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HKMUN 2014 First caucus: November 9th, 2013 Need wifi? network: HKMUN password: rchkhkmun


Today’s Program

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Overview of HKMUN 2014 Topics & Committees Country allocations Delegate training (in small groups)


HKMUN 2014

Overview


Conference Dates 1st Caucus: November 9 (Saturday) 2nd Caucus: January 18 (Saturday) 3rd Caucus: February 12 (Wednesday) Conference: February 21-22 (Friday-Saturday)


Organisation

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HKMUN Director - Mr. Geoff Wheeler Student Board o o

Secretary General Bilal Khan (LPCUWC)

o o

Deputy Secretary General Momoko Ishii (DC)

o o

President of Security Council Caitlin Fischer (GSIS)

o o

President of General Assembly Samantha Ip (HKIS)


Organisation

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Congratulations to... o o

Chairman of the Board Lucien Wang (KGV)

o o

Press Corps Leader Natasha Lau (South Island School)

o o

HSC Chair Ehab Ebeid (LPCUWC)

o o

HGA chair TBA


Committees

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General Assembly: ECOSOC (double delegation) General Assembly: WHO (single delegation) Historical General Assembly (double delegation) Security Council (double delegation) Historical Security Council (double delegation)

** In addition to delegates, there may be optional researchers in each committee.


Committees There will be 3 topics and 1 emergency topic per committee (except WHO). Delegates can be in more than one committee provided that topics do not clash. Topic orders will be consistent throughout the caucuses and the conference.


Topics Security Council 1. Weaponization of Space 2. Protocol for International Intervention 3. International Surveillance Historical SC 1. Arab-Israeli War 1967 2. Drug War in South America 3. Korean War 1950


Topics GA: ECOSOC 1. Protocol for Emergency Humanitarian Assistance 2. Pollution and Environmental Sustainability in Developing Nations 3. Political and Industrial Corruption in Developing Nations GA: WHO 1. Generic Drugs and Drug Patents 2. Protocol for Response to Pandemic Disease 3. Maternal Health


Topics GA: Historical 1. Genocide in Rwanda 1994 2. Internally Displaced Persons 3. Apartheid in South Africa


General Assembly vs. Security Council General Assembly Comprises all member states Deals with all issues except peace and security Resolutions generally non-binding towards member states

Security Council 15 members, 5 have veto power Can impose sanctions and authorise force Ultimate goal to promote international peace, deals with issues of security


Communication • • • • •

Facebook group o All delegates must be part of this group! o Purpose: announcements and communication Emails to head delegates o 1 head delegate per school Emails to teacher coordinators Official website (TBA) Twitter page (https://twitter.com/HKMUN2014)

Head delegates are responsible for completing conference registration for their school by Friday, November 22


List of Schools American International School Canadian International School Chinese International School Diocesan Boys School Diocesan Girls School Discovery College Elsa High School French International School German Swiss International School Heep Yunn School Hong Kong International School International Christian School International College of Hong Kong Island School Kiangsu Chekiang International School

King George V School Raimondi College Renaissance College South Island School St Paul's Co-ed St Stephen's Girls College United World College Victoria & Shanghai Academy West Island School Yew Cheung International School Wah Yan College Please email hkmunweb@gmail.com if your school is not listed above by Monday night.


HKMUN 2014

GA:ECOSOC


GA: ECOSOC

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Economic and Social Council Purpose: deals with economic, social, and environmental challenges Double delegations Chair: Samantha Ip (President of GA)


GA: ECOSOC Topic 1: Protocol for Emergency Humanitarian Assistance Topic 2: Pollution and Environmental Sustainability in Developing Nations Topic 3: Political and Industrial Corruption in Developing Countries Emergency Topic


GA: ECOSOC Why ECOSOC? Deals with 70% of the human and financial resources of the UN Consider the economic aspect of issues facing the world today

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GA: ECOSOC

Topic 1: Protocol for Emergency Humanitarian Assistance

What is humanitarian assistance? Aid intended to save lives and alleviate suffering Respond to the effects of a problem (not the cause)

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GA: ECOSOC

Topic 1: Protocol for Emergency Humanitarian Assistance

What emergency situations should delegates consider? Natural disasters: 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake Political turmoil: Syrian Crisis Any situation where sudden and immediate response is necessary

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GA: ECOSOC

Topic 1: Protocol for Emergency Humanitarian Assistance

Issues for delegates to consider How should emergency humanitarian assistance be coordinated? Who can get involved? What if the national government is opposed to international involvement? How will UN, NGO, and other international personnel be protected? How will displaced persons be protected and relocated?

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GA: ECOSOC

Topic 1: Protocol for Emergency Humanitarian Assistance

Issues for delegates to consider How can the short-term emergency response transition into a long-term solution?

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HKMUN 2014

GA:WHO


GA: WHO

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World Health Organization Purpose: acts as a coordinating authority on global health/model the annual meeting of the World Health Assembly Single delegations Chair: Momoko Ishii (Deputy Sec Gen)

http://www.sightsavers.org/images/content/13995.jpg


GA: WHO Topic 1: Generic Drugs and Drug Patents Topic 2: Response to Pandemic Diseases Topic 3: Maternal Health (will be merged with ECOSOC for the emergency topic)

http://www.gsma.com/mobilefordevelopment/wp-cont http://www.alleganyhealthdept.com/images/PANFlu%20Images/syringe%20and%20vaccine.JPG

http://www.biospectrumasia.com/IMG/708/81708/patent-pharma-262x174.jpg


GA: WHO Why WHO?

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an opportunity to address health issues as experts of public health and diplomats most delegates of WHO are physicians, representatives of Ministry of Health and medically certified experts coordinates international disease control and epidemic prevention establishes protocols and standards for health monitoring, academic research and emergency response one of the most universal organizations on the planet (two more member states than GA) with extensive published material


GA: WHO

Topic 1: Generic Drugs and Drug Patents

What are Generic Drugs?

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A genetic drug is a pharmaceutical product manufactured without a license (patent) from the innovator Generic drugs are sold under non-proprietary name rather than a brand name (ex. paracetamol is a chemical ingredient found in various brand-name painkillers but also exist as a generic drug) Generic drugs are cheaper than branded products as they are not tested beyond the initial clinical trials for medical advances - often the only medicines for the underprivileged


GA:WHO

Topic 1: Generic Drugs and Drug Patents

Questions for delegates: 1. How can WHO help developing countries to maximize access to medicine using generic drugs? 2. How can WHO ensure that national administrations impose the same level of standards between brand products and generic drugs?


HKMUN 2014

GA:Historical


GA: Historical Historical General Assembly Purpose: GA set in a particular historical time (depending on the topic) Double delegations Chair: TBA

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GA: Historical Topic 1: Rwandan Genocide 1994 Topic 2: Internally Displaced Persons Topic 3: Apartheid in South Africa Emergency Topic

http://www.humanosphere.org/wp-c


GA: Historical

Topic 1: Rwandan Genocide 1994

Rwandan Genocide 1994:

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Racial confrontation between Hutus and Tutsi groups Government-sponsored genocide of Tutsi group in Rwanda Hutu government encouraged Rwandans to murder all Tutsis in the country Those who opposed to the killing campaign were executed by the state Approximately 800,000 were killed (including ⅔ of Tutsis in Rwanda) over 100 days The United Nations and the international community were reluctant to characterize the killing as a “genocide”, thus delayed any acts of intervention


Topic 1: Rwandan Genocide 1994

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Photo taken by U.S. Rep. Frank Wolf of Virginia (2001)


Topic 1: Rwandan Genocide 1994

Colonialism in Rwanda (1890-1959):

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Belgian colonists created a system of racial classification that divided the Hutus and Tutsis who shared similar physical features and lifestyles Colonists claimed Tutsi as superior because they were more European looking Tutsis had more political, social and economic privileges during the colonial rule (elite class) Hutus overthrew Tutsi rule in 1959 upon Rwandan independence from Belgium


Topic 1: Rwandan Genocide 1994

Questions for delegates: 1. How will “genocide� be defined? 2. What actions must be taken by the UN to stop a genocide from happening? 3. How can the UN devise a plan to contain long-term ethnic tensions?

http://espressostalinist.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/centurys-first-genocide-2.jpg


HKMUN 2014

Security Council


Security Council

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Security Council Purpose: to establish and maintain protocol for international peace Double delegations Chair: Caitlin Fischer (President of SC)


Security Council: Format → different to GA format → 15 member states → 5 permanent members (P5): USA, UK, China, Russia, France → permanent members have veto power → can impose sanctions and authorise force


SC: topics Topic 1: Weaponisation of Space Topic 2: Protocol for International Intervention Topic 3: International Surveillance + Emergency Topic


SC: topics Why were these topics chosen? → increasingly relevant to today’s society → integral to recent world events → situation is still active and evolving → many countries participate


SC: weaponisation of space What do we mean by this topic? → hard question to answer: undefined → what is weaponisation? how does it relate to militarisation? (could GPS satellites be weapons?) Why was it chosen? → latest resolution is hugely outdated → relevant to more countries → advent of technology made issues severe


SC: weaponisation of space


SC: weaponisation of space

Density of Satellites Around the Earth


SC: weaponisation of space Past UN Actions 1967 Outer Space Treaty - overarching principles for the peaceful use of space A/RES/55/32: resolution from 2000; laying out groundwork for peaceful use of space Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space (PAROS) resolution


SC: weaponisation of space Areas to Consider ➔ prevention of an arms race in outer space & equality in terms of development of space technology ➔ to what extent should countries be able to utilise space in national defence? ➔ as space exploration becomes increasingly privatised, how should these firms be monitored?


SC: weaponisation of space Areas to Consider ➔ the weaponisation of space to protect the earth from Potentially Hazardous Objects (PHOs) ➔ how will we prevent the monopolisation of space if weapons are involved? ➔ how will we control the destruction of nations’ space technology as a method of attacking other nations?


SC: weaponisation of space � inner solar system PHOs Russian satellite hit from debris from China anti-satellite missile test


SC: weaponisation of space Initial Questions for Delegates: ➔ How do we define ‘weaponisation’ or ‘militarisation’ of space? ➔ To what extent can outer space be privatised or laid claim to? ➔ To what extent should the international community collaborate (e.g in terms of protecting the Earth from PHOs, or in terms of regulating the private space industry)?


HKMUN 2014

SC:Historical


SC: Historical

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Purpose: GA set in a particular historical time (depending on the topic) Double delegations Chair: Ehab Ebeid


SC: Historical Topic 1: Arab-Israeli war 1967 Topic 2: Drugs War in South America Topic 3: Korean War 1950 Emergency Topic


SC: Historical Topic 1, Arab-Israeli war 1967: - Also known as the ‘Six-day war’ or The Catastrophe (depending on the region) - Initiated by Israel as a ‘preventative military effort’ -Involvement of other Arab Nations -Aftermath: 0.6 million Arabs in Israel, convoluted Israeli politics


HKMUN 2014

Country Allocations


American International School (Colombia) Canadian International School (North Korea) Chinese International School (Germany) Diocesan Boys School (Italy) Diocesan Girls School (Canada) Discovery College (Argentina) Elsa High School (South Korea) French International School (Saudi Arabia) German Swiss International School (China) Heep Yunn School (Mexico) Hong Kong International School (USA) International Christian School (Iran) International College of Hong Kong (Rwanda) Island School (Guatemala)


Kiangsu Chiang International School (Jordan) King George V School (Russia) Raimondi College (Syria) Renaissance College (Japan) South Island School (France) St Paul's Co-ed (Israel) St Stephen's Girls College (South Africa) United World College (United Kingdom) Victoria & Shanghai Academy (Turkey) West Island School (India) Yew Cheung International School (Brazil) Wah Yan College (Egypt)


HKMUN 2014

Delegate Training


Parting words...

Registration is due Friday, Nov 22

Please request to be added to the Facebook group Chairs will be releasing chair reports and position paper information soon Questions? Email hkmun2013@gmail.com

On FB group: http://tinyurl.com/hkmunreg

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Caucus 1 Presentation