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Material: Glass Outcome: Bottles/Packaging Glass is a material that can be made into many things, and it is completely recyclable and glass can be recycled as many times and never decomposes. Fire and sand are the main elements to making glass. The raw materials used are silica sand, soda ash, limestone and cullet. Cullet is recycled glass so using this to make new glass is better for the environment, because the need to emit harmful emissions is reduced. These materials are gathered and combined, then are melted in a furnace to create molten glass which then passes through a refiner to let any air escape, cooled down and formed into cylinders, made into containers with compressed air, and are re-heated to be able to cool evenly. The product is then inspected, and ready for shipment.

By looking into the properties of glass, and researching about the glass blowing technique, I think it would be really interesting to experiment into what can be done with glass and test its boundaries. It is a material that is solid and fragile at the same time, but also able to be soft in the making process which allows it to be moulded. However the making of glass is dangerous, especially glass blowing, with the use of the hot furnace. I do not know how far I could get with experimenting with the process, but maybe using the cullet to create something new or using shattered and broken glass would be interesting to see what I could make out of it. If I were to use the molten glass to be able to do this I could test the use of a flame from a bunsen burner and pre-made glass to experiment with the moulding effect.

Material: Black Synthetic Hair Outcome: Coat Artist/Designer: Alexander Mcqueen Alexander McQueen’s designs are known to be out of the ordinary, and this is a prime example of using an unusual material to create a coat. Synthetic hair is made out of synthetic fibers and are made up of fine threads manufactured to resemble human hair. To make these fibers, manufacturers may use single type, monofilament fibers, or a combination of two or three, polyfilament, fibers, acrylic or polyester is used to make some fibers. This material creates a textured look with it twisting and moulding into any shape.

Material: Patented MeliFlex Plastic Outcome: Boot/Flip Flop Artist/Designer: Melissa and Gaetano Pesce This product is made of connected circles of plastic, with the purpose of this to be able to allow the wearer to cut them into a design that they wish. The design starts out as a boot but can be cut down to sandals or flip flops suiting the customer’s needs. Meliflex plastic has an elastic quality to it, which is ideal for comfort in the footwear, and it is 100% recyclable. Melissa also creates shoes using 3d Printing. Using the process of 3D Printing would be really interesting because it is something I have not experimented with before and would like to see what I could make and the shoes concept is a good place to start to research into.

Process: Glass Blowing Outcome: Sculptures Artist/Designer: Dale Chihuly

Process: Compression Molding Outcome: (Hemp) Chair Artist/Designer: Studio Aisslinger

Glass blowing is a process whereby using a hot furnace, the glass can be moulded from its molten glass form and shaped into anything, most commonly a sculptural shape or a bowl or vase. I find it interesting that you can blow out the shape, like the one from the V&A glass sculpture. It has the difficulty of time element and it needs a lot of skill to shape it when heat is applied. Other products that can come from this process are marbles and jewellery pendants are also made using this intriguing process. Colour is added and can be twisted and cooled down using splashes of cold water. Beads are also made this way for example Pandora.

The ‘Hemp Chair’ is made from natural fibers, using a process of compression molding to create the strong structure. This uses the natural fiber of hemp along with Acrodur’s water-based acrylic resin. Hemp is used for industrial processes to make paper, body products, textiles and construction. This process is also used in the car industry and Acrodur is an eco-friendly water-based acrylic resin and used for its bonding performance

Helen Penfold I Design Factory I Brief Part 2: Identiy and Research Materials and Processes

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