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Hoof Print

Volume 28 Summer 2017

The Small Ruminant Magazine







• Leicester Longwool Sheep • Braided Felted Wool Rugs • Chair Pads • Traditional & Designer Styles • Dyed and Natural Colors





4034 Grassy Lick Road, Mt. Sterling, KY 40353 859.498.1613 - office 859.404.8086 - cell Email: eawbrown@hotmail.com


OUR GOALS Production Muscle Correctness

Richard L. VanSickle 284 Cabin Creek Rd. Winchester, KY 40391 859-744-8747

Healthy animals for your herd. Replacement Does, Select Bucks & Meat Production.


We practice rotational grazing and have worming records on our herd going back many years.

Denise Martin 270-307-2356, martinmeadowfarms@gmail.com

cormo, cVm, Gotland, cotSwold, wenSleydaleS & romney ƒ Visit our Wool House ƒ

Richard & Kay Popham

Shadylanefarm.com (502)376-9611 ƒ floydS KnobS, In 47119

Keinan Boers





Farm Brownland & Fiber

Keinan Boers is one of the leading Market Show Goat Herds in Kentucky. Check out our excellent genetics when you are looking for your next show prospect!”

Club Wethers & Does Jessica & Beth Johnson • Parksville, KY Jessica: 859-583-7074 Beth: 859-583-5655


Vintage Blu Farm Wine Grapes, Blueberries, Blackberries & Registered Fullblood Dorper Sheep Registered full blood dorper lambs for sale starting at $400 Steve and Missi Elmquist - Simpsonville, KY 40067 elmquist.steven@gmail.com • (216)970-7569

Registered Katahdins – Lambing in March 240 Echo Trail • Brandenburg, KY 40108 • (270)945-0747

Registered Fullblood & Percentage Savannas John Heilers & Rochelle Boland

w w w.heil andfarms.com Like us on Facebook at HeilandFarmsKY

(859)351-1449 • (270)378-4365 440 Walnut Grove Road • Columbia, KY 42728

SPREAD the WORD about YOUR HERD. Advertise on our Breeders Page Call Kelley @ 502 - 682-7780

Volume 28 Summer 2017

Hoof Print

Hoof Print Magazine Published Quarterly $24 per year

The Small Ruminant Magazine

Free with paid membership to one or more of our partner organizations. HoofPrint: The Small Ruminant Magazine is a periodical to promote better animal health, husbandry, and knowledge among sheep and goat producers. HoofPrint is the joint effort of members of the sheep and goat industries and serves as a united voice for all small ruminant producers. EDITOR / MARKETING DIRECTOR Kelley Yates

EDITORIAL BOARD Debra K. Aaron, Tess Caudill, Bill Decker, Donald G. Ely, Dr. Tom Huber, Dr. Beth Johnson, DVM, Sonia McElroy, Kathy Meyer, Mark Powell, Donna Puckett, Vincent Thompson DESIGN & LAYOUT Maggie May Rogers OFFICE SUPPORT Sharon Koontz PHOTOGRAPHY Dr. Debra Aaron, KY Sheep and Goat Development Office, KY Department of Agriculture, Sarabeth Parido, and Candace Kough ADVERTISING Kelley Yates kyates@kysheepandgoat.org (502) 682-7780


In this Issue ––––––––

11 Alabama Extension Holds Forages and Grazing Symposium 12 Electrolytes and Breeding 14 Lamb Cost of Production Baseline Model – Kentucky and U.S. Comparisons 16 Getting Started Collecting & Using Data in Meat Goats & Sheep 28 Kentucky Sheep and Fiber Festival Highlights

Executive, Editorial & Advertising Sales directed by Kentucky Sheep & Goat Development Office: P.O. Box 4709 Frankfort, KY 40604-4709

Copyright © 2016 by Kentucky Sheep & Goat Development Office. All rights reserved. No portion of this publication may be reproduced mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photo copying without written permission from the publisher.

Special Features –––––


Essential Tool for Bettering Your Flock

22 NEWS TO EWES Stockpiling Forages for


Should I Be Concerned About Soremouth?


Breeders Page


KY Sheep and Wool

In Every Issue –––––––– 4


Fall and Winter


KY Goat Producers Assoc.

TN Sheep Producers Assoc. Producers Assoc.

30 Marketplace


President’s Letter Fellow Goat Producers


nother amazing summer is here with many goat events and 4-H/FFA activities around every corner. The Kentucky Goat Producers Association would like to announce the upcoming KGPA Field Day on Saturday, July 15, 2017, at the Hart County Fairground, Munfordville. This will be a very exciting event for our members and potential members to come together and support the Kentucky’s goat industry. Enjoy a day filled with experienced professionals who will share their knowledge to better serve you as you make important decisions with your farm program. KGPA members will enjoy a very tasty lunch and lunch will also be available for purchase to non-members. But you may want to consider a valuable membership with KGPA to receive the Hoof Print Magazine, yearly Sheep & Goat Management calendar and many events provided throughout the year. There will also be vendors to share their treasures and a swap meet for producers with new or used equipment. If you have any questions, feel free to call Kenney Fenwick, master mind of this event, at 502-331-3332 or Donna Puckett at 270-218-1336. As we go into August that means State Fair is upon us! KGPA will once again be participating in the State Fair Commodities Breakfast, August 17, opening day. Goat Bacon provided by Kentucky Proud

2016-17 KGPA Board of Directors

producer Denise Martin, of Martin Meadow Farms, will represent our industry as one of the favorite tasty treats under the tent. After the breakfast we will continue into the West Pavillon, next to the dairy goat show ring, where you will find the KGPA booth set up and ready to serve. The KGPA booth will be in the West Pavillon Thursday through Saturday and then we will move to Broadbent Arena Saturday thru Tuesday. Visit us for membership information, T-shirts and some good ole goat talk. And remember, if you see the famous “BUCKS FOR KIDS” container at any of the yearly KGPA events, please consider a donation, which adds to the money given to youth from the Sale of Champions at the end of the State Fair youth shows. These young future producers work hard to get to this position so please consider supporting their future. As I close this issue’s letter, go to www. kysheepandgoat.org for information on the online KY Female Replacement Sale October 7-8, 2017. Also, keep your eyes open for upcoming information on the SRPS classes and the Annual Producer Conference on October 7th in Bowling Green. Going to be an exciting 2017 to join your fellow producers for some amazing events. Until then… my prayers are many blessings for you. KGPA President, Donna Puckett

President Donna Puckett, Munfordville, KY donnagpuckett@gmail.com

Vice-President Vincent Thompson, Elizabethtown, KY vat.farm.345@gmail.com Secretary Beth Johnson, Parksville, KY cowdocj@att.net

Treasurer Kay DeMoss, Lexington, KY kaydemoss1@windstream.net

2016-17 KGPA Board Members • Shawn Harper Benton, KY sharperfarms@yahoo.com

• Kenny Fenwick New Haven, KY • Angie French New Haven, KY kyfarmgirl@gmail.com

• Laura Phillips Brownsville, KY laurasphillips112@gmail.com

• Anita Vaske Glencoe, KY 4lcloverb@gmail.com

• Vicki Watson Auburn, KY dvwatson@logantele.com

JOIN or RENEW TODAY! KGPA Membership Application

Your $30 membership provides:

• 4 issues of the Hoof Print Magazine plus the newly designed 2017 Sheep and Goat Management Calendar • A unified voice for the goat industry on the state and national level • Representation on important committees such as the Check‐Off and the Animal Care Standards boards • Support of various educational and youth activities • Youth Membership forms can be found at kysheepandgoat.org/KGPA.html • And much, much more!

4 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print

Visit www.kysheepandgoat.org to join today! Name: _______________________________________________________ Address: _______________________City: _____________State: ______Zip:________ Phone: _______________________E-Mail: _________________________ Please enclose a check for $30 made out to KGPA and mail to: Kentucky Sheep and Goat Development Office P.O. Box 4709, Frankfort, KY 40604-4709.



Calendar of event items can be sent to kyates@kysheepandgoat.org with date, location and time.

JULY 1st 7th 10th 13th 15th 15th 18th 18th 21-22 25th 27th

Northern KY Goat Producers Assoc. Meeting; Kenton Co. Extension Office 6:00 p.m. Northern KY District Goat Show; Henry Co. Fairgrounds, New Castle Graded Sale; Richmond Graded Sale; Bowling Green Graded Sale; Springfield KGPA Goat Field Day, Hart Co. Fairgrounds Graded Sale; West KY Auction Barn South Central Goat & Sheep Producers Assoc., Barren Co. Extension 6:30pm (CT) Kentucky Junior Livestock Expo, L.D. Brown Agriculture Center, Bowling Green Graded Sale; Paris Graded Sale; Bowling Green

1st 3rd 10th 14th 15th

Norther KY Goat Producers Assoc. Meeting; Kenton Co. Extension Office 6:00 p.m. Jessamine County Goat and Sheep Meeting; Jessamine Co. Fairgrounds; 7:00pm Graded Sale; Bowling Green Graded Sale; Richmond Graded Sale; West Kentucky Auction Barn


> > Visit us at www.kysheepandgoat.org

AUGUST 15th 17-27 19th 22nd 24th

South Central Goat & Sheep Producers Assoc.; Barren Co. Extension, 6:30pm (CT) Kentucky State Fair : 17-19 Dairy Goats,18- 20 Youth Goats, 21-22 Open Goat Show Graded Sale, Springfield Graded Sale, Paris Graded Sale, Bowling Green

5th 7th 11th 12th 14th 16th 19th 19th 20-21 26th 28th

Norther KY Goat Producers Assoc. Meeting; Kenton Co. \ Extension Office 6:00 p.m. Jessamine Co. Goat and Sheep Assoc.; Jessamine Co. Fairgrounds; 7:00 pm Graded Sale, Richmond Central KY Goat & Sheep Assoc.; Marion Co. Ext. Office; 7pm Graded Sale, Bowling Green Graded Sale, Springfield Graded Sale, West Kentucky Auction Barn South Central Goat & Sheep Producers Assoc.; Barren Co. Extension, 6:30pm (CT) Rosh Hashanah Graded Sale, Paris Graded Sale, Bowling Green


Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 5



DENVER immy Parker of Vinemont, Ala., was elected to represent Region II on the American Sheep Industry Association’s Executive Board at the 2017 ASI Convention in Denver, Jan. 25-28. “Being elected to this board is an honor and I very much appreciate the confidence the members of this region have placed in me,” said Parker. “I look forward to learning more about the industry as a whole so that I can more effectively assist in its growth.” Parker grew up on the Appalachian foothill farm where he and his family now run their small flock of wool ewes. Since he basically runs a ewe operation, he doesn’t finish many lambs but those he does are sold through local farmers markets and to the ethnic trade. He also sells a few purebred rams to area producers to help increase weight gains in their hair-sheep operations.


Parker graduated from Mississippi State University with an animal science degree and began work on a masters in ruminant nutrition. Since 2012, he has been managing a family-owned feed mill where he works with feed and nutrition formulas on a daily basis. Parker knew from a young age that animals were his thing. He and his family raise and sell free-range boilers, sell eggs at the farmers market, operate a small sow operation and market milk from their dairy goats. A few rabbits, horses, donkeys and dogs also call the Parker farmyard home. He has been a member of the Alabama Farmers Federation State Meat Goat and Sheep Committee for several years. Parker is married with four children and two step-daughters. Parker represents Region II, which includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware,

Georgia, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia. For More Information Contact: Judy Malone -- 303-771-3500, ext. 104, or judym@sheepusa.org Kyle Partain - 303-771-3500, ext. 106, or kyle@sheepusa.org

ASI is an equal opportunity employer. It is the national trade organization supported by 45 state sheep associations, benefiting the interests of more than 88,000 sheep producers.

2017 TSPA Board of Directors

2017 TSPA Board Members

President/ ASI Rep.

• Steve Alsup, Lascassas, TN –

Deborah Joines, Mt. Juliet, TN djoines@utk.edu

• Dwight Loveday, Louisville, TN –


• Mark Shedden, Knoxville, TN –


• Reyes Rich, Moss, TN –

Vice President



• Brandon Tavalin, College Grove, TN – tavalintails@gmail.com

KRobert Walker, Alpine, TN


Secretary/ Treasurer

• Chris Wilson, Jonesborough, TN –

Mark R. Powell, Watertown, TN shepherdboy1@yahoo.com

• Edward Bowman, Gray, TN –



TSPA Membership Application

INE Annual Dues: Adult: $30.00 Junior $10.00 JOIN ONL ! TODAY Name: ____________________________________________________________ If you are interested in a committee please select below: _____  Wool _____  Youth _____  Jr. Expo _____  Sale _____  Production Education _____  Membership/Revenue _____ Publicity _____ Annual Meeting

6 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print

Address: ___________________________City:_____________State: ___Zip: _______ Phone: _______________________E-Mail: __________________________________ Breed(s) of Sheep: ______________________________________________________ Please enclose a check for amount made out to TSPA and mail to: Tennessee Sheep Producer’s Association • 4233 Poplar Hill Road, Watertown, TN 37184

Pay dues and join online at www.tennesseesheep.org


Tennessee Small Ruminant Conference

TSPA - UPCOMING EVENTS Date • Details • Location • Website July 6-8 TN Junior Livestock Expo, Tennessee Tech University Hyder Burks Pavillion, Cookeville, TN http://animalscience.ag.utk.edu/ Sheep/4-HSheepProject.html July 21-22 National Dorper Show and Sale. Tennessee Tech University Hyder Burks Pavillion, Cookeville www.dorper.org July 27-29 Annual Katahdin Hair Sheep International Expo Fairgrounds - Greenfield, IN http://www.katahdins.org/expo2017 October 1- 15 TDA Ag Enancment Aps Due Ellington Agriculture Center Nashville www.tn.gov/taep October 21 Fiber in the ‘Boro. Lane Agriculture Park, 315 John Rice Blvd, Murfreesboro http://www.fiberintheboro.com/ when-and-where/ TENNESSEE 2017 WOOL POOL (POSTPONED) www.tennesseesheep.org

By Jerry Lamb, Extension AgentRhea County


heep and goat producers from 5 states took time off the farm to learn about their farming enterprises during the 3rd Tennessee Small Ruminant Conference held on the University of Tennessee campus on May 18-20. The threeday event was packed with educational and Greg Upchurch with the University of Tennessee Ag. networking opportunities. Extension Service presents a program on live lamb Educational sessions evaluation during the Small Ruminant Conference. ranged from FAMACHA training and parasite management to tax issues and product liability. Producers had the opportunity to participate in a skill-a-thon contest during the trade show and winners received feed vouchers from Tennessee Farmer’s Cooperative. A highlight of the event was our daily door prizes Participants of the 2017 Small Ruminant Conference donated from Sydell. Ninety-seven of the learn about sheep and goat management from area participants reported that specialists. they could use the information received on their farm. Comments from participants included “This conference was absolutely fantastic and I would love to attend again. Everything was exceptionally well run, informative and convenient. The atmosphere was so positive and inviting and every speaker I felt would be very helpful if contacted.” And “Great program. I learned a lot that I need to improve on.”


Lamb Jam BBQ Bash

osted by the American Lamb Board, this year’s fivecity culinary tour and chef competition celebrates both the traditions and flavors of American-raised lamb and BBQ. Several of the country’s finest pitmasters will put the heat to the meat for the title of “Lamb Jam Pitmaster.” The tour kicked off this Sprint, hitting Austin on March 5. The tour continues to other BBQ and food-centric cities—Boston (April 30), Washington, DC (June 5), San Francisco (July 16) and Seattle (June 25)—culminating in September with a honky-tonk-style gathering in Nashville at the Music City Food + Wine Festival. New Lamb Jam Tour T-shirts are now available at a special $10 price!

> > Visit us at www.tennesseesheep.org

Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 7


President’s Letter Dear KSWPA Members,

I hope everyone has had a successful lambing session this winter and spring. We finished lambing 120 ewes the first part of May and it could not have gone better. We experienced mild weather and minimal issues with predators. This year one of my goals is to try and increase the membership of the Kentucky Sheep and Wool Producers Association (KSWPA). To do that I need your help as members to ask all of your friends and family who are sheep producers, but s to join you in becoming a member of the KSWPA. As a member you have access to HoofPrint our quarterly magazine, our on-line breeder directory, our mentoring program, and a variety of educational programs. The KSWPA works hard to promote the lamb industry in Kentucky and one of the ways is by providing lamb sausage at the annual Ag Commissioner’s Commodity Breakfast the opening day of the Kentucky State Fair. Over 500 people attend the breakfast including Kentucky legislators and various media outlets, which provides a great place to keep lamb in the forefront. Please encourage your family and friends to join the KSWPA. Here is the link. https://www.kysheepandgoat.org/kswpamembership-app.html The Kentucky Sheep and Wool Producers (KSWPA) in cooperation with the Kentucky Sheep and Goat Development office just completed our 8th and most successful Sheep and Fiber Festival at Masterson Station Park in Lexington. As usual I worked the front gate with other KSWPA volunteers and it pleases me that people repeatedly come to our festival from all over the region. I met people from Missorri, Tennessee, Indiana, and Ohio, and they could not have been more complementary of the festival workshops, the festival vendors, and the festival staff and volunteers. For those of you who have not attended either the KY Sheep and Fiber Festival or the Bluegrass Classic stock dog

trial, I encourage you to come and see us next May. The dog trial run Thursday through Sunday on the same weekend as the KY Sheep and Fiber Festival. My family enjoys attending the festival and then going over and watching the dog trial finals on Sunday. This year marked the 55th year of one of the largest, most prestigious, longest running stock dog trials in the country. Admission is free to the dog trial and you will be absolutely amazed by what the dog handlers can do to guide sheep with their dogs. Our Kentucky Sheep and Goat Development Office (KSGDO) Annual Producer Conference is October 7 in Bowling Green at the Brown Ag Center. This is a great opportunity to gain valuable producer information as well as an opportunity to meet fellow sheep and goat producers from around the Commonwealth. The Annual Producer Conference will coincide with our online 2017 Kentucky Replacement Sale which will be held October 7-8, 2017. We are looking for consignors! The KY Replacement Sale is designed for new producers who want to start flocks/herds and/or grow their current operations. The small ruminant industry in KY is growing and folks are looking for quality breeding stock. Let the Kentucky Sheep and Goat Development Office help you get your quality genetics into the hands of repeat customers! Details on the sale can be found at www.kysheepandgoat. org/ky-female-replacement-sale.html Best Wishes, Bill Decker

JO I N o r R E N E W TODAY ! Visit www.kysheepandgoat.org

KSWPA Membership Benefits • Quarterly issues of HoofPrint Magazine plus the newly designed 2016 Sheep and Goat Management Calendar • A unified voice for the sheep industry and representation on important state and national committees • Assistance with new marketing opportunities such as The Kentucky Sheep and Fiber Festival and HoofTrader.com • Receive a membership to the American Sheep Industry, our national lobbying, marketing and promotional support system. • Support of various educational and youth activities

Name: ______________________________________________ Phone: ___________________E-Mail: ___________________ Address: ____________________________City : _____________________ State: ______ Zip: ______________ Please enclose a check for $30.00 made out to KSWPA and mail to: Kentucky Sheep and Goat Development Office P.O. Box 4709, Frankfort, KY 40604-4709.

8 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print



1st 10th 13th 15th 18th 18th 20th 21-22 25th 27th 29th

KSWPA - UPCOMING EVENTS Bluegrass District Lamb Show, Clark Co Fairgrounds, Winchester Graded sale, Richmond Graded sale, Bowling Green Graded sale, Springfield Graded sale, West Kentucky Auction Barn South Central Goat & Sheep Producers Assoc., Barren County Extension 6:30pm (CT) Wilderness Trail District Lamb Show, Laurel Co Fairgrounds, London Kentucky Junior Livestock Expo, L.D. Brown Agriculture Center, Bowling Green Graded sale, Paris Graded sale, Bowling Green Pennyrile District Lamb Show, Hopkins Co. Fairgrounds, Madisonville


3rd Jessamine County Goat and Sheep Association; Jessamine Co. Fairgrounds; 7:00pm 10th Graded sale, Bowling Green 14th Graded sale, Richmond 15th Graded sale, West Kentucky Auction Barn 15th South Central Goat and Sheep Producers Association, Barren County Extension 6:30pm (CT) 17- 27 Kentucky State Fair, Louisville 22nd-23rd Youth Sheep Show 23rd-26th Open Sheep Show 19th Graded sale, Springfield 22nd Graded sale, Paris 24th Graded sale, Bowling Green

SEPTEMBER 7th 11th 12th 14th 16th 19th 19th 20-21 26th 28th

Jessamine County Goat and Sheep Association; Jessamine County Fairgrounds; 7:00pm Graded sale, Richmond Central KY Goat and Sheep Assoc.; Marion County Extension Office; 7pm Graded sale, Bowling Green Graded sale, Springfield Graded sale, West Kentucky Auction Barn South Central Goat and Sheep Producers Association, Barren County Extension Office 6:30pm (CT) Rosh Hashanah Graded sale, Paris Graded sale, Bowling Green

2016 - 2017 KSWPA Board of Directors President Bill Decker, Waddy, KY bdecker@cisco.com

Vice President Kathy Meyer, Paris, KY 1tkmeyer@bellsouth.net

Past President Scott VanSickle, Auburn, KY scottvansickle@wheattech.com

Secretary Mary Brown, Lexington, KY mary.brown929@gmail.com

Treasurer Dorothy Vale, Nicholasville, KY kymiww@aol.com ASI Representative Madeline Rosenburg, Bagdad, KY


KY Make it with Wool Dorothy Vale, State Director Nicholasville, KY kymiww@aol.com

> > Visit us at www.kysheepandgoat.org

8th Annual KY Lamb Jam Cook-Off and Family Fun Night August 26th • Red Mile Race Track

Enjoy family fun with lots of activities for the kids, & of course live racing! Take a Sneak Peek at the KY Lamb Jam Cookoff in the Clubhouse! Watch chefs compete in a mystery basket competition using Kentucky Lamb chops! The winning team will be announced in the Winner’s Circle.

Don’t miss your chance to try out the winning meal in the Clubhouse as only 20 exclusive tickets will be sold to people at the competition!!!

For more details, visit https://redmileky.com/calendar/

Collaboration between the Kentucky Sheep and Goat Development Office, Red Mile Race Track and Sullivan University.

Partial funding for this event is made possible by the American Lamb Board.

2016-2017 KSWPA Board Members • Warren Adcock Campbellsburg, KY Wadcock6307@hotmail.com • Frank Berry, Lexington, KY frankrberry@gmail.com • Jim Mansfield, Salvisa, KY jim@fourhillsfarm.com • Hannah Nilsson Windsor, KY windsorwoolfarm@yahoo.com • Madeline Rosenburg, Bagdad, KY Madeline.ballyhoofarm@gmail.com


Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 9

Happening This

October 7th – 8th No need to travel; R S Sell Online!

https://www.32auctions.com/KSGDOreplacementsale2017 The 2017 Sheep and Goat Replacement Female Sale is an effort to help new producers secure quality breeding stock to start herds. All animals in the sale have been pre-screened based on the Replacement Sale Guidelines, as outlined at www.kysheepandgoat.org. The sale is conducted by the Kentucky Sheep and Goat Development Office.

Meat, Dairy and Fiber Animals Commercial and Purebred

Sale will take place online October 7-8, 2017 – Sale starts 3pm (EST) on October 7 and ends 3pm (EST) October 8 – All animals consigned will be:

• Between 6 months to 2 years old • Sold in uniform lots from each consigner • Represented by both photos and video (video links will be provided at www.kysheepandgoat.org) • Pre-screened for age, appropriate size for breeding, diseases, parasites, body condition, and structure; this information will be provided online for each lot

Buyers will be provided with information regarding vaccinations, internal parasite management records, birthing records and if the females have been exposed to a male.

Consign Early for Best Promotion and Exposure!

Registration forms and complete guidelines can be found at

www.kysheepandgoat.org or Contact Kelley Yates at (502) 682-7780 kyates@kysheepandgoat.org

Meet some of the consigners at the 2017 KY Annual Producer Conference on October 7th!

10 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print

Alabama Extension Holds Forages and Grazing Symposium Normal, AL, April 2017—


he Alabama Cooperative Extension System’s Urban Affairs and New Nontraditional Programs is headed back to Perdido Beach Resort on August 25-26, 2017, for the Forages and Grazing Management Symposium. This event is being held in partnership with Tennessee State University. Soil health is critical in the production of quality forages and implementation of sustainable grazing practices. Landowners must be knowledgeable of their farm’s soil type and its potential for growing forages as well as grazing, particularly under various weather conditions. The Forages and Grazing Management Symposium is designed to educate farmers on the basics principle of forages and grazing management for sheep, goat and smallscale beef cattle production. In addition, producers will also learn about Dexter cattle production. Speakers will include forage, and grazing and animal sciences experts: Dan Ball, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Auburn University, Bisoondat Macoon, PhD, Associate Research Professor & Facilities Coordinator, Mississippi State University, Travis R. Whitney, PhD, Associate Professor, Texas A&M AgriLife Research & Extension Center, Richard Browning Jr. , PhD, Professor, Tennessee State University, Mr. Bill Smith, Assistant State Conservation Engineer, USDA/NRCS (Alabama ), Mrs. Denise Heubach, Regional Extension Agent, ACES ,Maria L. Browning, DVM, Animal Scientist, ACES, Tibor Horvath, United States Department of Agriculture/National Resources Conservation Service.

Admission is free to all symposium activities. However, space is limited to 80 participants and all attendees are required to register in advance. Hotel cost is $159 plus tax per night per room and you must book your room directly with the Resort. Visit www.aces.edu/urban to download program brochure, registration form, and other Symposium information. Or call Dr. Maria Browning at (256) 372-4954 or Dr. Karnita Garner at (256) 372-8331. Funding for this event is made possible through the United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture’s Capacity Building Grant Program and the Renewable Resources Extension Act Program. The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University) is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Everyone is welcome!

October 7,2017

2017 Kentucky Annual Producer C o n f e r e n c e

Brown Ag Center, Bowling Green, KY GUEST SPEAKERS Dr. Chris Teutsch, Extension Associate Professor, Plant & Soil Sciences Sarah Welsh, UK College of Agriculture Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory Tess Caudill, KDA Marketing Specialist for Small Ruminants

WORKSHOPS How to Start Your Own Business Making Money on Wool FAMACHA Training COST $25/person or $40/couple

Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 11


E lectrolytes and Breeding

hen we moved to Tennessee four years ago, it was our intention to do everything just right on our little sheep farm. We researched and planned, revised and reworked everything in our breeding program so that things would progress efficiently. We were young and ambitious, but sometimes our hopes and dreams for the future got in the way of actual progress. At the end of our first year solely artificially inseminating our ewes in the heat of a Tennessee summer we found ourselves at about 35% conception, and struggled even after that to naturally breed the remainder until late into the fall. The expectations of how we thought our first year “on our own” would be certainly fell short. But somehow, even those tough times pale in comparison to the exhilaration that comes when new baby lambs hit the ground. So, like many other sheep producers will tell you, we started to plot our next year’s breeding season about five days into lambing. However, this time we decided to go back to the basics, and focus on providing our sheep the best in animal health. We set out with a mantra that reaching high conception rates during the heat of summer starts with a yearround dedication to optimal animal health. Instead of looking at the breeding season as a period of 30-60 days, we shifted our focus to a much broader range—focusing

on the total picture of health, hydration, and nutrition. The facets we implemented moving into our next AI breeding season are as follows: • Stay up-to-date on general upkeep: Sixty to ninety days prior to breeding we bring the ewes in and get them sheared, while also trimming feet, worming, as well as give them a dose of penicillin. Typically we also run them through a foot bath and address any other health concerns that may be present. The ewes are out on pasture with a 15% protein tub, and we run BlueLite powder through their water at all times to give them an added boost during the fluctuations in temperature.

12 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print

• Implement BlueLite Pellets prior to, during, and after breeding: We began utilizing a daily electrolyte plus energy when I went to work for TechMix, which is a company that focuses on hydration in the dairy, beef, and swine worlds. Through my training and research, I began to see how vital it was to be supplementing these animals with an

electrolyte and added energy, especially in times of high heat and high stress. There is plenty of research on how BlueLite positively effects dry matter intake, reproductive efficiency, and decreases time sick animals are down in larger livestock- but the same principles hold true in smaller ruminant livestock such as sheep and goats. For optimal results, feed pelleted BlueLite thirty days prior to and fifteen days post breeding. We feed this as a top dress at a rate of 2oz/head/day atop of whole corn fed at 1lb/head/ day. The amount of whole corn can be promoted if ewes appear thin. At the actual AI date, our veterinarian of choice to breed our ewes has continually said that our sheep were among the most “toned up” of any he had seen the entire year.

• Create a stress-free summer and AI experience: With the exception of bringing in ewes to sheer them, as well as routine happenings surrounding synchronization including administration of hormonal stimulants and implanting Cidrs,

we try at all costs to leave the sheep alone. We do not move, transport, or work them unless necessary. As stated before, we also keep BlueLite powder in their water at all times to ensure that in times of heat fluctuation and added stress, they are getting a necessary boost to keep them on the right track.

• Focus on making good business decisions for your operation: Perhaps one of the biggest shifts has been in the mindset of how and why to breed. This is a second job, and family business for us, so if the sheep are creating added stress or financial burden it makes all other areas of our life difficult. After that first year, we decided to never use frozen semen, only fresh in the future, and committed ourselves to a stance that if the semen arrived and it was not of the best quality, we would already have a Plan B, and sometimes Plan C in place to ensure no decisions were

being made on the fly. This came in especially handy this summer, when we experienced fertility problems with one of our best bucks, but because of prior planning were still able to have a seamless and successful AI date. I am sure you will see below how that decision has impacted our confirmed bred numbers this year.

the past few years, and as they say nothing compares to experience. We live and we learn, and hopefully we grow and we get better. I like to think that sometimes we take a beat from human medicine where when my wife and I were trying to have a baby, the doctors kept it simple: eat right, drink lots of water, take your vitamins, and don’t stress too much. Yep, I think that pretty much covers it.

The results of our much-needed changes to our breeding program speak for themselves. As I previously mentioned, we only successfully bred 35% of ewes via AI our first year. Whereas our second year, that number jumped to nearly 85% confirmed bred after our initial AI, and this year we hit an extraordinary 95% conception. We run no clean up bucks until after we pull thirty-day bloodwork to confirm pregnancy, so those numbers are an accurate portrayal of how these changes have impacted our breeding program. Now we may never hit that number again, but it is nice area to brag on when the industry standard for sheep bred via artificial insemination hovers right around 60%. We have learned a lot in

Justin Hull is from the West Coast where his family has been in the sheep business for over a century. With a passion for livestock and agriculture Justin pursued a Graduate and Master’s degree at Oregon State University in Agriculture Education, and earned many top honors judging competitively at the Jr. and Sr. College level.  After teaching high school agriculture for many years in Central Oregon, he then managed a 1500 head sheep operation in Iowa before settling his wife, son Patyon, and daughter Harper in middle Tenessee.  Justin works as Sales Rep for Tech Mix Inc—a company that specializes in heat stress and animal rehydration—and enjoys managing and marketing their club lamb business Hull Club Lambs.  

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Lamb Cost of Production Baseline Model – Kentucky and U.S. Comparisons Dr. Lee Meyer, Ag. Economics Extension Specialist, UK College of Ag, Food and Environment Dr. Ken Andries, Small Ruminant Specialist, Ky State University Land Grant Programs James Robb, Director, Livestock Marketing Information Center


hen it comes to lamb profit, there are two major factors – cost of production and market prices. Depending on the situation, markets may be under your control – but probably are not. Producers who sell directly to consumers may be removed from overall markets. But, most producers find that national trends in supply and demand actually determine their prices – they have very little market control. The part of the enterprise that is under their control is production cost. Every lamb producer knows that understanding cost of production is a key factor in making the good decisions which determine profitability. Almost every production decision affects production cost. Using a feed supplement adds cost, but also adds pounds of lamb sold. Good feed management for ewes results in more and healthier, and sometimes bigger lambs. Maintaining and improving forage quality has a cost, but pays off in productivity. Every decision has a cost and a payoff. Good managers weigh these carefully. When we step back and look at the lamb industry nationally, we see that the different ecological zones, resources, weather, labor and even culture create different production systems. We know that our plentiful rainfall in Kentucky is going to give us more productive pastures than operations in the arid Southwest. We also know that we’re going to have more parasite problems. With a scattering of relatively small operations around Kentucky, it’s difficult for shearers to find enough business and for us to have enough wool to meet market needs – another regional difference These differences are critical to understanding the U.S. sheep industry. In spite of the variation, sheep production is economically viable in many parts of the country. But we also know that it’s not

always profitable. Profitability changes depending on weather, market conditions, and other factors. In order to understand that variation, the American Sheep Industry Association retained the Livestock Marketing Association (LMIC) to develop baseline cost of production estimates for producing lambs. The results of this project are useful in educational programs, policy analysis, and applied research for the U.S. lamb industry. The project has made input and output data easy to depict graphically and for trends to be summarized. Here’s how the project worked. The LMIC took the lead. (The LMIC is a dues supported organization which supports its 28 state extension services and associate members by providing timely and comprehensive livestock marketing resources through cooperation. www.lmic. info ) Specialists in four of its member states - Kentucky, North Dakota, Texas and Wyoming, developed detailed budgets for their own states. These were used to represent each of their four regions. The U.S. map shows the four regions and the number in thousands and percent of the national ewe flock. The LMIC staff added market analysis and analytical expertise. The project produced: 1) a brief summary of available university-based cost of production budgets for lamb; 2) final spreadsheets; 3) brief summary report describing the spreadsheets and the cost considerations; and 4) an analysis of

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variability and regional differences. Lamb producers will probably find three parts of the project most interesting – the budgets, the changes over the six years of data, and the analysis of regional differences. The budgets can be found and downloaded from: http://lmic.info/page/ cost-sheep-production-budget-sponsoredamerican-sheep-industry.  The Excel spreadsheet has tabs for the each of the four states. Even novices will find it easy to read and use the spreadsheet. Some differences will stand out. For example, there is a line for “federal range.” That cost is obviously $0 for our region, but is about $2.50 per ewe for Wyoming. Readers may wonder, why is “camp supplies” in the budget? The answer – in Wyoming, shepherds travel the range and camp with the flock. A look at the Kentucky budget shows that our biggest cost is “feed grain” (supplement), accounting for 25% of our variable cost. It accounts for 35% of the cost in Texas, almost none in Wyoming and only 15% nationally. We can use the feed grain example to show the value of the budget analysis. If feed grain prices rise dramatically, like they did in the early 2000s, Texas lamb producers will be most impacted, Wyoming producers will hardly feel the impact, and we’ll be in the middle. In Kentucky, 94% of our cost is for items that vary with the level of production, “variable costs.” Nationally the figure is 87%.

industry to use this tool. Individual producers can compare their costs and returns with others throughout the U.S and identify opportunities to improve their management. Dr. Kenneth Andries was raised on a livestock and crop farm in Louisiana. He did his graduate work at Louisiana and Kansas State Universities majoring in Animal genetics. Dr. Andries has worked in extension sense graduation from Kansas State University in 1996. He is currently the Animal Science Specialist and Assistant Professor at Kentucky State University where he is responsible small ruminant extension programming, goat production research, and teaching undergraduate classes.

In other words, only 6% of the typical total costs in Kentucky are fixed. In Wyoming, about 19% percent of production cost is in the “fixed” category – housing, equipment, taxes and insurance, etc. Nationally, 13% of total costs are fixed. The spreadsheet also helps us look at the situation from a whole industry position. Here’s an example. Data from the spreadsheet are shown in the Annual Returns graph Over the six year study period (2010 to 2015), calculated average

net returns per ewe, according to the model, ranged from a high of about $80 in North Dakota in 2011 to a low of -$30 in Texas in 2013. Kentucky has ranked second last in return, with only Texas have lower profitability. As mentioned before, the spreadsheet can be downloaded from the WWW.LMIC. INFO website under the “publications” tab. The American Sheep Industry Association invested in the analysis and encourages sheep producers and others in the sheep

Dr. Lee Meyer is an extension professor of agricultural economics in the UK College of Ag, Food and Environment. Some of his areas of work include: livestock marketing and management, local foods, sustainable agriculture and beginning farmer training programs. Jim Robb is the Director of the Livestock Marketing Information Center (LMIC). Jim has written over 1,200 research reports, articles, and newsletters on a variety of livestock marketing and economic topics. He is a regular speaker at conferences throughout North America and has given expert testimony to the U.S. Senate Agriculture Committee.

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Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 15

g n i t Get ted r a t S ting

lec Data l o C ng oats i s & U eat G in M eep h S &

By: Kenneth M. Andries


he ultimate goal of any enterprise is to generate a profit. One critical step to achieving a profit is to set specific production goals for the enterprise. When setting goals, remember two key factors, 1) research has shown that reproduction is the most economically important trait except in stocker or feedlot enterprises, and 2) growth is the second most important set of traits for all livestock enterprises. To utilize these key factors in your goal setting, you must rely on your records to give you a basis of comparison and direction.

Choosing the Right System

To set specific goals for an enterprise, you must first be able to analyze the data that is important to moving you towards the goal. The collection of data can look very different depending on the program used or paperwork kept, but you must think about your management system and how a record keeping system will fit into your program. While there are a lot of programs out there, you need to make sure the program you choose will keep the data you need and provide the reports you want. Also make sure it can expand with expected changes to your herd over time. For a good basic record keeping system, some people still utilize paper

and a simple computer program. Many producers will keep records in the barn and then transfer the data into an Excel spreadsheet. This system works very well as long as the correct data is collected Start with a kidding/lambing sheet that records the kid/lamb ID, Dam ID, date of birth, sex, type of birth, birth weight, and any comments. Then record weights, body condition score, and eye color score on your goats/sheep on a regular basis. Keeping this data will provide you the information to participate in different onfarm performance programs, like the KY Goat Herd Improvement Program, as well as in national evaluations like the National Sheep Improvement Program (NSIP). The NSIP program is available to both sheep and goat producers and it will calculate Expected Breeding Values for your herd/ flock. Keep the record keeping system you use simple but flexible. There are a number of pocket data books you can get for sheep and goats which help keep data together in one location. Just remember that transferring the data into a computer program helps improve the ease of use and review of the data.

Getting the Right Equipment

The next step is to get the necessary equipment to collect the data-ear tags and a scale. For many producers the starting point is a set of ear tags to provide ID on your animals. Without identification of

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every animal, that can be repeated each time you collect data, it is not possible to have good data. While I know some people can remember each animal, an ear tag insures that others know who you are referring to as well, it also makes records easier to manage. A scale is critical in developing data that shows growth. Weights can be recorded at specific times during production to develop a trend for not only the pounds gained by each market animal but also provide the production level of each breeding female as well. Scales can range from fish scales and bathroom scales, all the way up to portable livestock scales. You may be able to build a scale for a lower cost than the ones advertised or explore purchasing a scales for “group use� with a local association.

to save for replacements in your herd, and 2) to help identify dams that are not as productive as you need them to be.

goat production research, and teaching undergraduate classes.

Identifying Replacements You should select replacements from multiple births to help improve twinning and reproduction. Also look for females that grow faster in order to improve weaning weights (market weight).

Getting the Right Data

After you have your animal ID, data collection should start at birth. You should record the number of kids/lambs born to each doe/ewe as well as the IDs of both the mother and the offspring. For the offspring, record the sex and make note of any issues or observations you have that may impact survival or desirability in the future. Lastly, record the birth weight on each individual. If you lose a kid/lamb, record when it died or was noticed to be missing. This helps you in the future to know specific times that may be of higher risk for loss and can help identify possible issues. As mentioned above, recording weights is extremely important. You should record weights at birth and at least once prior to weaning. Take weights at 60 days for goats and 30 days for sheep, to measure progress and record any losses as they happen. Then take a weight at an average of 90 days in goats and 60 days in sheep for weaning. If you choose a different average age for weaning that is fine as long as it is within a normal range for the species. These weights help you to know how the kids/lambs are growing. You should also record the weight of your does/ewes at least once a year. Remember that all treatments, other than vaccines, are based on animal weight, so you need to know what they weigh to properly treat for parasites or other issues.

Analyzing the Data

The data recorded between birth and weaning needs to be used for two purposes: 1) to identify animals you want

Identifying Culls Knowing which females to cull is very important as undesirable traits will be passed onto the offspring with each lambing/kidding. Cull females that only raised singles or that had kids/ lambs and didn’t take care of them. Eliminate females that had chronic illness, mastitis, or had to be treated for parasites more than the rest of the herd. Rely on your records when culling! I have seen a lot of producers think they can remember the problem animals, but keep breeding the same animals every year because they don’t keep a record or decide to pull her off the trailer because she looks good when they go to load the culls.


Record keeping needs to start with a sound ID system and a scale. Begin recording data at birth using simple paper or pocket record books, and spreadsheets. There are a number of commercial programs that are getting better at data keeping for goats and sheep. Sheep programs can be used for goats because they allow for twin births. Production records are very critical in reaching goals based on measurable outcomes. You need to know where you are and how you progress, and records are how you get that information. Kenneth M. Andries, Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist, Kentucky State University Dr. Andries was raised on a livestock and crop farm in Louisiana. He did his graduate work at Louisiana and Kansas State Universities majoring in Animal genetics. Dr. Andries has worked in extension sense graduation from Kansas State University in 1996. He is currently the Animal Science Specialist and Assistant Professor at Kentucky State University where he is responsible small ruminant extension programming.


Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 17

Genetically Speaking...

Why Using NSIP is an Essential Tool for Bettering Your Flock by C. Shaylyn Burton and Dr. Debra K. Aaron, University of Kentucky



t the forefront of every serious sheep producer’s mind is how to increase profit and efficiency of his or her flock. This is an essential question that must be answered for any business to be successful. The hard part is finding cost efficient tools and knowing what will be beneficial to each flock. The most obvious tools for increasing productivity and profitability in the sheep business involve management and genetics. Assuming the management system is acceptable, how can flock genetics be improved so productivity is maximized within that system? The answer may be as simple as basing selection decisions on estimates of genetic merit provided by the National Sheep Improvement Program for traits deemed economically important in a particular flock.

National Sheep Improvement Program

The National Sheep Improvement Program (NSIP) was formed in 1986 to help American sheep producers improve productivity using genetic information. The goal was to collect pedigree and performance data and generate Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) for economically important traits on animals enrolled in the program. It was time for the sheep industry to follow the lead of beef and swine and begin to make use of quantitative genetic selection tools to improve productivity. “To provide predictable, economically important genetic evaluation information to the American sheep industry by converting performance records into relevant decision-making tools.” -Mission of NSIP Only a small number of producers enrolled in NSIP during its early years and genetic progress was slow. But, in 2013 that began to change. The American sheep industry made quantitative genetic selection a priority and the effort to enroll flocks in NSIP became serious. As a result, both seedstock and commercial producers have begun to see results. In the May, 2017 issue of NSIP News (“NSIP Certified” Program Helps Market Genetics for Profit), NSIP Program Director, Rusty Burgett stated, “The main breeds that have used the technology effectively have made considerable commercially relevant progress.” He cited 10 years of data from NSIP-adopting breeds to prove his point. In the Polypay breed, for example, total 18 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print

Co-author, C. Shaylyn Burton checking breeding ewes at the U.K. Sheep Unit weight of lambs weaned per ewe has increased by an average of 10 pounds. Significant improvements in productivity have also been achieved in Suffolk, Targhee, and Katahdin sheep during the last decade. Recently, a producer-driven field study in Utah showed just how beneficial NSIP could be in improving lamb profitability (Better Genetics Equals More Profit, Sheep Industry News, November, 2016). This study started with the purchase of 14 ram lambs and three yearling rams with NSIP EBV data. Another 14 ram lambs and three yearlings, purchased from the same Suffolk flock but without NSIP data, comprised the control sires. Then, a band of 1,100 commercial, white faced ewes was randomly divided into two equal groups and sent to similar pastures. One group of ewes was mated to rams with EBVs and the other group was mated to control rams. Ewes in both groups were managed the same way to ensure there were no differences in environment. Thus, lambs were sired, born, and raised in as near identical conditions as possible. At weaning, lambs sired by NSIP Suffolk rams weighed an average of 105 lb. The non-NSIP Suffolk sired lambs weighed an average of 102 lb. Lambs sired by NSIP rams were 3 lb heavier, on the average, at weaning than the non-NSIP sired lambs, so producers in the

study concluded that selecting for EBVs made a difference. Even more convincing to the producer who supplied the rams was that the “(NSIP) rams did what their records said they would do.” The NSIP rams had an average weaning weight EBV of 3.3 lb. If we assume the non-NSIP rams were average (meaning their weaning weight EBV would have been zero) and both groups of rams were mated to ewes of equal genetic merit, the expected difference in progeny weaning weight would have been 1.65 lb (that is, one-half the average EBV of the NSIP sires). Thus, the difference in average lamb weaning weight, 105 versus 102, was a fair representation of the genetic differences expressed by the EBVs when used in a management system like the one described here. EBVs are predictions of genetic value derived from application of genetic theory and statistics to performance records. The expected difference between average performance of an individual’s progeny and average performance of all progeny (assuming equal mates) is equal to one-half the individual’s breeding value for the trait. In other words, a parent transmits, on the average, one-half its breeding value to its offspring.

With additional calculations, the monetary value of the rams in the Utah study was determined. At the time of the study, the

average price of 102- to 105-lb lambs was $1.44 per pound. Thus, the 3-lb advantage of the NSIP-sired lambs meant an additional $4.32 per lamb. Spread across all lambs weaned, the producers estimated that each of the NSIP sires added more than $100 lamb value over the non-NSIP sires.

Using NSIP

The technology of EBVs provides sheep producers with vast amounts of knowledge that wouldn’t be available without the help of NSIP. Producers enrolled in the program submit records for reproduction, growth, and(or) wool production. EBVs are then calculated using all known sources of variation for each trait. Consider an individual ram. In order to get an EBV for weaning weight, we would start with the weaning weights of his sire and dam (if they are known) and then combine those records with the actual weaning weight of the ram. Weaning weights of all the other lambs that were raised at the same time and under the same management would also be included. Those data would be standardized based on known fixed effects of environmental variation (for example, sex of lamb, age of dam, type of birth and rearing). Records of all the other sheep related to this ram (even those that are in other flocks or that might have died) would be added next. Genetic relationships among these individuals (for example, full sib, half sib, grandsire, granddam) as well as

Genetically Speaking continues on pg. 20

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Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 19

Genetically Speaking continued from pg. 19 scorrelations among traits would be determined. Finally, using some complex equations, we would obtain an estimate of the genetic merit (in the form of an EBV) for the ram in question. This EBV would tell us the ram’s potential to pass on genes for heavier weaning weight to his offspring. It would be based on all available performance and pedigree information. Comparing his EBV to EBVs of other rams, we could make accurate selection decisions. On the other hand, if all we had to base selection decisions on was actual weaning weight data, we might make wrong selection decisions because they would be based on incomplete information. The good news for producers is that NSIP takes care of calculating all this information. All producers have to do is submit animal performance and pedigree data.

Enrollment in NSIP

So how does a producer get enrolled in NSIP? First, go to the NSIP website (www.nsip.org) and click the “Become a Member” tab.

www.nsip.org Then click on “2017 Enrollment Form-Youth and First Year Free.”

www.nsip.org This will bring up the 2017 enrollment form: pictured right. As seen, the form asks for contact information (name, address, email, and phone number) and type of software (PCor Mac-based) that will be used to submit performance data. Also included on the form is information about the flock (breed and number of ewes). If there are multiple breeds in the flock, their data will need to be submitted separately and each will have a separate NSIP Flock ID. They are kept separate in order to group breeds for comparison with other flocks of the same breed. 20 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print

All new members make a one-time payment of $100. This is a deposit that will be credited toward data base fees. If data base fees are less that $100 in the first year of membership, that balance will be credited toward future years. In addition, there is a data base fee of $3.00 for each animal submitted with a post-birth measurement. This fee will cover the lifetime of the animal. An NSIP membership includes: (1) software for flock data management and submission, (2) training and mentoring support if requested, (3) calculation of EBVs using sophisticated statistical models, (4) comprehensive reports on both individual animals and breeds, (5) flock (producer) listing on the NSIP website, and (6) news updates via mail. Also, two new tools will soon be available to members: the “Certified NSIP Sires” program and an online searchable database for NSIP animals. More about both of these new programs can be found at www.nsip.org. Once a membership is established, a link to download the software program (PedigreeMaster Version 2.35) is sent to the email address provided on the enrollment form. Using PedigreeMaster, the following data is entered for each individual animal: ID number, sex, type of birth, rearing type, conception method, lambing ease, status (alive, dead, culled,

etc.), date of birth, birth weight, sire, dam, date of weaning, weaning weight, date of post-weaning weight, and post-weaning weight. Producers enter as much of the data as available. The opportunity to input information on other traits (for example, wool traits and parasite infection data) is possible for some breeds. Each producer chooses the traits that are of economic importance to their flock management system. After all data are entered, the data set is submitted to NSIP. Submissions can be made twice per month, generally on the 1st and 15th. Producers receive results, via email, 3 to 7 days after submission. Results include reports of new EBVs and sire summaries, a general database summary, and a report on flock genetic trends. To assist producers, a manual with step-by-step instructions can be found by clicking the “Member Services” tab and selecting PedigreeMaster.

Challenges and Uncertainties

www.nsip.org Also, if a producer does not have the technology or does not want to enter data themselves, a list of data processors for hire can be found under Member Services (see above). Once enrolled, producers may find that one of the more beneficial tabs on the NSIP website is “Find Stock with EBVs”:

www.nsip.org Here producers will find a list of all the breeds using NSIP. Once a breed is selected, a map appears with locations and contact information of all breeders enrolled in NSIP for that breed. This allows producers to network with other NSIP members and diversify their flock with seedstock from other sources. Ultimately, this provides greater genetic linkage and better estimates of genetic merit within the breed.

Like most new endeavors, there are challenges and uncertainties for producers considering enrolling in NSIP. Industry leaders, university researchers, and extension specialists all agree NSIP is a needed and valuable resource, but many producers are still skeptical. It is a new concept for some, it requires more recordkeeping for others, and some may still lack confidence in NSIP. With regard to the latter, the more flocks that enroll in NSIP and the more data that are submitted, the greater will be the accuracy of the results. The good news is that membership numbers are on the rise, with about 350 U.S. flocks currently enrolled. This increase in membership and data will lead to a boost in confidence in NSIP. It may take extra time and work to get involved with NSIP but in the long run these efforts will be rewarded with positive genetic change, and with that, increases in productivity and profitability of the sheep enterprise.

C. Shaylyn Burton graduated from the University of Kentucky with a B.S. Degree in Animal Science in May, 2017. While a student, Shaylyn worked at the U.K. Sheep Unit. Stimulated by an interest in genetic improvement, Shaylyn enrolled in a special problem course under Dr. Aaron with the goal of learning more about NSIP and ending with enrollment of the Hampshire, Polypay, and White Dorper flocks in NSIP. This article represents a portion of her work. Dr. Debra K. Aaron, PhD, professor in the UK Dept. of Animal Sciences, teaches animal science and genetics. Her research interests are in sheep breeding and genetics.

Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 21


Stockpiling Forages for Fall and Winter By Dr. Donald G. Ely Department of Animal and Food Sciences University of Kentucky



pproximately 90% of the annual diet consumed by sheep around the world is made up of roughage, either as grass forage consumed in pastures, forage harvested as hay, or silage (haylage). Sheep producers whose forage base is a “cool season” grass, such as bluegrass, orchardgrass, fescue, timothy, and/or bromegrass, find these forages grow best in the spring and fall. As a result, they find annual nutritional deficit periods for sheep in summer and winter. Although the summer deficit can be averted by grazing leftover spring forage growth, legumes, or annuals (i.e., sorghum sudangrass, millet), supplemental feeding, usually in the form of hay, is required to cover the winter deficit. The cost of hay, whether homegrown or purchased, is one of the largest expenses in maintaining a sheep flock. For example, estimates of the combined costs of producing and harvesting average grass hay have been between $50 and $60 per ton, and some producers finish harvesting this hay just in time to start feeding it. Pasture management, such as stockpiling and subsequently grazing forages, can avoid some of the cost of harvesting the same forage for hay.

What Is Stockpiling?

Stockpiling forage is the practice of accumulating forage growth in pastures so it can be used for grazing in a later season. In Kentucky, and surrounding states, stockpiling takes advantage of late summer–early fall growing conditions to accumulate high quality cool season grass or grass-legume pastures for late fall and winter grazing. This grazing period (November/ December) coincides with the beginning of the typical hay feeding season. The practice of stockpiling forage for late fallwinter grazing has not been as widely adopted in the sheep industry as the beef industry because the traditional lambing season has been in January/February in the Farm Flock States. This system typically required ewes be either totally or partially confined in barns in late gestation, lambing, and early lactation and be fed greater amounts of higher quality diets than may be available from stockpiled forages. However, with the advent of spring (April) lambing, there is a greater opportunity to allow ewes to graze stockpiled cool season forages during breeding in late November/ early December and early gestation in late December and even into January. Instigation of some creativity today will even allow pregnant ewes to graze stockpiled forage before lambing begins in January/February. Out-of-season lambing (September/October) ewes can

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most certainly graze stockpiled forages after they wean lambs in December. This article will describe how stockpiled forages fit into each of these management programs.

Which Grasses Can I Stockpile for Sheep?

Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith, Jimmy Henning, John Johns, and Roy Burris, University of Kentucky extension specialists, described the best grass for stockpiling to be a “cool season” grass that will retain its green color and forage quality late into the winter. The grass should be resistant to low temperatures and have the capability of forming a tight sod. Tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass contain these characteristics. Tall fescue is the classic cool season grass to stockpile. Typically, it makes more growth in the fall than bluegrass, orchardgrass, timothy, or bromegrass. It has a waxy layer on its leaves that makes it more resistant to frost damage and weathering. Therefore, grazing to a low winter residual height has little effect on subsequent spring growth or stand density. It also accumulates a high concentration of soluble carbohydrates (sugars) in the fall, so the resultant forage contains higher levels of total digestible nutrients (TDN = energy) and crude protein than typical tall fescue hay (Figure 1). Even though

Figure 1. Comparison of Stockpiled Tall Fescue Quality to Average Hay Quality*







*Source: Mark Kennedy, Missouri, 1997-2003 and John Jennings, Arkansas, 1998-2002. the quality of the stockpiled forage does decrease as winter progresses, tall fescue maintains its quality longer than other cool season grasses. If the tall fescue is endophyte-infected, the toxic ergovaline concentration has been shown to decrease dramatically from December to April. This rapid decline, in contrast to the slow decline of TDN and crude protein levels, makes tall fescue an excellent stockpiled forage for grazing from November through January and February. Lambs are not especially fond of tall fescue because of its tall growth, large leaves, and high fiber content. Therefore, grazing stockpiled fescue should be reserved for mature ewes that are (1) in late gestation before lambing in January/ February, (2) in the breeding pasture in late November/early December and early pregnancy in December, even into January, or (3) those that lambed in September/October and weaned their lambs in December. Bluegrass can be stockpiled successfully because of the tight sod it makes. Its physical characteristics, especially its small, thin leaves, makes it highly palatable for sheep. Although it will contain higher protein levels than tall fescue, the total yield of forage per acre is only 50 to 60% of tall fescue. If bluegrass is stockpiled, plan to graze it earlier (November/December) than tall fescue

because its quality decreases more rapidly after frosts and hard freezes. Orchardgrass and bromegrass can be stockpiled, but the quality of the forage decreases faster than fescue and bluegrass. These grasses also have less persistence under heavy winter grazing, which may cause stands to become thin for the next grazing season. To maximize consumption of highest quality forage, graze all cool season grasses as soon as possible after hard freezes. Extended grazing into January fits stockpiled fescue best. But, many pastures may contain a mixture of cool season grasses (i.e., fescue/bluegrass, orchardgrass/ bluegrass, fescue/orchardgrass or a combination of all three). These pastures should be managed the same way as pure stands. Graze as soon as possible after the stockpiling is complete and recognize that sheep will likely consume bluegrass first, orchardgrass second, and fescue last.



Tips for Stockpiling

Begin to prepare for stockpiling by deciding which field or fields to stockpile in spring and summer. Conduct a soil test for phosphorus, potassium, and calcium for potential phosphate, potash, and lime applications. Fields with deep soils are less prone to drought and are the best candidates for stockpiling. Forage growth responses to nitrogen fertilization rely heavily on soil moisture. Target pastures with thick stands of grass. Fields with excessive



News to Ewes continues on pg. 24

Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 23

News to Ewes continued from pg. 23 weed population are undesirable for stockpiling. Clovers are less responsive to stockpiling than are grasses.

Late July–early August is the time to actually begin stockpiling. Make sure the old, low-quality summer forage growth has been removed to 3 to 4 inches by grazing animals or mechanical clipping by August 1. Apply 50 pounds of actual nitrogen fertilizer per acre (150 lb ammonium nitrate) between August 1st and 15th. Phosphate, potash, and lime should be applied based on soil test recommendations. Nitrogen applications before August 1 may encourage the growth of crabgrass and foxtail and, subsequently, reduce the production of the grasses intended for stockpiling. Use ammonium nitrate fertilizer because urea is used only 79 to 89% as efficiently as the ammonium nitrate (Garry Lacefield, Ray Smith, Jimmy Henning, John Johns, and Roy Burris. Stockpiling for Fall and Winter Pasture. AGR-162, University of Kentucky). Plans must be in place to provide alternative feed sources as the forage stockpiling progresses. Some of these plans will be dictated by the specific sheep production system. Then three production systems are identified as January/February, April, and September/October lambing. Producers whose lambing season is January/February manage their ewes through nutritional flushing and breeding during August/September. Typically, these ewes graze bluegrass, orchardgrass, bluegrass/ white clover, or orchardgrass/white clover pastures until the end of breeding. These same ewes can serve as scavengers after breeding (early gestation) by grazing non-stockpiled grass pastures, corn or soybean residue after grain harvesting, turnips, or alfalfa (after a hard freeze) for 30 to 45 days (midOctober to mid-November, and into December). Stockpiling forage for late fall-early winter grazing may require the feeding of low quality hay during this scavenging period because the grazing feed source becomes exhausted. Having to feed hay during this time of the year may sound absurd, but the weather in October/November is more conducive to feeding hay than later in the cold of winter. In addition, less hay per ewe will be required to do the same job if fed in October/November rather than in December/January. After the scavenging or hay feeding period, move the ewes to stockpiled forage and graze this as long as possible before moving them to the barn for January/February lambing. As the ewes come within 4 weeks of lambing, they will need to be supplemented with 1.0 lb per head per day of shelled corn or concentrate mix whether they are grazing stockpiled forage or being fed medium quality hay in a non-stockpiled forage system. A second sheep production system that can use stockpiled cool season forage is April lambing. In this system, ewes are dry and open during August/September/October when forage is typically stockpiled. The nutrient requirements for these ewes are low compared with their upcoming flushing/breeding, late gestation, and lactation requirements. Therefore, they make excellent scavengers to graze dormant cool season grasses or corn or soybean stubble until October 15. They make great use of turnips for 30 days (October 15 to November 15). If ewes are to lamb in April, their breeding season needs to be only 21 to 28 days (November 15th to December 7th to 15th). They can make use of stockpiled forage as they are supplemented with 1.0 lb shelled corn or concentrate mix per head per day 24 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print

during breeding. Continuing to graze this forage, without supplementation after breeding through late December and into January can save hay feeding during this period. Once all the stockpiled forage is consumed, low quality hay will likely have to be fed until March when ewes are switched to medium quality hay plus 1.0 lb per head per day of shelled corn or concentrate mix during the last 4 weeks of gestation. Ewes bred out-of-season in May will lamb from September 25 through October 25 (fall lambing). They normally graze dormant cool season grass (orchardgrass or bluegrass/clover) pastures from August 1 to 25. They might continue to graze these same pastures in the last 4 weeks of gestation, but will need to be fed 1.0 lb shelled corn or concentrate mix per head per day. If lambing on pasture is a part of the production plan, the best time, weather-wise, is in September and October. If the ewes lamb on pasture, they most likely will remain on pasture during lactation. In this scenario, ewes will likely eat all the cool season fall grass, leaving hay feeding to be necessary all winter after lambs are weaned in December. An alternative to this management plan is to lamb these ewes in the barn in September/October. Feed a lactation ration of 5 to 6 lb of hay and 2 to 3 lb of shelled corn or concentrate mix per head per day until lambs are weaned in December. This management allows the cool season grasses (tall fescue, orchardgrass, bluegrass, timothy, and/or bromegrass) to accumulate while lactating ewes are fed high quality hay in confinement. Then, after lambs are weaned in December, ewes can graze stockpiled forage as long as the supply lasts. Even if the stockpiled forage supply does not last all winter, the amount of hay required to maintain these dry ewes for the rest of winter will be less than if stockpiling was not a management practice.

Dollars and Cents

The most efficient way to use stockpiled forage is to strip graze. Place two strands of temporary electric fence across the field, as shown in Figure 2, to allow the flock access to a strip of pasture large enough for a one-, two-, or three-day grazing allotment. Strip grazing forces the animals to be less selective so the available forage is consumed more uniformly than if they had access to the entire field. Once an area is grazed to 3 to 4 inches, the fence is moved to include more of the pasture (Figure 2). A water supply that does not freeze and a loose complete mineral should always be available. A hay supply should be available for emergencies such as a 6-inch, or more, snow that covers the standing forage. Hay may also need to be fed if a thick layer of ice forms on the forage. Tall fescue is the best forage to stockpile because of the reasons discussed above. Although it is less palatable to sheep than orchardgrass or bluegrass, stockpiling increases its quality and simultaneously increases its palatability. University of Kentucky research shows “new” novel varieties of tall fescue are more palatable than the “old” Kentucky 31 tall fescue. However, if stockpiled forage is grazed by mature ewes, palatability should not be a problem with any of the fescues. Data from the University of Arkansas show stockpiling will supply as much as 2,000 lb forage dry matter (DM) per acre. The DM requirement of a 150-lb dry, open ewe to maintain weight is 2.6 lb per head per day. However, lower forage quality will increase the need for more daily DM intake. Pregnant ewes

Research has shown a $15 to $20 savings per animal unit for grazing stockpiled forages vs. feeding hay. One animal unit is assumed to be one 1000 to 1200-lb beef cow or 5 to 6, 150-lb ewes. The $15 to $18 savings per animal unit in this example fits within the range reported from these research studies. In addition, grazing stockpiled forages can reduce labor requirements up to 25% of that for conventional hay feeding. Consequently, it seems that we should let the sheep do as much of the work as possible when harvesting forages.


Begin planning in spring and summer for stockpiled cool season grass grazing in late fall – early winter. Decide which field(s) and grass(es) to stockpile and which animals will consume the forage. Graze the forage to 3 to 4 inch height by Figure 2. An Example of Strip Grazing Utilizing Temporary Electric Fence August 1. Fertilize in early August and allow forage to accumulate until mid- to scheduled to lamb in January/February need to gain 0.5 lb per late-November or early-December. Provide alternate forage head per day during late gestation, pregnant ewes scheduled sources as the stockpiling progresses. Fescue produces the to lamb in April need to gain 0.07 to 0.10 lb per head per day, most stockpiled forage per acre (2,000 lb dry matter per acre), and open ewes (September/October lambing) that have just its quality (sugar content) increases through fall growth, weaned lambs need to gain 0.07 to 0.10 lb per head daily while and it maintains its quality longer into the winter (January/ grazing stockpiled forage. Therefore, let’s say all of these ewes February) than other cool season grasses. Ewes scheduled need to consume at least 3.0 lb DM per head per day. Then, to lamb in January/February can use stockpiled forage in an example of the economics of grazing stockpiled forage vs. late gestation if they are supplemented with at least 1.0 lb feeding hay for a 50-ewe flock for 50 days becomes: shelled corn or concentrate mix per head per day. If April is the month planned for lambing, ewes can be bred in late Grazing November/early December while grazing stockpiled forage. 50 ewes x 3.0 lb DM/ewe/d = 150 lb DM/50 ewes/d This grazing regimen can continue after breeding (late 150 lb DM/50 ewes/d x 50d = 7,500 lb DM/50 ewes/50d December into January). Lambs born in September/October Assume 75% utilization of standing forage DM (University of are normally weaned in mid-December. Their mothers can be Arkansas data) managed, after weaning, on stockpiled forage as long as the Therefore, 7,500 lb DM ÷ 75% utilization = 10,000 lb total forage supply lasts during winter. Use of electric fence and DM/50 ewes/50d strip grazing leads to the most efficient use of the standing 10,000 lb total DM/50 ewes/50d ÷ 2,000 lb DM production/acre forage in all situations. Moving the fence every day, every two Then, 50 ewes will require 5 acres for 50 grazing days days, or every three days forces the animals to be nonselective Fertilizer cost = $400/ton ÷ 2,000 lb/ton = 20¢/lb of the forage plants they consume, which promotes uniform Recommended 150 lb fertilizer/acre x 20¢/lb = $30/acre grazing. Grazing stockpiled cool season grasses is more $30/acre x 5 acres = $150/50 ewes/5 acres economically efficient than feeding hay during the same time frame (November/December/January) and can save as much Hay Feeding as 25% in labor because the sheep do the work of harvesting. Mature, fescue hay = $60/ton ÷ 2,000 lb/ton = 3¢/lb * $4 lb hay/ewe/d x 3¢/lb = 12¢/ewe/d 50 ewes x 12¢/ewe/d = $6.00/50 ewes/d Dr. Donald G. Ely, Professor in the Department of Animal and $6.00/50 ewes/d x 50d = $300/50 ewes/50d Food Sciences at the University of Kentucky. Grazing Savings $300 - $150 = $150/50 ewes/50d $150 ÷ 50 ewes = $3/ewe/50d $3 x 5 ewes = $15/animal unit or $3 x 6 ewes = $18/animal unit *Mature, fescue hay considered lower quality than stockpiled forage. Hay intake takes into account 10 to 15% wastage.

Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 25

Health & Management


by Dr. Beth Johnson. Kentucky of Agriculture’s State Veterinary Services


ontagious ecthyma, commonly referred to as soremouth or “orf”, is a highly contagious, zoonotic disease affecting small ruminants such as sheep and goats. It is caused by a poxvirus and can persist in the environment for a long time in the scabs that drop off once the animal heals. Clinical signs of this disease include vesicular formation progressing to pustules followed by scab formation on the lips, nostrils, face, eyelids, teats, udders and feet of infected sheep and goats. Young animals seem to be more susceptible to soremouth since many older animals have already been exposed, became infected, then recovered. Once an animal recovers from soremouth it appears that they acquire lifelong immunity. Depending on the severity of the lesions, reduced weight gain, feed efficiency and mastitis are some of the side effects of this disease. Problems arise when adult ewes/does which have never been exposed develop lesions on their udder and teats, usually from their offspring that have mouth lesions. If very severe, a kid/lamb may not want to nurse or the dam may have teat lesions so severe that she won’t allow nursing and the offspring may die from starvation. Photo A demonstrates a young kid with soremouth lesions. Some sources for introduction of soremouth into a naïve herd include stalling in pens at a show where infected animals are or have been, purchasing animals from a herd or livestock market where active infection was present, biosecurity breakdown (no change of clothes/footwear after visiting another farm/livestock market, lack of quarantining new purchases). Within an infected herd, feeders are a common source of infection. When a sheep or goat becomes infected, it takes 2-3 days after exposure for a vesicle or pustule to form followed by a scab. Scabs are usually present for 2-3 weeks, heal and then drop off and exist in the environment for a long period of time as a future source of infection. Since soremouth is caused by a virus, treatment is aimed towards preventing secondary infection such as severe inflammation and mastitis. A broad spectrum antibiotic ointment or strong

A: Soremouth lesion on a young kid.

B: An Orf lesion on a human finger.

C: Interdigital Lesion complicated by contagious ecthyma. iodine can be applied to the lesion to prevent secondary bacterial infection. If infection is severe, systemic antibiotics should be administered to help the affected animal to recover more quickly. As with all disease, consult your local veterinarian for advice regarding treatment, prevention and control. When considering prevention, many

26 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print

producers elect to vaccinate their young lambs or kids against soremouth. The vaccine is a live virus so if soremouth is not present on a farm it is very important not to introduce it by vaccinating. A small drop of reconstituted vaccine is applied to an area of skin without hair or wool that has been slightly scratched. The virus enters the skin through these small cuts or abrasions. Vaccinated animals experience a small lesion in this area which heals and provides protection against future exposure. Locations that have been utilized for vaccination are the inside of the ear, tail web, inguinal area, etc. As can be seen by the severe interdigital lesion pictured in Photo B, kids with soremouth lesions will chew on other areas of their body causing lesions elsewhere. Another important aspect of this disease is the potential for human infection. Soremouth is a zoonotic disease. As pictured in Photo C, humans develop a nonhealing lesion which may take 2-3 months to heal. In today’s society, another concern is secondary infection with MRSA resulting in a life threatening event. It is extremely important that humans wear protective gloves and clothing when handling infected animals. Don’t be like the producer in Photo B! Be sure to wash any exposed areas thoroughly after handling animals. As with animals, there appears to be lifelong immunity in humans that had a lesion. Be sure to contact a health professional if you suspect that you have a lesion and let them know that you have handled animals with this virus. Always remember as an ethical owner/ producer you should feel obligated to reduce the risk of spreading this disease to other producers. If you have show animals with soremouth, do not bring them to the shows until completely healed, otherwise they will be disqualified and sent home. They will be disqualified and sent home. It is a reportable disease in Kentucky and infected animals should not be brought to livestock sales exposing other animals at the sale. Dr. Beth Johnson is a Staff Veterinarian in the Kentucky Department of Agriculture and has 40 years of experience raising and treating small ruminants. Her family farms in Parksville, KY where she raises Gelbvieh cattle and Boer goats.

Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 27

2017 Kentucky Sheep & Fiber Festival

Yarns of every color, texture and fiber type were on display by many of the vendors.

by Sarabeth Parido


he Kentucky Sheep & Fiber Festival, a natural fiber and local food event, celebrated it’s 8th year at Masterson Station Park in Lexington, Kentucky. Over 3000 people attended the event, despite some threats of rain. The two-day festival showcased some of the nation’s best fiber artists as well as offered nearly thirty workshops, sheep shearing demonstrations, and vendors with supplies for knitting, spinning, weaving, dyeing and crocheting. Workshop instructors came from as far as New Zealand this year, Grande, the pink llama, was a huge hit all with Kate Sherratt from Ashford weekend. Handcrafts teaching a rigid heddle weaving and fiber preparation Your Business class for those looking to classes. Local Kentucky shepherdess, make more with their wool. Other well Hannah Nilsson also offered her Sheep received classes spanned the spectrum to Shawl Class and taught a new Crafting of dyeing fibers with mushrooms to 28 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print

beginning drop spindle techniques to tapestry weaving. All classes were well attended with quite a few classes selling out completely. Our amazing vendors filled the Masterson Station Agriculture Building and Pavillion, with many more vendors lining the sidewalks of the park. Guests enjoyed two yarn buses this year, as well as many interactive vendor demonstrations throughout the day.

Our sheep shearing demonstration was again a big hit, as guests got to see the sheep up close and personal as they were sheared. A few guests even got brave enough to take shearer, Bill Haudenshield’s offer to help him shearer. The demonstration was given an added attraction, as Crowely’s Mill, Kentucky’s newest fiber mill, got to grade the fleeces directly off the sheep, helping guests to see what makes fleeces individually unique and valuable. The Kentucky Sheep and Fiber Festival Committee is already looking ahead to the 2018 Festival on May 19 & 20 with big plans for the future. Sarabeth Parido is the Director of the Kentucky Sheep and Fiber Festival. She raises her own small flock of sheep in Clark County, Kentucky along with her husband and three sons. She spins and dyes her fiber into yarn and has taught knitting classes for 14 years. Sarabeth is passionate about Kentucky fiber and wants to see great things happen for Kentucky wool producers. Bill Haudenshield shears a Babydoll Southdown Ewe as Gavin McKerrow explains the process.

The Kentucky Sheep and Goat Check-Off Program collects $.50 for every $100 worth of sheep and goats sold in the Commonwealth. According to Kentucky law, Check-Off funds must be used for the purpose of promoting the increased use and sale of sheep and goats. Major efforts of the Check-off program:

• The New Farmer Recruitment Program - provides 0% interest loans for eligible farmers to add sheep or goats to their farming enterprises. Must be an SRPS graduate to qualify. • Special Projects Grant- Provides funding for sheep and goat related special projects that either work to increase the supply of sheep and goats in Kentucky or increase the demand for Kentucky raised sheep and goats and their products. • State-wide promotion and marketing of all sheep and goat products such as the Kentucky State Fair, food events, promotional materials for producers and so much more! To learn more details about the Kentucky Sheep and Goat Check-off Program visit www.kysheepandgoat.org/Check_Off.html Hoof Print I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I 29

MARKETPLACE American Dorper Sheep Breeders Society, Inc. 573-696-2550 www.dorper.org

Ketcham’s www.ketchamssheepequipment.com

Bluegrass Livestock Marketing Group MountainView Machine www.bgstockyards.com 605-253-2018 www.mountainviewlivestock.com BLUELITE techmixglobal.com National Livestock Producers Association 877-466-6455 www.sheepandgoatfund.com 1-800-237-7193 ext. 10 Callicrate Bander 1-800-858-5974 Paris Stockyards www.CallicrateBanders.com 859-987-9945

Fastrack TN Sheep Producers Association 1-800-727-0716 www.tennesseesheep.org www.showmeperformance.com TN Small Ruminant Grazing Conference HoofTrader 423-775-7807 KY Sheep & Goat Development Office United Producers, Inc. 502-682-7780 270-843-3224 info@kysheepandgoat.org University of Kentucky Kalmbach Feeds www.uky.edu/AnimalSciences/sheep/sheep.html 419-310-4676 www.uky.edu/AnimalSciences/goat/goat.html www.kalmbachfeeds.com www.ca.uky.edu Kentucky Goat Producers Association www.kysheepandgoat.org



Kentucky Sheep & Goat Check-Off in www.kysheepandgoat.org contact: Kelley Yates • kyates@kysheepandgoat.org Kentucky Sheep & Wool Producers Assoc. (502)682-7780 www.kysheepandgoat.org

State Graded Sheep & Goat Sales 2nd & 4th Thursdays of every Month

Cattle Sales every Tuesday at 1:00pm 4350 Louisville Road Bowling Green, KY (270) 843-3224 30 I VOLUME 28 Summer 2017 I Hoof Print

Whether in the Barn or on the Show Circuit,

Formula of Champions & Kalmbach Feeds have a feeding program for your sheep & lambs.

STARTER/GROWER (618BOV)/(618DX90G) A creep feed developed for starting show lambs. This pelleted creep feed will give them a great bloom while maintaining a firm handle at a young age. Designed for use up to 80 lbs, then transition onto a textured show option. This feed is now available with your choice of Bovatec or Deccox.


This versatile textured feed has been used successfully from start to finish. PTO was originally created as a textured creep option, giving the lambs the advantage of bloom & expression for sale season. Many customers were so pleased with its’ performance they opted to keep lambs on it all the way through and had much success in the ring. A highly fortified ration with a high level of roasted soybeans and medicated with Deccox.


This unique barley-based show lamb feed will add a smooth, yet firm layer of condition to your show lambs. Recommended for use once weighing 100 pounds or over, lambs on X-Factor will finish correctly, yet maintain a neat, trim, appearance. Use with confidence! Medicated with Deccox.


Show Star has earned its keep in our program, feeding some of our most prestigious winners. Possibly our most highly-fortified show lamb diet, feeders will see no need to top-dress or supplement while using this product. The steam rolled grain ingredients keep palatability at a peak while pushing the energy to your lambs. Designed to use from 80 lbs to show day. Medicated with Deccox.

Available at Kalmbach Feeds, Inc. dealers. For your closest dealer, visit kalmbachfeeds.com or call 419-294-3838

P.O. Box 4709 Frankfort, KY 40604-4709

Profile for HoofPrint- The Small Ruminant Magazine

HoofPrint vol.28 Summer 2017  

HoofPrint - The Small Ruminant Magazine is a periodical used to promote better animal health, husbandry, and knowledge among sheep and goat...

HoofPrint vol.28 Summer 2017  

HoofPrint - The Small Ruminant Magazine is a periodical used to promote better animal health, husbandry, and knowledge among sheep and goat...