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km];a's÷ljrf/ Deepak Rauniyar

@)$^ df !@ jif{sf] lyPF . …xl/of] jg g]kfnsf] wgÚ eg]/ k9\y]+ . ufpF klg xl/o} lyof] . PsfPs ufpFn]x¿ ¿v 9fNg nfu] . a'afn] eGg'eof], æk|hftGq cfof] ÛÆ Jainendra Jeevan Sharma

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pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3sf] aGb d"No clej[l4 s/ -Eof6_ 5n]sf] cleof]udf /fh:j cg';Gwfg ljefun] gf/fo0fu9sf] Ps sk8f k;nnfO{ sf/afxL u/]sf] lj/f]wdf lrtjg pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3n] $ c;f]hdf ahf/ aGb u/fof] . sf/afxLsf] lg0f{o lkmtf{ glnP yk cfGbf]ng rsf{pg] ;+3n] r]tfjgL lbPsf] 5 . gf/fo0fu9 zxLb rf]ssf] nIdLgf/fo0f a:qfnon] ?=$ s/f]8 %* nfv * xhf/ *@# Eof6 5n]sf] 7x/ ub}{ ljefun] c;'Ng lgb]z { g lbPsf] 5 . www.nagariknews.com

www.nepalitimes.com

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km];a's t:jL/

ofq' ;lxtsf a;df cfuf] nufpg] w'lnv]nsf] 36gf kl/0ffddf geP klg k|of;df afFb/d'9] / sfhf]n vft'gs} wªwªLsf] pkh xf] . ev{/} 7Ls o:t} ck/fw u/]afkt ef/tdf a; rfns / sG8S6/nfO{ d[To'b08 ;'gfOPsf] 5 . xfdLsxfF o:tf ljz'4 cft+sjfbL sfo{nfO{ klg /fhgLlts agfOPsf] 5 . lx+;f, cft+s, tf]8kmf]8, cfuhgLsf andf ul/g] ;a} vfnsf aGb–x8tfn kmf}hbf/L s;"/ agfO{ ltgnfO{ s8f b08sf] efuLbf/ agfOg'k5{ .

/fhwfgL b}lgssf k|sfzs dx]Gb| z]/rg g]skf Pdfn]df k|jz ] u/]sf 5g\ . z]/rgnfO{ $ c;f]hdf Pdfn] cWoIf ‰fngfy vgfn, jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfn / g]tf s]kL cf]nLn] kf6L{ d'Vofno aNv'df :jfut u/]sf x'g\ . www.myrepublica.com

Budhi Karki @BudhiKarki

cfd g]kfnLn] bz}+df 3/ hfg a;sf] l6s6 kfpFbfsf] v'zL zfob bnsf sfo{stf{n] r'gfjsf] l6s6 kfpFbfsf] v'zLeGbf 7"nf] x'G5 h:tf] nfUg yfNof] o;kfln .

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@s_tju

www. facebook.com/nepaliheroine?fref=ts

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@samarpan11

afn ;'neM kLknsf kftsf] 8fF7sf] rZdf nufP/ /dfpFb} afnaflnsf .

5f]/f jf 5f]/L hlGdg'df d'Vo e"ldsf k'?ifsf] x'G5 / klg dlxnfnfO{ bf] i fL agfOG5 . lsg < www.facebook.com/groups/photographynepal/

gflosfsf] xf]nLM gflosfx? /]vf yfkf, ‰f/gf yfkf / cg' lxdfnva/ zfx, em/gf yfkfsf] km];a'saf6 . facebook .com/himalkhabar www .himalkhabar .com

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www .nepalitimes .com

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…sljtf sd laS5Ú

b]zsf @^ :yfgdf k':ts k|bz{gL u/]sf] ;f‰ff k|sfzgsL cWoIf ddtf ‰ff elG5g\, æk|bz{gLdf ePsf] pkl:yltn] k9\g] ;+:s[lt a9]sf] b]vfpF5 .Æ ;f‰ffn] k':ts k|bz{gL cfof]hgf ug's { f] p2]Zo s] xf] < k9\g] ;+:s[lt ljsf; ug{ ;f‰ff k|sfzgn] $) jif{bl] v lg/Gt/ k':ts d]nf ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . k':ts laqmL / k|bz{gLdf b]lvPsf] pT;fxn] xfd|f] p2]Zo ;kmn x'Fb} uPsf] b]vfpF5 . of] k6s k':tsk|d] Lx?sf] k|ltlqmof s:tf] kfpg'eof] < d]nfdf ?=! b]lv ?=$$)) ;Ddsf k':ts /flvPsf 5g\ . lgDg dWod ju{ / ljBfyL{n] vfhf vr{ s6fP/ klg ] L 5' . k':tsdf #) b]lv () k':ts lsGg cfPsf] e]6s k|ltzt;Dd 5"6 lb+bf klg of] k6s s/f]8 ?k}ofF eGbf a9Lsf] laqmL x'g] b]lvPsf] 5 . kf7sn] s:tf k':ts dg k/fPsf 5g\ < d'gfdbgsf] sLlt{dfgnfO{ clxn];Dd c?n] tf]8g\ ;s]sf 5}gg\ . t/ ;a}eGbf sd sljtf laqmL x'G5 . pkGof; / lgofqfsf] laqmL a9L 5 . ;f‰ff k|sfzgn] hlt kmfObf / cg'bfg kfP klg ;+:yfut ljsf; gePsf] u'gf;f] 5 lg < ;/sf/af6 s'g} ;xof]u gkfP klg ;f‰ffn] kf7\ok':tsb]lv ;flxlTos k':ts;Dd k|sfzg ug{] u/]sf] 5 . gfkmfsf nflu sfd ug{] c? ;+:yfn] eGbf ;f‰ffn] a9L sfd u/]sf] 5 eGg] nfU5 . ;f‰ffn] kl5Nnf] ;do lgsfn]sf k':tsx¿ klxn] h:tf] :t/Lo gePsfn] kf7s / /fd|f n]vs 6fl9Psf] ;fFrf] xf] < sd d"Nosf k':ts 5"6 lbP/ a]r] klg ;f‰ffn] k':ts a]r/] s/f]8f}+ ?k}ofF cfh{g u5{ . ;f‰ffn] n]vsx?nfO{ %) jif{;Dd @) k|ltzt /f]oN6L klg lbg] u/]sf] 5 . c?n] Ps k6s dfq} /f]oN6L lbg] ePsfn] a9L b]lvPsf] xf] . gofF n]vsnfO{ cj;/ lbg Ps jif{df Pp6f n]vssf] Pp6f k':ts dfq 5fKg] u/]sf 5f}+ .

k|wfgdGqL ;"oa{ xfb'/ yfkfn] kfFr kf6L{nfO{ ;/sf/df ;fd] n u/fP/ cfGbf] n g dTy/ kfg{ tyf dfcf]jfbL;Fusf] jftf{ e+u x'gaf6 hf]ufpg g;s]sf], sf+u; ]| – Pdfn]sf] cfGbf]ng sdhf]/ x'bF } uPsf] / /fhf :jb]z kms]k{ l5 ca s]xL x'g] cfzdf hgtf eg] b/af/sf] 9f]sf x]//] a;]sf] ;Gbe{nfO{ lxdfn !–!% c;f]h @)^) df t:jL/ ;lxtsf] cfj/0f 5flkPsf] lyof]– /fhfsf] 9f]sf Û of] ;dfrf/ 5flkPsf] !) jif{kl5 d'n'ssf] cj:yf s/La s/La p:t} 5, /fh;+ : yf gePsf] dfq xf] . cyf{t\ @)^@÷^# sf] kl/jt{gkl5 klg /fhgLlts ;+qmd0f hf/L 5 . ;/sf/df bnLo ;xeflutf cfh klg 5}g . b/af/sf] 9f]sf x]/]/ lxhf]sf lbgdf ;j{;fwf/0fn] cfz u/] h:t} cfh ;a}sf cfFvf /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbj / pgsf] sfof{no zLtnlgjf;sf] 9f]sfdf 7f]lSsPsf 5g\ . $ d+;L/sf] ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfj ;DkGg u/fP/ ;+ljwfg;ef dfkm{t gofF ;+ljwfg n]vgsf] sfd k"/f ug'{ clxn]sf] d'Vo cfjZostf xf] .

dLg/Tg ah|frfo{

!–!% c;f]h @)^)

eg]sf] ;'g]sf]

c+s / cy{

?=@%,$!,#^,($,))) c;f/ d;fGt;Dddf c;'n x'g g;s]sf] Aofª\s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] shf{ . C0f c;'nL Gofoflws/0fsf cg';f/, km};nfsf] $) k|ltztsf] dfq C0f c;'nL ePsf] 5 .

/]UdLn] k|wfg GofofwLzaf6 /fhLgfdf lbPkl5 dfq r'gfjdf efu lnG5f}+ .

b]j u'?ª, ;lrj, g]skf–dfcf]jfbL sflGtk'/ b}lgs, #! ebf} @)&)

d r'gfj u/fpg dfq dlGqkl/ifb\ cWoIf ePsf] x',F k|wfg GofofwLzaf6 /fhLgfdf ug'k{ g]{ s] uNtL u/]sf] 5' / <

lvn/fh /]UdL, cWoIf, dlGqkl/ifb\ gful/s b}lgs, ! c;f]h @)&) !# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 9


;dfrf/

dWo kxf8 Clif/fd s§]n

ljBfno ejgn] /ofn]jf;L b+u sf e|] /ofn]sf] dfg] bf]efgdf /x]sf] efnrGb| dfljsf] kSsL ejg ?=(* nfv @$ xhf/ nfutdf ag]sf] 5 . ejgsf] pb\3f6g lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u u/]sf] ;+:yf …g]kfn lxNkm] jfOng u|;] OeL hd{gLÚ sf ;+:yfks ;lrj ldvfPn l/j]n] #) ebf}df u/]sf lyP . ljZj AofÍsf] cg'bfgdf ;+rflnt l;+rfO tyf hn;|ft] cfof]hgfsf k/fdz{bftf kbd tfdfª, ;+oQ' m /fi6«;3 + sf] vfB tyf s[lif ;+u7gdf sfo{/t /fdz/0f yfkf, ko{6gsdL{ s]zj >]i7 / /ftf] aËnf :s"ndf sfo{/t afns[i0f tfdfª nufotsf] cu'jfO{df of] ejg lgdf{0f ePsf] xf] . ;xof]uL ;+:yf OeLsf g]kfn lgb{]zs

10 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

;'lgns[i0f >]i7sf cg';f/, ;+:yfn] z'¿df lbPsf] @) xhf/ o'/f]af6 /fd|f] sfd ePsf] b]vk] l5 yk]/ ?=($ nfv ^# xhf/ ;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] lyof] . Tof]eGbf cl3 lkmNd ;fpy Plzofsf] /fdaxfb'/ 6«kmLaf6 p7]sf] ?=! nfv kqsf/ sgsdl0f bLlIft dfkm{t of] ejg lgdf{0fsf nflu ;xof]u cfPsf] lyof] . kfFr jif{cl3 agfpg yflnPsf] of] ljBfnosf] ejg rf/ sf]7f x'Fb} clxn] !! sf]7f yk]/ !% sf]7fsf] tLgtn] ag]sf] 5 . :s"n Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf t'n;Lk|;fb >]i7 kqsf/ bLlIftn] lbPsf] ;xof]unfO{ aLp k"hF L agfP/ c¿ ;xof]u h'6fpFb} ejg agfPsf] atfpF5g\ . of] ejg lgdf{0fdf lhNnf lzIff sfof{no, /ofn]

uflj; / :yfgLon] klg ;xof]u u/]sf 5g\ . (# k|ltzt tfdfª ;d'bfo a:g] /ofn]df of] ejg ag]kl5 ljBfnosf] k7gkf7g s]xL ;xh x'g] eP klg lzIfssf] cefj /x]sf] k|wfgfWofks lzj/fd cfrfo{n] atfP . clxn] :s"ndf kfFr :yfoL, b'O{ sfhdf / kfFr hgf lghL ;|f]tsf lzIfs 5g\ . ejg lgdf{0f ug{ bftf h'6fPsf kbd tfdfªn] :t/Lo lzIfs vf]Hg] cleofgdf nfUg] atfP . clxn] lghL ljBfnosf] cjwf/0ff cg';f/ g;{/L klg k9fpg yflnPsf] / lzIfsx¿nfO{ /ftf] aËnfdf tfnLd lbg z'¿ ul/Psf] pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . „ Clif/fd s§]n, sfe|]


/fhdfu{df n'l6+b} ofq' b

z}+ glhls+b} ubf{ /fhdfu{ If]qdf gzfn' cf}iflw ;'3 F fP/ n'6g\ ] qmd a9]sf] 5 . o;sf] lzsf/ ef/t / t];f| ] d'ns ' df sfd u/]/ kms{s ] f dhb"/x¿ x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . #) ebf}df /flqa;df sf7df8f}+af6 dx]Gb|gu/ lx+8s ] f s}nfnL /fdlzv/‰fnf–@ sf ;Ltf/fd lu/L / s~rgk'/ b}hL–$ sf gf/fo0fl;+x /fjn s~rgk'/sf] a;kfs{df a; k'Ubf a]xf]z cj:yfdf lyP . dxfsfnL c~rn c:ktfndf rf/ 306f pkrf/ u/]kl5 xf]zdf cfPsf ;Ltf/fdn] lrtjg /fdgu/sf] l;4afaf xf]6ndf vfgf vfPkl5 a]xf]z ag]sf] atfP . dn]lzofaf6 kms{s ] f ;Ltf/fdsf] ?=*% xhf/, ! tf]nf ;'g, ! yfg cfOKof8 / rf/ j6f df]afOn ;]6 tyf gf/fo0fl;+xsf] ?=%% xhf/, cfwf tf]nf ;'g / Pp6f df]afOn n'l6Psf] lyof] .

aRr' ljs

;'b"/klZrd t/fO{ dxfsfnL c~rn c:ktfndf pkrf/ u/fpFb} ;Ltf/fd lu/L / gf/fo0fl;+x /fjn .

gf/fo0fl;+x xf]6ndf eft;Fu lbOPsf] bfndf gzfn' kbfy{ ld;fOPsf] x'g;Sg] cg'dfg u5{g\ . cfkm"x¿ ljb]zaf6 cfPsf] yfxf kfP/ a]xf]z agfP/ n'l6Psf] pgsf] egfO 5 . ebf} bf];f| ] ;ftf sf7df8f}a+ f6 /flqa;df dx]Gb|gu/ uPsf dlg/fd e08f/LnfO{ klg a]xf]z kf/]/ g} n'l6Psf] lyof] . lrtjg, /fdgu/sf] l;4afaf xf]6nd} vfgf vfPkl5 a]xf]z ePsf] / ?=*) xhf/ n'l6Psf] pgL atfpF5g\ . xf]6ndf vfgf vfPkl5 a]xf]z ePsf pgsf] dx]Gb|gu/ k'uk] l5 dfq xf]z v'ns ] f] lyof] . @ ebf}df dx]Gb|gu/af6 kf]v/f uPsf] /flqa;sf tLg hgf ofq' klg n'l6Psf lyP . bfª sfnfsf6]sf] rGb|;o" { xf]6ndf vfgf vfPkl5 a]xf]z ePsf pgLx¿nfO{ kf]v/fsf] u08sL d]l8sn sn]hsf] ;3g sIfdf tLg

lbg pkrf/ ul/Psf] lyof] . dxfsfnL–;]tL oftfoft Joj;foL ;ldltsf cWoIf afa'/fd zdf{ bz}+ cfpg} nfUbf ofq'x¿ n'l6g] qmd a9]sfn] ofq'x¿nfO{ ;r]t u/fpg sd{rf/LnfO{ lgb{z ] g lbOPsf] atfpF5g\ . zdf{sf cg';f/, ;fgf n"6kf6sf 36gfaf/] ofq'x¿n] k|x/L / oftfoft Joj;foL ;ldltnfO{ geGg] ePsfn] 7"nf n"6kf6sf 36gf dfq k|sfzdf cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . dx]Gb|gu/ j8f k|x/L sfof{nosf k|x/L lg/LIfs k'is/ rGb ph'/L cfP klg 36gf:yn cfˆgf] sfo{If]q aflx/ x'g] ePsfn] cg';Gwfg ug{ / ck/fwLnfO{ kqmfp ug{ ufx|f] k/]sf] atfpF5g\ . 36gf:yn /x]sf] If]qsf k|x/L sfof{nonfO{ kq k7fP/ 36gfsf] cg';Gwfg ug{ cfu|x ul/g] u/]sf] pgsf] egfO 5 . „ aRr' ljs, dx]Gb|gu/

!# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 11


k"jL{ t/fO{

pdf l;+x xTofsf cleo'Qm kqmfp

wf

l/nf] xltof/sf] k|xf/af6 3fOt] ePsL hgsk'/sL kqsf/ pdf l;+xn] @& k'; @)^% sf] ;fF‰ d[To' glhs k'us ] f] j]nf …dnfO{ s;n] lsg o:tf] u¥of]Ú egL ;f]ws ] f] k|Zgsf] pQ/ cfpg c‰} afFsL eP klg k|dv ' cfqmd0fsf/L :jfdLhL elgg] wg'iffsf] afnf ;3f/f—! sf #% jifL{o pd]z ofbj eg] kqmfp k/]sf 5g\ . kqsf/ l;+xeGbf cl3 tLg hgfnfO{ klg sf6]/} xTof u/]sf] cleof]u nfu]sf ofbjnfO{ s}nfnLaf6 ef/t hfg nfu]sf]

12 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

kqsf/ pdf l;+xsf xTofsf cleo'Qm wg'iff afnf ;3f/f—! sf #% jifL{o pd]z ofbj .

j]nf kqmfp ul/Psf] # c;f]hdf hgsk'/df kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/L k|x/Ln] hfgsf/L u/fPsf] lyof] . wg'iffsf k|x/L pk/LIfs pQd/fh ;'jb] Lsf cg';f/, ofbjn] k|of]u ug{] u/]sf] o'6LPn kmf]gsf] sn l86]N; tyf nf]s;] gsf] cfwf/df wg'iffaf6 uPsf] kfFr ;b:oLo

ljz]if 6f]nLn] wgu9Ldf ^ lbg cg';Gwfg u/]kl5 ofbjnfO{ kqmg ;kmn ePsf] lyof] . t/fO{ Pstf kl/ifb\ gfds kf6L{sf cWoIf / hgtflGqs d'lQm df]rf{ Hjfnf l;+x ;d"xdf cfj4 ofbjn] kqsf/ l;+xsf] xTof ug{s ' f] sf/0f s]xL lbgd} kQf nufP/ ;fj{hlgs ul/g] k|x/L pk/LIfs ;'jb] Ln] atfP . kqsf/ l;+xsf] xTofdf ;+nUg nlntf l;+x / g]dnfn kf;jfg wg'iff lhNnf cbfntaf6 hGd s}bsf] ;hfo kfP/ hn]Zj/ sf/fuf/df ;hfo ef]lu/x]sf 5g\ . ofbj kqmfp u/]kl5 wg'iff k|x/Ln] ;a}lt/af6 :ofaf;L / awfO{ kfPsf] 5 . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3 wg'iff zfvfsf cWoIf /fdcflzif ofbj dlxnf kqsf/sf] xTof/f kqmfp kg{] cfzf dfl/;s]sf] j]nf d'Vo cleo'Qm kqmfp kg{n' ] k|x/L / Gofok|0ffnLdfly ljZjf; a9fPsf] atfpF5g\ . l;+xsf cleo'QmnfO{ ;hfo lbnfpg lgMz'Ns d'2f n8]sL clwjQmf /]vf ‰f xTof u/]sf] :jLsf/]sf cleo'QmnfO{ kqmfp ug{' k|x/Lsf] 7"nf] ;kmntf ePsf] dflG5g\ . cbfntaf6 d'2f lkmtf{ glnP Hofg dfg{] wDsL cleo'Qm ofbjaf6 kfPsfn] d[ts l;+xsL cfdf ;'zLnf b]jL ef/tdf cfkmGtsf] 3/df z/0f lnP/ a;]sL l5g\ . „ dlgsf ‰f, hgsk'/


!# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 13


kmf]6f]÷P;]

ljb]lzg] afWotf zAb÷t:jL/M b]asL lji6

lqe'jg cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:ynaf6 b}lgs ‰f08} !%)) :j:y g]kfnL tGg]/L ljb]lzg] u5{g\ . clwsf+zsf] uGtJo x'G5, vf8L d'n's tyf dn]lzof clg nIo x'G5, /f]huf/L . #! ebf}df sfdsf nflu ljb]lzg] x"ndf lyP, sNkgf tfdfª -g'jfsf]6_, nIdL /lZd -DofUbL_, b]jLdfof df‰fL -pbok'/_, 8f]Nkf z]kf{ -/fd]5fk_ / ;'gLtf l3l;ª -bf]nvf_ afofFaf6 qmdzM . pgLx¿ /f]h ODKnfOd]G6 ;le{;]h k|flnaf6 …xfp;lslkªÚ sf] c;fOGd]G6df dn]lzof hfFb}lyP . 14 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)


ljdfg:yndf /lZd s]xL 9'Ss lyOg\ eg] b]jLdfof cflQPsf] b]lvlGyg\ . !^÷!& jif{sL h:tL b]lvg] b]jLdfofsf] kf;kf]6{df pd]/ @@ 5 .

ljb]lzg] of] 6f]nLdf /fd]5fk, 88'jf–& sL 8f]Ndf z]kf{ klg lyOg\ . hf] pgs} zAbdf …u/LaL pGd"ngsf nfluÚ rf/ jif{;Dd xltof/ af]s]/} dfcf]jfbL ljb|f]xdf ;fd]n lyOg\ . kl5 /fHo ;ldlt ;b:o;Dd ag]sL z]kf{ clxn] eg] kf6L{df /x]/ g]tfsf] rfs8L ug'{eGbf ljb]z hfg' a]; 7fg]/ 3/]n' sfdbf/sf ?kdf b'O{jif{] eL;fdf dn]lzof xflGgOg\ . -afof“_ cfkm\gf] uflj;sf] gfd ;d]t atfpg g;Sg] b]jLdfof klg u/LaLaf6 kf/ kfpg ;ft sIffsf] k9fO 5f8]/ ljb]zsf] clglZrt ofqfdf nlDsg\ . -dfly_ !# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 15


* of] of]hgf xfnnfO{ sf7df8f}+ pkTosfsf nflu dfq nfu" ul/Psf] 5 .

*


Oltxf; bLks cof{n

/f0ffsfnsf] r'gfj b]zdf eO/x]sf] ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgsf] ax;n] /f0ffsfnd} cEof; yflnPsf] :yfgLo lgsfo lgjf{rgnfO{ e';'Ss lal;{Psf] 5 .

k

ßzdz]/ /f0ffsf] ;dodf th{'df ul/Psf] g]kfnsf] j}wflgs sfg"g, @))$ efu $ df elgPsf] 5– …;/sf/af6 ag]sf lgodfg';f/ of]Uo 7xl/Psf pd]/ k'u]sf hgtfsf] ef]6åf/f % b]lv !% lgjf{lrt ;b:ox¿sf] Ps u|fd k+rfot /x]sf] u|fd jf u|fd ;d"x /xg]5 . logLx¿n] cfˆg} k|wfgk+r r'Ì5] g\ . x/]s zx/ jf ahf/sf] gful/s If]qdf klg o:t} lsl;daf6 !) b]lv %) lgjf{lrt ;b:ox¿sf] Ps gu/ k+rfot /xg]5 .Ú k|hftflGqs cEof;sf] hu tyf :yfgLo ljsf;sf] cfwf/ dflgg] :yfgLo lgsfo lgjf{rgdf /f0ff zfxLn] u/]sf] of] sfg"gL aGbf]a:tsf] c;n jf v/fa kIfaf/] cf–cfˆg} ts{ x'g ;S5 . t/, nf]stflGqs u0ftGq g]kfndf :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg gePsf] !$ jif{ k'lu;s]sf] ;Gbe{df Oltxf;sf] of] kf6f] ;D‰g nfos 5 . g]kfnsf] j}wflgs sfg"gn] lgjf{lrt u|fd jf gu/ k+rfotnfO{ ;/sf/sf] cwLgdf /xL cfˆgf Onfsfsf] hgtfsf] ;d[l4, sNof0f, ;'U3/–;kmfO{ / lzIff ;DaGwL sfdx¿ ug],{ ;8s, 9n, k'n, kf}jf, kf6L, wd{zfnf, afFw–k}gL agfpg], uf}r/ /fVg], aQL, kfgLsf] OGthfd ug],{ xf6–ahf/sf] aGbf]a:t ug]{ h:tf lhDd]jf/L ;'lDkPsf] lyof] . g]kfndf lgjf{rgsf] cfwf/ tof/ u/]sf] 7flgPsf] j}wflgs sfg"g eg] klxnf] r'gfjsf] * dxLgfkl5 dfq cflwsfl/s ¿kdf ;fj{hlgs ePsf] ;g\ !(^$ df k|sflzt clg?4 u'Ktfsf] k':ts …kf]lnl6S; Og g]kfnÚ atfpF5 .

k'?ifnfO{ dfq dtflwsf/

@$ h]7 @))$ sf] uf]/vfkq sf] k|yd k[i7sf] lgjf{rg ;DaGwL ;/sf/L ;"rgfdf …sf7df8f}+ Do'lg;Lk]n]6Lsf] ;b:ox¿ 5fÌ] af/] k|sflzt ePsf] Ol:txf/ adf]lhd ;b:ox¿sf] lgjf{rg

a'waf/ h]i7 @( ut] x'g] ePsf]n] cfufdL ;f]daf/ $ ah];Dd x/Ps cf]8faf6 v8f x'g] pDd]bjf/x¿ rf/ hgf;Ddsf] gfd cf]8fsf] k|ltli7t dflg;x¿sf] /fo ldnfO{ Do'lg;Lk]n uf]Zjf/fdf k]z ug'{ . ===

h; h;n] ;aeGbf jtf{ ef]6 kfpg]5g\ pxL ;b:o d's/{/ x'g] 5g\ . ;b:osf lgjf{rgdf ef]6 lbg kfpg]x¿nfO{ 3/ 3/df 6Ls6 afF8g\ ;f]daf/, d+unaf/ laxfg & ah]b]lv !) ah];Dd / ;fF‰df # ah]bl] v & ah];Dd ;sf{/L sd{rf/Lx¿ cfpg]5g\Ú elgPsf] 5 . r'gfjsf] lbgsf] uf]/vfkq sf] ;DkfbsLon] r'lgg] ;a}nfO{ clu|d z'esfdgf lbPsf] lyof] . ;f]xL lbgsf] uf]/vfkq n] r'gfjsf] Ol:txf/ klg k|sflzt ub}{ kßzdz]/sf] # h]7 @))$ sf] dGtJo adf]lhd ;'wf/sf] klxnf] ls:tf :j¿k d'ns ' df lgjf{lrt Do'lg;Lk]n]6Lx¿ v8f x'g nfu]sf] v'nfPsf] 5 . Ol:txf/df ;a} 7fpFdf Ps}rf]l6 lgjf{rg ug{ gEofpg] ePsf]n] klxn] sf7df8f}d+ f lgjf{rg x'g] hfgsf/L lbOPsf] 5 . lgjf{rg x'g] sf7df8f}+ Do'lg;Lk]n6] Lsf] rf/ lsNnfdf pQ/ dxf/fhu~h, blIf0f jfudtL, k"j{ wf]aLvf]nf / klZrd lji0f'dtL tf]lsPsf] 5 . To;nfO{ @! j8fdf ljeflht u/L k|To]s j8faf6 !–! ;b:o 5fÌ] Joj:yf lyof] . r'gfj h:tf] k|hftflGqs cEof; yflnPsf] Tof] j]nf dtflwsf/ eg] @! jif{ gf3]sf nf]Ug] dflg;x¿nfO{ dfq lbOPsf] lyof] . o;}u/L, @% jif{dflysf k'?ifn] dfq pDd]bjf/ x'g kfpFy] . @( h]7 a'waf/ laxfg !! b]lv # ah];Dd ef]6 lbg ;lsg] Joj:yf ul/Psf] To; r'gfjdf sf7df8f}+sf s'n ^&,!@) dtbftf lyP . Tof] r'gfjsf] lbg uf]/vfkq sf] ;DkfbsLodf xfdLn] cfufdL ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgdf 5flgg]x¿nfO{ eÌ ldNg] vfnsf] Pp6f jfSo 5– …5flgPsf Do'lg;Lk]n6] Lsf ;b:ox¿nfO{ k/d]Zj/n] d'ns ' sf] ;]jf ug]{ an a'l4 k|bfg u¿g\, o;}df d'ns ' sf] sNof0f 5 .Ú „ -cWoog ;fdu|L ;|ft] M dbg k'/:sf/ k':tsfno ._ !# c;f]h @)&) | lxdfn 17


l/kf]6{ dw]zL blnt

;a}af6 pk]lIft !@ nfveGbf a9L hg;+Vof /x]sf] dw]zL blnt ;d'bfonfO{ ;a} bnn] pk]Iff u/]sf 5g\ . ;Gt ufxf du/

/f

li6«o blnt cfof]usf] ;"rLs/0f cg';f/, @^ y/df afFl8Psf kxf8L, dw]zL / g]jf/ ;d'bfosf blntdWo] dw]zL ;d'bfod} !( y/L 5g\ . d';x/, b';fw -kf;jfg, xh/f_, sn/, ss}lxof, sf]/L, vl6s, vTj] -d08n, vª\u_, rdf/ -/fd, df]rL, xl/hg, /ljbf;_, lrl8df/, 8f]d -dl/s_, tTdf -tfFtL_, wf]aL -/hs, lxGb'_, kf;L, afFt/, d]:t/ -xnvf]/_, ;/eª\u -;tjl/of_, g6'jf, 9fF 8 L / wlgsf/÷wgsf/ elgg] dw] z L 18 lxdfn | !# c;f]h @)&)

blntsf] ;+Vof !@ nfveGbf a9L /x]sf] @)^* sf] hgu0fgfsf] tYofÍ 5 . hg;+Vof cg';f/ /fHosf ;a} txdf ;a} ;d'bfosf] ;dfg'kflts k|ltlglwTj x'g'kg{] cfjfh pl7/x]sf] j]nf dw]zL blntx¿n] eg] /fhgLlts bnx¿df klg hg;+Vof cg';f/sf] k|ltlglwTj kfPsf] b]lv+b}g . dw]zL blnt ;d'bfoaf6 ;a}eGbf dflyNnf] kb /fli6«o ;ef pkfWoIfdf k'u]sf g]skf Pdfn]sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fdlk|t kf;jfg u}/ dw]zLn]

t:jL/M dgfx/ kfv/n÷/f;;

9SsL /+ufpFb} ;Kt/Lsf] k+;]/f uflj;sL ;bf y/ sL Ps dlxnf .


t:jL/M dgf]x/ kf]v/]n÷/f;;

aflx/af6 cfPsf] ;d'bfo eGg] / dw]zLn] blnt eg]/ a]jf:tf ug{] ePsfn] dw]zL blnt bf]xf]/f] lje]bdf k/]sf] atfpF5g\ . d'n'sdf w]/} k6s /fhgLlts kl/jt{g eP klg /fHosf dxŒjk"0f{ c+u / /fhgLlts bndf dw]zL blntn] plrt :yfg gkfPsf] / hLjg:t/df ;sf/fTds kl/jt{g gcfPsf] pgsf] egfO 5 . !) jif]{ dfcf]jfbL ;z:q åGå / @)^# sf] dw]z cfGbf]ngdf pNn]Vo ;+Vofdf ;+nUg dw]zL ;d'bfosf blntaf6 ;a}eGbf 7"nf] bn Pg]skf dfcf]jfbLsf] @#& ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf /fh' rdf/ xl/hg dfq} 5g\ eg] p;af6 ljeflht df]xg j}B g]t[Tjsf] g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf] !%! s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf klg dx]Gb| kf;jfg afx]s c¿ 5}gg\ . g]kfnL sf+u|];sf] *% ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf dw]zL blntsf] sljtfs'df/L ;/bf/ afFt/n] k|ltlglwTj u/]sL 5g\ . g]skf Pdfn]sf] !!* ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf klg kf;jfg / j}slNks s]Gb|Lo ;b:odf /fdbofn d08n dfq dw]zL blnt 5g\ .

t/fO{sf blnt sn/

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t/fO{–dw]zsf] k|ltlglw eg]/ bfjL ug{] dw]zL bnx¿df klg dw]zL blntsf] k|ltlglwTj vf;} b]lv+b}g . dw]zL hgclwsf/ kmf]/d -dhkmf]_ nf]stflGqssf] !)! ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf rGb|]Zj/ vTj] ;lrj tyf snfjtL kf;jfg, sfa'nL kf;jfg / /fd/tL /fd dfq s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf 5g\ eg] t/fO{ dw]z

wf]aL -/hs, lxGb'_

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;Kt/Lsf] u|fdL0f e]usf afnaflnsf .

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!,(^@ t:jL/M /fh]z emf÷/f;;

wlgsf/÷wgsf/

@,^*!

;|f]tM s]Gb|Lo tYof+s ljefu

b'jl} t/af6 wf]sf vfof}+ dx]Gb| kf;jfg s]Gb|Lo ;b:o, g]skf–dfcf]jfbL dfcf]jfbLsf] !) jif{] …hgo'4Ú blnt / u/Lasf] alnbfgn] l6s]sf] xf] . t/fO{sf blnt ;d'bfodf dfcf]jfbL e/ k/]sf] lyof] . 7"nf] cfd;ef b]vfpg' kbf{ blnt ;d'bfosf dlxnf / u/La hDdf kfl/GYof] . zflGt k|lqmof z'¿ ePkl5 rflx+ blnt ;d'bfonfO{ dfcf]jfbLn] la;{] h:tf] u¥of] . ;+3if{af6 vfl/P/ cfPsf of] ;d'bfosf g]tfnfO{ ;d]t plrt e"ldsf lbOPg . qmflGtsf/L 5lj ePsf] dfcf]jfbLsf] gLlt lgdf{0f txdf blnt ;d'bfoaf6 Ps hgf klg gx'g' b'Mvb xf] . k'/fgf] ;f]r / lrGtg /x];Dd h'g;'s} l;4fGtsf] hnk nufP klg ;fdGt gkm]l/g] /x]5 . k'iksdn bfxfn / afa'/fd e§/fO{x¿ a'h'{jfsf] lxtdf nfu]kl5 xfdLn] u7g u/]sf] g]skf–dfcf]jfbLdf klg blnt ;d'bfoaf6 g]t[Tj ljsf; u/fpg ;+3if{ ug{' kl//x]sf] 5 . dw] z L hgtfsf] lxt u5' { eg] / ul7t dw]zjfbL bnx¿ klg ls;fg / blntsf] bn ePgg\ . tL bndf slyt pRr hft, ;fdGt / k'/fgf] ;Qf;Fu hf]l8Psfx¿s} xfnLd'xfnL 5 . pgLx¿n] s]xL blntnfO{ Nofpg}kg]{ eP/ dfq NofPsf 5g\ . lj3l6t ;+ljwfg;ef / kf6L{df b]lvPsf] pkl:ylt s;}sf] bof÷dfofn] geP/ ;+j}wflgs afWotfsf sf/0f dfq xf] . ;fdflhs, cfly{s, ;f+:s[lts / /fhgLlts ¿kdf pk]lIft ;d'bfosf nflu /fHon] gLlt agfP/ dfq gx'g] /x]5, g]tfx¿sf] lgotd} cfd"n kl/jt{g cfjZos kg{] /x]5 . !# c;f]h @)&) | lxdfn 19


bf]xf]/f] lje]b 5 /fdlk|t kf;jfg, g]tf, g]skf Pdfn]

s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf t/fO{sf blnt kf6L{ Pdfcf]jfbL sf+u|]; Pdfn] g]skf–dfcf]jfbL dhkmf] -g]kfn_ dhkmf] -nf]stflGqs_ tdnf]kf ;b\efjgf ;+3Lo ;b\efjgf g]kfn ;b\efjgf

s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt @#& *% !!* !%! %) !)! $$ (@ @( $(

nf]stflGqs kf6L{ -tdnf]kf_ sf] $$ ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf dfnf kf;jfg / /fhlszf]/ d08nn] dfq :yfg kfPsf 5g\ . dw]zL hgclwsf/ kmf]/d -dhkmf]_ g]kfnsf] %) ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf klg dw]zL blnt ;d'bfoaf6 sfDtf vl6s dfq 5g\ . ;+3Lo ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf] @( ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf ;]jn /fd, /fds'df/ dx/f / /+lunfn nf]w 5g\ eg] g]kfn ;b\efjgf kf6L{ s f] $( ;b:oLo s] G b| L o ;ldltdf of] ;d'bfosf sf]xL 5}gg\ . /fh]Gb| dxtf] g]t[Tjsf] ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf] (# ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf klg uof xh/f kf;jfg, ljz]Zj/ /hs / zflGtb]jL /fd dfq blnt ;d'bfosf 5g\ . g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o dx]Gb| kf;jfgsf] ljrf/df dw]zL bnx¿n] dw]zL blntnfO{ g]t[Tjdf gNofpg'df pgLx¿sf] k'/fgf] ;Qf;Fusf] ;DaGw dxŒjk"0f{ sf/0f xf] . lj3l6t ;+ l jwfg;efsf] …/fHosf] zf;sLo :j?k lgwf{/0f ;ldltÚ sf ;efklt tyf sf+u;]| g]tf zDe' xh/f b';fw dw]zjfbL bnx¿ pRr hftsf] sAhfdf /x]sfn] blnt 20 lxdfn | !# c;f]h @)&)

t/fO{ blnt ! ! @ ! ! $ @ # # )

k|ltzt

)=$@ !=!& !=^( )=^^ @=)) #=(^ $=%$ #=@^ !)=#$ )=))

;d'bfo pk]Iffdf k/]sf] atfpF5g\ . dw]zL hgclwsf/ kmf]/d nf]stflGqssf ;lrj rGb|]Zj/ vTj] rflx+ /fli6«o / dw]zjfbL bnx¿n] cfkm"n] nufP÷cx|fPsf] dfGg] dw]zL blntnfO{ dfq g]t[Tjdf Nofpg] u/]sf] wf/0ff /fV5g\ .

cfGtl/s lje]b

blntx¿d} klg dw]zL blnt ;d'bfo x/]s lx;fan] kl5 /x]sf] / blntn] kfpg] sf]6fdf kxf8] blntx¿n] a9L 7fpF kfPsf] b]lvG5 . pbfx/0fsf ¿kdf tLg jif{cl3 sf7df8f}d+ f ePsf] g]kfnL sf+u;]| sf] afx|f+} dxflwj]zgdf blntsf nflu 5'6o\ fOPsf] tLg ;L6af6 s]Gb|Lo ;b:o aGg] dfgaxfb'/ ljZjsdf{, dLg ljZjsdf{ / hLjg kl/of/ ;a} kxf8] blnt x'g\ . t/fO{sf blntdf klg rdf/sf] hg;+Vof ;a}eGbf a9L 5 . -x]= u|flkmS;_ To;kl5 d';x/ / b';fw -kf;jfg, xh/f_ 5g\ . t/, g]t[Tjdf eg] kf;jfgx¿ a9L k'u]sf 5g\ . lj3l6t ;+ljwfg;efdf dw]zL blnt ;d'bfoaf6 !* ;ef;b\ /x]sf]df * hgf kf;jfg lyP . tLdWo]sf ;ef;b\ tyf cfˆg}

t/fO{sf blnt ;d'bfo bf]xf]/f] lje]bdf 5g\ . Psy/Ln] aflx/af6 cfPsf] dw]zL eG5g\ eg] dw]zsfn] blnt eg]/ x]K5g\ . of] kL8faf6 d' l Qm kfOPnf eg] / w] / } blntn] n8fO{+df dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;xof]u u/]sf] b]lvof] . t/, t/fO{sf blntnfO{ dfcf]jfbLn] klg plrt lhDd]jf/L lbPg . p;n] k|of]u u/]sf] dfq} b]lvof] . sf+u|];df klg blntsf] cj:yf km/s 5}g . dw]zjfbL bnx¿n] blntnfO{ ;a}eGbf a9L lje]b u/]sf 5g\ . dw]zsf] clwsf/sf] s'/f ubf{ dw]zL blntnfO{ g} clwsf/ cfjZos 5 . lsgeg], ;fdflhs, cfly{s, /fhgLlts ¿kdf lje]b ul/Psf] ;d'bfo blnt g} xf] . blntnfO{ a]jf:tf u/]/ dw]zsf] d'lQm eGg' xf:of:kb 5 .

cWoIftfdf blnt hghflt kf6L{ agfPsf ljZj] G b| kf;jfg eG5g\ , ædfcf] j fbL / dw]zLn] clwsf/ lbg] eGb} blnt ;d'bfodfly ljZjf;3ft u/]sfn] 5'§} kf6L{ u7g u/]sf] x'F .Æ

lgot dxŒjk"0f{

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l6Kk0fL dw]zsf blnt xL/f ljZjsdf{ lj/f6gu/ sn]h/f]8sL ;Ltfb]jL kf;jfg .

t:jL/M sdn l/dfn

d'2f x/fpg]

vt/f

/fhgLlts …:6G6Ú x¿n] cfpFbf] ;+ljwfg;ef tflQg] ;Defjgf ePsfn] dw]zL blntsf ;d:of / d'2f cf]‰f]ndf kg{] vt/f a9\b} uPsf] 5 .

P

3f/f}+ lqjifL{o of]hgfdf blnt ;DaGwL gLlt tyf sfo{qmd th'd{ f ug{] tof/Ldf wg'iff lhNnfsf blnt ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿;Fu s]xL ;docl3 cGt/lqmof ubf{ dw]zL blntn] pgLx¿sf] ufpFaf6 lj:yflkt ePsf k|x/L rf}sLsf] k'g:yf{kg ug]{ / klxn] gePsf 7fpFdf k|x/L rf}sL :yfkgf ug]{ dfu /fv] . hals, xfd|f] a'‰fOdf dw]zL blntsf] k|dv ' ;d:of u/LaL / e"ldxLg lyof] . pgLx¿sf] dfun] xfdLnfO{ crDd kf¥of] . a'´b} hfFbf ;z:q åGån] ufpFaf6 k|x/L rf}sL lj:yflkt x'bF f ;a}eGbf 7"nf] df/ dw]zL blntnfO{ k/]sf] /x]5 . k|x/L rf}sL gx'bF f ;z:q ;d"xn] blntnfO{ afWo agfP/ cfkm";uF n}hfg] / k|x/L gx'bF f u}/blnt ;d'bfoaf6 klg kLl8t x'g'kg{] ePsfn] pgLx¿n] k|x/L rf}sLsf] dfunfO{ k|dv ' agfPsf /x]5g\ .

blnt d'2f

;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg glhls+b} ubf{ ljleGg bnx¿n] pDd]bjf/ 5gf]6 k|lqmofnfO{ clGtd r/0fdf k'¥ofPsf 5g\ . o;} qmddf Pg]skf dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] dw]zaf6 r'gfj n8\g]

;fj{hlgs 3f]if0ff u/]sf 5g\ . h;sf] k|ltlqmofdf s}of}+ dw]zjfbL g]tfx¿n] kxf8] g]tfnfO{ dw]zdf k:g glbg] ;Dd eg]sf 5g\ . o:tf ljifodf jfbljjfb a9\b} uof] eg] dw]zL blnt / c¿ ;LdfGts[t ;d'bfosf d'2fx¿n] k|fyldstf gkfpg] lrGtf blnt clwsf/sf kIfdf sfo{/tx¿aLr a9\g yfn]sf] 5 . /fHon] dw]znfO{ nfdf] ;dob]lv pk]Iff / pTkL8gdf kf/]sf] tyf ca To:tf] pTkL8g / zf]if0f /xg'xbF' g} eGg]df klg ljjfb 5}g . t/, dw]z ToxfFsf ;De|fGt, pkNnf hflt / ofbjsf] dfq} gePsfn] blnt / cGo ;LdfGts[t ;d'bfosf ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg vf]Hg c¿;Fu} dw]zjfbL bnx¿ klg nfUg'kg{] Tolts} :jLsfo{ x'gk' 5{ . ut ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgdf #) k|ltzt eGbf sd pDd]bjf/ p7fPsfn] dw]zjfbL bnx¿n] ;dfj]zL pDd]bjf/L lbg'kg{] ;+jw} flgs afWotf a]xf]g{'k/]g . t/, Tof] j]nf klg pgLx¿n] blnt sf]6fdf blnt dlxnfnfO{ dfq ;ef;b\ agfP/ dw]z, dlxnf / blntsf] sf]6f Ps}rf]l6 k"/f ug{] t/Lsf ckgfP . casf] lgjf{rgdf klg pgLx¿n] ToxL t/Lsf gckgfpnfg\ eGg ;lsGg . blnt, dw]zL / dlxnfsf] sf]6f k"/f u/]/ ;ef;b\ ePsfn] ;+ljwfg;efdf k|efjsf/L e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{ g;s]sf] klg la;{g ldNb}g . g]kfnL sf+u;]| / Pdfn]n] y|;] xf]N8sf] lgod ;a}df nfu" x'gk' 5{ / ;a}n] ;dfj]zL tyf ;dfg'kflts pDd]bjf/L afWofTds ¿kdf lbg'k5{ eGg] k|:tfj /fVbf dw]zjfbLn] gdfGg'sf] sf/0f log} x'gk' 5{ . Pdfcf]jfbLn] ;f] d'2fdf dw]zjfbLnfO{ ;dy{g ug{d' f rflx+ dw]zjfbL l/‰fpg] /0fgLlt x'g ;S5 . t/, To;n] cfpFbf] ;+ljwfg;efdf dw]zL blntsf] k|ltlglwTj sd u/fpg] lglZrt 5 .

e"ld ;d:of

e"ld;'wf/ jf e"ldsf] k'glj{t/0fsf] rrf{ x'gf;fy clwsf+z dw]zjfbL bnx¿n] dw]zsf] hdLg kxf8]nfO{ ljt/0f ug{] a'‰]/ lj/f]w ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ . t/ ;g\ @))$ sf] ;+oQ' m /fi6«;3 + Lo ljsf; sfo{qmd -o'Pg8LkL_sf] k|ltj]bgn] t/fO{df $$ k|ltzt e"ldxLg /x]sf] b]vfPsf] 5 . h;n], pgLx¿nfO{ af; / Go"gtd e"ld ljt/0f ug{k' g{] / To;sf nflu sfg"gn] tf]s]sf] ;LdfeGbf a9L hdLg ePsfx¿nfO{ plrt Ifltk"lt{ lb+b} e"ld lnP/ k'glj{t/0f ug{k' g{] cfjZostf /x]sf] b]vfpF5 . e"ldxLg dw]zL blnt cfunfuL, af9L, zLtnx/ / cGo k|fs[lts k|sf]kaf6 kLl8t ePsfn] pgLx¿nfO{ e"ld ljt/0f ug{' cTofjZos /x]sf] eP klg dw]zjfbL bnsf g]tfx¿n] o;nfO{ slxNo} g:jLsfg{s ' f] sf/0f :ki6 kf/]sf 5}gg\ . dw]zn] ef]us ] f] pTkL8g / zf]if0fsf] lg/fs/0f x'gk' g{d] f ljjfb geP klg dw]zleq} r/d u/LaL, hftLo pTkL8g / zf]if0fsf] lzsf/ ToxL+sf blnt /x]sf] klg Tolt g} ;To xf] . To;}n] dw]zLsf] clwsf/ dfUg] dw]zL bnn] dw]zL blntsf] clwsf/nfO{ klg TolQs} hf]8bf/ ¿kdf p7fpg'k5{ . pgLx¿n] To;f] ub{}gg\ eg] dw]zsf] clwsf/sf] dfu ug]{ g}lts cfwf/ pgLx¿;Fu afFsL /xg] 5}g . Ps hgf k"j{ /fhb"t tyf dw]zL clwsf/sdL{n] Pp6f k|;u+ df eg]sf lyP, ædw]zjfbL bnx¿ dw]zsf gfpFdf ;De|fGt / pkNnf hftsf] xsclwsf/sf] dfq} s'/f u/]/ cfkm"leqsf] lje]b, zf]if0f pTkL8gnfO{ a]jf:tf u5{g\ . h;n] pgLx¿nfO{ g} xflg ug{5] .Æ To;}n] dw]zsf] /fhgLltdf cfkm"nfO{ Ho"bF f] /fVg] xf] eg] dw]zL bnx¿n] blnt / cGo ;LdfGts[t ;d'bfosf] d'2fnfO{ gLlt tyf sfo{qmdaf6 ;Daf]wg ug{s ' f] ljsNk 5}g . „ !# c;f]h @)&) | lxdfn 21


l/kf]6{ ;fIf/tf

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@@

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24 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)


u/LaLsf] tf08jM 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ bz}+df ;d]t df;' lsg]/ v'jfpg g;s]sf] ;'tf{n] bz}+ gjdLsf] lbg & sflQs @)^( df cfTdxTof u/]sf cof]Wofk'/L–& lrtjgsf wgaxfb'/ kl/of/sL kTgL uLtf 5f]/f5f]/Lsf ;fy . cefj / u/LaLn] lylrP/ @% jif{cl3 dsjfgk'/af6 lrtjg ‰f/]sf wgaxfb'/n] cl3Nnf b'O{ >LdtLsf] pkrf/ cefjdf Hofg u'd]kl5 uLtf;Fu lax] u/]sf lyP . kltsf] d[To'kl5 hfFtf] / l;nf}6f] a]r]/ 5f]/f5f]/L x'sf{pg uLtfnfO{ wf}–wf} 5 . # ebf} @)&) df e]l6+bf uLtfn] elgg\, æslxn] t s}of}+ lbg;Dd l;nf}6f] laSb}g, laqmL gePsf] lbg kfP pwf/f]df rfdn Nofpg], gkfP ef]s} ;'Tg] xf] .Æ t:jL/M ;ljtf >]i7

!# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 25


& sflQs @)^( bz}+ gjdLsf] laxfg cof]Wofk'/L–& u0f]zu~h, lrtjgsf wgaxfb'/ kl/of/nfO{ kl/jf/sf ;b:on] efG;fdf ‰f'lG8Psf] cj:yfdf e]6] . kTgL / !@ hgf 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ gofF sk8f / df;' lsGg g;lsg] ePkl5 dfbn, l;nf}6f], nf]xf]/f] / hfFtf] agfP/ a]Rg] u/]sf pgn] cfTdxTof u/]sf] kl5 v'Nof] . d[ts wgaxfb'/sL kTgL uLtf -#^_ 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ bz}+df klg df;' v'jfpg g;s]sf] lrGtfn] kltn] cfTdxTof u/]sf] atfpFl5g\ . la/fdL b'O{ kTgLsf] d[To'kl5 uLtf;Fu ljjfx u/]sf wgaxfb'/ @% jif{cl3 dsjfgk' / sf] b' j Lrf} / af6 cof] W ofk' / Ldf h+un5]psf] P]nfgL hdLgdf cfP/ a;]sf lyP . s~rgk'/ ‰fnf/L–$ km'nn ] LsL cfOtL 7u'Ggf -#$_ n] b'O{ jif{cl3 sdfpg ef/t uPsf klt uDeL/sf] va/ gcfPkl5 / Hofnf dhb"/L u/]/ b'O{b]lv cf7 jif{ pd]/sf tLg hgf 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ kfNg ufx|f] ePkl5 !^ df3 @)^( df ljif vfP/ cfTdxTof ul/g\ . ;fgf] e'O{+tn] 3/afx]s v]tL ug{] hdLg gePsL pgnfO{ ufx|f–] ;fF3/' f] kbf{ cfkmGt / l5d]sLaf6 ;fk6 ;d]t gkfPsf] kL8f klg lyof] . s}nfnL hfgsLgu/–% vuf}/fsL nIdL rf}w/L -#%_ n] dfgl;s cj:yf 7Ls gePsf klt hf]vg / kf]lnof] nfu]/ v'§f grNg] ePsL 5f]/L lji0f' -!!_ sf] pkrf/ ug{ g;s]sf] kL8fdf @& df3 @)^( df lji0f' / sfG5L 5f]/L ljGb' -%_ nfO{ glhs} h+undf ljif v'jfP/ xTof u/]nuQ} ¿vdf ‰f'lG8P/ cfTdxTof ul/g\ . c¿sf] v]taf/Ldf dhb"/L u/]/ kl/jf/ kfn]sL nIdLnfO{ kltn] ‰fu8f u/]/ b'Mv ;d]t lbg yfn]kl5 kL8f ;xg g;s]sf] l5d]sL atfpF5g\ . rf/ jif{cl3 sfd vf]Hg ef/t uPsf kltsf] va/ gkfPsL /f]NkfsL dlx;/f a'9f -#%_ n] Kof/fnfOl;; ePsf] 5f]/fsf] zNolqmof vr{ h'6fpg g;s]kl5 g]kfnu~hsf] c:ktfn k5fl8 !@ ebf}df ‰f'lG8P/ cfTdxTof ul/g\ . enfSrf uflj; ?s'dsL t'n;f cf]nL -@&_ nfO{ nfu]sf] 5f/]/f]usf] pkrf/df ;a} hfoh]yf ;ls+bf klg lgsf] gePkl5 cfdf snL -^*_, afa' bnaxfb'/ -&)_ / :jo+ t'n;fn] b'O{ dxLgf cl3 ;fd"lxs cfTdxTof u/] . cfkm\gf] e}+;Ln] ufpFsf e}+;L / a:t'efpnfO{ /]lah ;f/]sf] cf/f]k nfu]/ Ifltk"lt{ klg ltg{'kg{] ePkl5 ! sflQs @)^( df ;Nofgsf] dd{kl/sfF8f–# ;]/LsfF8fsf dfgl;+x k'g -$)_ n] ‰f'lG8P/ cfTdxTof u/] . 26 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

;

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;Gt'i6 bnx¿;Fu ls:tf ls:tfdf hf/L jftf{ / ;xdltx¿dWo] clGtd ls:tfdf /x]sf] g]skf–dfcf]jfbL g]tT[ jsf] df]rf{;uF sf] ;xdlt w/fkdf k/]sf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLn] dfux¿sf] ;"rLnfO{ rf/ a'bF fdf v'DRofP/ NofP klg pRr:t/Lo /fhgLlts ;ldltdf /x]sf bnx¿n] To;nfO{ c:jLsf/ u/] . o:tf] ck|Tofl;t c:jLs[ltaf6 ‰l:sPsf] dfcf]jfbL cfkm"dfly csf]{ if8\oGq ePsf] eGb} lgjf{rgnfO{ ;zQm alxisf/ ug]{ k"jj{ t\ kf6L{ lg0f{odf kmls{Psf] 5 . g]skf–dfcf]jfbL;Fu hf/L jftf{ ;sf/fTds /x]sf] / s/La–s/La ;xdlt glhs} k'us ] f] bfaL ubf{ub}{ jftf{ e+u ePsf] va/ cfof] . ca s'g} cfZro{hgs 36gf ePg / lgjf{rg ldlt ;/]g eg] g]skf–dfcf]jfbL bf];f| ] ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgdf efu lng] ;+efjgf Go"g ePsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLsf] d'Vo dfu …uf]nd]r ;Dd]ngÚ k|lt ;}4flGts ;xdlt hgfPsf] csf]{ lbg uf]nd]r ug{ g;lsg] PskIfLo 3f]if0ff u/]sf pRr:t/Lo ;ldltsf g]tfx¿ clxn] dlGqkl/ifb\sf cWoIf lvn/fh /]UdLnfO{ k|wfg GofofwLzaf6 /fhLgfdf u/fpg] cgf}krfl/s ;xdltaf6 klg PsfPs kl5x6]sf 5g\ . ;sf/fTds eGbfeGb} gsf/fTds x'g k'us ] f jftf{x¿sf] kl/0ffddf Pp6f ;dfgtf b]lvPsf] 5– b'jk} 6s ef/tLo clwsf/Lx¿sf] g]kfn cfudg / j}B kIf s'g} xfntdf lgjf{rgdf gcfpg] Pdfcf]jfbL 32 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnsf] la|lkmª . uf]nd]r ;xdltsf] k"j;{ GWofdf ef/tLo Ph]G;L …/cÚ sf k|dv ' cfnf]s hf]zL sf7df8f}d+ f lyP eg] jt{dfg jftf{sf] clGtd r/0fdf ljb]z;lrj ;'hyf l;+x b'O{ lbgsf] nflu sf7df8f}+ e|d0fdf cfOg\ . ;+of]u xf] jf lgof]lht, pgLx¿sf] cfudg;Fu} ;sf/fTds elgPsf b'j} jftf{n] ;xdltsf] kl/0ffdx¿ lbP . dfcf]jfbLx¿ klg p;}u/L lalRsP . klxnf] r/0fdf ;}4flGts ;xdlt ePsf] uf]nd]r x'g} g;Sg] / To;df gkmF:g cGo bnx¿nfO{ ljZjf;df lng] sfd bfxfnn] u/]sf lyP . /]UdL k|wfg GofofwLzaf6 /fhLgfdf lbg dfGb}gg\, a? dlGqkl/ifb\ 5f8\5g\ eGg] s'/f klg pg}n] cGo bnnfO{ ;'gfP . o;/L jftf{ e+u ePsf] dflgof] . dfcf]jfbLn] klg jftf{sf] cf}lrTo ;dfKt ePsf] 3f]if0ff u¥of] . To;sf/0f j}B kIf;Fusf] jftf{df bfxfnsf] e"ldsfsf] ljZn]if0f gu/L s'g} lgSof]n{ df k'Ug ;lsg] 5}g . lsgls, bfxfnsf] of]hgf adf]lhd g} jftf{sf ;a} v'6l\ snfx¿ tof/ ul/Psf lyP / pgs} of]hgfdf elTsP klg . ;f/tM tL v'6\lsnfx¿ eTsfpgs} nflu agfOPsf lyP .

s] ePsf] lyof] <

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j}B dfcf]jfbL lgjf{rgdf cfpg] ;Defjgf cGTo ePsf] dflgPsf] lyof], t/ To:tf] ePg . jftf{sf] s8L k'gM hf]l8of] . lsgls, :jo+ dfcf]jfbL / p;sf] g]tT[ jsf] df]rf{leq ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgdf ;xefuL x'gk' 5{ eGg] dt lgs} alnof] lyof] . lgjf{rgsf] d'2f ;sf/fTds xFb' } hfFbf dfcf]jfbLleqsf] lgjf{rg lj/f]wL dt sdhf]/ b]lvg yfNof] / jftf{nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg bafa l;h{gf u¥of] . df]rf{df ;xefuL ;a}h;f] ;fgf bn klg lgjf{rgsf] kIfdf b]lvPkl5 dfcf]jfbLdfly cfˆgf dfux¿nfO{ 5f]6o\ fpg bafa klg a9]sf] lyof] . ToxL sf/0f dfcf]jfbLsf] !* a'bF ] dfu rf/ aFb' fdf ‰/]sf] / jftf{n] klg lg/Gt/tf kfPsf] lyof] . uf]nd]r ;Dd]ng, ;+ljwfgsf cGt/j:t'df ;xdlt, k|wfg GofofwLzaf6 /]UdLsf] /fhLgfdf / lgjf{rgsf] ldlt r}tdf ;fg]{ dfudWo] /]UdLsf] /fhLgfdf dfcf]jfbL df]rf{sf] clGtd a6dnfOg lyof] . lgjf{rgsf] ldlt ;fg{'kg]{ p;sf] afWotf /x]sf] eP klg To;nfO{ p;n] k|fljlws ljifo agfPsf]n] 7"nf] ljjfbsf] d'2f gaGg] lglZrt lyof] . p;n] /fi6«kltåf/f cfof]lht ;j{bnLo e]nfnfO{ klg uf]nd]r ;Dd]ngsf] cy{df lnPsf] a'l‰GYof] . cyf{t,\ dfcf]jfbLsf] !* aFb' f k|wfg GofofwLzaf6 /]UdLsf] /fhLgfdfdf cfP/ y]lu|Psf] lyof] . s]xL b]vfj6L dfu ylkP klg j}B dfcf]jfbL Psn dfudf cf]ln{Psf] a'´g ;lsGYof] .

o:tf] nrstf b]lvg]ljlQs} !*) l8u|Lsf] kmGsf] df/]sf Pdfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfnn] j}B kIf lgjf{rgdf cfpF5 eg] lgjf{rg ldlt ;fg{ ;lsg] atfpg yflnxfn] . hals, j}B kIf s'g} xfntdf lgjf{rgdf cfpFbg} eGg] c8fg /fVb} cGo bnx¿nfO{ ;d]t o;df ljZj:t kfg]{ pgL g} lyP . pgsf] o:tf] /+u kl/jt{gsf] cGto{df kf6L{ Pstfsf] ceLi6 lyof] . bfxfnn] j}BnfO{ e]6/] } r'gfjdf efu lng] xf] eg] cnu kf6L{sf] cf}lrTo gx'g] ePsf]n] Pstf ug]{ / To;df ;xdt eP lgjf{rg ;fg{ cfkm"n] kxn ug]{ atfPsf lyP . t/, dfcf]jfbLsf] cfGtl/s kf6L{ ;dLs/0fsf] lx;fan] tTsfn} kf6L{ Pstfsf] s'/f ;Dej lyPg . csf]l{ t/ j}B kIfnfO{ h;/L klg lgjf{rgdf Nofpg] g]kfnL sf+u;]| / g]skf Pdfn] h:tf kf6L{x¿sf] k|oTgdf Pdfcf]jfbL;Fu Pstf u/]/ xf]Og, :jtGq kf6L{sf] x}l;otn] r'gfj n8f];\ eGg] clek|fo lyof] . t/ dfcf]jfbLsf kl5Nnf ultljlwx¿ Pdfcf]jfbL;Fusf] Pstflt/ k|oTgzLn b]lvP . vf;u/L ;lrj g]qljqmd rGbn] lgjf{rgdf hfg] g} xf] eg] cnu kf6L{sf] cf}lrTo gx'g] atfPkl5 bfxfnsf] k|oTg klg Tot}lt/ Psf]xf]l/of] . jf:tjdf lgjf{rg hfg'eGbf To;nfO{ …;]jf]6h] Ú ug{ rGbn] Pstfsf] s'/f p7fPsf lyP . ptf, bfxfnn] sf+u;]| –Pdfn]n] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ cfkm" lj?4 k|of]u ub}5{ g\ eGg] 7fg]kl5 kf6L{ Pstfsf] zt{eGbf aflx/ j}B kIfnfO{ s'g} xfntdf lgjf{rgdf gNofpg] /0fgLlt agfP . j}B dfcf]jfbLsf] cfˆg} sfo{gLlts …d"eÚsf] c1fgtfn] klg pgLx¿sf] p2]Zo c;kmn x'g k'Uof] . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lgjf{rgdf Nofpg ;lqmotf b]vfO/x]sf Pdfn] / sf+u;]| kf6L{ Pstfsf] k|;u+ p7\gf;fy k5fl8 xl6lbP . sf+u;]| sf ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnf / Pdfn]sf jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfn;Fusf] kl5Nnf] ;f}xfb{k0" f{ ;DaGwn] jftf{sf] jftfj/0f agfpg d2t ul//x]sf] lyof] . jf:tjdf uf]nd]r ;ef lalu|Pkl5 klg ToxL ;DaGwsf sf/0f jftf{sf] k|lqmof k'gM hf]l8Psf] lyof] . pgLx¿n] dfcf]jfbLn] lgjf{rgdf ;xeflutfsf] k|lta4tf hfx]/ u/] lvn/fh /]UdLnfO{ k|wfg GofofwLzaf6 /fhLgfdf u/fpg ;lsg] cfZjf;g j}B kIfnfO{ lbO;s]sf lyP . To;sf] nflu /fi6«kltnfO{ ;d]t cjut u/fOPsf] lyof] . cl3Nnf] r/0fdf j}B dfcf]jfbLsf] nflu Pdfcf]jfbLeGbf sf+u;]| –Pdfn] glhs lyP eg] kl5Nnf] r/0fdf Pdfcf]jfbL g} dfcf]jfbLsf] glhs eof] . dfcf]jfbL lgjf{rgdf gcfpg] 7f]sj' f ub}{ p;nfO{ cfkm"n] dfq lrg]sf] bfaL ug]{ bfxfnn] kl5Nnf] r/0fdf dfcf]jfbL lgjf{rgdf cfpg]df ljZj:t x'g yfn]sf lyP . /, of] ;a sf+u|];–Pdfn]sf] lg/Gt/ k|of;af6 ;Dej eO/x]sf] lyof] . /fi6«klt klg ;s];Dd ;a} bn lgjf{rgdf cfpg\ eGg] rfxGy] . Pdfn], sf+u;]| / /fi6«kltsf] ;lqmotfn] j}B dfcf]jfbL lgjf{rgdf cfpg] kSsfkSsL h:tf] b]vk] l5 bfxfn PsfPs ;lqmo ePsf lyP . bfxfnsf] ;lqmotf;Fu} dfcf]jfbL–Pdfcf]jfbL lxdlrd a9]/ uof], h;nfO{ sf+u;|] –Pdfn]n] t dg k/fpg] s'/f ePg, ePg ## bnLo df]rf{sf ;b:ox¿n] klg ?rfPgg\ . ;j{bnLo a}7sdf ;d]t cGo bnsf g]tfx¿ cfO;s]kl5 dfcf]jfbL / Pdfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx¿ ;Fu;Fu} pkl:yt x'g yfn]kl5 pgLx¿ Ps x'bF 5} g\ eGg] z+sfn] an kfof] . kl/0ffd, k|wfg GofofwLzaf6 /]UdLsf] /fhLgfdfsf] bafa sdhf]/ x'g k'Uof] . ca /]UdLn] /fhLgfdf glbg] d"8 agfP eg] /fi6«klt cufl8 a9\g ;Sg] kl/l:ylt klg ag]g . cGttM bfxfnn] g} cufl8 a9]/ /]UdLn] /fhLgfdf glbg] v'nf;f u/] . hals, /]UdLsf] pQm aofgsf] ;fIfL bfxfn afx]s sf]xL lyPgg\ . o;/L j}B dfcf]jfbL lgjf{rgdf cfpg] jftfj/0f aGg} nfUbf jftf{ efFl8of] . !# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 33


s] xFb' 5 } <

To;sf/0f, s'g} klg j]nf bfxfnn] lgjf{rgnfO{ r} t df ;fg{] s'/f bf]xf]¥ofpg ;S5g\ . clxn] hlt;'s} aGg} nfu]sf] s'/f lalu|Pkl5 j}B dfcf]jfbL ;lqmo k| l ta4tf hgfP klg dfcf]jfbLnfO{ aflx/ /fv]/ alxisf/sf] k'/fgf] nfOgdf kmls{Psf] 5 . cf}krfl/s kf6L{ Pstfsf] ;jfndf ul/g] lgjf{ r g g eo/lxt x'G5 g t zflGtk"0f{ . jftf{ e+u eP klg cgf}krfl/s ¿kdf låkIfLo dt} S otf jf dtleGgtf ljifoj:t' s f] of] u+eL/tfk|lt cGo bnx¿ cgle1 tyf ax'kIfLo ;Djfb t eO/x]sf 5g\ t/ geP klg cl3 ;/]/ af]Ng ;St}gg\ . To;sf/0f, h] ; s ' } eP klg lgjf{ r g ;xdlt x'g] l:ylt b]lv+bg} . dfcf]jfbLn] c‰} klg ;do 3sf{ P / d' v vf]Ng] g]tf bfxfn g} x'g5] g\ . /fi6«klt;Fu cfzf /fv]sf] atfPsf] 5 eg] cGo ;fg]{ s'/fdf :jod\ bfxfnn] o:tf] sd{ k6s–k6s ub}{ cfPsf klg 5g\ . bnx¿ dfcf]jfbLnfO{ 5f]8/] eP klg lgjf{rgdf Pdfcf] j fbL OR5' s 5 . ;a} n fO{ yfxf ePsf] s' / f, clxn] h;/L klg hfg] atfO/x]sf 5g\, en} kl/l:ylt pgLx¿sf] lgjf{ r g ug{ ] ef/tLo bafa 5 eg] b'j} dfcf]jfbLnfO{ dfcf] j fbLn] ;+ l jwfg;ef bfaL ‰}+ ;/n b]lv+bg} . h;/L klg lgjf{ r g ;fg' { 5 . bfxfnn] …hgo'4Úsf] kf6L{ Pstfsf] ;jfndf dt}Sotf jf dtleGgtf lgjf{rgdf efu lng] ;dodf cs:dft\ lbNnLaf6 kf6L{ x] 8 Sjf6/ /f]Nkf h];'s} eP klg lgjf{rg ;fg]{ s'/fdf :jod\ / zflGtk" 0 f{ ;+ 3 if{ s f] ;f/] s f] , ;] g fklt k| s /0fdf /fli6« o :jfwLgtfsf] gf/f Pdfcf]jfbL OR5's 5 . dfcf]jfbLn] ;+ljwfg;ef / fd e§/fO{ ;/sf/sf] ljsNkdf p5fn] s f] / afa' dfWodaf6 cufl8 a9\ g ] lgjf{rgdf efu lng] / zflGtk"0f{ ;+3if{sf] dfWodaf6 ;'zLn sf]O/fnfnfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpg kxn u/] cufl8 a9\g] 5fF6sfF6 b]vfPkl5 bfxfnn] lgjf{rgdf 5fF6sfF6 b]vfPkl5 h;/L g} lgjf{rg ;fg]{ k|:tfj ug{ ;S5g\ . /, df]rf{aGbL jf kf6L{ Pstfsf] ;Defjgf b]vs ] f x'g\ . bfxfnn] lgjf{ r gdf cGo bnn] k|ltlqmofdf To:tf] k|:tfjsf] lj/f]w ptf, bfxfnsf] g]t[Tjdf ;+ul7t ug{ vf]lhPsf] u/] klg To;nfO{ 6fg{ ;Sg] 5}gg\ . df] r f{ a GbL jf kf6L{ Pstfsf] …;+3Lotf ;lxtsf] ;+ljwfg tyf Psn hftLo To;sf] l/x;{ n z'¿ eO;s]sf] 5 . 3ls{/x]sf] klxrfg ;lxtsf] ;+3LotfÚsf] df]rf{aGbLdf pgL ;Defjgf b]vs ] f x'g\ . ;dosf] afah" b pDd] bjf/ dgf]gogsf] ;do;Ldf k|efjsf/L x'g ;ls/x]sf 5}gg\ . s]xL cGt/f{li6«o Ps xKtf a9fOPsf] 5 . kf6L{ PsLs/0f jf zlQmn] To:tf] Psn hftLo df]rf{aGbLsf] g]tT[ jdf r' g fjL tfnd] n ug{ ;lsg] cfzfdf bfxfnn] bfxfnnfO{ Nofpg rfxG5g\, t/ pgnfO{ cNkdtdf s f] pDd] b jf/ l;kmfl/zsf] k| l qmof :ylut u/]sf 5g\ . cfˆgf] kf6L{ /fv]/– tfls df]rf{nfO{ cfˆgf] :jfy{df k|of]u ug{ ;lsof];\ . bfxfn eg] lgjf{ r gaf/] b' O { dfcf] j fbLaLrdf km/flsnf] cGt/lj/f] w /x] To;nfO{ ;s];Dd :jtGq ¿kn] cfˆgf] zlQm k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] of]hgf cGtu{t ;fg] { ceLi6df pgLx¿ Psdt 5g\ . To;tkm{ s f] k| o f; klg 3gLe"t dfq hftLo df]rf{sf] g]tT[ j ug{ rfxG5g\ . To;sf] nflu kf6L{ Pstfsf] „ x' b F } uPsf] cg' e j ug{ ;lsG5 . ;+efjgf vf]Hg] s'/f bfxfnsf] klxnf] k|fyldstfdf kg{' :jfefljs} xf] .

34 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)


l6Kk0fL /fhgLlt /3' kGt

x'bF g} u7aGwg Pdfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnsf] r'gfjL u7aGwg agfpg] oTg ;kmn x'g] b]lv+b}g .

g]

kfndf u7aGwgsf] /fhgLltn] slxNo} ;}4flGts cfwf/ kfPg . ljutdf g]kfnL sf+u;]| / g]skf Pdfn] ;/sf/df hfg] Psn p2]Zoaf6 k~rx¿sf] ;d"x;Fu k6s–k6s ldn]sf lyP, t/ Tof] cj;/jfbL /fhgLltn] b'j} bnnfO{ ufn dfq kf¥of] . tfTsflns ¿kdf s]xL g]tfnfO{ dGqL, pkk|wfgdGqL, k|wfgdGqL cflb kb xftnfuL eP klg bL3{sfnLg ¿kdf b'j} kf6L{n] hgtfsf] cfnf]rgf ef]Ug' k¥of] . ljutsf lgjf{rgdf Pdfn]n] ;fgf jfdkGyL ;d"xx¿nfO{ Ps–b'O{ 7fpF 5f]l8lbP klg ;du|df PSn} r'gfj n8]/ cfof] . sf+u;]| n] klg ToxL u¥of] . pgLx¿ cfufdL ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgdf klg PSnfPSn} r'gfj n8\g] tof/Ldf 5g\ . sf+u;]| cfufdL lgjf{rgdf kl/0ffd ;'wf/]/ ut lgjf{rgsf] k/fho la;{g] sf]lzzdf 5 . Pdfn] klg t];f| ] x'gk' /]sf] kL8f ;dfKt kfg{ klxnf] x'g] k|oTgdf 5 . cl3Nnf] lgjf{rgtfsfsf] eGbf km]l/Psf] kl/b[Zon] pgLx¿nfO{ pT;flxt klg agfPsf] 5 . } f] cg'dfg cl3Nnf] lgjf{rgdf g]skf Pdfn] klxnf] kf6L{ x'g] w]/s lyof], t/ g;f]rs ] f] kl/0ffd cfof] . k|ToIf lgjf{rgdf dfcf]jfbLn] Pdfn]–sf+u|];nfO{ lgs} k5fl8 kf¥of] . / klg, ^)! ;b:oLo ;+ljwfg;efdf p;n] ax'dt kfPg . ;dfg'kfltstkm{sf] kl/0ffdn] sf+u;]| / Pdfn]nfO{ Ps xb;Dd ;fGTjgf lbof] . ;+Vof km]l/ klg ^)! g} 5 / lgjf{rg k|0ffnL klg k'/fg} ldl>t 5 eg] Pg]skf dfcf]jfbL ljeflht ePsf] 5 . p;sf] nf]slk|otf klg lgs} v:s] sf] 5 . of] cj:yfdf Pdfn] / sf+u;]| cfˆg} ana'tfdf ;s] ax'dt Nofpg] g;s] 7"nf] bn aGg] k|oTgdf 5g\ . r'gfjL u7aGwg ug]{df sf+u]|; OR5's;Dd b]lvPsf] 5}g eg] Pdfn]n] klg cfˆg} ;+u7gsf] andf Ps gDa/ x'g] bfjf ul//x]sf]

5 . ;fgf jfdkGyL ;d"xx¿nfO{ Ps–b'O{ 7fpF 5f]l8lbg] afx]s c¿;Fu p;sf] tfnd]n x'g] ;Defjgf b]lvGg . b]zsf b'O{ dxŒjk"0f{ /fhgLlts zlQm o;/L cfˆg} a'tfdf r'gfj n8\g] tof/L ul//x]sf] j]nf ;+ljwfg;efsf] ;aeGbf 7"nf] bn Pdfcf]jfbL eg] u7aGwgsf] euL/y k|oTgdf 5 .

bfxfnsf] bfp

df]xg j}B g]tT[ jsf] g]skf–dfcf]jfbL;Fu r'gfjL tfnd]n jf kf6L{ Pstf ug]{ Pdfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnsf] k|oTg dfcf]jfbLn] lgjf{rgdf efu glng] ePkl5 t'lxPsf] 5 . Pdfn] / sf+u;]| ;Fu Pdfcf]jfbLsf] r'gfjL u7aGwg x'g] s'g} u'GhfO; 5}g . To;}n,] dw]zjfbL bn / czf]s /fO{sf] ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{;uF u7aGwg ug{ bfxfnn] …;+3Lotf kIfw/ zlQmx¿ Ps x'g'kg]{Ú cj;/jfbL ;"q cl3 ;f/]sf 5g\ . t/, ljleGg 6'qmfdf ljeflht dw]zL bnx¿ ;aeGbf klxnf t cfkm}a+ Lrdf tfnd]nsf] k|oTgdf 5g\ . cfkm}a+ Lr t ;L6sf] tfnd]n cK7\of/f] kl//x]sf] j]nf Pdfcf]jfbL;Fu s] cfwf/df ldNg] < pgLx¿aLr tfnd]n ePg eg] dfq tL dWo]sf s'g} bn / Pdfcf]jfbLaLr dw]zsf s]xL 7fpFdf u7hf]8 x'g ;S5 . hfltjfbL ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL;Fu klg tfnd]nsf] k|of; vf;} kl/0ffdd'vL x'g] b]lv+bg} . Ps t Tof] kf6L{ b]zel/ pDd]bjf/ p7fP/ ;dfg'kfltstkm{ s]xL ;L6 lhTg] bfpdf 5 . k|dv ' g]tfx¿ p7]sf] Ps–b'O{ 7fpFdf Pdfcf]jfbL–;+3Lo tfnd]n eof] eg] klg Tof] pNn]Vo x'g] 5}g . o;/L x]bf{ cfufdL ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgdf u7aGwg aGg] ;Defjgf b]lv+bg} , h'g d'ns ' sf] /fhgLlts :jf:Yosf nflu kmfObfhgs g} x'g5] . „ !# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 35


P8\e6f]l{ /on

;:tf] cfjf; of]hgf Go"g cfo ePsf zx/L u/La kl/jf/nfO{ nlIft u/L ;:tf] Jofhb/df b]zsf rf/ zx/df wdfwd 3/ aGb}5g\ .

n'dlGtnfO{ xf]dn]; OG6/g]zgn o"sn] ] ;xof]u u/]sf] 5 . n'dlGtsf] ;xof]udf xfn;Dd Go"g cfo ePsf kf]v/f pkdxfgu/kflnsf, n]vgfy / tfg;]g gu/kflnsf tyf sf]xnk'/df %!@ kl/jf/sf nflu 3/ agfOPsf] 5 . o;}u/L cfufdL cfly{s jif{leq &%) 3/ lgdf{0f ul/g] n'dlGtn] hgfPsf] 5 . b'O{ dxLgfcl3 nlntk'/sf] wf]aL3f6df lgdf{0f ul/Psf] /]G6n xfplhªsf] l;sf] ub}{ kf]v/f / n]vgfydf cfufdL jif{leq /]G6n xfplhª lgdf{0f ug]{ of]hgf cl3 ;fl/Psf] 5 . n' d lGtn] ljut @) jif{ b ] l v zx/L u/Lax¿sf] ;fdflhs, cfly{s, ;f+:s[lts tyf ef}lts l:yltdf ;'wf/sf nflu cfjf; sfo{qmd nufot vfg]kfgL, ;/;kmfO, :jf:Yo, lzIff Pj+ ljkt\ Joj:yfkgsf If]qdf ljljw sfo{qmd ;+rfng ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .

ljkGgnfO{ ;'/lIft 3/

g]

kfnsf nfvf} + e" l dxLg / ljkGg kl/jf/sf] clxn];Dd cfˆg} 3/ 5}g eg] ePsf s]xL 3/df Go"gtd cfwf/e"t ;'ljwf klg 5}g . of] jf:tljstfnfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ ;'/lIft / ;d[4 cfjf;M gful/ssf] clwsf/ eGg] gf/f cl3 ;f/]sf] n'dlGt cfjf;sf nflu ;xof]u ;d"xn] s]xL zx/df Go"g cfo ePsfsf nflu Jojl:yt / ;'/lIft 3/ agfpg ;xof]u u/]sf] 5 . o;sf nflu 36 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

Ps jif{ c l3;Dd sf] x nk' / afafgu/sL uf]dfb]jL sfdLsf] kl/jf/nfO{ sRrL 3/df a:bf kfgL / x'/Lsf] 8/ lyof] . O{6+ fsf] leQf / 6Lgsf] 5fgfo'Qm kSsL 3/ ag]kl5 of] kl/jf/ clxn] 9'Ss 5 . ækfgL / xfjfx'/L cfpFbf ;fgf 5f]/f5f]/L Rofk]/ lx+8g\ k' Yof]Æ{ ljut ;D‰Fb} uf]dfn] elgg\, æt/ clxn] To:tf] lrGtf 5}g .Æ uf]dfsf klt 8sdL{ x'g\ . afafgu/sf] P]nfgL hUufdf a:b} cfPsf] of] kl/jf/nfO{ n'dlGtn] sDo'lg6L n]8 OGk|mf:6«Sr/ kmfOgfG; km]l;ln6L -SnLkm_ sfo{qmd cGtu{t :yfgLo ;xsf/L ;+:yf dfkm{t kSsL 3/ agfpg C0f

lbPkl5 b'O{ sf]7f, Pp6f efG5f / a/08f ;lxtsf] kSsL 3/ ag]sf] xf] . ækSsL 3/df a:g kfOPnf eg]/ ;kgfdf klg lrtfPsf lyPgf}Æ+ , uf]dfn] elgg\, æo;af6 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] eljio klg ;'/lIft ePsf] 5 .Æ sf]xnk'/ / /‰]gf uflj;sf k[YjLgu/, l;4fy{ g u/, zflGtgu/, afafgu/ / ejfgLk'/df n'dlGtsf] cfly{s tyf k|fljlws ;xof]udf uf]df h:t} #)* kl/jf/n] kSsL 3/ agfO;s]sf 5g\ . kl/of]hgfn] e"ldxLg / ljkGg kl/jf/sf dlxnfnfO{ jflif{s & k|ltzt Jofhdf ljgf lwtf] a;f]af; dlxnf art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8 dfkm{t C0f lb+b} cfPsf] 5 eg] n'dlGtn] k|fljlws ;xof]u . ;xsf/Ln] ;fd'bflos ;d"xsf] hdfgLdf ljkGgnfO{ kfFr jif{leq a'‰fpg] u/L s/La 8]9 nfv ?k}ofF lb+b} cfPsf]df o; jif{bl] v ?=@ nfv ;xof]u ug]5{ eg] * k|ltzt Jofh ;lxt ^ jif{leq C0f r'Qmf ul/;Sg'kg]{ x'G5 . Pp6f 3/ agfpg s/La ?=@ nfv &) xhf/ vr{ nfUg] eP klg afFsL /sd cfkm}+ h'6fpg'k5{ . æsd Jofh / kfFr jif{leq a'‰fpg kfpFbf ljkGg kl/jf/nfO{ C0f ltg{ ;lhnf] x'g] ;xsf/L ;+:yfsL cWoIf uLtf jnLn] atfOg\ . ænfvf}+ e"ldxLg / ljkGg kl/jf/sf] clxn] klg 3/ 5}gÆ n'dlGtsf sf]xnk'/ lkmN8 ;+of]hs hut afx|3/]n] eg] æePsf 3/df klg Go"gtd cfwf/e"t ;'ljwf gePsfn] kl/of]hgf dfkm{t Jojl:yt / ;'/lIft 3/ agfpg ;xof]u ul/Psf] xf] .Æ afx|3/]sf cg';f/ cfufdL jif{ @)) b]lv @%) kSsL 3/ agfpg] n'dlGtsf] nIo 5 .


kf]v/f pkdxfgu/kflnsf–!$ rfpy]l:yt ;dfj]zL 6f]ndf lgdf{0ffwLg 3/ .

dfwj a/fn

d'xf/ km]l/+b} tfg;]gsf]

Go"g cfo ePsf zx/L u/Lasf] nflu cfjf; sfo{qmd lnP/ Ps jif{cl3 tfg;]g lelqPsf] n'dlGtn] tfg;]g gu/ If]qleq !)) 3/ agfPsf] 5 . cfly{s cj:yf sdhf]/ ePsf gu/jf;LnfO{ & jif{leq a'‰fpg] u/L ;:tf]df C0f lbP/ n'dlGtn] 3/ agfOlbPsf] xf] . o;af6 gu/kflnsfsf blnt, hghflt / cGo ;d'bfon] kmfObf lnPsf 5g\ . :yfgLo ;|ft] ;fwg k|of]u u/L agfOPsf 3/ x]bf{ lgs} /fd|f dfq xf]Og, alnof klg 5g\ . n'dlGt, tfg;]g gu/kflnsf / nIdL AofÍsf] ;xsfo{df s/La ?=@ s/f]8df !)) j6f 3/ tof/ kfl/Psf 5g\ . o;af6 xhf/ a9L nfeflGjt ePsf 5g\ . 3/ agfPsf dWo] *@ hgfsf] hUuf cfˆg} gfddf 5 eg]

!* hgfsf] u'7Lsf] gfddf . n'dlGtn] tfg;]g gu/kflnsfsf] ;xsfo{df 3/lgdf{0f / dd{tsf nflu ;/n ls:tf / Go"g Jofhb/df C0f ;xof]u u/]sf] tfg;]g gu/kflnsfsf sfo{sf/L clws[t lg/g e§/fO{n] atfP . ;:tf] 3/df cfsif{0f a9]kl5 n'dlGtn] cfufdL jif{ yk !)) 3/ agfpg] tof/L u/]sf] n'dlGt tfg;]gsf lkmN8 ;+of]hs z+s/ e08f/Ln] atfP . n'dlGtn] C0f ;xof]udf 3/ agfPsf] dfq xf]Og, of];uF } Ifdtf ljsf; tyf cfo cfh{gsf tfnLd klg rnfPsf] 5 . o;af6 pgLx¿nfO{ Aofh a'‰fpg ;lhnf] ePsf] 5 . cfjf; / cfo cfh{gsf sfo{qmd;Fu} :yfgLosf] art ug]{ afgLsf] ;d]t ljsf; ePsf] 5 . art u/]sf] yf]/} /sdn] klg cK7]/f] k/]sf j]nf uhf]{ 6fg{ ;lhnf] ePsf] tfg;]g–!@ sf k|d] lasn] atfP . cfjf; kl/of]hgfn] ljkGgx¿sf] Aoflͪ kx'Frdf j[l4 ePsf] kl/of]hgf Joj:yfkg ;b:o Pj+ kfNkf pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3sf cWoIf dw'bofn ;+h} n' ] atfP . ædhb"/x¿sf] cfly{s ljsf;df 6]jf k'us ] f] 5Æ, pgL eG5g\, æv'nf cfsfzdf a;]sfx¿nfO{ /fxt ldn]sf] 5 .Æ

n]vgfysf] n]vfhf]vf

n]vgfy gu/kflnsfsf Go"g cfo ePsf kl/jf/nfO{ ;'/lIft cfjf; lgdf{0f / dd{t ug{ n'dlGtn] ;:tf] Jofhdf C0f lbPkl5 *@ kl/jf/n] gofF 3/ agfPsf 5g\ eg] %! hL0f{ 3/ dd{t ul/Psf] 5 . n'dlGtn] $@ hghflt, $^ blnt ;lxt !## kl/jf/nfO{ lbPsf] C0f pgLx¿n] & jif{leq r'Qmf ug'k{ g]5{ . n]vgfy–^ kfj/ xfp;sf lji0f'axfb'/ s'dfnn] 8]9 nfv C0f lnP/ b'Os { f]7] 3/ agfPsf 5g\ . cfly{s cefjdf kfgL k/]sf j]nf r'lxg]] 3/df a:b} cfPsf lyP s'dfn . b]j kre}of

n'dlGtn] ;+rfng u/]sf] cfjf; sfo{qmd cGtu{t tfg;]g kfNkfdf agfOPsf] 3/ .

ækfgL k/]sf] j]nf 3/df a:g ;ls+bg} Yof]Æ s'dfn eG5g\, æn'dlGtsf] ;xof]un] 9'Ss;Fu 3/df a:g kfPsf 5f}+ .Æ ;fdfGo Joj;foaf6 dfl;s ?=!% xhf/ sdfpg] s'dfnsf nflu Ps} k6s olt 7"nf] /sd h'6fP/ 3/ agfpg' sNkgf aflx/sf] s'/f lyof] . n'dlGtn] nlIft kl/jf/nfO{ e"sDkLo ;'/Iffk|ljlw ;lxtsf] gSzf tof/df k|fljlws ;xof]u klg u/]sf] 5 . tL ;d'bfosf] cfo cfh{gdf ;xof]u k'¥ofO{ hLjg:t/ psf:g ;Lkd"ns, g]tT[ j ljsf;, n]vf Joj:yfkg tfnLd klg lbPsf] 5 eg] dlxnf art ;d"x agfP/ art sfo{qmd z'¿ ul/Psf] 5 . ljkGg kl/jf/nfO{ sfdgf ljsf; AofÍsf] ;xsfo{df * k|ltzt Jofhdf ?=@ nfv;Dd C0f lbOPsf] n'dlGt n]vgfysf lkmN8 ;+of]hs lszf]/s'df/ sfsL{n] atfP . bf];f| ] r/0fdf @)) kl/jf/nfO{ C0f pknAw u/fpg] n'dlGtsf] of]hgf 5 . lkmN8 ;+of]hs sfsL{sf cg';f/ n]vgfydf /]G6n xfplhª lgdf{0fsf] nflu cWoog eO/x]sf] 5 .

k"/f x'bF } ;kgf

!# jif{bl] v kf]v/fdf t/sf/L Joj;fo u/]sf /fddl0f bfxfn -$#_ nfO{ kf]v/fdf 3/ agfpg] s'/f ;kgf h:t} nfUYof] . t/ pgsf] of] ;kgf ;fsf/ x'Fb}5, n'dlGt cfjf;sf] nflu ;xof]u ;d"x / nIdL AofÍsf] ;xof]udf . 3/ agfpg pgn] * k|ltzt Jofhdf lnPsf] ?=$ nfv C0f & jif{leq r'Q' mf ug'k{ g]{ x'G5 . ef8fdf a:g] Go"g cfo ePsf kl/jf/nfO{ nlIft u/L SnLkm sfo{qmd cGtu{t kf]v/f–!$ rfpy]sf] ;dfj]zL 6f]ndf &% 3/ lgdf{0f eO/x]sf] 5 . oL 3/ e"sDkLo ;'/IffTds k|ljlwo'Qm x'g5] g\ . pkef]Qmfn] ?=# nfv () xhf/b]lv ?=$ nfv #% xhf/;Dd lt/]kl5 kfpg] ;f9] b'O{ cfgf hUufwgL k'hf{ lwtf] /fv]/ nIdL AofÍn] ?=$ nfv C0f lbg]5 . 3/ lgdf{0fkl5 ef}lts k"jf{wf/df gkfn] ;xof]u ug]{ kf]v/f pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf sfo{sf/L clws[t ‰ns/fd clwsf/Ln] atfP . clwsf/L eG5g\, æof] kl/of]hgfn] Jojl:yt a:tL lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u k'Ug]5 .Æ o:tf] 3/ !) jif{;Dd a]Rg, ef8fdf nufpg / vfnL /fVg kfOFbg} . ;d'bfosf ;b:oaLr z'¿ ul/Psf] art sfo{qmddf klg n'dlGtn] ;xof]u u/]sf] 5 . n'dlGtn] kf]v/fs} sF8' x/l:yt /ftdf6fdf ^# j6f 3/ lgdf{0f yfn]sf] 5 eg] cfufdL jif{leq #&( j6f 3/ lgdf{0f ul/;Sg] n'dlGt kf]v/fsf lkmN8 ;+of]hs o1/fh sfsL{n] atfP . pgsf cg';f/ /]G6n xfplhª lgdf{0fsf] nflu cWoog eO/x]sf] 5 . „ !# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 37


;fKtflxs ahf/ cledt

pDd]bjf/ x]//] ef]6 j}

B dfcf]jfbLn] r'gfjdf cfpg OGsf/ u/] klg k|dv ' bnx¿ r'gfjsf] tof/Ldf h'6s ] f 5g\ eg] lgjf{rg cfof]un] cfˆgf] sfd wdfwd cl3 a9fPsf] 5 . of] cj:yfdf $ d+;L/sf] ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfj efFl8G5 ls eGg] sltkosf] cfz+sf klg 5 . lxdfn n] ut ;ftf b]zsf k|d'v !@ zx/sf #&% hgf;Fu u/]sf] ;j]{If0fdf ;xefuL clwsf+z rflx+ $ d+;L/} r'gfj x'g]df ljZj:t 5g\ . …tkfO{+nfO{ d+;L/ $ sf] r'gfj x'G5÷x'Fb}g s] nfU5 <Ú eg]/ ;f]lwPsf] k|Zgdf %$=$ k|ltztn] lgjf{rg x'g] atfP . @%=( k|ltztn] gx'g] / !(=& k|ltztn] yfxf gePsf] atfP . r'gfj x'G5 eGg]]dWo] ;a}eGbf w]/} ^) jif{ dflysf %&=$ / x'Fb}g eGg]df ;a}eGbf w]/} !*–@$ jif{ ;d"xsf #! k|ltzt 5g\ . j}B dfcf]jfbLn] lgjf{rg alxisf/sf] 3f]if0ff u/] klg ax';+Vos hgtf ef]6 xfNg] kIfdf 5g\ . …ca x'g] lgjf{rgdf ef]6 xfNg'x'G5 ls xfNg'x'Gg <Ú eGg] k|Zgdf &^=% k|ltztn] ef]6 xfNg] pQ/ lbP eg] !!=& k|ltztn] gxfNg] / (=( k|ltztn]

casf] lgjf{rgdf s'g} klg pDd]bjf/nfO{ ef]6 lb+bf s]sf cfwf/df lbg'xG' 5 < @$=$Ü

kf6L{sf] l;4fGtsf cfwf/df

!)=!Ü

kf6L{n] p7fPsf d'2fsf] cfwf/df

*=)Ü

kf6L{sf] r'gfjL 3f]if0ffkqsf cfwf/df

@)=(Ü

kf6L{ / pDd]bjf/n] u/]sf] sfdsf] cfwf/df

@*=@Ü

pDd]bjf/ x'g] JolQmnfO{ x]/]/

@=!Ü

pDd]bjf/sf] y/÷hftsf cfwf/df

%=^Ü

yfxf 5}g

)=&Ü

eGg rfxGg

38 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

cfpg] $ d+;L/df r'gfj x'G5÷x'bF g} , tkfO{n + fO{ s] nfU5 <

yfxf 5}g !(=&Ü x'G5

%$=$Ü x'Fb}g @%=(Ü

yfxf gePsf] atfP . ef]6 xfN5' eGg]df ;a}eGbf w]/} ;'b"/klZrdsf ** k|ltzt 5g\ eg] ef]6 xflNbgF eGg]df ;a}eGbf w]/} dWoklZrdf~rnsf !^ k|ltzt 5g\ . ax';+Vos dtbftfn] pDd]bjf/ / sfd x]/]/ ef]6 xfNg] hjfkm lbPsf 5g\ . …casf] r'gfjdf ef]6 xfN5'Ú eGg] pQ/bftfnfO{ …s] cfwf/df ef]6 lbg'x'G5 <Ú eg]/ ;f]lwPsf] k|Zgsf] hjfkmdf @*=@ k|ltztn] pDd]bjf/ x]//] ef]6 lbg] atfP . @)=( k|ltztn] bn / pDd]bjf/sf] sfdsf] cfwf/df, @$=$ k|ltztn] kf6L{sf] l;4fGt tyf !)=! k|ltztn] d'2fsf cfwf/df / * k|ltztn] r'gfjL 3f]if0ffkqsf cfwf/df dt lbg] atfP . casf] lgjf{rgaf6 klg s'g} Pp6f bnsf] k|i6 ax'dt gcfpg]df ax';+Vos pQ/bftf ljZj:t 5g\ . …casf] r'gfjaf6 s'g} Pp6f kf6L{sf] ax'dt cfpnf <Ú eg]/ ;f]lwPsf] k|Zgdf %$=& k|ltztn] gcfpg] hjfkm lbP eg] !^=# k|ltztn] cfpg] / @*=% k|ltztn] yfxf gePsf] atfP . …lgjf{rgkl5 aGg] ;+ljwfg;efn] ;+ljwfg agfpnf eGg]df slQsf] ljZj:t x'g'x'G5 <Ú eGg] k|Zgdf $*=# k|ltztn] ljZj:t gePsf], @*=% k|ltztn] ljZj:t ePsf] / @!=( k|ltztn] yfxf gePsf] hjfkm lbP .

…;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgsf] k|d'v r'gf}tL s] xf] h:tf] nfU5 <Ú eGg] k|Zgdf #(=& k|ltztn] lgjf{rg ljyf]Ng] 3f]if0ff u/]sf bn / ;d"xnfO{ k|d'v r'gf}tL 7x¥ofP . !*=! k|ltztn] 7"nf kf6L{sf o'jf b:tf, !@=* k|ltztn] lx+;fTds ultljlw ul//x]sf e"ldut, ;z:q / cfk/flws ;d"xnfO{ d'Vo r'gf}tL b]v]sf] atfP eg] !!=& k|ltztn] sdhf]/ k|x/L k|zf;gnfO{ / !^=# k|ltztn] yfxf gePsf] hjfkm lbP . d+ ; L/ $ df lgwf{ l /t ;+ l jwfg;ef lgjf{rgsf] d'Vo afws sf] xf] eGg] k|Zgdf %^ k|ltztn] j}B dfcf]jfbL nufotsf ljkIfL bnnfO{ bf]if lbP . !#=! k||ltztn] rf/bnLo pRr:t/Lo ;+oGq, ^=& k|ltztn] Pdfcf]jfbL, %=^ k|ltztn] ;/sf/ tyf $=* k|ltztn] ljb]zL zlQmnfO{ afws dfg] eg] !#=# k|ltztn] yfxf gePsf] atfP . …tkfO{+sf] ljrf/df s]xL bn gcfpFbf lgjf{ r gsf] ldlt ;fg' { k 5{ of s] x L bn gcfP klg d+;L/ $ d} lgjf{rg ug'{k5{ <Ú eg]/ ;f]lwPsf] k|Zgdf %)=( k|ltztn] $ d+;L/d} r'gfj ug'k{ g]{ atfP . #@=% k|ltztn] ;a}nfO{ ;d]6\g cfjZos k/] ldlt klg ;fg'{kg]{ atfP eg] yfxf 5}g eGg] !%=% k|ltzt e]l6P . d+ ; L/ $ sf] lgjf{ r g ;fl/of] eg] tkfO{+nfO{ To;kl5 tf]lsg] gofF ldltdf lgjf{rg xf]nf h:tf] nfU5 < eg]/ ;f]lwPsf] k|Zgdf $$=# k|ltztn] nfUb}g eGg] hjfkm lbP . @&=& k|ltztn] nfU5 eGg] atfP eg] @&=@ k|ltztn] yfxf gePsf] hjfkm lbP . ldlt ;fl/of] eg] To;af6 s:tf] vt/f b]Vg'xG' 5 < eGg] k|Zgdf #&=! k|ltztn] nfdf] ;do;Dd lgjf{rg g} gx'g] cj:yf cfpg ;Sg] atfP . @#=@ k|ltztn] kl/jt{gsf pknlAw ;+s6df kg{ ;Sg] atfP eg] @%=# k|ltztn] yfxf gePsf] hjfkm lbP . d+;L/df geP csf]{ ldltdf t eOxfN5 lg eGg] !#=! k|ltzt 5g\ . „ tYof+szf:qL afns[i0f v8\sfsf] g]t[Tjdf b]ze/sf !@ zx/df x/]s ;ftf ul/g] o; ;j]{If0fsf nflu b Plzof kmfp08]zgsf] ;xof]u /x]sf] 5 . –;Dkfbs


l6Kk0fL lbgs/ g]kfn

hfOnfUg yfn] hgtf hgefjgf ljk/Lt aGb nfb\g] lx+;fTds zlQmx¿ /fhgLlts d"nwf/af6 qmdzM kfvf nfUb} hfg]5g\ .

sf

7df8f},+ dxf/fhu+hsf] Pp6f /]:6'/G] 6df lrof lkO/x]sf s]xL o'jf PsfPs b]zsf] /fhgLlts cj:yf / eljiosf] af6f] ;DaGwL ax;df lyP . pgLx¿sf] cleJolQmdf c;Gt'li6 / cfqmf]z t lyof] t/ lg/fzf lyPg . pgLx¿ cfkm}+ s]xL ug]{ kIfdf lyP . s'/f ub}u{ b}{ g]skf–dfcf]jfbLn] @& ebf}sf nflu cfXjfg u/]sf] g]kfn aGbsf] ljifodf k|jz ] u/]sf pgLx¿n] To;sf] k|ltsf/ ug]{ :j:km"t{ of]hgf klg agfP– laxfg P3f/ ah] dfOtL3/df e]nf eP/ /Tgkfs{;Dd k'Ug] . 6\jL6/ / km];a"s h:tf ;fdflhs ;+hfnsf] pkof]un] x'g ;S5, @& ebf}sf] !@ ah];Dd dfOtL3/df o'jfsf] 7"n} ;d"x b]lvof] . pgLx¿ rsf]{ 3fddf 6f9f–6f9faf6 cfPsf lyP . sf]xL–sf]xL t b'O{ 306f lx+8/] eQmk'/af6 ;d]t cfPsf /x]5g\ . o'jfsf] eL8 gf/f n]lvPsf Kn]sf8{ af]s/] /Tgkfs{lt/ nfUof] . Tof] eL8 aGb ;kmn kfg{ laxfg}bl] v vl6Psf dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{x¿;Fu zxLbu]6 cufl8 cfdg]–;fdg] x'bF f egfegsf aLr clk|o 36gf x'g] cfz+sf a9]kl5 ;'/Iffy{ -s;sf] <_ vl6Psf] k|x/Ln] x:tIf]k u/]/ aGb lj/f]wL ;d"xnfO{ kmsf{of] . o;/L eL8sf] cfqmf]z lx+;fdf kl/0ft x'gaf6 hf]luof] . ToxL lbg pbok'/sf] a]n6f/ ahf/df klg :yfgLojf;Ln] dfcf]jfbL aGbsf] v'n/] k|ltsf/ u/] . To;sf] s]xL lbgkl5 rl/sf]6df :yfgLo hgtfn] aGbsf] lj/f]w ub}{ dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ eufPsf lyP . lthsf] lbg aGb ug]{ Pdfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ sn+sLdf dlxnfx¿n] nv]6s ] f lyP . plNnlvt 36gfx¿n] aGb lj/f]wL hgefjgf la:kmf]6 x'g nfu]sf] ;+st] u5{g\ .

hgtfsf] d"8

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t:jL/M s[i0fk|;fb sfkm\n]

/fd]5fksf] 7f];]l:yt kmnfd vfgLd} /f0ffsfndf aGb"s agfpg :yfkgf ul/Psf] sf/vfgf .

g]kfnd} z'¿ eP klg wfpsf nflu ef/td} lge{/ x'g'k/]sf] 5 . kmnfd ljsf; / cf}Bf]lus lj:tf/sf] cfwf/ xf] . k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f / cf}Bf]lusb]lv 3/fo;L ;/;fdfg;Dddf kmnfd k|of]u x'G5 . ut cfly{s jif{df g]kfnn] s/La ?=^) ca{sf] kmnfd -:6Ln_ / kmnfdhGo j:t' cfoft u/]sf] Jofkf/ k|j4{g tyf lgsf;L s]Gb|sf] tYofÍn] b]vfpF5 . cfj @)^(÷&) df ?=%& ca{ @* s/f]8sf] kmnfd / :6Ln cfoft ePsf] lyof] . k'n / Jofj;flos ejgx¿sf] lgdf{0fdf cfPsf] tLj|tfsf sf/0f ut s]xL jif{b]lv kmnfd -:6Ln_ / o;sf pTkfbgx¿n] g]kfndf cfoft x'g] j:t'df k]6«f]lnod kbfy{kl5 7fpF lnPsf] 5 . ut jif{ (! s/f]8 ^@ nfv (# xhf/ lsnf] kmnfd–:6Ln cfoft ePsf] lyof] . ;+ o ' Q m /fi6« ; + 3 Lo ljsf; sfo{ q md -o" P g8LkL_ n] ;g\ !(^) sf] bzsdf dWo lxdfnL If]qsf] #( xhf/ ju{ lsdLdf u/]sf] k|f/lDes e"–/f;folgs cWoogn] kmnfd ;lxtsf bh{gf}+ vfgL kQf nufP klg ;/sf/n] g To;sf] lj:t[t cWoog ug{ ;s]sf] 5, g pTvgg . ljefun] ut jif{ k"jL{ kxf8sf] kfFry/, ;+v'jf;ef / wgs'6f ;lxtsf lhNnfsf ! xhf/ #)) ju{ lsdL If]qdf u/]sf] cWoogn] kmnfd ;lxt cGo dxŒjk"0f{ vlghx¿sf] vfgL km]nf kf/]sf] lyof] . of] jif{ yk ! xhf/ #)) ju{ lsdL If]qdf cWoog ug]{ tof/Ldf 5 ljefu . jl/i7 e"ue{ljb\ s[i0fk|;fb sfˆn] eG5g\, æplrt kxn x'g;s]sf] v08df g]kfn vfgLaf6 cfTdlge{/ x'g] lbg w]/} 6f9f 5}g .Æ

cf]‰n] df pTvgg

g]kfndf kmnfd vfgLsf] k/Dk/fut pkof]u ;of}+ jif{b]lv eP klg Jojl:yt pTvgg x'g;s]sf] 5}g . /f0ffsfndf b}lgs ( gfn aGb"s aGg] u/]sf] 7f];]sf] kmnfd ltAat lgof{t x'g] u/]sf] Oltxf; 5 . wfp agfpFbf jl/kl/sf] jg ;vfk ePkl5 kj{tsf] kmnfd vfgL aGb ePsf] lyof] . afUn'ª, kfNkf, tgx',F /f]Nkf, lrtjg, l;Gw'kfNrf]s, a}t8L, a‰fª,

sRrf kmnfdsf] ef/tLo ahf/ nfO{ cfwf/ dfGbf -cf};t d"No k|lt lsnf] ?=!!_ gjnk/f;Lsf] kmnfd vfgL ?=@# va{eGbf a9Lsf] e08f/ xf] .

/fd]5fk, hfh/sf]6, sf7df8f}+ -km'Nrf]sL_ nufotsf lhNnfdf klg plxNo}b]lv :yfgLo tj/df kmnfd vfgL rn]sf lyP . clxn] vfgL ljefun] b]ze/sf $) :yfgdf kmnfd vf]htnf; / b'O{ :yfgdf pTvgg cg'dlt lbPsf] 5 . t/, 7f];]sf] lhDdf kfPsf] g]kfn P08 rfOgf ldg/N; k|flnsf nufgLstf{ jfª\r' z]kf{ k"jf{wf/sf] sl7gfO / cfly{ s ;Defjgfsf b[ l i6n] sd k|ltkmn lbg] ePsf]n] pTvggdf hfg g;s]sf] atfpF5g\ . pgL o;sf nflu lrlgofF nufgLstf{ leœofpg] k|of;df 5g\ . ptf, kj{tsf] vfgLsf nufgLstf{ ch'{g kf]v/]n eG5g\, æ:yfgLoaf6 l;Q}+df %) k|ltzt z]o/, ;a}sf] aLdf, x/]snfO{ /f]huf/L jf

a]/f]huf/L eQfsf] dfu ePkl5 cGof]ndf k/]sf 5f}+ .Æ ef/taf6 lan]6 NofP/ kmnfd] 58sf] pTkfbg ul//x]sf] ;fvM ;d"xsf pkfWoIf ls/0f ;fvM g] k fnL pBf] u x¿ g] k fnL kmnfdsf] k|tLIffdf /x]sf] atfpF5g\ . t/, vfgL pTvggsf nflu ultnf] ;/sf/L gLlt g} gePsf] cg'ej u/]sf ;fvM eG5g\, æ;/sf/n] ljB't\, ;8s nufotsf k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f / cf}Bf]lus jftfj/0f gagfO{ vlghdf nufgLsf] ck]Iff u/]sf] b]lvG5 .Æ clxn];Dd k|fljlws sl7gfOsf sf/0f klg g]kfndf kmnfd pTvggsf] cfly{s ;DefJotf sd lyof] . cyf{t\, g]kfnL kmnfd vfgLsf k|zf]wgcl3sf] 9'Ëfdf kmnfdsf] dfqf ^) k|ltzteGbf sd} e]l6Psf] lyof] . km'Nrf]sL / 7f];]df t kmnfdsf] dfqf %% k|ltzt xf/fxf/L dfq 5 . kmnfdsf] dfqf ^) k|ltzteGbf a9L x'g] vfgLnfO{ cfly{s ;DefJotfsf] lx;fan] /fd|f] dflgGYof] . t/, clxn]sf] k|fljlws tf}/t/Lsfdf sd u|]8sf vfgLsf] klg cfly{s ;DefJotf /fd|f] x'g] OlGhlgo/ ‰f atfpF5g\ . æef/t nufotsf b]zx¿df clxn] sd;n u|8] sf] vfgLaf6 klg pRr u'0f:t/Lo kmnfd pTkfbg eO/x]sf] 5Æ, OlGhlgo/ ‰f eG5g\ . !# c;f]h @)&) | lxdfn 43


l/kf]6{ eG;f/ gLlt

s/ glt/]sf df]afOn grNg] lanfz /fO{

;/sf/n] cj}w ¿kdf ljb]zaf6 NofOPsf df]afOn ;]6 grNg] Joj:yf ub{}5 .

s

/ glt/L ljb]zaf6 NofOg] df]afOn ;]6 laqmL lgoGq0f ug{ cy{ dGqfnon] g]kfn b"/;+rf/ k|flws/0fsf] ;xof]udf gofF Joj:yf nfu" ug{ nfu]sf] 5 . eG;f/df s8fO / s/df ;x'lnotn] klg cj}w cfoft g/f]lsPkl5 To;/L NofOPsf ;]6df ;Ld grNg] Joj:yf ug{ nfluPsf] cy{ dGqfno /fh:j Joj:yfkg dxfzfvfsf k|dv ' /fhg vgfn atfpF5g\ . s/ lt/]/ NofOPsf df]afOn ;]6nfO{ eG;f/d} b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0faf6 cflwsfl/s sf]8 gDa/ lbg] / s/ glt/]sf ;]6n] Tof] gkfpg] Joj:yf ldnfpg nfluPsf] vgfnsf] egfO 5 .

sf]8 clgjfo{

gofF Joj:yf cg';f/, g]kfnsf b"/;~rf/ ;]jf k|bfossf ;Ld gofF ;]6df xfn]kl5 s/ ltbf{ kfPsf] sf]8 gDa/ 8fon u/]kl5 dfq kmf]g v'Ng]5 . of] Joj:yfn] s/ glt/L cj}w ¿kdf NofOPsf df]afOn ;]6 grNg] x'Fbf s/ glt/L df]afOn leœofpg] k|j[lQ lg?T;flxt x'g] cy{sf] ljZjf; 5 . o;n] Eof6aLn ;lxt df]afOn lsGg] k|jl[ Q a9\g] klg p;sf] ck]Iff 5 . c;f/ d;fGt;Ddsf] tYofÍdf g]kfn 6]lnsdn] &$ nfv ^( xhf/ hLP;Pd / ( nfv #& xhf/ ;L8LPdP tyf Pg;]nn] !

s/f]8 % nfv @^ xhf/ hLP;Pd ;Ldsf8{ k|of]udf NofP klg Tof] cg';f/ df]afOn ;]6 laqmL ePsf] /]s8{ gb]lvPkl5 cy{n] of] k|lqmof yfn]sf] xf] . rLgaf6 NofOPsf clwsf+z df]afOn ;]6 eG;f/ 5n]/ NofOg] / To;sf] s/ st} klg gltl/g] u/]sf] ;/sf/L clwsf/Lx¿ atfpF5g\ . eG;f/df lnPsf] !# k|ltzt Eof6dWo] ( k|ltzt cfoftstf{nfO{ lkmtf{ ubf{ klg s/ gltg{] k|jl[ Q g/f]lsPsf]df gofF Joj:yfn] Tof] k|j[lQ lg?T;flxt x'g] /fh:jsf clwsf/Lx¿sf] ljZjf; 5 . dGqfno Eof6 lkmtf{ k|0ffnL k'g/fjnf]sg ug{] tof/Ldf /x]sf] klg pgLx¿ atfpF5g\ . ljb]zdf sfd u/]/ kms{gn] cfkm}n+ fO{ / cfkmGtnfO{ Nofpg] df]afOnnfO{ eg] a]Rg NofOg] df]afOnnfO{ h;/L s8f Joj:yfdf gkfl/g] hgfOPsf] 5 . pgLx¿n] Nofpg] lglZrt yfg df] a fOnnfO{ eG;f/ 5" 6 lbP/ sf]8 lbg] Joj:yf ldnfOg] ;/sf/L clwsf/Lx¿sf] egfO 5 . æPp6f df]afOnsf] d"No ?=# xhf/ dfq x'bF f klg vaf}+{ ?k}ofFsf] cfoft ePsf] / s/f]8f}+ ?k}ofFsf] /fh:j u'ds ] f] x'gfn] lgodg ug{ gofF pkfo vf]hs ] f xf}Æ+ /fh:jsf Ps clwsf/L atfpF5g\ .

tYofÍ cfjZos

b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fn] …6fOk Pk|e' nÚ k|ljlw

dfkm{t s/ glt/L ljb]zaf6 df]afOn Nofpg] k| j [ l QnfO{ lg?T;flxt ug{ ] k| o f; z' ¿ ul/;s]sf] 5 . df]afOn ;]6 pTkfbsn] Tof] b]zsf] lgofds lgsfo;Fu lnPsf] cg'dltkq cfoftstf{n] eG;f/df b]vfpg'kg]{ lgod nfu" ul/;lsPsf] k|flws/0fsf pklgb{z ] s s}nfz Gof}kfg] atfpF5g\ . eG;f/df 5'6fpg] j]nfd} To:tf] cg'dltkq b]vfpg'kg]{ elg;lsPsf]n] cg'dltkq glnPsf df]afOnsf] laqmL lgoGq0f ug{ ;lhnf] x'g] pgsf] egfO 5 . df]afOnaf6 w]/} /fh:j p7\g] ck]IffeGbf clgolGqt cfoftn] unt tYofÍ b]vfpg] lrGtf k|flws/0fsf clwsf/Lsf] b]lvG5 . df]afOnsf] cflwsfl/s tYofÍ gx'bF f ;'/IffnfO{ vt/f kg{ ;Sg] pgLx¿sf] cfz+sf 5 . ufpF;Dd k'us ] f cg'dlt glnPsf df]afOn ;]6n] c;'/Iff a9fpg] atfpFb} k|flws/0fsf Ps clwsf/L eG5g\, æg]kfn lelqPsf df]afOn ;]6sf] l;l/on gDa/sf] tYofÍ ;/sf/;Fu x'Fbf ahf/ k'us ] f df]afOn ;]6df ;d:of b]lvP/ sDkgLn] lkmtf{ ug{ cfXjfg u/]sf] j]nf ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ ;"lrt ug{ ;lhnf] x'G5 .Æ ljutdf g]kfn lelqPsf ;]6af/] cflwsfl/s tYofÍ gx'Fbf sltko df]afOnsf] Aof6«L k8\lsP/ pkef]QmfnfO{ Iflt k'Ubf k|flws/0fn] sf/afxL ug{ ;s]sf] lyPg . „ k|eft e§/fO{{ !# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 45


l/kf]6{ :gfts lzIff ljqmd /fO{

:jb]zL

km8\sf] uf]

/vfsf d'/f/L bfxfn afnfh'l:yt zxLb /fdgfy bfxfn :d[lt sn]hdf aLaLP 5}6f}+ ;]d:] 6/df k9\b} 5g\ . ;fdfv';Lsf] /]8g sn]haf6 Kn; 6' pQL0f{ bfxfnn] aLaLPsf] k9fO cGo ljifosf] eGbf lgs} km/flsnf] ePsf] cg'ej u/]sf 5g\ . pgsf] egfOdf aLaLPsf] ;aeGbf /fd|f] kIf eg]s} Jofjxfl/s lzIff xf] . pgL uPsf] ^ ;fpgaf6 xfQL;f/l:yt l;4fy{ AofÍdf b'Od{ xLg] OG6g{;Lkdf 5g\ . æ5f]6f] ;dod} r]s, /]ld6\ofG;, ;ˆ6j]o/ cflbaf/] w]/} s'/f l;s]sf] 5'Æ, :s"n 8«;] d} AofÍdf e]l6Psf bfxfnn] eg], æaLaLPsf] k9fO ;Fu;Fu} sn]hdf ljleGg If]qsf JolQm;Fu x'g] cGt/lqmofn] ;f]rfOnfO{ km/flsnf] agfpFbf] /x]5 .Æ To;}n] w]/} ljBfyL{sf] /f]hfOdf k/]sf] 5, aLaLP . o;sf] d"n sf/0f Jofjxfl/s 1fg g} 46 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

gofF–gofF ljifo / cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] kf7\oqmdsf sf/0f pRr lzIffsf] 9f]sf– :gfts lzIffdf :jb]zs} sn]htkm{ ljBfyL{ cfsif{0f a9\bf] 5 . /fdhL bfxfn

xf] . :jb]zL–ljb]zL ljZjljBfnoaf6 ;DaGwg lnPsf s/La !)) xf/fxf/Lsf sn]hdf aLaLP k9fO x'bF 5} , clxn] . o:tf clwsf+z sn]h sf7df8f}s + l] Gb|t 5g\ . ;]d:] 6/ k|0ffnLsf] of] k9fOn] ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ cGt/f{li6«o ahf/df ;lhn} k|lt:kwL{ agfpg] lzIffljb\ 8f= tLy{/fh vlgof atfpF5g\ . 8f= vlgofsf cg';f/, g]kfndf cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] aLaLPsf] k9fO eO/x]sf] 5 . of] k9fO ;:tf] eg] 5}g . rf/ jif{df cf7 ;]d:] 6/ k"/f ug{ cf};tdf ?=$ nfv vr{ ug'k{ 5{ .

ljifodf ljljwtf

cGt/f{li6«o >d ahf/df laSg ;Sg] hgzlQm tof/ ug{ clxn] :gfts txdf aLaLP h:tf] c¿ gofF ljifox¿ klg ;d]l6Psf 5g\ . c:ktfn, gl;{ª xf]d, AofÍ tyf ljQLo

;+:yf dfq xf]Og, ljsf; lgdf{0fsf sfd a9];uF } To; If]qdf bIf hgzlQm rflxPsf] 5 . To:tf] hgzlQm cfk"lt{df :gfts lzIff dxŒjk"0f{ x'G5 . ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿sf] egfOdf :gftsx¿n] o:tf If]qdf kof{Kt of]ubfg lbPsf klg 5g\ . kl5Nnf] b'O{ bzsotf g]kfndf pRr lzIffn] /fd|} km8\sf] df/]sf] 5 . :gfts pRr lzIffsf] klxnf] v'6l\ snf] klg xf], h;n] l8u|Lsf] 9f]sf vf]Ng dbt k'¥ofpF5 . cGt/f{li6«o kf7\ oqmd / k|of]ufTds lzIffsf sf/0f :gfts lzIffdf ljBfyL{ cfsif{0f a9];Fu} :t/Lo lzIffsf nflu ljb]z hfg' gkg]{ ePsf] 5 . clxn] g]kfndf :jb]zL–ljb]zL ljZjljBfnoaf6 ;DaGwg lnPsf Ps xhf/eGbf a9L SofDk;df :gfts k9fO eO/x]sf] 5 . o:tf SofDk;x¿ ufpF;Dd la:tf/ ePsf 5g\ .


!# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 47


:jb]zd} :t/Lo cWofkg

:jb]zL÷ljb]zL ljZjljBfnosf] ;DaGwgdf b]ze/sf ´08} Ps xhf/ SofDk;df eO/x]sf] :gfts lzIffn] ljBfyL{nfO{ pRr cWoogsf nflu ljb]lzg'kg{] afWotf x6]sf] 5 . ;+rfnsx¿sf] bfaL 5, æsd z'Nsd} cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] cWofkg oxL+ x'G5 .Æ

/d]z l;njfn, lgb]z { s uf]N8gu]6 OG6/g]zgn sn]h

xfdLn] aL–6]s km"8, aLP:;L kL;LPd, dfOqmf] afof]nf]hL, OGefo/f]d] G] 6 ;fOG;sf] sIff ;+rfng u/]sf 5f}+ eg] lhof]nf]hL / :6\ofl6l:6S;\sf] sIff ;+rfng ug{ k|:tfj k]z u/]sf 5f}+ . o;}u/L Joj:yfkgdf aLaLP; / aLPrPd rnfPsf 5f}+ eg] dfgljsLdf c+uh |] L, ;f];f]nf]hL, ;f]l;on js{, cy{zf:q, u|fdL0f ljsf;, kqsfl/tfsf sIff rnfPsf 5f}+ .

/d]z kf08], lk|lG;kn sn]h ckm cKnfO8 lahg];

xfdLsxfF aLaLP, aLaLP;, aLcfOPd / aLP:;L;LcfO6Lsf sIff ;+rflnt 5g\ . ljBfyL{nfO{ k|lt:kwL{ agfpg ;]ldgf/ / sfo{kq k|:t't

48 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

u/fpF5f}+ . cfGtl/s d"Nof+sgsf cfwf/df ljBfyL{nfO{ $) k|ltzt c+s lbg] Joj:yf 5 . sltko sn]hn] $) c+s g} lbG5g\ . t/ xfdLn] ljleGg cfwf/df d"Nof+sg u/]/ c+s lbg] u/]sf 5f}+ .

df]xg clwsf/L, lk|lG;kn SofDk]g sn]h

xfdLn] ;g\ !((& b]lv aLP, aLaLP; / @))@ b]lv aLaLP sIff ;+rfng u/]sf 5f}+ . sf]if{ / sn]h cg'zf;gdf xfd|f] hf]8 5 . ljBfyL{s} ;lqmotfdf j]nfj]nfdf km"8 km]l:6an, sG;6{ nufotsf sfo{qmd x'G5g\ . k|of]ufTds lzIffsf nflu rf}w/L u|k' ;Fu glhs /x]/ sfd u/]sf 5f},+ h;n] ljBfyL{df Jofjxfl/s 1fg a9fPsf] 5 .

ljKnj l;+x, l;lgo/ k|fu] f| d Dofg]h/ lsª\; sn]h

OG6/g]zgn cd]l/sg o'lgel;{6Laf6 ;g\ @))( df aLaLPsf] ;DaGwg lnPsf] xfd|f] sn]hdf kfFrf}+ ;]d:] 6/ rln/x]sf] 5 . cGt/f{li6«o ;DaGwg ePsf]n] ahf/sf] dfu cg';f/ kf7\oqmddf kl/dfh{g x'G5 . k|of]ufTds k9fO / Jofjxfl/s 1fgsf nflu rLg, ef/t, >Ln+sf nufotsf d'ns ' df ljBfyL{ k7fpg] u/]sf 5f}+ .

;'lgn >]i7 l;Ne/ dfpG6]g sn]h

;g\ @))! b]lv a]nfotsf] SjLg dfu{/6] o'lgel;{6Lsf] ;DaGwgdf


Aofrn/ Og OG6/g]zgn xl:k6fln6L P08 6'l/Hd Dofg]hd]G6sf] sIff ;+rfng ul//x]sf 5f}+ . cfltYo ;Tsf/sf] If]qdf hf]8 lbg] of] k9fO k"/f u/]kl5 ljBfyL{n] cfkm}+ Joj;fo ug{ klg ;S5g\ . cg'ejL lzIfsaf6 km/s 9+un] k7gkf7g u/fpg] u/]sf 5f}+ .

lht]Gb|dfg cdfTo, efO; lk|lG;kn sflGtk'/ EofnL sn]h

xfdLn] !@ jif{cl3 aLaLP / tLg jif{bl] v aL–6]s sfo{qmd z'¿ u/]sf 5f}+ . ljBfyL{nfO{ s]; :68L / OG6g{;Lkdf k7fpF5f}+ . aL–6]ssf ljBfyL{n] sn]hd} l6:o" sNr/af6 lgsfn]sf ljleGg la?jfsf] dfs]l{ 6ª aLaLP;sf ljBfyL{n] u5{g\ . j]nfj]nfdf Aofª\s Dofg]h/ / cf}Bf]lus If]qsf k|ltli7t JolQmx¿nfO{ lgDTofP/ cg'ej cfbfgk|bfg ug]{ u/]sf 5f}+ .

8f= ljho s];L, 8Lg ;fpy Pl;og OlGi6Ro"6 ckm Dofg]hd]G6

a9L ljBfyL{ hDdf u/]/ u'0f:t/df ;D‰ff}tf ug'e{ Gbf klg yf]/} ljBfyL{nfO{ u'0f:t/Lo lzIff lbg] xfd|f] k|of; 5 . * ;]d]:6/ k"/f ubf{ Ps hgf ljBfyL{n] ?=# nfv ^) xhf/ a'‰ffpg'k5{ . of] z'Ns cGo sn]hsf] t'ngfdf sd xf] . sn]hdf clwsf+z k"0f{sfnLg lzIfs 5g\ . cfufdL lbgdf aLaLP Og PsfplG6ªsf] sIff ;+rfng ug]{5f}+ .

k+sh hng, lgb]z { s n8{ a'4 Ph'sz ] g kmfpG8];g

;g\ !((( b] l v xfdLn] aLaLP, aL;LP, aLP:;LcfO6L, afof]6]Sgf]nf]hLsf] sIff z'¿ u/]sf xf}+ . tLgjif]{ eP klg ;]d] :] 6/ k|0ffnLdf k9fpF5f}+ . ljBfyL{nfO{ tfnLd / cf}Bf]lus e|d0f u/fpF5f}+ . ljBfyL{sf] ?lr / Ifdtf cg';f/ s'g If]qdf hfFbf /fd|f] x'G5 eg]/ ;Nnfx lbPsf 5f}+ . ;dodf k/LIff lng] / k|sflzt ug]{ xfd|f] csf]{ ljz]iftf xf] .

ljgf]baxfb'/ vqL, lk|lG;kn kmf]lgS; sn]h

dn]lzofsf] ln+sg o'lgel;{6Laf6 ;DaGwg lnP/ ut jif{bl] v z'¿ u/]sf] aLaLPnfO{ lqljn] ;dsIftf lbO;s]sf] 5 . OR5's ljBfyL{nfO{ OG6g{;Lksf nflu dn]lzof k7fpF5f}+ . j]nfj]nfdf dn]lzofaf6} k|f]km];/x¿ / g]kfns} skf]{/]6 If]qsf cg'ejLx¿nfO{ sIffdf af]nfpF5f}+ . pTs[i6 ljBfyL{nfO{ 5fqj[lQsf] Joj:yf ldnfPsf 5f}+ .

ch'g{ >]i7, sf]–cl8{g6] / sf7df8f}+ o'lgel;{6L ckm Dofg]hd]G6

xfdLn] ;g\ @)!) b]lv aLaLP sIff z'¿ u¥of}+ . ljBfyL{nfO{ clGtd ;]]d]:6/sf] clGtd cf7 ;ftf cf}Bf]lus k|lti7fgdf k7fpF5f}+ . ljBfyL{{n] x/]s ljifosf] %) c+s sfdsf] cfwf/df kfpF5g\ . k|of]ufTds lzIffdf Wofg lbPsf 5f}+ . sIffdf ljb]zsf lelhl6ª k|f]km];/x? af]nfpg] u/]sf 5f}+ .

!# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 49


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rLgsf] ;xdltdf dfcf]jfbL;Fusf] jftf{ pTsif{df k'u]sf] j]nf b/af/ xTofsf08 ePsf] b]lvG5 . t/, clxn];Dd k|fKt tYo / 36gfqmdn] xTofsf08sf] dfWod bLk]Gb| ag]sf] b]vfpF5g\ . jL/]Gb|sf] ;Defljt sbd g?rfpg]x¿n] bLk]Gb|nfO{ dxTjfsf+Iff hufP/ prfn]sf / bLk]Gb| /fhf x'Fbf cfkm"n] rfx] h;/L rnfpg ;lsg] ck]Iff /fv]sf x'g ;S5g\ . b/af/ xTofsf08nfO{ clxn]sf] ;+qmd0fsf] pb\ud dfGg ;lsG5 . b/af/ xTofsf08n] u0ftGq / ;Lldt cfsf/sf] dfcf]jfbL o'4nfO{ lj:tf/ x'g] 9f]sf vf]lnlbof] . u'Ktr/Lsf y'k|} k|;+ux¿ klg 5g\ ls k':tsdf Û ef/tLo u'Ktr/ …/cÚ n] g]kfnL ;]gf, /fli6«o cg';Gwfg ljefu, dfcf]jfbL / /fhgLlts kf6L{;Fu ;DaGw /fv]/ sfd u/]sf] lyof] . :jb]zL tyf ljb]zL u'Ktr/ lgsfox¿ kl5 a;]/ sfd ug{] lg0ff{os j]nfdf e"ldsf b]vfpFy] . pgLx¿sf] aflx/L ¿k /fhgLltsdL{, s"6gLlt1 h] klg x'g ;SYof] . g]kfnL /fhgLltdfly ef/tLo OG6]lnh]G; xfjL ePsf] b]lvof] x}g < g]kfnsf] ljifodf @)%( af6 tTsfnLg k|wfgdGqL c6nlaxf/L jfhk]oLn] u'Ktr/ lgsfonfO{ …8]–6'–8]Ú sfd ug]{ lhDd]jf/L lbPsf] b]lvG5 . ToxL cg';f/, …/cÚ sf] e"ldsf clxn] klg hf/L 5 . of] k|of]uzfnfdf clGtd ljho s;n] kfPsf] 7fGg'x'G5 < k':tsdf d}n] lbNnL, b/af/ / dfcf]jfbLnfO{ d'Vo kfq agfPsf] 5' . b/af/sf] k/fho eO;Sof] . lbNnL / b/af/sf] ;xof]u lnP/ ;QfsAhf ug{ g;Sg] b]v]kl5 dfcf]jfbL ¿kfGt/0f eP/ d"nwf/sf] kf6L{ aGof] . To;sf] ;xpTkfbg j}B dfcf]jfbLdf hgo'4sfnLg wªwªL eg] sfod} 5 . ef/tn] kl5Nnf] ;do /fhtGqsf] ktgdf e"ldsf v]Nof] . dfcf]jfbLsf] ¿kfGt/0fdf klg p;sf] e"ldsf b]lvG5 . ef/tsf] clGtd ceLi6 eg] c‰f} v'n]sf] 5}g .

dLg/Tg ah|frfo{

k':tsdf 36gfqmdnfO{ kfqljz]if dfkm{t k]z ug'{ePsf] 5, lsg < /fhgLlts Oltxf; n]vgdf 36gfnfO{ k|wfgtf lbOG5 . t/ 36gfnfO{ kfqn] 8«fOe u5{g\ . lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf, k'iksdn bfxfn, 1fg]Gb| zfx, !@ a'Fb] ;d‰fbf/L u/fpg] Zofdz/0f jf …/cÚ sf k|d'v xld{h cflb kfqsf] e"ldsf dxTjk"0f{ x'g] g} eof] . ToxL eP/ d}n] pgLx¿sf] dgf]lj1fg / e"ldsf vf]tNg] k|of; u/]+ . kfqaf6 l5bf{ 36gf a'‰g klg ;lhnf] x'G5 . of] k':ts n]Vg !%) hlt dflg;;Fu s'/f u/], To;dWo] ^@ hgfn] gfd pNn]v ug{ dfGg'eof] . c¿ /fhgLlts bnx¿sf] e"ldsf uf}0f b]lvG5 lg Û laNs'n xf]Og . sf+u|];, Pdfn] h:tf bnx¿sf] cfkm\g} e"ldsf 5 . t/ k':tssf] ljifo dfcf]jfbLsf] …hgo'4Ú ePsf]n] tLg j6f kfq b]lvPsf x'g\ . „ ls/0f g]kfn !# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 55


k':ts jftf{

…lbNnLsf] x:tIf]k a9\g' dfcf]j g]kfnsf] /fhgLlts ;+qmd0fdf lbNnL, b/af/ / dfcf]jfbLsf] e"ldsfaf/] n]lvPsf] kqsf/ ;'wL/ zdf{sf] k':ts …k|of]uzfnfÚ ;fj{hlgs x'g'cl3 g} rrf{df 5 . /fli6«o b}lgs sflGtk'/ sf] k|wfg ;Dkfbs zdf{n] kl5Nnf] 8]9 bzssf] g]kfnL /fhgLltnfO{ k|efljt kfg]{ aGb sf]7fleqsf ckTofl/nf 36gfx¿nfO{ k':tsdf ;xh ¿kdf ptf/]sf 5g\ . k':tsdf p7fOPsf ljifodf s]lGb|t /x]/ zdf{;Fu ul/Psf] s'/fsfgLM k|of]uzfnf s:tf] k':ts xf] < g]kfnsf] kl5Nnf] b'O{ bzssf] ptf/r9fjk"0f{ /fhgLltsf] j[QfGt xf] . dfcf]jfbL ;z:q ljb|f]x z'¿ ePkl5 g]kfn s;/L u'lh|of], dfcf]jfbLn] /fhb/af/ / ef/t;Fu s:tf] ;DaGw /fVof] / To;n] g]kfnL /fhgLltdf s:tf] c;/ kf¥of] h:tf ljifodf Pp6f kqsf/n] b]v]sf], ef]u]sf] / vf]h]sf] s'/f 5, k|of]uzfnfdf . lbNnLsf] e"ldsf c¿ bneGbf dfcf]jfbLdf a9L b]lvPsf] tkfO{+sf] k':tsdf 5 lg Û g]kfnL /fhgLltdf lbNnLsf] e"ldsf klxn]b]lv g} 5 . kl5Nnf] ;do ljb|f]xL dfcf]jfbLn] ;xof]u dfu]kl5 tyf /fhf / ;ft bnaLr b"/L a9]kl5 p;sf] e"ldsf a9]sf] xf] . /fhf, ;ft bn jf dfcf] jfbLn] ;Lldt cfsf+Iffn] ;xof]u dfu] klg ef/tn] cfˆgf] nIo / /0fgLlt cg';f/ e"ldsf a9fO/Xof] . /, clxn] …dfOqmf]–Dofg]hÚ ug] { tx;Dd k'u]sf] 5 . t/, of] cj:yfn] xfdLnfO{ dfq xf]Og, ef/ tnfO{ klg nfe k'u]sf] 5}g . ef/tnfO{ lsg nfe x'Fb}g < ef/tn] /fhgLlts jf s"6gLltseGbf sd{rf/LtGq / u'Ktr/

54 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

lgsfosf] cfFvfaf6 x]/]sfn] oxfF w]/} u8a8 ePsf] 5 . lsgeg], / fhgLlt1 jf pRr txsf] s"6gLlt1n] h:tf] u'Ktr/ lgsfon] a[xQ/ / bL3{sfnLg ;f]r /fv]/ ljb]z gLlt lgdf{0f ub{}g . g]kfn–ef/taLr klxn] k|wfgdGqL, /fhf–/fi6«klt / pRr / fhgLlts txdf låkIfLo ;DaGw x'g] u/]sf]df clxn] g]kfnsf g] tfx¿n] ef/tsf] lgDg jf dWod txsf sd{rf/Lsf] d'v tfSg yfn] sf 5g\ . t/, o;n] g]kfndf ef/tlj/f]wL efjgf a9fpg] x'gfn] ef/ tnfO{ kmfObf x'Fb}g . a+unfb]z, >Ln+sf, dflNbE; / kl5Nnf] ;do e'6fgdf ef/tlj/f]wL ;]lG6d]G6 b]lvg'sf] sf/0f o:t} eP/ xf] . dfcf]jfbL ;kmn x'g'df pkof]lutfjfb k|d'v sf/0f xf] < g]kfndf o:tf] cfGbf]ng df}nfpg ;Sg] ;fdflhs, cfly{s / / fhgLlts cfwf/x¿ kof{Kt lyP . t/, ;dod} ;]gf kl/rfng gx'g' dfcf]jfbL ljb|f]x df}nfpg'sf] sf/0f /Xof] . ;/sf/n] rfxFbf klg b/af/n] ;]gf kl/rfng ug{ glbP/ kl5 cfkm}+ lzsf/ x'g] vfnsf] cb"/bzL{ lg0f{o lnof] . @)%* kl5 eg] dfcf]jfbL ljb|f]x km}nfpg ef/tsf] e"ldsf / Xof] . ef/t / dfcf]jfbLaLr ;+:yfut ;DaGw ufFl;Psf] ToxL j] nf xf] . To;kl5 ef/tn] g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ dfcf]jfbL lj?4 n8\g ;xof]u u/] klg dfcf]jfbL g]tfx¿nfO{ ToxfF v'nf ultljlw ug{ 5"6 lbof] . h;sf] kmfObf dfcf]jfbLn] /fd|/L p7fof] . t/ lbNnLn] klg g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf x:tIf]k a9fof] . h'g, dfcf]jfbL ljb|f]xsf] d'Vo b'ikl/0ffd xf] .


cf]jfbL ljb|fx] sf] b'ikl/0ffd xf]Ú k':tsdf elgP cg';f/ t dfcf]jfbL …hgo'4Ú k|f]S;L jf/ h:t} b]lvG5 lg x}g < dfcf]jfbL o'4 ef/t jf b/af/;Fu ;Nnfx u/]/ z'¿ u/] h:tf] dnfO{ nfUb}g . To;sf] j:t'ut cfwf/ b]zd} lyof] . lj:tf/df dfq lbNnL / b/af/sf] k|d'v e"ldsf /x]sf] xf] . b/af/ / lbNnLn] dfcf] jfbLnfO{ / dfcf]jfbLn] b'j}nfO{ pkof]u ug{ vf]h]sf lyP . k':tsn] t ljb|f]xsf] w/ftn d'Vo ¿kdf dfcf]jfbLsf] cj;/ jfb b]vfpF5=== < cj;/jfb dfcf]jfbLsf] k'/fg} gLlt xf] . u0ftGq nIo eP klg u0ftGq gcfO{ /fhf;Fu ;xsfo{ x'Fbf klg 7Ls eGg]df lyof], pm . ef/tsf] Pp6f ;]S;g klxn]b]lv g} g]kfndf u0ftGq rfxGYof] . p;sf] b/af/;Fu b"/L a9]kl5 dfcf]jfbL;Fu ldNtL eof] . /fhfn] lsgf/f nufPkl5 ;+;b\jfbLx¿ klg /fhflj/f]wL lsQfdf k'u] . / fhtGq hfg'df dfcf]jfbL hlQ g} ef/t klg sf/s /Xof] . tTsfnLg /fhf 1fg]Gb|sf] d"v{tfn] To;df an k'¥ofPsf] xf] . b/af/ / dfcf]jfbLaLrsf] ;DaGwn] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ alnof] / b/af/nfO{ sdhf]/ agfPsf] xf] <

lgZro g} . lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfn] eg]sf lyP— jL/]Gb| klg zf;g;Qf lng rfxGy] . t/ pgn] eGbf 1fg]Gb|n] xtf/ u/] . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lgx'F agfP/ ;Qfdf k"0f{ lgoGq0f agfpg] b/af/sf] dxŒjfsf+Iff lyof] . To;}n] /fhtGq cGTo u¥of] . b/af/ xTofsf08 bLk]Gb|sf] ;gsn] dfq} gePsf] tkfO{+sf] egfO xf] <

b/af/ xTofsf08 x'gc' l3 tTsfnLg /fhf jL/]Gb|n] efO wL/]Gb| / s0f{]n lbnLk /fodf‰L h:tf b"tx¿nfO{ dfcf] jfbL;Fu jftf{ ug{ v6fPsf lyP . jL/]Gb|sf lgs6:yx¿sf] egfOdf dfcf]jfbLsf] ceLi6k|lt g/d geP klg t'?Gt} ;]gf kl/rfng ubf{ ;d:of aN‰]/ b]z u[xo'4tkm{ hfg ;Sg] / /fhtGqsf] eljio ;+s6df kg{ ;Sg] jL/]Gb|sf] cfsng lyof] . To;sf nflu pgn] ef/t, rLg / cd]l/ sfsf] ;xof]u lng vf]h] klg ef/tsf] ;xdlt kfPgg\ . rLgsf] ;xdltdf dfcf]jfbL;Fusf] jftf{ pTsif{df k'u]sf] j]nf b/af/ xTofsf08 ePsf] b]lvG5 . t/, clxn];Dd k|fKt tYo / 36gfqmdn] xTofsf08sf] dfWod bLk]Gb| ag]sf] b]vfpF5g\ . jL/]Gb|sf] ;Defljt sbd g?rfpg]x¿n] bLk]Gb|nfO{ dxŒjfsf+Iff hufP/ prfn]sf / bLk]Gb| /fhf x'Fbf cfkm"n] rfx] h;/L rnfpg ;lsg] ck] Iff /fv]sf x'g ;S5g\ . b/af/ xTofsf08nfO{ clxn]sf] ;+qmd0fsf] pb\ud dfGg ;lsG5 . b/af/ xTofsf08n] u0ftGq / ;Lldt cfsf/sf] dfcf]jfbL o'4nfO{ lj:tf/ x'g] 9f]sf vf]lnlbof] . u'Ktr/Lsf y'k|} k|;+ux¿ klg 5g\, k':tsdf < ef/tLo u' K tr/ …/cÚ n] g] k fnL ;] g f, /fli6« o cg';Gwfg ljefu, dfcf]jfbL / /fhgLlts kf6L{;Fu ;DaGw /fv]/ sfd u/]sf] lyof] . :jb]zL tyf ljb]zL u'Ktr/ lgsfox¿ kl5 a;]/ sfd ug{] lg0ff{os j]nfdf e"ldsf b]vfpFy] . pgLx¿sf] aflx/L ¿k /fhgLltsdL{, s"6gLlt1 h] klg x'g ;SYof] . g]kfnL /fhgLltdfly ef/tLo OG6]lnh]G; xfjL ePsf] b]lvof] x}g < g]kfnsf] ljifodf @)%( af6 tTsfnLg k|wfgdGqL c6nlaxf/L jfhk]oLn] u'Ktr/ lgsfonfO{ …8]–6'–8]Ú sfd ug]{ lhDd]jf/L lbPsf] b]lvG5 . ToxL cg';f/, …/cÚ sf] e"ldsf clxn] klg hf/L 5 . of] k|of]uzfnfdf clGtd ljho s;n] kfPsf] 7fGg'x'G5 < k':tsdf d}n] lbNnL, b/af/ / dfcf]jfbLnfO{ d'Vo kfq agfPsf] 5' . b/af/sf] k/fho eO;Sof] . lbNnL !# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 55


snfsf/

df]km;n a;]/ klg rrf{df ;f]let a:ofn

k|ltef b]vfpg /fhwfgL hfg} kg{] dfGotfnfO{ tf]8\b} s]xL o'jf hGd:ynd} a;]/ ;+uLtdf hDg yfn]sf 5g\ . k| l tef km:6fpg /fhwfgLdf a:g} kg{ ] k/Dk/fut ;f] r fO /x] s f] d f gjnk/f;L u}+8fsf]6sf ljzfn 9sfn, lj/f6gu/sf k|anbLk ljZjf; -/fhj+zL_ / kf]v/fsf ;f] l et a:ofnn] eg] hGd:ynd} a;] / ;+ u Ltdf k| l tef b] v fO/x] s f 5g\ . u}8+ fsf]6sf] afn ljsf; pRr dfljdf c+uh ]| L ljifo k9fpg] ljzfnn] Tot} a;]/ ;+uLt e/]sf] ufos /fh]zkfon /fO{n] ufPsf] …lk/tLsf] gfddf ;w}+ wf]sf vfO{Ú, e'jg Kof;Ln] ufPsf] …of] h'gLnfO{ xf]Og h'gL–h'gLnfO{Ú, :j?k/fh 56 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

k|anbLk ljZjf;

c n] ufPsf] …j/ ?Fbf kLknÚ rlr{t ag]sf] cfrfo{ 5 eg] slxn]sfxL+ /fhwfgL cfP klg pgn] llk/tLsf] gfpdf, a}u'gL ofbx¿ / ;do PPsn cNad g} ahf/df NofO;s]sf 5g\ . ljzfnn] ;+uLt lbPsf ^) j6f uLtdf //fh]zkfon /fO{, /fds[i0f 9sfn, bLks llnDa", :j?k/fh cfrfo{, c~h' kGt h:tf r rlr{t ufos÷uflosfn] :j/ lbPsf 5g\ . ppgsf] Ifdtfsf] sb/ ub{} g]kfn 6]lnlehgdf k|k;f/0f eO/x]sf] l;l˪ :6f/ sfo{qmdn] p pgnfO{ cltly agfPsf] 5 . lj/f6gu/sf ufos k|anbLkn] pt} a;]/ cf7 j6f efiffdf uLt /]s8{ u/fO;s]sf 5g\ . :yfgLo tLg j6f lghL ljBfnodf ljBfyL{nfO{ n ;+uLt l;sfpFb} :j/ ;fwgfdf nfu]sf pgn] lj=;=+ @)%( df /]l8of] g]kfndf ah]sf] …xfd|d|f] sf /Dof] b]z= =Ú uLtdf klxnf] k6s :j/ lbPsf sf] lyP . ;+uLtsf/ e'kG] b| /fodf‰fLaf6 kfPsf] df Tof] cj;/df Ifdtf b]vfPsf pgn] /fdf o, d08n, k|sfz >]i7, ;kgf>L, O{Zj/ cdfTo, k|ltdf /fhe08f/L h:tf rlr{t ufos;Fuu}} uLt ufO;s]sf 5g\ . clxn];Dd !%) eGbf a9L uLt /]s8{ u/fO;s]sf pgn] !)) j6f uLtdf ;+uLtt lg klg lbPsf 5g\ . Pp6f ;f]nf] cNad h] klg ahf/df NofO;s]sf pgn] /fhj+zL, yf¿, ¿, sf d}ynL, lxGbL, ef]hk'/L efiffsf rnlrqsf uLtdf klg :j/ lbPsf 5g\ . @)^@ df n g]kfn 6]lnlehgaf6 k|;f/0f x'g] g]kfn :6f/df kf“rf}+ :yfg kfPsf pgL ToxL jif{if{ a/ g]kfn jfg 6]lnlehgaf6 k|;f/0f x'g] gDa/ jfg 6\ofn]G6 x06df pTs[i6 bzdf k/]sf sf n lyP . d}ynL efiffsf] rnlrq k|]d ;kmn df ufPsf] uLtn] pgnfO{ @)^$ df Od]h

cjf8{ lbnfPsf] lyof] . @)%& b]lv ;+uLtdf nfu]sf kf]v/fsf ;f]let a:ofnn] ufPsf] uLt …hlt 6f9fÚ rlr{t 5 eg] pgsf] :j/ / ;+uLt /x]sf] klxnf] kk ] } 5 . Do"lhs cNad Go"/f]8 n] klg rrf{ a6'ns lel8cf] lgdf{0f / To;df clego klg ug{] pgnfO{ ut j}zfvdf Do"lhsva/86sdn] ;jf]{Ts[i6 ufossf] cjf8{ lbPsf] lyof] . kf]v/fsf] uf]/vfnL /]l8of]af6 kf]v/]nL ufossf] ;Ddfg klg kfPsf pgL kf]v/fdf x'g] ;a}h;f] sG;6{df ;xefuL x'G5g\ . sdn l/dfn÷lj/f6gu/, ;ljtf >]i7÷ gf/fo0f3f6, dfwj a/fn÷kf]v/f

ljzfn 9sfn


!# c;f]h @)&) ¦ lxdfn 57


ljljw ls/0f kf}8\ofn

6f]/f]G6f]

cg'ej

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58 lxdfn ¦ !# c;f]h @)&)

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