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ADUCEUS C

SINCE 1922

The Society Newspaper Editorial Board. Medical Society, H.K.U.S.U.

你肯為

26/12/12

李心平院長專訪

Life is a paradise

剖析《一代宗師》 乘夢啟航

Piano techniques and the ner�ous system

邊境線南北

Characters t�ansplant

孩子也有夢 迷失的一代

永遠(二) 解剖動漫首部曲 走多遠? How far do you go for

DREAMS?

別讓夢想溜掉,讓我們許下承諾,向著夢想飛翔。

D H Ca es on d tin g uc at Ko eu io n sA n: g ir Cadu lin ceusA W irline on es s de Hong rl Kong an Desti d natio n: Wo nderl and

Cadu

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Hon Desti g Kong Cadnuation: W ceus onde

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Volume 44 Issue 2


FROM THE EDITORS

編者的話

The dream-catcher wings of CADUCEUS!

Walt Disney has once said, ‘All our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them.’ After entering university, have you ever thought about what your goals are? Firmly believing that having dreams can render people a direction in life, we hereby present to you our second issue with ‘Dreams’ as its theme in an attempt to convey that dreams can be actualized when one dares to dream. To gain insights about dreams, we are utterly honored to have an interview with Professor SP Lee, the Dean of the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, before his retirement. Professor Lee has shared with us the journey of reaching his goals with the hardship involved, the targets he would like to achieve after retirement and his anticipations on students. There is also a diversity of articles and poems discussing dreams of children in Hong Kong, commenting on how university students let their dreams slip away owing to perishing passion and sharing some life purposes. This time, we are much delighted to have ‘The Voice’ replete with dreams and visions shared by many of you. We truly wish to provide you with different dimensions in an exploration of what dreams are meant to be. Being besieged with seemingly insurmountable pressure and tremendous workload as the examination draws nearer, some of you may have forgotten your dreams or simply are too debilitated to ponder about them. Thereby, we include several light and pleasurable articles such as a passage about famous animation theme songs, an article concerning piano techniques, certain creative stories and film recommendations. Passages regarding characters transplant, politics and the conflicts between mainlanders and Hong Kong people are included in our issue as well. We hope that you would enjoy them, relishing some time of tranquility and relaxation. Every person is entitled to the freedom of excavating and pursuing his or her own dream. We sincerely hope that you can derive from this issue a taste of how indispensable and heartening dreams can be, alongside with refreshing entertainment. Our dear Reader, what are you waiting for? Let’s get our wings ready and be the dream-catchers!

Caduceus 2013


C A DUC E U S Volume 44 Iss

ue

2 Apr 2013 4

INTERVIEW 專訪 李心平院長專訪

4

OUR SOCIETY 社會 邊境線南北 從低俗喜劇及藝評獎風波透視……透視甚麼? 孩子也有夢 迷失的一代

7 10 12 14

SCIENCE 科學 16

Piano Technique and the Nervous System Characters Transplant

16 18

CREATIVE WRITING 創意 26/12/2012 — A Day

Which Changed Two Women’s Lives

20

人生是個遊樂場 永遠(二) 乘夢啟航

20 22 24 25

A TASTE OF LIFE 生活 剖析《一代宗師》 解剖動漫首部曲 - Animatomy I Zero Dark Thirty:

the greatest manhunt with great detail

26

A Short Case Study of Politics in the Histories in terms of Strategy, Linguistics and Psychology

26 28 31 32

VOICE 發聲 Dreams

34

I dreamed a drea m in times gone by.. .

34

Chief Editor

Janez TsuiM18

General Editors

Edwin ChuM17 | Jasmine LeeN16

General Secretary

Janet SoM18

Financial Secretary

Shirley TseM18

Publication Secretaries

William WongM17 | Kenneth NganM18

Social Secretaries

Ambrose LauM17 | Joy KwongM18

Designers

Rachel HuiM17 | Tiffany SumM17

Photographer

Hugo LauM18

Editors

Anthony LamM17 | Kasta YeungN16 Jaime ChungM18 | Mathew CheungM18

CADUCEUS is published by Caduceus, the Society Newspaper Editorial Board, Medical Society, H.K.U.S.U., LLG01, Laboratory Block, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong. Contact us at hkucaduceus@gmail.com, and visit us at http://www.hkucaduceus.net. The Design, “Swiss Red 1.1” is created by Caduceus Art Group under the order of the Caduceus Editorial Board. Copyright © 2013 by CADUCEUS. All rights reserved.


INTERVIEW

李心平院長專訪 李

專訪

蘇文君 (M18)、謝思華 (M18)

心平院長先後在一九七〇年及一九八〇年於港大 醫學院取得內外全科醫學士及醫學博士學位,並 於一九七八年取得新西蘭奧克蘭大學哲學博士學位。其 後,他在多個國家展開臨床醫學及研究工作,屢獲多項 醫學界的國際殊榮,並在美國華盛頓大學醫學院教學醫 院出任腸胃科部門主管。二〇〇八年,他重返母校擔任 港大醫學院院長。

那些年的夢想 追求真理直至發現真理。 李院長在中學時期愛上文學,立志 將來成為一位作家及詩人。然而,一次 家庭巨變徹底改變了他未來的路。在李 院長備戰會考那年,他的父親因肺癌而 病逝。父親向來給予李院長無限的愛、 支持和力量,因此父親的離世為他帶來 巨大的打擊。他聯絡父親的主診醫生, 希望知道癌的成因,但醫生對此尚未清 楚。他為此感到難以置信,認為身為醫 生而不知疾病的起源是不能容忍的。於

是,他下定決心成為醫生,儘管不能救 回自己的父親,但期望能幫助別人的父 親,令別人不會經歷他曾經歷的無助和 絕望。 雖然李院長最終選擇了從醫之路, 他卻沒有完全放棄最初的理想。有時見 到他在 Medical Faculty News 撰寫文章,以 詩人的靈魂和對真善美的追求,與學生 真誠對話,這也可算是實現了部分的夢 想吧。

醫學院的轉變 醫學院近年的成就是醫學院上下眾志成城的努力成果。 問及這五年院長生涯裡最令李院長 引以為傲的成就時,李院長強調這絕不 能只歸功於他一人,而是有賴醫學院上 下的戮力合作。這五年來,在李院長的 領導下,醫學院在教學內容、科研及臨 床服務等方面進行了不少改變,可謂蒸 蒸日上,員工士氣高昂。 首先,為配合「三三四」新學制, 李院長及其團隊花費不少工夫改革教學 內容。以醫科為例,他們重新編訂教 材,讓學生提早接觸病人。為了令學生 領悟人類生存的價值及培養醫德,醫學 院分別與文學院和法律學院合作,成 立 Centre for the Humanities and Medicine 及 Centre for Medical Ethics and Law。

4

其次,醫學院重組科研架構,從昔 日的研究員獨自在實驗室埋頭苦幹,演 變成今日的研究團隊在研究中心進行主 題式的探究。正所謂「團結就是力量」 ,科研項目集思廣益,不但加強研究員 之間的合作和互動,還大大提升科研設 備的效能,為驕人成果奠定鞏固的基 礎。 另外,有鑑於瑪麗醫院設施老化, 難以長遠發揮教學醫院的效用,醫學院 在深圳設立附屬教學醫院──香港大學 深圳醫院,冀醫護人員能接觸更多奇難 雜症並從中學習,從而提升臨床服務的 水準。香港大學深圳醫院是港大在內地 醫療改革踏出的第一步,李院長期望港 大的營運模式能取得成功,日後在香港 亦可興建更多的附屬教學醫院。

hkuCADUCEUS.net

Apr 2013


INTERVIEW

卸任之後 人生是一首交響樂,正正因由不同節 奏、旋律的樂章譜成,才能使其盪氣 迴腸。 李院長表示他深感榮幸能在這 五年間與醫學院上下一起共事,與學 生一起交流,經歷學制的改革、科研 架構的重組及政府醫療改革的試驗等 畢生難逢的機會。惟院長一職有如一 場接力賽,醫學院需要不斷加入新個 性和才華,才能生生不息。李院長把 大半生奉獻給醫護、科研及教學,究 竟他卸任後有甚麼大計?答案是展開 人生的新一章,追尋自己的夢想── 寫作。李院長的腦海中已有幾個故事 的藍本,希望日後可以學習怎樣寫 作。他亦會騰空更多時間陪伴家人, 珍惜與他們相處的時光。李院長仍未 決定以後從醫、從事科研工作或教學 工作的分配。倘若任何一方需要他的 幫忙,只要是有意義而時間上容許的 事,他當會義不容辭地幫助。

細說醫療 醫療之路難以一步登天, 仍有賴各方攜手合作。

疫症為我們帶來沉重的打擊, 亦為我們帶來永不磨滅的回憶。

工欲善其事,必先利其器。當問及 本港醫療系統時,李院長指配套設備是 培訓醫護人員的必要條件,然而身為教 學醫院的瑪麗醫院已有七十五年歷史, 且位於人口少的港島西醫院聯網,令學 生接觸各種疾病的層面變得狹窄。環視 全球,最頂尖的醫學院都有不少自己的 附屬教學醫院,以確保有心專科之路的 學生不會因為設施的限制而失去進修的 機會。況且,增設大學的附屬教學醫院 可填補現時醫療體制資源錯配的問題。 一來可以有效控制醫療質素,二來收費 以中產為基礎,透明度高。富者享用優 質醫療服務,而其他市民則只能到早已 超出負荷的公立醫院的醫療不平等情 況,有望得以解決。

全球化下,疫症爆發的規模更廣, 影響更深。雖然我們不知道疫症何時會 來,但每一次的爆發都是一個教訓,教 導我們如何改進。綜觀香港,突破這兩 個字用得太濫,有時可會令公眾對醫學 產生不現實,或是不能滿足的期望,甚 至是奢望,以為過往的絕症都成可治之 症。誠然,科技日新月異,醫療發展一 日千里,但亦有其盲點、限制。正所謂 「上醫治未病,中醫治欲病,下醫治已 病」,唯有預防才是遠離疾病的上上之 策。然而,公眾有時因為未見有疫症爆 發,而批評預防措施為多餘,忽略了健 康乃是因為預防的成效。

Volume 44 | Issue 2 | D reams

5


INTERVIEW

寄語 讓我們走出大學,走入社會。 大學並非象牙塔,而是社會的縮 影。客觀的事實,我們未必有能力改 變,但可以肯定的是,我們可以改變自 己。無論是醫生、護士、藥劑師或中醫 師,我們除了是醫療體系的一份子,更 應是醫療保健的推動者。唯有親身走入 社群,接觸病人、公眾,才可體會他們 所感所受,將心比己。李院長強調知識

只是工具,心靈上的治療才是醫學的根 本。人性是科學的基礎,因此,醫學是 一項以人為本的治療。另外,李院長有 見社會上各種醫療失誤、醫學失德的情 況,亦寄語同學不要因而悲慟,不要對 醫學失去信心。無論遇到任何困境,老 師的大門隨時都打開,陪伴學生同行走 出陰霾。

筆者的話 夢想,並不受時間、空間而限 制。只要心存夢想,亦可以如李院 長般在卸任後繼續追尋。在個半小時 的訪問中,溫文爾雅的李院長字字珠 璣,甚具文人風範。他親切謙遜,凡 事以學生為重,不時跟學生見面談天 或以電郵通訊,完全顛覆了筆者之前 對院長高高在上、遙不可及的印象。 筆者在此再次感謝李院長在百忙之中 抽空接受訪問,並衷心祝福他卸任後 繼續譜出人生另一絢爛的樂章。. 6

hkuCADUCEUS.net

Apr 2013


OUR SOCIETY

邊境線南北 從中港矛盾說起 (一) 過了香港海關,須走過一條長長的走 廊,才到達中國海關。走廊中央,是一條窄 窄的邊境線,分隔兩地。小時候與家人到大 陸旅行,調皮的我雙腳橫跨邊境線,喜孜孜 地告訴媽媽:「看!我又在香港,又在大陸!」 媽媽看了,莞爾一笑。 在我小小的足下,中港兩地,是這麼的 近。 過了中國海關,爸爸忽然嚴肅起來,語 重心長地叮囑:「在大陸,千萬不要亂說話, 不要談論香港的新聞,知道嗎?不然會被 人抓走的!背囊記得背在前面,不要背在後 面,知道嗎?不然會被人搶去的!」我似懂非 懂地點了點頭,然後登上了旅遊巴。 觀看窗外的街景,發覺路牌上的字都 變了樣。明明在香港可以讀懂路牌上的字, 怎麼現在卻幾乎「目不識丁」?我指了指前 方的路牌,問:「那是甚麼字?」「噢,那是『 讓』字,禮讓的讓。」讓?旅遊巴呼嘯駛進大 路,與另一輛車幾乎相撞;司機急急剎車, 我嚇得心也涼了半截。 在我小小的心中,中港兩地,卻又是那 麼的遠。 「回歸」了十五年多,走廊的邊境線似 乎因「中港融合」的呼聲而日漸模糊;但,為 甚麼在我,以至在不少港人心中的邊境線, 卻愈拉愈寬,愈拉愈深,幾成一道鴻溝?

圖片來源:

http://www.newsdh.com

(二) 你或 許會 說,香港人和大陸 人,同文 同種,同源同宗,都是「中國人」。我沒有忘 記,當然沒有忘記。 我沒有忘記萬里長城宏偉雄奇,故宮 建築恢弘古雅。我沒有忘記我們寫的都是 中文字,唸的都是唐詩宋詞。我沒有忘記中 國經濟發展一日千里,國民生產總值(GNP) 高踞全球第二,傲視世界各國。我沒有忘記 中國國威日隆,〇八年舉辦北京奧運,一〇 年舉辦上海世博,神舟火箭多次載太空人升 空。我沒有忘記中國是四大文明古國之一, 不少傳統文化仍然流傳至今。我沒有忘記,

Volume 44 | Issue 2 | D reams

社會 張子朗 (M18)

當然沒有忘記。 可是,當我拿掉了繁榮昌盛的大衣,撥 開了文宣說辭的迷霧;當我拿起報紙,拿起 歷史書,認真地閱讀一遍;當我走到列車, 走到鬧市,仔細地觀察大陸旅客的行為,我 看到的,又是甚麼? 我看見政權的蠻不講理,為了「維穩」, 它可以封鎖網絡資訊,可以褫奪人民自由。 我看見政權的殘酷不仁,為保江山,它可以 迫害,甚至殺害異見者;反右、文革、六四, 多少人不幸犧牲,家破人亡?令人痛心的是, 我看見大陸人民一樣蠻不講理,來港旅遊消 費,本是互惠互利,他們卻頤指氣使地教訓 港人「沒有中國照顧,你們早就完蛋了」;在 餐廳眾目睽睽下小便,本是不對,他們卻反 指港人「歧視大陸人」。[1]我看見他們一樣殘 酷不仁,為求牟取暴利,竟炮製地溝油、毒 奶等劣質食品,置大眾健康於不顧;車子撞 傷了人,可以索性將傷者輾死,以省下賠償 金,路人看見,也不施以援手。

我看見,上至黨國,下至人民,「文宣 中國」與「真實中國」之間,竟存在巨大落 差。[2] 邊境線以北,明明是文明古國,明明是 華夏文化之搖籃;譬如仁義禮智,譬如謙恭 有禮,譬如許多許多傳統節日,皆源於此。 可是,為何現在卻成了華夏文化的反面:不 仁、無道、粗野?邊境線以南,明明只是條小 漁村,卻成了英國的殖民地。在英國的統治 下,中西文化氤氳在一起,傳統得以繼承之 餘,又糅合了自由、法治等精神──起碼,我 們在路上跌倒,途人會前來攙扶而不會趁亂 搶去財物;起碼,我們無須因食物安全而惶 惶終日,甚或要到鄰近地區搶購安全食品; 7


OUR SOCIETY

起碼,我們能夠自由地抨擊政府施政,而不 必擔心以言入罪──但,為何卻在九七年「 回歸」邊境線以北的這片文化凋敝的大地? 驀然回首,發覺一切一切,不過是歷史 的意外。但正正因為這歷史的意外,形成了 我們心底的鴻溝──文明的鴻溝。

(三) 鴻溝大刺刺地存在,令人惴惴不安,於 是「中港融合」之說甚囂塵上。���字尚未融 合?於是便用簡體字取代正體字。地理尚未 融合?於是便拿新界東北的土地,發展「特 區中的特區」。人心尚未回歸?於是便在中 小學開辦國民教育,宣揚愛國愛黨意識。 融合不是問題,畢竟我們血緣相近。問 題是:鴻溝既在,融合應該如何進行? 因為大陸人缺乏「大小二便應到廁所」 的觀念,所以應該讓他們在香港的街上隨處 便溺?因為大陸人買不到安全的奶粉,所以 應該讓他們走私奶粉,令香港的嬰兒沒奶可 喝?因為大陸人消費力強,所以應該讓他們 排擠掉其他各國的旅客,淘洗掉不合他們心 意的商店,只剩下藥房、珠寶店和名牌店? 因為大陸人用的是簡體字,說的是普 通話,所以我們也要放棄正體字,放棄廣東 話?因為大陸奉行的是三權合作,所以我們 也要放棄三權分立,任由行政、立法和司法 混在一起?因為大陸沒有言論自由,所以我 們也要放棄言論自由,任由政治檢控之風愈 吹愈烈? 因為香港這本書太難讀懂了,所以要在 西環僭建「第二支管治梯隊」,架空政府施 政,架空一國兩制?[3] 大陸與香港,彷彿在同一條跑道上進 行長跑比賽。因為歷史的意外,香港跑得快 些,大陸跑得慢些。大陸看着遙遠的香港, 似乎氣急敗壞了,嚷着:我們既然是同胞,你 怎能跑得比我快這麼多?我們要融合! 融合不是問題,畢竟我們血緣相近。問 題是:鴻溝既在,融合應該如何進行?是大 陸急起直追迎頭趕上?還是香港退回後面, 重新再跑? 我也想起了黃子華棟篤笑中的「魚蛋 論」。 「喂,做乜呀?做乜大家買串魚蛋(一 8

樣)咁多錢,佢串魚蛋多我兩粒㗎?我唔要 你畀番兩粒我,我要你攞走佢嗰兩粒!大家 少兩粒,咁就公平喇!做乜佢有甜醬我冇? 我唔要你畀甜醬我,我要你舔走佢嗰啲甜 醬!大家都唔甜,咁就公平喇!」[4] 融合不是問題,畢竟我們血緣相近。問 題是,鴻溝既在,融合應該如何進行?是大 陸拿回失去了的魚蛋甜醬?還是從香港搶 走「多了的」魚蛋甜醬?如果所謂的融合, 是要香港放棄魚蛋,放棄甜醬,放棄跑道上 領先的優勢,那麼,告訴我,這種融合,有 用嗎?值得嗎?應該嗎?

近年的遊行示威中,可以看見有人揮 動着龍獅旗、港英旗,聽見有人高呼「拒絕 大陸化」、「我是香港人,不是中國人」。講 起「中港融合」,很多人憂心忡忡。他們不是 真的希望「閉關鎖港」,拒絕「中港融合」, 而是執着於融合的方式,正如我們執着於 魚蛋、甜醬和長跑比賽名次一樣。恰像練乙 錚的分析:「中聯辦官員……可隨便到街上 抓一個搖獅龍旗的分子問問:大陸搞民主、 香港搞普選,你們還分離不分離獨不獨?答 案一字咁淺。」[5] 執着,是因為我們知道,我們的文化、 我們的制度,蘊藏着許多美好的東西,得來 不易,值得珍惜。如果融合的代價是要摒棄 固有的文化,取消固有的制度,我們寧願拒 絕融合,退而堅守着邊境線以南的這片土 地,讓鴻溝繼續大刺刺地存在。 況且,「一國兩制」,是由鄧小平提出 的。鄧老同志的偉大構思,嘿,你不是渾忘 了吧?

(四) 戴耀廷教授一篇探討「佔領中環」的文 章〈公民抗命的最大殺傷力武器〉,引起民 間熱烈的迴響,實屬近年罕見。 長毛抬棺材,毓民擲香蕉,你批評他們 激進,為了選票才不擇手段。「V煞仔」衝出

hkuCADUCEUS.net

Apr 2013


圖片來源:

左圖: http://hkam2011.blogspot.hk 右圖: http://www.sharpdaily.hk/article/news/20130103/165571

OUR SOCIETY

馬路示威,你批評他們讀書不成,不務正業 才到處鬧事。但,戴耀廷呢?一個研究法律 的溫和學者、一個相對保守的民主派支持者 (他曾是普選聯的成員,支持民主黨入中聯 辦密室談判),如今也提出這聽起來相當激 進的行動,他會是讀書不成嗎?會是為了個 人利益嗎? 戴教授的文章之所以引起迴響,無非是 因為其顯示出相對保守的民主派人士的焦 慮。連一個溫文爾雅的學者,也撰文提出這 樣的行動,你就知道,他不是鬧着玩。你不 得不思索:實現普選的承諾,由〇七年拖到 一二年,由一二年拖到一七年,拖了一次、兩 次,還能忍受再拖第三次嗎?政府繼續剛愎 自用,施政繼續不得民心,社會繼續撕裂分 化,還能坐視不理嗎? 他的方案,或許未臻完善。譬如,要求 參加者事先簽署誓言書,並出席「萬人商討 日」商討普選方案,真的可行嗎?可是,從 大家熱烈討論「佔領中環」的聲音中,我彷 彿看見,那棵公民社會的小草又再蠢蠢欲動 了。 這棵小草,如果說,是發芽於〇三〇四 年的兩場五十萬人的七一大遊行,令港人明 白到政治參與並非一件遙不可及的事;那 麼反高鐵、反國教、驅逐水貨客,就是小草 成長的第二階段,令港人明白到政治參與可 以自發進行,無須事事依賴政黨。因為,沒 有政黨比你更能代表你的想法,即使它是個 民主派政黨。至於「佔領中環」,倘若真的舉 行,並取得實踐民主的最後勝利,那就是小 草成長的第三階段,也是最壯麗的階段。它 象徵着港人為了自己的土地,甚至可以冒着 身陷囹圄的風險,集體犧牲。 但這棵絕處逢生的小草,沒有農夫的 施肥,沒有豐沃的泥土,到底從何吸取養份, 茁壯成長? 它的養份,無非就是港人心中的「主場 意識」。 因為有「主場意識」,所以你看見港人 在菲律賓、在埃及客死異鄉時,會感到心酸 難過。因為有「主場意識」,所以你看見李慧 詩在奧運單車賽贏得銅牌時,會喝采歡呼, 甚至覺得這面銅牌比中國隊的所有獎牌加 起來更耀眼動人更彌足珍貴。因為有「主場

Volume 44 | Issue 2 | D reams

意識」,所以你不僅關心自己的生計,也會 關心香港的長遠發展,譬如你會希望保留 特色小店,譬如你會希望貧富懸殊等深層 次矛盾得到解決。這一切一切,對於老一輩 而言,是難以想像的,因為他們逃難來港只 為改善生活,因為他們最深切最厚重的根, 在邊境線以北。但對於我們不少人而言,卻 是稀鬆平常,因為我們最深切最厚重的根, 在邊境線以南。 「佔領中環」,不是不重要,但如今的 當務之急,更是要深植「主場意識」。每次 善待有禮有品格的旅客,使他們感受港人 的熱情;每次驅逐影響民生的水貨客,使他 們知難而退;每次看新聞,讀歴史,審視香 港的過去,展望香港的未來;每次集會遊 行,爭取我們的權益,告訴政府我們的想 法,都能令小草吸收多一點陽光,多一分養 份。在上位者欲以國民教育等劣質的融合 方式,殆盡「主場意識」,從而扼殺小草,我 們就更加要義不容辭,灌溉小草。因為,沒 有深厚「主場意識」的「佔領中環」,只會是 一場魂不附體的運動,一場只得小撮勇武之 士的悲絕抗爭,就像今年元旦遊行後的長毛 「一人集會」[6],決不能成功。而那棵小草, 最終也只會枯萎。

畢竟,在屬於大家的主場,做有益於大 家的事,實踐屬於大家的理想,是件正常不 過的事情。你能不理直氣壯嗎? . 備註 [1] 〈翠華侍應阻當眾小解 內地客稱歧視〉,《晴 報》,二〇一三年二月二十日。 [2] 「文宣中國」和「真實中國」二詞,出自練乙錚。 見練乙錚,〈剖白當年洗腦工作 警惕今日思想僭 建〉,《信報》,二〇一二年八月一日。 [3] 「香港問題好比一本深奧的書」一語出自前中聯辦 主任姜恩柱。 [4] http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uZHWA4v-Re0 [5] 練乙錚,〈台獨綱領源於中共 分離意識止於民 主〉,《信報》,二〇一二年十一月十三日。 [6] 元旦遊行後,逾百示威者留守中環,要求梁振英下 台。最後馬路上只剩長毛一人。警方其後控長毛以 「非法集會」,被笑稱為「一人集會」。

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OUR SOCIETY

從低俗喜劇及藝評獎風波 透視……透視甚麼?

穆琳 (M16)

月二十六日,一條「狠批《 低俗喜劇》羞辱大陸人 京女 奪藝發局大獎」新聞,掀起一陣風波。得 獎者賈選凝以一篇從港產片《低俗喜劇》 透視香港文化的評論,奪得藝術發展局首 屆藝評獎金獎,獲獎金五萬元。網上一片 譁然,有人質疑該影評的質素,有人捍衛 低俗的藝術價值,但更多的,是「大陸狗 滾回強國啦!」 一篇價值五萬的影評,到底有多矜 貴?洋洋灑灑三千餘字,有幾段提及她對 該片的感想(沒有結構、沒有敘事樂趣 等),卻只有一處真正地提到電影的具體 細節:片中想來港投資拍三級片的內地富 豪一角。無庸置疑,這篇文章根本沒有資 格被稱為一篇影評。文中對電影設置毫無 探討,作者甚至沒有費心描述影片,《低 俗喜劇》只是掛在標題上的裝飾,一個讓 作者說理的引子。 有人說這篇文章只是篇中學生功課, 我頗有同感。倒不是指賈小姐文筆問題: 她有小林沛理之稱,當然不只是因為她行 文間穿插英文(English),還因為用詞精 準、文路清晰。只是這篇評論教人想起中 小學生涯的作文家課,字數一定要超過若 干,主旨題材也就那幾樣,於是學子只能 從被濫用的素材中硬擠出幾百字,灰色的 天空說明環保的必要性,比賽無論輸贏都 是過程最重要。張愛玲筆下的振保從虛空 中召喚出自已的孩子,我們從cliché中召喚 出人生大道理(而且往往也是cliché),賈 選凝用力地透視一套電影的社會效應(甚 至不是電影本身!),希望召喚出一些看 起來很深奧的東西。 其實中學生也不過是拙劣的評論人。 見微知著是評論人的基本配備,任何一個 評論人都認為自己能透視出表相下波譎雲 詭的內涵,向讀者呈現其清晰的脈絡。區 分結構主義者和中學生的,便是功力。 10

《狠批〈低俗喜劇〉羞辱大陸人 京女奪藝發 局大獎》2013-2-26 報道原文見主場新聞網站

「《低俗喜劇》的成功毋庸置疑, 僅八百萬港元製作費卻賺回了三千萬港元 票房。」賈選凝從票房印證低俗喜劇的成 功,她大概忘了,文藝作品是思想的載 體,數字則否。電影是劇組的思想結晶, 菲林在暗房中沾染上時代氣息。從一套電 影可以分析社會,從一套電影的票房分析 社會則野心過大。在現代社會,商業操作 可能比影片本身重要;暮光之城系列電影 票房收益驚人,在影評網站爛番茄及IMDb 上也獲得驚人的低分(大概有不少評分者 被迫陪女朋友看此片)。 她又指此片「口碑不俗」,獲受眾「 廣泛共鳴」;以電影風評分析社會同樣野 心過大。娛樂事業並不只為了傳道授業, 人們喜歡一套電影,未必等於全盤接受電 影的價值觀,可以只為它的幽默或者視覺 效果,說不定有觀眾笑完了整場戲,根本 不記得那個大老板是內地人。 賈小姐眼中,「《低俗喜劇》揭示的 文化議題」是隻五臟俱全的牛,自己像庖 丁一樣剖出其下的筋骨脈絡,誰知牛皮底 下根本甚麼也沒有,結果讀者只看見一張 支離破碎的牛皮,連 blow也 blow不起來。

hkuCADUCEUS.net

Apr 2013


OUR SOCIETY

賈小姐從芸芸港產片中挑出一套來批判, 以其票房及風評猜想香港人的心態,只能 說盲人摸象,過份簡化電影與社會的關 係,過份推論整個香港社會的情緒,既高 估了一套電影的迴響,也高估了自己的功 力。 評審之一的林沛理先生曾寫過一篇 評論《那些年,我們一同追的女孩》的影 評, †同樣夾雜社會評論,卻是從影片具 體的角色設置、劇情推展背後的文化範 本。林沛理欣賞賈選凝,賈選凝的功力卻 比他差得遠了(まだまだだね)。 藝術發展局把影評大獎頒給一篇社 論,真是奇事一椿。輿論走向卻迅速失 焦,從藝發局到賈小姐的背景、出生地甚 至外貌,事件頓時晉身為種種中港矛盾之 一。 要說過份簡化,「狠批《低俗喜劇》 羞辱大陸人 京女奪藝發局大獎」也是一個 例子。標題甫蹦入眼簾,馬上讓港人捕捉 到以下關鍵字:「羞辱大陸人」「京女」 首先,賈選凝的論點不只有「羞辱大 陸人」,這甚至只是一個次要論點;她的 主要論點是《低俗喜劇》賣弄低俗。

按那一套香港城邦論,把矛頭指向中 港矛盾或許可以挑起港人情緒、有利香港 對抗內地保衛香港主體性之類的,但被情 緒蒙蔽雙目的人只會變得理盲而濫情,連 真正的焦點也會被模糊。 錯頒五萬巨額獎金的藝發局及評審 團,承受的輿論壓力反而較小。如同鄧正 健先生在主場新聞發佈的文章「放過賈選 凝吧,讓我們談談藝評獎好嗎?」所述, 藝評獎的評審機制、藝發局的資金分配、 整個比賽宣傳的行政問題(當局只收到六 十餘份參賽作品),都比賈選凝長得像不 像湯唯更值得討論。 培養批判思考之餘,也別忘了唱反 調不等於高人一等。套用林沛理常引用 的古希臘詩句:狐狸所知之事甚多,而 刺猬只知道至為重要的那一件事(The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing.)。精明的狐狸或許懂得以自己 豐富的學識幫尋常事物製造內涵,尋覓隱 喻,幫敵手羅織罪名;但只有刺猬能夠從 紛擾混亂的表像下,看見真正值得注意的 事物。.

不少港人其後回應指出低俗文化的獨 特,及其與本土性的關連。這些文章做為 文化/本土論述固然很實用,拿來回應賈 選凝的論點卻捉錯用神。低俗文化俗得有 趣,有新意或者反映社會,而有些東西則 只是單純的庸俗。在賈選凝心中,《低俗 喜劇》顯然是後者:她的評語包括沒有「 敘事樂趣」,沒有「結構」,「串聯起一 個個黃色段子」,沒有「意義」。可惜沒 有一個回應者認真分析《低俗喜劇》的結 構、敘事、意義,不知是誤解她的意思, 還是跟她一樣只是借個引子,趁機推廣下 里巴人。 再者,賈選凝的身份背景或者有份塑 造她的價值觀,卻絕非是次風波的重點。 從賈選凝的其中一篇文章馬上連結她的身 家背景,又何嘗不是過份簡化、過度推 論?

Volume 44 | Issue 2 | D reams

註 † 林沛理:《性 · 純情 · 青春》

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OUR SOCIETY

孩子也有夢 “ 我的志願

李曉霖 (N16)

我想成為律師, 爸爸說當律師經常要加班,不好! 我想成為醫生, 媽媽說當醫生多接觸細菌,不好! 我想成為飛機師, 爺爺說當飛機師危險,不好! 我想成為警察, 奶奶說「好仔唔當差」,不好! 我想成為工程師, 公公說和「麻甩佬」工作,不好! 我想成為建築師, 婆婆說香港公屋一式一樣,無得撈, 不好!

「太空沒有奧巴馬,沒有 club house ,沒有 Asia miles ……」近日我教一位五 歲小孩作排比句,這是她給我的答案。 這是她被「洗腦」的童年。星期一畢加 索畫畫班,星期二豎琴演奏班,星期三 飛魚游泳班,星期四小一面試培訓班, 星期五古典芭蕾舞班,星期六神速數學 班,還有星期一至六「例牌補習班」。 這大概是現今香港小孩一周的時間表。 不論富���抑或貧窮的家庭,也朝著同一 個方向走,裝備孩子躋身名校,然後希 望他走進上流社會,踏入社會後成為白 領,賺取可觀收入,購置價值數千萬的 私人物業,組織家庭,然後再重覆整個 哺育孩子的過程。

我想成為巴士司機, 舅母說人家會看不起你,不好! 我想成為科學家, 舅舅說連科學園也不搞科學,在香港 無得做,不好! 我想成為音樂家, 大姨說搞藝術住不到豪宅,不好! 我想成為銷售員, 姑丈說沒出息,不好! 我想成為社工, 姑母說賺不到大錢,不好! 不知從哪個年代開始, 夢想與現實成了對立…… 不知從哪個年代開始, 父母的夢變成了孩子的夢…… 然後, 孩子再也不知道甚麼是夢想…… 夢想很便宜, 但對港孩來說很奢侈。 12

對於小孩百般武藝在一身的做法, 我實在不敢苟同。我曾聽聞那些畢加索 畫畫班是教孩子依照畢加索的畫一筆一 筆地重新畫出來,於是下課後,二十個 小孩的畫都是一樣,父母則拿該畫作向 親戚朋友炫耀一番。但請問畫畫的意義 何在?畫畫本應就是發揮創意的地方, 醜陋與否不是問題,重點在於小孩勇於 創新。要是希望二十個小孩的作品一式 一樣的話,我何不用電腦打印?不消十 秒電腦就能全部印出,而且我相信購買 墨水的成本亦較課程費划算。大概這些 畫畫班取名為「不加思索畫畫班」會更 貼切。所謂見微知著,父母連小孩畫畫 也要規管,隨小孩意向決定夢想應該比 登天更難。除此以外,我最不能認同的 一個興趣班非小一面試培訓班莫屬。我 認為,談吐禮貌乃是基本的家庭教育,

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是你會發現在那個社會的人不知道香蕉有 皮,花生有殼,或者鞋帶是怎樣綁的,更 不知原來職業可以自己選擇,遑論要他們 知道怎樣面對逆境,那是一個多麼諷刺的 社會。其實所謂的「才能」可以通通用電 腦取代,那要小孩來到這世界幹嗎?孩子 之珍貴在於他們敢於做一些長大後再不敢 做的夢。

根本無需刻意學習,跟著父母做已是學 習,刻意塑造某些形象來換取討好實在有 違自我。有些人則說現在小一面試題目的 難度非一般小孩能回答,必須去培訓班預 備。一間故意刁難學生的學校,我不知道 其可貴之處在哪。如果我是一所小學的校 長,我會叫學生說說自己的夢想。這方法 應該能把不少人剔走。這些「教育」究竟 是希望下一代成就自己的夢想還是成就父 母的夢想?

錯不只在子女,家長責任尤甚。每 個家長也望子成龍,然而,「成龍」的定 義好像過於狹窄,做投資銀行賺大錢就成 龍,做社工賺少錢就成蟲,這是什麼道 理,什麼價值?「發夢都要食飯嫁 ! 」。 你選擇吃鮑參翅肚而放棄夢想,但這是你 的選擇,不要左右你的子女,他們該擁有 屬於他們的人生。假若他們願意為夢想而 過著清茶淡飯的生活,你應該高興,因為 至少你們的子女沒有隨波逐流,他們很清 楚自己的方向,他們都很懂事。假若你害 怕親朋戚友的目光而看不起自己兒女,那 我告訴你,你根本不太愛你的子女,因為 你竟願意用兒女的快樂換上自己的面子。 不要打著「為你好」的正義旗幟,讓孩子 跌碰也是一種成長,一種愛護。作為下一 代香港人,甚至下一代的香港父母,請想 清楚你要一個怎樣的孩子。.

老實說,聽起來我也覺得恐怖,實在 不敢想像下兩代的孩子會變成哪個樣子, 大概他們應該懂得在一秒內計算一百位的 數學題,在兩秒內背出牛頓當代大辭典中 英文對譯本,然後懂得至少八國語言,只

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OUR SOCIETY

迷失的一代 我

杜天睿 (M18)

覺得,我們這一代迷失了。

這是一個有趣的陳述──到底怎樣才 不算迷失?我認為,人生是個短暫的旅 程,既然是旅程,自有起點和終點、出發 地和目的地。人生應該由意義所驅策,或 者至少由幾個目的所引導。我甚至大膽相 信,造物主不會作無聊的事:一生中歷經 的千億件事情,由出生、存在、際遇、以 至死亡,都有著意義,正是為了完成天賦 的使命、實現熾熱的夢想。很明顯,這個 信念完美地支持了人生在世,並非只等待 時間流逝,而確實有著某種方向,甚至可 能是個單一的方向,雖然過程可能曲折離 奇。換句話說,讓人繼續前進的,是使命 ──是對於那個個體而言非做不可的事。 空談並無意義,甚麼叫作使命(或 夢想,我認為其實是一樣的)?甚麼叫作 人生方向?怎麼肯定這是自己的使命呢? 我覺得,使命這回事,在人們年輕時是明 明可知的,人天生就懂得去追求自己的使 命。正如Paulo Coelho所著的 “The Alchemist” 一書,麵包師傅年輕的時候想當牧羊人, 只是為了生活安穩,當了麵包師父,便把 年輕時的夢想埋葬了。主角單單看他的 臉,就知道,他在違背自己的使命。另一 邊,賣糖果的小販,將糖果賣給小孩子、 逗得他們哈哈大笑,自己也就很滿足,主 角就看得出他在實踐自己的夢想,即使生 活如此簡樸。其實,不必談得如此「高大 空」,我們當刻有這個理想,其實受著出 生(包括自己的性格特質、屬性)和環 境、處境所影響,我們是怎樣的人,此刻 在怎樣的處境,其實都是為了幫助我們完 成天賦的使命,甚至可以說,只要活在當 下,努力面前,人就自自然然會邁向目 標。年幼時夢想當醫生的我,實在沒太多 計劃、沒太多野心,只是努力眼前的工 作,充滿信心地過每一日,身邊就自然聚 集了一群一起奮鬥的同伴,有很多長輩給 予指導,然後就這樣進入了醫學院(當然 過程波折重重)。梁卓偉先生年輕的時候 14

想當腦外科醫生,甚至因此在某個暑假每 天解剖一個老鼠腦,以求「刀法」嫻熟; 後來他驚覺自己喜歡對人多於對事,便毅 然選讀家庭醫學;然後當他發覺家庭醫生 難以改變整個社會的衛生習慣,他便回到 大學修讀公共衛生,此舉成就了今天的 他。你可能認為其中過程太過轉折:「顯 然梁卓偉是個三心兩意的人」,我倒覺得 不然──沒有當年努力練習解剖、當過家 庭醫生,能成就今天的梁卓偉嗎?那些年 的努力,那些年所燃燒的青春,一點都沒 有白費。而且,從那時的腦外科,到今天 的公共衛生,對他而言,其實都是同一個 使命、同一個夢想,他只是明辨自己的心 意、盡了當盡的責。 本來,人向著某個理想的方向前進, 是如此簡單不過的事。 但我覺得,我們這一代迷失了。 想做的事,明明可以如此簡單── 喜歡那個女生,認了它吧,然後努力改善 自己,等待時間合適,就去奪她的芳心; 想考取丁(distinction)的,認了它吧,就 該更用功讀書,即使失敗,也不會有人嘲 笑你。但是我們這代,正正有一種人,就 是心硬不肯承認自己所追求的。明明喜歡 人家,又怕別人拒絕;明明想考丁,又怕 失敗,然後欺騙別人,說得很是清高,說 「不志在」、「不喜歡」,這種逃避,慢 慢連自己都欺騙了。漸漸我們不再聽到自 己的心聲,不知不覺放棄了自己想追求的 夢,只能很現實、很功利地生活,每日學 習變成了例行公事,也毫無幹勁、毫無熱 情。中學時,我們會說:「GBus是神科, 不要 FF 了」,大學時,我們會說:「我 low quart夠了,cost-effective嘛!」捫心自 問,你當真如此無慾無求?我說,你是迷 失了,迷失在連自己心意如何都不知道, 怎樣前進呢? 另一種人,他們聽到自己的心聲, 沒有因為困難而放棄,卻因為這個世代太 多紛擾,而無暇去正視自己的願望,最終

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圖片來源: http://www.flickr.com/photos/waynewilkinson/6131763809/ Shared from wayne’s eye view under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License.

使命也無疾而終。這個世代,什麼都太方 便了。互聯網的發達,令資訊氾濫;人與 人溝通,可以方便得隨時隨地在 Whatsapp、Facebook裡進行;都市的生活,多采多 姿,這些慢慢填滿了我們的時間表──我 們都太忙了。我們實在有太多活動,這天 要與中同飯聚,那天要陪女朋友看電影, 剩下的時間用來寫作業、清 lecture,睡八 小時是太奢侈了。我們都太缺乏個人安靜 的時間,幾乎沒有空間去重整自己。我覺 得現在的大學生生活幾近瘋狂──好端端 的卻要找些理由「自chur」,住宿舍的每 天玩至深宵才睡覺,說是「唔chur唔知身 體好」、「搏盡無悔」云云,壓根兒是漫 無目的。我同意上莊、住 hall可以是很熱 血、很有意義的事,但我見不少的是迷失 ──通了多少晚頂、用盡每一個小時,最 終他們是為了什麼?這些人,不煩人事, 就是煩自 chur的事,幾個寒暑過了,回想 起來終究依然一事無成。生活太精彩,太 多distractions,可能反而使人迷失。 更可悲的是,整個社會也在使我們 迷失。看看這個社會,毫無生氣、毫無多 樣性。每個人像倒模一樣的,毫無個性可 言──由出生開始,就不斷要競爭,要入 讀名校,要多考優,要進名牌大學讀「神 科」,出來當專業人士……社會就像不斷 強逼我們成為某一種人,而且成王敗寇。 影響一個人長達十多年的教育制度,讓我 們成為專業的考試機器、讓我們的思維變 得毫無活力,並且在我們最為可塑的時 候,扼殺我們的創造力,只需要我們掌握 專業的知識,然後成為醫生、律師、工程 師……一直以來,我們被逼迷失,只要安 份守己、安於現狀,就能飛黃騰達……這 樣,你還可以到哪裡追尋自己的夢呢?可 能我們的夢,一早在雪崩一樣的課本和習 作下被埋葬了。這樣的生活,叫我們只需

Volume 44 | Issue 2 | D reams

要完成被指派的工作──清 lecture、學習 必需的知識,其餘的時間容許我們用在娛 樂上,人生就這樣過去,我們就這樣迷失 了幾十年,除了學業(事業)、除了享 樂,就不知自己生為何事。這個社會,不 知怎麼會病了,談的永遠只有成就、事 業,容不下藝術、文化、關懷、愛心,或 者其他各樣不能輕易量化的事。本來,我 們可以期待一個笑中有淚、淚中有笑的尋 夢旅程,現在卻是越來越難了。一生的走 得「規規矩矩」,看似沒有迷路,但其實 是喪失了自我,連自己迷失了都懵然不 知。 我深信,進了醫學院的每一位,都 是美麗的靈魂,都有一顆熱情的心去服 侍人。然而不知不覺裡,我們都迷失, 每日都變得枯燥乏味,只記得清不完的 lecture、做不完的莊務、考不完的試、見 不完的朋友……只能稍稍從友儕間的寒 暄、互相揶揄裡獲得點滿足。我知道我們 來到醫學院並非偶然,我更清楚每個人天 生心內就有一團火,要實踐自己的使命。 我想用自己一顆善良的心,透過醫學知 識、技術,去見證生命的改變──我的理 想,就是如此簡單。你們心內,有著很多 不一樣的夢──有些人可能想透過醫學研 究,去拯救受病患煎熬的人;有些人可能 想悉心護理臨終的病人,使他們可以有尊 嚴地、帶著希望安詳離世;甚至有些人當 醫生,可能只為家人生活得好一點……這 些都不要緊,把你們最初的夢想掘出來 吧!雖然生活仍舊,依然離不開寫作業、 做功課,但只要擁抱理想、有著方向的 話,做事的態度就會很不一樣,生命的改 變亦會到臨。到將來為自己人生結算的時 候,能夠完成使命,才算不枉此生。 罷了,可能說到底,迷失的只有我一 個,空有理想的只有我一個。.

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Piano Technique and the Nervous System M

edicine is not confined to clinical use. It can be applied to other seemingly unrelated fields. Piano technique is an interesting example which needs some knowledge of anatomy and physiology. Understanding the nervous system may let us deduce useful strategies in practicing.

Reason for practicing When we talk about piano technique, we usually think of practising tediously. Piano players do see their improvements through this process. When playing a note, the score that piano players see, or the notes that they hear as a feedback, stimulate the visual and the auditory region of the cortex of the brain respectively. A motor response is provoked and a key is depressed or released by the antagonistic muscles. By repeating the notes, the stimulated cells of the auditory area of the cortex become physiologically connected with the cells of the motor area. This creates a so-called conditioned reflex and a motor complex can be formed, and this enables the pianists to play a passage more quickly with less voluntary participation. Below we discuss how to practice more efficiently to acquire essential skills.

General suggestion in practicing The motor area of the cortex appears to be a projection of the available muscles. Sensations from the postural, spatial relationships, movements, and tactile sensations are sent along the afferent nerves to the corresponding group of receptor nerve cells in the cerebral cortex and cerebellum. The stimulations are analyzed and signals are sent to alter the motor activity. “Proprioception” (self-perceiving) occurs as the motor impulse is recorded in the

SCIENCE

科學

William Wong (M17)

not higher than the back of the palm. A slight pressure into the key can also produce stronger tactile sensations and sensations from muscle contraction. Each finger can hold its key for longer time so the keys overlap. This can help isolate finger activity from the upper arm activity and can facilitate the construction of complex motion pattern.

Problem 1: How to play fast running notes To play running passages, it is vital to achieve finger independency. This involves the excitation and inhibition of the nervous processes. Excitation is responsible for the discharge of impulses. Inhibition can suppress superfluous excitation. Many players have an experience that some fingers are moving when it is not their turn. It indicates weaknesses in the inhibitory process. The movements of the correct fingers create a stimulus that radiates to affect other fingers. This premature anticipatory response can be corrected by slow and even playing in practicing. This develops the inhibitory process, and at the same time provides clear proprioceptive sensations. Our minds usually unite single actions to few compound actions through practice. Usually the unevenness occurs in the boundary of two compound actions. Try playing a scale accentuating the second note, it is more difficult than accentuating the first note. It is therefore useful to divide the notes and place accents in different ways during practice.

motor region of the brain. Therefore, slight exaggeration of movements is beneficial to practicing because it provides more vivid proprioceptive materials. The imprint to the brain cells will be more permanent if the stimulations and movements are stronger and involve more consciousness. An example of the exaggerated movement is to raise the first joint of the fingers to and

16

In the first bar of Étude Op. 10, No. 1 by Chopin, each note should last only 0.085 second. It requires accurate stretching and narrowing of the fingers and special orientation of the right hand. Alfred Cortot, a most celebrated interpreter of Chopin, recommends the following

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training, which is an application of the above theory:

then be evaluated. Pupils are also recommended to play simple tunes by ear to develop this habit.

Problem 4: How to deal with stage fright

(from Chopin 12 Études op. 10 Student Edition by Alfred Cortot) (Video: http://youtu.be/LxAT1dmlRWY)

Problem 2: How to produce a good legato Chopin lovers are always desperate to master this technique. Bluntly put, no matter how exquisite the finger or arm movements are, the only variables of a note are the initial intensity and the time of departure. The beautiful quality of tone exists, but it is achieved by shaping the melody and molding the harmony, not by how an individual note is produced. To produce legato, the technical demand is to produce a certain smooth movement between key pressures or velocity. This again requires a good inhibitory process in addition to the excitatory one. One must be able to restrain the excitation that disturbs the smooth change in volume. For strengthening the inhibitory process, practicing pianissimo evenly in different tempos is recommended.

Problem 3: How to develop good aural skill Traditionally, pupils are given a score to read and then play the keys. The scheme adopted here is to have a visual impression from the score, then search for a key and finally produce the required movement. As a result, a note is seen and played, with no time for listening to the feedback. To improve the aural ability, pupils should try to inwardly hear the sound when given the score before playing out the passage. This will force the auditory part to participate and the actual sound produced will

Volume 44 | Issue 2 | D reams

The conditioned reflexes established by practicing can be diminished by extra-nervous excitation due to irritation on the stage and stimulants from unfamiliar lighting, bench and the piano. Transmarginal inhibition developed can halt the usual excitatory process and makes the fingers stumble. On the other hand, the inhibitory process may be suppressed and the pianist will tend to play more quickly gradually and be less able to produce a soft sound. To safeguard against the nervousness, one should seek opportunities to play before people. Everything must be checked before a recital, including the height of the chair and lighting. Strenuous practice just before the performance may be unwise because the function of the cortical cells may be suppressed, and this will be magnified by stage fright. Focusing on the music itself helps because the inward hearing by the auditory cortex can activate the motor complexes as usual.

Reminders After some discussions of the piano technique, it must be stressed that it should not be the focus of the art of piano playing. Technique only serves as a tool to execute the personal musical thoughts accurately. Moreover, until the relevant sciences are completely understood, advice for piano practice is still debatable. Methods of training remain individual and may even conflict between famous pianists. .

References Kochevitsky, G. (1967). The Art of Piano Playing: A Scientific Approach. Summy Birchard Music Cortot, A. (1915). Chopin 12 Études op. 10 Student’s Edition. Editions Salabert Rosen, C. (2002). Piano Notes: The World of the Pianist. The Free Press

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SCIENCE

Characters Transplant W

hat defines you as a unique being? Apparently it boils down to an intricate series of intangible things, for instance, experience, knowledge, beliefs, relationships, preferences and aversions... all embedded into your memory, one that shapes your personality trait and makes you who you are. Yet human beings are but mortal species, and these traces of a person’s existence must perish following the body’s death. This supposedly logical statement is somehow questioned when it is reported that some organ recipients, after a transplant, has acquired certain characters and memory from the donor. To the realists, this is simply ludicrous, a tale made up by some fanciful yet naive idiots who are merely ignorant about human biology. Learning involves basically the nervous system, and secondarily the immune system, so how is it possible that patients receiving peripheral organ transplants experience personality changes and acquisition of the donor’s memory? Then, the romanticists would rebut perhaps by saying that the human spirit, nurtured by love and faith, is so strong that it transcends mortality and endures even after the physical body withers. Anyhow, this curious phenomenon has intrigued researchers worldwide, and has inspired literature and films. Sometimes manifested in organ recipients are simple traits like taste of music or preferences in food akin to that of the donors which the recipients have never had before. There is a case in which a vegetarian began devouring meat ravenously and craving for greasy food after his heart transplant. This was accompanied by his change in music preference—from favouring heavy metal to preferring fifties rock ‘n’ roll. Could it be that our physical heart actually contains our memories? Another interesting case involves a single mother who believed that she had had a “personality transplant” along with the kidney from the donor. “You pick up your characteristics form your donor. My son said when I first had the transplant, I went stroppy

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Jaime Chung (M18)

and snappy—that wasn’t me.” There was also a drastic turn in her taste in literature. She used to read only lowbrow chick lit novels, but after the transplant she started to read classics like Jane Austen and Dostoevsky, and found herself wading through Persuasion. Yet despite the evidence in the cases themselves, a lot of critics still argue that such a phenomenon is not possible and remain skeptical of the issue. “While not discarding it entirely, we have no reason to believe that it happens,” says a spokesman from the UK Transplant Centre. They attribute observed personality changes ensuing transplants to the effects of immunosuppressants, psychosocial stress, and pre-existing psychopathology of the recipients. Nonetheless the human body mechanism is very crafty, and when we look at the many intricacies of the body physiology and the wondrously complicated body systems that inextricably interweave together to form the fabric of life, we might as well try our best to deduce a logical and scientific explanation on such phenomenon. Miller’s living systems theory postulates that all living cells possess within themselves the functional subsystems which allow them to perform memory and decision functions. The breathtaking complexity of life is organized and structured into patterns that repeat themselves at each level of systems. Existing in all atomic, molecular and cellular systems are recurrent feedback loops, and because of this, it is reasonable to believe that atomic systemic memory, molecular systemic memory and cellular systemic memory can be found in these systems. Simply put, cell communication is a process that occurs throughout the body on a recurring basis and can persist after an organ has been removed from one body and transplanted into another. This is like the installation of the information from the donor into the recipient’s memory. Still, we seem to be running out of scientific explanations when the cases that appear are simply too bizarre and bewildering. How can

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we account for the eerily vivid visions and the intense feelings and emotions that the recipient experiences? Speculations based on supernatural theories seem to be a romantic resort which draws our attention to the beautifully mystical nature of life.

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In a case, a 10-year-old girl was murdered and her heart was transplanted into another 8-year-old girl, who began to have nightmares about the donor’s murderer. Several consultations with a psychiatrist culminated in the conclusion that the police should be notified. Surprisingly, the girl was able to identify key clues about the murder, like who the murderer was and how the crime happened, and even the words spoken to the victim by the murderer. As it turned out, the entire testimony was true and eventually the murderer was convicted of his crime. It is as if the donor’s resolution to seek justice has surpassed death and awakened the living soul. In another case, an 18-year-old girl who was diagnosed with endocarditis and subsequent heart failure had received a heart from an 18-year-old boy who was killed in an automobile accident. After the transplant, when the girl was shown pictures of the donor, there came an uncanny recognition which struck her in the form of intense affection. “When they showed me pictures of their son, I knew him directly. He’s in me. I know he is in me and he is in love with me. He was always my lover, maybe in another time somewhere.” The girl could never play any music before, but after she got her new heart she felt a strong passion for music instilled in her, and could finish the phrases of the songs written by the boy. The boy, who was both a poet and a musician, had decided to donate his organs since he was twelve years old. Among the songs that he had written was one which spoke of his visions of his own sudden death, with words that describe how he felt he was destined to give his heart to someone. The song was titled “Danny, My Heart is Yours” — Danny was exactly the girl’s name.

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A romantic interpretation would be one that assumes promises made in the past life, which were fulfilled in the present life, celebrating true love which transcended from one life to the next, and continued to glow in perpetuity amidst the curse of time and the ebb and flow of life, death and fate. No matter whether you are a realist or a romanticist, however you interpret the eerie phenomenon, maybe it is just time for us to retreat to the humble confession that mankind is yet incompetent to fully comprehend the many secrets of nature. There is more to life than just biological theories and mechanisms that dictate how we live. Our common sense tells us that life ends when the body dies, and there are things that cannot stay no matter how hard we clutch onto them. The phenomenon of organ transplant along with the donor’s traits leaves us both fascinated and bewildered. Can personal characters really be transferred among people? This will continue to be a hot topic for debate in the scientific community, as well as an inspiring theme for literary works. Yet one thing is for sure—the generosity and benevolence of organ donors will persist after their deaths and be inculcated into the recipients and their families. This does not only save their lives, but also instill in them something very valuable, something called hope. It is the quintessence of utmost selflessness that transcends even the ruthlessness of death. .

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26/12/2012 — A Day Which Changed Two Women’s Lives I

CREATIVE WRITING

創意

Joy Kwong (M18)

t was a cold, crisp Monday morning, a day after Christmas, when the inexplicable and the breathtaking happened. I was in a ward especially for haemodialysis patients, and I was exposed to numerous patients who had end stage renal failure. A final and terminal stage to chronic kidney disease, it is a silent condition. There are often no initial symptoms despite their ailing kidneys struggling to filter the body’s waste, and once they do experience symptoms, they have already snapped beyond their limits. Victims generally experience things like a change in frequency and appearance of urine, a metallic taste in the mouth, nausea and/or appetite loss, and Willis-Ekbom disease, characterized by restless, cramped or sore legs. However, with no direct cure, all current treatments are mere endeavours to slow down the degeneration

without hearing any hints of having a healthy kidney again, and their condition becomes parts of their lives. I would later learn that she had been notified in the first minutes of that day that there was a cadaveric kidney available, and because of her rare blood group she was able to receive this gift. Why was it a gift? That certain day was her birthday.

process of the kidneys.

After repeated pleas and prayers, an incredible twist of events, and thanks to the incredible kindness of the surgeon and the nurse on duty, I was able to observe the transplant. Dazed and not knowing what to expect, I soon found myself in the operation theatre, with the woman I had met just that day lying on the bed, her eyes exposing the same mixture of joy and apprehension that I was feeling as well.

The woman was one of these patients. She lay with her eyes closed next to the haemodialysis machine steadily cleaning her blood. Around five years ago, she walked into the hospital feeling slightly bloated, expecting nothing more than a routine checkup and a reassurance that everything was alright. When her blood tests came back, with her glomerular filtration rate dangerously low, it was only then that she realised she was bound to the monster of polycystic kidney disease. Due to her genes, her kidneys were riddled with cysts, propelling them straight to failure. She proceeded to undergo peritoneal dialysis for three years before switching to haemodialysis for a few months, although the possibility of a renal transplant, a second chance of life, stayed as a perpetual hope for her. She put herself on the end of a long waiting list for a new kidney. Due to a lack of kidneys and a plethora of end-stage renal failure patients waiting for one, the average waiting time for organs is around ten years. Often patients wait for their entire lives

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One of the surgeons noticed me watching them during the pre-op. “You’re a student?” I nodded. “Are you coming to the transplant tonight?” Astounded, I said I would love to come. Doubts raced through my mind. Was I even allowed? “Oh, be sure to tell the nurses where you go.” And he was gone.

The surgery team appeared, full of energy for the six hours about to come. I saw the anaesthesiologist preparing to administer the cocktail of drugs into her veins. The two urologists were donning their gloves. The scrub nurses were preparing the numerous trays of tools for the surgery. The machines were switched on and connected. Perhaps because it was our first time seeing the speed of medicine, we were both desperate for a breath of solace in the excitement and whirlwind of action, our eyes connected. Lying there, she smiled at me, revelling in a final gaze before she was told to look up and the general anaesthesia coursing through her veins lulled her into unconsciousness.

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The next few hours floated by, a canvas for a medical dream, as I watched the scalpel cut through the skin, the subcutaneous fat, the fascia, the abdominal muscle, the rectus sheath of aponeurosis, until we had dissected into the extraperitoneal space. The architecture of her body lay under the glow of the operation theatre’s lights, exposed in all its beauty. Her external iliac artery pulsated with blood, moving to the rhythm of her heart, as I marvelled at the coordination of her body. I was looking at the beauty of life! I was watching a woman master the act of survival, something that was indescribable, something that human effort itself cannot create, but merely prolong and restore.

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The surgeons then lifted a dark mass from its enclasping layer of ice. They connected the renal artery and vein of the dead to the renal artery and vein of the living, and as dark purple changed into reddish brown, and arterial blood filled the vessels in the enchantment of revascularization, the kidney came to life before my eyes. It was no longer the kidney of a dead man, but one of a living woman, and I was one of the witnesses of this transformation. With the kidney’s ureter implanted into her bladder, a catheter inserted to drain blood from the wound and her abdomen being sewn up, the elation in my body was beyond words. I realised that I had just watched a key to this woman’s new beginning, a chance of a new life, and a way to burst free from the chains her cyst-filled kidneys had bound her in. I was able to talk to the woman after her transplant. As she lay in her bed, recovering with the strength and resilience each new day brought to her, she told me of her past troubles and worries. I was able to see into her again, not physically like days ago but into her emotions and memories. Previously, the four-hour haemodialysis sessions held thrice a week meant that she could not travel or work, meaning that her life was built around the hospital. We wept together as she told me of how her father had succumbed to the same disease, and she had been so afraid of dying young because of this diagnosis. She told

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me of her previous loneliness, sitting and waiting for a machine to accomplish what her body couldn’t. She recounted how she felt like a burden to her husband, as he toiled to accommodate the time and money her disease had come to rule over. She shared her hopes to travel and explore the world that she had previously had to miss, and her dreams now that she was no longer slave to her genes and her disease. And as we talked, we cried and we laughed. Tears coated the lashes of our eyes as she expressed her gratitude to the doctors and the nurses, her family and friends. She remembered how she saw me, and I was the last person to smile at her before she went under the effect of the anaesthesia. I couldn’t help but thank her that I was able to see into the depths of her body and her soul. “I’m a lucky person.” In my mind, this was an amazing work of grace; it was a blessing from God. Studying medicine can at times be disillusioning. With time, our continuous flow of lectures, tutorials, practicals become humdrum and, like stones being continuously chipped away, lose the initial edge and flair that we expected when we first walked through the doors of medical school. However, as I leaf through my notes on the kidney, my mind cannot help but drift back to that day, when something monumental happened. A certain woman was given the gift of life for a second time. Medicine, the subject that we are studying now, changed that certain woman’s life, and although we were merely strangers, it changed my life too. .

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CREATIVE WRITING

人生是個遊樂場

流真 (M16)

人生三大問題 人活在世上,一定或多或少會處理三 個問題: 一 我活在世上有什麽意義? 二 我要如何面對死亡? 三 我能如何面對苦難? 自人類有文明以來,因應這三個問 題曾有多個答案,而它們大多以宗教的形 式表現出來。例如,根據佛家教導,人死 後會墮入輪迴,所以其實人仍然存在,只 是以另一種方式表現。因此,人活在世上 的意義,就是行善積德,看破紅塵,最終 便能脫離輪迴而涅槃成佛。至於如何面對 苦難?淨土宗可能會教你唸佛,禪宗則要 你自己參透,自行突破。在西方,基督教 也有類似的答案。根據基督教教義,神創 造人有一個目的,就是要侍奉祂。人若信 神,就能得永生,不用害怕死亡;面對苦 難,只要相信神有祂的意思,祂自然會帶 領你勝過苦難。 能夠全心全意相信神的人當然很好, 因爲他們不需要像無神論者一樣,苦思人 生的意義;他們不需要獨自去面對苦難, 更不需要面對死亡帶來的那種孤寂和恐 懼。可是,這個世界上總是有些人和宗教 搭不上綫──對於他們來說,去信靠一樣 不能完全被觀察、被推斷、甚至被推翻的 事是十分危險的。他們過不了自己理智那 一關。那麽,他們可以如何面對人生的三 大問題呢?

偶然?連十億分之一的機會也不知有沒 有。沒錯,這些偶然一起出現的機會率的 確很低,可能比十億分之一更少;可是, 假設茫茫宇宙有一百億個星系的話,在芸 芸星系中產生一個這樣的地球,也不是一 件不可能的事。 如此一來,我們的存在是可以沒有先 驗的(a priori)意義的。我們出生並不是 為了去達成某個目的。我們出生不是為了 報效祖國,也不是為了侍奉某神某人。那 麽,既然人生沒有先驗意義,這是否代表 人生毫無價值呢?非也。這只是表示,人 生的意義,是要由我們自己賦予的。這是 我們第一個重要的推論。

人生是個遊樂場 那麽對筆者來說,人生的意義是什麽 呢?首先我們可以認識到,生命是很奇妙 的一回事。我們有機會誕生在地球之上, 做那十億分之一的唯一;我們能夠有複雜 的結構,有思想感情;最奇妙的,是一班 由無機物組成的人類竟然可以創造出偉大 的文明──我們有哲學思考、有科技結 晶、有藝術創作、有語言文化、有風土人 情……人類文明豐富到一個地步,是我們 窮一生的時間也不能完全體驗的。 人類和人類文明的誕生,並無目的, 卻能如此奇妙──這就像我們閉著眼睛在 紙上亂塗亂畫,卻能畫出梵高的《星夜》 一樣──這已經是一件奇跡。

人生本無意義 對於一個無神論者來說,人生 是可以了無意義的。人類的存在, 本來就是無數偶然碰撞出來的成果 ──地球是一股氣團石塊偶然間聚 合而成的星球,上面偶然間擁有 水、陸地和大氣,水中的無機物偶 然間組成了有機物,有機物偶然間 產生了有思想、有感情、有智慧的 人類……有人會問,哪會有那麽多 22

梵高《星夜》

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那麽,既然我們存在並無一個先驗的 目的,卻是如此奇妙,我們人生的意義究 竟是什麽呢?我覺得,我們存在的目的, 便是盡我們所能去體驗。這就像如果我們 被偶然送到美國佛羅里達的迪士尼樂園, 看見周圍琳琅滿目的遊戲和攤位,我們會 做的第一件事,不是問:「我為何會到這 裡來?」,不找到原因便坐在地上不走; 相反,我們會到處去玩,飽覽樂園景色, 盡情體驗。我們的人生也是一樣:既然我 們有這個機會來到這個奇妙的世界,我們 何不趁此體驗世界各地的風土人情,細味 五千年來人類文明的智慧結晶,品嘗人生 中的甜酸苦辣?這就是我對人生的答案。

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不過,雖然人生是一個遊戲刺激精 彩,攤位種類繁多的遊樂場,但更重要的 是,你只能在裡面玩一天。

人生,就像一個比迪士尼豐富一萬倍的樂園

死亡與苦難 很多人對死亡總有一股莫名的恐懼。 我想,這種恐懼的來源,是因爲當我們死 了,我們不但不能留住我們珍惜的事物, 我們更失去了肉體;我們不但失去了肉 體,更失去了自己的存在( being )。一 旦我們不再存在,那就真的什麽也沒有 了。即使我們死後世界如常運行,但對我 們來說,那只是一片虛無。虛無!這是一 個多麽可怕的景象。很多人就是因爲恐懼 死亡,所以便嘗試蒙蔽自己,說服自己說 「死亡還遠呢」,然後勞勞碌碌的過每一 天,直至死亡如約來臨。

恐懼戰兢呢?如果你只能在迪士尼樂園裡 玩一天,你會思考一天後會怎麽樣,悲嘆 一天的短暫,還是好好把握這一天?罹患 重病的人非常愛惜光陰,因為他們知道自 己時日無多,可能只剩下一個月;可是, 即使我們還有八十年可活,八十年跟一個 月又相差多少?只要死亡仍然是我們的結 局,我們的時間就在滴滴答答的倒數,我 們的生命也在一分一秒的減少。每當我想 到這一點,我呼吸的每一口空氣都特別清 新,因為吸一口就少一口了。 對無神論者來說,死亡是我們的最 終結局。不過,認識這一點不但不會令我 們絕望,反而是激勵──時日已經無多, 我們已沒有時間去白白蹉跎!我們正視死 亡,卻不會重視死亡。重要的,是在我們 死前,我們有沒有好好活過每一天。死亡 將臨,請珍惜當下──這是我們第二個重 要的推論。 同樣的,如果我們認識到人生意義就 是體驗,但我們的時間卻是有限的話,生 老病死、相聚分離等苦難對我們來説便不 是一個問題──因為透過苦難,我們能體 驗到自己悲傷愁煩的情緒;透過反思應對 苦難,我們能變得更加成熟。不但如此, 由於我們自知時間無多,我們更不會拖 延,而是積極地體驗苦難,勝過苦難,令 它成為豐富我們人生的土壤! 以上只是筆者對人生三大問題的一個 答案。你或許不同意,你或許覺得人生是 一個修羅場,而不是一個遊樂場。但無論 如何,請記得我們的兩個重要推論: 一 人生價值,必須由自己尋找, 自己賦予,自己實現! 二 人生有限,切勿盲目,切勿拖延!

.

可是,為何我們要因死亡後的虛無而

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CREATIVE WRITING

永遠(二) 垂柳漾蕩春怨

陽緩緩升起,看著剛睡醒的 世界,像是慈母輕拂著孩子 稍亂的頭髮。暉灑大地,也呼喚了因剛繞 過寒冬而珊珊來遲的春姑娘。姑娘想來定 是傾城絕色,直是皓齒一笑步生花,否則 怎生得破土芽盛開花滿枝樹。看大地那麼 的色彩斑斕,可能姑娘也帶了調色板,揮 灑大地。 被竄進茅屋的柔和光線輕撫而醒的 她,儘管臉帶睡慵,烏髮卻是襯著點點光 暈。看了看祥睡左側的他,再看看恬睡右 側的孩子,起來想要放下捲簾,隔不速之 客於屋外,沒想到原來捲簾早已放下,倒 是家門仍開,像是相迎陽光。她心中輕嘆 一口氣,只好從被窩掙扎而出,拉起捲 簾,開始新一天。吃過早點,發現又另一 位不速之常客,三人只好以工作將時間打 發掉。山腳處,茅屋外,柳蔭下,流水 旁,楊風中,孩子在砍柴。屋內,他在摩 挲著一隻玉鐲,像是想要驅走玉上的初春 殘冷;她與春光共處一室,通過一扇窗邊 看孩子砍柴邊當著門戶織布。不知是否用 得久了,布織不出了,那機杵聲聽下竟有 點空洞,配以他的鐲摩、摻進一聲聲砍柴 音、搭上遠處柳枝上喈喈鳥叫,反編出一 首不諧協的交響曲。門仍開著,曲子在屋 內衝撞,細聽來帶點憂悶。 一直到午後,忽爾聽到斧頭落地, 她想來該是孩子累透了,故長身而起,佇 立門旁,沒想到進門的竟是第三位客人。 「風大哥,我兒呢?」她輕問 著,似乎害怕太重會將客人趕 走。惟風悄來悄走,沒捎半個 信。她趕忙到屋外,卻只得一 把斧頭跌在樹旁,附近只有亂 人滿地花草,莫不是風走時吩 咐淺草要將腳步藏起,好讓孩 子可盡情到山上玩?他此時開 口:「孩子早就不會回來了。 」然後嘆一口氣,出屋邁步買 酒去了。 24

春分春昏。大抵春天的悶氣使人都糊 塗,她心想,整天惦記著的他和孩子到現 在還未有回來。伏案把玩著玉鐲,似乎還 有他剛留下的餘溫,想起與他的溫存,想 起孩子,可他們仍未回家。難過可能與春 天都有緊密連繫,否則她心裡的難過怎會 像極了春花生長,隨春漸濃而愈萌發。門 仍開著。兩扇門朝內開著,像是宮廷守衛 倒履相迎皇帝駕臨,亦是她的期許。淡淡 夕陽仍駐屋內,或許是從中天之日待到了 薄暮黃昏,站得累了,連照拂也減少了, 使到夾在黑髮中的絲絲白髮沒法被輕易看 見,只有風偶爾來時才能將其顯露。不知 怎的,想著想著屋外竟下起沾衣欲濕的杏 花雨來。她起來把窗關上,雨打在臉上, 模糊了眼睛,和淚水流過臉龐,像是向她 私語。這倒提醒了她床下原來早藏了罈醇 酒,他犯不得去買啊。當她把酒罈從床底 拉出要扶穩時,遠處倏地傳來鳥吱,像是 有人來了!當下她轉身飛奔向門口,也顧 不得「酒不醉人人自醉」而搖搖欲墜的酒 罈獨自在那邊晃轉。極目遠眺,似乎有兩 個黑影正往屋子方向接近,只是垂柳受風 搖擺遮擋視線,看得不清楚。 酒罈晃動角度愈發增大,轉動速度加 快;那兩黑影卻仍在遠處,還未及屋。她 惱極了春風,揉了揉眼睛,大喊:「還沒 來?還沒來嗎?」黑影不回答。「呯」的 一聲,酒罈醉倒,玉瓊滿地。多情的春風 一改以往性格,無情的撥開楊柳,讓她看 到黑影只是柳枝的搖曳。.

hkuCADUCEUS.net

Apr 2013

圖片來源: http://www.flickr.com/photos/carbonnyc/2182716979/ Shared from carbonNYC under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License.

林樂生 (M17)


CREATIVE WRITING

乘夢啟航

徐向澄 (M18) 水 一貫的澄澈

遠眺 無垠的大海 在旭日下幻化成片片金箔 一閃 一閃 照亮了回憶的隧道 細聽 海浪有節奏地拍擊礁石的聲音 一下 一下 敲進航海者的心扉 輕撫 手中鏽蝕的指南針 刻著她的名字 十年前的一個夢 攙和著傷痛的淚珠 一滴 一滴 簌簌流淌於他的臉頰 不 不能再退了 昔日的痛楚 總有卸下來的一天 抹開厚厚的塵 那承諾 終究要兌現 去尋覓 那未知的彼岸 他與她的桃花源 去編撰 史詩般的傳奇 他與她的漂流記 哥倫布的膽量 麥哲倫的使命

天 依舊的湛藍 只是 歲月的火車在他的額上 如船緩緩地駛過平靜的海水般 留下一道又一道痕跡 心 卻是年輕的 自由的信天翁啣著航海者的夢 展開翼 時而俯衝 時而上騰 時而滑翔於海面 濺起零星銀色的水花 夢 長著翅膀 翅膀 賦予希冀 他和她 是大海的主人 倏地 一把金黃的利刃劃破清穹 轟隆數聲 烈風疾勁而來 天 變了臉 雨 似銀箭般插下來 船 被拍打 人 被玩弄於股掌中 翻騰的波濤張開血盆大口 要吞噬航海者的身體 要踐踏航海者的夢想 要撕裂航海者的靈魂

和他倆的夢 再次牽起他的錨 揚起帆 轉動舵 夢 再次啟航

想起她 十年前失落於洶湧的漩渦中 呼喊 哀鳴 咒罵 夢 如肥皂泡 隨風起舞後 被無情地戳破 航海者的軟弱 抑汪洋的無情 他哭著 顫著 俯伏著 但有誰傾聽蕩漾在他心頭的千言萬語呢

Volume 44 | Issue 2 | D reams

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CREATIVE WRITING

剖析《一代宗師》 人物簡介 葉問:

你認識他,不用介紹了。

宮老爺: 八卦形意門掌門,中華武士會會長 宮二:

又想起她 與她燦爛的笑容

宮老爺的女兒兼徒弟,起初對宮老爺的 接班人葉問心懷恨意,後來卻暗生傾慕 之情

一線天: 八極拳宗師,身份不明

《一

彷彿有一把聲音告訴他 那承諾 終究要兌現 不 不能再退了 咬著牙 穩著舵 站在生與死的邊緣 前頭是無數黑暗的爪

代宗師》,是一幅完美卻不完 整的油畫。畫師花了十年光陰 (亦有說是五年、七年)去構思,去起草, 去上色,去風乾,把畫中人物的肌理完美地 勾劃出來。可惜,畫框容不下過大的畫布, 最終只能把油畫的一部份展示出來──畫 框以外的,我們就只能用想像力填補。

一場沒有把握的搏鬥 夢 原是與自己競賽 良久 海停止了咆哮 沉默地托著航海者的船 黑雲慢慢散去 他癱瘓地躺臥在甲板上 沐浴在和煦的 陽光中 屏息凝視 粗糙的雙手滿是傷痕 是 痛是如斯的實在 心靈的振奮 卻撫平了傷口 夢 仍待孵出的一天

畫蛇添足還是畫龍缺睛?

殼 卻堅硬了 航海者的夢 再次融進不息的海洋 遠方 仍是那美好的彼岸 .

26

事實上,《一代宗師》的完整版,達四 小時之長,只是篇幅所限,不得不剪掉一 半。現在你和我在戲院看的,都只是兩小時 精華版,是故我們不可能完全了解劇情的 因果關係,特別是對一線天(張震 飾)的出 現一頭霧水(看不明白《一代宗師》的朋友 可藉此安慰自己)。

有幾位朋友都問筆者:「一線天這個 角色是幹啥的?」筆者也想知道。在《一代 宗師》裡,一線天與主線、其他主角毫無關 連,令人感覺突兀。觀眾由片頭看至片尾, 都無法明白他存在的價值,只知道他跟葉問 (梁朝偉 飾)、宮二(章子怡 飾)等人一樣, 都是宗師。原來,他跟葉問的一段對手戲 (他與主線僅有的連繫)被導演王家衛狠 狠刪掉,因此一線天嚴格上連配角都當不 成。據悉,一線天這角色的存在,是為了印

hkuCADUCEUS.net

Apr 2013


A TASTE OF LIFE

生活

A TASTE OF LIFE

劉曉峰 (M18) 證電影中宮老爺所謂「人活在世上,有的活 成了面子,有的活成了裡子,都是時勢使然」 :一線天和葉問雖同是武功高強的一代宗 師,但最後葉問能揚名立萬,一線天只能當 一個理髮師,正好體現了這句話的精髓。而 筆者以為,為了一句話而令一個角色阻礙劇 情發展的流暢度,是為了一棵樹而放棄一個 森林。若然觀眾看不懂,把一線天胡亂搬進 來,就是本末倒置了。

圖片來源:

http://desktop.yesky.com/

主線 撇開副線的裁剪問題不談,導演在主 線安排上,倒是花了心思。鑑於宮二之戲份 跟葉問相比,是有過之而無不及,有影評人 猛烈批評,說這是喧賓奪主,令主角、配角 身份莫辨。而此般說法,未免流於表面── 要告訴觀眾誰是主角,是導演必要的責任 嗎?把思考的權利留給觀眾,似乎較 為人 道。再退一步來說,或許王家衛根本沒有打 算把宮、葉二人分為主、配角。筆者認為,宮 二和葉問在主線中具有一種互相映襯、對比 的共生關係。宮二擅長的八卦掌,掌法迂迴, 對敵時「繞圓走轉」,貫徹了她一生重於回首 的處世態度。她不理前輩 反對,不惜削髮奉道,最後 從馬三手上奪回宮家的家 產,以報多年前的殺父之 仇;抵港後,她仍堅守以前 許下誓言,終生不授徒,令 宮家六十四手從此絕跡; 在人生最後的階段,她以 鴉片自我麻醉,終日沉醉於往昔的回憶裡, 無法自拔。相反,葉問眼中只有前路,竭力 越過人生中一座又一座高山;而且他目光遠 大,沒有被南北拳派的分野束縛,一心把功 夫傳揚海外,最終得償所願;他目標明確, 到了香港便破釜沉舟,終身沒有再回佛山, 為了前程,不惜忘記「隔江隔海會歸來」的 承諾。他勇往直前的人生觀,正好體現於「 甩手直衝」、著重前方中線的詠春拳學裡。宮 二的回首和葉問的前瞻,就像太極圖的黑與 白,具互相補足、對照的化學作用,使其帶出 的思想更具立體感。宮二寄語葉問「拳不能

Volume 44 | Issue 2 | D reams

只有眼前路,沒有身後身」,是為了更明確 地向觀眾呈現這種對比。最終葉問把詠春 薪火相傳,活成了「面子」,宮二虛度晚年, 活成了「裡子」,既不因能力之差異,亦不因 時勢之弄人,只是處世方式不同而已。魯迅 說:「世上本沒有路,走的人多了,也就成了 路。」路要如何走出來,自己選擇。這雖與 宮老爺「時勢造英雄」的哲學相忤,但值得 觀眾反思。

哲理 一如以往,王家衛把他的哲思封存在 大量的隱喻裡,要具探險精神的觀眾們逐 一發掘──這已是「幾十年的菜」了。片末 宮二望著大南街的拳館招牌興歎:「抬頭看 上去,這不就是整個武林嗎?」鏡頭先是特 寫街燈,然後才移向招牌,所以表面上那招 牌是武林,而其實主角是燈。這裡的燈與片 頭「希望你像我一樣,拼一 口氣,點一盞 燈,要知 道 念念不忘,必有回響,有燈 就有人」遙相 呼應,以 點 燈喻授徒,把武學薪火相 傳。有了傳承,武林才會延 續下去。宮二死後,隨從老 姜感歎道:「宮家沒人了! 」有燈就有人,沒人,是因為宮二不肯點燈。 相反,葉問一生傳燈 無 數,創出了一片武 林。王家衛把這麼大的道理隱藏在幾秒的 鏡頭裡,實是妙著。 在荷里活文化的影響下,電影製作人 似乎都技窮得只剩下商業的頭腦。用心編 排,具深層哲思的電影已買少見少,而《一 代宗師》是其中一部。王家衛借宮二的口跟 我們說:「我的戲,不管人家喝不喝采,也 只能這樣下去了。」希望這位描繪人性、人 文、人生的畫師,能繼續往前走。. 27


A TASTE OF LIFE

解剖動漫首部曲

Animatomy I

Ai Enma (M17), Inori (M17), Saber (M17)

動漫VS卡通

信愛看動漫的人都有這樣的經 歷:被人撞破獨自在房裡「煲 動漫」時,你會聽到「嘩!咁大個人睇卡 通,好低能呀!」等的話語。畢竟兩者本 質上擁有巨大的差異,這簡短的嘲諷包含 著深不見底的無奈和冤屈。那麼它們的分 別在哪?為甚麼一般人會對動漫和卡通混 淆不清?在解釋種種疑問前,先讓我們分 析兩者的由來以及它們的定義。 「漫」字,與漫筆、漫談的「漫」字 用意相似。漫筆、漫談在文學中屬於散文 的兩個分支,分別稱為雜文和小品,而漫 畫( Manga)則是繪畫中的散文。漫畫經 歷了悠久的發展過程,從最初只是少數人 的興趣,到現在成為人們的普遍讀物。雖 然日本漫畫到了最近才開始蓬勃起來,卻 早在十二世紀就開始發展。當中的表表者 莫過於平安時代的《鳥獸戲畫》,此作與 現代的日本漫畫手法有頗多相似之處,被 認為是日本最古老的漫畫作品。

2012年最高人氣動畫的《Fate Zero》及其同 系列動畫《Fate Stay Night 》女主角 Saber

至於卡通( Cartoon )源於意大利文 (Cartone),意思是「厚紙」,泛指正式 畫一幅大畫前在紙上畫上的草稿。但是, 現在大家所認知的卡通是由莊李治先生 (John Leech)在一八四三年所繪畫的一幅 卡通《Cartoon No.1: Substance and Shadow》 所產生的。其作用以諷刺英國國會議事 廳,以壁畫而畫的卡通草圖。結果,他為 「卡通」一詞,賦予了新的意義,也就是 諷刺時弊的四格漫畫。

《Cartoon no.1: Substance and Shadow》

《鳥獸戲畫》追逐小偷猴子的兔子和青蛙

隨著現代傳媒技術的發展,動畫 (Animation)和漫畫(Manga)之間的 聯繫日趨緊密,兩者合而為──稱為「動 世界上第一部卡通影片 漫」。一般動漫是日本人畫的,當中的巨 著包括二〇一二年最高人氣動畫的《 Fate 雖然動漫和卡通片都是動畫,但是兩 Zero》、於Newtype動畫賞二〇一一獲得最 者在製作、年齡對象、內容和畫風方面迥 多獎項的《魔法少女小圓》、以出色的主 然不同。較通俗來分的話,動漫大多是日 題/插曲成名的機鬥作品《罪惡王冠》 本人畫的,而卡通片大部分是洋人畫的。 、在著名日本漫畫週刊《週刊少年Jump》 動漫是採用真實動作以外的方法,以人工 中佔據人氣榜第一位的《ONE PIECE》等 的方式創造動態影像。而卡通是把畫稿繪 等……在日本、大中華等地方,日本動漫 製後再由攝影機逐格拍攝而成的動畫影 十分流行,並逐漸成為了一種文化時尚, 片。 故人們以中文提及動漫時多指日本動漫。 28

hkuCADUCEUS.net

Apr 2013


A TASTE OF LIFE

至於,在內容和年齡對象方面。動漫 較貼近真實世界。因為日本作品訴求觀眾 的範圍較廣,有給特定觀眾群看的作品, 因此內容一般較有連貫性和深度。卡通比 較屬於幽默型的,其物理學更可說是完全 脫離現實,例如獲得不死之身、擁有具彈 性的身體、在水/天上要過一段時間才會 掉下來等。卡通大致是以小童為對象。而 動漫則較多變化,沒有特定的年齡對象, 這視乎內容而定。有些動漫幼稚的很幼 稚,成人的卻很成人!!!

風格以描繪臉部表情,好像流鼻血:代表 性興奮;O型眼/嘴:代表驚訝;一型眼: 代表無聊、舒適等。 總括而言,雖然動漫和卡通都是動 畫,但是兩者有莫大的差異。動漫迷並非 低能,並非長不大。動漫內容範圍廣闊, 各位千萬不要以偏概全,更不要把動畫說 成卡通啊! <3 <3

迪士尼卡通阿拉丁(左)和動漫罪惡王冠(右)。 兩者風格、細節方面可謂天壤之別

動漫詞語 此為典型卡通物理學 (Cartoon Physics)

在畫風方面,卡通風格比較簡潔,人 物造型抽象,身體形狀簡化,像瘦子成棍 狀、胖子成圓形等。某些身體部位會顯得 特別大或小。動物、植物更會擬人化。角 色大多展現誇張的表情,例如憤怒時頭部 會開始生煙、哭泣時「積水成災」、昏迷 時會有小鳥圍繞在頭上等。

以下將列出一些動漫迷在討論中常用的專 門語,給大家來個動漫用語大掃盲(由於 詞語眾多,版位有限,只能列出小部分): ACG ACG 一 詞 全 寫 為 Apexcardiogram … … 噢 , 不!今天的主角仍是圍繞動漫,幸好這與 醫科詞彙拉不上太大關係。 ACG 為 Animations、Comics and Games的縮寫,即日本動 漫及電子遊戲的統稱。據說此詞源自台灣 一個討論版,後被人廣泛使用。 OVA

如一般卡通人物一樣唐老鴨都有誇張的表情 身體某些部位會顯得特別大或小

動漫較注重畫風細節,個人認為比 一般卡通更為精緻和成熟。其風格包括漫 符、獨特的臉部表情等。漫符是用來體現 人物心理的符號例如尖銳強光:出現在身 體周圍,代表激動;滴汗:出現在額頭 邊,表示驚訝或困惑;幾條直線:出現在 臉頰,代表尷尬等。動漫擁有一套特別的

Volume 44 | Issue 2 | D reams

OVA 一 詞 對 動 漫 迷 來 說 一 定 不 會 陌 生 , 有些人甚至對此愛不釋手。 OVA 為 Original Video Animation的縮寫。一部動畫在播放了 一段時間,或者 TV版結束後,有的時候會 出一個 OVA 的版本。與 TV 版(電視播放) 及劇場版(電影院播放)不同,通常 OVA 的播放渠道以 DVD 形式為主。而選材方面 亦會傾向於迎合作品粉絲的口味,因此觀 眾群大多集中於原作支持者。

同人 「同人」一詞來源為日語どうじん (doujin),意思原指一群有著相同志向、 興趣的人。被用於動漫領域中,其意思則 29


A TASTE OF LIFE

演化為一些讀者對動漫作品進行自主創作 而來的衍生作品。 ACG 界中,不得不提《 東方》,《東方》有著大量二次創作,包 括,小說,遊戲,漫畫,動畫,音樂, 當中由於其衍生出之同人遊戲──《東 方 Project 》的背景音樂與人物設定很是出 色,所以它在一眾ACG迷中不乏人氣。

方面展示出其強勢的性質,另一方面也要 有寬大的包容力和母性本能。 蘿莉 源自一俄國小說《Lolita》,描述一位大學 教授愛上一個十二歲小女孩的故事。蘿莉 一般形容年紀很小,但是外表非常可愛的 小女生。 正太 源於漫畫《鐵人 28 號》的主角金田正太 郎,用以形容年紀很小的可愛小男生。 偽娘 指的是有女性外觀特質,但生理上是男性 的角色。

東方

後宮動漫

黑長直

一般後宮動漫會較偏向男性,故事設定是 以多個女角圍繞一個男主角為中心,而角 色設定中則把不同帶萌的女角色類型都用 在作品裡。因為除了男主角外的男性都是 沒有競爭力或不介入的配角,男主角就如 置身於後宮中,不管男主角多爛,後宮永 遠只繞著他打轉。

顧名思義,被稱為「黑長直」的女性,擁 有一頭烏黑順直的長髮。另外,一般黑長 直的角色都是嫻熟溫柔或是冷酷嚴肅的。

黑長直系的秋山澪 (K-ON!)

萌 萌一字能用作動詞或形容詞。 作動詞使用時,可以當作喜歡的意思,指 被其可愛的特質所吸引。例: Samson 好萌 pseudomonas aeruginosa。 作形容詞使用時,意思為可愛。例: Clin skill個doctor好萌呀<3<3

傲嬌 簡單來說,就是外冷內熱、前倨後「羞」 ,角色平時態度強硬高傲,在一定情況會 變得黏人撒嬌,男性讀者一般都很受落。

出 自 日 語 「 コ ン ( con) 」 , 情 結 (Complex)的前頭音,指極度喜歡某東西 的人,與「癖」近義。例如喜歡蘿莉的會 被稱作蘿莉控;喜歡摺 lib的叫摺 lib控;「 蟲王」也能叫作蟲控。 一眾ACG迷也為動漫人物進行了屬性分類:

傲嬌系的逢阪大河(龍與虎)

腹黑

禦姐

平常看起來天真無邪,其實內心十分黑 暗,可怕詭異。

禦姐本意是對姐姐的敬稱,在 ACG 中被引 申為成熟的女性,一般泛指年齡稍大,一

.

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hkuCADUCEUS.net

Apr 2013


Z ero Dark Thirty: the greatest manhunt with great detail

A TASTE OF LIFE

Fu Hong Chung Helon (M17)

Z

ero Dark Thirty, a military term meaning half past midnight, was the time when Osama bin Laden was killed by the US Navy SEALs at Abbottabad, Pakistan on May 2, 2011. This film’s title, as what the above event suggests, circles around the event during the biggest manhunt in modern history after the 911 attacks which happened a decade ago. It successfully elevates the facts and the elements of an action picture to a story with an eye for detail. Jessica Chastain plays the protagonist called Maya, a CIA agent, who set her goal of hunting down Laden after the attacks. She witnessed tortures of those with close relationship with the terrorist leader, lost her best colleagues and friends during various further attacks, got ambushed and became more determined until her mission was accomplished. The first three quarters of the story revolved around Maya, and the last featured the operation during that night. Of course we know that Laden was killed, yet this does not mean the ending is not satisfying. What we can see is the smooth pacing of the story leading to this operation to hunt Laden once and for all, and it would be better to focus on the entire story rather than the well-known ending. Let’s get back to the beginning. We would expect a recall of the 911 attacks through some flashbacks or short videos from the citizens. However, it was only a black-out with the recording of the call between a woman on the collapsing World Trade Center and a police officer through 911. Frankly, the recording is quite vague no matter what it is trying to convey, and it doesn’t give a very strong sense of introduction to the manhunt story. Why not news report clips? Or perhaps they are not used because we have seen them many times? The opening may not have its purpose lifted up, and seem to be a little bit unnecessary. Despite the opening scene, the whole story proceeds smoothly and flawlessly. The major events within the 10-year period are linked together intelligently through the fictitious

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setting of Maya as the central character. The final operation is well-organized, particularly applying the images of night-gazing devices directly onto the screen, making the visuals surprisingly stunning. We can see Laden being shot dead with his face off-screen except that his long beard was clearly shown, and we know he isn’t the real Laden but he really looks like Laden. It is an irresistible deceptive effect on the audiences in filmmaking. The graphic torturing scenes in the beginning resonate with President Obama’s speech regarding ‘torture not tolerated’. What we can see is Obama’s speech remains a speech, yet actions of the army are not fully recognized or even tolerated, making both sides working on opposite ways. Obama’s speech was also recently featured in Killing Them Softly, starring Brad Pitt as a hitman hired to investigate a heist in an underground casino and kill those involved. The quote from the final scene, ‘American isn’t a country, it’s a business’, ran the opposite to Obama’s idea

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A TASTE OF LIFE

during the 2008 President Election. Maybe this is what filmmakers can add on a contemporary setting to shape the story. Director Kathryn Bigelow has made another great collaboration with screenwriter Mark Boal since the Oscar-winning The Hurt Locker. Both are movies about the US army but on different settings and focuses. Somebody may find Zero Dark Thirty more talkative and depicting details more on pre-operation rather than during operation, yet it is not fair to compare both movies in this way. In fact, watching both offers us different perspectives on military actions, just like watching both The Passion of the Christ and The Last Temptation of Christ if you like movies about Jesus and Christianity. I praise Bigelow for delivering both gripping movies to us. Although Jessica Chastain did not win an Oscar, her performance is hard to be forgotten. Without her, the manhunt story cannot be linked together, and so she bears great importance in the storytelling. We would have focused more on the plot but less on the actors if the plot had been just too gripping, yet she has been contributing greatly apart from the intelligent script. This also explains why Frances McDormand’s performance in Fargo has been quite underestimated by some even though she won an Oscar. And it is a pity that Bigelow didn’t get an Oscar nomination for Best Director, probably because she won once and there were too many Oscar-baiting films with contemporary history settings that only one or two should be selected for the nomination. Whether this film deserves an Oscar or not, there is no doubt that it is an excellent work guided by an intelligent storytelling and a strong central performance by Jessica Chastain. Zero Dark Thirty features action scenes like other typical blockbusters do, yet it also captures the audience through various aspects and the moral complexity in hunting the notorious culprit rather than being a mere slam-bang action picture just as what its title suggests, and ultimately the goal it aims for. It can be hardly missed. .

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A Short Case Study of Po in terms of Strategy, Lingu Background Around 2nd century BC, a sovereignty known as Aetolia was on good terms with Rome. Yet she supported Antiochus III, a king of the Seleucid Empire, which was a Greek-Macedonian state, against Rome. After the defeat of Antiochus III in Thermopylae by Glabrio[2], Rome turned her attention to Aetolia. ‘The Aetolians, in making out their case, went back to the very beginning, reciting all their former deeds of kindness to the Romans, but Flaccus[3] cut the flood of their eloquence short by saying that this sort of pleading does not suit present circumstances. For as it was they who had broken off their originally kind relations, and as their present enmity was entirely their own fault, former deeds of kindness were no longer counted as an asset…… The Aetolians, after some further observations on the actual situation, decided to refer the whole matter to Glabrio, committing themselves ‘to the faith’ of the Romans, not knowing the exact meaning of the phrase, but deceived by the word faith[4] as they would thus obtain more complete pardon. But with the Romans to commit oneself to the faith of a victor is equivalent to surrendering discretion…… Upon this Glabrio, taking them up, said, “So that is so, is it, ye men of Aetolia?”……’ After a period of negotiation, ‘Phaeneas[5] now interrupted him [Glabrio] and said, “But what you demand, O General, is neither just nor Greek.” …… [Glabrio] said, “So you still give yourselves Grecian airs and speak of what is meet and proper after surrendering unconditionally? I will have you all put in chains if I think fit.” Saying this he ordered a chain to be brought and an iron collar to be put around the neck of each. Phaeneas and the rest were thunderstruck, and all stood there speechless as if paralyzed in body and mind by this extraordinary experience.’ Book XX 9-10, Histories

Strategy Former deeds of kindness were no longer considered because Romans could gain from oppressing Aetolians, and seeing that Aetolians

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Apr 2013


A TASTE OF LIFE

Politics in the Histories  nguistics and Psychology Chan Tsz Tai (M16) [1]

could not stand against the force majeure of the Romans. A non-Nash equilibrium[6], which is maintained by trust alone, is weak because either side usually has the chance of gaining first mover’s advantage. Moreover, Aetolians defected from the alliance between them and the Romans. For the Romans, it depended on whether the outcomes of further collaborations, while risking more possible betrayals by Aetolians, hugely exceeded those of other strategies e.g. declare war on Aetolia. Such phenomenon could, of course, be explained by Roman view on royalty, as royalty is a concept born from the carnage of evolution, it is essential to see its reason for survival.

discovered that they were powerless against the Romans. This radical act also signaled the despise Glabrio had for the treacherous Aetolians. Messengers, being dispatched without moral high grounds or military capabilities to stronger states, must have the courage and mindset to withstand humiliation and intimidation. .

Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dandiffendale/8039604348/ Shared from diffendale under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic License.

Linguistics One must be stunned by the difference made by misconceptions of words. By saying that they would commit themselves ‘to the faith’ of the Romans, it exhibited the vulnerability of the Aetolians, thus aggravated Aetolian’s disadvantage, giving the Romans an invitation and an excuse to trespass upon the original boundaries of diplomacy between Romans and Aetolians, though it was a careless mistake. It is a perfect illustration of why linguistic precision is important. On October 16, 2012, Mitt Romney, the Republican nominee for President of the USA in the 2012 election, used a phrase ‘binders full of women’. Although he was emphasizing his respect for and recruitment of females in his cabinet, such derogatory objectification cost him massive support of female voters.

Psychology Though no direct harm was done, physical threats, like chain and iron collar, had an impact upon human psychology. Merely describing the consequences was not as potent as placing the audience in the midst of the imminent scenario i.e. conquest of Aetolia. While Glabrio could not kill or assault the Aetolian messengers as to conform to proper diplomatic manners, treating them like prisoners for a while made them

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Footnotes [1]  Written by Polybius (Greek historian, 200–118 BC), translated by W. R. Paton, Harvard University Press, 2012 [2]  Consul of Roman Republic. [3]  Consul of Roman Republic. [4]  Fides in Roman. [5]  The strategus of the Aetolians. [6]  Simply put, Nash equilibriums are state(s) of affairs that no one gains by altering strategy unilaterally. [7]  Related report: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qr_-MC0iUL0

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DREAMS VOICE

The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination.

- Albert Einstein

To be a n places adventurer in like Am Everes a t, the p zon, the stunnin o g natu le.. all the ral wo nders - Anon ymous

成功獨 個 一 許 想係做 能夠走進 夢 嘅 笑 我 ,一個 的人帶來 人 嘅 立 為身邊 的人。 命 生 多 tion inspira & 容

Live life to the fullest

Be a good doctor - Anonymous

my life g opportu oal is very sim pl n happine ity to pursue e. Take every maximu ss and m f u l f i l m d. e cte pe n res be d t an ct :) Learn to respe - Anonymous

發聲

- anony

mous

我的夢想是 成為他人的 啟蒙老師

There are two kinds of dream s for everyone. One corresponds to what you feel to be your calling in life. One that you will practically do someth ing in order to actualize and that you are sure you will have enough reason to become engaged in for at least a while, if not forever. Getting in medical school was my dre am of this kind. Then there is the other kind of dream which has someth ing to do with your childhood passion. It is like a fantasy, one that you acquire immediate happiness and pleasure from yet as you grow up you won’t , actually take it seriously due to practical reasons and rest of realism. Still you think of it rictions or even toy with it as an alte rnative, or just something to a lifetime. Being a wildlife pho do once in tographer and being a theatre actress were two of these fan and also two pulverized chil tasies I had, dhood dreams I had to let go of in order to focus on my dre kind mentioned. am of the first

Now that my realistic dream has come true, I still reminis ce about my other wasted dre bewildered about the miscell ams. Still I am aneous puzzle pieces scatter ed over everywhere in the laby and I often trouble myself by rinth of life, worrying about whether thin gs are meant to be, dreams com dreams. promised for Yet I still believe that dreams are beautiful, regardless of the ir nature. They are always the idealism that gives lustre to the incarnation of otherwise tedious mundanen ess of reality.

- LY


我要征服地球三極,駕駛 海陸空三種工具,踏遍世 上七大州的每一個國家! - dragonknight

我想 畫幅 圖, 個城 俾我 好大 過最 市, 每個 好大嘅 條道 有趣 將我 好朋友 地 路同 嘅事 哋之 都有 一個 ,化 間發 成一 生 - 奕 個地標 哲里 。:條 P 烏

感染世上愛哭的人   心 的 笑 愛 我 將 , 心 一早決 能 唱出真正壯闊聲音 曾立下宏願,可不可都 終於會照亮遠方的人   燈 的 美 最 似 仿 , 光 關心眼 能 沉 能抬頭,凡事也可 如未盡全力,怎麼可消 - anonymous

liberate north korea, and let the people there see the outside world without being hidden from the truth anymore

環遊歐洲 - Miška

身懷絕技 - Tracy

恩典 滿載 aron - Sh

無憂無慮 - Pinky

大空翼のような サッカー選手に なりたい。

環遊

世界

- Laksa

design my own h be a good and ouse, making it the coolest p caring doctor lace on earth :D live with creati vity, passion an d love die with no reg re die with no reg t ret to be a myself m a - anonymous e r eam my Id an. I dr very tear, treasure e share; e laughter w value live I e n o ry make eve after; re e h y il happ o d ctor be a good ous - anonym

以後唔洗用腦 - K.L

nce m grief renaissa be free from o t world family am the e r d I . r e . and ang alth and peace e h f o - Ling

- Suk

i

-

a

ic ss Je

環遊世界 - Joe

c it y ce n te rs in a L EGO n d s p a ce a e , v s li n a io n t n a Wa , fi re st e st a t io n s c li o p e s o v is it a ll t h e r yd ay rea m O - m e n ev G E L e a in fu ll y s c h p t ’t e n e o s w d I it h t an p la y in g w gh so t ha r u e o ft n a e s ll s a s l be sm e L EG O s s ket :P) (N ow I w il te p o n t h s I n e to m y b u c h in w k e c a im t b ir y t hem e ve r - Lo n g h a t p u tt in g o n d n a t hem


S E V I T A M M U S E . H T s a N c O s L o I , O s D l a AD c i t c a r p T , P s E S m exa SEE YOU AGAIN IN WE WILL

P

W W W OW W

They gave me the questions which i don't know So i wrote answers which they don't know. Tit for Tat dis is called ATTITUDE. just for fun. good luck. just for fun. goodare luck. p.s. of course, submissions most welcomed.

should you have any enquiries, please contact us via hkucaduceus@gmail.com


Issue 2, Volume 44, Caduceus 2013