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May 2017 [ 1]


Texas’ Essential Feeds Since 1940

Texas’ Essential Feeds Since 1940

Bright Futures Start with M-G Feed!

MG’s 14/6 Super Pellet & 12/8 Pellet offer the controlled performance you need! [2] May 2017


A SPECIAL

BREED

OUR EQUINE OWNERS INSURANCE IS DESIGNED FOR YOU: • Horse enthusiasts — whether for recreation or to race, breed or show • Equine operations of various sizes and scopes • Flexible and tailored coverage for your specific interest

WHY CHOOSE AMERICAN NATIONAL? • • • • •

Decades of strong, conservative risk management Local agents who understand your lifestyle and take time to listen Dedicated, responsive and dependable support Coordinated array of insurance coverage for farm and family Excellent claims assistance available 24/7

JUST AS EVERY HORSE IS UNIQUE , SO IS YOUR EQUINE OPERATION It just makes sense to choose coverage that addresses your specific interests and risks. Choose additional coverages that can include protection for horses that are in your care, liability for horse show judges, computers, golf carts, non-owned tack and more. For more information, contact us at:

LIABILIT Y • Certain horse-related activities and participants at shows, exhibitions and events • Riding instruction • Boarding • Hay and sleigh rides • Carriage and buggy rides PROPERTY • Residences and household contents • Farm products and supplies • Barns • Tack, hay and grain

855.568.2785

• Farm machinery

anpac.com/ag-equine-insurance/

Products and services may not be available in all states. Terms, conditions and eligibility requirements will apply. Life insurance and annuity products are issued through American National Insurance Company, Galveston, Texas. Property and casualty products and services may be underwritten in Texas by American National Property And Casualty Company, Springfield, Missouri or one of its subsidiaries or affiliates: American National County Mutual Insurance Company or American National Lloyds Insurance Company.

May 2017 [ 3]

93388.V2.2.2016


Table of Contents Feature Story: Equestrian Vacations

[18]

Featured Business: This Aint’ Your Granddaddy’s Tractor

[17]

ADVERTISING OFFICES

Cover Stories:

• HEADQUARTER OFFICE (281) 447-0772 Phone & (281) 893-1029 Fax Advertising@horsebackmagazine.com

Staff PUBLISHER Vicki Long

18 Equestrian Vacations - Brigitte Barry

Lifestyle & Feature:

NATIONAL NEWS EDITOR Carrie Gobernatz

• BRAZOS VALLEY BUREAU Diane Holt (936) 878-2678 Ranch & (713) 408-8114 Cell Dianeh@horsebackmagazine.com

LIFESTYLE EDITOR Margaret Pirtle 832-349-1427 Horsebackmag@gmail.com

8 Barn & Garden

EVENTS EDITOR Leslie Greco

10 Pet Talk - Texas A&M 24 Equestrian Aid Foundation Update • New Horse Show Program 28 Equine Health Foundation - Palm Beach Equine Clinic

Columns: 14 On the English Front - Cathy Strobel 34 Cowboy Corner - Jim Hubbard

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Jim Hubbard, Steven Long, Vicki Long, Roni Norquist, Lew Pewterbaugh, Cathy Strobel, Margaret Pirtle, Kelsey Hellmann

Volume 24, No. 4 Horseback Magazine, P.O. Box 681397, Houston, TX 77268-1397, (281) 447-0772. The entire contents of the magazine are copyrighted May 2017 by Horseback Magazine. All rights reserved. Material in this publication may not be reproduced in any form without the expressed written consent of the publisher. Horseback Magazine assumes no responsibility for unsolicited manuscripts, photographs and other material unless accompanied by a stamped, self addressed envelope. Horseback Magazine is not responsible for any claims made by advertisers. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the views of the publisher or management. Subscription rate is $25.00 for one year. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Horseback Magazine | P.O. Box 681397, Houston, TX 77268-1397 | Fax: (281) 893-1029 Email: vicki@horsebackmagazine.com

On the Cover: [4]

May 2017

Summer’s Here - what are your vacation plans?

EDITOR Steven Long

Phone: (281)

447-0772


A whole new chance to win! Be ready for fly season with a full line of fly control products that mean business. Farnam is giving 10 lucky horse owners $1,000 worth of products that offer headto-tail protection from flies and insect pests. Enter the Ultimate Fly Control Sweepstakes today for your chance to win!

(10) $1,000 PRIZES IN FARNAM PRODUCTS ®

Enter today at farnam.com*

Protection you trust. Protect your horse from head to tail — at pasture, on the trail and in the barn — with Farnam’s full line of trusted fly and pest control products for superior protection against flies, mosquitoes, gnats, ticks and more!

*Go to farnam.com for complete rules. Farnam with design, Larvastop Fly Growth Regulator with design, Endure, Equi-Spot, Mosquito Halt, SimpliFly, SuperMask and Swat are registered trademarks of Farnam Companies, Inc. Contest begins on 4/1/2017 and ends on 6/30/2017. ©2017 Farnam Companies, Inc. 17-10306

May 2017 [ 5]


TOGETHER

WE’RE INVINCIBLE I TRUST MY FEED TO DO ITS JOB SO I CAN DO MINE. Purina understands there’s a lot riding on our horses. It’s why I partner with them and why my feed of choice is Purina® Ultium® Competition horse formula. Ultium® delivers mental focus and manageability, quick recovery & muscle repair, prolonged stamina, and less digestive upset so we can perform at the top of our game. To learn more visit your Purina Retailer or PurinaMills.com/Horse-Feed

Kory Pounds [6]

May 2017

© 2015 Purina Animal Nutrition LLC. All Rights Reserved.

S P O N S O R E D B Y P U R I N A®


NEW MEXICO Circle S Feed Store LLC Carlsbad, NM 575/885-8369 Bunks Feed Barn Hobbs, NM 575/397-1228 TEXAS Johnson Feed and Western Wear Alpine, TX 432/837-5792 Angleton Feed and Supply Co. LLC Angleton, TX 979/849-6661 Arcola Feed and Hardware Arcola, TX 281/431-1014 Lab Supply, Inc. DBA Argyle Feed Store Argyle, TX 800/262-5258 Southside Feed and Supply Athens, TX 903/677-5373 Pasturas Los Alazanes 2 Balch Springs, TX 214/563-9175 Ranch Store, Inc. DBA Bandera Ranch Store Bandera, TX 830/796-3342

Davis Feed and Fertilizer, Inc. Buffalo, TX 903/322-4316 Bernardo Farm and Ranch Sply Cat Spring, TX 979/732-5161 Boles Feed Company, Inc. Center, TX 936/598-3061 Wise Feed (Main) Chico, TX 940/644-2100 Silvers Pet and Feed Cibolo, TX 210/566-8020

Del Rio Feed and Supply Del Rio, TX 830/775-5090

S and S Ag Center LLC Groesbeck, TX 254/729-8008 Buchanans Feed Hallsville, TX 903/668-2012 Watsons Ranch and Farm Supply, Inc. Hamilton, TX 254/386-3717

Close Quarters Feed and Pet Supply College Station, TX 979/690-3333

Blamar Feed and Surplus Eagle Pass, TX 830/757-6310

Hieden Feed and Supply, Inc. Houston, TX 281/444-1010

United Agricultural Coop, Inc. El Campo, TX 979/543-4104

Sam Houston Feed and Supply II Houston, TX 281/591-2443

Dewitt County Producers-Cuero Tx Cuero, TX 361/275-3441

Dri Enterprises Ltd DBA NRS Feed Store Decatur, TX 940/627-3949

Arrow Feed and Ranch, Inc. Granbury, TX 817/573-8808

Feeders Supply/ Duncanville Feed Duncanville, TX 972/298-3404

Belton Feed and Supply Belton, TX 254/939-3636

Brenham Produce Co. Brenham, TX 979/836-3523

Chachere Feed Store, Inc. Dayton, TX 936/258-2670

J and N Feed and Seed LLC Graham, TX 940/549-4631

Lonestar Ranch and Outdoors Cleburne, TX 817/645-4325

Crockett Farm and Fuel Center, Inc. Crockett, TX 936/544-3855

Berend Brothers of Bowie Bowie, TX 940/872-5131

Damon Farm and Ranch Service Center Damon, TX 979/742-3317

D and L Farm and Home-Denton Denton, TX 940/891-0100

Linseisens Feed and Supply of Bellville LP Bellville, TX 979/865-3602

Wheelers Feed and Outfitters Boerne, TX 830/249-2656

horse.purinamills.com

Ricks Farm and Home LLC Clarksville, TX 903/427-3395

Conroe Feeders Supply, Inc. Conroe, TX 936/441-5549 Bastrop Feed and Supply LP Bastrop, TX J and D Country Store, Inc. 512/321-3700 Conroe, TX 936/756-7667 Bay City Feed, Inc. Bay City, TX Lone Star Country Store 979/245-2712 CC LLC Corpus Christi, TX Sams Western Store, Inc. 361/387-2668 Beaumont, TX 409/842-2625 Feed Shack and Tack Smith General Store Blue Ribbon Country Corsicana, TX Store LLC 903/875-8026 Beeville, TX 361/392-3333 Pecos Cnty Feed/Crane County Feed Bear Creek/Bells Crane, TX Bells, TX 432/558-2225 903/965-4900

Howard County Feed and Supply, Inc. Big Spring, TX 432/267-6411

Orange Grove Coop (Main) Orange Grove, TX 361/384-2766

Producers Coop Assn (Main) Bryan, TX 979/778-6000

Aggie Feed Store Dallas, TX 214/391-3595 Feeders Supply Co. Dallas, TX 214/371-9413 Pasturas Los Alazanes Dallas, TX 214/484-3860 Feeders Supply/Feeders Supply 2 Dallas , TX 972/224-5559

Elgin General Store LLC Elgin, TX 512/285-3210 Potts Feed Store, Inc. Emory, TX 903/473-2249 Capps True Value Hardware and Ag Fairfield, TX 903/389-4504 Noonday Feed Store, Inc. Main Flint, TX 903/561-5622 Pecos County Feed and Supply Fort Stockton, TX 432/336-6877 Rendon Hardware and Feed Fort Worth, TX 817/561-1935 Gulf Coast Equine and Pet Friendswood, TX 281/482-7186 Ganado Feed and More Ganado, TX 361/771-2401 Coryell Feed and Supply Gatesville, TX 254/865-6315 Goliad Feed Co. Goliad, TX 361/645-3266 E-Barr Feeds, Inc. Gonzales, TX 830/672-6515

Maci Feed and Supply Hardin, TX 936/298-9404 Mummes, Inc. Hondo, TX 830/426-3313

Cypress Ace Hardware Houston, TX 281/469-8020 Huntsville Farm Supply LLC Huntsville, TX 936/295-3961 Lindemann Store Industry, TX 979/357-2121 Cordell Farm and Ranch Store, Inc. Kaufman, TX 972/932-2164 T Bar T Farm Supply Kaufman, TX 972/962-7677 McDonnell Building Materials Co., Inc. Keller, TX 817/431-3551 Kerrville Ranch and Pet Center Kerrville, TX 830/895-5800 Ricardo Ranch and Feed Kingsville, TX 361/592-3622 Laredo Country Store Laredo, TX 956/206-7357 LaVernia Country Store LaVernia, TX 830/779-2600 Bear Creek Country Store Leonard, TX 903/587-0385 Lexington Feed and Farm Lexington, TX 979/773-2782

Jakes Feed and Animal Center LLC Longview, TX 903/663-3139 Lufkin Farm Supply Lufkin, TX 936/634-7414 Luling and Harwood Farm and Feed LLC Luling, TX 830/875-5423 Mabank Feed, Inc. Mabank, TX 903/887-1771 Standley Feed and Seed, Inc. Madisonville, TX 936/348-5272 Spring Creek Feed Center Magnolia, TX 281/252-5400 Mansfield Feed Mill Mansfield, TX 817/473-1137 Williams Feed Store Ltd Marlin, TX 254/883-2401 McGregor General Store LLC McGregor, TX 254/840-3224

Springtown Feed and Fertilizer Springtown, TX 817/220-7656

Engledow Farm and Ranch Supply Palestine, TX 903/723-3210

Coopers Country Store Stephenville, TX 254/968-5633

Big Country Farm Center Paris, TX 903/785-8372

Allied Ag Services, Inc. Stonewall, TX 830/644-2411

Reeves County Feed and Supply Pecos, TX 432/447-2149

Temple Feed and Supply, Inc. Temple, TX 254/778-7975

D and L Farm and Home Pilot Point, TX 940/365-3129

D and D Feed and Supply Tomball, TX 281/351-7144

Wells Brothers Farm Store Plano, TX 972/424-8516

Texas Farm Store, Inc. Uvalde, TX 830/278-3713

NA Ag LLC/ Anderson Ag Supply Refugio, TX 361/526/5018 Rockdale General Store Rockdale, TX 512/446-6100 Round Top Farm and Ranch Round Top, TX 979/249-5666

Northside Ranch Pet and Garden Center Victoria, TX 361/573-5000 Waco Brazos Feed and Supply, Inc. Waco, TX 254/756-6687 B and S Farm and Ranch Center Waco, TX 254/752-0777 Bar None Country Store Waco, TX 254/848-9112

Sheffield Farm and Ranch Supply Mexia, TX 254/562-3818

Eagle Hardware Farm and Ranch Royse City, TX 972/635-7878 Holt Ranch and Feed LLC Royse City, TX 469/723-3230

Haney Feed and Farm Supply Waller, TX 936/931-2469

Ark Country Store #2 Midlothian, TX 469/612-5050

Sabinal Grain Co. Sabinal, TX 830/988-2215

Walden Farm and Ranch Supply, Inc. Millsap, TX 940/682-4667

Tibaldos Feed and Supply Santa Fe, TX 409/925-2735

Southwest Hay and Feed Co. Mission, TX 956/580-1717

Berend Brothers Wichita Falls, TX 940/723-2731

C and S Feed and Farm Supply Montgomery, TX 936/597-4050

Steinhausers (Sealy Store) Sealy, TX 979/885-2967 Producers Cooperative Seguin, TX 830/379-1750

Scotts Crossing Farm Store Murchison, TX 903/469-3122

Walkers Feed and Farm Supply Willis, TX 936/856-6446

D and D Retail LP DBA Seguin, TX 830/379-7340

Boles Feed Company Nacogdoches, TX 936/564-2671 Middle G Cattle Co. Naples, TX 903/575-1869 Needville Feed and Supply Needville, TX 979/793-6146 New Braunfels Feed and Supply, Inc. New Braunfels, TX 830/625-7250 Berend Brothers-Olney Olney, TX 940/564-5671

Garners Feed and Seed Sherman, TX 903/892-1081 Berans Agri-Center Shiner, TX 361/594-3395 Somerville Farm and Ranch Somerville, TX 979/596-2224 Struttys Feed and Pet Supply Spring Branch, TX 830/438-8998

Ark Country Store Waxahachie, TX 972/937-8860 Wharton Feed and Supply, Inc. Wharton, TX 979/532-8533

King Feed and Hardware, Inc. Wimberley, TX 512/847-2618 Berend Brothers, Inc. Windthorst Windthorst, TX 940/423-6223 Tri County Enterprises Winnsboro, TX 903/342-5328 Poole Feed Supply Wylie, TX 972/442-4844 Yoakum Grain, Inc. Yoakum, TX 361/293-3521

May 2017 [ 7]


MORE THAN JUST CHICKEN FEATHERS! Most folk think that the chicken is the only poultry animal that you can raise on a smaller plot of land, but they would be wrong. They may be the most popular, but here are some other feathered friends that will bring joy to your homestead. DUCK: While it is great to have a small pond of water for a duck, they actually can be raised just like chickens. Use chicken feeders and waterers and they can do well on chicken feed. It helps if you can have a small pool nearby for them to get wet and clean themselves QUAIL: Quail are quite easy to raise. Their small size makes them a great choice for the suburban farmer who doesn’t have a lot of land space. You only need a small area to keep a large covey of quail and many are raised for their meat and eggs. GEESE: Whether you want eggs, meat, feathers or pest control, geese may be a perfect fit for your homestead. It’s best to start with a lighter, smaller breed like the Chinese Goose than the larger and noisier Embdem German Goose TURKEY: If you want a sociable bird, then a turkey is just for you. Much more people friendly than a chicken, you will need a large fenced area for them to roam and a movable roost. PEACOCK: One of the most detailed animals in the world, a peacock’s feathers of blue and green can take your breath away. They also are big, loud and require lots of care. While there are many great things about raising a peacock there are also many drawbacks. Do your research carefully before you bring this bird home.

May 2017 May 8[8]Barn & Garden

2017


VILE MOSQUITOS 1. If you live in Texas there is no summer without the biting mosquito. With summer just around the corner there is no way to avoid them unless you lock yourself indoors at dusk and don’t come out until morning. So let’s look at some of the things we can do to live with them and not get bit. 2. Mosquito Repellent: DEET is the most common chemical used in most over the counter repellants and it works pretty well. You can also lather down with Avon’s Skin So Soft Bug Guard which contains IR3535 which repels most biting mosquitos. 3. Outdoor Fans: Mosquitos are not terrific at flying so a breeze can keep them away from your patio. Use a ceiling fan for covered patios or a stand fan that keeps the air moving. 4. Natures Plants: Some people swear that these plants keep mosquitos at bay. They are: catnip, cedar, lemongrass, citronella, cassia and marigolds.

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE - GET A SENIOR LIFETIME PASS NOW! The National Park Service has announced that it will be ending the $10 Lifetime Entrance Fee to all National Parks for Seniors. The National Park Service’s lifetime pass will be eight times more expensive soon — costing $80 for American citizens who are older than 62. And while it is unclear when the price surge will take effect, now it is time to remind older Americans to purchase their passes before it’s too late.

BREAKFAST IN A GLASS For a delicious way to start the day try a banana blended with strawberries, milk and yogurt. • • • •

1 Banana ¼ Cup of Strawberries 1/3 Cup of Milk 1 (8oz) Carton of Plain Yogurt

In a blender, combine banana, strawberries, milk and yogurt. Blend until smooth. Pour into glasses and serve.

YOUTH BOOST FOR YOUR BRAIN If you are finding it harder to remember names or facts, you just need a brain boost. Researchers found that “clutter” in your brain is one of the top reasons you are forgetting things. According to the Journal of Clinical Nutrition, if you take time to have a cup of green or black tea a day, you will “de-clutter” your brain. Rich in 1-theanine, an amino acid, it creates a calming neurotransmitter that helps block out unnecessary information. Also – Take up A Hobby. Skills such as cake decorating, crossword puzzles or jewelry making increases the production of a protein that protects memory centers in your brain. May 2017

2017 [ 9]9 BarnMay & Garden


Pet Talk..

PRECAUTIONARY TRAVEL TIPS

M

ost summer days are filled with outdoor activities and times spent on vacation. As the summer months starts to approach, it is necessary to understand the types of diseases that may affect your pets when they travel. So, if you’re the outdoor type and you like to take your pet with you, your pet may be bringing home more than memories as you venture through fields and streams. When traveling, there are some diseases your pet may encounter says Dr. Leon Russell, professor at the Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences. If there is a possibility of contact with mosquitoes, ticks, or stagnant water during your travels,

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May 2017

Russell says to take certain precautions. If dogs and cats come into contact with mosquitoes they could be subjected to heartworm disease. “Heartworm disease poses a threat to pets across the United States because no state is entirely heartworm-free,” Russell explains. “In areas where heartworm disease is highly endemic in dogs, up to 20 percent of the cats may also have the disease.” Heartworm preventative medicine is available, but pets should be tested before they receive it. Possible contact with wild animals could expose your pet to rabies.

“Effective vaccination of dogs and cats to prevent rabies is available and should always be kept current,” says Russell. Rabies is transmitted by a bite from an infected animal and The Center for Disease Control (CDC) states that more than 90% of all animal cases reported annually to the CDC now occur in wildlife. Water activities are fun, but certain waters may be infested with bacteria that could cause harm to your pet. According to Russell mud, muddy water, and stagnant water are prime sources for exposure to leptospira. This bacterial organism can enter the body through cuts, mucous membranes, eyes, or by ingesting contaminated water. Russell encourages a yearly


vaccination with the appropriate strain of leptospirosis vaccine to reduce your pet’s chance of contracting this disease.

visit endemic Lyme Disease areas in the United States. Check with your veterinarian about the need for the vaccination of your pets.

Giardiasis is another disease that is caused by a waterborne parasite found in untreated water such as creeks and ponds. It also occurs in mountainous areas where water supplies have become contaminated by infected animal feces.

Russell suggests that once you return home, your pet should visit the veterinarian for examination to make sure no internal or external parasites were picked up while traveling.

“Chlorination of surface water will not prevent this disease,” cautions Russell. “Presently there are drugs to treat giardiasis, but none to prevent this intestinal disease.” Borreliosis, or Lyme Disease, is an infection caused by a bacteria that is spread by the bite of an infected tick, and the disease is endemic in some areas of the United States explains Russell. Symptoms include fever, rash, listlessness, muscle stiffness, lack of appetite, and in severe cases arthritic-type joint pain.

“An examination is important, because worms can hide and they may not be detected until they cause a clinical disease,” Russell adds “Ticks can be too small to be easily seen by the untrained eye. They must be eliminated before they transmit diseases such as Lyme Disease, tularemia, and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.”

“Also, avoid environments with ticks and mosquitoes (dawn and dusk) and allow your pet to swim only in clear, flowing water such as rivers or lakes,” notes Russell. “Be sure to bypass ponds or tanks.” Time spent travelling with loved ones is important, but it is even more important to take the necessary precautions during vacation to avoid any pitfalls when you return home.

Pet Talk is a service of the College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University. vetmed.tamu.edu/news/pet-talk

“The best method of prevention is to avoid tick infested woods, brush, and tall grass,” Russell believes. “Highly effective tick control products such as sprays, collars, and spot-on treatments are available through your veterinarian.” Annual vaccination of your dog against the Lyme Disease is recommended if you live in or plan to

Look for our great summer issues!

May 2017 [ 11]


Foals First® Milk Replacer powder is now available in a convenient 22 lb. bucket for ease of use, storage freshness and transportation. It is also stable for 12 hours!

Leg Aide can be used during periods of nutritional shortages and stages of rapid growth. Foals and growing horses are susceptible to nutritional deficiencies that lead to abnormal tendon, joint and leg development. Available in liquid and pellet form. TO ORDER FOALS FIRST® MILK REPLACER OR LEG-AIDE™ PLEASE CALL 1-888-239-3185

PROGRESSIVE® NUTRITION.

SCIENTIFICALLY PROVEN. VISIBLE RESULTS. PROGNUTRITION.COM

NO MARE, NO BOTTLE...NO PROBLEM! A controlled starch feed for pregnant or lactating mares and growing horses through the second year. SafeChoice® Mare & Foal helps ensure your new addition gets off to a strong start. It’s designed with those key first years in mind. It nourishes growing muscles, contributes to proper bone growth, supports a young immune system, enhances hair and hoof quality, and aids in nutrient digestion and health. • • • • • • •

Includes Topline Balance™, Nutrena’s unique approach to topline health Promotes optimum development during the formative years Guaranteed amino acid levels to support muscle development and maintenance Balanced calcium, phosphorus, copper and zinc to aid in proper bone growth Added prebiotics and probiotics to aid in nutrient digestion and digestive health Organic trace minerals to support optimal skeletal development, immune function, and hair coat and hoof quality Pelleted form

Visit www.NutrenaWorld.com to learn about our equine feeds. ©2017 Cargill, Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

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May 2017


Alice, TX Gonzalitos 361-256-4141

available at your local nutrena® dealer! Cibolo, TX Silvers Pet & Feed 210-566-8020

Houston, TX Hieden Feed & Supply 281-444-1010

Nacogdoches, TX Ward Animal Hospital 936-564-4341

Rockdale, TX Whiteley Farm Supply 512-446-3541

Alvin, TX Steinhauser’s 281-388-0388

College Station, TX Close Quarters Feed & Pet Supply 979-690-3333

Houston, TX Cypress Ace Hardware 281-469-8020

Natalia, TX Alamo Feed Store 830-665-2060

Rosenberg, TX Steinhauser’s 281-342-2452

Alvin, TX Stanton’s Shopping Center 281-331-4491

Commerce, TX Fix & Feed 903-886-7917

Ingram, TX Double L Ranch & Wildlife Feed 830-367-4100

Navasota, TX Steinhauser’s 936-825-2081

Rosharon, TX Arcola Feed & Hardware 281-431-1014

Atlanta, TX Newkirk Feed 903-796-2541

Conroe, TX Conroe Feeder’s Supply 936-756-5549

La Vernia, TX Big Bear Home Center 830-779-2514

Needville, TX Needville Feed & Supply 979-793-6146

Sealy, TX Steinhauser’s 979-885-2967

Austin, TX DLS Feed 512-288-5025

Corsicana, TX Olsen Feed 903-874-4812

Lufkin, TX Double R Feed 936-634-6726

New Braunsfels, TX Producers Cooperative 830-625-2381

Seguin, TX Producers Cooperative 830-379-1750

Bellville, TX Harrison Farm Service 979-865-9127

Cotulla, TX Ranch Equipment 830-879-2223

Madisonville, TX Standley Feed & Seed 936-348-2235

Orange Grove, TX Orange Grove Coop 361-384-2766

Spring Branch, TX Strutty’s Feed & Pet Supply 830-438-8998

Belton, TX Belton Feed & Supply 254-939-3636

Edgewood, TX East Texas Vet Supply 903-896-1115

Magnolia, TX Steinhauser’s 281-356-2530

Ore City, TX J & G Feed 903-968-3860

St. Hedwig, TX St. Hedwig Feed 210-667-1346

Boerne, TX Strutty’s Feed & Pet Supply 830-981-2258

Edna, TX Jackson County Feed 361-582-3816

Magnolia, TX Spring Creek Feed Center 281-252-5400

Palmview, TX El P.A.S.E. Feed & Seed 956-240-1745

Sulphur Springs, TX Fix & Feed 903-885-7917

Boerne, TX Wheeler’s 888-249-2656

Elm Mott, TX Miller Hay & Feed 254-829-2055

Magnolia, TX WD Feed & Supply 832-454-2515

Paris, TX Big Country Farm Center 903-785-8372

Temple, TX Temple Feed & Supply 254-778-7975

Bonham, TX Fix & Feed 903-583-9995

Floresville, TX Lubianski Enterprises 830-216-2132

Manchaca, TX J&B Feed & Hay 512-282-4640

Pearland, TX D&D Feed 281-485-6645

Terrell, TX Poston Seed & Farm Supply 972-563-2158

Brenham, TX Cattleman’s Supply 979-836-4756

Floresville, TX Dittmar Lumber 830-216-9200

Marion, TX Hild Brothers 830-420-2313

Pipe Creek, TX Barrel House 830-565-6303

Tomball, TX D&D Feed & Supply 281-351-7144

Brookshire, TX Steinhauser’s 281-934-2479

Freer, TX Susies Freer Farm & Ranch 361-394-7061

Mineola, TX Big Country Farm Center 903-569-3200

Pittsburg, TX Texas Country Farm Supply 903-855-8458

Victoria, TX Dierlam Feed & Ranch Supply 361-575-3224

Bryan, TX Steinhauser’s 979-778-0978

Garrison, TX Garrison Hardware & Feed 936-347-2715

Montgomery, TX C & S Feed & Farm Supply 936-597-4050

Port Arthur, TX Five Star Feeds 409-736-0777

Victoria, TX The Other Feed Store 361-572-3811

Bulverde, TX Bulverde Feed 830-438-3252

Gatesville, TX The Ranch 254-404-2220

Mt. Pleasant, TX Bronco Feeds 903-572-7777

Port Lavaca, TX Melstan Feed & Seed 361-552-5441

Waller, TX Waller Co.Feed 936-372-3466

Caldwell, TX Homeyer Feed & Supply 979-567-9355

Giddings, TX Carmine Feed & Fertilizer 979-542-2446

Mt. Vernon, TX Texas Country Farm Supply 903-537-4516

Richmond, TX Brehm’s Feed Co. 281-341-9005

Willis, TX Walker’s Feed & Farm Supply 936-856-6446

Canton, TX Lazy H Performance Feeds 903-567-2222

Hempstead, TX Steinhauser’s 979-826-3273

Murchison, TX Scott’s Crossing 903-469-3122

Richmond, TX Steinhauser’s 832-595-9500

Wimberley, TX Wimberley Feed & Pet Supply 512-847-3980

Carmine, TX Carmine Feed & Fertilizer 979-278-3111

Hempstead, TX Waller Co. Feed & Fertilizer 979-826-4003

nutrenaworld.com © 2015 Cargill, inC. all rights reserved.

May 2017 [ 13]


English...

The Perfect Age to Ride By Cathy Strobel

W

hat is the perfect age to learn to ride? There are pros and cons to any age. Children are like sponges. They are used to moving their bodies in new ways and love to experiment. Adults are set in their ways and generally have decided what they are willing to try or not try. They forget how to experiment with movement and have to be reminded. On the other hand, children don’t have the strength and life experience that

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May 2017

adults have to draw from. They don’t always grasp what they are trying to accomplish. Adults can use their collective knowledge to apply logic and reasoning to what they are doing. But adults also come up with more excuses. I can’t tell you how often I’ve heard adults say they would love to ride but didn’t get a chance to learn when they were kids. I always ask, “what’s stopping you now?’ The list of excuses seems endless. I’m too old. I don’t have time. My kids are learning instead of me. I might fall off and hurt myself. I’ll never get good at it. Any of these ring a bell? Can you imagine anyone wanting to exclude themselves from something

they would love to do when they don’t have to be excluded? Most of these obstacles can be overcome. So, what is “too old”? Age is relative. If it’s something you really want to do and you still have a reasonable level of health and fitness, you’re not too old. The biggest issue is about expectations. Someone starting to ride at age 50 or 60 shouldn’t expect to jump four foot courses. However, you can have a lot of fun learning the intricacies of riding and even jumping low courses without subjecting yourself to monumental risk. If you love details and a lot of precision you might try dressage. You’ll find the challenges of keeping yourself and your horse in great balance can be captivating. The more you


know about dressage, the more you’re going to want to learn. Saddle seat is another style of riding that is great for those who want the thrill of a powerful horse moving under them but not the risk of galloping or jumping. And of course, western riding is always great for people who want to take it easy and feel the comfort of a big saddle for security. With western, you can take it easy and trail ride or try your hand at several other speed events or cattle work. There are enough different disciplines out there to fulfill the desires of anyone who wants to ride at any age. And if you don’t have a lot of time, remember that it doesn’t take years of training to learn to control a calm well-behaved horse on a quiet ride along the trail. The key is to find a program that meets your needs and desires. Weighing the risk against the benefits is always worthy of consideration.

At the other end of the spectrum, I often hear parents asking how old their children should be to start riding lessons. Many children are fascinated by horses and love the idea of galloping with the wind in their face while riding on a pony. Most of them don’t understand when they start that they will have to learn how to mount, hold the reins correctly and sit in good balance at a walk long before they can gallop off into the sunset. Prep them to be patient and keep them safe. I like to start them in lessons when they are around 6 or 7 and keep it fun. Each child is an individual, but there are certain benchmarks that you will want to consider when deciding if your child is ready to learn to ride. Small children under 6 or so are not built proportionately and will have difficulty balancing on a horse even if it is a small pony. Developmentally, toddlers and small children have

difficulty separating the movement of the left hand from the right and coordination can be a problem. Also, manipulating the reins with the fingers can be challenging for any small child. Their fingers need a chance to grow long enough to comfortably hold the reins. The attention span of small children can be quite short. When they are able to routinely focus on what they are doing for at least 20-30 minutes, they are probably mentally ready for lessons. Any less than that and they are likely to grow impatient and become bored or frustrated. Strength is also an obvious problem for a small child. Even on a small pony, it takes a tremendous amount of strength and leverage to control a pony that has a mind of its own. Every parent needs to consider safety when placing their child on a pony or turning them over to an instructor. May 2017 [ 15]


put a saddle on. Disposition is much more important than looks too, so find a gentle “babysitter” pony that will let the child make mistakes and not get upset. Never buy a pony just because it’s pretty. Also, please don’t look for a young pony so they can grow up together. Find an older, more experienced pony that knows the ropes. Safety should always be your biggest concern and overmounting any rider can be devastating.

If you are ready to buy your child a pony, look for something small enough for the child to be able to manage from the ground. They’ll want to be able to reach its back to

I’m not coming out

The same goes for you adults. If you are still relatively new to horses, make sure you find an experienced horse that knows its job. Then find an instructor or mentor for yourself to make the process fun and safe. There is no hurry

until you get me a

to learn it all. It’s the journey, not the destination and you’re not on a timetable. So, what’s the perfect age to ride? There are so many good answers to that question. Stop and think about it. If you find yourself always shuffling your kids around to learn to ride, or dance or play soccer, ask yourself what you are doing for yourself? Don’t you think you deserve some fun time too? If you like horses and want to learn to ride, it’s time!

Cathy Strobel has over 30 years of experience as a trainer, judge and clinician and can be reached at Southern Breeze Equestrian Center at (281) 431-4868 or www.sbreeze.com

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May 2017 [ 17]


Worldwide Equestrian Vacations Horse Riding Fun and Adventures By Brigitte Barry

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orseback riders seeking an equestrian vacation for an adventure, exploration, leisure, training or family time can travel to regional, national or global destinations. These vacations can be taken throughout the year or have designated dates. Vacation preferences are often for leisure, training, working or exotic destinations. The common factor? Visiting breathtaking places while riding horseback. In Texas, the Hill Country Equestrian Lodge in Bandera County offers numerous options for an equestrian vacation that includes training in Western, English, jumping, team sorting and penning, horsemanship and lessons year-round. There are many well-reputed clinics that vacationers come to participate in each year. The Whole Horsemanship Clinic is popular and is taught one to two times a month by Dianne Lindig Lovett, who has trained horses and ridden horses for more than 30 years. She has competed and won awards in English and Western disciplines, Trail and Reining. The Whole Horsemanship Clinics strive to “enrich the horse and rider experience through study and [18]

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practice of the fundamentals of good horsemanship from the ground through the saddle.” Over the course of five or seven days, each day riders study topics such as psychology and groundwork, improving the skill of the rider, helping the horse to perform its best, and more. Each day riders take a two-hour trail ride

together to practice and apply the day’s session work. Jumping clinics are often offered as an option with the Whole Horsemanship Clinic. The Team Sorting and Penning Clinic is a package that includes two nights of accommodations, meals, choice of your own horse or the use of a quarter-horse on

Hill Country Equestrian offers incredible ammenities for both horse and rider. A variety of clinics and camps are scheduled annually. This Summer’s camp is June 18- July 8, consisting of 3 one-week sessions.


site and 11 hours of instruction and cattle work. The Girls’ Summer Riding Camp 2017 offers one, two, or three week camps and welcomes all skills levels, Western or English. Limited to 12 total riders. Free boarding if you bring your own horse. Trail riding and lessons are available for individuals or groups. Individuals and families requesting specific needs for their stay will be pleased to know that owners Dianne Lindig Lovett and Peter Lovett offer guests a unique experience: to customize their reservation by adding instruction, trail riding meals, spa services and other amenities to their stay, or not. Hill Country Equestrian Lodge accommodations include three private cabins, four suites and the Lindig Cabin/Suite Earline Combination. All nightly rates include breakfast foods stocked in your cabin or suite and an access fee to enter the adjoining 5500 acre Hill Country State Natural Area. Lunch and Dinner meals additional fee. Guests have the added benefit to bring their own horses and are boarded in a clean and safe environment. Equestrian Facilities/Boarding An 8-stall barn with automatic waterers and fly spray system. Stalls are 12’ x 12’. Round pen, outdoor riding arena. Stalls or 2-horse Paddock with shelter: $11 per horse per night. Includes fresh bedding and daily cleaning of stall or shelter. Bring your hay and feed. Families are welcome at Hill Country Equestrian Lodge. Whether it’s a guided trail ride, fossil hunts, stargazing or participating in courses such as Animal Trackers or Horse Care Course, there is plenty to do! Hill Country Equestrian Lodge www.hillcountryequestlodge.com info@hillcountryequestlodge.com (830) 796-7950

Tombstone Monument Ranch offers Wild West themed accommodations along with horseback rides for every level. Tailor made equestrian activities are also offered for riders of all ages.

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ravel just outside Tombstone, Arizona and trek your way to the Tombstone Monument Ranch. This land was Apache territory and today this family-friendly Western guest ranch welcomes visitors year-round. Guests experience the Wild West with accommodations in a Western saloon, a jail, or the Grand Hotel. Stagecoaches travel the Western town and singers entertain guests at the saloon. For the horse rider, Tombstone Monument Ranch offers guided rides where riders experience beautiful views that change frequently, dried-out river streams, and nature’s quiet. Riders can also visit petroglyphs and historic sites. There is a horseback ride for everyone. Riders can take a half-day ride (4-hours), a full-day ride (8 hours), a scenic ride, a fast ride or a specialty ride. Novice riders will learn in the arena the “gentle Native Riding style.” Trail rides are for all levels of riding skill. If visitors want a different pace and activity, they can put their boots on and sign up to help out with some cattle work. Roping lessons (on the ground), hiking, shooting (with an instructor) and archery are other activi-

ties on the ranch. The Western program will keep visitors busy with its extensive trail rides, outside movie nights, live country music around the campfire, Western shows in the original saloons, stagecoach rides, pool parties and more. Depending on the rider’s experience level, Tombstone Monument Ranch offers a tailor-made program that includes: Lessons in the arena, groundwork, horse communication, natural horsemanship and trail riding. Note: the minimum age requirement for slow rides is five years old and eight years old for fast rides. Horses can only carry guests up to a weight of 230 pounds. Tombstone Monument Ranch Wild West themed all-inclusive package is for eight days and includes lodging, three meals, soft drinks and snacks per day. Enjoy a full breakfast refreshing lunch and a chef-prepared gourmet dinner. There are also activities for an additional fee that are available off-site such as a mountain tour, San Pedro River Walk, Katchner Caverns State Park, OK Corral Gunfight, Old Bisbee May 2017 [ 19]


Mining Town, Sonoita Wine Tasting and the Chiricahua National Monument Tour. Scenic riding trails, tailor-made programs, dinners around the campfire, entertainment and Wild West adventures. Tombstone Monument Ranch has something for everyone to have fun. www.hiddentrails.com/tour/guest_ ranch_arizona_tombstone.aspx info@hiddentrails.com 1-888-9 TRAILS

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enture farther to exotic places such as Japan’s Kyushu Island where volcanoes, beaches and hot springs await you or to South Africa’s Makalali Game Reserve in Limpopo Province to ride and view the Big Five, the lion, cheetah, leopard, elephant and rhino. Nature is plentiful on Japan’s Kyushu Island, the most southwesterly of its four main islands, where rolling beaches, active volcanoes and natural hot springs await you for a relaxing vacation rich with Japanese history, culture and scenery.

Horseback riders will spend eight days on Kyushu Island. The trip begins with a visit Kurokawa Hot Springs, one of the most popular and

famous spots on Kyushu. Its atmosphere is therapeutic and relaxing and visitors are allotted time to soak

Ride along the beach in Japan’s Kyushu Island filled with volcanoes, hot springs and of course beautiful sights.

in the hot springs if they desire. Next, riders will spend hours riding in Aso-Kuju National Park, one of the largest parks in Japan, with sightseeing on Mount Aso, the largest active volcano in the country.

Samurai times.

With Japan’s rich Samurai history, riders will wear an armor plate of pride as they get the opportunity to wear Samurai armor while riding. Riders will then travel to the ruins of Oka Castle, a symbol of past

A two-hour sunset horseback ride on Genkainada Beach with it gentle waves and golden sunset are sure to please and relax riders. The last horseback ride of the trip is a 4-hour trip to the Munakata Grand Shrine, a shrine with a rich history and ties to the Imperial family. Japan’s Kyushu Island is a blend of beach beauty, stunning mountain views, volcanic views, therapeutic hot springs and rich native history. www.equitours.com/horsebackriding-destinations/asia/japan/ (800) 545-0019

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Enjoy South Africa’s incredible wildlife, along with comfortable camping ammenitiees.

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outh Africa’s Makalali Game Reserve in Limpopo Province is an exotic and thrilling equestrian vacation. Here adventure-seeking horseback riders will have numerous experiences riding varied landscape at a fast to moderate pace with opportunities for past-paced canters and jumps. Riders will see and hear the sounds, behavior and life of South African wildlife on the Makalali Game Reserve and can anticipate spotting the lion, cheetah, leopard, elephant and rhinoceros. This six-day tour at Makalali Game Reserve is bestsuited for riders at a strong intermediate to advanced level. The first day riders will take a ride in the area surrounding the camp reserve in the African Bush. Keep your eyes open and you may spot your first set of animals! Near sunset, riders can look out and see the Drakensberg Mountains, the highest mountain range in South Africa. Day two riders will mount their hors[22]

May 2017

es and go on a safari. A morning ride is three to four hours and the afternoon ride is about two hours. On day three, vacationers take a drive with a guide to the buffalo project in the afternoon. Vacationers on the drive will be taken along the Makuthswe River in hopes of finding the buffalos. Other on-site camp activities include relaxing massages and shopping for local merchandise and clothing.

A long morning ride south on horseback to the Karongwe River where hyenas are often found is planned for day four. The last day of the Makalali Game Reserve vacation is an early but quick, sporty ride to get the last view on horseback on a South African safari. After the ride, equestrian vacationers return to conventional transportation and board an airplane to fly home.

Accommodations are split between two camps during the six-day trip. All meals are included. See trip itinerary for details.

South Africa’s Makalali Game Reserve is an exotic vacation for the wild animal enthusiast that wants to explore terrain on horseback in a country like no other.

Vacationers switch to their second and final camp for the remaining three days. Riders will mount their horses and head south to pass between the twin rock formations, Lion and Leopard Hill. Giraffes, zebras, wildebeests or other game may run by your side! Vacationers will also enjoy a breathtaking view of the Lowveld escarpment and the Drakensberg escarpment.

www.equitours.com/horsebackriding/big-five-safari/ (800) 545-0019

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here will you travel for an equestrian vacation this year? The personal experiences with horses, people, land and culture are unforgettable memories available to you all over the world. Ready to start planning? There is a horse waiting for you.


May 2017 [ 23]


Industry News... Equestrian Aid Foundation Announces their New Horse Show Program: Show You Care

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questrian Aid Foundation announced their new horse show program, Show You Care. The organization provides financial assistance to members of the horse community who suffer from catastrophic illness and injury and they are reaching out to horse show managers across the country to help them with their mission. “Linda Andrisani, a well-respected US Equestrian “R” judge, and other Foundation board members convinced us to launch this horse show program,” said Louise Smith, executive director of Equestrian Aid Foundation. “The concept is aligned with our goals to spread awareness of the organization, gain support and help more horse people in need.” Andrisani (pictured right) faced the unknown when she and her lifelong partner, Jack Stedding, had to downsize their top show hunter business due to illness. “The EAF came in and supplemented the loss of my income and helped me get back on my feet,” Andrisani said. “I had never really been aware of the depth of the work that they did for so many of the horse people.”

“Linda Andrisani

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The Show You Care program is a simple and impactful way for horse show managers to support the Equestrian Aid Foundation’s mission of helping critically ill and injured horse people—from riders and grooms to judges and ground crew; the very people who populate show grounds day after day. How the program works is simple and straight-forward. Show managers designate a warmup or schooling class in the hunter and jumper divisions as a Show You Care class. Then the show managers choose a percentage of each entry fee, from 5 to 50 percent, per designated class to donate to the Equestrian Aid Foundation at the end of the show. Because Equestrian Aid Foundation is a 501(c)(3), donations are tax deductible. Show managers control the depth of their contribution by their selection of the classes and the percentage of contribution.

Caring about seriously injured or ill members of the equestrian community is a great message for show managers to send, and the Equestrian Aid Foundation will promote their support in the press, on the web, in email marketing and in our social media. Upon completing their rounds in the Show You Care class, competitors will receive a green Show You Care lapel ribbon, provided by Equestrian Aid Foundation. Riders are encouraged to wear their ribbons throughout the show and share their photos on social media (hashtags #ShowYouCare and #EquestrianAidFoundation). Winners of a monthly Show You Care social media photo contest will win a prize. Show managers may sign up now for the Show You Care program for their 2017 summer and fall horse shows. Contact Emily Cleland at Emily@EquestrianAid.org.


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Health News...

D

Equine Diarrhea:

Causes, Treatments, and Complications – Learn More from Palm Beach Equine Clinic

iarrhea can be a common problem for horse owners, but how do we know when it is serious? What are some of the causes? How do we treat severe cases and what are the complications to watch for? Internal Medicine Specialist Dr. Peter Heidmann of Palm Beach Equine Clinic in Wellington, FL, has the answers to these questions and more. Diarrhea, defined as loose stools, or excessive and overly-frequent defecation, occurs when the intestine does not complete absorption of electrolytes and water. Simple changes in feed, exposure to lush grass, or a bite of moldy hay can cause brief irritation of the bowel, giving a horse diarrhea for a day or two, but anything more than that could be from a variety of more serious causes. Bacteria, viruses, and toxins are all factors that can damage the lining of the bowel and lead to diarrhea and other complications. CAUSES The organisms that cause diarrhea are mostly bacteria –Salmonella and Clostridium difficile are among the most common. Clostridium difficile is associated with antibiotic use in

Bacteria, viruses, and toxins are all factors that can damage the lining of the bowel and lead to diarrhea and other complications. both people and horses. While antibiotics are useful to kill bad bacteria, they can also kill good bacteria at the same time, upsetting the balance of flora in the body. If a horse goes on antibiotics for any reason, such as a wound or an infection, that can upset the good bacteria in the intestines and cause bad bacteria, such as Clostridium difficile, to grow. Clostridium difficile can be found naturally in the environment. There are various types of Salmonella, most adapted to birds or to cattle or other livestock, so horses that are around livestock have a higher rate of becoming infected with that particular

bacteria. Horses can also carry Salmonella and not have any symptoms, so they can pass it to each other. If the healthy flora in the horse’s body is thrown off by even a small change in diet, or something bigger like a colic episode, or antibiotics, then Salmonella can grow up in its place. Another bacterial cause of diarrhea can be a disease called Potomac Horse Fever. A bacteria called Neorickettsia risticii, which is carried by snails and conveyed by flies like caddis flies, causes Potomac Horse Fever. For this reason, horses that live near rivers or streams can become infected. During warm weathBandera’s Lew Pewterbaugh has been called the most knowledgeable saddle and tack authority in the Southwest. For private fitting consultation call (830) 328-0321 or (830) 522-6613 or email: saddlerlew@gmail.com.

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er months, caddis flies pick up the bacteria from the streams and can transfer the disease to nearby horses that accidentally eat the flies or larvae. There are hotbeds for Potomac Horse Fever throughout the U.S., including the Potomac basin where it was first described, as well as many parts of the East Coast, and areas of Oregon, northern California, and Montana. A viral cause of diarrhea commonly seen is Coronavirus. This gastrointestinal virus shreds the intestinal lining and can cause horses to become very sick. The body has to reline the bowel, and it does so quickly, but it takes three to five days, during which the horse may have severe diarrhea and secondary infections. “Coronavirus was thought for a long time to just be an opportunistic infection and that the virus would take advantage of the horse already being sick, but now it is more and more believed to be the cause of its own type of disease,” Dr. Heidmann stated. “Like all of these diseases, it causes damage to the lining of the bowel and supportive care must be used to help the horse heal. Unlike bacterial infections, however, you cannot directly treat the organism, since there aren’t appropriate drugs to directly treat coronavirus in horses.” Outside of the infectious causes of diarrhea, there are mechanical causes, such as ingestion of sand, which can be a common problem in locations like South Florida. Sand is irritating to the lining of the bowel and can cause damage from its weight, as well as its abrasiveness. In general, sand is irritating enough that the body cannot retain the fluid that it needs in the intestines. As a result, it will cause secretory diarrhea where too much water is being lost. Clearing the sand usually solves the problem and the bowel is then able to reestablish a healthy lining. A final cause of diarrhea in horses is toxins. Toxic plants, such as Oleander, can be fatal in large doses, but if ingested in small amounts, can be

The organisms that cause diarrhea are mostly bacteria –Salmonella and Clostridium difficile are among the most common. a severe irritant to the bowel. Other well as balancing electrolytes. toxins that a horse can ingest in the environment, such as phosphate or The next most important step is takinsecticides, may also cause diar- ing measures to either reestablish rhea. good flora within the gut or to remove the bad bacteria. In the past, a TREATMENTS powdered charcoal was used, which The single most important treatment is great for absorbing bacteria, but for diarrhea, no matter the cause, is does not absorb the water. A gastrosupportive care. Supportive care in- intestinal health supplement called cludes providing intravenous fluids to BioSponge® came on the market in replace the fluids lost, providing pro- the early 2000s through the compatein in the form of plasma for the pro- ny Platinum Performance. The prodtein lost due to lack of absorption, as uct is a purified clay powder that May 2017 [ 29]


Health News... binds the toxins, and also binds the water, so that the horse loses fewer fluids in their diarrhea. While absorbing the bad bacteria and toxins is important, also providing good bacteria in the form of probiotics can be very helpful. “Probiotics are very variable in their efficacy, but there are some bacteria that are known to be associated with gut health,” Dr. Heidmann noted. “The good bacteria in people, and in horses, that has the most data for being helpful is Saccharomyces Boulardii. Old-fashioned brewers yeast is also Saccharomyces, but it is a different species, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. “One of the best ways to reestablish healthy flora is Transfaunation, which is taking a healthy horses manure, filtering it, and then tubing it into the sick horse,” Dr. Heidmann added. “That is one of the most dramatic treatments out there. It provides the good ‘bugs’ that the horse is losing through the diarrhea. You

will often see foals eating their mother’s manure. It is an instinctual habit to get the good bugs into their stomach. We only do that in the sickest of cases. Whatever the route, it makes a big difference to provide the good bugs because that creates the environment for the gut to heal.” While some antibiotics are warranted in the right situation, Dr. Heidmann pointed out that they are not necessary as often as people would think. “With people or dogs, if we get Salmonella or some other intestinal infection, we almost always go on antibiotics, but because antibiotics are the cause of many cases of colitis in horses, in general that is not the best strategy,” Dr. Heidmann stated. “There are a couple of exceptions. Clostridium difficile does respond to antibiotics, metronidazole being the most common one. For Potomac Horse Fever, Tetracycline broad spectrum antibiotics are the best.”

The single most important treatment for diarrhea, no matter the cause, is supportive care. Photo by Jump Media

Biosecurity measures should also be taken to protect healthy horses from an infectious barn-mate. Dr. Heidmann recommends complete isolation of the sick horse while it is ill, and for a minimum of two full weeks after the infection has been clinically resolved. This includes no horse-to-

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May 2017


horse contact, as well as no shared use of wheelbarrows, pitchforks, etc. Molecular and DNA testing can be done to make sure that the horse is infection-free, however, Dr. Heidmann warns that testing can be problematic. “There is a very high number of false negatives, meaning there is truly some infection there, but the lab cannot find it,” Dr. Heidmann stated. “There can be times when the horse is shedding bugs, but the tests do not pick it up. The state-of-the-art standard of care is a DNA test called ‘PCR’, and yet you still have to do multiple tests to get a positive test and get a diagnosis. Still, the best way to be safe is to continue testing until you are sure.” COMPLICATIONS Dr. Heidmann warned of common complications in severe diarrhea cases, laminitis being highest on the list. With the sickest of horses, it is unfortunately not uncommon for

the veterinarian to get the gut fixed over three to five days, and then find that the feet have started to become very inflamed due to toxins in the bloodstream. If the horse loses the lining of its intestine, then the good and bad bacteria that are supposed to be contained in the intestine can “leak” out into the bloodstream and are free in the abdomen. Those bacteria are then dying either from an attack by the immune system or antibiotics, and they release endotoxins into the bloodstream, which along with other inflammatory products, can cause laminitis. Another serious complication is blood clotting. The sick horse may become very low on blood protein when the bowel lining is damaged, which can cause clotting abnormalities. The horse may have difficulty clotting or they may become prone to abnormal increases in clotting. The horse might seem better, and then it will develop a clot somewhere in the body. It can be anywhere, but it is most often in the intestine it-

self, which is usually fatal. In general, horses like this are treated with supplemental protein in the form of plasma. In some cases, the veterinarian will also provide anticoagulant medications. Although some cases of diarrhea are brief and easily resolved, Dr. Heidmann reminds that serious cases can go downhill fast, and it is important to refer to an expert. “The biggest sign of a problem is duration,” Dr. Heidmann concluded. “If it is one day, it could be that they had a bite of bad food or something simple. If there are fevers or lethargy, those are instant warning signs. If it lasts for days, or if they go off their feed, those are instant warning signs. That is when you should call your veterinarian right away, especially because as they start to go downhill, these complications really amplify. The worst cases are the ones that have been smoldering for a day or two.” (Equine Health, Cont.on Pg. 33) May 2017 [ 31]


Health News...

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May 2017


(Equine Health, Cont. fm Pg. 31)

Dr. Heidmann and the veterinarians at Palm Beach Equine Clinic are always available and encourage owners to contact the clinic at the first sign of a problem.

Although some cases of diarrhea are brief and easily resolved, Dr. Heidmann reminds that serious cases can go downhill fast, and it is important to refer to an expert.

Palm Beach Equine Clinic provides experience, knowledge, availability, and the very best care for its clients.

Photo by Jump Media

aging and treatments. Palm Beach Equine Clinic provides experience, knowledge, availability, and the very best care for its clients. To find out more, please visit www.equineclinic. com or call 561-793-1599. “Like” them on Facebook to follow along on what happens in Wellington and more, and get news from their Twitter!

About Palm Beach Equine Clinic The veterinarians and staff of PBEC are respected throughout the industry for their advanced level of care and steadfast commitment to horses and owners. With 28 skilled veterinarians on staff, including three board-certified surgeons, internal medicine specialists, and one of very few board-certified equine radiologists in the country, PBEC leads the way in new, innovative diagnostic im-

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General...

Tags! Howdy!

Welcome to Cowboy Corner.

A

fter Easter the weather finally got right for cattle work. Rains that had been forecast for the Brazos bottom did not come, allowing our pastures and pens to dry. Have mentioned before that the only thing I have successfully used in muddy, boggy, cattle pens is bank sand. Getting’ the sand in the pens is sometimes a real chore, but it works for me. Also, figure how much you’ll need, then double the order. Takes a lot of sand for a mud hole. Have not had good luck with a sand/clay mix. The clay sticks to feet and tires and won’t stay in the hole. Rock, gravel, and crushed concrete are all good for ranch roads, but not good in pens or corrals. Spring is the time we tag our calves and yearlings and gonna share a few tips from the long road of life. Ear tags in my observation have become more popular in the last decade because branding cattle has become less popular in my part of the world. For the newbies cow owner tags are easier to apply than brands. For brands to be effective identification on livestock, the brand must be registered in the counties where used. The newbie then has to decide whether to use a freeze brand or hot brand. The branding irons are different and have to be made to order. Learned long ago, that freeze branding dark hide cattle is much better than hot branding. Freeze brands turn grey on my black cat[34]

May 2017

tle and are much easier to read than hot brands. However, hot brands are easier to read on grey or white cattle. Purebred cattle producers still use brands but most newbies don’t have enough cattle to warrant the effort associated with branding or the facilities, and equipment. The real property tax laws have resulted in a new group of cattle producers. A certain number of cattle on a minimum amount of acreage qualifies for an agricultural exemption for tax purposes, and has created a new group of cattlemen I call “newbies”. Not sure all these newbies look before they leap. Back to tags. One of the first things learned is to decide on which tag to use. Several brands are available and they are all good, but you can’t use brand A tags with a brand B tagger. When deciding, on which tag to use, consider availability, and if a tag dealer is in your part of the world. Farm and ranch suppliers and feed stores should be a good source of supply. My tag program has for years been to use a different color tag on each

year’s heifer crop. Additionally, we only use blank tags, not numbered, but put the year of the calf ’s’ birth on the blank tag before tagging the calf. All steers receive the same color tag, with no date of birth. Use the special ink pen available to mark the tags for durability. Have learned the hard way to use small tags on cattle pastured in brushy areas. The large tags are easier to see, but longevity is reduced in the brush. Makers have a number of colors available, and as an example a yellow tag on a black ear is easy to see. Try to use tags that use the same color base applied through the back of the ear. Horseback the base on the back of the ear is real easy to see. Some and maybe all tag makers also have available tags impregnated with insecticide for fly control. Have used these tags and like them. My tag supplier is Y-Tex from Cody, Wyoming , 800443-6401 and have found these folks and their Texas rep great to work with.

Happy Trails...


Lindi Braddock

Camaron Pruiett

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The Broken Bit Ranch Equestrian Facility to pamper Equine and Humans alike. Forty-four Majestic Acres in Washington County, just West of Houston, with a Mediterranean-inspired custom Smart Home ÂŽ with a salt water pool, spa, travertine elevated decking and an outdoor kitchen. For equine pampering, we have 6 Paddocks w/Run-Ins, a Foaling Barn w/ Apt, a drive-in horse barn, round pen, cross-fenced, a full ranch generator, Pelican Water System, Buried Propane/ Aerobic Septic, Solar powered gated entrance, a large Pond and more, all on a Freeze-Free Ranch.

Lindi Braddock

Camaron Pruiett

979-277-4763

979-525-6300

May 2017 [ 35]


If you liked McNasty, you're going to LOVE Crib-Guard!

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May 2017

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Horseback Magazine May 2017  
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