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HKMUN ‘14 Delegate Training Session





Background knowledge of the topic (context) Goal: Representing your country’s stance (any deviation must be justified in your position paper) Resources: Chair report (Significance/Scope of the topic)


Past UN resolutions/documents on the topic


Other websites/books/newspapers


UN Cyberschoolbus (UN initiative to educate budding MUNers)


Highly recommend consulate visits and interviews of diplomats and academics

o o o

When you research…

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Make sure you verify the origin and purpose of your sources Keep in mind that what the sources make you believe can be different from the actual truth/situation (ex. photographs on news can be cropped so that you don’t see what is around) - make sure you challenge what you read by researching using different sources triangulation is a good technique to verify values and limitations of a source

Position Papers

What is it?

Why is it important?


o o

Writing piece detailing your country’s position on the topic at hand A good position paper allows delegates to ascertain their stance well Helps in clarifying stance to other countries if the chair asks for a loud reading out of the position paper

Elements: o o o o

Stance Past actions that strengthen your country’s position Relevant UN resolutions from the past What do you hope to achieve in the resolution?

What to do and what not to do: Do: Be succinct. Use formal, diplomatic terminology. Divide it into paragraphs (with each paragraph dealing with a separate issue). *Could be used as a good opening speech. Delegates can highlight important points on the position paper during the opening speech (limited to one minute).

Don’t: Do not make it a historical narrative. Make sure you are writing from your country’s perspective.

Flow of debate (final conference)

• • • • •

Roll call Motion for opening the debate Setting a topic on agenda Opening General Speakers List Debate o

Moderated caucus Purpose



o o

Unmoderated caucus Purpose




Suspension/Closure of debate

Voting requirements Motion

Requirement for passing

Open/Close speakers list

Simple majority

Motion to suspend

Simple majority

Motion to adjourn debate


Motion for a moderated/unm oderated Points: caucus

Simple majority

● Point of inquiry Motion to close 2/3 ● Point of personal privilege debate ● Point of information ● Point of order

All formal speeches must be diplomatic. The Chair has the right to intervene or dismiss a delegate based on misuse of language in a speech. All countries are responsible to respect the positions of other countries, and any forms of verbal or written assault will not be tolerated. All countries must exercise equal power.

Caucusing General tips: Find your ‘blocks’. Share ideas, find common ground with likeminded countries. Be prepared to make compromises. That said, NEVER go against your stance.


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Drafting a resolution Bringing it to the floor


o The Main Submitter, Co-sponsors, Signatories o Co-sponsors are all contributors to the resolution o Signatories do not indicate support of the resolution but simply support in favour of bringing it to debate it on the floor

o Preambulatory clauses o Operative clauses o Amendments

o Voting 

Friendly - automatically adopted

Unfriendly - Simple majority required

Dress Code Delegates are responsible to dress in formal attire for all conference dates except during the banquet.

HKMUN Delegate Training Session