11, 2018, VNLA Landscape Management Workshop, Wednesday, Ashland, VA July 12, 2018, VNLA Field Day hosted by Colesville Nursery, Ashland, VA July 13, 2018, VNLA Summer Tour

July 14-17, 2018, AmericanHort – CULTIVATE18, Columbus, OH, www.cultivate18.org

January 29 - February 1, 2018, MID-ATLANTIC TURFGRASS EXPO (M-A-T-E), Fredericksburg, VA, http://turfconference.org/ or vaturf@verizon.net February 3, 2018, VSLD EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM & WINTER MEETING, Norfolk Botanical Garden www.vsld.org February 14-15, 2018 WINTER SYMPOSIUM & 49th CVNLA SHORT COURSE, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden, www.bit.ly/WinterSYM February 15, 2018, PIEDMONT LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION SEMINAR, Paramount Theater, Charlottesville VA, Registration may be taken over the phone (434-979-1333) or online at www.theparamount.net February 20, 2018, BOXWOOD MANAGEMENT: TODAY & TOMORROW SUMMIT, by the American Boxwood Society, The National Agriculture Library, USDA – ARS, Beltsville, MD www.boxwoodsociety.org February 20-21, 2018, CHESAPEAKE BAY LANDSCAPE PROFESSIONAL LEVEL 1 CLASSES, Arlington, VA www.cblpro.org February 20-21, 2018, CHESAPEAKE GREEN 2018 – Annual Horticulture Symposium, BWI Hilton, MD, http://www.mnlga.org/content.asp?contentid=78 410-823-8684

VNLA Newsletter 54


Review Class & Test Schedule 2018 page 50

Test Application 2018 – Page 51 For a Current Calendar of all Green Industry Events, go: http://www.vnla.org/Calendar

NEW Interactive Calendar! All of these events qualify for VNLA VCH CEUs

October/November/December 2017 October / September / December 2017

52 VNLA Newsletter

Prsrt. Std U.S. Postage PAID Blacksburg, VA Permit No. 107

Your Roots Are In Virginia!

383 Coal Hollow Rd. 383 Coal Hollow Rd. Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 CHANGE SERVICE REQUESTED

Keep growing. One day you may outgrow your current operation. Farm Credit will be there to help you expand. Whether you need to purchase real estate, build new houses, buy more equipment or need a revolving line of credit for plant stock, we have the financing you need. Every business has growing pains. Give us a call and we’ll be sure your financing isn’t one of those.

800-919-FARM Lending support to rural America™


Phone: 434-842-8733 Fax: 434-842-3823 email: info@bremotrees.com www.Bremotrees.com Bremo Bluff, VA

Profile for Jeff Miller

VNLA Newsletter Oct/Nov/Dec 2017  

VNLA Newsletter Oct/Nov/Dec 2017, profiling Lee Highway Nursery and Boxwood Blight updates

VNLA Newsletter Oct/Nov/Dec 2017  

VNLA Newsletter Oct/Nov/Dec 2017, profiling Lee Highway Nursery and Boxwood Blight updates

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