Hong Kong Model United Nations COMMITTEE: Security Council QUESTION OF: Foreign Military Intervention SUBMITTER: The Russian Federation CO-SUBMITTERS: People’s Republic of China, Republic of India SIGNATORIES: Arab Republic of Egypt, Syrian Arab Republic, South Africa, The Islamic Republic of Iran, Republic of India, People’s Republic of China, Republic of Rwanda The Security Council, Recalling the fundamental commitments of the United Nations to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, and promote social progress, better living standards and human rights, Further recalling all previous attempts of foreign military intervention by the United Nations, Reaffirming the importance of national sovereignty and territorial integrity of each state as stated in the United Nations Charter, Noting with utmost concern that the principles of Responsibility to Protect (R2P) can easily be abused and used to justify force, thus breaching human rights, Further noting that humanitarian intervention can be used as a pretext for foreign intervention, Recognizing that a better source of protecting civilians would be preventing conflicts from occurring in the first place, Stressing the importance of international compliance in the matter of intervention, Emphasizing the importance of humanitarian concerns in any military intervention, 1. Defines foreign military intervention as a nation’s deliberate usage of military forces against another state when the country declares that the military action’s aim is to end human rights violations in that country, 2. Suggests that the United Nations respect the rights and sovereignty of a country unless directly contradicting the objectives of the United Nations when: a. the country in question is capable of resolving the situation on its own b. the situation in question is domestic affair which will not affect other countries 3. Condemns countries who inflict harm on host countries by: a. worsening the present situation b. posing a threat on national sovereignty of host country 4. Encourages that when a state is no longer upholding its responsibilities as a sovereign, that is, when the state is either allowing mass atrocities to occur, or is
committing them, a. The United Nations urge governments to prevent situations from continuing through means of, including but not limited to: i. Economic sanctions ii. Arms embargo iii. Calls for ceasefire iv. Safe areas 5. Proposes the creation of the Ban on Armed Response Executions (BARE) committee which will largely focus on methods to solve crises on a case-by-case basis a. To link diverse, open-minded and intelligent people from across the globe b. To increase the cooperation of member states to deal with matters without using military intervention c. To exercise the fundamental commitment of peace maintenance 6. Encourages the participation of all member states in the aforementioned BARE committee 7. Urges nations not to abuse and manipulate the principle of Responsibility to Protect by (R2P): a. seeking consent of and giving notifications to host country before invoking the R2P military intervention b. withdrawing international forces as soon as host country requests for removal 8. Encourages other means of peacekeeping by, including but not limited to: a. diplomatic conversations b. economic sanctions imposed by UN nations 9. Calls for strict guidelines on follow-up after foreign military intervention, which will be issued by the BARE committee in conjunction with the UNSC, 10. Demands that member states report any evidence of actions inconsistent with this resolution to the Security Council immediately, a. Any and all infractions of this resolution will utilized as evidence for attempting to circumvent UN procedures, 11. Encourages an expansion in the number of UN peacekeeping forces, a. These forces may only be utilized to stabilize the situation in the aftermath of regional conflicts and not for the purposes of intervention b. Encourages member states to increase allotment of peacekeeping troops in the UN 12. Decides to remain actively seized on the matter.