__MAIN_TEXT__

Page 1

events - trails - tips - advice news - inspiration - products real estate & more

The Original Horse N Ranch TM Volume 6 Issue 10 2020

Free Take One

Everything Horse Related

Santa Claus

is Coming from... Horse Trailer ler LQ Horse Trai Stock Trailer Cargo Trailer Utility Trailer Toy Hauler

SelectTrailer.com

See Back Cover


BENEFITS:

VERY HIGH ACCEPTABILITY • HIGH-FAT DIGESTIBILITY HIGH-BIOLOGIC VALUE PROTEIN • BETTER PROTEIN DIGESTION AND MORE! #SHOPCOOP 2

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM


A Cowboy’s Christmas Prayer I ain’t much good at prayin’, and you may not know me, LordI ain’t much seen in churches where they preach Thy Holy Word, But you may have observed me out here on the lonely plains, A-looking after cattle, feelin thankful when it rains, Admirin’ Thy great handiwork, the miracle of grass, Aware of thy kind spirit in the way it comes to pass That hired men on horseback and the livestock that we tend Can look up at the stars at night and know we’ve got a Friend. So here’s ol’ Christmas comin’ on, remindin’ us again Of Him whose coming brought good will into the hearts of men A cowboy ain’t no preacher, Lord, but if you’ll hear my prayer, I’ll ask as good as we have got for all men everywhere.

Don’t let no hearts be bitter, Lord; don’t let no child be cold. Make easy beds for them that’s sick, and them that’s weak and old. Let kindness bless the trail we ride, no matter what we’re after, And sorta keep us on Your side, in tears as well as laughter. I’ve seen old cows a-starvin’, and it ain’t no happy sight; Please don’t leave no one hungry, Lord, on Thy good Christmas Night, No man, no child, no woman, and no critter on four feetI’ll aim to do my best to help You find ‘em chuck to eat. I’m just a sinful cowpoke, Lord -ain’t got no business prayin’ But still I hope You’ll ketch a word or two what I am sayin’ We speak of Merry Christmas, Lord - I reckon You’ll agree There ain’t no Merry Christmas for nobody that ain’t free. So one thing more I’ll ask You, Lord, just help us what you can, To save some seed for freedom for the future sons of man!

We thank all who have made our progress possible and look forward to continuing our association in the new year. Wishing you the timeless treasures of Christmas... The warmth of home, the love of family and the company of good friends. Have a Blessed and Meaningful Christmas, And a Happy Prosperous New Year!


FREE CLASSIFIEDS

114-Acre Horse Farm In The Heart Of Coweta County Ga. Main house 5,000 sq ft with pool, second house 1500 sq ft. w/12-stall horse barn w/shavings bin, wash & tack room; pole barn. Quiet country living! $1.9 million. Call agent 770-354-8542. Video tour https://vimeo.com/202860904. Sheila Rambeck 770-354-8542; REALTOR®, Berkshire Hathaway HomeServices Georgia Properties, 300 Clover Reach, Peachtree City, Georgia 30269, 770-487-8300 (Office)

SAMS FENCE PAINTING FREE ESTIMATES 678-776-7770 Kevin

15 yrs old. 16 hands, TW. no papers. very smooth, broke to do field trials, but we only trail ride, loads ties UTD teeth feet COGGINS shots. stands for mounting. (386) 559-1230 Lynn

AQHA #5155916 Broodmare. 12 yr, excellent conformation & disposition. Grgranddaughter Mr Gunsmoke / Great Pine. Gr-gr-granddaughter Easy Jet / Cutter Bill. $2500. (865) 406-1684 Vicky

HORSE DRAWN STEEL RIM WAGON,

kept under cover $800 OBO 423.295.4003

FREE Classified Ads Must be • Under 20 Words • Non-Commercial Limit 3 Classified Ads • Emailed to info@horsenranchmag.com. 20-40 words: $5.00 Each additional 10 words: $2.00 Photo Classified $15.00. Ads received before the 15th of the month, will be published in the next month’s issue. Horse & Ranch staff are not liable for misprints, spelling errors, typographical errors, etc. We reserve the right to edit any material we receive for the publication.

events - trails - tips - advice news - inspiration - products real estate & more

F E AT U R E S

The Original Horse N Ranch TM Volume 6 Issue 10 2020

Everything Horse Related

Select Trailer ........................ Cover & Back Cover When Is Rebellion A Good Thing? Crystal Lyons.......................................................... 6 Cowboy Favorites For A Cold Fall Day!.............................................. 7 Prepare Your Horse Farm For Winter......................................................10-11 DIY Horse Treats, Cowboy Treats............. 14, 17 Horse Halters - Robert Eversole................. 16-17 Western Dressage: Understanding Test Scores - Lynn Palm..............................18-19 Calendar Of Events.......................................20-21

Owned by HorseNRanch Magazine 4 Horses Publications PO Box 62, Ocoee TN 37361 horsenfarm@yahoo.com · info@horsenranchmag.com Lisa Fetzner, Publisher 423.933.4968 Dennis Fetzner, Publisher & Sales Rep. 423.472.0095 Alison Hixson, Graphic Design 423.316.6788 Horse N Ranch is distributed to businesses, horse shows, trail rides, Expos, auctions, and all advertisers. We reserve the right to edit any material we receive for publication. Horse N Ranch Magazine and staff will not be responsible for any claims or guarantees made by advertisers. The articles printed do not necessarily reflect the opinions of 4 Horses Publications, LLC. All ads created by 4 Horses LLC, are the sole property of Horse N Ranch Magazine. If ad is to be reproduced in another publication, there will be a fee assessed. Please call office for more information 423-933-4968. 4 Horses LLC, dba Horse N Ranch Magazine hereby limits all liability from any and all misprints. No warranties are expressed by Horse N Ranch Magazine, Publishers, Reps or Employees; and are not solely responsible for typographical errors. Horse N Ranch Magazine stresses the importance of correctness and therefore proofreads all ads as accurately as humanly possible.

www.HorseNRanchmag.com for advertising call 423.933.4968, Lisa Fetzner 4

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM


Thought about Forages? We offer on farm Forage planning based on your goals, including soil sampling! Great time to plant perennials, legumes & mixtures for the fall!!

The Original Dr. Cook® Bitless Bridle

Us Patent No. 6591589

Western & English Styles

423.255.1089 smokymtncattle.com -THINK FALL PERENNIALS & ANNUALS COMING UP!! FALL MIXES Ray’s Crazy Mix– Forage Oats, Triticale, Ryegrass, Clover, Winter Peas, Vetch, Radish & T-Raptor Oats Plus– Forage Oats & Ryegrass FALL & SPRING GRAZING!!! COOL SEASON PERENNIALS Cajun II– Early, High Yielding & Durable Endophyte Free Fescue Martin II Protek– Early Maturity Novel Endophyte Tall Fescue Endurance Orchardgrass– UGA Bred High Production & Drought Tolerance

Prices Start at $69.95 • In stock for FREE same day shipping !!!!CALL FOR FAST DIRECT SHIPPING!!!!

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

HorseNRanchMag.com

To Order: www.bitlessbridle.com

or Call 877.942.4277

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM

5


WHEN IS REBELLION A GOOD THING? by Crystal Lyons

T

he other day I was privileged to do the church service at an association’s barrel racing finals, held in a large city on huge grounds. The signs were everywhere… no dogs allowed… no guns… no smoking, and then of course the newest added regulation… mandatory masks. I walked in the door and it felt as if a breath of fresh air engulfed me. Literally NO ONE had a mask on! I LOVED it. I was amongst “home folk” who haven’t bought into the scare tactics being perpetrated through every news organization available. Proof that America still possesses people who can think for themselves, and aren’t so easily made to conform to something that has ZERO scientific backing, and is obviously being used as a political tactic. Am I a rebel? Well, if I am, I’m definitely not alone, thank God! Laws must exist to protect society, but just because it’s a law doesn’t make it RIGHT. For instance, is it right to murder babies simply because the law says it’s legal to get an abortion? We shouldn’t allow laws to regulate how we think, as well as become the determining factor of what’s right or wrong. Right now California is working to pass a law that says an adult having sex with a 14 year old is NOT pedophilia. Are we supposed to consider that law as right and just and not oppose it to protect children? I sure hope not! If opposing these man-made laws is considered rebellion, then I pray that God raises up more rebels! Rebellion in its purest sense is not a good thing, because it usually means opposing what’s right and just. But think about this: if brave, freedom lovers wouldn’t have rebelled against English tyranny, these United States of America would never have been formed. Literally ALL the signatures on the Declaration of Independence were considered treasonous rebels by England, and would have been hung as such had they lost the Revolutionary War! It’s amazing to me that only 3% of all the citizens of the 13 colonies were FOR standing up against tyranny that dictated what they could and couldn’t do, and how they could or couldn’t live. Only 3% were willing to fight and they won!! Amazing! It just goes to prove that God gets involved with people of courage who will stand up for what’s right, in spite of what that stand may cost them. So, am I making too big of a deal over mandatory masks? You are powerful to think differently but personally, I don’t think so. Why? Because science has stated that masks don’t work. Even Dr. Fauci has stated as much and he’s one of the ones pushing masks! But my main reason is… it has the smell of compliance to government control over individual freedom. That’s my main

hatred of it. My latest hero is the beautiful Governor of South Dakota; who never locked her state down, didn’t regulate mandatory masks and didn’t shut down events or businesses, but simply called for common sense. The left screamed over this but statistics are out, and South Dakota has some of the lowest rates of sickness per capita of any other state in the union, even AFTER the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally. Kristi Noam, you’re a BOSS! Thank you ma’am for standing for individual freedom in the face of great national pressure to comply! I have a friend who walked into a store and was told he didn’t have a mask on. His reply was typical of his personality, he simply said, “I don’t have any underwear on either, what are you going to do about it?” No one stopped him. Kristi Noam and my friend are both 3%ers.

For Formore moreinformation informationon onCrystal Crystalor ortotobe beput puton onour ourmailing mailinglist listyou youcan cango gototoour ourwebsite website www.crystallyons.com or e-mail us at: crystalnstrider@gmail.com www.crystallyons.com or e-mail us at: crystallyonsministery@gmail.com 6

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM


COWBOY CRISPY CHIPOTLE FAJITAS

This sweet and smoky dish has a little crunch and a whole lot of bite!

BURNIN’ DAYLIGHT OATMEAL

“Sun’s up! Strike a trot! We’re burnin’ daylight!” That’s the traditional call of the foreman to his ranch hands before they head out onto the range to gather cattle. Whether calving, branding, or just out for an a.m. ride, there’s nothing like a warm breakfast to fuel you up for an early morning. On a cold morning, this oatmeal hits the spot. 1 cup old-fashioned oats 1 3/4 cups watere or milk Pinch of salt 1/2 cup cut-up apples or pears 1/4 cup chopped walnuts or pecans 1/8 cup toasted sunflower seeds 2 Tbsp toasted coconut flakes 2 tbsp each golden raisins, cut up dried figsd, apricots and dates 1 c warmed milk Brown sugar or maple syrup to taste Make the old-fashioned oats as directed on the package for the amount you want. This recipe calls for 1 cup of oats added to boiling salted water. Cook on medium-low for 5 minutes. Put a lid on the cooked oatmeal and let it rest for about 5 minutes. Divide the cooked oats between two or three bowls. Sprinkle with the apples or pears (or a mixture of both), walnuts or pecans, sunflower seeds, coconut flakes, and dried fruit. Pour some warmed milk into each bowl, and top with either brown sugar or maple syrup to taste. Note: You can put everything into your slow cooker that has been sprayed with nonstick spray. Put the lid on, set the temperature to low, and cook for about 7 hours. VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

1 stick butter, melted 1 lb. lean sirloin 1 to 2 Tbsp. olive oil 1 medium yellow onion, sliced salt and black pepper 1⁄2 to 1⁄3 cup chopped chipotle peppers in adobo sauce 1⁄3 cup plum or raspberry jam 1⁄2 cup (4 oz.) cream cheese, softened 8 to 10 (6-inch) flour tortillas Preheat the oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit. Pour in enough butter to just coat an 8x11-inch baking pan. Cut the beef into thin fajita strips. Warm the olive oil in a 12-inch skillet over medium heat. Add the beef and onion. Season with salt and pepper to taste and cook, stirring occasionally, for about 10 minutes, or until the meat browns and the onions are tender. Drain the grease. Stir in the chipotle peppers and adobo sauce, jam, and cream cheese. Feel free to add more of the adobo sauce for more heat. Cook over medium-low heat until warmed through, 8 to 10 minutes. It’s okay if the cheese is not completely melted in. Spread about 2 Tbsp. of the meat mixture on each tortilla. Tightly roll the tortillas up and place crease-side down in the casserole dish. Pour half of the remaining butter over the top. Bake for 15 minutes, then pour the remaining butter over the top of the tortillas. Continue baking for 10 to 15 minutes more, or until the tortillas are slightly browned on the top and crisp. Place on a wire rack and let cool just slightly before serving.

HorseNRanchMag.com

FAVORITES for a cold Fall day!

GEORGE STRAIT'S KING RANCH CHICKEN RECIPE

If it's good enough for the King of Country... 4 boneless skinless chicken breasts 1 (11-ounce) package corn tortillas, each tortilla cut into 6 pieces 1 onion, chopped 1 (10-ounce) can cream of chicken soup 1 (10-ounce) can cream of mushroom soup 3/4 cup chicken broth 1 (10-ounce) can tomatoes with green chiles 8 ounces shredded Cheddar cheese Arrange the chicken in a greased 9x13-inch baking dish. Top with tortilla pieces and sprinkle with the onion. Combine the cream of chicken soup, cream of mushroom soup, chicken broth, and tomatoes with green chiles in a bowl and mix well. Spread evenly over the onion and sprinkle with the cheese. Bake at 350 degrees for one hour or until bubbly.

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM

7


Wayne Qualls Sales, Inc. WayneQuallsTrailerSales.com

Located off Interstate 24 Exit 97 Beech Grove (615) 828-3844

3 Horse Slant 7’ tall, 6’3” wide, new tires, $2950 OBO

20’ Gooseneck Brand Livestock $4950

Prices Subject To Change Without Notice Financing Available Trade Most Anything Cash For Used Trailers

Hay Trailer $1850 $1450

New TARP SHOP 11 yo TWH Gentle Gelding $4650

Maroon 16’ G.N. Livestock Trailer H.D. Axles $2950 Now $2550

20’ Gooseneck Livestock $4950

Tarp Coverings Livestock Trailer Tops, Boats, etc. Amish owned Great Low Prices! Peter Byler 234 T.J. and L. Lane Morrison TN 37357

16 ft livestock brush fenders $1650 $1250

12 yo Gaited Gentle Gelding $4250

16’ Bumper Livestock $3950

24’ Gooseneck Livestock $5950

Check out our

16 ft. Donahue Livestock $4650

8

14’ Bumper Stock $2950

14’ Livestock new tires, brakes, top, lights, $3950

16’ Aluminum Featherlite 7’ tall, matts, plexiglass, excellent condition, $9995

7.5’ Tall Aluminum 2 horse $6950

255 Massey Ferguson Tractor with Perkins diesel engine $6000 $4850/OBO

Reduced Prices & GREAT DEALS!

2 Horse 7’ Tall $3550

2 horse slant, walk in tack, 7’ tall, $4550

Ford 4600 Diesel $8950 OBO

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

20’ Goose Livestock trailer $4950

HorseNRanchMag.com

2 horse 7 tall $2250

2 horse weekend package, A/C, new tires, $3500

3 Slant Rear Tack/Dresser $3550

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM


ALUMINUM FENCING Long Lasting Beauty And Security For Your Property ELITE ORNAMENTAL ALUMINUM AND PLANTATION ALUMINUM CUSTOM WOOD FENCE VINYL PRIVACY FENCE VINYL CHAINLINK FENCE

Action Fence of Chattanooga, Inc.

A 423.842.8700 F A-ActionFence.com 37 Years Plus! Experience You Can Trust 6720 Hixson Pike • Hixson, TN 37343 Please go to our website

Making Homeownership Simple and Enjoyable We make your dreams of becoming a homeowner a reality by offering a variety of mortgage products at competitive rates.

Logan Fetzner 865.386.1627 Lfetzner@iservelending.com

Office 888.849.5626 308 N Peters Rd., Suite 160 Knoxville TN 37923

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

NMLS #2914

www.iserveknoxville.com

HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM

9


Prepare Your Horse Farm for Winter

The winter season is difficult for most horse owners. A little preparation on your horse ranch can go a long way toward making it easier to face the coming winter challenges. And early fall is a great time to get a jump on these horse ranch preparations-before driveways get slick and horse pastures turn to mud. Here are some things you can do around your horse property now to ready it for whatever winter can dish out. 1. Bring in footing material for paddocks, confinement areas, and other high-traffic regions. Laying down some kind of footing material, usually sand, crushed rock, or some type of wood product, will help eliminate mud and cut down on erosion. This spells easier chores for you, and a safer, healthier surface for your horses to spend the winter on. You can use footing in sacrifice areas, paddocks, walkways, in front of gates, and in other high-traffic areas. Check around your area to see what materials are most commonly used and available for footing-and don’t wait too long. It is much easier for delivery trucks to back into paddocks and drive through pastures in the dry fall than it will be once those areas have become slick and muddy. Footing materials 10

may also become hard to find later in the winter when the demand is high. Getting footing now will help you prevent a mud mess later on. 2. Check gutters and downspouts. Now is the time to think of repairs or additions to be made to your roof run-off system. Keep rainwater clean by diverting the water away from your paddocks to areas where it won’t get contaminated. Good places to divert the rainwater include a grassy ditch, a dry well, a rain barrel, stock watering tanks, well-vegetated woods, or an unused portion of your pasture. Doing this will greatly benefit you by reducing the amount of mud your horse spends his winter standing in and by making daily chores easier. Also in the fall, clean leaf debris out of gutters and downspouts so they flow correctlydon’t wait until the first deluge when everything is overflowing. 3. Bring your horses in off your pastures. If you’re lucky enough to have pasture, fall is the time to baby it. Pastures grazed too closely in the autumn are subject to winter damage and slow growth in the spring. For winter protection, it’s best if you allow the grass plants to produce a good amount of leaf, at least 4 inches. During the winter months, pasture plants

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

are dormant and unable to regrow, so pastures can’t survive continuous grazing. Also, soils are saturated and easily compacted during soggy winters. The best option for managing your horses during winter is to create a winter paddock or sacrifice area. Confine your horses to this area during the winter as well as in the summer when pastures become overgrazed. 4. Tarp your manure piles. This will help keep the nutrients you are trying to save in the compost and prevent them from being washed out into the surface waters, where they can cause a potential problem and contribute to more mud and yuck. Be sure to store manure as far away as possible from streams, ditches, and wetlands to avoid potential environmental problems, as well as away from fence lines to be a good neighbor. And while we’re on the topic, if you don’t already pick up manure on a regular basis, now is the time to start doing so. A horse creates 50 pounds of manure per day. When mixed with rain and melting snow over the winter months, this quickly turns into 50 pounds of mud per day. Picking up manure on a regular basis will greatly decrease the amount of mud that you and your horse have to deal with over

HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM


the winter months. Manure should be picked up at least every three days in stalls, paddocks, confinement areas, and high traffic areas. 5. Spread compost. Fall is a great time to spread compost. Compost is a rich soil enhancement that adds microand macronutrients and replenishes natural microbial life. All of this will greatly improve the health of the soil and plants. Spread compost in pastures during the growing season, no more than a half-inch layer at a time or a total of 3 to 4 inches per season in the same pasture. 6. Consider your emergency and winter storm preparedness. Do you have a flashlight for the house and barn hanging in easy access locations? Are extra batteries on hand? How about fuel for generators, cook stoves, or lanterns? Battery-powered headlamps that free up your hands are helpful if the electricity goes out. These can be purchased at camping stores or through catalogs. A battery-powered radio and a weather radio are very useful during storms and power outages. And speaking of power outages, invest in a cell phone charger for your car so that you always have a way to recharge your cell phone. Finally, standard emergency preparedness starts with 911 information next to the phone. Include your name, address, and contact information, as well as veterinarian contact information, backup vets, and numbers for reporting power outages. 7. Review your lighting needs. Inadequate lighting is probably the most limiting factor in caring for and enjoying our horses in the winter. A good lighting system goes a long way toward getting chores done and making our horse lives more pleasant. Adequate outdoor lighting is wonderful for an arena or riding area, but it is critical for daily manure removal in paddocks. Are your stalls bright enough for grooming or doctoring a horse during those dark fall and winter evenings? When you’re feeding at night, will you have enough light to see if the hay you’re feeding is green and not VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

moldy? Have you been meaning to put in lighting along a walkway or drive? Get an electrician in now and get that work done instead of waiting until temperatures are freezing and you’re trying to feed by flashlight. 8. Buy your winter supply of hay. If you haven’t already, purchase your winter’s supply of hay now. It could mean cost-savings for you, since many third and fourth cuttings happen in the fall if Mother Nature has been kind with the weather. As the winter wears on, hay prices generally rise. You’ll also ensure that you have a secure supply of feed when it gets scarce in midwinter and others are hunting around for a good hay source. When shopping for hay, choose green, leafy, fresh-smelling hay that’s free of mold, weeds, dust, foreign objects, and discoloration. Recent nutritional guidelines suggest that a horse should receive 2% of his body weight in hay (or forage) per day. For the “average” 1,000-pound horse with moderate exercise, that will be about 20 pounds of hay per day, or approximately 600 pounds of hay per month. If you buy hay by the bale, be sure you know what the bales weigh and compute your needs. One ton (2,000 pounds) of hay will last about three to four months per average-size horse. For hay storage, you need a clean, dry, convenient area. Hay needs to be kept out of the sun and weather and away from dampness. Store it off the ground or cement (which wick moisture) on wood flooring or pallets. A spacing of 4 to 6 inches between stacks will help with ventilation and with reducing rodent habitat. If you don’t have room to store a large volume of hay, perhaps a horsey neighbor might. Two (or more) of you could go in on the purchase of the hay and reduce the cost for all. 9. Set up a water supply that won’t freeze or get icy cold. A horse drinks 8 to 12 gallons of water per day. Research shows horses prefer water temperatures of about 45 to 65 degrees and tend to drink less when water is very cold. It is important to realize that

HorseNRanchMag.com

a horse cannot get enough moisture by eating snow. A decrease in water consumption can lead to colic, so make sure your horses are drinking an adequate amount. On very cold days, either break or remove ice in the morning and again in the evening. Also consider getting a stock tank heater or heated stall buckets. Plan ahead and have this equipment on hand before the snow flies. Again, when the temperature drops to sub-zero readings, tank heaters and thermal buckets sell out fast. Another reminder: Older horses or those with dental problems may not be able to drink very cold water and may require additional warming of their water. In these cases, you can warm stall buckets with some hot water from an electric teakettle. Consider insulating outside pipes and faucets with heat tape or insulation materials. Frost-free hydrants can also be installed-check your favorite hardware store for recommendations. 10. Consider your own clothing needs. Nothing is worse than taking care of your horse in the freezing cold when you are wet from head to toe and chilled to the bone. Inventory your clothing for riding, daily chores, and farm work. Do you need a good, waterproof jacket? Mud boots? Insulated riding boots? Insulated, waterproof gloves? A warm coat? You may want to invest in some of the hightech cold or wet weather gear featured at outdoor clothing stores. Think about layering, which will add insulation as well as flexibility to avoid overheating, perhaps a vest with a barn coat and a waterproof shell, along with proper gloves, a hat or other covering to keep head and ears warm. You’ll also want a well-insulated pair of outdoor boots. It is a good feeling to be as prepared as possible, even though there is undoubtedly some winter adventure still lurking around the corner. Getting these top 10 “to-dos” accomplished will give you time to relax in the cold days ahead and put you in a good position for next spring, too!

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM

Equisearch.com 11


CHEROKEE FEED & SEED BALL GROUND, GA 2370 Hightower Road (Hwy. 369) Ball Ground, GA 30107 770-887-0440 info@cherokeefeedandseed.com

CHEROKEE FEED & SEED GAINESVILLE, GA 869 Grove Street Gainesville, GA 30501 770-532-6291 info@cherokeefeedandseed.com

Make it a Merry Christmas for Everyone!

GIFTS for the ANIMAL LOVER, and the ANIMAL.... Horse feed, halters, leads, pet food, seeds & plants, livestock & wildlife feed, farm supplies, hunting gear and MUCH MORE! Without our customers our success would not be possible. We are truly grateful for your support and consider ourselves very blessed and lucky. Wishing you a Joyful Holiday Season! Merry Christmas!

www.cherokeefeedandseed.com

check Website & Facebook for MONTHLY SPECIALS!

12

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM


Le Mas

The moment you drive through the gated entrance you know you’re in a special place. This 50 acre estate combines the look and lifestyle of an upscale Colorado lodge home with the facilities of a horse farm you might see in La Provence, France. Appropriately named Le Mas, this equestrian property includes a custom designed Timber Frame/log home with 4 bedrooms and 3.5 baths, a large 2 story great room with beamed ceiling and floor to ceiling stone fireplace, a gourmet kitchen with top of the line appliances, a screened outside living area with fireplace, and much more. The grounds include an enclosed heated pool; 5 separate pastures all with auto waterers and loafing sheds; an equipment barn; a barn with 2 stalls, tack room, wash rack, half bath and laundry; a large dressage type arena with all weather footing; and a riding trail around the inside perimeter of the property. All this in a private setting. Le Mas has everything for the discerning equestrian enthusiast.

8244 Kelly Bridge Road • Dawsonville, GA 30534 $2,200,000 • www.lemasga.com Rich Vigue 770.289.7272

Specializing in Horse Farms JRV Realty of North Georgia • www.RichVigue.com • 770.289.7272 1150 Old Talking Rock Highway • Talking Rock, GA 30175


HORSE COOKIE APPLE TREATS 1/4 cup Molasses 4 Apples ; chopped 1 cup Carrots ; chopped 2 tablespoons Corn oil 1 cup Flour 1 cup Rolled oats 1/2 cup Bran Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Lightly grease a large cookie sheet. Mix the apples, carrots, oil, and molasses together. Mix in the oats and flour. Shape by hand or roll and cut the dough into cookies. Cook for about 20 minutes.

EASY NO BAKE COOKIES

NO-BAKE PEPPERMINT THUMBPRINT COOKIES

½ cup peanut butter or sun butter (for peanut allergies) ¾ cup powdered sugar ¾ cup milk 1 cup quick or old fashioned uncooked oats ¾ cup unsweetened puffed wheat or granola ¼ apple chips crunched into small pieces

1 cup rolled oats ¼ cup water 1 to 2 tbsp. molasses 5 peppermints Mix the oats and water until the oats are damp. Add molasses by the tablespoon until the mixture is sticky. Roll into balls and press peppermint in the middle of each cookie. Put in refrigerator (uncovered) to harden.

Cowboy Treats

DIY Horse Treats

Measure out ingredients into a large bowl. Combine peanut butter, sugar and milk, mixing well. Stir in oats and remaining ingredients. Drop rounded teaspoonfuls onto wax paper. Let stand until firm.

Ranch Club Crescent Roll Tree 2 cans of refrigerated Pillsbury crescent rolls Half pound of deli turkey chopped I cup shredded cheese 4 tablespoons ranch 8 slices microwave bacon chopped 4-6 scallions chopped Heat oven to 350°F Mix the chopped turkey, shredded cheese bacon and chopped scallions together in a bowl. Unroll dough; separate into 2 long rectangles. Press each into rectangle, firmly pressing perforations to seal. Place a small amount of the mixture on each rectangle covering the whole surface except for the edges, you want to leave a seam to help with sealing the rolls up. Roll up each rectangle into a log, sealing them at the seam. Slice the log and place the slices in a Christmas tree pattern on a lightly greased cookie sheet. Bake 12 to 17 minutes or

until edges are golden brown. Let cool slightly and carefully transfer to a serving platter. ( if it breaks apart you can put it back together like a puzzle and no one will know lol.) Serve with ranch or honey mustard for dipping. 14

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM


Apparel Gifts for the Animal Lover Livestock Feed & Hay Tack • Supplies

Seasons Greetings from our family to yours!

Wishing you

a Happy & Prosperous New Year!

December 19 10 to 4 REFRESHMENTS & SALES

throughout Store

Santa Pictures

4070 Macedonia Road | Powder Springs, GA 30127 |

770.943.5493

“I can do ALL things through Christ who strengthens me” Phil 4:13


HORSE HALTERS If you’ve got a horse, or a mule, you have a halter. It may be plain, fancy, or have special uses, but you’ve got one or several of these pieces of tack laying around. Let’s take a peek at some of the different types of halters you find around the barn and spend a little time talking about how and when they’ll be used. All halters perform the same basic functions. They provide a tool for controlling horses’ movements during handling. But all halters aren’t equal. Not every halter is going to suit your needs any more than every halter is going to fit your horse’s head perfectly. The Big Three: I lump my halter collection into 3 piles. Flat, Round, and Special Purpose. Let’s check them out. FLAT As the name implies flat halters are flat. Generally made of strips of flat nylon webbing or leather, connected with metal rings and buckles. Flat Halter Materials Nylon - Available in a variety of colors and patterns, these halters stand up to the weather and resist abrasion. Nylon halters are very strong and they’re easy to wash, and care for. With its wide webbing a simple nylon halter is my go to tool for trailering. Leather - Leather halters look terrific! They offer plenty of strength and durability as long as they’re well taken care of. Well taken care of is of course the point here. Despite the classic look, feel, and smell of leather I’d rather be riding than cleaning and oiling leather. Fitting a Flat Halter Flat halters come in a variety of sizes such as Cob, Full, and more. Sizing your halter correctly is important not only for appearance, but also functionality, ensuring it stays in place properly and is comfortable. To fit your flat halter properly, be sure to use the adjustment points on the crownpiece and noseband. The crownpiece should fit comfortably behind your horse’s ears without pinching. The noseband should sit about halfway between your horse’s nostrils and eyes, with about two to three fingers width between the leather and your horse’s nose. The throatlatch should allow for three to four fingers width so your horse can breathe and swallow properly, but won’t get a hoof caught. Finally, be sure that the hardware is not too tight. Properly fitted flat halters evenly distribute pressure and are ideal for trailering. 16

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

ROUND Round, or rope, halters are my favorite type of halters for around the barn and on the trail. Rope halters are created from a single piece of rope and forego hardware attachments that are prone to failure, found in flat halters. Because rope halters don’t involve any hardware, they are much stronger than flat styles and offer an unfettered connection between handler and horse, allowing for the development of subtle cues. I use rope halters when practicing groundwork at home, under a bridle when trail riding, and when camping with a highline. How They Work Rope halters are thinner than leather or nylon halters so the pressure is more focused versus being distributed across a wider area. As a result, a rope halter can apply a bit of pressure when you want to reinforce a cue.

Tying a Rope Halter Rope halters may not be as instinctual to put on as a flat, but with a little practice the process will become second nature. At its heart a correctly tied rope halter is secured with a sheet bend knot that points back towards the rump. How to Properly Tie a Rope Halter in 4 Easy Steps: 1. Stand on the near side (left side) of your horse. Reach over the neck and grab the poll strap with your right hand. 2. Slide the noseband over the horse’s nose and the throat knot upwards below the jaw. 3. Take the end of the poll strap pointing towards you and run it through the tie loop. 4. Run the end of the poll strap behind the loop and then HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM


tuck through the space between the loop and the strap. For the more technically inclined what you just did was create a sheet bend knot! Make sure that the pointy end is pointing towards your animal’s butt and away from his eye! HERE’S A VIDEO ON HOW TO PROPERLY TIE A ROPE HALTER www.trailmeister.com/the-rope-halter-are-you-tying-it-right/ SPECIAL PURPOSE HALTERS There are many types of special purpose halters available from grooming to shipping. The two most common special purpose halters that I see are leading / packing halters and breakaway halters. Leading / Packing – Also known as side pull halters these tools help keep an animal that you’re ponying from pulling back on you while going down the trail. The halter tightens as they pull back and the animal quickly learns that the easiest way down the trail is without pulling. These can be found with chain or leather pulls. I like my “come along nicely” halters to have a wide leather nose piece so they’re a bit more comfortable. Breakaway Halters – These flat style halters typically have a breakable crown piece that act like a fuse in the case something exciting happens. My preference is I don’t want my equipment to break. If a horse tied with a breakaway halter gets free a time or two, he has been trained to walk away whenever he wants. That could be a very bad thing. For me the risks from running free outweigh those of staying put. Lost horses in the wilderness rarely come to good ends and even in a front country camp a free roaming equine can cause injury to others. For those reasons I choose to avoid breakaways, you’ll have to decide what works best for you. Of course I spend a significant amount of time with my animals and they have earn the privilege of being tied. Until I can reliably saddle and unsaddle without the aid of tying, my animal’s aren’t ready for the trail or the opportunity to rest and relax while parked to a trailer, tree, or highline. I also hear from people who say they keep halters on their animal’s so they can catch them. To that I say that both human and beast need more training. Teach your critters to come when called. As always for practical information on trail riding and camping with horses, as well as the largest guide to trails and camps visit us at www.TrailMeister.com

Robert Eversole; Trail Meister Owner and Chief Trail Boss. 513-374-9021; robert@trailmeister.com; www.TrailMeister.com

Loaded Christmas Cowboy Cookies Oatmeal cookies with white chocolate chips, dark chocolate chips, red and green chocolate chips, dried cranberries, coconut, and pecans.

1 cup flaked coconut 3/4 cup chopped pecans 1 cup butter softened 1 1/2 cups packed brown sugar 1/2 cup sugar 2 eggs 1 1/2 teaspoons vanilla extract 2 cups Bob’s Red Mill Organic Unbleached All Purpose White Flour. 1 teaspoon baking soda 1/2 teaspoon salt 2 cups old-fashioned oats 1/4 cup dark chocolate chips 1/4 cup holiday red and green chocolate chips 1/4 cup white chocolate chips 1/4 cup dried cranberries Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Place coconut and pecans on a 15-in. x 10-in. x 1-in. baking pan. Bake for 6 to 8 minutes or until toasted, watching very closely so they do not burn. Set aside to cool. In a large mixing bowl, beat together butter and sugars until light and fluffy. Add eggs and vanilla; beat well. Combine the flour, baking soda and salt. Add to creamed mixture; beat well. Stir in the oats, white, dark, and holiday chocolate chips, dried cranberries and toasted coconut and pecans. Drop by rounded teaspoonfuls onto parchment covered baking sheets. Bake at 350 degrees F for about 10-12 minutes or until browned. Remove to wire racks to cool.


PALM PARTNERSHIP TRAINING™ Building a Partnership with Your Horse

suppleness of the back, engagement of the hindquarters) • Submission (attention and confidence, lightness and ease of movements, acceptance of the bridle, lightness of the forehand) • Rider’s position and seat • Rider’s correct and effective use of the aids • Harmony between rider and horse • Further Remarks: The judge will also give you further remarks about your horse and your performance. Here are some tips that will give you more knowledge about your test:  First Level Test 1 Purpose: To confirm that the horse, in addition to the requirements of Training Level, has developed the thrust to achieve improved balance and thoroughness and to maintain a more consistent contact with the bit. All trot work may be ridden sitting or rising, unless stated. Introduce: 10 m half circle at trot; 15m circle in canter; and lengthening of the stride in trot and canter.  Check out the Dressage Illustrated books I have available for purchase on our website. The best part of these books is that you have “directive ideas” that explain what the judge will be looking for in each element.   

Western Dressage: Understanding Test Scores By Lynn Palm In Dressage, it is tradition to receive score sheets from the judge. Horse and rider are judged on each component of the test; a score and comments are recorded. Each element of a test will be scored and most elements will have a comment from the judge. You can see how the judge scored your ride on a point scale of 0 to 10, with 10 being perfect. In addition, the judge will add comments about your score. These comments can explain how well you executed the test or show you areas where improvement is necessary. Once you understand the scoring system, you can use the score sheet as a helpful guide for your practice at home before the next show. The Scoring:  *10 Excellent  *9 Very Good  *8 Good  *7 Fairly Good  *6 Satisfactory *5 Sufficient  *4 Insufficient  *3 Fairly Bad  *2 Bad  *1 Very Bad  *0 Not Performed There are three tests within a level. Each level and test advance with the higher numbers. In other words, First Level Test 1 is less advanced then Test 3 in the First Level. First Level is more advanced than any of the Training Level tests. Here are some statistics about First Level Test 1: • There are 16 elements in the test. • 290 = Maximum Possible Points. • Arena: Standard (20 meters X 40 meters) • Average Ride Time: 5:00 (from entry at A to final halt)  The scores that I love to see and always look at first are the Collective Marks & Comments. These marks and comments give the best overview of your skills and your horse.  The Collective Marks: • Gaits (freedom and regularity) • Impulsion (desire to move forward, elasticity of the steps,

PALM PARTNERSHIP TRAINING ™ Building a Partnership with Your Horse

We love to share our dressage backgrounds and knowledge with you and would love to have you come ride with us. You can join us at our farm in Ocala, Florida, or at one of our Ride Well Clinics on our USA Tour at a location near you. If you would like to train with Lynn & Cyril at home with Western Dressage, take advantage of the following supportive training materials: BOOKS: “Head To Toe Horsemanship” “Western Dressage—A Guide to Take You to Your First Show” “A Rider Guide to Real Collection” DVDS: “Dressage Principles for the Western Horse & Rider” Volume 1 Parts 1-5 “Dressage Principles for the Western & English Horse & Rider” Volume 2, Parts 1-3 “Let Your Horse Be Your Teacher” Parts 1&2 For more information about training courses, educational materials and much more, please visit www.lynnpalm.com or call 800-503-2824.

18

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM


An example: A Enter Working Trot X Halt Directive Ideas: Straightness on the centerline and in Halt: immobility: quality of trot; willing, balanced transitions.  The books are great tools for success in the show ring. I have each Dressage Illustration book for each level in the office of my barn right next to the tack room. I also have two sets for the horse shows. I put one in my clothes bag to study at night and the other in my tack trunk to be ready at the show. At the end of each show, I make sure I have my books before heading home.   I hope you take these suggestions to heart. The Dressage books are very helpful at home and at the horse show. BOOKS: • Head To Toe Horsemanship • Western Dressage—A Guide to Take You to Your First Show A Rider Guide to Real Collection DVDS: • Dressage Principles for the Western Horse & Rider -Vol. 1 Parts 1-5 • Dressage Principles for the Western & English Horse & Rider -Vol. 2, Parts 1-3 • Let Your Horse Be Your Teacher - Parts 1&2 For more information on these training materials and more, as well as clinics, please visit www.lynnpalm.com or call us at 800-503-2824. 

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

HorseNRanchMag.com

LVCreationsShop Custom Embroidery

Focusing On Horses & Dogs Since They Are The Focus Of Our Lives... But We Can Do Anything! Check Us Out On Etsy Unique Gifts For The Upcoming Holidays!

Shop Our ONLINE STORE at

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM

19


Upcoming 2020-21

SAVE the DATE!

Calendar of Events

HORSE/TACK SALES & ADOPTIONS First Monday of month - Burrell Horse Auction, Horse & Tack Sale: Tack 6:30, Horse 8:00; 6450 Bates Pike, Cleveland TN , 423-472-0805

Watch for these

SECOND SATURDAY: Gleason, TN. West TN Auction Barn. 330 Fence Rd. Tack 5:30 pm. Horses 8 pm. Info: Chucky Greenway 731-571-8198

RODEO Tennessee HS Rodeo Association http://tnhsra.com Lebanon, TN 2021 RODEO SCHEDULE Mar 20-21 - Decaturville, TN April - Hodges, AL May 1-2 - Martin, TN May 27-29 - Martin, TN FINALS

SECOND & FOURTH SATURDAY: Scotts Hill, TN. Scotts Hill Stockyard. Info: James Linville 731-549-3523. www.facebook.com/ scottshillstockyard MEETINGS First Tuesday of every month National Racking Horse Assoc, Choo Choo Chapter meets at Wally’s Restaurant in East Ridge Tn @ 7pm. New members and visitors always welcome! Jerry Clark 423-667-0440 Fourth Thursday of every month Gordon County Saddle Club monthly meeting @ Gordon County Agricultural Service Center Visitors welcome! Info: (770) 548-5956 Monthly Club meetings are held the first Monday of every month except July, there is no July meeting due to Wagon Train Murray County Saddle Club.com Monthly meeting, the 1st working Monday night of the month. Board meeting at 6:00 followed by membership meeting at 7:00 and a pot luck dinner. Bartow County Saddle Club bartowcountysaddleclub.org Catoosa County Saddle Club facebook.com/catoosacountysaddleclub

SAVE the DATES!

EVENTS!

GAITED HORSE SHOWS nwha.com HUNTER/JUMPER ushja.org QUARTER HORSE SHOWS 2021 www.tqha.org March 4-7, 2021 Celebration Circuit Harriman TN Sept 16-19, 2021 TQHA Circuit BARRELL RACING nbha.com Dec 5 Cullman Arena Cullman AL 2:00 PM Katie Thornburg 205.790.6792 Nov 21, Dec 12 Southern Middle Tn Pavilion Winchester TN, 2:00 PM Lana Blankenship 931.247.2340 Dec 5 GA01 North Georgia Equestrian Center @ 2:00 pm; Rising Fawn, GA DRESSAGE tndressage.com TRAIL RIDES/TRAIL CHALLENGE/ENDURANCE www.aerc.org June 4-5, 2021 Meadow Creek Mingle 25/50 miles Has introductory ride!

961 Browns Chapel Rd Parrottsville TN-Contact https://meadowcreekmountain.com for camping mgr: Charlesey Charlton-McCallister

CIRCLE E GUEST RANCH circleeguestranch.com Dec 31-Jan 3 New Year’s Ride & Party

CLINICS / CLASSES www.eventclinics.com www.stridepro.com

CIRCLE G RANCH Temporarily Closed

AGRICENTER SHOWPLACE ARENA http://www.agricenter.org/events Nov 20-22 JX2 Team Roping https://www.jx2events.com/ Nov 27-29 Mid South Quarter Horse Show http://www.midsouthquarterhorse.com/ upcoming-events/2020-turkey-circuit/ Dec 3-6 Luckydog Barrel Race https://www.luckydograces.com/events/ upcoming-events-2020/ Dec 12-13 Volunteer Pinto Horse Association https://www.volunteerstatepintoorg.com/ memphis-maddness BROWNLAND FARM - 2021 www.brownlandfarm.com Brownland Farm Spring I April 21-25, 2021 Brownland Farm Spring II April 28-May 2, 2021 Nashville Country May 26-30, 2021 Nashville Classic June 2-6, 2021 Brownland Early Summer June 23-27, 2021 Brownland Farm Summer June 30-July 4, 2021 Mid-South Classic July 7-11, 2021 Brownland Farm Fall I Sept. 8-12, 2021 Brownland Farm Fall II Sept. 15-19, 2021 Brownland Farm Autumn Challenge Oct. 13-17, 2021 Brownland Farm Autumn Country Oct. 20-24, 2021 Brownland Farm Autumn Classic Oct. 27-31, 2021

GREENRIDGE EQUESTRIAN CENTER greenridgeequestriancenter on Facebook LONG VUE STABLES 7001 Ron Road, Ooltewah,TN 239.860.2265, LongVueStables.com ROANE STATE EXPO CENTER www.roanestate.edu As of Sept 1 2020, Expo Center Closed, No Public Riding For information please contact Diane Cox at: 865-882-4590 coxdm@roanestate.edu SCENIC CITY EQUESTRIAN CENTER sceniccityequestrian.com TENNESSEE LIVESTOCK CENTER MTSU Murfreesboro, TN www.mtsu.edu/tlc TENNESSEE MILLER COLISEUM MTSU Murfreesboro, TN www.mtsu.edu/tmc TRI-STATE EXHIBITION CENTER Cleveland, TN 423-476-9310 www.tristateexhibitioncenter.com Nov 21-22 Scenic Flight Dressage Dec 11-12 TAGDEA Dressage Show UT MARTIN AG PAVILLION & EQUESTRIAN www.utm.edu/departments/agnr/calendar_ events.php Rodeo Team Meeting M0ndays @ 5pm WILLIAMSON COUNTY AG EXPO PARK Franklin, TN (615) 595-1227 www.williamsoncounty-tn.gov / 594/Ag-EXPO-Park Agricultural Center facilities are PARTIALLY OPEN Events at the Agricultural Center have are slowly resuming (some events in the parking lot)

Please call before you haul. Always verify dates and times BEFORE you travel. FREE CALENDAR of EVENTS LISTINGS: If you would like to include an event please Contact: Lisa Fetzner , 423-933-4968, Info@horsenranchmag.com

20

VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM


All offices are still accepting correspondence through phone lines and email, which includes the UT Extension Office. WILLS PARK EQUESTRAIN CENTER Alpharetta GA willspark.com/activities/equestrian-info Nov 18-22 Elite Show Jumping Vic Russell 678-858-7192 Dec 9-13 Equus Events (H,J) (A) JP Goddard 803-643-5698 SADDLE PALS RIDING CLUB Find us on Facebook STATE LINE ARENA NOOGA BARREL RACING CLUB statelinearena on FACEBOOK noogabarrelracingclub on FACEBOOK Nov 7 Speed Events: Barrels & Poles; Club shows, jackpots, buckle series, everyone welcome! Barrel Racing and Pole Bending! Everyone welcome. Spectators free. Concessions served. State Line Arena 4976 Keith Rd, Ringgold, Georgia 30736 (423) 595-1938 Nov 21 Trail Challenge Series -New permanent outdoor trail course Buckles for Open Class Winners; In-hand/ beginner/unlimited. Membership not required. Nov 22 Sunday Buckle Series 11am-3pm

PLEASE CALL BEFORE YOU HAUL! Always verify dates and

HORSE CLUBS & ASSOCIATIONS Advertise Your Club, Events, Shows & More! Make sure all Equestrians know about you, and where you are! Call 423.933.4968 ~Lisa

Straight from the Horse’s Mouth... Get your business or product noticed by thousands of horse enthusiasts every month with

Affordable Advertising Distributed to businesses, horse shows, trail rides, auctions and all advertisers

423.933.4968

times BEFORE you travel.

info@horsenranchmag.com

This list may change daily VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 10 2020

HorseNRanchMag.com

Say you saw it in HORSE N RANCH TM

21


Jacobs MFG LLC 60’ ROUND PEN

Round Pens Include:

• 1-6’ Ride-Through Gate • 15-12” Panels • Panels are 6’ Tall, 4 Tube, 16 Ga.

1.5” Diameter Tube...... $2,299 1.75” Diameter Tube.... $2,499 2” Diameter Tube......... $2,799

If you buy anything but HOT DIP GALVANIZED PANELS you are buying tomorrows rust!

Hot Dip Galvanized Panels 20 Year NO RUST Warranty 574.583.3883 • rick@jacobsmfg.net www. jacobsmfg.net


“For unto you is born this day in the City of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord” Luke 2: 11

May you have the gift of faith, the blessing of hope and the peace of His love at Christmas and always. We thank you for making our year a success and look forward to continuing the warm association we share. Wishing you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

HORSE, CATTLE, LIVESTOCK, TOY HAULERS, and the ALL NEW SUNDOWNER TRAILBLAZER CAMPING TRAILER

See us for year-end specials

including trailers eligible for Section 179 deductions

www.SelectTrailer.com

866.484.0420 | 931.685.4040 | sales@SelectTrailer.com

on Hwy 231 between Murfreesboro & Shelbyville TN

We will be closed

December 24 through 27 and January 1 through 3. See you again January 4th 2021!

Profile for Horse & Ranch

Horse N Ranch Nov 2020  

Horse N Ranch Nov 2020

Horse N Ranch Nov 2020  

Horse N Ranch Nov 2020

Advertisement