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Is Your Horse Eating Too Much?
Christmas Gi Ideaâ€™s for all budgets
Back To Basics improve your riding
Gastric Ulcers the hidden problem
How to: Stop cutting corners Move up a level Banish mud fever
Senses how does your horse use them?
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Contributors Dr.Hans Delaunois-Vanderperren Zoe Davies Nicola Sheard Ginny Oakley Julie Nicholson
Published By MCL PUBLISHING
4 ............ Horse talk 6 ............ Leer scene 8 ............ Cung corners 10.......... New on the scene 12 .......... It all makes sense 14 .......... Token frenzy... collect your 3rd token!
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16 .......... A day in the life of Sarah Streon 18.......... WIN a pack of Vetrofen & Vetroﬂex 20 ........ The musical story - The Pas Seul 22 ........ WIN A Bag of Equilibra 500+ 24 ........ Banish mud fever 28 ........ Is your horse eang too much? 32 ........ Moving up a level 34 ........ Gastric ulcers - the hidden problem 36 ........ WIN...Giveaways up for grabs! 39 ........ Christmas gi guide 48 ........ Equestrian balance therapy 50 ........ WIN A Trailer Vision camera system 52 ........ Expert Q&A 56 ........ Tried & tested...read our reviews 58 ........ Back to basics part 1 62 ........ Choosing bedding and yard products 66 ........ Tack room break
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Inside this issue...
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Horsetalk APASSIONATA - the magic returns
Have you become a fan of Horse Scene’s Page yet?
If not, your missing out on
Competitions & Giveaways Up to date news Gossip & discussions ...and much more The internaonally renowned horse spectacular makes a dramac and welcome return to London’s O2 Arena. The NEW show with over 40 horses plays on Saturday 21st of January at 2.30pm & 7.30pm.
A stunning and beauful show, APASSIONATA combines a horse’s natural elegance and nobility with the ﬁnest equestrianship, exhilarang stunts and touching music sung by an opera singer. This is a thrilling, theatrical event where everything from the courageous to the compassionate and from the complex to the comic is observed. See the skillful agility and athlecism of the classic Cossack riders and their horses as well as the mesmerizing simplicity and discipline of a horse whisperer’s talents. From Shetland ponies to Friesian horses, over 40 horses have been drawn together from throughout Europe to create this evocave and emoonal show. Intertwining so many of a horse’s tradional abilies with light, dance and music means that APASSIONATA is a show for all the family to enjoy. The powerful, world-wide language that exists between man and horse is inspiraonal and amazing to witness. “One of the world’s greatest equestrian shows” The Times “A unique theatrical experience” Daily Express. Ticket prices range from £27 for children and £39 for adults. For ckets contact 0871 6207056 or for more informaon visit www.apassionata.co.uk
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Represent Pink Equine in 2012 Are you a dedicated competor who is looking for a chance to shine? Could you sparkle in the saddle for Pink Equine? The team at Pink Equine are opening up the stable doors to three talented competors in a year long sponsorship deal that is guaranteed to dazzle the opposion! Aﬃliated eventers, show jumpers and dressage riders are invited to apply for the Pink Equine 2012 Sponsorship deal by ﬁlling in the online form at www.pinkequine.com and showing their commitment to the brand. Once applicaons have been submied Pink Equine would like to see a taste of what entrants can do for them. Applicants are expected to demonstrate their dedicaon to Pink Equine by being acve on their Facebook wall and keeping them updated on progress to prove that they are a worthy candidate.
Aer December 31st 2011 three ﬁnalists from each discipline will be selected and posted on the website and then it will be down to Pink Equine fans and customers as to who will receive the sponsorship. The people with the most votes at the end of the closing date will be crowned the Pink Equine Sponsored Riders for 2012. The successful candidates will receive a £400 voucher to spend on Pink Equine equipment. Then if they connue to demonstrate dedicaon to the brand, with blogs, updates, videos and promoon of Pink Equine, they will be rewarded with the opon to add products up to a value of £150 every 3 months to their Pink Equine kit. In addion to this each rider will be given a unique discount code to give to their friends.
Bringing expertise to your door Would you like to be able to talk to someone about feeding? Is your horse’s diet balanced and supplying him with the correct nutrion or do you need help with feed related problems?
yards with 12 horses or more. The yard service is open to both exisng and potenal new clients.
To ﬁnd out more about organising a visit to your yard contact the Mulple AwardWinning Helpline on 01845 565030 or visit www.topspec.com
The TopSpec team of experienced nutrionists and equine advisors will be happy to provide friendly advice at your yard, tailored to your individual horse or pony. TopSpec now has ﬁve weighbridges available with their free yard service covering the whole of the UK, as part of their commitment to providing the very best advice in equine nutrion. A TopSpec nutrionist and/or equine advisor can visit your yard to oﬀer experienced advice when it comes to feeding and managing horses and ponies of all types. Owners are provided with individual diet plans for each horse during the visit with the weighbridge, where required, provided at
Write to: Leer Scene, Horse Scene Magazine, The Old Tannery, 224 Spen Lane, Gomersal, Cleckheaton BD19 4PJ or email: email@example.com
The Starletter will win a pair of
Windermere Boots The Ariat Windermere boots feature Ariat’s exclusive 4LR® technology for added comfort with a HydroGuard waterproof membrane to oﬀer a fantasc country boot. Fashioned in suede and leather in a convenient pull on style with a riding outsole, these boots oﬀer unsurpassed style and protecon, making them perfect for both walking and riding in the country.
What does your horse want? I, like probably most other horse owners like to make sure my horse is dressed in warm snug rugs and is tucked up in a warm stable every night over winter, but this is somemes not what your horse might want. Last year, my mare would rear up everyme when stabled and she has damaged the roof in the stable. I couldn't go in the stable without her trying to bite or spinning around with her ears pinned. Eventually the penny dropped with me that this was just not the life for her, so I bought a shelter and I le her out last winter. She was no problem at all, she turned back in to the loving and relaxed mare I know and she is much happier. Stabling in winter is not every horses dream of a nice life so please take in to consideraon that the life you think your horse might/should want is not necessarily what they want. Keeley Mclane
Why are breeders carrying on?
I recently accompanied my friend to a horse sale in wales, where hundreds of foals were awaing their desny. In the bidding ring, some of them were not even geng a £5 bid which quesons the fact as to why breeders are sll breeding lots of foals every year. Horses and ponies are not selling in the current climate, so why do these breeders connue to breed when some of them can not even sell them for £5. It totally baﬄes me and I would be interested to know what other readers think on this maer. Anne Lohouse
This is me and my horse ''Unique Vision'' riding for the ﬁrst me out in a year due to an injury. Sent in by Amie Webb
Want to be next months HOT SHOT? send your picture to firstname.lastname@example.org
Star letter Changes for ponies I am lucky enough to own a beauful 2 year old new forest x welsh ﬁlly called Fleur; she is beauful and intelligent, with such a fun, extroverted personality that she always makes me smile even at the end of a hard day. Although I love horses there is something about ponies, especially the nave types, which I ﬁnd irresisble! Aer breaking her in next year I'd always hoped to be able to compete in fun, unaﬃliated show jumping classes at my local equestrian centre and riding clubs. However, much to my disappointment, this is not possible. In aﬃliated and unaﬃliated dressage, adults can ride ponies which is fantasc, if you enjoy dressage (which I don't)! Endurance and Trec are great opons for adult pony riders but sadly these events do not seem to happen in my area, therefore for people such as myself who lack transport, compeng in these disciplines is not a viable opon. As a child I successfully competed in show jumping on a 15.2hh horse as a senior (against adults), now I am an adult myself and own a pony I will not be allowed to compete in jumping as the rules of my local compeons spulate ponies can only be ridden by juniors. Ok, maybe it would be unfair for a 25 year old to be compeng in a class against children, but then why not let me compete on my pony as a senior, against other adults? If I wanted to aﬃliate I could register my pony as a “horse” and compete as a senior, so why is it not possible to do this in unaﬃliated compeons? I just want to have fun with my pony, aﬃliaon is not something I aspire to or can aﬀord. The atude of others can be quite disheartening too, at a horsemanship clinic recently the Instructor took one look at my girl and said "you'll look so silly riding her, you'll have to sell her on". Prior to this I was praccally laughed out of the show ring in 2008 when entering my ex loan pony in a working hunter class. In other countries such as Iceland, the nave pony barely reaches 14hh yet the norm is for grown men to ride them and no one bats an eyelid! I would love to see a change in atudes in the UK and an end to what I feel is discriminaon, however it seems that this is a long way oﬀ. Miriam Salameh - Selby
Cutting corners? Improve your turns this winter
With the winter here and hacking somemes limited why not plan me in the arena to improve on some basic schooling... starng with your corners. There are usually two reasons for cung corners, the rider is a novice who has never been taught how to steer through them correctly, or an experience rider who has let bad habits creep in. The horse, on the other hand, maybe unschooled or sﬀ and thus takes the easier opon.
Are you cung corners? Anyone with basic riding skills can easily improve their cornering technique. If the horse is ﬁt and can perform a balanced trot on circles of less than 20 meters in diameter, accurate corners can usually be achieved within a few weeks. Warm your horse up ﬁrst for several minutes, then ride around the arena on the rail, taking the same line on the corners as usual. Aer a round or two, move to the inside of your track and look at the hoof points around the corners. Ask your self these quesons, is the arc too wide? Could I have kept more to the rail a lile longer on the approach to the corner and made a ghter turn? If the answer to both is yes, there is room for improvement.
Lets improve them Take your horse back on to the track, pick a corner and plan to ride it a couple of strides deeper than last me before making the actual turn. Do it at walk inially to give yourself extra me to think about what your doing and choose the correct line for the curve. Never go so far in to the corner that the only way to complete the turn is by making a desperate tug with the reins, it defeats the objecve and is very bad riding. The turn must always be comfortable for your horse and in proporon to his size and current level of athlec ability. Riding a corner is really nothing more than making a quarter turn, and the aids for turning are one of the ﬁrst things we learn as beginners. When your horse is tracking right, your right hand controls the bend and direcon, and your inside leg applied near the girth keeps the forward impulsion. Your outside le hand controls the pace and balance, and the corresponding leg, when lightly applied behind the girth stops the hind quarters from swinging out. Don't start the exercise unl your horse is trong acvely and really using himself. When the pace is relaxed and steady, aim to do one complete pass around the arena riding all four corners a few strides deeper than normal.
Mental cue One vital ingredient to success is the riders mind. Try thinking ''turn'' rather than ''corner''. When the last stride has been reached on the straight, say ''yes'' to yourself, and turn, as if mentally turning 90 degrees. Imagine that your hips and pelvis are actually steering the horse rather than your legs and hands. This can have a very posive eﬀect on some horses. It may also be helpful to think of the inside leg as the pivot around which your horse will be turned. To re-enforce this, a ﬁrm push with the outside leg at the girth when making the turn can help achieve a ﬂuid movement, you will feel that your horse is turning around your inside leg.
Did your horse ﬁnd it diﬃcult? If your horse found the exercise diﬃcult your horse may be a novice, unﬁt, sﬀ on one side (as most horses are) or in extreme cases there maybe some physical condion that needs professional aenon. Your horse may also have been a vicm of ‘following the original track’. If your arena is heavily used a deﬁnite groove oen gets warn in to the track where previous horses have gone round on the rail. This deep indentaon is unlikely to have accurate corners, as most riders are prone to cung them. Horses love to use this well trampled groove. Somemes its diﬃcult to avoid this on the straight due to space restricons, but never let it ruin the corners. Obviously, the horse may have to step out of the groove for a few strides when the corner needs to be ghter, and some of them just hate loosing there well worn guide. The answer is to ride asservely with ﬁrm leg aids and give a light tap with a schooling whip if your horse slows or seems hesitant to step out of it.
Keep him supple Although a turn seems like a simple thing to us, its not quite so easy for our horses. Instead of being vercal on two legs they are horizontal on four. With novice and sﬀ horses, it's best to get them supple with regular schooling sessions that involve plenty of circles and changes of direcon. Always aim to ride the corners posively, even if they are not very ght at ﬁrst, its all part of the schooling process. A few gentle vibraons with the ﬁngers on the inside rein rather than a steady pull can help iniate a bend with a novice horse. The outside rein contact should be eased slightly, but not given away, as this can unbalance the horse by allowing too much neck bend. If the hind quarters start to swing out, slide the outside leg back behind the girth and apply a lile pressure to correct it. Try not to suddenly kick with the outside leg, as your horse might think you are asking for canter. Never ask for too much at ﬁrst, take the corners a lile wider and be content with that extra stride or two. Once your horse can achieve this, gradually ask for more unl the corners are being ridden as ghtly as possible. Above all, never pracse riding corners all through a schooling session or unl boredom sets in and remember to work in both direcons. It is amazing how many riders seam to school there horse by working 2/3 of the me in one direcon and only a 1/3 in the other. Usually the horses sﬀ side is the one that gets neglected.
Forget frozen ﬁngers Having cold hands can be horribly uncomfortable which is why Ariat have created their toasty warm Insulated Tek Grip Gloves. Slim line and lightweight, they are made from a clever technical Polartec Wind Pro stretch ﬂeece with a hard coang, which retains body heat to keep ﬁngers warm and snug in cooler temperatures. To ensure praccality in the saddle the Ariat Insulated Tek Grip Gloves feature a synthec suede palm to promote grip and sensivity, arculated ﬁngers for freedom of movement, reinforced stress points to maintain durability and a quick and easy non-snag adjustable Velcro closure. Available in Slate, Bark or Black and are priced around £33.50 For more informaon visit www.ariat-europe.com
Health and vitality
Do you want your horse or pony to be in the best of health, full of life and vitality? Fullolife has introduced a new range of nutrional oil based supplements that includes Pure Cod Liver Oil, High Strength Joint Care and Soya Oil. Designed to help promote the best of health whilst providing a nutrionally formulated blend containing essenal nutrients and vitamins. Fullolife Pure Cod Liver Oil is a pure and natural condioner that provides an excellent source of vitamins A and D, as well as polyunsaturates to help maintain good health, skin and coat. Fullolife High Strength Joint Care is a formula designed to help maintain supple and mobile joints ideal for both young and veteran horses. Fullolife Soya Oil is natural oil supplement to help promote healthy skin and a glossy coat. Containing Omega 6 fay acids and a source of linolenic acid, it provides an excellent source of slow releasing, non-heang energy for essenal for improved stamina. For more informaon contact 01482 701271 or visit www.fullolife.co.uk
Cool & balanced
Designed for horses and ponies that need extra condion but no ‘ﬁzz’ and that are in light to medium work. A ‘Non-Heang,’ cereal-grain-free formula; with low levels of starch and sugar, plus good quality protein. It smulates weight gain whilst delivering a formula that not only avoids excing horses but also includes ingredients that may reduce anxiety and help horses relax. Feeding TopSpec Cool Balancer improves the amount of nutrients that a horse can extract from his feed and because the horse can ulise more nutrients from forage the amount of concentrate that needs to be fed can be reduced. This beneﬁts digeson and is a more natural way of feeding, leading to a more relaxed horse. Available in15kg sacks, which last a 500kg horse for 30 days or a 250kg pony for 60 days. Priced around £22.50 (15kg) For more informaon visit www.topspec.com
Value at it’s best The Saxon 1200 Combo Heavy oﬀers great value protecon with 300g of polyﬁll. Made from a strong 1200 denier polyester ripstop outer, which is fully waterproof and breathable, full 210T Nylon lining, low cross surcingles, adjustable leg straps and the combo design helps provide maximum protecon. Available in Navy/Chutney in sizes 5’67’0. Priced around £69.99 Available from all leading saddlery stores.
Feed like clockwork The ingenious Bosworth Automac Horse Feeder allows you to have complete control of your horse’s feed me when it is inconvenient to be on hand. Combining style with strength and durability, it is both simple to install and operate and a removable bucket that holds up to 13 litres of food makes cleaning easy. Powered by a 12V baery which is included, providing complete ﬂexibility of locaon. The feeder has proved great for elderly, ill and laminic horses who beneﬁt from smaller or extra feeds. Thoroughly tested in both the UK and Switzerland since 2009, this is one new product invaluable to any stabled horse. Priced around £299 with free delivery. For more informaon visit www.bosworthdesigns.com
It all makes
sense The horses senses of sight, sound, smell, taste and touch have helped them survive in the wild for thousands of years and are extremely important. If you are aware of what these senses do and how they work, you will have a better chance of understanding your horse, making owning and training more pleasurable.
Sight Sight is the most important sense to a horse as it is used to look for danger and means the diﬀerence between life and death. The horses eyes are set mainly on the sides of his face and he has mostly monocular vision. He can see a diﬀerent image with each eye and they have nearly 360 degrees of vision. They also have binocular vision, which means they can judge how far away things are.
Horses have two blind spots, one in front and one behind. which is why you should never creep up on a horse from behind!. The lens of the eye does not change shape to focus as the human eye does instead the horse changes his head posion to change his focus. The top part of the eye picks up long range vision, so a horse will hold his head up high to focus on distant objects, while the lower part of the eye picks up close vision, so the horse will lower his head to look at something close.
Horses can detect a ny movement from a great distance, but they do not have super ﬁne focus up close. Cells within the horses eye are light sensive and allow the horse to see at night, so don't worry if you are riding in dim light – they can see! Although it seems horses can diﬀerenate between colours (especially blue and red), it is generally thought they have poor colour vision.
“Horses can see a diﬀerent image with each eye and they have nearly 360 degrees of vision”
The horses sense of hearing is extremely powerful, a quiet rustle in the grass can have an enre herd galloping to the other side of the ﬁeld. Horses can hear sounds up to approximately 4,400 metres away in comparison, most humans can only hear sounds 300 feet away and dogs only have the ability to hear sounds 1,320 feet away. Generally the ears show where the horse is looking and they can rotate to more than a 180degrees. They pick up every sound from all direcons, before they can even see it.
The horses skin is uniquely sensive, even the slightest touch of a ﬂy causes the skin to twitch. The upper lip is used for touching, feeling and liing objects in order to invesgate them and, they can feel what mood you are in whether it be happy, frightened, angry or sad. The equine sense of touch is an important (although oen overlooked) element to the horse. Although many people think that horses have a tough hide, they really don't. Their skin is tougher than our human epidermis, but it is sll rich with nerve endings. Horses use their touch to communicate with other herd members, by mutual grooming and it is the horses resonance to touch that also allows us to ride them, by applying and releasing pressure, as the horses natural insnct is to yield to pressure. Without the sense of touch, it would be extremely diﬃcult to use the horse to ride. Humans can also use touch to convey messages to the horse. A gentle rub down, a pat on the shoulder, a vigorous massage in just the right place — these are all ways of saying, "I'm your friend" to a horse.
Like most nonhuman animals, horses have an acute sense of smell that they regularly employ to provide them with informaon on what is going on around them. Horses use their sense of smell in a number of diﬀerent and important ways. Horses trap incoming smells and analyse them, sending messages to the brain. They can detect smells that humans can not and they can even sense good water from bad. Smell allows the horse to idenfy a member of the herd and it is important parcularly to mares and stallions in the breeding season. In reacon to certain smells, horses somemes exhibit what is called the 'Fleming response'. When doing this the horse raises his nose in the air and curls up his top lip in order to smell as much of the scent as possible. Stallions oen do this when smelling the urine of a mare to see if she is ready to mate.
If you look at the shape of the horse's ear, you can see that it's built sort of like a funnel. With this design, the ear can capture sound in its outer part and channel it down into the ear canal. The broad outer part of the horse's ear very adequately takes in the slightest sound in the horse's environment. Using very mobile ears, horses constantly monitor the world around them. Just imagine trying to pay complete aenon to diﬀerent sounds coming in to either ear at the same me. Impossible for a human, yet the horse does this on a steady basis. A horse can take in the sounds of a car driving by, children playing, a bird chirping and a human approaching, all at once, from diﬀerent places in the environment. The horse then processes that informaon and makes split second decisions about whether to react — all while picking out the best blades of pasture grass or meandering down a rocky trail. The process really is mindblowing. You can also tell how your horse is feeling from his ears, if his ears are pinned back he's probably angry, frighted or in pain, if his ears are pricked forward he is startled or interested, if he has one ear forward and one ear sideways he is generally listening to you. Horses can also disnguish the diﬀerence in the tone of your voice, he will know if you are speaking to him in a happy tone or a not so happy tone. This is why the voice aid is used when training horses and must not be underesmated – pay aenon to your horses ears they can tell you alot!
“Horses pick up every sound from all direcons, before they can even see it“
“Without the sense of touch, it would be extremely diﬃcult to use the horse to ride”
“Horses trap incoming smells and analyse them, sending messages to the brain”
Taste While not as important as other senses (some horses may not agree), an equines sense of taste is well developed and is closely related to his sense of smell. Horses always smell their food ﬁrst before tasng to check what it is and will spit out bier tasng food as they prefer sweet and salty tastes. Their choices are based on taste and texture and they will usually avoid toxic plants. Anyone who has ever had to orally medicate a horse knows he can taste the medicine, when the feed is not le untouched. So, if you need to give oral medicaon, try mixing them with something sweet like apple sauce or molasses to tempt them.
“Horses prefer sweet and salty tastes and choices are based on taste and texture”
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How to Enter: To be in with a chance of winning, collect the ''tokens'' from the September, October and November issues. Once all 3 tokens have been collected, send them along with your name, address and contact number to: Token Frenzy, Horse Scene Magazine, The Old Tannery, 224 Spen Lane, Gomersal, West Yorkshire, BD19 4PJ Please visit our website for full terms and condions.
A day in the life of
Eventer Sarah Stretton Animal farm As soon as the light starts fading away I know it’s almost home me, but I have just two more things to do. Finish oﬀ my horses and put them to bed and feed our cows. Yes, I also have cows!. My dad and I currently have 42 calves, my nickname is currently milkmaid! So when I just think my day is ﬁnished, and the nice warm house and a lovely cup of tea awaits I remember that my day is not done!
Socialising I always make enough me for socialising. With having such a busy lifestyle it can be very easy to struggle to ﬁnd me to see my friends, but I make sure that it is never a struggle for me. TGI Fridays is always a massive hit but on the odd occasion I have a day oﬀ, I can be spoed doing a range of acvies including sledging in the winter and water skiing in the summer.
My day to day routine can vary depending upon what yards I need to visit and what part of the season we are in. At the moment my horses are based at Vicarage Farm, which is only 5 minutes down the road from my house. I currently have 3 horses in work stabled at Vicarage Farm and my other young horses and eventers are on holiday at home.
The horses The horses currently in work are Arturo nickname Derek, he is an intermediate eventer but this year, he didn't want to play out on the cross country course. It’s a shame but, horses have their own brains and it’s my job to work them out so, I have decided to do some show jumping and hunng this winter and hopefully this will get his brain back on the right track. Capello nickname Aaron is a new horse to my string; he is 4 years old and from Poland. He is a really smart horse who has come from a dressage yard so it is now my job over the winter to educate him in all areas with the thought of the BYEH qualiﬁers and young horse classes next season. The third horse is Doy, she is a sales horse that myself and Ruth have together. She is 6 years old and has done a lile bit of dressage and show jumping. She is a cracking stamp of a horse with huge potenal. We'll be taking her out to do some BSJA and hunter trials so she has some more knowledge before we think about selling her.
With a number of horses at diﬀerent yards my car is prey much my tack room, obviously I ride all my compeon horses in my Bates saddles, so I have to remember which saddle to take over on various days. So far I haven’t forgoen yet!
Riding & training If possible I always try to ride my own horses in the morning, which means it is one less thing to ﬁt in to the aernoons. Ruth, the owner of Vicarage Farm and myself oen ride together and help with fences etc so I suppose it’s a roune which we are both used to and it works well. The aernoons are taken up by travelling to various yards throughout Warwickshire. At some of the yards I school the horses for the owners while they are away at work whilst others are my event and dressage horses which I am usually preparing for up-coming compeons. By about 4pm I usually start making my teaching rounds. I do a huge amount of teaching especially in the evenings and once the evenng season starts to quieten down this usually spreads into most weekends as well.
On the odd occasion I hav e a day oﬀ, I love to go water skiing
This is of course just one day, I regularly go BSJA and BD with various horses as well as lessons for myself and meeng up with some of my sponsors including Bates Saddles so a very well planned diary is the key, however plans do regularly change but that’s horses and as long as everyone is ﬂexible and communicate I always manage to get everything done. Sponsored by
Vetrofen & Vetroﬂex Pack Each winner will win 1 x Vetrofen 21 Sachet Pack & 1 x Vetroﬂex 2kgs
3 packs up for grabs!
What is Vetrofen... Vetrofen is a proprietary blend of the plant extracts Scutellaria baicalensis and Acacia catechu, clinically proven to assist the bodies’ inﬂammatory response and anoxidant properes. Vetrofen works by supporng the dietary balance of the metabolic processes involved in maintaining joint comfort rather than simply focusing on the symptoms. This approach is in sharp contrast to masking symptoms with the use of chemical alternaves. Vetrofen can be used in acute cases, long-term and in tandem with Vetroﬂex. Both contain 100% natural pure acve ingredients for maximum eﬀecveness with no ﬁllers, no banned substances, safe for long term use with no side eﬀects.
What is Vetroﬂex.... Vetroﬂex is a proprietary blend of specially opmised collagen pepdes, clinically proven to smulate the growth of new joint carlage cells counteracng wear-and-tear eﬀects on joints brought about by injury, ageing and the acve lifestyle. Vetroﬂex works by protecng carlage and synovial ﬂuid against deterioraon, whilst smulang the carlage cells to produce more collagen and proteoglycans. Vetroﬂex has the same amino acid composion as collagen and supplies the amino acids such as glycine and proline, important for the synthesis of collagen. Vetroﬂex supports strong ﬂexible and healthy joints whilst providing regeneraon of joint carlage in areas of weakness or damage. Vetroﬂex oﬀers regeneraon as opposed to degeneraon which is something quite extraordinary, now oﬀering signiﬁcant beneﬁts over tradional Glucosamine or Chondroin blends to enhance and prolonging your horse acve lifestyle now and for the future of your acve or ageing horse.
Why feed them together? Use Vetrofen to maintain the body’s inﬂammatory response associated with the sﬀness and arthris common with old age and, if needed, in parallel with Vetroﬂex to strengthen and protect the joint now and for the future whilst regenerang the joint carlage where damage has occurred, therefore reducing the likelihood of the swelling and sﬀness in the ﬁrst place or in the case of hard ground just simply taking it in their stride.
How to enter: Send your name, full address and contact telephone number on a postcard to: Horse Scene Magazine, The Old Tannery, 224 Spen Lane, Gomersal, Cleckheaton, West Yorkshire, BD19 4PJ or email your entry to email@example.com Closes: November 27th 2011. See full T&Cs on our website.
A Musical Story THE PAS SEUL ‘The Pas Seul’ is a unique music competition that tells a theatrical story, does it sound interesting? We thought so, which is why we have asked Ginny Oakley, a Side Saddle Association Panel Judge and Instructor to explain more about this musical story telling competition…. What is the ‘Pas Seul’? The Pas Seul is a unique music compeon where the horse and rider tell a story. Theatrically based this compeon oﬀers a new dimension to “Dressage to Music”. Indeed it is far from a normal dressage to music class. The rider and the horse must act out and tell a story within the alloed me. Costumes, on both horse and rider are required to set a scene and with the clever use of props, either on or oﬀ the horse, a true picture emerges. The ﬁrst task is to ﬁnd a theme, many use musicals, but some of the best are worked around a basic idea for example a person or episode in history. The music must be chosen carefully as it must not only help in telling the story but also ﬁt to the horses foot fall. Competors are allowed to submit a precise of the story they are about to tell to set the scene to the judges and the audience which is read out prior to the start of their programme. The use of props and acng are essenal as this is not designed as a fancy dress to music show! Competors may have two un mounted helpers and stac props. These however need to be moved in and out of the arena quickly so must not be too big or heavy. The use of helpers and props can really add to the whole performance. The other way of enhancing the programme is to have props on the horse that can be shown and used as the programme unfolds. Many have been seen removing arcles of clothing! A large cloak is a wonderful cover for an ou it beneath that takes the story to its next stage.
The Pas Seul has been around for many years and indeed the Side Saddle Associaon has had a class of this type since the 1980’s. More recently the Pas Seul has made a big come back at the Side Saddle Associaon Naonal Show where the Rococo Memorial Class invites the juniors to have a go and the Caro Cripps Memorial Class has become an Internaonal gala evening performance for the seniors. It has proved to be so popular that it has become one of the biggest classes at this presgious three day show. Pas Seuls can be found at shows around the country and may be ridden astride or side saddle depending on the rules stated by the organising body. It is hard work but so much fun!
What the judges are looking for Judges are looking for harmony between horse and rider and entertainment value. The over all picture must be pleasing to the eye and most of all the theme must be apparent regarding the costume and the music. Scoring is worked on a 40/60 rao. 40% of marks are given by Judge 1. This will include the way of going of the horse, the harmony between horse and rider and the
correctness of the movements that have been performed. Higher level movements may be performed but unless correct will not always gain higher marks. 60% of marks are given by Judge 2.This includes marks for the music and how it enhances the story that is being told. Marks for the suitability to the horses foo alls are also included. The costume is also judged on how it enhances the theme and relates to the story being depicted. The entertainment value is also important.
Training The training is the same for any horse on the ﬂat. They need to be working at Novice level BD and able to stay balanced as the rider does the "acng" part. Training needs to be intricate and well thought out. It is really not a great idea to ride for the ﬁrst me in your full costume on the day of the class to discover that your horse is terriﬁed of it, remember there may be mirrors, or that part of your clothing comes un done when it is not required to do so! Your horse also needs to be well accustomed to both your helpers and stac props and not jumpy or worried by the props that you may wish to use when aboard. As with all theatre producons, pracce makes perfect!
orse h G I B r u Keep yo nug this winter s warm & Do you have a heavy, draft, big, broad horse? Do you struggle to find rugs to fit? Is last years rug a little snug? Has your horse gained a few pounds over the summer? Does it look like a mini skirt? If you answered yes to any of these, The Big Horse Shop can help. The Big Horse Shop has designed a range of horse rugs especially for the heavier equine, from Chunky Cobs up to the Biggest Shire. Heavy Horses have a very different build to other horses, they are generally short coupled with broader, deeper bodies and most manufacturers don't seem to don't cater for this type of horse or pony. One of the rugs in the range is the 'Epic Stable Rug', a medium weight stable rug that features a circle quilted design, 600 denier polyester outer with a warm 250gram filling. Designed for the bigger proportions of the chunkier horse & pony, other features include twin buckles, quick release chest straps, a deeper body, extra large shoulder gussets, a large tail flap and low cross surcingles. Available in sizes 6’0 & 6’3 (Draft fit) in Black/Red and 6’6 - 7’6 in Blue/Red. Priced at just £69.99! To view the full range visit www.thebighorseshop.co.uk
Experience a Winter Getaway like no other at
Are you looking for the ultimate winter adventure combining skiing and snow activities with your passion of riding? Look no further, Top50Ranches.com showcase a number of ranches that have it all and will certainly be a once in a lifetime trip! Visit Triple Creek Ranch in Montana, they specialize in families with teens. At C Lazy U Ranch in Colorado, you can have great fun tubing, sledding, snowmobiling, or if you fancy something a little slower try cross-country skiing, downhill skiing, snowshoeing, or winter ice fishing. Bar W Guest Ranch in Montana offers cross-country skiing in the breathtaking Glacier National Park. Stay in the comforts of Tod Mountain Ranch, British Columbia, Canada, with homemade meals and enjoy ski and snowshoe activities nearby at Sun Peaks Ski Resort. Snowshoe in Yellowstone National Park right past elk and moose with a trip to Lone Mountain Guest Ranch, Montana. The Ranch at Rock Creek, Montana, is a guest ranch that achieves the perfect balance between invigorating exercise and relaxing tranquillity. Discover the serenity and joy of a winter escape at Echo Valley Ranch & Spa, Canada and touch the magic of a Cariboo wonderland with our Winter Getaway. If skiing is your family’s passion, Latigo Ranch, Colorado offers Nordic ski lessons and use of 60 kilometres of Nordic ski trails, most of which, guests will have to themselves! If this has got you yearning for a once in a lifetime winter getaway, visit www.top50ranches.com to find your ideal trip with that personal touch!
WIN A Bag of Equilibra 500 + Omega 3 The ONLY feed balancer you will ever need! 10 Lucky winners will each win themselves 10 bags 1 bag of the New Equilibra 500 + Omega 3 up for feed balancer which, has all the key grabs! beneﬁts of the old product, with the extra advantage of highly beneﬁcial Omega 3 to further support opmum health, ferlity and performance. It is also a Non-GM soya free formulaon. www.gwfnutrion.com
How to enter: This compeon can only be entered on the ‘’Horse Scene Magazine Facebook Page’’. Come and join us and be in with a chance to win this fantasc prize.
H S I BAN
Mud FEVER Mud fever is one of those conditions which is guaranteed to make any equines life a misery. Here, we look at some of the products on the market that can help treat the condition and prevent it for the future.
Lincoln Muddy Buddy The Lincoln Muddy Buddy Range consists of Muddy Buddy Powder, Muddy Buddy Ointment, Muddy Buddy Scrub, Magic Mud Kure Powder and Magic Mud Kure Cream. Use the Muddy Buddy Powder for mass coverage over vulnerable areas, the heavy duty Muddy Buddy Ointment can be used for more localised applicaon, and at the end of the day Muddy Buddy Scrub can be used to hygienically clean any aďŹ€ected areas. New to the range is the Magic Mud Kure Powder and Cream, both scienďŹ cally proven to kill the bacteria responsible for mud fever. Use the powder during the inial painful stages and use the cream when the severity of the condion has eased. www.bales.co.uk/lincoln
Robinson Animal Healthcare Help prevent mud fever this winter with a range of products from Robinson Animal Healthcare. Acv Wash is a mild, anbacterial cleanser which gently removes scabs and debris caused by mud fever or rain scald. Available in a 500 ml bole, it can be easily applied with a damp sponge. For best results, apply Veterinary Gamgee aer you have washed and dried the area to absorb any excess moisture and keep legs warm and dry. Equiwrap self-adhering bandages secures the Veterinary Gamgee in place and provides extra support. Available in many diďŹ€erent colours, this strong elascated crepe bandage is easy to use and comes in single rolls. www.robinsonhealthcare.com
Nomad 18V Portable Washer
Fabtek Soluons provide products to help treat and prevent issues caused by the bacteria in the mud. The company’s Mudtek and Meditek Silver Wound Dressing ranges contain Zorﬂex , an anbacterial fabric with silver, which has undergone studies and proven eﬀecve against many types of bacteria including Dermatophilus Congolensis. It works by drawing the bacteria towards it and holding them in the fabric unl they die. The Mudtek range of bandage pads, pastern wraps and stable boots can be used to help maintain a healthy environment (i.e, when there is no open wound). The close ﬁt gives the Zorﬂex the greatest opportunity to work, whilst sll being comfortable for the horse to wear. All products in the Mudtek range are for indoor use, washable and reusable. www.fabteksoluons.com
More eﬀecve than a hosepipe, more useful than a bucket and handier than a tradional horse shower. The Nomad 18 V Cordless portable washer will clean and cool your horse as well as being suitable for lots of other equestrian jobs. The detachable tank holds as much water as a full bucket, only there is no waste. Instead, the Nomad’s pump and opmally designed spray gun delivers enough water pressure to clean mud or clay oﬀ your horse, or a lighter spray that’s perfect for showering. You can use cool, warm or iced water and being about the size of a cool box, it’s small enough to keep in a corner of a trailer, lorry or in the boot of a car. The Nomad uses a removable professional rechargeable power tool type baery, with enough charge to run non stop for up to 40 minutes, so no electric on site is required. The versality of the Nomad is what makes it a unique piece of equipment every horse owner should invest in. So, if you have an equine with mud fever but you don’t have water on site to clean your horses legs, then the Nomad is the perfect choice. www.nomad.com
Original M-T-G has been providing quick and eﬀecve relief from numerous skin ailments since 1938! Originally formulated for human skin condions such as Psoriasis, this safe and easy to use product is the only one needed for relief from a variety of bacterial and fungal skin problems, such as : Mud Fever Rain Scald Sweet Itch, as well as Dry Skin and Tail/Mane Rubbing. Original M-T-G provides results aer just one applicaon! Formulated to eliminate the causave agent creang the skin problem, it condions the skin and hair around the damaged area, promong both healthy skin and maximum hair growth. In fact, Original M-T-G has proven to work exceponally well promong hair growth. www.shinyshowhorse.co.uk
Based on the premise that prevenon is beer than cure where mud fever is concerned, Equi-Chaps provide a simple idea that has helped to improve the welfare of countless horses. The Equi-Chaps Close Contact chaps come well down over the hoof and heel area, helping to protect the skin in these vulnerable areas. They ﬁt like a second skin and help to keep the horse’s legs dry and mud free.
Made of Stomatex, Equi-Chaps Close Contact Chaps are extremely ﬂexible and breathable, so can be worn for long periods of me with minimum risk of rubbing. The radical new fabric acts to actually repel water, keeping the horse’s legs drier and providing incomparable levels of protecon from the destrucve eﬀects of mud and moisture. www.equilibriumproducts.com
Is your horse eating too much? Zoe Davies MSc.Eq.S.
It is common knowledge that in the UK we tend to overfeed our horses and many horses and ponies are overweight. Probably one of the main reasons for this is that we oen fail to take into account the calorie contribuon of pasture and conserved forage such as hay and haylage. Another reason is that we think horses are using up more calories than they actually are, when working.
Luckily there is a tool we can use to monitor calories in/calories used and that is the horses’ bodyweight. Healthy horses will put on weight if they consume too many calories compared to what they are using up through living, working breeding etc. Nature encourages this and in mes of plenty in summer for example, horses lay down extra calories in the form of fat stores to help see them through harsher mes ahead when food is scarcer in the winter. However in reality this lack of food does not happen because we oen feed too much conserved forage and hard feed! This all leads to a tendency to gain weight, parcularly for horses and ponies with any “nave” genes, almost year on year and this can become a chronic problem, oen resulng in health issues. Researchers have now shown that this excess fat (or adipose) ssue is actually highly metabolically acve. The fat cells known as adipocytes start to release several biologically acve substances including cytokines, which then have an eﬀect on glucose and fat metabolism. For example, one substance known as adiponecn impacts on insulin sensivity and signalling. When present in excess they can lead to insulin resistance, which in turn can result in laminis. In addion these substances put these horses and ponies in a low grade chronic inﬂammatory state. So to summarise horses and ponies pung on a small amount of weight and then losing it are not really a problem, its when this weight gain is excessive over a long period, that chronic health problems can ensue. Typical chronically overweight horses oen have fay sheaths, cresty necks, peach booms and fat pockets over the eyes and they need to be put on a diet to reduce the risk of oen severe health problems. Regardless of the health issues, overweight horses and ponies are more inclined to be lethargic parcularly in the warmer summer months. They oen “lack energy” and when their weight is reduced they can regain their natural sparkle and ﬁnd work less of an eﬀort.
How to assess bodyweight Most horse owners just use their “eye”, probably the most inaccurate assessment of all! The most accurate method is a weighbridge or portable weighing scales, but these are not oen available. Researchers at Auburn University have recently shown the most accurate method aer the weighing scales is to use a formula based upon heart girth and body length from point of shoulder to point of buock, known as the point measurement. The girth measurement is taken right around the barrel just behind the elbow and and about one inch from the highest point of the withers. All you need is a tape measure and a calculator!
Condion scoring There seems to be some confusion amongst horse owners as to the deﬁnion of “good” condion in horses. Weighing the horse will give you an accurate idea of the horses’ weight at the me but what about condion? Some horses and ponies may look fat around the belly area or “tummy” but also at the same me, look quite ribby and lean along the top line. This does not mean that the horse or pony is in good condion, in fact, the reverse is oen the case. Horses and ponies may have a fat tummy because of other factors such as previous pregnancies (Mums know all about this!), or feeding poor quality forage. Feeding poor quality i.e. over mature forage will result in the typical hay belly, where indigesble ﬁbrous material sits around in the hindgut for many days. This type of forage does not bring much nutrion with it and so oen horses and ponies use up fat from their stores instead. Some horses may also appear tucked up along the tummy area and this may be as a result of dehydraon. To help horse owners assess the actual condion of their horse or pony, a very handy management tool in the form of condion scoring was developed. Some condion score tables vary from 1-5 and others from 19. Either is ﬁne. This allows you to assess the relave amount of body fat without calculators, weighing scales or weigh tapes. Condion scoring simply assesses visually and by gentle touch, the amount of body fat covering parcular points of the horses’ skeleton, for example the point of hips, buocks, spine, ribs, neck and so on. Although, some of these areas may also be heavily muscled, such as the hindquarters and tail head, with a lile pracce and light prodding of the area, the diﬀerence between muscle and fat can easily be ascertained. It may be used for all horses and ponies no maer how ﬁt or unﬁt they are. It also does not take into account gut ﬁll (or fat tummies) as menoned above. This therefore makes it an accurate method of assessing and monitoring a horse or pony’s condion. There are many sites on the internet that show you how to accurately assess the body condion score of your horse.
Areas where the horse stores fat
The point measurement gave the most accurate esmates, only underesmang bodyweights by an average of 17.25 kg (roughly 38 lbs) whereas the commercial weight tape gave the most inaccurate esmates, underesmang weights by an average of 65.81 kg (roughly 145 lbs)!
Bodyweight Estimation Formula Bodyweight (kg) = Heart girth (cm) squared x Body length (cm) 11,880
Bodyweight (lbs) = Heart girth(inches) squared x Body length (inches) 330 This calculaon is quite easy, with a calculator!
Body condion scoring system As you complete each of the points here, refer to the condion scoring table below to give your horse an accurate score for each area. Add up your total score and divide it by the number of areas you have scored. For example if you have scored ﬁve areas of your horse divide the total score by ﬁve. This will give you your horse's overall condion score. 1. Feel along the top of your hose's neck and down to where the neck joins the shoulder. 2. Run your hands down both sides of the withers. 3. Connue along the back, feeling for the spinous processes or fat on either side of the backbone. 4. Feel the quarters and tailhead for projecng bones or fat deposits. 5. Press ﬁrmly around the ribcage to assess the fat overage over the ribs.
This table, adapted from Carroll and Hunngdon 1988, shows you how to assign a condion score to your horse Condion
Neck & Shoulder
Back & Loins
Bone structure felt easily, no muscle shelf where neck meets the shoulder
Bone structure felt easily
Three points of vertebrae felt easily
Tailhead and hip bones projecng
Each rib can be easily felt
POOR (eg some older horses with very poor denon etc)
Bone structure can be felt, slight shelf where neck meets shoulder
Bone structure can be felt
Spinous process can Can feel hip bones be easily felt, transverse processes have slight fat covering
Slight fat covering but hips can sll be felt
MODERATE (eg mares milking towards the end of the grass season)
Fat covering over bone structure
Fat deposits over withers
Dependent upon conformaon
Hip bones covered with fat
Fat over spinous processes. Ribs are not visible but they can sll be felt
GOOD (eg show condion)
Neck ﬂows smoothly Neck rounds out of withers into shoulder
Back is level
Can't feel hip bones
Layer of fat over ribs
FAT (good-doer and increasing risk of laminis)
Fat deposited along neck
Fat padded around withers
Posive crease along Can't feel hip bones the back
Fat spongy over and between the ribs
Deep posive crease Pockets of fat
Pockets of fat
3 4 5
Ideally, you should be aiming for a condion score of between 2.5 and 3. Remember when you are condion scoring that factors such as a long, thick coat and some conformaonal diﬀerences can make it diﬃcult to apply certain criteria to a speciﬁc animal. Animals with prominent withers, those who are ﬂat across the back and heavily in-foal mares (the weight of the foal pulls the skin ght over the ribs) may cause the body condion score to appear lower than it really is.
Weight loss diet If you are feeding your horse too much, then its me to address the situaon by pung the horse on a slowly reducing weight loss diet. 1. First of all increase the exercise if possible, then remove concentrates (concentrated calories!) from the diet and replace with a good broad spectrum vitamin/mineral supplement or a low calorie balancer. This is important as maintaining opmum intake of vitamins and minerals is essenal. 2. Feed later cut meadow hay with a low level of water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) i.e. sugars of less than 12%, if possible and soak hay for 30 minutes (preferably in warm water ) or in cold water before feeding to remove as many residual soluble sugars as possible. 3. Calculate how much feed to give daily and feed 2% of the horses bodyweight as hay reducing to 1.5% if not losing weight. 4. Restrict access to pasture by using a muzzle or strip grazing or reduce me out at grass. 5. For severely overweight horses and ponies, temporarily stop all access to pasture, use grass free areas instead such as arenas unl a signiﬁcant reducon in bodyweight has been achieved, but do not starve. In winter, this is easier as the pasture is less nutrious and the colder months mean horses will use up more calories to stay warm, therefore don’t over rug. Horses and ponies will slowly lose weight and this will have untold health beneﬁts.
MOVING UP A LEVEL © Equiscot
Here our sponsored rider Nicola Sheard gives you top advice and ps on making the move to the next level.
Whatever discipline you compete in, moving up to the next level can be a challenging time for you and your horse. It sometimes can be a tough, disheartening, and demoralising experience resulting in poor marks and disappointment. However if you are correctly prepared with a plan in place to work towards you can skip all the heartache and instead progress with conﬁdence. When you are going out to compete and the jumps start to look smaller or your test isn’t challenging enough for you and your horse then it is probably time to start thinking about moving up a level.
Challenge yourself at home
Familiarise yourself at the next level
It is important to make sure that you are established at the next level within your training before moving up at a compeon, for example when training at home you should be jumping three or four inches higher than the compeon fences will be. Be realisc in your goals and push yourself at home ﬁrst before you think about pushing yourself in the ring. Nevertheless it is important to remember not to overlook anything in training, as a small problem can soon turn into a big one if not corrected.
Get yourself familiar with the next level by walking the courses in which you want to aim for. Study the course as if you were going to be taking part, consider the distances, height of fences and get the general feel for the course. If you like the look of it then have a go, however if there anything you don’t like the look of or aren’t sure of leave it for another day and instead go home and talk to your trainer about it. Discuss with your trainer what parts of the course you didn’t feel conﬁdent about and work out together why you were worried about them. With your trainer you can then pracse riding similar fences or distances away from the pressured environment of a compeon.
Don’t rush Don’t rush yourself and become too over faced, be realisc in your goals and take your me. Enjoy yourself and have fun where you are comfortable. Your trainer should be working together with you therefore make sure that they support your schedule and agrees that your goals are viable.
Top ps Don’t panic if you have to walk four, ﬁve or even more courses before you ﬁnd the one you feel conﬁdent to try. There’s no pressure or me limit. Don’t over look anything in training. A small problem can turn into a big one if it is not corrected. Make sure you are established at the next level within your training before moving up. If something doesn’t go to plan, analyse your mistake and go back to basics to rebuild. Familiarise yourself at the next level before you compete. Be realisc in your goals.
By Dr. Hans Delaunois-Vanderperren, DVM, CertEM(StudMed), CertEqSc, GespPD, MRCVS, DipEqSc
EQUINE VETERINARY SERVICES
The Hidden Gastric ulcers severely under-diagnosed in Grade 2 EGUS: Small, single lesions on the Margo Plicatus
This means that EGUS can aﬀect any type of horse and pony. Certain risk factors have been described such as diet, intensive exercise, physical stress/illness, psychological stress and medicaon. Because most aﬀected horses only show non-speciﬁc signs e.g. poor appete, slowed eang acvity, rough hair coat, weight loss, poor performance, poor condion, colic, changes in behaviour, pain on girth ghtening, teeth grinding, diﬃculty swallowing, excessive salivaon or even no signs at all, it seems that we are only seeing the p of the iceberg.
What about the horse or pony only used on a recreaonal basis? A recent study looked into condions that are typical of recreaonal use of horses and their eﬀect on the stomach. Dr. McClure from Iowa State University (USA) and his co-workers devised an experimental protocol to mimic these condions. Twenty horses with no signs of ulceraon on gastroscopic examinaon at the beginning of the experiment were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 remained on-site with no alteraon to their environment, while Group 2 was transported for 4 hours to a stabling facility where they were moderately exercised twice daily for 30 minutes and received feed in the morning and the evening. This regime was connued for a total of 4 days before being transported back to the home farm. All horses were scoped again on day 5.
What is EGUS? In recent years, the awareness of owners regarding Equine Gastric Ulceraon Syndrome or EGUS has increased but the condion is sll oen missed as the cause of a variety of problems e.g. reduced body condion, changes in appete and behavioural and exercise-related issues. EGUS describes the development of ulcers on the inner wall of the stomach caused by exposure to excessive amounts of acids produced by the stomach. Depending on the area where the ulcer develops, we class them as squamous ulceraon (upper secon of the stomach) or glandular ulceraon (lower secon of the stomach). The severity of gastric ulceraon ranges from minimal inﬂammaon of the stomach lining to severe ulceraon and bleeding of the stomach wall. In extreme cases, the stomach can perforate which can lead to sudden death.
What type of horse develops EGUS? Because most research into EGUS has been done on racehorses and performance horses, the feeling is that EGUS is generally a problem of horses in intensive training. Prevalence of 93% of racehorses in training and 63% of performance horses has been reported. However, 37% of non-performance horses have also been found to have a certain degree of ulceraon.
Grade 3-4 EGUS: Extensive lesions with areas of superﬁcial to deep ulceration on the lesser curvature of the stomach
Problem recreational horses and ponies Grade 0 EGUS: The epithelium of the glandular and squanous part are intact
Grade 1 EGUS: There are areas of of hyperaemia and hyperkeratosis (yellow) of the lesser curvature of the stomach.
While only 10 horses were used in each group, Dr. McClure and co-workers did ﬁnd some very interesng results: 7 horses out of the 10 from Group 2 developed EGUS while only 2 horses from Group 1 did so. Furthermore, the gastric lesions found in 2 of the Group 2 horses were more severe than the lesions found in the Group 1 horses. This study shows that the combinaon of transportaon, stall conﬁnement at a facility unfamiliar to the horses and light exercise resulted in an increased incidence of EGUS within a short me. None of the risk factors in this study can be considered as severe. The researchers also speculated that the development of EGUS in 2 horses from the control group (Group 1) was due to the removal of some of the horses from the group-housing environment which caused changes in the social order. This reveals further how readily ulcers can develop in the equine stomach. The ﬁndings of this study indicate that acvies considered to be normal by the recreaonal horse enthusiast are associated with an increased incidence of EGUS. While the ulcers were not as severe as the ones found in horses parcipang in more intensive acvies, mild ulcers have been associated with clinical problems and as such should not be ignored. These ﬁndings should increase awareness of how readily EGUS develops in horses and thus how they have importance for a much greater populaon of horses than previously thought.
Diagnosis, treatment and prevenon. Because many horses suﬀering from EGUS won’t have any symptoms or show only non-speciﬁc signs (see above), the only way of diagnosing ulcers is by performing a gastroscopy: an endoscope is passed through a nostril into the oesophagus and
all the way down into the stomach where the lining can be visualised. For a full examinaon, the stomach should be empty and as such the horse should be starved prior to the gastroscopy. If EGUS is diagnosed, a 28 day treatment with an acid inhibitor should be started and a close look at the diet and management of the horse should be performed. Stress should also be avoided. If the ulcers have not healed aer the inial 28 days, a further 28 days of acid inhibitor treatment combined with anbiocs might be necessary. Prevenon is of course the name of the game: feed your horse as naturally as possible by allowing daily turnout, ad lib hay and hard feed fed lile and oen. You should avoid a high grain/low roughage diet. Avoiding as much stress as possible is another cornerstone of EGUS prevenon together with regulang your horse’s exercise.
References: McClure S, Carithers D, Gross S, Murray M. 2005 “Gastric ulcer development in horses in a simulated show or training environment”, JAVMA; 227(9): p. 775-777 Mitchell R. 2001 “Prevalence of gastric ulcers in hunter/jumper and dressage horses evaluated for poor performance. In: proceedings of the Associaon of Equine Sports Medicine Annual Meeng. Murray M, Grodinsky C, Anderson C, Radue P et al. 1989 “Gastric ulcers in horses: A comparison of endoscopic ﬁndings in horses with and without clinical signs”, Equine Vet J; 7(suppl): p. 68-72 Murray M. et al. 1996 “Factors associated with gastric lesions in Thoroughbred racehorses”, Equine Vet J; 25(5): p. 368-374 Nieto J, Snyder J, Beldomenico P, Aleman M, Kerr J, Spier S. 2004 “Prevalence of gastric ulcers in endurance horses-a preliminary report.”, Vet J; 167(1): p. 33-37
Closing date: 27th November 2011
5 up for grabs!
Messy Mare Two Faced Hoodie
The new Messy Mare Two Faced Hoodie features the Messy Mare crest and a unique horses head design on the reverse of the hood which can only be seen If the hood is worn up! Available in Vanilla or Sapphire in child sizes 5/6, 7/8, 9/11 & 12/13 or adult sizes S-XL Please state size and colour when entering
KP Equestrian Diamante Snaffle Bridle 3 KP Equestrian have just launched their up for latest collecon of fun and fashionable equestrian wear for horse and rider and grabs! this season’s collecon includes the addion of a gorgeous leather snaﬄe bridle with diamante trim noseband and browband. This quality bridle will make any horse stand out from the crowd and shine! The bridle includes rubber reins and is available in black or brown, in sizes pony, cob and full. Please state size and colour when entering
Townend Imperial Performance Jacket
1 up for grabs!
Acve Performance for the serious rider, this ergonomic sports ﬁt jacket is windproof, waterproof and breathable. Mesh lined for added breathability and features taped seams, acon back for added movement, internal waist channel, twin rear riding vents with zip and gusset, adjustable Velcro cuﬀs with internal lycra storm cuﬀ, laser cut taped seam pockets, zip pocket at the arm with logo print design, internal security zip pocket and a fold away hood with draw string. Available in sizes XS-XL in Red/Black, White/Pink or Black/Silver. Please state size and colour when entering
15 bags up for grabs!
Mollichaﬀ Condion is a brand new, complete concentrate feed which is suitable for encouraging weight gain in all horses and ponies, especially those that struggle to maintain their condion. It is a highly digesble, high ﬁbre, high oil and low starch mix containing a balanced blend of alfalfa, dried grass, oat straw, ﬁbre pellets, barley, soya ﬂakes, soya oil and mint as well as Yeasacc and a prebioc, plus vitamins, minerals and trace elements.
How to enter:
please send a postcard marked with the product you would like to win, along with your name, address & telephone no. to: Horse Scene Magazine, The Old Tannery, 224 Spen Lane, Gomersal, Cleckheaton, West Yorkshire BD19 4PJ or email your entries to: firstname.lastname@example.org Please note: Entries will not be accepted without a telephone number and full address. Please allow 28 days for delivery. See full T&Cs on our website.
Look for the white label as your sign of quality
Beware of inferior copies A market leader in the field of horse toys with a persona of itâ€™s own. A twenty-sided, Equine BoredomBuster made from military-grade materials. Fill with pony nuts or treats and let the horse play - with tasty rewards. Exellent for in the stable or paddock. Also useful as a trickle feeder to stop the horse eating its food too quickly. Available in 5 exciting colours and two sizes: Small 20cm - holds up to 2kg feed Large 25cm - holds up to 3kg feed
Available from all good equestrian and agricultural retailers
Now in itâ€™s
12 th Yea r as mark et leader
Christmas gift ideas .....for all budgets Buying Christmas presents can be stressful, so check out our gi idea's to suit all budgets, we are sure you will ďŹ nd something any equestrian enthusiast would love to ďŹ nd under the Christmas tree!
A Treat in Heaven Priced Heavenly Horse has Christmas all wrapped up for from your beloved 4 legged friend with a range of nutrious treats. The four treat stocking stuﬀer, ed with a red heart edged bow and gi tag is priced at just £3.99. Shannon's bag of Christmas kisses comprising of 12 heart shaped home made treats topped with Christmas princess yummy gummies in a bag ed with heart edged red ribbon, priced at £5.99. The large and medium jars, starng at £6.49 are available in 3 diﬀerent toppings, Minty Angel, Sugar Kiss and I love You. For that extra special treat, the Gold Selecon Box compromises of 19 heart shaped hand made treats, topped with red heart shaped candies, sugar hearts, colourful heart shaped jelly beans and pink Christmas princess yummy gummies. Tied with a beauful pink organza ribbon and heart edged ribbon and gi tag. www.heavenlyhorse.co.uk
Keep Organised Perfect for the busy horse owner who needs to keep organised, the Heavenly Hooves 2012 Calendar features images from the popular country collecon and is priced at £9.99. To match, the Heavenly Hooves 2012 Diary is designed with the horse person in mind having one page for each week of the year, with the added Priced from extra of a page showing the month at a glance along with a “Must do this Month” notes page. www.elico.co.uk
A stylish addion to the Dublin footwear range, these elegant Dublin Tempt boots are suitable for casual or riding wear and are made of so casual leather. The full cow suede leather lining is complimented with a tartan fabric cuﬀ, which teamed up with the RCS footbed, provides comfort. Featuring a fashionable top boot design with stylish tassel zip and contrast stching. Created to look great and feel comfortable, no maer what your riding style. Available in black or brown, in sizes 4-8. www.dublinclothing.com
The Mountain Horse Cambridge Hat & Scarf will keep anyone warm and snug this winter. The knied bobble hat is in muted winter shades so you can team it with just about anything. Features a thick, ribbed band, a small metal MH badge and contrast stripes. The matching classic scarf is made from a luxurious wool mix and teamed together make a warm, fashionable look. www.mountainhorse.co.uk
Look Fabulous Priced at
For a classic and meless gi, which can be worn in and out of the saddle, the Ariat Lexi Jacket is a tradional diamond quilted jacket designed to look fabulous whilst sll oﬀering many praccal features. A wind and water resistant technical micro-twill outer protects you from the elements whilst a cosy Polyﬁll insulaon keeps you toasty warm on those chilly winter days! Choose from black, grey check or navy in ladies sizes XS – XXL. www.ariat-europe.com
The Gift of Relaxation Priced The Equilibrium Therapy Massage Mi was designed around and produced to provide an aﬀordable, eﬀecve massage treatment for those diﬃcult to get to muscle groups. The easy to use Massage Mi helps to promote relaxaon, improve ﬂexibility and improve muscle condion. The mi is lightweight, aﬀordable, portable, easy to use and easy to clean. Features three diﬀerent sengs - Low, Medium and High, allowing you to choose the intensity of the massage for your horse. Each programme lasts 10 minutes oﬀering a quick and convenient massage session for your horse at anyme. www.equilibriumproducts.com
Someone Special The Toggi Elana Bag makes the perfect gi for someone special this Christmas. Combines style with elegance for head turning good looks. Made from real leather, the Toggi Elana is the ulmate accessory for discerning Priced fashionistas this season. Available in around chocolate. www.toggi.com
What beer gi to oﬀer your favourite horse or pony than a treat that not only tastes great, but also oﬀers 3 days worth of the required vitamins, minerals and trace elements, all in a handy 650g tub. You can purchase a Mini Horslyx individually, priced at £3.45 or in a unique Rainbow Mixed Mini Gi Set containing each of the four formulaons, Original, Garlic, Respiratory and Mint, priced at £13.80. The colourful gi set comes complete with name tag making it the perfect horsey present. www.horslyx.com
Family Fun Priced
around The Silly Moo Gi Basket will make an essenal gi this Christmas. This cute basket includes Silly Moo Hand Cream, a protecve moisturising cream for hands that leaves skin feeling silky smooth and smelling great and a Silly Moo Lip Balm, this vanilla ﬂavoured balm is perfect for avoiding dry, chapped lips when working outside this winter and as it contains SPF20 it is also ideal for the summer me. www.bales.co.uk
These two board games will guarantee your family fun at Christmas. “Hackaway” – a Priced fun ride with obstacles, penales and around quesons that require skill, luck and good fortune to complete the course. “Burlington” – complete a cross country event like Burghley or Badminton. You will tackle various cross country obstacles and just to add to the fun there are bogey squares where you may get extra penales and a good mix of general horsey quesons. The rider with the least number of penales wins the Burlington Horse Trials and is awarded their very own Champion Cerﬁcate. www.ponygang.co.uk
Get Bossy £18.00 this Xmas Priced from
What beer gi than a Bossy’s Bibs for your best friend? Make rug rubs a thing of the past with this simple, eﬀecve, an-rub bib. Silky and lightweight, it will give your horse or pony maximum comfort and protecon under all rugs. Bossy’s Bibs are a ﬁrm favourite in yards around the world because they work well for all types of horses and ponies. Available in 5 fabulous colours. A Bossy’s Bib makes the perfect stocking ﬁller or Christmas gi. Happy horses are wearing Bossy’s Bibs! www.bossybibs.co.uk
Give the Gift of Safety
Carrots have created a collecon of colourful gi ideas that will give you change from £20! Whether you are looking for a secret Santa present, or a children’s stocking ﬁller – Carrots have it covered this Christmas! For a Christmas novelty item which is guaranteed to get people talking on the yard, the exclusive range of fesve Hat Covers have been designed speciﬁcally to add some fun to seasonal riding apparel. Available in a Christmas Pudding design, Christmas Shetland scene and a brand new Father Christmas Hat Cover. www.carrotsuk.com
Classic gift Priced at
Does your horse spook, buck, rear, cat-leap or stumble? The RS-tor rider safety device aids balance and arrests a rider’s fall - it sits in the hand like a riding crop. Available in Childs, S and M/L sizes. (Adults over 5 usually select M/L). www.rstor.co.uk
The ‘Classic’s Portable Tack Pack’ is the Priced perfect necessity and will ﬁt in the front from of most horse trailers, wagons and tack rooms. This twinned wheeled unit can easily house two large saddles and two bridles and the big front double skinned door has two over centre catches which can be padlocked for safekeeping. With a moulded one piece large handle this can be chained inside any tack room for security. The Pack is lightweight for its size yet extremely strong and highly manoeuvrable. With great colour choices available this Christmas this is one of those ‘Classic’ investments for life. www.jsw4jumps.co.uk
Ideal Stocking Filler
These stylish Sock Chaps make an ideal stocking ﬁller. The Innovave riding socks have a speciﬁcally designed grip area on the inner calf, providing the comfort and simplicity of a sock but with grip and security similar to half chaps. Available in Black/Brown or Black/Pink in a range of sizes. www.bales.co.uk
Cosy & Warm The Equi-Master riding & yard boots oﬀer Priced the perfect soluon to cold feed. The around boots are made from waterproof leather and feature climate control technology to keep your feet warm in winter but cool in summer, toe protecon, a srrup balance system and are super comfortable and hard wearing. Priced around £82.50, they make an ideal gi for someone who wants the best protecon and warmth this winter. www.equitector.com
A holster containing a SoloComb, SoloRake and SoloBrush. This simple, light and disncve clip-on holster can sit in a grooming kit and then be aached to a waistband, belt or pocket, enabling the owner to work on the horse without the need for bending to change tools or losing kit whilst working. Purposely designed to carry the SoloGroom range and keep Priced at them together, it is the best way to check no one has borrowed equipment and is the perfect gi. www.sologroom.com
Bling Up Front
£45.00 This gorgeous 'Bling Up Front' Horseshoe Diamante Leather Belt from the Bling Equestrian range will make the ideal gi this Christmas. The beauful, quality leather belt is surrounded by crystal horseshoes and features a snap on Diamante buckle, a must have for every Bling Diva! Available in sizes S/M or L. www.blingequestrian.co.uk
The Rebel Rider animal print hipster style jodhpurs feature re-enforced knee patches, a mobile phone pocket on right hand leg, two deep front pockets and embroidered Logos while also oﬀering a ﬂaering design with ﬁve diﬀerent animal prints to choose from. Available in child and adult sizes. www.rebelrider.co.uk
Sparkle & Shine
The Lincoln Merry Christmas Sparkle Pack contains 1 x 500ml Lincoln Classic Horse Shampoo and 1 x 250ml Lincoln Classic Mane & Tail Condioner to make any horse sparkle and shine. Comes with a fesve scker to address to your bestest friend.. www.bales.co.uk
Equestrian Balancing Therapy Julie Houghton BHSI (Reg'd), Cert.ZB (Ccerﬁed Zero Balancing Praconer), ECST (Equine Cranio Sacral Therapist) Reiki master and founder of Equestrian Balancing Therapy explains what its all about and how it can help your horse….. There are many therapies that are used to treat clients on a couch, and many therapies that are used for horses in the stable, but Equestrian Balancing Therapy is unique, in working with the horse and rider combination as a single unit. It is used on both the horse and the rider whilst the rider is mounted. What is Equestrian Balancing Therapy (EBT) ?
By using gentle ﬁnger pressures and held stretches, it invites the release of excess tension accumulated in the deep structures of Equestrian Balancing Therapy (EBT) is a unique new therapy using the body. The speciﬁc quality of touch enables physical structure speciﬁc techniques on the mounted rider and also on the mounted and energy to be engaged simultaneously in a way that creates a horse, to help the combinaon towards a mutually harmonious, harmonious relaonship between them and provides a sll point balanced and improved way of going. EBT helps the combinaon around which the combinaon of horse and rider together, can to ﬁnd improved balance, freedom and communicaon. The rider feel and recognise their mutual opmum balance. The gains suppleness and becomes able to give very light controlled combinaon can reorganise, giving an opportunity to let go of subtle aids. EBT helps the horse to become more balanced, supple excess tension, sﬀness and pain, and experience a new level of and relaxed enabling the horse to respond instantly and willingly harmony. to the requests of the rider.
How did EBT start? How is EBT used? EBT is a gentle yet powerful hands-on method of balancing both the mounted horse and the mounted rider, by helping both their mutual body's energy and body's structure to ﬁnd their opmum point of balance physically and mentally.
Aer working all my life teaching riders of all levels and training horses at all levels, I became increasingly aware that most riders were trying their best to ride as well as they could, but oen their body would not adapt to the posion required. I was constantly looking for ways to help them. Because of severe health problems in my family, I started to learn about and train in a number of
alternave therapies and eventually I discovered Zero Balancing. Zero Balancing is a wonderful therapy started by Dr. Fritz Smith M.D. (a doctor, osteopath, master of acupuncture and expert in many other therapies). He devised Zero Balancing to help the client (on the couch) to improve their mind/body/spirit balance by working on the skeleton to release any held trauma, stress or pain. I loved this work and trained to become a ZB praconer. Aer my ﬁrst Zero Balancing workshop I started to apply the ZB principles to formulate a system of helping riders to organise and harmonise themselves beer, both physically and mentally to deal with the stresses put on them by riding a horse. As my work progressed I realised that the horse also needed help to rebalance to work with the rider eﬀecvely and started adapng the same ZB principles to help the horse, with great eﬀect. I realised that the techniques I was using, combining ZB with elements of my other training for alternave therapies (especially Reiki and equine cranio sacral therapy) had now evolved into a therapy in its own right, and deserved its own name - Equestrian Balancing Therapy.
Injuries to horse and/or- how do they aﬀect our performance? Many riders have injuries at some stage, in their me with horses, and most tend to ride before the pain and discomfort from that injury has completely disappeared. If a rider is riding with any pain, restricon or sﬀness, the horse will feel the resulng restricon and asymmetry caused, as a result of the riders resulng imbalance. The horse's reacon will be to adjust its length of stride and balance accordingly, prevenng his ability to perform at his full potenal, if this situaon persists for any length of me the horse's performance will connue to suﬀer and can even result in pain, lameness and major resistances. If the horse does not carry itself in an even and balanced manner (again possibly through injury, incorrect training, inadequate ﬁtness for the work being asked, or ill ﬁng tack and/or equipment) again the imbalance will transfer to the rider causing the rider to ride in an imbalanced way to accommodate the horse's asymmetry. Many riders who 'force' themselves into a 'correct' posion and this results in excess tension and sﬀness, in their own bodies which will prevent them from being able to ride to their full potenal, and prevent the horse from working ﬂuently, with freedom and expression. Also horses that are 'forced' into an outline, or into work that it does not understand, or is not ﬁt enough to perform, will show sﬀness and resistance, evasions and somemes worse.
How EBT helps
1 EBT helps the rider's body to relax restricons, and held tensions to help them to adopt a correct posion with the maximum ease.
2 As EBT helps the rider's body to adjust whilst on the horse, it feels more natural to the rider to use the correct muscles to achieve and maintain a correct posion.
3 EBT helps the rider to physically follow and ﬂow with the horse's movement, by helping the rider to become physically and mentally more relaxed and balanced in their own posion, so they no longer have to 'force' a posion.
4 EBT also helps the rider to become more aware, responsive and sympathec to the horses' ﬂow of energy both physically and mentally.
5 EBT is used on the horse to help the horse to adjust its balance and way of going with the rider sing on him, so that the horse is guided to intuively understand the best way of eﬃciently carrying the rider and responding to the rider's requests with ease and eﬃciency.
6 Many horses work with restricons resulng from the rider's excess tension. EBT can help improve the horse by releasing the rider's excess tension.
7 We oen see problems such as, the horse is short in his/her stride, uneven or unlevel in their length of stride, sﬀ to one side, tense through the back and neck, mentally stressed, eg shying, rushing, bucking etc. EBT can help.
8 Frequently problems are caused by an imbalance in the way the horse and rider work together. As a result of this excess tension the rider res quickly, and then the rider uses incorrect muscle groups to adapt to try to keep on working. This results in strain and/or pain in their body.
Who can be helped with EBT? Any rider and horse can beneﬁt from EBT. Riders from beginners to professionals have felt great beneﬁt from EBT sessions. Horses of any age, stage of training, breed or discipline can beneﬁt from EBT. Disabled riders, including those with condions such as mulple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, downs syndrome, back injuries, head injuries etc have also found great beneﬁt from EBT. EBT has also been used with clients (including non-riders) on a mechanical horse with great results.
What happens in a typical EBT session? EBT is used through clothes and boots. It is directed towards the skeleton of either horse or rider in a non-intrusive way. EBT establishes a clear interface between the therapist and the rider in which the boundaries of touch and communicaon are disnct and non-intrusive. An EBT session takes an hour. The rider is asked about any problems they have encountered then asked to walk and trot on each rein to allow an inial assessment. The rider is asked to halt and gentle pressures and stretches are used from the waist down to the feet, the rider is then asked to walk the horse to integrate the work then a reassessment is made. The rider is brought in again, the horse is then treated normally from the saddle back through the quarters. The combinaon is asked to walk again in a speciﬁed way, to help the horse to integrate the changes. The same work is then carried out on the rider's upper body, followed by integraon, then the front of the horse. Once the combinaon is working in a balanced way, they are given work to help them to adapt to the improved way of going and to consolidate the work, so that they can maintain and build on the progress achieved. Every session is diﬀerent and is uniquely adapted to each combinaon of horse and rider.
For more informaon on EBT visit www.equinetherapyservices.co.uk
A Trailer Vision Digi-Max System & Yard Guard System N
I W L
I W U
1 X Dig-Max Two Camera System
This Digital Wireless Camera/Reversing camera system, features the very latest technology. The system includes everything you will need to operate a wireless camera system and reversing camera system.The system being digital wireless, means that it can be used at the same me as bluetooth devices, or wireless networks, interference free. The 7â€? colour LCD monitor can be used with up to 4 cameras including a reversing camera. The monitor can also show the images from mulple cameras at the same me (Quad View), as well as manual camera selecon. This system will allow the winner to watch their horse safely on camera 1 while camera 2 will allow for safe reversing.
1 x Yard Guard This wireless, waterproof, PIR detector (baery powered) and a receiver/alarm unit is an ingenious system that can be used to monitor a gate or drive access. When a vehicle or person passes through the PIR detecon area, a alarm/chime is heard from the receiver/alarm, which can be sited in a house etc, up to 100m from the PIR detector. The receiver/alarm unit can be used with up to 4 PIR sensors and each sensor has a 6m movement detecon range. The system ulises digital wireless technology and is interference free. The PIR sensor works from a 9V baery (not supplied) and the baery could last up to 1 year, depending on use. The receiver/alarm unit has 2 sengs for either 'alarm' or 'chime' and loudness. The receiver/alarm unit can operate from either 3 'C' 1.5V baeries (not supplied), or a mains adapter. This system will allow the winner to keep their yard safe for total peace of mind.
How to enter: Send your name, full address and contact telephone number on a postcard to: Horse Scene Magazine, The Old Tannery, 224 Spen Lane, Gomersal, Cleckheaton, West Yorkshire, BD19 4PJ or email your entry to email@example.com Closes: November 27th 2011. See full T&Cs on our website.
Got a queson? email: firstname.lastname@example.org
& ? QA
STOP CAT LEAPING
How do I stop my horse getting under the jump and then cat leaping over it?
A: Nicola Sheard answers.... Cat leaping over the fence usually occurs when the horse is riding to the fence without enough rhythm and power in your canter. Then, when you get to the fence, your horse lacks impulsion to take oﬀ from a conﬁdent stride, so he pops in a ny stride to balance himself to get up in the air resulng in a catleap. In order to resolve this make sure your horse if cantering in a forward uphill rhythm generated from your leg and keeping a supporng contact with your hands. Another cause could be that you’re looking down at the jump, ancipang the take-oﬀ point and giving your hands away. Instead give yourself a focus point to look forward towards; looking ahead to where you are going will keep your posion more secure on the last few strides before take oﬀ.
Grid work can help as it can encourage your horse to take oﬀ conﬁdently and comfortably without the cat-leap. A grid of two to three fences with a placing pole going in will give help you to learn and ‘feel’ if you’re doing it right, and you’ll be able to judge when your horse is ready to start jumping single fences again happily. Pracce riding through the grid keeping a consistent canter and also looking ahead, this will help you from looking down and dropping your contact. Be persistent, pracce makes perfect!
OVERCOME STAGE FRIGHT
Q: I really want to compete this winter but I
Meet our experts...
freeze with anxiety before I even get in the arena.
A: Laura Bateman answers…. It is horrible to experience severe anxiety. You probably have some of the following symptoms: • Increased heart rate and breathing frequency • Tense muscles
Dr. Hans DelaunoisVanderperren, DVM, CertEM (StudMed), GespPD, MRCVS, DipEqSc
Caroline Moore FBHS, Brish Evenng & Brish Dressage Accredited Coach
• Dry mouth • Sweaty palms • Nausea • Needing to go to the toilet frequently These are some of the physical symptoms of anxiety. They are all harmless although they feel uncomfortable. The natural Flight and Fight mechanism causes these by ﬂooding the body with adrenaline when it thinks it is in danger. The Fight and Flight mechanism is designed to prepare your body to either ﬁght a danger or run away from it. A bit of anxiety is normal and is beneﬁcial to help you achieve your best. But too much can be disabling and naturally we want to avoid any situaon which makes us feel like this. In terms of managing your anxiety the good news is that there is lots you can do, but it will be hard work and the more people you can have to support you the beer. Firstly I would advise that you learn some relaxaon techniques that you can pracce regularly and then use to help manage the physical symptoms of anxiety. There are a number of relaxaon techniques, I suggest Progressive Muscle Relaxaon and breathing exercises. Once you feel you have gained some control over the physical symptoms using relaxaon you can then start what is called graded exposure. This involves very slowly building up to your ﬁnal goal, which in your case may be doing a compeon. Break this down into a hierarchy of small steps, for example: Start aending shows but just as a spectator. Then move to taking your horse to the show and perhaps tacking up but not compeng. Then progress to warming up in the arena but again don’t go any further. The next step may be to walk around the compeon arena without anyone watching. Then with people watching (again not actually compeng), then you could do one jump, or a few dressage moves, and then leave the arena. So the idea is that you have broken down the act of compeng into lots of small steps. You do each step as many mes as it takes for you not to feel anxious when doing it. You will feel some anxiety when moving up to another step and this is where you use your relaxaon techniques to help you.
FdSc AWCF Registered Farrier
PGCE, BSc (Hons), BHSAI Head of Equine At Myerscough College
Qualiﬁed Saddle Fier and Master Saddler
MSc.Eq.S,R.Nutr. Consultant Equine Nutrionist
BSc (hons) Supplement Specialist
Associate Of The Intelligent Horsemanship Associaon & Animal Behaviorist
BSc MSc, Psychological Therapist specialising in Rider Psychology
As I can only give brief advice in this format, you may ﬁnd you need further support to help you tackle not only the behaviour side of your anxiety, as described above, but also the thought processes which go along with your fears of compeng. There are also other techniques a professional can teach you such as visualisaon. If this is the case someone with qualiﬁcaons like myself can support you and guide you in tackling this anxiety. Good luck!
BHS AI, INT. SM Internaonal Groom
Professional Show Jumper and Trainer
TACKING UP – IT'S A BIG PROBLEM
It takes me ages to get the bit in my horse’s mouth. Whenever I try, he clenches his mouth shut and lifts his head out of reach. What can I do to teach him to accept it more willingly? His teeth have been checked and once the bit is in he works really well.
A: Sarah Weston answers.... I am pleased to hear that you are willing to spend me pung your horse’s bridle on rather than forcing the issue. Horses like to have their bridles put on politely and sympathecally. The art, if a horse starts to become awkward, is to become even calmer and quietly insistent rather than angry or rough. You don’t say what type of bit you are using but it would be worth checking that it ﬁts properly and that it is comfortable for him. So many horses are made to accept fat single jointed bits when actually they have very lile room for them in their mouths. Consider the acon of the bit you are using too. It can really help if you teach your horse to lower his head to a slight pressure on his poll. Simply place your hand on top of his poll, wait unl he lowers his head even a fracon, and then take your hand away. This is repeated unl it becomes automac. If your horse is tall, stand on a mounng block. Then you can start to reintroduce his bridle. Tradionally the handler has their hands around the horse’s nose while they put the noseband and bit in ﬁrst. I have found that the Intelligent Horsemanship way of pung on a bridle can work much beer. Put your right hand
over the horse’s poll and between his ears and hold the crown piece of the bridle. The le hand then holds the bit and asks the horse to accept it into his mouth – I gently put my ﬁngers between the bars of his mouth on the oﬀ side in order to smulate him to open his mouth but in me, if you always do it sympathecally, the horse will voluntarily open his mouth for the bit. Once the bit is in place, I use my right hand to gently ﬂaen the horse’s le ear forwards to go under the crown piece (just as if it were as long as a donkey’s ear) and then physically move to the oﬀside of the horse to do the same on the other side. I might give a horse a click and a treat for each stage of this process or just at the end, and ﬁnd this can be a useful addion to my training.
KNOW YOUR SADDLE
Please can you explain how I can tell if my saddle is the correct ﬁt for my horse
A: Claire Fitzmaurice answers…. There are many diﬀerent things to take into account when checking whether or not a saddle ﬁts a horse. The ﬁrst thing I do is just put the saddle on, without a saddle cloth so I can see clearly, and then girth it up and stand back and have a good look at it. Does it ﬁt the shape of the horse's shoulder? Is it in contact with the horse's back the whole way along the panel? Watch out for the saddle not being in contact with the horse's back either at the back or in the mid secon of the panel ( bridging ). Next I look at the balance of the saddle. Ideally the cantle should be either level with or slightly higher than the pommel, with a dressage saddle the cantle can be 2 to 3 inches higher. It's of the utmost importance that the saddle is level on the horse and any
diﬃcules in conformaon to do with this should be taken into account when the saddle is ﬁrst being ﬁed. Then it's me to get on,( it is advisable to wear a normal saddle cloth) once there is weight on the saddle you will be able to tell much easier if it is ﬁng correctly. The easiest way to give you a rough idea about the ﬁt is to ﬁrstly check there is adequate room over the withers, then get somebody on the ground to insert their hand in the side of the saddle, just behind the horse's shoulder and where the points of the saddle are, approximately 5/6 inches down from wither. It is very important that the saddle is not ght in this area as it can cause extreme pressure, restrict movement and hinder jumping.
Then watch the saddle whilst in moon. How sll is the back of the saddle? Is the panel in contact with the horse's back? Is it moving forwards or backwards? Is it slipping from side to side, or just slipping onto one side? Also look at the level of the saddle, pommel to cantle, when the horse is in moon as some horses carry the saddle diﬀerently when they begin to move A correctly ﬁng saddle is of huge importance to the well-being of your horse and can make a big diﬀerence to performance for both horse and rider. It is worth checking saddle ﬁt regularly, as horses change shape with me of year, ﬁtness, condion and age and this can aﬀect saddle ﬁt. If in doubt, always contact a qualiﬁed saddle ﬁer.
tried&tested Thermatex Quilted Leg Wraps
Toggi Blenheim Boots
My horse who not only suﬀers from mud fever, but also arthris was very happy to test these Thermatex leg wraps. Aer washing the mud from his legs every night, I popped these on and they very quickly wicked away the moisture, while also keeping his legs lovely and warm. They are very easy to put on with the three Velcro fastenings and they stayed in place very well with no slipping or sagging. They are so and comfortable for him to wear and they are a good price too at £53.50 for a set of 4. They have helped no end with his mud fever problem and he is not as sﬀ in the morning as the wraps help with his arthris too. They are a valuable piece of my horses wardrobe now and are eﬀecve for lots of leg problems. For more informaon visit www.thermatex.co.uk
These boots oﬀer a real country feel for leisure wear while also being suitable to ride in too. They are made from full grain leather and are totally waterproof and breathable which is great! They are really lightweight to wear and the arch-moulded foot bed with gel bag oﬀers extra comfort and shock absorbency. I wore the boots all day around the yard and while riding, and I must say they are the comﬁest boots I have worn, at £169.50 they are a very good price too. The boots have it all, style, comfort and the praccality needed for a riding boot. For more informaon visit www.toggi.com
Mountain Horse Berkeley Jacket This jacket is beauful and very stylish while also oﬀering the 'performance' for riding. It is waterproof and very breathable, and the wide knied rib at the waist and inside the sleeve cuﬀs really keep out the cold. You can change the jacket by removing the faux fur trim on the hood or by removing the hood altogether for a totally diﬀerent look. The jacket is great to wear for all occasions as well as riding in and there are plenty of pockets to keep your belongings safe. The jacket, while being warm is lightweight to wear, which is good when on the yard and riding as I do not like bulky jackets that restrict your movement. It deﬁnitely looks and performs very well with no bad points. For more informaon visit www.mountainhorse.co.uk
Bucas Smartex Extra Turnout With this range of rugs now available for ponies, I was keen to try as I ﬁnd rugging my lile pony very diﬃcult. They have got the sizing spot on because the rug ﬁts perfectly and takes in to consideraon the size of smaller ponies in the depth, length,chest and neck area. The rug is very breathable and the stay dry lining wicks away any moisture very quickly. The outer fabric is very strong and durable, not even my lile monster can rip it!Some very good advantages are the shoulder darts which oﬀer ulmate freedom, making it the only rug that hasn't rubbed his chest area. I also love the way the rug fastens with a Velcro overlapping front secon which is padded for comfort and hides a unique 'Click n Go' fastening which is very secure and easy to do – no more ﬁddly fastenings!. The neck is very easy to aach with Velcro panels and it stays in place very well, oﬀering total coverage with no gaps. There are also cross surcingles, detachable elasc leg straps and a nice deep tail ﬂap for added protecon. I would 100% recommend this rug for any horse – it is the best! For more informaon visit www.zebraproducts.co.uk
Wahl Avalon Clippers These clippers are very lightweight but extremely powerful with a 80W rotary motor. They easily glide through the hair and oﬀer a very quick and neat clip. They are cordless which means no draping wires, they aach to a belt mounted baery pack which is lightweight to wear and oﬀers 2 ½ hours clipping when fully charged. The clipper itself has a lightweight, compact design and ﬁts comfortably in one hand, while oﬀering a quiet, low vibraon clipping me, perfect for young or nervous horses. They feature the Wahl 'cool running' snap on blades that do not need aligning or tensioning, making it easy when cleaning, oiling and changing the blades. It comes in a handy carry case with everything you need to get started and it is very aﬀordable too. A deﬁnite winner! For more informaon visit www.wahl.com
Aigle Parcours Iso Open Wellingtons These take wellies to the next level, gone are cold feet and hello toasty warm ones! The shock abosorbing sole also make them extremely comfortable to wear, and the proﬁled ankle ﬁt provided excellent support when walking etc. They have a very sturdy grip and are suitable to walk on all condions with ease. I love the side zip which makes pung on and taking oﬀ so much easier and the strength, durabilty and design is second to none. I fully recomend these to anyone who wants a wellington that is made to last and oﬀers amazing comfort and warmth, where others fall short. For more informaon visit www.aigle.com
PA RT 1
BACK to BASICS by Liz Hodges 58 HorseScene
There are articles written every week about how to improve our leg yields and turn on the forehand, how to ride a better dressage test or jump a clear show jumping round, what to do to shorten or lengthen our horse's stride but what about the basics for those of us that are still learning our nearside from our offside and our diagonal from our right leg? All too often we can get tied up in trying to learn the next step when in fact we could all beneﬁt from going right back to the fundamentals of riding and checking that our basic aids and seat are correct so that we are able to give clear and precise directions to our horse. In this new series we aim to help with just this and provide clear foundation stones on which everyone can build a solid base to their riding skills. Let's start with a common problem that novice riders encounter; how to be in control of your horse. So, you've had a few lessons and you've mastered how to get on and oﬀ without sing in the sand every me, but Its now me to take control of this horse all by yourself. Depending on where it is you are learning to ride, you may have taken your horse down to the arena yourself (aer being dragged to the nearest tree so he can have a small snack before your lesson, well why not you think, it was quite funny to see him stretch his neck up like a giraﬀe to reach the tasty branches), he may have been waing for you already in the arena as he had been on a previous lesson (great, no trees to encounter you think, but you sll have to spend 5 minutes remembering how to get his reins over his head, ghten his girth and adjust the srrups whilst he busily tries to wander over to another equine friend) or your horsey friend may be teaching you on her own horse so she has the horse all ready for you, all you have to do is jump on (he wouldn't dare to move as said the friend who is very experienced). Ok, so whatever your parcular scenario you are now on your horse and ready to get going, you get hold of your reins, then adjust them as they are twisted, uneven, or held incorrectly in your hands. You then give a light squeeze with with your leg as you've been told to do by your instructor to get your horse to walk on. She may even have demonstrated this herself on another horse. Why then, when you copy her exactly does nothing happen? You try again, this me with both legs as you remember this is actually what the instructor told you to do, (not just one leg!) Sll nothing happens, you give a gentle kick, except it doesn't quite work as somehow it was more of a stamp of the heel than a kick in against your horse's side, sll nothing happens. You are now geng very fed up and just want your horse to get a shi on like everyone else's horse is doing so easily. You give a big almighty kick against your horse's side to make sure something happens this me. Your horse moves oﬀ slightly quicker than you expected and leaves you behind a lile, resulng in you accidentally pulling on the reins. The horse stops. Does any of this sound familiar? Why you may ask does the horse not just walk on and behave himself like all the others are and like he himself did with his last rider? The answer is simple, you have already told your horse that he is in charge and he doesn't need to do as you ask him. Without realising it, most beginners will give their horse all sorts of messages that there is no need to do as requested before they even mount up. Let's take every scenario in turn and look into what your horse is hearing from you without you realising it.
You lead your horse down to the arena yourself (aer being dragged to the nearest tree so the horse can have a small snack before your lesson, well why not you think, it was quite funny to see him stretch his neck up like a giraﬀe to reach the tasty branches).
This scenario or something very similar to it are very common, what is important to remember is that from the moment you enter your horse's stable you are giving him messages about yourself and which of you is in charge. It is vital that your horse understands that he must always do as you ask him even over the smallest possible detail. So, when you enter your horse's stable you need to make it clear that he is to do as you ask. Take hold of his reins just below the bit and give a gentle but ﬁrm upwards nudge of them to li his head gently from the ﬂoor or in its resng posion. It is vital that the horse immediately shis his aenon from whatever he has been previously doing to you and what you are asking him. This is the me where your horse learns whether or not you are in charge and leader of his herd. If you allow the horse to ignore you; his head remains low and he stays in his snoozing state, or he carries on eang his haynet, or worse, pulls away from you and moves to the opposite side of the stable, he has already learnt that he doesn't have to respect you and you are not his herd leader. If you insist at this stage that he does not only what you ask, but that he does it immediately and in the manner that is requested he will respect you and understand that you are his leader and the person to obey. Once you have your horse's aenon, make sure you have control by taking his reins over his head and holding ﬁrmly a few inches below the bit with your right hand and your lile ﬁnger nearest to the horse's head. This allows you to use your whole hand and the strongest part of your arm (biceps) to steady your horse if he tries to pull you in a direcon you don't want to go. Again, it is vital that if your horse tries to move anywhere other than exactly where you want to go, you correct him immediately. As you lead your horse he should keep his neck very slightly bent towards you, this keeps his front legs and feet away from yours and keeps his aenon on you rather than anything else that is going on around him. The second that you feel his head move away from you give a gentle, but ﬁrm nudge on the reins towards yourself. Your horse must immediately bring his head back towards you otherwise repeat the nudge again but slightly ﬁrmer sll. It is vital that your horse responds immediately, do not wait for longer than a second for your horse to respond otherwise you are teaching your horse that it is acceptable to not obey you straight away. If you lead your horse in this way he will not even think to look at the tasty tree but if he did you would be able to bring his aenon straight back to you before he has taken a step towards the yummy leaves. Allowing your horse to walk where he likes, and take a snack if he feels like it teaches him that he is in charge and makes the rules about what you do or don't do. This will be translated to how he feels he should behave when riding him.
Your horse must respect you and wait unl you are ready to move oﬀ.
Your horse is waing for you already in the arena as he had been on a previous lesson (you spend 5 minutes remembering how to get the reins over his head, ghten his girth and adjust the srrups whilst he busily tries to wander over to another equine friend)
This can be a diﬃcult problem as it can take quite a while before adjusng all your tack becomes second nature to you. If you are able to ask a more experienced rider or assistant to help you then do, also asking if you can pracce this before or aer your lesson will help so that you aren't just doing this once per lesson. You can pracce in the stable aer your lesson too if your horse isn't needed again but make sure you have someone to check that you are doing things correctly and that you leave your horse's tack in a safe condion. You can sll make it clear to your horse that he must respect you and wait unl you are ready to move oﬀ by insisng that he stands paently; don't allow him to ﬁdget or wander over to another horse or assistant standing on the ground. Again you must correct your horse the second he takes a single step if you are wanng him to stand sll by quickly resisng on the reins.
Your horsey friend is teaching you on her own horse so she has your horse all ready for you, all you have to do is jump on (he wouldn't dare to move as said your friend is very experienced).
Your horse must understand from the second that you take control of him that you are in charge.
Although this may seem ideal, as you don't have to worry about any of the preparaon or handling of the horse, it also doesn't help you in learning any kind of horse management. Also, why is it that the horse behaves so well for his owner? What is it that she does that makes the horse know he must do as requested by her? If you rely on someone else to control your horse when you are on the ground you will ﬁnd it harder sll to achieve any obedience when you are riding. Whatever your parcular scenario for learning to ride the principle is always the same. Your horse must understand from the second that you take control of him that you are in charge and that he must do as you request straight away. This is the single, most important, lesson you can ever learn when dealing with horses as no-one, no maer how strong and muscular they are, can force or pull a horse into doing something it doesn't want to do. All horses are trained using their insncve herd nature; this involves obeying their herd leader; and if that herd leader is not the rider problems will always arise. Think
of yourself and your horse as a ny herd of your own, one of you has to be in charge and
in order to get your horse to do as you request the leader has to be you.
Choose & use the best Get sorted with the ‘must have’ bedding & yard products on the market easibed easibed, a clean, dust free wood ﬁbre bedding, is used by internaonal show jumpers Billy Twomey and Ellen Whitaker, and triple Olympian Richard Davison. easibed is produced in robust packaging. The bedding provides a dust-free, supporve bed with a consistency that allows the wet to drain through to the base where it is absorbed, leaving the top dry and comfortable. It is economical to use, easy to muck out and it produces a smaller muck heap. easibed's dust free qualies make it a healthier choice for the rider and the horse. Priced around £6.00. www.easibed.co.uk
Haygain HG-1000 Hay Steamer Enables you to feed dust-free palatable hay, helping maintain a healthy respiratory system to enhance performance. The scienﬁcally proven hay steamer ensures hay is clean by killing all spores. It is very robust, easy to maintain and is designed to take an enre strung hay bale, but if required can also be used with hay nets or wedges of hay. The steamed hay is ready to feed in approximately 50 minutes and retains its complete nutrional value and goodness. Research indicates it is eﬀecve at encouraging fussy eaters. Priced at £1350. www.haygain.com
Now supplied ready to assemble and with colour coordinated handles and wheel, this tough, light, mulpurpose wheelbarrow features a strong, galvanised, welded and lacquered frame with a unique heavy duty and easy to clean stepped pan, 160kg load capacity, strong wheel brackets plus improved balance and weight distribuon when loaded makes this Weelie Barrow an ideal yard must have. Available in pink or blue and is priced around £79.99. www.bales.co.uk
Unibed premium bedding is ﬁnely chopped and put through a rigorous dust extracon process to ensure dust levels are kept to a minimum. The rape straw is then treated with a unique formula of three natural, non toxic oils – Muna, Moringa and Arnica which combine to create a clean and soothing environment for your horse. All three oils are naturally anparasic, anbacterial, an fungal and have an inﬂammatory properes. Suitable for use as a deep bedding material, removing droppings daily and wet bedding once a week and as it rots down very quickly it will keep your muck heap cost to a minimum. www.unibed.uk.com
Eezhay Premier Combo
Made from a mix of wheat and rape straw. The raw material is passed through a state of the art dust extracon process to produce a clean and virtually dust free bedding which is ideal for performance horses and those suﬀering from respiratory problems. Belvoir Bed has now re-formulated its exisng treatment. The principle ingredients are Lemongrass - a nontoxic and non-irritant plant oﬀering a pleasant lemon smell without the potency of citronella - and Cade Oil, which helps retain this fresh aroma. Both ingredients combine together to oﬀer ansepc, anparasic and an-fungal properes which helps repel insects, ﬁght against bacteria and reduce moulds and spores. Belvoir Bed is quick rong, easy to muck out and comfortable for your horse. Prices start at £4.90 + vat, Belvoir Bed can only be ordered direct enabling prices to be kept to an absolute minimum. www.belvoirbed.co.uk
The new Eezhay Premier Combo incorporates a unique detachable feeding manger within the Hay Feeder. Made from super tough mild steel, the stylish design allows horses to feed in their natural posion which in turns encourages healthy digeson, respiraon and aids the natural wear of teeth. The removable feed manger oﬀers horse owners a space saving, mess-free feeding method. Eﬃcient and eﬀecve, the Eezhay Premier Combo can hold up to a whole bale of hay in one go. Available in pony size as well as the original full size, there is a wide range colours to choose from and every product comes with a one year full manufacturers guarantee. With prices starng at just £64.99 for the Eezhay Premier Pony, this innovave product will be a true investment in to your feeding roune. www.eezhay.net
Tek-quine Black Mat Save bedding me and money by ﬁng these quality mats. Made from non porous solid rubber, this mat has a tortoiseshell top surface with a wide Rib base. Suitable for horseboxes, stables and walkway applicaons. Available in 10mm, priced at £36.45 or 17mm priced at £51.30. www.tek-quine.co.uk
Harold Moore Equestrian Tools Harold Moore oﬀers a range of stable and yard tools in a fashionable range of colours. The range comprises of shovels, forks, scoops, scrapers and brushes. These polymer equestrian tools oﬀer many advantages and beneﬁts, they are sturdy, robust, but lightweight and very easy to handle. They will not rust or rot and are easy to clean and transport. The range is available in various sizes and designs and consists of cleaning tools, feed preparaon tool, bedding preparaon tools and much more. www.haroldmoore.co.uk
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November 2011 Issue