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Your Life Magazine VOLUME 2 Issue 1 2013

Fashion Tips & Ideas

Healthy Eating – do it right from the start

A New Lifeline For People In Rural Areas

N I W

The Coffee Industry

ers! mp & 44 a H l Coo ges 37 a p See


CONTENTS 04 Editor’s Letter 06 Eskom Expo for Young Scientists Full details on how to to enter

08 Contributors

Meet our fabulous contributors

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09 Holla @ US

Connect with us

10 Indigenous Languages Take 2 More insight to ponder

15 Food & Drink

Get it right first time

18 Titanic

More myths and obscure facts

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20 Hippo Water Rollers

A story of great importance

22 Really Silly Inventions And they are all patented!!!

24 In Our Next Issue

Nanotech to the Iron Lady

26 Holla Ma Choons

Win four albums – enter now 2 > > > H OLA MAH I G H-S CHO O L

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CONTENTS 30 The Seeds

A Hand Up not a Hand Out!

32 Fashion

By Khensani Maseko

34 The Quotes Game

Learn some more from some wise men

36 Book Reviews

32

By Khensani Maseko

37 Is Cricket The Next Big Thing? Could Cricket take over form Soccer?

38 Kwame Nkrumah

Phenomenal hero or just another despot?

40 Awards

Those wonderful things

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41 Decision Makers

Creating leaders of tomorrow

42 Wake Up And Smell The Coffee

The hardship, greed and level of fairness involved in the coffee making process

44 Competition and Prize Winners 42

Check and see if you won a prize and enter again

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From the Editor

S

Editor’s note

o it is back to school and goodbye to

all our now former grade 12’s. Finding the uniform again, fitting into the blazer and fitting into the last few years of schooling. We are starting slowly out with this issue. Interesting stories as usual and some nice giggles here and there. We have a few serious one’s. The one about the coffee trade and the way poor countries in the likes of Ethiopia are being treated is rather chilling. We should have carried a story about a career in the defence force. That one was simply too complex for this issue. We will try again, but that is a difficult one. We continue with the quotes. That seems to be a winner in all respects. And also something “really silly …”. The silly games got a lot of feed-back, so we continue with “really silly inventions”. Those made me laugh, I tell you. We have more lined up: “really silly world records”, “really silly ideas”, “really silly people” and so on. If you have an idea for a topic (a silly one of course), please tell me as I will be running out of things in 2013.

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What will 2013 bring? February is Valentine’s, but that will be with a different story. More into what it is all about and why it came about and the future of these things. Is Valentine’ here to stay? March will be dedicated to science at is it is time for Scifest in Grahamstown again. If we can, we will interview a real rocket scientist to see what they really do. April and May are open-day editions. Grade 10 and 11: you have to start early! This is also for you, so don’t delay. June is youth month but here we try to look at a lot more than just the usual. That you can read in a newspaper. July and onwards will be planned later, but we do look at Women’s month, Transport month and then holiday and school-is-over stuff for November. That year went fast, didn’t it? Anyway, that’s what we have in store for you for this year. It will of course change, but hey a changing plan is better than no plan.

Sybil


How I envy the carefree birds As they broaden their subtle wings Telling of nothing but sheer liberty Swarming their way through pastel blue skies A mystical divinity.

The sun teasingly plays a game of hide and seek between the cumulus clouds As the lively butterflies praise the immaculate beauty of the floods of grand flowers that lavish the fresh Spring-kissed grass which my honey skin nonchalently indulges in.

Oh how my heart jubilates at the sight of this Godly image! Its not long before i come to realise that although yesterday may have roared with thunder And tomorrow may come with relentless gale winds Today,as i lay in this magical paradise I know for certain that God is smiling at me.

By: Letlhogonolo Swaratlhe


brings science to life

W

ould you like to discover exciting new

things about science – and stand the chance to win amazing prizes for you and your school? Then enter the Eskom Expo for Young Scientists and open your eyes to the wonderful world of science in South Africa!

What it’s all about

The Eskom Expo for Young Scientists starts with entering a science project in your school science expo. You can choose from 25 different categories, and if you do well, you’ll go through to a regional expo. There are 30 regional expos held around the country from July to September. If you do well, you will be sent through to the finals.

Sibongakonke Nxumalo and Snenhlanhla Sibiya were motivated to invent the Load shedding Meter after electricity cuts would interrupt their night study group at school. Says Snenhlanhla: “We wanted to invent something that would not only help us but also the country because as you know we are facing a huge crisis with our electricity supply. We believe this project will help us learners, our community and Eskom to put an end to power cuts.” The judges at the Eskom Expo for Young Scientists were so impressed with their project that they won overall first place, plus a mobile science lab for their school and a laptop.

Do you want to know more?

For more info on the Eskom Expo for Young Scientists, you can call the Expo National Office on (011) 894 1365, or visit the website: www.exposcience.co.za

The national finals are held in Johannesburg at the beginning of October each year. Here, the best projects win bronze, silver and gold medals as well as great prizes – like the chance to go overseas to represent South Africa at an international science fair!

Helping South Africans reduce their energy consumption

Last year’s Eskom’s overall winners were Sibongakonke Nxumalo and Snenhlanhla Sibiya from Dlangezwa High School in KwaZulu-Natal. The pair of grade 11s came up with a load shedding meter that regulates the supply of electricity in a household when the national power grid is under pressure. When the electricity supply is under pressure, the control unit (which is housed at Eskom power stations) sends a signal to the meter box to switch off everything using over 100 watts of electricity in the house. The user will then have to unplug everything consuming large amounts of electricity and their lights will go back on.

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(Above) 566 projects were on display at the Eskom Expo for Young Scientists finals in 2012. (Below, left to right) Minister of Science and Technology Derek Hanekom and Eskom CEO Brian Dames view some of the projects. Learners from all over South Africa met at the Eskom Expo and forged lifelong friendships. 2012 overall winners Sibongakonke Nxumalo and Snenhlanhla Sibiya with Dr Steve Lennon, Eskom Group Executive of Sustainability.


Contributors

My name is Rofhiwa Madzena. I’m a young woman who is fun and approachable, I’m a budding feminist and I strongly believe that the worth of a woman is second to none, the trick is convincing the rest of the world-a challenge I’m ready for! I’m passionate about South Africa and the World and many call me naïve but I believe that we and generations that will follow will achieve world peace!

I am Khensani Maseko, a goal driven 17-year old and an aspiring doctor. Discipline is regarded as a chore, but, for me its an order that sets me free to fly. I chase my dreams only and everything else chases me. I believe having vision is critical, it keeps me focused, resilient and determined.

I am Thapelo Moloabi and I reside in Lenasia. I am currently doing my Grade 12 at Highlands North Boy’s High school. I’m a socialite by nature who wants to change the world. Look out for me, because it will happen.

My name is Monica Rose Morapama. I was born in Alexandra 22 years ago when the NP government took the first step towards dismantling discrimination and lifted the ban on the ANC and other political organisations. This is no surprise why am I into politics. And I don’t care if a reader hates one of my stories, just as long as he finishes the book, and review it.

A young, petite lady with a chipmunk-like voice, (as most would say) is who I am but the name is Lerato “Pree” Mofokeng. I’m currently doing matric at Midrand High. I’m a very interactive, out-going being and ohh my... I love fashion!! I started writing poetry at the age of 11, along with starting art. I may be new, but I’ll surely get you to be a “Hola-Mag-Worm” lol! Although it will come with great challenges, I will not be defeated as I stand by Madiba’s quote: “I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear”.


WE ARE NOW ALL OVER THE PLACE Editor Sybil Otterstrom sybil@next-level.co.za holamahighschool@gmail.com Advertising Sales Next Level Management Services cc 011 614 5046/2094 076 360 1792 sybil@next-level.co.za Publishing Romele Publications cc PO Box 53056 Troyeville 2139 011 614 5046/2094 Enquiries Romele Publications cc 32 Eleanor Street Troyville 011 614 5046/2094 sybil@next-level.co.za

From our Facebook page

A big heads-up to your lifestyle magazine: Koketso Thubakgale i love ur mag !u guys u rock my world!!!” – Kefentse Hope Guys u duing a gr8 job nd m totally inlove with yo mag. – Refiloe Mawela Follow us on Twitter @holamahighsch

Production & Art Direction Sybil Schneider gaggle@icon.co.za Publisher Sybil Otterstrom Distribution On the Dot Printing Paarl Media

My name is Koketso Thubakgale. This is one of my all time favourite quotes: “I expect to pass through this world but once. Any good therefore that I can do or any kindness that I can show to any fellow creatures, let me do it now.” –Author unknown.

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Have Your Say

INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES – TAKE 2 –

B

ubbly, fun, and crazy are words most

people like to describe me by. Who am I? Lerato Mofokeng and I am bringing you “Take 2” on Indigenous Languages. Indigenous languages have a certain culture behind them and are all different. Cogitation clearly puts two-and-two together… If humans make culture then dialectically, culture also makes humans, as in who they are. If culture is the main determinant of our attitude, tastes and morals, language should be considered as the central media to express culture. Insofar as we are in Gauteng, we may ask the central question: ‘What is Urban Youth Culture?’. Well this is a culture that we as the youth have developed amongst ourselves. It surprisingly has its own language as well as attitude.

THE LANGUAGE

the movies, shopping at the mall or even throwing a sleep-over and having a braai at the park or rather ‘where ever it’s going down’, is what the youth describe as FUN! This is suddenly also impacted by our “youth language”, which is by and large English.

THE “COOL” MUSIC Artists such as Drake, Kanye-West, Kendrick Lamar, Lil-Wayne, Trey Songz – to mention but a few, are the developers of the Urban Youth Language because whatever “dope” line said along within their lyrics, a “sick” word is then picked up and filled in the vocab. THE ATTIRE Whatever trending fashion statement or styles seen from celebs epitomising them should be worn. However, do remember that not everybody can pull off any look, or rather just twist it up and make it your own. So, where does this leave “Indigenous Languages”?

Within this culture, a lot of “slang” partakes… taking a look at the Hip-Hop culture for instance, the slang is very “American”. This is normally adapted from the association of rap music.

The expressions are English, the focus is English and the culture is inspired by “Made in the USA”. But hey, we do have our own additions, so the base may still be English but we are SA Youth after all.

THE ATTITUDE

GOING BACK TO YOUR HOMETOWN

We spoke to Tebogo Kganakga (17) and this is what she had to say: “A very bad attitude has been established within this culture by our role models, such as rap artists because when listening to their music, after every two lines, there’s cursing”.

In most cases, children who normally grew up or initially came from the rural areas to Joburg, forget about where they came from and sometimes seem to lose their sense of belonging to anything!

WHERE TO HANG OUT Weekend time and the holidays are the “sigh-reliefs” that everyone gets excited about! Making plans to go 10

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After getting used to modernity of the urban-life, they periodically feel that it’s not important for them to do all the things they were taught, or fit in with all the other rural tasks, such as milking cows or even getting water from the river.


Have Your Say Responses would be somewhat like: “Why do we have to milk cows if we can just purchase it in town and can’t we just install a tap with running water?” However, the world has moved on and “rural” is not as rural as it used to be. We spoke to Tshegofatso Makhena (28) to get her view on this matter and this was her response: “The advance in technology has meant that people living in urban areas are now part of a global community, which speaks predominantly English, and mainly support and promote an urban, western life-style. “Children have become the most prolific in interacting with this much larger community and therefore are the most influenced by it. It is therefore not surprising that they should begin to ask themselves as to why ‘they should milk cows, or fetch water from the river’, when they can purchase a book written by a French author and have it delivered to their door step within seven days. Each of us has to decide how we would like to change and in what way we should stay the same”. No one is to blame for a change in culture or society, change is the only constant. And how we respond to change, often reveals what we really think of ourselves and other people. Something I’d like to remember is my grandmother’s modus operandi: don’t milk a cow for the sake of milking a cow, but, make sure you know how to milk a cow for your own sake”. Now does it if even matter in this day and age? I mean, it is the 21st century! Tshegofatso continues. “It will always matter because when a society changes, especially when it changes things that form part of the fabric of a society such as language, there is always the fear that there is loss of identity, diversity and creativity. The concern is that one day we will all be the same, speak the same language, have the same rituals and then lose the colour of life and cease to learn anything new from each other”.

DRAWING A PARALLEL TO NEW YORK, LONDON, PARIS… Before traversing abroad, let’s consider the Afrikaans

language for a split second. This is a language developed in South Africa and is surely very “indigenous”. It is spoken in South Africa only. And Afrikaans is associated with a specific type of culture. But even that is also changing. Look at Jack Parow. Not the typical Afrikaans youth. He is urban youth first and foremost. The communication base is not to standard. Suddenly we have to talk skin colour. For instance: ‘You are in a cab (as a black young woman) and passengers pass over the money to you, speaking to you in Zulu for example and you don’t understand what they are saying to you or you can’t respond.’ What do you do? Should you be ashamed? What happens when you then try and they start mocking you on your accent? They would not do that if you were say of Chinese ancestry! Unfair! People assume you are part of a culture. You may not be. Same with Jack Parow. If people should assume he is a typical Afrikaner, well, he is not. Suddenly, South African urban youth may feel more at home in New York, London, or Paris than in Outspaankraal, Kagiso, Mohlakeng, Ramokgopa, Braakpan or Meyerton. India is one of the countries suffering with problems such as these. As clearly known, English is an essential passport to white-collar jobs, and so that is the reason why most of India’s citizens send – or at least try to send – their children to highly expensive English-medium schools. That’s a topic BBC took up in an article: ‘English or Hinglish – which will India choose?’ by Zareer Masani: “The trouble with dysfunctional Hinglish is that it can cause havoc when clear and precise communication is required, whether on a simple taxi ride or in more serious situation like hospitals or law-courts”. I believe that it is certainly important to never forget where you come from despite how long you’ve been experiencing the modernity of the urban-life. But you will end up in some funny situations. So having discussed all of that, the question now lies with you – how important is indigenous languages really? < > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L

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Health & Fitness

FOOD AND DRINK get it right first time

H

ealthy lifestyle comes with

self-love and care. Rose Morapama explains why it is so important for students to consider healthy food as a go for progressive achievers. A healthy lifestyle is composed of a number of factors, of which diet and exercise are the most obvious. Learning to deal with stress, sleeping enough hours, not smoking, and drinking responsibly are also part of the equation. Research shows students eating healthy food achieve higher marks.

give up on their hobbies (sports) during the middle of their first year. They try to study and focus, but because of their unhealthy functioning brains, they lie in bed until midday or until their cell phone alarms wakes them for their next class or lecture.

This is not the way to become the greatest For many students, underlying psychological reasons are to blame for their gaining weight. Issues with food and binge eating are triggered when a student comes to university or high school. Alcohol is also used as a way of coping with stress and other negative emotions. Exam stress or problems within relationships can cause unhealthy eating patterns. And it is likely to be adopted mostly by females, for whatever reason. Studies show that to be a fact.

Lifestyle of first year students This is what I have discovered about undergraduates’ lifestyle at campuses. The stereotypical student’s lifestyle of takeaways, alcohol, late night partying or watching television is hardly a template for healthy living. Like many students who move away from home to university or college, they found it difficult to eat healthily. Most of them arrived at universities or high schools weighing less than their optimal weight. They adopt this overindulgent way of life in everything, especially alcohol, and that ends up with the consumption of pizza and garlic bread and other “stuff” at the end of most evenings. Students >>>HO LA MAHI G H - SC H O O L

There are lots of activities in which students can get involved at university or college. Those who are concerned about their weight need to seek support through Student Services at the university or college. Many students struggle to 15


Health & Fitness live within a limited budget; and lack of money may be seen as a barrier to leading a healthy lifestyle. There are many ways to have a healthy diet without spending too much. Planning meals ahead can help to reduce food waste, and sticking to a list when shopping, helps to avoid buying things that aren’t needed. Another common misconception is that preparing a meal is timeconsuming; and many therefore stick to takeaways and ready-cooked meals. Did you know that a lot of the food you buy as the “great take-aways” can be cooked by yourself in more or less the same time it takes to order it, waiting for the take-away to cook it and bring it to you? Yes, it is proven – look at BBC Food. This is important because you can adjust your salt intake as just one little thing. Similarly, regular exercise need not be costly or timeconsuming. The key is to use parks or playing fields nearby, where students can get a complete workout. They don’t need equipment; just their body weight and ambition. The fundamentals are to exercise three to four times a week. I suggest jogging, walking quickly or cycling. Sit-ups, squats and press-ups to strengthen key muscles are also easy and effective. Alternatively, they can join student sports groups in which participation tends to be free or very cheap. Bunny chow or Kota are not substitutes for exercise and healthy nutritious food.

Good food and drinks to consume Eating properly starts with a healthy breakfast. Yogurt is not enough – it will not satisfy hunger and this will make it hard to concentrate in class by midmorning. A healthy cereal, fruit and a hardboiled egg will keep

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you full for the rest of the day (remember: one or two eggs per week are enough. It is high-cholesterol stuff). There are many diet and fitness experts who have a lot to say, but, you yourself need to be aware of what you eat on a daily basis. It is your body after all, not the expert’s. Fruits and vegetables are the very best meals. They are full of vitamins and minerals and will get your day off to a good start. You don’t have to like all vegetables, but do try to expand the list beyond mielies and potatoes (corn chips and potato chips don’t count). Ensure you have green ones, yellow ones and red ones. Have them raw as well as cooked. Fresh fruits make better snacks than chocolate.

Is the colour of the veggies and fruits important? This sounds crazy, but yes! Red things contain anti-oxidants, which attack the free radicals in your body. Wow, is this not a chemistry lesson? Yes, it is. Free radicals will age your skin and cause all kind of trouble now and later. That part you can “google” yourself. Amazingly, tomatoes are the best anti-oxidant, whether they are tinned, cooked, processed, pureed or in pasta! Also, don’t feel bad when cooking with tinned stuff. It works!

Drinks Drinking several fizzy drinks is a force of habit. Soda is everywhere and it is tasty and cheap. The most addictive thing about it is convenience. If you want something quick or are in a hurry, it is easy to grab a convenient drink. Students drink soda to quench their thirst, but it is probably the worst time to do so. When you are very thirsty or dehydrated you have low levels of saliva, and saliva helps to neutralize acids. Soda will push up acid levels. When you’re


Health & Fitness hot and thirsty, cold water really hits the spot, and is better for your body. Sugar-laced drinks will make you more thirsty. Why? Because the sugar in the drink pulls the water out of the cells in your body, just like salt sucks up water. This will make you thirstier. Time to open another can of coke, right? Wrong! Giving up on soft drinks can be one of the best things you can do to improve your health. Soft drinks are carbonated, caffeinated, sugared, or artificially sweetened, which harms our bodies. Many people forget that soda can make them gain weight and might not realize how many extra calories they consume in what they drink. Drinking soda not only contributes to fat, but it also stresses the body’s ability to process sugar, and it can cause diabetes. It weakens bones and it does have a slight effect on the kidneys. There are so many healthy alternatives. By drinking soda, you cut the intake of fresh juices, milk and water. You deprive yourself from essential vitamins and minerals. Water is the best drink in the world. Any kind of tea – herbal, green or black – is rich in antioxidants, which protect the body from many health problems. And 100% fruit juice can also be useful for flavouring water and teas.

Energy drinks and exams

availability of drinks, but rather the lack of education about the risks of overindulging and combining energy drinks with alcohol. That is rather lethal, and it is not “cool” to get hospitalised. These responses are not completely uncommon. Paramedics report most of the incidents they see involve alcohol or drugs being used in conjunction with energy drinks. Obviously, drinking multiple energy drinks in a row is unhealthy and potentially dangerous, but many people don’t know how harmful it can be. Stay away from drinks that dehydrate you after drinking them, because guzzling absorbs your energy and liquids. Traditionally, water hydrates better than any other liquid, because it is pure and has no added chemical or preservatives. Be aware that drinks with caffeine can be addictive. What about a can of energy drink, which compares to 30 cups of coffee? Water is also the most important fluid that is part of the immune system, which helps to fight off illnesses. Water digests food and gets rid of waste too. Water is needed. Water is the main ingredient in perspiration. In addition to being an important part of the fluids in the body, each cell depends on water to function normally.

There is no need to energize our body cells with energy drinks. These drinks have added chemicals and/or preservatives, which are toxic and dangerous to consume in large amounts – more than 330ml a day. Caffeine energy drinks can harm your kidneys, damage your brain and impact on your stamina.

Our bodies don’t get water only from drinking it. Any fluid we drink will contain water, but water and milk are the best choices and are helpful during exams. After drinking water, there is no side effect. How about milk? Ok, so milk can make you feel a bit bloated, but bloatedness is much better than caffeine from energy drinks that can put you in bed for a day or more if consumed regularly.

Students shared with me their experiences of energy drinks, and this is what they have found. Extreme symptoms they have experienced were heart palpitations, and in one case an apparent seizure. The problem is not with the consumption and

So, the conclusion is really simple. Try to do what your conscience tells you is right. And remember, you do have time to eat properly and be healthy. If not, you will have to find time to be sick instead. And that is a fact!

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Have Your Say Interesting Reading

T I TA N I C

I

more myths and obscure facts

think we all like a good mystery and we surely

all like the Titanic. The movie was great, made all of us cry a little bit.

But there are still so many different questions about the Titanic. Even a conspiracy theory! Are you interested? Read on! What if Titanic had hit the ice berg nose-first? Good one. We know the Titanic could still survive even with four of the water tight compartments breached. Unfortunately, as she scraped along the iceberg, five compartments got opened to the sea. That was it.

OK, but what now if it would just crumble the front? Maybe the Titanic would then have been able to ride up on the ice berg? And then people at least could sit on the ice berg until Carpatia arrived. Good thinking. Except the ice berg they found (with some red paint on) was way too impossible to climb! But she surely did ride high out of the water? Like in the movie? Maybe not. Because if she did and she was torn in two, the crumble zone would have been at the bottom and the top would have been a clean break. That is not the case! The clean cut is in the bottom. That means that the Titanic would only have been able to rise approximately 5° out of the water and then sagged in the middle. Why was that? Well, the ship was too long for this type of stress; hence the bottom broke, tore the rivets and that was it. But people saw it rising far higher? Maybe they perceived it, sitting in the water. But it probably didn’t. The conspiracy? Please tell. I like conspiracy things OK: The ship that never sank.

But what if she hit nose first. Just crashing into the ice berg? Surely it would not have opened five compartments? And surely not have killed 1 500 people. If you try to calculate the force of the impact, stopping 46 000 tons going at some 35 km/h, well, that would crumble the front badly. But would she still sink? The answer is YES! Titanic was built by bolting plates together on the ribs of the ship. The nails were inferior. They would have snapped and then (basically) all the plates would have just fallen apart. She would have gone under as a total wreck in seconds. Look at this picture (right) and imagine this is the Titanic. It would have been worse! All plates gone in seconds. No survivors, I would think. 18 18

HOLA OLA MAHI MAHIG GH-S H-SCHO CHOO OLL >>>>>>H

One of the most controversial and complex theories was put forward by Robin Gardiner in his book, Titanic: The Ship That Never Sank. In it, Gardiner concludes that the ship that sank was in fact the Titanic’s sister ship Olympic, disguised as the Titanic, as an insurance scam. On 20 September 1911, the Olympic was involved in a bad collision, making the ship unfit for any more trips. An Admiralty inquiry assigned blame to the Olympic, despite numerous eye-witness accounts to the contrary. As Olympic was found to blame in the collision Lloyds of London allegedly refused to pay out on the claim. Gardiner proposes that, to make sure at least one vessel would be earning money, Olympic was then converted to become the Titanic. The plan, Gardiner suggests, was to dispose of the Olympic in a way that would allow White Star to collect insurance money on the ship. As for the true Titanic, Gardiner alleges that she spent 25 years in service as the Olympic. How do you like that? <


Design

Rose Morapama discovers how the Hippo Water Roller project has changed billion lives of Africans within the continent, Asian countries and South America. by being raped, murdered, kidnapped amongst other things. In 1991 two South African engineers, Pettie Petzer and Johan Jonker ‑ invented the Aqua Roller. In 1993 the name (Left) Hippo Water Rollers shows how such a simple idea can have a profound impact on a community.

H

ave you ever heard about “Hippo Roller” or

seen one? Well, it is a story of great importance and we should all know more about rural living and the hardship encountered.

The shortage of water in South Africa affects mostly rural areas. The communities may have to fetch water from the nearest river or stream. In just one day, more than 200 million hours of women’s time are consumed collecting water for domestic use in rural areas. Women and children wake before sunrise and walk miles with 20 litre buckets to fetch water. They typically fill buckets and carry them on their heads, balanced with forearms, on their way back home. This method of carrying heavy loads of water on their heads will injure the spine of a child! On top of, it is mostly the work of women and female children to fetch water. Let’s put it into perspective: Research shows that the average amount of water carried is equal to the average traveller’s airport luggage allowance of 20 kilograms. This method of collecting water is just not efficient. More than one trip to the river is needed during the day. Apart from time being wasted, women and childrens’ lives are jeopardized either 20

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was changed to Hippo Water Roller. Apart from some minor changes and improvements by Grant Gibbs of Imvubu Projects, some basic design features remained unchanged.

So what is a Hippo Roller? The Hippo Water Roller is a big barrel designed to contain 90 litres of water. This barrel is intended to ease the time of fetching and carrying larger amounts of water on a gravel road, by holding the handle with which the drum is pushed or pulled. It can be rounded on the shoulder to simplify tilting when wanting to pour from the full roller. However, the Hippo Water Roller is very stable in the upright position when it rests on a small flat surface. The roller has hand-grips at the bottom and top to make emptying the container easier.


Design It is specifically designed for use in rural areas, where tarred - or even surfaced roads - do not exist. People are able to transport almost five times the amount of water in one trip, way different from the traditional method of carrying water. It saves time, reduces strain and is a hygienic way of storage due to the sealed lid on the roller. It has proven to be a reliable product in the field for over 19 years, with an average life span of six years. The project associates with NGO’s, aid organisations and corporate businesses contributing towards increasing access to clean water and the Hippo Water Roller. Last year, approximately 42 000 Hippo Rollers were deployed, benefitting about 300 000 people in rural areas. Communities in rural areas are dedicated to the Hippo Water Roller. It gives people more time to do other important tasks in the household, and allows children to attend school instead of trailing up and down to fetch water. The Hippo Roller has improved lives in African countries such as South Africa, Angola, Botswana, DRC, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The initiative is also currently involved in assisting people who do not have access to clean drinking water in South America and India. The Hippo Water Roller has been endorsed and used by the World Food Programme (WFP), Nedbank Foundation, Operation Hunger and former South African President Nelson Mandela’s Collect Foundation to name a few NGO’s cooperators. The Nedbank Foundation is the largest corporate sponsor of the project and it proudly displays its brand on the recessed lid, which is designed in such a way that it is not damaged when the roller is pushed along the ground. The Hippo Water Roller Project has introduced a

mobile manufacturing initiative, whereby these barrels can be built locally at a lower landed cost. Exporting completed Hippo Water Rollers to other countries is often very expensive and sometimes doubles the cost of a Roller. The shipping capacity is also limited due to the device’s shape, which ultimately influences the cost of shipping. The benefit of this South African award winning invention, is immediate and so is its potential impact on the long-term effects of not having access to clean water. Children are now healthy enough to attend school on a frequent basis because they are not sick or bound to water-fetching activities. An adult is able to work longer hours on the land, increase their yields, and become active participants in their country’s economy by being able to participate, in some cases, at double their rate of production. According to the United Nations, more than one billion people do not enjoy the luxury of water on tap. Clearly the need for such an innovation is enormous. This project has made a difference in rural areas and now the communities see the world in a different way. The most fantastic and heart-breaking fact about Hippo Roller is this: In some of our neighbouring countries, having been plagued by civil war, the countryside is littered with landmines. When a child, pushing a Hippo Roller, hits a landmine, the blast is absorbed by the water and the child does not loose a limb! Something so simple and so incredibly important. < (Below, left to right) JSR Gambari distrubutes water carriers in Kuma Garadayat. Photo by Olivier Chassot/UNAMID. Developing the alternative Design Mindset to change the world. Women on their way back home carrying 20 litres of water on their heads. A Nigerian woman gathering water from a river. A Kenyan woman carrying water on her back.

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Have Your Say

Remember our last article – Silly Sports? Well, here is the next instalment: Really Silly Inventions! These are all patented things. If anyone should try this at home, please ask Mom and Dad first and don’t blame us! All of it from a website: Totallyabsurd.com

Jet Propulsion Golf Club - US Patent Issued In 1999

Most of us could use a faster golf swing. But most of us haven’t considered using jet propulsion to bang our ball faster and further down the fairway. As the inventor explains, the Jet Propulsion Club is “a golf club for impelling a golf ball further with thrust force assist.” That’s right folks… the same physics that push a jet fighter to 600 mph can now give your ball the lift and distance you’ve only dreamed of. The gasoline powered, high pressure water pump and tank (#19) forces water through the hose and into your hollow club. When you are ready to take your swing, clear the gallery, put the caddy in some protective gear, then press the red button (#9) and hang on tight. The highly pressurized water shoots out the back of your club, propelling it forward, toward your ball, like an F-16 being catapulted off of a Carrier. Now let’s just hope your eyesight is good enough to spot your ball as it lands 700 yards away.

Jump, No Rope - US Patent Issued In 2006

Everyone agrees, jumping rope is great exercise, but it has a couple of downsides. First, your ceiling must be tall enough to accommodate your twirling rope if you are jumping indoors. And as the inventor points out, you need some serious coordination skills or you are going to be tripping and falling more than you will be jumping. So if the rope is the problem, what’s the inventor’s solution? Rope be gone! We don’t need no stinkin’ rope, we can just hold these handles in our hands and pretend to be jumping the imaginary rope. As an added bonus, your No Rope handles have weighted balls in them to simulate the feel of a rotating rope. Hey, if we can pretend there’s a rope, maybe we can sit on the sofa and just pretend we’re jumping it!

12 Gauge Golf Club - US Patent Issued In 1979

Golf game got you down? Now you can have explosive drives every time with the 12 Gauge Golf Club! This special woody features a barrel, muzzle and a trap door in the rear for loading your explosive charge. The firing pin is aligned with the clubs sweet spot for blasting your balls into oblivion (careful). Sure, the golf course is going to sound like a firing range and your clubs recoil may take out a few spectators, so we think it may be time to start the new XGT - Xtreme Golf Tour. 22

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Have Your Say

Skate Scooter - US Patent Issued In 1984

We can’t figure out if this is the world’s most inexpensive motorized vehicle, or just a lazy persons way of getting some fresh air. The Skate Scooter is simply a motor attached to a wheel with a throttle for speed control and a brake. The inventor says the Skate Scooter is “a driving vehicle by which the skater may enjoy skating by being pulled or pushed”. We would like to caution riders that are being pushed to heed all speed bump warning signs.

Snake Walker - US Patent Issued In 2002

Every animal needs its exercise and snakes are no exception! Fresh air and warm sunshine are great for the reptile and the reptilian squire alike. But have you ever tried to put a small dog or cat collar on a snake? We didn’t think so, because if you had, Mr. Slither would have given you the slip. You see, snakes have the ability to alter the shape of their circumference, and they can easily slide out of a normal neck collar. So, our serpentine inventor came up with a special collar, one that old forked tongue can’t escape from because it includes a “concertina movement-neutralization device”. We’re not sure exactly what that means but if you can actually get your snake to go for a leashed walk, or should we say, leashed wiggle, you can look just as cool as this guy does. Oh yeh, uber snake-walkin’ cool!

Pogo Shoes - US Patent Issued In 1976

What do you get when you combine a pogo stick, a unicycle and ugly boots? Pogo Shoes! These hazardous wonders were designed for fun and diversion. The diversion could very well be a trip to the hospital. To start your fun, the inventor suggests you get up (we haven’t figured out how yet) and “urge your weight up and down until you bounce clear of the ground.” Now about that landing… these things should be sold with crutches.

Truth Extractor - US Patent Issued In 1930

This apparatus was patented in 1930 as a crime fighting tool. ‘The Criminal Truth Extractor’ was used to induce admissions of guilt by means of an apparition; a skeleton with blinking eyes and a translucent astral body. Amid this supernatural atmosphere, an examiner in an adjoining room asks questions and the suspect’s replies and expressions are recorded by camera and tape for later use. Yeh, that skeleton is pretty scary.

Motorcycle Air Bag - US Patent Issued In 1989

Although it may look like a Martian body suit, this is really fashionable inflatable motorcycle wear. The giveaway here is the bungee cord strapped to our hooded hero’s waist. Patented in 1989, this protective airbag is designed to cushion the rider’s fall during an accident. When forcefully ejected from the bike (yes, number 36 is supposed to be a wall), the suit swells with compressed gas until it covers head, arms, torso, and legs but not, apparently, the fingertips. Heck, it’s hard enough to pass helmet laws let alone fashion laws. Robbie Knievel wouldn’t be caught injured in this thing.

Now, send us YOUR inventions!!! > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L

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In Our Next Issue February! Next Issue! To Valentine or not, that is the question (sorry Shakespeare). We will be doing Valentine’s with a twist. The usual stuff you can do yourself, but we will have an article on where Valentine is comes from, where it is going and more. That should be a good read. Rofhiwa will write about a “remarkable person” again. It is either Maggie Thatcher or Angela Merkel (the Chancellor from Germany). It seems as though Germany has taken over the whole of Europe, so Merkel could be a good one to analyse a bit. We are indeed pursuing the Indigenous Languages debate. More input and more articles will be published. This is something that really goes to the heart of South Africa, suddenly. Did you like the hippo roller story? We will try to find more projects like this. If we can get input, we are going to look closely at nanotech. Nanotech is claimed as being as big as the computer revolution. Image a life without computers (even your coffee maker is powered by a chip set, a computer). The definitions are a bit “fluffy” at best, so this will be difficult. A career: yes, we tried to look at a career in the defence force for this issue. It was simply too complex to get sorted, so we will try again. Fashion is here to stay, so expect more on that front. Competitions will be introduced again. This will be ongoing and you should see a lot of initiatives in this department. We are also looking for YOU to talk to us about issues which are of interest to you. Something, which is close to your heart. Good stories and ideas are always welcome! Follow us on Facebook, Twitter and on our gmail account. Look forward to next issue!

Sybil 24

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INTERNET & CELLPHONE SAFETY • When you are on a chat site, do not use and send your personal information, like your real name, home address, telephone number or school name. • Be careful what information you give out on your profile. Remember that you don’t know who your are chatting to – not everyone is your friend. • Use a nickname or your initials instead of your full name – you don’t want just anyone knowing who you are. • Be careful who you agree to accept into your forums/private chat areas. • Do not just accept any ‘friend request’ from people you do not know. • If you are receiving unwanted or insulting text, you can contact your cellphone network provider. • Remember to report to the Film and Publication Board reporting channels toll free 0800 148 148 or www.fpbprochild.org.za


Music

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Be

Success Avenue is where we going. Join the Limitless Youth. www.nyda.gov.za 0800 52 52 52

Find us on facebook Search for National Youth Development Agency Check us on youtube; www.youtube.com/NYDASouthAfrica

Follow us on twitter www.twitter.com/NYDARSA


NEED A STUDY LOAN OR A BURSARY? IF YOU ARE:

• • • •

Still at school and figuring out how to fund further studies; Currently studying and needing funds to continue or further your studies; A young adult wanting to study further but needing financial assistance; or An employer who would like to find a way for his or her employees’ children to have brighter futures, then this Q & A will guide you and give you a sense of the role that NSFAS plays. Note: Application for a study loan should be made at the institution where you would like to study, not at NSFAS. The National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) is a loan and bursary administration scheme, operating in terms of Act 56 of 99. ACT A NSFAS study loan or bursary is for those who do not have the financial means to fund their


studies and / or cannot access bank funding, study loans or bursaries. WHAT IS A STUDENT LOAN? The money that you borrow to cover the costs associated with your tertiary studies. The study loan does need to be repaid WHAT’S GREAT ABOUT A NSFAS STUDY LOAN? The student loans attract a very low interest rate. We will grant study loans without need for guarantees or sureties. Depending on the student’s academic results, portions of the loan can be converted to a bursary. A very reasonable repayment plan, based on your earnings. All repaid student loans are recycled to fund more needy students. WHO DO WE ASSIST WITH A STUDY LOAN? Academically deserving students who meet the following criteria:

• A South African citizen; • Registered at a South African university or university of technology; • An undergraduate, studying for a first higher educational qualification; or • Studying for a second higher qualification (if necessary to practise in your chosen profession. Eg: LLB or HDE); • Able to demonstrate potential for academic success; and • In need of financial assistance. HOW DO YOU GO ABOUT GETTING A STUDY LOAN? NSFAS does not allocate funds directly to students but here’s the plan: • •

First, apply at the educational institution where you are planning to study. Some institutions will issue you with an application for study together with an application for financial aid. You need to enquire from the institution about their processes and deadlines for both. Submit both applications to the institution and if you have any questions contact the Financial Aid Office (FAO) on campus who will evaluate your ability to succeed in your chosen study direction.


Empowerment

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EED Community is a UK registered charity,

response to the lack of access young, bright and capable women have, from financially difficult backgrounds in developing nations, to complete their studies at a tertiary level”, explains Christina.

This initially started with 15 girls to now being a group of 28 young ladies.

The Seed school mentoring programme in partnership with Nikki Florence, head of Education Outreach at SABC, acting in her personal capacity – plans to enter high schools at Grade 10 & 11 levels. Both girls and guys will be open to take part in the

founded in May 2011 by two women, Christina Vestey and Line Hadsbjerg, to empower girls from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Each one of them has a story to tell, an experience to share and a life lesson that not only holds light,

but, a statement of intent. Being a part of this group has opened me up to knowing that as much as individuals carry their fears on their chest, getting up each day to find a way out of that cage takes hope and devotion; hope that there’s a better way or plan ahead, and devotion, because in dedication to self, we ultimately find our passions! “The idea for establishing SEED came about as a 30

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mentorship process. This will take place every Friday for about two hours after school. Activities will range from Art, Dance, Drama, Debates on social issues and Educational games. Each Seed member will mentor 12 students and once the programme is completed those students will in


Empowerment turn mentor primary students which will keep the pay it forward system going. Events will happen Quarterly with talent shows, concerts, sports day, Arts and Crafts fairs to show off entrepreneurial Buzz and trips for top achievers will be held. In one year, one Seed mentor will impact the lives of 156 learners. Having originally wanted to establish the community in India, Christina and Line got the opportunity to pilot their concept at the Maharishi Institute in Johannesburg. The Maharishi Institute was founded to make

At present, SEED supports 28 girls all studying a Business Degree at Maharishi and all coming from the outlying suburbs of Johannesburg. SEED’s approach is quite unique as it provides the girls with a “Hand Up” rather than a “Hand Out”. Girls are provided with interest free student loans, monthly expenses loans, mentor support, and work opportunities with local companies, enabling them to complete their studies to become independent contributors to society. I have learnt a lot in my two years of being a Seed member and the one thing I carry with me, no matter

Pictures on these pages: Maharishi Institute learners.

tertiary education accessible to all, through providing funding for education programs, showcasing South Africa as a leading innovator in education provision. Supporting the worldwide breakthrough of Consciousness-based Education, which focuses on Transcendental Meditation as one of its key techniques – education is centred around whole student learning.

where I go, but especially after the Business of Life Experiential Leadership Course to Magalies last October, is that ‘My power lies in my ability to accept change, be a part of change and ultimately rectify collective change for only in being can the present of Empowering truly be found. By Deleah Ogle. > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L

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Fashion

I Don’t Do Fashion... I Am Fashion!

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very month teenagers

everywhere wait with anticipation as the shelves are graced with the likes of Cosmopolitan, Seventeen and Teen Vogue Magazine. In packs we religiously flip through the pages, scanning Rihanna’s new haircut, Katey Perry’s new hair colour or that “TDF” [To Die For] dress Kim Kardashian wore to the EMA’s. For us, fashion is what you adopt when you don’t know who you are. “Fashion is barbarous because it produces inno-vation without rea-son and imitation without benefit.”

“Funky, Fabulous & Original” are a few words to describe the style of Marist Brothers Linmeyer’ deputy head girl, who also holds the titles YOU Miss Teen 2012 as well as Miss Teen 32

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Johannesburg 2012: Cindy ‘Stunner’ Makita (right). When asked about her personal style, the 17 year old beams: “I am the type of person who loves to keep up with the latest trends, yet I try to do so in my own unique way.” Since claiming these titles, the Glenvista born ‘stunner’ no longer has to deal with only the pressures of being a fashion forward teenager but looking picture perfect and always being photo ready. “Being YOU Miss Teen as well as Miss Teen Johannesburg, I am a role model to many young girls and the advice I would give them on fashion is ‘Make It Your Own.’


Fashion “We all love to keep up with the latest trends and look our best but it’s when you make the latest trends suit your body and your personality that you’ll look your best,” she assures. “My style Icon is Olivia Blois Sharpe from Jerseylicious. What I love about her is that her style is so unique and original. She makes a statement in whatever she puts on. And she is not afraid to be different,” she says.

“So this summer try and make whatever you choose to put on your own. It’s nice to have role models to look up to for fashion but make your style original. How boring the world would be if we were all the same. Make a statement; be bold, different and daring. I myself am definitely going to do so! After all they don’t call me ‘Stunner’ for nothing!” she says firmly. Its summer holidays and the most liberating feeling is packing that school uniform where it belongs… in your closet. The only rule is: don’t be boring, life is too short to blend in. Dare to be different, be your own trendsetter, it’s not about the price of the outfit but how you ‘rock it’. It is of little if not no relevance whether you bargained at China Town for your outfit, got it for twenty bucks on Eloff Street, camped all night in line at the YDE hundred rand sale or shipped it in straight off the runway at New York Fashion Week, you can buy fashion but you can’t buy style. By Khensani Maseko > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L

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Quotes

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The Quotes Game

ERE WE ARE with a fresh take on quotes. Let’s jump right into it:.

done much today.” That is like putting it bluntly. Meaning, get off the couch and do some more!

Albert Einsten

John F Kennedy

You know him: the one with E=MC2. He did more than that:

My favourite president. “The great enemy of the truth is very often not the lie — deliberate, contrived and dishonest — but the myth — persistent, persuasive, and unrealistic.” Oh yes.

“A happy man is too satisfied with the present to dwell too much on the future.” From “My Future Plans”, an essay written at age 17 for school exam. Oops? 17? This is already deep. “Unthinking respect for authority is the greatest enemy of truth.” Never just bow in awe. “I have also considered many scientific plans during my pushing you around in your pram.” Letter to his son. He had a family, although he might have been a bit occupied with thinking up new paradigms. “Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance you must keep moving.” Letter to his son. I kind of like this one. “Only a life lived for others, is a life worthwhile.” Selfish he was not. This one could have been Mandela.

Vladimir Lenin

Dangerous man to quote, but he had some gems:

“A man may die, nations may rise and fall, but an idea lives on.” Ideas have endurance without death.How come he sounds like Mandela? Or the other way around?

George Washington

You think the past is too old to learn from? Think again. “Few men have virtue to withstand the highest bidder.” This was written to one of his generals who sold out. “Happiness and moral duty are inseparably connected.” … and this was written some 200 years ago! “It is better to offer no excuse than a bad one.” Ohh

“Man’s consciousness not only reflects the objective world, but creates it.” Think about it! We know what is right and wrong and we can create our own world as we have a choice! “One cannot live in society and be free from society.” Like it or not. You are here and you are a part of it.

Mikhail Gorbachev You can look him up.

“If what you have done yesterday still looks big to you, you haven’t 34

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Winston Churchill

We have to! He is my hero quote maker. “Headmasters have powers at their disposal with which Prime Ministers have never yet been invested.” He did go to Harrow – private school. “It is a mistake to look too far ahead. Only one link in the chain of destiny can be handled at a time.” Say no more. That’s it on this for now. <


Book Reviews by Khensani Maseko Every Young Woman’s Battle/ Every Young Man’s Battle – Shannon Ethridge and Stephen Arteburn/ Fred Stoeker

into that deserted alley.” It’s a deeply moving read that’s guaranteed to move even the hardest heart.

The world we live in promotes sex as the answer to just about everything. The pressure to go along with the crowd is greater than ever before, and it’s easy to compromise in little ways that are a lot more harmful than they may seem. Whether you have so far protected yourself emotionally and sexually, feel that you’ve been robbed of your purity, or have given in to temptation in some way, this book can help you achieve or reclaim sexual integrity. It’s a very practical and helpful guide demonstrating how you can live your life to the fullestwithout regrets.

In the business of love, not everything is a bed of roses. Since she was a little girl, Emmaline Grant has always loved romance. Emma gets to play with flowers everyday and work with her three best friends, Mac, Parker and Laurel, as they are florists.

The Kite Runner – Khaled Hosseini The Kite Runner is a gripping novel that explores the themes of love, loss, betrayal, rape and redemption. It’s a devastating, masterful and painfully honest story of a life crippled by Amir’s act of childhood cowardice and cruelty. Based in Afghanistan, 1975, twelve year old Amir is motherless, a talented writer and constantly auditioning for his fathers attention and approval. Amir and his childhood servant and friend, Hassan, win the local kite fighting contest but Amir makes a life changing decision that afternoon which results in him spending “the last twenty 26 years of his life peeking 36

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Bed Of Roses – Nora Roberts

Emma brings colour to every room she enters, but, though men swarm around her, she still hasn’t found “Mr. Right”. The last place she’s looking for love is right under her nose. Jack has never been big on commitment, yet Emma yearns for a lifelong love affair. If the two are to find common ground, they must trust in their history and in their hearts… find out if love really does conquer all.

Peaks And Valleys – Spencer Johnson Peaks and Valleys is a story of a man who lives unhappily in a valley until he meets an old man who lives on a peak, and it changes his work and life forever. Initially, the young man does not realise he is talking to one of the most powerful and successful people in the world. However, through a series of conversations and experiences that occur up at the peaks and down in the valleys, the young man comes to make some startling discoveries. Eventually, he comes to understand how he can use the old mans’ principles and practical tools in good and bad times and becomes more calm and successful himself. Now you can take a similar journey through the story and use what you find to your advantage in your schooling and life. <


Sport

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his is something I would love to see people commenting on. We all hope Bafana will work a miracle at Afcon, but they are not there yet.

In the mean time, our cricket team is motoring ahead right now. Looking at a big cricket nation â&#x20AC;&#x201C; India of course â&#x20AC;&#x201C; I believe that any township in India is a ready cricket ground for all the kids (and the adults as well). Any park is a cricket ground and everybody would love to be another MS Dhoni. Of course the inspiration is clear: The Indian cricket team is world-class. So, if the sport is linked to how well the national team is doing, cricket in South Africa is bound to be big.

My question to you is: is that what will happen? How important is it to be a member of a soccer club or a cricket club? Do we have enough mini-leagues and so on? Is it more difficult to play cricket than to play soccer? I will never understand all the rules in cricket and I wonder if anybody does. Looking at any good township today, it seems as though a tomatobox, a stick and a ball is all that is required for a cricket game. Is it because cricket is now a part of PT in school? Is it a general trend? If world-class sport is worth striving for right now, cricket is surely a contender. Will it replace soccer? Comments please!!


Success

Kwame Nkrumah: phenomenal hero or just another despot?

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wame Nkrumah was the leader of Ghana

from 1951 to 1966. Overseeing the nation’s independence from British colonial rule in 1957, Nkrumah was the first President of Ghana and the first Prime Minister of Ghana. More so, he was the first black president of an African country post-colonialism. That in itself makes him a remarkable person. On top of that, he was a founding member of the Organisation of African Unity and the winner of the Lenin Peace Prize in 1963. It’s interesting that a man like Mr Nkrumah (please allow me to refer to him as such, as there are mixed feelings surrounding his person) greatly looked up to, and was inspired by Marcus Garvey. I trust you read the article that was written about him in the November issue, who was nothing less than one of the greatest people to have ever lived and graced a suffering nation

look at ways in which to lead countries like Ghana to independence. It is obvious that he wouldn’t have turned down an opportunity of this magnitude and so Mr Nkrumah accepted the position and sailed for the Gold Coast. Remember, India had become independent in 1947, so the time was right. Sometime in the late 1940s, protests broke out in the Gold Coast and I won’t bore you with all the details, but, police fired at protesters, who were unhappy about the rising cost of living and in doing so, they killed and injured over sixty of the protestors. The then government, which was led by the British, suspected that the UGCC was responsible for the protests and so leaders of the convention were arrested; these leaders of course, included Mr Nkrumah. As much as one would think that indeed the UGCC was at the forefront of these protests, it would later turn out that in fact they were not, and after realizing this, Mr Nkrumah and his fellow colleagues were released. This imprisonment seemed to have led Mr Nkrumah to a new strength as he then emerged as the leader of the youth movement for independence from the colonial government that was leading his nation. (Left) With John F Kennedy, former President of the United States of America, and with Martin Luther King. (Right) The main entrance to Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) with the Kwame Nkrumah Memorial park in the foreground, in Accra, Ghana.

of the oppressed with endurance and hope. Marcus Garvey inspired many coming leaders, and one of these was Mr Nkrumah. Mr Nkrumah possessed real greatness within him and seemed the sort of man that never asked what the people of Ghana could do for him, but, rather what he could do for the people of Ghana, which, I would say, fits the character of someone who truly cared, not only for Ghana but also for the people who made it a nation which was desperate for independence. Mr Nkrumah could assist in the provision of that, and in doing so, also lead the country to a greatness it had not known or had yet to achieve on its own. In 1947, Mr Nkrumah was invited to serve as the General Secretary to the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC). This political convention was established to 38

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He began paving the way for independence as he travelled throughout the country declaring that the Gold Coast needed “self-governance now”. With radical and liberating calls of this nature, it is no surprise that he developed a large following. Amongst his supporters were the Cocoa farmers and even women participated in the political process – totally unheard of at that time. The trade unions also allied with his movement and so Mr Nkrumah organised these groups into a new political party which became known as The Convention People’s Party (CPP). Mr Nkrumah faced many challenges as leader of the newly formed party and these challenges included having to learn to govern and lead well. He was also faced with the task of having to create large-scale unity between the four territories of the Gold Coast and


Success also to win his nation’s complete independence from the United Kingdom. Unsurprisingly, Mr Nkrumah was successful in achieving all the above mentioned ‘goals’. In the late 1950s, he declared Ghana independent; he was now known as ‘the redeemer’ by his people. It was now time for him to take the lead and forward his country to greatness and so he did… for a short while.

such a long time. People largely believed that he no longer cared.

Initially, when Mr Nkrumah started out in office, he produced many successes. The agricultural sector in Ghana was booming and more particularly, the production of cocoa (Ghana’s main export) doubled, which meant that the Ghanaian economy expanded and allowed for various developments to occur within the country. Such developments included the construction of a dam on the Volta River, providing water for “irrigation and hydro-electric power” which produced enough electricity for the towns.

Behind the scenes he proposed a constitutional amendment which would make the CPP the only legal party and himself president for life of both nation and party. The amendment passed with an astonishing 99.91% of the vote, and considering his recent loss of popularity, it seemed fairly obvious that the vote had been rigged.

Village projects sprang up in which local people built schools and roads, and free health care and education were introduced. It appeared that Ghana was prospering as an independent country and were proving the misconception that Black people did not have the adequate tools to govern themselves.

For fear of assassination and following multiple attempts on his life, Mr Nkrumah disappeared from the public realms of politics, although that by no means meant that he was done with Ghana.

Anyway, Ghana, for the first time since her independence, had effectively become a one-party state and this transformed Mr Nkrumah’s presidency into a ‘de facto’ legal dictatorship. It all went downhill from there and eventually he was exiled. He later “passed on” but this did not mean that he did not leave behind a bitter-sweet legacy. Over 20 years after his death, in 2000, he was voted Africa’s man of the millennium by listeners to the BBC World Service. Mr Nkrumah was described as a “Hero of Independence,” and an “International symbol of freedom as the leader of the first black African country to shake off the chains of colonial rule.” It’s no wonder that one would have such mixed feelings about him: on one hand he was a great man who only wanted Africa to be free from colonial rule and for there to be a substantial amount of African Unity.

And now the horror story begins. There was a snake in Paradise. The prosperity was shortlived. One would suggest that power quickly polluted his mind and as you can imagine, things started to fall apart. Not only did he restrict various freedoms such as the right to strike. You can only imagine how well that went with the people of Ghana. It became increasingly difficult for people to express themselves, air their grievances or anything else it would appear. Before long, many people thought him to be a dictator. Many of the policies he enforced led to the detention and arrest of innocent people, the very people who thought it fit to exercise the independence and democracy that Mr Nkrumah been fighting for, for

On the other hand power did get the better of him and not only did he rob Ghanaians of the independence that they had struggled for, he ran Ghana into deep debt. This, of course, was felt by the population which was left to pay insane taxes and watch as their quality of life deteriorated. While Kwame Nkrumah was a man of sheer greatness, he was indeed only a human being and we have seen how our ‘humanly desires ‘ like greed and the need for power far surpass our humanity and the responsibility we have to take care of each other as people. So while we can say with conviction that he was a bad man, we must remember that he was only human and that, while he tried to be the saviour that Africans were so desperate for, his human-ness got the better of him. By Rofhiwa Madzena > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L

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Success

Awards! THOSE wonderful thingS

This is great!

Receiving an award, but which one? Let us look at some:

The Oscar

The most famous one. The first awards were presented on May 16, 1929, at a private brunch at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with an audience of about 270 people. The post Academy Awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel. The cost of guest tickets for that night’s ceremony was $5. Not impressive? But why call it “Oscar”? One biography of Bette Davis claims that she named the Oscar after her first husband, Harmon Oscar Nelson. Walt Disney is also quoted as thanking the Academy for his Oscar as early as 1932. Another claimed origin is that the Academy’s Executive Secretary, Margaret Herrick, first saw the award in 1931 and made reference to the statuette’s reminding her of her “Uncle Oscar”. The trophy was officially dubbed the “Oscar” in 1939 by the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences. Another legend reports that the Norwegian-American Eleanor Lilleberg, executive secretary to Louis B. Mayer, saw the first statuette and exclaimed, “It looks like King Oscar II!”

Music! The Grammy Awards

The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959. The Grammy Awards had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s. As the recording executives chosen for the Walk of Fame committee worked at compiling a list of important recording industry people, who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realised there were many more people who were leaders in their business, who would never earn a star on Hollywood Boulevard. However, it went overboard: On April 6, 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012 .The number of categories were diminished from 109 to 78. They nearly had one for each person in the industry. 40

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Emmy! Who is she now again?

A majority of Emmys are presented in various sectors of the American television industry. The two ceremonies that usually receive the most media coverage are the Primetime Emmys and the Daytime Emmys, primarily recognizing excellence in American primetime and daytime entertainment programming. So that’s what we have to put up with. The first Emmy Awards were presented on January 25, 1949 at the Hollywood Athletic Club, but solely to honour shows produced and aired locally in the Los Angeles area. So TV goes back some time.

Tony Awards. Huh?

The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre, more commonly known informally as the Tony Award, recognizes achievement in live Broadway theatre. The awards are presented by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League at an annual ceremony in New York City. The awards are given for Broadway productions and performances, and an award is given for regional theatre.

Awards in general

Are there other awards out there.? Oh yes, some from London and so on. Probably a lot of things. The background is to create role models and to encourage excellence in the chosen field. That is a noble thing to do. What do WE have? SAMA’s and the Kora’s and many more. Those are at the same level in terms of South Africa and they have created as many artists as anything. Ask mom and dad about ”Shell road to fame”. That was where Brenda Fassie started. Other awards? The Golden Horns, MTV Africa, and so on. There are actually a lot out there. So, let us be awed by the international stuff, but we do have awards here as well. <


Success

D

CREATING THE LEADERS OF TOMORROW

ecision making is said to be the study of

identifying and choosing alternatives based on the values and preferences of the decision maker. I found this definition on Wikipedia and they must have it from some other clever person. This article is based on enlightening my fellow youth on making good decisions while facing everyday life.

be more aware of social, cognitive and cultural obstacles to successfully choose the right option. That in itself is the pinnacle of decision making. A high quality decision comes with a warranty (a guarantee). Not a guarantee of a certain outcome - keep in mind this is the real world we’re talking about - but a warranty that the process you used to make the decision was a good one.

I am Thapelo Moloabi and I reside in Lenasia. I am now doing my Matric at Highlands North Boy’s High School. I’m a socialite by nature who wants to change the world. We all make decisions of varying importance everyday, so the idea that decision making can be a rather sophisticated art may at first seem strange. However, studies have shown that most people are poorer at decision making than they think. Let us take one of histories worst decisions to emphasize how bad people are at decision making. History is filled with mistakes. Many of them were made by people who were bright, intelligent and capable, but who made wrong decisions. Adam and Eve, said to be ‘the original idiots’. Driven by lust they ate from the forbidden tree, their decision, according to the Bible, has affected mankind to this present day with elements like crime and suffering. ‘Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it’ by George Santayana, Philosopher. One of my friends, Ivan and I had a conversation about the decisions we make in life. He wanted to have a career in bio-chemistry; after having been doing IT instead of, he is now the advertising sales person at Hola Mahigh-School magazine. Isn’t it funny how life sometimes takes you through things you do not expect to happen? One must keep in mind that most decisions are made unconsciously. I am planning on becoming an architect but I know life is filled with surprises; hence I have more options on my plate just incase my number one option does not work out. In order to make good decisions, it is essential that you follow the decision making process. One should

A quality decision is then based on taking into account all the pertinent factors, which can influence the factual foundation for a decision. This sounds a bit heavy for January and the beginning of the year. However, it is not as complex as it sounds. The factors can be: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Establishing community relations; Perception – mine and others; Interpretation – how I view the ‘book of facts’; Judgment of facts; Motivation of the decision maker; Action – this is ‘just do it’; and Reflection on action - did I do the right thing?

Let us just look at one of them: MOTIVATION. Motivation is the core of decision making: why do you want to make a decision on this particular issue? The rest will follow as a lot of it is not at the conscious level. Obama’s motivation for running for president was a desire to impact the lives of others. That he always did through his years in Chicago. The rest followed pretty automatically (talking to Michelle, I presume) and so on. The conclusion is simple: When you are faced with decisions and choices in life, make sure you have all the parameters considered and worked out AND realize it just might not really come happen in the end. By Thapelo Moloabi, Grade 12 > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L

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Current Affairs

I

f you’re anything like me, one of the first things

you do when you get up in the mornings is prepare a fresh pot of coffee. Again, if you’re like me, you don’t really think about the process that was involved in bringing you the coffee that you enjoy every day, where or who grew the coffee beans, where they were processed and who exactly benefits from you buying coffee – is it the producers or is it the companies that purchase the beans from producers or both. Interestingly enough, producers of the coffee beans don’t get much for their work. In fact, every kilogram that they produce is sold to companies for a cheaper price than it is to buy one cup of coffee from your favourite café, but you didn’t know that did you? I didn’t either and when I did eventually become aware of the role that coffee plays in all our lives, I thought it imperative to shed some light on what you would consider to be nothing more than a simple beverage that provides energy and enjoyment and that this very beverage, which we take for granted, provides the basis of life and survival for a country like Ethiopia. After the Second World War, much of the world was in dire need of economic, social and political assistance from the countries that emerged from the war victorious. The United States of America (USA) was more than prepared to stand up and lead the re-construction process, (remember the Marshall plan which got Western Europe back on its feet?) in doing so, they led the establishment of organisations, which include the World Trade Organisation (WTO), together with its varied Western allies.

south, and limit global South agricultural exports for this development to occur (this gives countries in the south the opportunity to protect themselves from excessive exporting and, naturally, exploitation). That sounds rather good, but here’s the hiccup. Not all of the countries in the global South qualified for the subsidy and conveniently enough, it is countries such as Ethiopia which are resource rich but do not qualify. You see, in the instance of Ethiopia, the WTO encourages global South countries not to entertain such subsidies and to open up their markets for free trade to occur effectively, to the benefit of the West. Ethiopia is one of the greatest exporters of coffee and over 60% of its export revenue comes from coffee. The best coffee in the world is from Ethiopia! Believe it or not, coffee is the second biggest commodity in the world, so assuming oil is the first biggest commodity, that makes coffee a pretty good second and that also implies that Ethiopia should be amongst one of the richest countries in the entire world. Sadly, that is not the case. The exportation of coffee by Ethiopia, should in effect, bring with it vast economic benefits. However, this is not the case. The price of coffee is not decided upon by the Ethiopian producers, but rather by the New York and European markets who do not even produce it. Although we herald ‘free market’, the reality is that it is far from ‘free’. It is dominated by some big players who can twist the price to their benefit.

Of course they are primarily focused on trade and although the intentions may be good in terms of support for weaker countries, the reality might be different.

Starbucks Coffee has a turnover of $13,3 billion and some 150 000 employees. Look up Starbucks. Although they have a ‘Fair Trade’ policy, they are also at war with Ethiopia. But that is for another time.

The WTO established various institutions – call them building blocks if you want – to assist in the development of the global south. One of the big building blocks is Western Europe, and USA would provide agricultural subsidies to the farmers in the

As a result, local producers of the product are forced to produce and sell their coffee at low prices, (cheap labour) as there is no competition (which is essentially the exploitation of Ethiopia’s resources). The only benefactors from the exploitation are thus the

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Current Affairs multinational organisations who make billions yearly on the coffee trade, while the economy of Ethiopia continues to crumble, with high unemployment, a lack of adequate education and teaching resources and great poverty. Fundamentally the WTO rules and it makes it difficult for developing countries to protect their markets, having enabled Europe and USA to have greater access to developing markets. This would be one of the main reasons that developing countries have called for ‘Fair Trade’ through implementations like Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) to make free trade free and to make products less expensive and less inaccessible to poor countries.

because the produce is auctioned (auction price decided upon by US markets) and naturally, only the finest produce will be sold and the rest, well... it is just not good enough. The world trade regime that has since developed post World War II, has brought along with it various positives which contribute to the many economic privileges that we enjoy today. However, while we reap the benefits of this regime, Ethiopia and her people, which are a pivotal driving force in this regime, continue to suffer. Ethiopia is plagued by large scale poverty, vast unemployment, compromised education systems and miserable people, also because a vast amount of Ethiopian soil is only able to produce coffee and the drug CAT, which is extremely lucrative. So when there is that desperation of a decent income, there’s no moral argument as to what farmers are going to grow. Do you blame them? I mean, what would you decide to do if you were getting a mere $0.25 per kilogram of coffee that you produce, while a cup is being sold for $2.90 in the US? Something to think about...

Farm workers sorting coffee beans in Ethiopia.

There is a need for equity in international trade which, up until now, has only resulted in limited results because, let’s face it, the west really does not take Africa and her capabilities all that serious. So, how does the coffee leave Ethiopia? Well, a number of coffee producers gather with their produce at a common area. It is here where buyers of coffee from around the world come to buy the produce. What’s frustrating about this scenario, is that some coffee producers do not manage to sell their beans,

What remains now is the persistent call for Fair Trade by African economies on the West, and while this call often falls on deaf ears, there is hope that morality will one day trump greed, and those that work the hardest will enjoy the fruits of their labour. So, next time you inhale that yummy aroma of a fresh cup of coffee, which is quickly followed by that warm sip, think about the hardship, the greed, the level of fairness involved in the coffee making process... hopefully you’ll appreciate it just a that little bit more.< By Rofhiwa Madzena > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L

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SMS COMPETITION

This time it is a new competition format, We have the Clean & Clear prizes and the Nolly books

WIN AGA ! IN!

HOW TO enter? It is so simple: SMS “HOLA” to 30977 and either CLEAR or NOLLY together with your name, cell # and email. SMS free of charge. Enter as many times as you want. Ts&Cs apply It will look like: HOLA clear my-name xxx xxx xxxx me@me.co.za Yes? Got it? Then let’s hear from you. The Hola Team!!!

SMS line is powered by Virgin Mobile

The Hola Competition Winners This has been a busy last half of 2012. The competitions have all been fulfilled. The winners are: CLEAN & CLEAR HAMPERS Mahlako Kekana Sibongile Veronica Sipambo Relebohile Ramasimong Siyabulela Releni Lerato Nkhatho Nakita Poonee Sweetness Magoro Tebogo Lebeya

BIC HAMPERS Arthur Mokgara Innocent Ximba Kelebogile Gwangwa Maurizio Venier

NOLLY BOOKS Kairoon Buckus Tlaki Tshetlo Mahlako Kekana Fellin Lottering Immaculate Paine Lesego Masoga Lerato Nkhatho Gcobisa Madlolo Lesedi Nyama , Nonkululeko ndlovu Miles Tigelo Tokologo Tlake Vuyo Sakwe

OXFORD BOOKS Mkhulu Gongota   Gcina Sawuka

There are more BIC hampers to be won, so please keep going! 2013 will see us having more competitions, but we do need to make sure we have the prizes available. The Hola Team 44

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NYDA


Wherever you are headed, contact us to guide you there. Be the best you can be.

National Youth Development Agency

@nydaRSA

08600 YOUTH (96884) â&#x20AC;˘ www.nyda.gov.za

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OUR YOUTH. OUR FUTURE.

2012/10/12 3:03 PM


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