MY ZIMBABWE YOUR ZIMBABWE
THE NATURAL AND CULTURAL RESOURCES DEFINITIVE GUIDE
Travel with Bitcoin
AirBnB opens a World of Opportunities
RELIGIOUS TOURISM ISSUE | 2017
UNEARTHING TOURISM POTENTIAL IN ZIMBABWE
VICFALLS AIRPORT A GAME CHANGER
USD5.00 OTHER COUNTRIES USD7.00
QUAINT HOTEL IN AN AMAZING LOCATION
CREATIVITY IS ALLOWING YOURSELF TO MAKE MISTAKES DESIGN IS KNOWING WHICH ONES TO KEEP” “
a: 13 Shingai Court, 69 Baines, Harare, Zimbabwe, c: +263 775 064 698, +263 733 408 833, e: email@example.com
CONTENTS & CREDITS
QUAINT HOTEL IN AN AMAZING LOCATION page 4 THE NEW INTERNATIONAL VICTORIA FALLS AIRPORT THE GAME CHANGER page 8 UNEARTHING TOURISM POTENTIAL IN ZIMBABWE page 10 ZIMBABWE POISED TO BECOME A MAJOR RELIGIOUS TOURISM HUB page 12 AirbnbHosting Opens Up a World of Opportunity page 14
PERSONIFIED BEAUTY WITH BRAINS page 18 Travel with Bitcoin page 20 She is in love with the Hippo! page 22 ENVIRONMENT AFRICA PROJECT page 24 DINOSAUR FOSSILS IN ZIMBABWE! page 26 A SIMPLE VISIT TO THE DENTIST CAN SAVE YOUR TEETH page 28
Editor Godknows Homwe Sub-Editor Tinashe Muchenje Layout & Design JabulaniDouglas Brothers +263 775 064 698 Photography ZTA Marketing/Publisher YeduLani Consultants Contributors Elia Ntali Watmore Makokoba Environmental Africa ZTA
At a time when Zimbabwe is building its image, deepening global integration and pursuing economic stability, tourism in Zimbabwe continues to grow and YeduLani magazine adheres to be of value to the sector. Tourism in Zimbabwe is a hanging fruit that can be an engine for inclusive growth and sustainable e c o n o m i c d e ve l o p m e n t . Tr u l y, Zimbabwe is a country blessed with abundant assets, amazing wildlife, e x t e n s i ve n a t u r a l a n d c u l t u r a l attractions and adventurous opportunities. This edition has been built to continue to be of value to country branding and destination marketing – dedicated to promote religious tourism, unsung conservation and entrepreneurship heroes in Zimbabwe. Yedulani Magazine aims to become the number one brand name in Zimbabwe travel and tourism industry and to be of value to the sector and its players. This edition represents the dedicated efforts of our small team of editors, travel writers, marketers, researchers and graphic designers. It's been born out of love for Zimbabwe and to bring its beauty and color alive in the pages of this issue as well as ones to follow. Here at YeduLani, we strongly believe in the development of tourism to the impact of United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals such as poverty reduction, decent work, gender and infrastructural development. Thank you for reading! YL
FAITH | LOVE | TEAMWORK | RESPONSIBILITY | RESPECT | EXCELLENCE | COMMUNICATION | TRUST
“WHAT IF YOU HAVE FAILED IN THE PAST? SO, AT ONE TIME DID EVERY MAN WE R E C O G N I Z E A S A TOWERING SUCCESS. THEY CALLED IT “ TEMPORARY DEFEAT ” ” Napoleon Hill
a: 13 Shingai Court, 69 Baines, Harare, Zimbabwe, c: +263 775 064 698, +263 733 408 833, e: firstname.lastname@example.org
Godknows Tafadzwa Homwe At YeduLani, we strongly believe in the development of tourism to the impact of United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals such as poverty reduction, decent work, gender and infrastructural development.
TRAVEL & HOSPITALITY
QUAINT HOTEL IN AN AMAZING LOCATION
You want to love this place upon approach. Beautiful facade and grounds of plush greens spotted with wildlife. The corridors ooze stories of the past and the setting just beyond the mist of the falls is breathtaking. Service, food quality and facilities maintenance are spotty.
Vic Falls is a bit of a tourist trap, but The Victoria Falls Hotel is special. Imagine it has not changed all that much since the colonial days, with Victorian decor throughout. The staff are mostly very good. It seems every staff member knows each guest by name the second they check in, nothing is too much an effort and nothing is left to chance. This is a professional team that religiously make sure visitors never feel like a number. The Victoria Falls Hotel is a grand Edwardian-era hotel that was built in the early 1900's, during the time when Cecil Rhodes famously attempted to link Cape Town to Cairo by rail. Since 1904, the gracious, colonial-style Victoria Falls Hotel has attracted royalty and many discerning travels with its grand Edwardian architecture. A ten-minute stroll, via a private footpath, leads to one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World: the Victoria Falls. The hotel is surrounded by carefully tended tropical gardens, lily ponds and century-old shade trees. The guestrooms, including deluxe suites with views of the Zambezi River gorges and spray from the falls,
THE VICTORIA FALLS HOTEL IS A GRAND EDWARDIAN-ERA HOTEL THAT WAS BUILT IN THE EARLY 1900'S
are traditional in style. The panoramas also figure prominently during afternoon tea, which is served on Stanley Terrace, overlooking the Victoria Falls Bridge that links Zimbabwe to Zambia. For romantics, the hotel offers sunset river cruises and can arrange guided game drives, as well as helicopter and micro light flights over the Falls. If you are visiting Victoria Falls, this hotel is fantastic. Has charm and art, the grounds are pristine The rooms are spacious, clean and offers all the creature comforts expected of a hotel of this stature and history. The Stanley Terrace and front lawn provide a fabulous view of the Victoria Falls Bridge and the spray emanating from the nearby falls. Guests get to enjoy the high tea and sundowner cocktails which, surprisingly, are reasonably priced. From the terrace get to enjoy view of warthogs and a family of cute mongoose roaming the grounds. From the second one arrives at the door, welcomed with mellow sounds from a pianist playing in the main area, he is wonderful, to the moment you leave one will really feel like Royalty. The service, the rooms, the views just right. The breakfasts and dinners at Jungle Junction incredible. Nestled in idyllic spots, all of the restaurants create unforgettable dining experiences with lovely views and service, delicious cuisine and entertainment.
ALL OF THE RESTAURANTS CREATE UNFORGETTABLE DINING EXPERIENCES WITH LOVELY VIEWS AND SERVICE.
Jungle Junction The Jungle Junction offers views of Victoria Falls, is convenient for large groups, and provides guests with an unforgettable dining experience. A continental breakfast buffet is served daily, while in the evening, a lavish buffet infused with African flavors is presented as local tribes perform traditional dance and music. The Livingstone Room Warmed by soft candlelight, The Livingstone Room provides an elegant fine dining experience and after-dinner dancing. Using organic herbs grown in the hotel's garden, Restaurant Manager Philip James has created a superb seven-course degustation and an a la carte menu, complemented by a fine selection of award-winning wines and liqueurs. The food is very good and the grounds are great, but the Falls themselves were fantastic. Be prepared to get wet, but don't worry, you shouldn't get cold. The prospects of increased tourist numbers in Victoria Falls are bright considering that wide-bodied aircraft had started plying the Victoria Falls route, following the commissioning of an expanded airport for the resort town. New airliners such as Ethiopian and Kenyan airways are expected to fly into the resort town before mid-year, raising hopes for tourism players in Victoria Falls. YL
AVIATION & AIRPORTS
THE NEW INTERNATIONAL VICTORIA FALLS AIRPORT THE GAME CHANGER The new Victoria Falls International Airport is a testament to the development of Zimbabwe's aviation development. The airport dubbed the “Game Changer” gives the domestic, regional and international network offering a fresh dimension with a modern service offering, which is at par with all international standards and requirements. Currently the airport is served by scheduled domestic and regional flights: SAA, Air Zimbabwe, British Airways C o m a i r, A i r N a m i b i a , Fa s t Je t Zimbabwe, Ethiopian Airlines and charter flights from various parts of the world.
THE AIRPORT DUBBED THE “GAME CHANGER” GIVES THE DOMESTIC, REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL NETWORK OFFERING A FRESH DIMENSION WITH A MODERN SERVICE OFFERING, WHICH IS AT PAR WITH ALL INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS AND REQUIREMENTS.
The new Victoria Falls International Airport now boasts of: Ÿ New 4km long by 60km wide runway and associated taxiways. Ÿ Apron area with a capacity to handle category 2 Aircrafts in the class of the B&$& and A346 and/or equivalent; Ÿ A new state of the art international passenger terminal building to handle 1,2 million passengers annually; Ÿ The refurbished domestic terminal with a capacity of 300, 00 passengers per annum. Ÿ New state of the art Control Tower and Fire Station.
The airport can now handle long haul flights from around the globe. Victoria Falls Airport is located within the heart of central and southern Africa giving access to six countries within the range of 2hours thus Angola, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Mozambique and Botswana making it a natural regional gateway by location. It all started in April 2015, when Exim Bank of China provided a $150 million loan to extend the airport's runaway, build taxiways and a new terminal to increase the airport's capacity from 500 000 to 1 million passengers annually. The airport now operates 12hours daily, with immigration and customs services available during operating hours. It offers airport facilities and services, including aircraft parking, cargo and passengers handling, refueling, weather information, restaurants, and duty free shops. The airport has shuttle services to hotels and other places in the Victoria Falls town.
Civil Aviation Authority of Zimbabwe efforts to bring long haul international airlines to commit to flying directly into Victoria Falls has to be commended. As soon as each airline that starts to add direct flights will immediately impact the economy of the resort town and the surrounding region because hitherto flight access has almost entirely been via Johannesburg as the hub of southern Africa. “What is not commonly understood is how extraordinarily well positioned Victoria Falls is,” says Dave Glynn, chairman of Africa Albida. Tourism it is almost plum center in the middle of southern and central Africa. It is surrounded by 35 national parks and games area across five countries that combined bring together probably the finest and most pristine wildlife estate on the planet, he added. It is a superb distribution point for the tourism industry in the region. It is also, of course, located at one of the Seven
Natural Wonders of the World, and on one of the great rivers of Africa. It has an enormous amount going for it on these aspects alone. The Victoria Falls International Airport is the only airport in the surrounding region with a 4km runway, technically specified with landing technology to be able to accept any currently made wide bodied aircraft. This a complete game changer for the region. The technical specifications take it to equivalent of Dubai airport and there has been foresight again to equip the new airport with firefighting and search and rescue facilities that have the capacity already to be expanded to accept substantial capacity flow through at the airport. The Victoria Falls International Airport has been long awaited by airlines, hotel operators, and tourists alike, this “game changer” is now set to boost tourism for the whole of Southern Africa. YL
The Victoria Falls International airport provides access to Victoria Falls town which is 1,5km away from the Victoria Falls Rainforest, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, a UNESCO Heritage Site, locally known as Mosio a - Tu n y a “ T h e S m o k e T h a t Thunders”. With the remarks by Civil Aviation Authority of Zimbabwe CEO, Mr. Chawota, the commissioning of the all new Victoria Falls International Airport “ the game changer “ has rolled out modern facilities to the region that was accustomed to safari airport. Direct air services connectivity is an absolute priority for Zimbabwe and Africa at large. T his allows the ef ficient movement of people and goods contributing to the economy. The Direct access will cut both significant time and costs out of tourists wanting to access Victoria Falls and will add seat capacity into the area which remains a significant limiting factor to growth in visitors number.
TRAVEL & HOSPITALITY
UNEARTHING TOURISM POTENTIAL IN ZIMBABWE By Elia Ntali
Tourism plays a very critical role in poverty alleviation through income generation, employment, and infrastructural development for the local communities where tourist attractions are located, and above all, generates revenue for the government. Zimbabwe has many breath taking tourist attractions as a result of its rich natural resources and cultural heritages, however like many other African nations the country is yet to realise the fruits that can be derived from these fascinating attractions. There is no doubt that tourism plays an important role in economic and social sustainability. It's not only the Ministry of Tourism and Hospitality, direct stakeholders or the Zimbabwe Tourism Authority's responsibility to promote tourism locally or internationally but other Ministries also should compliment these efforts.
The rich cultural heritages in the country should be complimented by cultural villages in each of the provinces where local cuisine are showcased, festival and rituals and these will demonstrate our cultural way of life. Virgin tourism places like Gona Kupotera in Masvingo and other places deemed as â€œsacredâ€? need to be documented, the Inyangani mountains cannot be ignored in this matrix as it holds so many fascinating tourist attractions in the country with its captivating mountains and waterfalls, there are so many places that have the potential to attract tourist and it only needs the support of every citizen to unearth such places. The Lion Head or MumurgweMountain along Shamva road is no exception with its sacred theories that depicts the way of life for past and present inhabitants of Zimbabwe. Not forgetting the captivating Mawanga, Ngoma Kurira Mountains in Domboshava, the stories that accompany their experiences certainly need to be explored. With the help of the Zimbabwe parks and wildlife surely the volume of tourism traffic would increase thereby make Zimbabwe the place to be. The charming and world class handicrafts that are found locally, if properly branded and packaged and displayed at various entry points, private and public offices in the country then tourism is boosted. Hotels should also play a critical role in promoting local artiste in the sculpturing industry by displaying their works at arrival lounge, documentaries that show the various cultural and heritage sites and other places of interest should be disseminated to local and international partners with embassies leading in the promotion.
WITH SUCH CULTURAL AND NATURAL RESOURCES ENDOWMENTS THE TOURISM INDUSTRY CAN BECOME THE HIGHEST INCOME EARNER IN THE COUNTRY THAT IS IF ALL STAKEHOLDERS COME ABOARD TO PROMOTE THE SECTOR.
The Zimbabwe Tourism Authority should collect data on lodges and hotels and catalogue them for easy reference purposes to the visitors. Most tourism sites remain untapped in the country and this can be attributed to little publicity and thus relegating potential revenue earners to the dust bins. With such cultural and natural resources endowments the tourism industry can become the highest income earner in the country that is if all stakeholders come aboard to promote the sector. YL
TRAVEL & HOSPITALITY
ZIMBABWE POISED TO BECOME A MAJOR RELIGIOUS TOURISM HUB Watmore Makokoba
Although the booming of the church sector in Zimbabwe characterized by new charismatic religious leaders sprouting out may be viewed as queer by some , the potential inherent especially in boosting the tourism industry has increasingly proved fruitful since the inception and embrace by government three years ago. Way back before the government of Zimbabwe unveiled a religious tourism policy meant to augment the contribution churches have in the thriving of the sector, the church had arguably already made tremendous strides in bringing in visitors from other countries than any other sector. This has been attested by the number of foreign visitors who could be drown into the country when annual gatherings for churches such as the Jehovah's Witness could fill in most hotels with bookings , contributing significantly to the much needed earnings for the sector. Although the adoption of religious tourism into a policy by government was viewed as not Godly by the Christian community, desperate move by government critics and a nonevent by some, the writing is clear on the wall that religion is
quickly surpassing many sectors as a tourist attraction to the country. The church community is significantly contributing not only by bringing in foreigners, but more importantly by building infrastructure. Besides the economic hardships bewildering the Zimbabwean people, the church community never ceased to attract the big fathers of religion from outside. Recently, one of the world's renowned religious figure Pastor Chris Oyakhilome, Founder and President of Christ Embassy a.k.a Believers Love world International made headlines when he touched the Zimbabwean soils and almost filled the 60 000 seater National Sports Stadium to the brim. Before Pastor Chris came, Zimbabwe was visited by John Chi, former TB Joshua top aid and Wiseman, although he might not have attracted a bigger crown as anticipated, his visit added a flair to high level religious leaders streaking to he Zimbabwe.
Prophet Walter Magaya recently completed an international class Prayer Mountain modelled along the Holly land of Israel which has so far racked in so much people from all walks of life and from international destinations coming for prayers and healing. Officially opening the prayer mountain, Walter Muzembi hailed the move as a major achievement towards practicalising the religious Tourism policy. Unveiling the spiritual sanctuary Muzembi said Magaya has the full support of government. “At least 1 800 tourists came to PHD Ministries on daily basis seeking spiritual help from Magaya and as a result they are planting their wealth in our country, we appreciate those efforts and we are fully behind religion tourism.” The uniquely built spiritual facility has been constructed to replicate Israel's geography and biblical names such as Jerusalem and Canaan among others. The connection of the facility to the Christianity traditional home Israel is one outstanding feature that is poised to attract visitors, as one Aharon Musana Levi, the chief executive officer of Ashelroi Group, also present at the official opening of the shrine puts it: “We want to bring in the flavor of Israel, the Holy Land, to Zimbabwe. Everything started in Israel hence we are trying to connect to the source.” “Every Christian should take advantage of the facility, people can use it to meditate and pray. What is going to be achieved here has never been achieved in the world,” Magaya said. On the same occasion Muzembi added that the concept of a prayer mountain resonated with the government's vision to promote religion. “Magaya's church received an average of 1 800 foreign guests weekly, Zimbabwe's tourism sector would grow and be a pillar of the country's economic turnaround. "Tourism is the lowhanging fruit that is going to turn around this economy, is a God-ordained fruit that will see the fortunes of Zimbabwe change.” he said. Emmanuel Makandiwa , founder of United Family International 's annual event dubbed “Judgment Night” is arguably one of the top events that has seen Harare coming to standstill as local and international congregates convene to witness God's power. With more and more Charismatic church lined up to visit Zimbabwe, coupled with government open door policy, more should be expected out of the sector. Zimbabwe cannot but be one of Africa's top religious tourism hub. YL
TRAVEL & HOSPITALITY
AirbnbHosting Opens Up a World of Opportunity
Earn money sharing your extra space with travelers. 14
The accommodation situation for travelers and holiday makers alike is generally difficulty, as cheap accommodation is hard to find especially during tourism peak periods. The situation is most difficult in tourism towns that receive a large traction; such as Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe, where costs tourists an average $150.00 per night. Thanks to Airbnb; different from couch-surfing, you can spend a night in a resort town at ameasly lower budget as compared to before. Tuck away your wallet. Launched back in 2008, Airbnb is an online community marketplace out of the United States linking hosts and guests. The marketplace has enjoyed unprecedented growth in recent years. In fact, as of this report it has served over 40 million guests in 34 000 cities in 190 countries. Airbnb is a peer-to-peer online marketplace and homestay network enabling people to list or rent short-term lodging in residential properties, with the cost of such accommodation set by the property owner. Unforgettable trips have now started with a click on the Airbnb site. This has allowed visitors to a city to book unique homes and experience the cities like locals. What does it mean to a Zimbabwean home or property owner in Harare, Mutare or Buluwayo? Airbnbis an'olive branch' to anyone, anywhere in the country to play host by listing their rooms, whole house or even cottages for rentals to guests from all over the world for short or long stays. Homeowners are categorized as "Hosts" and "Guests," both of whom must register with Airbnb using a variety of means. A valid email address and valid telephone were initially the only requirements to build a unique user profile on the website, however as of April 2013, a scan of a government issued ID is now required.
Unforgettable trips have now started with a click on the Airbnb site. This has allowed visitors to a city to book unique homes and experience the cities like locals.
Property owners have to create profiles which include details such as user reviews and shared social connections to build a reputation and trust among users of the marketplace. Other elements of the Airbnb profile include user recommendations and a private messaging system. In addition to providing personal information, hosts display listing details including price, amenities, house rules, imagery, and detailed information about their neighborhood. Due to the nature of the business, a merit system is in place to allow guests and hosts to leave references and ratings which are displayed to the public in order to provide an evaluation method. Payments are made via several means including Western Union, World Remit and bank wire transfer a transaction method that befits and suit Zimbabwe. With high hotel costs in the country Airbnb, presents an alternative opportunity particularly for property owners with descent and above average properties to make money out of travelers into and around Zimbabwe who wish not to stay in a hotel rather preferring a home set-up for price reasons or otherwise. In the southern Africa region behind South Africa, Zimbabwe is ahead of Angola (9), Botswana (31), Mozambique (137), Namibia (101) and Zambia (31) in terms of number of room listings. While the success of Airbnb for an ordinary Zimbabwe host is a function of how many guests are traveling into and within Zimbabwe, and how far out they spread, we found places such as Mutare, Nyanga, Masvingo and Mt Darwin appearing on the list of Airbnb rentals available in Zimbabwe. The majority of the nearly 150 listed rentals are located in Harare, Bulawayo and Victoria Falls at present. Zimbabwean listings on the platform which where a handful in the past year, the numbers have dramatically grown to the current 150 and continues to mushroom. Just like popular Uber elsewhere, as Airbnb continues to make inroads worldwide more and more travelers to Zimbabwe will begin to increasingly search for Zimbabwean hosts via Airbnb with intention to stay short term or long term.
With high hotel costs in the country Airbnb, presents an alternative opportunity particularly for property owners with descent and above average properties to make money
With good quality accommodation and favorable reputation of individual local hosts this can only result in more room bookings. If you have a good private room or house laying idle or if simply tired of tenants and above all have a heart for genuine hospitality Airbnb may just be your alternative option. YL 2017 YEDULANI
PERSONIFIED BEAUTY WITH BRAINS Sue Peters Business is the second and latest nature of most African people, all in the quest to make ends meet and ensure the wavering economy does not catch them unawares. However, if we do a flash-back gender roles in the ancient African society, women had more inclination to business than man. They were the ones who took their wares, vegetables and crops to the market to make barter trades. The most of the men folk would take their livestock or sculptures, as for every other thing the women bought them and sold in the market. With recent developments in women entrepreneurship in Africa, one could be conjured to think that the switch took place over time and that is why it is somewhat legendary to see successful business women in the system. As much the ancient status quo still has its palace in our modern times; still traditionally reserved lines of business for the male and female gender, but for the most part people just get into business out of their personal interest and preferences. Despite living under systematic discrimination prior to Zimbabwe independence and gender dynamics which made it impossible for black women to excel in business, one lady redefined the power by setting her own business against the odds. With a strong spirituality that is embedded in her Christian walk, ingenuity and above all a down to earth personality which makes the hallmark of one of Harare's successful businesswoman and philanthropist Susan (Sue) Peters is an edge in the cut-throat business world. “I was determined not to remain a civil servant content withdrawing a paycheck every month while counting years until retirement,” said Sue Peters. This was at a time when most educated black women in the country ended up as nurses or teachers. It was a hand-of-God to transform supermodel in the 80s to a business mogul considering her gender, skin-color and background. Sue has established herself as one of Zimbabwe's powerful entrepreneurs waltzing the red carpet of business, a feat she owes to God Almighty. She runs an up market state of the art Body Active Gym in Borrowdale Race course and Mutare respectively, a restaurant, clothing shops, hair Salons in Zimbabwe as well as several factories that she is renting out. To add on to that, she is also a property baron, owning two shopping Malls in Harare that she rents out to women mostly. “Business is a passion that I have nurtured over the years and empowering women right across gives me a lot of pride,' she said. “I did not let those barriers discourage me. I never regarded myself as a woman entering into a business but as a
human being who was determined to succeed,” she says. Born Susan Mapara in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe, Sue Peters made waves in the seventies when she took up the local and regional modelling scene. She was the country's first black supermodel after sweeping the titles on offer in the 1970s featuring on several magazines as the cover girl. She is personified beauty and brains, long before that phrase became a cliché. She worked in accounting before founding her own business which included a cosmetic manufacturing company and hair salons. It never dawned to her as she grew up in Mutare, that one day she would venture into business, let alone a successful businesswoman of the year. Shrugging off the paycheck mentality in the 1980s, “…determined not to remain a civil servant content withdrawing a paycheck every month while counting the years until retirement”, she decided to be entrepreneurial by opening her first hair salon from her salary as a bookkeeper. “With the seven years' experience in accounting in both private and civil sectors, I had done my figures and knew exactly how much I would need to start off. So I saved until I had enough
then tendered my resignation and went out into the big wide world of running a business.” With the first-hand experience of the challenges facing a woman who wanted to be trendy, Sue set up her first Hair salon in Harare CBD offering services like stretching and plaiting, with a few hairdressers serving the clients who almost immediately started pouring in. “You go into something at the right time at the right place and it just falls into place That is why I give credit unto The Lord for all that He has done for me. However, without cosmetology colleges in Zimbabwe which offered the new tends as the old hair trends where fading away, demand outstripping supply and struggling to satisfy clients, Sue with business acumen and a risk taker, she had to go to London in 1982, leaving behind her two children, so that she could acquire the right skills and qualification. “I attended the Supreme School of Hair Design in the east part London. I was there for about three months and in that time I made sure I made the time to do everything involved in the salon business.” “I converted the garage of my house into a manufacturing plant.” With the support of Croda Zimbabwe, an industrial chemical supplier, who did not look upon her as their competitor but as a client in the value chain, the brand of Sue's hair and beauty products was born. “I produced oil sheen, neutralizer, conditioner, shampoo, hand cleaners, hair food, ointments and many other products needed in the hair salon. After that I can say the hairdressing business was set.”
Her determination and qualifications paid off, six years on. She expanded to Bulawayo, Gweru, Chinhoyi, Highfield, Makoni and Mutare. “At the peak I had twenty hair salons plus the products that I manufactured. I had become an entrepreneur to be reckoned with and got a few awards to prove it.” In 1987 Sue Peters was awarded Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce – Most Outstanding Business Woman of the Year; 1995 Institute of marketing Management – Marketing Woman of the Year; PROWEB – Iconic Business Woman (Entrepreneur) to mention a few. Sue has many strings to her bow. Opening BodyActive Gym was a logical step in Sue's quest for health, beauty and fitness and a means for individual empowerment. State-of-the-art equipment for body building and cardiac exercising came from South Africa, and a new fleet of bicycles for the spinning section is on the way. Aerobics, personal training, sauna and massage therapy are always available, in addition to a pristine swimming pool and health bar for post- work out sustenance. A spiritual person, Sue Peters is a member of ZAOGA Pentecostal church, and a preacher in her own right. Concerned with the empowerment of women she preaches to largely female audiences in high density areas, often with inspirational messages from the Hebrew Bible about powerful women like Hannah, whose prayers helped her to conceive, and Miriam, older sister of Moses and the first female prophet. YL
TRAVEL & HOSPITALITY
Travel with Bitcoin The Bitcoin economy is hidden in plain sight. Newcomers often ask what you can actually do with it, what can you buy with Bitcoin? How can you use it? The general answer is everything online and even offline. However the tourism industry stands out as one of the earliest adopters and one of the key beneficiaries as well. Naturally, travelers look for a safe currency they can take around that is widely accepted. With Bitcoin they have all the advantages, and the industry was quick to realize the potential. That is why Bitcoin travel emerged. Everyone loves to travel, and that is not a secret. Moreover, that is probably why there are dozens or even hundreds of websites to find plane tickets, to book hotels and endless reviews and blogs about the best restaurants, landmarks and attractions. Tourism is a massive industry and it seems that Bitcoin travel has taken over. The ecosystem of companies and establishments offering Bitcoin deals to travelers is becoming ever more sophisticated. We've compiled a list of excellent Bitcoin travel websites to help you navigate it. Plan and book your trips using Bitcoin. Step One: Book a Flight
Established in 2001 by Ian Webber and AmudaGoueli, it is the first Spanish travel agency that specialized in online hotel reservations. The business grew and now offers flight booking services as well. Destinia was also one of the earliest movers in the Bitcoin travel industry, so you can pay for your hotels and plane tickets on their site with our favorite coin! Their 24 hour support, competitive prices, and wide coverage make it a great option for travelers. If you are looking for more information about Destinia or about purchasing travel packages through this online agency using bitcoin,
The Latvian carrier has become the first airline to accept Bitcoin for its tickets to 60 destinations in Europe, the Middle East, Russia and the CIS, becoming one of the most notorious Bitcoin travel pioneers. The fact that they break the top 10 on the 'most innovative airline' list is no surprise!
BTC trip is a flight and hotel booking service that accepts Bitcoin. It offers very low prices and special trip deals such as flights to the Burning Man festival or Oktoberfest events in Germany. With testimonials from some of the most famous Bitcoin Who's Who â€“ including Erik Voorhees, Roger Ver and Vitalik Brterinâ€“ you know it's a legit Bitcoin travel option.
Expedia is already a well-known travel booking service, and it now joined the Bitcoin travel sphere. Although Bitcoin payments are not a main feature of their website, we're sure that as the Bitcoin user base grows, it will become a main feature. The fact that a company like Expedia is taking Bitcoin payments, shows the advantages that this currency has in the tourism industry.
Established in 1989 and based out of Calabasas CA, it is the first online travel agency to accept Bitcoin. They started accepting Bitcoin payments following a question by a customer, who just asked if paying with for the trip with Bitcoin was possible. CEO Jeff Klee reacted to the question immediately, and within a short period of time, the Bitcoin payment options was up and running!
If you're looking to book flights or hotels, Travel for Coins is an excellent resource offering zero registration fees, a very close conversion rate for BTC/USD and no address required or storage of coins. Step Two: Accommodation
A twist on the classic 'book your trip' site, Hotel Go 24 wants to incentivize booking with them by offering YOU Bitcoins for booking with them. No, seriously. With over 130,000 hotels and countless flight plans, this is an excellent way to travel with Bitcoins.
Taking advantage of the fact that Airbnb has left the field wide open, 9flats is taking Bitcoin travel into the sharing economy. Currently about 20% of the places advertised on 9flats take Bitcoin, but this will probably start changing quickly.
Step Three: Shop, Dine and Have Fun!
Once your flight has been purchased and your accommodation booked, it's time to see how you can further incorporate Bitcoins into your trip. Bitcoin.travel provides you with thousands of businesses accepting Bitcoins around the world with an emphasis on merchants that travelers would be likely to use â€“ airport transfers, hotels, tourist attractions and more. This is an excellent resource when you're on the go, or to see which merchants accept Bitcoin near you.
The Bitcoin Travel Experience Bitcoin can also enhance your travelling experience. By coming into contact with local bitcoin users at bitcoin friendly establishments, travelers will be able to see a different side of the destinations they visit. They will even have the opportunity to bond with the locals over their shared values and opinions on bitcoin. Most recently a programmer called Felix Weis completed a year-long trip around the world using only bitcoin. The account of his experiences and the people he met is amazing, but it also shows travelers how far bitcoin travel has come and the degree to which it is accepted internationally. It is clear that as a traveler, if you want to carry your money safely, be able to convert it easily into local currencies and even enjoy a very unique travel experience, bitcoin is the way to go. So go ahead, book your flights and hotels, pay for food, cab rides and memorabilia, enhance your travel insurance, and even go a step further and forge lasting friendships across borders by joining the Bitcoin travel wave. We will keep on adding information about every aspect of bitcoin travel, to keep you up to date. We also hope to encourage bitcoin tourism and have them open up more and more vendors and industries to the advantages of bitcoin. In the meantime, we will keep you informed as we expand our lists of travel sites that accept bitcoin, through our newsletter as well as through this page. YL
We've have already written about how great CoinMap is, but it warrants another mention. Like Bitcoin.travel, CoinMap is a resource map for finding Bitcoin merchants around the world. Just input where you will be traveling to in order to see what's available for your trip and where you can spend your Bitcoins. Plus it looks really cool. Other Advantages of Travelling with Bitcoin As bitcoin becomes a more widely used currency, travelers can use it as their primary source to pay for their travel expenses beyond their plane tickets and hotel rooms. Nowadays, taking bitcoin instead of, or to complement cash and credit cards, can be very useful. Local bitcoin exchanges would allow users to change their coins for local currency. The fact that bitcoin is a web-based currency, will let travelers go through border controls without facing scrutiny from the authorities regarding the amount of cash they carry with them. Additionally, bitcoin accounts can reduce the risk from pocket pickers that travelers face. This is a tangible physical security advantage that bitcoin bestows upon its users that is especially necessary while travelling. This means that using bitcoin on your next trip, can give you the kind of travel insurance no one else can! Besides those advantages, bitcoin allows travelers to have a safe money reserve if they lose their physical wallets, their credit cards or their cash. These are some of the greatest advantages of joining the Bitcoin travel wave!
She is in love with the Hippo! By Watmore Makokoba
which would later become known as the Save Valley Conservancy in 1990. During that time, the land was under cattle management with only a few wildlife Safaris. Karen had previously passed the Zimbabwe National Parks and Wildlife Professional guides licence having been the first girl to sit the exam. “When we moved to the Lowveld area, the land we moved into had a few wildlife safaris, cattle ranching was the main activity. By then I had just finished my Wildlife professional guide licence in which I was the first woman to undergo it,” said Karen. She had also worked in the photographic safari business in the Lowveld and Kariba. Karen's arrival in the Lowveld coincided with the worst drought in living memory and thousands of animals and cattle began to die. Karen got the inspiration to be interested with the Hippos when she found out that she always enjoyed taking tourists to meet hippos below the Paolillo's campsite. Two Hippo family groups comprising of 15 animals were their nearest neighbours. She started studying them to learn more about their behaviour. When the drought suddenly hit the area, she realised that many animals were going to die and the hippos as grazers, were more vulnerable than other animals. “When the drought hit the area, we realised that hippos were more prone to be affected since they were grazing animals and there was no grass to feed on,” She said. Karen Paolilo has defied common odds that many are accustomed to. Her story is quite different and unique. Her irrevocable love and passion for the Hippo make her out shine the rest of the people who regard wild animals as alien species. To her, taking care for the animal is not only a responsibility she feel obliged to fulfil, but a story of love and commitment to natureadventures and discoveries that came about in her corelation with the Hippos at the Turgwe Hippo Trust in Chiredzi. Karen's story started when her husband, a geologist by profession moved to the Lowveld of Zimbabwe into an area
Karen said the most important thing she learnt is that the so called “dangerous” animal regarded to have a bad reputation was wrongly judged. Like people, she now believes an animal responds to kindness, to honesty and to transparency, and like in her case to human voice. She later found out that all this harmony was because she never had a deliberate intend to hurt them in any way. To her, witnessing a 3 ton hippo bull move from a river half a kilometre away and come right in front of her when she calls his name “Bob”, and to have hundreds of tourists witness this amazing relationship, is the biggest honour an animal can give to a human. She started to write the book way back just after the drought .By then it was only about feeding the hippos and saving their lives. Then as she learnt many new things about them and how they interact with other animals including human being the book content expanded. Political events that took a centre stage in 2000 changed everything in the wildlife conservancy. Poaching became a daily occurrence. After conducting snare sweeps in the area over a year, they found over 1000 snares in the hippos grazing lands. She approached the land owners in the area to ask if she could try to save the hippos. This would mean feeding them for a minimum of ten months in the bush. This was on experimental basis since this had never been achieved on a long term before in Zimbabwe. Furthermore, she had to find a way of getting the water for drinking as the river had ran dry. She came up with a feeding program and installed water 'pan' pumping water from the nearest neighbours boreholes some 19kms away. This allowed 13 of the hippos to survive. Unfortunately, two 2 left the area before she could get food to them. Relief came to the camp when two of the hippos conceived healthy calves. One of those calves, 23 years later now is one of the dominant bulls in the area. 51 calves have been born from the original hippos that Karen saved!
Because of what was happening by then in the country politically, they went through a lot of challenges. She said they went through several very frightening experiences with poachers. The hippos' lives were now endangered by man and for the next five years the Paolillo's conservancy fought a daily battle to keep the hippos and all the wildlife in the area alive. The Trust has never stopped growing, they have saved the hippos lives for the past 23 years by actively keeping the river pools free from silt .Visitors and volunteers who come to the trust are educated about the about the incredible beauty and intelligence of the hippos. There are now an anti poaching game scouts and the Paolilo camp keeps a constant vigil to keep the wildlife in the area safe. The Trust never stops trying to improve the lives of these hippos and their offspring.
In the years of helping the hippos survive drought and providing them with a safe haven from poaching that became a threat especially around the year 2000; Karen has learnt so many different things about hippos. She is now known as a hippo expert around the world.
Karen says although challenges are constantly happening, with passion and focus she believes anybody can climb a mountain if they believe they can.
“The relationship we have developed with them (hippos) is far more than just a study of the hippos they know their names, they come when we call them and we come near the waters in which they dwell. All the time they respond to voices, “She says.
Karen Paolilo is already writing a sequel to A Hippo Love Story and if the first book is anything to go by it can only be a success. Re v i e w s o f K a r e n ' s b o o k c a n b e f o u n d h e r e a t (http://www.savethehippos.info/readers-comments/ YL
Participating HH heads to be able to interpret, understand and use weather information in agriculture related activities. Ÿ The formulation of comprehensive Environmental By Laws for the RDCs to guide the communities in the sustainable utilization and conservation of their natural resources. Ÿ Promotion of and campaigning for the use of renewable energy technologies by rural communities. The project activities aim to transfer valuable software the participants and the communities will be able to use during and after the project period. Ÿ
ENVIRONMENT AFRICA PROJECT
1. What informed the conception of this project? Guruve and Zvimba districts have cross-cutting issues: agriculture as predominant source of livelihood; climatic changes; vulnerability of specific disadvantaged groups to food insecurity due to low production levels, poor soil quality and unsustainable agricultural practices (e.g. mono-cropping); gaps in natural resource management, livelihoods support and services by other organizations. Population growth, poor farming techniques and unsustainable land use are causing soil erosion and declining soil fertility, leading to productivity loss. Unsustainable utilization and management of forests and other natural resources and, high deforestation are also impacting negatively on soil quality, erosion rates and micro climatic conditions of these areas. The project was conceived to try and address issues of climate change, climate change induced shocks, food and nutrition insecurity for most rural households, income generation for other family needs other than food requirements, crafting of local feasible solutions to the challenges facing these communities and working with communities to establish mitigatory and adaptation coping mechanisms in the face of climate change. 2. What are the expected outcomes of this project? Project Objective is to: Establish climate smart practices, renewable energy sources and local level policies that enable rural communities in selected areas (Guruve and Zvimba districts) to manage Climate Change Risk. Outputs: Ÿ Decrease in hunger months from 10 to 2 months for participating households (HH). 24
3. What mechanisms are there to ensure food security? Promotion of the conservation agriculture concept. This concept has been proven to give goods yield results even during drier rainfall seasons. Ÿ The planting of a wide spectrum of crops (six crops) that include drought tolerant small grain crops. Ÿ The establishment of Farmer Field Schools (FFSs) which are working groups for the participating farmers Ÿ Ward committees comprising the Lead Farmers, Agritex workers, Councilors, Village heads, Community Based Monitoring Committees and EA field officers to coordinate project activities in the operational areas. Ÿ Self Help Groups established to engage in Income Generating Activities (IGAs), building up savings used to finance other relevant agricultural activities Ÿ Establishment of irrigation schemes is under way (with permanent water sources) to ensure crop production all year round in those irrigation schemes. Ÿ
4. What trainings are the lead farmers getting that will help mitigate the effects of climate change and ensure food security? Ÿ Conservation agriculture concept training Ÿ Multiple cropping and intensive crop management Ÿ Agroforestry, tree nursery establishment management and planting Ÿ Small livestock production Ÿ Climate change awareness, rainfall forecasts, weather reports and interpretation of weather information for agricultural activity decision making Ÿ Climate change coping (mitigatory and adaptive) mechanisms Ÿ Horticultural crop production Ÿ Business management, Self Help Group and Income generating activities Ÿ Project activity monitoring at local level Ÿ Sustainable utilization and conservation of natural resources. 5. What role is EMA playing in ensuring environmental governance is adhered to? We not qualified to speak on behalf of EMA but what we can say is that EMA is involved in policing and monitoring activities to ensure natural resources conservation and sustainable utilization in all districts. EA also works with EMA, Forestry Commission and RDCs in many of our activities such as agroforestry, Environmental day
EA aims to build climate change resilient communities commemorations, tree plantings, veldt fire prevention and fighting campaigns. However, for more details on their work l refer you to the EMA Corporate public relations department. 6. “EA aims to build climate change resilient communities through adaptation and mitigation approaches that resonate with sustainable natural resource utilization and environmental conservation” how does local(traditional) conservation methods tie into this project to achieve your aims? Local (traditional) Conservation methods integrate into the project by way of Ÿ Traditional leadership involvement Ÿ Communal ownership of natural resources Ÿ Adoption of communal working systems; working in groups to assist one another Ÿ Use of open pollinated crop seed varieties especially the small grains (rapoko, sorghum + cowpeas) Ÿ Working with the already established local community structures 7. Bio`-digesters are an excellent off grid solution, what efforts are there to ensure the communities plant trees to replenish those cut for energy consumption? Ÿ Raising tree seedlings in the operational wards and in the irrigation schemes Ÿ Tree species - Eucalyptus - Acacia -Mahogany Ÿ -Fruits (mango, guava, avocadoes, lemons) Each FFS will Ÿ Establish the tree nurseries for planting in their environs Ÿ Receive training from Forestry Commission officers grafting and budding of fruit tree seedlings Ÿ Liaise with local leaders, communities, Agritex and Forestry Commission offices on proper siting of the tree woodlots in the wards and villages we are working Ÿ Each member of the registered 1600 members is expected to set up a woodlot by the end of March 2018. 8. Profits generated from construction of bio- digesters, how are they ploughed back into the community for sustainability? There are no profits being generated either by EA or masons EA disseminate information to the communities through the
establishment pilot bio-digester that have constructed in Zvimba, Guruve, Mutoko and Mudzi Districts. These also save as training points for local community masons. More than 25 masons have collectively been trained to construct the bio-digesters by EA. These are moving around constructing biodigesters for households that would have managed to purchase their materials. The masons charge some reasonable amounts for their labour. The main objective is not to make profits but to encourage uptake of the technology by the communities. Masons will also continue to train other builders and increase the expertise base. EA continues to encourage communities to embrace the technology. Two more pilot bio-digesters are going to be constructed in some wards of Zvimba and Guruve. Their construction will offer the communities the chance to see/witness the whole process from construction to use for them to appreciate how the technology works. Technical (up-to-date) advice is obtained from the Ministry of Energy in Harare. They shall also certify the construction work done by the masons. The trained masons will ensure the sustainability of the technology as they will have expertise and pass it one to others, The bio-digesters are permanent features that can last over in 50 years in use. 9. If project is successful, are there plans to roll it across the country after 3 years? Roll of the project to the country Currently the bio-digester (bio gas) technology is being promoted in the project operational areas/district of Zvimba, Guruve, Mutoko and Mudzi. Its implementation in any new area requires project funding. The drive is that; the technology will be spread/introduced in all areas EA is working with communities.EA has been and continues to work with various media to publicize and campaign for adoption of the bio-gas technology by the rural communities as an alternative renewable environmentally friendly source of energy. 10. Lastly, after project cycle, what measures will be put in place to ensure sustainability of the project? Sustainability Interventions are solving community problems bettering live in ways that are not only feasible but also practically acceptable by the communities. Methods of project intervention implementation are not disturbing the ordinary/usual ways of life of the communities. The use of local already existing administration of operational community structures such as leadership, protocols, agrarian activity group work and communal ownership of resources. Massive training programs that ensure software transfer to participants for continued use even long after the project has ended. Continue to work with government personnel at district and ward levels. These were there and will continue to be in the community even after the project ends. Establishment of durable functional infrastructure/technologies guaranteed for 50 years with good care and maintenance. Encoura ging communal o wnership of the enabling infrastructure/technologies. Involving local villagers, village heads, headmen, chiefs, councilors, district HODs, DAs and RDCs and school children in the establishment and work implementation in the programs. YL
DINOSAUR FOSSILS IN ZIMBABWE! By Watmore Makokoba
Dinosaur fossils discoveries located on some parts of the Zimbabwean environment are uniquely valuable and can potentially place Zimbabwe on the map for being one of the habitats of the ancient time mammals. Vice-Chairman of the Geological Society of Zimbabwe Dr Ali Ait-Kaci said the uniqueness of the fossils found in Zimbabwe is that although Zimbabwe is not rich in fossils given that it only has about 35% of sedimentary rock, where fossils are found, dinosaurs' bones and prints were discovered in 9 different locations in the country! “Zimbabwe is not very rich in fossils, while only 30% of its surface is covered by sedimentary rocks, the only ones where we can find fossils. But dinosaur bones or prints were found in 9 locations in the country,”Dr Ali said. F u r t h e r m o r e, D r A l i s a i d t w o exceptional fossils of new dinosaurs' species were found for the first time in Zimbabwe. The other one found on an island in Lake Kariba named Volcanodon Karibaensis and the Syntarsus Rhodesiensis. Another dinosaur foot print discovered at Chewore south is also quite exc e p t i o n a l wo rl d w i d e ; D r A l i suggested that it must be put under the National Monuments Act, like what was done to the Fossil Forest north of Mushumbi to preserve it.
“The Chewore South site of dinosaur footprint is exceptional, worldwide! It has to be put under the National Monuments Act, as it was done for the Fossil Forest north of Mushumbi,” he said. He said the management of this site has to be non-commercial and given to the National Museums, National Parks, or Ministry of Tourism and furthermore, It should be excluded from the current hunting concession. This will be a very resourcefully educational site useful for environmental education that can be utilized to raise environmental awareness and education. A preliminary review carried out by the Wildlife and Environment prior to the lecture by Dr Ali indicated that what people know regarding dinosaurs is limited to animations by cartoonists, film makers and literature, of which these fossils site will authenticate the notion that dinosaurs actually existed millions of years ago.
The Dinosaur bone sites have to be placed under strict control; Dr Ali said that is ironically not the case now if they are left like that they may quickly be destroyed by anyone wanting a "souvenir". Dr. Ali Ait-Kaci was a lecturer of geology at the University of Algiers (Algeria) for more than 20 years. From 1996 to 2004 he was the Field Chief Geologist at the Geological Survey of Zimbabwe, working mainly at mapping the sedimentary formations of the Karoo Basins of the country. In 2001 he surveyed the newly found dinosaur footprints of the Chewore area.
A SIMPLE VISIT TO THE DENTIST CAN SAVE YOUR TEETH Advice by: Dr. J.J Musabayana-Homwe
A thick blanket of fear engulfed the room as the short moustache man walked towards the screaming girl with his tools in hand .....and that is the story of how Mrs. Moyo developed a phobia and strong dislike for dentists that has cost her all her front teeth . A very common tale indeed very familiar to most if not all of us, and probably the reason why oral health in Zimbabwe still remains a challenge to dental practitioners. Trauma from past experiences has left many rearing various dental problems from simple tooth cavities that develop into serious dental abscess and complicated oral cancers. However, in as much as there have been challenges in the economy it is pleasing to note that the health sector, thanks to the various medical aid societies, has made great strides in improving the life of many Zimbabweans. Gone are the days finances inhibited people from the privilege of a simple visit to the dentist, unlike back in the days when patients like Mrs. Moyo had to wait until an extraction was their last hope. The industry has since reformed and come up with solutions that can save people's teeth with simple procedures like fillings, root canal treatments,
implants, crown and bridge work and many other procedures that have since eliminated the nightmare of tooth extraction and tooth loss. It however remains a fact that prevention is undoubtedly still the champion over cure. As a dental practitioner, I can never over emphasize the importance of oral hygiene as a preventative measure. Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean to prevent dental problems, most commonly, dental cavities, gingivitis, periodontal (gum) diseases and bad breath. According to WHO worldwide, 60–90% of school children and nearly 100% of adults have dental cavities. Globally, about 30% of people aged 65–74 have no natural teeth. In as much as oral disease in children and adults is higher among poor and disadvantaged population groups, it still remains a fact that observing simple oral hygiene practices like a regular brushing of teeth at least twice a day for a good 3-5 minutes, contrary to the popular 30seconds done by the majority, can go a long way in preventing formation of tooth cavities and dental plaque which ultimately lead to future loss of teeth. Other risk factors for oral diseases include an unhealthy diet, tobacco use, harmful alcohol use and poor oral hygiene, and social determinants, therefore decreasing sugar intake and maintaining a well-balanced nutritional diet can prevent tooth decay and premature tooth loss; of note also, consuming fruit and vegetables can protect against oral cancer. Stopping tobacco use and decreasing alcohol consumption can also reduce the risk of oral cancers, periodontal disease and tooth loss. As common as they are, dental cavities can be prevented by maintaining a constant low level of fluoride in the oral cavity. Fluoride can be obtained from fluoridated drinking water, salt, milk and toothpaste, as well as from professionally-applied fluoride or mouth rinse. Long-term exposure to an optimal level of fluoride results in fewer dental cavities in both children and adults. Regular visits to the dentist have also proven to be very beneficial in maintaining a good oral hygiene .The ultimate dream of every dentist is to achieve healthy teeth, healthy smiles and a healthy happy Zimbabwe. Dental Care advice by: Dr. J.J Musabayana-Homwe 10 tips to help you look after your teeth. Brush at least twice a day. Use fluoridated toothpaste. Brush thoroughly. Floss your teeth daily. ... Limit acidic drinks like soft drinks, cordials and fruit juices. Limit sugary foods. Protect your teeth from injury. Try to save a knocked out tooth. Visit Your Dentist Avoid using your teeth for anything other than chewing food.
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This 2nd edition has been built to continue to be of value to country branding and destination marketing – dedicated to promote tourism, u n...
Published on Jul 5, 2017
This 2nd edition has been built to continue to be of value to country branding and destination marketing – dedicated to promote tourism, u n...