side the editors of the 1932 Omnibus present a photomontage. At the upper left-hand side, Carl Einstein, in profile, is shown in conversation with August Eichhorn, the director of the Berlin Völkerkunde Museum, in 1926 at the exhibition at Flechtheim’s gallery. Images of two “totemistic” carvings are inserted on the right-hand side while a South Seas Islander, lying stretched out on the beach, half in the water, serves as the basis of the image. The montage, published roughly six years after the “Südseeplastiken” exhibition, attempts in its own way to exemplify Einstein’s demands that ethnographic collections amplify the discursive and connect with the “entirety of the ethnic”—but in its voyeuristic exoticism manifestly takes the wrong tone. TH
Ernst Gosebruch, “Zur Neuordnung des Museums Folkwang in Essen,” Das Kunstblatt, vol. 13 (1929), ed. Paul Westheim. Potsdam: Gustav Kiepenheuer, pp. 46–52.
Ethnologist Denise Paulme volunteering at the Musée d’Ethnographie du Trocadéro, holding a mask used in religious dances in the Mekong Valley (province Yunnan), 1933, Photograph (reproduction) · Courtesy Musée du Quai Branly – Jacques Chirac.
Asian Hall, Musée d’Ethnographie du Trocadéro, after the first renovation of the museum, January 1934, Photograph (reproduction) · Courtesy Musée du Quai Branly – Jacques Chirac.
Races et Racisme. Bulletin du Groupement d’étude et d’information, vol. 3 (1939), Paris.
In July 1937, on the occasion of the “Exposition internationale” in Paris, French scientists—under the vice-chairmanship of the ethnologist Paul Rivet, the founding director of the new Musée de l’Homme—met to discuss the “qualitative” problems of demographics: biological typologies, heredity, races, racial mixing (métissage). Although one would not assume so from today’s perspective, these terms were actually deployed in opposition to the National Socialist ideology of race. Races et Racisme, the journal of the Groupement d’étude et d’information, co-founded by Rivet in January 1937 and published up to the end of 1939, was also committed to the problematic goal of developing a non-racist theory of race. The explicitly anti-fascist project, with ties to the Popular Front government, broke with positivism and an anthropometric anthropology, turning instead to ethnology and linguistics to answer demographic questions. Thus Races et Racisme can also be seen as a platform for an exchange of ideas on the conceptual and methodological foundations of the Musée de l’Homme. TH
Charles H. Read, R. L. Hobson, and T. A. Joyce (British Museum), Handbook to the Ethnographical Collections. With 20 plates, 293 illustrations and 3 maps. London: British Museum, 1925.
Fri, Apr 13–Mon, Jul 9 2018 www.hkw.de/en/1930