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Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012          

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Forum:  General  Assembly  –  Social,  Humanitarian  and  Cultural  Committee   Issue:  Treatment  of  Domestic  Migrant  Workers       Chair:  Tiffany  Chung   Rapporteur:  Nina  Stender            

 


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Table  of  Contents   Afghanistan  ................................................................................................................................  3   Argentina  ....................................................................................................................................  5   Australia  ......................................................................................................................................  6   China  .............................................................................................................................................  7   Democratic  People’s  Republic  of  Korea  .........................................................................  8   France  ...........................................................................................................................................  9   Greece  .........................................................................................................................................  10   Iran  ..............................................................................................................................................  11   Ireland  ........................................................................................................................................  12   Italy  ..............................................................................................................................................  13   Kenya  ..........................................................................................................................................  15   Nigeria  ........................................................................................................................................  16   Norway  .......................................................................................................................................  17   Republic  of  Korea  ..................................................................................................................  18   Republic  of  Philippines  .......................................................................................................  20   Russian  Federation  ...............................................................................................................  21   Saudi  Arabia  .............................................................................................................................  22   Swiss  Confederation  .............................................................................................................  23   United  Arab  Emirates  ..........................................................................................................  24   United  Kingdom  .....................................................................................................................  26   United  States  of  America  ....................................................................................................  27   Zimbabwe  .................................................................................................................................  28        

 


Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012  

 

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Afghanistan   Domestic  migrant  workers  are  indicating  any  person  engaged  in  domestic   work  within  an  employment  relationship  in  a  foreign  country.     Being  a  migrant   worker  is  often  an  alternative  livelihood  opportunity  for  them.     Every  single   year,  there  are  over  2.5  million  Asian  workers  leaving  their  homes  and  families   to  under  contract  to  work  abroad.  Afghanistan  is  currently  one  of  the  countries   of  destination.  The  major  sending  countries  of  migrant  workers  are  India,  Nepal,   Philippines,  Indonesia,  Bangladesh  and  Sri  Lanka.     Our  country,  Afghanistan,  have  been  suffering  different  challenges  on  our   own.  Over  these  years,  our  country  have  had  fully  engaged  in  many  international   efforts  in  many  countries  to  restore  basic  human  rights.     Still,  they  are  domestic   migrant  workers  often  exploited  at  all  stages  of  the  migration  process  in  the   country  of  origin,  transit  and  destination.  Incidents  like  trafficking  and  stranded   in  our  country  are  happening  instantly;  our  country  paid  a  deep  concern  towards   the  basic  human  rights  on  domestic  migrant  workers.  Moreover,  there  is  obvious   growth  on  the  demand  of  female  migrant  workers  since  1980s  and  mostly  for   domestic  services.  Since  then,  we  are  having  problems  with  abusing  due  to   religious  values  and  believe,  especially  females.  We  understand  there  are  still   migrant  workers  living  in  unprivileged  condition.  Therefore,  we  are  committing   to  change  and  protect  women  and  workers  rights,  and  of  course,  their  voices  will   be  heard.     Us,  Afghanistan  has  joined  the  Colombo  Consultative  Process  (RCPs)which   aims  to  provide  a  dialogue  that  is  set  to  evolve  and  contribute  to  strengthening   migration  management  both  in  the  Asian  region  and  in  countries  of  destination.   11  Asian  countries  members  have  discussed  strategies  to  improve  coordination,   optimize  benefits  from  migration,  and  prevent  abuses  at  home  and  abroad  under   the  theme  of  ‘Migration  with  dignity’  in  2011  conference.  Nevertheless,  being  a   destination  country,  we  are  trying  to  promote  safe  migration  by  allowing  access   to  support  to  migrants  in  times  of  need,  for  examples  like  NGOs;  and  also  ensure   employers  in  Afghanistan  adhere  to  employment  contracts  and  all  its   commitments  and  tenets.     International  labor  organization  has  setting  standards  for  the  treatment  for   domestic  worker  during  the  Domestic  Workers  Convention  in  June  2011.  There   are  recommendations  on  decent  work  for  domestic  workers  aim  at  protecting   and  improving  the  working  and  living  conditions  of  domestic  workers   worldwide.  This  is  a  very  good  start  for  us,  especially  during  a  time  that  we  urge   to  gain  support  from  international  support.    


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However,  funding  is  one  of  our  major  concerns  to  implement  solutions.  We   are  urges  to  receive  support  from  international  organization,  like  loans  from   World  Bank.  Additionally  cooperate  with  more  developed  countries  that  are   having  the  same  problems  like  us.  In  this  case,  we  can  receive  aids  from   developed  countries.  Having  the  funding  and  aids,  it  is  one  big  step  closer  to  our   goal  of  protecting  worker’s  rights  and  abusing  problems.        


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Argentina   Argentina  recognizes  the  concern  that  the  United  Nations  has  for  the  rights   of  migrant  workers  and  is  willing  to  take  responsibility  of  protecting  these  rights.   Bringing  new  economic  activity,  migrant  workers  are  welcomed  and  encouraged   in  our  nation.     However,  today  in  Argentina,  these  migrant  workers  are  still  facing  many   challenges.     Our  own  capital,  Buenos  Aires  is  still  home  to  many  undocumented   migrant  workers  that  come  from  the  poorer  countries  of  South  America.     With   the  UN  Migrant  Workers  Convention  in  mind,  we  are  willing  to  take  drastic   measures  to  improve  the  living  quality  of  these  migrant  workers.     Argentina  promises  to  extend  our  access  to  job  security,  better  pay,  and   social  services,  which  are  enjoyed  by  Argentine  citizens,  to  migrant  workers.     We  also  will  work  to  monitoring  black  market  labor  and  registering  the  currently   undocumented  migrant  workers  by  implementing  safe  and  simple  procedures   into  the  registration  process.       By  legalizing  migrant  workers,  Argentina  aims  to  provide  protection  and   freedom  to  all  residents  in  our  country.            


Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012  

 

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Australia   There  area  many  millions  of  migrant  workers  in  domestic  labour  around   the  world.  Without  any  changes  and  monitoring  soon,  these  workers  will   continue  to  suffer  violent  and  oppressive  employment,  exploitation,  exclusive   health  and  security  schemes  and  remuneration  below  the  minimum  or  legal   wage  rate.     On  June  16th  2011,  the  International  Labour  Organization  adopted  this   convention  and  as  of  today,  the  organization  strongly  encourages  other   governments  to  implement  it,  as  it  would  benefit  countries  that  need  to  improve   their  laws  to  protect  domestic  workers’  rights  in  their  economies.   Several  forms  of  basic  rights  of  Domestic  workers:   •

The  right  to  receive  a  minimum  wage  rate  or  receive  remuneration   no  less  than  the  legal  wage  rate  in  a  country  

The  right  to  work  no  longer  than  45  hours  per  week  and  no  more   than  9  hours  per  day  

• The  right  to  freedom  of  association     • The  right  to  have  at  least  24  consecutive  hours  of  rest  per  week   ILO  actions  towards  implementing  the  convention:   The  new  ILO  standards  set  out  that  domestic  workers  around  the  world   who  care  for  families  and  households  must  have  the  same  basic  labour  right  s  to   those  available  to  other  workers:  reasonable  hours  of  work,  weekly  rest  of  at   least  24  consecutive  hours,  clear  information  of  terms  and  conditions  of   employment,  as  well  as  respect  for  fundamental  principles  and  rights  at  work   (including  Freedom  of  association  and  collective  bargaining).   Australia’s  relevance  to  the  adoption  of  the  convention:   Australia  is  a  nation  whose  recent  history  and  foundation  has  been  largely   built  on  the  back  of  labour  migration.  Up  until  present  day,  Australia’s  economy   still  depends  heavily  on  migrant  labour  to  fill  skill  gaps  and  labour  demands.   Hence,  ratifying  the  Convention  would  be  in  the  best  interests  of  both  Australian   and  migrant  workers,  ensuring  that  the  employment  standards  in  Australia   remain  at  a  certain  level  of  quality.   Actions  towards  the  implementation  of  the  convention:   The  Australian  government  has  chosen  to  stand  by  the  implementation  and   improvement  of  rights  of  domestic  workers  and  remains  a  strong  proponent  of   the  convention.    


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China   The  People’s  Republic  of  China  would  like  to  expresses  its  tacit  support  for   humanitarian  issues  in  the  protection  of  domestic  migrant  workers’  rights.   Despite  our  lack  of  participation  as  a  signatory  in  the  1990  International   Convention  on  the  Rights  of  Migrant  Workers,  the  PRC  is  working  to  slowly,  but   surely  reform  Chinese  laws  to  promote  fair  treatment  of  domestic  migrant   workers.  China  wholly  agrees  in  principle  with  the  aims  presented  in  this  issue.   We  feel  that  the  unjust  policies  targeting  migrant  workers  are  merely  widening   the  poverty  gap.   The  PRC  is  predominantly  still  a  developing  country  with  large  economical   and  educational  gaps  between  regions  of  the  country.  Rash  and  immediate   changes  to  policies  would  cause  an  uncontrollable  surge  of  migration.  Which  our   current  technology  and  reliance  on  the  agricultural  sector  cannot  sustain.  The   journey  towards  complete  reformation  of  our  current  hukou  system  is  a  gradual   process.  With  the  rapidly  rising  economy,  migrant  workers  play  key  roles  in  the   growth  of  the  country.   Since  1993,  China  has  implemented  policies  to  relax  the  hukou  system.   Modifications  of  laws  specific  to  rural  migrant  workers  has  ensured  steady   progress  towards  reaching  equality.  The  People’s  Republic  of  China  hopes  for   international  recognition  of  this  issue  and  cooperation  towards  the  protection  of   migrant  workers’  rights.      


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Democratic  People’s  Republic  of  Korea     The  Democratic  People’s  Republic  of  Korea,  being  the  leading  nation  of  the   world,  understands  the  concerns  of  the  many  different  nations  regarding  the   treatment  of  domestic  migrant  workers.  We  have  demonstrated  clearly  that  a   nation  is  able  to  run  most  efficiently  when  no  domestic  migrant  workers  are   employed  in  a  country,  and  we  have  shown  that  this  is  the  way  to  go  -­‐  the  DPRK   way.   Employing  domestic  migrant  workers  is  an  idea  perpetuated  by  our   Western  compatriots,  and  following  suit  would  only  lead  your  nation  down  the   wrong  paths.  North  Korea  is  a  world  leader  in  labour  rights.  We  set  the  bar  for   the  world  to  follow.  We  are  above  the  exploitation  of  foreign  labour,  and  our   persistence  in  this  field  is  what  truly  makes  us  the  Democratic  People’s  Republic   of  Korea.     Change  is  never  fine.  They  say  it  is,  but  it’s  not.  Do  it  our  way,  the  best  way,   the  DPRK  way.   North  Korea  is  the  best  Korea,  and  may  our  new  great  leader  lead  us  to   future  glory  -­‐  Long  live  Kim  Jong  Un!    


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France   France  recognizes  that  we  as  a  country  are  host  to  a  large  visible  minority   of  migrants;  that  is  to  say,  both  EU  and  non-­‐EU  migrants.  We  have  not  ratified   with  The  United  Nations  International  Convention  on  the  Protection  of  the  Rights   of  All  Migrant  Workers  and  Members  of  Their  Families,  though  we  recognize  the   responsibility  we  uphold  as  one  of  the  largest  international  communities  in  the   world  to  mind  the  wellbeing  of  the  minorities  living  in  our  country.  Since  the   1990s,  we  have  encouraged  professionalization  of  domestic  work  as  an  attempt   to  raise  create  jobs,  and  we  have  in  turn  established  a  system;  the  National   Agency  for  Personal  Services,  to  protect  the  public  policies  of  domestic  workers   in  France.  However,  there  remains  an  issue  of  unregistered  workers  and  this   enables  many  illegalities,  like  underpayment,  abuse  and  tax  evasion,  to  occur.  A   reaction  to  this  was  the  Private  Employers  National  Collective  Agreement,  one  of   many  implementations  we  introduced  to  tackle  this  issue.  This  regulation   protects  the  basic  humanitarian  rights  of  those  working  under  a  domestic  basis.   We  encourage  fellow  countries  to  view  and  respect  the  profession  of  domestic   work  and  to  pay  the  concerns  this  issue  deserves,  as  we  as  a  country  have,  in   order  to  minimize  the  potential  for  unprofessionalism  in  the  workplace  as  a   given  risk.      


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Greece   GENERAL  CONFEDERATION  OF  GREEK  WORKERS   This  is  the  educational  institution  of  the  General  Confederation  of  Greek   Workers,  which  organizes  union  education  and  training  for  its  members  and  for   the  middle  and  upper  level  trade  unions  officials.  It  is  organized  at  a  national   level,  with  11  regional  and  5  sectorial  branches.  The  institute  also   •

carries  out  research  and  studies  on  labour  relations  and  has  a   documentation  and  publishing  department,  

develops  vocational  education  and  training  programmes  for  all  sectors   and  underprivileged  social  groups,  

• • • • •

develops  training  programmes  for  trainers  of  adults,   actively  participates  in  EU  programmes  and  human  resources  networks,   organises  open  days  and  seminars,   develops  associative  relations  with  European  and  international  WEAs,   organises  union  training  seminars  for  unions  of  the  Balkan  countries.  

  Trade  union  view   The  Greek  General  Confederation  of,  the  central  private  sector  trade  union   organisation,  believes  that  the  ILO  report  confirms  its  own  position  that  the  main   problem  of  the  social  insurance  system  is  the  state’s  inconsistency  in  providing   funds.   The  Philippine  Embassy  has  reported  an  estimated  of  40,000  Filipinos  in   Greece      


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Iran   The  Islamic  Republic  of  Iran  is  grateful  of  this  opportunity  to  represent  our   standpoint  regarding  migrant  domestic  workers   Iran,  like  our  neighbouring  Islamic  countries,  is  reliant  on  domestic   workers,  who  are  common  in  Muslim  households.  However,  the  nationalities  of   such  workers  are  only,  only  Iranian,  and  our  government  disallows  the  induction   of  foreigners  as  domestic  workers.  Regardless  of  background,  though,  all   domestic  workers  are  protected  universally  and  undeniably  by  the  humanitarian   compass  of  Islam  and  the  values  set  forth  in  the  Qur’an,  in  which  Allah  teaches  us   “to  respect  all  human  life”.   Thus,  as  a  country  strictly  bound  within  the  freedom  of  Islamic  doctrines,   not  only  are  the  issues  of  violence,  sexual  abuse,  demoralizing  working   conditions  and  inhumanly  poor  return  for  labour  virtually  nonexistent  within   our  own  country,  but  we  also  condemn  such  realities  anywhere  in  the  world,   especially  in  the  context  of  foreign  workers,  an  obligation  shared  by  many  states.   Culture  and  its  impacts  are  central  to  this  matter,  as  well  as  in  employment,   and  the  employee,  especially  if  he  or  she  resides  in  the  household  of  his  or  her   employer,  is  rightfully  subject  to  and  must  abide  by  the  rules  and  rituals   associated  with  the  culture  and  background  of  the  employer.  On  these  grounds,   we  have  maintained  that  foreigners,  the  majority  of  whom  and  come  from   non-­‐Islamic  countries  such  as  the  Philippines,  are  prohibited  from  working  in   any  household  within  Iranian  borders,  the  majority  of  which  are  radically  Islamic.   Such  a  clash  would  have  been  catastrophic.   In  spite  of  this,  we  recognize  the  necessity  of  migrant  employment,  and  its   benefit  towards  low  income  nations.  We  stress  that  culture  is  to  be  strongly   considered  as  a  decisive  factor  in  both  deciding  where  to  work  and  in  judging  the   quality  and  morality  of  the  work  that  is  found.  We  therefore  encourage  and  hope   to  reach  a  convention  that  guarantees  relative  fairness  in  terms  of  rights,  of   security,  of  value  for  workers  of  any  description,  and  especially  of  those  working   in  a  home  in  a  nation  that  is  not  their  own.      


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Ireland   There  are  over  86  million  migrant  workers  active  in  our  world  today.     Ireland  is  one  of  the  top  ten  countries  whose  populations  compose  mainly  of   immigrants  seeking  work.  In  addition,  10%  of  Ireland’s  population  consists  of   the  non-­‐Irish.     Migrant  workers  contribute  almost  4  billion  euros  annually  to   the  Irish  economy.  Therefore,  we  will  continue  to  encourage  the  recruitment  of   migrant  workers  in  the  country  as  this  will  greatly  aid  Ireland’s  economic   growth.     However,  Ireland  is  aware  that  migrant  workers  in  the  country  face  a   number  of  hardships  such  as  discrimination  and  abuse.  Many  employers  fail  to   recognize  that  their  employed  migrant  workers  have  the  same  broad   employment  rights  as  other  normal  workers  in  the  country.  Therefore,  Ireland   will  continue  to  work  towards  establishing  laws  that  will  protect  the  rights  of   migrant  workers  and  is  willing  to  work  with  other  nations  to  do  so.        


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Italy   The  Italian  Republic  is  deeply  troubled  by  the  recent  conditions  facing   domestic  migrant  workers  all  around  the  world.  As  the  representatives  of  a   country  which  is  itself  a  major  destination  for  foreign  economic  migrants,  we  are   well  aware  that  the  magnitude  of  this  situation  is  one  that  calls  for  international   attention  and  action  led  by  this  honourable  body.   The  Italian  Republic  sees  that  many  such  workers  are  abused  by  employers,   which  range  in  size  from  small,  family-­‐run  firms  to  major  multinational   corporations  (MNCs).  Not  only  are  wages  low  and  entirely  disproportionate  to   both  the  amount  of  work  put  in  by  such  employees  and  the  profits  of  the  firms  in   question,  but  there  are  significant  violations  of  local  and  international  laws   concerning  working  hours,  working  conditions,  job  safety  and  job  benefits.  This   runs  entirely  contrary  to  the  International  Convention  on  the  Protection  of  the   Rights  of  All  Migrant  Workers  and  Members  of  Their  Families  (1990)  and  can  be   seen  as  a  gross  and  blatant  violation  of  existing  internal  treaties.   As  a  responsible  member  state  of  this  body  which  has  been  actively  taking   steps  in  protecting  the  rights  and  benefits  of  migrant  workers  and  their  families   in  accordance  with  Italian,  European  and  International  law  and  has  assisted   neighboring  states  in  doing  so,  The  Italian  government  would  like  to  propose   that  this  body  takes  immediate  action  in  protecting  the  rights  of  the  millions  of   such  workers  worldwide.   The  Italian  Republic  sees  that  it  is  crucial  for  this  body  to  urge  all  member   states  of  the  United  Nations  to  follow  the  principles  of  the  Convention  and   protect  the  rights  of  their  domestic  migrant  workers  through  legislation  and  the   extension  of  basic  government  services.  It  is  a  sad  reality  of  the  modern  world   that  the  standard  of  social  welfare,  education  and  healthcare  for  these  workers   are  often  far  below  those  of  their  native  counterparts.  Furthermore,  the  Italian   government  is  of  the  opinion  of  that  arbitrary  and  unfair  internal  immigration   controls  that  discriminate  against  migrant  workers  ought  to  be  removed  and   abolished  by  all  members  of  this  body  as  soon  as  possible.  Finally,  we  would  like   to  urge  the  strengthening  of  legal  penalties  against  businessmen  and  government   officials  who  discriminate  against  migrant  workers  and  their  families.   Secondly,  we  also  see  a  distressing  lack  of  knowledge  of  their  basic  and   fundamental  labour  rights  on  the  part  of  the  workers  themselves.  As  this  is  due   to  insufficient  education  and/or  a  lack  of  activist  groups  and  labour  unions  in   such  countries,  the  Italian  government  would  like  to  call  on  the  International   Labour  Organisation  (ILO)  to  increase  public  awareness  of  the  problem  by  


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means  which  include  the  development  of  educational  and  advertisement   materials  for  use  and  distribution  by  member  states  and  the  launch  of  outreach   programmes  in  such  countries  to  the  same  effect.   Finally,  the  Italian  Republic  would  like  to  ask  this  honourable  body  to   empower  the  ILO  to  actively  protect  the  rights  of  migrant  workers  through  the   establishment  and  enlargement  of  ILP  branch  offices  in  countries  with  significant   amounts  of  domestic  migrant  workers  and  the  provision  of  free  legal  advice  to   abused  workers.     The  Italian  Republic  hopes  that  with  your  support  the  international   community  can  give  the  millions  of  domestic  migrant  workers  around  the  globe   the  rights,  freedoms  and  livelihood  they  deserve  and  put  an  end  to  this  horrible   version  of  modern-­‐day  slavery.          


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Kenya   The  Republic  of  Kenya  recognizes  that  domestic  migrant  workers  face   segregation  within  a  society.  As  a  country  with  multi-­‐ethnic  population,  we   regret  that  such  issues  still  occur  in  our  country.  Under  globalization,  a  growing   amount  of  workers  will  seek  job  opportunities  in  foreign  countries,  and  should   the  issue  of  inequality  and  discrimination  cease  to  exist,  the  discontent  of  the   society  will  only  worsen  as  the  population  of  migrant  domestic  workers  grows.   For  the  unity  within  a  nation,  we  must  first  unite  under  the  name  of  equality  and   fairness  before  we  can  take  further  actions.     The  Republic  of  Kenya  believes  that   it  is  time  for  the  international  community  to  work  together,  only  multilateral   co-­‐operations  can  deal  with  the  problem  mentioned.  We  call  for  international   awareness  of  these  morally  appalling  acts  and  welcome  steps  that  will  be  taken   to  improve  the  situation  domestic  migrant  workers  face.      

 


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Nigeria   Nigeria  deeply  believes  we  shared  an  equal  goal  to  every  each  member  of   United  Nation,  and  that  is  to  give  the  chance  to  male  and  female  domestic   workers  are  give  the  change  to  make  informed  choices  that  determine  their  own   future.   Nigeria  acknowledges  and  responds  to  the  call  for  the  treatment  of   domestic  migrant  workers.  Nigeria  believes  that  this  challenges  posed  by  the   environment  that  the  domestic  workers  are  stuck  into  conditions  where  they  are   abused  sexually,  physically  and  mentally.     Since  1974,  Nigeria  recognizes  that  the  degree  of  inequality  between  the   employer  and  the  domestic  worker  needs  to  be  combat  through  the  support  and   implementation  of  numerous  policies.  In  1974,  the  Labour  Decress  has  come  up   with  a  few  law  in  order  achieving  the  right  for  the  domestic  worker.  To  stop  the   status  of  child  labor  practices  and  the  minimum  age  for  employment  and  the   acceptable  conditions  for  workers.   Efforts  have  all  been  made  with  hard  work  and  good  intention,  however   Nigeria  is  still  struggling  to  achieve  equality  between  the  employer  and  the   domestic  workers.  Nigeria  recognizes  that  male  and  female  domestic  workers   should  be  given  the  chance  to  make  informed  choices  that  determine  their  own   future.     In  addition,  large  cooperative  organizations  such  as  UNICEF  are  working   with  the  government  to  provide  hundreds  of  domestic  workers  in  Nigeria  with   literacy  classes  to  broaden  their  knowledge.  Workers  both  men  and  woman  can   choose  from  a  range  of  classes,  including  hairdressing,  fashion  design  and  even   cooking.  This  helps  strengthen  their  ability  and  confidence.   Nigeria  promotes  achieving  gender  equality  in  order  to  improve   sustainable  development  by:   •

Stop  young  and  uneducated  boys  &  girls  to  serve  as  domestic   servants  

• •

Stop  Human  trafficking   Increase  recognition  and  regulation  of  domestic  work  by  making   laws  clear  and  employers.  

Have  an  official  watch  group  that  monitors  the  households  of   workers  that  are  still  are  still  abused   Nigeria  hopes  to  provide  a  better  domestic  work  society  by  accelerating  the   movement  towards  work  in  conditions  of  freedom,  security  and  dignity.       •


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Norway   Understanding  the  difficult  circumstances  faced  by  domestic  migrant   workers  and  the  significance  of  human  equality,  the  Kingdom  of  Norway  fully   supports  the  protection  of  human  rights  possessed  by  domestic  migrant   workers.     Since  employing  domestic  help  is  generally  unacceptable  in  our  nation,   Norwegian  families  choose  to  employ  au  pairs  (foreign-­‐national  domestic   assistant  working  for,  and  living  as  part  of,  a  host  family).  In  recent  years,  au  pair   immigration  has  greatly  increased,  especially  from  the  Philippines.  To  promote   and  protect  the  rights  and  welfare  of  the  au  pairs  in  Norway,  we  have  exercised   flexibility  and  accommodation  of  the  Philippine  government’s  requirements  to   provide  sufficient  safety  nets  for  au  pairs.  As  a  nation  which  has  a   well-­‐established  welfare  system  with  a  strong  public  normative  emphasis  on   gender  and  social  equality,  Norway  is  determined  to  strengthen  the  policy  and   legal  framework  for  the  protection  of  domestic  migrant  workers  through  the   provision  of  health  insurance,  as  well  as  coverage  of  their  repatriation  in  case  of   death  or  when  unable  to  fulfill  their  contracts  due  to  terminal  illness  and  other   similar  reasons.  The  au  pair  contract  had  been  amended  to  reflect  such   provisions  and  became  effective  in  June  2010.     To  show  our  concern  towards  this  issue  and  act  as  a  leading  role  in  the   protection  of  human  rights,  Norway  expresses  its  intention  to  ratify  the   Convention  on  Decent  Work  for  Domestic  Workers  adopted  on  the  16th  of  June   2011.     Furthermore,  our  country  placed  at  the  disposal  of  International  Labour   Organization  a  contribution  in  an  amount  of  NOK  16,2  million  over  three  years   2009-­‐2011  constituting  100%  of  the  project  budget,  aiming  at  eradicating  forced   labour  and  trafficking  of  migrant  workers  in  South  East  Asia  through   strengthening  policy  and  regulatory  frameworks,  increasing  awareness  and   providing  adequate  service  for  domestic  migrant  workers  and  their  families.         Having  an  impressive  ratification  record  in  terms  of  international   instruments  on  migrant  workers’  rights,  we  are  committed  to  continuing  our   work  on  advocating  the  importance  of  the  protection  of  domestic  migrant   workers.  However,  as  our  efforts  alone  cannot  resolve  all  the  problems,  your   help  is  needed.  Therefore,  we  sincerely  hope  all  the  member  states  can  achieve   international  cooperation,  and  that  the  protection  of  human  rights  can  be   glorified.      


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Republic  of  Korea   Although  there  has  been  done  much  to  opposing  the  anti-­‐personnel  mines   and  their  removal,  but  the  potential  threat  to  human  lives  around  the  world   makes  it  an  important  issue  yet  to  resolve.  Both  the  abandoned  and  active   anti-­‐personnel  mines  can  cause  tragic  damages  to  innocent  civilians,  and  to   societies,  which  starts  off  conflicts.  The  Republic  of  Korea  would  like  to  support   such  a  project  to  removing  land  mines;  however,  according  to  certain  situation,   we  disagree  with  this  project  on  a  certain  extent,  and  thereby  demurring  it.       As  one  of  the  major  adversaries  recognized  by  the  Democratic  People’s   Republic  of  Korea,  and  one  of  the  significant  roles  of  the  Korean  Peninsula  affairs,   the  Republic  of  Korea  has  been  challenged  and  threatened  under  tentative  yet   sensitive  situation  of  a  potential  war  with  the  Democratic  People’s  Republic  of   Korea.  A  legacy  of  the  war  we  had  fought  was  the  demilitarized  zone  between  the   boundary  of  North  and  South  Korea.  In  the  demilitarized  zone,  there  are,   currently,  millions  of  land  mines  in  total  of  both  North  and  South  Korea.  Over  the   years,  these  land  mines  have  become  an  invisible  underground  wall  of  defense,   which  have  also  been  regarded  as  parclose  of  safety—a  barrier  of  liberty  and   democracy  for  the  citizens  of  the  Republic  of  Korea.     On  the  other  hand,  if  this  barrier  of  lives  were  removed—without  land   mines,  a  substantially  higher  number  of  troops  and  weaponry  would  be  required,   and  lives  would  be  at  risk.  And  it  is  not  only  South  or  North  Korean  we  are   talking  about;  they  are  the  United  States  of  America  and  the  United  Nations.     For  decades,  the  U.S.  army  has  been  stationed  in  ROK  for  potential  military   confrontation.  Back  in  the  50’s,  an  alliance  of  troops  of  the  U.N.  also  took  a  part  in   the  Korean  War.  If  there  would  be  a  war  after  the  removal  of  land  mines  at   Korean  borders,  men  will  sacrifice  in  war,  and  such  potential  casualty  could  be   prevented,  which  is  unnecessary.  Thus,  the  Republic  of  Korea  will  retain  mines   until  there  is  no  longer  a  threat  from  North  Korea,  or  until  an  effective   alternative  to  anti-­‐personnel  mines  is  found.  Due  to  such  unique  security   situation  on  the  Korea  Peninsula,  we  are  compelled  to  give  priority  to  our   security  concerns,  and  therefore,  unable  to  accede  to  the  Convention  at  this   point.   Despite  the  confrontation  with  North  Korea,  the  Republic  of  Korea  is,  in  fact,   situated  in  dilemma.  Thus,  in  fact,  humanitarian  perspective,  we  would  like  to   encourage  for  ridding  of  AP-­‐mines.  Nonetheless,  we  express  of  difficulty   removing  land  mines.  Mine  clearance  is  a  costly  and  time-­‐consuming  task.  The   Republic  of  Korea  is  a  small  country  whose  economy  is  having  low  ebb  due  to  


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years  of  financial  crisis.  The  budget  of  mine  clearance  would  be  a  lot  of  expense.   It  even  risks  lives  as  accidents  happened  in  the  process  of  mine  clearance.  This  is   feasible  but  in  demand  of  great  capital,  and  it  might  take  lives.  Therefore,  the   Republic  of  Korea  encourages  to  finding  an  effective  alternative  to  anti-­‐personnel   mines,  particularly  with  the  attention  over  the  Korean  Peninsula,  and  a  renewal   of  the  treaty  in  attempt  to  include  the  interests  and  concerns  of  most  if  not  all  the   countries  on  a  global  scale.    


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Republic  of  Philippines   As  you  all  know  we  are  the  greatest  exporter  of  domestic  migrant  workers.   We  would  like  to  negotiate  with  other  parties  who  haven’t  considered  the  rights   of  all  domestic  migrant  workers  and  bring  a  change  to  the  current  condition.  We   would  appreciate  if  domestic  workers  would  be  considered  as  legal  citizens  of   the  country  they  live  in  and  would  be  entitled  to  all  the  rights  as  any  other  citizen.   We  want  domestic  migrant  workers  to  be  treated  in  a  respected  way  abroad.   Being  one  of  the  largest  exporters  of  migrant  workers,  it  has  become  one  of  our   major  revenue  providers  as  they  sustain  social  life  for  their  families  in  the   Philippines.  We  know  that  there  are  nations  outside  Southeast  Asia  who  export   domestic  workers  and  are  in  the  same  condition  as  Philippinos  abroad  and  we   are  open  to  making  resolutions  with  delegates  of  those  nations  as  well.  We  –  as   the  Philippines  as  a  whole  –  wish  that  domestic  workers  be  treated  fairly.  


Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012  

 

GA  SOCHUM  

Russian  Federation   As  the  delegation  of  the  Russian  Federation,  we  hope  that  during  the  length   of  the  upcoming  caucuses,  we  can  in  conjunction  with  other  member  nations   establish  a  resolution  agreeable  to  the  wants  and  needs  of  all  involved  parties  in   terms  of  resolving  the  existing  issues  regarding  the  rights  of  migrant  workers.   The  Russian  Federation  receives  and  donates  thousands  of  migrant   workers  per  year  and  is  thus  heavily  involved  in  this  issue.  We  believe  in  and   recognize  many  basic  rights  that  all  migrant  workers  should  be  entitled  to,  and   intend  on  respecting  them  as  far  as  possible  without  hesitation.  The  Russian   Federation  aims  to  promote  adequate  migrant  worker  rights,  not  only  in  relation   to  its  Russian  Nationals  working  abroad  but  also  in  terms  of  migrant  workers   from  other  nations.  We  want  to  ensure  that  all  migrant  workers  are  privy  to  the   same  fair  treatment,  reasonable  wages  and  job  security  at  a  rational  levels,  and   we  feel  as  if  it  is  necessary  to  attempt  to  make  it  so  that  these  aspects  of  the   rights  of  migrant  workers  should  conform  to  regulations  largely  agreeable  to  all   stakeholders  at  hand  while  still  being  consistent  with  the  basic  rights  of  man  and   the  migration  policies  of  the  countries  involved  within  reason.  We  feel  as  if   particular  focus  should  be  placed  on  the  laws  that  govern  the  residential  status  of   the  migrant  worker  as  this  also  determines  the  extent  of  their  rights,  in  addition   to  the  training  of  migrant  workers  in  order  to  better  facilitate  these  workers  to   cope  with  the  tasks  that  may  be  set  for  them  and  the  extent  of  the  legal  rights   that  migrant  workers  should  be  entitled  to.  Cooperation  between  member   nations  is  key  to  achieve  these  aims,  and  we  hope  that  collaboration  between  the   delegations  of  member  nations  will  be  achieved  and  that  it  will  help  to  provide   the  best  for  all  migrant  workers.   We  look  forward  to  maintaining  an  active  voice  in  the  discussions  of  this   topic  and  are  eager  to  begin  to  work  in  conjunction  with  the  rest  of  the   committee  to  attain  a  resolution  addressing  this  issue.    


Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012  

 

GA  SOCHUM  

Saudi  Arabia   King  Abdullah  and  his  Kingdom  see  the  treatment  of  domestic  migrant   workers  as  an  important  issue  that  we  as  brothers  must  face  to  attain  a  better   society.  In  recent  years,  the  Kingdom  of  Saudi  Arabia  has  seen  an  increase  in   foreign  migrant  workers,  currently  with  around  1.5  million  domestic  migrant   workers  working  in  our  country.  The  increasing  demand  for  foreign  migrant   workers  has  lead  them  to  become  a  necessity  in  many  of  our  people’s  lives,  yet   although  they  are  needed,  they  are  treated  by  our  people  inhumanely.  As  it  says   in  the  Qur’an;     “Do  good  to  our  parents,  relatives  and  neighbours.”  We  feel  now,   more  than  ever  that  Allah  is  calling  to  us  to  change  our  ways.  We  shall  attend  the   needs  of  our  these  migrant  workers;  there  is  not  much  likelihood  of  the  demand   of  domestic  workers  decreasing,  and  to  cope  with  such  necessities  to  our  society   it  is  imperative  that  we  address  the  poor  working  conditions  of  these  domestic   migrant  workers  and  improve  protection  of  their  rights.  Perhaps  together  with   our  Arab  brothers  we  could  combine  to  provide  social  protection  to  all  domestic   migrant  workers.      


Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012  

 

GA  SOCHUM  

Swiss  Confederation   Swiss  Confederation  is  deeply  concerned  about  the  unjust  treatment  of   domestic  workers.  Our  Geneva-­‐based  International  Labor  Organization  estimates   53  million  domestic  workers  worldwide,  whereas  the  number  could  reach  as   high  as  100  million  due  to  their  unregistered  status.  In  fact,  migrant  workers  are   often  marginalized  in  countries  they  are  employed,  and  many  suffer  physical  and   mental  abuse  from  working  for  irregular  hours  with  minimum  wages.  Last  year   in  Geneva,  International  Labor  Organization  has  adopted  treaty  to  provide  social   security  for  domestic  workers  around  the  world,  setting  regular  working  hours,   providing  right  to  vacation,  unemployment  insurance  and  maternity  leave.     Currently,  we  have  approximately  125,000  domestic  workers  in   Switzerland  that  are  mostly  documented.  There  is  no  collective  agreement  or  a   union  for  domestic  workers  in  Switzerland.  However,  we  understand  that   domestic  workers  are  socially  marginalized  and  isolated,  which  we  explicitly  give   rights  to  organize  contracts  collectively.  Additionally,  our  government  negotiates   with  local  trade  unions  to  take  responsibility  towards  the  rights  of  domestic   workers  in  both  national  and  cantonal  levels.     Our  labor  agreements  guaranteed   to  provide  protection,  and  we  are  currently  in  the  process  to  resolve  residency  of   undocumented  workers.     We  encourage  all  member  states  to  provide  better  protection  for  migrant   workers  by  signing  and  ratifying  IOL’S  landmark  treaty.  We  understand  that  this   does  not  change  overnight,  and  we  need  mutual  understanding  to  keep  up  with   contemporary  standards  of  human  rights.  If  we  can  all  negotiate  and  work   together,  we  are  one  step  forward  towards  human  equality        


Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012  

 

GA  SOCHUM  

United  Arab  Emirates   The  United  Arab  Emirates  has  been  long  committed  to  treating  domestic   migrant  workers  fairly  and  humanely.  With  450,000  domestic  migrant  workers   in  the  country,  we  understand  the  significance  the  domestic  migrant  workers   bring,  for  without  them,  we  will  not  be  as  strong  economically  as  we  are  this  day.   There  is  a  long  road  ahead  to  ensuring  the  proper  rights  of  domestic  migrant   workers,  but  the  UAE  is  fully  determined  to  attain  the  goal  in  the  near  future,   with  the  cooperation  of  fellow  states.     We  urge  all  states  to  put  aside  stereotypes  or  any  political  agenda,  and   disregard  recent  reports  of  the  UAE’s  exploitation  of  domestic  migrant  workers,   pertaining  to  individual  companies  not  under  the  government’s  watch.  The  UAE   would  like  to  take  this  opportunity  to  clarify  that  we  object  strongly  to  the   unlawful  treatment  of  domestic  migrant  workers  and  supports  a  call  for  equal   and  fairer  treatment.  However,  the  huge  influx  of  aforementioned  workers  each   year  has  rendered  any  immediate  large-­‐scale  legislation  difficult.     In  spite  of  such  difficulties,  the  UAE  has  already  made  significant  progress   and  has  taken  active  measures  in  alleviating  the  difficult  lives  of  domestic   migrant  workers  who  seek  better  labour  in  our  country.  Measures  taken  up   include  but  are  not  limited  to  providing  monthly  electronic  payments  for   workers,  requiring  safety  and  health  standards  for  housing  to  limit  unreasonable   overcrowding,  supplying  a  unified  standard  contract  for  as  well  as  signing   bilateral  agreements  with  countries  where  majority  of  foreign  labor  originates,   which  took  effect  in  April  2007.  In  June  2011,  the  UAE  has  voted  to  adopt  the   International  Labor  Organization  treaty,  which  expands  labor  laws  to  domestic   migrant  workers  and  addresses  the  loophole  in  UAE’s  labor  laws.     In  the  future,  the  UAE  hopes  to  work  towards  equal  treatment  of  domestic   migrant  workers  before  the  law  and  the  abolition  of  bad  practices,  which  can   include  sexual  abuse  of  female  domestic  migrant  workers  and  confiscation  of   passports,  with  a  nuanced  approach.  The  UAE  also  encourages  the  setting  up  of   labour  unions  that  advocate  the  rights  of  such  workers,  especially  the  human   rights  of  female  migrant  domestic  workers  who  suffer  under  vulnerable   status.    Furthermore,  we  suggest  that  a  more  contemporary  convention  should   be  written,  which  includes  a  set  of  international  labour  laws,  and  we  urge  all   states  to  ratify  the  convention  and  comply  with  the  agreed  laws.     The  UAE  requests  all  states  to  respect  and  understand  the  special   circumstances  and  predicament  of  developing  countries  while  pledging  to  work   towards  better,  more  humane  and  lawful  treatment  for  domestic  migrant  


Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012  

 

GA  SOCHUM  

workers.  In  conclusion,  we  call  on  state  members  of  SOCHUM  to  commit  to   strengthening  and  upgrading  respective  legislation  so  that  we  can  hand  in  hand   concentrate  our  efforts  on  the  protection  of  domestic  migrant  workers  and   regional  collaboration  to  move  towards  our  common  goal.  

 


Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012  

 

GA  SOCHUM  

United  Kingdom   Although  the  United  Kingdom  has  not  ratified  the  International  Convention   on  the  Protection  of  the  Rights  of  All  Migrant  Workers  and  Members  of  Their   Families,  The  United  Kingdom  has  implemented  many  laws  that  give  migrant   workers  equal  rights  in  the  kingdom.  These  rights  include  things  such  as  the   right  to  join  a  union  or  the  right  to  paid  leave.   The  United  Kingdom  therefore  wishes  for  other  nations  to  create  similar   laws  to  protect  their  own  migrant  workers.  We  therefore  propose  a  plan  that   would  require  other  nations  to  do  the  same,  and  for  nations  to  increase   diplomatic  bonds  so  that  illegal  trafficking  does  not  occur.   The  delegate  hopes  that  such  a  law  may  be  agreed  upon,  and  looks  forward   to  an  lively  and  fruitful  debate.        


Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012  

 

GA  SOCHUM  

United  States  of  America   The  free  migration  of  labour  lies  at  the  very  heart  of  foreign  policy  and  is  without   a  doubt  a  crucial  component  of  a  free  market.  The  United  States  of  America  as  a   nation  recognizes  that  it  owes  great  historical  debts  to  this  migration  not  just   economically  but  socially  and  culturally  as  well.     Of  more  than  200  million   people  across  the  world  who  are  living  and  working  outside  their  country  of   birth,  one  in  five  reside  in  The  United  States  of  America.  The  United  States  of   America  views  the  effective  migration  of  labour  as  a  guaranteed  benefactor  to  all   involved,  be  it  families,  workers,  originating  or  hosting  states.  By  ensuring  the   fluidity  of  the  working  force,  the  migrating  labourer  plays  an  important  in  the   economic  mechanisms  by  meeting  the  demand  for  labour  across  borders.  In   return,  destination  countries  must  strive  to  protect  the  rights  of  migrant  workers,   whether  they  are  residents  or  foreign  nationals,  regardless  of  the  level  of  skill   required  to  take  up  the  job  –  domestic  workers  being  no  exception.  Labor-­‐related   rights  in  particular  include  the  right  to  acceptable  conditions  of  work,  to  organize   and  negotiate  with  employers,  to  be  free  from  discrimination  and  to  be  safe  from   the  threat  of  forced  or  child  labor.     Deeply  concerned  with  the  aforementioned   issues,  The  United  States  of  America  is  proud  to  have  been  part  of  important   steps  towards  ensuring  the  undisputed  equality  of  Domestic  Migrant  Workers   before  the  law  on  equal  terms  with  any  other  worker  in  the  host  country.  As  a   migrant  worker  it  can  be  difficult  to  navigate  in  a  new  foreign  culture  and  thus   easy  to  fall  prey  to  exploitations  and  violations  of  several  human  rights.  The   United  States  of  America  therefore  stands  firmly  behind  The  International   Convention  on  the  Protection  of  Rights  for  All  Migrant  Workers  and  Their   Families.  Measures  like  these  are  highly  called  for  in  order  to  sustain  a  healthy   migration  of  labour,  especially  in  areas  such  as  the  Domestic  where  abuse  can  be   different  to  persecute.  The  United  States  are  proud  of  its’  fruitful  cooperation   with  both  ILO  and  several  NGO’s  and  intends  to  continue  these  efforts  in  order  to   improve  the  conditions  of  Domestic  Migrant  Workers  all  across  the  world.  


Hong  Kong  Model  United  Nations  2012  

 

GA  SOCHUM  

Zimbabwe   There  are  many  cases  of  abuse  of  migrant  domestic  workers  worldwide   due  to  the  lack  of  judicial  support  and  protection  from  national  labour  laws.  This   issue  has  already  drawn  a  lot  of  attention  from  different  parts  of  the  globe  and   various  countries  are  already  willing  to  cooperate  to  protect  migrant  domestic   workers,  and  Zimbabwe  is  of  course  joining  our  allies  to  safeguard  the  rights  of   migrant  domestic  helpers  and  offer  protection  to  them.     From  our  past  history  of  being  a  colony  under  tyrannical  rule,  we  fully   understand  how  the  violations  of  certain  rights  can  hinder  the  development  of  an   individual.  Therefore  we  are  firmly  committed  to  the  protection  of  human  rights   and  equality.  We  have  participated  in  the  discussion:  “Domestic  Workers  at  the   Interface  of  Migration  and  Development:  Action  to  Expand  Good  Practice”  in  the   Global  Forum  of  Migration  and  Development  in  September  last  year  in  Accra.   This  discussion  helped  us  formulate  better  policy  on  protecting  such  workers   through  improving  our  existing  minimum-­‐wage  policies,  safe  remittance   transfers  policies,  etc.     We  also  signed  The  UN  Convention  on  the  Elimination  of  All  Forms  of   Discrimination  against  Women  in  1991  and  called  for  the  elimination  of   intentional  discrimination  against  women  and  acts  that  had  a  discriminatory   effect  on  women  in  employment,  so  that  women  migrant  domestic  workers   would  not  be  discriminated  against  when  searching  for  jobs.   We  strive  to  protect  and  uphold  the  esteemed  principle  of  equality  in  all   kinds  of  people  living  in  Zimbabwe,  and  we  hope  the  world  can  work  together  to   bring  domestic  migrant  workers  out  of  their  gloom.      


SOCHUM Topic 2 Position Paper  

SOCHUM Topic 2 Position Paper

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