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Spring Break Destination: ARIZONA

Photographer Ben Wilking’s trip to the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics

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HORIZONS Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Wednesday, March 10, 2010

Light Up The Night

Casino Night 2010

BCA hosts annual casino night in Eagle Gym, giving students a chance to relax before spring break

Embry-Riddle’s Prescott jet dragster team makes its public debut



The shuffling of cards, the spinning of roulette wheels, the tossing of those crap dice, and the roar of the bingo crowd. Trip to Vegas? No. It’s Casino Night at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.

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Assistant Editor

The Board of Campus Activities, BCA, held its annual casino night on Friday, Mar. 5, from 7 to 11 p.m., giving ERAU students the opportunity to get out of their dorms, into their formal wear, and into the casino (but luckily, not into debt). In fact, some students were charitable enough to walk around and hand out money. “I was sitting there and some guy handed me money. Nice guy!” said

Logan Hennessy, a sophomore. The tables were crowded the whole night. Students of every college on campus diced, bluffed, or bet against each other at blackjack, Texas hold ’em, let it ride, craps, and roulette tables, but the rowdiest tables of all were always the bingo tables. That worked out great for them, because BCA members periodically handed out fake gambling money

Crowding around as close as possible against the yellow caution tape, an excited throng braced themselves on a quiet, calm, and beautiful Prescott evening. The object of their attention was a stagnant jet car yards in front of them. The anticipation in the air was almost tangible. The car seemed to come to life as driver Elaine Larsen started the engine and a massive plume of grey smoke rose into the air. The smoke barely had time to clear before the demonstration began, complete with fire and deafening jet engine noise. After months of hard work, the Jet Dragster Team made its much public debut and dedicated their new Performance Vehicles Lab on Feb. 15 and 16 with a serious of events to show off their work and the program that has been built on campus.   The demonstration on the first evening was done using the original ERAU Jet Dragster which was retired some time ago. During the demonstration, Elaine Larsen performed a series of afterburner pops, which lit up the twilit sky and emitted heat that could be felt Jeroen Geeraert / Horizons Newspaper as far as the crowd of eager onlookers.   After the demonstration, the Jet Ventriloquist Andy Gross attempts to read the card of audience member Ashley Mully. Dragster Team, Larsen Motorsports, nequin for calling it a “dummy, “ which is cut into his own arm! When the orange was and the excited audience convened BRAD CLANCY not politically correct. And so he skipped finally opened, there was the $100 bill, unin the Lower Hanger of the Student Senior Correspondent straight to magic. He kept the crowd howling touched, although a little wet, certainly. Union for more information, a chance with his oversized deck of cards and someYet another trick performed was when to talk to Elaine and Chris Larsen, and what lewd jargon. Then he asked the crowd Andy threw a fully shuffled deck of cards to hot chocolate and cookies.   On Friday, Feb. 19, 2010, the ventrilo- for a $100 bill. A girl stepped onto stage and a person in the audience and had him pick Before Feb. 15, the Prescott campus had never seen one of the school’s jet quist, comedian, and magician Andy Gross was amazed when he turned that $100 into a card. The deck was then thrown to three dragsters run. The demonstration car, entranced the students with a mysterious a measly $1 bill. The crowd was astonished other people, each of them choosing a difcustom made by Larsen Motorsports, and mind-bending act. It all began with when Andy then took the orange he had giv- ferent card. Finally the deck came back to see JET DRAGSTER page A7 Andy talking about a fight with his man- en the girl, missed trying to cut into it, and Andy, and he had the people stand. They

to the loudest table. The room was filled with activities other than fake gambling. Students could also get in the ring together and battle with gloves the size of their bodies. They could try their hands at Rock Band, or their feet at a dancing game for the Nintendo Wii. What’s more, each student who entered got see CASINO NIGHT page A7

Ventriloquist Andy Gross Visits Campus

CLUB SPORTS A closer look at the baseball club and their prospects for the season. See page B1

What’s In Horizons Campus News .............. A2 Eagle Eye ...................... A4 Schedule of Events ...... A10

Reviews ........................ C2 Editorials ..................... D1 Comics .........................D2

were instructed to sit when they had heard their card called. All four cards were called, in quick succession, and in order. Andy’s witty comments kept the audience laughing throughout the show, but nothing could compare to what happened to one of the guys in attendance when he was made into Andy’s puppet. He was forced to sit on Andy’s lap and open his mouth whenever Andy pressed on his shoulder, and thus made to say all kind of embarrassing things, and sing him a love song. But the fun wasn’t over yet. Andy then masked him, with a moving jaw on the mask to allow him to continue, and while continuing in the lewd descriptions, squirted the audience with water from the mask. Everyone had a great time. Andy Gross was born on May 10, 1968, and by the age of 15 he was the youngest professional racquetball player in history until he retired at 26 to go into the entertainment industry. He married his wife, April Bartlett, on Aug. 15, 1997. They have three children, two of whom, Morgan Lily and Jordan David, are both in the acting industry. Morgan Lily took after her father and became a ventriloquist and magician also. Andy Gross has one of the largest collections of ventriloquist paraphernalia in the world, and also designs a line of magic and trick goods for LA Magic & Toy. He is a Las Vegas regular, and well-known in the comedy industry. He has sold more merchandise with his name on it than almost any other performer. He has appeared on ABC, CBS, NBC, and FOX.

FINAL APPROACH Andrew Navia - The Tree of Liberty Nelson Palmer - America, the Lazy See page D1

Game Review BIOSHOCK 2 Located on page C3



10 MARCH 2010

ERAU Students Honors Program To Accept Sophomores Intern at Arizona State Legislature ANDREW MICHEL Assistant Editor

JUDY SEGNER Career Services Director

Two ERAU students have been hired to intern for the Arizona state legislature, in the culmination of a process initiated by the College of Arts and Sciences’ Career Services in the fall of 2007. Historically, only students enrolled at Arizona State University, Northern Arizona University, and University of Arizona could apply for these highly competitive internships. How competitive? For spring 2010, 300 students applied, 120 got second interviews, and 40 were offered and accepted internships. Two of them were ERAU students: Vincent “Blake” Edwards and Sharon Langford. Sharon Langford, an aviation environmental science major, is the Special Projects Intern for the Arizona State Senate. Within the Senate, she has worked with the Natural Resources Committee, the Infrastructure and Public Debt Committee, the Judiciary Committee, and the Education Committee.

Every week, she attends three committees in the House of Representatives--the Natural Resources and Rural Development Committee, the Water and Energy Committee, and the Health and Human Services Committee, as well as additional meetings including the Blue Ribbon Panel of Water Sustainability and Trust Land. She has written and presented bills in the Judiciary Committee in both the Republican and Democratic Caucuses. Langford’s work is non-partisan and includes researching all information regarding a bill, including background information that could be useful to senators as they vote on the bill. She meets with lobbyists, stakeholders, and the Legislative Councils who drafted the bills. Recently, a stakeholder whom Langford interviewed for the Senate Committee on Education Reform wrote to commend her on her initiative, attention to detail, and insightful questions, both before the committee hearing and as see GOV. INTERNS page A5

Air Force Academy Dedicates Earth Center LYNDA ROBERTS Student Life Correspondent

The United States Air Force Academy in Colorado is dedicating a double ring of stones located near the academy’s visitor center for religious use by members of Wicca and other nature-centered neo-pagan religions. The stone sanctuary is a welcome replacement from the indoor room previously used by the group. “Being with nature and connecting with it is kind of the whole point,” says Tech. Sgt. Brandon Longcrier in a recent Air Force Academy press release, “and it will dramatically improve that atmosphere, the mindset and the actual connection.” Longcrier, who identifies as pagan, has been designated a “distinct faith group leader” by the military and sponsors the group, in addition to his responsibilities as the NCO in charge of the academy’s astronautics laboratories. According to the press release, the Air Force Academy’s superintendent, Lt. Gen. Michael Gould, has made religious acceptance a priority at the military school. Lt. Col. William Ziegler, one of the academy’s chaplains, said that designating the stones is part of the school’s effort to foster religious tolerance and to defend the constitutional guarantee of religious freedom. “We want to invite the Academy leadership, the Cadet Interfaith Council, the

news media and people from every religious background for the dedication ceremony. We want this dedication service to be another example of celebrating the freedom we enjoy as well as the freedom we, as Airmen, have pledged to defend.” Currently, the main site of worship for the Air Force Academy is a 17-spire chapel, 150 feet in height, that houses separate chapels for Protestantism, Catholicism, Judaism, and Buddhism, as well as rooms for cadets of other religions, including Islam. The outer building alone cost $3.5 million to build. The Protestant Chapel includes 1,200 pews sculpted to resemble parts of fighter airplanes and a 32-foothigh 4,334-pipe classical organ. The 500-seat Catholic Chapel boasts figurines created from the same marble quarries Michelangelo used, semi-precious stones from the Mediterranean Sea and quartz crystals from Colorado in the Blessed Sacrament Room and baptistery, and a 1,950-pipe organ located in the choir loft. On display in the Jewish Chapel is a Torah Scroll that was hidden from the Nazis in World War II and donated to the chapel in 1990. The chapel’s latest addition, the Vast Refuge Dharma Hall of the Buddhist Chapel, was built of a rare and fragrant wood, Port Orford Cedar, which is used for building temples in Japan. The stone dedication will take place in March 2010.

Since its inception, the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Honors program has only recruited about two percent of the incoming freshmen. That tradition will change in the fall of 2010, as Honors will also accept four incoming sophomores who applied for entry to the program on Mar. 1. The incoming sophomores are ERAU students who have proven through their first semester on campus that they meet the program's rigorous academic demands. However, the Honors program does not recruit based on grades alone: “Being in Honors is not just a great GPA; we've rejected students who had 4.0's before. We look for rounded individuals, people who have done community service, and so on,” said Dr. Patric McElwain, Director of the Honors program. The stu-

dents also had to write an essay explaining why they wished to join the Honors program. The incoming sophomores will need to meet the same criteria as the other Honors students in their graduating class as they progress through ERAU, with the exception of HON150, the first class in the Honors curriculum. The other Honors requirements consist of two more honors-level classes, yearly community service, participation in the Honors Student Association, and three Honors directed study courses of their choosing. The Honors student is responsible for keeping track of their Honors progress, and there has been an instance where a student has not been awarded full Honors benefits because of their failure to meet the coursework requirements. Following the previous policy, no upperclassmen were considered for later induction into the program because they simply would not be able to ful-

fill all the requirements before their graduation. Along with the increase in Honors membership due to the induction of these sophomores, the Honors program plans to increase the number of incoming Honors freshman from the traditional 20 students to about 30 to 35 students. Although the Honors membership increase does not coincide necessarily with an increase in the total number of incoming freshmen, Dr. McElwain suggests that Honors is not becoming less elite, but instead more inclusive.  “Expansion is something we've wanted from the beginning. When we started, we only invited 20 students because we simply didn't have the resources,” said Dr. McElwain,” We don't necessarily have more resources, but we have the will to increase membership.” Although expansion is generally seen as positive, some Honors students see the in-

ductance of new sophomores negatively. “I don't have a problem with them expanding the program, but if students didn't meet the academic requirements out of high school, they shouldn't be allowed in [to Honors] after their first semester here,” said Kenneth Stuart, ERAU Honors student. “The first semester of college is usually pretty easy.” The Honors program offers many benefits to its members. The requirements provide a stronger transcript and resume, but they demand extra time and input from the student as well. If, at any time, an Honors students falls below the program's academic requirements, they are put on probation and could be removed from the program. For more information about the Honors program and its endeavors, you can contact Dr. Patric McElwain, Professor Samantha Fitch, or the Honors Student Association president, Alex Herring.

Air Traffic Control Lab Open for Business STEPHEN ROCHA Correspondent

The air traffic control lab hosted an open house to celebrate its relocation and announce its start of operation to EmbryRiddle Aeronautical University’s Prescott campus. A new air traffic control lab was needed to be able to train high-quality air traffic controllers as part of the new air traffic management major at ERAU. By having a fully-functional air traffic control, ERAU was able to become one of 26 schools nationwide to be a fully certified College Training Initiative (CTI) school for the FAA. CTI is a program implemented by the FAA to allow students to be trained as air traffic controllers while in college and to subsequently be hired to work as controllers upon certification. The open house began with a brief speech by Michael

Ben Wilking / Horizons Newspaper A professor demonstrates a Åight simulator in the new Air TrafÄc Control lab.

Gregory about the new air traffic control lab. He stated that the lab was able to simulate Denver, Albuquerque, and Los Angeles centers, as well as the Prescott control tower. He also mentioned the new air traffic management major, excited about

these new additions to ERAU. The air traffic control lab is able to simulate any sort of weather and time-of-day conditions. The lab is made up of three different rooms: a small lobby, the control tower, and the center control, where pilots link into Embry-Riddle Virtual Airspace

Ben Wilking / Horizons Newspaper A student tests the Åight simulator features in the new Air TrafÄc Control lab.

(ERVA) via Microsoft Flight Simulator X. ERVA is a program which enables students to simulate all of the pilot and controller stations as part of the same airspace, in order to create a realistic flying environment. Students, faculty, and staff were encouraged to try out the new lab by either being a controller or a pilot. Several people, including Executive Vice President Dr. Frank Ayers, were seen “flying around” while being controlled by students in the control tower room. “The air traffic control lab is a great addition to Embry-Riddle,” said Michael Gregory. “This is a step into the future as virtual training becomes a reality.” He also said that software like Sim Target will be added to the lab in order to allow simulated airplanes to become a part of the controlling situations. The air traffic control lab will be continuously updated as more funding becomes available, in order to allow ERAU to provide the best level of education for its students. As Dr. Ayers put it, “you can’t sit stagnant, or else you’re toast.”


10 MARCH 2010


Quality Enhancement Program Held Meeting with Students RHA Loses ALLISON CISNEROS Correspondent

A Student Government Association meeting took place on Thursday, Mar. 4 in the Lower Hangar, with the new Quality Enhancement Plan as the main topic of discussion. The meeting was intended to present what the QEP is and why it is important. Dr. Bloom led the QEP talk and received interesting and widespread feedback from the attendees. Dr. Bloom let the audience

know right away that it was the first time that ERAU was adopting the QEP. Every ten years, its accreditation is checked with the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Since the QEP was implemented only about a year ago, Dr. Bloom said, “We’re kind of in the first batch of schools.” The QEP is a plan to pick one aspect of ERAU and change it for the better of the students and the learning environment. The changes will affect all students at the Prescott, Daytona Beach, and world-

wide campuses. Someone asked what power the Prescott campus has because it is smaller than the other campuses. Dr. Bloom replied that there is a committee made of an equal number of people from each of the campuses meeting to decide on aspects of the QEP. The committee began to meet before it was required to because ERAU wanted to ensure they had sufficient time. By the middle of May the choices will be narrowed down to three; each idea will have its own specified plan drawn up. One will be

chosen for implementation at ERAU by June or July. If an idea is to be chosen, then there must be ideas to pick from. The ERAU Prescott campus only contributed four or five ideas to the date of the meeting. As Dr. Bloom went through the packets containing possible areas of improvement, the audience put forth ideas and questions. Dr. Blomstrom and Colonel Haskins were discussing their own idea for the QEP. Leadership is important in everything. A good leader is valu-

able. ERAU students should be trained to be such leaders. Many students however, learn leadership by experience or example. If these two ways are incorrect or difficult, then problems arise. Dr. Blomstrom and Colonel Haskins felt the training of leaders to be vital to present and future lives. “We’re taking control of our own future, of our own lives.” Dr. Bloom said, concluding the nearly hour-long meeting. The decisions made regarding the QEP will certainly affect all ERAU students.

Housing Considers POW/MIA Memorial Run Removing “Dry” Campus Policy Should alcohol be allowed in the dorms on campus? BRAD CLANCY Senior Correspondent

Arizona changed the legal drinking age from 19 to 21 in 1985, and so Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University decided to go dry since most of its students were not of age anyway, according to Larry Stephan, Dean of Students. Now, 25 years later, the Department of Housing and Residence Life is considering the possibility of allowing alcohol on campus—for those of legal age to consume it, of course. This forum was held to discuss how students felt about alcohol on campus. When polled, all but one student in the crowd was in favor of the measure. Some of the drinking-age students brought up questions of what the possible limits would be on the possession and consumption of alcohol, like a cap on alcohol per person, and what the ramifications would be for cooking alcohol

the most popular mistakes on university campuses nationwide that his research had found to be alcohol-related. The top of the list was that a staggering average of 25 percent of students on a wet campus had academic problems. Number three was an increased rate of violence. The next item was an increase in sexual assaults. From there, the problems ranged from minor theft and vandalism to increased drug presence on campus. These claims are not just idle speculation by Chief Boden or others; they are based on statistics from the U.S. Department of Education and the National College Women Sexual Victimization study, among others. Anyone can drop by the Campus Security office on campus to request a copy of the handout and see the whole list of the alcohol-related issues. The Housing staff and Dean Stephan seemed excited and optimistic at the prospect of having this new trial phase for the students. Dean Stephan remarked, “I see it as giving freedom back to the students, and showing we trust their ability to be responsible.” Many of the students who attended the forum vowed over

“I SEE IT AS GIVING BACK FREEDOM TO THE STUDENTS, AND SHOWING WE TRUST THEIR ABILITY TO BE RESPONSIBLE.” -LARRY STEPHAN, DEAN OF STUDENTS and other such amenities. A few emotional speakers rose to discuss how this measure would finally allow for Greek housing on campus, as their of-age brothers and sisters would no longer have to be exiled and could exist in a mentoring role. They spoke of how now they could hold concerts at the university, engage in Greek activities, and bring more people back to campus. When queried as to issues that could arise with alcohol, the ever-popular argument of “this is college, we’re supposed to make mistakes” once again made an appearance. Security Chief Boden provided a handout with 29 of

and over to use this privilege well. There remains some concern however, at least for some on campus, due to policies like the one proposed that would allow underage students to live with drinking students, with a simple “hands-off ” approach to keep the roommate from drinking. There was also some discussion as for the possibility of having a designated wet dorm on campus. No matter what happens, it will be an interesting trial period, and the Department of Housing and Residence Life may soon be looking for student alcohol committee members, all of which would need to be of legal drinking age.

Kenneth Stuart / Horizons Newspaper Julie Spear and Paula Dudek register for the 2nd Annual POW/MIA Memorial Run.

Each academic year, the local Arnold Air Society squadron and Silver Wings chapter host a POW/ MIA Memorial Run to raise awareness of our missing military service men and women . The proceeds from the each run are donated to a charity or service organization. All money raised through the run this year will be donated to the World Wildlife Foundation.

Horizons Newspaper Awarded Third at ACP Conference ANDREW MICHEL Assistant Editor

Two of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University's seniors, Horizons Editor in Chief Josh Martinez and Final Approach Editor Carrie Anderson, will graduate this spring looking back at their newspaper's achievements smiling. This year, at the Associated Collegiate Press (ACP) National College Journalism Convention in Phoenix, Horizons Newspaper won third place for best in show in its category. Most of the other colleges that attend the ACP national convention have a journalism program, or at least a communications program. Horizons beat out many of those in its category: four year non-weekly newspaper. “Third place isn't bad for a school full of engineers, intel and security majors, pilots, and business majors,” said Moritz Seebode, Horizons copy editor. Entering the best of show contest is not the only reason Horizons attends the ACP na-

tional conference. The newspaper is also brought to a rigorous critique and the staff attend informational seminars focused on different aspects of running a newspaper. This year, the attending Horizons staff spent a positive, helpful, and informative time with Kate McLaughlin of El Camino College critiquing the paper. Although some members who signed up to go could not attend, the members that did attend saw two days packed full of seminars focused on training them to bring their readers a better paper. “I really learned a lot,” said Moritz Seebode. “We have a couple areas we could improve, but we're doing really well.” The ACP conference is also a great networking opportunity. The Horizons staff meets up with the staff from the Avion, ERAU's Daytona Beach campus newspaper. “I really liked meeting up with the guys from the Avion. It's good to keep our relationship up with them,” said Taylor Nel-

son, Horizons correspondent. In addition to the traditional meeting with the Avion, the staff met up and shared ideas with students from a series of colleges ranging from Case Western Reserve University to Spokane Falls Community College. The diversity of the convention keeps staff members' minds open to new ideas and ways to provide information, advertisement opportunities, and a healthy news environment for ERAU. With the training of the current senior staff in addition to the training received at conference, the next generation of Horizons senior staff strives to create an even better paper than the current stellar standard. Horizons is always looking for new members, be they writers or designers. To be part of an award-winning organization that provides a noble service to the ERAU community, come to an all-staff meeting in AC1 on Monday at 5:30 p.m., or stop by the Horizons office in the Jack R. Hunt Student Union.

Conference Bid COURTNEY LINN News Editor

Last semester, the International Affiliate of College and University Residence Halls (IACURH) NoFrills Conference 2009 was held at Northern Arizona University. This conference was aimed towards leadership development workshops, programming and events ideas, and overall student advocacy. At NoFrills 2009, students discussed different legislation issues pertaining to their region as well as region bid reviewing. NoFrills is essentially the annual business conference for all schools within the IACURH region. Representatives from each school attend this conference and serve as the voice for all on-campus residents at their host institution. The NoFrills Conference is hosted annually by universities within the IACURH region and different universities bid to host the conference every year. The 2011 NoFrills Conference for universities within our district and a part of the IACURH was nearly hosted by ERAU. Schools wanting to host the conference made a bid to IACURH for the amount of funds they would need. ERAU bid for the 2011 conference, but was outvoted by one vote by the University of Denver. “ERAU didn’t get the bid because it came down to a tie between two schools, which was broken by the head chair,” said RHA President Rachael Wagner. “IACURH [often] supports the smaller schools that cannot hold larger conferences, and ERAU falls under this category. During the voting, three different votes were taken. In the first vote, ERAU won the majority of 11 votes. There was then a second vote taken where one school changed its vote and ERAU had 10 votes, while the University of Denver had 11. Once the third vote was taken, the IACURH chair decided on the University of Denver for the host school for the conference. Since we didn’t win the last conference, we decided that we would go to 2011 NoFrills Conference and bid for the 2012 NoFrills Conference.” The IACURH’s goal is to provide universities and programs comparable to ERAU’s RHA program with the essential tools and resources needed to create a positive on-campus living environment. IACURH helps advocate students’ interests and the welfare of residence hall students while encouraging leadership, honoring diversity, recognizing achievement, and stimulating engagement and involvement among students who reside in college and university halls.

Th e G l o b a l I n t e l l i g e n ce M o n i to r i n g C e n t e r

The Eagle Eye - Horizons Edition -

An analytical intelligence wire prepared by the students of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Prescott, Arizona



SOUTH KOREA: Navy to Receive Patrol Aircraft

On Feb. 22, a Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA) official announced that the Republic of Korea’s navy will acquire its first three P3CK maritime patrol aircraft by the end of June. The navy expects the aircraft to boost its maritime surveillance and strike capability against North Korean targets. The aircraft will be equipped with multipurpose radar capable of detecting fixed and moving targets on the ground, high-definition electro-optical/infrared cameras, digital acoustic analysis equipment, and a magnetic anomaly detector. It will be armed with Harpoon Block II air to ground missiles capable of destroying the North’s coastal artillery and missile launchers if needed.


BURMA: Kachin Army Mobilizes

The 10,000-man Kachin Independence Army (KIA) is preparing for a war with the Burmese Army, which could begin as early as the end of February, when a 17-year ceasefire runs out. The Kachin tribal region has operated as an autonomous area for years, with its own government and military, supported by the trade in the highest quality jade, gold, and teak. If a war does break out, the Kachins will seek the assistance of the Shan and Wa Armies, which are larger and better armed, in a common front against the government. Even so, the armed forces of the Union of Burma (Myanmar) are a formidable conventional force. KIA officers acknowledge that in a renewed conflict, they would have to withdraw into the jungle and fight a guerrilla war.


A AUSTRALIA: New Visa Requirements Planned

On Feb. 22, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd announced the government’s plans to issue new visa requirements in an attempt to prevent terrorist attacks in the country. New visa requirements include mandatory fingerprints and facial imaging

data for all visa applicants from ten countries considered at high risk for terrorism. Fingerprints and facial images collected will be crosschecked with immigration and law enforcement databases in Australia and overseas. The Department of Immigration and Citizenship will put the changes into effect this year. The list of ten countries on the list will not be made public until the change occurs.



SSOMALIA: Government and Militia May Combine Forces

Summary: The government and a moderate religious militia have reportedly signed a tentative power-sharing agreement that could weaken al-Shabaab. Development: Reports surfaced on Feb. 22 claiming the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the moderate Sufi militia, Ahlu Sunnah Waljama’a (ASWJ), had signed a tentative power-sharing agreement, allowing ASWJ five cabinet posts and 34 other government positions, and calling for military cooperation. TFG and ASWJ officials had been in talks in Ethiopia since early February, discussing a possible integration of forces. These talks followed an announcement from the Somali army in January, claiming that ASWJ had appealed to the TFG for supplies, training, and funding to assist its fight against the militant Islamist insurgent group, al-Shabaab. Analysis: Al-Shabaab, espousing Wahhabi Islam, alienated many Somalis by attacking Sufi students and shrines last year. Now ASWJ appears to have substantial grassroots support, due largely to the Sufism’s predominance in the country. The militia has seen notable successes in recent skirmishes with al-Shabaab. With a stronghold in the country’s central Galguduud region, which borders Ethiopia (Addis Ababa allegedly backs the group) ASWJ has been operating mainly in central Somalia. The TFG, assisted by African Union troops, controls only a portion of the capital, Mogadishu; beyond this area, it cannot effectively project force against al-Shabaab. If the two parties have reached an agreement and are able to coordinate a combined military offensive, it could weaken al-

Shabaab enough for the TFG to secure a greater sphere of control. Even ASWJ fighting alone, but with TFG-supplied funding and equipment, could shift al-Shabaab’s presence in the country. Implementation of the reported power-sharing agreement would require the removal of current senior TFG officials and potentially introduces conflicts over differing interpretations of Islam, and over its role in government. A Feb. 24 report, citing ASWJ official Sheikh Omar Sheikh Mohamed Farah, contradicts the power-sharing aspect of development. In the report, Farah confirmed plans for greater cooperation but denied ASWJ’s interest in government positions. Internal divisions and clan politics already mire the TFG. If Farah’s statement is a falsehood and the ASWJ’s concerns go beyond combating al-Shabaab, the TFG could end up more fractious and ineffective than ever. [Patrick Joy]


IRAN: Increasing Factional Tensions

Summary: As protests and demonstrations escalate, as well as the regime’s brutality and repression, the succession of a new Ayatollah could reposition Iranian interests in the region. Development: Recently, U.S. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton, at a university in Doha, Qatar, stated that the United States was concerned that Iran’s government is being supplanted by The Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). Since the 2009 presidential election in Iran, tensions between the current government and reformist parties have led to deaths, executions, and political arrests. The Ahmadinejad administration utilized both the IRGC and Basij militia to police recent opposition protests. Clinton also stated the space for decision making within the clerical and political leadership is shrinking while that for the IRGC is increasing. Analysis: Ayatollah Khamenei, lacks major credentials within the clerical establishment and is not regarded as one of the seven Grand Ayatollahs (Marja-e-Taqlid). However, he cultivated a longterm relationship with the IRGC during the 1979 revolution, which stood him in good stead when he

followed the Ayatollah Khomeini as Jurisconsult (Vilyat-e-Faqih). More recently, given the increased opposition movement, Khamenei marginalized the Iranian Intelligence by creating his own intelligence ministry. This new ministry is headed by Hassan Taeb, a previous commander of the Basij, and repports directly to Khamenei. This internal factionalism is confounded by recent rumors surrounding Khamenei’s failing health. The 70 year old leader suffers from leukemia and receives constant medical attention at his compound in Tehran. STRATFOR reported Khamenei’s supporters have been considering succession contingencies since last Novembber. Regardless, the Assembly of Experts (AoE) chaired by former President Hashemi Rafsanjani, w would be responsible for appointing a new Vilyate-Faqih. Possible successors include former judiciary chief Ayatollah Sharoudi and Khamenei’s son M Majtaba. Sharoudi draws significant support from Iraqi Shiites which could be beneficial to Iran’s current interests in Iraq. Matjaba sponsored Ahmadinejad in the previous election and carries considerable influence over both the IRGC and Basij militia. A Matjaba succession would appear to realign the two governing bodies while actually consolidating more power within the clerical regime. [Jose Daniel]


ISRAEL: Unrest in West Bank Grows

Summary: The inclusion of two disputed shrines as Israeli heritage sites may lead to greater conflict in the region. Development: On Feb. 21, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced the inclusion of the Tomb of Patriarchs in Hebron, where Abraham and Sarah are thought to have been buried, and Rachel’s Tomb in Bethlehem on the list of Israeli heritage sites. The Paelstinian Authority called for a three-day strike in Bethlehem to protest the inclusion. Meanwhile, rioting in Hebron has been the most serious the region has seen in months. Al Arabiyah reported on Thursday that Palestinians in the al-Khaleel neighborhood clashed with Israeli soldiers following the decision. On Feb. 23, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas addressed the Belgian Parliament. Abbas warned that Netanyahu’s decision could lead to a third intifada and incite a war of religions. Analysis: The tombs in Hebron and Bethlehem are considered holy to both Jews and Muslims, as well as to Christians, all of whom regard Abraham (Ibrahim) as their founding-patriarch. Conflict over the site inevitably revives the ancient quarrel between Jews and Arabs about who are the real successors of Abraham, the successors of Abraham through Sarah, or those through Hagar. The site has been partitioned into Muslim and Jewish sections since 1994 when an Israeli-American settler shot 26 Palestinians at the Ibrahimi Mosque. Palestinians fear that Israel will limit their access to these sites and claim the inclusion constitutes an illegal land grab. Netanyahu’s decision will likely increase protests and clashes between Palestinians and Israeli security forces throughout the West Bank. With support from the United States, France, and Austria, talks between Netanyahu and Abbas could resume as early as next week. [Amanda Holley]

This is a Global Intelligence Briefing prepared by the students of the Global Security and Intelligence Studies Program at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Prescott, Arizona. The views expressed in this briefing are those of the students, not the university. For questions or comments, contact Dr. Phillip E. Jones, 928.777.6992 or the Eagle Eye Editing Board at [].


10 MARCH 2010

Government Interns Continued from A2 a follow-up to questions committee members asked. Langford comments: “The internship has opened my eyes to the political process. I would recommend this internship to anyone, regardless of major, as the information and resources you learn will help you in your life – and will aid you as you vote at the polls!” Blake Edwards was assigned to the House Judiciary Committee, which hears any bill relating to crime, judicial, or electoral procedure. He also works with an Ad Hoc Committee on sentencing reform and an ad hoc workgroup on custody. As a research intern for the Majority Research Staff Office, he prepares bill summaries, attends stakeholder meetings, and researches legislation. The Judiciary Committee is widely known to be the busiest, most difficult and the most cumbersome committee, but Edwards loves it. As a global security and intelligence studies major, he claims the most interesting bills he hears relate to criminal law. He also hears a lot of new gun bills and bills about immigration because the Republican Party has control of the House, Senate and governor’s office. He is often able to sit in and be a part of closed-door meetings with legislators and policy advisers, and states that it is “awesome” to see how legislators weigh their own opinions with the opinions of their constituents and how they must make certain people happy so that when they want something done, they can count on that other person to help. He finds it humbling to see that the procedure for reading a bill into record in 2010 is the exact same way it was 70 years ago. Edwards has learned many

important things about government and the political process, mainly that government work is very slow and complicated and many little details must be considered every time a piece of paper crosses his desk. One little mistake can have huge consequences; even something as simple as a typo in a bill summary can instantly doom the fate of the bill and make a lot of people angry. Edwards comments: “I am having a great once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, and I feel that the GSIS program prepared me well for the internship. The first time I had to give a presentation to the representatives of the Judiciary Committee, I thought of Dr. Jones’ Intelligence Analysis, Writing, and Briefing class. It really prepared me for speaking to politicians and I wasn’t even nervous.” Edwards presents bills at committee every Thursday at 9 a.m. Anyone may watch it live at [http://azleg. gov]. Click the Live Proceedings link on the left and select House Hearing Room #4. Students of all majors can apply, including international students. U.S. citizenship is not required but students must have excellent English oral and written communication skills. Students intern for 18 weeks during the spring legislative session, receive a $4,200 stipend plus moving expenses, and earn 12 credits toward their degree requirements either tuitionfree or with a waiver of a portion of fees. The internship also provides interns with the opportunities to hone their critical thinking, writing, and oral presentation skills, gain confidence, make valuable contacts for their professional lives, and increase their knowledge of the political process, public policy and government.

Chat With Administration GRETCHEN HAWKINS Correspondent

This semester’s first Chat with the Administration opened up with a few announcements. First, the Air Traffic Management program has recently been approved by the state of Arizona and will now be available as a major for students. Air Traffic Management is one of the best paid government jobs and the newly opened air traffic lab should prove to be a great asset to the university. Next, the College of Aviation is curious about what issues are concerning students this semester, so the faculty conducted a “reverse trick-or-treat” event. The faculty went around knocking on dorm room doors and handing out treats before asking the residents what the issues are. The 24-hour computer lab is set to open in just about a week when all the wiring problems have been resolved. Students can get approval

to have their eagle cards capable of opening up the lab once it is available and can sign up at the student activities desk anytime. After announcements, several people were asked to give updates concerning their respective departments. First, the financial aid office advised everyone that the cashier can now advance up to $400 cash for students who receive financial aid to cover books and other expenses. The cashier’s office will be allowed to disperse this money three days before school starts. The financial aid office is also considering book vouchers that would allow students to credit books to their student accounts, which could alleviate the congestion in the bookstore during the first week of school.  The athletics department reported that an inspection has just been completed on the climbing wall and that they are trying to rally Air Force support for the climbing wall project. The Student Government Association (SGA) reported that they are currently trying to get a Red Box movie


While many in Prescott have heard of Sharlot Hall, Arizona's territorial historian, ranch woman, and writer; what about Viola Jimulla or Patricia McGee? This grandmother/granddaughter team were prominent leaders of the Yavapai Prescott Indian Tribe. And Frances Willard Munds? She was the driving force in securing the right  to vote for Arizona women in 1912 and the first woman to serve in the Arizona State Senate in 1914. This month we celebrate these women and others who have made a difference in our history. “Writing Women Back into History” is the theme of the National Women’s History Project (NWHP) for its 30th anniversary. The Arizona Women’s Heritage Trail, launched in 2005 through a coalition of Arizona historical agencies, women’s organizations, and a unique collab-

dispenser on campus. The Executive Vice President Dr. Frank Ayers, commended on the bonfire, International Festival, and the jet dragster demonstration, and mentioned that one of the university’s six astronaut alumni may be visiting our campus soon. Several Global Security and Intelligence Studies (GSIS) students suggested scheduling Law School Administration Test (LSAT) preparations courses for those students interested in going on to law school. Finally, ROTC reported that students would like more flexibility in the amount of credits they can take. The argument is that since students do not get 100 percent back from the expense of taking ROTC courses, they should be allowed to take 1-2 more credit hours per semester at no additional cost.  Next, the discussion was opened up to questions from the audience. Someone asked if events in the Lower Hangar during finals could be moved to another location, or if students could have access to alternate study areas besides

the library during finals. A suggestion was made to have SGA reserve the Lower Hangar during finals week. A second question was if the class feedback survey can be extended through the Friday after finals to allow students to study for finals and still have time to adequately complete the survey. The administration then suggested making the results of the survey public so that other students and faculty can learn the truth about a course or instructor. The issue of the posting policy was brought up again and the administration suggested allowing free posting for the rest of the semester before re-evaluating the situation in May. The administration would like to remind everyone to please put dates on posters so that they can be removed at the appropriate time. The final topic of the discussion was if a budget could be set aside for GSIS Operational Room monitors. It was decided that Dr. Phil Jones would handle any issues concerning the operational room.  

Campus Crime Reports All summaries are compiled from oҬicial Campus Safety reports. Names and speciºc details have been omitted to protect individual student rights. Tampering, Feb. 28 A female student reported a lost cell phone. She later found that her phone had been used for calls and text messages. Compromising photos of the student had been sent out. Safety contacted the numbers that were called and had messages sent to. No further information developed. Vandalism, Mar. 2 Safety responded to a call from an RA rewuesting them to investigate the Hall 3 laundry

March: National Women’s History Month oration with Arizona State University’s Institute for Humanities Research of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, is a sponsor of this year’s anniversary of the NWHP. Recently designated a legacy program by the Arizona State Centennial Commission, The Arizona Women’s Heritage Trail actively involves the community, universities, and schools, providing an opportunity to represent the state's multicultural heritage. National Women’s History Month in the United States traces its origins to 1908, when 15,000 women marched through New York City demanding shorter hours, better pay, and voting rights. In accordance with a declaration by the Socialist Party of America, the first National Woman's Day was observed across the United States on Feb. 28, 1909. As recently as the 1970s, women’s history was a virtually unknown topic in United States K-12 curriculum and among the general public. The Sonoma


County Commission on the Status of women initiated a “Women’s History Week” celebration in 1978 with Mar. 8, International Women’s Day, chosen as the focal point of the celebration. By 1979, President Carter issued the first Presidential Proclamation declaring the week of Mar. 8, 1980 as National Women’s History Week and thanks to lobbying and congressional and state resolutions, Congress declared March as National Women’s History Month in 1987. A special Presidential Proclamation is issued every year honoring the extraordinary achievements of American women. Visit their websites to learn more about the National Women’s History Project or the Arizona Women’s Heritage Trail at [] and [http://], respectively. Be sure to stop by the library to see the exhibits and displays celebrating National Women’s Month; be a part of “writing women back into history!”

room. On arrival, safety found the glass of the vending machine was shattered. The machine was unplugged and some products were stolen. The weapon used in the crime was not present. Suspicious Activity, Mar. 2 Safety noticed the window's of a student's car were fogged up while on patrol. When safety patrolled the area again, the student was nowhere to be found. However, a bag was found in the back seat and the

car keys were left on front seat. Hit and Run, Mar. 5 A student jumped a curb and struck a yield sign along the ERAU Navigation post at 4:15 a.m. near the roundabout. The student responsible was found in his car at a parking lot. He had in his possessio two cans of aerosol computer duster. The student woke up dazed and confused. receipt was found showing the air cans were purchased 15 minutes before the hit and run.

Campus Improvements GRETCHEN HAWKINS Correspondent

You may have noticed some changes occurring all across campus the last couple weeks. Hall 5 is currently undergoing some remodeling and there is lots of construction in the center of cam-


pus as workers try to improve the drainage around some buildings. However, there are even more improvements to come, and over spring break several projects will be completed. These projects include painting all the interiors of Hall 5 and disconnecting all the utilities to building 81. There will be several improvements to the

Your Opinion

campus roads as well. Crosswalks, speed bumps, stop bars, and roads will all be repainted, which should make the campus a little safer and look a little refreshed. Do not be surprised if, when you get back from a week of oversleeping and friendly carousing, you see a shiny, new-looking campus ready to impress your friends and family. Survey Available Until

March 12, 2010

ࠗ࠼ࡂ࠶࠳ࠡ࠾ࡀ࠷࠼࠵ࠀ߾߿߾ࡁ࠳࠻࠳ࡁࡂ࠳ࡀߺࡂ࠶࠳ࠞࡀ࠳ࡁ࠱࠽ࡂࡂࠑ࠯࠻࠾ࡃࡁࡀ࠳࠿ࡃ࠷ࡀ࠳࠲ࡁࡂࡃ࠲࠳࠼ࡂࡁࡂ࠽࠾࠯ࡇࡂ࠶࠳࠷ࡀ ࠷࠼ࡄ࠽࠷࠱࠳࠴࠽ࡀࡂࡃ࠷ࡂ࠷࠽࠼࠰ࡇࡂ࠶࠳࠴࠷ࡀࡁࡂ࠲࠯ࡇ࠽࠴࠱࠺࠯ࡁࡁ࠳ࡁ߼ࠢ࠶ࡀ࠽ࡃ࠵࠶ࡂ࠶࠳ࡂ࠷࠻࠳࠺ࡇ࠾࠯ࡇ࠻࠳࠼ࡂ࠽࠴ࡂࡃ࠷ࡂ࠷࠽࠼ ࠱࠽ࡁࡂࡁ࠰ࡇ࠯࠺࠺ࡁࡂࡃ࠲࠳࠼ࡂࡁߺࡂ࠶࠳ࠣ࠼࠷ࡄ࠳ࡀࡁ࠷ࡂࡇ࠱࠯࠼ࡀ࠳࠲ࡃ࠱࠳ࡂ࠶࠳࠼ࡃ࠻࠰࠳ࡀ࠽࠴࠲࠳࠺࠷࠼࠿ࡃ࠳࠼ࡂࡁࡂࡃ࠲࠳࠼ࡂ ࠯࠱࠱࠽ࡃ࠼ࡂࡁࡅ࠶࠷࠱࠶࠲ࡀ࠷ࡄ࠳ࡃ࠾࠱࠽ࡁࡂࡁ࠴࠽ࡀ࠯࠺࠺ࡁࡂࡃ࠲࠳࠼ࡂࡁ߼ ࠢ࠽࠶࠳࠺࠾࠷࠻࠾ࡀ࠽ࡄ࠳ࡂ࠶࠷ࡁ࠾ࡀ࠽࠱࠳ࡁࡁ࠴࠽ࡀࡂ࠶࠳࠴ࡃࡂࡃࡀ࠳ߺ࠾࠺࠳࠯ࡁ࠳࠱࠽࠻࠾࠺࠳ࡂ࠳ࡂ࠶࠳ࡁ࠶࠽ࡀࡂࡁࡃࡀࡄ࠳ࡇ࠯ࡄ࠯࠷࠺࠯࠰࠺࠳࠯ࡂࠈ


ࠐ࠳࠵࠷࠼࠼࠷࠼࠵࠷࠼ࠡࡃ࠻࠻࠳ࡀࠐ࠯࠼࠲࠱࠽࠼ࡂ࠷࠼ࡃ࠷࠼࠵࠴࠽ࡀ࠯࠺࠺࠴࠽࠺࠺࠽ࡅ࠷࠼࠵ࡁ࠳࠻࠳ࡁࡂ࠳ࡀࡁߺ࠯࠺࠺ࡂࡃ࠷ࡂ࠷࠽࠼ ࠾࠯ࡇ࠻࠳࠼ࡂࡁ࠯ࡀ࠳࠲ࡃ࠳߿߾࠲࠯ࡇࡁ࠾ࡀ࠷࠽ࡀࡂ࠽ࡂ࠶࠳࠴࠷ࡀࡁࡂ࠲࠯ࡇ࠽࠴࠱࠺࠯ࡁࡁ࠳ࡁ߼



Live Mail Discussion with IT JAMES FERNANDO Correspondent

The students of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University were invited to attend an open discussion session with the IT Department about the new Live Mail system on Wed., Feb. 17. Before opening the discussion up to questions, Chase Lipovac gave a presentation on the various features available with Live Mail and how to set them up. Some of the elements included adding e-mail address filters, as well as setting up an automatic response—the most reliable method for forwarding Live Mail to a mobile device. Some questions asked included why e-mails sent from Blackboard many times did not make it to all recipients or were delivered

late. This is a common conflict between Microsoft and Blackboard that both organizations are working to resolve. Someone also asked why the e-mail system was upgraded to Live Mail in the first place, and what was wrong with the old “Webmail” system. IT’s answer was that the old system was beginning to strain under the increasing student body. The system used by the Prescott campus is the same system that serves the Daytona campus and worldwide students. The IT Department indicated that a reason for the lingering issues with the new e-mail system is because most students will not report the problems they encounter. “Any of you guys are welcome to contact us,” said Chase Lipovac, the leader of the discussion. When a request is given to IT, the operator that handles the request creates a ticket that has

the description of the problem. This ticket is what makes up part of the workload for IT; any ticket that is made is personally dealt with and never discarded. The greatest concern of students was not receiving important e-mails, such as test dates or assignments. The advice given was to browse over junk mail every other week and check for any important addresses that may be getting sent there; then to notify IT if there are any. Many students had forwarded their email to a different e-mail address. These students in particular were experiencing issues with receiving their mail. “We know it’s not ideal, but if [e-mail forwarding is] not working, check Live Mail,” said Nancy Barret. For now, it is best to periodically check Live Mail until all problems with forwarding are resolved.

Airplane Rentals JARED TESTA Special to Horizons

Have you been looking for a place to rent a good-quality, latemodel aircraft for your leisure rental needs? Look no further, as the fleet of aircraft at the flight line is now available to fulfil your rental needs! Whether you’re looking to take your family and friends sightseeing over northern Arizona or just want to fly out to a great dinner at Anzio’s in Mesa, the ERAU flight department is here to help you. Our rental policy has been significantly expanded from previous years. ERAU aircraft can now be rented for flights other than those associated with your normal training course. In order to rent an aircraft you

will need a valid PQ card or need to have completed a renter checkout in the past 12 months. To schedule your rental you will need to coordinate with the Flight Scheduling Office at 928.777.4302 or the Flight Supervisor at 928.777.4316. No longer are you restricted to the local practice areas for rentals, but now you can fly to any airport listed in the Flight Operations Manual. If the airport you desire is not listed, feel free to send a request to me at []. In the request please include the airport, hours of operation, and maintenance/servicing availability. Requests to remain overnight should also be submitted to me at the above address and will be considered on a case-by-case basis in coordination with Flight Scheduling and airplane availability/ demands. The entire rental policy

can be found in the recently published FIF 10-002. Possibly the most attractive part of the rental policy is the pricing. To promote our newly revised rental policy we are discounting rates for rental activities by 25 percent. Given today’s fuel rates, this equates to just over $111 per hour for a meticulously maintained G1000 equipped 2007 Cessna 172S. If you’re looking for multi-engine experience, take a look at renting one of our PA-44 aircraft. We’ll be requiring an instructor on board the aircraft, but even considering that, our rates are very competitive. Using the fuel rates from today, the rate for this late-model, well-equipped multi-engine aircraft is just $258 per hour. I think you’ll find both our rental policy and pricing attractive and suitable to fulfill your rental needs.


OPEN HOUSE Wednesday, March 31 5:00 to 7:00 p.m. Robertson Safety Center Meet MSSS Faculty Tour the Aircraft Accident Investigation Lab Learn more about graduate study in safety, ergonomics, and industrial hygiene

Looking for a job?

HORIZONS is hiring! Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Call today for more information


10 MARCH 2010

Global Intelligence Monitoring Center for GSIS Students Opens ADAM KOSAK Advertising Editor

At long last, the new Global Security and Intelligence Studies building is finally open to the public. The building, named the Global Intelligence Monitoring Center (GIMC), has been a quality project of at least 5 years of planning and hard work. The center, located in building 17, houses a commons area and the aptly named Ops Center, which features a conference table, world map, world clocks, removable whiteboards, a large projector for briefs and presentations, multiple computers, two-way mirrors, and eight flatscreens that will be hooked up to international news feeds. With all of this equipment, the GIMC certainly boasts a legitimate sense of sophistication. According to some of the GSIS staff, this is just the beginning. “The GIMC provides a place for GSIS to congregate and meet for projects as well as directed studies,” said Dr. Robert Baker, GSIS chair and professor. “It will allow us to conduct simulation exercises for Emergency Management, Senior

GSIS projects, and situational security and intelligence scenarios.” Baker went on to describe some of the other uses and plans for the GIMC. It will enable students to engage in realistic simulations to gain insight into both the intelligence and security fields. The GIMC will also function as the major monitoring center for the Eagle Eye, ERAU’s weekly intelligence brief. With streams of information flowing into the center, students will be able to monitor domestic and international communications and news feeds, and provide timely and accurate analysis. Future plans for the GIMC are numerous. “We hope to have the GIMC open windows of opportunity to students in the form of internships with federal agencies,” said Baker. “aEventually, we would also like to offer tailored intelligence to both government and private companies, which would bring in additional revenue for the school.” Additionally, the GIMC will provide learning opportunities for those studying foreign languages. When the flatscreens are hooked up to international

news feeds, they will offer students of Mandarin, Arabic, and Spanish the ability to practice their language comprehension skills. The upper level students may eventually be in charge of doing interpretive analysis on some of these feeds for their classes or special projects. Recently, the security management organization ASIS International donated an American flag to the center and gave a small dedication ceremony. Although there are still some modifications that are being made, the GIMC is open to the general public. Access to the center after normal operating hours is limited to certain students by means of a security system on the door, to prevent theft of the equipment kept in the center. The lock system simply could not handle over 200 students with special access. In addition to this security measure, official Courtesy Rules for the GIMC will be posted soon. The official dedication ceremony will not occur until after spring break. For now, the center is open to the public from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m., Monday through Friday. To reach the Ops Center, call 928.777.4747.


10 MARCH 2010

Effects of Stress, Fatigue in Aviation SHAUN SHEPARD TSL Team 4

In my last article, I discussed how illness and medications are relevant to aviation, as part of the IMSAFE checklist. This week I am going to talk about two more letters in that checklist: Stress and Fatigue. Stress is generally not a word that many pilots would associate with aviation. Richard S. Lazarus defines stress as “a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize.”

Contrary to popular belief, there can actually be good and bad stress. “Eustress”—good stress—can increase performance and provide the incentive for aviation personnel to achieve the task, to train harder to improve their standards to become the best in their job. Distress, on the other hand, affects people by bogging them down, causing them to lose focus doing time-critical tasks in their area of work, leading to accidents. In aviation, at all phases of flight, pilots are subjected to different amounts of stress; how they react when subjected to stress will ultimately de-

Fight Stress by Maintaining Good Physical Fitness Eating Regular Meals Getting Enough Sleep Managing Your Time Well Controlling Your Physical Environment Preparing yourself with regards to knowledge, skills, and procedures Having conƤdence in your training and ability

Warning Signs of Fatigue Eyes going in and out of focus Head bobbing involuntarily Persistent yawning Wandering or poorly-organized thoughts Short-term memory loss Performing routine procedures erroneously or missing them entirely Control accuracy degrading

Jet Dragster Continued from A1 can reach a maximum speed of 336 mph. The 6000 Horsepower Pratt and Whitney J60 engine can get from “0 to 100 in 1 second, 0 to 200 in 3 seconds, and 0 to 300 in 5 seconds,” announced Chris Larsen of Larsen Motorsports, as he introduced the demonstration car. After the spectacular event Monday night, the Jet Dragster team held an Open House of building 59, the new Performance Vehicles Lab, at 11 a.m. the next day. The Open House was followed by a second, daytime demonstration of the old ERAU Jet Dragster in Parking Lot E. The events culminated with a dedication and cake cutting for the new Performance Vehicles Lab. “[The Jet Dragster project] takes students out of the classroom into actual application,” said Larsen, “and that’s huge.”

Larsen sees this project as having tremendous value to students in an industry where many graduates don’t have that kind of hands on experience. He spoke about how students working in this project learn that although a design looks good on paper, it doesn’t always work exactly that way in reality. His wife, and ERAU Jet Dragster driver, Elaine Larsen was also very impressed with the program. “Literally, I am blown away,” said Larsen. “This is my second visit out here to this campus, and the first time that I have seen the facility and all the work that they have done. I cannot believe how much work and effort that the team has put into the car. I can tell right now that it fits like a glove. They’re doing a great job and I can’t wait to see what they are going to do next.” According to Marissa Pinnola, the Jet Dragster Propulsion Team lead, the engine being used for the jet dragster had a hot start in the Reno Air


Casino Night Continued from A1

termine whether the outcome is a safe and successful flight. Stress workload is highest during taking off and landing. People are able to cope with stress in many different ways, and it is the job of flight instructors to recognize it. Some ways to manage stress include development or maintenance of a healthy lifestyle, with adequate rest and exercise, a healthy diet, limited consumption of alcoholic drinks, and avoidance of tobacco products. Fatigue is a threat to aviation safety because it impairs alertness and performance. Fatigue is defined as “a state resulting in a decreased ability to maintain function or workload due to mental or physical stress.” The term is used to describe a range of experiences from sleepy, or tired, to exhausted. There are two major physiological phenomena that have been demonstrated to create fatigue: sleep loss and circadian rhythm disruption. Fatigue is a normal response to many conditions common to flight operations because of sleep loss, long study nights in the library, and increased periods of stress. It has significant physiological consequences, which lead to issues in performance; it is essential that all flight crewmembers remain alert and contribute to flight safety by their actions, observations, and communications. The only effective treatment for fatigue is adequate sleep on a regular schedule. One way to prevent fatigue is to practice recognizing it when it occurs, as part of enhanced pilot training, so that effective countermeasures can be employed. Doing so will help ensure that pilots fly adequately rested and alert, thereby improving flying safety.

a chance to win a door prize, ranging from a romantic dinner for two at the Hassayampa hotel to flash drives. The cups given out at the door also included condoms, candy, and to the confusion of many, medicine such as aspirin and alka-seltzer. Perhaps the alka-seltzer was for after the students visited the food tables to load up on nachos, soda, slushies, and other snacks. Beneath all the gaiety and Sin-City-like fanfare, a group representing St. Jude’s Children’s Hospital provided a way for students to gain more gambling cash in exchange for writing letters. Some items were even raffled off to people who participated in the St. Jude’s table activity. In addition to the St. Jude’s raffle, the BCA held its own raffle for a range of prizes. Students could use their winnings to buy raffle tickets and then place them in the bin designated for the item they wanted to win. Earlier on, the bins were only slightly full, so many students got high hopes for winning a 22 inch Vizio LCD TV, an Xbox 360 elite, a Wii, and many other fantastic prizes. However, once the tables closed down, a mad rush was made to the cash-out lines and

races. The Jet Dragster Team took the entire engine apart, including the combustor and turbine, last October and they are in the process of rebuilding it. The team is also researching bio-fuels for use in the dragster. Part of the Jet Dragster Team also had the opportunity to go to the Firebird International Raceway to watch the qualifying rounds for the funny cars and top fuel dragsters on the

Friday following the events. The team members went into one of the pits for a Lucas Oil dragster to see how the team prepares for a run and how they can dismantle the whole car and reassemble it in just 45 minutes. The team was also able to speak with a group of officials who stressed that there are many more careers in the racing industry than just the driver and mechanic.

Brenton Woodruff / Horizons Newspaper Farin Delacruz and Ryan Vidaurri participate in ERAU’s Casino Night.

the bins quickly filled up with raffle tickets. The night ended w ith Dustin Dryden calling out the winning tickets to a crowd filled with anticipation. A symphony of shouts and sighs ended casino night. Just like in Vegas, the riches went to the few,

and a lot of people left feeling down on their luck. But everyone is still looking forward to next year. “It got me out of the house, and I really enjoyed it,” said Mike Opitz, a junior. “I think I’ll probably even go next year.”

Left: Students place bets at the roulette table during Casino Night. Photo by Brenton Woodruff Horizons Newspaper

Eagle Education Center Building 17 Sunday through Thursday 7:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. Monday through Thursday 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. Tutors will not proofread or edit papers, but will show students how to overcome various wriƟng problems on their own. If possible, students should bring a copy of the instrucƟons for the wriƟng assignment and a copy of the evaluaƟon critera.

Brenton Woodruff / Horizons Newspaper Elaine Larson lights the afterburners during a test run in Lot D behind the Student Union.

For More InformaƟon, Contact: Diane Kelm, COAS AC1 – 206, 928-777-3897

All content from the Avion newspaper

Nesting Hawk Attacks Students BRYAN MANUEL Avion

A hawk nesting in a tree north of Doolittle Hall swooped down and attacked several students on Wednesday, Feb. 3 and Thursday, Feb. 4. Two of the students that were attacked were treated at Health Services. “It just swooped down and attacked,” said a witness to one of the attacks. “[My friend] was cut and had to go to Health Services.” According to Kevin Mannix, the Director of Campus Safety & Security, the students that were treated at Health Services were attacked at approximately 12:15 p.m.

and 3:15 p.m. on Feb 3. After the incidents were reported to Campus Safety, an officer confirmed that a nest existed in the tree, which is on the north side of Doolittle Hall, between the building and the McKay Hall volleyball courts. Once the nesting area was confirmed, Campus Safety met with Housing and consulted with Animal Control and the Marine Science Center to determine the best course of action. According to Mitch Widham, the Operations Supervisor for Campus Safety & Security, hawks can become very protective of their nesting area during the nesting season. It is not un-

usual for them to swoop down to defend their territory if they feel threatened. Similar incidents have occurred at the University of Miami (UM), which has had hawks nest on its campus for at least the past 3 years. During that time, two or three students are attacked every year, which has led the UM Police Department to cordon off a perimeter and post a guard near the nest during the nesting season. The hawks are federally protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, which means that during nesting they cannot be removed. In order to protect students and the hawks, Campus Safety and the Grounds department set up a large

safety barrier around the hawk nest. Warning signs were also posted so that students would avoid the area. “If we maintain a 25-yard safety barrier it should make the hawk feel secure in its nest,” said Mannix. Both Mannix and Widham hope that no further action is required. They spoke with the UM Police Department Chief, who shared his experiences with the hawks. “With everyone’s cooperation this should be successful,” said Widham. Campus Safety and Housing released a “Hawk Alert” to all housed students to warn them of the danger.

Congressman Meek Speaks About NASA, Florida’s Future AINSLEY ROBSON Avion

In the College of Aviation Atrium on Monday, Feb. 22, the President's Speaker Series continued with Congressman Kendrick Meek (D-Fla.). During the event the Congressman touched on topics such as jobs, Haiti, the state of the economy, and the space program's future. Meek is currently running on the Democratic ticket for the open Senate seat for Florida and during this

event ERAU students, faculty, and the local community were able to ask questions of the Congressman. Also in the audience were several students and faculty from Bethune Cookman. Some of the questions included one from Dr. Eric Hill, a professor in the Aerospace Engineering department, who asked about the continuing debate in Washington about the space program and the manned space program. To this the Congressman responded that himself and Senator Bill Nelson

(R-Fla.) are working with others to fight "tooth and nail" to save the program, for the space program is not just a Florida issue, but a countrywide issue. The Congressman also added, "That to hand that [our leading role in the space program] over [to other countries] is like handing over a national championship." Other topics that were discussed were jobs that could be created with Florida's proposed high-speed rail system and by looking into other sources of energy collection. Hai-

Advice Given for Those Suffering Back Pain ASHLEY KARR Avion

I only slightly exaggerate when I say that everyone I know has a bad back. Actually, 80 to 85 percent of all Americans will experience back pain at some point in their lives. Many of my younger friends think their youth will save them, yet back pain is the leading cause of activity limitation for Americans under 45. For Americans over 45, back pain is the third leading cause of disability. We spend roughly $50 billion each year on lower back disc herniations, which is only a small slice of the back pain pie. Disability due to chronic lower back pain is the most expensive benign, medically-treated condition in industrialized countries. This means that taking care of our backs equates to personal and fiscal responsibility. With fiscal responsibility being so popular these days, we should

all be motivated to take care of our spines. The only problem is, there is no one cause of back pain. Researchers have conducted many studies over the years to try and pinpoint what causes back pain, in part to relieve some of the pressure placed upon our health care system and in part to help those experiencing the pain feel better. Overwhelmingly, the results of these studies point a blaming finger at occupational and non-occupational “lifestyle” risk factors. Simply speaking, our behaviors and choices regarding how we live our lives cause this very expensive and painful problem. If there isn’t one specific cause of our back pain, there cannot be one specific treatment to heal our nation. Treatment and prevention must be a many-pronged approach, addressing all levels of our lifestyles, behaviors, and choices. Back care education programs have been deployed by organizations such as The National

Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the National Institutes of Health. The programs include information on exercises and stretches for the spine, ergonomic principles, stress management, and behavior change and motivation. Here are some very simple things we all can do to right now to be good to our spines: •Lighten the load! Carry as little as possible in your bag and or backpack. •Wear sensible shoes. Ladies, this means heels! Beach bums, this means slippers or flip-flops. •Get up and move around every 20 minutes or so. Professors may hate me for this, but students will love me! •Take some time every day to relax, take deep breaths, and be happy. Actually, take a lot of time each day to do this.

ti was discussed, as the Congressman was one of the first individuals to visit the country on his own funds. Meek shared how encouraging it has been that individuals from Florida have "wrapped their arms around Haiti." The topic of leadership was also one that was touched upon. To Meek, the concept of leadership is about getting the job done and making the tough decisions. With those tough decisions people may not always agree, but they have to be made in order to lead.

ALPA Pilots Answer Questions COSTAS SIVYLLIS Avion

R e p re s e n tat i v e s f ro m the Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA), which has over 50,000 members, came to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University's Daytona Beach campus on Wednesday, Jan. 27 and Thursday, Jan. 28 to experience the next generation of future airline pilots. Captains and First Officers from various major and regional airlines toured the campus, sat in on Aeronautical Science classes, participated in meetings, and even held a forum on the night of Jan. 27 for students interested in becoming professional airline pilots. In light of recent airline tragedies, a heavy importance has been placed on professionalism in the cockpit, as well as safety, two of ALPA’s steadfast beliefs. John Sluys, Chairman of ALPA’s Professional Development Group, and Dave Ryter, Chairman of ALPA’s Education Committee, along with representatives from the Education Committee, led a student focus group meeting on Wednesday afternoon. The discussion covered various topics, from pioneering a new informational website for future airline pilots, to how

ALPA can have more of an impact on current students. Later on Wednesday evening, ALPA held an open question-and-answer forum in the College of Aviation Atrium. Interested pilots attended the forum to ask questions about the life of an airline pilot, the business itself, and the steps to take to end up in the right seat of their first jet. The Captains and First Officers in attendance all stressed that keeping a clean record, making smart decisions, and staying honest were the best things to help land any airline job. Sluys, a Captain from Alaska Airlines, said it is “all too often that pilots have 'self-inflicted wounds,' stemming from irrational decisions or inappropriate content of themselves on the internet.” Bryan Weisenburger, an Embry-Riddle freshman stated, “The night was very informative. It helped answer the questions I had about the industry and it gave me an insight as to how the system works.” He will also continue working with ALPA to see what kind of relationship the school and the Association can have, benefiting students at ERAU, and possibly students from other aviation accredited universities as well.

What if You Just Can’t Get Hired? MARK LYDEN Avion

You have no control over the economy. Therefore, you have no control over the number of full time, co-op, and summer internship jobs out there. However, you should not ever give up! You know how this game is played: when there are a lot of jobs, companies are clambering after students and getting offers out quickly. But when we are in a down market, like we are now, companies have fewer offers and are slow to get those offers out. All you can do is your best. But what if your best is just not getting you anywhere? The reality is that, in a down economy like this one, some great people will just not get jobs in the time frame they hoped. But that does not mean they will never get a job. Again, you should never give up, you should keep trying, but you should consider your options. For example, you could stay in school. If you are about to graduate, you could go to graduate school or take a few more classes and get a dual degree.

For those of you that are not ready to graduate and are looking for an internship or co-op, you could continue on taking classes over the summer and get a few more classes under your belt. This will really come in handy when you are going into your last semester of school because you will have fewer classes to take. This will free you up and leave you more time to really concentrate on finding a job, which is often a full-time job in itself. Wouldn’t it be nice to take just 12 credit hours your last semester and have the time to really focus on getting the right job for you? Plus, chances are by that time the economy will be back in full swing and you will have many great options. I want to let you know you are not alone. I can tell you that those with a GPA of 3.8 are often having as much trouble as those with a GPA of 2.8 getting companies interested in hiring them at all levels. The key is to be flexible and adaptable. In my career I went through a very difficult job market like the one we are in now. It happened right after 9/11. Companies ba-

sically shut down hiring. But it didn’t last forever, and neither will this. During that year I remember hiring managers posting summer intern jobs as late as June and full-time positions in the summer. Those that kept trying and kept applying, yet went on with their life, got hired. They were both flexible and adaptable. One last thing I want to mention: do what you can to keep a good attitude about things. When and if a company contacts you, you need to convey a positive attitude. Stay productive. One thing that helps me is volunteering. Find an organization or cause that interests you and go volunteer. For me, when I went to ERAU I volunteered at Halifax Hospital and it really put things into perspective for me. Now I volunteer my free time at a charity that my wife and I helped set up called Logan’s Run Rescue which helps animals in our community. Whatever you might be interested in, volunteer and help. It is a great way to meet people with common interests, keep yourself grounded, and can often lead to some very helpful career contacts.



ERAU Prescott

10 MARCH 2010

Calendar of Events

March 10, 2010 to March 27, 2010

Wed 10 06:30pm - Hall 3 on 3 Soccer Tournament

Wed 17

Thu 11 AZ Sundogs @ Rio Grande Valley Killer Bees, 09:30am

Thu 18 Spring Break

Spring Break

Fri 12

Fri 19 Spring Break AZ Sundogs vs. Colorado Eagles, 07:05pm

AZ Sundogs vs. Colorado Eagles, 07:05pm

Sat 13

Sun 14

AZ Sundogs @ Laredo Bucks, 06:30pm

* 02:30pm Christopher Houlihan Organ Concert: 928.445.4348

Sat 20

Sun 21

* 11:00am Go! Off Road Duathlon:

Mon 15 Spring Break

Tue 16 Spring Break

Mon 22

Tue 23

11:30am - Chat with Administration

02:30pm - Sergei Sikorsky Interview Session

AZ Sundogs vs. Colorado Eagles, 07:05pm

Wed 24 07:00pm Flashball/ Volleyball Capt. Meeting

Thu 25

Fri 26

Sat 27

Parents’ Weekend

Parents’ Weekend

* “Zoo” Yard Sale - Donate taxdeductible items at the zoo

* “Zoo” Yard Sale - Donate taxdeductible items at the zoo

* via

Sun 28 08:30am - CPR/ AED Class

Mon 29

Tue 30 06:30pm Flashball Tournament Begins

Y T E Ć B U L Ć R  U Ć T S ’ Z I O NĆ AR


OURN J ĆL O T O H P tin Troya Layout By: Aus

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ARIZONĆ’S ĆTURĆL BEĆUTY With Spring on its way, Horizons is featuring known and unknown locations around the Prescott area where you can spend the day hiking, fishing, or just enjoying nature’s beauty. Inside you will find directions on how to get to each location, what kind of weather to expect, and what terrain you will encounter. We hope that you will enjoy

THUMB BUTTE ROAD Thumb Butte Road is relatively close to campus, just outside of Prescott. It is about a 35 mile round trip drive. From campus, turn right on Willow Creek Rd., continue to Gurley St., and then turn right. Follow that road to the lookout area. Thumb Butte is a great recreational area for many activities. These include hiking, four-wheeling, biking, rock climbing, and others. Thumb Butte’s weather is fairly similar to that of campus. It can be a little colder at times, so bring some warmer clothes and dress in layers.

The adventurers are the ones who take the curves comfortably, driving around the speed limit, and thoroughly enjoy every minute of their drive. The faint of heart are the ones who keep their eyes intently on the road in front of them, drive 15 mph for the entire way up and down the mountain, and they grip the steering wheel so tightly that their knuckles turn white. Both roads take you on a winding path through the mountains. Mountain roads have a tendency to go up for a long time and go down for a long time. Highway 89 is not exempt. The trip down can be really hard on your brakes if you don’t know how to drive it.

Photos and Story By: Ben Wilking

The views from Thumb Butte are spectacular. At some points along the road, there are great views of the vast Skull Valley opening up below you. There are also great views looking down on Prescott and the surrounding areas. The road is pretty rough at times, especially in the winter when it is not maintained. Just about any SUV with 4 wheel drive could handle it without difficulty, but smaller cars might have problems. A good vehicle with decent clearance is recommended.

HIGHWAY 89 SOUTH Highway 89 is the driver’s highway, and an excellent alternative to Interstate 17. Whether you are traveling north on 89A to Jerome and Sedona, or south to Wickenburg and Phoenix, Highway 89 provides breathtaking scenery, sharp turning roads, steep grades, and an enjoyable afternoon drive. Best of all, these drives are just minutes from Prescott. There are several sharp twists and turns and many times the only thing between your car and a couplehundred-foot dropoff is a thin metal guardrail. These features of Highway 89 divide people into two groups: the adventurers and the faint of heart.

these places, for they are some of our favorites: ones that we enjoy time and again. Many of these locations are spread by word-of-mouth—friends telling friends about their locations. Others, however, are found only by exploring the mountains and valleys of Arizona.

Photos and Story By: Kerianne Hobbs

If you start wondering what that burning smell is, it is your brakes, so find a pull off, let the brakes cool down and enjoy the view. You can avoid burning out your brakes by shifting down though, and many times even automatics will have an option to switch to 2nd gear. Trust me, I learned the hard way. Many of the pulloffs on the road are by areas that allow you to climb out of your car and explore the woods a little. There are babbling brooks, beautiful trees and large rocks just feet from the road. Before you start your trip, you should make sure your car can take it. If your car has a hard time braking or accelerating, this may not be the trip for you. It is also good to be confident when you drive, but overconfidence on a mountain road is dangerous. Especially around this time of the year when snow is melting during the day and the night freezes the water onto the road. It is always better to be cautious. As long as you are responsible, the drive will be an enjoyable and memorable experience that you’ll want to do again. So get some good music and some good friends and take a cruise down the highway.

To get there, drive into downtown Prescott, following the signs for 89 South onto Montezuma St. Before you know it, you will leave downtown Prescott and find yourself in what you think must be the middle of nowhere.

This road is just as windy as the one to Jerome, only longer. The best part of the drive is between downtown Prescott and a little town called Wilhoit, and it takes about 30 minutes one way. Then the road straightens out for a while before

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Wednesday, March 10, 2010


Eagles Baseball Club Looking Better Than Ever JIMMY DOSSETT Correspondent

The Baseball Club at EmbryRiddle Aeronautical University is in full swing this semester. The club has been on campus for the last 5 years. Each year the team has a different dynamic, but always manages to have fun playing baseball. As with any club sport, players come from different majors on campus, which creates an interesting group to play ball with. The players all have different reasons for carving time out of their busy schedules to play baseball. Some of the players have been playing since they could walk, others just picked up the game because they have always wanted to play. According to Ryan Mancuso, the team’s first baseman, his reason for playing club ball is history: “I grew up playing baseball and it has become a part of who I am.” Kyle Enloe, despite having a similar history of playing baseball throughout his life, has a less lofty reason: “Chicks dig the long ball.” While each player has his own reason for playing, they are brought together by a love for the game of baseball. Each fall semester, the team

holds tryouts for the following spring’s team. The general turnout for tryouts is eight to twelve men, with around twelve to fifteen making it to the team each year. Having a team this size allows for everyone to play each weekend. Practices are held every Tuesday and Thursday on the ERAU softball field, with the occasional Sunday practice at Prescott High School. The team practices at PHS because ERAU does not have a field large enough for live baseball hitting--the guys just hit the ball too far to practice hitting on the softball field. The team plays in the National Club Baseball Association in the Southern Pacific Eastern Conference. Competition is fierce in this division, as ERAU is the only competing school with less than 15,000 students. The teams in the conference are ERAU, Arizona State University, University of Arizona, and Northern Arizona University. The teams from the public universities in Arizona are usually players who tried out for the Division I team and did not make the cut. Mancuso sums up the competition as “pretty good.” W hile all of the home games for ERAU are played at PHS, away games are played at various public universities

Assistant Editor

A high adrenaline spike, the wind rushing by, the pounding of your heart; no matter what sport you are playing, they all create a feeling of being on top of the world. The intramurals currently going on include indoor soccer and basketball, each offering different interactive opportunities in providing a friendly environment to challenge individual skills as well as team building skills for a variety of students. Freshman Dustin Mejia actively participates in the three-onthree indoor soccer intramurals, which are played at a fast pace but provide less game time. “I like the intramural outdoor soccer more since there is more space to play with more people, as well as freedom to move the ball,» said Mejia. However, that does not stop

student-to-student interaction. “I have met so many people through playing intramurals, both indoor and outdoor soccer. Since there is a common ground of interest that we all find through soccer, it makes connecting to other people much easier since we are all there to play and have fun doing what we enjoy,” Mejia said. Intramurals provide a friendly environment for anyone who dares to go out have some fun and participate. “Since soccer is an international sport and therefore brings in many different people, I think that makes soccer such a diverse sport that creates great interracial interaction.” Intramurals as extracurricular activities present students with various opportunities to release all of their bottled up energy, as well as stress from school, work, and other life dilemmas. Freshman Melissa Barnett, who keeps score for basketball intramurals,

Jay Kwon’s Tips for a Leaner Body JAY KWON Senior Correspondent

Jimmy Dossett / Horizons Newspaper Pitcher Kyle Enloe is in full stride as he prepares to pitch the ball to home plate.

all around the state, and each game weekend requires the team to play two games on Saturday and one on Sunday. This means travel; the team drives to away locations early Saturday morning, stays the night in the cheapest motel in the area, and drives back to Prescott after the Sunday game. Traveling takes its toll on the team, but the players find playing baseball worth it. Traveling has its advantages,

as well; some of the parks at which the team gets to play are very nice. Last season, the team got to play at Tucson Electric Park, where the Diamondbacks hold their spring training games. The grass was perfect and the dirt was unblemished, a far cry from the softball field at ERAU, where the team usually practices. This season, the team once again looks to contend in the tough conference. After one

weekend of play against Arizona State, the team is 0-2 but is looking to rebound on the weekend of Mar. 6 against the University of Arizona. ERAU Club Baseball has home games at PHS on the weekends of Mar. 27, Apr. 3, and Apr. 17. Admission and parking are free, so come watch the team play this semester. It is shaping up to be a good season; the team loves to play for a crowd.

Intramurals Still Going Strong, Providing Stress Relief We All Need JULIA HOWLIND

Section B

Julia Howlind / Horizons Newspaper Games like Sigma Pi vs. Theta Xi occur all the time and they help fraternities cooperate.

also agrees that it is a great way to spend time: “I found that intramurals helps students take a

break from all of the schoolwork by allowing them to enjoy time with friends.” So take a chance,

put a few friends together and meet new people, be active, and just go out and benefit from life.

A common misconception about weightlifting is that it is only for those who are looking for the bulkier build, or that it will not help with losing weight. This is definitely not true. There are different weightlifting activities and regimens that people who seeks a leaner body can adopt in order to lose weight and get a leaner physique. Here are some tips on how to lose weight by weightlifting. Remember that no exercise is good or effective without a proper knowledge of dieting and nutrition. If losing weight is a primary goal for you, a good rule of thumb is as follows: Eighty to ninety percent is dieting and eating healthy, and ten to twenty percent is actually working out. The following are just a few tips on developing the body that you are looking for. Aerobic side of weightlifting: Weightlifting is usually thought of as a weight-gaining activity. This is only partly true because muscle weighs more than fat. However, weightlifting does cut into fat in the sense of metabolism and energy production. When your body metabolizes, it converts carbohydrates, proteins, and other caloriecontaining nutrients into energy sources. When that energy is used, fat is also burnt for energy and metabolic purposes. So weightlifting ends up using energy and increases metabolism to cut fat. However, it is true that weightlifting is not necessarily the best way to lose weight. However, there are ways to tailor weightlifting into other workout regiments in order to continually lose weight. Lighter weight, heavier reps: This is one excellent way to lose weight while building muscle through weightlifting. The idea is to allow a longer period of time to stress the muscles through continuous use. Heavier weight and fewer repetitions are for a bulkier build because of the reduced time of muscle usage and the higher induced muscle stress. However, the idea behind lifting lighter weights for more repetitions is the exact opposite: more time on the muscles equals more muscle burn. The more you repeat the exercise, the more you stress the deeper parts of your mus-

see WORKOUT page B4


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ya : Austin Tro y B s ros hic llison Cisne p A : y a B r ten ri t

OLYMPICS 2 0 1 0 Ben Wilking, an Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University student, traveled to Vancouver for the 2010 Olympics. His enthusiasm for going and his excitement about being there was evident in the interview.

Allison Cisneros: When did you go? Ben Wilking: I went the Ärst weekend of the Games. It was February. I left on the 12th. I came back on the 15th. It was that three-day weekend we have with Monday off for Presidents’ Day. AC: Did you go with anyone else? BW: No, but my dad, he’s the photo manager for the Alpine skiing events and all those things up in the mountains. So he’s been working there since January. So he was there and my mom and one of my cousins, actually. They met me up there too.

Ski Jumpers use their body to create a wing that allows them to glide through the air. The long skis allow them to land more easily.

AC: Where did you stay once you got up there? BW: My dad has a lot of volunteers, like local people just helping out, you know? And one of his volunteers rents out his condo and my cousin and I stayed there. We were going to stay in my dad’s condo. He’s got a place for a couple months but there wasn’t enough room. So we just got a little place in the town of Whistler.

AC: Did you work for your dad for the Olympics? BW: No. Just, there for fun.

AC: So your dad’s a photo manager, does he work for a company? BW: He actually works for Reuters News Agency. It’s like a contract photo service but he’s working for the Vancouver Olympic committee.

AC: How did you get to the Olympic Games? BW: It was a direct Åight, actually, from Phoenix into Vancouver. Then through immigration and customs.

AC: So what did you see at the Olympics? BW: I went to men’s ski jumping, men’s luge Änals, and I went to the Ärst medal ceremony of the games. It was cool.

AC: Were there a lot of people in the Phoenix airport going to the Olympics? BW: Yeah, almost my entire Åight was people going to the Games.

AC: Did you see any professional athletes that stood out? BW: Well, the athlete that won the gold at men’s ski jumping, his name is Simon Ammann. He’s from Switzerland and I was pretty excited about that because I was born in Zurich, Switzerland. He got the Ärst gold in the games and after he got his gold medal and everything, in the town of Whistler they’ve got the House of Switzerland. Every European country gets a house for the Olympics. So he was signing autographs and there was a big party for all the Swiss people. So I went over there and I got

AC: Is that all the conversation on the plane was about, going to the Games? BW: Yeah, pretty much.

All Pictograms, Mascots, and Olympic Logos are trademarked and credited to © VANOC/COVAN

a couple Swiss Åags signed by him. It was really cool to see him. He ended up winning, I think it’s four or Äve but I don’t know. I think he’s won like four or Äve golds., which is just unheard of for a single person at ski jumping. [For the 2010 Olympics, Simon Ammann took two gold medals with him. His total count is four Olympic gold medals. He earned two of those in the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City.] AC: Was there any particular jump that stuck out? BW: Well, his winning jump was like 109 meters and everybody else was like 105, 106 and his was just way farther. It was really cool. AC: Are you planning on going to the Winter Olympics again? BW: I would love to. It’s the second time I went. I went to the 2002 Games in Salt Lake City and I went to the Summer Games in 1996 in Atlanta. So, I’ve been a few times. I’d love to go again. I like the Winter Games more than Summer Games. AC: Why? BW: I don’t know, it’s more my kind of sport. I’ve been skiing since I was two years old. So, I’m pretty big into skiing. So I like to watch all the skiing events… I don’t know why! I

Left: Ski jump banner at the judgi worker prepares the luge/

An at hlete races using thro his b ugh ody t the o tur luge n th cou roug rs e h co rner s. mean, I guess it’s just like there’s a lot more really fun events. Hockey, bob sled, luge, jumping, ski racing. I love men’s downhill. There’s just a lot more really fun events. I mean, I like the Summer Games too but it’s not quite as fun. AC: How did it feel being at the medals ceremony? BW: That was really cool! It was the Ärst one of the games and the Swiss got Ärst gold. It was pretty emotional, it was pretty cool. AC: Are you Swiss? Are you an International Student? BW: No, my parents are both American. I was just born in Switzerland. My citizenship is U.S. I’m kind of a Swiss fan, you know? I play it up. It’s fun. AC: Anything you want to add? BW: One thing I think they might talk about is, did you hear about the luger that died? It was kind of interesting being at that event after that happened because there was some uncertainty like “Are they still going to do it?”. Maybe the [ERAU] students don’t know but it’s the fastest luge track ever in history. It’s a very dangerous track. When I went to the event they’d built a new wall where he crashed. I could see that wall and it’s right at the Änish line. AC: “Being at that event”… were you there when he crashed? BW: No, no I wasn’t there. But it’s kind of interesting because the track comes down and there’s a giant turn at the bottom

ing stand. Right: A refrigeration /bobsled course for use.

and then the Änish line. Right there, he crashed. Right on the Änish line. It’s uphill where he crashed. It’s uphill, like 30 degrees for 150 yards to slow down. He crashed right at the end, going uphill. It was a sad event. It was a sad accident. It was interesting being there at that event where it happened.

A skier stops at the end of his long jump run.

AC: But they kept on going with it, right? BW: Right. What they did was they made the men start where the women used to start and the women started like where the juniors used to start. That slowed it down a little bit. AC: Were you warm? BW: Yeah, it wasn’t bad. It rained a lot actually. It wasn’t too cold. Yeah, it wasn’t bad. AC: Did the raining interfere with any of the events? BW: Yeah! A lot of the events got really delayed because it was rainy and foggy. So they weren’t able to do the training runs for some of the ski events. Those got pushed back like a week. Oh, I saw Joe Biden while I was there. He came up for the men’s downhill race and I and my cousin and my mom were just walking through town and he was coming out of a hotel right there. It was kinda cool. I said hi to him. That was neat.

Horizons media coordinator and photographer, Ben Wilking, poses in front of the luge.

Hundreds of spectators lined up to watch each event at the Olympics

Fog rolls across the mountains of Vancouver in the bakground as people watch skiing from the bleachers.

The Emblem of the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games was a rock formation known as inukshuk, which has been a symbol for the Inuit people for hundreds of years.



10 MARCH 2010

XXVI Winter Olympics Sets Higher Standards, Popularity Growing Every Year MATT DEGOLLADO Sports Editor

The XXI Winter Olympic games saw many amazing feats that will be hard to surpass in years to come. There were many firsts that surprised everyone. About seven nations made their first trip ever to the Winter Olympics, and others have returned after having missed the last one that was held at Turin. If you missed

even an hour of any event, you missed history and amazement. Apollo Ohno has become the most decorated American winter Olympian during the games. Unfortunately, his last chance to get a medal did not turn out quite as planned, with a disqualification in the men’s 500-meter speed skating short track race. Everyone’s favorite snowboarder, Shaun White, was favored to win his specialty event in the men’s half-pipe. He did so with gusto, using his

signature move dubbed the Double McTwist, which consists of a double backflip while spinning three and a half times. Someone who I watched closely was my fellow Chicagoan, Shani Davis. In the 2006 Turin games, he was the first African-American to win gold at the Winter Olympics. He was fully favored to come out on top of his events. He also became the first man to successfully defend his title in the 1000-meter speed skate

March Madness is Here, Let the Madness Begin JIMMY DOSSETT Correspondent

March Madness is upon us and is sure to be exciting this year, as always when top college basketball teams from across the country go head to head. The highlight reels will spin when all the teams get together, and the buzzer-beating upsets are sure to grip the nation for yet another year. March Madness is the highoctane, bracket-formatted playoff system for college basketball which started in 1939. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is the governing body for collegiate basketball. Currently, there are over 1,000 member colleges in the NCAA. Just over 300 of these schools fall into the Division I category. To qualify as a Division I school, the university must have at least seven sports for men and women (or six for men and eight for women), with two team sports for each gender. These three hundred or so teams compete for a spot in the March Madness tournament.

Out of the over three hundred Division I schools, only 65 men’s teams and 64 women’s teams are invited into their respective playoff tournaments. 31 of each set of teams qualify for their tournament by winning their respective conference. The remaining teams are granted a chance to play for the Division I title by a selection committee. This committee meets for three days to choose the teams. The fortunate teams are announced each year on Selection Sunday and Selection Monday. The qualifying teams are divided into four geographic regions. The teams are then ranked from one to sixteen inside their own region. These teams are paired together and play. The winning team moves on to the next round; the losing team tries again next year. Using this method of single elimination allows for the tournaments to be finished after three weeks of thrilling competition. The Final Four are just what the name implies: the final four teams remaining in either tournament. These final four teams get together in a huge venue, which is always packed to the

rafters. The Final Four this year will be played in Indianapolis, Indiana. The venue is the Lucas Oil Stadium, the home of the Indianapolis Colts. Since the tournament is in bracket format, followers of March Madness will create betting pools and all fill out their brackets. The goal is to pick the winner of each game. The winner of the pool is usually the person who has the most winning picks, but some are only won if you picked the overall NCAA tournament winner. If you want to participate in this modern pastime, brackets are available online. Just get some friends together and see who wins, but make sure you can back up whatever bet you might have made. It is all fun anyway not to be taken seriously. March Madness starts on Mar. 17 this year, so get your brackets filled out soon, before games are being decided. If a bracket is not for you, all the games are available online for on-demand streaming. Just find a comfortable seat, forget about your homework, and watch some exciting college basketball unfold.

race. He finished with silver in the 1500-meter speed skate race. Overall, he did well and we can expect a better show in his future. In case you missed the drama of the women’s 3000-meter speed skating relay, South Korea was disqualified for a little contact against the team from China. That disqualification ended South Korea’s dominant hold and led to China’s first gold in that race; the U.S. got the bronze medal. This calamity caused such an

uproar that a man in Seoul, South Korea threatened to blow up the Australian Embassy because the official that made disqualification judgment is from Australia. The man also made threats on the judge’s life. Another occasion involving a South Korean Olympian is newcomer Kim Yu-na. Yu-na set a world record, shattering the previous one, the same night she won the gold medal in women’s figure skating. This was South

Korea’s first gold medal in any other winter Olympic sport other than speed skating. She is currently ranked number one in the world, and only at the age of 19. Now that the Olympic games have finished, it is going to be hard to hold out until the 2014 games in Russia. With the competitors having four years to perfect their technique and routines, maybe these games were just the warmup. Keep a lookout for these people and teams in the future.


and healthy way to lose weight and fat. It is a good way to use all you muscles in an aerobicintensive setting, and it forces you to metabolize more energy, and recycle the transaction of oxygen and carbon dioxide more effectively. However, experts have advised that running after an intensive weightlifting session can be extremely beneficial and more effective. So, when pursuing a leaner build, I would recommend conducting the “lighter weight, more repetitions” regiment, and then running a mile or two afterwards. You will definitely be pushing your body to the limits and using all the energy and fat stored in your body, promoting greater weight loss and leaner muscle build.

Core exercises: Core exercises are exercises targeted at your core area. This area includes your abdomen, mid-to-lower back, and your lower abdomen to your oblique areas. Core exercises help concentrate on just strengthening those muscles in using the fat stored in those areas. Fat usually accumulates in the core area, and it sometimes is very difficult to cut down. However, a good way to start working into a fatty core is through abdomen and lower back workouts. Some advisable exercises are lower back stretches, crunches, planks, and lighter deadlifts. These exercises concentrate on utilizing the more lightly used muscles and force them to burn off fat; the fat that is lost is replaced with muscle.

Continued from B1 cles. This is where the “burning” sensation comes from. Also, lifting lighter weight for more repetitions channels into the aerobic usage of the muscles. This means that the muscles are being used for longer periods of time, thus burning more energy and fatty molecules within and around the muscles. Lighter weight and more repetitions is a great regimen to adopt in order to lose fat and weight, and it is great for muscle toning. Balance the running with the lifting: As you probably already know, running is a very efficient

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Wednesday, March 10, 2010

Section C

Hawaiian Club Luau Fires Up ERAU

Retirement Community Hazards

KERIANNE HOBBS Diversions Editor

“Wrinkles should merely indicate where smiles have been.” -Mark Twain

Jeroen Geeraert / Horizons Newspaper Fire throwers entertain the crowd at the luau with a daring Åame dance. ALLISON CISNEROS Correspondent

When you think of a luau, you would think of a big relaxed party on a beach in Hawaii. Did you ever think you could go to one in Arizona? Well, it is possible. The ERAU Hawaii Club threw their 14th annual luau this past Saturday in the Activi-

ty Center. The theme for the evening was “na mele aloha,” which means “the songs of aloha.” They certainly did not disappoint with the show. I had never been to a luau or any party like it. The atmosphere was very welcoming with a big painting depicting beautiful scenery in the middle and an octopus and significant male figure on the sides. The seating tables were dec-

orated with two long leaves and many little flowers. The performers were dressed in clothing that would normally be worn to a luau, and there were also a couple of tables set up to sell clothing and items that are from Hawaii. “There’s a lot of people here, but now that I look around I feel more relaxed,” said junior Jonathan Rios.

The food was well-rounded and very different with each serving. The Kalua pig was juicy and full of flavor just like the chicken chopped sui. The lomi lomi salmon was refreshing and was, in my opinion, the side that brought the whole menu together. Everyone’s favorite juice, Hawaiian Punch, was also on the menu and a stand sold snowcone beverages.

The entertainment came soon after being kicked off by the hilarious host Vavi Domingo. The beginning was a short Hawaiian prayer followed by a group of men doing a tribal war dance. There were a couple of well-choreographed dances done by a group of women. Then, a group of three men came in from outside wielding fire knives ready see LUAU page C3


Brenton Woodruff for Horizons Newspaper Blake Dedell lines up his cue for a shot during the RHA pool tournament.

The Student Union was packed on Saturday night for the Resident Hall Association sponsored pool tournament. Dee Dozier, RHA vice president and national communications coordinator, was in charge of the competition. Dee Dozier, RHA President Dylan Cragg, and the Information Technology Communications Coordinator Blake Dedell were the judges when they were not participating in the tournament. Reg-

istration began at 6 p.m. and the games began half an hour later. In all, 24 people played in the tournament for the first place prize of $50, the second place prize of $30, and the third place prize of $20. Rules were posted around the playing area, which consisted of three pool tables with two people playing at each table. Players grabbed pool sticks early and held onto them as they waited for their turn to compete. There were refreshments available for the players and spectators. New contenders were alerted when they see TOURNEY page C3

I’m not current on the politically correct term for old people, or if “old” is even an offensive term. If they had a politically correct name though, I’d guess it would be to the same format as most politically correct terms – a positive or less negative attribute followed by the word ‘challenged.’ So in this case, “youthfully challenged?”  I don’t really like the term “seniors” because I’m a senior by credits and have yet to get a discount at a restaurant, movie, or sporting event. Many people come to Prescott to retire for the same reasons that students like Prescott – the temperate climate, the outdoor activities, the mountains, the small town atmosphere, and of course Whiskey Row (good call youthfully challenged people). On that note, I don’t think I would mind retiring in Prescott one day myself. What makes the situation interesting is when students come to Prescott for higher education and move into the retirement community, disturbing the quiet sanctity of the calmer population. . The youthful and youthfully challenged demographics don’t always mix.  One of the biggest complaints of the retirees is that us young wiper-snappers drive too fast, are up too late playing loud music and partying at all hours of the night, and invading their neighborhoods with our general obnoxiousness. Most of the frustration of being a college student in a retirement town comes from traffic – elderly people driving too slow, unpredictably making bad judgments and pulling out in front of you, and stopping really fast. Over cautious drivers can be just as dangerous as overconfident ones. Now don’t get me wrong, I don’t have anything against old people. In fact speaking with some has inspired me to create a life story with as much experience and gained wisdom as they’ve built. So I guess you could say that I find the see HAZARDS page C5



10 MARCH 2010


it Real

Quantum Gravity Book One Movie Reviews by Andrew Navia

Book Review by Allison Cisneros

Shutter Island Shutter Island was, well, surprising. There really is no other way to fully describe Martin Scorsese’s most recent masterpiece. Based upon the movie trailers, which all seemed to present a suspense-oriented action film, one would never guess that the movie would actually turn out to be an extremely gripping psychological thriller. Leonardo DiCaprio, who has worked with Scorsese on several occasions, leads the film with an amazing performance. Overall, the acting in the film was quite good, especially in comparison to most of the action- and special effects-driven films of late.   The story is the most gripping aspect of “Shutter Island.” With plot twists at every turn, the audience is always left guessing, not realizing that all the minor twists and turns are all actually part of the overarching narrative just waiting to be unraveled.   The movie begins with Federal Marshall Teddy Daniels, played by Leonardo DiCaprio, and his new partner launching an investigation into the disappearance of a patient from

Shutter Island, a mental hospital for the criminally insane. Their search leads them on a wild goose chase to find people that do not exist and human experiments that may or may not be happening. While I could reveal the rest of the story line at this point, I believe it would ruin the experience of seeing it firsthand. Let it suffice to say that nothing, and I mean absolutely nothing, is as it seems. In a movie where no one can be trusted, and guilt is present at every turn, Shutter Island is surprisingly a very touching film. Scorsese's film will leave one pondering long after leaving the theater.

Want to have a say in what movie gets reviewed next? Email your picks to [].

The Crazies The Crazies is not your typical zombie film, in that the “crazies” themselves are not your usual zombies. The most striking aspect about them had to be their intelligence. The crazies apparently still had full access to their intellect and thought processes, as they were able to do things like work as a team and plan an ambush. This served to add an extra degree of fear to the film, and helped set the stage for several very good jumpout-of-your-seat type scenes. The movie takes place in the small Iowa town of Ogden Marsh, where everyone knows one another, and the county sheriff is married to the town physician. The Crazies centers around the struggle of the aforementioned sheriff, played by Timothy Olyphant, to save his pregnant wife while escaping from the deteriorated town.   As the film begins, it is quite innovative; it does not jump straight into the bloodthirsty rampage scenes, but rather establishes a good, believable story line. This perception is completely destroyed later on in the movie, though, when the audience realizes it’s just the military. The military had engineered a biological virus designed to “reduce a population,” and the plane that had been carrying the virus crashed

Ruger 10/22 Carbine Gun Review by Ryan Williams

There are some things in life we find ourselves thinking of as an old friend, like a faithful old car, or for some of us here, the calculator we've had since high school. To me, my Ruger 10/22 Carbine is one of those things. It's one of the first guns that I ever shot, and it's the gun that has taught me by far the most over the years my family has owned it. As well as idle plinking with my family and friends, it has seen long-range target shooting, the odd smallgame hunting trip, and even a day of riflery training through the Revolutionary War Veterans Association's Appleseed

Project. The Ruger 10/22 rifle is an entry-level rifle, designed for beginning shooters who are interested in informal plinking and target shooting. There are many models of the rifle, from the standard black synthetic stock carbine like mine, to a beautiful walnut stock Deluxe Sporter model. The 10/22 is also reasonably affordable, with the basic carbine models available new for around $200. Most models are chambered for the ubiquitous .22 long rifle cartridge, though a .22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire model was also offered for a time.

Aftermarket hop-ups and accessories abound thanks to the rifle's beautifully simple design, and a stock 10/22 can easily be built to a near-world-class level of accuracy. In fact it is entirely within the realm of possibility to build a 10/22 from the ground up without using a single Ruger factory part. A few other .22 rifles in the same price range are more accurate in stock form, though very few shooters could tell the difference unless shooting the rifle from a solid bench mount. Hitting 12-gauge shotgun shells at 50 yards or more is still entirely possible, given a

into a marsh that was part of the town’s water source. From this point, “The Crazies” turns into the predictable military-versus-infection type movie. First, the military performs reconnaissance to observe how the virus works. Second, they try to save the townspeople through quarantine camps and the like. Third, they contain the population until the situation can be analyzed. And finally, just like always, the population is exterminated.   The Crazies surprisingly seemed like it was going to have a somewhat happy ending, which of course did not happen, but the movie still leaves one satisfied. They say you cannot teach an old dog new tricks, but apparently that does not apply to zombies.

I was flying back to California when I realized that I didn’t have a book to read. It’s an airplane flight. I am not interested in the philosophy and times of Nietzsche when I’m flying into Los Angeles and San Francisco. So, I went looking for a pleasure novel that I wouldn’t need to concentrate on to understand. I found “Keeping It Real” by Justina Robson. “Keeping It Real” is the first book in the Quantum Gravity series. Special Agent Lila Black is part human and part cyborg with a healthy dose of mistrust and an anti-social personality. In the year 2015 there was an event called the Quantum Bomb that opened Earth up to different dimensions. These dimensions include elves, elementals, and demons. Magic is common. Good relationships between the human government and the elven government are not as common. Lila Black is assigned as a bodyguard to protect Zal, the first and only elf who is in a rock band. He has received threats and dangerous gifts. Someone wants him dead. Lila Black has to protect him as they enter into a game of seduction while trying to find who it is that is endangering her client’s life. This book is a great escape for the holidays, weekends, or from a bad day in general. It’s easy to read

without being insulting. It contains enough investigative work to keep the reader in suspense. It has a motorcycle-driving, redheaded heroine in black clothes. It has a wildly sexy cast. It has great fight scenes. It has magic. The fight scenes are always spectacular due to the combination of human and cyborg that make up the body of Lila Black. Lila Black’s own mind and the Artificial Intelligence program are usually at opposing ends, but by turning the objective technological means to her own ends, Lila Black comes out victorious. Her body is a highly detailed system of guns, ammunition, and strength. It doesn’t mean she’s perfect though. If her body is pushed too far, she passes out and wakes up in a lab as scientists and doctors work to repair her. The history of her special agent career creates tension and bias in Lila Black. She has to battle her prejudices, new enemies, and a face from her past. “Keeping It Real” is an interesting look into possible relationships concerning human and other-worldly beings. It involves a heroine with a realistic dimension and action-packed fight scenes. It is entertaining without being cheesy. It’s a fun story to escape into for several hours.

Keeping it Real By Justina Robson Paperback 333 pages, Prometheus Books $15

little practice. The 10/22 is also semi-automatic, meaning you can chase a soda can across the range as fast as you can pull the trigger. Reliability is also good, especially when using the factory magazine or a quality aftermarket magazine with metal feed lips. Try to avoid aftermarket magazines with plastic or polymer feed lips, as they will wear down and fail to feed correctly after about 500 rounds. Cleaning the 10/22 after a

day of shooting is where the clean, simple design and low parts count can be appreciated. The rifle disassembles easily with a flathead screwdriver and a small punch to push out the drift pins that hold the trigger group to the receiver, and for a proper cleaning of the bore from the breech forward, the barrel separates from the receiver by removing two allen-head machine screws. Overall, the Ruger 10/22

carbine is an outstanding value for someone looking for an all-around enjoyable firearm, and its ease of maintenance, clean design, and readily available spare parts and upgrades will keep the rifle going for many years down the road. Whether you use the Ruger 10/22 for small game hunting, target shooting, or just chasing soda cans, you will find that it will quickly become a beloved old friend.

Ryan Williams / Horizons Newspaper A Ruger 10/22 Carbine sits atop a box of .22 caliber long riÅe ammunition.


10 MARCH 2010


BIOSHOCK Streets of New York Restaurant Review by Andrew Michel

When you see a restaurant review, you don’t expect it to be for a chain restaurant. Well, Andy and I are about to deliver the unexpected. Streets of New York is a pizza and Italian food chain with a location here in downtown Prescott. I think that it isn’t frivolous that I reviewed a part of a chain because I did it with two motives in mind: it is important to know how one chain’s location is because no two locations are exactly the same, and because even a member of a chain is still a legitimate restaurant. We went to Streets of New York on a Wednesday night. One doesn’t usually expect a restaurant to be busy on a Wednesday, but this was not the case when we visited Streets of New York. The waiters were not only dashing around the restaurant, but they were doing so without necessarily minding us well. We waited awhile to be served initially, and we waited even longer to be given a take-home box and our check. The restaurant didn’t really bother us. Of course, it didn’t really impress us, either. It was pretty boring in

there, and there was really no romantic feel at all; it was definitely not a place to take a date. But, let’s be serious here: who takes a date to a chain restaurant? As for the food, it was satisfactory, but not shining. We ordered the deep fried combination appetizer, which was comprised of some bland onion rings and zucchini sticks that paled in comparison to the mozzarella sticks. We decided to try one of the specialty pizzas, a Philly cheese steak affair. We got the pie hot, but ate more of it later at home when it was cold. Maybe it was made to be that way, but we really don’t think so. What’s more, the prices were a little steep. No one really minds eating McDonald’s because McDonald’s is cheap. We minded paying for what we ate here; it wasn’t terrible, but it was not worth the $20 for a 16 inch pie. In the end, Streets of New York—at least at this location—isn’t really special. You could eat there; you could not. It’ll make about as much difference to you as it does to me.

Prices are based on an average dinner for two, without drinks, tax or tip. Streets of New York, 150 E Sheldon Street, Ste.109, 928.708.0707, $20




Tourney Continued from C1 were next to play by Cragg. For the first several sets, only 9 balls were used to speed up the competition. The full set of 15 balls was used when the competition was getting closer to the finals. ERAU is a small school and those who play pool are an even smaller group on this campus. As such, most of the players knew or had at least met each other prior to the tournament. Good sports-

manship and camaraderie was constantly present, and players shook hands after finishing each game. The atmosphere in the room was fun, lively, and loud. Kim Nighelli, the clerk at the front desk in the Student Union, had her own view on the pool tournament taking place on the other side of the desk. “It gives me something to do besides watch Project Runway, which I still need to do.” Michael Dewey, a participant, had played in previous pool tournaments. When asked how he felt about the pool tournament Dew-


2K Games’ FPS Action Adventure

Game Review by Sean Christner Have you ever wanted to play a game that was so energetic? Try Bioshock 2. If you want a new game that will keep you glued to your seat for days at a time, pick up a copy of Bioshock 2. This is the latest installment of the Bioshock series, and continues where the old story ended. Unfortunately, I had never played the first of the series, so the story made no sense to me. Despite this, the game was still among the best I have ever played. The game launches with a movie that tugs at that player’s heart strings as a man plays with his daughter and follows her down a hallway. The scene ends quickly with a mysterious

woman taking the little girl from the character, claiming that it is her daughter. The woman commands the player to take her gun and shoot himself in the head. Ten years later, the player reawakens in a Vita-Chamber where he was revived in the underwater town of Rapture. Naturally, the main mission is to find your daughter. However, along the way, the player fights off other “Big Daddies,” as they’re called, to save other “Little Sisters.” Through the use of these Little Sisters, the player can harvest the drug ADAM from corpses before the local ADAM addicts, known as “splicers,” find it first. This drug allows its user to genetically modify themselves

Publisher: 2K Games Developer: 2K Marin Genre: First Person Shooter, Action-Adventure Release Date: February 9, 2010 ESRB: M Connectivity: Online Number of Players: 1 Number of Online Players: 2 Gaming System: XBox 360, PlayStation 3, PC

Luau Continued from C1 to perform the Samoan fire knife dance. Their performance looked dangerous, but when practiced routinely it became like second nature to them. Our host did a perfect job of keeping the audience involved and making sure there were no awkward silences. He played games that involved the winner getting to pick an item from the clothing table or winning a bag of candy. The most amusing game was when the first five people to reach the stage participated in a game that involved eating a spam and rice roll wrapped in seaweed and then chugging a bottle of water. It supposedly was harder than it looked, but the winner was the

ey replied, “Oh, yeah. It’s fun.” Joe Camacho won the first place, Gabriel Hongsermeier won second place, and Daniel Sanchez won third place. The RHA is prohibited from giving cash, so the contestants instead received their individual prizes by putting in a request to the RHA to buy something with the winnings. The RHA puts on a pool tournament every month; it is usually the third week of the month, but due to spring break, March’s tournament will take place the following week.

youngest contestant out of the five. The audience was taught some history of Hawaii during the brief intermissions, which I found stirring. The end of the show came when the president of the club asked all his fellow members to join him on stage to acknowledge some family members that traveled to help with this year’s luau. Also, a special thanks was given out to Dean of Students Dr. Cass Howell for all his help and to Maren Ferreira who painted the spectacular backdrop. If you have never been to the Hawaii Club’s luau than you are missing out. There are great surroundings, great food, and great entertainment. Make sure you do not miss the next luau event because I am sure they will only get better with time.

and give themselves super-intelligence, super-strength, or, if overused, super-insanity. This craze for ADAM led to the downfall of Rapture. But, there’s a lot more to a game than the story. The graphics are one major reason to love this game. The immaculate design of everything in the game, from the environment, to the room you’re in, right down to the water droplets on the player’s visor, all add to the feeling that the player is actually in the game world, rather than just playing in it. The game also allows the player to use strategy, rather than “run and gun.” The player can hack enemy machines and turrets to gain their assistance, or shock a pool of water to kill anyone in it. This can come in handy when being charged by hordes of people who want you dead, or by that one enemy who seems to take bullets without pain. An online multiplayer version allows players to test their skills against other BioShock players around the world. The online version online has four game modes, but they’re each as fun as the story. Turf war, a territo-

ry game type, has teams fighting to hold territories, and whoever holds them for long enough wins. ADAM Grab and Team ADAM Grab have players/ teams fighting to capture the Little Sister, and the player/team who can hold her for a certain amount of time wins. The fourth game type, Last Splicer Standing, is exactly what it sounds like. Overall, I would give this game a 4.5 out 5. It is an excellent game that kept me playing for hours. It loses a half-star simply for the complexity of the story and that the Little Sisters are among the creepiest things I have ever seen.

Jeroen Geeraert / Horizons Newspaper Servers offer authentic Hawaiian food to luau attendees.



Make visiting parents and guests feel pampered! Close and oh so comfortable!

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The Nano World A Big Look Into Nanotechnology SARA FOX Correspondent

Imagine electronics being nearly invisible to the naked eye. Even though this seems impossible, it is becoming a reality. Micro Electronic Mechanical Systems, also known as microelectromechanical systems or MEMS, is a new type of technology that is being developed. MEMS are extremely small and fall into the category of nanotechnology. Their components can range in size from a tenth of a micron to a tenth of a millimeter, and the finished product can be 20 microns to 1 millimeter. A MEMS device consists of a small silicon chip that usually contains a central processing unit, a microprocessor, and other micro-circuitry components.It also contains micro-circuitry on a tiny silicon chip into which some me-

This image, taken from an electron microscope, compares the size of a Micro Electronic Mechanical System component to the size of a common dust mite.

chanical device such as a mirror or a sensor has been manufactured. Many believe that MEMS will be the next new advancement in technology. Potentially, the chips can be built in large quantities at low cost, making them cost-effective for many uses. MEMS are be-

ginning to revolutionize the field of bioengineering and starting to play a role in the medical industry. While nothing yet has been developed to administer to patients, extensive research is being implemented to help escalate the development of microfabricated drug delivery technology.

In the fight against cancer, researchers at Ohio State University and iMEDD, located in Columbus, are trying to create microsystems that could be released into the bloodstream to target and eliminate rapid growth cells. However, this is not an easy task, since the human body releases antibodies that attack any foreign cell it does not recognize. To solve this problem, an artificial screen with nanometer-sized holes was developed. These holes are small enough to keep out the antibodies but large enough so that the desired molecules can flow in and out of the screen. This type of screen was created using photolithography. Photolithography is a process that uses light in order to etch or activate regions of a substrate. This process is frequently used in MEMS to create processors and integrated circuits. For diabetes patients, while still undergoing research, implantable biocapsules are being developed in order to immunoisolate the pancreatic islet cells. The biocapsules are made from a microfabricated silicon membrane which contains 24.5-nanometer pores that are connected to a polymer well. When the tablet is consumed, insulin will be released into

Hazards Continued from C1

By Brad Clancy Photography by Brenton Woodruff

With the SGA elections in full swing, we wanted to Änd out what really motivates the students of ERAU. So we hit the dirt with the question: “If an SGA representative wanted your vote, what would their slogan have to be?”

Joe Cacciotoli : “Candace already did it, man. That’s a tough one. ‘Defeat the World. Vote for Me.’”

Anonymous : “I’ll buy you pizza. Six meats.”

Joe Augello : “Power to the people… We’ll put money in your pockets… Just do it.”

Kelsey Anderson : “Something that’s honest -- not a jingle with alliterations. Straigwhtforward. ‘More girls at Riddle.’”

John Fritch : “I’m the only one running.”

Laura Spindler: “Dependable. I like somebody who knows what they’re doing, something like: ‘Always dependable.’”

elderly fascinating. With that in mind, I am now going to poke fun at them, with a specific example of hazardous living. Watch out for senior savings days at the grocery store. Why? Unbeknownst to me, but knownst to every senior citizen in the tri-cities area (yes, I’m a Mel Brooks fan, in case you caught the reference), seniors get an additional 10 percent off their groceries on select days. The events described within this article are based on actual events, although some details have been exaggerated for dramatic effect. A more sensible reader would turn back now. As you are still with me, and therefore not a sensible reader, imagine the remainder of this article as a voice over in a film noir style movie. The time:  1p.m. The day: Wednesday, February 03. The location: Prescott, Arizona. Venue: Grocery store. I had just left campus for the day, when I decided to pick up some groceries. My first clue should have been the parking lot. Normally only filled to a quarter of its capacity, the lot was as packed as a Beverly Hills mall during the holidays. I scanned the area, wondering if I should turn back, but I couldn’t leave such a mysterious occurrence uninvestigated. Huh, no, not I. Undeterred by the crowds and lack of parking, I pulled into my parking space 0.24 miles (this may or may

10 MARCH 2010 the bloodstream at a steady, constant rate. To protect the tablet from being attacked by antibodies, the nanometer-sized holes are small enough to prevent the antibodies from penetrating the tablet, but large enough to allow the insulin to flow out of the tablet and into the bloodstream. MEMS are also being used to monitor glaucoma. Glaucoma is a progressive disease that damages the optic nerve and can lead to impaired vision and possible blindness. Sensimed AG, a Swiss company, developed a contact lens with MEMS technology,

A glaucoma patient models a MEMS monitor.

not be an exaggeration) from the entrance of the establishment. A large black crow shrilly squawked in an ominous manner next to my car as I stepped out. I retrieved one of the four remaining carts from the front entrance of the store and proceeded to enter the main store. As the automatic sliding glass door opened before me, leaving my view unobstructed by plastic store hours and policies labels, a scene of slow moving chaos sprawled before me. The aisles of the store became a treacherous labyrinth of narrow passageways filled with dangerous obstacles. I paused for a moment to take in my surroundings. Old people. Lots of old peo… I mean youthfully challenged people… To the right of the entrance was a large purple and white sign advertising that this Wednesday, all senior citizens received an additional 10 percent off of their groceries. Great. I entered the life threatening maze near the produce section where I quickly proceeded to play bumper carts. Having suffered only minimal damage to myself and my cart, I made it on to other parts of the store. As I traveled down the fruit juice aisle in search of apple juice, I noticed a large section of shelf completely devoid of product. Bending down to more closely inspect the price label, it all became clear. Prune juice. I may have needed vitamins, but I didn’t even attempt to navigate that section of the store. As I walked along I started looking at what the senior citizens were For over 20 years, Horizons Newspaper has served the student body of the Embry-Riddle Prescott campus.


designed to monitor the progression of glaucoma when placed in the center of the eye. The contact lens consists of an imbedded MEMS sensor and a microprocessor. The MEMS sensor contains active and passive strain gauges to measure the fluctuation of the cornea, and a golden band lining the perimeter of the lens acts as a loop antenna used to obtain power in order to relay information back to the external system. The microprocessor that is used in this device is about 2 millimeters square and 50 microns thick.

To subscribe, call:


buying. For the most part they ate healthier versions of the same food I ate, like whole grain cereals and bread. There was one woman though that had a cart full of frozen dinners. Now that looks like a college student’s cart, I thought. The lines were all really long as I approached the checkout. Cashiers were frantically paging all hands on check out. I leaned forward with my elbows on the handle of the cart patiently waiting for my turn and taking in the atmosphere around me. Four of the five people in front of me slowly wrote out personal checks to pay for their groceries with shaky hands. When the fifth pulled out a credit card I nearly jumped for joy. Finally, this one should be quick. I had already loaded all of my groceries onto the conveyer belt when the customer made his tenth attempt at sliding his card. The problem was that he was sliding it too slowly. The cashier offered to help, and the man handed over his card before yelling that the cashier was sliding the card to fast and she was going to break it. Despite the chaos, the crowd within the grocery store was exceptionally friendly. I exchanged smiles and friendly greetings with the elderly people as I passed. Although my shopping trip may have taken two to three times as long as it should have, it really wasn’t so bad. I returned to my apartment relatively unscathed and got everything I needed, except vitamins, plus I got to add senior shopping day to my list of experiences and gained wisdom 34 years early. All in all it was quite a grand adventure.


10 MARCH 2010



Dr. Brian Rachford Department of Space Physics

Yoga Classes Now Available to ERAU KELSEY WOKA SCH Correspondent


Dr. Brian Rachford grew up in a small town and discovered, as he made his way through life, that is where he fit. It is what he is used to. He cultivated a love for science that continues to this day. It is apparent in every fact or scientific story Dr. Rachford finds interesting because his eyes light up and there is a smile on his face when he talks. There were two important facts about Blakesburg, Iowa, the city he where he was born and raised. First, he knew he would have to leave it if he wanted to pursue a career in science. Second, there was an antique airplane headquarters just outside of town. Every year there was an annual fly-in of antique planes where rides were offered for free. “I was probably there before I even remember,” he says. Most of his family lived in Iowa and they would all go to the antique flyin. It might have been a low-key event, but Dr. Rachford recalled it when he came to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. Astronomy caught his interest early on in life. There wasn’t any pivotal moment, but that is understandable because he grew up admiring the night sky all his life. He was constantly surrounded by the beauty he found when he looked up at night. When he received his first astronomy aid, Dr. Rachford could see the craters on the moon. “It was a small, little refracting telescope” he explained. The University of Iowa

was the in-state college that had the strongest undergraduate astronomy program, so that is where Dr. Rachford pursued his college carreer. “Until junior and senior year of high school, I didn’t know you could get a degree in astronomy” Dr. Rachford admitted, smiling. He pursued a dual major in Physics and Astronomy. At the comment that he was a brave man for doing so, Dr. Rachford laughed. There was a lot of overlap between the two majors and many students pursued a dual major with little added difficulty. When he applied for graduate schools, the most interesting college that accepted him was the University of Wyoming. They had a large telescope on a mountain and he liked the idea of “going out west.” Here, he received his doctorate in physics with a focus in astronomy. After graduate school, Dr. Rachford became a post-doctoral researcher at the University of Colorado. He was there for five years when he had to leave because of the Columbia space shuttle disaster. He was part of the team responsible for how the Hubble Telescope would spend its time. It was decided to use the guaranteed allocated time to look at the properties of the interstellar medium. “We would look at the composition and density of gas and dust that forms new stars,” he began to explain. About a year after the tragic Columbia disaster, funding was cut for the project and Dr. Rachford was out of a job. He searched for a position and found one in a small college

in Minnesota. The position was available for one year, as the resident professor had gone on leave. He applied for full-time positions and found Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. He did not know much about the institution but it mentioned astrophysics in the job advertisement as a part of a major, so he applied. Dr. Rachford got an interview, but quite know what to expect. After getting the interview he did some more research on the university that just might be his new place of work. He was impressed with what he found. He found a place “out west” that loved science as much as he did. Part of the reason Dr. Rachford is so interested in science is the timing. He grew up right after the energetic flurry of the space program. He did not witness the Apollo missions but he did get to watch the Voyager visiting far-off planets on TV. Astronomy is important to Dr. Rachford for both personal and general re=asons. “Astronomy puts an interesting perspective on where humans are and how humans fit in with the rest of the universe,” Dr. Rachford said. He described the philosophical ramifications of studying something greater than himself. There is also a practical aspect to studying astronomy. There are threats to human existence. Asteroids, comets, supernova explosions, and gamma ray events all threaten life on Earth. By studying astronomy, Dr. Rachford explains, we can figure out ways to protect ourselves instead of simply studying something.

! y a od t y l App



D r. B r i a n R a c h f o r d , Assistant Professor of Space Physics

At the mention of aliens, Dr. Rachford sat back in his chair and laughed, “That’s a long time down the road” he said. He did read science fiction when he was younger, though. He does not read it so much now, but when he used to read three of the major authors of science fiction. He read Arthur C. Clarke, Isaac Asimov, and Robert Heinlein. He liked the type more rooted in reality. He always looked for realism in his fiction books. Dr. Rachford keeps up to date on the latest scientific news. The most exciting project for him right now is the Keppler mission to look for Earth-like planets and photograph them. Although the initial energetic fervor about the newness of the mission has dissipated, Dr. Rachford is still very interested in the mission. Dr. Rachford does not know what he would be if he was not a scientist. “Probably an accountant,” Dr. Rachford wagered. He was always good with numbers. However, the lure of the night sky in Blakesburg, Iowa, and the literature he got his hands on was too fascinating for him to pursue pure mathematics. He spends most of his time in the observatory wwhen he is not in his office. His interests might have broadened and his location changed, but Dr. Rachford constantly turns his gaze and mind upwards to the night sky, that will never change.

With the mid-semester crunch approaching, many of us Eagles are starting to feel the stress of classes creeping in. If you too are becoming overwhelmed with your workload, you may want to look into doing some yoga. The practice of yoga is sweeping the nation, and with good reason. Yoga is a physical and mental practice involving stretching, different poses, and controlled breathing. It creates peacefulness of body and mind, helping you relax and manage stress and anxiety. Although yoga has become popular around the country in the past few years, it is definitely not a new thing. It is hard to say when and where the practice of yoga originated from, but the classical techniques are around 5000 years old. It sprouted from a desire to improve and lengthen life, to become in touch with oneself and one’s surroundings, and to gain peace of mind. For the past year, Joy Lanzerotte of Lyfeworks has been teaching a beginning to intermediate “Yoga With Joy” class here on campus. Joy has been studying yoga since 1989 and teaching since 1994, so she has many years of experience and extensive training. Joy was first introduced to yoga when she was a dance instructor at a studio in St. Louis and a senior cer-

tified yoga instructor suggested she try a class. After her first lesson, feeling challenged and a bit confused, she was hooked nonetheless. According to Joy, no matter how old, how flexible, or how injured you are, you can experience the benefits of yoga. With a witt y aeronautical comparison, Joy describes yoga as “much like flying a plane, it involves focus, discipline, alignment, being aware all the while reducing stress, releasing toxins, and stretching all aspects of the body, mind, soul. It develops an inner/outer strength, creates balance, and flexes one to be both mindless yet mindful.” Some benefits yoga can offer range from enhancing blood flow, strengthening the immune system, detoxification, increasing circulation, strengthening muscles, stimulating the fascia, as well as relief from migraines, sleep disturbance, colds, PMS, back pain, flu, and many other bodily ailments. If yoga sounds like something you would enjoy, Joy’s oncampus classes are ten weeks long and cost $60 for the full 10 weeks or $5 for a drop-in lesson. The first 10-week class ends Apr. 15, and then a new one begins. The classes are in building 705, room 105 from 5:15 to 6:15 p.m. on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays. For more information on Joy Lanzerotte and her classes, you can visit [].

Krysta Wert / Horizons Newspaper Jay Lanzerotte, yoga instructor, helps a student achieve the proper position for an exercise.

SCHOLARLY SPEAKING 2010 SAVE THIS DATE! SPEAKERS Dr. Sally Blomstrom, College of Arts & Sciences Dr. Mark Sinclair, College of Aviation

Earn money doing something you love! Horizons Newspaper has two openings for staff photographers. Will also pay freelance photographers per photo.

Dr. Bradley Wall, College of Engineering

April 8, 2010 4:15 p.m.



C.I.P.S. Hosts International Festival KAREN STOPKA Copy Editor

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University's Prescott campus has 72 international students from over 20 countries. The annual Center for International Pro-

grams & Services International Festival is a way for ERAU to celebrate different cultures. Each country represented had a table and served a sample of the country's traditional food. Entertainment was provided by groups from the local community and on campus. "We

had very diverse entertainment this year," according to Jacobson. Performances by the local community were Prescott International Folk Dance, a capoeira club, and Troupe Salamat. ERAU group performances included the Hawaiian Club, the band "Waffle Tactics," the jazz band "a haka," and the Breakbance Club. Jeroen Gweeraert believed that, overall, "It was a great festival, I enjoyed it a lot. I got to try food I never had before."

Housing Appoints New Coordinators BRAD CLANCY Correspondent

Housing and Residence Life has decided to hire two new assistant area coordinators to help supervise the RAs of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical Unviersity. Assistant area coordinators on the RAs and the students living in the halls, assisting the RAs with programming, resolving student incidents, and otherwise helping supervise housing affairs. The two new hires are James Hoelle and Trey Pitman. James Hoelle graduated ERAU with a degree in aeronautics and two minors, one in aviation safety and one in meteorology. Before graduating, he was an RA at ERAU for 2 years, so he knows the turf. His father was in the military, so his family moved around a lot while he was growing up, moving from his birthplace of Perth, Australia, when

he was 5 months old, to Oahu, Hawaii, where his father was stationed for the next 5 and a half years of his life. At this point, his family moved to Concord, California, where they stayed, so Hoelle considers Concord home. Hoelle’s uncle owns a large farming company in southern California, and has his own little turboprop charter plane. When Hoelle was young, his uncle would send his pilot to pick the family up and fly them south to visit. Hoelle always flew in the cockpit and loved it; he knew that flying was what he wanted to do for the rest of his life. His high school supervisor suggested that he go to ERAU to become a pilot. Hoelle studied aeronautical science and got his private pilot license, but wanted to graduate in 3 and a half years. He took 18 credit hours per semester for a while, but realized that he had neither the time nor the money to complete the degree,

so he switched to aeronautics, and graduated in December of 2009. He has been hired to be the assistant area coordinator in charge of the Mingus complex, M-100, and M-400. Born in Akron, Ohio, Trey Pitman has been living in Tempe, Arizona, for the last 5 years. He graduated from ASU last May with a degree in foreign languages. As an undergraduate at ASU, he had many student jobs, including as an RA . Since graduating, Pitman has taught thirdgrade reading and math, which he did enjoy, and worked as a project manager for an aerospace company, a desk job he did not enjoy. He decided to come to ERAU to study aeronautics full-time and to be a professional staff member. The new assistant area coordinators were hired just in time to meet next year’s RA staff, since the final selection of new RAs will be known on Mar. 9.

10 MARCH 2010

L e f t : A n g e l o Ya m b a o breakdances in front of the rest of his troupe at the International Festival. Photo by Jeroen Geeraert Horizons Newspaper

Thomas Homer-Dixon

Energy & Security Expert | Political Scientist | Author

Author of “Upside of Down” Hear him speak about his book, which deals with threats to global security in the 21st Century. Tuesday, April 6th 7:00 p.m. DLC Auditorium




ARIZONĆ’S ĆTURĆL BEĆUTY Continued from A12 it begins to twist and turn again around a town called Yarnell for about a quarter of the distance of the road from Prescott to Wilhoit. The majority of the scenery from Prescott to Wilhoit is beautiful mountains covered in ponderosa pine trees. One small section of the forest by the road fell victim to a forest fire, but the majority of the road is tree-covered mountain. The road tops out at an elevation of 6100 feet. If you only have a couple extra hours to spend, Wilhoit is a good place to turn around and head back into town. But if you have a little more time, you can take the road out to

HIGHWAY 89A From Campus, head north on Willow Creek Road, turn Right on Pioneer Parkway and follow the signs to 89A and Jerome. As you drive up the mountain towards Jerome you experience the worst of the twists and turns of the road. The scenery is tall pine trees and tree-covered mountain sides. Once you arrive in Jerome you can buy a T-shirt boasting that you survived the highway. One T-shirt even announces the number of twists and turns you just maneuvered. Although the drive to Jerome is only 27 miles from campus, the drive takes 45 minutes because of all the sharp twists and turns on 89A. The drive from Jerome to Sedona is about the same distance and takes almost the same amount of time to drive. Jerome was originally a mining town that became deserted after the local mine closed. Now it’s a tourist town is that hosts many unique gift shops

WOLF CREEK Wolf Creek is located approximately 15 miles south of campus off of Senator Highway. The road to Wolf Creek is a dirt road, so be prepared for your car to get dirty. But do not worry—no need for a big 4X4 truck here. The drive out to the creek can be a slow one, however, so plan on at least 45 minutes to get there. The creek goes through a valley between the mountains south of Prescott and collects all the rain and snow melt from the surrounding mountains. After a good storm, you can expect the creek to be pretty high. When I went, most of

Wickenburg or Phoenix. Driving towards Phoenix, Highway 89 turns into Highway 93, which turns into Highway 60, which takes you to the center of Phoenix, a few blocks from Sky Harbor Airport. The driving time from downtown Prescott to Phoenix utilizing Highway 89 is about 2.5 hours. So if you have an extra half hour on your hands for your next drive down to Phoenix, you might consider taking the alternate route. It may take a little longer, but the drive is much more exciting and beautiful than driving 75 mph down Interstate 17.

Photos and Story By: Kerianne Hobbs and small restaurants. Jerome is a great place to stop for lunch and head back. But if you have a little more time on your hands, you can drive out to Sedona and beyond to Flagstaff. Sedona is a relatively large town surrounded by beautiful red rocks and it’s a little warmer than Prescott. In addition, many old western movies were filmed in Sedona, and there is a museum in town showcasing all of them. The drive from Sedona to Flagstaff is also beautiful with more mountain roads, trees growing over the road, and plenty of pulloffs for exploring. It takes almost an hour to drive 30 miles. One of the additional attractions of the drive to Flagstaff is a cool bridge that you get to cross just outside of Sedona.

very slow in the ly ly afternoons, especially ot on weekends. It is not unusual to see trafficc backed up a mile longg going into Sedona from Flagstaff.

When planning your trip, keep in mind that Sedona is a tourist town and the traffic through town is often

From Flagstaff you can choose to go back the way you came or take the fast way down Interstate 17.

Photos and Story By: Josh Johnson what would be the calm waters in the creek during the summer had actually frozen over, with some places thick enough to walk on. You can follow the series of trails around the creek, or just walk up and downstream, taking in the scenery. Wolf Creek is right in the middle of Prescott National Forest, so if wildlife is something you are interested in seeing, then Wolf Creek is the place for you. However, those used to a more dense forest like in some places on the east and west coasts, then you may a little surprised by how sparse the trees can be in this

“forest.” In addition to the creek itself, the area has scattered camping sites to spend the weekend in the wilderness. During the dry early summer months, the water in the creek may slow to a trickle, but after a thunderstorm, the creek can rapidly fill up, so be cautious for flash flooding while hiking during the summer. The weather at Wolf Creek is

typically i ll 10 degrees d cooler l than h within the city of Prescott, and because the creek runs through a valley, you can expect to spend most of the day in the shade, so make sure to bring an extra layer or two if you intend to spend the day.

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SLIDE ROCK STATE PARK Seven miles north of picturesque Sedona, you’ll come across one of the nation’s largest watering holes. Slide Rock State Park is a beautiful day getaway that will help you relax and give you a sense of beauty, fun, and adventure. It’s hard to believe that one of the nation’s largest water holes is located in a state where a drought looms over the entire state, but the fact is that it is there for everyone to enjoy and get away from daily life. The park is operated by the National Parks and Forest Service and there is a $20 entrance fee per car. However, it does not cost nearly as much as it is worth. Surrounded by canyon walls, people can hike on several small trails before soaking their feet or swimming in the cooling river that makes up the park.

BEAVER CREEK Beaver Creek is located about an hour’s drive east of campus. Several activities are available at Beaver Creek. There is a large swimming hole surrounded by and large trees and red rocks. There is a natural diving board made out of limestone. Walking along the banks of Beaver Creek about a mile upstream there is a waterfall. There are also several trails around the creek. The site also has several fire pits and tables perfect for a picnic.

GRANITE DELLS Located within walking distance of the campus, the Granite Dells are a place to relax and have some fun anytime of the year. For many students, the Dells are their first sight of the area surrounding the campus, and become a refuge for them throughout their stay. It is one of the few locations that you can have a complete outdoor experience in Arizona. The city of Prescott decided purchase Watson Lake and its spillover Willow Lake Reservoir in 1997 to form a recreational area.

Photos and Story By: Stephen Rocha

There are a couple of ledges where people can jump from, varying in size for people who are small or don’t like to live life on the edge, as the people jumping from the 60 foot ledges clearly do. A small store is located at the entrance to the park where people can buy lunch or satisfy their craving for ice cream or sweet tooth for chocolate. As you walk to the river, there are several old houses on display honoring the people that once lived there and donated the land to the park. The water is a little cold but nevertheless cooling when the sun is high up in the sky. It is very slippery and it feels like you are ice-skating when you walk into the river but it is fun to slide on the smooth rock that makes the river bottom.

There are narrow parts where the current is a little strong but not strong enough to knock you over unless you slip. It deepens and slows down once it widens and there are no sharp rocks around causing any danger when you swim if you stay within the park’s boundaries. The designated picnic area is located near the entrance of the park where people can relax and eat their lunch at a table or on the grass under shaded areas or out under the sun. From ERAU, take a left on Willow Creek Road, left on Pioneer Parkway and get on Highway 89A North going to Jerome. You will go over Mingus

Mountain and through the town of Jerome on a windy but scenery filled highway. Take this highway through Jerome, Cottonwood, and Sedona. As soon as you leave Sedona still on 89A North, continue for about seven miles and on the left hand side you will see the Slide Rock State Park. Enjoy.

Story By: Michael Opitz Photos By: Joshua Johnson To get to Beaver Creek from campus, take Highway 89A east to the same cutoff. From Highway 90 you will turn left on Highway 69 until you reach the junction with Highway 169. Turn left onto 169, until you reach I-17. Head north on I-17 until the indicated turnoff for Sedona. At the bottom of the exit ramp there is a sign that says Beaver Creek that will point to the right. Travel this way for 2 miles until there is a series of two bridges and you’ll also see a campsite.

When you go, be sure to have plenty of water, and sunscreen. Now that it is becoming warmer outside the danger of rattlesnakes and other wild animals are also a problem. When Horizons visited Beaver Creek, the creek was flooding. This is very dangerous, fast-moving water, so do not attempt to go rafting in a rubber raft from Wal-Mart.

Story By: Joshua Martinez Photos By: Austin Troya Both of these locations have made the Granite Dells area packed with even more activities such as kayaking, fishing, hiking, bouldering, climbing, and even sailing. Also, there are several developed day camping sites around both of the lakes. There are no vehicle requirements to reach the Dells. However, there are locations that you could hike or climb that would be easier reached by vehicle. A mountain bike or horse can be used in most areas, except those reachable by climbing only.

Of all the places to go on foot around campus, the Granite Dells are one of best to get away from the hectic college lifestyle. It is a place for everyone from the experienced climber to the casual day hiker. Everyone, from young to old, can

find something to enjoy about the treasure that is the Granite Dells, right in our backyard.


Wednesday, March 10, 2010


America, Good Judgement the Lazy NEAL FASSBENDER Special to Horizons

NELSON PALMER Correspondent

It seems like America has been sinking into a general sense of laziness. As society has advanced, it almost seems like everything people do is geared towards getting away from hard work, especially work involving getting dirty and using your hands. Haven’t you noticed that almost nowhere in the media is a tradesman portrayed as being a normal member of society? It seems like there is some sort of subconscious campaign against blue collar labor. I admit that this is an odd argument coming from someone who is striving to achieve a higher level of education at the cost of being admittedly unskilled at labor. Personally, I find the kind of labor where you just use your hands to build something useful to be far more rewarding than sitting in front of a computer writing a report. This is something that people underrate. The therapeutic nature of manual labor can calm nerves, help someone sort their thoughts, and, sometimes, help increase selfconfidence. I know I feel great about myself when I can go outside on a nice day with a hammer and nails, a few bits of wood, and an idea and have something useful by the end of the day. But honestly, when is the last time you saw a plumber on a mainstream TV show that was not overweight, had good hygiene, and had well-fitting clothes? When is the last time you saw a construction worker that wasn’t whistling at a girl walking on the street? In my last piece, I wrote about how the infrastructure of the United States needed a major overhaul and that it would create a huge amount of demand for skilled labor. Such a huge demand would never be satisfied unless those skilled labor jobs that require training in a trade school or an apprenticeship are no longer portrayed as the domain of the fat and lazy. High school trade programs—for everything from auto shop to welding to wood shop—need to be bolstered to provide opportunities for those who would rather not attend college or simply cannot afford to do so. Indeed, this is a problem that needs to be attacked at every angle. This includes ending or cutting back the media’s stereotypical portrayal of blue collar labor, as well as enabling more support of trade and vocational schools. Such measures would also decrease the demand for immigrant workers and make the American labor force more competitive as a whole.

I often refer to myself as a student of life, and I believe it is beneficial to learn throughout one’s lifetime. The Prescott campus of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University provides a top notch education for students and has created an excellent college environment, conducive to learning many lessons. Among them, knowing how to use good judgement is of tremendous value. It is my opinion that this university is a safe and secure campus, which allows our students to get a good education and grow as individuals. ERAU has gone to great lengths to establish this in order for students to feel secure and concentrate on the task at hand. Still, it is helpful when students notice things on campus that are out of the ordinary and report this to the safety department. Having these additional eyes and ears on campus to assist with the general well-being of the university is useful and appreciated. Students can help out with making our campus a safer place. Use good judgment when driving, especially in the parking lots and at night. Wear light-colored clothing and reflective gear when walking and running along the Dobberteen loop in the evening hours. Please do not wear black at night; this truly makes it difficult to be noticed by the driver of an oncoming vehicle. Stay on lighted pathways and walk with

someone else whenever possible. Again, the safety department asks that you report questionable situations and unusual behavior, including strangers on campus. The campus dispatch line is 928.777.3728, this will connect you directly to the safety department during regular business hours of the safety office. Emergency Phones are strategically placed throughout campus and the flight line, and provide access to dispatch personnel 24/7; the off campus answering service covers all hours not handled by the safety office. ERAU has a silent witness program which allows anonymity for our students as needed. If you have questions regarding campus safety policy, please call or stop in. Chief Boden is generally available Monday through Friday and welcomes student input. As I mentioned, I try to keep learning and have come to find that there are many decent and caring people working here who hope you succeed in your endeavors and want to help out. This is a wonderful time of life for our students, but even so it is important to take notice of your surroundings, be aware of possible danger, and trust your intuition; ask questions if something is troubling you. I find that when I apply knowledge, am patient, use caution, show empathy, and am understanding of differences in others, then good judgment will follow. It is the sincerest wish of the safety department that you have a relaxing, fun, and safe spring break.

Section D

Craftsmanship in the Plug-n-Chug Era RYAN WILLIAMS Cartoonist

Many know of the new Cessna Aircraft Company’s newest offering, the 162 Skycatcher. The light sport category created by the FAA several years ago has seen a multitude of innovative new aircraft offerings from tiny startup companies and industry giants alike, and the Skycatcher is near the top of the list. In the realm of small, private aircraft aimed at the recreational and flight training market, an aircraft carrying the Cessna name automatically stands on the shoulders of a legacy virtually no other manufacturer can match. This means that the Skycatcher should be a nearly flawless design, offering no bad habits or dangerous tendencies to plague the student pilot, right? Unfortunately, this has not been the case, at least as far as the National Transportation Safety Board’s accident database is concerned. Two separate accidents are recorded in which Skycatchers were destroyed or substantially damaged during Cessna’s testing program. On Sep. 18, 2008, N162XP entered an unrecoverable spin during a spin recovery test sequence. The test pilot bailed out and escaped uninjured after the ballistic recovery parachute failed to deploy properly. Approximately six months later, on Mar. 19, 2009, N162CE en-

The Tree of Liberty

ANDREW NAVIA Senior Correspondent

I was very pleasantly surprised this past week when I received a response to my last editorial on the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy. I was even more surprised that it was from one of my own professors. Not only had he read it, but he also had a clipping from a newspaper which had an opposing viewpoint and statistics to one of the points I had presented. I happily read the article and took in the information it presented; sure, it did not change my views, but it did serve to further educate me and give me more information on the issue. I was happy that my professor and I were able to take part in a calm debate about the subject.

I only wish the same could be said about our representatives in Washington. Partisanship has destroyed our government as we know it. This is not a party issue; I am not blaming one side or the other. All are to blame: liberals, conservatives, democrats, republicans; it does not matter, because no matter what ideology one supports, in today’s age that ideology has come to mean more than practicality. Most politicians in modern government stand fast to their socalled “beliefs,” which often waver depending on their mood or chances of re-election, instead of doing what is best for the American people. They have completely lost touch with those that put them in power, those who entrusted them to work for all of our best interests. A glaring example of this is Speaker Pelosi’s support of Social Security benefits for illegal immigrants. I have never met a single American who supports any sort of protection or benefits for illegal aliens. I am not anti-immigration, as most extreme left-wing nuts like Pelosi would label me; after all, I would not be here

if my relatives had not crossed the border from Mexico. The difference is that my family did it legally, and if people want to come to America and reap the benefits our great country has, then they should be required to be citizens first. It is sad that our government has moved so far from its founding principles. Politicians have become so out of touch with the American people, and in the words of Samuel Adams, “it does not require a majority to prevail, but rather an irate, tireless minority keen to set brush fires in people's minds.” And so we are left with a nation moving in a direction unrecognizable to most, for it is those few, tireless extremists that continue to push America to the brink. In the end though, it is the fault of all United States citizens. If the American people never speak up, whether or not we are listened to, we will never even have a chance of being heard. As Thomas Jefferson so eloquently stated: “what country can preserve its liberties if their rulers are not warned from time to time that their people preserve the spirit of resistance?”

tered an unrecoverable spin under similar circumstances to the accident involving N162XP. This time, however, the recovery chute deployed properly and the test pilot chose to stay with the aircraft to touchdown. Despite using the Skycatcher’s development difficulties as an illustration, I am not ranting about the Skycatcher in particular, but against the current state of affairs in the engineering discipline that is responsible for these failures. I must say that I applaud Cessna’s handling of the Skycatcher program from a business standpoint, as the testing regime during which both accidents occurred was well beyond the certification requirements for the aircraft, and appropriate changes have undoubtedly been incorporated into production models. That being said, the test pilots would never have been asked to put the aircraft into a situation from which the designers did not believe it could recover. Additionally, the second prototype, N162CE, had been specifically modified to avoid an unrecoverable spin condition following the loss of N162XP, yet it too was lost to an unrecoverable spin! How could any modern general aviation design suffer from such embarrassingly elemental design failures, especially one which is intended to replace the perpetually forgiving Cessna 150/152? Unfortunately, it seems to me that the

same engineering innovations that have aided us in producing some of the most advanced machines yet seen are to blame for many design failures on a much more elemental level. So many powerful analytical and computational tools have appeared in the engineer’s repertoire of late that the irreplaceable art of designing by eyeball is fading fast. Art is exactly what it is. Every aircraft design ever put down on paper has been driven by aesthetic choices on some level, although some admittedly don’t look like it. There should always be the question on every designer’s mind: “Does it look right?” In my opinion, it all comes down to a sense of craftsmanship. We all have seen masterpieces of art whose beauty and emotion capture our imagination, be they an oil painting, a piece of music, or even a vintage airplane restored to its original glory. Imagine if that passion, that pride, that enthusiasm, were channeled toward an aircraft design. What if that design took shape in the designer’s mind as a sculptor works clay, or a poet pens words? We are so focused on learning and developing the science of aeronautical engineering that the art of aircraft design has been sorely neglected. We must never forget the true passion and humbling awe of creating a machine that soars high on wings like those of eagles, for the day that craftsmanship dies is the day true legends cease to be born.

Robin Hood: the Story of Integrity

GARRICK SANTOS Correspondent

Integrity is a very common word, but its concept is rarely put into practice. Its not that we don’t want to have integrity; shortterm priorities simply push this little word down the list. When you ask someone if he or she lied recently, it would be a lie if the answer was no. However, just because they lied does not mean that they should be labeled a liar. Lying is a normal part of everyone’s life. Sometimes, it is for the better to hide the truth if it will hurt someone. However, most of the time lying is seen as a detrimental action.

Government workers explain that “need-to-know” is a safe place for the people. But many people claim that secrets are what bring the country down. Where do you stand? Robin Hood stole from the rich and gave to the poor. Is he a hero or a villain? Once again, there is no right answer. Even if all the stories told of Robin Hood during our childhood label him as a hero, he is still a villain. It’s true that he eased the pain of the poor, all the while risking his own life. But it’s also true that he broke the law at the same time. We define Robin Hood as a hero in childhood stories because morals must overcome law when law is unjust. The truth is that when everything is normal and everyone is happy, integrity is a facade. The word exists, but nothing ever changes. Lying never stops and stealing never ends because each see ROBIN HOOD page D2


10 MARCH 2010


HORIZONS Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

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AƩribuƟons Allison Cisneros, Joseph Augello, Sean Christner, Jimmy Dossett, James Fernando, Sara Fox, Gretchen Hawkins, Kyle Holtslander, Jennifer Leo, Taylor Nelson, Nelson Palmer, Karl Parsons, Stephen Rocha, Garrick Santos, Karen StopkaKrysta Wert, Ryan Williams, Kelsey Wokash, Brenton Woodruff

Robin Hood Continued from D1 person justifies it. “I stole for a good cause,” says Robin Hood. “Integrity is a very common word, but its concept is rarely put into practice. Its not that we don’t want to have integrity; short-term priorities simply push this little word down the list. When you ask someone if he or she lied recently, it would be a lie if the answer was no. However, just because they lied does not mean that they should be labeled a liar. Lying is a normal part of everyone’s life. Sometimes, it is for the better to hide the truth if it will hurt someone. However, most of the time lying is seen as a detrimental action. Government workers explain that “need-to-know” is a safe place for the people. But many people claim that secrets are what bring the country down. Where do you stand? Robin Hood stole from the rich and gave to the poor. Is he a hero

or a villain? Once again, there is no right answer. Even if all the stories told of Robin Hood during our childhood label him as a hero, he is still a villain. It’s true that he eased the pain of the poor, all the while risking his own life. But it’s also true that he broke the law at the same time. We define Robin Hood as a hero in childhood stories because morals must overcome law when law is unjust. The truth is that when everything is normal and everyone is happy, integrity is a facade. The word exists, but nothing ever changes. Lying never stops and stealing never ends because each person justifies it. “I stole for a good cause,” says Robin Hood. “I stole for a good cause,” says the bank robber who just killed three tellers. The statement didn’t change, but the mindset and purpose did. We automatically deem the bank robber a bad person because of what he did, but not because of why he did it. We don’t know the bank robber’s story. However, we do know Robin

Hood’s story and why he stole from the rich, and that is why we like him. Law is black and white, while morality is the blurry line in the middle. The lawman just wants to know if the bank robber is guilty of the crime or not and that is all he wants to hear. At the same time, the moral man wants to know why he did it. A white lie is still a lie. It doesn’t matter what color the lie is. According to law, a lie is and always will be a lie, no matter how it is justified. According to morality, however, there is no proper justification—only opinion and belief with conviction. Honesty does not fully describe integrity; it is solely one aspect of the foundation. You can always be honest to other people, but that does not mean you are honest to yourself. You are not whole if you lie to yourself. If you do not believe in yourself to begin with, you are cutting yourself short. Honesty is still black and white. It does not have principles. It only says that you are true or untrue. That is why integrity is so powerful and must be redis-

covered in each person. Integrity is more closely related to character. The moment you know your character, you know where you stand with integrity. Character is who you are when no one is watching. You define yourself best when no one else is around to define you. The only opinion that matters, in accordance to integrity, is yours. The story of Robin Hood is the definition of integrity. Robin Hood is honest to himself because he believed in what he did and justified it with conviction. He did not care about how other people viewed his actions. Robin Hood knew that he was doing the right thing and that is the only thing that mattered. This is integrity: believing in your principles with conviction. A building cannot survive without a sturdy foundation. The foundation of a building gives it integrity. Belief with conviction is the foundation for each person. Integrity starts with a principle and a purpose. Integrity starts with you. So go be the next Robin Hood.

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Issue 11 - March 10, 2010  
Issue 11 - March 10, 2010  

Olympic Feature, Spring Break Destinations, Casino Night, Ventriloquist Andy Gross