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QUESTION OF: DRUG WAR IN SOUTH AMERICA 2007 COMMITTEE: THE HISTORICAL SECURITY COUNCIL SUBMITTED BY: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA CO-SPONSORED BY: BRAZIL, REPUBLIC OF INDIA, NIGERIA, CANADA Recognizes that drug trafficking is a problem which has international effects, and can only be resolved through global cooperation; Deeply concerned that drug trafficking leads to rippling adverse social effects such as increased drug consumption, violence, and slowed economic development; Alarmed that numerous civilians are recruited yearly to help drug cartels carry out various operations; Condemns drug cartel violence which results in thousands of civilian deaths yearly; Emphasizes that production, transport, and consumption of drugs must all be addressed in order to effectively combat the issue; Further emphasizes that the livelihoods of civilians dependent on the drug trade should not be disregarded, as drug lords, and not them, are responsible for instigating the criminal activity and capturing impoverished civilians; 1. Demands nations in the South American begin to tackle the underlying social and economic

a. i. ii. b. i.

ii. 1. 2. 3.

issues, such as underdevelopment, that cause civilians to take part in criminal activities organized by drug cartels, through measures such as but not limited to: Increasing standard of living through investment into infrastructure such as public housing, roads, schools, and hospitals, which may be achieved through means such as but not limited to: Re-evaluation of budgeting, with more emphasis on using funds to develop the aforementioned infrastructural areas, Seeking the support of other nations to replicated successful infrastructural development projects that will be both economically and environmentally sustainable, Periodic reviewing of the unemployment statistics, and acting upon them through means such as but not limited to: Cooperation with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to construct vocational training programs for impoverished citizens, so as to increase the chances of them becoming employed, which will discourage citizens from taking part in illegal activity, Development of self-employment schemes for civilians in cooperation with NGOs to: Help citizens gain a sustainable income in their own native area, Help the economy and other citizens of the area, Disincentivize the economic benefits of taking part in the drug trade,

4. Encourage health and character development, 2. Demands the provision of alternative livelihoods to farmers growing narcotic crops such that

a. i. ii. iii. iv. v. 1. 2. 3. 4. b. i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. 3.

a. b. 4. a. b. c.

there is decreased profit incentive to continue working in the industry, through means such as but not limited to: Selecting an alternative crop which the farmers can produce, which will be selected upon consideration of criteria such as, but not limited to: The comparative economic advantage of growing a particular crop in the nation, The relative cost of overseas selling to production and export cost, The current supply and demand of the crop, Future supply and demand projections, which may be obtained upon consultation with an accredited and certified economic analyst, specialized in narcotic and general crops, The potential difficulty of transition from production of narcotic crops to another crop, which may be created by factors such as, but not limited to differences in: Specific tools required, Types of farm transport required, Soil composition, Climate, Facilitating transition from drug production or transport to a selected alternative crop production, through means such as but not limited to: Gradual education of the farmer regarding how to grow the crop to be newly introduced, Explanation of the economic advantages of growing the particular crop, Verifying that existing narcotic crops are compensated for, Confirming that irrigation is sufficiently maintained in the transition, Ensuring that a supply of seeds and/or other materials required to cultivate the new crop is easily available and set up for the farmer, Establishing storage systems suitable for the new crop, Creating transport systems suitable for the new crop, Ensuring that access to adequate demand is present, Urges nations with a lack of or an inadequate anti-corruption infrastructure to cooperate with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to create a comprehensive opposing initiative, through means such as but not limited to cooperation with: An independent anti-corruption organization with advisory members from the UNODC and NGOs such as Transparency International, Law enforcement agencies trained to counter crime and corruption related activities such as extortion within the government; Calls upon developing nations in South America, in cooperation with MEDCs (more economically developed nations) to decrease the demand for drugs through: Mandatory drug education for adolescents, Public information campaigns, Improving the conditions in drug rehabilitation programs to provide greater incentive for drug users to seek professional help, through means such as but not limited to:

i. ii. iii. d. e. 5. a. b. c. d. 6. a. b. i. ii.

c. d.

7. a. b. 8.

Providing government funded subsidies to rehabilitation programs, so as to reduce their costs as much as possible, Publicizing their services through various online, television, and newspaper advertising platforms, so as to make needy citizens aware of the available services, Conducting regular safety checks on rehabilitation centers to ensure equipment and infrastructure are clean and well-maintained, Increasing the severity of punishment for involvement in drug trafficking, dealing, and use; Strictly enforcing existing and newly-created laws on drug trafficking, dealing and use, Demands further investment in and expansion of border control methods such as but not limited to: Radar detection for unidentified aircraft and seacraft, Non-intrusive drug detection methods such as sniffer dogs at immigration checkpoints, Periodic inspections of fences and surveillance devices on land borders, Random manual checks on air passengers’ baggage, Insists that nations create strategic teams organized by region to: Resolve national sovereignty issues related to trans-national military operations involved in tracking drug traders, Reallocate funds currently directed towards military aid to regional projects focusing on suppressing specific trade routes, such that: Drug trafficking routes can be strategically targeted to limit the options available for drug transport, Military methods for combating drug trafficking can be gradually phased out in favor of police monitoring to curb violence. The military should also be reserved for controlling violence instead of instigating it through proactive actions against drug cartels; Conduct investigations into drug trafficking organizations operating out of multiple nations, Aid the transition of existing drug crop growers to production of other equally economically advantageous crops or industries so as to decrease the flow of drugs without compromising the livelihoods of producers, Encourages nations with a growing number of illicit drug activity to implement educational measures such as but not limited to: Programs dedicated to help citizens recover from drug addiction such as the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD), A curriculum in schools committed in teaching youth about the harms and dangers of drug use and taking part in the drug trade, Decides to remain actively seized on this matter.

HSC Topic 2 Resolution 2