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spring 2012

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12 a peaceful




living history


a garden grows in the bronx


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contents columns

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gardeners on the go!

Editor’s Note

Welcome to our first issue

Readers on the Go

Travel photos from great gardens

Our Favorite Things Team Hort’s favorite garden gear

Spring Ahead! Keep-it-simple gardening tips

march madness Notes from three spring shows

Our Giving Garden Donating what we grow

recipes for color Container recipes that pop

Happy Trails Pointers for garden tourists

Spring Picks Classic spring plants


A versatile perennial herb


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Editorial Group Publisher Jamie Markle Community Leader & Editor Patty Craft Editor Meghan Shinn Content Contributors Patty Craft, Jenny Koester, Fern Richardson, Meghan Shinn, Rebecca Sweet Design & Photography Art Director Christy Miller Managing Photographer Ric Deliantoni Photographer Al Parrish Associate Video Editor Philip Grosvenor Advertising VP, Sales Dave Davel Advertising Sales Jenny Koester 513-531-2690 x11365 Advertising Sales Coordinator Kathy Budsberg F+w Media Inc. Chairman & CEO David Nussbaum CFO James Ogle President David Blansfield SVP, Operations Phil Graham Chief Digital Officer, eMedia Chad Phelps Director, IT Jim Kuster Director of Finance Trent Miller Events Director Cory Smith Audience Development Paul Rolnick

Privacy promise: Occasionally, we make portions of our customer list available to other companies so they may contact you about products and services that may be of interest to you. If you prefer that we withhold your name, simply send a note with the magazine name to: List Manager, F+W Media Inc., 10151 Carver

Al Parrish

Road Suite 200, Blue Ash OH 45242.


gardeners on the go!

We’re proud to launch this new magazine in such a tough economy, and it’s our mission to make Gardeners On the Go! (aka GOtG!) one more of your trusted gardening resources. Working on GOtG! is a labor

sales) is an avid garden traveler and blogger; Christy Miller (art director) is a whole-foods, health-conscious gardener; Meghan Shinn (print and eNews editor) is a new mother who’s methodically landscaping her first home; and I’m passionate about building a thriving g a r d e n i n g c o m m u n i t y. Together we will pack every issue of GOtG! with smart

In the spring, at the end of the day, you should smell like dirt. ~Margaret Atwood

gardening info, time-saving gardening tips and professional design inspiration. We’re excited to hear what you think of this issue—e-mail us at with “GOtG Spring” as the subject.

Wishing you peace on the garden path,

—Patty Craft : :


gardeners on the go!


photo: marrisa bowers

editor’s note

of love for Team Horticulture—Jenny Koester (ad

readers on the go! • Jenny Koester, The Landless Gardener You don’t have to own a piece of land to be a gardener. Our own ad sales rep, Jenny Koester, is living proof of that! Jenny, also known as The Landless Gardener, lives in a condo that includes only a balcony as garden space. Yet she manages to fill most of her personal time with garden-related activities, such as tending her Adopta-Plot at Cincinnati’s Ault Park and other volunteer work. Jenny is also a passionate garden traveler—whether on the road for business or pleasure and wherever she may be, she finds a garden to tour. Here are some favorite images cincinnati from Jenny’s garden-travel photo album. *

, Ohio , North Carolina


, Washington



gardeners on the go!

Opposite page, clockwise from top: The Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Gardens beckons visitors each spring with its annual Zoo Blooms, which features 100,000+ tulips in bloom. The Formal Italian Garden at Biltmore House and Gardens is just one of the iconic gardens designed by America’s foremost landscape architect, Frederick Law Olmsted. The Coenosium Rock Garden at the South Seattle Community College will make you fall in love with conifers, no matter when you visit. This page: The South Allee of the Central Park Conservatory Garden offers a shady retreat from city summer. Planted with crabapples, it runs between the English and Italian gardens.

, New York

new york city


YOU! Gardeners On the Go! is

grateful to all of the

advertisers in this issue for making this

new resource available to

thousands of passionate gardeners across the country and around

Are you a Go? gardener on the Send up to 5 photos from your garden travels with the garden’s name and when you visited, and we might feature your photo in an upcoming issue! Email to: edit@,


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the world! ❤ Team

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Prentice and Virginia Bloedel, creators of these beautiful gardens, lived in this French Chateauâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;style house from 1951 to 1986. It now serves as a visitor center, concert venue, library and museum.

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A Peaceful Place The Bloedel Reserve mixes designed gardens with wild spaces in a grand celebration of nature by Meghan Shinn photographs courtesy of The Bloedel Reserve


ust a short trip from seattle sits a unique public garden with much to offer guests: The Bloedel Reserve. This pristine destination began as the home of a local timber executive. It is located on Bainbridge Island, a scenic community known for its arts and accessible from Seattle or Edmunds, Wash., by ferry.

Bloedel Reserve was the creation of Prentice Bloedel, the retired president of several timber companies, who lived on the property for 35 years with his wife, Virginia, beginning in 1951. It may surprise visitors to learn that someone who made his money through logging would also create such a stunning tribute to nature and gardens, but Prentice respected and cherished our environment. He once said, “We humans are trustees in this world ... our power should be exercised in this context.” He was the first to use sawdust to fuel his mills, and he replanted forest areas that his timber company cleared. Prentice took a deep interest in the effects that the visual landscape can have on people. This becomes clear as one tours Bloedel Reserve, the design of which he personally led, with input from landscape architects like Thomas Church, Richard Haag, Fujitaro Kubota and Iain Robertson.

Peaceful, tranquil and healing are words most often used by visitors to describe Bloedel Reserve. Although it wasn’t intentionally designed as a therapeutic garden, it often has that effect on visitors. Often named one of the top 10 public gardens in the United States, the reserve artfully blends natural woodlands with designed landscapes. It is one of only a few American public gardens with a waterfront. It is situated high on a bluff above the Puget Sound, and it offers stunning views of the Cascade Mountains. Prentice Bloedel wanted people to experience both “nature as arranged by man, and as she arranges herself.” Therefore the reserve interweaves 150 acres of protected Pacific Northwest forests with a variety of designed landscapes, including a Japanese garden, a twoacre moss garden and a formal English landscape. A new surprise waits around every bend in its two miles of trails and pathways. In keeping with Prentice’s philosophies, the plants at Bloedel Reserve are not labeled; visitors are encouraged to simply appreciate their aesthetic and emotional response to the garden. However, the gardens include many interesting and worthy plants, largely because the local climate allows for a great diversity of things to be grown, and visiting gardeners can learn the plants’ names and needs by taking a guided tour

often named one of the top10 public gardens in the United States

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visitor information

THE Bloedel Reserve 7571 NE Dolphin Drive Bainbridge Island WA 98110 USA 206-842-7631 The Bloedel Reserve opened to the public in October 1988. Two miles of trails and pathways traverse the 150-acre property. Most of the developed, landscaped gardens are accessible to the disabled, and wheelchairs are available for use at no charge. No reservations are needed to visit, but docent-led tours for all ages, tailored to visitors’ interests and abilities, are available with advance notice.

peaceful, tranquil and healing are words most often used by visitors to describe The Bloedel Reserve

The Bloedel Reserve is open year-round, Tuesday through Sunday, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. It stays open until 7 p.m. on Tuesdays through Saturdays in June, July and August. Admission fees: $13—adults $9—seniors over 65 and military $5—students Free—children under 13 Parking is ample and free. No pets are allowed on the grounds or in parked cars. Service animals are welcome. The Bloedel Reserve is a smoke-free property. At this time, there are no on-site food or picnic areas, but they may be developed in the future.

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Design tips Learn to love moss. The Bloedel Reserve includes a two-acre moss garden, but moss gardens need to be carefully tended, so keep your own rendition small. Keep it free of leaves and other debris. Grow moss on rocks by making a slurry of moss and buttermilk in an old blender. Paint it on and be patient. Don’t remove a dead tree stump or root. Left alone, it will be a habitat for birds and a “nurse log” for seedlings of a variety of native plants, like ferns, huckleberries and conifers. Prentice Bloedel once said, “There is beauty in decay.” Search local nurseries for dwarf trees with year-round interest, like the wonderful katsura (Cercidiphyllum japonicum). Its emerging spring foliage is a soft apricot color; its summer leaves, a bright, clear green; and its fall color, an intense yellow. The fallen leaves emit a strong cotton-candy scent, and its shaggy winter bark completes the year-long display. The reserve boasts one of the largest katsuras on the West Coast, as well as a weeping variety. Make a natural pond edge by lining the banks just below the waterline with bags of concrete that will slowly cure over time, forming a hard but invisible rim. The Mid-Pond at Bloedel Reserve was created in the mid-1950s with this technique, and it has withstood the test of time.

Opposite page, top: The rigorous design of the Reflection Pool, bordered by a hedge of English yew (Taxus baccata), invites quiet contemplation year-round. Opposite page, bottom left: Japanese maples bring a blast of autumn color to the Japanese Garden designed in 1956 by renowned Seattle nurseryman Fujitaro Kubota. Opposite page, bottom right: A spring-blooming plum (Prunus cerasifera) in the Japanese Garden, pruned in the “cloud” style. Above: The native carnivorous cobra lily (Darlingtonia californica). Right: A trestle bridge offers a bird’s-eye view of the native woodland.

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A zig-zag boardwalk crosses boggy wetlands, inviting close looks at native plants such as the carnivorous cobra lily (Darlingtonia californica).

or following a self-guided booklet. The Bloedels’ home, which now serves as the Visitor Center, houses a library of 1,400 horticultural books that gardeners can peruse during their visit.

highlights e as y- c a re local NAT IV ES







1 Dog-tooth violet, or glacier lily (Erythronium grandiflorum; USDA Zones 3–9), is a Western mountain native that blooms in spring. 2 Redwood sorrel (Oxalis oregana; Zones 7–9) makes a great groundcover for dry shade. It blooms on and off through spring and summer. 3 Western azalea (Rhododendron occidentalae; Zones 7–9) loves sun and regular moisture. Its latespring flowers will perfume an entire small garden. 4 Wake robin (Trillium ovatum; Zones 5–8) grows happily in shady, moist, acid soil. It blooms at the same time the robins begin to sing in spring. 5 False hellebore, or Indian poke (Veratrum viride v. Cali; Zones 3–8) has handsome pleated leaves. It grows in swampy soil and all parts are poisonous. 6 Silk tassel bush (Garrya elliptica; Zones 7–10), an evergreen shrub, puts on a show of pendant catkins in January and February. A very underused native!

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Bloedel Reserve artfully combines wild and cultivated spaces. Its natural areas include the Bird Refuge, which is centered around a large pond. Waterfowl, including ducks, geese and great blue herons, reside here. Shrubs line the shoreline, offering ideas for what might work in damp soil. They include native western azalea, viburnums, red and yellow osier dogwoods and red alders. Visitors can enter the Woods to understand Prentice Bloedel’s respect for the material from which he earned his living. This area is a dense, undisturbed forest of Douglas fir, western red cedar and hemlock. The Woods are easy to explore because of their paths, a trestle bridge and a plank boardwalk. The bridge spans a year-round stream and associated plants, while the boardwalk runs through wetlands full of bog plants, many of which are carnivorous. This gives a unique opportunity to examine this type of ecosystem without causing it any damage. Designed areas fit seamlessly into the reserve’s overall scheme. For instance, the Birch Garden and Rhododendron Glen showcase ornamental shrubs, but in a way that appears completely natural. Here rhododendrons, hydrangeas and more are accented with colorful perennials, bulbs and wildflowers. Meanwhile the vast Moss Garden celebrates green, with moss serving as a living carpet connecting ferns, huckleberries, stumps and stones. Prentice cited Japanese and Chinese garden design as a great influence over his personal style, noting the artistry with which Asian gardens combine plants, topography and water. He worked with local landscape designer and nurseryman Fujitaro Kubota to create the Japanese Garden, an elegant space with curving paths, Japanese maples and carefully pruned pines and flowering trees. “Harmony, respect, tranquility—how many times these very words have come to mind as I have walked about the reserve,” Prentice Bloedel once said. Pay this place a visit and you will surely feel just as he did. * Meghan Shinn is the editor of Horticulture and the popular Smart Gardening eNewsletter (register at—it’s FREE!)

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My Choice

Ask for them at your favorite garden center!

Above: The illustrious 18th century–inspired landscape of the Swan House, one of several historic buildings at the Atlanta History Center, was created in the 1920s by renowned architect Philip Trammell Shutze. This famous vista features a pair of cloverleaf pools, cascading fountains, a terraced lawn and roses (Rosa ‘Belinda’) tumbling over a stone retaining wall. Opposite page, far right: The Swan House Gardens take on a haunting quality on foggy days in winter, when the sculptures and evergreens are best appreciated. Right: The Smith Family Farm features a flower yard containing many old-fashioned plants that families would have enjoyed in the 1860s, such as border phlox (Phlox paniculata; foreground). Summer peaks when the porchside crape myrtle blooms.

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Living History Atlantaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s collection of museum gardens offers inspiring lessons in the history of Southeast gardening by Travis Spiker and Sarah Roberts photographs courtesy of The Atlanta History Center 1926, a small group of Atlanta, Ga., citizens chartered the Atlanta Historical Society to help preserve the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s history. Over the past 82 years, the organization has grown substantially in both scope and size, and in 1990, the Atlanta Historical Society and all of its holdings officially became The Atlanta History Center, located on 33 acres in the historic Buckhead section of Atlanta.

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Right: The Swan Woods Trail meanders through 10 acres of woodland with study stations explaining the ecosystem of the Georgia Piedmont.

the diversity of our 6 historic gardens is perfect for gardeners of all experience levels and gardening styles seeking inspiration for their own gardens

visitor information

The Atlanta History Center includes several museum buildings to explore, but its gardens are what draw plant lovers. The diversity of our six historic gardens is perfect for gardeners of all experience levels and gardening styles seeking inspiration for their own gardens. These gardens represent the natural and cultural history of the Southeast, offering a visual timeline of the development of horticulture from pre-Colonial America to the modern day. For instance, the Mary Howard Gilbert Memorial Quarry Garden represents nearly 600 plant species that were growing in Georgia before the area was settled by the Europeans. Many of these plants are rare or endangered today. This woodland garden includes a pond and a boggy area that makes it attractive to birds and other animals. The Swan Woods Trail and Connor Brown Discovery Trail give visitors more chances to study native plants, natural landscapes and local wildlife. More inspiration for shade gardeners can be found in the Frank A. Smith Rhododendron Garden, which includes many heat- and humidity-tolerant, shade-loving plants as well as a vast collection of rhododendrons and unusual groundcovers. The Cherry Sims Asian American Garden features many Asian plants and their American counterparts, both of which make up the backbone of today’s Atlanta gardens. It’s an interesting look at the similarities between species that have originated on two distant continents. The Tullie Smith Farm Gardens show visitors what rural Georgians grew for both pleasure and sustenance in the 1860s. There are heirloom annuals and perennials here, as well as a kitchen garden and an example of a slave’s personal vegetable garden. Meanwhile the Swan House Gardens and Grounds depict the opulence of a 1920s estate, complete with cloverleaf pools, cascading fountains, a terraced lawn and an abundance of roses.

The Atlanta History Center 130 West Paces Ferry Road NW Atlanta GA 30305 USA 404-814-4000 The Atlanta History Center is a 33-acre museum complex that includes a number of historic houses and gardens, as well as the Centennial Olympic Games Museum. The center is accessible to the disabled and open year-round, Monday through Saturday, from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., and Sunday noon to 5:30. The gardens close at 5:15. Admission fees: $16.50—adults $13—seniors over 65, students 13–18 $11—children ages 4–12 Free—members and children under 4 Parking is free. Receive a $2 discount by purchasing admission online. Groups of 10 or more are eligible for discounted rates, and the museum partners with other local attractions to offer discounted combination passes. See the website for details. There are amphitheatre terraces behind the museum building where visitors can picnic. There is an indoor/outdoor cafe with a small lunch menu as well as the Swan Coach House, a full-service restaurant, on site.

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Left: Fall color is reliably stunning at the Atlanta History Center. The Quarry Garden Bridge provides an elevated view of a mature tree canopy and the Quarry Garden. Below: In spring, hundreds of ferns unroll their fiddleheads in the Quarry Garden.

Small-space container gardening

No matter your garden’s size, you probably wish you had just a little more space to try something new. Containers are easy to fit into any area, and they let you experiment with plants without making a long-term commitment. Here are three container tips from the Atlanta History Center: 1 Place matching terra-cotta pots on each side of an entryway. Plant them with clipped boxwood balls and underplant these with different annuals each season for a fresh look. Or, add other potted plants in front and around them, because they’ll serve as a beautiful neutral backdrop. 2 Use a large and unusual or colorful pot and treat it as you would a piece of sculpture. Place it within a garden bed as a focal point. Such a pot can also fill the gap where early-blooming bulbs have died back. Place a support in the container and plant it with a climber for vertical interest. 3 Use window boxes or wall-mounted planters to increase your gardening area. Be sure to choose drought-tolerant, low-maintenance annuals when you fill them, so you won’t have to spend time every day watering or deadheading them. Long-blooming annuals or those with colorful, textural foliage will look interesting all season long.

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Below left: A variety of shade plants, including numerous azalea cultivars, follow a curving dry streambed in the Frank A. Smith Rhododendron Garden. Below right: The Boxwood Garden at the Swan House was inspired by old Italian cloister gardens.

Design tips Learn what grows well for you, and grow lots of it! Repeat plantings of perennials or shrubs that have performed well with little maintenance. The rhythm of that repetition makes a garden cohesive. Be bold! Surpass the “rule of three” and plant successful perennials or shrubs in your garden in groups of seven, nine or more. Large sweeps of plantings create drama and high impact during their peak season. Use evergreen shrubs. Look at your garden in winter and see where you could shape a viewpoint, screen something unsightly or obscure the appearance of your boundary lines. Pay attention to the shape of your lawn. Odd angles and points look jarring and unintentional. Try creating an informal but positive shape of gentle curves or a strong geometrical shape with straight lines and 90-degree corners. Mix your borders. You’ll have a far more interesting garden if you can create a mixture that includes a specimen tree, flowering and evergreen shrubs, perennials, a few annuals and bulbs. This gives you scale in terms of height and textural contrast, plus a very long bloom season. *

Left: At the Smith Family Farm, corn and cotton fill a quarter acre, while two fenced vegetable gardens provide heirloom produce typical of the mid-19th century. Above: The Cherry Sims Asian American Garden displays the similarities between Asian and American plant species, particularly maples, hydrangeas and azaleas such as these, shown blooming in spring.

Travis Spiker is the gardens director for the Atlanta History Center. Sarah Roberts is its gardens curator.

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A Garden Grows in the Bronx Wave Hill may be relatively small, but it contains astounding horticultural diversity and take-away ideas


by Martha Gellens photographs courtesy of Wave Hill

spectacular 28-acre public garden and cultural center overlooking the Hudson River and Palisades in the Bronx, Wave Hill is one of the most beautiful spots in New York City. Within its modest-size greenhouses and many intimate garden spaces is an incredible diversity of plants. Plantings and containers change not just year to year but season to season, and the staff pride themselves on growing many unusual plants and displaying them beautifully. The focus stays on aesthetics, so the gardens are not overwhelmed with labels to the detriment of display. Garden interpreters take great pains to place labels by plants as they reach periods of greatest interest and store the labels out of sight at other times. Quite simply, Wave Hill seduces the novice gardener and inspires the expert with its diversity of plants and gardens.

one of the most beautiful spots in New York City

Right: In March, glory-of-the-snow (Chionodoxa sardensis) fills the Herbert and Hyonja Abrons Woodland, which wraps around the outer edges of Wave Hill, with gentian-blue flowers. Native to the mountains of southwestern Turkey, this bulb requires cold winters. It thrives in Wave Hillâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s location next to the Hudson River.

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Clever containers

Try these two suggestions from the Wave Hill gardeners for something “a little different” on your deck or patio this summer: 1 The alpine trough: A major feature at Wave Hill, they are made of hypertufa (a mix of cement, peat moss and perlite) molded into the form of an oblong trough, a shallow bowl—or, in fact, any shape that takes your fancy. Being porous, they allow for good drainage. When filled with a free-draining, gritty soil mix, they make excellent containers for alpine plants (see opposite page). 2 The mini pond: A large bowl, basin or half whiskey barrel can be turned into a miniature water feature. Just add water and some well-placed potted aquatic plants, such as dwarf water lilies, miniature rushes and tiny floating plants. Regular over-filling with water deters mosquito larvae and helps to keep the water oxygenated. Alternatively, install a small submersible pump to keep the water moving.

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Below left: The Marco Polo Stufano Conservatory, shown here in early fall, is a trio of glass houses honoring Wave Hill’s founding director of horticulture. It shelters tender plants from around the world. Through the portico is the Palm House, where a display of South African bulbs and other tender plants explode with a riot of color during the winter months. Connected to the Palm House are the Cacti and Succulent House, with its collection of plants from arid climates, and the Tropical House, featuring a diversity of plants from warm aand humid regions of the world. Below: The Flower Garden is a feast for the senses. Rustic cedar fences, benches, shrubs and brick pathways form the year-round structure of the garden and support an everchanging collection of plants from midwinter through late fall. With informal combinations of both vintage (c. early 1900s) and modern perennials, annuals, shrubs, bulbs and tender exotics, this garden inspires visitors with adventurous ideas for their own gardens, containers or window boxes. In June, shown here, the garden flourishes with roses, peonies and foxgloves. Opposite page, top: Select wild species from around the world are combined to achieve the Wild Garden’s planted-by-nature effect. The yews are pruned two times each year to maintain their billowing, cloudlike forms and self-sowing annuals and perennials are selectively edited. The meandering path guides a visitor’s steps toward the most advantageous views. A hillside garden and gazebo have existed in this location at Wave Hill since at least 1915, and the area has undergone extensive replantings since 1969. The Wild Garden, shown here in July, is inspired by the informally planted English wild garden as championed by the Irish writer William Robinson (1838–1935), an influential 19th-century garden designer.

Design tips Include minor bulbs in your planting plans. Don’t underestimate the punch these little guys can deliver as they bridge winter to spring. Many of them, like snowdrops and scillas, self-sow mildly and insinuate themselves into unexpected spots, making delightful surprises. We are using “pea twigs” more and more at Wave Hill. These are simply stems cut from woody plants. They can be placed rather early in the season, well before other chores compete with staking for attention. Curly willow and herringbone-branched elm make handsome and useful pea twigs. Dry the willow for several weeks first, or it will root and sprout in place! Take care of your trees. During drought, always deep-water your trees and shrubs; don’t let browning grass or wilting annuals distract you from this essential task. Herbaceous plants are quick to re-establish after suffering a set-back, but trees are long-term investments that reward good care with extended benefits.

Left: Wave Hill’s collection of high-altitude and small rock-garden plants is viewed from outside the T.H. Everett Alpine House. Along the terrace, handmade hypertufa troughs filled with speciman alpine plants bloom throughout the growing season. This photo was taken in mid- to late fall. Above: The major architectural feature on the Great Lawn is the Italianate pergola that frames a view of the Hudson River and the 500-foot-high Palisades on the opposite shore. Each season, a multitude of colorful and unusual tender plants transform the pergola into a tropical oasis, enticing visitors to enjoy both the intricacies of the plant combinations as well as the sweeping views of the river.

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visitor information

the staff prides itself on growing many unusual plants and displaying them beautifully

Wave Hill West 249th St. & Independence Ave. Bronx NY 10471 USA 718-549-3200 Wave Hill, established in 1965, is a public garden and cultural center that includes a range of distinct gardens, all designed with impeccable style and focused on outstanding plants. Most of the garden is accessible to the disabled, and there is a special wheelchair available for use. Wave Hill is open daily from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. November 1 through March 14, and from 9 to 5:30 March 15 through October 31. Admission fees: $8—adults $4—seniors over 65 and college students $2—children ages 6–18 Free—members and children under 6 There is limited on-site parking for an $8 fee. Free parking exists in an off-site lot, and there is a free shuttle between that lot and the garden. Limited snacks are available for purchase at the garden. *

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Above left: Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana; USDA Zones 4–9) is a native shrub showcased at Wave Hill. The source of medicinal witch hazel, this shrub blooms in late fall, with clusters of yellow tassel-like petals decking the bare branches. Meanwhile the rest of the garden is going to sleep. Tolerant of shade or sun, it does well when situated at a woodland edge, and it can reach 15 feet tall and wide. Above: Butterfly milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa; Zones 3–9), another native plant at Wave Hill, is attractive to insect pollinators—especially butterflies, as its common name suggests. It is a vital food source for the developing larvae of the monarch butterfly. It does best in a sunny location, and its bright orange blooms of spring will occur again in autumn, especially if the plant is cut back after its first flowering.

Martha Gellens is assistant director of marketing and communications at Wave Hill.

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TIME-Saving tips •


Spring Ahead!

Make mowing strips. A mowing strip is a border that runs around the outside of a planting bed, separating it from the lawn so you can quickly mow without crushing or clipping your garden plants. It can be made of a hard material like stones or bricks, or it could be a tight, low hedge, such as dwarf boxwood or sweet box.

Smart moves in spring cut down on summer garden maintenance by Meghan Shinn Amid the exuberance of spring, it’s easy to get carried away with garden plans and plantings. Starting too many new beds now can make it hard to keep up with weeding, watering and other maintenance over the summer. If you keep your prospects reasonable and devote spring gardening time to a few key tasks, you’ll have a better chance of finding both success and hours to spare this summer. In other words, follow these tips now to save time later!


Fine Feathered Friends


Bugs & Bulbs 1-877-457-7423 • (801) 489-6852 767 N. MAIN ST. • SPRINGVILLE, UT

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Devote time to weeding now, while weeds are still small and easy to pull or hoe under. Pull them before they flower and set seed. Avoid disturbing the soil too deeply, as this can stir old weed seeds to the surface. Apply mulch to prevent more weeds from sprouting.


P l a n t m o re s h r u b s ! They’re less needy than perennials, which usually need dividing or replacing every few years.


Deny deadheading. It’s true that deadheading plants can lengthen their bloom time, because it prompts them to put their energy into creating more flowers rather than setting seed. But picking off spent blooms one by one, day after day, is too time consuming. Choose perennials that can be sheared back with one big snip after they bloom, encouraging a second bloom later in the summer. These include salvia, coreopsis, border phlox, yarrow, catmints and veronica.

Get Out, Get Inspired!


Tyringham, MA


Stockbridge, MA


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Choose containers made of a non-porous material, such as fiberglass or plastic, rather than terra-cotta pots, because they won’t dry out as quickly. Large containers lose water more slowly than small ones, too. To further reduce watering, place containers in the shade (choose plants to suit) and out of the wind, and top the potting mix with any kind of mulch.


plant traveler •

March Madness Team Horticulture went from sea to shining sea covering garden shows in March by Patty Craft, Jenny Koester & Rebecca Sweet photgraphy by Jenny Koester & Woodside Images

Top right: Spring in bloom at the Philadelphia Flower Show. Above, top to bottom: Garden art on display in Philly. Patty Craft, Kathleen Norris Brenzel, and Rebecca Sweet. The Recycled Garden by Darjit, winner of the People’s Choice Award at the San Francisco Flower Show.

Flower shows, harbingers of spring, make us ever more eager to get outside and play in the dirt. We marked one show off our bucket list last month when we visited the Philadelphia Flower Show. Traveling to the City of Brotherly Love were Patty Craft, Jenny Koester and Jamie Markle (group publisher). We knew it would be over-the-top; Philadelphia’s is the largest indoor flower show in the world. We weren’t disappointed. With the theme being “Hawaii: Islands of Aloha,” there was a 25-foot-tall waterfall, waves and waves of orchids, volcanoes, beaches and island-inspired designs for the 250,000 attendees to enjoy. There were also displays for the more practical gardener, with ideas most could incorporate into their home gardens, including an abundance of terrariums, but the overall feel of the show was sensational bliss. The 2013 theme is “Brilliant!” and will feature a British Invasion of plant delights. Mark your calendar now for March 3, 2013. (See more here.) From Philly we flew west to the San Francisco Flower & Garden Show, where Patty Craft connected with regular Horticulture contributor Rebecca Sweet in Rebecca’s hometown. Photographing in the convention-center lighting posed a challenge, but you get a good feel here for what we saw. The show gardens featured native plants for greater sustainability and an abundance of container ideas, including sleek metal pots and recycled materials like graffiti-painted dumpsters. Patty’s favorite garden, which was awarded a Gold Award and the People’s Choice Award, was The Recycled Garden, designed by Darjit, a family-owned business based in New Zealand. The primary designer was Brent Sumner. The lifesize dragon daintily holding calla lilies in her hand was outrageously wonderful, and all the garden’s

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Flower shows, harbingers of spring, make us ever more eager to get outside and play in the dirt containers were constructed from recycled materials. Click the link at the lower right to see more photos of the amazing pieces in the garden. We closed out the month by heading south to the Ball Horticultural Company in Santa Paula, Calif. Rebecca Sweet hopped a plane south to visit Ball on Team Horticulture’s behalf. She visited with Anna Ball and toured the facilities where she saw so many exciting annuals, perennials and veggies that it was hard for us to decide which ones to feature here! We love the 3D series of African daisies (Osteospermum) Ball is debuting in 2012. These are the only double osteospermums on the market today, and not only that, but their flowers don’t close up on cloudy days or in the evenings! The series includes solid and two-tone varieties. They work well in containers or planted directly in the ground and bloom best in the cooler temperatures of spring and fall. Cut them back gently after the blooms fade in eraly summer to encourage autumn rebloom. Hardy to USDA Zone 9, these are best treated as an annual. * Top right: The entry to the Ball Horticultural facility in Santa Paula, Calif. Bottom right: ‘3D Purple’ African daisy, one in a line of impressive new osteos from Ball.






performance with the least amount of work than any other ornamental. So if you’re looking for that POP of color for your house that requires the least amount of time, then check out more than 120 different varieties at your one stop website for everything you need to know about peonies Maryville, MO 64468 660-562-3010

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Soluble Seaweed Plant Foods

We are honored to be part of this blossoming venture. CONGRATULATIONS TO GARDENERS ON THE GO!

Our customers tell us MAXSEA plant foods are the finest available anywhere. Discover the benefits for yourself at


community garden spotlight •

blue ash,

Ohio Horticulture’s parent company, F+W Media, will be growing a Giving Garden on this slab. Be sure to follow us on and Facebook to watch it grow!

Our Giving Garden We’re walking the talk with our raised-bed garden located at Horticulture’s photo studio by Patty Craft

As I said in my Editor’s Note, growing a thriving community of passionate gardeners is what I do. Often my work involves balancing budgets or collaborating with advertisers to bring their message and products to you. Sometimes I get to write or edit content for one of our publications (“get to” because at heart I am a writer). And occasionally you’ll find me interacting with you online via our social media outlets. But Horticulture’s Giving Garden is my dream-come-true project. We’ve gathered together like-minded local gardeners who will use their talents and time to grow food that will be donated to Cincinnati’s FreeStore Foodbank. It’s true that when you do what you love, you’ll never work a day in your life! As we prepare this issue, we only have the “before” photo to share with you. But over the coming weeks we’ll construct a raised bed on the left side of the concrete pad you see in the photo above. The idea

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to plant a community garden, one that all F+W employees can tend, grew out of our collaboration with Stacy Walters, registered kinesiotherapist and Master Gardener on The Healthy Gardener program of Garden How-To University. We’re recycling the raised bed that Stacy no longer has room for at her new home, and we’re going to grow ingredients that you’ll find in the nutritious recipes from The Healthy Gardener. The Healthy Gardener is an ongoing program that focuses on the physical, nutritional and wellbeing benefits of gardening. We owe a debt of gratitude to our growing partners for their generous support in the form of either products or services: CobraHead tools, DRAMM watering products, EarthBox containers, Peaceful Valley Farm & Garden Supply, Renee’s Garden Seeds and SeedBallz. Follow our progress on my blog at, and see how our garden grows. *

small spaces •

Recipes for Color The right combinations will make your garden sing by Fern Richardson Flowers and foliage can be found in every conceivable color, and the combination possibilities will push even active imaginations to their limit. In a small space, formulating a color plan can help your garden look purposefully put together instead of hodgepodge. If you feel a bit paralyzed by making color choices, go back to the basics and consult a color wheel. The easiest color scheme is a monochromatic one. Simply pick a favorite color and choose plants with flowers and leaves that are all shades of that color. A second method is to choose analogous colors, which are those that are right next to each other on the color wheel (for example, yellow and orange), which often lends a subtle and sophisticated feel. If you’re interested in a color scheme that really “pops,” pick complementary colors, such as blue and orange, which are opposite one another on the color wheel.

Additional color schemes could be made from primary, secondary and tertiary colors. If it’s been a while since your last color theory class, primary colors (red, blue and yellow) are the basis of all other colors. When you mix two primary colors, they make a secondary color (for example, blue and yellow make green). To make a tertiary color, mix a primary and secondary color.

Monochromatic • Nothing is classier than a row of white roses in large, Italian-style terra-cotta pots • Imagine the drama of black bachelor’s buttons, black calla lilies and black sweet potato vine • Go for year-round purple: hyacinths for early spring, irises for late spring and early summer, statice for late summer into fall and purple pansies to keep the theme going into winter

Near right: Use a color wheel to visualize enticing plant combinations. Far right: A monochromatic combo. Opposite page, clockwise from top: Analogous grouping; secondary color scheme; plants of complementary colors.

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Analogous • Try a cascade of red petunias intermixed with orange calibrachoas • Purple snapdragons skirted by blue lobelia could be interesting • Lime-green sweet potato vine looks awesome with the lemony flowers of nemesia

Complementary • A purple variety of coral bells sets off yellow-flowered marguerite daisies nicely • Orange zinnias make quite the pair with blue pimpernels • Green and red coleus creates a season-long display of pretty foliage

Primary, Secondary and Beyond! • Primary: try red celosia, yellow marigolds and blue lobelia •Secondary: purple and orange pansies with bright green creeping Jenny looks fabulous at Halloween

In a small space, formulating a color plan can help your garden look purposefully put together instead of hodge podge

â&#x20AC;˘T  ertiary: amber-colored coreopsis, false indigo and the violet-red tassles of love-lies-bleeding make a stunning combination * Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll get more smart gardening tips for small spaces in Small Space Container Gardens by Fern Richardson (2012, Timber Press). This article and the photos are excerpted with permission from the book. Thanks, Fern!

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garden travel tips•

Happy Trails Keep these pointers in mind when you’re touring public gardens near and far by Jenny Koester You could say I’m garden obsessed. To me, the next best thing to working in a garden is touring one. I always find new plants to try and interesting design solutions—as well as just a feeling of escape from the busy world. Here’s my best advice for fellow gardeners who, like me, plan vacations and day trips around public gardens.




Leave the beaten path. Many of my favorite gardens are secondary gardens, even city street plantings that I stumbled upon while heading to a major garden attraction. Guide books, tourism webShine a light. Whenever ’Tis the season? Just sites and the staff of your pritime allows, I try to visit about any garden you mary garden destination can a garden in the earlywish to visit will look turn you on to some lessermorning hours and later great year-round, but to known garden gems. in the afternoon. In most get the most out of your seasons, the temperagarden visit, call the gartures are more comfortden ahead of time and able then, and the light is ask when their peak seaGo it alone. Admit it: When better suited for photogson is. Many gardens foyou visit a new garden you raphy. At midday I enjoy cus on particular plants, want to spend all day looking lunch at a local restausuch as azaleas or roses, at each plant, photographing rant (usually a place recwhich have a specific the plants, maybe even takommended by the garbloom time. ing notes. This may be your den staff), check out the once-in-your-lifetime visit local bookstore or simply to a garden and you want take a short drive around to soak it all in. If your travel town. If admission fees companion does not share the same pasdo not allow for reentry, sion, fly solo for the day; you will not feel I find a quiet spot within rushed and your travel partner can spend the garden and settle in the time indulging in something he or she to read a book and review is equally excited about. the day’s photos. *


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gardeners on the go!

Come Explore Italian Gardens

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GardenOTG_McCorkleGCC_April.indd 1

Sun loving! Cold Hardy to Zone 4. Sturdy stems for use as cut flowers

3/15/2012 12:23:50 PM

Bring your camera or try your hand at a sketch-book record of your impressions as we visit the historic gardens and little-known hill towns of Umbria and Lazio. Hear the fascinating stories of the design and creators of these gardens, full of fantasy and wit. Our small group travels leisurely in our own air-conditioned bus and is based at a 16th century former monastery. Space is limited. For a brochure by mail or pdf contact

plant profiles •

Spring Picks These spring classics send winter woes packing ozark witch hazel (Hamamelis vernalis; Zones 4–8) blooms in earliest spring, with starry flowers that emit a strong fragrance. This six- to ten-foot rounded shrub has good fall foliage color. It’s an easy, claytolerant plant from the southern and central United States.

All photos this page courtesy of w w w. p r o v e n w i n n e r s . c o m

even the name daffodil sounds cheery. These easy bulbs, members of the genus Narcissus (USDA Zones 3–8), bloom yellow or white with a central cup to match or in orange, pink or red. Plant bulbs in fall and divide every five years after the leaves have died down.

An exquisite flowering quince, Chaenomeles speciosa ‘Orange Storm’ (Zones 5–9) stands apart from other quinces because it has no thorns, doesn’t set fruit and tops out at just four feet tall. Deer-resistant and drought-tolerant, it blooms heavily in early spring.

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The pom-poms of english daisy (Bellis perennis; Zones 4–8) cheer on the season. These cute-as-a-button perennials work well as edging or in containers, and they can make a nice alternative to the more commonly seen pansies. Shown: ‘Strawberries and Cream’. *

gardeners on the go!

kitchen gardening •

Rosemary Plant this versatile herb for perennial flavor by Meghan Shinn

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) lends bold flavor to all sorts of recipes, from roast chicken, fish and all kinds of meat to vegetable-based side dishes. This perennial herb will survive outdoors in winter where temperatures don’t fall below 30˚F. Elsewhere, it can be grown in pots and brought indoors for winter. Rosemary is very easy to grow, and it looks pretty, too, with its small shrublike form, needlelike leaves and purple or white spring flowers. Rosemary prefers full sun and sharp drainage. Don’t loosen the root ball too much at planting time, because rosemary doesn’t like having its roots disturbed. In cold climates grow it in a large pot that you can move indoors in winter, rather than digging it up from the ground. Water rosemary only when the soil dries out. In winter, where the plant stays outside, you may need to stake it to keep it upright, especially if it is subject to winter winds. If you are moving it indoors for winter, shift it from full sun to part shade for several weeks first. Keep it in a cool room and water sparingly. *

Al Parrish

recipe by Stacy Walters

Oven-Roasted Rosemary Potatoes I n gredie n t s

1 ½ pounds small red or white potatoes with skins 1 large onion 3 tablespoons cold butter cut into pieces ¾ teaspoon sea salt ½ teaspoon freshly ground black pepper 3 cloves minced garlic 2 tablespoons minced fresh rosemary leaves

Shopping List • 1½ lbs. small potatoes • onion

D irec t i o n s

Preheat the oven to 400˚F.

• butter

Cut the potatoes in half or quarters and spread out into one layer in a shallow baking dish. Add the remaining ingredients and toss together. Roast in the oven for at least one hour, or until browned and crisp. Flip twice with a spatula during cooking to ensure even browning. Remove the potatoes from the oven, season to taste, and serve.

• sea salt • 1 bulb garlic • Fresh rosemary

TIP: Using herbs to season meals as

they cook can be a great way to avoid adding fats, salt and heavy dressings.

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the emporium • San Diego Botanic Garden

An Urban Oasis 4 miles of trails on 37 acres, and the West Coast’s largest interactive Children’s Garden

230 Quail Gardens Drive Encinitas, CA



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Large Cupped Narcissus Sentinel (#8462)

Select from over 750 varieties of the finest Dutch flower bulbs and herbaceous peonies for your family’s garden at the best prices. Visit for our 88-page Beauty from Bulbs color catalog and website specials. For larger quantities, visit our wholesale sister comany Van Engelen at

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Serving America’s finest gardens since 1908.

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next issue The summer issue of Gardeners On the Go! publishes in late June, 2012. Stay connected with Horticultureâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lively gardening communities until then through our Facebook, Pinterest and Twitter pages, listed below. Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll find Garden Giveaways and lots of opportunities to grow smarter every day! HorticultureMagazine

Al Parrish

Gardeners On the Go! Spring 2012  

Horticulture understands what you want because we, too, are busy gardeners who want easy-to-digest ideas and inspiration to complement our m...

Gardeners On the Go! Spring 2012  

Horticulture understands what you want because we, too, are busy gardeners who want easy-to-digest ideas and inspiration to complement our m...